Revelation of Surah al-Kawthar
Channel: Nouman Ali Khan
File Size: 12.74MB
This khutbah was given at Bayyinah Institute’s Masjid on June 10, 2016
Episode Transcript ©
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It's narrated that azula sallallahu alayhi wa sallam one time in the midst of silence just raised his head and smiled and said Nasrallah, Talia Salatin, Anika Salatin and even Sora has just come to me. And typically the Prophet alayhi salaatu wa Salaam would just receive the Quran and recite the Quran and very rare occasions he would actually before even reciting the Quran kind of announced the fact that a special revelation has come down to us the entire Quran is special. But even within this Koran there are some moments for the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam, that are of special importance, and he wants to materialize their special importance, because if he just recites the Quran anyway,
we're gonna take it seriously and it's the word of Allah. But when he goes out of his way to say, Do you realize a sutra just came down to me before he even recites it. And there's actually the narrations include his smile, and he saw that was Salam. So that's an important part of the relationship between the Quran and the Sunnah, that this particular surah certain codes that you heard me recited as part of the Arabic kata is associated with the smile of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. It is associated with his own personal joy, and this is a very important thing to understand. It also will last a lot more and even sometimes life is full of very, very
difficult situations, even before he became a messenger. Allah azza wa jal describes, for example, what what gender, even
in comes from the Arabic word that a lot of us know is our Ilaha. Illa means family. But Allah YOLO means to need somebody to lean towards somebody when you're desperate, like a child desperately turns towards his or her mother. And that's that and she becomes his eila. You see, and the whole, you know, your Illa as head of the household, the rest of your family is called your eila. Because they turn towards you, they need you, they require you. And so this relationship, Allah azza wa jal describes the one who needs the one who is in need is actually
and also why someone is being described that he found you in a state of Allah, he's found you in a state of desperate need. In other words, a child a boy desperately needs his father. ness desperately needs his mother and he loses his father before he even gets to know him. He loses his mother at a very early age, he loses his uncle who you know, he loses his grandfather who treats him like his own son, then at the time that he needed him the most to support the most I will die Dave is gone. And at a time when you know, the the antagonism toward from, from from all of Croatia towards him is getting worse and worse and worse. The one he turned towards in the in the hour of
need his own wife for the Allahu taala and has taken so he's constantly been in a situation of being left in need. You know, all human beings are in need of emotional support. This is not this is even true of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he also needs emotional support. At the occasion of you know, the idea, when the Sahaba refused to take their drama. This is a shocking moment in the entire life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. disobedience happens at the hands of those who don't believe disobedience happens at the hands of the hypocrites. But in this one moment in the Sierra, he comes because the Sahaba are frustrated, right, and they're in the 1000s, they 1800 or so
some narration say they're standing out there, and they're ready to make the hugs, they walked all over here to get here. And they actually took a non human path to get here, because they were afraid of being attacked when they took the normal route to even get to where they be, you have to go through a way that even animals don't pass. And that's why a lot of their arms were actually covered in blood at the bottom because their feet were scraped, and their shoes were melted off because of the Black Rock. That was actually a path suggested by us a hobby that, you know, it's not a normal path to take. So they get there. And finally the negotiations begin. And those negotiations were not
easy. This is not a football about hold a beer. But I want to tell you the sentiment of the Sahaba that after all of this at least we'll get to make HUDs right, at least we'll get to sacrifice these animals that we brought to bring to sacrifice for the occasion of Hajj. Nope. Turn back.
After all, the negotiations turn back. We're not making hudge the shock is so heavy, you would expect for any other group of people. There will be a riot. There will be a riot. Can you imagine you you know pay for your hedge package. You bought your firearms. You said goodbye to your family members apologize. Do you apologize to took three stoplights over get to you know, well you know, get to Jeddah and then the guy at the passport office says go back America.
You know the 100 of you. 200 of you. 500 of you however many there are in the group. There's gonna be a problem at the airport.
You're not going to sit there quietly. So how about all the lower animals rain, you would think this is a moment of disobedience. But actually, this is a remarkable display of obedience that they didn't say anything. One or two of them lashed out, but the rest of them just quiet but they didn't take their arm off. The first time they didn't listen to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam overwhelmed by the grief of not being able to make Hajj overwhelmed also by confusion, because the prophet SAW dream that they're going to make Hajj and now he's saying go back, we're not going to make Hajj, even the Allahu anhu was in shock. But I share this with you, because in that moment of grief, which
was a grief for the companions, but much more Was it a grief for a suit Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,
he turns back to the mother of the believers, there is this, the constancy of him turning back, turning back, turning back, and there's a need we have of the spouse, we there's a need we have of the parent, a need of the children. And so, you know, you would think in the spell in the parent and child relationship, it's the children who need the parents, but it's actually the opposite. Also, it's the parents who also need the children. When we hold a baby, when we hold our children, our stresses go away, when we see them happy, it brings us happiness, you know, this is a this is a very deep connection. And especially for someone who suffered loss in the family, one time, another time,
another time, another time, then one of the most difficult losses to imagine, is the loss of a child.
You know, because I'm gonna, you know, especially for someone who doesn't have anybody else, and now they've been blessed with a child, then they're going to cherish that relationship, because they were deprived of that relationship, you have to understand those who will last a long while he said them was not he was a hero of the relationship with his mother, he was deprived of that relationship, he was deprived of a relationship with his father. So when he has a child, he's going to make sure that his child receives the best of his love. And he's going to compensate even for what he didn't get. I want to make sure my child has it. For a lot of people, for example, they
didn't get an education, and what's their biggest dream, at least my child will get an education. They want their children to have what they didn't have themselves. And that's out of an exhaustive love that they have for their kids. And yet, what happens with the son of Rasulullah, sallAllahu, Alayhi, wasallam, he passes away. As a baby, he passes away. And it's one of the most traumatic experiences in the Prophet's life are these lot wasallam. And when he passes away, it'll be a lot more Anbu there's a sadness inside the home that overwhelms the family. And what it's at this time, you know, it's so difficult to even talk to people, people come into town, they come and they
console you when they meet want to meet with you. But there's a time you just want to be left alone. And even when they do come, it's helpful that somebody puts their hand on your shoulder, and you know, feels your pain. But this is not the time for anything else. That's not the time for anything else. But the problem was also the loss of a loved one, even Salim was next door neighbors with Abu lahab, one of the worst enemies of Islam, one of the ugliest enemies of Islam, next door neighbors and neighbors back in the day, we're not like apartments or homes nowadays, where the closest you get is a wall is the same wall right, we share a wall with each other. First of all, these walls
were very thin back in the day. And second of all, instead of having like in Texas, or whatever, we have backyards, we're big on backyards, and we have open front porches. But back in the day, you had this open courtyard in front. In other words, your fence was not in the backyard, your fence was in the front yard. Okay. And that front of the house that was under the sun is considered part of the home. Some of you that come from Southeast Asia or you know, India, India or Pakistan or whatever, you'll you'll notice that there's a there's a, they call it a sand, right? They'll just sit in the front, the you know, the, in the villages or whatever. And that's open space, right? That's still
considered, it's actually the old days living room. The living room was under the sun. Okay. Now the thing is, this is important to mention, because that doesn't have a roof. And if it doesn't have a roof, and you have a neighbor, and they have their living room separated just by one wall, you can hear what's happening on this side. And that side, yes, there's not much privacy. So when the news when the child is past, the new the voice of it even travels over to the house of Abu lahab, next door neighbor, and he's an uncle of the profits of the local audio center. And even despite being his uncle, he act you can hear him laughing. You can hear him overjoyed as the Prophet is holding
his dead child.
And you can hear him saying batara Mohamed batara Muhammad and he's running out of the house screaming in the streets, the way somebody screams and yells and celebrates when they have a child. This disgusting human being is walking out yelling and screaming, Mohammed's name will not be carried on. Nobody will take his name. Because you know, daughters don't take our names. The lineage of our daughters it goes to their husbands. But our names our last names are carried forward by our sons. So he's really happy that no one will carry the name of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam and he's saying
This out loud. And it's important to know because it's not like the Prophet can't hear him sallallahu alayhi wasallam it's not like his family can't hear him. Oh, this is an occasion of like, overwhelming grief and overwhelming sadness for Rasulullah sallallahu sallam, and it is at that occasion that this surah was revealed. And when did I say about this surah he raises his head. And he smiles a lot when I visit him and says a surah came to me just now. It's an incredible thing, that the Quran is not just to get a guy there to guide our actions. It's not just there to guide our beliefs, our beliefs about Allah, our beliefs about the angels, our beliefs about the acida Hold on,
is there the guidance on those believes our guides God is there the guidance about what is halal and what is haram. But the Quran is also there, to guide our emotions, to guide our sadness, back to happiness, to guide our anger back to calmness, to guide our feelings. You know, when you mean biLlahi at the caliber who, whoever has true Eman And Allah, Allah will guide their heart whatever goes inside the heart. If jealousy goes inside the heart core and will guide your jealousy back to not feeling jealous anymore. If there's greed inside your heart, you allow God to guide you it will guide you out of greed and it will make you into a charitable person. The resource is alive at this
point is overwhelmed with sadness. And when Quran comes to him, he lifts his head and you see a smile sallallahu alayhi wasallam This is the effect the Quran should have on the heart of a believer. Now what is the what are these words that take this overwhelming situation of sadness and turn it into a situation of joy? It's important to note that because rarely Will you and I ever be in a situation as painful as that of the prophets a little louder sounds a lot more put him in this incredible circumstance of pain and then gave him this surah and this surah was not only revealed total sudo la sala lungsod of this court on is a gift that was given to humanity and the first
recipients of this gift are the oma this disbelieving nation. And so Allah azza wa jal could have just handed us a book, all the sutras bound together, printed, just sent down. But he decides, you know what, for Quran and for Akana holy chakra who Allah Nasir Allah Moxon, Quran that we broke up, and we sent it down onto people at the right most anticipated occasion. That's what Allah says, there's a way in which the Quran was revealed. So this surah that is so small that everybody recites is not cheap. You know, we recited because we're in a hurry. We recite it because we just got to get to other stuff and just let's just get this over with Allahu Akbar. But this surah is the prophets I
said, and Peter, very heavy price to receive the sooner you understand. Like it didn't come easy. These words are not, they're not for free. We enjoy them for free. But when you associate them with what happened, that smile of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, then you realize what the power of this aura is in your life, what it can do in my life, what sadness what grief, what stress, what burdens that you are buried under, it can just completely removed from you. Just because these words have been given because anybody else's words anybody else comes in consoles, you puts their hand on your shoulder and gives you a you know, a little bit of console and makes you feel better.
It helps. But when a lot does that it's something else that you can't even compare. And that's what a lot of xojo does when he says in that outlay knuckle no doubt about it. It is we that have granted you alkota we've granted a noun, it's hard to translate and COVID and also de la sala la hora lucidum in several Hadith, not one narration, several narrations. We'll talk about the river that Allah has given him in Jana. Not one place, many many places. And Luca Thiele Rahim Allah on this short surah you know, look at the Rahim Allah stuff, see doesn't have a lot of metadata. It's not a long Tafseer. And what he did to set up this surah, it's like seven pages. And six out of those
seven pages on the first day, like he's exhausted on justice is because the prophet SAW Selim was so overjoyed. And it's not just on the giving of this river that's been given and the benefits that come from it. And the good that it brings to his own mind. He would associate this river with his oma constantly over and over again. Why did he do this? And what's the what's the, what's the sentiment that we're supposed to capture from this? Our messenger ad slot was Salam. He, of course, was a loving father. But actually, his love for his own mouth, overshadowed everything.
I mean, you have Ibrahim alayhis salam, even in dunya even in dunya, saying woman Gloria, T. My children, what's going to happen to my offsprings? And Rasulullah Salallahu alaihe salam even on Judgement Day. Yo, Maya Romar, Amina he he will only he will be here
that day, when nobody cares about anybody
The words that come out of him are Almighty Almighty, my own mom my oma sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. That's the overwhelming love he has for every one of you in me, that's something that allows that we can put inside of this messenger. RNA Sato Salaam Aziz when Allah Hema Anatole Harrison alikum will move Minato for him. That will mean in his most it's a duck Diem what's called in the ayah, especially and exclusively when it comes to the believers. The prophets. Elijah was extremely compassionate, he's always loving and caring. So those will last a lot longer and they seldom realized that this gift of the river agenda is not just a gift for him, it's a gift for the entire
oma. It's actually a gift for the entire oma and that overwhelmed him with joy.
Others like hustle and bustle he and other first generation of Allah. And also several of the Sahaba realized that when the Prophet alayhi salaatu wa Salaam speaks of this river, that he does the seal of this ayah Allah co authored the word of the author with this river, unhealthful Jana, that he's actually saying the first meaning of this word is the river in paradise. But it's not the only meaning. Because the word alcocer the way it's formed, it's a very strange word actually, in the Arabic language. Those of you that are somewhat familiar with Arabic, it's on the pattern of what's called firewall cozaar firewall in casilla. And firewall is very rare. It's not normally used in our
clinical case here. We gave you a lot. But coauthor is actually an unusual lot. It's actually a very unusual form of hyperbole. hyperbole itself by definition, to, you know, to enhance something in meaning and to emphasize something in meaning in and of itself is unusual, and to take the most unusual form of that on top of it, and then give that to the prophet SAW a shadow. So that's why some Sahaba said this altos that means a Koran. This altos are actually means Allah, He, this altos are actually means the oma that will keep on increasing, that will keep on following him. You know, may Allah make us among them, you know, so this is actually all of what was given to the prophets of
alarm center. Now, put it in its context. Here you have a man sallallahu alayhi salam, who's experienced one of the most horrible losses in his life. And Allah, instead of telling him to be patient,
it's okay. Your child is alright. He's gonna be in gender, Allah will give you better something, some kind of consolation. Even when you come and meet someone and give offer your condolences. The first words out of your mouth are not gratitude. You use a thank Allah, you say, Be patient. This is a time for patience.
But Allah azza wa jal tells him that he has given him the biggest gift that's ever been given. There's not even a mention of what's been taken. There's only a mention of what's been given.
There's no conversation about what's been taken. Sorry to hear, you know, sorry to have your child taken away. No. Don't think about what's been taken, I need you to think entirely about what's been given. Just change your thinking. And that's actually when you think about what's been taken in requires somebody.
When you think about what's been given, it requires sugar, it requires gratitude. And so in a situation that everybody else will think necessitates patience Subhan, Allah azza wa jal transforms it with his Quran and makes it into a situation of sugar of gratitude. So hon Allah, what an incredible transformation of one's thinking to take, take the most negative and turn it into the most positive. And don't just be grateful for something small. You know, the bigger the gift the more grateful you should be. And the more amazing a gift the more you'll talk about it. Remember, I told you the Prophet size, Time keeps on talking about it, several narrations about this river. He's
overwhelmed and gratitude, by this one gift that Allah azzawajal has given him. And then what a lighthouse is messenger Elisa to Salam is even more remarkable, for suddenly near a bigger one.
As a result of this overwhelmed gratitude that you should have Quran has been given to you the Reverend Gemma has been given to you this oma has been given to you and so much more has been given to you. And I find that the correct is part of this is um, say that Allah has elevated dimension of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. That's part of the culture that he's been given. Every time we hear his name, he says a lot more of a sudden, and it elevates his status even more mccammon Mahmoud Mohamed Mahmoud is part of the council that he's been given a station on the day of judgment and nobody else has been given.
This is all part of encoder but then what should you do when you are overwhelmed with gratitude? What should you do? He says for Sunday Arabic, pray to your master, and actually start for Sunday. And you know, Salah doesn't actually normally come with lamb and lamb Harris daleel which means pray for the sake of your master dog who took care of you. He still cares about you. So even this this most painful experience where most people are inclined to say
Why did Allah do this to me? Allah didn't even say for sundale facade Lila, pray to Allah is an Arabic, your master the one who doesn't leave you. And every time Allah azza wa jal offers consolation to those who love Him. He uses the phrase, book de la falta himself. Like my, what? dakara buka makala. Here again for suddenly, Rebecca. Now, what we're learning is the biggest greatest act of gratitude. How do you think a love for what he's given you? You think a lot through prayer,
the prayer before you think of it as an obligation, five times I have an inconvenient schedule, you know, pulling out of the office going into the coffee machine room or whatever, or the staircase, or finding a corner on campus somewhere. It's so tedious. Why do I have to do it, and a lot of people, especially from the part of the world, where I come from, they turned it into this obligation, where if you don't do it, you're going to be punished. So the only thought on their mind is prayer, better get it done, because I'm going to burn otherwise, I'm going to go to hell otherwise, so they've associated prayer with something very drastic, like this overbearing law. And yet total pseudo law
sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, it is the main the way by which not only will he cope with his loss, he will turn his loss into his joy, culture, and that's what the prayer is going to be. That's what a lot is supposed to be. You just stand in front of a lot. And there's no better way to think a lot in the prayer.
There's no better way to think about and then he says 100.
And it's translated sacrifice. But you know, in Arabic, you could say what sacrifice is also sacrifice. So what's not actually is from the front of the neck, now had inhalers from the back of the neck, and it's only done from luck for larger animals. So don't just sacrifice something small sacrifice, this is a big occasion. This is not some small sacrifice. You need to make a big sacrifice here. And that head is also used as a as a devotional sacrifice any kind of slaughter can be called the back, you know?
But even even, you know, with Rahim, Allah insha Allah, He doesn't say any unheroic. He says in the book, I see in my dream that I'm slaughtering you, right? So he uses dibba. But Eliza just says no, much bigger than that you need to do now.
The thing though, is the remarkable thing is that in this one ayah Allah azza wa jal draws a parallel between the legacy of Rasulullah sallallahu sallam, and the legacy of Ibrahim Ali is
the entire institution of prayer and sacrifice summed up is actually the legacy of Ibrahim al Islam. For example, Allah says, on the tongue of Ibrahim Eissa, Ravi Gianni mukhi masala tea, amin giulietti. Make me the one who establishes the prayer that's the words of Abraham, Artesia them. And when he thinks of his children, he thinks of the one that he was even willing to sacrifice that entire legacy is encapsulated with Abraham, and that's why By the way, we make more salah and we do the scar at the occasion of Hajj. It's the the rituals begin with salah and they end with the how we fulfill the legacy of Ibrahim alayhi salam. So Allah azzawajal is reminding the prophets I said I'm
in this one ayah that he his legacy is completely connected with that of him on a set up. And Ibrahim Alayhi Salaam was actually commanded to what slaughter his own child, you have been asked for much less.
So when you put it in perspective, with what Ibrahim alayhis salam was asked to do, just fulfill it. And by the way, you're from the legacy of Ibrahim Alayhi Salam who Allah made everything easy for the hardest things had been made easy for him. minetta bukhoma Brahim. So take comfort in that and fulfill that legacy everybody rallies. And as for the one who's noises you hear the guy next door, the one who's making all that noise, and every time you hear those words, they cause you pain or buckled in a shadow and soul. Sometimes words can hurt more than a beating can write what about him? In nashoni, aka the one who opposes you, the one who stands against you, who and the one who hates
you. This is
a Shanahan right at animosity with hatred, like you're an enemy to someone and you absolutely hate them. That's the one next door who will absorb he is the one that's going to be the most discontinued, don't you even worry about him. You don't even have to make don't against him. You don't even have to bother thinking about him. Don't use up space in your mind and in your heart. Thinking about people that have hurt you. Let it go. They're not worth it. You don't have to deal with them. You just have to do right by Allah for suddenly do not become one How do you just do that part? Allah will take care of the rest. Allah will take care of him he didn't even have to ask Allah
relieve me of this man. He didn't have to do that. Allah took care of it himself. As a matter of fact even again another entire suit I just revealed about him the budget that I've been I have been what I'm not this I would have been enough in a shanty alcohol after would have been enough.
But no, another suit on top
That and none of this because the Prophet asked Elisa to sit on our messenger doesn't ask for people to be destroyed or for people, you know for him to be avenged. He doesn't at least Otto Salaam Rahmatullah me. But Allah azza wa jal takes care of him anyway. He goes out of his way to take care of him anyway. What we're learning from that is what we're so how we're supposed to operate. Every one of us has stress in life, every one of us has some grief in life. Every one of us has some difficulties in life. And it is those occasions that we're supposed to recite this sooner and sooner and really exercise our minds. What ultimate good have we been given, you know, that river that was
given to those who lost or stolen, it wasn't just given to him, right, his own Nuggets to drink from it. So by extension, that river has also been given to us. That Quran that was given to him wasn't just given to him. By extension. It's also given to us that mccammon back Buddha that was given them the station and the Day of Judgment that's given to him. That's only given to him, he uses that station to benefit who to benefit us. When you recite the surah you are reminded that all the favors given total Sula Salaam Salaam at the end of the day, a favor to you and a favor you and I can never pay for we will be overwhelmed with gratitude and our grief will start diminishing and even be
erased and our sadness will be replaced with a smile. May Allah azza wa jal bring a smile upon the in the heart and on the face of every believer as a result of the remarkable sort of barakallahu li walakum feel called Anil Hakeem when I finally when he accompanied it with the King
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