Ramadan 2016 – Surat al-Baqarah – Day 26
Channel: Nouman Ali Khan
File Size: 29.21MB
Ustadh Nouman Ali Khan shares some insight on Ayats which divulge why Musa AS tells to slaughter a cow. There was a murder that was not being taken the responsibility of. So Allah solves this problem with a miracle that is meant to be listened to intently.
The dead boy’s other relatives came to the Prophet Musa AS and asked his help in tracing the boy’s murderer. Musa AS instructed them to slaughter a cow, remove its tongue and place it on the corpse. This would reveal the murderer, he told them. They accused Musa AS of joking with them.
Allah the Almighty narrated: And (remember) when Musa said to his people: “Verily, Allah commands you that you slaughter a cow.
They said: “Do you make fun of us?”
He said: “I take Allah’s Refuge from being among AlJahileen (the ignorants or the foolish).”
They said: “Call upon your Lord for us that He may make plain to us what it is!”
He said: “He says, ‘Verily, it is a cow neither too old nor too young, but (it is) between the two conditions; so do what you are commanded.”
They said: “Call upon your Lord for us to make plain to us its color.”
He said: “He says, ‘It is a yellow cow bright in its color, pleasing to the beholders.
They said: “Call upon your Lord for us to make plain to us what it is. Verily to us all cows are alike, and surely, if Allah wills, we will be guided.”
He (Musa) said: “He says, ‘It is a cow neither trained to till the soil nor water the fields, sound, having no other color except bright yellow.
They said: “Now you have brought the truth.” So they slaughtered it though they were near to not doing it.
And (remember) when you killed a man and fell into a dispute among yourselves as to the crime. But Allah brought forth that which you were hiding. So We said: “Strike him (the dead man) with a piece of it (the cow).”
Thus Allah brings the dead to life and shows you His Ayat – proofs, evidence, verses, lessons, signs, revelations – so that we may understand.
Salam Alaikum, warahmatullahi wabarakatuh
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bad once again everybody salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.
You heard some beautiful recitation from the future head of the Vienna Institute today. Under the law, Xhosa encourage our young to develop a love of Quran and reward the parents who will instill that love in them and make them of the generation that goes far beyond recitation
when it comes to lesson for Dr. Murphy, how we are now at the concluding tip of the story of the cow. And this is the last ayah and it actually gives you in a sense the background to why this whole thing happened. Why did musar listen and tell them to slaughter a cow I gave you the background actually from the Jewish account. But I didn't mention anything from the Quran. This is actually the ayah that describes why this was done with cattle to knifes and when you had killed a person, for doctrine, fee her I'll come back to this word, but I'll translate briefly for now. Then you were pushing the allegation off of yourselves and onto others. That's one of the meanings that you were
pointing the finger at each other while absorbing your absolving yourself. I didn't do it must have been him. I didn't do it. It must have been him. That's the idea for Dotto, at least one of the ideas behind it. Well, Allahu Mosley, Yama contacto one and Allah was bound to bring out or you can even translate Allah is determined to bring out what you have been hiding. For cool, nobody. boohoo but we have so we said strike it. Meaning to take the the piece of flesh from the animal that's been killed, be badly hurt to some part of the corpse, the higher referring to the knifes that's feminine. So take some part of the flesh of the animal that's been slaughtered. Now that yellow cow
that they finally find, take some of its flesh and then throw it towards or towards some part of the murder, murder victim's body kundalika you will notice that is how Allah raises the dead. Well you recoome iottie la la quinta de Lune and he shows you his miraculous signs. So you may be able to understand now this is the basic picture from the Quran. In a nutshell, what I read to you so far is that Allah azza wa jal says, this whole thing was done because of a murder, that you were not willing to take responsibility for it, you were blaming each other. And you were pointing the fingers at each other and allows way of solving the problem was a miracle. And that was when you
slaughter this animal, its flesh will be thrown onto the corpse, and it will rise from the dead and actually point to the murder victim or the murderer rather, and then go go back to death. And that's how a level solves this problem. And that's how he shows you His miracles. Now, what's curious the first curiosity about these ions is that if this is the reason for which this was done,
Why would you mention that at the end at the beginning, I mean, this is actually the precursor to the entire story. So, it's understandable that in the sequence of events you would expect the Quran to say with qatal Thompson for Da Vinci how Allahumma Juma quantum Tada, Moon is Kala masala comi in Allah Hi Mark Cuban tobacco Baqarah. And so that's actually how the story goes in chronological order, but this order has been strangely reversed. So that the, the entire story is mentioned first. And then what should be the first page of the story is at the end. So now why is that the case? There are several benefits at least the most prominent of them should be highlighted now and that is
that Allah azzawajal is essentially telling us that solving the murder was the least of the issues. The Korans priority is not to tell you a story. Napoleon's priority is not to tell you history. There's no name of a town. There's no name of who was killed his Nuff said somebody was killed. Who was the murderer? Who was the murdered and who was the murderer? There's no mention. There's no there's no description of when Musa alayhis salaam was told, you know, they asked the question What kind of cow is it? There's a boy that weighs on me every day. There you go. Okay.
It's distracting but he's so cute. I can't do anything I have to wait bag I just Okay, so.
So, you know, Allah azza wa jal doesn't describe where Allah spoke to you know, when musallam spoke to Allah azzawajal. And when they came back, there are so many details that are just skipped. Why? Because the purpose of the Quran young man, that's the last time you cross today's kids today. I gotcha.
So, okay, so, what was I saying something about Islam or something?
A little on etiquette or something? No.
Other car? Yeah, yes, we're gonna have so much colonies. Okay.
So what anyway, so the idea that Mossad is lots of the details of the story are skipped. For what purpose? Because the point of this entire narrative is to actually First of all, highlight two things. One, what were the favours allotted to you people to the Israelites? What were the favors that allotted to you that you overlooked, and to what were the crimes you committed? And in the list of these crimes, it seems to a law that the murder is actually less of a crime, and the mockery of His Messenger and the instructions of allies are much bigger crime. And so this actually takes a secondary position, and the original mockery that they committed, which is in a sense, what you will
learn later on in this surah will fitna to experimental cotton one fitna to a shadow middle cotton trial, tribulation corruption, this is much worse than murder. And so that's actually already pre, that's going to be a summary of this. This is already illustrating that the corruption they were engaged in is far worse even that that one particular crime. But then as you move forward, you you realize why why even did they care to solve this mystery? Perhaps some of the answer lies inside the word fundada term, which I try to explain to you as pushing guilt off of yourself and trying to point the finger at somebody else law anabella, that it wasn't me it was him, you know, now as
sometimes who did or who to drop, they say in Arabic Lutra, they say bit Amita
de Vaca, suggesting that the roots of Dada, when they come in that adara form actually means someone who has a lot of preparation for fighting, like a mighty king is actually the todra know, the guy who's the kind of King that's ready for war, that are Tom or data, which is the Muslim form means you were actually very quickly extremely capable, armed and dangerous against each other. One of the implications of adatom is that things were getting out of hand over this out of hand over this murder situation where entire tribal war was about to break out. And it's you have to understand in tribal societies, even the Arab societies, it takes a lot less than a murder for things to get
really crazy. It takes a lot less than that. It could just be a few words, and it's chaos. Now there's a murder that's happened, and depending on who's the fingers been pointed at, things can go haywire. So this is one of the implications of it. Dr. Weil, madora and mohyla. Well, madatha you were all becoming defensive and at the same time, you were all engaged in serious equity, you know, accusations and opposition. That's another implication of the word in the hula hoop. A fallen woman out in Baku, Athena Allah.
He, so this is and it's actually Yoku, Malika Phil Herbie Well, kusuma the linguistic implication of it is this word is used in contexts of war. And when great, great conflict takes place. In other words, this murder wasn't just in any murder. This was a murder that was going to rip the society apart. And on that note, it should be mentioned that Korans teachings are so beautifully interconnected. Later on in the surah, you're going to see whether conflict SRC Hayato welcome Phil kasasa, Hayato, and the idea of Cathars
For us is actually you know, an eye for an eye, the biblical account for an eye for an eye. But the law of disaster in the Bible in the Hebrew Bible was actually this, that first, if someone's murdered, then you'll have to perform this ritual of slaughtering the animal, sprinkling the blood or some of its flesh on the disease, then by miracle of Allah, they will rise from the dead end point. And that's actually how you're going to figure out who committed the murder, but look, look at the phrase what are called, saucy Hayato in, in, in performing because there's going to be higher for us there's a kind of life also. But it was literally life for the Israelites there was somebody
who was brought back to life every time his house was to be performed. And this is actually once again articulated multiple times in the Torah, even as it exists today. But anyway, further to see how you started pointing the fingers at each other. Another important point to note here is who's killing who this is Muslims killing Muslims, within the presence of a prophet, and the Prophet Musa al Islam is among them, and yet they're so corrupt that they they're engaging in the killing of each other. And then on top of that, blaming each other absolving themselves, Allah azza wa jal is teaching us that the crime, the disgusting crime of a Muslim being willing to kill, to shed blood of
another Muslim is actually something inherited from the corruption of when we're sorry, when you find that the spilling of blood becomes easy. And you know that nobody cares or wants to take responsibility, then this is an indication that our society is dying, actually, and by the way, until kasasa happens, in other words, until there is retribution. And there is sanctity of life preserved and justice preserved for human life in a society, then that society is as good as dead. And that's why notice what happened this one murder if it wasn't solved, what would have happened? mass death, there's going to be like infighting and there was going to be all kinds of chaos and
lots of people were gonna die, right? Well, there's a lot to say about the gravity of murder. Got an AMA katella, NASA Jamia Africa, Anima Katana, NASA Jamia? If you kill a person, it's like you killed people all together, as if you killed humanity altogether. And by the way that I was also given a new slide. And that is not just a matter of the sin of on Yeoman piano and judge on the Day of Resurrection, Allah will say this one murder is the equivalent of the murder of all of humanity, but also in the worldly sense. When murder you get away with murder in a society, then you have opened the floodgates for more murder, that you're killing all of humanity this way, and crimes anything
short. You see what murder is the worst of crimes, right? So anything short of that becomes no big deal and society starts imploding when people start getting away with murder. And so what is connected to Neptune for dogtopia? Well, Allahu Maharaja McClinton tuxedomoon. And Allah is bound to bring out I don't say Allah brought out or Allah brings out is bound to bring out he's determined to bring out the SM file is used here. Well, Allahu Mukherjee on my quantum tech to moon and this is actually part of the imagery of the surah you'll notice one of the themes associated with Allah. Up until now a certain bechara is allowed bringing things out. So as Raja bohemianism marotti, this
Conoco he brought out from the earth using the water fruits for you. We saw before federal anaru Rebecca Euclidian ami Martin beaten out he'll bring out from out of the earth, and yaku German Halma is coming up, we'll see that in a second that even rocks have water coming out of them a really beautiful parable in the surah. But additionally, you've also seen very much in line with this theme Allah has been describing from the beginning of the surah there are those who say that they believe but they actually have disbelief inside of their hearts. They say one thing, they mean another like, you know, I'm a nebula he will be luminosity, meaning or later on summit and our Atlanta but they
actually don't mean Savannah Alterna what they mean is seven in our assignor. So that's already been a running theme that a lot brings out what they've been hiding deep inside of themselves. And actually, what is this entire narrative, it's actually hiding what the Israelites are exposing what the Israelites have been hiding all along, just like that. There were those who had committed this murder that are hiding their crime. And Allah says Allah is bound to bring out what you've been hiding. But in saying so. I didn't just solve the problem of the story. You see if Allah said, well, Raj Allahumma quantum Dr. Boone, Allah brought out what you were hiding. That's about the story.
When you say well, la Mahajan, Makoto, Dr. Moon, that's actually saying, Allah is continuing to bring out and he's determined to bring out the stuff that you're trying to hide. In other words, he points the finger at the Israelites of Medina, not of the ancient times, but also of Medina and says, just like that, I can bring the dead back to expose criminals. I'm going to bring out what you've been hiding in your books, the revelation that you've studied, and as a result of which you are convinced he is Muhammad Rasulullah I said him and you're hiding it from people. This is fitna and that's worse than cuttle. Remember. So Allah says, I'm bound to bring out what you
You've been hiding what you've been concealing. So this is actually a challenge of transition out of history into the current. And this is one of the most important features, in my opinion have allowed them but I see it as one of the most important features of the study of the Quran. Allah will talk about history, Allah will talk about nature, Allah will give examples. There are different kinds of ways Allah teaches lessons. But in the middle of those lessons, there's an immediate switch to yourself. He switches immediate without warning, he switches to yourself. This was a history lesson. This was take this body, throw it against the thing, whatever that was, and halfway through,
actually, I'm talking about you, the same thing is gonna happen when Allah gives the example of hearts and he compares them with rocks. He'll be talking about rocks halfway through, he'll actually remind you it's actually about you, it's not about I'm not talking about rocks, I'm talking about you. So he doesn't let you ever disconnect yourself from the narrative. He keeps you connected so hang on what Allah from what is going on in the tech so you don't ever think or I'm learning about history? Or I'm learning about mountains or I'm learning about you know, some examples some parables something abstract, never you'll find that in philosophy you'll find that in science you'll find
that in other subjects, you're reading it and it's becoming disconnected from you. Teachers have to go out of their way to give you the kinds of examples or take a break in the class to relate to you once again to connect with you once again or on never loses its connection with you. It keeps pulling back pulling you back in pulling you back in like fee the crew kumala says in it is your mention it's talking about you and Allah does not let you forget that so here he says now one of the most remarkable is where you if you keep this principle in mind he's talking about an incident but actually talking about current reality so cool lovely boo boo Bobby how we said strike it with some
part of it I explained to you strike the it is the flesh of the cow and badly had the highest enough's the person who's been killed right to follow this instruction. Now, this is not the first time we're seeing this instruction of striking something. We thought it would be a sock alhaja with a strike, actually, we're gonna see in the next day, you know, strike with your staff, the rock. No, we already saw this fragile admin host Natasha, Dinah 12. springs came out. We saw before this, Allah azza wa jal had parted the sea and how did he park to see when musala salaam struck the staff. So the idea of striking has already been going on. And you'll notice every time it's about the
either the renewal of life or the preservation of life. So when the water was struck, and water parted, that's actually so the Israelites could continue to live, when the water was when the water was struck, and the water came out, so they could stay alive. And now the striking is happening again. And this time when the striking of the flesh is happening, that that is brought back to life so the society can continue to live. Because if you don't solve this one murder, you're gonna end up killing each other. So their life is being preserved every time a strike happens, every time I hit happens, and this is actually a really important concept in the discourse with Bruce Lee, because
the conversation is harsh. A lot is sometimes you know, he does strike hard. With his examples. He actually literally describes it as thunderbolts falling on them. But sometimes the Thunderbolt is necessary for you to get to learn your lesson. Sometimes you won't learn it the easy way. You know, Allah azza wa jal is not always going to take this off tone, he'll be tough as well. And you have to understand when it's necessary for you to take the tough Tony does. And so in this idea of striking and preservation of life, that continued theme, and so you find what next kundalika up Allahu Allah Botha. That is how Allah brings the dead back to life. But Allah did not say that is how Allah
brought the dead back to life. This is one of the examples of the Quran saying one thing, but actually, it's john Jomo Kalam, it's actually this comprehensive speech. So let me list to you the things that are included in here. First and foremost, we've got a murder case in front of us in Israelite history that's going to get solved if you do this, because a lot will bring that this dead person back to life. How is he going to testify unless he's been brought back to life, that's the first, the second the Israelites are being told. This is how easy it is for a lot to bring about resurrection. Because just like he can bring this one person to life he will bring all of humanity
to life never forget what then the Day of Judgment. This is the same teaching that was the first teaching to Musashi Salaam in the Santa Ana theatre, the hour is coming. And yet what I what I keep telling you over and over again, in the entire account of the the Old Testament, what's been entirely erased, Day of Judgment is gone. It's been raised and the less has even in this story. This is how a level bring the dead back to life. Because alika Ilan Mota. And then if you go even further than radica your level Mota is actually talking even now to the Israelites and is saying that is how Allah can even bring the dead back to life. So if you think that your hearts are too far gone, and
you're a lost cause, and there's no hope for you, if I can bring the dead back to life, you're already still alive. Your heart can
be revived. There's you you haven't lost hope yet. Because not only can you heal Ah, who knows. And he concludes this ayah with you while you reclaim it. And he continues to show you his miracles. He didn't say iraq Almighty, He showed you His miracles, that would have been just about the past, are you Rico, Maya T, he showing them to you even now, in other words, you saw the water part, you saw the cloud cover over you, you saw this, the springs of water come forth, you saw you ate the manna and sanwa you've seen all of these things. You've seen that person come back to life, but you know what his ultimate iottie showing you now meaning?
All of that is trumped by the fact that now he's showing you his ultimate IOD, will you recall my RT, and these are different from all the others, because these IOD get you to think when you recall Maya de la la calm, tacky Loon. He shows you his miraculous IOD his miraculous signs, his miracles, his his revelations, so you can actually think, now, at this point, from here on, we have to discuss what seems like a philosophical problem, but a very important study in our religion. And that is the dichotomy of the heart and the mind. When Allah says Allah, Kentucky loon so you can think he uses the word often. And the word Apple is up here. And just to know some things about the term Apple
Alcala, in the Arabic language means to understand but it also means to tie something up after Latin America to Shahada woman tider, here, that a call is the old Arab device that even now the colleges have a rubber version of right so that their their thing doesn't blow in the air. But Originally, it was a rope. And the purpose of it was it was the anti lock brakes for a camel. This is how you otherwise you can't just park your camel and go inside Walmart is not going to be there outside anymore. So you have to, you know, use your iPod. In other words, it's called a coil for two reasons. One, it goes on your head, and where's your oxygen? It's here. That's one reason it's
called aircard. The other reason it's called a call is it's a means of tying the animal. So I've color those two things to understand and to tie up or to restrain. Now, why is that important to understand, when you when you translate that alone as thinking or understanding, you assume it to mean something intellectual, because thinking and understanding are calculated processes, you have to think and understand when you're sitting in a math class or a physics class, or an accounting class or a bio class or something you have to think and understand. But when you when the Arab uses the word APA, as opposed to the Saqqara or faheem, or other words, when he uses this word, he's
actually highlighting a particular problem, a human problem. And that is that when we sometimes are emotionally overwhelmed, we don't think straight. If you're extremely angry, you say things without thinking. If you're extremely happy, you do things without thinking, if you're extremely upset, sad, you do things without thinking, if you're extremely sad, you do things without thinking, you know, I have people in my family they get when they get nervous, they do things without thinking,
you know, perfectly good driver, if he sees a police officer, he starts speeding.
Like, oh, and then he starts like violently changing lanes like
otherwise, he never breaks the law. And he gets so nervous by seeing your cop that is just like, you know.
In other words, sometimes emotions stop you from thinking clearly. The idea of Africa is that you tie your emotions up, you keep them in control, so that you can think clearly, you with me so far? So alkaline isn't just about understanding. It's about controlling your emotions, and then understanding. So the ability to think clearly without the bias of fear of hate of anger. Sometimes, for example, somebody's saying to you something that makes complete sense, but you hate the guy.
Doesn't matter if he's saying what makes sense you hate him. You're not gonna say no, no, no matter what is said to you, your answer is gonna be no. Doesn't that make sense? No, it doesn't.
But it says right here, two plus two is four. Doesn't know not from you. It doesn't. You're still stupid.
Now, some of you are thinking of your wives right now, but just relax.
Easy, they're thinking of YouTube.
But the idea is that when you have any kind of bias overwhelmed Now why is that word important for the Israelites? Why is that idea important? Because the Israelites that the rabbi's are rejecting Rasulullah sallallahu sallam, why? What's the rationale in the Quran in the beginning, hatami Allahu Allah. Allah akula him Allah could obey Him. Their hearts are sealed up. I hate him. I don't want to accept an error. We're better than him. How can he ever evolution? Look at all the evidence. I don't want to see it.
Look at this musante Alibaba calm it's confirming what you have no, no, it can't be. That's it. Pride took over. I don't want to hear it. This is you're not using your aircon because what's locked up.
The heart is where anger is the heart is where fear is the heart is where a doubt is the heart is where anxiety is, or jealousy is all of the emotions that you can think of. And all of the psychological or spiritual disorders you can think of in the Koran language are matters of the heart. Thinking, reflecting, pondering gathering evidence, seeking the truth, these are matters of the mind. But clearly in the Quran is language, who's in the driver's seat, the heart, if the heart is not clean, you get all the knowledge you want, you can have all the evidence in front of you, it will not matter. It won't matter, unless I show you my miracles. So you can apply your alcohol. What
does that mean? I show you my miracles because it guides your emotions to and when it guides your emotions, you're truly able to think one of the miracles of Allah's book is that when you ponder upon this book, it is both a spiritual experience and an intellectual one.
It attacks your heart, and it attacks your mind at the same time.
It's an incredible thing. It expands your understanding, it helps you see things differently than you saw before. And at the same time, it brings you to tears. Now on that note, these are two different faculties inside the human being they're connected to each other, the heart and the mind. But they're certainly two different faculties. Now of them, I just told you, the driver's seat belongs in the heart. And I'll want to give you some examples of that one, at least from contemporary just so you guys get it. I've given it 1000 times I'm not ashamed to give an example because if it gets the point across, it gets the point across, and the other from right here from
the Israelites themselves. You have medical school students, smart kids, they smoke.
And the guy wants to be a lung specialist.
He's got straight A's, but he smokes.
He every time he he has a call from his mom.
When he talks to her about I want to get married. And she says that until another five years. And she yells at him, he hangs up and what does he do outside the room?
And here's an exam tomorrow on the effects of smoking on lungs. And he's gonna get 100 on the exam.
But he's still smoking.
Why is he smoking? Man, I just get stressed out sometimes.
His mom just makes me angry, I just blow off some steam.
You know, that's why I do it.
So he does it not because of what's in his mind.
Because what's bothering him in his heart. All that information in his mind didn't matter. And even at the point of purchase of this pack of cigarettes on the side of the pack, the Surgeon General gave him a hookah.
And that didn't matter.
You still opened up and killed an entire package. But still it is no problem. You know. And so you see in life, we are not machines, if you just know something is bad for you you've calculated is bad for you, therefore, you will not do it. Human beings are not like that. As a matter of fact, when some something says do not enter, do not touch something in your mind said I really want to enter Can I just touch it just a little bit.
Do not turn off the switch. Every other switch you will leave alone. That's the one logical mahavihara you're gonna go
and touch that one. You just have to do it.
So now and that's not a matter of the mind, that's a matter of the heart. But so you understand that first Allah says that Allah contacted own soul that you may apply your intellect, but in the language itself, it's embedded, you're not going to be able to think clearly, if your heart isn't in the right place. If you haven't been able to remove jealousy and greed and other vices from your heart, you're not going to be able to think straight. Now. Here's the next problem. The next problem is there are concerns of the heart and there are concerns of the mind. Those are two different sets of concerns. In other words, the hearts concerns are things that I mentioned. Some people are
suffering from jealousy, from greed from self low self esteem, lack of hope, sadness, fear, anxiety, anger, these are these are matters of the heart of knockout on heals this stuff because Allah says he Shiva Oliva for sure. It is a healing for what lies inside of the chest. So Allah will tell you accounts of people who suffered from sadness, others who went through anger, others who went through fear, and Allah will teach you how they learn to cope. And so you'll teach you how to cope through their examples, learning about them will actually give you hope. But on the other hand, these are not the only concerns because this is not the only thing that makes decisions. At the end of the
day. We also have a mind. It's not like the mind is absent, but the mind has a different set of questions. The mind has questions
Why does Islam have slavery? How can we were allowed to marry four wives? How come you're supposed to how can we or the Quran talks about killing people? or How come it says this? or How come it says that the mind has other sets of questions? They're not the same as the questions that come inside for heart. You know, and the thing is the Quran, and Islam itself diligently honors both of these faculties. It doesn't say that if you have one, you don't worry about the other.
Allah doesn't say to somebody, for example, who says, I don't understand the issue of slavery, the Islamic response, the Quran response isn't that that clearly means you're not paying enough pleasure.
Because if you made enough door, and you wouldn't have this question, if you just stated we'll do all the time, and the shaitaan, wouldn't come to you and ask you this question that you're asking me right now. That's not necessarily the case. It may be that some people have questions because their hearts are now messed up. It may be that those questions are now chatons. Because when you when you let your heart slip shaitaan mixes when and when shadow makes his way in, he doesn't just mess with your heart. Now he starts messing with your mind. So he starts making you ask philosophical questions, too. So the root may be something in the heart. But that still doesn't negate the fact
that some people are absolutely genuine. They're just looking for the truth. And they have some very hard questions. And you cannot say, look at these far, they have no human in their heart. Look at the kinds of questions they asked, you can't do that. Because one thing the law never gave us the permission to have or no access to is what goes on inside somebody's heart. We don't know. We don't know what goes inside their hearts. So the the genuine questions that are asked the intellectual questions that are asked, and people have a lot of questions about Assam today, you know, and I'm not claiming to answer them in this series this time. But as they come in no crime, we'll address
some of them from the call and response. You'll notice that a large response to these questions is very interesting. It's actually it's a combination, I like to say of three things. It's reasonable. It appeals to the mind. to its it appeals to your heart, it actually appeals to your sense of justice and fairness and kindness and mercy. It appeals to things that you naturally as a human being have inside of you. And the third is that these Allah's answers to these questions are actually practical. They're not philosophical. They're not qualities are idealistic, it's realistic. So whenever it deals with an issue, it deals with it in a in a realistic kind of way. Sometimes
people that have a philosophical problem, want an idealistic answer. The problem is human beings don't live in the ideal reality, we live in a practical reality. And the Quran is actually not asking us to live in an ideal because he knows who he created Allah, Allah Moloch, he gave us a practical reality to live in. So it's pragmatic about these things. I'll just give you a small example of that, because I'm going too far into the abstract. Just one small example, telling the truth is good. And lying is bad. But your philosophy professor can come to you on philosophy day 101. What if lying could save 1000 lives? Would it still be bad? And you'll be like, no, don't be
good. So then the follow up question from your professor will be so you're saying that there is no absolute principle that truth is good. And lying is bad? Like I guess it's relative? It depends. I see. So then we understand that morality depends. There is no such thing as absolute morality. And just like the first five minutes of philosophy question you like,
a dub hands. Next time my mom says, I can't have a pork sandwich? I'll say it depends. Because, like,
you know, just start your head start spinning in a different direction. What does the Koran do with something like this, let's leave in a matter of truth and falsehood. Would, for example, just take this further part of lying is concealing evidence. Right? That's what the Israelites are being guilty of. Right? They're concealing evidence that's also lying, having something and pretending you don't have it. What did what did Yusuf Ali Salaam do with his brother?
How do you keep him in Egypt?
Did he conceal evidence?
He actually didn't just conceal evidence. He planted evidence. He planted a cup in his bag, and then had him accused for stealing and therefore had him detained
all of this who did use the
law? If I didn't say use of if I said Is it okay for me to plant evidence in your car and then call the cops and get you arrested?
You'd say no, but I'd say that's also not user friendly. So I'm doing
the thing is what's remarkable in the producer is Alyssa skadarlija kidnapped us have we made the scheme for you?
A lot doesn't even say use of David Allen Salama says that entire scheme of incriminating his brother was hashed carved by who? By Allah
In other words, the Quran is realistic. And Allah says in some cases, doing what looks like a crime is preventing a much bigger problem. And in those cases, not only is it okay, it's the right thing to do.
The Quran is are idealistic, I must speak the truth all the time. That is my brother.
The story wouldn't progress that way, guys. How did Musa alayhis salam get saved? His sister went up to the pharaoh or the you know the maids of the Pharaoh and said, I think I know someone who might be able to help
you know someone who might be able alibi, una una come some family, I think I know they might be able to take care of whose families you're talking about her own. She didn't say actually that's like my brother. And his mom's like right over there. She's crying. So if you kindly could return? No,
she lied. She did. She just said some family. You know, she had the truth. But that's the right thing to do a dedication there. Look, what I what I'm trying to get at is it's three things, it appeals to reason. In appeal, it appeals to your fitrah. And it's practical. It's realistic, it looks at the entire picture. Because the world is not simply black and white. It's not that way. And so that's what Eliza does in his book. And so here we're coming back to this subject. When you read unicam iottie. Allah Allah alone, he shows you his miraculous signs. So you can think and that thinking can only happen with a sound heart. But if you're not able to think then more, most likely,
the problem isn't that it's not making sense. Probably the problem lies in your hearts. That's the most likely situation very few people have clean hearts and only have, you know, questions up here. It's most of the time, something's going on. And not all the time, but most of the time. So what is the next is about footlocker Satguru come in by the Dalek look at the transition. Just now he said, hopefully you will think. And then he says, actually thereafter, your hearts have become hard.
Even after seeing all of that, even after seeing the miracles of Allah. And that valley could be those people back in the day who saw the dead come back to life, their hearts became hard. But Allah could also well be commenting on the people in front of those who love Allah Salallahu alaihe salam in Medina, who've seen so much for now. And they've seen all the evidence they need to see. And unless as your hearts became hard even after that, so he's actually commenting on a historical phenomenon and a contemporary reality all at the same time. what reality is, is that Allah is describing, he's describing that when the truth becomes absolutely clear in front of you. absolutely
clear in front of you, and your heart of heart, in your heart of hearts, you testify that it is the truth. And you still turn away, then Allah punishes you with the worst punishment. And what is that punishment, he basically allows your heart to become hard.
He'll which means next time you see the truth, you will not even like it. Because liking or not liking is a matter of what the heart, whether you understand it or not, you won't, it won't go inside, it won't affect you at all. Because the heart has become hard. unless Allah, Allah gives us punishment for those who come close to the book of Allah come close to the miracles of Allah. And then after having understood them walk away from them.
Those people life is not easy on then your hearts became hard. Even after all of that mimbar development is actually like a job. Now this idea of the heart becoming hard Elijah already explained before in the beginning, he just mentioned it and we were left wondering how Allah Allah can obey Him. Allies placed a seal on their hearts to seal something off you know, if you if you think about how rocks are formed. Over time, they actually get much harder over time. They're not the same level of stiffness as they are. Look over hundreds of years 1000s of years they get tougher and tougher and tougher. Right? Now, what does the law say for here Can your hearts are like rocks?
Oh, I shouldn't do
so amazing. He didn't say oh AXA.
If it said oxide it would have meant your hearts became like stones, or even harder. And a lot of translations say your hearts became like stone or even harder but I want you to listen to this. Well let me open up the Delica I don't know Allah for telcos wah wah wah wah wah wah Li oxide nano AXA, when I can pass the cost of Casa do was focus will be shindagha now, is that that customer to era Nakula boom, Shadow kasana. What is it? What is all of that Arabic stuff mean? What that Arabic stuff means is you know how a rock becomes harder over time.
Allah says, not like rock. Actually, rocks get harder over time. But the way your hearts became harder over time is much harder than any rock could.
The way your hearts fossilized is way worse.
If you just had even harder Do you like maybe talking about metal? he's not. He's saying hearts get rocks get harder over time. And your hearts even stiffen more than any rock could. That's what he's it's such a scathing criticism. Now let's think about this idea of something becoming tougher and tougher and tougher. What does that mean something becoming the heart becoming hard. The harder something becomes, the more impossible it becomes for anything to go inside it.
For it to be affected. Imagine there's the earth which is soft soil, and there's a rock.
It rains it pours, it's sunny, it's dry, the earth changes. plants grow plants die. There's a flood things move. The one thing that stays in his places what nothing is the winter didn't affected the summer didn't affect it. The rain didn't affect it. Nothing moves this rock. Nothing will distort the only thing you can do is crush it. That's all you can do.
That's always good for and so Laszlo just says you people became unaffected by anything. The heart becoming hard means no matter what advice is given to you what is told to you It didn't matter. It didn't matter and why why even tougher than Iraq? Why even say that? This is actually the Koran explaining itself. Unless Hello Angela, hello Quran, Allah Javelin and we sent this Quran on a mountain on a mountain, not an ADA. Hahaha. You would have seen the mountain humble motor sogdian explode.
Tear the pieces man Hershey Attila out of the fear of Allah. Musa alayhis salam, when he goes to meet with a lot as origin. And he speaks with a lion one day he says, Don't be really moody like Yala, I just I really want to see, can I just take a look at you. And eventually Allah says, I can't show you myself. But I'll give you a little I'll show you what happens when my glory is manifest. And so what does he say for lamotrigine da boo Japan, when his Lord manifested some of his glory to the mountain, Jana hudak. He turned the mountain into something completely crushed, flattened, wahala, Moses
and Moses and fell, just he just fell unconscious as a result. In other words, heart, the Koran the revelation, the light of Allah is so powerful it can crush mountains. And that same light you are listening to it goes and hits your hearts all the time and nothing happens. Nothing even that can get in the Word of Allah can get inside your heart. How much harder Do you want it?
That's even though the mountains couldn't handle the word of Allah. They're not tough enough to allow the rejection of Allah's word. They not only let them in, they explode because they can't handle it. So Pamela, I wish I knew.
But then Hello, boys. Hey, guys. Today's like daycare today. Anyway, so good. We're in nominal ijarah. Now let's say he says your your you are actually worse than rocks, basically. Right? That's the essential nutshell so far is your hearts became hard, but actually like rocks, but actually no worse than rocks.
But let me tell you about rocks.
And so Allah now gives three examples of rocks, three, kind three images of rocks. And by doing so he's talking about not these people, but better people than them. Other people are being our heart, everybody else's heart is being compared to normal rocks. Theirs is being compared to impenetrable rocks. So now what are these other three kinds of hearts? There are three kinds of rocks, that's I just gave it away. In talking about three kinds of rocks, Allah will actually be describing three kinds of hearts. That's what he's actually talking about in these ions. So what's the first kind of rock? Well in nominal ijarah, and no doubt out of some rocks. There's the kind love if I do that
truly does explode. it bursts open, what burst open mean hole and have rivers just gush out of it. Rivers gush out of certain rocks. There's a rock that's been you know, water has been brewing inside of it inside of it inside of it inside of it. And eventually it can take the pressure itself on top of a mountain you don't know there's a river behind it, filling it up, filling it up, filling it up and eventually just bursts open and an entire river comes out of it. You know, you have to have gentlemen hulan ha, or the idea of entire glaciers falling and then a river flood coming through. Right. That's one kind of rock. The second kind of rock he says we're in the allama Minghella, Maja
Chicago Fire crewmen Halma among them are those that crack open and water comes out. This one doesn't explode open, it only cracks open. Yes, Chicago is actually from Chicago, the ties model. That's why it becomes a shut down machine, which actually means over time, it just cracked it can bear any more weight. And it just cracks open. Like it's been me
Crack all this time. And unless there's fire collusion in Houma, and water comes out of it. In other words, it's not exploding with a river. The second one is lesser water, but there's still water. So now there's two images in front of us a rock exploding turning into a river flooding out, and another rock that cracks open and you find water inside, or a little spring comes up. Well, in the meantime, is bitumen hace la, and among them are those that fall from the fear of Allah.
rocks that fall from the fear of Allah. There's a lot to talk about here. So let's take a step back. How many kinds of rocks three, it's actually three kinds of hearts, not three kinds of rocks, the parable is out of hearts. In order for you to understand this, I'll give you like, non religious examples first, that's okay. And then we'll come back to the text.
You have some people in life that have very, very thought provoking, like very thoughtful, philosophical type people, they're usually quiet thinking reading books, when they talk, they talk about what they read, or what they were wondering about. And they're not very fun company. Unless you're a nerd like them. They're not very fun company. Okay, that's one kind of person. And these are people that don't have you notice their pursuit in life is just knowledge or, you know, wisdom and whether they're believers or not, that's the kind of personality even among your circles, there might be some people that are very scholarly type people. People assume sometimes I'm scholarly. I'm
not. But there are I know, people like that, that are extremely scholarly. They don't know how to turn off that switch. They're always in that zone. Right? Some of those people end up becoming writers, authors, some become poets, some become philosophers, etc, right? That's the kind of personality those kinds of people when they're looking for the truth, the second they see the truth, you know what happens?
They jump on it. They accept it right away. there was all this goodness inside them already. It just crushes all of them. There's no hesitation whatsoever. In the life of the private sector, you can think of someone like abubaker the accordion, there is no convincing period. There's no like long arguments. There's nothing everything you needed for this. The water by the way, represents the mind inside the heart a lot a lot better inside the heart that is pure. What we are made of is something pure and Maya is also not Antara water that's pure, excessively pure. So Allah azza wa jal is now describing people that have this purity inside of them, and they didn't let it get corrupted. And as
a result, when Allah Allah brought them revelation, it just burst out of them. It's interesting that a lot of times water these rocks are affected by water, meaning this rock was about to burst open. But constant dripping of water from above, it kind of overtime, it makes a dent in the water. And eventually we can get to the point where it just bursts open right? And it's that's pretty amazing. Because the water is also compared rain is also compared to Revelation. And the inside of our heart is also compared with water. What we have inside is something pure. So anyway, there's that kind of person. And then the second kind of person, were in a minha, Lomaia shacked up the second kind of
person is kind of an outgoing personality. So I'll tell you a silly story. I used to tell when I used to teach divine speech, some of you might remember it, that's okay. I don't care.
I have two friends. One of my friends is very quiet and the reader type, and the other friend is extremely outgoing. This guy does not know how to sit still. He
is either he's playing a video game, or he's playing basketball or he needs to go outside already. So like, every time we talk, every time he says to you, Hey, what are you doing? Want to go out want to hang out when there's something
I'm bored. I need to do something. Like if you just said two minutes still that I I need to get out of here. I can't I can't be here right now. They just say they have to be in motion all the time. These are the kinds of guys out let's go on a road trip. Let's go see a movie. Let's go play ball. Let's go eat. Let's go eat again.
Everybody's tired. They're driving home. This guy's like you're gonna do something else. Guys. Don't just go home. Just go home.
That's the guy. And then there's this other guy who's the reader, the quiet, mystical, spiritual, philosophical type. That is just he just sits in the car. Everybody else is making stupid jokes. He's just
staring in the sky.
And pondering over the stars.
You guys are on a road trip together. You're going to some convention.
And the guy was philosophical, quiet for three hours. Three hours later, he says, Have you ever wondered about the stars?
And the guy next to him says your other jittery friend says no. But I've wondered. There wasn't McDonald sign. I think the exit is two miles away.
He can't take it. So you guys go to the convention together. And then the convention there's different kinds of speeches.
There's this three hour workshop on how
Guess who's interested?
Actually, they change the schedule made it four hours. Guess who's really happy right now?
The philosophy, the philosophy is like, Mashallah, this is I brought three notebooks for different colored pens, I, this is an aid for me.
And he gets the other guy and says, you have to come with me to this. The shift is amazing. His wages are unbelievable. Let's sit in the front
What's the guy next to him doing? You know, the movement oriented? You know, he's texting. He's like,
Can I do that? Can I get out of here? Can you can you just please, four hours later. One of them is just so happy. This was the greatest day of my life. So amazing. Wasn't that amazing? Wasn't that amazing? And the guy next door, just want to punch him in the face. Like, you just destroyed four hours of my life.
I just came to the convention for one thing, the bizarre.
The food stall to be exact. But then later on that night, there's a speech being given by you know, like a mom said, back in the day. And I'm Suraj old friend of mine. That's why I can make jokes about him. Because he doesn't spare me either.
Do you know his speeches? They'll make you a better Muslim, but you won't know why.
I will lie I used to go when I was in college, I used to take the train to go to a hot bus in Brooklyn. Because man once he gets up on the member, it's like Lights, Camera action roll is off. And he had two bodyguards on either side. Remember back in the day, because people were messing around and they're keeping an eye on the crowd who's gonna talk to him tomorrow? And somebody is talking? Usually a day see, I don't know why.
Big Brother walk over. You need to be good quiet on the football.
Get in place. But anyway, when he gives a hot bath, you know, there's like pounding and intonation and there's this like, emotional roller coaster. And he could say anything. And he's like, one time you gave the speeches. When I was a child, I have a dog.
And one guy goes.
But I'm saying it's it's pretty. Like you come out of that speech. Your hair's like flipped back. You're like, That was amazing. I'm so Muslim now.
So the idea is that now this this other friend of yours says, You made me suffer through this for our what Yuma call it imaams illogical Hydra speaking thing, we're going to that one.
And the nerdy friend goes, What's the topic?
Because the topic is a mom salons are coming.
And that's the guy who said that, when he had a dog.
What I'm trying to get at is there are different personalities.
And the guy who's, you know, kind of not easily entertained, he listens to a speech like that. And he says that was the greatest thing in my life. I'm finally like, want to be Muslim now. And the other guy goes, I don't understand what did the dog have to do with anything? Or, like, I was trying to take notes, but I stopped halfway because I was confused. And you know, there's this they're different two different worlds, different two different worlds. And that's actually true of people in general. Not everybody is drawn to the same thing.
There are people that are so like, there's this a new Koran. They can't stand listening to anything I have to say it's not academic enough. It's not enough. Like they need to sit in the company of a share, go through the why art go through multiple devices study the JD Sheridan, if that's good for them, but there's a there's a there's a vast minority of humanity. There's few and far between and good for them. The rest of you there's guys that I know that email me and say I'm listening to you for an hour I'm hoping when do you get stupid? Like, when do you crack a joke? I just wait for that part.
That's okay, at least you're listening. Maybe something will go in by accident. I don't know. Right. Now here's the thing
as opposed to America study,
hunting, hanging out, chillin, getting into fights sometimes. He's a very active personality, hams are very active personality. How does someone come to Islam from that side, they're too distracted, their heart is all over the place their heart is in the hunt the fight the tribal matters, this that the other, you know, Islam you can be somebody who will be drawn to Islam by reason. By this. You know when this is this Islam draws you by this when your heart is already settled. Like a worker.
But if your heart is all over the place, and it gets distracted by this, then by this, then this then by this, then you need something that will not challenge your mind. You need something that will shake your heart. It will just shake your heart because your heart is not ready to open up, like the first rock just was ready to open up on its own. The second rock has to be hit and then it cracks open. How does Omar come to Islam? It's not an intellectual journey. These are emotional experiences Bob the whole Islamic
Jihad he mentioned that he actually went to try to be at least beat up possibly killed a prophet. So I said when he left his house, and he hid behind the veil of the Kaaba, on the one side, it also Sam is praying, he's sneaking around until he's literally right in front of him in the dark night and the Prophet does not know that he's praying and Norma is hiding behind the bailiff about to jump out and attack him. And also sizer is reciting Quran. And he says, just he thought to himself, there's some good poetry.
I mean, I'm about to kill him, but he is this is good.
And he didn't say this out loud. He just thought it and was also sort of decided, well, now who are the Odisha?
karela moto milone it's not the word of a poet how little you believe. He's like, he could read a mind.
And Allah says, What have you polychain? kanila Matata Kuru? It's not the word of a mind reader. How little an effort you make to remember.
What is it done zielona Rabbil alameen revolution from the master of all nations and all peoples he ran away.
That wasn't an intellectual experience. That was a emotionally shocking experience for a lot of the long line who some people need to be rattled shaken. There are some people in this room today. That would not have been in the machine if something crazy didn't happen in their life.
Some car accident, some got arrested, they got beat up, they got something horrible happen to their family, and then they realize I better change something hit them and then the rock cracked open there are some people know what to do. I can change them. No advice, no sermon, no seminar, no book, no pamphlet, but something happened to them one day, or somebody said something that one day. And that was it.
I love how Hamza came to Islam. What do you love?
All the data of the Quran.
You beat up my nephew.
Somebody beat up Susana, he goes to him. He goes up, you beat up a nephew, you hit my nephew.
he punches him on the head says I'm Muslim.
What are you gonna do now?
He got angry that his nephew was attacked and is one of the main drivers for his system.
It's an emotional, and that's not to say his Islam didn't mature. But people come into Islam for different reasons. They come for different reasons, the rock will open eyed God knows what hits it, and it opens. And so there are people even today that will come to the religion for very, very different reasons. They don't have one pathway. So there are different kinds of rocks. But the most interesting of rocks is the last one. To me, that's the most interesting one. Because to me, that actually is an expression of the majority of the Muslims.
Were in the Minghella Maya among them is the one that falls down. And yeah, v2 is a reminder of a B to A B to A B to three times already twice for other ones for voluspa in and now once again in v2 descent, fall Humble yourselves
be humbled. Why when Harsha de la rocks that fall from the fear of Allah, this is actually very This is where the switch happens that I talked to you about before. It could be translated rocks that fall fall like a landslide or an earthquake and the rocks on top of a mountain are just falling down. Like if you've traveled if you've done a road trip in California in Rocky rocky areas or something you might see assigned falling rocks. Be careful. By the way for rocks falling there's no way you can be careful there's just gonna follow you and I can see it coming but anyway, you know, but the idea of an earthquake or a landslide and then rocks descending yes the image but you know
the min ha but in the meantime, Amaya bitumen hace Attila the heart can actually go back to kulu. Also in the ayah. There are hearts that fall down from the fear of Allah. As our hearts descend into the cooler and our hearts descend into sujood. Every single prayer, what are they actually doing? They're falling little physically the hardest falling for the fear of Allah, it falls from a stand to, to this position. And then all the way down. we descend out of the fear of Allah. You know this, this humility before Allah. Now, if you go back three kinds of rocks, right? But the third one, there's something weird about it. It sticks out because it does fall but it doesn't break
because there's no water that came out. Remember but
The thing is, imagine this image rocks falling from a height. What are the chances that rock falls from a height and hits the ground? What's going to happen? what might happen?
There's hope given isn't it? There's hope given and what does that hope represent? It represents people that are trying to worship a ladder trying to become Muslim. They're trying to hold on to their faith obeying a law, but they still haven't no water, watch the watch the screen or watch me no water has come out of the rock yet.
Because this rock, you know where the water comes from, comes from here, and hasn't happened yet.
But you keep on falling. Because if you keep on falling, eventually it might want
it'll break and it'll come out.
What a lie is selling these three rocks is actually the three states of the, of the face of a believer, there's a sun, there's a man and there's Islam
suddenly monitors spiritual states, the highest of spiritual states is like the river gushing out at least some faith in your heart, some emotion in your heart that you can feel is the mind at least something comes out. But then the third case is man, I'm trying to pray I make what do I come to the machine? I just don't feel it yet. I don't know why I can't feel anything. I don't feel like my mind is going up. I'm reciting Quran but I'm feeling a spiritual emptiness. What should I do? The answer comes in sort of conjure up. We're into de la hora, hula, hula and it comes in America, people say we have a mind. Tell them you don't have your mind. You just have Islam. eemaan hasn't entered your
hearts yet, like water hasn't come into your rocks yet. But if you keep obeying a lion is messenger. He won't let any of that go to waste. Now when it comes when it comes. In other words, keep on falling. keep on falling and if you keep doing so, Allah will not waste those things you can you're gonna say to yourself, you can tell yourself I pray but I don't feel anything is this prayer even accepted? And Allah says now unit gumina Malika, he won't let that go to waste. And eventually he will soften this rock of yours enough. It just needs more. It needs more heads right now. And it will hit enough times you'll fall enough times and Allah azza wa jal will open it and water will
come forth the man will come out one more law who will often and I'm not alone. And Allah is not unaware of the things you do. It's amazing that the ayah is the time ends, the ayah ends with am my time alone and why it doesn't is not unaware of the things that you do. Why? Why is doing mentioned everything was about the hearts because that last part was about doing falling descending. The Israelites were just told a few hours ago in Cairo fall in record. Now the hearts must fall out of the fear of Allah meaning this is an era in the ayah towards prayer. Pray, Allah knows what you do. He's not unaware of what you do when you're skipping prayers and not take not taking care of your
prayers. And then you're wondering why there's a spiritual emptiness in your life. Ally's not unaware of what you're doing. And on the flip side, Allah is not unaware of when you're trying and you're not succeeding lies aware that you're trying, he knows that you're trying to keep on going. Well Mullah will be laughing and I'm not alone. With that inshallah Tada, you conclude today's barakallahu li walakum Felker Anil Hakim What a funny way er can be it was Hakeem Salaam Alaikum warahmatullah