Ramadan 2016 – Surat al-Baqarah – Day 1

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Nouman Ali Khan

Channel: Nouman Ali Khan

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Episode Notes

Ustadh Nouman Ali Khan delivers an amazing lecture that gives an insight into the reflections from Surah Al Baqarah from Ayats 1 to 7.

Our Iman is decorated with the following:

  1. Oneness of Allah.
  2. The prophethood of Muhammad ﷺ and all other Messengers AS
  3. His Angels
  4. His Books
  5. Last Day – Akhirah 
  6. Heaven and Hell
  7. Sahabah RA
  8. Taqdeer 
  9. All good and bad is from Allah SWT

The characteristics of Muttaqeen as per this Ayah are:

1) They are humble and realize their limitations and submit to Allah SWT by believing in Him with full certainty.

2) They establish Salah perfectly and regularly, in prescribed times according to the way described by Prophet Muhammad ﷺ with calmness and focus and in a congregation (for men).

3) They spend in the way of Allah through wealth, knowledge, efforts, money, time, talents and skills.

 

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Gotta go guys

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are

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smilla

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Elif

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liikanen kita Bula Buffy

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alladhina you may know me when up Muna sada

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was akuna. Whom

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when Latina you mean una Bhima la la cama de la public. Bobby sumati home you know

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he can

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be him

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he can meet moon

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sorry we're silly Emery melissani okoli hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam O Allah seydel ambia even Muslim. By the early he was happy as mine Allahumma giandomenico Amina Latina Amina Amina sorry hot water wasabi hot water was on the southern Amira banana mean. So Mama Mama everyone Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato. Our intention inshallah tada is to cover in the 30 nights of Ramadan to go through I art and reflections and some lessons from Sultan Baqarah as much as possible. I can't pass I thought a lot about telling you how much of the Quran we're going to be covering every night. But as I engage in this study, I realized that there are passages and

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sometimes there are phrases and sometimes there are moments in history that require a lot more discussion. So I'm going to leave it open ended roughly just read two pages ahead, but even if we get to seven IR today, that would be amazing. I'm going to try not to exceed an hour anytime, any, any one of these literals because we do want to pray and I know it's weeknights and we have to get back to work and other things as well. And so also The other advantage of keeping things within an hour is good for your attention span. So inshallah Allah you try to think about what was said, go back and read and ponder over the same if again and inshallah Tada, this is how we reinforce our

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connection, at the very least with a significant chunk of Susan Baqarah. I want to get right into the surah itself inshallah Allah and my intention is a little bit creative with this surah instead of giving you an introduction to the solar in the beginning, I'm going to be giving you an introduction to the surah as the surah proceeds. So we'll get right into the text right into the IOD from the very, very beginning in sha Allah Allah, the biggest surah of the Quran, and and again, key things about what to think about and what subject matter is coming up into surah. I'll introduce you to as the time comes with Mila, Allah azza wa jal begins this Madani surah which means it was

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revealed after the profits are seldom migrated to Medina. So this is in the latter, latter half of the prophets mission Salallahu alaihe salam, it's also important to note when Sultan Bukhara is revealed any madonia poron is the last you can say the last 30 35% of the Quran because the majority of the Quran has already come down. Majority of it came down when the Prophet was in Makkah. So this is the latter portion of the Quran. And this portion of the Quran is in terms of style, also unique because the IOD tend to be longer. And the subject is a little bit different because when the Prophet Alayhi Salaam was receiving the Quran, in Mecca, he was actually part of a very small

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minority that were oppressed and they were considered in a sense outlaws rebels a threat to society that kind of thing. And you'll notice that actually a lot of the address in McCann Quran is yeah you Hannah's is to all people yeah a body my slaves, or Eliza gel will indirectly save coal Yeah, even calf your own. pullela Xena cafaro tell those who disbelieved, right? But you don't directly find Yeah, you Hello, Dina Armando, those of you who believe. When the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam moves to Medina, a new community is formed. And now they're not even though they're in a time of war, and in a sense, some kind of emergency state because the battles keep erupting between the

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people of Medina and the people of Makkah. But now at least within the confines of Medina, they're in a state of peace. And they've already made some treaties with the Jewish and Christian communities that are already there. Some of those Jews and Christians have become Muslim, and now they're part of the oma of Islam, even though their family members are still Jewish and Christian, right. And now this community of Muslims, Jews and Christians live together and they've got an agreement with each other to defend the city of Medina together. And this is kind of a new life for the Muslims in Medina. And in this time, one of the earliest Sooners that started coming down to

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certain Bukhara actually is one of the earlier ones. As a matter of fact, you know, not six months within this time, when the prophet SAW Selim was establishing the community of the Muslims. You know, there was already preparations happening because the mccanns were not happy that the Muslims are stable. So the people or the coloration of Makkah, were trying to get ready gear up basically for battle. And one thing led to another and pretty soon we were going to end up within

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Within a year and a half, we weren't going to end up in the Battle of either, you know, the first major battle of Assam. So a lot of the eye art in the surah later on, you're gonna see are actually mental preparation for the Battle of button, which is a pretty good indication that this came in the first year and a half, two years of even within the lifetime of the process of Medina. But then there are I have this surah that spanned the entire like later life of the Prophet. So I said I'm in Medina. So it's not like the whole so what I came down at was once they came down little by little by little over several years, actually some of them might even argue that the last IOP given to the

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Prophet sallallahu Sallam the last of the worst part of political Bukhara, the last of the IR given to the schools. And it's also unique that even though it is in its entirety, a Medina Medina surah a small portion of it, you don't even you can't even call it a McCann surah it's a it's a it's kind of a summary.

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Because when you say mckennitt means the surah came from the sky to Mecca. When you say but then you use it You mean the surah came from the sky to Medina, but the last couple of ions of this pseudo pseudo Lhasa Salaam didn't receive they didn't come down with Jose Salaam went up. He received them when he went up in the Mirage so it's got a special feature, that the concluding draw that was right, that's what I recited in that shot prayer. So it's got these unique qualities to it, among many others, that we're going to get to inshallah huhtala eventually. So let's begin right away. Again, it's important to note the difference between the audience you know, there's a famous saying

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in Arabic, hollywood masala country rockpooling him talk to people depending on their level of understanding their background, I the way I talk to children is different from teenagers is different from college students as well, I've been Muslim for a long time, there's a difference between them, there's different audiences. So the audience of Medina is different because they actually have background with revelation they know about Torah, they know about ngl some of them are very many generations of Christians, or many generations of Jews, right? So and they are also the audience of this Quran, they're also hearing this for us. So the Quran is not only being recited to

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the Muslims. Nowadays, when I'm reciting Quran, when somebody walks by, or somebody heard from the outside of the building, maybe even a little bit of the reputation, they have no idea what's been what's going on. Back then, when Koran was being recited, it was in the language of the people. And it was something they very directly and immediately understood whether they were Muslim or not, you understand. So this was almost like a radio broadcast. For everybody who's out there. The Jews, the Christians, the Muslims, everybody. And so with that background in mind, you have to appreciate what's going to happen inside of the surah. This is different from the people of Makkah, because

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they didn't have background in Revelation. Those people were Muslim, and they worshipped idols. And they had forgotten the religion of a smile and Ibrahim alayhi wa sallam from 1000s of years ago. They kept the sacrifice, but they forgot why they sacrifice. They kept the governor, but they forgot what the purpose of the Cabal is. So the idea of Revelation and asset all of those things were erased. They were gone. This is not the case for this audience. Right. The other last difference I'll share with you is that the madonie audience, a good number of them because they've also we have the hotspot of tomorrow. The Christians have their day in the church, the Jews have their Sabbath in

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the synagogue, right? And they go listen to a football like we listen to a football, they have that tradition to and in their hotel, their leaders are there scholars, they have earlimart to, you know, they have they have people that they listen to and learn from their religion from and those were learned people, those where you can say scholarly people even though Quran calls them bar doesn't even call them or the AMA in one place or the mount Albany's for him. But another word of Allah Bar Bar comes from the word Hibbard which means ink, meaning these people read and write so much, and their hands go over, you know, pages and pages of books so much, their hands are always looked like

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they dipped in ink. That's why they're called above. So very, very scholarly people. Now compare this to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, who are on himself calls an AVI allomi. The Prophet, the prophet who is who is as I'm contaminated with education as someone who just came out of their mother. In other words, he's unlettered, that's the easy translation I will meet. He's unlettered. But it comes from the word Omi which comes from home because he has the same formal education as someone who just came from their mother. Right? He has no background in formal education, and he's teaching them now he's teaching religion. So the other people that are teaching religion in Medina

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are llama. Learn from Allah Ma, who learned from Allah, whether they're teaching Christianity or Judaism. And here you have a man teaching the religion of God and he's commenting on their religion to the Quran is commenting on Judaism. The Quran is commenting on Christianity, and yet he himself no scholarly background whatsoever. As a matter of fact, that same word mean, which Allah azza wa jal says, who Allah Xie basophil Amina casilla Minho is the one who appointed among the only in the unlettered people, why because the prophets I said almost sent not to Medina what was he said first? To MacArthur, they'll do mean

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messenger from among them, right? So when that that same word, which to us is actually a noble word because it's one of the descriptions of the prophets alongside them. And it's part of his miracle. This was a term that was actually an insult used by the yahood. And the nasarah, the rabbis among them, and the priests among them, they would actually say, this guy, this one's gonna teach you, he doesn't even know how to read and write, what's he going to teach you? And so with that, the reason I shared that background with you is because the first words of the surah are Alif, laam, Meem, these are three letters. There are letters, and the only person who ever any, anybody who knows

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letters, the only reason they will know letters is because they're learning to read. There's no other reason you should know letters, you know, there are people that are uneducated, they never received any education in English, they speak English, but they never went to school. You tell them A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, these words don't make no sense to them. These letters have no value to them. What does that even mean? What do you mean w? What is that? I have never heard this word before. Because the only time you worry about letters is when you worry about spelling. And the only time you worry about spelling is if you're going to read or you're going to write Yes. And that's

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something that prophets Hassan has no access to. So when he recites Alif Lam, Meem, it already sends shockwaves in that community. Wait, who taught him letters? I thought he told me, if he's saying LS la meme, it must mean he has a teacher does it because he can't learn those on his own. If he doesn't know he should just be saying lm

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lm taraka darbuka vs haven't failed. You know, that's, that's what he should be saying. But the fact that he's saying and if not mean, necessarily means he has a teacher. So now even the people that are listening to him are saying, who's his teacher? And what are they teaching him?

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I mean it already and why would they teach him these letters? So it created that question in the mind of the audience. And that's very, very important. Because the question will be answered that the teacher is Allah. He's the one who's taught him, right, but that, and the idea that he is actually receiving an education because otherwise there's no way he would even know what letters signify anyway. The second thing you should know, about Alif laam. Meem, is it's unprecedented usage. This is very important. As we go through the verse today, this will become clearer and clearer in a long time that the Quran said things in a way that had never been used before. Nobody

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talk like this, the Arabs were very proud of their language, they used to think of everybody else as adjunct, basically incapable of proper speech, you know, retarded even you, which is a politically incorrect term. Nowadays, they thought everybody has less because they don't know an idea. You know, and they're the ones that are, you know, that mastered the language. And you have to call on from the kinds of verbs that it used to the kinds of letters that it used to the kinds of sentences that use, it said things in a way that had never been heard before. Nobody ever talks like this Not even close. You know, even when a new poet comes and make some amazing poetry. It is still based on 80%,

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the previous poetry. Those of you that don't appreciate poetry, the younger audience here, maybe they're into hip hop, maybe they're into r&b, maybe they're into what some kind of music or another, you'll notice that beats or rhymes. They're not entirely creative. There's elements of it, that is from previously existing music, they take the ingredients that are already there, and then build on it something new, but it's not entirely new. It's like maybe 10%, New 20% new majority of it is actually something already somebody had already done. You see. So when the Quran says something like Alif Lam, Meem even.

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This is unheard of. Why would someone speak like this? It will not only create the question, it will actually create a curiosity. This teacher, whoever his teacher is, nobody's ever learned from this teacher around here.

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Nobody's ever gotten that kind of education before. So the mind has already been prepared to accept the revelation of the Quran just with a live lambing just with that. And so when I lift lamb, he said the other thing for us for believers because, you know, this didn't just have benefits for those who did not believe. But even Alif laam Meem has guidance for those who believe. We know by h ma of Allah, even though some have some opinions, that no one knows what Alif Lam me means. It's wrong to say it doesn't mean anything. That's wrong to say because everything Allah says has meaning. Everything Allah says has purpose. But on the other hand, everything Allah gave us we know

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is for our benefit. Allah doesn't speak in the Quran. He doesn't speak unless it is something that will teach you and me something. He himself says I learn Quran. I learn Quran. He didn't just say carnal Quran. He said the Quran to kalamalka he spoke the Quran, no animal Quran. He taught

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Quraan The thing about teaching as opposed to speaking, when someone's speaking, they're just running their mouth. But when someone is teaching, who do they have in mind?

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The student, so everything they teach is supposed to benefit Who? The student, which means with that formula, even when you read Alif, laam, Meem is supposed to have some kind of benefit from you, for you. But then the question arises, I don't even know what it means. How is it supposed to benefit me? Because in order for me to benefit, I better have, I have to understand. And especially when you're sitting in a classroom, and the teacher says something, and you don't get it, that means you didn't benefit. So you have to raise your hand and say what I don't understand. Could you repeat that? Could you explain it to me? I need a better explanation. But no matter who you ask in the

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world, can somebody explain Alif Lam? Meem? Can somebody tell me what it means? What's the Tafseer of these letters? What's the history behind them? Nobody has a clear answer. And nobody has had a clear answer. And seems pretty obvious. Nobody's gonna have a clear answer, until you get come before a law on Judgement Day. And then beyond analyzer, which allows us by His mercy to enter into his agenda, and we get the opportunity to ask our teacher a lot. So again, what does that mean? But you know, then even then there's benefit. The question, I'm building this question for you, what's the benefit, then? The benefit is, you know, what's called for college students here. They know,

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it's called student orientation.

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you've ever heard a student orientation, first day of class, the teacher comes into the classroom and says, Listen, you have to have this attitude, you have to put this much hours in homework, you better not do this, this, this and this, you better finish your assignments on time, the exams, you better start preparing for them three weeks in advance, he prepares you mentally for everything that's coming. Yes. And if you're not properly mentally prepared for the course, and the best one to prepare you as the teacher himself, then you're not gonna have the right attitude necessary to be able to succeed in learning. The first orientation for the student of the Quran is that they don't

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know anything.

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The first orientation for the student of the Quran is Alif Lam Meem? What does it mean? You don't know and you better get used to that?

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Well, La Jolla until that Allah, Allah is the one who knows you're the ones who don't know, don't come to this book, to try to put criticisms on it, and impose upon Allah that unless I understand I will not follow.

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Unless I am satisfied, my curiosity is satisfied. Until then, I'm not convinced enough. I don't want to follow it. No, no, no, no, no, you're gonna have to come to this book with humility. Not with curiosity. You know, nowadays, we read books, and you can download a PDF, you can put things on your Kindle or your iPad or something, and read a book and you enjoyed some chapter you didn't like some other chapters. And because these books are part of an industry, the sales industry, even when you're about to buy a book, before you buy a book, you look at how many stars it got. Did he get one star? two stars, three stars, four stars? Is it a New York Times bestseller? What are the reviews of

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this book? What do we do when we read books, we not just learn, we also critique, we criticize, we give our commentary and say I like it, it's kind of okay. I didn't really like this part of that we do this with movies, we do this with cartoons, we do this. You know, we do this with books, actually. Now we do this, even with professors in college, you raise your professor, right? And you give them a star rating. He's pretty bad with homework, his tests are torture and all of this stuff, right? In other words, you're in a position of control.

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You're in a position of control, because in a consumer society, the customer is always What's that? What do they say the customer is always one is always right. The student in a college is a customer because you paid tuition. The reader of a book is a customer because he paid for the book, you understand everybody's a customer, which means they're always in a position to criticize, critique, etc, etc. And so we bring that consumer attitude to the Quran. And even Muslims will read the Quran and say, I don't get this part. I don't understand. I don't I read it. But it's kind of weird, this little confusing this here and there. And they'll talk like you're talking about just any other

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book. This is not just any other book. You don't come to it like a customer who's always right. You come to it like a beggar. You come to it bankrupt. And this is the only thing that will feed you. You come to it like a dead person lost in the desert, and they're dying of dehydration, and you give them a little bit of water. They're not going to complain what the temperature is.

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Or, you know, don't you have soda? Do you have orange juice instead? They're not they're just gonna take it. When you're desperate for guidance, then you have you have to be ready. A law knows better for me what I need to know and what I don't need to know. And another part of this very beautiful part of this orientation from Allah to set our attitude right when we study the book of Allah, because Allah has a lien. You can study the book of Allah. But if you don't have the right attitude, and you don't have the right mindset and your heart is not in the right place, then you lilu Vika Thielen wa

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Yeah, the vehicle here, same book will guide so many guides so many and a level misguide so many with this book because they came with the wrong attitude. And that's what Allah says himself when he says when you look at, he doesn't corrupt by means of this book except, you know, he doesn't mean misguided with this book except those that are inherently corrupt. So what is that next lesson within Elif la meme that I want to share with you? That is that we need to be okay. We need to be okay. With with curbing and stopping our curiosity. There are some people who are still stuck at Alif laam Meem.

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They've been studying the Quran for 10 years, and they're doing research on one thing. What is Alif Lam? Meem they never even got to the article. Kita volare Buffy I think Elif is a code. It's a numerical value is 37.8 and lamb is another code. It has this value and meme is this and my theory says elephant Nami me and they're just they're doing they're studying everything about the Quran except the Quran itself.

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You get lost in these details, because now you're not receiving you're not the word of Allah is not in charge, your curiosity is in charge. What you find interesting is in charge and some people you know, they they they pursue Mata Szabo have been who,

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if they did a lot of fitness, a lot of really, they only follow what is not allowed made it unclear on purpose, to see what kind of you know, sick minds are only going to be curious about the things Allah didn't want to tell you. You know, it's equally important in the role of a teacher to teach you things. And it's equally important to not teach you certain things is to that's actually a learning process to I will not tell you, you should not be asking certain questions. You shouldn't be staying away from certain curiosities. Not every curiosity is good for you. We received so little cough every Friday, Musa alayhis salam is on a journey. What was his orientation? lattice I leave ej

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in, don't ask me anything until I talk to you. That's part of his orientation. So it's not a you know, in our society now, in the modern learning environment, every question is a good question. All questions are welcome. About everything in anything. To some in some respect. There is an open field for question the difference between useful and useless questions, ask questions, but ask which kind useful ones, you're not going to if Allah did not want to tell you what it means. That means not knowing is useful to you. Not not knowing what it means is the most beneficial thing for you. And so that's a little bit of the story of Alif Lam Meem. But you'll notice how the law I told you it's

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like an orientation towards the book. And you'll notice something in the Quran that's remarkable.

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Pretty much the majority of the times when you see one of these letters, I left la meme of sod Alif laam Meem ra Elif lamora you see all these letters, what do you find next to them? Alif Lam? Meem Allahu La Ilaha Illa who will who will call Yun asila Anika Al Kitab Alif Lam Meem Saad Kitab ananzi Lake and Islamic Elif la taka taka taka, taka taka, Taka ob la flamme rocky tabon Angela who like Bahama Angela alagille Khurana Allah Tasha Alif laam Meem tilka to Kitab al Hakim houden mutton lil Mohsin Hamid Tansy Romanov, MANOVA him, yes, he will call on his hockey, hammy. Makita moving over and over again, when these letters come up. The next ayah is about the Quran

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over and over again. Every time these letters come up, and you say what does it mean? Allah says Quran is clear, Quran is full of wisdom. I swear by the Quran that the revelation itself, it's like Allah gives us that orientation. But that's part of that part of the orientation you easily forget. easily forgotten that we have to humble our curiosity and guide our minds in a good direction. And so it reminds us of that lesson over and over and over and over again. And he doesn't even keep the same letters. He changes the letters. So the the curious cat inside of us goes why humming this time? Why not? Alif laam Meem this time? What about a different camera? What is the left now this

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one has a different meanings going on over here? You know, so you want to

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test you with it? He tests you literally test you with it? Are you gonna get lost in these curiosities, or find purpose in the book subhana wa Tada. Let's move forward to the next iOS is radical. Kita booderee Buffy

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Daniel kuttabul arriba de vous de la mattina is one. It has several possibilities. But the first thing I'd like to do with this is inshallah begin with some vocabulary. The key words in this ayah are Kitab, hodan and Taka four words that if you know a little bit about that vocabulary, then we get into the rules, it'll actually be easier for you to understand. The first of those words this guitar or kata, kata in modern Arabic means to write. But actually in old Arabic, the pen was very rare.

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People used to write and the way these writers used to carve into stone, or into wood, or stitch into leather, like hakama, right to stitch into leather. But the idea is when you scratch onto something, and you make the letters, you write onto a tree or something like that, that's actually originally Futaba. That's kinaba. Now, that's a little bit different from our time. Because when we write something now, most of the time we're writing on a digital device, you're just touching your fingers on something or typing on a keyboard. The thing is, when you do that, if you wrote a sentence, and you don't like one word, what can you do?

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Delete, select, cut, paste, or you want this sentence that's at the end of your paragraph, you want it in the beginning of your paragraph, you just selected dragon, you put it in the beginning of your paragraph, you can do that in digital writing. But if you were to take a piece of stone and hammer it in and write something and then say this word should be over there, what are you going to do now? Let's start over again, new rock. You know, you see kids back in the day, they have writing assignments, and they they wrote something incorrectly, that another incorrectly and they cross it out, cross it out, and then they

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and then they start over again. That's the pain of Futaba. Right? Because it's once you write it, it's set. Once you write it, you can't there's no delete button. There's no erase button, there's no drag and drop. You know, the whiteout was the greatest invention of my youth, like the most amazing thing ever.

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You know, because I can't remember how many papers I've ripped, just erasing my like erasers were slaughtered in my youth, you know?

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But yeah, this this idea of back in the day, you can't erase because you carved it in. You scratched it in its set. By using the word Kitab. Allah azza wa jal is actually telling us a profound reality about the Quran.

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What it is, is what it is, there's no room for edit. There's no room to go back and change. There's no room to modify, or to reconfigure. And by the way, when you carve something in is the order set, or no, the order is set and is no longer subject to any change. Imagine an oral tradition, it was revealed to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam orally, and yet Allah called it GitHub. He still called it GitHub, because the order of the entire Quran every single surah in the entire Quran was already meant to be set as literally set in stone. set in stone. So why is Fatiha first bacara second Allah and one third Nyssa fourth, in this order, if this was flexible, you can call it Get up.

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If it's flexible, you can call it Kitab. You can call it column. You can move around, but you can't move it around. Today we set the way it is. It's etched in, it's carved and you understand. So that's a very powerful indication within the word Kitab itself. But then again, there's another thing about the difference between GitHub and Cora and some of you have heard me talk about this before. This is an opportunity to review that lesson. The word Koran comes from Cora and Cora means to read out loud data I told you already means to carve, and the two most popular names of Allah's book are Kitab and Cora, Cora karate.

00:28:21--> 00:28:39

These both of these mean two slightly different things. When Allah says Al Kitab, he's referring to something that is written. When Allah calls it old Quran, he's referring to something that is what recited something that is recited. Now, the thing is the recitation of the Quran happens here, Indonesia,

00:28:40--> 00:28:43

but the writing of the book, Where did it happen?

00:28:44--> 00:28:44

A lot of

00:28:46--> 00:29:16

it happened up in the seven heavens, seventh heaven, and I'm surrounded by The Guardian Angels, you know, the Iranian Bharara that are surrounding it, that's where Allah wrote the Quran. Now, the thing is put on the rest of the recitation of the Quran happens here and this world is close to us, but that writing is far away from us. that writing is not near that is far. So let me give you this in a brief exercise, when something is close you call it this, when something is far you call it that

00:29:18--> 00:29:21

Allah azza wa jal did not say hi, Val. Kita blah, Buffy.

00:29:22--> 00:29:59

He said Valley Cal Kitab La La Buffy that book he didn't call it this book. He called it that book because where it is written where it is in the form of a book is not near that is actually far. But the six times a lemon man talks about the Quran he says we're here Ilya hodel Quran in the huddle Khurana Atilla tea here. He doesn't say that Koran guides are there that has been revealed to me. He says this Koran has been revealed to me. He uses the closer word Why? Because the recitation happens where the camera happens here. Nikita happened over there. So it's far away. So somehow

00:30:00--> 00:30:10

Allah says that you can Kitab valuable Cavallari you know, the first thing you learn the other, there's a continuity. Remember, they fly me made you curious about a teacher?

00:30:11--> 00:30:48

Who taught him the letters? And letters obviously come in a book. And that where's the where's the book? I mean, he's learning. I've never seen him with a book. Because he can't even read a book anyway, where is the book that he learns from? It's pretty far away. You see, so there's this continuous image that's being painted here. That's the first word I'll get up. The second word is urabe. urabe is one of several words in the Arabic language used for doubt. Chuck is used massage is used there are several other words that are used for doubt. But arrived fee that I'll read it to you from shaft directly Hakata, Reba, Calico knifes, what

00:30:50--> 00:31:07

the reality of rave, is when a person is disturbed on the inside, and they're shaken up on the inside. There are different kinds of doubts, like a car went by, and you're like, was that a Mercedes? I'm not sure maybe a Hyundai because they designed them the same now. You know?

00:31:09--> 00:31:33

That's a doubt that doesn't bother you. It doesn't bother you. But then there's a kind of doubt that you're, you're you got a question in your mind and it's bothering you, and you don't understand. And it's eating away at you and you can't sleep at night because of it. Until this confusion is removed from you. You know, and that kind of doubt that you lose sleep over that disturbs you, that's actually called

00:31:34--> 00:32:14

that's called a that's that's a we don't have to go deeper than that into the word, but a doubt that causes disturbance, right? That's the simple definition of the word. Right. The next word that I want to give you before we get into the idea itself, or who then we'll skip because that's rather obvious is 13. And 13. comes from Word from word taqwa or require with Gaya actually means protection and actually means over or excessive protection. They say in Arabic for example, I'll pull it up for you. I took some notes on it, photo siana excessive hyper protection for your colonias in forest forest moonwalk. a certain kind of horse is called a protective horse. Why is it

00:32:14--> 00:32:55

called that? Either a Saba who didn't earn mineral mineral or our cattle how fearful Who is it? Haha and you see Bahu Edna Shea in Lima, who basically what all that Arabic meant is you have a horse whose you know the horse have a hope the feet. And in order to protect the feet, what do you do you put like a metal clamp underneath it, and you put horseshoes on it right? But imagine a horse, a battle horse who lost his horseshoes. His feet become extra sensitive, right? So it's walking on uneven land. And it's very careful everywhere it places its feet, because its feet have become extra sensitive. And that horse is said to be observing dakhla in Arabic before Islam, they said that

00:32:55--> 00:33:21

horse is exhibiting taqwa right now. Because it watches every single step which step might hurt me which step will be okay for me to take so hard Allah, Allah used that word to describe the attitude of a believer, and that's actually part of the meaning the the fundamental meanings of the word mattina. Let's get into the ayah itself, the radical Kitab allottee. But I told you some things about Delica. Why, you know, that has an implication. inshallah. Yeah.

00:33:22--> 00:33:56

So there are six different ways of looking at this ayah. And if I was teaching this to Arabic students, I would go through the Arab of this is six different ways. And it's just absolutely fascinating. If I did that with you, though, you will run so fast out of here, there will be accidents in the parking lot. So we weren't, we're not going to do that. I'll give you something else. Instead, I'll give you the juice of it out, instead of getting giving you the technical part. I'll give you the conclusion. Not the not the way you get to the conclusion. But the conclusion itself. The first of them is I'll put it in English translation for you. And if not meme

00:33:57--> 00:33:59

that is the book.

00:34:00--> 00:34:04

I left la meme is the orientation Wait, what? What do you just say?

00:34:05--> 00:34:42

And then that is the book and I'll change the translation of book now. Because Al Kitab is also a master in Arabic, which means that in fact is written or it's writing itself. Somebody heard it. I want you to imagine somebody heard the Prophet recite or if not mean Vatican Kitab. And Ally's telling them Did you just hear me say Alif laam Meem. That is writing. You know that right? That's not just him talking. It must have come from something written. It's uniquely written, isn't it? And it's written like nothing else has been written. That's why I started Valley, Calcutta, Boone, its Valley Calcutta. The Hobbit is actually more of Milan, Hassan and Elisa nakikita. Dona hava, as

00:34:42--> 00:34:59

though there is no other writing other than this, you've never experienced writing like this, that you're getting to hear now. So what you're hearing is not just a man talking sallallahu alayhi wasallam. He's actually taking from a book that comes from far away. That's the first implication the second of them is that eliphalet

00:35:00--> 00:35:37

meme they say would be the move to the valley Calcutta would be the hover in English that would translate I left la meme is in fact that book of Islamism is one of the names of the Quran according to the summer Adama, grammatically, then one of the names of local on Islamic and that's also beautiful that one of the names of the Quran is mysterious, because there are things in it that will humble the human being, no matter how much we learn. At the end of the day, we don't know anything. At the end of the day, we don't know anything. One thing about the humility of and the weakness of human knowledge allows origin says who elevate us Rocco nimbu, Tony Omaha Chico, la de La Moneda. He

00:35:37--> 00:35:48

is the one who put pulled you out of the bellies of your mothers. And then he says that Allah Muna, Shia, which means as he pulls you out of the bellies of your mothers, you didn't know anything.

00:35:49--> 00:36:18

Obviously, when we're babies, we don't know anything. But that Joomla could also be not just halia. But Mr. Niva, which means you still don't know anything, he pulled you out of your mom's. And by the way, you still don't know anything. So how the law like I love puts humanity in its place when he speaks like this. So he says, Alif Lam, Meem Malik Al Kitab. That would be the name of the book. The third implication is Alif laam mean by itself. The likkle Kitab is actually that is in fact the book.

00:36:19--> 00:37:01

As though humanity was waiting. Where was the solar revealed? What did I tell you? Medina, Medina was a population of who and who Jews and Christians and the Jews and the Christians had several texts, several indications that the final book is coming. They were waiting. They were waiting. And so when they heard and if not mean, he must have an outside teacher, immediately, Allah answers that population to and says, that's the book you've been waiting for. That is the book, the one that you pray for, that the signs would come and the victory would come. And the final messenger would come, it has arrived, lolly, Calcutta. And then the second sentence would be loughrea, Buffy, there's

00:37:01--> 00:37:08

absolutely no doubt in it, that it is the book you were waiting for. That is the one that's been promised. And Nikita will marodex me.

00:37:10--> 00:37:48

Don't say the alcohol kita boo, boo. That's the book that's been promised before, the one that you've been anticipating. When you assess the Buddha, Allah Lavina cafaro. We will read later on in sleutel Baqarah. The Jews were so anxious to look for the final messenger and the last book to come. They used to talk about it. They used to say, Man, these courageous, they beat us up in battle all the time. But next time courage are messengers coming soon, with the last book and when he comes alive is guaranteed and victory done, we'll show you. That's what they used to do. And so a lot points to it. It says it could GitHub, Laurie, Buffy. And then the third part who then limit again,

00:37:48--> 00:38:26

that's the final piece of it. You can say this is more or less raw, which means an incredible guidance, powerful guidance for people who want to be careful, people who want to take every step protectively, avoiding harm that will come to themselves. People that want to live a careful life for those people. There's absolutely guidance inside of this book. On this occasion, what I want to share with you before I move any further is that in this orientation, there's all of this is orientation, right? And a lot in his wisdom decided that after the party how this should be the next era. So it's like this sooner will give us this picture of Islam and the Quran like nothing else. So

00:38:26--> 00:39:01

our minds are properly ready to engage the book of Allah the rest of our lives, right? So these are out there very valuable. So it's okay, if I'm taking my time, if I finish this lunch today, within the next 1520 minutes, and we only got through three, four hours, I won't be sad. I'm not I'm not worried about finishing more with you. I would rather be internalized some of these lessons in shallow data and every time we hear these IOD we relive them. Okay, so what I want to share with you now is first thing, this has happened the origin and Islam in Delhi, Calcutta. But then there are two principles that allow xojo revealed two things that will define my relationship with this book.

00:39:02--> 00:39:45

The first of those principles is Laurie, Buffy. There's absolutely no room for any doubt that bothers you on the inside whatsoever in it. In this book, there's no room for any skepticism and any uncertainty. I'm not so sure. Is it really from Allah? There's no room for that whatsoever, not in this book. And so the question then arises, how not, and we'll get to that in a second. The first of them is there should be no room for doubt. And the only way you will have no doubt left. How can How can you talk to somebody who says this is the book of God? They'll say, Well, I have a Bible, that's the book of God to somebody else who bring a VEDA from the Hindu scripture and say, This is a book

00:39:45--> 00:39:49

of God. Actually, this is a book of lots of gods, you know.

00:39:50--> 00:39:51

So

00:39:52--> 00:39:59

how are you saying Book of Mormon is a book of God? Your book, The Quran is the book of God, how am I supposed to know that? This one's right and those are wrong

00:40:00--> 00:40:06

See, some of you are in college a friend comes to you, you know, there's so many religions, somebody's gotta be wrong. How do you know you guys are right?

00:40:07--> 00:40:09

Well, I Well, you know, luck of the draw.

00:40:11--> 00:40:19

Sometimes you have kids that come and come to their parents and say, you know, don't you ever wonder mom? When judgment day comes? Which one's going to be right?

00:40:21--> 00:40:22

And moms freak out like,

00:40:25--> 00:40:29

what do I recite on this child? What Rukia? Do I do? You know?

00:40:32--> 00:41:09

How are we supposed to know? How are we supposed to know without any room would have any doubt that this is the book of Allah? How did the followers of Musa alayhis salaam know without a doubt that he's a messenger? They questioned him so much, didn't they? But when he struck the staff, and the water parted, if you were in that audience, there is no room left. He's a messenger of God, you know what I'm just gonna go through this river, with adult allows him on either side to massive mountains of water, standing and retaining the shape without a container. And I'm going through in the middle.

00:41:11--> 00:41:22

He's definitely a messenger data. That's I'm done questioning. I'm good. I'm straight. I'm sad. In other words, when does doubt get removed? When you see a miracle?

00:41:23--> 00:41:25

Doubt is removed when you see a miracle.

00:41:27--> 00:41:35

The people who follow the Sally's Oh, question is, are they still around? When they see a Claiborne turned into a real living bird by a loss permission, the doubt is gone.

00:41:36--> 00:41:39

When when a staff turns into a snake, the doubt is gone.

00:41:40--> 00:41:58

But the question is, this book is not parting any rivers. This book is not turning any sticks into a snake. It was just printed glossy paper. Where's the miracle? Allah azzawajal gave us this book. And it's miraculous, not for the eyes. It's miraculous for the ears.

00:42:00--> 00:42:21

This is the last of all miracles, those miracles that were given to previous prophets to remove doubt, what's the purpose of miracles? To remove doubt? That's the purpose. Don't forget that. It's not special effects. It's not so you look at and say, Whoa, that was awesome. That's not the purpose. The purpose is there should be no doubt left. That's the reason those miracles were given. But within one generation, the miracle dies.

00:42:22--> 00:42:29

The Miracle dies. Why? Because for the next generation, that miracle is just a story. They didn't see it.

00:42:30--> 00:42:47

For you to experience a miracle, you have to see it with your own eyes. Even that next generation of the newest, or the next generation of the followers of a Saudi Sara or Sally Harrison, or Ibrahim alayhis salam when Latina Allah says there are some people with him. When he walked out of a fire without burning. There were some people within

00:42:48--> 00:42:54

those people when they tell the story to their children, it is just a story if they didn't see it, like I Come on dad.

00:42:55--> 00:43:02

Really? Okay, fine, fine. After all, this is Sunday school, I'll follow along. But really, I have my doubts.

00:43:03--> 00:43:04

I have my questions.

00:43:05--> 00:43:46

But this final or on this last revelation that Allah gave us, Allah gave us a miracle inside it. That is not for the eyes. It's for the ears. And it's not for every year. There's a big difference. Now, those miracles, even if you weren't follower of Buddha, if you were just fishing in the river, and the water parted. And you looked at that, man, you saw that man, he's got some connection with God, I don't know what's going on over here. You would see that as a miracle Yes or no? He wouldn't immediately. But the Quran, anybody who reads it? Are they gonna see it as miraculous? No. You have people who read it? Yes, you do home new flora. It increases them and even more hatred. They used to

00:43:46--> 00:44:03

hate Islam before after reading the Quran. They really hate Islam. They really hate Islam. There are people who are skeptical before after reading a translation, they become even more skeptical, isn't it? So the question is, where's the miracle? The Miracle Allah decided for the last messenger. And this last message is no longer free.

00:44:04--> 00:44:40

It's not just anybody just glances at it and they see a miracle Nope. The only way you will find the miracle of this book is if you come looking for it. And you reflect inside this book, and you dig and ponder into this book, then it will become clear this can only be from God. If you give it a shallow Look, it will give you nothing if you decide to dive in deep. I had a friend in college who was born in the Muslim family, but they're not very religious family. They sent him to college, he decided to do a Bachelor's in philosophy. What happens after a Bachelor's in philosophy or a man has a janazah in any language.

00:44:41--> 00:44:59

So he's completely gone off the deep end. He's completely agnostic. He's a skeptic, he doesn't believe in anything. He's not even sure if he exists. You know, he's one of those guys. He's out there floating in space. And then he was challenged to ponder on the Quran, just ponder over the Quran. And so he did. He brought all of his philosophical questions.

00:45:00--> 00:45:37

All of his from every ism you can think of you brought to the Quran. And you just studied it for a couple of years. You just studied the Quran asking it questions, hoping you can find something he can that can finally philosophy can crush this book. But he kept getting defeated by this book. And you know, people that study philosophy love to debate. So when they lose a debate, they get really ticked off. their ego is hurt. So they want to come back and crush it this the next time. So he keeps coming back with more criticisms. But he's not arguing with a person who's he arguing with this book. He just debated with this book. He used to like literally slam it shut sometimes. Because

00:45:37--> 00:45:56

it shut him up. He was looking for it. I bet you he doesn't have an answer for this. And he reads it on there again, I gotta find something else. And he would go back and forth, angry with this book. And two years later, he told me himself, it. I wrestled this book and it pinned me down. And I came to this deep

00:45:58--> 00:46:39

Yeah, no, no, I pinned me down. This is largely Buffy, but it doesn't give itself for free. He could have been a philosophy student read a translation of the Quran say nothing here and move on. But if you decide to ponder, why am I saying ponder, that's not something I came up with. That's something that was on claim alpha later on, whether we can I mean, indeed it la la vida de la Finca de la doti then reflect on the Quran. Because Had it been from someone, anyone other than Allah, they would have found a lot of contradictions in it. By the way, if you study the Quran in a shallow way, you will find contradictions, unless as if they reflect, they will not find contradictions, which means

00:46:39--> 00:47:02

if they don't reflect what will happen, they will find contradictions. They will make websites, blogs, videos dedicated to the contradictions. They will make lists of contradictions in the Quran, because they don't do to double. And if they were to do that about then they will become convinced that this can only be the word of Allah. The first part of my relationship with the Quran is there's no doubt in it. It's a miracle.

00:47:03--> 00:47:13

The second part of my relationship with the Quran hudl Matatini. It is a guidance. It's advice. It's counsel, who then literally means guidance for someone who's lost.

00:47:14--> 00:47:27

Hey, Diane, Arabic comm is closely related to the word hadiya, or hodja, which means a gift for the Arab that was lost in the desert. The problem when getting lost in the desert is you don't even know if you're walking in a straight line.

00:47:28--> 00:47:38

You can be walking in a straight line but ended up circling and ending up where you started, you understand? What's the biggest gift you can give to someone lost in the desert.

00:47:39--> 00:47:54

That's why Heidi and Heidi are related to each other. If you flew over with a helicopter and dropped a water bottle and says good luck, man, that's not enough of a gift he needs to die. The heavier he needs is the dire you understand that's the one that's going to help him survive, to know which direction to go to.

00:47:55--> 00:48:14

This word itself, it illustrates not the intellectual relationship we have with the Quran, where there's no doubt that's already covered in lava feet. This is the second dimension of our relationship with the Quran, a relationship in which I am constantly seeking direction. I am constantly just like our bodies have a relationship with water.

00:48:16--> 00:48:53

I can't say I already had water yesterday, no need today. I can't, I will my body will necessitate water, isn't it? Allah azza wa jal in the Quran, when he describes the revelation of the Quran, he always compares it to what water, he compares it to water, there's a very close relationship that you have with water that you have with the Quran. Your thirst doesn't let you go every few hours, you have to drink again, whether it's water, or it's some kind of fruit that has water in it or food that has water in it. The water is always there, the liquid is always there, right?

00:48:54--> 00:49:30

every few hours, you're going to have to fill the thirst of your heart as well. And that water, that water of Revelation is actually what the Quran itself. Every few hours, we stand in front of Allah, in salah and say, you know Siddhartha was the team, I'll translate that figuratively. Let us have a drink again. We're thirsty again. You need to guide us again, guidance and thirst are closely related. You understand? So now, that's the second bit of our relationship. When there is no doubt left and you're completely convinced this is the word of Allah, then you're going to come to the Quran. And you're going to ask Allah for guidance, and then when he gives you guidance, you will

00:49:30--> 00:49:38

follow it because there's no doubts, because there's no doubts, when you see young people reluctant to follow the word of Allah.

00:49:39--> 00:50:00

Not so motivated to follow the word of Allah. They're not taking the hotel watin seriously, you know where the problem usually is. The problem is lava Fie. He hasn't been met yet. You have to take care of lava V and then what do you get hudl with a cane. There is an order here. There's an order that has to be established. So we have to

00:50:00--> 00:50:25

Convinced our young generation of the miraculous power of the Quran of why can only be the word of a light can't be anything else. There's no possibility of doubt inside of this book. And so these three things are in a particular sequence. And that's the next thing I wanted to quickly highlight before you begin again, without getting technical. There is another reading of this ayah which is that you can Kitab larae Buffy la Mata Ki. Now,

00:50:26--> 00:51:07

altogether, what that means is, that is in fact a book. There's absolutely no doubt whatsoever that in it, there is guidance for those who have Taqwa for those who want to protect themselves. In other words, if you want to save yourself, if you want to lead a careful life, there is no way Allah will not give you a drink. There is no way Allah will leave you misguided. You know, we're living in the age of over information where people are thinking, I don't know what to follow. There's so much conflicting information. If you can turn to Allah and say, I just want to protect myself, you're a B, and then you come to this book, The Allies guarantee Laura Murphy who dallin Watene, there's

00:51:07--> 00:51:28

absolutely no doubt no disturbing, no feeling whatsoever, that this guide, this book will absolutely guide you in a time where everything else will be confusing. This will be the one place of counsel that will never let you down milazzo just give us that give us that lifelong relationship. The final thing I want to share with you before I let you guys go right on time, but the law

00:51:29--> 00:52:12

is they say who the libertine some grammarians say that hotel motel in kahal, Yeti Harlan, Hannah Robin, that it comes as an adverbial phrase. Now that's difficult English as well, let me simplify that for you. It's very cool. You know, when I say for example, the car is running. That's a running car, I saw the car as was as it was running, the car is actually act, the engine is turned on. And it's actually vibrating, you understand. But if you say the car runs, the car runs, the car may not be on right now. But it has the potential if you started, it's gonna run you understand. If you notice something that's actually engaged in the act, you can see it actively doing what you say it's

00:52:12--> 00:52:13

doing that's called a HUD.

00:52:15--> 00:52:16

Otherwise, it's just a safer.

00:52:17--> 00:52:25

Now Allah azzawajal here says who don't live in Harlan, one of the meanings of that is, not only does this book have the power to guide you,

00:52:26--> 00:53:04

it is actually actively guiding it is engaged in the act of guiding. It's not like it's got the potential for it, but it's not coming out. It's actually running the engines running. And you can see it running, it doesn't just have the potential for it. And so allows Odin made this something that is like a living experience for the believer. There are miracles of guidance in the Quran that only you will experience, nobody else can explain them to you. You are going to be in a state of difficulty in your life. You're going to open up a laws book, you're going to read some page, and you're going to read some IOD and it's gonna have the answer to the exact problem you had. And you

00:53:04--> 00:53:29

cannot prove that to anyone. You cannot convince anyone else that's a miracle that is a personal gift of guidance from Allah to you. With the guidance of Allah came to life for you. That's the height of hidden, hidden limit, okay. For that original generation. They were so fortunate Subhanallah It was incredible that they used to be in a situation and they didn't know what to do and the angel gibreel will bring her on and say here's what you do.

00:53:30--> 00:54:09

Either muckety muck or Alan Farah who Lita Allah nasi, Allah Moxon, whereas Allah Hooton Zilla And so today, we revealed it at the very right occasion at the perfect time the IRS would come down, but now the whole thing is down. For you and me the entire 23 years of the province I have some level right here. Done. What do we do? This is actually the entire Quran is being described is in the heart of guiding. In other words, it will always give you guidance as though it just came down as though it just came down for you. That's the gift of a large religion to those who are working. today. Our time for us is done tomorrow. Our assignment in sha Allah tala is to go on and understand

00:54:09--> 00:54:42

these people who protect themselves and tread carefully, who engage in the act of Wicca for them. So we're kabhi Hayato knifes, who are these people? How do you become a person of color so they can actually you and I can actually receive a lot of guidance. barakallahu li walakum filco Hakeem when a fire anyway, he accompanied it with him. When does that come along and said Mr. Deacon, what happened to labor? I got one quick announcement that I wanted to let you go one minute in shallow data, and exactly on time. This building Alhamdulillah is a huge blessing from Allah azza wa jal, and we add but you know, I don't mind sharing this with you guys. We had been I almost went bankrupt

00:54:42--> 00:55:00

trying to fix this place up. We literally spent $100,000 a month for like two years to get to where we are here. But this is just the first of the floors the auditorium is remarkable and it's done and hamdulillah but we still cannot move from our old campus here, because the top two floors are unfinished and we're hoping

00:55:00--> 00:55:34

Through this campaign and the viewers that are watching us, they support the effort here. The intention here inshallah, to Allah is to continue these rules and to actually do high level production of Quran study material that will be consumed all over the world in the studios that are going to be set up here and the Institute for the for the training of other future teachers as well Arabic classes, Quranic Arabic classes, to see your classes, all of these things, and in not just classes but also even creative film, so that we can reach a younger audience in a way that hasn't been reached before. We're, we're such believers in this cause we're willing to go bankrupt for it.

00:55:34--> 00:55:49

We're okay with that. And if you guys are benefiting, and those of you that are watching are benefiting in shallow data, support with an open heart so we can reach our goals we have the law, the link is bu not.org. But you know.org bayyh.org spread the word about it does not come alongside and some article