How Allah Describes Wisdom Ep 5 – Hikmah in the Quran Dhul Hijjah Series
Channel: Nouman Ali Khan
File Size: 12.03MB
I want to know what wisdom means according to the Quran, one of the most important places you will go to is going to be Sultan Israa is number 23 to 40. Here Allah will make a list of things. And at the end of that list of things he will say that he come in. Oh Ha, la cara boo Kameena and hikma. That is what your master revealed to you from hikma, meaning this list of stuff is all what hikma according to the Quran.
This new short series is based on the findings of Dr. Sokka was seen in his PhD thesis wisdom in the Quran, which was summarized and presented by iostat doorman in front of a live audience. The link to the full paper is in the description
so there's two people I talked about that kind of had wisdom that wasn't revelation based wisdom. Of course the old is a Prophet alayhi salam but the wisdom that Allah talked about was experienced based, not revelation based. And wisdom of Lachman is also in a sense life experience and contemplation based, not revelation based. What's really interesting is it before Islam Luqman was a famous person that was referenced among among the Arabs, you know, how like, when you talk about a genius, you're like, oh, look, Einstein or rare. You know, how we say that? And the Einstein became kind of a word for a genius, right? Or somebody speaks really good English. Oh, look at as
Shakespeare, you know, so when we do that, we take these people and we make them coined phrases like that, when someone's super wise or really well spoken among the Arabs. They be like, oh, whoa, look at that. Look, man, huh? Like that's, that's what they would do. Look, man was like an expression for someone who's really wise. Really well spoken. A really good judge in the story about Lachman among them. According to some, he's from odd. They would make poetry about him, and they would make references to him, he was a king, and he was also very wise, right, and he will solve a lot of disputes. What's interesting is that story of Donald in the Quran has some connection to how the
Arabs used to think about Laquan why, because Tao is also a king and milkman was also a king. Now it is also wise according to the Quran, and look, man, according to the Arabs is also wise and then they will the eldest son dealt with groups of people that we're arguing with each other Hussam. And in poetry you find mine is dealing with people that have arguments with each other and he's helping make judgments between them with Hassan same word in poetry in Arabic before Islam. And similarly, he he's described those are they Sam was described with really powerful speech festival and hip hop. And even before Islam, firstly, Fatah V. Hill Hakima, was used to describe milkman Look, man was
really powerful in the way he expressed himself, almost the same expression that the Quran used was already used for who for Look, man. And finally, we see hikma being used for the elderly, salaam, and Akuma, another word for wisdom being used in poetry for Luqman. Now, the reason I'm saying that is, it's interesting that the Quran already knows that the Arabs, when they hear these words, they know famous poems about Lookman. And so Allah wants to make a connection between doweled and who? Tao, then look, man, and it's pretty cool that later on when Allah talks about Lookman, there's a connection also between doubt and McMahon in the Quran. So what Allah is doing is he's acknowledging
the culture of the Arabs, the poetry of the Arabs, the art of the Arabs, the storytelling of the Arabs, and he's using that, to communicate with them. And this is an important wisdom of the Quran. If you want to communicate with someone, you should know something about their culture. If you want to effectively get through to somebody, you should know something about their history, something about, you know, how their what they're like, you know, what they are, what their language is, like, and language changes so quickly, right? So the language of you know, my language, apparently English is not the same as Gen Z language. No cap is not the same. Okay, is there's that's a different
language altogether if when I was in high school, and somebody said no cap, I said it's not allowed in school. I don't know what you want me to do. You know that I thought they're talking about a goofy or something else, but the language and expression changes. So if you like, you want to talk to the youth, or you want to talk to this group or that group, you need to know something about their culture, is there's something about them and something about the way they communicate with each other. Right? And that's, again, kind of an embedded wisdom that we're being taught. Okay, let's move on. Now we're gonna get to the juicy part. I promised you juicy parts today. So little
extra, so to the slicer number 17. This is a place in the Quran. That's very important. If you're a student of the subject, I want to know what wisdom means. I want to know what wisdom means according to the Quran, one of the most important places you will go to is going to be suitable.
Islam is number 23 to 40. Here Allah will make a list of things. And at the end of that list of things he will say that he come in my ohana in a Koran book. I mean and hikma that is what your master revealed to you from hikma, meaning this list of stuff is all what hikma according to the Quran, what I want. Have you ever heard of the 10 commandments? Okay, the Moses was given the 10 commandments, right? What you might not know is over the course of Jewish history, there were different versions of the 10 commandments and went through different edits. So they didn't have this. Well, you know, you have at least three different versions over the course of history of the
of the same 10 commandments. These Ayat 23 to 40 is the Quran is a reconstruction of the 10 commandments given to Musa
it's actually the Quran is version of the 10 commandments. So this these 10 commandments over time, this is this is a statement I'm taking from his paper follows is he's a theologian, a philosopher, a Jewish philosopher. His presentation of the law of Musa as both natural and wise, has been well documented. There's a book that's about this subject, meaning they're saying that these 10 commandments in the Bible are wisdom, their wisdom, and Allah will say about that same passage, at the end, he will say, This is what I have given to you from what wisdom so the Jews have been saying this. And now the Quran is saying, by the way, what you have had all along, you had one version,
then you edited it, then you edited it. By the way, you don't need any more edits. I'm giving you the final version of what hikma is. So it's like it went through multiple evolutions, like you know how software gets updated. This is the final update, and that's the Quran. So the Quran is not even presenting itself as a new religion to the Jews. It's saying it's the final update to the revelation that you've had all along. That's how it's presenting itself, which is pretty cool. Okay. Allah says you should be the best to your parents in this passage, one of the wisdoms you should be the best you can be to both your parents. And then he says, lower your wings of humility before them. That's
what Allah says. So who is Allah comparing me to when he says lower your wings? He's comparing me to a bird. And what's really interesting is in Proverbs, or in dialogue, this is the reference from biblical literature. There's a huge parable of parents and children and the relationship to a bird in the nest. What's a huge long paragraph and the Quran summarized all of it just by saying, lower your wings of humility. And that this is what I've put here is a reference to the full text of that parable. Now, similarly, something interesting happens in the Bible in the 10 commandment says, Thou shalt not steal, you will not steal. But in this passage, Allah will not say don't steal. He won't
say that there's no it's gone. But instead of not stealing, he says, Don't walk with arrogance in the world.
Don't so stealing got replaced with what? Arrogance, arrogance and society walk around with arrogance. Walk around with arrogance means wherever you go, you're arrogant. What's really interesting in the Bible is they talk about in this passage, they actually read it to you quickly, the third commandment and the second, and the second five forbids stealing for who gapes after what belongs to others is the common enemy of the state, willing to rob all but able only to Filch from some, because while his covetousness covetousness extends indefinitely, his people capability cannot keep pace with it, but restricted to a small campus, which is only to a few. Let me put that in
normal English for you now because you understood nothing. Okay? What he's saying is thieves. Thieves are so greedy and so arrogant. They don't care about anybody. They just take whatever they want from whoever they want. But even thieves are weak, so they can only steal as far as their hands can reach. But if their hands could reach more, they will do what they will steal more. And then sometimes these people that have that thieving, arrogant mentality that doesn't care about anyone, sometimes they become kings, and when they become kings, they steal and rob for millions of people because their hand is more extended. So the Bible made a connection between why are people stealing?
Because they are what? Arrogant. And what is the Quran do the Quran goes to the root problem and says, Don't be arrogant? Because if you're not arrogant, then you'll never even think about dismissing somebody else's right? And stealing. You won't even go in that direction. You see that? So the Quran went to the root of the problem in doing that, okay. A similar thing that happens is the Bible says you will not give false testimony. Like you're not going to lie in court, or you're not going to say oh, yeah, that's really bad. Oh, I know about that. And you have no idea about that. Right? You're not going to just hear something
And then see presented as fact, you know? So what does the Quran do? It says Latok formulae Salah cubby here LM don't follow something you don't have knowledge of. So instead of saying don't give false testimony, in this passage, Allah says, Don't pursue something, don't follow something, if you yourself don't have direct knowledge, where does false testimony come from? People testifying to something that they actually don't know?
Isn't that where it comes from? So he goes again to the root of the problem. And now here's a summary of this passage, this is some this is a homework assignment for you. Because this is work is not just me coming and giving a lecture, this is you engaging with your journey with the Quran, so these ayat 1723, to 40, you are going to study them on your own, but I'll tell you one, one or two quick things about them. The first most important teaching is do right by Allah. Be right when God local darbuka Allah TAMIU Allah er who Allah declared that you will not worship anybody except him. That's number one. Now let me tell you something you might may not have thought about. What is proof
that someone worships God? Practical proof? You know, there's spiritual proof that's in your heart. Practically, What's the proof?
Prayer? Sure, prayers, proof that you worship only God. You take Shahada. That's true, that you worship only when God you're you're dressed in hijab, it's proof you worship one God, it's visible proof. People that hudge proving that they worship only one God. In this passage, Allah says, I want you to worship only me. And then he gives us these instructions. What do these instructions become?
Proof that we worship only one God. And if we don't follow these instructions, I'll let you fill in those blanks yourself.
There must be some someone else being worshipped or something else being worshipped. Now let's see what these instructions are.
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