Dream BIG Arabic Intensive – Study Session 4
Channel: Nouman Ali Khan
Series: Nouman Ali Khan - Dream BIG Arabic Intensive
File Size: 56.41MB
PROPERTIES OF ISM PART 1
Episode Transcript ©
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Bismillah Alhamdulillah wa Salatu was Salam ala Rasulillah welcome everybody to our review session for the Dream Big 10 day course if I can, I see a mashallah people are coming in so I will just wait a few minutes before we begin
I hope everyone is doing well and has been reviewing since our course and Sharla today we're going to be going over the workbook that you had received if you came in person you should have gotten a physical workbook and if you saw online if you're viewing online there's also one available in our resources that is a soft copy. So if I can just check with you all the audio is coming fine y'all can you hear me well?
and that is okay, if you've not completed everything yet, inshallah follow along, and it'll, it will slowly stick and it'll start coming together in sha Allah. But just if you feel yourself having any questions as we go through this, there will be a time to write those out. And I'll try to answer some you can put them in right now. I'll try to answer some as we go at any point and then at the end, we'll open the floor for more for any other questions that we might have. So I have the Lycee all of your guys's responses. So that's good that the audio is fine. And I think we can go ahead and begin. So let's go ahead and we see that we have our definitions here of SM Pharaoh and Whorf. And
the alternative definitions that we wanted from you all was to say that the SM it has a meaning it is unattached to time, and it is not a theory or a hearth. So this can further your understanding of what an ism is right it's a very simple kind of explanation. This is a little bit more deep on what ASO actually is. A Farrell has a meaning but unlike the Assam it is attached to time and it is not an SMR hearth.
It is important that we say
that the Farrell has
a meaning Oh hold on let me try to fix the screen for you all. How about this is this better?
On my end that looks clearer.
Is this clearer if y'all could let me know
this recording that I'm making far too much should be up so Alright, so this is better Oh hum that Allah so that's good.
Now let's go on to heart a heart has no meaning
on its own and it is not in Assam or a this should not be hard this should be a very this was a typo. I would change that right here for you all
Oh give me one second
Oh, okay, so this should actually be a fair
let's look at our
blurry Okay, let me see if I can fix this blur issue for you all, inshallah.
Okay, I guess it is your guys's internet I did check before so for me and you know it's coming in clearly maybe the recording will also be a little bit clearer I have zoomed in so I think this should be better inshallah
so the other live that we're having is on Vienna Facebook so we have been to YouTube and on the BNF Facebook we're going to be broadcasting this
yes that's a great suggestion and Naveen for those who are complaining about blurs insha Allah just try to follow along on your workbook as I think it might be just an internet issue All right, so let's go in identify the words in the table or the essence Fairless or half a table is going to be an SM it is not in time and it has a meaning and our easy definition it's a person place or thing this in this case a thing and we're gonna go to the right the cats are in Assam again they're a thing in is a heart a heart has no meaning on its own so if I just say in in right it's not gonna you're gonna be like in what like I have to say something with it. Does that make sense?
Let's go to Dallas Dallas is an awesome it's a place so part of our person place or thing of is a heart again you have to have something with us right? And then we have loudly which is an SM loudly is a description it's an adjective or it could even be an adverb one or one of the other and so it is going to be an awesome jumps is a Farion because it's an action piece is in Assam tal is an Assam from is a hearth. Also let me know yes. Very nice to see so I was not going to mention it here but that is a good note that it can be both there was a note here as well for that but I thought for our purposes as in we're going to translate this to Arabic and Arabic it will be a fail right so I left
it as feral but you are right that was sad sad it can be both because in English we don't have like a tense when it comes to jumps so
right the reason for that is because jumps and smiles right ie jumped or you will jump it's just kind of in English it can be if we look at it just an English it doesn't really have a tense to it from my understanding. So it can be considered an Assam but for our purposes in Arabic will become a fairly from what I understand all right let's go on to we did piece is going to be SM it's an idea of concept and then tall is also an SM from is going to be a Harf again from from what can't say it on its own. We have slept which is a feral something in the past that is attached to a tense
um, is it valid to say a heartbeat cannot be a response to a question.
I would say that it is not valid because or no no, I would actually what I mean to say It is valid I think in English, right? Because if you it's still incomplete
but sometimes we use it like if somebody says
like where's this from? Or something you might say from and you might trail off you might not even say what right and it's understood or is this of this and you say of because you didn't hear it? And you might not say of what do you know what I mean? So, but I don't think that really matters in terms of our contexts and how we're going to use it to learn Arabic but you know, good question Adam. So let's go on
slept we did with Ferran and then soundly is in Assam. So it describes something an adjective or an adverb. And in some for the word soundly, I think this one will be an adjective though. We have on which is a hearth on top on what has to be with something freedom which is an awesome read, which is an assignment to description or a color which is a thing a heart of a it's going to be hard for even me when I read it, you know, my brain automatically is like I can't say A by itself. So I read the next one Harford Maga is some mother will be Assam at which is our students are asunder thing rollercoasters also a thing a cake is an Assam it's a thing at typing is an assembler Farrell again
one of those tricky ones for us. And then house is going to be Assam country is going to be Assam America, Assam and smiles disappearance. So, I went through these are very self explanatory if we have any.
If you all have any questions on these, put them down below I think for some of the more selfish
Planetary Torrey parts, I'm just going to kind of go through them and ask if there are questions without reading each one out.
But you This is meant to be an interactive session. So definitely let me know in sha Allah what you all prefer and like.
Alright, let's move on to the second page. And then there is a link for you to follow if you all go to the Dream Big website, it's under materials. If you register for free, you're going to be able to see it, it's under the name handout. Smiles can also be an awesome tool. Yes, that is correct.
Usually Words ending with ing
can be a
are usually like a pharaoh for our purposes.
So ing, like I'm running that's a fair all right. But that's not like a hard rule. There are some exceptions there.
Every is some has four properties, right, the four properties of the SM here. So that status number, gender and type and then we have three forms of status. Do we have any questions on the three forms the status here this is we have the doer which is always going to be at all thought again that's your love maintain or like the two like if you have two circles, like on the five what we have here but two of them
or it's going to be one depending on light, if it's light and we're gonna get to that as well.
Our object which is the detail and that's nossob which means it has a Fatah which is that one line on top and then we have
the word after of which is jar with the e sound or the gusta or the user and in right if it's heavy so does this make sense to everyone just going to make it a little bit more zoomed in
in a sentence where there will always be one offer
Adam could you clarify what you mean by that for me? Do you mean as a doer
and then Leymah are these set in terms of Doer detail and after I've also please clarify that question for me as well what do you mean by set
Let's go to an example here a teacher entered the classroom. So the teacher is the person that is doing the entering who is coming in right and that is why the teacher is considered rock so if this was an error in Arabic sentence that teacher would have a Bama teen on it are the two circles with the line coming out of them vomiting
the classroom is nossob which means that has a Fatah or putting the two straight lines because it is a detail
Does that make sense to everybody?
Okay I see jar is a little confusing what is confusing about jar
oh okay Lima I understand what you mean. So in terms of are these do are detail and after of So are they always like them don't maintain pathetic ascertain do they always present like that? Sometimes they will present a little bit differently for the detail and the after of but that's something we're going to learn in the next review session.
So I would say yes, they are set but sometimes they look a little different
but I thought will always be Doer Yes, that's correct.
Vomiting will always be it off up. Yes, Rafa is set for sure. It can when it comes to nossob and jar sometimes you're going to have to look at the context of the sentence to be able to understand which one it is
when you say that nossob is a detail that is affected by the verb
that is a good question.
It just depends on what you mean by affected right.
I think that's what I have one I would like to answer to before I give you a firm answer on that.
The teacher and the students
entered is it two separate offer?
Yes, that is correct, Adam.
All right. While these comments come in, let me go on to number two, a student of his
See a student is the doer in the sentence. Because if we look later on, there's a verb saying sleeping right so who was sleeping the student
of his can anybody tell me why his is Jarred here?
Oh, his is Jarrah because when we talked about
possession, right, usually when you have a possession, like my notebook, we change it into a of form, right student of his could also be an English, his student, right? And the way that you do this is that you add a pronoun or an attached pronoun here. And the word after of is going to be jotter. Always.
All right, let me just look at some of your comments here.
Rafa is the same as model four. Yep, that's correct.
All right. Let me move on. If I didn't see your question, please just repost it for me. And then soundly is nessa because it is a detail how is he sleeping soundly? So a lot of times you can ask yourself, Okay, like, who is going to be your doer? How or
questions like, kinda like when all of those are details of what was going on, if that makes sense.
All right, the teacher through a pencil Who is throwing the pencil, the teacher so the teachers automatically and what did they throw another question who are like when what how these are all detailed type questions, that is going to be nossob
because it is a detail of the verb. Okay? The teacher, the teachers, students who can tell me
it's gonna sound a little wonky, but who can tell me how can we flip around this possession statement? Right to teach your student in Arabic?
What would this look like? What is like the we went over like literally five minutes ago? What is like the form they would use the student of the teacher right so it sounds even it sounds kind of like strange to say, but that in English but in Arabic that's how it'd be written. And so this is why a student is Rafa and the after of teacher is going to be job woke up suddenly. How did he wake up suddenly? So that's going to be your nossob your detail, okay?
three forms of status place our n or a j over the highlighted words. My teacher drinks chocolate milk regularly. This is how so it's going to be nossob.
So no a will NASA is not both the doer and the detail.
Messiah is just the detail.
Rafa is always your doer. Does that make sense?
Yes do or is it author which means that has the methane
or the llama will cover that llama part later?
Okay, yes perfect Awesome.
Yeah, I Yeah, nuts love can be like an adverb. Yep, that's true
or it can be anything that well no, because we get you can have jar that supports the sentence to like I'm running to the store to the store would be jostled because of Isla right so
All right, let's go to number two. He does not like vegetables or fruits who doesn't like it? It's he so he is fat in this sentence.
Number three, he buys his chocolate milk happily
Alright, so who can tell me like what's the doer in number three
would it be here right? Because he buys his chocolate milk happily and chocolate milk as a detail what is he buying? Right
I don't think a Stein said that Rafat will always will come will come before jar. What are you referencing?
If you look here
Okay, I'm going to wait for this person inshallah to clarify what the their questions he buys his chocolate milk happily chocolate milk is the detail so it is going to be nossob some accents
and yes his would be jar because it's chocolate milk of his right so let's go on to number four
he knows his children like it but he doesn't like it this is going to be nossob because it's a detail
key is the doer of knowing knows what that's the question what answers what that's going to be your detail his children he knows his children like it
I am tempted to ask
who is the doer of like it's Can anyone tell me
the children right the children like it so that but that's something extra that's something a little advanced. Just a little hint to you.
I see some discussion about John what is Rafa in English? What that means like the doer I think is how we're translating it for right now for you.
Chocolate milk is going to be nossob because it is a detail but the word his would be considered genre because if we change it around to the English version chocolate milk of his the word after of is always what job right? Happily would also be a detail because it's how did he buy it? He bought it happily he didn't buy angrily right so it answers that question. So it's another detail but this is all really extra I think we're going to try to stick to the highlight of bird words and if there's any questions regarding those because we don't want to confuse you we don't want to go too far too fast right I will give you a little hints of things to come in the future. I want to make
sure we have our foundation solid so that whatever we build from it is also very strong inshallah
these sessions are recorded so my guess
number five is looking confusing. Let's go to number five. My teacher does everybody understand why my is job because it's teacher of mine and remember, after of is always John. So with possession we have to get used to in Arabic there is this flip of how we say it becomes a of in the middle and whatever's after it becomes jotter makes it easier to understand. Alright so my coat would be coat of mine right? Teacher becomes teacher of mine very nice. Also likes yum he shall Arma so it's describing what he likes. So this would also be a detail
Alright, let's go to number six his students also like show armas. So who likes to show armas the students so in this case it will be
number seven he buys shawarmas for his class sometimes sometimes means how often does he buy it? It answers a question about the verb which makes it a detail is that making sense to everyone
to ask yourself who is doing it that is the doer that is Rafa how what when it all of those questions is a detail
okay we have some questions on number four
his children can be switched around to be children of his
children of his
so that makes sense how that position works
Why is children not
the reason why
children is not a raw thought or labeled Rafa is because we're talking about it. In reference to this verb right here knows we're not talking about it in reference to this verb, if that makes sense.
All right, let's go on to number eight. He loses his phone often can anyone explain why his is Jarrah
his his daughter because it's the after of right phone of his
grown up it's very nice number nine my teacher patiently explains hard concepts The reason why this is muscle is because it's how does he explain it it answers a question about your verb. Very nice very good mashallah you guys are getting it. Alright number 10 My May Allah subhanaw taala forgive my teachers I mean so, my Who Will he forgive?
The detail is teachers here okay
all right. A very good question is Rafa always a person? No, Rafa is not always a person.
Rafa is it can be anything that is doing an act, right. So,
for example, if in English, I say, the waves rushed to the shore, the waves rushed to the shore, like at the beach, right?
The verb is rushed, and the doer is waves.
Sorry, Zack Walker and Alia Alia said number nine would be me that I am the patient teacher explaining well thank you for that. So the waves is a doer of rushing to the shore, right? So any doer, it's not going to be a person, it can be an animal, it can be a thing.
It just has to have that llama or the methane on it?
So will any yes, you could say that, that those types of words are usually not sub like.
But I'm not going to say like, for example, like sometimes would be no sub.
It just depends
on if it answers a question about the verb, it also depends on translate translation, because we are going to learn words that mean like he does not or he won't, or like we're going to learn negation. So I don't want to give you like a firm answer. But you're on the right track. Does that make sense?
Like for example, we have some times here, this is not so bright.
And if you want to say like always.
Or if you say like every day or, you know, those would be details about how often does he do something? So I would say yes. But when it comes to never like the word number itself, I'm going to have you wait on that until we get further along into our lesson. And then you're going to learn about negation. And it'll make more sense to you. So just hold on for that.
Kindly explain them and they'll maintain. So Bama is the EU sound that we see
on words. Also, I might have to save this answer for app for the end of class just so we can make sure that we get through our lesson. So remind me again to sha Allah in about 1520 minutes and let me go back and show you an actual example of llama and LaMattina okay
all right, let's go on. How do we tell SAS? Oh, great. This answers your question that's actually right on the next page. I don't have to go and find it. So Raafat recognition This is a little sign right this is what we call lumma and it says
the next right next to it is what we see more often I feel is the one right when
and this is the ending for a singular word. Okay go back to your Muslim chart mostly more and Muslim one right
for do upper yeah dual two people it's either at or any Muslim any okay.
it's either all or ona right. Right now we are more familiar with una and Annie we've heard Muslim when I was Lima Annie, right.
And this is the ending for a plural. So is all are these recognition points making sense to everybody? That it's just some awesome chart like more deconstructed on any owner
If we're making it light for those of you who know what light is, we're going to cover it a little bit later. It's all in all for the feminine is going to be a tool in or tool and turn into as well. If there are singular feminine. Okay, great hummed Allah.
Let's go on nossob Same thing very self explanatory we have an or right if it's like a genie or a we drop the noon if it's light ina or II dropping the noon for light. Turn an ad T dropping the known for lights. So really that in sound, the noon sound is what we drop if we want to make something light. Okay.
Sounds like combinations. Perfect. Very nice.
All right. Let's go on.
We have a Jada recognition.
So this is in or E Muslim in
a name was Khomeini are mostly me and Muslim Amina or mostly me at in or three depending on if it's like. So remember earlier in the session, we had somebody asking say, hey, is this set? That llama is always going to be the Roth IRA, right. And this is what I meant by it set for the Roth status. But for Nelson Jr. They share the same types of ending sounds and combinations, right, we have a uni, an AMI and Ina and Ina. And so they're both very similar. So when you're looking at a sentence, and you look at where it's placed, that's going to tell you if it's not submerged, or if it has a hearth jar behind it, it's going to tell you if it's noticeable or jar in this case, jar, right? If
it's a detail to a verb, it's going to be most loved. So that's how you're going to tell. So now some indoor share some similarities and how they look. And the sentence or the fragment itself will answer that question of hey, which one is this? Okay.
All right now for
we have emailed out a schedule for the classes. If you haven't received the email,
please email us at [email protected]. We are going to be having not we're not going to have a class tomorrow. And not the next day I or actually, I think it's going to be the day after. So in that schedule, it'll have it clearly for you. Please refer back to that because it's I am not remembering it right now. So but you all should receive an email have received an email to the one that to attend this one, though, there should be information about the next one as well.
The timing will be the same Yes.
Right. This is a review. So if this sounds very advanced for you, it's because we've been through this during our dream big class which we also broadcast online. So we're just trying to do a review of that. As you all know, for those who attended the class, there will be an exam being sent out so this is good review for that exam.
Alright, let's go on to page number five. Write that off at NASA or jar status of the words below.
Indicate if the status is determined by ending sound or combination.
All right, number one, we have NSO with the o sound, this is rapa. And it is a sound it's not a combination. combinations are usually when you have
a sound and a letter and another letter. So this is going to just be a sound number two al Kitab back with the air nozzle, that's going to be a sound.
Number three nuff sin we have the in sound so that means it's a job and it is a sound. Again, there's no extra letters that will make it a combination.
Number four, Mackie thena over here we have Ina and notice we do not have any other context. So we're gonna put nossob or Jada and we have a combination because of the multiple letters here ina where he the teen, in Jarrah and again it's the sound
number six AEWA Jun NALSA because it's an and it's going to be a sound as well. A law hat, one Fatah here, it's going to be nossob it is not there's never going to be a fatality and on the word Allah it's a proper name. So it is partly flexible. It says Allah that's something we will cover a little bit later if you don't know what I'm talking about. So hang on for that. But just that hint of that, right? That one Fatah is enough for us to say Oh, this is nice. And it is a sound
We have a Taliban owner with the owner it's going to be rough out with a combination.
We have number nine, a little hobby.
A little hobby Nasod because of the add sound and then number 10 added by Harada Amy, Amy Amy is a combination we do not know if it's not sober jar since they both share that a nice ending. So we put both here
okay, yes, very nice. So the Exactly What Sudha has said that the TA means that the TAs are running it and the Dream Big itself was from Assad and directly from him this is just review that we were doing afterwards.
Alright, let's go to number 11. Bit by EEB bit by EEB. With the E it's a genre it's going to be a sound number 12 We have unsolved the Iran nossob and sound any questions on these so far? Are they making sense? Number 13. We have Hoban again the I'm going to be muscle and sound. And a Safina to to make sarafa it's also going to be sound okay.
Or this is just Sula Thayer.
One Patar shows that it's Nussle and it's sound and audibly is going to be Jarrah and it's also a sound here
okay is number four,
one NJ or more. So this is a combination and it's plural. So this it's going to be plural
add it to your Muslim chart like makeathon makeathon makeathon
maqui Thani, Mauna Kea, thenI Macky Thani Mackay thena Mackay thena Mikey sauna I think I did the offer at the end there but this is why it is plural it's because it's part of that lower part okay. Lower part of the chart
Why is eight combination but only it offer
why is eight combination but only Rafa? Can you explain what you mean? That if it's a combination, it should be no silver jar always. Is that what you're trying to ask Adam?
Oh, you got it. Okay. I'll hamdulillah and then
yes, if you have a T, then it's going to be Java.
Okay, no, that's fine. Any questions you all have, feel free to put it here. We're definitely here to go through and make sure everything is clear. So some people say they have a D written on a Safina t so then change this to gel or if you have a tool it's going to be okay.
Number 15 through Latha nossob and sound utterly, Jarrah with the e sound near Latin nossob also a sound because of the n number 10. You want to repeat
the heroic journey. Okay, so here the word is beholder and the combination is the a&e part a uni
Does that make sense?
Okay, oh hamdulillah let's keep going.
We have saw he had in nasaga jar and a combination. Does everybody see why this is a combination even though it's a den. It has a LF behind it. And that LF and the Tao with the gusto to show us it's a plural feminine or a feminine plural. And that's why it has an LF paired with it. That's what makes it a combination
let's go to number 19 Honey, I'm on nossob And it's a sound
class so we are planning inshallah to do for an hour and 45 minutes to an hour so for me it's about 810 Where I'm at so we'll probably finish by 830 at the latest inshallah
honey analysis sound Bashaud one Rotha and it's also going to be a sound a little oily Danny, the any? is a combination right the elephant noon Castra and this is why it's referred to dual combination
His veiny his baby, another combination here with your a&e sounds. So really what you want to train your ear on is Am I hearing a
any actin AMI Ina, ona at the end? Or am I hearing just a one type of sound like uneven on or at you, right? So really train your aid your ear to hear these combinations. So when you see them, it's like Oh, I see a knee here. And this is going to be a combination you're not going to get confused with saying Oh, it's just a knee right? You'll recognize that there is a sukoon on the Yeah, that is paired with the norm okay
23 A caribou and again getting our ears used to those combinations we have all in which we learn enormously are Muslim chart when we say mostly Mona, this is Rafa and it's plural.
And then we have the swan bond in
Java with the Castro teen sound. Okay. Now notice here you have a LF behind it. And you might say, oh, there's an LF behind it, and I haven't known and those go together. So it's a combination. But remember when there's an LF behind it, and it's going to be a combination that no one will only have one guesser. All right, one guess or two casseras means it's going to be a sound
I'll say any
combination because you have a knee here and uni so everybody see that with the key ina Ina. Again another combination of rule Boru but offer them sound self explanatory. There's just one sound there. And other Jana teeny again is a combination with the a&e sounder Holly Deena with Ina nos over jar and a combination
and the number 30 All EMA tun for Toutain. Makes it nossob And a sound.
Does anybody have any questions from 30 to 36? So we can go through them quickly. Holly Dina becomes NASA Berger because of the INA combination. All EMA tun on right so sound and nossob al Majidi Munna with the una
becomes a combination that is Rotha a summer, NASA with r1 pata and there will be a sound
more than DD ina ina becomes a combination that is not silver jar some our tin okay is going to be a sound or combination while we have the LF and the tau with the double Castro dean or the double Castro is here.
Also known as Castro thing and right so this is going to be a combination the feminine plural is a combination. So just be careful you don't get confused between your feminine plural and a normal guest sort of thing right at Din as a feminine plural as twin is also a feminine plural, right?
Leo hola Maney we have Amy here.
And this is going to be a combination this will be
Java or can anybody tell me why they put Java here and they didn't put in us of origin or? Yeah that's exactly Naveen. I'm wondering that too. Can anyone tell me why
waiting for some comments to come in. Why is Lee hula meanie only gel? Or is it NASA benchmark who can tell me
very nice. So my yes because of the LI exactly a Li is a harsh jar. So this this is a context we're looking for right? And it makes the word in front of it job so there's no question here that if it's not love or not, not as love is going to be GA because of the LI very nice. Alan Mulally Lena in this word, we do not have any such context right? Does not have any effect in terms of Nossal bin jar
and so it's not a harsh jar or it's not a hardness of either. So it's not of origin we don't know and a combination because of the INA here alright
Alright, our beloved Muslim chart that we've done a bunch in class any questions on this feel free to put that in the chat as you can see here we have our any combination or una combination, or any combination and Ina and the same thing for your job. Look at a feminine chart. The feminine chart adds a tab for your combination in the pair right and will seem a tiny right and mostly man twin. Witches are another
recombination here, this is not considered a sound, right?
Oh, for the light version, we will go through the light version, but just imagine these
words without the known type of sound at the end of it right? Muslim one would become mostly more, mostly more. So Adam, what I want you to do, that's my hint for you is try to do the rest of it on your own and then when we get to it, you can see if your answer was correct
Alright, let's keep going.
We have our combination here for our pair inalsa Bundler tiny tiny and add an act and another ending combination
there is a broken plural chart
right for the
broken plural we do not right.
That is a good question. We can
go past this as well though we can just ignore this for now. This will come in handy later because it kind of gives you like a hint of how broken plurals show up in words like they have a different pattern and they're plural. So it's a nice like it's a nice chart to look at if you want kind of a hint into what we're going to be learning more in the future but we can definitely go past this all right.
light and heavy normally and Assam should be heavy all the words in the Muslim charter heavy that we've just read. And like I've mentioned you have to remove that extra in sound. Do this by removing the double accent and lien or remove the extra noon at the end of the Assam note Alif Lam does not like to aniline but with an S but in Islam with Alif Lam isn't considered light
Alright, let's continue. Okay here is for the student that was asking about the Muslim chart I hope you were able to practice it here as the answer key for you. Let's read this together. Mostly more Muslim, Muslim or Muslim. Mostly me mostly me. Mostly me. Mostly me mostly me. So again even in their dual and plural and also have endured they kind of share the same types of ending combination. Okay.
Then we have feminine Muslimah to write that in sound has gone we'll see my dad will see ma to Muslim atta was Lima de was Lima. It was Lima it was humid day and Muslim it again the neurons are all gone the in or the AMI tiny that would be here is gone in the light form.
Alright, identify whether the following words are light heavy or irrelevant.
Wildly me is going to be light because there's no known here. Laliberte same thing there's no in there's no double kestra light on me soon is heavy because you have that dama Dane and I INA is one Fatah here on top of the noon so it's going to be light
galima Mad T the E
is also going to be light. Safina tea will be light little Solon is going to be heavy and Rasulullah is going to be light. Albino Mona is irrelevant because it has an LF lamb here I will learn is going to be heavy because of the Lamontagne
although Ben is going to be heavy because of the guest 14 So if you have a left lamb we consider it irrelevant if it's heavy or light because of the LF lamb Okay, Nisa who is going to be like
alright if your coffee has done then yes it will be happy it will be heavy
um let's continue
number 12 Nissa Oh is like a sadly euro is light because of the one llama
and then Machiavelli foreigner 30 foreigner
is going to be heavy who can tell me why this is heavy considered heavy.
Because of the Northern right how would we read this if it was like Can anybody tell me
very nice well if it's going to be light
I would you can anybody right? Okay yeah Motley Fool good the owner would be gone it would just be an all at the end
then we have Johanna ma lights because of the one Fatah that is on it.
And then we have number 16 How dare you call the same thing 17 as well. Number 18 is going to be heavy because of the putting number nine a national quality going to be irrelevant because of the LF lamb
so heavy and light really has to do with whether that known sound stays there whether it's in the form of your
double accents, or if it's in its actual letter form of unknown being written there.
Number 20 Heidi su light and Larry Beratan is going to be heavy. Al Muthanna if he Sunnah the LF la makes it irrelevant Vallentine light SaLuSa light and the roar I also light because there is no known that you would expect to see there when you have that as a calendar. Does that make sense to everyone?
All right, let's go on the reasons on why we make things light.
Meaning they they don't have that noon sound right as we saw on the previous drill. Number one is that they're partly flexible isms. We're gonna get into what partly flexible is as well. Number two is milled off with off means what before of right?
Number three, the one being called meaning if I say
if I'm calling someone and I say hey, you write in English it's a hey you but in Arabic it would be oh you oh you are yeah somebody right? If I'm calling my mom yeah, oh me, the one being called would be lights right
and then number four absolute categorical negation.
This is something we will also cover but with when you have a lamb there.
That's what this is referring to.
Number nine flexibility. So before we mentioned partly flexible, we're gonna go into what flexibility is. There are three categories of flexibility.
Number one is that fully flexible, this is what we're used to where it can show it status in any form. It can be heavy or light. It's most of the words we've seen.
And it's also our Muslim chart on page six that we have already looked at.
Number two is non flexible. Non flexible is one it only has one form, right? And it looks the same we cannot tell what status it is unless we look at the context of the sentence.
So we don't know like the words dunya and Musa right. If we're looking at a word that says Musa says then the word Musa is in a rough out form right?
But if we say that it was said to Musa right that you might be in jot form because of that to there.
That makes sense. But it will never that scene will never show a guess at all on it or Adama it's always just going to be more sir. It's stuck in one form.
Here are some words that are non flexible.
Alevi these are called Assam mon Sol as well a lady a lead any Alladhina allottee
and let me Allah II allottee and then we have Matt and Mon which these are partly flexible, which we're gonna get to in the next section.
There are certain words that are non flexible. Like for example, who then Musa duniya. So there is a way of knowing it. You know, the Arabic scholars have written them down and be like these are they look the same all the time.
Alright, let's go to number three. And we also have our singular and plural pointing words Hola, Iike DeLuca the Lika hula he had he and have
so these look the same whenever they are
Titan sub or genre there, Aqsa, Mars do not change partly flexible and we're going to end the class with this is kind of when they're halfway there Right? They can't be heavy so they don't have the known sound we're talking about and they can't take a guess at all either. So they kind of stay in like this nos of light form or lumma or Rafa light form right one foot they have two forms one for Rafa and one form for an oven jar. So
in this type of word and this oven jar again share the same look which is just one Fatah. Does that make sense to everyone?
When it ends with a Fatah
it could be nossob or char
and then Alia I think what you mean is when it ends with an LF Matsuura, then it's part it's non flexible like the word Musa
this would be called an elephant sutra okay
partly flexible A Closer Look what kind of words are partly flexible, we have proper names of places regardless of their Arab or not. so mcuh tool Makita Makita. You can see here these are sharing one Fatah. Right. So the context of the sentence again is going to tell you which form it actually is, but they look the same. That's really what partly flexible is all about being light and then having that Fatah form for nossob in jar
over here, Pakistan will back Astana back Astana, the ads are being shared and it's partly flexible, it will never say E here it will never say MCC good D that is incorrect. All right.
Then we have oh look at our exception. If we have three letters with a semicolon in the middle, it will be an exception even if it's a proper name or pop proper place it will be fully flexible. So this is I didn't know what is I didn't write a place in Jana. It is going to be fully flexible and to show its form in the petition and the custodian. Either none, and I've done all right, it's not partly flexible.
Next, we have non Arab names, proper names, okay. And the exception again is going to be non Arab names spelled with three letters and a sukoon. In the middle. Based on the Hadith there are four Arab prophets The rest are non Arabs. They are Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam Number two salejaw Number three who dune and number four Xu ie one so these are the Arab prophets and their names are fully flexible, but everybody else's non Arab and their names are going to be partly flexible.
For example, we have here Ibrahima.
If at all he or Ibrahim or Ibrahima and Ibrahima, partly flexible because it's non Arab.
The word normal is an exception why? Because it's three letters with a Sukwon in the middle
the word EMA and who is a broken plural alright
are the following words fully partly or non flexible?
Do we have any questions on the section
we can begin class going through the section as well.
if we have if we don't have any questions here I can open up the floor to any other questions you might have and we'll can begin class next time with this chart since we are just about them
all right. Let's go through a little bit of this. We have number one more sad non flexible
All right. Okay, so we prefer to begin this next class Yep. Because we are just about out of time
Okay, are you for a zoo right that are you talking the word soul bond like
the actual word
are you saying are you saying that as like a title for someone or somebody's name?
Because those can be two different things if you could clarify that for me
number six, okay.
What reason are you using to make it partly flexible? That's my question because remember everything our default is what fully flexible right?
But what is the reason
Yes, exactly. Very nice honey so so Thawne is a name that people give to others but in Arabic it is also just a word meaning king or ruler. So that's why I wanted to understand your perspective on it
right so the answer here is that it is a word itself and the
it is not a duel combination at the end no
All right everyone, I will go ahead and end off here in sha Allah next class will begin with this chart for number 10. Hold on to your questions for that. And please check your email for the date of the next class the timing will be the same. does that become a law hate on everyone for coming? It's been very good to get in touch with you all and answer your questions and keep reviewing in sha Allah we will meet in just
a few days from today in sha Allah Zakon la Haman Subhanak Allah will be 100 I should lay down and stuff Hirokawa will take some they will ask me in Santa Fe Hosur Illa lady now my wife told me how to do otherwise I will help you went to law school this summer aside from everyone