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Nouman Ali Khan

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Quran Tafsir/Explanation – Juz Amma

Episode Transcript

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Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salatu was Salam O Allah see did ambia evil Muslim while the Le he was happy minister Nebuchadnezzar II

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mean home Amina Latina Emmanuelle Amina Sati hurt what was what was the sub? I mean, yeah, but it means that for all the we let him initiate anata Jean spiller, Rahim Allah May Allah Allah lobby surely suddenly were silly Emily Hello Dr. melissani of koko de la mata COVID-19 multiball La Ilaha Illa. Allah I mean your blood Amin. In shadow tala, we're continuing our study of

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social allok. We started it last week. But we left off the last passage and before we finish it off and begin the study of sort of some very basic, an overview of the structure of sort of Iraq, and its main points, its main discourse and how beautifully it's all organized. So far, we started with the first passage in which Allah azza wa jal addresses the messenger himself. So the La heusler. Those are the Bismillah. Let the HELOC HELOC and in Santa Clara bouken Ekrem. Under the Alabama bill, column, and lemon in Santa millennium. Among its many themes, we highlighted the need and the importance that Eliza would have gifts to seeking knowledge. So the first word itself is to read,

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Allah to teach comes up twice, column comes up all these words that have to do with education and learning. That's the central theme of the first passage in which Allah addresses His Messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam. One of those I add, the final of those I art is unlimited in Santa Milan, he taught the human being what he did not know. So a lot of talk to human being knowledge that a human being did not have access to. If this is such treasured knowledge that we couldn't have learned it and the only way we could have learned it is a lot taught us and what kind of person would it be, that wouldn't have no value for this knowledge? What kind of person would refuse to

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learn this kind of knowledge? Allah gives his diagnosis in the next passage, a couple of ayat callala in San Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah Subhana. Allah because Raja is three is basically internally, what is alleged diagnosis of a person that doesn't appreciate this knowledge, such a such an incredible treasure, who will turn it away. It is no doubt the human being himself that seeks to rebel, meaning this knowledge cause you to submit. It's not just any knowledge. It's not just for your information. It's not casual knowledge. It's something that demands on you submission. And even in the first words, it's not a Korra Bismillah it's ecolog bismi. Arabic, when when you

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declare a lot the Master, what do you become a slave, it's calling for action right away. So now the human being seeks to rebel, the rebel that's one reason to reject this knowledge, then a Rostov now that he sees himself free of need, he doesn't think he needs it. So the human being doesn't think he needs this knowledge that Allah says you couldn't have known it by herself. And the attitude of this person, I don't need it, I can do without it. I haven't learned it so far. And I'm doing okay. I don't I don't see why I should be learning it. You know, and not in our times, it's easy to understand, why do you go and learn something? Why does somebody go get a bachelor's degree or a

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certification or they go into certain technology school or whatever, people will learn something because they think it's going to bring them some return, it's valuable. Something if they know if they know it, their life will improve somehow. Or if they know it, they'll be able to help themselves. Well, this person doesn't see the need, he thinks he's okay, whatever he knows is good enough for him.

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And he doesn't realize the consequence, he knows, you know, this, no concern that he'll be returned to Allah. So Allah reminds him in a lot because Raja, no doubt it is to your master, that there is the final return. My personal reading, mission, whatever the faster I read is, every time the third person is used in this surah, every time the third person is used, it's addressing other than the messengers of Allah on using them. And when the second person is used, mostly in disorder, it addresses the messenger himself or herself and this has been a point of contention, as we will see later on in this villa, where does the third person get directed he and where does the second person

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get directed you but in this ayah, in, in our become Raja, to your master, the second person now, right, this transition of second person is very important in the second passage of the soul. Why? Because this actually is part of a psychological you know, mind, you know, communication or manipulation even in the Quran.

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Allah azza wa jal has the psychological effects that he communicates by means of switching persons. To make that simple to you. Let me tell it to you this way. You know, if a teacher walks into a class, and knows that one of the students had was cheating on the exam, only one, the teacher walks in, and he says, someone here cheated on the exam. He thinks he can get away with it. Now he used the word he, right, that's third person, that's 34. That's not second person. But all of a sudden, he says he thinks he can get away with it. He doesn't think that I can catch him. I'm doing for him. Can you come over here?

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He was using he and all of a sudden, what did he use? You? What does that do? It sends shockwaves to the criminal. He wasn't expecting and all of a sudden it turned to him. And you know, these criminal when you talk in third person, psychologically, what's called is this association or diffusion of responsibility. It's not talking about me, it's talking about someone else. So Allah azzawajal speaks about this person in Insan. Allah, the human being rebels are raw husana. does he see himself free of need? He He, in the interim become Raja, you will be returned only to your master? What do you think I'm talking about someone else? See this change the shift. So this is the only one in the

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surah that addresses the human being directly. But the point of it is actually what the warning and you know, sending shockwaves and this is done often in the Koran, this sort of switch from the third person to the second to shock the audience. But for the most part in the rest of the soul of the second person is addressing the messenger himself. So Lola Hardison, so we said two passages so far. The first passage is the importance of knowledge. The second passage, what kind of person would turn this knowledge away? The third, when you don't accept this knowledge, you're ignorant, and when you're ignorant, what kind of behavior do you engage in? What kind of behavior does an ignorant

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person engaging? So we read about a 10 lady and her didn't either fella Do you see the one who forbids asleep when he's about to pray? This is talking about Abu jihad.

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There's pretty much edgemarc on this on in the oma among them assume that these ayat are coming, that he forbade him from praying, and then the fact that asylum had been dire for him, so let's have had you have you ever, ever thought and we talked about this last week, or at in Canada even before that. So you know,

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these ions that talk about a Buddha, interestingly placed right after the art of knowledge, because Mujahid if you know what the word Jad means. It means ignorance. So they're the art of knowledge and then the polar opposite the father of ignorance, the guy who was named by that and by the way, the Arabs used to call him a hakken the father of wisdom. And the you know, in this father of concept doesn't exist in English, but we have other things. You know how we say, that's that's a basketball man. Right? Oh, that's a car guy. What does that mean? When I see him I know this guy is obsessed with cars. So he knows a lot about cars. Or he's great at playing basketball, right? We put a guy at

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the end of it right? That's a computer guy. Right? Well, they didn't have guy they had a boo.

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So you know Abuja him we shouldn't really translated as father of ignorance as the ignorance guy. You think see him the first thing that comes to your mind is ignorance. But before this, he was known among these people as the wisdom guy. He was the he was the guy who turned to for counseling. He was one of the smart leaders among Quraysh. But what knowledge did he reject the knowledge of law talks about in the beginning of social Allah, you reject that knowledge, you can have all the knowledge in the world you're still What? You're still dying, you're still ignorant. So those are outcome about Abuja. Now we come to the next part. So there are three passages so far knowledge,

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then the rejection, the sort of the reasons for the rejection of knowledge, and then the behavior that occurs because when rejects knowledge, what kind of lowly person they become, and now we come to the fourth, Allah azzawajal, declaring warnings against those who reject knowledge, what is the consequence of ignorant behavior? So you know, this guy thinks there, he doesn't need it. And because he doesn't need this knowledge when he does something bad, he doesn't know the consequences of it. He doesn't realize it's gonna bring them anything bad to himself. You see, he we talked about how he had animals skin, the skin of a slaughtered camel placed on top heaped on top of the

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messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam while he was in servitude. He had one of his thugs even tried to choke him when he was in Salah from behind the to be rescued a couple of times on the Maharani asylum. So these couple of incidents, he doesn't think anything's gonna have what's gonna happen, who's he got behind him? Who's gonna protect him? So now a lot so he responds. And when he responds, he doesn't talk to him. You know, there's one thing to say if you don't stop this, this up and pay attention to the words. I said, if you don't stop what person is that that second person, but look at the eye color. This is where we're beginning, can learn the inland yenta he know if he himself

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doesn't come to an end. If he doesn't stop himself. He not you. There are two benefits of that Allah distances himself from him and we learn from these words Alliance

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Not talking to him unless you're talking to the messenger salovaara he's talking to the messenger about him. So the messenger needs to be told this why because the messenger is the ones on the long run. He said it was being attacked. He's the one being attacked and a lot comes to his defense with his words and says, if this guy doesn't stop, you'll see what's what's gonna happen, you understand? So a lot comes to his the council in defense of His Messenger sallallahu sallam. Before we go on to interesting things. You know, the first passage of this surah Allah azza wa jal said Andaman insana, Merlin yada, he talked to human being what he didn't know. We'll learn two things here. Two things

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that we couldn't have known one is from the perspective of the criminal. What is the criminal need to know a bad person? What do they need to know about Allah? They need to know that Allah is watching.

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a bad person needs to know that you know, like a criminal. The biggest thing that will stop a criminal from committing the crime is the security camera. Isn't that the case? If somebody is watching, he'll stop. If there's a camera on the red light, he'll stop if it's a criminal. The first thing that will put him in check is that someone is watching. So in the beginning of us had a lot of talk to a human being what he couldn't have known. But what is that lesson that a criminal needs to learn? Lm er Lambie anila ha Yara doesn't, didn't he know that Allah watched Allah sees unless talking to Abuja Didn't he know that unless that's the knowledge he needs to have? Why? Because if

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he had that knowledge, even the slightest amount of that knowledge, he would not engage in the behavior that he engaged in. So for the one who is engrossed in sins, this is a very powerful lesson in the Koran here. The one who's in growth, I mean, even among the Muslims, the one who's engrossed and sins, what is the knowledge that needs to be told to them over and over until it gets internalized? Allah is watching Don't you know Allah is watching Don't you normalize watching? You know, when you do something bad when you do something indecent? And you say, did you realize your dad was watching you when you were doing that? Did you realize your boss was actually listening when

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you were cursing him? You know, when somebody else is watching and you do this you behave badly all of a sudden you put yourself in check. You started apologizing, you realize there was something very bad, right? But now for a person to gain the first step in human and leave their criminal behavior alone Mia Lambie, unknown Mahara now that he doesn't even want to accept that now she even rejects now we get to the sort of consequences. Candela inlanta he know if he doesn't stop at all then if he still doesn't stop and law in this not just in environment meant if he didn't stop, let in lemon tea, if he dares to continue in other words, lamb is a llama Toki and is also here for Allah Allah

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is warning him if he thinks he can get away and continue this behavior. If he gets if he thinks he was going to continue at all in any capacity, then that's fine be nasiha we will certainly grab him and drag him by the you know an old English they call it the forelock. It's this here right in front of your head. Well grab him by that. Now that's fine, but nasiha will grab him by that you know, now grabbing by this.

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Usually an animal is grabbed from here. An animal is grabbed from the front. When that when the master is angry at the animal, okay? A child can be grabbed when the you know the adult is being abusive to the child and grab them from the head. In a in a moment of rage Musa alayhis salaam grabbed Harun Allah somewhere. Here, he has authority over him, he grabbed him in the head in the beard, right? Now a lot of people in the ISS, we will grab by the forehead right here this year, well grab it. This is very powerful. First of all, I didn't say Lannister and who we will get we will certainly grab him the word him is not there. The word him is not there. It's understood why

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this is actually part of the rhetoric of the Quran. Abu jihad is not even worth mentioning. It's one is understood to is not even worth mentioning, especially not with a verb for which the subject is a London and that's fine, we will certainly grab and drag by the for luck of the front of the head. The other thing is this forehead in Arab tradition and expression was the place of two things. One, it was the place of your pride. This is where your pride is, and actually this is part of most societies. This is your pride, which is why you know you wear a hat and your you know, an emblem shows here. In other cultures, you have turbans, right, this is a place of dignity. And also this is

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a place of course with a mind race. So this is the place of knowledge.

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And he had rejected knowledge, that's the beginning of the surah will grab him by the part, which led him to his COVID two things led him to confront his ignorance and his arrogance and what's the place in the body that's the place of ignorance and arrogance. And now see the cultural representation of it. So that's one lol grabbed him by that.

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Then the other thing here is, at the end of this sort of we will learn there's an ayah of sajida

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What do you put on the ground when you make such that?

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It's right here. So in the end, the messenger is told, don't be like a Buddha had you put your head down now and dystonia. But him if he doesn't put his head down now when we drag his head, eventually in the end, the head will come down. Either you bring it down in dystonia, or down in the next year in the next life in the alpha, but it's going to come down no matter what you will be brought to your humility, so panela. So then, as far I'm been nasiha, wondercide Lovato a year. This is you know, tribal play, they play a tribe. They're in their language, this word nasiha was used kasasa shared female condom, the lock of hair in the front of the head. This word is also used in other

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places in the Quran. For example, you are a full moon to the moon, ABC my home for you to be now I'll see the plural benowa see when lockdown, criminals will be known and recognized by their foreheads, and they will be grabbed by this front lock of here, and by their feet. So this is another place in so called augmented lives, I've given talks about it. The other thing here is Candela inlanta. He, the first part of it is hypothetical, if he doesn't stop, if he doesn't come to his activities don't come to an end. But the latter part is for sure learners, and we will definitely lamb for Toki for emphasizing then the noona T and ns for and this is new enough Tokido.

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So bit nasiha. So this is very powerful language from Allah. If he did to continue, then certainly there will be very

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sharp consequences.

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Now, one last meaning of Safa. suffian Arabic is to grab something and pull it so hard, it starts coming out of its roots. Now think about that, what's being grabbed, and how it's being yanked, and how his face is being dragged Han Allah, this is huge, huge. And other places in Quran Allah talks about memc mckibbon Allah wa He

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is the One whose fate us faces in the ground. And he's walking like that. Is he more guided or the one who stands straight up and some of us who don't understood that as the scene on the Day of Judgment, people will be being dragged by their faces. And some people will be walking upright male lawmakers from those who walk upright on that day. Now, the last thing about this to tie in what we'll be talking about last week, you know, this Abuja had when he went when he came and threatened the messenger, salallahu alaihe salam, you make Salah here one more time, and I'm going to crush your neck, you know, put my foot on your neck and crush it. That's basically what he said. Then he

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saw the messenger makes a login, and all his thugs are with him. So he's gonna look bad if he doesn't do something, right, because he already called him out the time before. So he's not a man if he doesn't go and attack. So he goes to attack the messenger slice with them. And then he I told you last week, he's moving back, flapping his arms pushing something away, nobody else sees it. And he was asked what what were you doing? And he said, there was this, this chasm, this ditch this canyon that showed up before me and him. And there was this vicious creature that was coming at me to grab me and I was just pushing him back. And then the messenger sorry, solemn, he thought we might have

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had to had the Sunni What are you going to talk to me like that? Meaning the Messenger of Allah became strong in his words, because Allah had given him this counsel, he's going to be grabbed by his forehead so the angel was already coming to grab him by the forehead and he had to run back then alera xojo describes in the next iron now see at in Kathy, but in hottie are three words this is bundled from a nasiha. What kind of what why I mentioned this forehead, Allah gives it three add two adjectives. This forehead that is Kathy but it's a line forehead, half the forehead that commits a huge mistake. Meaning in his mind, first of all, he calls him a liar, which is an insult number one

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is humiliating a leader of Quraysh. So you have to understand the political social ramifications of this kind of language. He's already a leader of Pradesh, the suicide salon is already the subject not only a ridicule, but also a physical persecution. And now the messenger is given words that are basically not apologetic and older calling them out, calling him a liar to his face. Ghazi button, but what is he a liar about what the word itself suggests is he heard the Quran he knew it was true, and he was still lying that it's shade or it's this and he was rejecting it for untrue reasons. So Allah azza wa jal already open expose the fact that in deep down inside Abuja had had already

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accepted that this is the truth, but he refused to humble himself. And this from the story I told you last time

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Abuja, Abu Sufyan that went to go and listen to the messenger recite Quran he testified it's the truth. He said we're been robbed, but we're not going to accept him. Yeah, that's the truth. But come on. If we accept him, his tribe wins forever. We can't have that our tribe needs to compete. So luck calls him Kathy but this is forehead Khadija. Then he says hockey and hockey as a very interesting word hockey as a mistake, whose consequences one does not know. A mistake whose consequences you

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Do you make a mistake? You know, somebody says, Yeah, I made a mistake. What's the big deal? If you don't know what the big deal is, you don't know what other things are gonna happen because of this mistake. This is a hotta this is one of the meanings of, you know, Hata sama calls him hottie. In other words, he rejected the messenger slicer and he attacked the messenger. So even if he calls it a mistake, he doesn't realize what the consequences are. He doesn't see what the big deal is. And when it gets grabbed, you realize what this mistake was now. So now see it in Kathy Burton, haha. Now we come back to this life. And Allah azza wa jal opens him a challenge. First, he said, if he

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doesn't stop, he's gonna get grabbed. Right? That was the first part. Now it goes further. Allah basically calls him out soprano find your own idea. Let him call his gang. Nadia comes from you know, nadie in Arabic is a public place. And he used to sit in public places and he used to have a lot of people hanging out with him. You know, like a popular gangster and all this sub gangsters that all want to be their low lives, but they only feel cool when they hang out with the cool guy. So they had those guys with him. Forget him call his gang, let him call the people he calls on bring them on. Bring your entire posse together. You know, I understand a lot of speaking but to the

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caffeine Who is speaking? You have to understand this to a caffeine only the messenger. all they see is this one man some alohar to send him and when he speaks because they are kuffaar they don't think these are buzzwords whose words do they think these are? They think they're his words. He is standing in front of a bunch of criminals that are actually pretty violent and they've seen battle and they're tough guys, and he's saying bring them on, find your own idea.

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Bring Let's call out his people. Now after this by the way, Allah azza wa jal then says Santa Rosa Vania. Then we will very soon call as urbania which is the plural of 7070 and Arabic means a security guard a cop.

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He's Allah says you call out your gang. I'm going to call out the guards. Who are these guards? When some of them have seen like a show Kenny rockin Allah says, mela eco Talib fija hanadama Leanna homeadvisor owner al anon la because doubleline Arabic means Da Hua Rama B. It means Zavala to protect something to guard something and to guard it with force. And if something tries to get out, you attack it. You give it a beating. Okay, so prison guards basically, that's one way it's used in classical literature. Casa de la de la Han, who called it, you know, police security soldiers, that sort of thing. Now imagine this scene is very easy for us to picture now it is very easy. On the one

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hand, you got gangsters, right, you got a bunch of thugs. On the other hand, you got the SWAT team? Is there even a competition? Right? You call out your friends, we're gonna call out a horde military, the entire military comes out against them. So there's not even a competition. And this calling out this challenge that was issued to him. And the fact that he ran back this is how this is interpreted the alarms that was issued this army against him, right when he came to attack his messenger Salallahu alaihe salam So in other words, urbania then at the end, so this is the this was the last passage. Look, once again, let's reiterate what the passages were the first was knowledge,

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then what kind of person would reject knowledge, then what kind of behavior it was the one who reject knowledge engage in like a Buddha? And then what are the consequences of rejecting or this behavior, what what's going to happen and if he rejects this behavior, and finally, finally, you know, most people who who try to practice their Deen are given the Dow more than anybody else, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, you could say that the kuffaar and their animosity is a distraction to his work. It's a distraction, and it's demoralizing. He's trying to do the most noble work. And here these people are not only the they use the nastiest language, but they actually

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physically attack him also. So it's demoralizing. So at the end, Allah azza wa jal basically disregards Abu Jamal and starts talking to his messenger sallallahu sallam, and he says Kela natto terrible.

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No, no, not at all. And Kala is a means by which something is completely disregarded. You know, no big deal. Kinda. Don't worry about it. Not at all. Leave it it's not even an issue. This guy is nothing. Basically a Buddha Hall and his animosity is nothing is nothing against you. Don't let it get to your head, don't stress over it can not to tear. Now it are in Arabic doesn't just mean to follow it also means to pay attention, to succumb to something to comply to yield into something natural there who that just don't follow him. Don't even pay attention to him. Don't even say come on yield test pressure. Don't worry about it. Don't be intimidated by it at all. Now, even when

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you're not distracted by that, what should you do was good. And make such that you see he refused sighs All right, so his forehead gets dragged. He gets another kind of slice not to do in Hellfire but the muscle

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jurors told Don't be like him. You make them watch mustard. Walk tell him and you come close. He the messengers told come close. You know what's beautiful about these ayat? Allah azza wa jal says what stood Winston said was Jude lilla Nick says that to Allah, mustard level was Julian, let me know. Allah does not mention himself. Is it obvious that it's about Allah? It is. And this is the second thing Allah teaches us very beautiful in this surah. The surah began Allah inside am Allah May Allah He taught the human being, but he couldn't have known. One thing the human being the criminal need to know was what Allah is watching. But here's another very important thing the human being could

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never have known. You know, there are people who believe in God.

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They believe in God, they want to be they want to please God. They do. But they don't know what to do.

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They don't know what makes him happy. They don't know how to serve Him. They're sincere. They want to serve Him. They want to know what to do to be a good person. You meet people like that at work, man, I love God. I really appreciate everything he's done for me. Thank God I have the job, thank god this thank God that they talk about God they do. But they don't know what to do to make him happy. So when they don't know what do they do, they come up with their own philosophies. They come up with their own the Arabs have this to they were sincere Arabs even before Islam who wanted to worship Allah, they didn't know how. So you know what they used to do. Some of them used to take all

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their clothes off and dance around the Kaaba naked. And they thought this makes a lot happy. That's what they did. Why you asked them why they're doing it. We're trying to make you happy. You had other people, you know, a lot of the practices of ignorance and [???]. Why do people do them in the assumption that Allah will be what? God will be happy, he'll be happy with this practice of mine. People slaughter animals, put them in front of statues. Why? Because God will be happy. People had no idea. So now Allah azza wa jal, not the criminal to the seeker of Allah, the One who seeks to please Allah. They didn't know what to do. So a lot taught was you would make such that.

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Don't pay attention to him. I'm teaching you something you couldn't have known make sense that to Allah. And it doesn't even have to be mentioned a lot because he's the teacher himself. So it's clear who should decide. And by means of such that come close, because what do people do with their ignorant, ignorant practices, they try to come close to Allah, they thought they think these things are going to bring them close to Allah. But Allah told them another way to come close to him. What's your doctrine? Con Allah, the beginning of the surah was a command ikura read. The ending of the surah is also commands. The ending of this was what should walk for it makes sense that come close,

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there's also commands. So it begins with a commandment of Allah, it ends with a commandment of Allah. You know what else is remarkable? The two the two ends of the surah. Both of them deal with Salah. When do you recite Quran, Accra? Where do you recite Quran in Salah? Where do you make such and so what is the means by which we are close to Allah? When are we when is the slave closer to Allah inside that in Salah. So the beginning is worship, the end is worship. The other beautiful thing about this, that how the sutra is tied together is the first part the first commandment was to read, which is a commandment to seek knowledge, right? Reading enhances your knowledge. But the

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ending was to doctrine, these are commandments of worship. So there are two things right, they're seeking knowledge and there's worship. And you know, so there's this is tabular in the schema that's on the one hand, then there's a bar on the other. But what comes first, first you learn, then you worship there's this seek this is, you know, gradation between knowledge and then action and this is something in the entire Quran. First you learn then you practice then you learn the new practice, right? So seeking of knowledge, and then practicing that knowledge, Accra, in the beginning was to Dr. revati, and beautifully tied together the how cohesively the arguments in the surah are

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presented, but now inshallah tada we go forward and talk about how this surah is connected to the next pillar, which is what we have to start today in sha Allah. So to cut all the way let him initiate one of regimes below him in Angela who feel a little mama de la comme la that will cut Laila to Qadri hi Rahman officia. Vanessa Luma, eager to roofie hubby is nearby him in Santa Monica had not like five simple IRA, five beautiful art, but this little card, how is it connected? What is the relationship between it and the soda that came before it? This is so true, I love that we just finished first and foremost sort of Allah began telling the story of how revelation began.

00:29:33--> 00:30:00

That was how revelation began, the angel came told the messenger to recite How did it begin? this surah tells us when did it begin? So while the previous surah addressed the question of how this surah addresses the question of when in Enza now who Fie, Laila, it is no doubt that we sent it down in the night of Qatar, I'm not translating it as a night, the night of power, how it's commonly translated the night of power, we have to have a little bit of a long discussion about what other means, but

00:30:00--> 00:30:33

For now, the first connection between the two. How did it begin? And this one is? When did it begin? That's the first connection between these two schools. The second Allah azza wa jal says in the previous I keep saying it over and over and let the Alabama bill column allemaal in Santa Millennium he taught with the pen he taught the human being what he couldn't have known and in this solar allows, which says, Well now that I can write a letter what will make you know what let's look at his previous solar said. He taught him what he didn't know and this was his How will you know what little confidence it's asking the question, meaning you don't have the knowledge Allah will give us

00:30:33--> 00:31:15

specific knowledge to you know, messengers or something that he didn't have before. Another beautiful correlation between the two soldiers that are shout out to him, Allah points out, and also doctor father, solid, Samurai incredible, the last Ayat of Allah, Allah, Allah says, What's good mokhtari makes such that and come close to Allah, what's the what's the opportunity in which you can come closest to Allah what is the night of site design coming close to Allah later to the very first thing in the in the next, then in the previous surah? Also, if caught up in the beginning, is Quran, a Christ recite what recite the Quran and which are on the one that came down in the quarter. That's

00:31:15--> 00:31:18

the next Sora so they're connected in many, many ways. Another thing that's

00:31:19--> 00:31:27

mentioned, cannot come under SoTL Allah because he echoed the smell of the color the color wahaca una una de la la Latina

00:31:28--> 00:32:06

kana who crowned a clock a clock ma einzelner houfy later to codify hamanasi bottom wireless what I just said that you know, the first part of that suit I sing recite. This one says what to recite it, meaning the Quran itself. That is what you should be reciting another interesting correlation that's been made by some scholars. And you'll find many of these and actually some of them, I used to be skeptical about them like numerology type stuff. I was very skeptical about it until I found a couple of narrations that are associated or attributed to Abner bass or the Allahu taala. And who, you know, there's a whole discussion about when later toccata is right. And we all know it's one of

00:32:06--> 00:32:45

the five odd nights there, you know, that's the, at the very least every Muslim knows that much. So it's either the 21st 23rd 25th 27th or 29th. Right? when, you know, Lucy Ramallah commented, it's beautiful that Allah azza wa jal in this surah, which is the surah of ladies from Qatar. It has five ayat, and there are only five possible days in which lead to false, okay, then some, you know, there are many opinions about 40 different opinions about where they live, is, by the way, there are 40 different opinions. But instead of going through all of them, just some interesting things that ignore above the low head, his theory, his theory, according to one, there are two places one place,

00:32:45--> 00:33:26

he says it's the 23rd that says he had another place he he thinks, and later he formed this opinion leader. His assumption was that it's the 27th that was his opinion, ignore a bus or the ultimatum, among others. And there's, though all of these are opinions, none of these are like absolute evidences. The opinions that are the most in number are for the 27th. In the end, though, that's not in and of itself evidence. But it's interesting that when a bustle the Allahu taala and Homer was explaining his rationale to Omar, he was explaining why he thinks it's the 27th to amado de la and he gives some interesting reasons I want to share them with you or at least summarize Laila to

00:33:28--> 00:33:41

the words laid out on our nine letters. Yeah, Tamar, Botha, Alif, lamb, lamb cough, the nine letters, and the words later to occur in this surah three times

00:33:42--> 00:34:29

was nine times 327. So it's numerology stuff, I don't you know, we don't take it as the lien. But it's interesting that he presented this rationale to our model the alojado another thing he said is this surah has 30 words in it, the word count in the surah is 30 words, but the 27th word 30 like 30 words like 30 days in a month, right? The 27th word is here, Solomon here, halftime of life, and this is also in our bus. And others reiterated it after him, that it is it here is referring to the night itself. It is peace until the break of dawn it here. So he says the word here is the 27th word, which may also be a clue Allahu Alem that it is the 27th but this inshallah our dubs is not

00:34:29--> 00:34:51

going to be about which night it is, I just want to share with you that there is first of all, there's a variety of opinions, and then there's some really creative explanation of why it may be that it is the 27th in either case, the safe position to have a lot of data on them, is that the default and one of the odd nights and we don't know which one that's the probably the safe position to have and given and this is my personal

00:34:52--> 00:34:59

for my own self. I'm just sharing it with you. If you find it beneficial, take it if not, then you know consult an island that knows better inshallah Tada.

00:35:00--> 00:35:35

My personal take on it is nowadays there's so much disagreement in the oma about when Ramadan begins. Right? Like your machine is doing it one day, the other one's doing a Tuesday, the other one's doing Thursday. The other one says no, we're gonna be really different. We'll start next week, we're crazy, right? There's so much variation. So in the safe thing to do is to take at least the last 11 nights very seriously. Right to assume it might fall anywhere, you might have started on the wrong day to take at least the last 11 nights 10 nights very, very seriously, in the month of Ramadan. And you know, it's especially difficult because in our culture, Ramadan starts the first

00:35:35--> 00:36:13

three, four days, the massages are full, then you get burnt out and you're kind of seasonal, 20 days into it, you're really tired, when you're really tired is when you have to seek the real treasure later to cause right, so people get really lazy and what do they do? They take a vacation show up on the 27th and go back home. Right? That's in hopes that maybe that was it. But that's probably not a healthy attitude. We should, you know, save our energies, especially for the last 10 and not get burnt out. And you know, again, personal advice. This is not a fatwa or anything personal advice to the Muslims in general. You know, instead of getting burnt out in Ramadan in the beginning, keep it

00:36:13--> 00:36:50

moderate, okay, you can't pray all you know, 20 I encourage you know, 820, whatever your machine is doing, do as much as you can. But if you get tired early, then take a break. It's not far it's okay, take a break. It's better, you stay consistent. Then you come for two days, and then you forget the rest of the 20th year and you're tired or you can't go you know, they decide to slowly you know, a lot of people completely recite too slowly. Well, the Quran was meant to be recited slowly, if that's your problem, you got serious problems, right? This is you know, cron is not meant to be just read, you know, uttered in hyperspeed you have no idea what's being recited and you just got it over

00:36:50--> 00:37:22

with that's not what Ron came down for. And that's the last activity which will give you a horseshoe or in the Salah. And the whole point of the Salah is what remembering Allah Athena salata, Lee decree, Allah says, establish the law so you can remember me, how are you remembering a life You can even keep up with the words you can even keep up? You don't even know what's being recited? How are you? How are you remembering Allah? So we've lost the spirit of the prayer. And we're more concerned with the form of the prayer. And that's unfortunate. But that's again, it's a side subject, let's come to the school itself and shall know Tyler and finishes as much as we possibly can.

00:37:23--> 00:38:12

In an zendo it is no doubt we that have sent it down einzelner who feel electrical, there are many things in this ayah that need attention. First is the word we, Allah uses we for himself. A lot of people ask that question How come Allah doesn't use AI? Right? How come he doesn't use AI? How can we use it? We this has come up before in our sessions, just a brief overview. First and foremost, the words the pronouns that occur in the Quran for Allah ri, Anna, we know. And Indra, we say intelligent Hakeem until animal Hubby, etc. And you who are meaning he, for pronouns occur for Allah azza wa jal, Anna, no. And, and who am I, we, he knew, these are the four pronouns that occur for a

00:38:12--> 00:38:14

lot of them, only one is plural.

00:38:15--> 00:38:55

Only one of these is plural, which is all the others are singular. So the people who are confused that it's actually literally plural. The first counter argument to that is, if it was actually plural, you wouldn't just find who you would also find home. You wouldn't just find here you would also find a that doesn't occur. You wouldn't just find enter, you would find until all of you that doesn't occur. So the next minute even when it occurs for Allah azza wa jal, it's not literally we, because it's not given the same consideration in the second person or the third person. This only happens in the first person. This is the first thing to note. The second thing to note, that's often

00:38:55--> 00:39:12

not noted. And I think this is actually that's fairly popular is that the word national, it was used in Semitic languages and many other languages also, as an illustration of power, royalty and formality, Kings. They don't say I am forgiving you.

00:39:13--> 00:39:57

You know what to say. We're letting you go. We have decided how many are you dude, this is one guy, but he says what? We it's a show of royalty. It's a show of power. He speaks of himself. Like he's more powerful than many. And this sort of rhetoric is used when a king speaks in the Quran. When Allah azza wa jal speaks about doing something majestic. When he when he talks about something that's royal, you know, when he provides his slaves water, when he gives them food, that is provision, when he takes care of their sustenance, when he creates these majestic powers of Allah, you usually find definitely, especially with water, which is interesting because it's out is above

00:39:57--> 00:39:59

what water it's actually made out.

00:40:00--> 00:40:08

above water and to water is a symbol of a laws kingship actually in the earth. So whenever Allah talks about sending water down you find nothing new in the Quran we

00:40:09--> 00:40:22

but two instances for AI in the Quran either Allah is extremely angry. extremely angry you'll find Anna or extremely merciful you will also find an eye.

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So we say that neck no is formal speech while Anna is informal, and is informal. Never know maybe a declaration like a majestic royal declaration. But Anna is personalized. It's closer, and it has emotional charge in it like nothing else. I'll give you a couple of examples. You know Toba when a light except stove Ah, he doesn't just forgive your sins. What does he do? He takes your evil deeds and replaces them with good ones. This is the nature of though it's a very powerful act of Allah's mercy, and it's an extreme act of less love you find in the Quran, a tubu. I accept over I Toba is extreme Mercy is not we but I when it comes to extreme punishments in the Quran, for example, when

00:41:09--> 00:41:45

the followers of recyling salon asked him to spread to send a table spread from the sky. They asked him for a table spread from the sky. And he started asylums first response if takala fear left Acquavella, what are you asking for? And this is appropriate for a sign a salon because he is the last of the messengers to bunny insula L and they've been asking for miracles for generations. And after seeing the most amazing things, they still don't have human, their hearts are still hard. So now you're still asking for tables, but you're still asking for a miracle to see a lot as he did say he's sending it down, but he sent a warning with it. And what's the warning?

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If anybody disbelieves after this for in knee or IV boohoo either Bella or IV boohoo I had a minute earlier than it is I will torture him with a torture for sure that I have never tortured anyone with very strong language and the strength of the language becomes even tougher because of what word I instead of we so there's a difference between how they're used in the Quran. But one last point that is not commonly noted and it's very important to note it's beautiful about the Quran. People who get confused about the use of the word we in the Quran. Don't read Quran carefully enough. Whenever the word national occurs for Subhana Allah Allah in the Quran, right after or right before either there

00:42:30--> 00:42:31

is the word Allah

00:42:32--> 00:42:33

or there's the word of

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both what what version singular, so it's never confusing that isn't really plural or is it one immediately the singular form is used. For example, even in this surah in NA ends and nanofiller

00:42:48--> 00:43:31

right? But then as you go forward, you will find the word rub you'll find and we'll discover it inshallah tada Okay, there so every time in proximity either before or after you find the word rubber you find the word Allah singular, making it clear that it's actually not meant literally as a plural. Another thing that is important to note about this surah is it is this nice powerful little column we haven't even discussed what other means yet, but is this night noble blessing because the Quran came down in it, or is it already noble and then the Quran came down in it so is it the nobility of this night? the majesty of this night? Was it already there? And then the Koran King, or

00:43:31--> 00:44:06

is it the fact that this night became noble because of the coming down of the Quran, a Shara Hema hola he puts it this way. And la lettre de la la la tabella New Zealand for an fee her for any fee her watch should reflect XRP New Zealand Quran. This is very balanced statement he says this not this night was noble and majestic and dignified by Allah even before the Quran came down and its dignity enhanced after the Quran was revealed in it so it was already there, which is why the name is used later.

00:44:07--> 00:44:46

In the Angela houfy later kata suggesting that the word name is the name of it, the title of it is already known with Allah. Even before the Quran was revealed in another place Instituto de Haan Laila 10 mubaraka the blessing night or a blessing night. Now, Ashoka Rahim Allah is probably the most concise of seed online, because I read like 20 of them, and there's a lot of overlap in the deficit. And I found that I show Kenny mohalla his writing basically covers everything you need to know instead of giving you 35 quotes of who said what and who said what and who said what is the most concise narration or the most concise writing on the subject. So we'll just go through it bit

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by bit and Sharma Amalfi Angela hudl Quran. He says we sent it down until now who, who who referred the pronoun who referring to the Quran. Now in language you don't use a pronoun.

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Unless the audience already knows what it's being used for, for example, if you your wife sends you the groceries, she doesn't say make sure, make sure you don't forget it.

00:45:12--> 00:45:52

Right? What's the question you're gonna ask? What is it? Is it the milk? Is it the diapers? Isn't this what is it? Unless the audience already understands what it is you can't use the word it. Right? They have to understand it ahead of time. So there has to be mentioned. So she says to you, make sure not to forget the milk. And then 10 minutes, five minutes, which is make sure you don't forget it. Now when you see says it, what are you thinking about? It's already there in your mind, right? But the surah begins with a pronoun, we have sent it down, instead of saying in an instead of saying Quran, it just says it. Now there are several benefits of that we'll explore them in the

00:45:52--> 00:45:55

words of Shangri La Mola directly.

00:45:56--> 00:46:36

First of all, this use of the word who actually I took it out, so I'll just tell you verbatim, this use of the word who is used in Arabic, they shut off. Meaning you you the knowledge of that the fact that this is Quran itself is so embedded in your heart, it doesn't even have to be said, it doesn't even have to be spelled out. And this is only done in context where everybody knows what you're talking about, or that subject matter is so universal, so important, that its name doesn't even need to be mentioned for you to appreciate it, for example, and give you a contemporary example, to understand the point us you say in sports, I don't follow football at all. But you know, Dallas

00:46:36--> 00:47:16

Cowboys or something, right? So if I say, Man, they're gonna win the Bowl this year. You don't even say Cowboys, you said they're gonna win the Superbowl, they are gonna win the Superbowl. If anybody's obsessed with that team, what are they already going to understand that they refers to the Cowboys? This dialog came down in a context where there were two reactions, either the believers who were obsessed with Koran, or the disbelievers who they, they absolutely hated the Quran, you didn't have a casual attitude. Oh, interesting words, you didn't have that you only have one of two reactions. Either people are dying for it, or they're willing to kill against it, or too extreme

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reaction, but both sides know about it very, very well. So when Allah says we sent it down, both the believer and the disbeliever are very clear what that it is. It is the Quran itself. We have sent it down. Now the other thing that should be mentioned in this and the previous surah is it's just it's a little bit of a departure from what we learned before. Now Celebi here rowhill. I mean, Allah azza wa jal says in the hula kolu rosulip Karim. This is the words of a Noble Messenger, meaning jabril gives these words to you. But in these solos this one and the one before it in Allah, Allah Allah azza wa jal make sure you understand gvwr alehissalaam is just a means of delivery, whose actual

00:47:53--> 00:48:35

words are these, Allah Himself, we actually have sent it down yesterday brings it down, but the sources ourselves, so let's make sure the points of Hello Darla to take the credit for the words himself. This is the second critical point that we should note. Now, Angela, the word ends are now in Arabic for sending down there are two words that occur in the Koran einzelner or unzila, and masala. The infinitive form is in zeile. And Tenzin, there are different words in law known as zelner on a clock or Anna tangela. That's a different word Mozilla, but here we don't find in an SSL now who feel it it's called here the words are in Amazon affiliate, so there's a little bit of a

00:48:35--> 00:49:06

difference between them in common English translations. Both of them get translated is we sent it down. We sent it down in literal color. Again, I'm not translating literal color yet. The difference is huge. The word nzlr comes from a file or a file in Arabic and morphology, and an act that rhymes with that pattern. It implies something that's done at one time. So if Alice has Angela, like in the Angela, who feels that we sent the whole Quran down the whole thing at once, in a little color.

00:49:07--> 00:49:47

But if Allah says nessuna Nasrallah, like phyla is something that takes place over time, it doesn't happen at once. It takes time like a llama in Arabic to teach. Teaching doesn't happen once does it? It takes time. The student needs time to absorb the teacher and he needs time to teach. It's a process. It can take years, but as opposed to it Allah as opposed to Allah Allah, Allah is to inform, not to teach but to inform. How long does it take to inform someone? Once you say it, it's done you inform them. If you say the flights at eight o'clock you're done, you don't have to teach them. You don't have to teach them anything. You just inform them. So it happens at once. So two

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different words for the Quran are used in a nutshell, one word that suggests the whole Quran came down at once. The other word that suggests that the Quran came down over time and we know the Quran came to the messenger sallallahu Sallam said

00:50:00--> 00:50:43

Over the course of 23 years from the age of 40, to his age of 63, right. So when we understand that it came down over time, why use this word that suggests that it came down all at once? This has been understood predominantly one way, there's a second opinion I'll share with you, but I'll share the predominant opinion with you that comes again from above or the Allahu taala in Houma. He says, and this is what kokanee is paraphrasing nzlr Joomla and wahida feel a little cada Illa sama Dunia minella Hema fools that Allah sent it down from local muffles. To this the first heaven also called vaporizer. Okay, he sent it down to the first heaven in ladies on color the entire Koran came down

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from the seventh heaven to the first in letters of color from there gibreel alehissalaam once would give it to the messenger on occasion, somebody would ask a question the answer is in the air, some incident comes up the answer lies in the IOD. Some issue arises The answer lies in the might some problem arises the answer the solution lies in the ayat, this this explanation we find insulting Islam, the 17th surah Allah azza wa jal in that surah he says, You know what, for an farakka who the Takara who Allah Nasir Allah Moxon, when is the mountain Zilla, and this recital that we have split up, we've split it up, meaning over time, we didn't send it all at once we split it up over time. So

00:51:25--> 00:52:05

you may recite it on to the people on occasion, meaning when the appropriate occasion arises, then you recite those if you think about it. So what are those? If there's an incident then the outcome right, then the outcome similarly, our lady and her Avenida Sala, do you see the one who forbids the slave from praying? If first that incident happens, then see then the outcome down. So it looks on occasion, when zelner who tends Eli the other word, the other side of the word, and we sent it down gradually over time. The complaint of the kuffaar was how come it doesn't come down? Joomla and wahaca mill, the whole thing doesn't come down at once. You see when it can't wait, if it comes down

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at once, then like you know, somebody hands you the Koran, Muslim, take Shahada, they hand him the whole copy of the forehead, read this translation, what happens to the new Muslim? They get overwhelmed. What do we need more than that one lesson at a time. One thing at a time. Take your time with them don't overwhelm them. How did Allah teach us to have all of the the Sahaba of the messengers? How did Allah teaches messenger himself? How many years did it take to learn the Quran? On occasion, 23 years, the occasion is coming, the lessons are coming and they're being internalized little by little by little. So we learned from that Koran is a long term study even for ourselves

00:52:41--> 00:53:21

that's even part of the Sun nano. The Quran is not something you can just casually just read through it like you read a newspaper or you finish a textbook. I read the Quran you can't do that with the Quran. It takes time to internalize. It's something deep, it requires deep study right? So this the word einzelner for the first heaven and from there down to the messengers isonem over the next 23 years. Now the other thing shadow Rama bond and levy Zilla on Xena same word, month of Ramadan in which we sent the entire Quran down How are we doing? The word entire Quran is meant even though Camila is not used because Allah is us. So shadow Ramadan, that's referring to labor to other in it

00:53:21--> 00:54:02

the entire four iron was sent down. Now we talk a little bit about this is very beautiful topic. What's this laser cutter? what is called a laser Okay, Night night, but what is called a commonly thought that is translated as the night of power, the night of power. And most of the time in an English translation. It's not fully appreciated. What exactly does it mean that a law calls it later to cut? We'll read some of the scholarly commentary on this which is actually I found it extremely beautiful, cleaner Sumit later on cognitively analysts of Hannah who you got the Riviera Maya, I mean, I'm re in a Santa in Santa Barbara. The first thing this is found in a hadith This is found in

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many of the Sahaba. The gist of it is it is called later to Qatar because there were other means estimation determination also, determination, Allah azza wa jal himself, you know, he is Allahu Allah Galicia in Cadiz, same route, same route. Allah has estimate and control over everything. But you know how there's a 30 year plan or a million year plan, but then there's a year's budget, right or the actions that need to be taken for that year. Allah knows everything already, but he lets his angels know of what the plan is for this year. What is what is the lead decreed for the people for this year, he informs the angels of that in this night. So for that year, the basically the

00:54:43--> 00:54:59

execution of a less plan is dedicated or is delivered to the angels in the literal code. That's the first thing for that next year. Well, Kayla in Natsumi epidemic, Leah vimi, Khadija shafia This is the other thing, not just means estimation, calculation precision. It also means

00:55:00--> 00:55:08

nobility dignity. So it's called the night of great dignity and nobility also because of its great nobility, then

00:55:09--> 00:55:50

kosaka and as he calls it, that tequila Samia be validly analyt part of him this beautiful and it's called the night of appreciation. Carter is also to appreciate and it says that the move has rune say, it's called this night because in this night when people obey Allah, Allah really appreciates it. That this is the night of Allah appreciating the worship of and the Rebbe of his safe and obviously, so appreciated it is that he counts this one Knights worship as how many 1000 months right? So 1000 unofficial hieromonk better more than 1000 months, so it's not even it is 1000 months, it is better than 1000 months. So he went even further than 1000 months upon Allah. Then

00:55:50--> 00:55:50

finally

00:55:52--> 00:55:53

lokibot Alicia me

00:55:55--> 00:56:33

for the coffee, herbal mela, the word Qatar in Arabic has one more meaning that's also used in the Quran, and that is constriction, congestion to be stuck in something. So a large region, for example, in sort of malarkey says one one woman, Buddha, Allah He risco, whoever His provision became tight on a meeting their budget became tight. Right? We also read in just before what am i them, Abdullah hufa, Katara, Alayhi risco. Right. Whoever we test and we take his risk and we make it tight, their budget becomes constrained, they don't have as loose an opportunity to spend cash anymore, and it becomes restrictive on them. So this tightness leak is also part of the meaning of

00:56:33--> 00:57:03

God. And it's called that also that meaning is injected in it also, because so many angels descend on the Earth and Space becomes tight panela all of these meanings of the nobility of the night, the decree of the night, also government's power also. So the power of the night, then the tightness, because of the dissent of all those angels, all of these meanings are embedded in one word. Now, if you take any of these any alternatives of color, if you say light at the shop, the night of nobility, then all the other meanings are gone.

00:57:04--> 00:57:45

If you say the night of you know power than all the other meanings are gone, but allows us to pick the perfect word which captures all these beautiful implications all at the same time without compromising the integrity of the meanings of Pamela. So currently, Rahim Allah, He says again, just commenting again on the who he says it is an indication that the love of the Quran and the recognition of the Quran lies in every heart. That's why it is enough to say, well Matt abraca Mandela tomcod another interesting comment about the amazing language if you just get to finish my other like I think I'll be happy for this evening inshallah. Tada, first of all, ma in Arabic is

00:57:45--> 00:58:15

used for many purposes, one of them is a third job. To give you a sense of all okay, to make you to surprise you even one of the I think to give you a sense of how this should be translated, what in the world could possibly make you realize what in the world could possibly give you a clue? What Layla toccata really is? what it really is. Now the question that's different from saying when it is see all of our discussion has become what about

00:58:16--> 00:58:49

when is it but what's the question ally is highlighting? Not when is it but what is it what would you realize what amazing thing this is what you have for instance, manager job, this is one with the famous author to give it gravity to you understand, this is a very strong subject, very heavy thing. The other thing is there are two styles. Whose new vein he Kitab Illa. Allah says my Eureka what will tell you my abraca what would have told you so sometimes uses the past tense sometimes uses the future said Oh, my Eureka.

00:58:50--> 00:59:02

But what will what will give you a clue. Right? Maybe he wants to cleanse himself? Well, my abraca my little quarter, my abraca mitochondria, right? Well, now the lockup mahatama

00:59:04--> 00:59:39

and the Mufasa rune are pretty much in agreement about this whenever Allah uses the present future tense, what will give you a clue so hon Allah Allah does not give the answer. This is something only Allah knows. And when Allah says Matt abraca, the past tense, then Allah usually gives the answer. So the messenger is told man Baraka malaria to cause what would ever tell you what is the past tense is used? What does that indicate the messenger is given the answers on the law deals on them. And we learned this in several generations, in which you know, you know, the famous narration about the Sahaba that got into a coral, and the messenger knew and he forgot by the decree of Allah, but Allah

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did inform him, but it's not even that's not even the real issue. Because even that was not what the night is. But what when the night is here, the appreciation is what the night is. And so to give us a clue of what makes this night so incredible, the rest of the surah actually answers this question, doesn't it later

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caudry hieromonk official heftiness alumina equals the entire definition of what laser cutter actually is, has been given. So that's again in sequence with what allows me just says the other thing I want you to know. Because Koran is revealed in this night. This is something very special. And Allah gives it a special slew of a special form of speech that has not been used anywhere else in the Quran. We say Anga naka de la smava. Aqua, what can we not Blimey? There's a principle in Arabic that you know, using a noun is more powerful than just alluding to it or using a pronoun instead of it. If you actually spell it out. That's more powerful. Okay, so in rhetorically

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speaking, if I say, you know, Abdul Karim is here, that's more noble than just saying he is here. Okay, that's just saying he's here now. We find in the Quran wama de la cama here with my boy Kemal katama. When I come up, Patrick, you're heard this before, when he plays Allah says mama Baraka but when he says them, the next ayah now on Hermia mama karma here, not on Hamza, it doesn't say here now, it doesn't repeat the whole thing. So the way to put it in English, what will give what would have given you a clue what it is a fire. The second sentence just says a fire but it doesn't say it is a fire that it is part not mentioned. Second time. Well my other comment,

01:01:29--> 01:01:57

what will give you an idea what pratama is, now the next is to say Otama to narula hell mukava hotaka happens to be the fire of Allah kindled no hautala is not repeated. So the question is what will what will give you a clue what pathoma is the fire of Allah. The second part the response isn't a complete sentence is just the predicate of the sentence will now come apart. What will give you a clue what what is? The next sentence isn't a very cool

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Tarik happens to be the brilliant star. That's not what said just unmatchable circuit what was not repeated.

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It doesn't get repeated. But now come to the surah Wanda abraca, Medina to

01:02:13--> 01:02:48

the next ayah doesn't just say hydro mineral fish or what does it say? Laila to Qadri? Hi Rahman Al Fisher, this is the only place in the Koran with the part of the question is repeated again. giving this an emphasis over all the other places where such style is used, because what is being highlighted here? The other places are the importance of a topic or creation of Allah, the importance of hematoma, the fire Hellfire twice. These are magnificent creations by the way, but none of this compares to what the word the night in which the Quran was revealed. So it's given a special slew well now

01:02:49--> 01:03:02

Laila to Qatar again, how many times this latest are occurring this surah three times in Angela houfy. Let's look at glaucoma later. So then again, Laila to comedy Hi, Ron. mean and Fisher.

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Now

01:03:06--> 01:03:31

in Los Angeles, Charlotte, this is actually something really beautiful and for sure, you know, hola wrote in the fourth century, I want to share the quote with you feel a Latin qaddafi Rahmani Olia he, first of all, it is a beautiful night night in which Allah decreed mercy for his close friends. May Allah make us from them. yeji doofy halebidu una casa Ronnie fusi him the worshippers of Allah realize the worth of their own selves in this night.

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God that again the color of their own cells, meaning the appreciation of their own. So what that means is the people who take advantage of this this night, they realize what they are worth to Allah. Because if you're not worth anything to Allah, you'll sleep through it. You won't take any advantage of it. Okay, so though the ones who really appreciate Allah find what they are worth to ally in this night either under foresee him via shadowfell, Ari foon kodra mahmoodi him and those who really seek to recognize Allah, they appreciate the one that they're worshipping in this night they really find it appreciate him a lot like no other night in this night. One of the mercies that

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Lucy lokhandwala mentioned for us not knowing for sure which night it is, you know, there there are many benefits to that actually, one of them you may have heard one is laziness. Of course, take all 29 days of Ramadan off show up for later so called that that would have happened. That's one possibility, right that fitna would have been created. But another benefit actually. We learned from the Hadith of the prophets. I saw them, I'll paraphrase for you. He's traveling, he's going with me all day long. And there is a bed when sleeping in the machine. And it's time for Salah. So he tells it it'll be alone who go wake him up.

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Go wake him up. So he goes and wakes him up for Salah. Then it will be alone says this is a good deed. Why did he not do it himself? You're the messenger is the first to engage in a good deed. So why would he tell me to do it? Why not do it himself? So he asked the messengers like them, why did you not take advantage of this opportunity? Why did you send me? He said well, if I tried to wake him up

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And he brushed me aside

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and he didn't listen, then he would have been in deep sin.

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But if you do it, then that's okay. You understand? So the fact that the messenger sent earlier with the Allahu anhu was an act of mercy towards the guy who was sleeping.

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Because when the if the messenger is waking you up, man, that's no joke and you you know, I don't know I'm sleepy right now you don't even realize what you're talking to. What kind of trouble you land yourself into. Right? So Lucy Rahim Allah comments, the fact that we don't know what a little clutter is. Perhaps one of the gifts of that is the one who even after knowing it still doesn't appreciate it. What kind of trouble would they mean? What kind of hole would they be in then after you knew what the worth of this night is? You still kick it to the side? May Allah azza wa jal make us fine little quarter every single Ramadan. Okay.

01:05:53--> 01:06:03

One last Ayah inshallah tada and we will take a break for the solar slide 845. Okay. Laila from Qadri Hiraman and Fisher

01:06:04--> 01:06:13

Kala Cathedral Museum of Assyrian amlc ha ha. luminol. Amalfi elfi Sharon Lee Sophie had a lot on cod was Tara has and Farah was the judge.

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They say the officer will say that the when Allah says the latest quarter is better than 1000 nights. It means the good you can do the deeds you do in this night are worth more than the deeds you will perform in 1000 months, and 1000 which is about 83 years or so. Okay. Now the thing is, I was just for my own curiosity. Yeah.

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Okay.

01:06:40--> 01:07:23

For my own curiosity, I was I actually tried to look up the average lifespan. Just thinking, you know, law offers this at three months of bonus. The average lifespan in the United States for women at its peak is 80. And at its peak for men is 74. Okay, so a lot goes beyond our average lifespan, to offer us one night where we can take take control and actually earn good for an entire lifespan in that month. It's a very powerful thing that allows that was offered to us, you know much of the Muslim world some places, the average lifespan is 40. The average lifespan is 30 some places even starving nations 33. The lifespan is very, very short. For those places offering them twice. They're

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twice their lifespan per year of good deeds. What are mercy what you know, the sooner I began what will give you a clue what later to cut that is something we could never even have earned. And this is where we find the Hadith of the order narration that social media to the prophet SAW Selim, Amara omaheke casilla he saw that the age of the members of his own my short for hot hoffa, and blue, Manila among Muslim Muslim, a bella vita home, see Tony Lama, his armor Actually, he says, the messenger was afraid that his almost members are going to have short life short lives, they're going to not live that long. So he was afraid that the people who came before had much longer lives and so

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they got a chance to earn even much more good deeds. So he had that fear. So Allah is a gift gifts to him, little cottage, so they can catch up, the members of his oma can catch up and be actually even ahead of all of the other nations. Because imagine if one takes advantage of labor to color every single year, let's just say for 10 years, right? for 10 years, that's a good Millennium that you've got for you in your favor metalizer, which would make us appreciate what this night is. Then other say this Hi, hi Roman and Fisher is that the you can do more good. You can accomplish more good in this night than you would be able to in others, not just in terms of a bother. But in

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reconciliation, meaning the Baraka of your deeds in this night is unlike any other. So a lot of other my based on that said, If you have problems with your family, if you've been fighting with your wife, if you haven't talked to your brother in 10 years, when should you call them? When should you make it up? When should you say Oh, he's gonna yell at me and hang up on me. Now take your chances which night and,

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you know, bury the hatchet, move on reconcile family ties, the good that will come out of this night is unlike any other night. So take advantage of that because I let us use the word Hi, hi, Roman and Fisher. Then he didn't even say Calibri shall it is like 1000 ones. He said it's better. It's better. So what that tells us and this is a few statements of the Arabs I should have stayed sooner Oh, you will kill our other because he alpha. Jimmy.

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And it's said also among fussy rule that by Allah saying 1000 months he means all time the Arab does guru alpha shatin fie kathira minella Shia Allah to retain MOBA lava the Arabs used to mention 1000 months in a lot of their statements as a means of hyperbole meaning for all time. Like I say, they'll say to somebody, I'm going to be your friend for 1000 months. That doesn't mean that at the end of 1000 months, I'm no longer your friend. What that means is you know English literature, we say, I'm going to be your buddy forever and ever and ever. That sort of

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Talk hyperbolized talk their expression was 1000 months. So a lot by using that expression. Yes, we some of Allah did make the calculation of how many days it comes down to and how many kilowatt and all of that, that may be true. But in addition, it actually has this infinity kind of context in it or the power in it because of the word hate and also because it is used as an expression among the Arabs.

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Alright, so that was shallow tala, just a little bit about Shall we have five more minutes, I'm going to take those five minutes, then as Illumina equatorward, Kofi ha, believe me, it'll be him. Min Cooley. And this is the heaviest of the surah it has a lot of beautiful subtleties in it will take one bit by bit by bit. One of the things that I want to help you appreciate about this ayah before that the feel of it is the literary Marvel in it. The Quran we always say is precise speech. It's precise speech. And what I want to illustrate to you today is Quran is so precise, that it's precise down to the way a word is spelled. Down to the way a word is spelled. It's precise. And

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that's something humanly not capable for us. What do I mean by that? I'll, I hope I can get that across to you in the next five or so minutes. Okay.

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In English, have you ever heard the word demo?

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demo? What's the full version? demonstration? Right demonstration? Similarly, if I say math, math, what's the full version? mathematics, right? bio biology, that sort of thing. Now, sometimes you use the short version and sometimes use the long version. But anybody who speaks a language knows they mean one and the same thing. I'm studying math, I'm studying mathematics. Same thing. Okay. I saw the demo, I saw the demonstration. Same thing, okay.

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The Arabic sort of like this a parallel, it's not saying exactly the same thing. But there's a parallel to it. In Arabic, there's a way you can spell a word in its full form and also in its partial form. Okay. There are many ways to do that. One of those ways is what's called an emphasis off. What I'm trying to get at is in Arabic, there's a word that then has that and that's the actual word. How many times did you hear that and as

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to, you can actually, you have the leisure in Arabic to drop one of those stars because it's redundant. And you can just say what instead

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you can just say 10. So both of them mean the same thing. The only difference is one is the brief version one is the full version. Similarly, default Oracle data for taco taco taco other means other words like that. Yet at the bar, una de Barona, you take one syllable out, and you're allowed to do that the meaning doesn't change, the meaning doesn't change. But in the Koran, it's remarkable even though the meaning doesn't change, the Arabic rhetoricians, the old in old Arabic, the more you use a word or the more spelled out the word is, it alludes to more in meaning. There's something more about this spelling than the lesser spelling. What I'm trying to get at is the ISS 10 as Illumina

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aka Tesla. How many times did you hear one?

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Let me take you another IRA. This is a hammy massage de inilah Xena, kalu la buena la from Mr. Como tetanus, Jelani, human melodica. How many times did you hear this time? Two times in one place. Same thing, angels are coming down here angels are coming down there. But he says 10 as Illumina he got there, he said that Anna's Almanac a little bit more. Now rhetorically speaking the ultimate like a you know, a shout out to him Allah, Father, Son, Samuel Rai and others. They comment when you add the tag when you keep the full spelling. There's something more about this context than the other. Now, let me tell you about hamsters that were the 2000 that Ana Zoo animal melodica. This is the

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ayah talking about angels descending at the time of death.

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The angels descend at the time of death, how often do they descend them? How often does that happen? Every day, every minute, virtually angels are descending at the time of death? Is there more occurrence of that? Sure. The AI we're about to read angels come down also, but when do they come down

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later?

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Is that happening every night? How often is it happening isn't happening more or less than the other if it's happening way less? What's happening a little further by comparison is much less than what's happening in the eye in humans such that that is the place dimension more so more is used in the spelling data and as a learning human melodica This is the context of less by comparison. So the lessor spelling forum is used. Now think about that. I mean, I know this is a nuanced kind of a discussion, but think about that. The messenger I think thought was Ll didn't read the Quran to the people. he recited it to the disbelievers. This was just speech this wasn't writing. Can you be

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conscious of what you said years ago or what you're going to say years later, compared to that maybe I should use one less time here and one more time there because it will fit better. You think that's even possible for us? So Pamela, just that

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That one tie in the eye in and of itself is a miracle in and of itself shows the precision and marvel of the Quran. And this occurs all over the Quran. The difference between desert Kuru and avocado that I follow aku and tarraco these subtle differences are actually big, big things in how we appreciate the subtlety of the text. We'll just go to the translation and inshallah tada and continue after the initial prayers, I was told that he got to

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be in Europe be him mineralium angels and a row which by HMR is the abbreviation of his Salah, descend in it by the permission of their master their Lord

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as a result, or because of every single affair, I'm transiting Minh as head of Agile as many of our children have commented, we'll talk more about this I add this is the fourth and second last I have the sorta after this Allah Subhana Allah Mohammed ignition to Allah, Allah, Allah and Mr. Furukawa to be like a Solomonic