Channel: Nouman Ali Khan
Quran Tafsir/Explanation – Juz Amma
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Today we are really continuing the discussion we had last week about sort of the theme and going right into sort of the Lala and the to have a very deep relationship with each other these two sodas. Last week we talked about the two essential components within the human being the the animal side of the human being and the soul that allows you to bless the human being with a higher purpose that allows the which gave the human being in that surah Allah actually honored and aggrandized and actually highlighted the higher purpose of the human being, with the words lack of insanity, so nidoqueen but in this surah we'll see the other side. What happens when the human being really it's
almost a lot of this slices of seed of the idea where we read from model doesn't know who is philosophizing will see the flip side of that human being in this surah from the ayat in insana layout or houstonia. And the ayato go on talking about the rebellion of the human being and how he thinks he doesn't need anyone else. He's free in and of himself. So we'll see that the relationship between those two inshallah tada
there let's start just making a small list of interesting parallels between sort of Athena and Sultan Allah and then we'll move forward in the previous slide once again Nakata lockner insanity accelerator when we talked about how that's alluding to the rule, that there's the animal, the body of the human being, which is a remarkable creation, but really what gave it what gave the human being honored as the roof that Allah blew into it. And when a love blew the roof into the human beings body then he commanded the angels when a foster fee him a rotary soccer hula hoop, right? First he fashioned him for some way too, who then has to feed him or he then I blew into him of the
roof that I created, then fall into such that so the honor was really the rule that Allah had put inside the human being. In this surah Allah says, Allah Allah, Allah, Allah insha Allah May Allah so here they are holopainen in Santa Fe absolute de creme here holla call inshallah, when Allah, Allah is really a clot of blood more literally it means something a piece of wet fluid sticky fluid that sticks to something and hangs off of something like more unlocker that which is hanging off, okay. That term is actually even used in in the context of marriage where your you know, you you're married to her, you're married to your wife, but you're not really taking care of her at all. So
she's left hanging, she stuck to you but she's not really associated with you. So follow her common law that you're leaving her like she's basically clinging but not really associated with you much anymore. Anyhow, there's an interesting transition from the first person to the third person. There are lots of Halak Nelly ins and we created the human being here he says holla called insana mean Holla Holla, the third person he created the human being. So there's a difference between we created and he created and the difference is, from a rhetorical point of view, the first person is close. And the third person is far when you say we, the persons here when you say he he's not here, he's
far away. This is actually a lead distancing himself from this human being. And as we go further, we will see why First of all, the lowly dimension of the human being. His humble beginnings have been highlighted so much distancing himself, he brings himself when you live up to the standards, He created you for the high expectations he has of you, he acts Anita Queen, he brought himself closer. But now especially if you look at the tone of the surah, most of the surah is very negative except for the little bit of the beginning. Most of the soul is very, very negative and the attitude of the rebellious so law is always on take some more stern person, the third person in regards to that. In
the beginning here, Isaiah says awabakal very famous is right, recite and your Lord is the Most Gracious, The Most Noble. So here he highlights his nobility. In the previous surah he highlighted the nobility of the of the greatest prophets that will arise and what the was a to and what to receive. He you know haven't been I mean, it was alluding to the nobility of the previous the greatest prophets and here Allah himself, his he's the most noble. So it's not just carrying mamuka Karim, which occurs in other places in the Koran is what Abu can occur from the most noble, the most noble of all. Then here
he tells us
As he created the human being in the best possible fashion and when he gives us some clue as to what made us so honorable, what made us so noble, like in a hadith we find that is narrated under the definition of alkane. By marmorata Bella honey, he unites, he cites a couple of Heidi, and one of the very interesting ahadeeth under that is now Holla Holla Holla con Chroma Allah, human Allah, Allah did not create any creation more noble than the intellect, meaning what one of the things that makes the human being so noble is that Allah gifted him with this remarkable intellect. And Allah highlights the use of that intellect in this surah he says Allah will insana middle column, right?
And then he says our level insan MLM yada. So he taught the human being with the pen, he taught him what he didn't know, and being taught and you learning yourself and being involved with the pen. These are all things these are activities of the intellect. So on the previous sort of, you're created in the best possible fashion. And in this sort of what makes you the best one of the things that make you the best is your ability to learn is your ability to learn how to love then, in the previous surah, like I mentioned earlier on tomorrow, that the nanhu as philosophy Didn't we reduced him to the lowest of the possible low, we rejected him, therefore he became the lowest of the low.
But in this surah Allah azza wa jal tells us what how did he get there? How did he get to be the lowest of the low? There was just mentioned, but now we get to the How can insana layer
in our own because this is the in the psyche of the person who, who became lowest of the low, why he rebels what is still here And anyway, when what is this general attitude of the human being? We'll talk about that. So it's really an explanation of that the statement in the previous order, then towards the end of the previous lecture, we found this very strong rhetorical question by Allah family, you can the book about the within? What what kind of person would lie against you, after all of these evidences in regards to the religion? What kind of wretched person must it be, that would lie against you? And half of this surah almost is dedicated to exactly that kind of wretched person
to Abuja. So that was the general question, what kind of person could that be that will lie against the religion. And here we're gonna see our eighth lady and her. Ogden is a son of an eighth in Canada, and those are pretty much unanimously understood to be referring to Abuja. So first the question was raised, what kind of person would that be? And now this is what I will answer. That's the kind of person so we'll do a little bit of a psychological analysis of Buddha, and what led him to be the kind of the wicked enemy of Islam that he was.
Then finally, just a couple more actually, a lot. So does his la sala hobby, I mean, how can mean and that was the last discussion we had last week about the word hacking and how they mean two things, they can be rooted in two things. One, it has to do with wisdom. And the other has to do with being a judge and having the power to make pass judgments over someone. Those both of those become relevant in this era. On the one hand, a lot of passes you know how a judge when he when the guilty party the cases made, and they're found guilty then the judge orders a punishment. So in this era, as a judge a lot orders a punishment Candela in lamium de la Sam been NASA Now see, I think
Kennedy button haltia. Right. That's one on the one hand, this is the judgment of a law. And we'll talk I'll talk to you about the meanings of that being grabbed by the forehead is going to be dragged and then you're being told this is what made you guilty. Why are you being dragged by your forehead? It's your you know, this forelock this fun party or here, you know, this is the punishment decide, describe, we'll talk about why Allah azza wa jal uses that precise language when he passes that judgment. The meaning of Akram and hackie mean was wisdom, the owner of all wisdom, the wisest of all the wise, and it's only becoming that allows origin to reveal some of that wisdom. And in
that sample of that wisdom to the human being, which is the Quran the Quran is a manifestation of Allah's wisdom. So in the very beginning of this is a manifestation of Allah's wisdom, he commands the human being, beginning with the messenger himself some Allahu alayhi wa sallam if this mirror became the de holla. Recite, read, read what, by again, read Quran. Read the hikma the wisdom that Allah has sent to you, which is the book of light, self love.
Then another very interesting rhetorical parallel. In the previous slide, you saw the mention of a man anomalously hot right we saw a Latina Amma know what I mean a funny hot fellow whom I don't know. So that was there was a natural sequence between a man and a woman sorry. But there's actually a reverse sequence to you know, of course, a man comes first when you have human you do good deeds. But when you do good deeds, guess what happens? Your demand increases. So it's Yes, a man comes first actions come second, but good deeds in and of themselves also end up increasing your demand. The stronger your image, the better your deeds get. So it's the cycle, right? It's the cycle. Now,
the first part of that cycle was in the previous order and that was in the livina Amanullah amyl folly hard in the
Surah Allah azza wa jal says was God I am sorry, that was good. Sorry. Make such that which is a good deed, it's an action. It's a deed. But what, become closer, getting closer to Allah is not a deed. What is that? It's a state of Eman. What's the state of human? So really the state of human is mentioned a second and the action is mentioned first converse of the previous the opposite sequence in the previous slide he man first and deed second. The other just generally you've already probably noticed the previous slide I mentioned things in general and this sort of is giving specific examples. It's getting specific, previous sort of alluded to the messengers generally what Tini was
a tune what what do you mean by habitability? I mean, generally, specifically in this surah which messenger Muhammad Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam is very specific to him, come up with me Arabic under the Holocaust starts with that. Generally in the previous slide, the human being was created in the best possible fashion here more specific what makes him the best possible creation. Generally in the previous Sora we reduced him to the lowest of the low here what led him specifically to be the lowest of the low generally in the previous surah what kind of person would reject you? What kind of person would be a capital against you lie against you in regards to the deen and in this
surah, specifically Abuja so it's going from general to specific Minami la hos. That's what's happening in this profound surah.
Here inshallah tada in the in the first introductory comments of the surah, in and of itself, beyond the comparison between itself and the previous Sora, we have to make a couple of important comments. And one of them is that this messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came after what you could really in our own way, you could call a long, dark age, the last messenger that had come before him was retired, he said, on and between him and the coming of the declaration of Muhammad Rasulullah saw them as a messenger, which is in the Christian year count, it's 610. That's when he declared to be a messenger. That's about a 500, some year gap, almost 600 years of a gap, in which there has been no
messengers, human humanity has been in complete darkness. humanity's been in complete darkness. And now finally, there's light. Now, finally, the sun has risen again. And this is the ultimate revelation that is about to be revealed. So this the solar we're about to read, the reason I bring this up, is because of most of us, they don't they say this is the first solar and the first five out or the first revelation of all revelations to have been revealed. Even though that's not entirely unanimous. There are some of us who don't who say so Talmudic there was the first revelation. Others who say certain Fatiha was the first revelation. But there's a way to reconcile
all of those and we'll talk about that a little bit later on inshallah, but generally, most of us soon you will find agreeing that the IR that we're reading today, the first five is at least five, six out, those are the original first revelation given to Muhammad Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
In regards to that, the question arises, how did revelation begin? How did this process begin for the messenger himself? Someone mahana. Who said them? There's a very long narration in Asahi hain, it's Mata Hakuna LA, narrated by eyeshadow, the Allahu taala and her in which he was asked sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that, you know, how was it? How did revelation begin? How did it start coming to you, you have also the love. So he responded.
And she's paraphrasing, really. And she says, in Overland would Buddha be here Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam in Hawaii, or who saw the coffin gnome? For can Allah era Elijah at Miss la focus sub focus on what that means is he would start seeing true dreams early on, the messenger in subtle salon will start seeing things. And then the next day or the next week or a couple of days later, those would come true, as true as the rising of the morning. That's the expression in Arabic meaning it's exactly as he saw it, as sure as it is that the sun rose that morning, as sure as it was that his dream that he had seen a few days ago came true. And this is now the beginning. It's almost like the
messenger and his subtle Salaam is being oriented for revelation. This is before the angel and before the event in the cave and all of that this is earlier on. And then through mahabhava in Habiba. Illa Hill Hala, then solitude became beloved to him. He didn't like being among people anymore. He wasn't much conversation. He liked being by himself and being in solitude and reflecting if I can, if Lu Bihari Hara then he used to be alone by himself in the cave of cannot yet the hand Naboo fi, la lady Nevada, used to spend many, many nights nights in it. Yes. 100 is an interesting word. The hunda in Arabic means to ward sins off of yourself to wash it off of yourself. So it's an
interesting choice of word for all sorts of law. So I said I'm, it's like you want it to wash off the influences of the evil society. He wanted to not think about all of those things, remove them from himself when he was by himself thinking. Now a lot of especially writers of Ceylon have had
have kind of grappled with the issue of what was he thinking about? What is it that the messenger Alice AutoSum was reflecting upon? And there are a number of answers. And some of them have to do with the general questions, who created me? What is the purpose of my life, etc, except the larger questions of life, and essentially the questions that all human beings should seek the answers of, that's one line of reasoning that some historians and writers of CLL have presented. But others have presented a very interesting addition to that, but I'd like to share with you the messenger Elise Otto ceram, before revelation came, he was already a humanitarian. He was what you could call a
human rights activist, okay, even before revolution was given to him some alcohol.
So you know, when he, you know, you guys know the story, you've heard it many times when he salaallah, harlington, was given revelation, he was terrified when he was commanded to read, he came down, he came to the Java villafana. He said, I'm scared for my life, I fear for my life. And she said, No, you have nothing to be worried about. And then she gave a whole speech of why you have nothing to be worried about. You're so charitable, you take care of those who are oppressed, you take care of the needy, you look after the orphan, she gave all these humanitarian reasons for why why would you be in any trouble? Allah azza wa jal will take care of you. Right? So this idea of him
being concerned with the needs of humanity was, or he was very deeply concerned with the needs of humanity. But to help you understand the point that the historians make, I'll give you a parallel. In our times, you have charity organizations, right, their organizations that are trying to feed the hungry, to help the homeless, things like that. And all of these organizations at the end of the year, they have something you could call a progress report, right? Last year, we fed 100 people, but this year, we fed 500 people. Last year, we helped 1000 kids this year, we help 5000 kids, whatever it may be. So they have to show that they made progress, it's better than it was last year. But
compare that to how many people how many more people needed food, or how many more children needed help. They're helping more children. But hunger, it's there. So they're helping the hungry, but hunger itself is increasing exponentially.
So they were able to help five, five times better than themselves that they did last year. But the program problem increased 20 times 30 times. They're helping but the problem seems, seems to keep getting bigger and bigger and bigger and bigger. And a lot of times these kinds of people, they fall into serious depression because they feel like whatever we do, it's just never ending man. We try to help in one cause another comes up, we help with one conflict, another conflict arises. There's one group of people that need help, you're barely started helping them another group of people is being oppressed, and they need help. And it seems like this endless world of chaos, right? And so, and
this for a humanitarian, when they work like this, you know what happens? They lose all hope. They lose all hope they just think of the human being, like we said last week, the lowest of the low this human being is so hopeless, humanity is so hopeless, how evil and corrupt they are, right? This is on the one hand, now the messenger Elisa to sell even joined a human rights or human.
What do you call relief organization called healthful food. This is even before he was a messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the same problem. He's helping those who need help. He's helping the oppressed, he's helping the one change into slavery, etc, etc. But slavery itself is getting worse. He's helping the oppressed but oppression is getting worse. He's helping the needy, but the the number of people in need keeps going up and up and up. It's a frustrating humanitarian problem has always been there. So you know, when a person of high intellect like the messenger was someone that has to send them, they realize, if I am patching up the holes in this boat, every time I patch
up one hole, another leak is there. I patch up that one, two other leaks come up, I patch up 325 come up. How do I fix the boat altogether? I've been helping the hungry, how do I kill hunger itself? Right? I've been I've been helping the oppressed? How do I destroy oppression itself? How do I get rid of the source problem itself? So on the one hand, there is the larger purpose of your own life. But on the other is the solution for humanity? What is the solution for humanity? What is it what what are human beings missing? Why are we in this rut the way we are? And you know the answer for that is something that philosophers, political scientists, sociologists, intellectuals, have
grappled with that for many, many, many, many centuries. To this day, were grappling with how do we deal with this right? How do we deal with crime in society? Even to this day, the problem the solution that we've come up with for dealing with crime, like you know, the United States, you know, with all pride and you know, respect is one of the most advanced if not the most advanced society in the world today, infrastructure and all of these things and advanced governance and all of that right. But at the same time, some of the most heinous unthinkable kinds of crimes happen here.
Some of the most disgusting inhumane, you would never imagine of a crime like that in older times, those kinds of weird, strange, just despicable things they happen here. Why what why would human beings have all this advancement? Why are they becoming less human? Right? Why are they becoming like that? This is a problem to think and how do you solve that problem? And the solution in our modern society is a few things. Why don't we open up you know, these hotlines, right? These these help hotlines and why don't we open up correctional facilities? Right, this is the eye and maybe that'll help but we know that that's not helping. We know that's not really a solution. And the
problem has gotten worse over the years. Anyhow, it is, according to again songwriters of Sierra, it is this problem? There are two thirds right, who is my Creator? And how do I solve humanity's problems, two problems, one addressed towards the Creator, the other addressed towards humanity, Allah is able to solve both problems for the messengers of Allah harmoniums. Adam, when he gave him Quran, he saw both problems for them, he gave him a solution for humanity. And he gave him a solution for how to be connected to your masters.
And this is actually no surprise you know, in Arabic, there's an expression, I'll translate it for you the truth. A true complement is the one that comes from the enemy. Right if if your friend is complimenting us on a surprise, but if your enemy says something good about you, and there's something real, there's a real weight to that. So if for example, a Muslim says something good about the messenger on his other son, that is to be expected. We have a love bias, we we are passionately in love with our messenger. Some of them were non Muslims speak highly of the messenger, even though they don't mostly, but when they do in and of itself, that's a huge merit, because now the one who
doesn't even believe is acknowledging something. And you've heard this many times before Michael Hart and his most influential people in history, he rates the messenger on a subtle Salaam as number one, but I want to highlight one thing he said he gave a rationale for why he lists him as number one. And I want to quote this for you, just so you understand it in the context of our discussion. He says he was supremely successful in both religious and secular fields, is the only figure in human history that was supremely successful in both religious and secular fields. So in the realm of spirituality and being in worship of Allah azza wa jal, no one is found to be as successful at the
same time, in the realm of governance, social justice, equality for human beings, establishment of a just society and the social order. There's no other example that combine these two things like the messenger sallallahu sallam, it's an unprecedented example in history. For some level Hunter, he was send them anyhow. So now, we want to move forward. And I want to share with you the difference between a philosopher and an intellectual and a messenger. This is an important discussion for us to have nowadays, okay. It's an important discussion for us to have nowadays, philosophers are really smart people. intellectuals are really smart people, but messengers also really smart people.
Philosophers claim to have solutions for humanity. They claim that they have a philosophy and idea and ideology that's going to help humanity, for example, democracy or capitalism, or whatever it may be. These are philosophies presented by a philosopher, Karl Marx, or be it you know, Adam, Adam Smith, or whoever, they're philosophers, they presented a philosophy and messengers also bring a solution, though, but there are some differences, right? The first difference is philosophers say I came up with this from my own head. I thought of this, I figured this out. This is my idea. But the messenger never ever, ever says this is mine. Whatever I'm presenting to you is not mine. It is from
a larger religion. I'm not even reading it onto you look at the first words of this little if Korra read,
read, read something when you read something, it's not yours. It's somebody else's. Right. So the messenger, he brings solutions for humanity to but not solutions of his own solutions that come from a higher source. Right? That's, that's the first difference. The other thing with a philosopher is there's this arrogance, right, they have the better thing and everybody else is inferior. They're really trying to promote themselves. The messengers are the greatest examples of humility. They are humble before a large origin and we find this we're going to study this in this profound surah also inshallah Tada. So let's read as a just to fulfill that that tradition. The the intellect of the
human being is mainly aspiring Shaheed Rahim Allah give a beautiful explanation of human intellect, human thought he divided it into three parts. It's very interesting that he did that.
And inshallah it will help you understand this topic, what we're coming to. He said, The first intellect is an animal house. He said, it's knowledge of the senses, meaning, you know, fires hot or this table is hard or it's tough, or the carpet is soft, touch, seeing, smelling, five senses data that goes into you from the five senses. This is the first kind of knowledge This is what all human beings have.
Beyond that is homological, meaning inferred knowledge. In other words, you know, when you see a fire, you know, it's hot, right, you touch it, it's hot, fine. But if you see smoke far away, you don't even see the fire, all you see is smoke, can you still tell there must be a fire, you can write, you can infer, you don't have to actually see, you can make conclusions without even seeing you can compute you can calculate, without actually having to touch and smell and see. Now an animal may not have that kind of inference. But we do, we are a little more advanced or profoundly more advanced in our ability to infer These are two kinds of intellect now, right by the senses, and by
inference, you infer knowledge. But then he adds a third and this is a hangman. He says, it's the knowledge of the heart, meaning Allah gave us some knowledge before we even developed our senses. Allah put some knowledge inside of us when we were in the bellies of our mothers. And that knowledge was in the room. Right. And the resting place, according to most other mob rule in our body is the heart itself. So this rule was born into us. And it has a certain knowledge, it has a higher knowledge actually. And you know, in different societies, they don't exactly use the terms we use, but they use interesting alternative terminology. They will say something like intuition. Right?
They'll say sixth sense, right? They'll say they'll use these kinds of terms to talk about a kind of knowledge that they can't really put their finger on, but they know it's there. They know it's there, right? And that's really this higher sense of morality and higher sense of awareness that allows that we can put inside the human being now that knowledge that you know, that that So, there are two kinds of that knowledge of the heart. That's knowledge that Allah put inside of us, sometimes Allah you know, that's the kind of knowledge you get from istikhara, your heart feels like you should do it, your heart feels like you shouldn't do it, etc, etc. It could be a true dream
that's also from Allah, Zoe's animals. This is from aluminum. That's not something you computed. That's not something you touched and felt it's something beyond it's another kind of knowledge, right? A true dream is another kind of knowledge. But then from that, from that knowledge of the heart is also revelation. The Quran is also that kind of knowledge. And that came on the heart of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam. The Philosopher's don't have that. You know what they have, they have knowledge of the intellect, but they don't have knowledge of the heart. So when Allah talked about the revelation of Quran, he said, Allah, Vika nittaku takuna Minh and meaning we
center upon your heart. So you may be from those who have Eman. So this Quran is something special, it's a higher brand of knowledge. And it combines both it combines inferred knowledge and it combines spiritual knowledge, knowledge that could not be inferred, we could not have known about the angels we could not have known about the Day of Judgment, the way we know about it through the revelation. Now let's begin in sha Allah tala. With a little bit of a discussion on the wording of the surah from the beginning, this may not be kelebihan this is one of the few surah of the Quran that begins with a commandment. You know, the narration the messenger RNA Sato Salaam is by himself
in the cave of Hello, he sees this incredible light, and it's read on a histogram, he grabs him, and he feels like he's going to be crushed. And he's commanded. And he responds Ma, I know because I can't read I don't know how to read, I am not one to read at all. Then he releases him grabs him again and says, and again he responds, I'm not I'm not capable of reading. And then the third time and there are two narrations of this one of them is, he said, you know, the messenger or GPRS, and recited the first few is in another narration, the messenger says, another Accra What should I read? Which so he finally you know, he gave in he came to me said, what should I read, and then the
messenger and the messenger gibreel, Salam recited these ayat across Western Europe became the the Holla Holla con in Santa Clara bukan, a con la the Namibian column, and lemon in Santa Milan, yalom profound first revelation of God. And when this revelation was given, as I told you already, the messenger was horrified. He was terrified. And he in another narration says,
to whom aku when Allah can be It was as though it was written on my heart. I felt as though the revelation that was given was written on my heart. So anyway, he rushes back, he asks that a blank can be put over him, he fears for his life and all of this, you know, this generation goes forward. But now let's look at the language is one good to let us to say to his messenger, what were the first words chosen to be this Quran that we have in our possession? How was it introduced to human beings? This is the introduction of Ferrante human beings. Number one read the first commandment in the Quran, the first message given to humanity read, read, but reading alone You know, reading has
always been part of every intellectual civilization, right? But who is this messenger and Nebbiolo me He doesn't even read. This command was not given to a society full of libraries and universities, a society that has a history of books and offers nothing
Even the their literature is poetry. And even their poetry is barely written. It's just memorized. There's not even you go to library and find Arabic poetry is written in the sonic era wasn't even written much before then how to love. And in this society, Allah azza wa jal gives the commandment of reading, not only is the messenger himself or me, the vast majority of people in that society were not read, they were not read. And this is part of the miracle of the Quran. In response to that command, the Muslims became the most educated civilization in history, the mass education, the way it's spread in the Muslim Ummah, is unlike any other. We develop the modern university system as it
exists, the Ph D system in the Western world, if you trace its history, it came from the justice system in Islam. So higher academics and reading and research as we know it today is actually rooted in Islamic civilizations, how Allah, these people that didn't even read themselves became the world leaders in reading. And this book that Allah gave, not even in the form of a book, you know, Quran was not revealed as a book, it was revealed in the form of just words, oral tradition, this orally related book, became the mother of more books than any other in history. This one Quran is one book, but it gave birth to entire libraries, across continents. So many, every book of every book of
Africa, every book of history, every in Islamic history, every book of the seed, how many 1000s upon 1000s, upon 1000s, of people, generation, after generation, after generation, have written and read and written and read all coming from what source book from Korans. hannula is just one little word and how it changed the world, how it changed the entire world around it's it's a, you know, this this magnificent concept. Here's another reason why this is so revolutionary. You know, the Christian tradition.
very soon after the corruption of the Christian tradition, one of the ways in which society was kept in check was average people, we're not allowed to read the Bible. You're not allowed to read the Bible. Only the Pope, only those who have authority, they can read the Bible, they can interpret the Bible for you can't read it. You can't read it. And you know, the Protestant movement in Christianity, that was a result of this, this policy, we can read it for ourselves. The Catholic doesn't read the Bible for himself. They don't have Bible study participants Do they have that? Right? So at the time of this revolution, the idea of the average person reading revelation
themselves is unheard of. You want to connect directly to God, yourself, you want to read it yourself. That's unheard of. And why is it that they can disconnected people from the religious texts? Why is that? You see, it's like they made religious knowledge, classified information, right? That's the idea. They took religious knowledge, and they made it classified information. What's the benefit of doing that? Now you interpret it the way you want? Since nobody else has that knowledge, they can question you. They can't say, Where did you get this from? What's your evidence? I read it, too. It's not there. They can't do that. So now all the religious authority is in your hand, anybody
who questions you. It's like they're questioning God Himself. You're questioning the Bible, you're questioning the religious text, but nobody can actually go the religious texts themselves. Because it's been classified. We became, from the very beginning, a culture is a civilization of just reading, openly readings, Panama, we took that middle men away, every single you know, in modern times, they say religion is a means to oppress people, right? religious societies, oppressed people in the name of religion. Why did that happen? Because there was always this idea of a clergy. There's a class of people in the Hindu tradition, they have the abundance, and the Christian
tradition, they had the Pope and the and the, you know, the, the, the Vatican had its own hierarchy. In every major religious tradition, even the foreigner around, they believe the belief was, they are descendants of the gods, they have the law, the permission to interpret the religion, nobody else can go to their religion. But the idea of there's god, there's the people, and then there's the official authority in between. Right? And this was a means of controlling the people, this clergy, if you will, right, Islam came, and the only people in between you on the law are the humble messengers that are asking you to read for yourselves, Pamela, it changed that entire structure of
corrupt religion, it changed our entire models on Allah. Anyhow. So if this meiotic is not just reading, it's reading. Now, this Bismillah book has been interpreted in a number of ways. Let's go through it one by one read. One way it's been understood is for will be the bat is that and what that means is read the name of your Lord or your master, read the name of your master. So, you know, recite Bismillahirrahmanirrahim and recite the name of your master. That's one interpretation, that's probably the weakest one, because the boss should not be considered.
Another interpretation is if you have an economic In other words, read what has been revealed to you from your master. So once this
command was given from then, from then until the passing of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he was continuously his entire life answering this one command, LS had read in the beginning of his career, and for those next 23 years, what's he doing? He's reading, he's just responding to that first command that allows I wouldn't have given him of reciting the Quran and the revelation that had come to him. The word back can also be used for support and help and assistance. So it's read with the help of your Lord read with the support of your Lord, read in the name of your Lord, read in the name of your master, this is another meaning of the Spear of dig under the column. The
other thing would be a crop. This means when you recite you let the people know who it's from. So you know, in the when we recite the Quran, and you recite it in the last name, you say Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim, when you say Bismillah, and then you recite Quran, every time the messenger would do that, he would let the people know this is not my word, I am reading it in the name of the one who gave it to me, this isn't my own. So this was a way of saying, when you're rejecting this word, don't think you are rejecting me. The they're not they're not rejecting me, you're rejecting the Ayat of Allah, so that the message would become very clear to people every time he would recite. He
would recite in the name of Allah, not in his own name. These aren't my words, these are the words of a larger within himself. So this may not be condemned.
Additionally, as a miracle my whole life, I'm gonna quote him directly, a Shem PTR from Allah also also quotes a minister of seed of what we buy. And he says, to actively have an HR IRA, Simon, and Nick, well, I'm in the gibreel LLC, you can do that every time you say Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim Are you recite in the name of your master it is to, to highlight the fact and to make the fact very, very clear that what you are saying isn't from you, nor is it on behalf of jabril, who gives it to you to read, it's actually from Allah Himself. It's from a lamp. So both of you, both of you are a vehicle by which the word of Allah is being delivered. Even jabril Ali salam, it's not his word.
It's just being delivered through him. Subhana Allah, then Allah, so this is part of the miracle to you know, because the the miracle was supposed to be and this is very subtle and important to understand a lot as our agenda revealed to us or on. But the Koran if you want to put it simply has a three step journey, we have to remember the Quran has a three step journey, the first stage of the Quran is in love and mfu. It's written as a book.
The second stage is it came to the messenger in the form of words. So now it's no longer a book. Now it's just speech. So it came from writing into speech. And then the third part, Allah already knew subhana wa Taala, that it will, again take the form of what a book, right, so it's three parts, it started as a book that in the middle, when it was being delivered, it was speech, and then it was again formulated as a book, right. And now we have it as a book. Now we have the book. But when the when it was being revealed, it was revealed in the form of what not as a book, but as speech, this is important to note, why? Because there's a fundamental difference between speech and a written
document. A book and a speech are two very different things. The way I speak is not the way I write, they're not the same. They're very, very different. Actually, I've been speaking to you for a good half hour already. Or even more, I've been making a lot of grammatical mistakes as I speak. And that's okay, because in speech, you do that a lot. But if I was writing an article, I would probably go back and change my sentences and fix it up and get rid of the repetitions and all of that I would go through an editorial process. In speech, there is no editorial process. In writing, there's an editorial process, you go and you fix yourself, you correct what you said, That's incorrect. You go
come up with a first draft, the second draft a third draft, every time you see a published book, you'll probably see first edition, Second Edition, third edition. And if it's the only edition, you'll have acknowledgments, I'd like to thank all the people who helped me edit this book. Right? Because it's a book, by definition goes through this editorial process. But speech doesn't. Now which which also means practically, speech is more prone to mistakes. Because in speech, you have one chance that's it. Once you said it, you said it, it's out, it's out. You can later say I made a mistake, but you can take your words back they already left. At least with writing your wrote it
didn't come out good. You can cross it out. Nowadays you can delete it, whatever, right? So the messenger is given this Quran in the form of speech, in the form of speech. But Allah from the very beginning even let him know this isn't actually speech. This is actually a book because what's the first word? Read? You don't read speech? What do you read?
A book. Right? So even the messenger already knows from the beginning Salallahu alaihe salam, and he's supposed to let the people know. Yes, I'm giving it to you as speech but in its origin. What is it? It's a book. It's something and so how can a speech be like a book? Right Speech will have mistakes.
Let's see this is what baffled the Arabs. How is he speaking so perfectly as though it's coming written from a book and even those who disbelieve came up with different theories and one of the theories was his getting it written down by somebody was one of the theories because it's too perfect to be speech. This was part of the miracle, and how could he have access to a book? If it is a book? How could he have access to the book look at the Quran raising this question, Mr. Kuhn, Tata Newman company him in kitahara Tohoku via Munich. You will not reading any books before this. You didn't even know how to read Mr. Caputo via Munich you didn't write him with your own hand. Why not?
You don't know how to write. So Allah Allah, Allah, how could that be? Then he says who under the basophil mina rasuna min home.
He sent among the unlettered the people who don't read he sent among them only comes from home you know, mother, so you are as illiterate or as unable to write as you were when you came out of your mother, that's the idea behind the word on me. Right you're just as you know, unaware of writing, or or reading as you are, when you came out of your mouth. So Among these, you know, unlettered people, he sent a messenger from among them meaning he was only also which is why for answers and V. Me and the Mk two were in the home, the unlettered prophet who is who they find written about among themselves. So whenever you want Allah Adam and Nicole bismi Arabic, a annamma Takara Who am a
public This is the for everything he says this he says what you are reading every time you say this Malbec, you should be aware that this is actually from your Master, what to do, who is the NASS Bismillah, that you deliver it to the people in the name of your Lord, meaning you never you never think you're doing this because you should or you want to. It's always for the sake of Allah, that you are delivering this word will enter mobile decoder and arbic Allah had the holy and you are the means of delivering it as far as your Lord is concerned, as his word itself says itself says while not young people and in However, he doesn't speak on his own empty desire on behalf of his own
desire in who you knew, huh? It is nothing but revelation that has been inspired to him.
Now, in this
one more interesting, interesting issue Allah azza wa jal says ikura mishmi Arabic and Lady holla so this is not just reading the name of your Lord or your master, but there's something more the one who created a Rob Robic, LLC halaqa, your master who created what's the relationship between the master and creating as we read once upon Rob Bender, the Hala ma is locked in was was Alec and the NRC fat unhealthy here Acropolis suffered in a manner rubia. This Romani among lucila, mahalo wrote this. And he says Allah attributed his rubia his mastery His Lordship, with his act of creating because of his acts, this is the one that establishes his lordship more than any anything else, I
made it, I have full rights over it. I made this, when you carve out an old time you carve out a knife, it's mine, I made this I have full rights. If I break it, it's my problem. If I fix it, it's my problem. You wrote an essay, it's your it's your creation, you edit it, you erase it, you add to it, you take away from it, that's yours, it's entirely yours, you have full rights over what you made. You know, nowadays in modern times, you say copyright manufacturers rights, right? So the fact that Allah says, read in the name of your master who created the word created, illustrating that he has full rights over you, and you should comply and read because he he, no one has more rights over
you than he because he's the one who created you. So there's a there's this reciprocal relationship between rubia and a hug. Similarly, this occurs in different places in the Quran, like Allah says, whether in the human Holocaust and it will, they are kulula. And you know, in a more interesting place in his approach, he says Valley como la hora, bukom, La Ilaha, Illa, Hua Holly, Coco, Alicia, that is Allah, you're the creator of everything. Rob, the creator of hub creator, who is the Lord of everything. alaris Elijah, who created everything. alaric Xhosa. So this idea of Allah being the master and the creator are combined in this ayah. The idea behind it is very, it's very powerful
when the messenger is to deliver the message. People will call him insane.
And the bullies will think he's powerless, he has no power. What are you going to tell me? You're going to tell me I shouldn't leave my religion. Who are you? Who do you think you are? You're an orphan. Right? The idea that you know, when you have power in society, you can take a podium and speak the messenger sallallahu wasallam has virtually no political power at all. He's just an honest businessman. That's all. That's it. There's nothing more associated with him as he comes from a powerful family. But his own uncles are the biggest bullies against him. Right? There's some of the worst enemies are his own family. So if your own family is against you, how are you going to get
support anywhere else? Now in this sort of a situation Allah gave him this powerful word.
When you speak to people speak in my name not your own, the power the power in your words will not come from your mouth it will come from Allah azza wa jal and when you clash against the ideas of the people know that Allah is the one who created them to Allah, the HELOC McLachlan it didn't even add an object, the one who created the question is What did He create? There's no mention. He just said he created. what that implies is he created everything. There is no limit to what he created. That's when there's no limit to something you don't even mention it. We do this in the fata, we say he kind of stepped in. We seek your help. When you ask somebody help you suppose to specify where you need
help in. If I asked you for help, I said Please help me. You'd be looking at me like, What do you want? What do you need help him You have to specify but if you need help in everything, there's no end to the list. All you can say is he has time we only seek your help meaning in everything. So he says he created he didn't specify what why he created everything. The next ayah goes on to specified Haleakala insan he created everything and especially he created the human being Minami dollhouse, it's going from general to specific, he created the human being min Allah. The Arabic word Allah is from a word verba Anika and also pronounced aloka. It means to cling and to hang off, to cling and
to hang off. by implication, people have interpreted it to mean a clot of blood. But really, for example, on the cost side, you filled your IRA, the Arab expression, that the the animal that you were trying to hunt, it got clung on, it got caught inside the net, that's where a nickel is used, right? And it's used in the sense that the Hydra cause the sperm of the male when it goes inside the through the uterus, and all of that, and finally, the impregnates the mother, it's actually hanging off more unlocker Allah. And this is something that's discussed in modern embryology, and at the time couldn't possibly have been known. Not at all, that it's not just a clot of blood as most
translations say. Allah literally means that which hangs off. When if you look at, you know, sonograms and things like that and modern embryology, the earliest stage of the formation of the baby, the confirmation that actually impregnation has happened is the hanging, you know, mohalla it's just it's hanging off, literally Allah subhanaw taala. So there's been a tremendous amount of work done on this particular word alone. There are other places in court under talking about embryology. But this particular word is of key interest, because it alludes to a large divergence, profound knowledge in the most secret of things, we don't even know what's inside of ourselves the
way Allah does. And it's an indication of a loss Ayah he says senri him is enough. In fact, he was he unfussy him, we will show them our miraculous signs in the horizons and even inside themselves. This is a miraculous sign inside of ourselves, hepatitis A and Allahumma nohoch until it becomes absolutely clear to them that that in fact is the truth.
I want to highlight for you though, whenever I mentioned the creation of the human being, the purpose is to highlight certain things. So I'm going to share with you three things that is the purpose of highlighting, the human being was created from locked files on file thean different words are used in different places in Quran, okay, nothing in depth, and he excetera, etc. When this comes up in the Quran, and it comes up a lot. What is the intended lesson behind it? There are at least three lessons. The first lesson is resurrection, the one who created you from a, you know, a piece of fluid can recreate you How difficult is that for him? If you can do that, if you can create you
from a fluid, then he can create you out of the earth once again, it's not a big deal for him. So it's a reminder of a lost power of resurrection. That's number one. The number two thing is this fluid seems like it's purposeless, and then it evolves into something that seems to have intuited design and it's balanced and ascended the queen. So in one surah, was the accident the main The other main Allah, right? And Alex seems to be this, this piece of wood quindi piece of flesh. But then this advanced human being with so many amazing features, and an intellect How can these two things be paralleled? The idea is you went from something that doesn't have much purpose, or in much
function to something that has much higher function. And you know, when things have more advanced function, the idea is, they should do higher tasks, right? Something that has low capability can only do less things, something that has high capability, it should be able to do higher things, right. So the title of what created you with such amazing intricacy means you will create it for a higher purpose. You will create it so wonderfully, it must mean that you're able to do higher things. So it's alludes to the higher purpose of the human being. Then finally, this
is actually a means by which Allah humbles the human being. Allah azza wa jal humbles the human being he created you from a fluid, which you yourself considered dirty. Right. So who do you think you are? Oh, you did this credential or that credential are your businesses.
This well or you have this asset or that asset, or people think of you as this, that or the other, or you have this political power or that name or that theme. Who do you think you are? Your origin is this Phil? The origin is something you yourself find disgusting. So know your place, Allah azzawajal humbles the human being by mentioning his origin. And it's interesting that allows origin mentions this, and then says, Our bouquet Ekrem, recite again read again. We'll talk about why he says that again, but a proverb, buka and Accra, and your master is the most noble. First he tells us how we actually don't own any nobility ourselves. We come from Dhaka. We don't Oh, we don't deserve
any nobility and the Quran in Arabic is something that should be respected for what it is in and of itself. Original. We don't have anything in and of itself in and of ourselves originally, that Allah that should be respected. It is Allah who honors us. Welcome Karen, Ebony. Adam. We don't have honor in and of ourselves. You don't have karma, that is Allah, Allah Quran the most noble. So first, he mentions our humility. And then he mentioned his nobility, he compares the two soprano Matata, then why does he say a second time you see the mess? You know, when a student is scared. And the teacher says do it, then it comes again. Just do it. Again. It's like encouragement. The messenger AutoSum
is literally being patted on the back. He's being you know, encouraged, read again, read, it's okay, read and read and your master is most noble, meaning your master doesn't mean to put hardship on you. This is a Corolla this is a this is an act of nobility from your master that he's making you read. This is a gift from Allah take it as a gift from Allah xojo then, and so he's enabling you, allows the will is enabling you. And the fact that this acronym is used, inshallah Allah probably won't get to finish the surah. Today when we do we'll talk about this is later on in the surah. You're gonna find the messenger in a situation some Allahu alayhi salam, where he was humiliated. He
was humiliated by Abu jihad. And at that time, it's important for him to remember why is he reading? He's reading because the most noble Lord, the Most Noble master made him read. He gave him nobility, no matter how much they insult him, they will never be able to take away the nobility of the messenger sallallahu sallam, he will go through difficult times. But these words will give him strength. If Cora bukan Akram and levy Alabama bill column, the one who taught by means of the pen, when this has been interpreted in a number of ways. Firstly, the Hadith, in which the messenger says some Lahore Allium Salaam, I wanna I wanna Holla Holla Holla Holla sakala hooked up.
The first thing that Allah created was the pen that he said to it, right? Meaning everything that has been that has been created is a manifestation of a buzz word that has been written, that's one implication of the word column. The other is in the in the sense of dunya all knowledge that we have today is a result of something somebody wrote before us, and how did they get their knowledge, they read something that somebody wrote before them and then somebody who wrote it before then oral knowledge dies out, but written knowledge passes, it passes on and passes on, passes on. So Allah, Allah taught by means of the end. Now look, two times if a crime the beginning occur now, then
Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah in Santa millennium, two times read two times he taught. So the whole theme in the beginning is learning and teaching and learning and teaching. That's the ultimate theme. And then on top of that reading compared with the pen, so there's two activities in education, right reading and writing, both of them are covered. And then color, both both dimensions of learning are covered. And so one is when you benefit from the knowledge yourself. That is, when you read it for yourself. The other is when you want to benefit others than you right? Because what you write doesn't just benefit you it benefits. Others, right. And this pen is so ennobled Allah
azza wa jal made it a means by which knowledge is delivered. And it's so powerful that Allah even swore by noon, when kannamma Stone noon and I swear by the pen and what they write the pen and what they write, then this column is also the means by which Allah actually preserved His revelation. So kerama and Kathy been Yala, Muna mahalo on our sides, there are angels that are writing Kira membawa the angels that are in the company of the revelation, they are writing Kitab al abrar cuttable for jar There are also written Kitab Omar comb the shadow macabre bone right so this idea of the pen being you know, incredibly powerful as a means of preserving as a means of delivering knowledge is
something that is in the in the animal cave. It's in the unseen and also in this world.
Just about knowledge itself just you know a couple of ahaadeeth before we go on
one Hadith beautiful man Salah catholicon Thomas will be here in one, sir Hello, sir. Hello. Hola. Hola. Hola. lagenda Allah, He says, Whoever takes up a path in which he's trying to acquire knowledge, Allah will facilitate for him a road to
Jana, so he's taking a road to knowledge and allies making for him easy the road to gender male lawmakers from those people. Secondly, of course, this heavy comes over and over again but now you understand the spirit of it hydrocal mental level for an avant Lama who the best of you are the ones who learn Koran and teach it, learn Quran and teach it. Learning the Quran is a Sunnah of the Prophet. He is the first one who learned Quran so when you're learning Koran you are doing with the messenger himself did some of Bahasa teaching the Quran is not only a Sunnah of the Prophet, it is the Sunnah of Allah Himself. Allah, Allah, He taught the Quran, right? So imagine the power of
learning and then also teaching the Quran and when you appreciate the beauty of these words, how you documented among Coronavirus Lemma, what more noble test can there be that you're mimicking the activity not just of the messenger, but an act of an act of mercy given by Allah Himself unlike man or Andaman Quran, he is the one who taught the exceedingly merciful is the one who talked about on now, so the by saying some have actually deduced this and this is
probably less common on this ayah some of deduced by the use of the word column in this ayah that Allah azza wa jal already alluded to the fact that he has he taught the human being the Koran but the Quran will also be committed to the pen, it will also be documented, it won't just remain in speech, it will come back in the form of written in written form also sanoma.
So Allah will insana mallam yalom. In this is the similar iron another sort of lessons Rhonda makan malam Shakuntala, Allah Well, in Santa malami, Allah means he taught the human being what he couldn't have known what he did not know, remember the three kinds of knowledge I told you about? Right? There's knowledge of your senses, there's inferred knowledge and there is knowledge of the heart, the unseen realm. So Allah gave knowledge which you couldn't have had on your own knowledge of the senses, you can get on your own knowledge of inferred knowledge, some logic, you can develop yourself. But this knowledge that was revealed on the heart of Rasulullah sallallahu, you could
never have known that knowledge, you could never have had access to that knowledge. So he says, He taught the human being what he couldn't possibly have known. And it's referring to Revelation number one, and specifically who was the first student of this revelation? Yes, all of us today are all Muslims are students of Revelation, but who is the first student of this Quran, it's Muhammad Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam himself. First he is the student, then he's the teacher. So in another area where says you're the first student, so he says, Allah, Mecca, mylanta, kuntala, he taught you what you yourself couldn't have known. So he puts the messenger himself in the position
of being a law students of Hannah law. And this again, the idea of in column, F, Cora, these are the last things associated with a man who doesn't read and write. This is part of the miracle of the passage, that Allah enlightened these people, and they became so enlightened, this ummah became so enlightened, that Europe lost, you know, over two centuries, Europe lost its intellectual civilization, they went into what is historically called the Dark Ages. And in their dark ages, you know what they had to do, they had to travel to the Muslim world. And they had to try, you know, all their books of philosophy and writers, their writers or writers of the Christian world of Europe,
their books had been burned in Europe, by the Christians. But the Muslims had translated them and they were actually in the Muslim world. So Europeans to learn their own history had to go to the Muslim world, and read about their own words in Arabic and translate them back.
We became the people of the pen, we became where you come, we became the intellectual capital of the world. But on the one hand, that's so amazing on the other, it's also pretty sad. Because today, you combine all the universities in the Muslim world, and there are less universities there than in the state of California.
Okay, we have less universities in the Muslim world, then there's not even a fraction. You know, a small country like France has more universities and all of our universities combined. And even what we have doesn't even compare in any way. Like the quality of education, the infrastructure is no comparison. Where we were where Allah put us where we are now hon Allah and so it's that you know, it's easy to gloat, look in the past and say, we were awesome, man, we were so cool. And just live it up. Right? And it's it's kind of it's easy to forget the hideous president in which we are, we have to do something about this. This is the the legacy of our oma, if we don't do something about
this, I can guarantee you our children won't. And if they don't forget it for the next two generations from now, we have to think generations ahead. We can't just think you know, in this society that teach you how to think about yourself, make your five year financial plan 10 year plan, what are your career goals? Muslims don't think like this Muslims think generations ahead. That's how we're supposed to think we in the Muslim civilization, you'll have an old man he's like 85 years old, he's about to die. He's about to die. He's still planting a seed in the ground for a tree. Right and you know, you're never gonna see that tree. Are you planting someday somebody will benefit
you thinking of the future.
Compare that to the society in which we live. It's it's a problem of the co founder of the non Muslims. And it's also our own problem. These people live it up and just take on credit card debt do this, that the other some of the most, you know, the richest people in this society that you know, the Donald Trump's of this society, take this on a mortgage checked out on no mortgage, check out no mortgage, make the minimum payments, become a trillionaire, billionaire, whatever, right. But make the minimum payments. He owes so much money. You know, he's one of the richest people in the country. But if he paid off all of his debts right now, he'd been minus millions, millions upon
millions. But what's the philosophy? The philosophy is pay the minimum, live it up? How long am I going to live, I'm going to live another 40 years, 50 years, whatever, then I'll die, then whatever I own is not my problem. It's somebody else's problem. That's the idea. The idea is instead of leaving the future generation with something better, the idea is leave them with your problems. That's the idea. The entire healthcare debate in this country, the entire national deficit debate in this country, somebody before figured somebody will later we'll deal with it. We don't have to deal with it. Right? That's the philosophy. That's the mentality. Compare that to the mind of the Muslim,
Allah azza wa jal gave us how to think forward and the first way forward is education. I learned in Santa bill column in Santa malam, Jada what he could not have known, he taught the human being what he could not have known. So these first five IOD are considered the first revelation given to the messenger sallallahu sallam. The other narrations of the first revelations are SoTL medacta, so to modesitt SoTL Fatiha, but they it can be reconciled. So it will mean that there is the first revelation after the Fatah meaning, you know, when this revelation came, there was a long period in which there was no revelation, and then certain with the fit came. So it's the first revelation
after the gap. That's how that's the first revelation. Fatiha is the first revelation correctly because it's the first complete surah.
So the MacGuffin, which is the first few out here also the revelation wasn't the whole story, it was the first few but finally when it was revealed, it was all seven IR all together as one silver. So the first completes that are revealed. Yes, it is the Fatiha. So that's how you reconcile all these different narrations of what the the first revelation was. As we go further, how much time What time is a shot, by the way nowadays.
Thank you, so we got a little bit time travel. Okay, so can Indian in Santa leotard. Now we're moving to the second passage, this surah has three passages, the first passage is over. Now we're moving to the second passage of three. And in this passage, it's something tied to the previous surah. In the previous role, I said the human being is the lowest of the low, and I gave you the observation a person can make about the human being, that they are morally just completely bankrupt. People are just corrupt. That's why they do the kinds of horrible things they do. On the inside, they have no goodness in them. We talked about the evaluation of human psyche by Freud, right? And
now what kinds of philosophy what kind of philosophy presented for the human being? But now we're gonna see on the practical side an observation by a law himself. No, not at all Canada, Canada means how can for sure, that's one meaning of conduct for sure. Another meaning of Canada. Is, is Allah you had better known that this is a you had better No, you had better realize another meaning of color. Row on demand. Kappa Robinette Mattila hated beethovenian he were ill me of coal Kalamata, he means it's a means of yelling at someone, because they were ungrateful to the favor of a lot. What is the favor of align the previous revelation and knowledge? So the one who refuse this knowledge,
Allah is yelling at him by saying, and then he's making a general observation subhanho wa Taala in an insane alpha. No doubt the human being for sure continues to rebel. The word to Leann in Arabic is an interesting word. It doesn't just mean to rebel, it means that you you know what your limits are, and you make it a point to cross those limits. It's also used for water to Leanna law, you know, when there's a crazy flood, you know, is one thing the water spilled over, but the water just completely came out of the pot. That's to heal Alma in Alma Palma, Hammond, Nahum, Phil jharia. So that's very strong language about excessive, you know, unheard of kinds of rebellion, insane amount
of rebellion. And that's the word Allah uses for the human being. On the one hand, a lot taught him when he couldn't have known on the one hand, I want to talk to you coming up with the pen. Allah is most gracious, He created him in the best possible fashion. But the reality of the human being, despite all of those honors that Allah gave him, he rebels, he rebels, he has no sense of authority over him. You know, this word is contrast with the word Rob. Rob is already an authority over you. But authority authority, someone who doesn't accept any authority anarchy. He doesn't want any authority over him in Santa Lapa. This is the attitude
of the human being in regards to Revelation. Now, this ayah is actually a really good insight about a few things I want to share with you. Number one, it's an insight into why people actually don't accept Islam. Why don't they not accept Islam? On the surface? They will tell you, I don't know if the Quran was actually compiled or not properly? Or they'll tell you what about this hadith or that IR this and that, they'll give you kind of what seems like intellectual reasons. That's why they're not accepting Islam. And even Muslim, sometimes they're not following Islam when you tell them why they'll give you all kinds of intellectual reasons, right? But the reality is, Allah has read them
on the inside. The reality is, they really love to rebel. They don't want to stain any limits. They don't want anybody putting any limits on them, not even a lot. They want to live free. And so less has been in Santa lyoha. And you know, the, the ultimate result of ignorance is rebellion. Ignorance leads to rebellion. The previous if we're about hiding ignorance read, read, among just last study when talking about non Muslims among Muslims, who are the most rebellious Muslims? Who are the most rebellious Muslims, the ones who don't read the ones who don't study the religion, the ones who don't know and don't care to know. They don't know. And they don't care to know they're gonna
obviously they're gonna rebel. Right? And the, that's the internal problem of rebellion, that's not going to be fixed by any discussion, they have to change that inside of them. Right? So in the in Santa laochra, then Allah tells us what made him that way? What made a human being such a rebel. That was the first insight right that the human being the real reason for rejection is this arrogant rebellion. But where does this rebellion rebellion come from? Our Husqvarna, which is really originally the era husana. This idea, you know, to understand that the raw meaning is that he assumes that he's free of need. The human being sees himself as free of need. That's the raw
meaning. So he rebels because he thinks he doesn't need anyone he sees himself and not need of anyone and no need of anyone. What does that mean? In simple terms, allows for Alabama half would you rojava taqwa Allah gave the human being inspired him with the recognition of what is evil and what is good. How, what's wrong and what's right. When a when a person does something bad, they deep down inside know it's bad. They already know it's bad, right? But why does someone do something bad and not let's not even talk about religious bad, legal, bad, legal, good and bad. Right? Why do you stop at the red light? Because you think you're gonna get a ticket? If you cross it, there's gonna
be consequences. Why do you? Why would you pay your taxes because you think the IRS will come after you if you don't pay your taxes. The idea is, you're not free of need. People have some control over you. You're not completely independent. If you were totally independent, you wouldn't care about anybody but yourself.
And you wouldn't follow any rules. That's the assumption for the for the Lord for good human beings will still be good. But most people will go under will have complete chaos if there's no control over them, if they think they're free of need. The fact that you you know, don't spend on certain useless things is because you don't have enough money. But if you had an endless supply of money, would you start spending on useless things? I could use that to this. So use this too, because you wouldn't care anymore. you'd become carefree. So less as the real cause the root cause of rebellion, the attitude of rebelling contempt consistently. someone sees themselves that they don't need
anyone. They're free of need. They're not dependent on Allah, our raw husana does he see himself free of need? He assumes about himself that he doesn't need anyone else. This came up previously in the same soul and in the same just as a mama Davina was Donna McCann who SNA for some Yes sir. Hola. nostra same thing. He was cheap. And then he was telling me he felt like he's free of need. The
very beautiful comment made here by a shout out to him online. It's very interesting. He says in this world, there are two kinds of laws, physical and moral laws, physical laws and moral laws, physical laws of gravity, gravity is gonna pull you down. That's a physical law, fire is gonna burn that's a physical law, physical laws. You don't try to rebel against them because they're always operational.
But moral laws are inside your heart. And when you rebel against them, like if you lie, there's no lightning that strikes on your tongue. And when you steal your hand doesn't fall off. Right and when you apply when you when you strike, you know you don't become impaired, the punishment doesn't come right away. So physical laws people respect, but moral laws people take advantage of. This is what people take advantage of. And it's breaking these moral laws and you don't see any punishment coming you figure. I'm free. There are no consequences for doing what I'm doing. When you break or you try to break physical laws, you pay the price right away. right you're the highway says there's a sharp
turn coming slow down
You don't want to slow down you will pay the price, because you tried to break a physical law. But when it comes to moral law, you figure I've got all the rain in the world, there's not going to be any consequences. Well, the one who created the physical laws also created the moral laws. And the one who's giving you punishment for breaking the physical laws right away is also the one who can delay giving you punishment for breaking the moral laws. It's the same source. All the restrictions on the human being be the physical or moral come from a larger whichever. They come from a loss of time.
Just an example of that Allah says in the Latina, Luna, Amalia Tama, Coleman, in my name, Nora, those who eat the wealth of the orphan wrongfully, they're, they're filling their stomachs with fire. They're eating and they're filling their stomachs with fire. Well, when you eat the wealth of an orphan, try it, it's not gonna burn.
Not gonna burn not yet. Right? That you're breaking that moral law, but you'll pay for it later on, not now. So because of that later on the human being figures, it's all good. I'm free to go. And so what's the remedy of that? What's the remedy of a criminal society? Who becomes morally criminal in this society? We have most of us we abide by the law, the speed limit tacks, whatever, basic laws, right?
But moral laws, when will people actually become moral? When will heinous kinds of crimes stop? How do you keep a society from becoming excessively shameless? And lewd, and vulgar? How do you stop those kinds of laws? Or those kinds of violations? How do you stop them? The solution is in the next ayah in in Arabi car Raja, no doubt, it is only to your master that the ultimate return will take place until you believe there's an error until you believe you will pay for everything you did. Even the one things you think you got away with, until you're convinced of that you will not change morally, you will not change morally. You know, there are two kinds of people, there are people, the
average people, they need to have laws, they need rules to follow. Otherwise, they will go crazy. Then there are higher like, you know, more people with higher sensibilities, people that are at a higher level of morality. Those are the kinds of people they're not, they don't do good because they're they want to go to gender or they are afraid of hellfire. They do good because they want to please Allah, that's a higher goal. But most people aren't at that level. Don't think, don't assume about yourself, but you're at this high level, assume about yourself, you need to get away from hellfire. This is you know, understand that about yourself that we are at a certain level where we
need to think of the consequences First, if you mature yourself in your good deeds, then eventually Yes, you will do things for the pleasure of Allah. But in the beginning, it's really not because you're seeking you know, the pleasure of Allah, you don't care about anything else. It's because if you do bad, there will be consequences. So in our humbucker, which I'll cover covers all of that. The one who's doesn't want to disappoint Allah as always, and you'll be returned to Allah. He doesn't want to stand before Allah having done humiliating things. A simple example before we go on, if you do something terrible, and your mother finds out,
but you would you did something humiliating, and it was caught on tape and your mother is watching the video. how embarrassed would you be right? You would you would stop doing whatever it was because it was so humiliating, even though you're really tempted to do it because it was so embarrassing that a loved one side, when someone develops a love for a large origin. Then they realize what this humiliating thing I'm doing. I was watching right and they developed a sense of shame. How can I do this when allies watching? Same way you wouldn't do certain things when your parents are watching. You wouldn't do something so certain things when your husband's watching or
when your your your brother's watching your sisters watching. When people are watching you wouldn't do certain things. you'd become conscious. You develop that kind of kind of consciousness about a lot. But before that, a consciousness of the hereafter yes to your master is the return, which also implies punishment and reward panela. Now we come to the IR about Abu Johanna specifically, and in these amazing, amazing IR. I'm going to give you a couple of the gist of a couple of narrations, then we'll get into the IOP themselves,
which is different from three to other kuffar, in the seal of the prophets are so long that are highlighted in the Quran, three celebrity enemies of the Prophet, slice of them are highlighted in the Quran, who are these three, there's Abu lahab
is one of the blue heron. And then there's Abuja, these three people are highlighted over others. You can think of the three big main enemies okay?
of these three, there are some differences between them.
A Buddha Hall would probably have to be considered the most noble of these enemies, even though he's a wretched wicked enemy of Islam. Of these three, he would be probably by Arab standards, the most noble Buddha was known to be a coward. Even at the Battle of budget, he didn't go himself he hired a couple of soldiers to go fight on his behalf.
A Buddha when himself and fought and got killed, right and even when he was
getting killed. He was like man about it. He's like, yeah, cut my neck down here. So when they see my severed head, it's a little higher. So they know there was a tribal leader who got killed.
So, you know, he was like, he has a lot of chivalry in him.
He was very generous, I wouldn't have was very cheap. He was very cheap. So it's different, like their personalities are very different. The other thing about Abuja, what's interesting in between this kind of Walid bin mo here is not exactly a noble guy. He's more of a strategist, and he's not the enemy of Rasulullah saw him first. He's thinking, Man, let's just make reconciliation. what he has to say is pretty impressive. But let's just make him compromise. We'll even mahira his his discourse occurs in suit and column and also in certain mood data from one of our komaba service or
will have there's a whole sutra dedicated to him. But yeah, I mean, I haven't. But right now we're getting to the discourse on Abuja. The reason I highlighted him a Buddha is a certain kind of personality I want to share with you, you know, the famous door of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, where he asked for one of the two homers armor and armor over the hubbub in Asia, which is this a Buddha
which means the messengers of Allah Harada. He said, I'm sorry, saw something in Abuja that was worth saving.
There was something about this guy, if he had accepted Islam, he would have been an amazing asset of Islam.
And the Hadith the wording of the Hadith is such it indicates if he had accepted Islam, he could have been another armor. You know what armor is in his form? He could have been that he had that kind of potential. I say all of this to you, because I want to remind you of to iron out in the previous sobre la Kahala cannon in Santa Fe, Xl nidoqueen. Some more other than a who, as philosophy, we created the human being in the best possible fashion. Then we rejected him reducing him to the lowest of the low was a Buddha have created in the best possible fashion. Was his potential so good that even the profit made or that he might become Muslim, potentially. Did he have
the potential? Yes. But did he live up to that potential? Or does he reduce himself to the lowest of the low he reduced himself? He reduced himself so one hour accepted Islam, the other hammer did not accept Islam, right. And so the the general concept was given him through the team. Now the practical example is being given. There, there was a Latina Ave Miami Louboutin, he didn't come to believe. Now why? What was his problem? He actually even liked the messengers message some of the hearts, you know that he liked it, he liked what on he was actually addicted to it. In one narration, he and afnor signature right.
And Abu Sofia, and before he had become Muslim, they went to the apartment of the messenger Salallahu, early Sierra, this they are not together, they went separately, and they went sneaking, and they put their ears to the apartment of the messenger. So I saw them listening to Quran because they were addicted to it. And they're sneaking back home and they're all on different walls, right? So they run into each other. So one of them's like, what are you doing here? What are you doing here?
Right. So they're kind of caught each other in the act. And they said, well, we'll law here, we're never gonna come back. They all knew why they were there. Well, like he won't come back. Next night, they call each other again. Next night, they call each other again.
Then they said, This has to stop. If you find out we'll lose all our credibility. Because during the day, what are they telling you? Don't listen to that crazy man. We are your elders. We know better. This word is just magic. Don't listen to it. At nighttime, they're listening to it.
he goes to Abu Sofia. He says we start listening but whatever you've heard so far, what do you think? It goes, it's the truth.
And who's the ancestor? What
is the truth? He goes, go let's talk go talk to john. So they go talk to john, what do you think this by the way, insult him in his heart this entire narration? I'm giving you the gist of it. So they go to Abuja, what do you think he goes, of course, it's the truth.
Abuja Hall says, of course, is the truth. How can we didn't except he gave a reason. He said, Look, we're all we're Bananarama. variablen Hashem, he was from Blue armor and the messengers from brainwash him. He says, whenever they fight, we fight, we fight equal. When they're generous, we're equally generous. When they're good. We're equally good. Now one of their people has these words, we will never get words like this. If we accept him as a messenger, our tribe blue armor loses forever. We've lost every time we compete in everything. We can't compete with these words. So accepting him will mean but what Allah loses forever. I can't accept that.
He was a noble guy. He was a smart guy smart enough to know this is a truth. He was brave in battle, a lot of good qualities, a lot of a lot of aloha pub qualities even what was the thing that destroyed him arrogance. It was arrogant. So I want to compare just so we understand.
This is a very subtle matter. What is the difference between
the Allahu anhu before Islam and Abu Jihad after all the when the Prophet made lots of Maharani sudden he made the offer both of them right? One of them. So he saw kind of equal potential in both of them. So what's different about them? We should understand this? What is it the lowest level the level? The difference essentially is between taking pride in your nation, taking pride in your tribe, as opposed to having ego for yourself.
Marlboro hapa was very proud of his nation to be a lot of us obeah before Islam he did this before
but Abuja has not only did he have that, what else did he have? ego, his own ego, his own leadership. Now the thing is, the nationalism and tribalism, Islam can get that out of your system.
Islam can remove that from your system. But ego is something you have to work on yourself. Ego is something you have to remove yourself. It's a bigger obstacle. He was not able to come over get over his textbook. His his thick bar his seek is seeking of greatness for himself. So Allah azza wa jal describes his activities now that he rejected the message, even though he knows it's the truth. We find several incidents of how he hurt the messenger. So mama hurry so you should know of a couple at least. He's sitting at the bottom with his cronies. There's a bunch of gang that used to hang out with him. They're sitting there, the messenger Elisa Tosa was commanded to make Salah. So he's
making salad to heroin. He sees the asylum and he says, oh, that other place there was a camel slaughtered not too early this morning. The skin is still sitting there. Who's gonna go one of his guys was Akbar who's gonna go get that skin put it on this guy put it on the saucer of maggots about do it. He was the he was like the real fog among them. So he goes grabs the huge screen of the camera with all the filth on it. He waits for the messenger Soylent to go into such that throws it on top of and so heavy He can't even get up from size that subtle Maharani.
Now we find this narration
Abdullah bin Salaam Abdullah bin hamato the Allahu narrate and he says I was so scared I couldn't go and save because they were going to kill me if I went. So the word got out. The word got out and I actually fought the model. Viola Tarragona came running six, seven years old, she was a little girl at the time. She came in she removed this filth from the messenger RNA santosa them and they were about seven of them. And when the messengers The film was removed, the Messiah made the llama la cabeza khoresh Allah deal with crush. It is on you to deal with koresh. And then he named them by name. Deal with him, deal with him deal with him deal with him deal with him. And those were the
exact seven people who were executed at bother. Those were the people who were most brutally executed another Allah azza wa jal evangelize messenger and he saw some not right away, but at the occasion of But
anyhow, this is one occasion. another occasion he tells about go when he's standing when the messenger is standing in Qian take the shawl this like scarf thing wrapped around his neck and start choking him. And he tried this on the messenger subtlest. Another time he sees the messenger making sola sola 197 a Buddha comes up to him and says, If I see you praying like this again, I will step on your neck and crush it. He threatens the messenger that he'll beat him down and crushes next step on his neck.
He said this in front of all his gangs his you know his macho is showing off. A few days later the messenger the subtle Salaam came and made Salah again.
And he's sitting there he can't just sit there and take it because if he takes it every all his gang members, it goes out What are you scared? You told him he's gonna cry, you're gonna crush his neck What happened? Right? So he has to go after him. So he gets up. He tries to go towards the messenger slice for them to attack him. And then his friends, they see him running back and he's doing this with his hand. He's like pushing something back with his hands and he's running backwards. And they asked him what happened, what are you doing?
And he says, As soon as I got close, there was this ditch full of fire and there was this you know terrifying creature about to grab me and I moved back.
I moved back this is the background I want to share with you before we get into these ions are intently the young Ha. Do you see the one who forbids and Allah is saying to His Messenger Did you see the one who forbids meaning forbids him from praying other than either Salah Did you see the one who dares to forbid a slave a magnificent slave of Allah is used in the Quran for the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in every occasion where he has been honored every occasion where the messenger has been honored the word of the curse. So behind Allah, the lobby of the Alhamdulillah hinder the ends Allah Allah, Allah de, an honorable term for the messenger this slave of Allah is
the noble save of Allah. He dares to forbid a slave of Allah. He does not when he goes to pray. So now previous IOD where he doesn't need
He doesn't feel any consequence right? I you know, there's conda in Santa
Ana, right? And he doesn't think he's gonna return to his master. So now what does he do? There's not going to be any consequence I can attack this man when he preys on the lady and her other than either funda so we find a Lucy's in the lab and masala who are Rasulullah when nahi Hua in Abuja, that the the one praying is the Messenger of Allah and the one forbidding is Abu Jihad the cursed in Ghana, Allahu Allah, amazing Ayah now you will appreciate this ayah Allah says, Don't you see, an Allah is different from basara. In other words in Arabic, you know how you say, when you when you understand the very difficult problem, you say, I see,
within the meaning of I understand, you understand, it's not just I see literally, but I also understand, or I see where this is going. Right? I see where the community is headed. That doesn't mean you physically see but you can perceive the consequences, right? So it says at incana alhuda.
Did you see if he had been committed to guidance? He's telling the messenger Did you see would you did you realize if that guy that abou Jan, if he became committed to guidance, how what an amazing person he would have become?
And is this something the messenger already saw some of us? He already saw it because he made the door right? He said give me one of two What?
One of two Omar sama says, Don't you see the potential in Canada? Didn't you see? Had he been committed to guidance?
And then you know, to be on guidance, who does that help yourself? When you're committed to guidance, it helps you in order for that to be committed to Allah upon it, to be committed to it. So to be committed to guidance yourself.
But then there's another thing it's not just you're committed yourself like Bob. First he committed to guidance himself. But then what? He didn't just keep the guidance to himself. He commanded other people to duck Well, what's the next ayah? Oh, MRR with taqwa
or he even commanded to taqwa Not only did he take the guidance on for himself, he became a means by which he is delivering the guidance and support to others. He commanded others to fear Allah, didn't you see that potential in him? This is actually an elaboration of the prophets own supplication in regards to Abuja and the amazing potential this poor fellow had this guy the curse of the curse this Lorraine as the Mufasa alien column, this cursed fella, he had potential like unreal how powerful the lavorando How do you only realize that potential, Allah created him he actually the queen, he chose to be as philosophy then he chose that he chose that for himself. So are into in Canada, taqwa
or ATIA in Canada Tawana? Did you then see if he choose if he chose to lie against why against you and lie against the truth and turn back turn away? In other words, you know, if if he had turned good didn't? Can't you see the good that would have come with it? But if he has turned bad, do you see the harm that will come of it? Don't you see the destruction he will bring upon himself, the messenger is being depicted with the words that are eita to show us that the messenger has amazing foresight, he can see the benefit and the harm of things. He can analyze things in a deep way to see their long term consequences. And we're being taught to think like that we're being taught to think
do this good thing. Can you see what good it will bring in the future? If you don't do this, right, if this guy can use the way can you see the harm he's gonna find himself in. So or ATIA in Canada? And then the when he when he turned away? You were with this amazing contrast? Oh, who's gonna? Does he see himself that he doesn't need anyone? On the other hand? On the other hand, Allah says, Allah, may Allah be a namaha.
Doesn't he know that Allah saw that it is Allah who was actually watching that Allah Himself. So he's, why is this important to mention here? He thinks he is violating the messenger some of ours, that's what he thinks. But even he believed in Allah, even most missionaries who had some concept of Allah, this guy is so far gone, the thought that maybe Allah is watching that Allah sees what he's doing, that didn't occur to him, and let him be an ally. And this is the attitude of someone when they become such a, you know, deviant criminal. You know, when a when a criminal is about to attack an innocent victim, they say, for God's sake, God is what you call on God. But for a criminal even
that's not much, right? That even that that Shahada is not enough. God is watching. That's not enough for them. Right? If there's any ounce of good in them, you call them a lot. Look, Ally's watching, like you know, when Maria salmonella was visited by the angel she got scared, but maybe this guy has some ounce of good in him. So what does she say? Oh, man, he Monica in Katia. I seek refuge of man from you. She called on the law. So you reminded him of Allah if you have any taqwa, right?
But this guy has, it hasn't even occurred to him that alarm, which I've seen, and I'm an MBA, I am yada, yada, because we're out of time, I'm gonna stop the dose of the solar here. But you know, the rest of the third part is the third passage of the solar. But here I want to share something very important with you. What is the relationship between knowledge which was the first passage, and the arrogant cafe, which is the second passage? Isn't that what it is? The first passage was the smell of bacon, Daddy Holla Holla call in Santa Clara boo can come under the under Bill condom LML in Santa millennium, all knowledge, language learning, teaching, column, Allah all these words. But
then we turn all of a sudden to this ignorant, arrogant, rebellious person. And really the source problem, as we learned already is rebellion is rebellion. What's the connection between these two things? The first thing that you have to know about that and shout out Allah is that knowledge in and of itself is supposed to be a means of humility. Knowledge is a means of humility. So when you look at Rahim, Allah said, he gave the example of someone who has knowledge. He said, when a tree bears fruit, its branches come down. The idea being when you have a lot of knowledge, it's like you're bearing fruit, but what happens to your branches? They humble themselves. The more knowledge
you have, the more humble you should be in them if shama homina, Abadi he, and Allah, who truly fears Allah who becomes most humble before Allah, those who have true knowledge, those who have real knowledge. So on the one hand, you have knowledge, but it should lead you to humility, the lack of that knowledge, or the rejection of that knowledge will lead you to what naturally then arrogance, it will lead you to arrogance. And it's amazing. You're humbling yourself before Allah but Allah is increasing you in, in Gaza. But when you try to increase your own status and show arrogance, Allah brings you down.
It's the contrast, right? You're trying to come you're trying to come down to for Allah, Allah elevates you himself. You come up, you try to come up before let's show your arrogance and Allah brings you down.
That's the contrast. We're learning in these Ayah between him and this is the cover of human humility. That's really the profound connection between these two things. And then finally, his ignorance is highlighted in the words lm Yana in the beginning allemaal Insan. He taught the human being twice he taught the human being, but here this guy what's the source of his problem? He doesn't even know lm Yana didn't doesn't even know the rhetorical he even has no, he has no lamb lamb and Allah, may Allah azza wa jal give us a correct understanding of his book and the Sunnah of his messengers from Allah Allah so then we're gonna have to finish the dust on this surah next week,
because I think there's 100 compassion, right after a short prayer. So with this we conclude subhanak Allah homovanillic Mashallah Allah Allah Allah into the stuff will come to La Casa Mata Come ye ricotta