Channel: Nouman Ali Khan
Quran Tafsir/Explanation – Juz Amma
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hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu wa salam O Allah shortfill ambia evil mousseline Allah Allah He was akihiro Minister nabeshima T. Deen Allah Medina Minh home woman, a Latina eminonu Amina Sally hurt, whatever so we'll have what it was all the sub m in Europe and I mean from Nevada salamati como la to La hirakata. inshallah, tada, we're beginning our study of silicon nazjatar Today, the first comment very briefly that we'll make is that it's a mucky Sora just like the solar before it sort of Nevada, and we're going to try to understand the conclusion of sort of Nevada connected to the introduction to sort of nazjatar towards the end of sort of Nevada sort of right before this one
allies origin said, yo, Morocco Morocco and melodica sofala takala Moon 11 Athena lava Manuel Carlos Sahaba Luckily,
there was reference over and over again to the final day the last day that's the conclusion of certain number right after the introductory comments of this sort of are done we go back to the last day again, yo ma tofu for Raja Raja khudobin yo ma Ethan again, yo, yo MA in lodgify, Uppsala, Harsha, and we get to these ayat, inshallah, we'll see the commentary on them. But it seems like it's a continuation with a small lapse, it's again a continuation of that final day, while how the previous sort of concluded is tied to the introduction of this surah. Now, in the beginning of the solar there are a series of Earth's axon, and this is a dedicated subject in the Quran Alexandria,
Hakeem Allah as the origin he swears by things. So before we talk about the these oaths particularly, we need to understand some fundamental things about examine the Koran the oaths in the Quran. from among the time your own and the earliest scholars, there has been commentary on the function and the wisdom of the oaths in the Quran. And one of the most common opinions has been that when Allah swears by something, it is something sacred or something powerful or something all inspiring. So for instance, Allah azza wa jal, he swears by the sun was Shamsi Aloha, or by the moon well, comedy that Allah or by the morning was super happy thus far, or by the bright morning, but
Baja, or by the night when they leave such that, you know, these famous oaths in the Quran, right or when us, right, these are many, many, many cases of oaths in the Quran. One of the opinions of the Tabby one has been that these oats have to do with something sacred. But that in and of itself is not enough, there's more to know about the oath than just just that they are speaking of something sacred or or honored by a large religion. Actually, a contrary opinion also exists. For example, Rahim Allah in his book on morning, Simon Quran, he dedicated himself just to the study of oaths in the Koran. And he says, just saying that the oaths are sacred isn't enough, because when we have
watin, he was a tool. And what already seen what happened by that I mean, these are oaths and one surah. And then you have some old sin and others that I wish, you know, what Shamsi will do, how will kamari that Allah, if the only thing to know is that they're sacred, then you can take the ones from here and put them there and take the ones from there and put them here? What difference does it make, there necessarily has to be more to attend that. So he argues that actually the fundamental thing to know is not the sanctity of the object that has been sworn by, but rather how it connects to the rest of the soul. So when an oath is taken, it is an introduction. It's a powerful means of
introducing a topic that is coming in the rest of the soul. And that's really how the entire precedent of this little set for example, one of the biggest examples are easily
Use to understand even would be low Sima Bmlt Allah, Allah azza wa jal in the beginning he swears by two things he swears by the Day of Resurrection Yeoman tiama wala oxy move enough Salah, the blameworthy self, he swears by two things. When you study solo piano, you find only two things, you will find the mention of LP ama, and you will find mention of the blame where the self can double the hip una de la putana, nascara, excetera, etc. Right. So these are only two things you're going to find in the entire sola connected to the intro, introductory notes that have been mentioned. So long story short, short, some other things that you should know about oaths. In daily speech, in
people's common discourse, what is an oath used, especially in ancient times, it is used one when the audience that you're speaking to they don't believe what you're saying, for example, when you speak to someone you say to them, I was I was at this place yesterday, they don't believe you say, I swear I was there yesterday, right. And even we do this nowadays, right? In the olden times, you have to swear by something to make yourself believable. So I swear by Allah subhanho wa Taala, or something like this, right? Even though Mr. Kuhn would swear by other things, I would swear by he would swear by his child, or by his tribe, or by his family, or by his health, right, that he was
such at such and such place. So it's a means of giving testimony, which is why even in contemporary society, people take an oath or they swear before they testify in court, they have to swear that they're telling the truth, this is one function of oaths. Another function of oaths, is that it is an illustration of anger. Because the one who swears is someone who is not being taken seriously, or what they have to say, isn't being given its full do so they are brought to a point where they have to swear in common language nowadays, we say to each other man, I swear you better stop. Right? We say something like that. And when do we say this is when the other person is making us angry, or two
friends maybe in an argument and one of them might say, I swear I'm going to kill you if you don't do this, or if you do this, right. So they don't really mean it, but it's an expression of anger in Quran sometimes the author is an expression of anger, other times it is an expression of some kind of without an expression of the idea that the what is being presented coming forward is not being taken seriously by most people, whatever is always about to present, people are taking it lightly. So to give it importance, and to make them realize this is a heavy thing, a large social swears. So this is the second reason By the way, when I use swear I don't use it in the modern sense, you know,
in the modern sense to swears to use profanity, right, you use foul language, but I mean it in the sense of the ancient English like to take an oath by something. Then finally the oath as a as a consistent component of the Quran is necessarily an introduction or precursor to arguments that are coming in that similar in that very similar and that's what we're going to see here in sha Allah tala. For the very beginning oath we have a nazjatar when nazjatar hopko. Allah swears by a Nazir comes from nasm, which means to yank something out violently to pull something out with full force, okay. And nezhat Allah swears by the ones that pull out a lot of car having dive dove in a lot here
is Mortlock, actually, it's called the the grammatical terms. But frogmouth Look, Mortlock been really lovely. Meaning it's used the word Horton is used to emphasize the act of pulling out without using the same root instead of saying when nazjatar does its onesie it was Africa. And the idea is whatever a lot of swearing by, these are some creatures or some object that dives deep in and yaks whatever is deep inside and pulls it out. The vast majority of them have a signal in regards to what these things are. They mentioned that these are angels, the vast majority of them, and they're actually sourced in one opinion bocalee reports on behalf of ignore bustle the Allahu anhu that
ignore or bust his opinion or the Allahu anhu that that the naza. And then, and now she thought and so on all of the notes here that have ADD at the end, all of them are referring to angels, and that's become the popular opinion among them. The second opinion about this is that these are unknown that these are the stars that also exist for example, hustle and bustle a document Allah whose opinion is that these are stars that unless speaking about stars that are that are being yanked out of the sky, or that are falling, which was from the experience of the errors when they would see a comment or comment or something like that, that they would comment. This is nothing.
Right. It's been yanked out of the sky. Anyhow, the third opinion that I will present in Charlotte, of these two obviously the most popular one is the angels. That's probably the one you've already heard also. But there's a third opinion that I would like to share and then tie them all together in Sharla. Darla, the thing we have to understand about fraud is sometimes the text is ambiguous. olara xojo didn't spell out explicitly that these aren't angels first that we should be honest, and I know that that is the case. I'll let that spell out specifically that these are angels. The second thing to note is when the when there are a variety of opinions that especially in the first generation,
that in itself is an illustration that this was ambiguous
Is that in itself is a proof that this is not something modular? It's not absolute. It's not one way and everything else is covered. So you find in the history of them have a zero and you have arguments supporting Okay, this is your opinion, what are the evidences that make this opinion stronger than that opinion? Or what are the evidence is that this opinion is rather weak as opposed to other opinions. So even though these opinions exist, there are opinions among later or law that critique these opinions and try to weigh not just by popularity, but by what other supporting evidence is there to see what opinion is the strongest so I will present you one such opinion. One
such opinion is that a nazjatar refers to the winds, that analogy refers to wins. The left at the end has been used consistently in the Koran and other places, which was strong linguistic evidence that it's also wins almost a lot. While masala tea offer.
Algeria, there are many instances where the language suggests and the context suggests that they are in fact referring to wins. So one opinion is that is referring to wins. But again, we already said what's the most popular opinion that it's the angels? So we have to kind of figure out what what criticism do these scholars have, for example, it's lucky Kamala has the opinion that this is wins, what basis does he have? The first criticism that he offers is this that and as the art is the feminine plural is called gender more unnecessarily I left at the end this is the feminine plural. And Allah azza wa jal endo Quran speaks against, attributing femininity to angels. In the Quran
itself, Allah speaks against attributing femininity to angels, and he speaks about those who attributed feminine energy or to angels in one place, and another place what other mineral melodica inasa has your Lord taken daughters or from the angels? He's taken these these feminine creatures, right? So there's a criticism in the Quran of this. The second issue that he brings up is when Allah does speak about angels in the Quran, what we find consistently is Gemma, mosaica Salim, we find Manzini, Monza Dean Mousavi mean morphine, Yogi buena, would you have him while at the bottle? Who knew? So you have these words that are all masculine in nature, when the plural polarity of angels
has mentioned consistently in the Quran, we find in the masculine. Another case is that Eliza with him even when he does says something like qualitative melodica for those of you who have a little bit of Arabic conduct is feminine, right. So even when that does occur, that's not because of femininity. That's because of Gemma taxied the broken plurals in Arabic, you use the feminine singular for them. So that's in the beginning. But after this, like if you say Paula Tillman, if you reverse it, you don't say melodica, to Khulna, you said melodica to call, so you use the masculine once again. Okay, so that's how it's found in the Koran. So that's his literary criticism that in
the Koran consistently, the masculine is used. So why would this be angels if the feminine is being used? That's one criticism. The other criticism that's tied together with this is that you know how Lara's origin speaks about the the soul being pulled out after the angels diving in horkan. Right, so they're going into the body. But if you study the Hadith about the soul, leaving, that the soul leaves from where do you know, where's it pulled out of, from the toe, from the toe, and the the the imagery depicted, and the depictions in the Hadith are of such that the angels are not entering the body, either they are pulling the soul out of the body. So he argues this as a criticism of this
position, also, furthermore, that it's not explicitly mentioned anywhere else. So we have both opinions that we have a majority of them not saying that this is angels, but also a pretty strong position, that it's not it may be something else that how do you reconcile these two? This actually has to do with the versatility and the the comprehensive nature of the message of the Quran. We have to understand first and foremost McKenna Quran is talking to who who is it talking to, it's talking to people that don't believe it's the Kalam that's coming out of the mouth of Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam that the angel has revealed to him. But the audience, the vast majority of them are people
that don't believe him. And when they hear these words, they're not going to come to him and say, give me the seat of nausea. What is your opinion of what this means they're not going to come? They hear this and they walk away. They take it for what at face value? So one of the most important considerations in interpreting Muslim Koran especially, is when we use the when these words were used in the Quran, what was going on in the head of the Muslim Arab? How did he understand these words? What you know, how was he processing this information? And that is the probably if you don't understand the methodology of that way in the Quran, that takes precedence. This doesn't nullify the
other opinions, because it may have relevance for us as Muslims in a more spiritual sense in a deeper sense, but and for the mystic perhaps in a more shallow sense, but still it has, you know, some some relevance to him. And maybe the first thing that doesn't come to the mushriks mind is angels. The last thing you want to think is that the wishing hardcore on and they said what is that talking about? I don't get it. No, the Quran was very relevant, not what to the wish it was it was directly talking to him. And this is what baffled the mushroom that it
It was it was speaking to them in Lincoln clear balasana narrabeen movie and and clear and clarifying Arabic Arabic speech. So one more example of this before we go on to just just wrap this subject up in sha Allah, Allah azza wa jal says Yaga mama Alicia fell out of the womb if he knows what enters into the earth and what comes out of the air. When the mushnik hears that, what's he thinking, he's thinking of the rain going into the earth and the plant coming out of the earth, this isn't as far as his imagination goes. But when the believer hears that there's more going on, there's deeper knowledge. And the deeper knowledge is no, we also will go into the earth, and we
will also be coming out of the earth. So it's the same statement, but people are understanding it at different depths. So these are not contradictory statements I'm putting before you, these are at different levels, or different audiences are getting different levels of the same statement, appreciating different things. So it's largely his argument and others. Basically, the summary of it is, this is perhaps how the mushrik processed it he thought of the winds, and then how would he then understand the rest of the message of this little but we keep the interpretation of the angels still, of course as valid as majority. Anyhow, when nazjatar finally the evidence that is suggested
among some scholars that this is referring to the winds is Allah azza wa jal says now Santa Ana Himalayan salt silently Yomi Yomi Nexen was a mere 10 zero NASA there were 10 zero in the Quran to snatch and yank out and pull out has been used for re has been used for wind. So he's uses this as further supporting evidence anyhow. So if it is wins, then what this means is a lot of swearing by a hurricane or tornado wins tornado winds that yank trees out of their roots, or buildings out of their foundations like it's digging deep into the ground and pulling them up plucking them out right away. Right. And on the other hand, if this is referring to angels, it's the angels that are diving
deep into the body and they are pulling and ripping the soul out that wants to stay inside the body. This is the soul of the cafe. When nasheet Latinos thought and then gnashed mushed in the Arabic language, it refers to undoing a knot without making any effort. It refers to undoing a knot without making any effort. Another way notional is used is when you when you have a loose knot, and you kind of leave the animal, and it wiggles a little bit and kind of gets undone by itself without any effort. This is also a national thought is used. So this is my fruit and with luck, which means these winds or the angels, if it's referring to the angels, it's referring to angels that seamlessly
enter the body and take out the soul. Very smooth process like the undoing of a loose knot. No, no force necessary to apply. And if it's referring to the wind, it's referring to smooth breeze, the breeze that is a source of calm and peace and even pleasure on the face of the one experiencing it. So two contradictory kinds of wind, if this is wind, right, the winds that are a means of destruction, and then the winds that are a means of comfort and a means of even relaxation, of course, especially in desert life, then Allah azza wa jal says wasabi had the sub, this is referring to the angels it's been interpreted as subject, by the way literally means to swim quickly, or to
swim in a rapid, smooth way, you know, you can swim and you're splashing and you're it's not smooth, or when you're swimming smoothly, then this is Southern. Okay. So this, perhaps is referring to the angels as they dive in, and they're diving inside the body of the person. That's how some other might have commented on this, that is swim into the body seamlessly, and they're looking for the soul and they're gonna pull it out. Others have commented know that, if this is the wind, these are the clouds that are swimming in the air, floating in the air by means of the clouds that are or the winds that are pushing them. And then finally, facade because the subconscious, then the word setup
is actually in the reference to race when one thing is taking the lead over another. This is set for savvycard. And there's a thought there if you notice those of you that are falling along what this means is it's connected to a savvy hut. So what savvy hottie Sabha savvy parties have got our together, the others are separated and we already knew that there were opposites right and nazjatar when nazjatar when nasheet multinational were two very different kinds of wind are very different kinds of angels in situations. So they're separated by a while. But with savvy hottie some have first Sabbath parties of God is necessarily a process a and then B, A being with sahbihi, Sabha B
being first party sub. So they're the angels are racing back, taking the souls racing back for their judgment. Also the clouds, if you from the from the view of the Arab, you will see the clouds, some of them moving faster than others, some of them taking a lead over the others. So this is part of the view of the Arab facade Ducati subclass. And then finally, finally, would be allottee ama. This is a very powerful statement, and should be understood both ways. One in the terms in terms of the angels that we spoke of, and also in terms of the interpretation that it's when, first of all, let's look at the word that be the word modem. Brr is an SM file from the word that we that we mean
includes the meanings of Planning Organization x execution.
Matter, it's complete, you know, execution. And it's similar as contract contrast with another word that will come into Sora. What Allah says, at the bottom is similar word, but it's a different structure and it creates a different kind of meaning. But for now understand that various thorough planning, thorough organization thorough execution of a plan, so less swearing by again far, the savvy hard and fast savvycard is continuing these three, that these are the ones that Execute the command of Allah, Allah, I'm going to be the commandment for will be here. So Allah swears by those who Execute the command of a lot or it diligently in an organized fashion. If this is referring to
the angels, it is the angels that are assigned different tasks by a large religion, and they do a diligent organized job of executing those commands. If it's referring to the clouds, as is the case in solomo salaat we find one nationality national often Riccati Okay, they're also we find the the clouds, the winds, they distribute clouds in every direction, and these clouds are racing against one another. What else does the wind distribute, the wind also distributes dust and pollen. Also by means of the winds, the clouds that are distributing the clouds are going to bring rain. So if you think about it, winds are the means by which life is sustained on the earth. Everything you need for
life on the earth is plant life. and plant life can't be sustained without pollen, which is you know is now delivered by wind. And on the other hand, the rain from the sky without which plant life can exist. That's the clouds are delivered by the wind. So Allah has executed this organized plan of delivering these clouds some places won't get any, some places will be dried up and become places of death and famine and other places will be flooded with water other places will turn into lush gardens, all part of an executed plan from Allah subhana wa tada all of these plans being executed by means of the wind. So this is the other interpretation of Phantom wouldn't be allottee amaura.
There are other words for planning that we should know about that are used in the Quran. So we use the word deadbeat here and
then we find the word Cade also, like Allah says for encanta Lacan, Caden fucky don't write. Also we find workers alika kidnapped us. So what's the difference between tedsby which is planning and Cade, which is also planning, okay, there's actually a secret plan. The the fundamental element in Kate is secrecy. So it's a plan which you don't want anybody else to find out about because part of exposing it will be the spoil the plan, it won't be any good if it comes out in the open. Another word used for planning is MK and MACRA has an element of conflict in it, a plan that necessarily has to do with retaliation against an enemy and when a law is used with market like well, Makoto macaron La La
marketing. It's only used in the retargeting retaliatory sense meaning whenever Allah mentions that he's planning against an opposing force. It's always mentioned that they took the first step. They did macker first, so we'll mcaro first and then we'll macaron walk alongside remarketing. So there's a difference we don't usually normally typically use market with Allah subhanho wa Taala. And unless in that reaction to the muck of that was done by the wrongdoer to begin with. Then finally we have another word healer, healer like, well will die and liable to own a healer. a healer is a kind of plan that you make to nowadays, there's a lot of healing society, by the way, it's a clever plan.
It's a clever plan, the idea of which is to maximize one's benefit, or minimize one's harm without breaking the law, but at least trying to bend it manipulating the system working around the system. So accountants are really good at Halo, for example, during tax season, right, some of the scholars spoke about healer in the ancient times in the times of Islamic rule, that the person would give all of their wealth as a gift to their wife right before the cat season. And then they would make it give a make the wealth of gifted back to them after the cat season is done. So this was kind of you know, working around the law, don't get any ideas. But But, you know, this was the kind of Halo that
was done before anyhow. So these are different kinds of plans allows Oh, just specifically mentioned that mo w allottee. I'm right here, which was the word includes planning, execution, organization, diligence, and actually actually means taking a step back before you take an action, because it comes from double, which is the back of something, and it's the turn back from the affair, Think it through and then come back and can execute it. That's the interpretation of the word to be anyway now that allows xojo has taken an oath by these few things when nazjatar law by those who dive deep in and yank out when na[???] Latina saw those who sail smoothly, like the undoing of or not, then you
know for savvy hotties of wasabi hot is for savvy parties of those who swim or float. You know effortlessly seamlessly, those who race one against one another diligently and then finally those that plan the or execute the affair with thorough planning. After all of these oaths, Allah azza wa jal moves on to another subject. And yes, last time we talked about the subject matter of Quran paragraphs in the Quran.
Incredibly organized in the sense of even the rhyme scheme. So the first few were oaths in the Quran and they all rhyme. So if you recite them you will hear the rhyme scheme when nazjatar carwin Nasha taught the national wa sahbihi Sabha for savvy karate sub carfully, Madame bellatti amre. Now if you look at the next few it will just hear it even even if you don't read the CDO here. Yo Metallica for raja babu. Harada, kulu, wanyama denwa Jeeva, you hear the scheme, right? Because it's a united subject. So even phonetically, it's united Subhana Allah. Now we come to this next part. But before we do understand that when an oath is taken, there's there's what you took an oath, but now you want
to say something like, I swear by x. I'm going to do this. Now what that I'm going to do this part, what am I swearing by? What is the statement that I'm about to make? That is actually has appeared? Here, it's not mentioned? The reason it isn't mentioned is because this is part of a series of series of solos, where it has been mentioned. And it forces us to look at it to see it of the solar installers that are similar to it. So for instance, you find Well, most allottee of philosophy. When Nasha Latina Sheila falfa, Ducati Falcon, will move to see the clock over and over, and then Java will come in to do lavaca. All of those votes were taken for what conclusion? No doubt about it,
whatever you have been promised is bound to occur. Whatever you have been promised is bound to occur. That conclusion is understood here, because it's part of that chain of discourse. It's understood that when they hear these oaths, the next thing to expect is resurrection. But Allah azza wa jal doesn't spell it out, which has benefits. One of the benefits is it forces you to look at other texts in the Quran?
Baba Baba. The other thing it forces us to do is the the person who hears oaths, they're expecting to hear what are these bolts about? What's he going to talk about? So now they're in more anticipation of what is to come, but it doesn't give them what they were expecting. So they keep on listening they're keeping there's still haven't figured out what exactly is this thing about? So now Allah just speaks about the depiction of the Day of Resurrection here before continuing understand the contrast with sort of Nova in sort of Nova in the beginning, we had mia atossa alone and in Nova Elohim, Allah even female telephone, you know, there was a depiction of the skeptic they're asking
each other What is this? You know, when is this gonna happen? And you know, Allah threatens them, they will soon find out and then he starts talking about the hereafter. So he spoke of the skeptic first, and then here after a second in this surah he reverses the sequence. Here he mentioned the hereafter first and he will mention the skeptic leader Yep, una llamada de hacer la that's later. So there's a reversal. This actually in Arabic literature is it is a mechanism called a left one mesh are the acts that you fold something up and then you unfold it in its reflection or in the opposite. So you know how the mirror if you put an object before the mirror, they're exactly the same except
they're organized opposite, you lift your right hand, the mirrors, lifting the left hand, etc. Right. So that's the idea here, one surah is organized one way and this will do the flip organization of the ideas presented in sort of Nova in many ways, one of which is this yo mythology for Raja, the rat, you know, Raja in Arabic is related to some other words, inshallah we'll discuss some of these words in. The first thing to note is, logic has to do with rattling or shaking. Okay, and there are a bunch of words in the Quran for this. And it's important whenever you come to a word that has other synonymous terms in the Quran that you should I'll highlight the differences between
them, because it gives clarity to one particular text over the other other words that are using the Quran, for example, Zelda is associated. In Java, the origin of that word is from Zelda, which means you know, when someone's feet slip, and Zelda because of the repetition of the the, the phonetics you know, in the in the sounds, it actually alludes to repetition, meaning someone's sleep feed, keep on slipping, keep on sleeping, when does that happen? during an earthquake? That's why it's called Zelda. Because once you feed, Keep on tripping up, so that's one, the other is Zed for it. Oh, sorry. Sorry. evalute, gelato. matcha. Right. When Laszlo just speaks about lunch, and this is
actually an initial jerk, like something was stationary, all of a sudden it was put into motion. This is automatic comment that this is the first moment of the experience of an earthquake. That's, that's the very beginning of the experience of the earthquake. Then we have Maota, yo Matamoros, Mr. Mara. This is actually used when you are for example, riding a horse or you're running really fast, or somebody some large animal passes by you running fast, and it simulates the feeling of an earthquake. It's not really an earthquake, but everything's shaking because of the rapid motion. That is called Mara. Finally we come to the word that's used in this ayah Allah says yo moto g4
Raja, when that which is meant to rattle or dzifa the rattling one will eventually rattle Alonzo Jim did not hear mentioned
The Earth. In another place in Quran Allah says Yamato juphal outdoor zhiban Agarwal Jeevan. What can I say g by Luca de bomba Hara the day on which the the the the land, the earth and the mount and you know the large boulder mount, they are going to rattle they're going to they're going to shake and vibrate as though they were katiba mahila that they were sand dunes when you when you shake a pile of sand, the sand keeps tripping over and fallen off right? as though they were that soft. That's how the earth is going to shake that Allah describes. Imagine salt in a salt shaker. Basically that's the image that I love depicts. But there he said the earth and the mountains are
gonna shake. Here he said Yo, moto g4, LG Val, no, yo moto g4, a Raja Raja means that which is meant to shake. What this illustrates is the purpose of the creation of the heavens and the earth. its final destination is the point where it's going to shake, it's going to be rattled. This is its destiny, it can't be avoided. So much so that it's called on logic. It's so much so that the fact it isn't about that it's logic by itself. So it's a profound declaration in the Quran about the reality of the chicken. Finally, just a comment about the word budget. It's a highly uncomfortable motion, and actually doesn't just affect the motion itself. It depicts the state of the one who is affected
by that motion, that they're in a state of discomfort and disarray. Now, Yamato Raja, then Allah says that about ohada, it will be followed by a erotica, rather in Arabic implies, you know, when you're riding a camel or a horse and somebody's sitting behind you, then they are rather, they're riding behind you people sitting in the backseat of your car nowadays, they'll rather they're following right along wherever you go, they're going because they're on the same ride. So Allah has always had mentioned that there's going to be it'll be followed by another vibration, another jerking another violent movement, one successively following the other one meant to follow the
other. A lot of the orlimar are pretty much in agreement on this on this right if I this following, shaking and vibrating that this, the first one is the one the first time the Trumpet will be blown. You know, in the previous slide, we said, well, no face off his soul. Right, we've heard those words. And now that's being opened up. That's there's at the seat of the previous text in the next tool. Okay, so now How many times will the trumpet be blown twice the first one Yamato for Raja Raja, then the second one, that Barbuda, Anwar differ, so there's a long gap between them, but there are one to succeed. The other one one comes necessarily the other is on its way. A lot of literally
implies, like we said to sit behind, and you know, when words come one after another, and meaning that they're very close to each other and meaning but they're not exactly the same, but they're still very close. They're called modal logic. So synonyms in in Arabic are called Matala default, for example, because they're very close to one another. Other words that speak of following in the Quran or halifa. confer actually refers to when you follow something chronologically, meaning something came then thereafter something else came that's
rather literally right behind like we said, situation situated behind and moving along with, then we have Teller, which is to follow something carefully and repeatedly, repeatedly. Like for example, it's used for the sun in the moon, because the sun in the moon follow a path repeatedly. Anyhow. kulu, Boone, Yama nydfs, Allah says on first of all, the earth will violently shake that one the trumpet is blown, and then the second time it will be shaken another time and this other time is when we will be raised, the first one was for death, and the second one is for resurrection. So now on the time of this resurrection, Allah depicts the first thing he says kulu one, Yama is in Raja
hearts on that day, and actually Kowloon by mentioning it first, and not putting a lid on it, which is not normally the case in Joomla is Mia by not putting on it, there's an interesting nuanced meaning that's generated some hearts on that day. Some hearts, particularly on that day will experience what a ledger depicts as wazifa. Here, I know this is a long list, but I still want to illustrate this list, or at least express some of the meanings in this list before you before we go into the word wazifa. Because it's critical for you to appreciate the depth of the words in Arabic. One of my agendas in these doodles is to try to highlight how incomplete translations are. How
incomplete even my own translation, how incomplete it is, because how deep the words go, and how intricate the meanings are connected to one another. And we have to be careful in coming to conclusions about the facet of Quran. Allah just speaks about the word large if and most transition will say petrified, horrified, you know, terrified, scared. These are the words basically words associated with fear. Now, here's some words in the Koran that are used for fear just just so we know how they're different. One of the words used for fear is hope. Hope you've probably heard this word before. It's a very famous word law. Hopefully I know him. Well. I don't know how it is used
for a perceived danger. When you actually perceive a physical danger. Then the word uses hope. Another word is Harsha like
What's up todo la cucaracha m LA. Okay. Harsha is used when you are afraid of the magnitude of something specifically or the magnitude of whatever is coming, that is scaring you. That is harsh. Yeah. So hope is more of a physical danger, while hashish is a person, you know, the greatness of something like the magnitude of the implications of losing one losing one's job, or the magnitude of the the just the idea of day of judgment will lead you to Russia, for example, then there's the word who Sure, which we use, for example, also in Scala, this is a fear that's manifest not only in your heart, but it actually takes a hold of your face and your limbs. This fear shows on your face and
your limbs, it's an overpowering and instilling kind of fear. And this is the kind of fear we're supposed to have in Sadat, that it actually our faces have pushed us not just our hearts, that the issue comes out of the heart and it starts affecting other limbs of the body.
Then there's the word duck walk, which is very common in duck Turkey. This is to actually fear the consequences of one's actions, to fear not not something dangerous, but the consequences of what I'm doing myself. This is actually called duck white comes from Wikipedia, which is to protect and duck what literally means to protect yourself from the consequences of your own future actions. Okay? That's how it's really in the in the literary sense, it's understood, then this cousin, like hover mode, right? They they are a fear of death. Again, the translation will say Heather means fear. But hazard is actually to out of fear to try to escape something, or to be very careful of something if
you see something scary and try to kind of escape it. This is heaven. This is that specific kind of fear, which means you're in proximity of the thing that is dangerous, or the thing that you're trying to get away from then there's law to start to startle someone when you jump up on somebody or just show up out of nowhere Are you the person was just reading and they unexpectedly heard the door open, the initial reaction is lower. This is the sphere immediate, but it subsides immediately. Also, this is the kind of fear that about him either he said on first felt when the angels came, but it departed from him and left from him. This is Rafa. Okay, then there's our Jessa or what is it
comes from, and this is actually a fear when you hear something you know, like you hear something you get scared, or you hear something that scared you you hear something, some news or some event you overheard and it scared you this is also means to actually hide your fear within you. You don't let the person that is scaring you, or the thing that is scaring you know that you're actually scared. Okay.
nakara home What I mean by this is actually spoken of Ibrahim adisa luxilon. He saw them he didn't recognize them. He didn't know who these guys are. So he was kind of scared. But he didn't let them see that he was scared so Oh, just I was used. He didn't let them see his fear. Then there's watchin you know, either looking at Allah, what do you let boo boo Majid is used now what it is to have a fear that penetrates deep into your heart of fear that penetrates into the very depths of your heart, that's what I have is a fear mixed with you know, it's actually mixed with love. So it's a kind of fear you have of disappointing the one you love. When you're afraid of disappointing the
person that you love, then what I have is used olara, which speaks for example of believers saying he had their own and our Robin Robin, they call on us with inclination, they're inclined towards their Lord, and they're also afraid, but what kind of fear the fear of disappointing a less credible attack, that's okay, then finally, our action needs to be overwhelmed with intense fear. This is what others of you who became a robot also learned comes from this right to have overwhelming terrified fear of someone that makes you lose your reason, then
this is the kind of fear all of us have. This comes from, it's actually related to the word Chevy car either to have you know, Chef call over someone is to take care of them to be concerned with their well being etc, right to show good to them. But then Ashoka means that you're afraid that some harm will come to them, the one you're taking care of it also scared that some harm might come there was so many different kinds of fear, illustrated in so many different places where it's supposedly where it's best situated in the heart of all of these. Finally, we come to the word wedges, which is Hulu in yoga is in large part. That's the word that's used here. What is special about this kind of
fear, it is a fear mixed with discomfort. And it actually it's illustrated, the one who's feeling well, Jeff is the one whose heart is pounding so hard, they can feel it out of fear. That's when Jeff is used. And this is also used when you you know you strike your horse and his heart starts pounding and it raises forward. So you say Oh, Justin hayleigh I made my horse, you know, race forward by making his it's hard. It's hard race. So that's the kind of fear that Allah depicts on that day, when that second strike will fall. When that second shaking will occur. Some hearts on that day will be basically beating out of their chests. That's the illustration here. Hulu might
even watch, especially on that day, some hearts will be beating out of their chests.
The language that the sentence structure here also illustrates that these hearts right now they're not scared. Right now they're at peace. They have no discomfort at all. But these are the very same hearts, especially on that day Yama even, they are going to experience this word wotja. And also why defy isn't isn't fine. It's a nominal form. What that illustrates is, you know, when your heart starts pounding, a few minutes later, it comes to rest, it comes down. The choice of the word in the eye illustrates that heart will start pounding and it won't come to rest. It will continuously keep pounding. It will keep you know the terror won't subside. We'll move on Yama is in wacha. Then Allah
says something beautiful, he says risotto Hoshyar, again depicting the terror of that day. You know, sometimes Allah depicts the terror of that day, by things that are going to happen on that day, like the sun in the moon's collision and big, big things. Sometimes he depicts the terror of that day of looking at the person and how scared they are not at the scary things that are happening. But their reaction to those things. So this is a solid, it's highlighting more so the reaction to the events of the day of judgment of this person. Allah says absorbed Ohashi their vision, the visions of those hearts, or the eye, they're they're here refers to the hearts, not the people, because it's not
absolved with whom is upside we'll have. What this tells us is that the vision is directly connected to the heart. That's very important reality to understand what you see, and how you perceive what you see is directly affected by what you have in your heart. When you have emotion in your heart, what you see will be a reminder for you, when you when you feel the wind, when you see the sun, when you see the clouds, you will get a reminder out of them. When you don't have your mind in your heart. Those same eyes will do nothing for you. So now on that day, people will not see except from a believing heart, because now you might have gotten an idea can they seen it? So now, those hearts,
those eyes that are connected to these hearts now that are petrified? What's going to happen to those eyes, Hoshyar, they will be overpowered, overwhelmed, humbled their muscles, beautiful acts. So these eyes will be overwhelmed by the fear that is going to be presented, presented before them. Now this was a state of the some hearts, some hearts that don't feel any fear now, but they will fear this terrifying day, then. Now immediately, there's an uncertified, there's a transition and this transition illustrates irony. The irony of the whole thing is, as it stands now, your coluna inala Maradona, Phil hafizullah. They say a rough translation, they say is it really the case that
we're going to be returned to the original state, we're going to come back to life as we are now. right back where we started is the expression we use in English, that's for half an hour. You know, if somebody says For example, in Arabic Fulani en la Ilaha, Illa T, or fee high fidelity, this is an expression in ancient Arabic, this person came back right where they started. So when they hear this whole thing about us coming back to life, our hearts pounding, you know, then the first reaction they have is, Oh, come on, we're gonna come back right to this again, we're gonna be back here again, some of the scholars commented on the word hofeller, which is an important word here, but a
couple of things here. Number one, the word more booth, inner, inner llama Duna Are we really going to be returned. But this rrid refers to a kind of return, when you go somewhere, and you weren't expect accepted and you will return, like you tried to cross the border, and they didn't accept your paperwork, and they sent you back, this is a lot. So they're saying we're going to be rejected and sent back like this, like our death wasn't acceptable enough, now we have to be brought back to life. This is a means of sarcasm of the disbeliever. Then he says that hafizullah and halophila is literally from comfort, which is a ditch in the ground that you dig, okay, our method is actually a
shovel. That's how it's used. So they're basically saying, you know, the, the imagery in language, you have to understand imagery in classical Arabic is, you know, when you don't dig the ground, it's the way it's supposed to be. And then you make all this effort of digging it. And then you are asked to bring it back exactly where it used to be back to normal again. So they're saying Come on, it's already our games are done. We're set the way we are. We're not going to come out of this now. This is done deal in the llama. Era this resurrection after death doesn't seem like it's a very possible prospect. Now either could not evolve. And it might have been possible. Maybe I just died, right? My
muscles are still intact. The only thing is I'm not breathing anymore. Right? Maybe in a couple hours. Maybe somebody is able to revive me, I'll still might believe it. But you're talking about the time either Canary Obama NASA, even at the time, when our bones will have been decayed to the point nothing, it means that the bone will be empty on the inside from from decay. All that's left is a shell and air passes through it. Right and produces a smelly kind of experience. When we're reduced to that much decay. You're saying we're going to be raised again I either could not vomit nephila tilaka isn't Corrado hasura Now notice before we said yaku Luna in Alamo Luna Luna is the
present tense they say and they will say but all you is past tense. What this illustrates is this statement that we're about to read
was only made once or twice, it's lesser in its frequency. Okay because a lot of the aluminum produce past and present in in nowadays, when you hear past tense you think of the past when you hear presidents you think of the present in classical Arabic past present future tense, they have different functions, not just timelines, they actually serve the function of the function of something being a one time thing. And something being a continuous thing. If it's a one time thing past tense, if it's continuous, present tense. For example, we find when Allah speaks about murder, you know, there are two kinds of murders, simply speaking, there's the guy who killed somebody by
accident. And there's the guy who committed you know, murder on purpose homicide. So there's, you know, there's a manslaughter, which is kind of by mistake, and homicide, which is on purpose. When I spoke of manslaughter. When you kill somebody by mistake, he said, woman, but I mean and hapa and whoever killed past tense killed a believer by mistake. When he speaks about killing on purpose, he says, oh, man, yep, Minamata Amida, whoever kills a believer on purpose. So what's the difference? The one who kills on purpose might do it again, there's going to be continuity and may have done it before. So the present tense is more appropriate. And when the past tense is used for singular
event, so the one who killed by mistake, chances are, he's not going to do it. Again, he's not gonna come back in two weeks and say, guess what, I made another mistake. It's like, that's not likely. So katella is used here called illustrates that some of them actually gave this some thought. They actually give this some thought though, even though they said this in a sarcastic tone, it illustrates that some of them did reach the conclusion if if there's a slight possibility that what you're seeing is the truth that we will be revived from death. Again, if that is even as the slightest possibility, then they made this statement tilka isn't coloradan hasura, then this is
going to be a camera, a return that is full of loss hospital, a return full of loss, it's going to be a terrible return. Now, the word literally doesn't just mean return. It actually is in Arabic, it's also used for attack. So this will be an attack on us. You know, the Arabs used to say there was one of the military strategies they had was called cuddalore. Follow. What that means is you attack and you run away, then you attack later and you run away. Right? This was a military strategy. So karma here not just to return, but this will be attack against an attack against us, that's going to cause a lot of damage to us. Now, they're saying this in a sarcastic tone, but it
actually illustrates at least they entertain the idea, at least once somebody entertained the idea that if this does happen, we will in fact, be in very big trouble, Call of Duty
hosler Now Allah ends all of this discourse. All of this in sort of Nova the way Allah ended that discourse was can say, the moon from McCullough sagarmala entity said, No, not at all. They're gonna find out when we read about those ayah. Now Allah ends this discourse in another way. There he yelled at them directly saying they will find out here he says for in NEMA, he has a lot on wahida then it's only going to take one yelling zatural really nowadays is we know when a parent is yelling at their child. This is Angela. There are different kinds of yelling, but when it's very loud, and it's offensive to the one you're yelling at, then soldier is used. No, it's used against the
messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam. What callooh Majnoon was the Jeff right that he they said he's insane. And he was yelled at in order to make him run away. Like he started howling at him and cussing at him. Now the lesson looks at him so that he would run off and not give them power anymore. That's the I was budget. But here's the agenda is use. Those are literally in the meaning of Allah xojo will basically scold them, will scold them, and that scolding will be enough. Some, some have commented that his agenda is the blowing of the second trumpet. That That in itself is a scolding. That's all it's going to take on wahida for either one besides Allah, then as a
consequence, we know its consequences. Because fat is fat suburbia illustrates consequence. Then as a result, either all of a sudden, home beside Hello, they are going to be at this place that is in Arabic illustrated as a Sahara. Let's talk briefly about what Sakhalin means. So I had literally literally means that your sleep has disappeared, it's disappeared, you can't sleep anymore. And it was used in reference to an open field. So the Arab imagine is traveling and there's an open open open field as far as the eye can see he's got nowhere to rest. So he sticks his bag on the ground, he lives down. But you know, when you can see far in the distance, he's worried if he goes to sleep,
somebody will see him from a distance come and rob him and run off. So he loses his sleep because he's not hidden. He's too exposed. So sad was used in the reference of an open field and also in the play in this in the sense of losing one's sleep, because the two things are related to the Arab to the Arab experience. Okay, so now let's speak so they will be in this place will they will lose their sleep. So I had also it'll be an open field. Here are some comments that I might have made about it. One is we talked about the open field. Also it's referred to as a mirage.
Like when traveling in the desert and they see a mirage and what are they seeing the Mirage water, right? So when you when you're almost asleep out of exhaustion in the travel of the desert, but you see a possibility of water in front of you what happens to your sleep, it disappears. Now you can't sleep because now there's a goal in front of you. So some have commented Sahara is used for this reason. Other others have said this is actually the field or the opening. And sign of literally is a kind of ground that is pale, it's crusty, it's it's one color, almost white, and it's flat completely completely flat. As far as the eye can see this is a silo and some have commented This is
actually the field and and the land in which in which all human beings will be gathered for resurrection. So for example, Messiah, immediately there will be at the location of a sila.
intercede Hakone, we find one additional
comment on this ayah he says that this is like losing, losing your sleep coming out of the grave, that as soon as that trumpet is blown, you will come out of your grave and lose your sleep forever. Because you know in another place in a scene for example, number autonomy Mark Kadena who has raised us from our place of sleep, right? This has been used. So now their sleep has gone forever. Their sleep has been lost forever. Because once the paradise comes and the Hellfire comes in the day of judgment comes there's no more sleep. There's no more partial death. There's no escape from either the pleasures or the tortures. So for either homebase. Sahaba handled attacca de Souza, complete
shift of subject you had in the beginning, a few oaths, regard regarding the power of Allah subhanho wa Taala, especially in regards to the winds. We talked about last time, a little bit about why the winds are important. I'll recap recap some things, the winds are critical because the Arab said, What's this here after this whole, unseen punishments that you talked about? That seems so far off? The closest thing to the unseen in the seen world is the wind, the closest thing that we can experience, what we can't see is the wind, and a lot illustrates his power of destruction and his mercy by means of the wind, someone's come and destroy entire towns, other ones come, and they are
the means by which entire life on the earth is sustained. Right? So basically, the idea is Allah doesn't need to make special arrangements for the cafe, to bring some special military arrangement to bring him to punishment. All Allah needs to do is unleashes wind, that's enough for him. So what what whose power? Are you questioning? That's the idea of the winds being used as an oath, then you come forward a lot. So we just started talking about the day itself, the day on which what's your state of affairs is going to be? Watch what you're saying. Before I even mentioned what he says. He says, your hearts are going to be like that that day. By the way. You seem to be talking you know,
all this trash now. Yahoo, Luna, Luna, Phil, hi, Farah. Eva could narrow down and not polluted.
Now, all of this brings to an end takes us back to judgment again. For Enigma, he has a gelatin wahida for whom all of them together this IRA. Now you're not the first ones to rebel. You're not the first ones to be skeptics. You're not the first ones to poke fun at the truth and make smart comments. Allah turns his attention to his messengers on the love audience and how do we know he turned his attention to the messenger held at a car? Have Ethan Moosa did the news of Moosa come to you are Mohammed Salah logmar they've set up this empty fact what this illustrates is imagine there's an audience in front of us, right? Allah azza wa jal is speaking, there's the one of the
audiences the believers, one of the audiences the disbelievers part of the audience is the messenger himself. So
imagine there's a teacher, I'll put it in human terms. Imagine there's a teacher, it's got a, you know, in the auditorium, there's a section A, there's a section B, there's a section C, and there's the TA standing next day, right? Sometimes the teacher is talking to a sometimes it's not going to be sometimes he's not going to see sometimes he's talking to the TA. Sometimes, for example, he did really well on the exam. So he's talking to me and he says to be, you know, you guys should be more like a REIT. So he's not talking to a but he's talking about them, even though everybody's listening. Sometimes he's telling his ta Don't worry about them. I know they're getting rowdy now,
but you should relax, we'll get them under control or something. In other words, the one the true instructor, the true teacher has different audiences in different scenarios of education. Allah says about Karina ilevel Quran he taught the Quran. And these are components of teaching. You talk to someone when they're when they're being bad students, when they're not listening, these people are poking fun. Now electrons to Musashi, Suleiman starts talking to him. Instead, he talks talk, even though they're still listening, they learn now that Allah is no longer addressing them. He's tired of talking to them pretty much in this discourse. So he turns to messenger, the messenger solution
and he says, Hello, attacca, howdy samosa, the word Hadith, which is interesting. Allah didn't say copper, or I didn't say you know, Nova or other words that are used in other places. How do you specifically, Cadiz is used for something that is manifests one. It is also used for something so old and it's for
gotten that when you're reminded of it, it sounds like it's new altogether new. And what the power of that word here is when Allah says it the hadith of Musa come to you. In other words, roughly translated, when did the news of Musa come to you, you are being reminded of his legacy. And you will feel like this is the first time you're hearing it. That's how relevant it is to this discussion. That's how relevant it is to this. That's why the word Hadeeth is used. So did the Hadith under the event of Musa didn't it already come to you? If nada hora boo boo boo, I didn't know.
When his Lord called on to him. NIDA in Arabic is to call someone loudly. So when his Lord forcefully called him with a tremendous voice, he called him bill why the MOCA does in the sanctified Valley, at least in Arabic, that we do talk this of Allah, Monica de sulak, for example, right? That this is to speak of Allah in a way that is appropriate of Allah and to remove from Allah any attributions that are not appropriate to him. mukut This is a place it can be a place that is specified for declaring the perfection of Allah, a place that is specially arranged specially designed to to exalt Allah subhanho wa Taala. Well, let's in Simple English words, a holy place
right or a sanctified place is probably a better term. So we invited others in the sanctified valley of Booyah. Already, there's a parallel, remember alleged talking to his messenger sallallahu on incident alized messenger called his Lord, by without him even realizing he called them to the cave of heaven. He called him to that cave, and he gave him revelation here he reminds him Messiah, day seven was called to the valley of tour, what for what for revelation? And then the revelation was given is heavy enough that I own in Nevada, go to Pharaoh, go to film. Now in other places we find fact tip don't go approach without all the way. Here it says go to head in that direction, meaning
get started on your mission that illustrates just get started on this mission right away. Okay, so who is the messenger to go to he used to go to college, he used to go to the disbelievers just like Busan was to go to Pharaoh. Now, why was he to go to Pharaoh in nahata known There is no doubt that he has engaged in an act of rebellion, but Leon in Arabic is used when you will for example, if you have a pot and you fill water in which you put too much into it starts spilling out this is the Leon that we have is used for for oceans when they start boiling over like a flood. This is Tolkien also. So there are limits set on a human being of the things they can do and say when they crossed those
limits, they have engaged in topia. So he's done to be on in two ways that we learned of in Koran first, he declared himself Rob. Second, he enslaved when he saw he because when Musashi Salaam came to him, he addressed two things, these two things in a tsunami, I mean, and I've seen my mother bunny slide. So these are two great acts of rebellion of Pharaoh. Anyhow, so go to Pharaoh and he has rebelled just like you people have rebelled. What this actually illustrates is your problem really isn't that you don't believe in the hereafter or you're skeptical. Your real problem is just like was illustrated in the previous sutra. Your real problem is your love of rebellion. You don't
want any limits put on you. You don't want to be told you can do this. You can't do this. You can live like this. You can't live like this. These are putting limits on you and you love your rebellion free lifestyle. Nowadays we call it freedom we like we love our freedom, right and a carefree lifestyle. This is what you're really in love with and that was the crime of federal and before you in no no Tada. So cool, and we'll conclude with the science and conclude the pseudo after the Salah, Sakuma hell aka Allah and then say to him, and this this statement is very powerful. halakha illa Anta zakka the closest thing to we can figure in English halakhah Malan, first of all,
there's a word understood here. Do you have any inclination inside you at all? That you want to cleanse yourself of the filth that you are infested with? Do you have any voice of reason inside you that wants to make you a better person? Meaning the messengers you know their mission their mission was yet through either him it he
is a key him and other places we use a chemo? chemo Makita bone hikmah dusky a purification was one of the core components of the work work of the messengers. What is this key I mean purification? It is to take the elements of one's personality that are flaws that are evil that are rebellious, and to cleanse oneself of them. So the question to ask Moosa that musasa asks, for our own is the same question that is now to be put to the people who fear or who don't fear the hereafter. The real question is, do you find any voice of reason any conscience deep buried inside yourself? That tells you that you should become a better person? Is that little bit of a voice still alive? Because if it
is, then there's hope for you. But if that voice is gone, then there's nothing left in you. There's nothing left making Dawa to. So it's not only that my message is convincing. And my message has good reason. What part of the Dharma is what is the good
Is that is inside of you that is clicking with the message that I'm giving you. There's has to be something inside of you that the two lights will come together no nada, no sofa call halakhah ella and Jessica. Finally, inshallah tada as far as this word, the halakha illa. It's a very powerful expression in Arabic, in that it illustrates not just the presence of goodness, but one's desire to bring out that goodness, one's desire to bring out that goodness. So Moosa is asking for our own he's not questioning that there's a goodness because a leopard goodness inside of every human being they deny that goodness that's a separate story. He's saying, Do you have any any desire left in you
to let that goodness in you flourish? This is basically the last resort I've given you Although I could, and you've rebelled beyond all reason, but there still might be hope for you. If you will let your own conscience be the better judge of the truth. inshallah tada with this we take a break so Chronicle long movie shadow into the store.