Tafsir Surah Yaseen #01

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Navaid Aziz

Channel: Navaid Aziz

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And Alhamdulillah Nakamoto who Ernestina who want to start off with now the villa Himanshu Rudy unfussy now huaming sejati I'm Anna Maria de la jolla Moodle Allahu Allahu Allah, wa Chateau La ilaha illallah

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wa shodhana Mohammed Abu Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa seldom at the Sleeman, kathira Ahmedabad, my dear brothers and sisters so that mighty como La Habra cattle.

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So I'd like to welcome you all to the first class of the Tafseer of Surya scene. And I'm going to begin by telling you guys a story on how as a young child sylia scene became my favorite sutra. So it is very quite common in Muslim tradition that when someone passes away, they'll have like a Quran Konya at someone's house, many people gather together and recite Quran for the dead person. And one of the students they'll commonly recite is sort of a scene. So I was invited to someone's house, I think this was perhaps the first time that I went with my parents for this Quran funny. And I'm like, Mom, Dad, you know, I don't want to read the Koran at this Quran, honey, I was probably about

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seven years old. And they're like, Look, you know, just read through the scene, and you can go and play with your kids with the other kids that are there. So then I sat down, and you know, like a good son. I started reading a scene, beginning of the surah, and probably about halfway through, and the other kids come to me and they're like, what are you doing? I'm like, I'm reading story scene. They're like, why are you reading the whole thing? I'm like, my parents told me to do it. They're like, what did your parents tell you? This is my I'm like, my parents told me go read your scene. So they said, You know what, that's what our parents tell us as well. And as long as you say your

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scene, you read this.

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So every time I was invited to Quran, Connie, and like, you know, Amoeba Can I read your scene again? And they're like, no problem. So they thought I'd like a personal attachment with the scene. But it was the quickest way out of reading Koran, and going and playing with the other kids. Now, obviously, you know, that's not what we're going to be doing in our class today. We have how many holla calls this week? And then after eat three more, inshallah so all together, we'll be having four classes. No, sorry, five classes. I'm sorry. I seem right. Yeah, but five classes on Saturday, so in between the heater Allah. So we're going to try to go into as much detail as possible. And I

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want to start off by just giving you a small introduction to the field, and the different types of fasciae that actually take place. So that as we're learning, you're going to be taking different picking up different points of benefit. So these are the different points of benefit that you should be picking up. Now, something to start off with. Anytime you're studying a class of Tafseer, one of two things needs to have happened. Number one, you either should have memorized the surah. And I understand a lot of the times that may not be possible. But I think surely I see, a lot of us should have memorized. By show of hands, how many you have memorized, has seen, you might not have

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memorized it now. But in your entire life, you've memorized at least one one time, one shell, that's still pretty good. However, there were quite a few people that done that. So that's the first thing I do memorize the sutra. or number two, you should have the sutra open in front of you. And you'd have this open in front of you either in Arabic or either in the language that you feel comfortable understanding. And that is how you get the most benefit out of the sutra. That is how you'll get the most benefit out of the solar. Now the good thing is, we're only going to be covering the first, you know, couple of ions today. And we're going to have quite a brief introduction to the suta as well.

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So starting from next week, I want everyone either to have memorized the surah or they have the Arabic or translation in front of them with the solar. That's just to maximize the benefit. Now, let us start off with what are the different types of tafsir that take place when we talk about the fear? What does it actually mean? When we talk about the fear of the Koran, we're trying to find out the intended meaning by Allah subhanho wa Taala for that verse. So an individual approaches a text, he's easily able to extrapolate his own understanding. So I look at something I can clearly tell you what I understand from it, when an individual is approaching Tafseer. What he wants to look at is,

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what is the intended meaning of Allah subhanho wa Taala of this verse, what does Allah subhanho wa Taala want us to understand from this verse. Now, this understanding of the verse will depend at which lens you're looking at it from so scholar of Hadith, he will try to extrapolate lessons of Hadith. A person who is a specialist in history, he is going to extract extrapolate lessons of history from it a personal look, we'll do the exact same thing. So now you get to understand what are the different types of lenses that people approach the Quran with people approach the Quran with and altogether you'll find that there are seven of them all together, you will find seven of them.

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The first one is the lens of Bulava and Bulaga is the eloquence of the Quran. So the first group of scholars they'll come and look at the eloquence of the Quran. What is it that makes the Koran so much more beautiful than

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language of Arabic that you and I speak today. What is the difference between it? Why did Allah subhanho wa Taala call the Quran the everlasting miracle? Why is the Quran the greatest miracle that was given to the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam. This is approach through the eloquence of the Quran. Number two, the second lens that the scholars of Tafseer will approach the Quran with, is through the lens of grammar. So the Arabic language Believe it or not, it did exist before the Quran was revealed. However, the grammatical rules were perfected through the Koran. So now whether Muslim or non Muslim, if you want to find the ultimate resource of Arabic grammar, your hammock Allah if

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you want to find the ultimate, ultimate resource for Arabic grammar, you will go back to the Quran. So there that is where you find the grammatical rules of the Arabic language through the Quran.

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The third of them stories. So this Quran is a book of stories, Allah subhana wa tada describes surah Yusuf as the revelation of the best of stories. So those individuals that wanted to specialize in stories, and they were actually called the sauce, they used to tell stories. And that's what they used to do. And a lot of times people would gather together in the past, and they would pay them good money to hear stories, right. And this is often frustrated, the scholars of headache, because it's caused a Hadith, we're conveying true lessons and true knowledge. And here you had people that were, you know, had 1000s of followers, but all they're doing is telling stories, sometimes too,

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sometimes not true. But those individuals that wanted to look at the lens of storytelling through the Koran were able to do so. And they found in it the best of stories, the stories of the prophets of Allah subhanho wa Taala the story of previous nations, the stories of nations that Allah subhanho wa Taala destroyed, and lessons that are described from them. The fourth of them are those that looked at very unique words of the Quran. So they looked at the history of the Quran. So these were words that were not as common in the Arabic language that are found in the Quran. So they did a whole episode of the Quran, just focusing on the corrib and unique words of the Quran. Number five,

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those that wanted to look at filk so the Quran is meant to be a book of guidance meant to guide us with everything that we know. So they would extract IR to come from the tafsir. Can anyone think of a book of tafsir that focuses on the IR tabacum or the IR the focus on rulings of the Quran? There's two famous ones. I'm pretty sure we've heard of at least one of them. There's one that is commonly quoted by a lot of scholars.

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Anyone

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right here, Shana?

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sense. So the serial port Toby is a Tafseer that focuses on the rulings of Islam you want to find rulings of filk You can find it in the book I will also be right. Another one that is also famous is the book of immunotherapy immunotherapy with olive and lamb. He has a book focusing on the ayat of Africa. So anyone that wants to study fick based upon Quranic text, you can go to these two books as well. Number six, looking at the Koran as a book of Akita and perhaps this is the foundation of the Quran. When you look at the Koran itself, you have no claim about him or her Allah. He says this is the whole book is an indication of the oneness of Allah subhana wa Tada, meaning that no matter what

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part of the Quran you look at, in that verse in that word, you're able to somehow some way, find the oneness of Allah subhanho wa Taala in it. So when we talk about our kids over here, it's not just about what is it that a Muslim believes, but also Allah subhanho wa Taala taught us to debate the People of the Book and taught us to debate the polytheists Allah subhanaw taala taught us to do that. So those people that focus on Akita will approach the Quran from their lens as well. And then number seven, the Quran, a view of the Quran through a view of spirituality through a view of spirituality. And I think this is, you know, of the utmost importance. Again, I emphasize this not

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because we live in very materialistic times, and, you know, one of the leading causes why people go through, you know, a crisis of faith is a lack of spirituality. But we like to approach the Koran as a textbook, a lot of the time when we discuss the series, like legal rulings are Qaeda, natural badaga, all of those things, but one of the primary reasons that Allah subhanaw taala sent down the Koran is to soften the hearts of the people and to strengthen the hearts from any darkness and blackness that is there, right, the new sub better behaved louder so that we can strengthen your heart and that happens to the spirituality that one attains through the Koran. Now here's something

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that a lot of people

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No in the back of their minds, but they don't tend to bring it to the front. Right this more today is caught by a portion of it. I dedicated to the importance of Vicar. There is consensus amongst all of the scholars that the best form of Vicar is the recitation of the Quran, that there is no liquor better than the reading of the Quran. And we know the virtues of the Quran in terms of the multiple rewards that one gets word the sins that are forgiven the ranks that are raised, that the heart is purified through the vicar, the best form of Vicar is the Quran. So I would say that anyone that is looking for spirituality, there's no need to start off with books are likely other side here, or

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here, Luma Dean or any other book, you start off with the Quran, because this is the book that Allah subhanho wa Taala sent to you as a guide. Allah subhanho wa Taala tells you that he will soften your heart through the Quran, listen to it, read it, implement it, understand it. And that is one of the objectives and aims of this class. So that's just a brief understanding of the various approaches we will be taking and understanding sort of guessing now we've mentioned seven of them. It's not going to be possible to you know, maximize efforts with all of the lenses, but what we will try to do is extract the most valuable lessons for the people extract to extract the more valid and more valuable

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lessons for the people. So now our first topic of discussion is going to be why is Surah Yaseen actually called as sin and who named it as sin. So starting off with the name of surah Yaseen. When we will come to look at the Hadith that mentioned surah Yaseen, we will see you know which ones are authentic and which ones are weak. What what can be established is the fact that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam name should have seen yacine himself, that it is an affirmed from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and from the companions themselves, that it was called surah sin. Now, this should have seen have any other names? And the answer is yes, some of the books of the

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Salah mentioned other names of surah Yasin from them is called the no cordia means the ones that the one that will get something achieved and done right. So they say this call it I'll call the because the one that is to read so that your scene he will have whatever he desires he will have, he will attain whatever he desires, and it's also called Alma, meaning the all encompassing, meaning that the one that recites to the scene will be encompassed by goodness in this life, and next. It is also called Alma Delphia, meaning the one that pushes or averts because the one that recites through the scene will have evil averted from him. Now, do these names go back to the Prophet salallahu alayhi

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wasallam? Did he choose these names and give surely I've seen these names? The answer is no. I have not found any authentic narrations that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam used these names to describe surah Yasin however the scholars of the past did use the these names to describe Saudi soldiers from the heart of the scholars and that is something that we will come to come to discuss. What is the relationship actually now so why is Surya scene called Surya scene because it starts off with the scene it starts off with the verses the letters your scene. Now, what is the relationship of Surya scene with the surah before it what is the relationship with surah Yaseen and the surah

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before it, there are three you know things that we can extract from this there are three things that we can extract from this. The first of them

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is that Allah subhana wa Tada. He got to the end of Surah Fateha This is at the end of Surah Fateha in verse 37, Allah subhana wa tada says about the disbelievers were oxen will be la hija Imani him, the injure a home near that the disbelievers took the strongest of oaths by Allah subhanho wa Taala that if a messenger came to them, they will definitely believe they will definitely believe what does Allah subhanho wa Taala start off so they are seen with ya seen well Coronel Hakeem in NACA laminal mousseline that you are Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam are surely from the messengers and wonders of Allah subhanho wa Taala. So, that is the first relationship between sort of father

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and Julia scene. Number two is that there is similarities between sort of faltered and surely seen when Allah subhanho wa Taala talks about his Universal Power when Allah subhanaw taala talks about his Universal Power. So, he talks about inshallah fathia was Saqqara shamsur will cover cooltone yejide ajilon Muslim so Allah subhanho wa Taala. And so the fact that he says that he is the one that placed the sun and the moon, and all of them have their appointed time of movement, all of them have their appointed time of movement, and in Surah Yaseen Allah subhanho wa Taala he says, Wash,

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wash shampoo tragedy with shampoo, touch it in the most dakara la Vallee katakuri

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As easy as him, so let's find out what Allah inshallah you're seeing, he says, and the sun only moves for its appointed time and that is due to the most powerful and mighty and knowledgeable due to the all power due to the power of the Almighty and all knowing. So that is the second relationship. And the third relationship is Allah subhanho wa Taala says in Surah Fateha what total full caffee Hema Hera will call the fear scene where if I turn the home or I atone law home and Hamelin Doria to home feel full. Then Allah subhanaw taala he says in Surah fathia and you will see the ship the ship in its form. And then shortly I seen Allah subhanho wa Taala he says, and this is

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a sign for them that on this ship, we carried them and we carried their progeny as well. And in the ship, we carried them and their progeny as well. So this is the relationship that surah Yaseen has with the surah before it, this is a relationship that sort of scene has with the surah before it and this is something that you call in the Arabic language Manasa that what is you know, the relationship between the surah before it and the soldier after it and if we ever do surah Saba, then actually not some sort of server. So at 37 is facilite. Right, suffered suffered. So if we ever do sort of suffer, inshallah, we'll talk about the relationship between Salford and Yasin Bismillahi.

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Salah.

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Is there anything else I wanted from this? No. So now we get into the virtues of surah Yaseen, the virtues of surah Yasin so what is the what are the benefits behind reading surah? Yasin?

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So we'd like to hear from you guys. What are some of the narrations you've heard about the virtues of su reading surah Yasin?

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Why Why would someone read surah Yaseen, go ahead? Yeah.

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I actually don't base it upon what I said don't be surprised what I said something that you knew already. Like if your parents taught it to you, or you heard it in school, or you read it in the book.

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Well, guess what he wants to still going off what I said, but that's okay. Anyone else? The heart, the heart of the Quran, that is probably the most common virtue that is narrated, will surely come out go ahead.

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Whoever said surah Yaseen in the night will be forgiven. Likewise, whoever's to recite surah Yaseen seeing the face of Allah subhanho wa Taala will be forgiven. Fantastic. What else? Yep, leave when somebody is dying

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to release the soul.

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I don't know about the facilitation of the of the easing of the soul but recited upon your dead people. The prophet SAW them said we're sites where they are seen upon your dead people.

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Some people they read, see the diffusion of time, and some people say no, the proper time to read a scene for someone to independent from

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when they are

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dying of a dog. Correct.

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That there hasn't been a nice

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Jazakallah Thank you very much. So yes, there's a narration that is a tribute to the promise of asylum. That was actually a scene upon your dead people. Anything else? Anyone heard anything else? Fantastic. So now, those are the three major narrations that are there. Now in front of me, I have all been narrations that talk about the virtues of surah. Yaseen and if you look at the ruling on those that Hadith by by by he leaves, and then you will get monkland, Hadith and Moldova and so on and so forth. So what I will facilitate this discussion with is out of all of the narrations about surah Yaseen, all of them are weak or fabricated with the exception of two all of them are weak or

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fabricated with the exception of two. And these two this is where the difference of opinion lies amongst the scholars. Some of them said it was hassling the lady II mean that due to the overwhelming evidence is combined together, it could become authentic, or they said you know what, it is the strongest level of weak it is the strongest level of weak mean that there is a weakness in it, but it is a slight weakness in it. It is a slyke weakness in it. And those two narrations The first of them is that whoever recites surah Yaseen, seeking the face of Allah subhanho wa Taala, then he will be forgiven. Whoever recites through the scene seeking the face of Allah subhanho wa

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Taala, then he will be forgiven. So this shows us that if an individual reads surah Yaseen, from beginning to end, then he will be forgiven. This is a hadith with a valid difference of opinion. But I'll share something with you over here, that as we'll come to discuss, when we talk about the the attributes of Rama, the attributes of Mercy of Allah subhana wa Tada, Allah subhanho wa Taala is a lot more merciful than we comprehend him to be a lot more merciful than we comprehend them to be and on

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top of that, he's also a lot more generous than we understand him to be as well. So how does that tie in with this? The way it ties in my dear brothers and sisters, yes, we may have a different understanding of the ruling of Hadith, that this may have, it may be authentic, it may not be authentic. But the scholars of the past when it came to weak Hadith that didn't have extreme weakness, particularly in virtuous deeds, they said it's permissible to use those he said it's permissible to use those why based upon this understanding of mercy and generosity of Allah subhanaw taala being one of the reasons so when you have these Hadith that have tremendous virtues of them,

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and you see that the week has a slight weakness in it, one should be more flexible with these than he would with fabricated ahaadeeth so if he is someone trying to implement this idea that says, you know what I'm reading slowly I seem to attain forgiveness from Allah subhanho wa Taala. I personally may not agree with it, but I would say hey, this person is coming from a valid standpoint. So I wouldn't hurry to say that this is a bid hour and innovation and I would no definitely not tell that person you know what, don't recite surah Yaseen, don't recite Surya sin because you will see an exact opposite culture being created. Like there's a yeah is a culture that's the infatuation with

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Surya seen whether you will ignore the whole Quran and you focus on like literally five students and those are the only five stores you will recite from the Quran. Right? And then you have the exact opposite as well where you get like you know what, all the people of innovation recite surah Yaseen so you are not going to recite surah. Yaseen, right. That's the exact opposite culture. And as a Muslim, you always want to be balanced. So if a person is doing it, that's perfectly fine, but he should have a basis for it. Right? Always look into matters, research them, don't blindly follow research those issues keep looking into keep looking into it, until you have a decisive answer.

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The second Hadith of the prophets of Salaam that is acceptable by some scholars, is the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam recite surah Yaseen, upon your motor comb. And this is where the scholars differed, What does motoko mean? In English, we will translate it as your dead. But how the scholars of Hadith actually understood this is recited upon your dying. So the ones that are dying, recite surah Yaseen upon them, and as you'll come to see, when we have the full discussion right after this one, that three out of the former head, they said it is highly encouraged to recite surah Yasin upon your dying based upon this hadith based upon this Hadith, he said, It is highly

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encouraged to do so. They also understood from this, that you can also recite surah Yaseen, upon the individual that has already passed away, you can recite surah Yaseen upon the other upon the individual that has already passed away. However, Allah subhanho wa Taala knows best. This was not the understanding of our predecessors is not the understanding of the Sahaba, the Allahu anhu. And therefore, it is better to stay away from but we'll go into those details in our next chapter. So what are the two narrations that are acceptable in the chapter we have seen? The first of them is that whoever recites should have seen seeking the face of Allah subhanho wa Taala will be forgiven.

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And then number two, recite surah Yaseen upon your dying, recite surah seen upon your dying, those are the two acceptable narrations, our that can be acceptable, and everything else is not authentic and in fact, should not be attributed to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam because more than likely, it is completely fabricated, and it has no foundation and the books of Hadith at all, no foundation of the books of Hadith at all. So now we get to the issue of hokum karatu, how much what is the ruling on reciting it's over, you're dying, the herbal Hanafi or Shafi will be in our next speaker at the Sharia scene in the mystery in the decoding Nabi sallallahu, alayhi wa sallam

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ecologia sin Allah motoko a man hedorah who mapa de metal mouth. So, the Hanafi method, the shuffling method, the humbling method, they said, it is recommended to research so that you are seen for the one whom death is becoming is starting to become present, based upon the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam recite the scene upon your dying, meaning the one who has the beginnings of death are just starting to approach him the beginnings of death are just starting to approach him.

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Now, this is a question that you will get a prize for and I always forget to bring the prizes. But I promise you, I will bring you a prize for myself next week within the heats either I'll bring you a prize for myself next week. Who can tell me why it is encouraged to recite so they are seen upon the dank. Why is it encouraged? Why would the process I'm choosing as seen of all of the sutras to recite upon the dank

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who's seeking forgiveness? What are you basing that upon

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underlying

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forgiveness

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Why not a class? Why not Surah Fatiha why surah Yasin? That's what I'm looking for. There has to be a particular reason suggested

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and underlies some of the pillars of Eman. So you should strengthen the person's mind before he's dying. That's one way of looking at it. There's a more clear reason that some of the scholars have outlined.

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Only one

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says basically, we couldn't be going back to this my understanding. But they wouldn't that scare the person that he's just begun dying, right to look at the math, you know, not in that state to understand. So

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I'll take three more guesses. Three more guesses. Do you want to guess? Go ahead, the

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person who died

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when he was traveling.

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You need to be more specific.

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Hold on, hold on, hold on. Let's hear from I can share two phrases, man. Let's go. Go ahead.

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Because the person who proposed to the city, yes.

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Right.

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Right. Yes.

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Yeah, he has got a very high rank. And

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one of the things about

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I'm feeling generous, so I'll give it to you. So that is what this call is actually talk about. So we'll come to the story of a man that came from the end of the city. And he comes to the people and he says, oh, people What is wrong with you that you don't follow the messengers that they've been sent to you? So they people said Who is this guy? Who do you think you are? And he started stoning this man. And then as you know, it will come to discuss this but it's either as he's dying or after he's died. He says yeah, later komiya Allah moon Bhima. Zafar Ali, Robbie Gianni middle McCullough mean that only if my people truly knew that due to this, Allah subhanho wa Taala forgave me and made

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me of those that had their status elevated made me of those that were you know, showed generosity and showed nobility to so they said this is the crux of the message that the dying person wants to receive that Allah subhanho wa Taala will show forgiveness and will make him from the elevated people so inshallah next week it is your responsibility come and get your gift to Allah bring it don't just come and get it inshallah does Aquila, who quit. So, that is why it is encouraged to recite it upon the person that is dying die, that is why it is encouraged to recite it upon the person that is dying. So now which metop is missing from the Medina that we mentioned, Maliki

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method. Now they go back and say, Look, first of all, we will question the authenticity of this hadith. This Hadith is not completely authentic according to our criterion number two, under the guise of it being authentic, what is a very strong foundation in the Maliki method, if you study first, they have a very strong foundation that they return to.

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Fantastic they take the actions of the people of Medina, they said, even under the guise of it being authentic, we have no narrations of the Sahaba, the Allahu anhu. I'm doing this, particularly the scholars of Medina, they had seven great folk Aha, that they called from Medina, none of them implemented this. And they said that you know what, this narration, we're not going to implement, we're not going to go into it. So, they went to the exact opposite ruling rather than being recommended, they said it is makrooh to do so, it is macro to do so to specify a virtue to a sutra that has not been authentically established that has not been authentically established. Now, we get

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into a second discussion, we get into a second discussion. And that is, how about reciting surah Yaseen upon the individual as you're placing him into the grave as you're placing him into the grave? So the three modalities that were already okay with it, the Hanafi madhhab, the Shafi method and the humbling method, they said, it is even okay to recite surah Yaseen, while you're pacing placing the person in his grave. What was their proof for this? They use the statement of Abdullah nama rhodiola hemangioma to his son, when that when he was dying, he taught his son or my son, as you place me in the grave, recite upon me, the opening of Bukhara, and the ending of Bukhara and

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then place me on the grave. And it's interesting how you know, this simple statement recite upon me the opening of Bukhara, and the closing of Baccarat turned into one of the must have saying that you recite the opening of Baccarat at the head of the individual. You said the closing of bacala at the feet of the individual. And then when you're halfway in middle you were said the middle of Baccarat at that time as well. And you slowly start to see that people have good intentions, but either shaytaan or the desires they get the best of them that had there been heightened these actions. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would have been the first to teach us these actions.

00:30:00--> 00:30:38

And that is what we want to emphasize that our belief in the bassoon sallallahu alayhi wa sallam it necessitates and dictates anything that is beneficial for our Acura. It was mandatory upon the Prophet sallallahu Sallam to teach it to us. And it is mandatory that it was preserved for us, because no fundamental aspect of our Deen would be lost, no fundamental aspect of our Deen could be lost. So now, we're not going to get into the detailed discussion of, you know, the different Philippine opinions of Filkins, what are the differences they had in terms of reciting, so they are seen, and so on and so forth. What we will say is, that will not going to open up the door not for

00:30:38--> 00:31:01

Surya seen, nor for any other surah that there is no authentic narration from the processor, or from any of his companions, that Quran should be recited in the graveyard, nothing like that at all. And had there been anything, we would have been the first ones to do with the sobre della who I know would have been the first ones to do it. And if they didn't do it, then neither should we neither should we.

00:31:02--> 00:31:09

Now, we actually get into surah, Yaseen itself, you have a question for us, because

00:31:11--> 00:31:12

I sent

00:31:13--> 00:31:13

it

00:31:16--> 00:31:18

very true, very true.

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There is recitation of the Quran in the janessa. But that is a salah and not Corrado Quran. So we can say yes, a person can preach in. So there's many narrations of praying janessa. But there's no narration of someone actually going to read code on there. And you look at what's happening in our time. And I'll tell you a,

00:31:38--> 00:31:44

I don't want to get in trouble. But I'm just going to tell a story without mentioning any names. So I was at

00:31:45--> 00:32:24

a very famous mosque in the Middle East, I'll just leave it like that. And you go to the mosque, and Subhanallah unbelievable, man, this is like something that even dreams You can't even fathom. That is how beautiful this mustard was absolutely massive. You have people from all over the world coming to visit this mosque. And now in the outskirts of this mosque is a grave of someone that was famous from that land. And you just keep hearing reciting all the time. So I remember I went for fudger. There's a citation there. I went for a shot, there's recitation there, and all the time there's recitation. So there's a tour guide of the machine like that. That's how big the machine is, there's

00:32:24--> 00:33:03

actually a tour guide, that takes like 45 minutes. So as the tour guide, you know, where is this Quran coming from and what is happening. And he said that this individual, when he passed away, he had left our car like a will, saying that I want people to be hired to recite Quran over me. So they have three people 24 hours a day are reciting called on upon this individual, they're setting Quran upon this individual. And that is what it leads to that, you know, Subhana Allah, the Quran is not meant to be someone's servant or slave. And this is what they they've turned it out to be that you know, you're hiring people to recite called on upon the person that can't even hear it, no one else

00:33:03--> 00:33:38

is hearing it. But you're still going to recite Koran and keep on reading and keep on reading it. It's great to read the Koran while you're alive, implemented, learn it, but when you're reading it upon the dead, with there's nothing there to authentically establish that they will benefit from it that they will benefit from it. Now why was I saying that? To answer your question, that yes, the janazah is valid, but in terms of the recitation of the Quran by itself, there's nothing to authentically establish that there's nothing authentically there to establish that. So now let's get into the actual sutra itself. One thing I will point out as you're studying that the sera sera

00:33:38--> 00:34:26

scene, one of the differences of opinions on Surya seen is a number of verses inside story I've seen a number of verses inside. So they are seen. So throughout the vast books of tafsir, up until you know the finalization of the most half not have the most of mine. But after the dots were placed, the verses in sight should have seen were either 8283 or 84. These are the number of verses that you find these are the number of verses that you find. And then when the most half was actually finalized. Those that followed, the coffee must have had 83 verses in it, whereas all of the other massah have had the 82 or the 84 in them. And then the finalized version, if I'm not mistaken, we

00:34:26--> 00:34:59

actually have 83 verses correct. Can we confirm that? I'm pretty sure it is 83 that it is 83 verses. So now I want to address this right now. Why would there be a different number of verses in the sutras and I'll tell you something that really shocked me. So when I was in university of Medina, we actually went to the Koran printing press in in Medina just like a not too far from the US for every university about 10 minutes away. And at the end of the tour, they ask you, you know, we'll give you a free copy of the Quran. What language would you like and I asked

00:35:00--> 00:35:12

For a Spanish Koran, I asked for a Spanish Quran, I opened up the Spanish Koran. And I'm just looking through it, I understand nothing of it. But I was like, Wow, this is so cool. I have a Spanish coat on. And

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I'll tell you guys a story about it after I don't want to share it in public. But

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there's 287 verses in circle bacara. And I'm like, this can't be right. You know, I know there's only 286. So I go and I tell the person I give him What's up, I'm like, Look, there's a mistake, you'll call on sir, the class 287. And he started up like a formal investigation. And these guys were just like regular individuals. They weren't scholars, they weren't students. Now they are literally just like, you know, volunteer helpers, start up a formal investigation till it got to the top. And then I've got like a formal letter, your thank you for inquiry about finding out why there's an extra versus sort of Bukhara. And he said that that transport to translation was based

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upon, you know, some other script, which I didn't completely understand. So I will simplify it for you that up until the formalization of the Quran, in the in the hopes of which is very common through the, you know, spread of Saudi Arabia that, you know, Saudi Arabia has a great effort in spreading, you know, most hops around the world, that they use the why of house and they use, you know, a lot of the coffee script in terms of the numbering. So based upon that, that is how our number that numbering became very common. So someone sees a different number. They're like, Oh, my God, what's going on? You know, did someone tried to introduce a verse in the Quran, and I'm going

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to find that extra verse. And what ends up happening is there's no extra verse in the Quran is just the way the verses have been divided, have been separated. The most beautiful example of this that will facilitate it is what we're coming into. Is Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim in Surah Fatiha The sooner manner HeMan Surah Fatiha, you pick up a green WhatsApp from Saudi Arabia. The very first idea is Surah Fatiha, you pick up a blue most half, which is the earth manuscript. And you will find that the first iron is an hamdulillahi Rabbil aalameen. Yet in both of these, they still have seven verses. They still have seven verses. There's no eighth verse in Surah Fatiha it's just the way that

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the verses are broken down is different. So now when you get to the much larger Sutras, as you break them down differently, then there will be an extra verse, a verse can be taken away, but the actual content has not been taken away. It's just the numbering that has been different. It's just the numbering that has been different. So now we get into surah Yaseen itself. What should I have seen a Maki surah or a Madani? surah on this, you have three opinions. Opinion number one is that it is a Mackie Shula, this is the opinion of the majority. Opinion number two is that it is a Madani Sula, this is the opinion of the minority. opinion. Number three, is that the whole surah is murky, with

00:37:50--> 00:38:13

the exception of one verse, the with the exception of one verse. This is a verse in Surah, Yaseen Allah subhana wa tada says, with a cleaner the home and fickle that he said this verse was revealed in Medina, everything else was revealed in Makkah. Can someone tell me what it means for a surah to be mucky or Madani? This is a trick question. Go ahead.

00:38:17--> 00:38:24

I told you was a trick question. It couldn't be that simple. That's not it. What does it mean when they say that is mucky or Madani? Go ahead dibang

00:38:28--> 00:39:01

fantastic so murky and muddy and it has nothing to do with the location it was revealed in it has to do with the time. So it was revealed before the history then this is called the monkey Sula. It was revealed after the hedger, then it was revealed it is called imaginary pseudo. So after the hater when the Muslims went back to Mecca, the verses that came down in Macau at that time, like imagine as for Allah, He will, in fact, that pseudo was revealed after the hedgehog. And it's even even though it's talking about macandrews revealed in Mecca, the word surah itself is still called madonie. The surah itself is still called Madani because it was revealed postage law it was revealed

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post hijra now correct opinion on this matter. It is a mucky surah. Why? Because Reason number one. When you look at the way the mucky sewers are constructed, short and powerful Madani sutras are long and filk. Related a lot of the times the Macan sutras are aqeedah related the vast majority of the times, that's one thing. So looking at that and how the sutra is, you have short verses related to al Qaeda, very powerful in this content, talking about you know, messenger ship talking about you know, being raised in the hereafter. It seems like it is a McCann surah So now, if someone needs to come in if someone wants to come and claim that you know what a particular verses from here or a

00:39:50--> 00:39:59

particular word or this surah is Madani, they need a very strong proof to do so because the norm is against them. So the norm that we established already the norm is against them and Allah

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Hang on what's Allah knows best? There is no proof to indicate that one Hoover's was delayed till Medina to be revealed that there is no proof for that there is no proof for that. Now we get into Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim, we're not going to do you know when you recite the Quran you actually begin with saying I will be live in the shaytani r rajim. A lot of people begin with Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. But when you start start reciting the Quran, you should begin with out the window in the shaytani r rajim. We're not going to get into that. Why? Because we've already done it in order to zero Surah Fatiha enter the seal of Jerusalem as well. So

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you can find it on the YouTube channel, what is our the villa in the sheet ontology and I will be less I mean Adam ni[???]ani regime and I will be like semi lean, mean hamsey one of the one of the ni[???]ani team actually mean all that is discussed in this theater. What we will begin with is Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim because Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim, according to the correct opinion is an actual verse of the Quran. So it is an actual verse of the Quran. But it is not a verse of the surah itself. It is not a verse of the surah itself, not in Surah. Yaseen, not in Surah Fatiha as well. nowhere in the Quran is Bismillahirrahmanirrahim a verse of the Quran except in which surah

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and number insert the number in the human soul a manual in the whole Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim that indeed is from Sunni man. And it starts off with Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim.

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If I'm not mistaken, surah number verse 30. That's where it is, that is the only time is now from Allah, He is actually a part of the solar. All other times you say it is a part of the Quran, but it is not actually part of the surah. So now, what does Bismillah actually indicate to simplify it in the English language, it means I began with the name of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And actually that comes after it is loose, meaning it is not mentioned and it is left open. So in every time a person says Bismillah, he is doing so to seek blessings from Allah subhanho wa Taala for that particular act. So when you start eating, you say Bismillah and the intended meaning is In the name of Allah, I

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start to eat. When you enter your house, you say Bismillah With the name of Allah, I enter my house, even though you're not saying I enter my house, that is the intended meaning that whatever the action that you're doing, it starts with the name of Allah subhanho wa Tada. Allah is what we call lovable gelada love lol gela, meaning it is the most commonly used name to describe the Creator of the heavens and the earth. This is the name that Allah subhanho wa Taala chose for himself in the Koran. And in fact, in other you know, scriptures as well. You look in in Hebrew in the in the Torah, Yahweh comes from has the same route as Allah, and in

00:42:52--> 00:43:29

the Gospel, which was in Aramaic, I can't remember how to say it right now. But again, it has a similar word to Allah. In fact, even if you speak to a Christian that speaks Arabic when he talks about God, he refers to God as Allah. So this is the name that Allah subhanho wa Taala chose for himself, Allah, there's a difference of opinion is it derived from another word? Is it an individual word by itself? We say that discussion is not too relevant. Those that described it as being from another word they said it means comes from alila meaning that is comes from the one that is worshiped those that said that it is an individual word. They said that this is a unique word that

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Allah subhana wa Taala placed in the Arabic language, what needs to be understood? Is that the name of Allah, it means the one that created the one that created the heavens and the earth, and the only one that is worthy of worship the only one that is worthy of worship, that is what you need to know about it. R Rahman r Rahim. These are two names of Allah subhanho wa Taala. Perhaps the most common of them. There are two names that describe the attribute of Mercy of Allah subhanho wa Taala. When the strong scholars explained, what is the difference between the man and Rahim they spoke about three differences they spoke about three differences. Difference number one is that one is for the

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dunya The other one is for the Allah so Allah subhana wa tada is about man in this dunya and his Rahim and the Allah they said, this is one possible difference. Difference number two, they said Allah is a rough man for everyone. And is Rahim only for the believers. He is Rahim only for the believers. So he has a mercy for everyone. And then he has a particular mercy for just the believers as well. And opinion number three, the opinion with no time and Allah knows best. This is the one that I lean towards. Is that Allah is that Rahman means the source of all mercy. And Rahim means the one that shows mercy or he means the one that shows mercy. Why does this one make the most sense,

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just due to the fact that there is a very strong, valid, logical reason why we're not allowed using the name of man. We cannot

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call anyone rough man. The prophets that I sent him explicitly forbade this. Why? Because there's only one source of mercy they can never be a second source of mercy. Yet Rahim even though Allah describes himself with it well cannibal, meaning not a Hema, he also describes the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam with it as well. So you're allowed to use the name Rahim just by itself not with Abdur Rahim but just Rahim by itself you are allowed to use as well because the aim is just the one that shows mercy Rahim is just the one that shows mercy. Now we start off with Yasin yeah seen the very first verse of surah. Yaseen? What is the scene actually mean? Why did Allah

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subhanaw taala begin with it? So should I seen it begins with these two particular letters, following a very common trend in the Quran, that Allah subhanho wa Taala begins to break begin surahs with hoerauf mokdad meaning heroes that are individually placed, and I'll tell you a funny story. There is a brother that a lot of us know. I'm not gonna mention names but when he went for his interview at the University of Medina, you have to do a Koran exam. So the individual opens up the most for him. And he's like recite, read from Surah Maryam it open up as surah Maria and this brother, you know, Mashallah. He was very, very new to the deen. He did not know how to recite

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Quran. And perhaps it might have been the first time he's looking at solarium. So he starts out reading sort of medium. And he's like, what's this word chaos? What is chaos?

00:46:39--> 00:47:20

And that one was in like, invigilating his exam. He's like, where did this like freshy come from? What is Gaius? Is there some kind of hindsight, right? So the a lot of the swords begin with this whole focus, and they're meant to be recited individually, they're not meant to be recited together. They're not meant to be recited to gather. So why does Allah subhanaw taala begin with the whole of Makati? The most common reason that scholars have mentioned is that Allah subhanho wa Taala is using the letters of the Arabic language to challenge the Quran. that these are the very letters that you are familiar with, produce a sutra, like any student of the Quran, just one verse of the Quran,

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produce something like it Allah subhanaw taala is sending that challenge and that is why he begins the Sooners with those letters to derive to to remind them of this challenge to remind them of this challenge. Now some of the scholars have said that these horror of NACA try these individual letters are in fact acronyms that unless I know what that is and trying to imply an intended meanings behind them. And they'll try to put you know these letters together to describe to derive words from them. Now when it comes to the scene, they said your scene is meant to come from Yeah, insane because you have inside and you have a severe of inside which would be insane. And now when you take away the

00:48:05--> 00:48:41

the endings of unsane all you're left is with the scene. So yeah, meaning the heartful neither the pronoun of calling someone or addressing someone and then you have the middle of unsane which is the scene puts together it says yeah, insane. So it is as if Allah subhanho wa Taala is addressing all of mankind saying all mankind, you know, listen to what is to come listen to what is to come. Is there any proof for this from the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam? No, there isn't any proof from the Sahaba for this, no there is it now

00:48:42--> 00:48:53

Can it say can be based upon scholars SDHD had? The answer is yes, it can be based upon a scholars he had. Which reminds me of two things that I forgot in my introduction.

00:48:54--> 00:48:57

Let me mention them now just because it's indirectly tied to it.

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So you guys understand the flow of Makati Art yassine has no individual meaning to it. Okay, that's just this be clear about that. Two things that I forgot from introduction. Number one is that there are two schools of thoughts when it comes to the two schools of thoughts when it comes to the fsia. So we talked about the lenses, but we didn't talk about the schools of thoughts. The first school of thought of tafsir is a tafsir bill Matt, Thor and tafsir according to tradition, meaning the narration that have come forth the study of theater from these narrations, so, they will only approach the fear based upon statements of the Sahaba based upon the prompts are set up based upon

00:49:36--> 00:49:59

scholars of you know, the Arabic language, this is tafsir bill Mathur, then you have a Tafseer berarti, which is the fear based upon personal he had personal deduction, personal relationship with the Koran. So those are the two schools of thoughts. The second thing I forgot to mention, is even confuse him Allah. He mentioned in his introduction of surah Yaseen

00:50:00--> 00:50:41

On how should a scene can be used to facilitate one's affairs Surya scene can be used to facilitate one's affairs. And before he mentioned this, he says that it has been stated by many of the people of knowledge of the past that so that your scene can be recited to facilitate one's affairs. This is not based upon my thought is not based upon narrations, but this is just based upon the personal needs of the scholars, many could be right, it could be wrong, and I'll share something on a more personal level with you that every time I've recited a particular surah I found that Allah subhana wa Taala has made my affairs very, very easy. That's alumna Sheila Casa doc. And every time I feel

00:50:41--> 00:51:12

down, whenever I say throw to Doha, I naturally see that my mood completely changes. Am I going to say that anyone that has depression researcher of the dawn you'll be cured, and when it goes to difficulty recite to them natural and things will be made easy for you. I can't say that. But that has been my personal experience that time and time again, when I've done that this is what has happened. So other scholars of the past have had similar experiences with Surya seen this has been their own he had their own deduction and we want to take away from that we want to take away from that. It's getting really hard isn't it?

00:51:15--> 00:51:59

So now coming back to the letters yes seen. These are from the huddle from aka the art that the Allah subhana wa tada began to solo with as a challenge to the people he began this as a challenge to the people, while Coronel Hakeem Weill Cornell hockey. Now Allah subhanaw taala starts the sutra off by saying by taking an oath by this Koran, that is of the utmost wisdom, meaning that it is from Allah Hakeem, and it is filled with hikma. It is filled with hikma. So now, why does Allah subhanho wa Taala begin with this oath? Allah subhanaw taala begins this oath, because since this Torah was revealed in Mecca, and its relationship with the surah before it, Allah subhanho wa Taala is

00:51:59--> 00:52:37

addressing the Quraysh. They prided themselves on the fact that they were people of wisdom. They were people of hikma. In fact, some of them call themselves I will hack them, right they received the call themselves, the father of wisdom. Allah subhanho wa Taala is telling them here, if you want wisdom, go to the Quran for it. That's where you're going to find it. Now, the beautiful thing about wisdom, and the difference between knowledge and wisdom is that knowledge is just theory. And wisdom is what to do with that knowledge. Wisdom is what's to do with that knowledge. So Allah subhanho wa Taala Not only did he filled the Koran with knowledge, but he filled it with wisdom as well in terms

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of how to use that knowledge and how to implement that knowledge. So unless I know what Donna takes an oath by the Quran, because it is of the utmost significance, it is of the utmost significance. The greatest miracle is sent to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the speech of Allah subhanho wa Taala absolutely magnificent. as Muslims, are we allowed to take an oath by the Koran, there's a difference of opinion on this matter. They said if a person believes by taking an oath of the Quran, he's taking an oath by the speech of Allah subhanho wa Taala, then this is something that is permissible to do if you take an oath by the Koran, the physical book, right? You

00:53:15--> 00:53:47

know how a lot of the times you go to court, and they're like, put your hand on the Bible and swear by the Bible, Do you swear to tell the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth? And the very first thing that person tells us is like an absolute lie, right? They have no value for it, because it's just a book to them. So a person believes he's taking the oath by the book, just the physical book, not the actual text of it, then that is something that is impermissible. Would that having been said the scholars still say, it is better to use the approach of Allah and His Messenger, so they've been taking oaths rather than coming up with our own ways. So the ways we

00:53:47--> 00:53:55

learn from the Quran, are biLlahi to Allah, he and Allah He, these are the three that we learn to take an oath by which

00:53:57--> 00:54:35

right you use the name of Allah subhanho wa Taala. That is, you know, what we learn from Quranic texts. And that is what you restrict yourself with. There are other verses, you will see that an oath is taken by some of the attributes of Allah subhanho wa Taala, that will be exotic, right by the eyes of Allah subhanho wa Taala. But generally, scholars don't recommend those way scholars don't recommend those ways. Now, what is the wisdom that Allah subhana wa Taala has placed inside the Koran that he wants to draw the attention of the Quran to the wisdom that Allah subhanaw taala has placed in the Quran that he wants to draw the attention of the college to is the fact that while

00:54:35--> 00:55:00

Allah has given you so much intellect, you still haven't figured out how to save yourself from polytheism. You guys are drowning in polytheism. So here's the Koran, it will refute every single doubt you have about polytheism. The second thing it came to a futile college is that they did not believe in resurrection. So the Koran came with every single possible proof to talk about resurrection. And this is a

00:55:00--> 00:55:33

That is addressed in sort of a scene and in sort of pm as well. Let's find out what's on the screen. Oh, it says install Akiyama. What is more difficult for Allah and nothing is difficult for Allah to create out of nothing or to resurrect your bones. Nothing is more difficult from our perspective because you came out of nothing. Yet Allah did this for Adam Ali salam, whereas resurrecting something that already was created is just putting it together again. So let's try to reason with us on our own level. Even though nothing is difficult for Allah subhanho wa Taala nothing is difficult for Allah subhana wa Tada. So those are the two main wisdoms that Allah subhana wa tada is alluding

00:55:33--> 00:56:14

to. The third thing let's find what Allah wants to allude to, is the very next verse, we're in condominial mazzani. So now the author has been taking Allah swearing by the Quran, that you are Mohammed sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, or a messenger of Allah subhana wa Taala. And even though he lived amongst them for many, many years, they knew his character before Islam, yet he still doubted his prophethood after Islam, not due to the lack of miracles, not due to his lack of honesty, but due to the fact that they were proud and arrogant due to the fact that they were proud and arrogant. So this is just a brief introduction to the surah that we're taking right now and be the lights in

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the up and coming classes we're going to get into more detail as to the rest of the suta. We will conclude with this Allah huzzah Adam, with some Allah who has sent him about a calendar Vienna Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa sallam