Tafseer Surah Fatiha #07
Channel: Navaid Aziz
File Size: 39.68MB
In the tongue, delila Nakamoto who is the number one stock 01 now the villa HeMan, Cerulean fusina woman Surya Tiana Lena, Maria de la vida de la woman.
Wash Allah, Allah Allah Allahu la sharika wash iguana, Mohammed Abu Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa not early he was talking he was seldom at the Sleeman kathira I'm about my dear brothers and sisters salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.
I want to start off with sharing a small reflection with you. Allah subhanho wa Taala. He tells us in Surah Ibrahim, what attack amin Colima, ultimo were in charge, dunya Matala, he lives in Santa lava La Mancha, that Allah I know what he tells us in this verse. Indeed, I have given you from each and every single thing that you have asked for. And if you were to try to enumerate the blessings of Allah subhanaw taala, you would never be able to do so. Indeed, mankind is ever oppressive and ever denying. Now in this verse, Allah subhanaw taala starts off by telling us that He has given us every single thing that we have asked for. And this statement is factual. But there's more to it than
meets the eye. Because as you see, Allah subhana wa tada has given us much, much more than we have asked for. In fact, he's given us from those things that we did not even ask for. It was reported by Imam Shafi Rahim Allah and this is going to be our reflection for the day but then later Allah, remember Shafi Rahim Allah was making dua to Allah subhana wa tada for Allah for those. And he made to Allah subhanaw taala by saying, Oh Allah, you blessed me with Islam, and I did not ask for it. So now I'm asking you for unfair those so granted to me. And this shows you that the greatest blessing that Allah subhanaw taala has given us in this world is on Islam. But for the vast majority of us,
it wasn't a choice that we made, but rather we were born into Muslim families. And thus we continued upon this way. And Allah subhanaw taala gave us that great blessing, and we didn't even ask for it. So imagine chef Rahim Allah He uses this concept by saying, Oh Allah, you gave this to me, and I did not even ask for it. So now I'm asking you for those. So granted to me, Allah subhanaw taala. He continues in this verse by saying, and if you were to try to enumerate the blessings of Allah, you would never be able to do so. Nine nama chef rahimullah he had another reflection on this part of the verse, he said, the ability to recognize a blessing from Allah subhanho wa Taala. And thank
Allah subhanho wa Taala for that blessing is a blessing within of itself. Meaning that each time you are given a blessing and you recognize it, that recognition is a blessing for what you need to give sugar for. So that means you will be giving sugar to Allah subhanho wa Taala and infinity amount of times, because each time you recognize each time you thank that is a blessing from Allah. So you're not giving anything to Allah, but rather Allah subhanaw taala is blessing you by being able to thank him. And then the last part of the verse Allah subhanho wa Taala says insana love alone Kaffir that indeed mankind is ever oppressive, and ungrateful. So how does this actually tie into the verse?
When does an individual become oppressive? An individual becomes oppressive, when he knows that unless I know what Allah gave him a blessing, but he does not thank Allah subhanho wa Taala for it, that is when he becomes oppressive, and he becomes ever done denying and you'll notice the word Allah subhanaw taala he uses over here is Kaffir. And this comes from the same root word of Cofer. And what it means over here is to cover something up. So you are to deny it altogether. And mankind becomes ever denying over here, when he recognizes the blessing, but he thinks that it is from his own self, that he earned his own self and that he was deserving of this blessing, and that no
gratitude is deserving to Allah subhanho wa Taala that is when mankind becomes ever denied. Now why am I mentioning this verse? Why am I beginning with this verse? Yesterday? I did something very, very, I guess for lack of a better word, very psychotic. I did a one day road trip to Edmonton. And I wanted to have fun, you know, there's a brother there. I don't know for though. Um, does everyone use YouTube? Anyone? You're not use YouTube. Okay. What I want you to do is that inshallah when you get a chance when you go home to YouTube, search this name. His name is fattier, Sir gravich if I'm not mistaken fattier, so gravich he's a 17 year old boy 17 year old boy, half of the Quran he's you
know, man may even memorize some of the other recitations of the Quran. Now, the amazing thing about him
is he sounds exactly like Michelle de la de la se exactly like him. In fact, even better than him and I've been watching his clips for a long time and you know, he's in Edmonton now so that let me go pray probably behind him and push I think interpreter
Are we behind it, but I got to pray model behind him and Subhanallah It was one of the best prayers I prayed in such a long time like I never heard such beautiful recitation. Then followed by that. We went to another Masjid and they had another Imam there his name Scottie, fahima. Ahmed.
Sorry, Ahmed for him. And this individual is from Egypt. And you know, Mashallah Egyptians, they're, they're talented in their voices, they can do this whole Abdelbaset impersonation, and, you know, hold their breath for like 50 seconds, and, you know, keep on going with Salah, he was able to do that. But not only was he able to do that his talent in particular, is that he's perfected pitch and tone when it comes to recitation. So it's like when the verses of fire verses of general come his pitch in tone, it fluctuates. And you can see like, from the very beginning of sort of idea, people start crying, like he just has that effect on people. So praying behind him was a big blessing as
well. Then to top it off, you had Dr. Raja Buddha, he was giving his like, hatanaka between the tarawih. And after he was done, he was getting a fickle Voodoo class. So overall, it was a big, big blessing. And that was fantastic. And that's something I wanted to share with you. Let's find something more than I possibly could have asked for. And this is just like a small blessing from Allah subhanaw taala hearing a cetacean How about the other blessings that Allah subhanaw taala gave us from our eyesight from our seeing, you know, being in like, just company being alien, being able to open a thought together, these are all great blessings. But I share this reflection because it's
another great lesson for me that hamdulillah a first step has been completed for me like I made a promise to the community that within lightoller we will finish the fear of the Quran sometime during my life with the lights Allah and the night Allah tonight we will be finishing the first surah which is Surah Fatiha. So for me that being the lights on is going to be a big accomplishment that one step has been complete. We have another 113 students left to go inshallah time. So now let's get down to the city of Sarasota fatsia. We're down to the very last verse, where Allah subhanho wa Taala says very little mu big him one adorning, not the path of those people who have earned your
anger, none of those people who have gone astray. So here this verses in continuation of the previous verses, where Allah subhanho wa Taala taught us a doctor make that Oh Allah Guide us to the straight path, the path of those whom you have favored. And now it continues over here, and not the path of those who have earned your anger nor those who have gone astray. So this conclusion of the dua that we are taught to make a teaser several points. Point number one is that Allah subhanaw taala teaches us to be extremely detailed in our dance. So we asked for what we actually want to just to be guided to the straight path, the path of those whom he has favored. Now we're also asking
Allah what we don't want. We're saying Oh Allah do not guide us to the path of those people who have earned your anger nor those people who have gone astray. That is the first lesson. The second lesson that we learn over here is that we learn about some of the attributes of Allah subhana wa tada we learn about the attribute of anger of Allah subhanho wa Taala. So Allah subhanho wa Taala. He teaches us over here that in fact Allah subhanaw taala does get angry. And you notice that this is in contrast to what Allah subhanaw taala taught us at the beginning of the Surah At the beginning of the surah Allah subhanho wa Taala teaches us about a rough man and Allah him the one who bestows
mercy and the one who owns all of mercy. So here you see contrast over here as well. So in its essence, Allah subhanho wa Taala is compassionate and merciful and the owner of mercy and this is the foundation and origin of Allah subhanho wa Taala. But there are certain people that when they interact with Allah, they deal with Allah subhanho wa Taala as merciful as he is, they will still incur the anger of Allah subhana wa Tada. And another interesting to note over here is that if you look at the change in persona of the DA, so we said at the beginning of the da, da da salado, Mr. King that Oh Allah guide us to the street. So directly speaking to Allah, serrulata, Latina and
Anthony, the past of those whom you have favored. So again, directly speaking to Allah subhanho wa Taala. Then in the conclusion of this verse, we go right into mobile VR, the human body, not the past of those whom you have, whom have earned your anger, nor of those who have gone astray. So it's gone from direct in the communication to Allah to speak to Allah subhanho wa Taala in the third person, not the people whom have earned your anger, nor those people who have gone astray. So speaking in the third person right now, unable to call him Rahim Allah He mentioned this lesson, that when blessings come from Allah subhanho wa Taala, they directly emanate from Allah subhana wa
Tada. But when people go astray or the earn the anger of Allah subhanho wa Taala This is not because Allah subhanho wa Taala guided them to that, but it was because this was their own conscious decision. That is, Well listen, I know what Allah addresses the last part in the third person addresses the last part in the third person. So now, the concept of understanding names and attributes of Allah subhanaw taala. If you look at the beginning of the surah, Allah subhanaw taala clearly gives us
Five of his names clearly gives us five of his names. The first one he gives us is Allah. The second one he gives us is our man. The third one, he gives us his Rahim. And then he gives us a rub. And then he gives us a Malik, he gives us a rub and almani. So Rabbul aalameen and Maliki oma D. These are five names that are given to us in this surah. And then we're given some of the attributes of Allah subhanaw taala in the surah, as well we're given some of the attributes of Allah subhanho wa Taala as well. What I want from all of you over here is I gave you one of them already, we mentioned that anger is one of the attributes of Allah subhanho wa Taala as well, but there's two other
attributes that are mentioned in the surah who can point them out? What are the two other attributes that are mentioned in the surah of Allah subhanho wa Taala.
Now those are Names of Allah subhanaw taala Go ahead.
accent so Allah subhanaw taala is the one who guides This is an attribute of Allah subhanho wa Taala and this is a name so this is an attribute from which a name is derived. So Allah subhanho wa Taala is also a hardy now I need a second one is one that was very good Mashallah, what's the second one?
Yeah, either. Go ahead right after that. Okay.
Okay, so which part of that are sent to Allah subhanho wa Taala is also ammonium, the one who gives blessings. So now really, these names are given in the forms of attributes. So Allah subhanaw taala, doesn't refer to himself as ammonium and unhide the over here, but rather he uses the verb that he is the one who bestows blessings, and he is the one who also guides. So now when it comes to the attribute of God, the attribute of being angry, can we derive a name from Allah subhanho wa Taala that he is the angry one, yes or no? No, we can't exactly because Allah subhanaw taala clearly tells us in the Koran, well, Allah has a smile on her SNA that the names of Allah subhanho wa Taala, all
of them have to be good. And the fact that Allah subhana wa tada is getting angry, this is not from, you know, the initial state of Allah subhanho wa Taala. But rather This is a reaction. So when someone does something bad then Allah subhanaw taala gets angry at that individual. But Allah subhanaw taala is original state is that of mercy is that of compassion. And this is why Allah subhanaw taala teaches us in the Quran, that the groups of the past the nations of the past, it is only when they committed their sins, that they got it that Allah subhanaw taala got angry at them. And the clearest example of this is when Allah subhanho wa Taala says, well, Mercado macker Allah,
Allah who heard on marketing that they plotted and planned and Allah plotted and planned and Allah subhanaw taala is the best of plotters and planners. No one throughout our history has ever said that one of the names of Allah subhanho wa Taala is a plotter and planner, because that is not from his origin but rather Allah subhanaw taala did this as a reaction and similar the attribute of anger of Allah subhanaw taala that one cannot derive a name from it one because it's not a good name to have an Allah subhanaw taala only has those names which are good. And number two, it is something which is reactionary, so the slave of Allah subhanho wa Taala does something bad and that is when
Allah subhanho wa Taala gets angry. So now what is being referred to when Allah subhana wa tada says those people who have earned the anger of Allah subhanho wa Taala and those people who have gone astray, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam specifically tells us what this means. I didn't know how to him he narrates as reported in the supernovae. Mama told me that he asked the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Yasuo Allah. When Allah subhanaw taala says not those people who have earned your anger know those people who have gone astray. What is this verse referring to? What is this verse referring to? And you have to understand the context of Adam no
hjem are they have no Hatem was from the people of the book, he was from the People of the Book. So this is a very special question for him. So when he asked the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam this, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he was very straight up with him. He said, As for the people who have earned the anger of Allah subhanho wa Taala, this is Benny slain. This has been insulted that Allah subhanho wa Taala gave them the truth, but they chose not to follow it. Allah subhanaw taala gave them the truth, but they chose not to follow it. And then as for the ones who have gone astray, this these are the SATA these are the SATA that these people did
not bother to seek knowledge from Allah subhanaw taala these people did not bother to seek knowledge from Allah subhanho wa Taala and worship Allah subhanho wa Taala on their own whims and desires worship Allah subhanaw taala on their own whims and desires. So the lesson we derive from this verse over here is not the fact that Allah subhanaw taala refers to two previous nations specifically, but the lesson we derive from this is that one will incur the anger and wrath of Allah subhanho wa Taala if they follow in their footsteps, so as being Muslim, it doesn't make us automatically better if you're disobeying Allah or worshipping Allah subhanaw taala without knowledge
But rather Allah subhanaw taala remind us of this, that your fate will be the same. If you follow in their footsteps, meaning that you do is that you Allah subhanaw taala gives you knowledge you do not act upon it, then you're from those people who have earned the anger of Allah subhanaw taala. Or if you think that you can worship Allah subhanho wa Taala without knowledge, then these are the people whom Allah subhanaw taala says that they have gone astray then these are the people that Allah subhanho wa Taala says that they have gone astray.
This verse is followed up by the statement of amin that you know that you notice only finished Surat Al Fatiha as we finished a little faster. We say I mean to this, and this is actually a blessing from Allah subhanaw taala as we'll come to see, so firstly, what is the term amin actually mean? The term amin is not something that is actually new to Islam or not new to the oma of the Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. But rather if you were to look into the books of tafsir, you will notice that Allah subhanaw taala didn't teach it to a previous nation. But he taught it to two of his previous prophets to two of his previous prophets. And that was Musa and Harun Allah Hema Salah.
So if you were to look in Surah Yunus versus 88 and 89, there's a dua that musala A Salam is making one of the great professors of the Koran even God robbery. He mentioned that when Mousavi Salam was making this dua, Harun was saying, I mean, because he wanted to share in that as well. He wanted to share in that as well. And this is why it is reported in the tsunami, Mama, tell me the name of Allah, that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that this oma was given three things that the previous nations were not given, was given three things that the previous nations were not given. The first thing that they were given was the greeting of the people of Paradise that
we say a Salaam Alaikum to one another, this a greeting from the people of Paradise that the previous nations were not given. The second of them is the statement of amin and the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam explains over here, what I mean actually means it is the statement of saying, Oh Allah answer, Oh Allah respond, Oh Allah answer and Allah respond. So this is the second thing that we were given as a nation that the previous nations were not given. The third and last thing that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam mentions is that we were given the roles of the angels mean that when we line up with Salah we line up in rows, and these are this is a
manifestation or representation of the way that the angels will line up on the Day of Judgment. Allah Spanos, Allah tells us in certain fudger wotja rabuka when melaku soften suffer, that on the day of judgment when Allah subhanaw taala presents himself, the angels will line up in rows, exactly how we line up in Salah one after another. So this is something that this nation was given that the previous nations were not given as well.
The second benefit we learn about the statement of I mean, the second benefit we learn about the statement of our mean is that it is the seal of Allah subhanho wa Taala it is the seal of Allah subhana wa tada there was a famous companion by the name of Abu Abu where he used to teach his children and he used to teach his students and he will tell them that every time you make dua, always conclude your dua by saying I mean for indeed it is the seal of Allah subhana wa tada it is the seal of Allah subhana wa Tada. So they asked him all this so what does this statement mean the seal of Allah subhanaw taala and he says, I was one day with the Messenger of Allah sallallahu
alayhi wa sallam, and this is narrated in Abu Dhabi. He says, I was one day with the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and a man was making dua, and the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and I were listening to this man's dua. And as this man was making dua, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that if he puts the seal of Allah upon this da, then it will surely be answered. So I asked him out of Sula, what is the seal of Allah subhanho wa Taala upon da. So then the Prophet sallallahu wasallam responded that the seal of Allah subhanaw taala upon is the saying of amin, so the man finished his dua, and he didn't say amin, so I ran
behind the man and he said, Oh man, will you not have your dua answered, and the man has What do you mean by that? He said, I heard the message of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam say that the door is all only be answered, if the seal of Allah is upon them. And that is the saying of Army. That is the saying of Army. So it is very important that we say army after our do us. The third benefit we learned from the statement of Army the third benefit we learned from the statement of Army is that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam tells us that when the man finishes the verse, one of Bali the Imam should say I mean, then he teaches us that and those behind him, they should
say, I mean as well. But here the Messenger of Allah Allah, Allah, Allah
selam he teaches us something very significant. He teaches us that at that time, the angels will say I mean as well, the angels will say amin as well. And whoever statement of saying amin coincides with that of the angels will have all of his previous sins forgiven will have all of his previous sins forgiven. So what are the virtues we learned from this hadith? The virtues we learned from this hadith? Firstly, is that the Imam should say I mean, when he's finishing valadon in the people behind him should not say amin at the same time as the Imam, but rather they should say after the email, because the messenger of law says that after the Imam says amin, then the followers should
say Amen, then the followers should say amen. That is the second thing. The third thing we learned is that the angels are even present in the Salah. And the angels are going to be saying I mean as well. And the fourth and last thing is that whoever is amin coincides with the mean of the angels, you will have all of his previous sins forgiven all of his previous sins forgiven. Indirectly What do we learn from this Hadith, we indirectly will learn from this Hadith, the virtues of praying in congregation the virtues of praying in congregation. So the Salah prayed by itself, there is reward in it you get your reward from Allah subhanho wa Taala. But the reward of praying congregation
praying in JAMA is much much greater. And we should not be confused about the fact that it is better to come and pray in the masjid if you're able to come to the masjid come to the masjid. However, if you're in your home, still establish Gemma with your family, even if you're amongst the brothers and just your friends, establish Gemma with them. don't pray by yourselves. Because this is a virtue from the Hadith, that this is an opportunity for you to have your sins forgiven just by saying one word by saying I mean behind the Imam. And if it coincides with that of the angels, all of your previous sins are forgiven. I mean, how much simpler and easier can it get than that? Like if there
was a concept of a lottery ticket in Islam? This is it right here that your amin has to coincide with the angels. If that happens, then you're forgiven for all of your previous sense, you're forgiven for all of your previous sins, and Alhamdulillah. With that, we conclude with the Tafseer of circle fatsia we conclude with the Tafseer of Surah Al Fatiha I want to spend the remaining time doing two things. Firstly, recapping every single thing that we've learned, but not as much detail. And then secondly, we'll open up the floor for questions and answers with the lights on. So the first thing that we learned from the very beginning, which was maybe about eight weeks ago now eight
weeks ago now, we learned that when we recite when we start to beginning the recitation of the Koran, we should always start with our Oh Billahi min ash shaytaan Allah G. This is when you're opening up the most half or even when you are praying that before you begin the recitation of the Quran, you begin with our Billahi min ash shaytani r rajim. You seek refuge from a shaytaan before the recitation of the Quran. And the scholars mentioned certain virtues and benefits of this from the virtues and benefits is that she thought will not distract you from the virtues and benefits you enough will not become over impressed by your own recitation from the virtues and benefits is that
you will actually benefit from the recitation that you have and that is why it is very important to say also Billahi min ash shaytani r rajim. When we learned about the statement of Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim and we said that this statement was not unique only to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, but rather it was touched to the previous nations as well. And we mentioned that Souleymane Elisa Lam has mentioned and certain numbers so much. So number 27, verse number 31, he wrote a letter to Sheba, he started within the human soul a man we're in the hole Bismillahirrahmanirrahim there Indeed, this letter is from Solomon. And indeed it starts off with
Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. So the previous prophets newt as well. We mentioned that the people of new units and they said that they were taught that before they begin to eat, they should say Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim, and likewise the owner of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, they too should say Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim before beginning any act, that act will be will have more blessings in it shaytaan will be void of being in that area as a messenger of Allah Azza wa sallam told us that she does not eat or drink or enter into the house of the individual that says Bismillah before they do those various acts. So it is it is a protection from a shaytaan as well. It
is a reminder for one to purify their intentions, that you beginning your action with the With the name of Allah subhanaw taala shall purify your intentions, that you're doing this act for the sake of Allah subhana wa Tada. It is a reminder to stay away from sins, because the one who was in the habit of saying Bismillah when he does a sin and he says Bismillah it reminds an individual that hold on, how can you begin a sin With the name of Allah subhanho wa Taala refrain from that sin. So it is a reminder from today
away from since we learned about the bus manner, that the bus mela, in fact is not a verse of Surah Fatiha. It is not a verse of sortal Fatiha, but according to the correct opinion, it is a verse from the Quran that is separate from Surah Al Fatiha, we learned that the bus mela is in the beginning of every single surah except for one surah. And that was sort of to tober and Surah Tauba does not begin with the Bismillah as the scholars mentioned, for one of three reasons. reasons, number one is because it opposes what the beginning of Surah Tauba actually mentions that Allah subhanaw taala is free from those people who waged war and disbelieved. So Allah subhanaw taala will not begin with He
is the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful and then say he is free from those people whose it opposes. It is a contradictory statement. The second lesson, or the second reason is that the scholars mentioned that in fact pseudo to tober is a continuation of sorbitol unfed, it is a continuation of Sorrell and fall. And that is why it doesn't need a divider between the two. And then the third reason why the scholars mentioned is that from a historical perspective, when treaties were broken between people, they will do not write Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim at the biggie at the top of their lectures that they would write informing the other party that the treaty is
being broken. And with the revelation of shortall, Bara, a treaty was being broken at that time and they will be informed and thus the last minute did not begin with the bus mela.
We move on to Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen is the statement that All praise is due to Allah subhanho wa Taala. And we learned that the term hand is different from the term sugar you make hand of someone due to characteristics that they possess within of themselves. And you make hummed with the tongue. And sugar is something that is done by the limbs. But most importantly, it is a response to a favor that someone does for you. Sugar is a response for a favor that someone does to you. Hand it is done out of love and it is done out of veneration, what sugar can be insincere can be in genuine and in fact a person can hate an individual but he will
still say thank you to them out of respect. So that is another key difference. differentiation between ham and sugar. In this verse, we also learn the importance of praising Allah subhana wa Tada. Then when Allah Subhana, Allah says Allah, when Allah subhanaw taala says and hummed, then this is a reminder of one that we should always be praising Allah subhanaw taala and that is why Allah subhanho wa Taala says, and hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen Praise be to Allah, Lord of all of creation, Lord of all of creation, meaning that for each and every single thing that Allah created, praise is due to him for that. So meaning that you should be praising Allah subhanho wa Taala
throughout the date, and innumerable amount of times, we learned that the term alameen eyes refers to everything besides Allah subhana wa Tada. And then we learned that the term Arab, we learned that the term Arab, it is the one who nurtures it is the one who creates it is the one who sustains it is the one who is obeyed. These are all definitions of the term Rob and completely, they only apply to Allah subhanaw taala. We learned about Ar Rahman and Rahim and this is why I need some interaction from you. We learned about Ar Rahman AR Rahim that the scholars differed on three different opinions as to what they mean, or actually I gave you a fourth opinion later on in terms of what is the
difference between the two? Who can remind me of those four opinions. What is the difference between Ar Rahman and Rahim one at a time in Selma? What is the difference between our manual and go ahead? Yeah, yeah.
Not sorry. I was asking him. Yeah. Yeah, give me one.
All you got to do you got to diversify, but you just missed up one thing. So the first differentiation is that the first group of scholars they said, a rough man is the one who shows mercy to everyone. And r Rahim. He is the one who shows mercy to the believers in specific sort of man mercy for everyone or a mercy to the believers in specific. Then the second group of scholars they said, a rough man is the one who was merciful in the dunya. And Rahim is the one who is merciful and the
man is merciful in the dunya. And Rahim is the one who is merciful in the era. We need a third and fourth definition. A lot of manual overhead. Go ahead.
Who shows that mercy? Excellent, so ignore Kareem Rahim Allah He mentions that our man is the owner of all mercy meaning that all mercy and emanates from Allah subhana wa Tada. And r Rahim. He is the one who shows that mercy. And he mentioned over here, that is why the name of a man it cannot be given to any of the slaves of Allah, because they do not actually own that mercy. But rather they are allowed to be named Rahim. Because they manifest that mercy they show that mercy, the mercy of the mother towards their child, the mercy of one friend to another, these are all different acts of mercy. Now, the fourth and last one was an opinion that I mentioned in the halaqa, maybe two or
three weeks after who can remember that one.
You remember, go ahead.
Since it was the opinion of emammal bukata Rahim Allah. He said, in fact, that Allah subhanaw taala uses the name R Rahman r Rahim as a form of emphasis for how great the mercy of Allah subhanho wa Taala is and that is why he derives two of his names from the the attribute of mercy. And in fact, they are one and the same thing. In fact, they are one and the same thing. Good job does. Okay. So that is what we learned about Ar Rahman AR Rahim, Maliki oma Diem. And here we mentioned that this is the first verse in Surah Al Fatiha that can actually be recited in different ways. So it can be recited as Maliki oma D and it can be recited as Maliki omitted. And the difference between these
two and actuality is not that great. So Maliki oma Dean is the Owner of the Day of Judgment, meaning that he will own everything on the Day of Judgment, and no one will have any share with him. And Maliki oma Dean, he is the king meaning the one who is obeyed. So on that day, there will be no obedience to anyone except Allah subhana wa Tada. And in fact, obedience we will become compulsory mean that in this dunya we have the option to choose what we do that Allah tells us to pray, we can choose, do we want to pray, do not want to pray, it is our option. But on the day of judgment when Allah subhana wa tada says, You are going to the Hellfire, you have no option on that day you will
be forced into the Hellfire, whether you like it or not. So that is what the difference between Malik and Malik, yo Medina, it is the day of a dean and the dean we said has various meanings to it, from it is a debt that needs to be repaid from it is the meaning that it is a way of life. So those are the various meanings of a Dane and over here in particular it remains there is the day that all debts will be compensated all debts will be paid off. So if you owe anyone anything, whether it is to Allah or to besides to Allah subhanaw taala justice will be done on that today. And no one can escape from it. No one can escape from it. Maliki oma Dean then we move on to he cannot do what he
can stain that he cannot abou means that it is only you Oh Allah that we worship, what he can Stein and it is only you that we seek help from even tiny Himalayan mentions a very beautiful lesson. From this verse, he mentions a very beautiful lesson from this verse. And this is, I guess, the lesson that I want all of you to live with today. So if you're paying attention, pay attention during this time right now with the lights Allah even say me or him Allah says that the term er cannot abou is to prevent us from ever having Ria to ever to prevent us from ever having ostentation or ever thinking that an act of a ibadah can be done for other than the sake of Allah subhanaw taala iaca
Naboo is a reminder for that. And that is why we recite it so many times. And he says the term er can stay in that you are the only one we seek assistance from. It is a cure to all arrogance. It is to remind an individual that we're constantly in the need of Allah subhanho wa Taala and that without Allah subhanaw taala would be nothing. So the first is a cure for Ria and ostentation. And the second is a cure for arrogance and pride. And that is the lesson we need to live with today that this is a subliminal message that Allah subhanaw taala sends in SoTL, fattier each time that when you do an E bada make sure it's only for the sake of Allah and then fact that you're seeking
assistance from Allah subhanho wa Taala is a reminder that without Allah, you're absolutely nothing. A second lesson we learned from this verse is that the concept of the and or seeking help is mentioned in this verse. Because to complete the worship of Allah subhanaw taala you actually need the assistance of Allah subhanaw taala that even worshipping Allah, you need the assistance of Allah. And that is why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he taught him why the bingeable that at the end of every Salah he should say Allahumma ind and Isaac Rika was shakalaka was nearby the tick that Oh Allah, ADB and helped me and remembering you in perfecting your worship, and it's
showing gratitude to you that this is a reflection of spiritual fattier that even in worshiping Allah, we need the assistance of Allah subhana wa Tada.
Then we go on to a dental Serato stuck in that Oh Allah Guide us to the straight path and the straight path is the path of Allah subhanaw taala the path of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and the path of the companions on that which they agreed upon. So the companions ever agreed upon a matter then this was considered to be from the straight path, it was considered to be from the straight path, we go on to salata, levina and I'm telling him The path of those whom you have favored. And notice over here that Allah subhanaw taala he mentioned the term Surat two times, whereas Allah subhanaw taala did not need to mention Surat two times, he could have just said
salata stuck in and I'm telling him that the straight path of those whom you have favored, but the reason that Allah subhanaw taala mentioned Surat over here two times, it is for a lesson it is for a lesson. And this is a very important lesson to understand that when Allah subhanaw taala repeat something in the Koran. The easy way out that a lot of them are fussy rune or the scholars of zero take out is that they would say that Allah subhanho wa Taala he does this for emphasis. He does this for emphasis that is the easy way out. But a general principle in tafsir states at CES, our laminate jacket that establishing a new meaning of the Koran takes precedence over emphasis and repetition.
So here let us try to look at what are the possible benefits one can get from Allah subhanaw taala repeating the term set out over here, what are the possible benefits, benefits number one, even Jerry ratably mentions that Allah subhanaw taala tells us that the truth the straight path is distinct and separate from any group of people. the straight path is distinct and separate from any group of people. So you say dental Serato Misaki serata nadina nantahala him that the truth exists, whether people are on it or not, the truth will always be there. And this is that famous statement of Abdullah bin hammer that the truth he will never be known by the way of men, but know the truth
and you will know it's people teaching us that the truth will always be distinct from people and unless I know what that teaches us this in certain fattier that the truth will always be there whether people are on it or not. And that truth that Allah subhanaw taala is referring to is again referring to the Quran, Sunnah, and it's more of the Sahaba or the Allahu anhu A second reason why Allah subhanho wa Taala mentions the term Surat is because it is preceded by the
tolerable request of a denial of guidance. So here unless why not Allah teaches us that guidance is also of two types. The guidance that Allah subhanaw taala can only give you and this is a guide to tofik that is only from Allah subhana wa Tada. So it is only Allah subhanho wa Taala that can truly change your heart to be a correct believer to be on the straight path. And this is manifest in the Diwan of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam where he used to say yarmulke label Hello, sir Sabbath Colby Allah Dini, Allah denecke that Oh, a large change of the of the sight and the hearts, converted my heart or change my heart or established my heart upon your religion. So that messenger
of Allah Salaam used to make this dua and it is also represented in the verse of the Quran where the Messenger of Allah so seldom is taught in the color demon above that, indeed, all you messenger of Allah cannot guide those whom you love, meaning that this form of guidance is from Allah subhanho wa Taala alone, and then I must find out what other teaches us about the second form of guidance. The second form of guidance is that which we as human beings can give to other people. And this is seen in the verse where Allah subhanaw taala tells the Messenger of Allah wa sallam when naka de la salado, Mr King, that you all messenger of Allah wa sallam indeed do guide to the straight path. So
this is a form of guidance when one gives direction, but it is up to Allah subhanho wa Taala to grant tofik, or to the acceptance of that direction. Then Allah subhanaw taala teaches us who are those people that are able to grant a direction or who are the people whom we should take a direction from? And this is seen and certainly, verse number 65 or 69. where Allah subhanho wa Taala says woman UTI Allah Rasool Allah, Allah aka Magdalena Anam Allah Allah him in the bean was the screen will show her that he was sorry he was una Allah eco Africa. So in this verse, Allah subhanaw taala teaches us who are the people that Allah subhana wa Taala has showed his favorite upon
likewise the subliminal message, who are the people whom we should seek guidance from, and the message and Allah subhanaw taala tells us those four categories of people. The first category of people is then to be human. It is a plow is the plural of unabie meaning the prophets and messengers and the term that be it encompasses the terminal soon as well, because we said that every rasuna is a newbie, but not every newbie is a lawsuit so includes the prophets and messengers. The second group of people is a set deikun those people
Who were very hasty, not even hasty, but very quick and accepting the truth that Allah subhanaw taala play something special in their hearts and in terms of accepting the truth and making the truth manifest. So there is a specific and a general meaning, the specific meaning it is for those people that Allah subhanaw taala has called Sadiq. So we mentioned that it refers to many of the prophets as seen in the Quran, but specifically, it refers to them. We said that the reason is specifically true first of Medina, but not the prophets is because the prophets have a higher status and the term newbies Ola minister Duke, that is why referred to them as in a B and not as I said,
they were as the rank of Marian, she was given the rank of A Siddiqa and that is why we refer to her as a syndicate. Likewise, it was given to Abu Bakar rajala when he was given this title of acidic and these are the two people that we know of, that this was their rank that was given to it was their rank that was given to so the second category assisted the code. Some of the scholars mentioned that the category of oil ama also falls under these people, they fall under a Sadiq Khan. Then Allah subhanaw taala mentions a Shahada. These are the people who sacrificed their lives for the sake of Allah subhanho wa Taala and a solid hain. They are the righteous people that are
perpetual in their worship of Allah subhanho wa Taala. They are perpetual in the worship of Allah subhanho wa Taala. One of the lessons we learned from this verse is Sheikh Mohammed amin Shanti Rahim Allah. He mentions that this verse is a proof that Abu Bakar radi Allahu anhu was most deserving of the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that there was no life on this matter that Allah subhana wa Taala has said this matter for us already. And this was seen that when Allah subhanho wa Taala said no Serato must have been salata Latina Anthony him, he went on to narrate the verse or recite the verse from certain Anam that the most deserving of people are then
the beyond. And then the decode saw the hero and last minute Allah made it clear that in terms of following you first follow the prophets and then this is the code and there was no other Siddiq at the time of the Prophet other than Abu Bakr radi Allahu anhu. So this verse is a clear example that Abu Bakr radi Allahu anhu was indeed indeed most deserving of the lava. And then the last two, the last verse, which we took, go to the mcdu Brd him one at Bali, we learned that in today's Hanukkah, and Alhamdulillah May he be now me he was formerly the masala hat, that All praise is due to Allah subhanaw taala with his favorites and with his virtues, that we complete the righteous deeds so we
pray that Allah subhana wa tada accepts from us and granted the tofik to do the next 113 sutras with the lights on. I hope you guys will stick around for that.
They will that will conclude szczepanik alone will become the Casa de la land as the Europa League.