Four Imams And Their Biographies 03 – Imam Malik

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Navaid Aziz

Channel: Navaid Aziz

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Episode Notes

In part 3 of the series Sheikh Navaid discusses the life of Imam Malik ibn Anas.

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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In an hamdulillah Hina meadow and no one stock photo, when I was a Bella Himanshu Dorian fusina woman sejati Amina Maria de la dama de la la

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la la, la la la la la la sharika hoshana Muhammad Abu Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa tada and he was so happy he was setting them at the Sleeman kathira and my bad, my dear brothers and sisters salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.

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So I have to give you a disclaimer in advance

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as I was preparing this halaqa as I got to the death of my medical himolla I couldn't hold back my tears and even though the like the the ending of his life was such a painful experience for me to even talk about so you know, members panel dynamic, it easy, like even now, I feel just straw just thinking about it. And a lot of my thoughts are just, you know, gauging towards that end, but inshallah, you know, we're gonna continue off our start off with a positive mode because the beginning of his life is just awe inspiring. As you know, we learn from him a lot. These weren't regular individuals. These are individuals that Allah subhanaw taala specifically chose to inspire

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mankind till the end, and when you study their lives, you realize that they these were not regular human beings. panela so our demand for today that we're discussing is the amount of data he let the Imam of Medina and Mr. Malik his full name was Malik Ebner, Under

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Armour, Alaska, he

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has been asked by and he was born in the year 93 of a job and there is no difference of opinion in terms of when he was born nor when he died. Unlike a man well honey, follow him Allah.

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We are that he was born in the year 93. It is the same year that the famous companions Ernest emblematical, Angola passed away and nomadic ramola passed away in that same year. Now when it comes to in my mind, he called him hola what medium exclusive is that? There's a lot according to a lot of a lot of scholars, a 40 year old prophecy about the man from the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam about him. In amateur media Rahim Allah he narrates from the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the day will come when people will journey by camera long distances, to seek knowledge and find a nun more knowledgeable than the scholar of Medina. Right. So the day will come

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when people will journey by camera long distances, to seek knowledge, and they will find no one more knowledgeable than the scholar of Medina, the great scholar of Hagia Sophia, and

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they both said that this is referring to in my medical home Hola. Now, I want you to think about this. These are contemporaries of America. In fact, even though he was older than the American died, you know, not too long into Mr. Malik's life. But imagine the amount of pressure that goes on to you that this heavy, there's a foretelling of you. And this is like, you know, when I think about the idea, that Maddie, the man, he doesn't find out that he's a monk until much later on in his life, right. He is an average human being until much later on. Because I think if he found out from a very young age, that he is the man and he's supposed to like, rectify the affairs of this oma, imagine

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the amount of pressure that would be upon that individual. Like we crack under pressure, like that is a huge amount of pressure. Like particularly when you think of all the problems happening across the Muslim online specifically in like smaller communities, things that the vast majority of the world doesn't even know about. That's a huge amount of pressure. And I look at this, I think that was exceptional. Imagine knowing this and you have one or two options at that time. Either you're like nuts or what can I put my trust in the line I move forward? And I'm going to live up to this hadith Are you cowered away and you're like, you know, this is too much pressure. This is referring

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to someone else? Why does it have to be me? Why can't it be someone else? brima Malik Rahim Allah, he was up to the task. And I think a lot of it had to do with justice preparation. And this is the amazing thing we always need to understand the miracles of Allah subhanho wa Taala.

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They don't happen, for the most part, just like that, right with Adam alayhis salam with Ali Salaam it was calling for your corn to be and it was. But for everything else. There's a gradual process, that when you look at the life of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam before he becomes a prophet, there is this huge journey that he's going through of being the truthful one. The generous one takes cares of the orphans stands up with your person in the week. And then he becomes the Prophet of Allah subhana wa Tada. And that is the natural sin of Allah subhanaw taala. So a lot of times, I think we as individuals will often forget this, that we will go through struggles in our lives,

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things will be difficult things are gonna go up and down. We're not going to understand why things happen. But a lot of times, it's because Allah subhanaw taala is preparing us for greatness, and we just don't realize that. No, email America himolla the most inspiring thing about his life is his journey with knowledge. Like there's very few people in like the history of the oma

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That you read about their lives. And it inspires you like, You know what? I want to dedicate my life to seeking knowledge. I'm wasting my time doing everything else. I just want to seek knowledge. So in my mind, Rahim Allah, he began studying knowledge at the age of 10. He started issuing fatawa by the time he was 18. And he started teaching publicly by the time he was 21. Like, I want you to think about this, right? Start synthesizing knowledge at the age of 10. And by the age of 18, like within eight years of his life, he's become so qualified, that he starts giving fatawa. Now, as we discussed yesterday, for those of you that attended, Mr. Manik Rahim, Allah was accredited by 70 or

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90 of his teachers. That said, we want you to teach go out and give fatwa, before he actually started giving fatwa, meaning what level he must have reached by the age of 18, in order to have this recognitions panela. But behind every, you know, great achievement, someone's hand is always there. Right? for Mr. Van Eva, it was a shabby that inspired him. for Mr. Malik. Who was it? Mr. Mallika, Hola. he narrates the story to his nephew. He says, when I was six years old, my mother dressed me up in the nicest clothes that I had. She ties a turban around my head. And she says go and study without an obeah. And he specifically says she dressed in the up and the clothing of a

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scholar. She just opened the clothing of a scholar. And she told me go and study with robbia. Now, here's something beautiful. I mean, the first part is beautiful. But she gives him clear direction. She says go and study from his o'clock, before you take from his knowledge, go and study from his o'clock before you take from his knowledge. Now, in this story alone, there's so many profound lessons. Number one is all tied into like modern day life. You know, in this day and age, people dress their kids are for Halloween. And you'll ask him kids, what do you want to be and you know what type of cause they have when they're playing the games. And it's very interesting to see, I

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can't remember the official statistic. But the vast majority of children that ended up becoming successful in their careers, whether it was doctors, engineers, or pilots, or whatever it was, from a very young age, they had participated in those activities, pretending that they were those things, right. So it's like a foretelling of their future in the activity in the way that they dressed up. And you see this in the mmamoloko, Angola, his mother dressed him up like that. She's like, dress up like a scholar. And I found this very profound, that again, tie this goes back to the point where our aspirations for scholarship and I keep pushing this point, not to make us feel bad. But to help

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us understand if we want to survive as an oma living as a Muslim minority. In a place like Canada, we need to revive ongoing scholarship, it needs to happen. And up until we take this seriously, as a community as an oma, Islam will suffer and will struggle. Because we are going to struggle with identity, we're going to struggle with APA, applying the deen of Allah subhanho wa Taala in our own particular context, so there needs to be homegrown scholarship. And this is the first lesson of this that you know, prepare your children for it. Number two, statistics also show that the level of religiosity is based upon the religiosity of the mother. And there's something actually learned two

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days ago, a bill and I we went to the Beth zedek Synagogue for an interfaith breakfast, and they had a female pastor presenting who Subhanallah on the onset, I was amazed by, but at the end of her lecture, I felt so sad for and I'll share their story with you very briefly because you like what happened. So our stories is as follows. She's a PhD, she's a scholar in her own right. She's a pastor at her church. And she's a mother of two children. So these are like her her three job roles or description.

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When she fell in love, she fell in love with a reformed Jewish individual. And he decided to get married. When the discussion came up, what are you going to do with your children? They decided we're going to let them decide. Now the biggest conflict that was going to happen in her life was how do you decide? You know, the concept of I don't know how to explain in simpler terms, but salvific religious exclusivity and what this means is, each religion has a point of view of who's going to agenda that's what it's coming down to. And neither of these two religions view each other as going to gender. So how are you going to deal with that issue? So the whole lecture finishes and

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she summarizes eventually, that you know, as my children hit puberty,

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I'm going to let them decide. So we gave them the circumcision when they were born. So that was the Jewish heritage. And we have the baptism from the Christian heritage. So as they hit puberty, they can decide. So, as the electorate finishes, I was curious. I'm like, Okay, let's put your children aside, how do you reconcile it yourself? So I go up to her all everyone's going to just me and Abdullah, that are standing there. And I asked her. So you as an individual, like, as a Lutheran pastor, how do you reconcile this fact that, you know, you're married to someone who's from Jewish reform. And Christianity clearly says that it's only you know, Christian and Christians that are

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going to paradise? So she says, Yes, while that is the official Lutheran doctrine, my own belief is that there are multiple paths to paradise. And that's when I felt so sad for that this woman is a Christian community leader. She has a PhD in the Christian life either. But then she opposes nakida based upon what her desire to get married and to have children. And that's what they felt so satisfied, like, and I kept thinking about, what if there is an event

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like he would have been ostracized, you know, we would have like ruined him, there's no way he would have run the community and in do so right, I believe that would have been the right thing that you can't sacrifice the fundamentals of Akita, which is like there's consensus on for the sake of your personal desires, and see that even though this is the official position of my religion, I choose to follow something else, and your community leader. So now, the point being in her talk, she stirred these to share these statistics, that children, they learn their faith from their mother. So depending on how strong the mother is in their faith, that is how the children will be brought up as

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a general rule, which is so important for all the brothers that were here that are looking to get married, that when you decide to get married, while the looks will be very appealing, while the wealth will be very appealing, while the lineage will be very appealing. While all these other circumstances will be very appealing. Don't be short sighted. your long term goal yes is to marry a woman that you're attracted to, is to marry someone that you can live with and that you're compatible with. But struggle hard, strive hard to find someone that has good deed, because your children are going to be your greatest Southern kajaria. And if you invest in them by choosing the

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right spouse, trust me, you'll enjoy life much, much more. Life will be much much easier for you and better for you. So invest in that. And that is the second lesson we learn that Mr. Malik's you know influencer, was his mother. And mothers have such an important role in raising children to be like that. We live in a day and age where there's so much pressure upon women to do everything, we have to be a mother, they have to be able to cook and clean, they have to be able to take care of the house, they have to be able to work, they have to be able to go and do the groceries, everything a woman is required to do. And it is almost become shameful. If a woman says that I'm a stay at home

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mom. In fact, they had to come up with a new title. I am a home maker, right? Because staying home mom, this is something that's frowned upon. You know, we're taking women a century back in time, if we say, you know, I am responsible for taking care of children. And our Dean should not be belittled like that, in fact, our Dean is the exact opposite. The most respectful position a woman can have, is to be able to raise successful children. That is her honor that has his her Isaiah, and if she can do that, and work at the same time, and do everything else, Alhamdulillah. But by no means should she be sacrificing her children. Her sadaqa jariya, her Deen for the life of this world,

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regardless of who criticize her, regardless of who puts her down. So this is how the influence of the mathematical himolla started. Now, his story of knowledge is also very, very profound.

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He had a teacher by the name of Abraham Moses. And he was so intelligent as a young kid.

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He would keep dates in his sleep, like he used to wear a long garment, and there was like space over here and used to carry dates in his sleeve. So that when he would go to his teacher's house, it was almost he would have young kids. And he would give these dates to young kids, to his kids. And he would tell them, Look, I'm giving these up. I'm giving these dates to you. But I need you to do me a favor. If anyone knocks in the door and asks, Is your dad available? Tell them he's busy.

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And he would keep the people outside distracted by this and not being able to access his teacher, just so that he could study with his teacher all the time. And I thought this was genius vanilla. Like he wanted undivided attention. You got it, right this children because they're the ones that answer the doors of Allah. Number two, in terms of his dedication of waiting, you know, in my medical him

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Allah, he would sit and wait at his teachers door, he wouldn't go and knock, he would just sit and wait. And if the teacher sent someone to go and see what's going on outside or someone would go and get something from outside and come back inside, they would see my Malik waiting. And they will tell even hormones that look, you know, mannequins here. Should we let him in? What should we do? And this shows this a huge amount of respect that he had for his teachers, that he didn't want to disturb them. Right. He would just wait patiently and quietly till they would come out. And this story repeats itself with another great teacher that he had nafion, the freed slave of Abdullah

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nama. And his thesis, like story is even more profound. Because Malik is a bit older now he's about 1415 years old. And he waits at the door of a nephew. But as soon as daphnia is coming out, he runs away. Why would he do this? Because he didn't want to be bothered. He didn't want him to be upset. So as soon as nephele comes out, Nafisa starts walking. And Mr. Malik just pretends that he's walking in the same direction. He eventually catches up with him. And then he asks him the question that he would repeat what was available in Omar's opinion on such and such matter? And he says, I would ask him once, and then I would leave. And I would repeat this several times. Now, why would he

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repeat this? his students asked him, Why didn't you just keep asking and asking and asking? Well, he says nafi had a temperament issue, that if you ask too many questions, you would get upset. And I knew that nothing was such a goldmine of knowledge of of the love Norma, I couldn't afford him getting upset with me. Now, there's so many profound lessons in this. Number one, the philosophy that in America the ability to read someone's temperament, right? This person easily gets annoyed. Let me not bother him, which shows us that teachers and scholars will have different personalities, not everyone's meant to be a nice guy. In fact, it shall I hope, one day, we get to study the life

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of an Amish alarmist used to release wild dogs in his students. It is like you need read history, I'll tell you very quickly, in order to read likes to study with an Amish. So they might have been the one

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he would tell his students come to my house in the middle of the night. And the very first time they would come to his house in the middle of the night. And as they come in the middle of a room, there's no electricity here. He would release wild dogs upon them. If they came back the next day, he would teach them and he didn't come back the next day. He's like, they're not worthy of my knowledge. That was how what life was like with some of these teachers like these are great scholars of Hadith. And you're like, how could they act like that, but the highest understanding of knowledge had to be earned. Not everyone is ready for knowledge. So now Same thing with nefaria. Like if you

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asked him too many questions, he would get upset. But at the end of the day, this was the direct source of knowledge from Abdullah nama, you wanted to know something, this was the man who had access to it, you want to know something about honorable hubub you would find it from this man. And as what a lot of you know, manix method was based upon the mafia. So this is when Mr. mediclaim was a 1314 year old boy, he's able to read people are able to understand how to treat people. And this was purely a gift from Allah subhanho wa tada

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on the day of eighth

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on the day of aid, there was a 30 to 30 mathematical Mullah study with Ignacio bizzarri. He is like for those of you that that attended yesterday, I mentioned that the 90s were the golden years, right in the 90s. Have you Hi, Omar bin Abdulaziz as the halifa and you heard him he have reserved he as one of the great scholars of Hadith. So, Omar bin Abdulaziz, he had appointed azhari to be one of the main compilers of Hadith when you look at the compilation of it said How did these books come to start? He had reserved he was one of the main catalysts behind it, he was one of the main catalysts behind it. So in my medic, Allah he reports that on the day of aid, I used to get so happy. Now I

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want you to think about this. We get happier on the day of aid. We go eat, we will have fun, we opened gifts as young kids. You know, I remember my kids, I would look forward to seeing my my dad and my relatives, each was giving you $5 $20 and it's like even relatives you didn't see throughout the whole year, a psycho How are you doing Eagle bark, right just to get Ed from them. That's what it was like. But in my mind, he says that he was such a phenomenal day for me. Because I knew that was the day everyone would abandon the scholars, no one would want to go and study on that day. So after the Ico was over, I went to the house of evolution laboratory. And I waited outside till the

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servant of God let me in and I'll read the conversation. He said Let him in. So he came inside and then he said to me, it doesn't seem like you even had a chance to go to your house before coming here. I told him he was right so even right after Salah he didn't

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Go home, he went straight to his house. He asked him, Have you eaten? He's a young boy, have you eaten? What young child doesn't love to eat on a daily? You know, you're getting sweets? He said, No, he said that eat something. Then I said, this is not to what I need. Who is this child support Allah? Then what is it that you want? He said, I want you to relate to knowledge to me. So he said, Come here. Then I took out my copy boards, and he related 40 had these to me. I asked him to relate more, but he said 40 is enough for you to relate for you to commit to memory. I said, Indeed, I've already memorized them. He then took my copy boards from my hand and said, relate to them to me, I

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related them all to him. Then he returned the copy boards to me and said, Come with me, for you are one of the vessels of knowledge.

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I want you to understand the story like this man is clearly not a normal human being. They're not not normal. He's a phenomenal You mean, he's not your average child subpanel on the day of eat, while everyone's his body, he's like, let me go and study it. So I was offering him free food on the DVD, you know, it's gonna be phenomenal. He's like, that's not what I came for. I came to study starts writing down these ahaadeeth and the guys like, Listen, 40 Hadith is enough. Now I want to understand what 40 Hadith means. 40 IDs is not just the text, it is the isnaad as well. And each of these writing it down with the isnaad no exaggeration, you're looking at like five to 10 minutes

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maybe even more than that if you're having an explanation, and talking about narrator's 3040 minutes easily go about each Heidi 40 hobbies is a lot of a healthy. So not only did he write all these down, he is meticulously paying attention and doing everything. But as he's writing it down, he's able to memorize these things. And it was the episode He's like, I can't believe this, like who is this young kid? So he tests him. He's like, it's not possible. And once he tests him, he realizes that somehow this isn't a normal human being. That Allah subhanho wa Taala was preparing him for greatness. At that time, I must have no doubt I was preparing him for greatness after that time.

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Now, I want to talk a little bit about Mr. Malik's demeanor, and by demeanor, his stature and what he looked like when you read the biography of Mr. maryk. All these incidents with his stories have been waiting outside of his teacher's houses. There's one reoccurring theme that every time a servant would open up the door and the master would ask who is outside, they would respond. The white guy is outside. Which makes us understand that Imam Malik Rahim Allah was extremely white in his complexion. In fact, someone in the audience even talked about him having blond hair and blue eyes, and him being very tall, and like a very solid frame, that this is what he was and that he

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just naturally stuck out that he wasn't like the average person living of Medina Allah subhanaw taala and made him different, even physically. On top of that, as we mentioned that Imam Malik came from a very, very wealthy family. His brother, another was a merchant. And you are Malik Rahim Allah talks about how when he was growing up, people would say, that is Malik nathers brother. But when Mr. Malik became the Mufti started giving fatwa, everyone started saying that his Nether Malik's brother, so a lot of his wealth came from his brother as well, but a lot of it was inherited. In fact, we mentioned that Mr. Malik's ancestry came from kings, that he had ancestors who were kings,

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where he inherited the money from now I just want to read a passage from the very first Holocaust that we had. Just to put this into perspective. Remember that law he narrates that an inventory was taken out of his state upon his death, and amongst the things he found, were 500 pairs of sandals 100, Tobin's 2629 gold coins, and 1000 pieces of silver. Now not my next concluding remarks that we I want you to pay attention to this. He said he was one of those who was prosperous, dignified, and a great scholar. He was modest, but well dressed. He had servants and a luxury home. The prosperity he was blessed with was visible. He had an elevated status in what matters for this world and the

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next, he accepted gifts, ate good food, and performed righteous deeds. So in America himolla was sort of the exception to the rule. There are a lot of times that people attain wealth, they forget Allah subhanho wa Taala. But he mathematical him Allah use the wealth that he had to get closer to Allah subhanho wa Taala. And this shows us that having wealth in Islam, if used properly, is not a bad thing. And if it was fine, what Allah has blessed you with wealth, you shouldn't hide it. In fact, in my medical home, Allah has a beautiful quote, he was asked about wearing wool clothing. He said, The only time that this is good for is in the cold weather, that is the only time you should

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wearing it. A man's religiosity should not be seen by the clothes that he wears. Many people should not dress in torn up clothing and, you know, wrinkled clothing, and claimed this as a sign of asceticism. True asceticism is you staying away from the doubtful matters, you know, I'm going to tie this back to memory

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hanifa Ramallah his student Mohammed Abu Hasina shibani Rahim Allah was asked a question he was told, will you not write for us a book in Azov in asceticism? And he responded by saying, I've already written for you a book in boo.

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Hoo can explain the statement for me. But why is business transactions? He was asked, Will you not write for me a book in asceticism? He says, I've already written for your book in asceticism in blue and business transactions. Who's going to explain this to me?

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Good.

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When he said derivative transactions in business, you need to be respectful

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when you're

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in the business,

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but how about in in the dealings? Well, what should what should you be like in your dealings,

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truthful and honest and dignified. And that's what we were trying to get at. He said, when I've already written for you a book in New York, that the place where there are the most doubtful matters is in business transactions. In business transactions, it is very easy for a person to fall into doubtful matters. So he says, I've already written for you a book in blue, meaning that I've taught you how to stay away from those doubtful matters. If you were able to do that, then that is asceticism. asceticism is not staying away from the words that Allah has provided for you. asceticism is to stay away from the devil matters when they are presented in front of you. That is

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what truth is, and this is what my monocle Rahim Allah portrays over here that there's nothing wrong with having rough.

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Now

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this leads us into you know, another discussion, which is Mr. Malik Rahim Allah, he had dedicated his life to knowledge. If you remember a mammal and he bought him a lot, he was known for a lot of Salah he was known for a lot of Koran brimah Medical himolla he was just known for seeking knowledge. And in fact, there is I don't know what words to call it, other than he was pronounced Sufi by the name of the Lebanese disease allometry. And he kept on telling him Amharic, you know what, you should abandon the people just live by yourself live in isolated life, dedicated your life to a better, don't focus on teaching so much. And your family, he was very respectful, he would hear

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what he would have to say, up and until a time came where this man, you know, he sort of took it too far. It's like you can only keep hearing the same advice so many times till you disagree. And I want you to understand what Mr. Malik says. He says Allah has distributed specializations just like he has distributed or risk. Some people are blessed to excel in prayer, or in charity, to a level that they do not attain in fasting. Others are blessed to strive with their wealth and strength for Islam, but do not attain the same level in prayer. Likewise, the acquisition or dissemination of religious knowledge is one of the most virtuous of all activities. And I'm pleased with what Allah

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has facilitated for me in this regard. I do not think that my involvements are less blessed than yours. And I expect that both of us are upon a lot of good. It is everyone's duty to be content with what Allah has apportioned for them, and I wish you peace. This response is just profound upon on so many levels. Number one, his response is so eloquent. He never says stop bothering me, leave me alone, you're misguided. You're a stray, none of that. But he tells him in such a polite way that look, just like Allah subhanho wa Taala distributes his risk. He distributes specializations, meaning specializations in your path to gender. So not everyone is going to have the same path to

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gender. Some people will naturally excel in subaqua, some people will naturally Excel and some are some people will naturally excel in fasting, and Hema Malik says, some people will excel in religious knowledge, learning it and teaching it. And I am pleased with what Allah subhanho wa Taala has given me. And I'm sure that both of us are upon good. Meaning I'm not saying that I am better than you, nor should you consider yourself better than me. These are just two individual paths. But this last part is the most profound thing that each person should be content with that which has been apportioned to them. This is so profound, because I find often, particularly in our religious

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journeys, we're heavily influenced by the people around us, we see someone putting a lot of Salah, and you're like yes, this is what I need to do. We see someone reading a lot of Koran, this is what I need to do something instead of I this is what I need to do. But in my mind, I think you need to look at yourself and understand what Allah has given you and what Allah has made easy for you, and then Excel and then strive in that thing that is your path to gender. And for me, this is very, very profound. So this is just a simple advice that look at the things that Allah has made it easy for you and understand that it

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Your past agenda, don't get distracted by the things if you can do other things. That's great and hamdulillah. But when it comes to your focus, then focus in your life and accelerate for life made Salah easy for you continue praying as much as you can for was made subaqua easy for you continue doing that even just helping people continue doing that. And if it is religious knowledge, continue doing that focus on your specialization. And this was something very, very profound. Now, as in my manual human laws, life goes on. Obviously, he becomes more of an authority. And this naturally happens over time. So when Mr. Malik as he gets older, people want to come and study with him. And

00:30:43--> 00:31:23

in my medical him Hola. He wouldn't have any problem turning people away, he wouldn't have any problem turning people away. Some of these people he would turn away because he didn't see the intellectual capacity to learn and to teach other people who would turn away because the mathematic didn't see that they presented themselves as scholars, other people in my monocle himolla turned away, because he realized that it wasn't their specialization that Allah subhanaw taala had created them for something else. So continue on this point of following that which Allah has made easy for you. Mr. Mallika himolla talks about who are the people that you should disseminate knowledge upon

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meaning Who are the people that you should choose to have as your students, and he gave three criteria and we'll read them out to you. Historically, three care three qualities were considered before students will be issued his his diploma forgiven photo. The first was his age, a student would have to be at an age where their mental faculties were fully mature. This was not firmly fixed some scholars who graduated at 17 as the minimum age, other 620 There are even those that saw 50 as a minimum age for being authorized to issue legal verdicts. So they would have to show maturity. So this could happen at a young age, it could happen older age number two. The second quality was

00:32:03--> 00:32:41

knowledge regardless of the student's age, it was mandatory for the student to have mastery of the Quran, mastery of the Sunnah, and tools of legal reasoning. And this again, needs to be brought back over here and I want to emphasize this fact that we live in an age where people love knowledge and they will go online they will memorize Islam qa.com the watch a ton of lectures on YouTube, and they want to get into precision to teach and they want to be a source of knowledge. But in America himolla is reminding us that this journey requires a strong foundation. That strong foundation is familiarity with the Quran. And this continues to this day like when you go to the prophets Masjid,

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and you want to attend the advanced Hadith Allah calls. The teachers will ask you have you memorized the Quran. If you haven't memorized the Quran, they will tell you go and memorize the Quran first, and then come back to my Chanukah they will refuse to teach you. So the Quran is the basis of our Deen. Number two after you familiarize yourself with the Quran. You go to the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and then you master that. And then after we memorize the Hadith of the Prophet, sallAllahu, alayhi wasallam, then they teach you legal reasoning they teach you, right montek another words. So this will come after that. And this is the foundation supramolecular him

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Allah saw someone that didn't have the foundation, he wouldn't teach them at that time. And the third quality was balanced judgment. And this is something that's so subjective. And I believe this is something valuable as well.

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There are a lot of problems that happen in communities due to religious leadership, and by what I mean are the Imams of the scholars of the community. And if the scholars they have, you know, they may be mature or an age, they may have the foundation of the Quran and Hadith, and of legal reasoning. But if they don't have maturity, and they don't have wisdom, they will actually cause more problems in the community than benefit, though. And that is why again, I really love this section about the mathematics life. He's teaching us, you have to be careful of who you teach it to. Because if you put knowledge in the hands of someone that does not have wisdom, they will destroy

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communities. And we've seen this so many times. And not just here in North America, but even in the Middle East. When you look at certain scholars, that they just focused all of their time on discrediting other drugs that any Chanukah you want to speak about that speaker this evening or this speaker, the speaker or this speaker, and none of it is about bringing the people closer to Allah. None of it is about good. None of it is about steel. Another is about the fear. It's always about discrediting people. And they'll justify all we're protecting the people from innovation.

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And this is a lack of maturity, a lack of wisdom and a lack of balance. And that is why again, my medical diamond last point was so profound. Now

00:34:49--> 00:34:59

I'll share one beautiful quote with you in mathematics nephew again, it's mainly been who he says that he told me, this knowledge is our religion. So take care of whom you take your religion from

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I met 17 men under the pillars of this mosque, who related things from the words of Allah messenger. But I did not take anything from them. If any of them were given the trust of public Treasury, he would have fulfilled that trust perfectly. The reason I did not take from them is that they were not properly qualified in this field, was able to she had came to us in his youth, and we used to crowd around his door. So in my mind, he was talking about this size of Who do you take your religious education from? And he says that there are over 70 people that used to teaching the mysteries of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, but I wouldn't take knowledge from them. Why was it because they were not

00:35:36--> 00:36:14

trustworthy people? No, he says that if these people were appointed, or the public Treasury, I would have, you know, loved that it would have been perfect, and they wouldn't have done anything wrong. But they were not specialists in their field. And thus, I did not take from them. And when even though she had resigned, he came into Medina, with the crowd around his door while he was young, I mean, that he was, you know, easily relatable to, and he was a specialist in his field. And I find this very profound as well. There are a lot of the times when we take knowledge, when we look at whatever we do in life. Do we become specialists in our field? There was a book that I read or not,

00:36:14--> 00:36:55

I didn't read the book completely, but a personal book that I read, called outliers by Malcolm Gladwell. Has anyone read that book? outliers? Malcolm Gladwell, you know what I'm talking about. There's a profound section in that book, where he talks about becoming an expert in your field. And he says, in order to become an expert in your field, you need to spend 10,000 hours reading in that field. And if you were to do that, you will guaranteed be in the five top 5% of that field. So I thought to myself, does this apply to religious knowledge? And it's actually true that each person like Bukhari Muslim, Mr. Malik, they read hours upon hours upon hours in Hadith, and less Allah

00:36:55--> 00:37:30

subhanho wa Taala made them specialists in their field. And I think that's something that's being lost in this day and age. We want to be a jack of all trades, we want to know a little bit of everything. We don't want to become specialists. And I want you to provide for, you know, apply this in their professional lives as well. Whether you're an engineering accounting doctor, whatever it is, how specialized Are you in your own field, right? Aim for excellence, aim for excellence in your field, that is the field you have chosen and lies facilitated for you aim to accelerate, specialize in it, and that is how you will become, you know, someone that has something to offer to the oma.

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Now, one of the things that stuck out about Imam Malik Rahim Allah was his coach. So he said that he mmamoloko him Allah was of a big strong stature. But this heavily influenced his ability to be courageous as well. No one messed with the mathematic. So we have multiple times where the Khalifa is coming to Medina and Matthew was coming to Medina and the Khalifa tells him look Malik, I want you to accompany me, while I'm in Medina, wherever I'm going, just keep me company. So he sends him 3000 dirhams, you know, multiple trays of gold coins. And the Khalifa finally arrives to Mr. Malik's house, and he's like I sent you this letter. Did you get it? Do you get the gold coins? mnemonics

00:38:13--> 00:38:42

Look, I got the gold coins. I got the letter, but I'm not keeping company. Here's your gold coins. I wish you a nice day. And he just let him be SubhanAllah. And this you know, in my medical ama he had the audacity to do that he's like I'm a scholar of Islam. I'm not your servant. That's just gonna, you know, keep you entertained while you're visiting Medina and another incident and other halifa wanted his children to come and learn from Malik. So he sevens Imam Malik Imam Malik is kind enough to respond. He comes to the Khalifa his house.

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The Khalifa says read to my children. And the mathematics says this has not been our tradition. You know it is the students that come to the teacher to learn. So he says I will send them to your house. So in my mind, it goes home. The student his two sons come to my my next house. They come in with him completely misbehaving. They just be acting like rowdy spoiled brats. So now Malik refuses to teach them. So the Khalifa he comes to the mama next house. And he says You told me to send my children to you, I send them to you, but you didn't teach them. He says that people have to be worthy of seeking knowledge. When you send hooligans to my house, I'm not going to teach them teach

00:39:21--> 00:39:58

him to behave and come back. So the Khalifa says he tutor with his two sons to go and study with marik the students come with their tutor, they will behave now the tourists keeping them in check. And the tutor asked him a medic read to the children. And Malik says have you learned nothing yet? That it is the students to learn read to the teacher, the teacher corrects them, not vice versa. And they are again you know, excuse that they leave. Again the honey was like what's going on? This is like time number four. When will you teach my children? Then again malic acid and look. Our tradition is that the students read to the teacher and he mentions his lineage. He says they didn't

00:39:58--> 00:39:59

show the manuscript enough.

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With almost all of these people, their students used to read to them and not vice versa. This is Medina there is culture, there is tradition, and you live by that tradition. And then he tells us, his children start reading to Malik and then Malik started correcting them. So Malik was a no nonsense guy. He did not mess around. And we know he had the courage and the audacity to stand up to people. Now one of the incidents that this really sticks out in and this is like a contentious issue, how judge of the use of he was Khalifa during the time of Imam Malik, and he was the same Khalifa that killed so many others to hover over the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and judging

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us if you actually read the mortal human medic, believe it or not, and in the mouth of Mr. Malik, he narrates Sorry, excuse me, not the Mothma Malik. He reads al Bukhari is not a hadith that is no he didn't say Bukhari was the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says that if I had the ability to, I would rebuild the Kaaba having one door to the east and one door to the west, being put on the original foundation of Ibrahim alayhi salam. Okay, so this is what he's saying. Now, in the conflict that happened with hijab the use of an umbrella was a word. As you mentioned, the Learn abilities of bird was crucified in Makati is left as an example. Now, one of the conflicts that happened is that

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the word rajala Juan Houma, he took it upon himself to reconstruct the Kaaba, and he reconstructed on the original Foundation, but he didn't put the two doors that the officer seldom mentioned. So I judge him the use of after he is gained control again. He says, You know what, I'm going to do it now as the Prophet sallallahu Sallam wanted I'm going to put those doors in America him Hola. he pleads with hijab the use of he says, Don't do that. Who can tell me why? Why would demand Malik stop the halifa from implementing a Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam something that the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam wanted, by

00:42:03--> 00:42:14

accident, very good. He didn't want the Kaaba to lose. Its revered its sanctity. Its its sacredness, that if the Khalifa keeps rebuilding it, it's good to set a precedent

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that every Khalifa that comes into power, he's going to be like, Okay, let me reconstruct the Kaaba, and this will be my legacy. And interesting enough that security like now, you're going to expand to them with the expansion America. This is like each kings legacy, you know, it, I don't even want to get into the politics of it. But it was like a full time prophecy of Imam Malik that the Haram is going to become a plaything for the people. And that is why he prevented the Khalifa from doing so. And this shows us that there are certain times where even though you have a literal Hadith that saying something

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in the odd occasion, it is okay to go against it. And even as a scholar, if there is a wisdom behind it related to public interest, you can go against it. This leads off from our discussion yesterday, we were talking about masala masala, this is how we met Monica himolla implemented it. Now we're going to get to towards the ending of the life of human medical mo law.

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So, in America, human law was a scholar of the highest caliber, extremely good looking guy, very rich comes from a very good family. And he is the man that all the people are seeking knowledge from, what do you think is going to end up happening. And this is where a lot of the times people do not understand the human aspect of religious knowledge. I remember when I first went to Medina, one of the very first books we studied, was guitar parallel by shake up the theme in the book of knowledge. And in this book of knowledge, he says that the people that are most severely affected by jealousy are the scholars and the reciters of the Quran.

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And very early on, I couldn't understand that. I understood that if you attained religious knowledge, you have to be a very righteous person, you would fight off the jealousy, how could jealousy affect your actions? Right? Like what is the How could you reconcile knowledge with jealousy? I couldn't do it. But I only came to understand this fact. Like it really sunk in. When I studied the life of remount Bukhari on how one of his teachers, students or sons got so jealous of his father loving him out of Bukhari, he spent a lie about him. And this one lie spread so quickly, that it led to email brokerage demise as a scholar, not in the sense that he lost knowledge but

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credibility in the eyes of the people. Now Same thing over here in America Rahim Allah, he had an official fatwa, which in our DNA doesn't sound very unique. But for his time, it was actually very unique. And that is, if a man issues divorce, in a state of duress, that talaq is not valid that divorce is not considered valid.

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Magna Carta legal precedent. This was a beloved Augustus opinion. And much later on other scholars adopted this opinion as well. And it makes complete sense anything that happens under duress, you know will not be accepted. Now, when in Amharic Rahim Allah relates to this opinion, the evil, sick hearted people, what do they extract from this? Oh, if you give allegiance to the halifa, under duress, that they are that allegiance is not valid. So these Sharpies, they send a letter to the Khalifa or to his ministers, there's a difference of opinion who they sent it to. And as a result, no judgment, no court case, bring Imam Malik. And they publicly lash him, they publicly beat him,

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they publicly hit him, how hard that Imam Malik is no longer able to put his hands up for Salah. And that is why, you know, I'm not going to get into the issue. But in the Maliki method, there is a very famous opinion that you play with your hands to your site, that you know this, a lot of it might stem from this a lot. It might stem from other opinions. I'm not going to get into that. But he ended up playing with his hands by his sight.

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In my mother in law, as soon as he was finished, being beaten, blood is pouring down his neck. What did he do? He goes to the masjid and he tell me I shake it you're in this state, you know, why don't you go wash up and clean up and you know, you don't have to come to the mustard today. It's fine. It's not a big deal. Any mathematical himolla he says this was done to say them no more say if one of his teachers. And this is what he did that after he was beaten he went straight to the machete as blood was coming down his back and they wanted to follow the legacy of my of my teacher. And that is what he ended up doing. Now Imam Malik Rahim Allah like this fitna, it prolonged for a very long

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time, that he never got a chance to defend himself and the Khalifa as people kept on abusing him. And citing the fact that, you know, he was trying to cause fear in the community. Now, obviously, my mother in law, he didn't get involved in the politics. He never said anything. That's the Khalifa. And he never made this opinion as well. But now that Mr. Malik has been released, what do they share it into? Again?

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We find a student of emammal not a student, but someone that knows Mr. Malik very closely. We will give you 100 dinars, 100. Durham's, go up to Imam Malik in privacy and ask him if someone gives they are under duress, will that be a be valid or not? Mr. Malik trusted this man is someone that Mr. Malik had known for a very long time. Mr. Malik tells him that look, if this person gets buried under duress, if he's being forced to do so that allegiance will not be valid. Round two of the beatings, and this time, it's even much much worse. And this is tying him on Monday. Criminal Law is literally just beat into a pope. He has internal organ damage, internal organ damage, that when you

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talk about, you know, it's coming to the end of his lifespan, like it's very satisfying.

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When it comes to the end of his life, you know, I'm just gonna jump to that part. I'm just gonna jump to that part. In American Angola. He died when he was 86 years old. But for the last 25 years of his life, he had stopped printing the budget. In fact, he wouldn't even come for Java. And it's such like a disheartening thing to read. I'm just gonna read it for you guys over here.

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on Roku, he describes this seclusion. He says, at first, Malik would offer prayers in the mosque, and attend the Friday congregation visit the sick and accept people's invitations and fulfill people's rights. He went on like this for a while. Then he stopped sitting in the mosque, he would get up and leave as soon as the prayer was over. Then he stopped visiting the sick and attending funeral prayers. But he would still go to the next of kin and offering his condolences, that he stopped mixing with people all together, even to give condolences or to observe neighborly rights. He stopped offering prayer at the mosque, even the Friday prayer.

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When people spoke to him about this, he would tell them, not everyone is ready to speak about their inner feelings. So people left it at that out of their deep respect for him. And Malik died in this state.

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And this is like this. Hello. When I think about this. Again, there's like this reoccurring theme

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of tests that people go through and tests that actually end up destroying people's power. That if you look at I'm going to tie this in with the life of Mount Bukhari Rahim Allah. How did he know Bukhari ended up dying in right at the last in the first day of Ramadan. It was narrated that he ended up making dua that Allah Allah kodaka Leonardo da Vinci robot,

00:50:00--> 00:50:34

possibility like that Obama, as vast as this earth is, is become too congested for me, take me back to you. And even though there's a specific idea, there's also here, that a man is not allowed to ask for death. But what he should ask for is over a law when it is best for me to die, take me away at that time, that is the only thing you without asking for, he still could not implement it because life had become too difficult for him. And the same thing you see over here, that he normally clearly he went through emotional trauma, he went through some really, really tough distress by what other individuals had done to him. And not only that, clearly, there was a sense of abandonment as

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well, that towards the ending of his life. You know, he just felt alone. But where were the people defending him? Why was no one standing up for him? Why was no one seeing anything to protect him? And again, that feeling of abandonment, just clearly set on till this great amount of Islam is no longer attending Juma and Salah. And again, it makes me think that for the vast majority of us who've never been exposed to the story, how could a great amount of Islam stop attending Juma for the last 25 years for his life? Now, there's multiple, you know, differences of opinion as to what happened exactly that How could a great commandment of doing this, this is opinion number one, that

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it was directly related to the trauma and psychologically he was just just wasn't prepared to it. Number two, that as a result of the physical beating, his internal organs were so badly damaged, that he couldn't control his his his excretion and his urination. And he says, I hate coming to the machine in that state. Again, you know, what type of person does this to another human being, especially a righteous man like that? I thought opinion states that along with this, at that time, the great grandson of alia manabi thought he revolted against the Khalifa. And he didn't want to be questioned about this fitna. So he had stopped coming to the mustard at that time. And the fourth

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thing that is reported about it again, to give the benefit of the doubt, that so much evil corruption has spread, that Mr. Malik Rahim, Allah didn't want to see evil in the mystery of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and not be able to speak out against it. Now why would he mathematically mala be afraid to speak out against it? Because he was so severely traumatized from the first time when he didn't do anything wrong, that imagine now that he does do something, he does create a poor, and he does do something that could be contentious, what would happen to him then? So these are multiple opinions, but a lot of them tie back down into how he was treated as a human

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being. Now with all of this, even though my mother in law, didn't end up going to the masjid anymore, and inshallah we, you know, we make excuses for him, that he's above the age of 60 years old, an age that perhaps he's not even capable of doing that anyone else. I know what Allah has excused him of this, it is hoped that that is what the case is. His abandonment of Salah in the masjid did not lead him to lose to him losing his righteousness. And this itself is such a profound thing.

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And there's two clear examples of this. His sister was asked that, you know, Malik doesn't come out to the machine anymore. What does he spend his time with? And she says that for the last years or so that he's been in the house. I've never seen him in the house, except that he's engaged in the Quran. He's not doing anything else except a court order. Now what is a sign that Allah subhana wa Taala had forgiven him in the first place or something to forgive him? That is almost unanimous consensus, that azeema Malik mahalo was dying, people gathered around him and his very last words as he was leaving was a Chateau La ilaha illAllah Muhammad Allah Salama and that is how we met Malik

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Rahim Allah passed away. Test the writing is one this for most part what's Arlanda Mohammed Salah la new setup was his final messenger, implementing the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that he himself narrates that whoever his last words are like, I love Allah is guaranteed paradise. And this is such like a

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paradoxical think that How could a man leave off Juma praying in the machine? You know what spider what's Allah gives him the screen. And this is why, you know, again, I can't emphasize enough for those of us that are still going through a spiritual journey, trying to find our righteousness trying to find a religiosity. We might be falling into sin, some of them major.

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Don't let that get you down. Because at the end of the day, you may have done this crime, you may have done this sin, but where you are is not as relevant as to where you end up, meaning how you pass away in this world. And this is such a huge lesson spamela that we often reflect. We don't reflect enough. How are we going to pass away from this world that even when you think about you know this incident that happened in Cuba, as heinous and as atrocious as it was, one perspective of the Muslims did not have on this

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is to be happy for those deceased. Why? Because they're finished playing solitaire on a shelf in the masjid. They're praying the cylinder with their purse. And that is how they passed away. And these individuals when they're raised on the Day of Judgment how the raised playing solo told us either what's odd? What more could you ask for? What more could you ask for spinal Ah, and this respected was completely lost. That Yes, we feel sad to what's happening to our society to our community, that bigotry and racism has now become normalized, and people are acting violent upon it. But don't forget to rejoice over their martyrdom. Don't forget to rejoice over the righteous death, because

00:55:39--> 00:55:43

perhaps they have achieved something that we will never be able to achieve.

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So same thing with my Monica himolla that you'll notice that the vast majority of people don't mention this about the ending of Mr. Malik's life, because his life was filled with such greatness and such righteousness and such piety, that he don't want his legacy to be tainted. But I think this is a flaw in the way we relate our history. The taint in history is when we take away the human ness of our history, the Sahaba of the human, the third volume in the great demands of Islam are human. And you wouldn't expect it to be perfect. They weren't expected to be saved from from from normal day to day life. And they could still Excel, they could still be these great individuals, and still

00:56:27--> 00:56:47

be human. And that's what needs to be brought back. They aren't superheroes that are, you know, beyond the realm of this world, there are human beings that are the highest Epitome and caliber of being human. And even with the flaws and even with their mistakes, they're still going to be very moms, and they still have a hierarchy in Islam and almost still elevated their status by giving you my mother

00:56:48--> 00:56:49

such a noble death.

00:56:54--> 00:57:05

So in my mind, I got him a lot. That is how he passed away and he passed away in the year 179. Now in my mind, it could have been my last contribution to knowledge was very, very great. In fact,

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the first major collection of Hadeeth the Mata was written by Imam Malik Imam Shafi Rahim Allah He says about this book that we do not know of any book authored by mankind, that is of the highest caliber other than the mouth of Mr. Malik. And obviously this was before the time of Bukhari and Muslim from the legacy of the mount Malik Rahim Allah is that he was an inspiration for the likes of Bukhari and Muslim to compile their books because he man mother, Imam Malik was the inspiration behind this that if he could do it, the other imams could do it as well. Mr. Mallika him, Allah showed the highest level of sincerity, that when the Khalifa wanted to make the Mata, the official

00:57:44--> 00:58:24

manual, of the healer of the of the oma, he refused to do that. He said that my book is just one of many books. And people have learned their opinions already. And it's not befitting that my book become the manual. It Allah subhanaw taala made it so that even though it didn't become the manual, his legacy was so great that inspired not only the other collectors of Hadith, but even you know that the students have felt like the greatest one of the greatest Maliki books, you know, the Madonna, it is the direct compilation of Malik's opinions, and this book has gone on till this day to be explained in numerous volumes. And in my medical hemolyzed we studied yesterday. He had a

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genuine concern and love for the people that make the religion as relevant and as easy for them as possible to implement. And this is the legacy that my medical Allah left behind the last panel with Allah have mercy upon him, forgive him for his sins

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alaba middle Allahu Tanana with Scylla cinema Baraka Mohammed Wanda de wasabi mustard