Channel: Navaid Aziz
Series: Navaid Aziz - Tafsir of Juz Ama
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Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim al hamdu lillahi wa hohenstein
when out to be that human surely and fusina woman sejati Amina Maria de la dama de la vida de la la la la la la la la sharika was shadow Anna Mohammed Abu Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa seldom at the Sleeman kathira My bad, my dear brothers and sisters salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.
So we continue with our Tafseer of solfeggio, when the lights are on, and I want to start off by posing a question to all of you, what is the relationship between budget and life in depth? What is the relationship between budget and life in depth? Go ahead, when we go to sleep, are we
then when we wake up, fantastic. So I will get into this a little bit, but there's a very strong correlation between credit and that of life and death between later that's something we'll come to see. But it's important to keep this in mind that this is going to be one of the themes of the of the sutra, on how Allah subhanho wa Taala deals with the soul as you'll come to see at the end of the surah so Allah subhana wa tada begins solfeggio just like most of the sodas of juice ama begin with an oath and Allah subhanaw taala takes an oath by the fudger time and as you see throughout juice ama when Allah subhanho wa Taala takes an oath by something it's not necessarily specifically
or literally that object that Allah subhana wa tada is taking an oath by and this is what we actually see inside of sorts of ledger. So let us interpret the literal meaning first, figured it means to rip something apart. The word fragile, it means to rip something apart to tear something apart in the Arabic language and why fudger the prayer is called salata fudge it is because this night is ripped apart, and light actually shines through. Similarly a person that transgressors against Allah subhanho wa Taala, this individual is known as fragile. And the one the reason why he's known as fragile is because internally that consciousness that he has, he's torn that apart,
and that is why he easily and openly transgressive against Allah subhanho wa Taala. So Allah subhanaw taala takes an oath by fudging over here for the literal reason for two main purposes. So literally for two main purposes. Number one, it is to show that a who is actually in control. So do we have any control over the sun coming up in the sun setting? None whatsoever. So unless I know what time it takes an oath by the sun rising over here to show who exactly is in control who exactly is in control. The second reason why Allah subhanho wa Taala literally uses the term scheduled over here is because of the blessings at that time, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,
he tells us that he pray asked Allah subhanaw taala that, oh, Allah bless my oma in the early parts of the mornings. So that's why you will see that the individual that has the cycle of waking up at fudger and, you know, doing all of his busy work at that early time, he will be a lot more productive than someone who's waking up at 910 11 you know, 12 o'clock in the afternoon, because there's blessing in that time. And that's an ideal time to even memorize the Quran. And that is why I know Allah, He tells us in Surah, thoroughly so that the Quran recited at flojet is Massoud that is the Quran, which is witnessed so the best time to recite the Quran and memorize the Quran is that
time right after budget when the person wakes up in a fresh and early and he has that energy as well. So that is the literal interpretation of budget, that when we're talking about the rising of the night, but in terms of the symbolic meaning of budget, the symbolic meaning of Nigeria encompasses two things. The first symbolism that is encompassed in budget is that of life and death. So you'll notice that each and every single night part of being a human being is going to sleep. All of human beings have to sleep if you do not sleep, you're not a human being. That's just a characteristic that we have. And the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam refers to death.
As you know, the companion refers to sleep as the younger companion of death or the sister of death, right? Because when we go to sleep, our soul is taken out of our body, and then it is placed back in when we wake up when we wake up. And this is what fudger is a reminder of that we will all die one day and then we will be resurrected by Allah subhana wa Tada. Now here, you'll notice that when it comes to this budget, this fudger not everyone will wake up for right. It is the slaves who are, you know, strong in their faith that want to struggle for the sake of Allah subhanho wa Taala they are the ones that will actually wake up. Whereas the disbelievers those who want to transgress against
Allah, the sinful
They will remain asleep. So waking up at this vigil is optional. But when the day of judgment comes when resurrection comes, then waking up will not be optional. No one can escape judgment on that day, no one can escape waking up on that day. And that is the day of ultimate regret. So that is the first symbolic meaning that is shown in federal over here. The second symbolic meaning that is shown in budget is that you'll notice that the night is always darkest, just before the sunrises. And when you look at, you know, this concept of observing the sun. In Islam, we have the concept of what we call a sub Hellcat, and a supersonic, meaning the true morning versus the fake or lying morning. And
one of the key distinctions to understand this is that if you want to understand the so called ketchup, the light is going to be vertical, it's not going to be horizontal. So super little ketchup is Horace is vertical. So when you look outside, and you see a vertical light outside, a lot of people think that this is an indication that virgin has begun. And in reality, this is not the case. But when a supersonic actually comes in, the light comes from the horizon, you'll see you'll be horizontal, it could be all across the horizon, and now is the time fudger truly comes in. Now, the symbolic meaning behind this is that when you understand that the night is darkest, just before the
light comes out, this is also an indication for the Muslims, this is a monkey sutra that is being revealed here, that yes, you are going through hardships, and like the one that takes the sun out of this darkness, he is the same one that will grant you victory, and will grant you help in your times of hardship as well. So that is the second symbolic meaning in alpha, that is the second symbolic meaning in alpha. Now you'll notice that Allah subhanaw taala is going to continue to take another couple of oaths. And one of the unique things about the suta is actually I'm going to ask you a question here, when Allah subhanaw taala takes an oath, what is necessitated? So you have the oath,
and what is the necessity of the oath? What is necessitated? Who remembers what the answer to this is? That every time Allah subhanaw taala takes an oath, there has to be something followed up by it, what is it sorry, condition, not necessarily a condition. Go ahead.
So the sworn the thing that is being sworn
by and the thing that has been sworn about this what we call a custom and custom and every time an oath is being taken, Allah subhanaw taala is taking an oath to give us this big you know, answer at the end, what we call Geobella customer Allah subhanaw taala is taking oath by now most of the times Allah subhanho wa Taala will tell us what the doable possum is. But in short, well fudger Allah subhanaw taala doesn't give us Joe Belkacem. He doesn't tell us what he's taking oath about. He only tells us the things that he's taking oath by. So now you'll notice that this is actually a quote unquote challenge from Allah subhanho wa Taala that understands our challenges us to use our
intellect and to figure out what the job will custom is. So we want to be figuring that out after the fourth verse. So let us look at the second thing and the second oath that Allah subhanaw taala takes the second oath that Allah subhanho wa Taala takes is what I call inertia and the 10 knights and the 10 Knights. So the first thing you want to notice over here is that Layali natia is what they call Nikita it is undefined, it is something which is very general, meaning that is not being specified. So here Allah subhana wa Taala is generally taking an oath by 10 nights. When you look into the books of Tafseer, you'll find that there are two major opinions. Those two major opinions
are, they are the last 10 nights of Ramadan, and they are the first 10 nights of the ledger. They're the last 10 nights of Ramadan, and the first 10 nights of the ledger. Now what is the significance of these two nights? What is the significance of these two nights? You want to go ahead? Go ahead.
Fantastic. So inside bucatini, messenger of Allah says Allah mentions that the most beloved Knights to Allah subhanho wa Taala are the Knights of the ledger. And what's the significance of the last 10 nights of Ramadan?
No, it is a little crowded. Fantastic. And what happened on layer? 2000.
Right. But what happened on that night? What was the big event? The Quran was revealed. Fantastic. Now what happened in the first 10 days of the ledger?
Who can tell me what the first 10 days of the ledger besides Hajj, obviously, what happened in the first 10 days of the ledger significant event?
Some some good guess. But that's not it.
For Tanaka, very good, but that's not what I'm referring to as well.
The answer to this would happen in the first 10 Knights of the ledger was that all of the outcome of Islam were committed
deleted. So the Yama command to the Kadena Komatsu Anaconda Mattila de to document Islam, Medina was revealed on the day of alpha when the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam went for Hajj. And even though there were verses that came down after that, there was no cam revealed after that day. So Islam began in the very first time, the last 10 nights of Ramadan. And it concluded with the first 10 nights of the ledger. So basically, here, Allah subhanaw taala, genuinely is taking an oath by the mission of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that the whole religion of Islam, it is encompassed in these two sets of 10 nights, the last 10 nights of Ramadan, because that's when
revelation came down, and the first 10 nights of the ledger, because that is when the religion of Islam in terms of its rulings was completed. So that is what Allah subhanaw taala is generally taking an oath by. And then specifically, as we mentioned, it could either be the 10 nights of Ramadan, or the 10 nights of the ledger. And when you look into the books of some of the movers, you don't actually mentioned that there is a GMR that it is referring to the 10 Knights of the ledger that is referring to the 10 Knights of the ledger, but Allah subhanaw taala knows how strong this agema actually is. So here Allah subhanho wa Taala taking an oath, genuinely by the mission or the
religion of Islam in its totality. Then Allah subhanaw taala goes on to the third of and the third oath is worship even water that here Allah subhanho wa Taala is swearing by the event and the odd so shefa is that which makes something even and what is that which is odd. So the last prayer that you pray of the night is called salata with it is because it is an odd number of Raka. And Shiva is to say it comes like the word that you might know from chakra is Shiva, that the word sapphires intercession, when someone intercedes on your behalf, he puts you on an even ground, he is your companion, and he puts you on uneven ground. So you have become too instead of just one trying to
attain what you're trying to attain. Now Allah subhanho wa Taala he swears by the even and the art, the vast majority of the companions, we actually have rewired from your companions on this verse, that when Allah subhanho wa Taala talks about a chef wildwater he is referring to the creation and Allah subhana wa tada whereas the creation of Allah subhanho wa Taala all of it is created in pairs in twos. So therefore it is even in number was Allah subhanaw taala he is one creator, and there is no other creator besides him. So he is odd in number, so he is odd, in number. Now, when you look at this, there's actually a deeper relationship behind all of this. And a deeper relationship is on how
Allah subhanho wa Taala created everything and complete cohesion, that you will have one thing, but it cannot survive or last without its partner. So you look at the day and that night and night. throughout the day and the day cannot exist without the night. The skies cannot exist without the earth and the earth cannot exist without the skies. You will have a man but he cannot survive without a woman you will have a woman and she cannot survive without a man in the No matter how much we tried to challenge this concept. This is the way that Allah subhanaw taala created the heavens and the earth. But Allah subhanaw taala over here is also indicating a very intricate relationship
between Allah subhanho wa Taala and his creation. Now as we know Allah subhanho wa Taala clearly does not need us. However, in order for some of Allah subhanho wa Taala His attributes to exist, the creation actually has to be there. So if Allah subhanaw taala had no slaves, would he still be a master? If Allah subhana wa tada had no one to show mercy to what Allah subhanho wa Taala still be, man. Right? It's a very philosophical discussion. But here Allah subhanaw taala is tying the two together to show that the relationship between the creator and creation is intertwined, that the creator created a creation and that is why he is called the Creator. Right? So you guys understand
that relationship? Do we understand the relationship? Okay, that that is what Allah subhanaw taala is trying to tell us that the relationship between the creator and creation is actually intertwined. And the creation is the weaker of the two obviously, because he is the created one, and he is dependent. That is why he needs that pair. Where's Allah subhanho wa Taala is independent. And that is why Allah subhanaw taala is only one. A second interpretation of this verse is that here Allah subhana wa Taala is taking an oath, by the days of the month, but here Allah subhanho wa Taala is taking an oath, by the days of the month. So in the second verse, Allah subhanaw taala swearing by
the first 10 nights or the last 10 nights of Ramadan. Now Allah subhanaw taala is taking an oath, by each and every single day by each and every single day, the even of them, and the odd of them. And the way the scholars interpreted that verse is this relationship to the next verse, where Allah subhanho wa Taala says, we're lazy evaluator and the night when it's strolls away when it departs what
is the relationship between the two? Here? Why? Why does Allah subhanho wa Taala talk about the night as it rolls away. So the literal interpretation of this is that when you look at the night of mas Delica, when you go for Hajj, that is the night that you spend in an open Valley. Literally, there is nothing else there. Now, they built some toilets there. But there's nothing else there. Except for you and open Valley, you're sleeping under the stars, you're with a whole bunch of other Muslims. And there's nothing else in there. And you're meant to sleep in that open Valley, and you can't cover your head. And you can use a blanket and that's pretty much about it. Now, this
experience, you'll notice that as difficult as it seems, anyone who goes for Hajj, the night of must deliver actually goes by very quickly. You know, even Thank you, though it's in the middle of the middle of this valley. It's going to be it's freezing cold, even in the summertime, because you're in the desert. But the night goes very, very quickly. And this is symbolic. Why? Because no matter how much you try to hold on to time, at that time, you can't hold on to it, it scrolls away from you. So the night it was stole away from me and particularly wireless panel dimensions the nights over here is because like the morning is beneficial for your dounia The night is beneficial for your
Acura and no matter how much time you try to spend for your accurate in the night, it is always going to stroll away from you, it is never going to be enough. And particularly in the nights, this is our time to build our relationship with Allah subhanho wa Taala. And you'll notice that the most successful of Muslims throughout our history have always been the ones that woke up in the middle of the night to supplicate to Allah subhanaw taala, to pray their family. And this is like a point of reflection that for those of us that have jobs, and we noticed that you know where we were stagnant in our careers, maybe we're stagnant at a certain point of our life. If you want to make a change in
your life, it starts with you waking up for chiamo live. And you'll notice that once you start working at 4pm or later, and you stay up after fudger within lights, this is going to make a huge difference in your life, it will make a huge difference in your life between the heated. So that is why last minute Allah mentions that the night will depart. And this is to actually show again the same concept as we did in the beginning, who is actually in control of time who is actually in control of time, it is Allah subhanaw taala and that at the end of the day you will be questioned about how you spent that time. So these are the four things that Allah subhanaw taala takes an oath
by now generally at this point, Allah subhanaw taala would give us what we call Joe Belkacem, the thing that Allah subhanaw taala is taking us by but rather than that are taking an oath about but rather Allah subhanaw taala over here, he now poses a question. He says how do you see their legal costume on the visa? There are indeed in these signs, sufficient proofs for those that possess intellects for those that possess intellects. Now where's the word intellect in this verse, you will notice that Allah subhanaw taala he says hi. So how is the beginning of a question fee Danica in that cost someone is an oath. The the the the the the ledger for those individuals that possess
hedger, hedger, traditionally it means rock it means like a big boulder. But one of the ways that the term hedger is also used, it is used to refer to one's intellect and particularly when one uses his intellect to distinguish between good and evil. So an individual that distinguishes between good and evil is known as the ledger Why is he known as lol hedger? Because he has put in a boulder he's put a big rock between himself and that disobedience between Allah subhanaw taala or that transgression against Allah subhanho wa Taala and that is why he is known the possessor of intellect is known as Joel hedger. So here Allah subhanho wa Taala is telling us that if you truly possess an
intellect, you will be able to figure out what the doable custom is. So let us go through these oaths again. And I want you guys to try to figure out what is the doable person? What is Allah subhanho wa Taala actually taking an oath about so the first thing was on fragile, right, the morning that comes about number two, whether you're in Azure, they are the 10 nights. And then the third thing is worship, he will watch the event and the odd days and nights and then the fourth thing is the night as it departs. So now someone tell me what is the oath that Allah subhanaw taala is taking about what is doable Casa Go ahead.
The importance of time. Okay, what about it specifically?
Okay, very good. Very good. Let's look for other interpretations. What else do we learn from this?
Why does Allah subhanaw taala take an oath by these four things?
You want to give it a shot, go ahead.
Very good, very good. So Allah subhanaw taala has given you those opportunities to turn to Allah subhanho wa Taala. And if not,
You will have fate, you will face the fate of those people that are going to be mentioned right after fantastic. Can we get one more? One more person Take a guess, for the lucky?
the power to do this?
Fantastic Jazakallah head? And the answer to all of this is that all of what you said is, is is a correct answer. Allah subhanho wa Taala left it ambiguous, so that each individual will reflect upon the science and come up with their own answers. And that is why there's no, you know, clearly incorrect answer to this. So everything that was mentioned is correct in this situation, but particularly what the brother was mentioning, the size of Allah subhanaw taala, I was watching a video on YouTube today, and something that's like being spread around. And it's about how they use the Hubble telescope. And they just for 11 days, they pointed it facing the darkest part of the
universe. Did anyone watch this video yet? No. And I'll try to share it on my Facebook page with the Knights either. So for 11 days, they took the Hubble telescope, for those of you that don't know, the Hubble telescope is the most powerful telescope that exists as far as we know. And they pointed in absolute darkness for 11 days, and for 11 days, it just keeps on focusing and focusing and focusing and focusing on what seemed like ultimate darkness, you know, in the initial stages turned out to be that once it was completely focused, they found 10,000 other galaxies out there, and this was sometime in the 90s. And then they redid this experiment, once they strengthened this telescope
even further and focused on another dark part of the universe. And then this time, we found something like, I can't even remember the number, but a very high number something like in the millions of other galaxies that exists out there. And then when you look at this, it shows you how insignificant human beings are. And then the reason why, you know you were able to see those galaxies, as because some of them they had been traveling for the last 500 million years. And then as the traveling, they eventually come across the you know, the scope of the telescope. And it shows you how insignificant desecration really are, you know, when you live on this earth, you're
surrounded by other human beings, the greatest fluctuation you will see is, you know, maybe someone's a foot taller than you two feet taller than you, maybe we'll see like, you know, 100 foot storey building in your life, and you're like, wow, this building is huge. But what you fail to realize if you did just take the sun, you could fit like 1000 Earths inside of the sun. And this is like, you know, one of the signs of Atlas, I know it's either that Allah subhanaw taala created this great creation in the sky. That because we live in the city because you know, we don't take the time to explore it. We're completely oblivious to the signs of Allah subhanaw taala like when was the
last time you reflected that when you go to sleep at night, this is actually this is actually a reminder that you will one day stand in front of Allah subhanaw taala right. These are all signs that Allah subhanaw taala has sent. So I must find out the other thing that if you truly are people of intellect, you will use your intellect to reflect on the signs of Allah subhanaw taala and to stay away from the disobedience of Allah subhanho wa Taala and to stay away from the disobedience of Allah subhanho wa Taala now what is the consequence if you don't do that? What if you don't reflect on the science? What if you don't put a barrier between yourself and the disobedience of Allah
subhanho wa Taala Allah subhanaw taala continues lm Terra Keifa buka biard did you not see what Allah subhanaw taala did with the people of add? Now here who is Allah subhanaw taala addressing Allah subhanho wa Taala over here is addressing the people of Allah subhanho wa Taala over here is addressing the people have courage. And one of the things that the corporation recognized there were two things. One was the fact that Allah subhanaw taala was the rub, right? They used to refer to Allah subhanaw taala as the robe. What they refuse to do was to accept Allah subhanho wa Taala as their one and only elf. So the one that they would worship they would deny what you asked him who
created you, they would all say Allah subhanaw taala so let's find out other uses their language lm tala k Fila rabuka did you not see what your Lord did with the people of add? The second thing Allah subhana wa tada is using something that the Quran we're already familiar with. So when the Qureshi used to travel,
you know, through the lines with their various business transactions, they would come across the remnants of art, which they say is from the people of Yemen. So when they would travel to Yemen, they would see what Allah subhanaw taala did with the people of Iran, you know, what their creation was like, and they will be petrified. They're like, these people were much more stronger than us. They were, you know, much taller than us. And look at how Allah subhanho wa Taala destroyed them. So let's find out as reminding them, did you not see what your Lord did with the people of ad novermber
historical perspective and Cathedral him Allah, he actually mentioned that the people of add, they came for generations after New highly solemn, they came for generations after New and a cinema, and then the samode were continuation of the people. Sorry.
Well, we'll get to that in a second. We'll get to that in the second bit at nighttime. So there are four generations after the people have no holiday setup. Then Allah subhanaw taala goes on to talk specifically about that in a minute. The term Aram over here is actually a word that the scholars of Tafseer differed about, what does the term Adam actually hear mean? They noticed that it's a proper name, it is a noun, but they differ over what is a exactly a name of. So some people said this was the name of the leader of the mood, the meaning the tribe of the mood, the person who found that tribe was Elam. And then the second opinion is that no, this is not the case. here Allah subhanaw
taala is rather referring to a tribe from amongst the tribe of the mood known as Iran. And what was their characteristic that's an image that they're the ones that build lofty pillars, they're the ones that built lofty pillars, and then on what were these pillars likes, the likes of which you would not see in any of the lengths but like of which you would not see in any of the lens and a good point to reflect on over here is in verse number eight Allah subhanaw taala uses the term beloved and let's see them you cannot miss loja fil billet, what is the difference between a ballad between a Medina between a missive these are all terms that Allah subhanaw taala uses in the Quran
to define various cities. So, Mister is just an open land, usually it is around surrounded by some sort of dip. So meaning that it is a higher land surrounded by a low, so it is a lower land surrounded by a higher light. And Medina is something that has a leader, it is something that has a leader and a ballot or and the plural of which is Beloved, is that which has defined boundaries. So when somebody has a defined boundary, and it is guarded, that is when it becomes known as a ballot and the plural of blood. So let's find out that is saying that look what Allah subhanaw taala did with the people of add, that even though they had their fortified boundary around it, they were
unable to defend themselves against the punishment that Allah subhanho wa Taala set the punishment that Allah subhanho to understand verse number nine, and the people of the mood, who huge into rocks into a valley, they made the you know, these large mountains of they used to make valleys in between, they used to make valleys in between. Now, these concepts are pretty foreign to us, because some of these concepts no longer exists in our time. But I want you to think about a concept that does exist in time. How many of you have heard of Petros Valley, Petrus Valley and Jordan, if you haven't heard of Petrus Valley tonight, go home and Google Petros Valley. And what you notice about
Petrus Valley is that these are large mountains, literally huge mountains. And what has happened in these mountains is that 1000s maybe 10s of 1000s of years ago, human beings without any machinery without electricity, carved these massive mansions inside of the mountains. And Allah subhana wa tada left it there as a sign that this is how strong and powerful they were that without, you know any electricity without this heavy machinery, they were able to build these massive mountains, these massive mansions inside of these mountains. And it's like the closest example that I can give to either summit, that this is a representation of accretion, that was much much bigger than us much,
much stronger than us. And to a certain degree, you know, much, much more conscious than us in terms of its ability to build. And even then with all of this, Allah subhanho wa Taala destroyed them. And unless that goes on to mention, a third one will feel down at the outset. And what Allah subhanaw taala did with their own, the one that had pegs. Now why is your own known as the possessor of pegs? Who can give me the answer to that this is an interesting one. Why is what are known as the outside or
the possessor of pegs?
That's a very good guess that is one of the opinions that if Iran was known for its construction, and construction was done through pegs, right? So Phil town was known for its construction. That is why he's known as the owner or possessor of pegs. What are other two reasons?
that did happen. But that's not why he's known as the owner of pegs. Go ahead.
He is a warrior in what sense.
Same is what I'm looking for. So if Iran was known for his armies as well, right, he would
Have these massive armies, he would send them out. And they would stay in the tents, which needed to be pegged down, which needed to be pegged down. And the third reason why he's known as the third is that this is also the way he used to persecute the people. And one of the narrations that even Cathy had mentioned about how Asya was killed, she was crucified, she was pegged, like literally crucified on this large thing in front of the whole city that he crucified her with pegs. So even those that transgressed against him that disobeyed him, he would crucify them with pegs. And these are wrong the three reasons why if you're around is known as the outside. Now, last minute, Allah goes on to
give them a description, and that is a levena turbofans village, that these are the ones that transgressed the boundaries of Allah subhanaw taala. So what is the reoccurring theme over here? Allah subhanho wa Taala talks about people of power. These are clearly people who are very intelligent. These are people that Allah subhanaw taala gave a lot of money to write, that even though with these three things, power, intelligence and money, they were not able to protect themselves from the disobedience of Allah subhanaw taala and when they just when they transgressed against Allah subhanaw taala that is when Allah subhanaw taala destroyed them. So unless my notes
either re emphasize this point, for accidental fee, Helfer said that these are the individuals that cross cost, the greatest amount of facade on the earth, even though they had all these resources, they used the resources for evil rather than good. Then how did Allah subhanaw taala destroy them? For sebaliknya mirrabooka SOTA added so much manatal is referring to these to the coalition again over here that your Lord He destroyed them with one blow for sub body mirrabooka so tada that with one strong mighty powerful blow. Allah subhanho wa Taala destroyed them all. Now why is this very significant? Because I want you to think about a boxing match. Or even like an MMA fight, right?
Let's talk about Anderson Silva. Do we have any MMA fans here? Because it might not be relevant to them, we have like one. So let's just stick to like Muhammad Ali. You know, everyone knows who Muhammad Ali is the famous boxer. Okay. Now, I want you to think about boxing. When is a boxer known to be like an amazing boxer. He is known to be Go ahead, when is he an amazing boxer.
Just knocks him out, right? That is you know, what you call a knockout punch rate, one punch and the opponent is out a sign of a weak boxer or maybe not as good of a boxer is that he will have to fight all 10 or 12 rounds. And then he ends up winning by decision. Right? He's still got his victory, but he's not, you know, let's just say like Mike Tyson or Muhammad Ali, or, or whoever else you want to think of right? Now here let's have anodizing showing his strength that Allah subhanaw taala destroyed these mighty, powerful, rich intellectual nations with one blow. No second effort was needed. No extra time was needed. One blow was given and these people were destroyed. And that is
the power of this verse. That is what Allah subhanaw taala is telling us in this verse. Now how does the punishment of Allah subhanho wa Taala come? Allah subhanho wa Taala says, In Arabic and the building of thought, that mill sod over here, this is the shade from the verse are the point that we want to emphasize on the operative word in the verse that's the term I want to use. the operative word in this verse is Meursault Mossad over here, it means watch for now, what type of watch fool are we referring to? I want you to think about an individual that's in a guerrilla war. This is the tactics that he used in the Vietnam War, that they used to hide behind trees, hide under the ground,
hide under the bushes. And then even though the Americans had the superior artillery, the Vietnamese won that war because of their ability of being there thought and we Assad is that you ever watchful looking at what your enemies are doing? And then you take them by surprise, you take them when they least expect it. That is what the term Mossad actually means. So not only is Allah subhanaw taala ever watchful, but it is when the enemy becomes heedless the most, that he's taken by surprise by the punishment of Allah subhanaw taala. So did these people not think that Allah subhanaw taala would not hold them accountable? And this is like, you know, even though it has a very negative
connotation, who are the believer, it has a very positive connotation as well, that unless I notice ever watchful of the oppression that is going on across the world, you know, you think about Syria, what's happening now, Western influences only want to come in once chemical warfare is, you know, being used, even though hundreds and 1000s of people died before that. You look at what's happening in Egypt, you know, 50,000 massage Buddha was shut down for Juma last week, and oppression happening all over the place in Bangladesh in Burma, you know, in Indonesia, wherever you want to look, Muslims are being oppressed, but unless I know it's and he tells us over here in Arabic Allah bill
Meursault, that Allah subhana wa tada is carefully watching and when the enemy least expect it, that is when the victory of Allah
Hello Tada, welcome. So this is while it is an aversive threat for the transgressors. This is a verse of rejoice for the believers that Allah will bring that victory when, you know, the least expected. Then Allah subhanaw taala goes on to talk about the mentality of mankind, right? And how
human beings in general have this misconception that if I have strength, if I have power, then Allah has blessed me. However, if I don't have strength, if I don't have riches, I don't have power, that Allah subhanaw taala is testing me. And this is what I know to Allah mentions in these two verses. So in this verse, famine, insanity with Mr. hora boo, aka Rama, who wanna ama who for your Kudo be acraman as for men, when his Lord tries him by giving him honor and giving him bounties, then he says, My Lord has honored me. So from our perspective, if we have riches, we have honor we have power. This is when we feel as if Allah has honored us, we are the chosen people by Allah subhanho
wa Taala. And this is a very important concept that would if you look at what led people astray, throughout to the times, is when they felt they were the chosen people of Allah subhanho wa Taala. So you will find this in certain forms of Christians, they believe to be the children of God, you look at in certain forms of Judaism, they believe that they're the chosen people of Allah subhanho wa Taala, you will find this in Hinduism, and even amongst Muslims, that you will find this concept of exclusivity that we are the same sect, we are the aided sector, we are the people that you know, are the vanguard of this space. And this type of mentality is very, very dangerous. Because even
though Allah subhanaw taala had given these people power and given them his bounties, it doesn't mean that Allah subhanaw taala has favored them. Because if you look at the being of this verse Mbit Allahu Allah subhanho wa Taala is indeed testing them. So life as a whole is one big test. Because Allah subhanaw taala gives you something, it doesn't mean that Allah has favored you. But it just means that last minute, Allah is testing you differently than he's testing everyone else. And this is what we see in the second part of the verse as well. And when we restrain and but when he tries him by straining his means of life, he says, My Lord has humiliated me. When Allah subhanaw taala
withholds that risk, when Allah doesn't give you that power and might, as a human being, you will feel that Allah has humiliated you, when in reality, that's not the case, perhaps an individual will be in shabby clothes will not have much power will not have much riches, but with Allah subhanaw taala he is the most noble of people, whereas the other hand, the person may have the utmost amount of power, the most amount of money, the most amount of, you know, respect and fear of the people, but in the sight of Allah subhanaw taala is the most degraded and most debased of individuals. And this is why, you know, that famous narration of Amerigo hottub he's with Abu Zubaydah, honorable
Jarrah, and they're on their way to Jerusalem, and oglebay that he sees Omar Abdullah hottub, wearing these raggedy clothes, their patches on it, that he should, you know, sewn with his own hands. And he says, Yeah, I mean, I mean, I've seen the rulers of projects in the rulers of Byzantines, and they see that the luxuries that they have, are you not more deserving of that luxury? And Alberto katabi has this like, you know, one slogan, this one coins term, that once you hear it, you notice,
he says, Yeah, but albida hadn't been anyone other than you. I would have stuck your neck and he said this like literally hundreds of times, but out of his infinite mercy. Subhana Allah, he never struck anyone's neck out of anger out of revenge. And he goes on to say something very, he goes on to say something very profound. He goes on to say something very profound, and that is Neff no comun as an Allah who have been Islam, VEDA have been an obsession is that an Israeli law as Allah Allah, that we are a people that Allah subhanho wa Taala granted honor and respect through Islam. And when we go and seek that honor, and respect through other than Islam, that is when Allah subhana wa tada
humiliates us and disgraces us. We're going to delay the attack till just before the Salah. So have you ever been in a coma together been later on? That is when Allah subhanaw taala humiliates us and disgraces us. Now you see the next set of verses what Allah subhanaw taala is actually telling us
what Allah subhanaw taala is actually telling us is that if you truly want to be noble in the sight of Allah subhanho wa Taala, if you do truly want to feel that Allah subhanaw taala has the noble Jew, then look and see if you're doing the following things. So let's find what Allah says, can lead to criminality, that color, it is a negation of the past, that Allah does not humiliate and honor based upon the status he gives you the power he gives you the wealth he gives you, but Allah subhanaw taala honors people by allowing them to do the following deeds, the first thing that he mentioned, treating the orphans with kindness and generosity, so that he's turning the courage that
Allah does not favor you because he's given you this power, wealth and status. But if you want to be favored by illustration
Allah, look at how you deal with the orphan children. If you take care of the orphans, they know that Allah subhanho wa Taala has favored you. What are the How do another family Miskin and you do not feed the Miskin to the people of need who need that food. You don't bother feeding them. So if you want to be favored by Allah, go and feed the people that are in need. What's up coluna rocla number and you eat the inheritance of the people unjustly so young children when their fathers would pass away, because they had no male guardians, they will take the inheritance away from them and use their physical power against the weaker young children to devout in their inheritance that was given
to them. So if you want to, you know again, see how Allah subhanaw taala is noble you then look at what you do to stand up for the oppressed. Do you stand up for the oppressed? Or are you actually the one that are oppressing? Or are you actually the ones that are oppressing what to hate bonal Mela have been Gemma, what's hibernal Mela huband Gemma, and you have this love of wealth to such a degree that it doesn't matter where you get it from. You will get it from Harlem you will get it from killing you will get it from prostitution, you will get it from labor. You'll get it from all of these forms of things. And that is how much you love us even more so that you won't mind
disobeying Allah subhanho wa Taala even so that you won't mind disobeying Allah subhanho wa Taala so here Allah subhanho wa Taala summarizes that if you want to get closer to Allah subhanaw taala if you want to feel ennobled by Allah subhanho wa Taala if you want the help of Allah subhanaw taala, then look and see if you're doing the following things. Are you taking care of the orphans? Are you taking care of the weakened the needy? Are you standing up for justice? If you're not doing these things, then know that Allah subhanaw taala hasn't favored you, even though you may have wealth, even though you may have power, and even though you may have resources, all these things, they mean
nothing in the sight of Allah. But what actually counts is the actions that you're doing. The second thing to notice over here is that I know what I was talking about the relationship of the creation with the creation. So here Allah subhanaw taala hasn't talked about Salah Allah subhanaw taala hasn't talked about fasting. Allah hasn't talked about Hajj. He hasn't talked about anything else. But he's talking about the creation between the creation. Now for obvious reasons. Salah and Salam and Hajj weren't legislated at that time. Right? They weren't legislated at that time. But what Allah subhanaw taala is emphasizing over here is the importance of the relationship with the
creation, that just like we have duties towards Allah subhanaw taala, we have duties towards the creation as well. And from those duties is taking care of the orphans, taking care of the week of the needy, and standing up for the oppressed. Then Allah subhana wa Tada. And the last part of the verse The last section of the solo, rather, he talks about the journey of the soul, and he talks starts talking about the beginning of the hereafter. And we can do one of two things either we can conclude over here and we'll place a lot of knowledge and we'll do this next week. Or we can take 1520 minutes after slot will mclubbe and finish the soda off tonight. What would you guys rather do?
Finish it tonight? Okay, so what we'll do is we'll press a lot of noclip and we'll take an extra 1520 minutes after select the clip and we'll finish off the sort of design later on. So we'll conclude with that was a little sentiment article in Vienna, Muhammad Ali he was trying to set up with a lot of negative then we'll finish off the solar inshallah
hamdulillah salatu salam ala rasulillah whether it was a happy woman, whether my bad McLennan for sticking around, and we will complete the suta narrabeen illa E to Allah.
So now Allah subhanho wa Taala he starts talking about the deal of judgment. So this is what it's all leading up to. So this correlation has its addresses as soon as addressing the correlation, the correlation they used to deny standing in front of Allah subhanaw taala used to deny meeting Allah subhanaw taala on the Day of Judgment, so lots of high notes either through the middle of the sutra is telling them look in this dunya Did you not see what Allah subhanaw taala did with the eyes and the mood and with her out? Now while he did all of this with them in this dunya imagine what Allah subhana wa tada will do with you and the Akela imagine what Allah subhanaw taala will do with you in
the future. And this is this part of the soul at the last third of the soda now, this is what addresses now is the individual's personal life and what it will be like in the afterlife. So let's find out what Donna starts off by painting for us a general image. So he tells us Kela either Ducati autodock and Decker that name one that Earth is grounded into powder is grounded into powder. So I want you to think about a time when perhaps your mother was cooking in the kitchen kitchen and she had this small marble bowl and she had like this small thing, what they call a mortar and pestle and she's like grounding some spices inside of her house. You'll notice that even though the spices were
hold at one time, after she's done grounding and pounding them, they become like a thin powder. This is what Allah subhanaw taala is telling us will happen to the earth that you will have these massive, massive
in something like Mount Everest or K two, and they will become like Vin dust that they will be scattered and pounded. That is one of the events that will happen on the Day of Judgment. And last minute Allah gives us a second picture that he paints for us, while jarabacoa melaku softened, Safa there on that day when Allah subhanho wa Taala comes forth for the reckoning of the people, the angels will already be lined up. And then this is like a second point of reflection, that have you ever pondered on why we line up in rows? That why is it so important that every man will tell his people line up in straight lines? What is the significance of that? The significance in the Salah is
that we're supposed to be so close that shaytan is unable to come in between us. But the greater picture as this show goes on to show us is to remind us that on the Day of Judgment, this is exactly how the angels are going to be lined up, and people are going to try to run away. But no matter where they look, they're surrounded by the army of Allah subhanho wa Taala, these massive, gigantic, enormous, powerful angels that no matter how much you try to escape, you will not be able to do so because they're just standing there, row by row as far as the eye can see. Those are the angels of Allah subhana wa Tada. And now Allah subhana wa Tada. He actually tells us the events that will
happen for the disobedient people. He says what gee I yoma him be Johanna, Yama idiot as a girl in San Juan declaw. there on that day, Allah subhanaw taala will bring forth Johanna. Now what's interesting about the word Johanna, is that is the word jahannam actually an Arabic term or not, and the scholars differ over this. They said that Jihad the term jahannam could be an Arabic term, but it is also possible that it is a originally a Persian word that was brought into the Arabic language. And that original Persian word is jahannam, which means a torture chamber. So it is very possible that there's a relationship between the two, that jahannam is actually the torture chamber
of Allah subhana wa Tada. And on that day, in front of all of the creation, Allah subhanho wa Taala will bring forth jahannam some of the narrations mentioned that it will be chained and dragged by the angels and will be brought Bob brought in front of the people. And each person at that time as soon as he sees jahannam he will remember yet that garden inside, that each and every one of us will remember what the camera and what is the point of being reminded at that time, because it's too late. What is he going to be reminded of at that time, your kulula late and he got down to the hierarchy that woke me only if I had put something forth for this life. Do you notice previously
Allah subhanho wa Taala he tells us that mankind will you Hepburn and might have been Gemma that he loves wealth with such an enormous passion, because this is what they need to survive for this life. And you get so bogged down, you get so amazed with striving for this life, you forget that there is the currency of the author as well. And you will remember on that day when everyone sees Jana, yet the coral in sand that he will be reminded and that reminder will do him no good. And he will feel the utmost regret, but dumb to the hierarchy. There only if I had put something forward for the afterlife, that I was so busy chasing this dunya I forgot to put something forth for the afterlife.
And that is will be like the utmost amount of regret. And this is something that you know, not only the wretched will feel but even the price that the price will feel that only if I had put more effort into the afterlife The only if I made one more such that made one more Salaam made, you know, one more sadaqa that it would have raised my rent even more with Allah subhanho wa Taala. So this regret is not something specific to the wretched, but it's something general to all of mankind. For Yama is the law you are the brother who I had. So on that day, no one and none will punish like Allah subhanaw taala will punish on that day. So I want you to think about you know, the severest
punishments you've seen in this life, from the chemical gases to the nuclear weapons, to the bombs that are being used. These are all forms of punishment. But on that day, none of these things will be able to be comparable, they will be pale compared to the punishment of Allah subhana wa Tada. And on that day, no one will bind like the binding of Allah subhana wa tada meaning that you may have seen, you know, prisoners that they're shackled up and they're tied down. But somehow or another, you know, they always find a clip and they're able to get out and break the chains and break the the, the handcuffs. On that day, the bindings of Allah subhanaw taala will be so tight that even the
greatest of magicians, the strongest of men, no one's going to be able to get out of them. You're stuck and bound to receive the punishment of Allah subhanaw taala No, you know, this is like an interesting point over here, that sometimes the emotional and psychological effects of punishment are much greater than the punishment itself. So on that day,
The greater punishment I mean, when you think about it is not in the physical punishment itself. Like we've discussed this in the previous halaqaat. No mention that again, for the sake of benefit, that the greatest punishment that will take place on that on the Day of Judgment is not the physical punishment that is being referred to over here. But in Sahih Muslim the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam mentions that the greatest punishment will be for the hypocrites, and that when it comes to
seeing the face of Allah subhanaw taala, to groups of people will get to see the beautiful face of Allah subhanho wa Taala they will be the believers. And this is a reward for them a compensation for them for the hard work that they do. And the second group will be the hypocrites, and then the disbelievers will not be allowed to see the face of Allah subhana wa Tada. So now even though the hypocrites are worse than the disbelievers, why is it that Allah subhanaw taala allows the hypocrites to see the beautiful face of Allah subhanho wa Taala. Do you want to answer that go for it?
Fantastic. That's the first stage of it, right? So to see what they're actually missing, and then the greatest form of regret that the hypocrites will have is that they knew what the hack was. They knew what the truth was. And they knew what the reward of that was, meaning the epitome of pleasure and enjoyment is seeing the beautiful face of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And then when they're thrown into the Hellfire, while they're going through all of this physical pain, the greatest form of pain they have is the regret of knowing what they are missing out on. And Allah subhanaw taala draws a similar comparison over here, that that day when people are shackled down before the punishment even
begins, the people are already dying of the fear that they have. But the sad thing is that they can't die, that there is no death at that time. They have to go through that punishment. And they will think about all the bad things that they did, and think to themselves. That was that little enjoyment that I received in the sense that it committed worth the punishment that I'm about to receive. And then you're dying in your regret of pain. And then you actually have to face the physical punishment of Allah subhanho wa Taala at that time, but just like there is an evil ending, Allah subhanaw taala tells us about a good ending as well. He says, Yeah, yeah, you know,
that Oh, you tranquil and serene slay soul. And Allah subhanaw taala, he divides the souls into three. And this is the third type of soul, Allah subhanaw taala. In dividing the sores into three, the soul that is mentioned here is enough, said mama in the nurse that is serene, that is tranquil, that is happy to meet Allah subhanho wa Taala. And Allah subhanaw taala is happy with the soul, then the second type of soul is enough. So the amount of soup that the soul that is inclined towards evil, mean that all it wants to do is just perform evil. And that's what we find in sort of use of when the wife of Allah says, she says, Well, my Obi Wan FC, in the nest and American be so that I do
not, you know, free myself from blame, because indeed the soul is inclined towards evil. And then the third type of soul is enough to lower the self reproaching soul, the soul that blames itself. And this is like the vast majority of us, that when we commit a bad deed, we blame ourselves for the bad that we did. And this is a soul that Allah subhanaw taala swag, you know talks about in SoTL tiama. So these are the three types of soul the soul inclines towards evil, the soul that is good in nature, but regularly falls into bad things and then it feels bad for it. And then the third type of soul is the soul which is tranquil the soul that is complete the soul that has no desire to sin. And
this is like the the source of the utmost righteous. And unless I know what the other talks about, what is their compensation on that day, just like the bad souls had their punishment than the good souls, they will be taught your God in Arabic aradia tomorrow do that return to your Lord, while you are pleased with Allah subhanho wa Taala and Allah subhanho wa Taala is pleased with you. And that is like, you know, the utmost stage of happiness. It's like you've just gone through this massive exam known as life and you're waiting for your results did I pass did I fail? And then Allah subhanho wa Taala
he informs you of his pleasure he gives you you know your book with your with your right hand. And then at that time you realize that finally the 70 years exam, I passed at the end and you're happy with Allah subhanho wa Taala and Allah subhanaw taala is happy with you. And that is like, you know, the most beautiful feeling that you can think of Panama that knowing that Allah subhana wa tada is pleased with you.
And I'm always fine with Dinah he gives them the glad tidings for the Holyfield a birdie, what the Holy genetti that enter amongst my honored slaves and enter amongst my paradise. Now here you'll notice that almost Spinoza he uses the term a baddie that the people who will be in Paradise, they will be the slaves of Allah subhanaw taala and they are the ones that will be honored. They will know
ones that will be respected, they will the ones that will have no respect on that day, and then their compensation is to be entered into paradise. You'll notice that in paradise Allah subhanaw taala he talks about paradise very, very vaguely, vaguely, he will say that they will have food in their in that they will enjoy, whether it be from the meat or from the fruits that they will have companions that they will enjoy. And you know, that's pretty much about it hold on in these wide eyed companions. And and not much else is mentioned. Now the reason why Allah subhanaw taala leaves, it's so ambiguous. Whereas you notice that when I was finally describing jahannam, it's like the
shackles are mentioned. The the angels that are surrounding it are mentioned, the punishment and Hellfire is mentioned, when one comes to Jen, that description isn't there. The reason that is is because again, Allah subhanaw taala knows how He created us. If we were asked to reflect on Johanna, no one wants to reflect on jahannam no one wants to visualize the punishment of Allah subhanaw taala.
If I were to ask you, you know, imagine if you were in general right now, what would you be doing? Everyone can think about what they would be doing in gender, in terms of how they wouldn't go to work in the morning, they won't have to wake up, you know, they can have any food that they want, they don't have to diet and work out. They can have you know, in this dunya you can be like, the biggest loser the bigger gi the biggest geek you never you know, no one ever accepted your marriage proposal, that at the very least agenda, Allah Subhana Allah is promising you to hold on in from the most beautiful of people, you know, everyone can think about this. This Allah subhanaw taala created
our minds, right? So unless final data leaves it general and ambiguous, because he gives you one verse, and then the mind ponders about it lahoma Sha una fi ha, when again ms it that they will have each and every single thing that they desire, and we will still have more to give them.
So what does it feel like to have all of your desires fulfilled, there's something that you can't relate to. Because in this dunya even if you have all your desires fulfilled, you still see poverty on the streets, you still see your fellow brothers and sisters suffering across the world. And that like brings the tone of your happiness down. But in the Hereafter is just happiness upon happiness, because you're happy, your loved ones are happy, all the believers are happy. There are no poor people. They the poorest person in general, he still has a massive mansion made out of portals, you know, and it's just bliss upon bliss. And unless final its Allah prepared that for his slaves. Now
it's interesting to look at is how the beginning of the sutra and the ending of the sutra are intertwined. So the question arises that how does the knifes become multiply into how does the soul become tranquil and serene? Allah subhanho wa Taala tells us about periods of time that started waking up for the budget prayer. Right? If you're not waking up for pleasure, how are you ever going to become some of them are in one day Alan Asher, you know, Allah subhanaw taala has made it easy to attain paradise and the last 10 nights of Ramadan. And in the first 10 days of the ledger, make sure you take advantage of that will shift you underwater, that this is just time in general, that Allah
subhanho wa Taala has given you a sheffy. One what are some scholars mentioned that this is referring to the even and odd prayers that stick to your Salawat prejudice to the hardest for us that is four minus three. And Isha is for Anisha is for a Sheffield what the stick to your prayers. And then we'll lelee that yesterday that when the name is escaping you, this is the last third of the night. And there's actually something I was thinking about. When do you feel it the most, that the night is escaping in the month of Ramadan, that when you're having a savour you're like I have enough time I have enough time. And then you start eating and time is running away from you. But
that's how it's meant to be in your budget as well. That when you're worshiping Allah subhanaw taala you feel the time escaping you and that's what the ending the beginning of the surah has to do with the ending of the suta as well. So if you want to become from the knifes and motema Allah subhanaw taala has given these opportune times to take advantage of be the light Allah will conclude with that was a llama cinematical anabaena. Muhammad Ali he was after he was sent them