Fiqh us-Seerah #21

Munir Ahmed

Channel: Munir Ahmed

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Ashab as-Suffah

Episode Transcript

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Salatu was Salam

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ala MBI will mursalin wa aalihi wa sahbihi

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wa salam O Allah, Allah.

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Allah Allah and yet

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we've captured a hand mercy

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Miss Ella who

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are our little salejaw What am lm? solea hameau tabela

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What risk of worse yet?

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balintawak kill

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wa ala you need but illegally merci Hola Hola. Hola como

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la vain.

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Allah tada in LA Malaika dahulu soluna lmdb yeah Eva levina

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Lima Allahumma salli wa barik ala Muhammad wa ala Ali Mohammed come out so late to about a car like Rahim Allah Allah Allah Ibrahima. Machida

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Praise be to Allah long, Worthy of all praise we praise Him. We seek His forgiveness and guidance on send peace and praise only final messenger Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,

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as we have been ordered to Allah says, surely Allah and His angels send

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prayer and the beat on the Prophet are you who believe

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sallu alayhi wa sallam praise peace upon him.

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And we ask Allah to forgive us to guide us to give us wide sustenance and useful knowledge.

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And deeds, makers of those who do good deeds which are acceptable to him, glory be to Him.

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on him, we trust.

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To him, to him we return. And to him, we turn on to him forgiveness

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along me.

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We

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last time, if you remember we talked about the key issue. We're in Medina. Now, of course, in regards to the life story of the prophet SAW Allah. Of course, the reason for calling it casilla to remind ourselves is, as you've noticed, I'm sure by now that it is not a narration of just the story.

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Anybody could do that. Actually. I don't think it requires scholarship to narrate a story from the book.

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So it's not a very simple story. Very Foundation, when we started was also to look at what's authentic and most authentic and what is not acceptable, weak in regards to critique of the story itself as well. And I'm not the first to do it. I'm following others who have done it.

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And also to drive lessons from it as well. And that's a key thing for me in teaching anything. We take lessons for Anambra further that is the reason for the crystal ambia the stories of the prophets in the Quran and Sunnah we find what is it? And it was the purpose Allah tells us it is to get extra from it. And brand means that we get lessons from it

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to help us so we were able to do that we do that as we've been doing with the life story of Russell Musleh. So

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we're around I think we've done about 30 hours so far, believe it or not, I think this is 30 or 31st. session. I thought we might be near the end but we're not it doesn't matter. The idea isn't to rush through it. Because the ideas into prolonging forever either but we will inshallah I think we've probably around the middle of

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many attempts to have a lot more detail in it, but mostly, it is about vessel work, the battles, which will spend some time of course because part of the story in the life of the prophet SAW and that context as well and what happened, etc, etc. And what was the real victory was it the battles or otherwise those are all times to come in Sharma

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I saw at the stage in Medina, the foundations have been laid a society with

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talked about it, what it cement was, what its foundation was, and both in a spiritual sense, and in a physical sense, we talked about the mosque being built one of the first things prophesized and doing Last time we talked about, Mr. Hall is the special brotherhood, the general brotherhood and sisterhood between believers. And we talked about the relevance of that, which is relevant to us to this day to Yokohama, isn't it. But the special thing that was there between unsought and mohabbatein. Yeah, which we talked about last time as well. And especially in regards to material inheritance as well, which was then later on cancelled after the majority opinion of us bottle

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butter, which is a second year of hatred is the most popular opinion for that we're still in the first sort of beer. Also, here today, we're going to talk about a couple of things time permitting.

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And then before I forget, at the end, we're going to have a two week gap because I'm away. Unfortunately, or fortunately for you, whichever way you want to look at it. I'm abroad and want to come back with resumes for the two weeks.

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next two weeks, inshallah we'll be doing,

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and then we'll resume. So one of the important

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aspects when we talk about the mosque in the community, and we talked about wha ha, yeah, of the pairing of, of course, everybody wasn't paired up.

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Because a pairing up took place in the house. And it's emblematic. We said last time

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between Mahajan and Sal, we gave examples of it. That was between 45 and 45 from either side, but that wasn't the total sum of margerine Okay, was it and it didn't stop there today. Migration continued from believers over the coming years not just from the UK right but from other areas as well others believers started coming to Medina Some were well off. Yeah, many poor because margerine specifically, we set about their situation last time, and one of the reasons why this special bond of brotherhood was made between those that was the publisher was able to make in between but but from the Mojave rain, certainly and from others. They were still left many for people who had no

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home to go to

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no way of income etc. They had nothing except the clothes on their backs. And those clothes were very little as well. Who are they?

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What do they become to be known as

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us how the sofa

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us have a sofa saw

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so far.

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And of course our brothers and sisters from the sufia this is where they get the word from

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us hava sofa, they claim they get their link back to us have a sofa.

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Of course there's Sophia who are within the realms of the Sharia and Quran and Sunnah and many Sophia who go outside the realms of grace and so we don't put them all in one ball and throw them away and say they're all you know, this and that Okay, so there are Sofia, and when we talk about Sufi Sophia is essence of grace. It means from this you see as Hagia Sophia what they were like, living a life of Zod Zohar means of literal they weren't. They weren't involved with even getting to Medina have it anywhere in the first place. But I didn't even those were choice didn't even strive for it. So there were people that were inclined. There were people that were kind of from the

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companions of sola, and they spent their time learning from Rasulullah saw some reading Quran reciting these, because why were they

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they were in the mosque. And that's what we're talking about. Because the mosque, and even you read the story, history books, the cedar books, and the translation, they say people have the bench

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because they say that it was a slightly raised place at the side of the most. That's not the best translation of it. So far, according to linguists, classical linguists, if you look at the classical

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dictionaries, and I mean from hundreds of years ago, they describe more so far was, so far they said is like Viola like, and the best word I found for English was sheltered accommodation. Literally, that's where it means go so far means a place where the roofs been put over. It didn't have a home before but because of them, and

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it is mentioned

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that certainly, I mean, there were there from the beginning, but the area became much more populated in that area and the focus on used an area

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Where there was a wall and the Qibla was in the direction of baitul Muftis, 16 months or so, after hegira it was changed the fibula

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to of course, Mecca to the Kaaba. And that area where they had the previous Qibla was used as the area for them. The professor had told him to put a roof over that area now, but they didn't seem to have a roof near the wall there. Certainly that's the kind of area the roof they say, made it into a sheltered area. And for that reason, that's why I said sheltered accommodation.

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No, not discovered by the West recently discovered more than 1400 years ago by the pool was awesome. That's where you get the shelter. And they were looked after that this was us harbor so far. Yeah, people who were sheltered.

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And amongst them, initially, the majority, of course, were people who were not able to through the morehart between the AI with the unser might be able to still find a combination

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of food or wealth.

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And those who perhaps didn't get, wha ha,

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was a sir it was limited, but everybody is able to do it.

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So those kind of people they were penniless. Basically.

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They had nowhere to go. But they don't hate Rocco, Allah His Messenger. So they used to stay there. And as I said,

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the interesting thing is they used to say that but some of the unsolved they've got homes in Medina, also decided despite having homes in Medina, to quit that place, and come and join them in the Muslim state.

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So it's interesting

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to some of the answers did that as well. Why because they want you to spend a time they got more chance to spend with her. So loss loss alone, is when he's coming for the prayer all the time. So they got chance to learn. What were they doing? You're affecting are these mentioned what they were doing? They were sleeping around the most.

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They were doing Vicar of Allah and they were doing extra prayer. They were learning from the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. And this is their way. This is the way they were looked after, but primarily by Rasulullah sallallahu.

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And he's encouragement he used to majority Taiwan. They used to eat just ditch brothers and sisters.

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And they mentioned in some reports, they complained to the process and stomach pain sometimes. They're always just getting this they said, and the promises of give them as what he could from his home most the time it was prophesized. He shared with them a little he had. Yeah. And I said, Oh, God, Oh, mama mini says that long time would go by month would go by sometimes, and no fire was lit in the house.

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Yeah, that was an expression to say no food was cooked. And the only thing they had was dates and water.

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month would go by. And that would happen often. So if that system and he's providing some of the some of the lower layers of them as well.

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So so the poppies are stone, wood, I mean, if some some

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gift came to him, the publicized term in the way of food, he would share it with them. If sadaqa came to him, of course, he didn't partake of sababa.

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In the way food promises from didn't take sadaqa it was forbidden, he would just give it distributed to them.

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Aside from that, he would encourage the Sahaba the well off in Medina, and they would get invited every now and then to the homes of other Sahaba for food. Yeah.

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And sometimes in small groups different Saba will take because majority of time what we find most authentic is that, in general, on average, there was about 70 of them 70 plus

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70 plus, but it varied depending on if a large group of as turned up in Medina would increase again, or visitations like delegations coming later in later years. We'll see delegations of those who embrace Islam and those who came as political delegations to meet the civil versus Allah. They were also sheltered there as well with them so the numbers would swell and increase.

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Depending on the situation on average, I would say there are around 70 plus that we're constantly there sometimes maybe a bit less and more.

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And like I said, they used to be invited by the the unsub companions for food, etc.

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They're close as I said.

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They were very close.

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Some of them are only one Garmin

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mask and

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relate to them or they got their name from the name under relate in this relay Sophia from sofa

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Some say that others say others say from wool suit, wearing clothes clothes just Of course will

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many

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know many great Sophie's came like even even Tamia Nebula em great Alison, Nevada ma scholars, but they were you know, they were seen as Sufi, many of them as well. So you know, not always. So those who, because there are those who wrote about Sophia and said there is Sophia in Allison Nevada with the writer PETA. Then there are sufia who go outside and break their pizza. So there are many, many things written about that. That's why I say don't be confused by the simple everybody in the same ballgame because there's been some great Sufi, so great scholars as well, but known as well to be

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among our Harmon lovers, Sally, one of the great scholars of Islam. He's famous to this day for gentle Islam, they call him you know, the the evidence of Islam. He was well known to be Sophie. He had some he had some funny ideas. Yeah, but no, no, Alison, our jamaa certainly very few actually rejected him, except the people in the mothering. They had a real issue with him, but far majority, and I'm talking about big major scholars, they didn't throw away our zoning and said, Oh,

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no, not at all.

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And he's worked just amazing, especially in the field of spirituality and cleansing the heart and in liquor and things like that. some amazing works. And reform it was a great mystery than scholar as well of his time, wasn't just anybody.

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And many people said, like the greater than time me on his student, and we will claim they were very Sufi inclined as well.

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So think that they are kita. Absolute clear that Not Not Not Not like many of us who fit we don't say we simply because even present there, there are Sophia who within Alison, well, Gemma, and those who are outside, yeah, with some of their practices. So it looks each thing on its merits and what they're actually saying and what they're actually practicing. I mean, for example, if you take a blatant example, and

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some Sophia acceptor is doing Vicar with dancing and music, not just it's not a pizza issue, nevertheless, but it's in a data issue. And we say that is wrong. Well, we don't call him coffee because of that. No, never.

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Anyway, so as hava sofa as I said, we are

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at time distributed amongst Sahaba the answer for meals and things and clothes as I was talking about their claws, very little either one sheet or two sheets, if they were lucky. Yeah. And of course,

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not always complete, you know.

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They will know very little in the way of clothes, sometimes with holes in them, you know, if they had clothes, that's why some some LMR said that

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when some Alomar came, and this is a fixed issue, and started putting conditions of doing massage over socks, for example, if you want to say, or hoath Some scholars said Oh, but if the hoof has got a hole in it, I'm sorry, you can't do massage over it. So therefore, other big scholars came and said this is nonsense. Yeah, you can't imagine all Sahaba in Medina machine Medina had to complete a new and shiny, especially look at Assad was so far. Yeah. If they hadn't, they'll definitely have been walked walking around the halls in him. And we have no statement from the prophet SAW Selim, or you from Assad with sofa with a hole in your hope. Can you go and go and enjoy it? Oh, you can't do

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myself right? Nothing at all. Yeah, so that for others came in the other opinion said if you've got holes in it, no big deal is still do massage over it, because most of it is covered. So it becomes a tricky debate because of this. So I just raised it just to show you how, where people bring the evidence from and to show you what kind of condition it was.

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And at one time, it's also a mentioning authentically the promises and also encouraged and this was a start it became a tradition that they brought the answer because they had all sorts of dates as well that they used to bring succulent did a whole branch of it, and used to hang it in the mosque.

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And others did the same. So it became a tradition and a habit the most were hung. Yeah. So the VSR was so far could just take from these days for their sustenance. And one time somebody brought not very nice days, they were going rotten and the professor sue them, basically told them not to bring that kind of stuff. Bring the best. Yeah. For solokha not bring something that's already going rotten.

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And this is all documented as well, in the Gospel, that some of the people just to mention,

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who were in this group, Ramadan, Sahaba. You know,

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people like Cobb, Aiden, a Malik cabin and Malik is actually Ansari. He's not one of the poor muhajirs but he decided to join that group. And Calvin and Malik will learn more about especially when it comes to the book.

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As to

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and also Hans Allah Hamza, even Avi armelle.

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Angela. He's title is a serial melodica. And again, if you've unless you know this car before, we haven't covered his story yet, but vasila Malaika means he was washed by the angels. So those who know Sierra, they'll know who the Santa is.

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Who is it?

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Why was he washed by the angels?

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Yes.

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Yeah.

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Yes.

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A mark is a shave.

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Yeah. And so probably saw some saw him being watched by the angels.

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And then the Saba and quiet from his wife. Why, you know, when they were inquiring why he was being and wife said, because he left in a hurry. Yeah, after having intimate relationship and he didn't get a chance to do so before he went. So, he has his famous story Hamidullah

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from Panama.

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I will hold IRA of course was there.

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A much is made of Abu hurayrah by doubters and orientalist doubters in Hadeeth, from the Muslims who are affected by the orientalist actually, because of the hurayrah came later in Islam. Yeah, so he got props only five or six years with the Prophet sighs

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Yeah, and yet he is one of the lot highest transmitters of heavy but you can see from here Why? Because he's day and night. Musk in this group.

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Abu hurayrah Yeah, and no companion and they say oh, my criticizing and also blindly I would have not asked for missing too many hobbies.

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But Omar criticism been photogra and wasn't a criticism. He was just making things up online. It was just time to take it easy. Yeah, not because how much people can take on board they were teaching Yeah, what of course then they say why did Omar Abu Bakr and all them not come with so many heavy Well, they didn't sit down I saw the sofa listening day and night to the Prophet Aslam. They were busy.

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Yeah, but he did. And he's obviously and then you say why not all as hava sofa? Well, everybody has different

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caliber don't the scholarship this memory that he had our era people say oh, well how were they able to pass from memory to memory and then you know, 200 years 150 layers years later people will start writing but they're ignorant. I will read I might not have written and abora says the only reason

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I'm glad the hourglass has got more heavy to me is because he keeps writing them down.

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So that we know we're having a competition. Yeah.

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So number one that shows you that some of them are writing it down. Yeah, this is against Civ orientalist teach. And many Muslims have this idea how different 152 days later and I've heard Muslims and I've read in books and I feel sick when I read it when they say so Hadith alike gospels that are 150 to 250 years later.

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kind of nonsense do you come out with you have no knowledge you are ignorant.

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It's not the case. So here's a blend of the law writing and the prophets. I said right from me.

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Right from me, and encouragement to write so he's writing as others it now. The other likeable writer maybe not written I Sodano but they had students.

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Yeah, 4050 6070 students that used to come attend

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The profits aren't going away. And they're teaching them honey and they're writing it down from them For how long have you gone before writing, you've got writing there with the Sahaba you got writing with Tabby in straight away from the Sahaba. What amazing memories and then that writing those parchments continued to be taught by the students with that parchment are passing the parchment on to others to other students, and these are multiplied.

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So it was he was easy to cross reference as well. So bahara is amazing.

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His name was up draft man, by the way. That's right. Remember, it's not somewhere his name you don't find it because he became so famous as a likeable Bukka. It's a Konya. Bob O'Hara, his name but his original name, I think he's a tough man.

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So Amara is one of these. It's nice, another Abu huraira as well, that at times, he was so so hungry and thirsty, used to fall in in prayer.

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Because of hunger, they said, those were reported, he said, because he was so hungry. Yeah, as some of the others, he wasn't the only one. The others used to fall as well. We used to faint, because there's heat if you're not either and drank and you stood, again, in the heat, you're gonna, you're gonna faint. And they did. So some people looked at that and said, oh, there was something wrong with him mentally. He was having fears. He don't just make, you know, this is this is desire and Hauer and hatred, because you come from a background where you going to whatever happens in front of you see as an ugly picture. The picture is beautiful, actually. But you make ugly because the

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ugliness inside you. That's where it is. So I say to you, that when you come across these things, and you know where these people are coming from, they have no foundation of basis. And some of these people, you know,

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the sad thing is a Muslim Muslim mind that is affected by that. And it's becoming more and more fashionable to question her faith and to throw the baby out with the bathwater. Because you have no knowledge or idea of how these works. People think oh, yeah, scholars have just started reviewing teeth now in Turkey in the Muslim world. We didn't do it for 1400 years you fools

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fabricated weaker these will criticize hundreds and hundreds of years ago by people around Buhari before mount Buhari after him and it continued, but it's just that ignorant people have never had access to that. And when I say ignorant people I mean, ignorant Imams and ignorant scholars as well. Yeah, the given the images though we never knew this and now we're just starting to find out rubbish.

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This is rubbish.

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The experts, critics or these critic of Hadith began with Sahaba I satara de la omo momineen, about whom Orion's wave her nephew. And Tabby said, the greatest scholar I ever sat with was who I mean I shadowed a creative scholar.

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And she will will critique a diff was reported by Abu huraira. If the Omer let's say, and others with Sahaba, when they were asked by Fabien or the Sava, they will say on this issue, don't ask if Chateau Milan or she would say go on as so and so on. Come and tell me what he said. Because he's cross checking. Did he say the right thing or not? So critique is going on even with them not the loved one.

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So listen must be blessed with with with that from the beginning. Yeah, we're not naive and oblivious. And now orientalist and Christians are telling us that which are these these authentic and which is not we don't need that.

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That scholarships always been so don't be fooled by all that. Anyway.

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I went off on one

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topic, and also the likes of Ibiza. Ibiza, we ferry Ibiza, you know his story from Macau when he embraced Islam. He sent his brother first remember who was a poet etc. A biller came and promised us and told him to keep it secret and go back to the furry tribe. What did you do instead?

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You beat the lessons for this. This is revision.

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He went announced it in the middle of the harem with all the mushrik sitting around what the dude beat the hell out of it.

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You know,

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my grandson knows I told him last week, so they beat the hell out of him until he came and stopped them

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back below and saying well,

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what made him stop?

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Sad and you realize, Oh, this is he was the leaders of the safari tribe. Why is it relevant? Your caravans pass by their places when you go on your business trip. Yeah. Do you want to be ready and get their own back on you better stop. Okay, but also

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Why I said is that he didn't listen to the message or have a look at the Messenger of Allah said to him

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So anyway, this is a bizarre. Yeah, so he he's amongst those of us that is well known, famous amongst the Sahaba to be from those who were zoned Zahid. Yeah. Always wanted to stay in simple clothes, clothes, clothes, even if he had ability, because he's come from a big background from one of the tribes, tribal leaders. Yeah. But he preferred the zohaib life you could say, therefore the ascetic Sufi kind of life. So he preferred he was well known for that.

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That's why they say he, some reports mentioned later on that was it automatically I find, I think like to send him away.

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Because he couldn't deal with development of city and development of the state. He couldn't. He couldn't deal with that. He was for him. It was a

00:30:55--> 00:31:08

simple life. And therefore he was sent away from the main state and the head of the state place in Medina and elsewhere, where he could just live a quiet life. Sal mano Farsi Jose familia man hobbiton.

00:31:10--> 00:31:10

Yeah,

00:31:12--> 00:31:21

even in basalt, and blah, blah, blah as well. So these are some of the ones it's not an exhaustive list of those who were there.

00:31:22--> 00:31:29

And as I said to you, what were they doing, what was their food like etc. Allah subhanho wa Taala describes them in the Quran.

00:31:30--> 00:31:31

In

00:31:32--> 00:31:36

surah, Al Baqarah surah two verse

00:31:42--> 00:31:44

273 Allah says

00:31:47--> 00:31:57

lil foco Levine, see roofie serene Hill is stuffy onavo feel

00:31:59--> 00:32:00

less stuffy.

00:32:02--> 00:32:06

Feel all the sub Umoja Hill avani?

00:32:10--> 00:32:11

alvernia.

00:32:12--> 00:32:23

Amina da da de for whom bc ma whom is Luna NASA l have Wi

00:32:24--> 00:32:31

Fi boom in hiring in a law hubby alim

00:32:32--> 00:32:41

episode this is twofold at least as well I can pick out in a very short time. One is to show you the

00:32:42--> 00:33:07

the modesty and dignity of these people despite the state of hunger and thirst and poorness and then second to encourage others despite seeing them in that dignified state not to forget that they are needy and to spend on them for reward from Allah subhanaw taala that's what you'll see. So let's not that says for those four para needy ones,

00:33:08--> 00:33:16

those who are wholly wrapped up or oxido means confined like confined to the

00:33:17--> 00:33:30

the area of sofa in the sheltered area Yeah. So confined means in that sense feasibility law in the course of a law they came in because of a law they had nothing but look where they ended up Yeah.

00:33:33--> 00:33:40

Law yes a FEMA Dora been filled out. They are not able not been filled out that unable to find or able to work the earth.

00:33:41--> 00:33:58

Yeah, for whatever reason, it wasn't able to find employment for example. Yeah. Oh, the one up to that. Yeah, several Hello, Joe. Hello, Alinea, that the ignorant person? Yeah, those who are unaware of the circumstances of these people think that they are wealthy

00:33:59--> 00:34:00

after the year meaning

00:34:02--> 00:34:03

that they are wealthy

00:34:05--> 00:34:10

and because of their modesty? Yeah, why?

00:34:13--> 00:34:18

But you will know that Allah says Be Sima whom Tara for whom

00:34:19--> 00:34:26

but you will know them by their by their features. la luna NASA will have

00:34:27--> 00:34:50

why you won't know them by this because they don't come out begging openly to people from people give us this give us that they don't do that. But But the idea is you'll know them a lot smarter is telling you to keep a lookout for people who are poor, your neighbors and your brothers and sisters who are not going to come and beg to you, isn't it that's the message that you need to be aware

00:34:51--> 00:34:59

because say dignified don't think that they are rich and well off because they're not meant to mean hiring for in the lobby here.

00:35:00--> 00:35:11

Lima, whatever you spend of gold, for surely Allah is all aware. What's that saying? is encouraging you to go and spend that you're going to get reward from Allah. Allah knows every penny you spend,

00:35:12--> 00:35:20

even if nobody else knows, also telling you indirectly to spend quietly, isn't it when he's saying in the lobby Aleem, think about it?

00:35:21--> 00:35:27

indirectly saying you don't have to make everybody aware, but not ally Sally. Beautiful, isn't it?

00:35:28--> 00:35:30

He just was just amazing.

00:35:33--> 00:35:34

So

00:35:35--> 00:35:37

that's us have a sofa. Now.

00:35:38--> 00:35:41

In the last 20 minutes or so, I just want to mention something

00:35:42--> 00:35:48

which is mentioned as the stool or

00:35:49--> 00:35:52

alwasy for the Constitution in Medina,

00:35:53--> 00:36:04

a document or constitution that the prophet SAW some drew up in Medina, it's very famous. Some researchers came and rejected it completely and said it's a total fabrication

00:36:06--> 00:36:11

never existed. But there are a bit half that are a bit hasty in doing that.

00:36:12--> 00:36:29

Why do they do it? The original actually the store is a new work in Arabic language constitution, as we call it, but we find inauthentic ahaadeeth at the time, and in sera books, it was called a cipher. So he thought is like

00:36:30--> 00:37:07

sort of the page a parchment a document you could say, yeah, on which the agreement was written. So it's not a side effect. If you see in the books of Syrah, etc, and also in ahaadeeth. The first person to mention it was if they Isaak, remember MSR is the student of Zurich, in a soft died 150 years after he dropped azhari his teacher died 124 years after he was very famous, and had knowledge of so many things and taught so many students. Montessori everyday sucks. The fan first one will mentioned in detailed this sahifa cipher.

00:37:09--> 00:37:11

Yeah, what was in the contract?

00:37:12--> 00:37:14

Yeah, but he mentions it with no Senate.

00:37:16--> 00:37:16

What does that mean?

00:37:20--> 00:37:56

Why? Where'd he get it from God, man? No, son. We can't just accept that going on face value. You can't just accept whoever he is just to come because that was the way of the scholarship of the time already is established. You have to bring your chain. Where do you get it from? Yeah, so he presents it and that's why some of the people who argue that is fabricated, just look at that and say, Look, there's no chain there. He's just saying it from himself rejected. But other places did come with change. Imam Al bayhealth. He mentions it. A few of the scholars mentioned it and they mentioned some change as well. Now,

00:37:58--> 00:38:07

Akram, Al Amari, who did the research who's muhandis as well says that actually the ones that mentioned the whole,

00:38:09--> 00:38:54

the whole of the parchment the document as a whole, like igneous hog, and after him also came in, they say the nurse, sixth century scholar from Egypt, great muhaddith as well and even a kafir also mentions it. Similarly just take in this harp, they don't add anything to and say here's the correct gem for it or the wrong chain. Right. So if they could feel the Mufasa of the Quran, and also MSA the nurse who I mentioned in the Save last last time remember in regards to more aha in the say the nurse I remember I said to you, and even Abdul Jabbar were one of the ones who accepted that there was also a brotherhood treaty made a mecca remember majority of the scholars rejected that said it

00:38:54--> 00:38:55

was only me

00:38:56--> 00:39:00

anyway, I'm gonna say the NASS also accepts this as well.

00:39:02--> 00:39:31

In regards to the acceptor they just use this document. But if we look at it as a whole when it's brought in that had if there is weakness in all those transmits even though they have key when it brings it as weakness with it as a as a full document complete. Albuquerque brings it without the the points which which refer to the treaty between the the tribes, the Jewish tribes, and the prophet SAW some of the believers doesn't mention that. However,

00:39:32--> 00:39:43

that's not to say as we looked at Sierra we said the beginning remember that you don't just look at Sierra books and collections to find the life story of the publisher somewhere else do you look around

00:39:44--> 00:39:59

and there's plenty there. And same with this, this cipher, there are fragments some parts of it. Yeah, which are inauthentic a hadith in Bukhari Muslim and without Akhmad

00:40:00--> 00:40:12

Mr. Jay Z, there's plenty there. There's plenty there and enough data to show us that definitely there was there was a sahifa. There was in fact two of them.

00:40:13--> 00:40:33

The reality there were two made separately. There was an agreement made between Mahajan and saw the believers. And there was also treaty done with the, the the Jewish tribes as well. Okay, so there are two separate monosol brought them all together in one.

00:40:35--> 00:40:44

But what we have from authentic sources that they were definitely to done. Yeah, and elements of those to come out. So from a historical point of view,

00:40:45--> 00:41:24

from a historical point of view, we can take overall number one that there was a treaty done a constitution like thing with agreements, and many of those elements. Without going into every nitty gritty detail, we get an overall view of that. Yeah. And some details from the authentic reports in Hadith about it. Okay. That is also a Sahiba. Part of it seems seems to have been the part which was to do with the treaty between Mahajan and Assad. Yeah, it seems that that seems to have been handed over to Ali rhodiola. And

00:41:26--> 00:41:53

what is reported authentic hadith that the prophet SAW some used to carry a part of this sorry for the agreement, the treaty between muhajir and SAR. wrapped around the sword hanging on his sword as it were. And his sword was called Wolfie Kel will Ficker was mentioning, authentic ID? This sword seems to be inherited after the processor and passed away by Alberto de la Juan. So he used to carry this cipher.

00:41:54--> 00:41:57

Yeah. And those who

00:41:58--> 00:42:14

she inclined, and at the time of Allah de la on when he was Khalifa. Yeah, and had funny ideas. And they and people scientists say that, oh, he's been given secrets that other Sahaba have not been given from the Prophet sassagoula.

00:42:15--> 00:42:21

Yeah, even you know, santika de cisely. He's actually asked, Is there any secret that you've been given?

00:42:24--> 00:43:04

says no, nothing except the book of Allah. The Quran? Yeah. And what Allah gave gives any human being of understanding? Yeah, as a gift. Yeah. Understanding, understanding of the Sharia. That is interpretation. In other words, yeah. And this Sahiba, which I have attached to my soul, what's in it a mess, has something to do with about blood money, about age of camels, age of camels before you can slaughter them. And that Medina is a place of sanctity. Yeah. And that, in other authentic are these things like

00:43:05--> 00:43:39

Liar, liar, liar. Mean, be careful. That mean, a believer is not killed because of killing a Catholic. Now, this is authentic. And this debate amongst the scholars Now, where does this apply? Cuz some fly that generally, the emphasis if a Muslim kills non Muslim, they can't have blood, they can't have the sauce, they cannot ask for that person to be killed. Abu hanifa and hanafy have the best opinion on this. They said no, that's not fair.

00:43:40--> 00:43:44

In a society so and a fear said, This applies in battle.

00:43:46--> 00:43:59

Yeah, that in battle, when war is going on, killing a calf where you are not going to have to be taken to count for it and given the death penalty, because because it's in warfare. So that's how

00:44:00--> 00:44:07

it's a separate debate. But to say that that's safer. The LMR said that is part of that Sahiba

00:44:08--> 00:44:29

part of that document. Yeah, in which various things were mentioned about rights and duties of the citizens of Medina. Yeah. So I said to you, there's a reality as a Kamala Omar, he says there were two separate occasions because honestly, Malik reports in authentically defended without

00:44:30--> 00:44:31

that

00:44:32--> 00:44:41

the treaty between the Mahajan and SAR was carried out on the first year of his nothing the first year after battle. Yeah.

00:44:42--> 00:44:45

Between a in the house of unassimilable

00:44:46--> 00:44:47

and a cinema

00:44:48--> 00:44:52

and there's no mention of Jews being there and the Treaty of between the Jews being done.

00:44:53--> 00:44:59

Just that. And Allah ma say that the treaty with the yahood

00:45:00--> 00:45:16

With the Jews was carried out and the first few when the prophet SAW some initially arrived to Medina because he's setting up a situation where you set up a treaty because you are peaceful and that in that treaty you find some of the things which have been transmitted to us like

00:45:19--> 00:45:19

that

00:45:23--> 00:45:27

on the Yahoo bunny out on mutton Malmo meaning

00:45:28--> 00:45:30

that the Jewish tribes

00:45:31--> 00:45:52

Yeah, bunny oath is their ancestor, the Jewish tribes in Medina, an oma. So here you have the use of the word oma, contrary to what we always think about it. When I hear the word amaze used to mean that they are all one nation, in Medina with the Jews.

00:45:53--> 00:46:08

oma is not referring to the Muslims here by saying that they are the Jihoon the Jews, the Jewish tribes are an oma with the believers in Medina through this treaty, in other words, we are one nation and citizen

00:46:10--> 00:46:12

and things like that.

00:46:18--> 00:47:05

That that that Dean is there, Dean and aldini is our dean. In other words, the treaty wasn't done. Yeah. Because the became believers. The treaties done and left them to the dean even though they rejected the prophet SAW Islam as a messenger, but this is a peace treaty nevertheless. Yeah, they were given their rights for their religion to practice. Yeah, overall, there was a the law of the land, but within their social affairs, yeah, family's relations, etc. Yeah, they were given full legal right to practice their religion and to worship everything here. There's no evidence that their synagogues were closed down, etc, etc. Contrary to that, all this treaty shows is the opposite

00:47:05--> 00:47:16

they were given that but for the sake of security, also, it mentioned that they were forbidden from doing from now on doing trade with the Quran. Why do you think that was

00:47:24--> 00:47:27

raishin Mecca during trade

00:47:29--> 00:47:30

as well the ensemble is

00:47:35--> 00:47:35

stronger

00:47:38--> 00:47:48

and more than that, they've already declared war on Medina. I told you this last time and the time before to build you up to picture before we get to the battles was already been declared.

00:47:50--> 00:47:59

Wars already been declared and also this stuff going on in the background? Yeah, warnings being given by grace to some of the unsolved trees.

00:48:00--> 00:48:11

We're gonna come and attack you unless you come in handy MOBA and remember, many of believers have escaped, including Rasool assassin to try to kill him they haven't they haven't finished with that.

00:48:12--> 00:48:18

Anybody who gives shelter to the one that want to kill What do you think they've said they've declared war on him

00:48:19--> 00:48:27

so was already read but not by the prophet SAW summon Medina is declared by grace from Mecca. They have a long reach. I told you that before as well.

00:48:28--> 00:48:49

They have a long reach so and was being declared because the the wealth of the believers been confiscated. They've been thrown out penniless. They've been tortured. And they've been? Yeah, children. Well, that's war. Four else's war. Yeah, everything's been taken out. They came penniless because of the crisis what they did to them.

00:48:51--> 00:49:28

And they haven't finished with them still. So that warfare requires that of course, you have to do trade. Citizens of one country are not going to start then doing trade with the enemy other as they wouldn't do today. If there's warfare going on the government and not gonna allow you to say yeah, we you know, we were at war with the so and so country, but it's alright, you can do business with them. Please get the hell out of that. You'll be seen as traitors. Yes. So it is quite simple. It's in a political sense. You can see why that is part of the treaty. But why I say that so we understand it's not just impositions for no reason just out the blue let's make it difficult for

00:49:28--> 00:49:30

them no trade no trade as a reason.

00:49:33--> 00:49:56

And also the similarly like I said, much more detailed also watseka or sahifa between Madrid and SAR calling also the believers on mattawa he does one as one oma Yeah, I mean, don't Enos compared to the rest of human beings. Yeah, this is a this is based on the bonds of belief now brotherhood, which I mentioned last time to you

00:49:58--> 00:49:59

and

00:50:00--> 00:50:21

promises some nevertheless, in the in the constitutional cipher, you'll see he recognizes the various tribes tribes. So some allamah and some lay people think how can we read, meaning he's recognizing is accepting tribal relations. That is a mean is accepting a Serbia.

00:50:23--> 00:50:57

Serbia means that you are biased and prejudice that whatever your tribe does is right and anything against other tribe no justice there. Because prophesised slim said Lisa, minimum diallel, ala Serbia, the one who calls to a Serbia tribalism here to recognize that there are tribes as he did rasulillah, even in battle, tribes had their own flags, and they even went in battalions perhaps in tribes as well. Yeah, but he's also here, but he's also a they were recognized for their contribution. Yeah. But that's not to accept a Serbia.

00:51:00--> 00:51:15

It was to harness those links that are already there for good. But when it came to justice, nobody could stand and say, Well, I'm from a higher tribe, and therefore I'm going to be treated differently. That's what it means. Lisa, Minh, and manda eila subbiah.

00:51:16--> 00:51:52

Oh, that's a lowly class I won't marry into that. None of this business. But the prophet SAW some if you look at the Constitution is looking more at the SOS releasing prisoners if that if the captives so tribes to call responsibility for their people, tribes to call responsibility for blood money in cases if somebody got killed from a different tribe. So Islam harness that, as it harness the relationship of the family. Yeah, and build upon it. Yeah. But when justice comes, then those things are broken down and justice overpowers and overtakes it. That's very important to understand.

00:51:53--> 00:52:00

Yeah, that there was a recognition of that tribes exists

00:52:01--> 00:52:02

as they do till this day.

00:52:03--> 00:52:11

But they don't over come What is just, and what is correct and what is right. And that's important to understand.

00:52:13--> 00:52:57

And that unabie, Salalah, solemn part of the treaty, a lesson for many ignorant people in the world today that the prophet SAW some had. And the party the leader has the full authority only to call for war, and to call for truce, not job do like getting up down the street and say, we've declared war on them and on you and who, who are you? I know how often I've heard that in the years of Dawa since the 80s this, you know, some lunatic learn three of these are a few of us that were on and got some other extremists teaching them they say, yeah, brother, we've declared war. This is warfare. We're at war with them. Who are you to call war? Yeah, why are you going silent dole office and get

00:52:57--> 00:53:01

money from them go to the doctors go to schools and say we've declared wall number

00:53:02--> 00:53:21

just garbage they come out with just you know, not worth tokens. So here, even in Medina, we also have a making very clear, yeah, it is a leader. It is a government who called war and truce, not any group of misfits who decide that they decided to call

00:53:22--> 00:53:26

and they sell water words, brother, so water words love war, isn't it?

00:53:27--> 00:53:32

Yeah, you know, your idea what war words means? even make that into literal.

00:53:35--> 00:54:04

So I'm going to stop there, because for the need for other I did want to go a little bit more, and I will do inshallah, next time, I hope just to finish off with that. There was something about allegiance, which I mentioned last time as well. And I also want with that allegiance to go on a little bit about based on the fact that there was non Muslims or Muslims or citizens, what kind of relationship are accepted and how we learn from that for some of for our society today.

00:54:06--> 00:54:09

And we'll look at that and then we'll move on to the rest of the story. A call kolyada was tough

00:54:12--> 00:54:13

for him