July 12, 2020 – Essential Fiqh
Channel: Daood Butt
File Size: 19.51MB
Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala Nabi Karim Ali Baba Sana to automata slim, Bishop Li Sabri way acidity, MD. Let me listen if God will Cody, my brothers and my sisters instead of more Alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh. So, we continue essential, thick, and we are on the chapter of the funeral prayers. Of course, in the last couple of weeks, we, you know, we're also on the same chapter, we looked at, you know, the benefits of the larger congregational prayer over the smaller one in terms of the janazah prayer. Who should the funeral prayer be held? Or sorry, where where should the prayer be held, we covered how to shroud a
person and the things that are needed in terms of shrouding a person's body, before they are varied. And what must be done to the deceased person in terms of the host over washing, and so on and so forth. So we continue and today we're going to be talking about the description of the actual prayer. So the description of the jinn as a prayer, how do we pray this prayer?
Well, what the way that we're going to look at it is we look at different person evidences of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and some of the Sahaba of the Lama and home as to how the prayer is to be prayed itself. And and you'll notice that some of these evidences focus on certain things within the prayer, and then what we do is we put it all together, and this is how, you know, a lot of our Deen is looked at, you know, we analyze different IDs. Now, remember, we're not going to take all of the evidences that are out there, right, we're just going to look at some of them. And then I'll give you the general overview, and then we'll move on inshallah. But the very first thing that
we're going to be covering is the description of the prayer and how to actually pray it. And we'll start with the tech via box, how many dots are there like when we say a long bow? How many are there? So there are to be four, five, and even up into up until nine techniques that have been mentioned or narrated in the cinema or from this habit of the law.
And this is again with regards to the janaza prayer, the funeral prayer. And so as for for techniques of what I do love I narrated or reported that the messenger of a loss and along with some of them announced the death of the ruler of Abyssinia who is that who is the ruler of Abyssinia and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam announced his death. I'm just going to move this slightly so you can see the chat.
There we go.
Who is the ruler of Abyssinia? Nobody knows. When the Prophet sallallahu wasallam came out and he announced the death of the ruler of Amazonia then the joshy very good joshy or negus. Right? Then the joshy so when the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam announced the death of the ruler of Abyssinia, also known as the joshy. On the day that he died, he then went out to the place of prayer. So he went out to the place where they would pray the janessa prayer and line the people in rows and made for tech be in that prayer. So that prayer consisted of four took me about a club, and whatever is said in between, and so on and so forth. Right. And we'll get to that shortly regarding
five tech via bots. So sometimes you might pray just as a prayer in a Masjid and they they have five tequila, they'll say a long club, you go through the whole, you know,
prayer, and you get to the end and you hear the fourth tequila, and you're expecting them to be given and then you hear a fifth tequila and you're like, Wait a second, what's going on here? Maybe the man made a mistake? Well, it could be that the man made a mistake in terms of you know, his priority maybe lost track of the amount of times he was saying the technique or he could actually just be adding a tip below because it is permissible for you know, the jenessa prayer to consist of more than four techniques.
So regarding five took me about a man who later
said they didn't. They didn't outcome used to make for tech beers in our funeral prayers, and sometimes he would make five tech videos. I asked him about this and he said the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would make these techniques as in these techniques, right? So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would do five and that was what he reported from the prophets and along with synonyms actions, right this is what he mentioned, was the actions of the profits in the long run a huge lesson.
Okay, what about six or seven? Okay.
Such has been you
No reported from this habit of the love item. So six seven has been recorded from this habit of the love I know are coming from the companions. However, they are considered as having their source with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is in they considered their sources to link back to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam because some of the leading companions did that in the presence of other companions, other Sahaba of the love and home and none of them objected to it. So when some of the Sahaba of the lower end were leading the prayer they did six or seven took me out the other Sahaba that were there praying with them did not,
you know, challenge them or they did not object to the amount of techniques that those companions were making or calling out in the prayer. Okay.
I believe in maxvill said that alley, even ugly, falling below the lower end, prayed, oversell even her knife and made six tech beers. Then he turned to us and said he was from the participants of Baba. He was from those who took part in the Battle of butter.
Moosa ibn Abdullah ibn Zayd said Ali, it'll be a long line prayed over about Qatada and made seven years and he was from the participants at Burger.
Okay, so I will
say you said I did have your mama and would make six tech beers over someone who participated in the Battle of butter, five over any of the other companions, and for over the rest of the people.
Okay, so in the long run was leading the gen as a prayer, those who took part in the Battle of budget, he would do six or more tequila shots, right? Those who were from amongst this habit. So if a Sahabi passed away, or somehow been passed away, and I do have the long run was leading the gin as a prayer, he would make sure that they were five to be about two that he would do that prayer. And anyone who was not from owns this habit or not from those who took part in the Battle of whether he would do for tech to be locked.
I'm delighted as a surveyor of the longer unsaid the Messenger of Allah on a longer and he will send them prayed over hunza about the long line, the relative of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam who was martyred during the battle. Right? So he says the Messenger of Allah some longer and he was some of them prayed over Hamza, as in the janaza, prayer of hands out of the 11, saying nine techniques. So he said along as well, nine times in that janaza prayer.
So that's the amount now the general amount that we see narrated as a more common thing, as well as what we see from the statements our idea of the level and, or the actions of earlier of the level, and is that we do for tech to be at odds in the genesis of prayer. And this is the more common amount that was used
by the prophets on a long line of you
know, the hens, where do we place our hens in the agenda as a prayer? Okay, I'm delighted in our bus of a viola and whom I said the messenger of a loss on a long lag he was summoned would raise his hands in the funeral prayer during the first tech via
and then not repeat doing so.
And this is actually the opinion that I follow. Right. From amongst the scholars, I prefer this one that you say a lot about you raise your hands, and then you tie them. And then when you say a lot about the third, the second, the third and the fourth time, you do not raise your hands. If someone does raise their hands. That's okay. You know,
again, what's mentioned is, you know, the hands are raised during technical audits. And so you do that. But the heads specifically for Jen, as a presenter, remember doing research on this one, it was a student in Medina, and they noticed that some people would be raising their hands and some people wouldn't be raising their hands. And I was like, You know what, I actually want to research this. And I went to the research and I came across this narration of the Prophet sent along, I think he was sending them having not raised his hands in the second, third and fourth tech deal, but he would in the first Okay, so a lot of above. And then where do we place our hands. So after raising
the hands, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would put his right hand over his left hand his in his right over the left
hand, wrist and forearm so he would put it over the hand, the wrist and the forearm as in he would grab here, some among it, he was some, okay. So like this, right, not over the wrist. Okay, not over the hand. But over the hand, the wrist and the forearm.
we see that in the some of the conference on a longer id usnm. It's mentioned those three places as well. Okay, so putting your hand over your hand, or putting your hand over your wrist or putting your right hand over your right forearm, okay, so those three positions are correct in placing the ends when standing for Sona and we know that we've covered this already in the past when we're talking about the regular prayers that we pray the compulsory prayers.
Salad inside of you, Yvonne said the people were ordered to place the right hand on the left forearm while praying. Okay.
So that's another evidence is given to put your hand here past the wrist and past the
the hand so not holding your hand or holding your risk but holding your forum
after the opening. So we're talking about the janaza prayer again, right we're continuing the jenessa prayer after the opening Technion, you say a lot went into your hands.
The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would read surah 230 and in some narrations and mentions that he used to read another slip out of the bunker even Abdullah even said I prayed the funeral prayer behind even our bus, he would read sawed off in fact, he had an another song, he made it aloud until we could hear him so he actually recited out loud so that not not out loud as we regularly do on, you know, for example, the Muslim prayer or that I shout prayer, reading out loud, reading out loud, loud enough. So the Sahaba next to him, right? Reading loud enough so that the Sahaba the companions are those standing next to him and around him, or directly behind him could
hear what he was saying. And this was done in order to teach the people that are around okay. And it's also from you know, you'll see it in parenting parents will do this with children as well. They'll tell their children that hey, you know what, this is what you're supposed to do in prayer. Listen to me and I whatever I say you just repeat you follow me as well. Okay.
he made it out loud until we could hear when he finished. So who we talking about here we're talking about even our bus, okay, they prayed behind even our bus or the Allahu Allah. He read swords. In fact, he had another suicide. He made it out loud until we could hear him when he finished the prayer. I took him by his hand and I asked him about that. Why did you read so we can hear you and why did you recite a sutra? Okay, he replied, I did it aloud in order to teach you that it is the Sunnah and it is proper.
Okay, so he recited it out loud, so that the people beside him or behind him can know that this is from the Sunnah of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam. And it is correct, you can do it. Okay. So
and what he's referring to there is reciting sort of the Fatiha but also reciting a surah afterwards, okay. It is to be read silently as a murmur even so said, the Sunnah in the funeral prayer is to read after the first tip via Surah 231. silently. Okay, so remember even ambassador of Rama he did that to teach the people. But the janaza prayer is not a prayer that is recited out loud or prayed out loud. It's a prayer that is prayed silently. Okay.
So he said,
after the first technique of sort of the fact he has silently, then one makes three tech beers and makes the salutations after the last of them. Right. So it continues, there's another tech video and then you recite something and so that's what we're getting into. Now. What do you say after that first tech video, sort of two factor? What do you do? Then you say Allahu Akbar, right? What do you say after that? A person sends Peace and blessings upon the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
But remember, one of the companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa, sorry, let me go back the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
Okay, based on the aforementioned Heidi the moment in which one of the companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told him this Sunday in the funeral prayer is for the Imam to make the tequila and then recite a 30 hands silently to himself after the first technique. Then he states the prayers as in Salutations, peace and blessings upon the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Allahumma salli ala Muhammad Ali Muhammad kemosabe Salah Ibrahim Ibrahim at nikka hamidah Majeed although to ganda Mohammed Ali Mohammed camera barkada Ibrahim Ibrahim nica Amida Majeed
Sorry, what's going on here?
Then he makes sincere supplication for the deceased after the third attempt to do so then the person says Allahu Akbar third time, and then you pray for the person who passed away. Right? A lot of them have really high you know, when they you know, wish anything else but even I was reading I will give et now as I can, you know and send out a lot of them and a woman never assembled into a theater room in the theater whatsoever I didn't even write
and then he makes
the fourth takbeer and he does the Salutations to the right and to the left, okay.
It is permissible to say the solemn salutations only once, so a person can say send them to the right side only. And that is permissible. And this is based on the narration of what I don't do. Who said the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam performed a funeral prayer and made for tech videos, and only one salutation, right? So he said a lot of work well, four times and did what we need to do after each one of them. And he only did one
set up to the right. Okay.
One second here.
So, next part we're going to look at is that it is not allowed to perform the agenda as a prayer during the prohibited times of the day. So remember, when we were talking about the
compulsory prayers in the times that it is not permitted to pray, or it is disliked, to pray throughout the sunrise, sunset and noon, right when the sun is directly at its peak at the zenith? So the time that the sun begins to cross the horizon, as its rising, right during sunrise is one of the times that, you know, we don't create any other craters. We don't even pray the jet as a prayer, right, it's not
permitted to do that.
The virtue of performing the funeral prayer and following the funeral procession, okay, following D.
The beer beers that is spelled b i, er, the ER is the thing that we put the coffin on top over the body on top of them are transporting it to go from the funeral prayer to the cemetery. So what are the virtues of performing the funeral prayer and following the body to the cemetery?
Have you heard about the about her and narrated that the profits in the long run, I think he was sending them said whoever prays for the deceased, but does and follows the funeral. Sorry, whoever prays for the deceased, but does not follow the funeral procession will get one theater out
of reward. And the one who follows it will receive two theater lots of reward. And then it was said, and what is it the about like, what is the amount of theater art What is this? And so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam replied, the smaller of the two of them is like Mount Hood. So the smaller of the two rewards is like mount, right, so you get a reward for for praying the prayer, you get a reward for following the janaza prayer. And each one of those, the lot is the size of mounts or not, or there's a few kilometers long. And what's meant by that is an abundant amount of rewards so big like the size of a mountain, right? That's how much rewards a person gets when they attend
the funeral prayer. So whoever prays for the deceased person, and then also follows that up, we'll get the multiple amounts of be about the profits in the long run. I do sell them also prohibited women from following the funeral prayer to the cemetery. Okay. However, as we see in the book that we're learning, this is a prohibition of discouragement. Okay, so it's a prohibition of discouragement that it is not encouraged for women to go along. Okay.
I'm just gonna pause for a second if you don't mind.
Just need to sort a few things out.
just continuing on with
Martha, it'll be a lot more enhanced, said she stated we were prohibited from following the funeral procession but it was not made something strict upon us, okay. The prophet SAW along where it was Sunday and said the funeral beer is not to be followed in the procession by wailing sounds and we learnt this already
or by fire and what is meant by that is incense. So, we do not, you know have incense that is placed around, you know, either the grave or following the funeral procession, right you don't follow it with incense, and you don't follow it by you know, weeping and
you know, crying and you know, anything of that sort right.
Included in this category is
so included in the things that are not permitted during the funeral and following the funeral are raising one's voice by reciting words of remembrance in front of the funeral procession, right. So standing in front of it and reciting something. As you know, people are bringing the coffin behind some people standing in the front basically leading the way and reciting something that's not from the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. In fact, this view is based on face even a bird's statement, the companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would dislike for anyone to raise their voice during the funeral. Okay, so as disliked to raise your voice during that
So those are some of the etiquettes with regards to following the funeral,
praying it and then following it to the cemetery. It is obligatory to move quickly with the funeral procession but not to run or jog. Okay, so when transporting the body to the cemetery, it is encouraged and part of our Deen to hurry up and to bury the body, right? We know that we took that Heidi's already last week, or the profits along ready to ascend them said, hurry in performing the funeral for if you were a pious person, you will take him to goodness, right? So you would take that person to goodness. And he continues and says if he was other than that it is evil that you are removing from your necks as in you're getting rid of something not so much getting rid of, but
you're passing on someone who was spreading evil on this earth to receive what is do upon them. And we asked a lot of what's out there to save and protect us all. And movida even Shaka narrated that the profits on longer I think it was some of them said, the writer,
the writer, someone who's following the funeral, but writing so nowadays when we follow the the hearse that's going to the cemetery, we usually sit in our cars, and we follow so so we're writing something we're not writing an animal, a horse or a camel, but we are writing behind it in
you know, in his, in a person's vehicle. So I'm a lead I've been short heard of the longer narrative that the prophets and a lot more I think it was some of them said the writer is to be behind the funeral procession, while the one walking may be maybe
wherever he wishes with respect to it. So someone who's walking could be walking beside, the body could be walking in front of the body could be walking behind the body. However, remember the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu. It was something when you mentioned the reward of those who pray the funeral prayer and then follow it. He mentioned following right and so the scholars say that however it's best if a person is going to be walking that they also walk behind the funeral procession that is going right so they walk behind the body.
And the last part that we're going to take and show a lot is what is to be said when entering or passing by the graveyard, okay, passing by the cemetery or going to the cemetery.
I showed up a loved one has said, I said so she said to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, what should I say to them? Or messenger of Allah sallallahu wasallam and he said, only say a seller or either Dr. Amina meanie in our Muslim Nina, where hamdulillah who mistook the mean I mean, when was that feeling in it? Or in insha Allah will become later on. So he said, say, peace be upon the inhabitants of these places, before the believers and the Muslims. May Allah have mercy on those who preceded us, and those who will come after Allah willing. We shall be joining you today.
Man even bro either of the alarm I'm sorry. So let's get him out of in Breda narrated from his father who said the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam taught us that if we go to the graves we should say SNM or add a deity, meaning meaning I will mostly mean we're in insha Allah who left
us on a law who learned when a con last year, okay, there are multiple narrations, multiple different dourado that you can say, if you open up his non Muslim, you will see it there and you can you know, learn any one of those Hadeeth or do out and recite it when you go to the cemetery. In English, it means peace be upon you, all inhabitants of the graves from the believers and Muslims, we, in sha Allah, Allah willing, shall be joining you, I asked a love for us and for you well being. So that is the drive that is recited. And that brings us to the end of our
class for today in terms of what we're going to cover. Next week we continue with the video
and how to conduct the burial, what should be done and so on and so forth, looking at some of the summon, and the graveyard and what is to be observed over there. We'll take that from next week in sha Allah, I'll just open it up for a couple of questions just one or two inshallah and then I'm going to head out because I want to head over to the masjid
any questions you can type them in inshallah?
Are we going to have the same class, we'll see about that in Sha law still debating on whether to start that up.
Okay, so we'll suffice with that for today in sha Allah, just like on the level of failing for attending.
We will continue next week. And we ask Allah Subhana Allah to have mercy upon every single one of us, we ask Allah subhana wa to Allah to guide those who
every single one of us needs guidance. So we ask Allah to guide every single one of us especially those that are, you know, typing in nonsense on the chat. And we ask Allah Subhana Allah to grant us patience and dealing with with people that are around us. And I think every single one of you for attending bought a cup of tea from which is optimum level of fate and the Civil War Civil War back in Vienna
suddenly said MIT can learn from