COVID-19 – Matters Relating to the Rights of Our Deceased
Channel: Munir Ahmed
File Size: 16.00MB
wa Salatu was Salam
earlier he was such a big man in Ubud Yola Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah.
Praise be to Allah, peace and blessings on this final message Mahatma sallallahu alayhi Salaam, their brothers sisters,
I wanted to speak about something I mentioned a few days ago. And that was a humbler first to say Praise be to Allah, the government decided in our crisis of this pandemic of COVID-19 that it will not enforce permissions on everybody. And the Muslims will still have the right for burial Alhamdulillah.
So I wanted mentioning that actually, it's interesting but handler that's what we're and we have to save. In line with that also, my last motto, reward all the brothers sisters who made great efforts and in in raising this situation, with the authorities, with the MPs, etc, before it went to the discretion of the government and all those MPs who took those things forward as well. We're grateful to them in that regard.
The issue of cremation, I have to say this nothing actually absolutely direct and clear in the Quran and Sunnah, saying that him or her arm of cremation. Nevertheless, don't misquote me in saying that I'm not saying that I'm saying that it's allowed to do that. But there is nothing we should know that that is all Mr. All took the line, that the burial is the way of the believers, the Muslims as and we said, this is our way, this is something that we get that from the Prophet salallahu Islam, just just to mention that nevertheless, why I mentioned that is because there are situations in which, for example, it happened with Ebola virus were
being an infection and epidemic in those countries again, and especially the death rate in that was a average of 50. But it could be 60 70%. In other words, out of every 10 people seven who got the infection, tears between five and seven would definitely die with it. So in those kind of situations to really limit that kind of thing. It is allowed allowed, if not obligatory, becomes to actually commit and burn the body. So that's something that we need to keep in mind.
And that would in no way affect the believer being burnt and made into us in regards to their standing before Allah smart Allah. On the day of judgment, we need to be clear about that, because that is done in a situation of protecting those who live from the infection from spreading. Now, there are issues still in regards to emergency situation crisis, which may still surmount I know there's allowed the government a limited number of people in the guards to slightly janazah, etc. But we need to discuss the other things primarily to do around death, and the rights of the dead body or the corpse. And that is in regards to Vasile, for example, which is a washing of the body.
And secondly, the Katherine which is covering up the body, and thirdly, slothful janazah, which is the janazah prayers everybody knows. And, fourthly, in regards to burial, firstly, in regards to whistle
we have from a Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam in regards to his passing we're aware of his daughter, Zainab, clear a hadith about washing the body and this is where we get that it it is worship to wash the body. Of course, there is an exception to that in the guards to those who were martyrs on the battlefield. The and there is a big debate and discussion amongst Africa but the strongest a majority opinion that they are not washed out.
As the martyrs, because what will often what not washed, and publicize them said to bury them as they were, and that their wounds and their blood would, would, would be like, have a smell of give out a smell of musk before Allah on the Day of Judgment. So, but for the rest anyway even though we say that insha Allah and Allah knows best those who die through our own or an infectious disease, that for the prophesies of said they are Shaheed from my alma, but these Shahid are not to be treated like those say Allah, all agreement with that de Shahid to have hosel and it is wise to have ghosal although there is a Sunnah way of doing whistle, which is cleaning the insides and then block
near orifices are the top and bottom, and then
so not to make the body have auto and basically wash three times all this, it's many, many situations, if we are trying to avoid the infection spreading from the corpse of the dead body, it is absolutely fine from a distance with a horse a distance of two meters or six feet for dinner with a horse to pour water all over the body, even if it has its claws on and you're trying to avoid the removal of those claws, that to pour water on the body would suffice as a vessel and in that situation, some people say it is fine to you to do tm. Now, km is an issue when water is not available water is not available
at all or in the case of an illness where putting water on the body would be harmful whether emoto or fragoso. However, this doesn't apply here because number one, there is no disease the person is already dead. So there is and there is no lack of availability of water. And actually Tom in this case is more dangerous than actually doing the washing from a distance. So I would say no don't do your tray among the water can be poured on if possible, if it can be done at from a distance on the body just once and that would suffice
in a situation where that's not being able to be done or there's logistics that can't allow that to happen it's also fine without whistle therefore to cover the body and to move to the next stage of cuffin is the cafe has already been done in the bodies in a body bag there is no point going backwards and saying we have to do the vessel blah blah blah or trying to do to move again as is happening there's some videos going around somebody trying to use to move with somebody who's got a caffeine on them and putting dirt on on the body and actually touching which is more dangerous in this kind of scenario situation so know if it's a if
there are principles in Islam, which are very important which come from the Quran or Hadith and and those four key principles and also on rules are then use Alma Shaka threadedly but tacy in other words the difficulty allows the ease and this is the religion of ease
you read the law who become will use Allah classes in the Quran Allah wants to make things easy for you while Are you really cool Osprey doesn't want to make things difficult for you prophesised salaam saying in the hazard Deen use this surely this Deen this Islam way of life is made easy. So in situations where it becomes difficult then things are put aside so who so can we put aside in a similar manner in regards to difficulties now coming to cuffin and of course cuffin it which means really covered means covering are wrapping up, and that's its basis to cover the whole body.
The idea of using three white sheets for a male and five white sheets for the female is the most commonly accepted by majority Olimar. Nevertheless, we should know in regards to cuffin the that there's difference of opinion on this as well. The idea of five white sheets for the female came from a single Hadith which there's a stellar form amongst the mohabbatein Some say it is weak at best it is Hassan which is good, not even the level of suffering and hajah majority Omar took from it and this is the Hadith to do.
of the the Catherine the covering of the prophet SAW some daughter, Uncle soon
The hadith of Laila some Maha defin have mentioned it as appear. In fact that is wrong. This Hadith is a Laila
oma tears Hadith is linked with the death and whistle and Catherine of Zainab, the other daughter of the Prophet sallahu wa salam in that list of Amartya and there's a number that is just mentioned of the prophet SAW Sam giving his cloak to wrap the body with there is no mention of the number of sheets used for Xena in regards to a coffin, only in the Hadith, which is not so strong, but it is it can be taken. Like I said the difference apparently, of omocha film there is a mention of a lower garment, a blouse of Hema to cover the head and then wrapping two more sheets around the body that is mentioned in that particular motif. Which majority of scholars don't follow. In fact,
I would argue, shell Barney, in fact, doesn't accept that Hadith and he says that the coffin of the male and female is three sheets.
That's the opinion of shell Barney and some others as well. The idea of three sheets for the mail in fact, comes not from any poll or saying of the prophet SAW slump or any any directive that he did in regards to doing the cuff in our body. What he did say is about using the cuffin that use white garments for doing the cuff and with that he preferred that subtle ally salon. But he mentioned another authentic idea that if somebody is well off and richer that they could use use a patterned garment which was done actually by some of the pattern Garmin was used. But the preference has been given by the cost of the statement the profit loss of the white garment covering the three sheets
came because the Sahaba did that in regards to the body of Rasulullah sallallahu. When he passed away, they covered his body which already has clothes on that didn't remove his clothes what he was already in, in fact the washed him with the clothes on Salalah sell them and then they wrapped him with three white sheets. This was what the Sahaba did. And this is where they took the idea of three white sheets from In fact, there is it is this three and five is not absolutely fixed. It is well documented and it is authentic the Abubakar on the lava and was his cover was two sheets, as was the case of Jose Jose for Ebner Yama and from the Sahaba. It is authentic report that he was covered
with two white sheets. And as other some of the LMR said, one is enough as well, one sheet to cover the whole body. So with all that flexibility, if we are able to do the covering of the sheets,
with off the body easily without catching infection, that's fine. Again, minimizing it and using all the precautions of gloves and garments and masks etc. to so that the people who are doing that don't catch the infection. If we're unable to do that, and for example of bodies being put in a body bag, some people said well, it's better to put the covenant before the body bag, I would say actually a body bag is a coffin, there is nothing about particular material that needs to be used for a coffin body bag would be counted like wrapping in one, a one sheet where the material is, is irrelevant. So a body bag that zipped up for me is counted as a cuffin. So that's in regards to cover and you see
how much flexibility they may have. And therefore, you see how beautiful this lien is in regards to, especially in emergency situations like this.
How it becomes so easy to deal with the situation then comes the idea. Of course, the fondo aim which fubuki fire sorry, a Fudd on the community obligatory to perform slightly janazah for
dying for the dead body of believers in this regard.
Again, that is great flexibility in this crisis situation especially. Of course, the idea of having lots of people attending slightly janazah is a recommendation in normal circumstances. And there are many fidella in regards to this mentioned in a heartbeat, but not relevant in this situation. slothful janaza can be performed by just a couple of individuals, and that would remove the the the wajib apart from the rest of the community, any blend from the rest of the community, if just a couple of people did slatwall janaza for a belief
and in this situation, it wouldn't take away from any of the, of the goodness and shafa or intercession on behalf of the believers who are not able to attend a massive janaza prayer. Because of the crisis situation, Allah salata knows that and takes all that into account, we must be clear about that. In fact, if this janaza prayer, of course, with the mosques close in fact, the preference with all the Allah was the for the janaza prayer to be done outside the mosque, and it wasn't allowed for it to be done inside the mosque and that in itself as a debate, which I don't want to go into, and it's absolutely fine to do so lotrel janaza once the body is in the cafe, and
in the coffin,
coffin itself is a debate. There is nothing clear cut from the Quran and Sunnah which stops a believers body being put in a coffin and buried like that, but one can have a preference it wasn't done at the time of a soulless lesson, but nothing came clear cut.
things came clear cut about making the grave building on the grave and, and cementing the grave over and building stuff on it, etc, etc. But nothing in regard to putting a box
in the grave and the body in the box. So we don't say that there isn't a problem with that. So, coming back to selectel janaza it is fine to do slatwall janaza, at the graveside, this is documented in various Hadith the Prophet size alum from the Prophet side solo. One is in regards to the the the black lady believer who used to clean the mosque. And when she died, the prophet SAW some they didn't inform him. He found out later that and when he saw a fresh grave, they said he said whose grave is this? They said this is so and so she was the one who used to clean the mosque prophesized and said Why didn't you inform me? They said You're so lucky you're having your
afternoon nap and we didn't want to disturb you. And he told us I've often said while I'm around Tell me remember this is because of prophesize some doing slightly janaza is different from Sahaba doing is sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So the prophesies silom line them up at the grave, the Sahaba who were with him, so they repeated this law to genocide, and the prophet SAW some of first a lot of genocide at the grave. He did that also the prophesize alum
for another Sahabi who they buried in the night when the Prophet software asleep saying they didn't want to disturb him, so prophesized them again, lead slothful janaza, further Sahabi
at the graveside, so we have clear evidence that it is fine for doing slothful janaza, even with a couple of people at the graveside. That will be even if situation became more emergency that it was too much risk and that couldn't be done. And even if it was done, then slothful janazah can be avoided can be done. In other words in absence, where the family and friends and members are unable to reach the goal for most unable to go to the even to the grave site to do the subtle janazah then it can be done at home, in small groups in bigger groups, or even as individually slothful janazah can be done this all basis for all of this from our Deen and all of it is acceptable. Aside from
that doing the art nobody's prevented from doing that draw for the deceased.
We know this is going to be very difficult for my family for family members, especially in this kind of situation. But these are all allowances for them and through doing slothful janazah and to offer the deceased Allah so Allah we pray will give comfort to the close near and dear ones. In regards to this burial of course. We've already said that allowing burial burial can be done in emergency situations. Sahaba said at the time of offer the US law for the 70 odd Sahaba who have been martyred we can't dig all these graves all at once. You know we haven't got the ability to to publicize them said make the graves deeper and bury them three at a time in the grave. So we have that flexibility
of mass graves or burying multiple people of the believers in the grave. That's absolutely fine. capacity in Muslim graves is limited. The idea is it is certainly most the hub and for majority which is record highly recommended for the majority it is wajib offered to bury believers in Muslim graveyards by no means absolute clear on this clarity on this is why I said the difference of opinion on it and in Christ.
situation, when the body numbers increase, and we have to take them to a distance and spaces, it is absolutely fine to bury them in the normal graveyard in our country, which is the graveyard of non Muslims. As someone said, it is from the salaf, that it is not the the ground that makes the person holy and how they're going to be when they raise dope. It is the deeds of the person and their belief that are going to help them on the Day of Judgment. So these are a few of the things I wanted to say in regards to this. I hope they're of use you use to us, certainly, understanding these things is important for us. And just to remind us, again, of this beautiful Dane that last month law
centers, saying like only for law nafsa illa was Aha, that Allah doesn't put a burden on any soul except that it can bear it.
So this this Deen is about when difficulty arrive arrives, it opens up and becomes easy and those are the folk aha they use these very important rules to allow things to happen.
Another principle taken from that
as the rule art who Mahabharat they say that absolute necessity of a situation and crisis
makes mix halau that which is haram normally that which is haram, that haram can sometimes be obligatory for example somebody who's dying
of starvation it not only is allowed for them to use to eat haram and eat for example pork often see if in that situation, enough to keep them alive but it becomes obligatory for them to actually eat that in that situation. Well that's what that guy does help us out who down and you're hungry like a bell I mean for salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.