Fiqh of Zakah Part 7

Muhammad Salah

Channel: Muhammad Salah

Series:

Topics: Fiqh

Episode Notes

share this pageShare Page

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


00:00:05--> 00:00:15

You agreed, purify you Well, the glue round and where you live. Look at all the good you have to can give a little love.

00:00:17--> 00:00:34

There's a hand somewhere hold on mouth the fee. There's so much that we can do for so many who are in need, give our time give out well give, give ourselves no loss each and every hidden D.

00:00:41--> 00:01:25

Salam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh Welcome to the thick of Zika a series of episodes where we look and discuss this very important topic of Zika how we can understand it, how we can implement it in our lives, and how we can help those who are unfortunate in our societies. Salam aleikum, wa rahmatullah welcome Sheikh Mohammed to this program, welcome. Salaam Rahmatullahi wa barakaatuh. Thank you, Jamie. Does that really shake in previous episode chef, you've helped us understand this topic of soccer, where it comes from, how to understand what we have to give and we've been speaking about really monetary before and gold and silver. In the previous episode, we did step in to the

00:01:25--> 00:01:56

topic of produce, and we just looked into it slightly. Can I ask you, where does produce come into the whole arena of Akasha smilla rahmanir rahim hamdulillah who are kefir or selezionare, where the Hila de Mostafa lecien and Mustafa sallallahu alayhi wa early he was happy, but seldom at the Sleeman kathira All Praise be to Allah alone. And may the best peace and blessings be upon prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

00:01:57--> 00:02:13

a lot of mighty says in the Quran in Surah Al Baqarah yeah you Hallelujah. Amen. fiocco mill play Verity Mecca saboten weimin wodgina Allah communal orb, that is verse number 267, or a part of the verse.

00:02:14--> 00:03:02

What does it mean? This is a command from Allah subhanaw taala to give nataka Another one is another name of the cat and feel free 70 less to spend in the cause of a lot and feel calm until you bet in Makkah Surbiton spend from the lawful earning of yours, what do you have earned lawfully. So that's pertaining gold and silver and trade and all of that. When in origin Allah communal, and the benefits couple of things, it benefits whatever the earth produces, it is from Allah subhanaw taala he's the one who sends out the rain and he's the one who produces the fruits, plants and vegetations. So whenever we enjoy that we must give enough a car or a car or a mandatory charity in

00:03:02--> 00:03:52

addition to the voluntary charity obviously, if you saw till nim, the keratin verse number 141, Allah subhanaw taala says, Well who enter the church and not the model shutting your mouth shut? When nephila was Zahra telethon okolo who was the tune our Romana, Mota, shabby, Hawaii Amata shabby kulu cemetery he either a smaller were to have kaaboo Yamaha Sati and this verse means that it is Allah Subhana Allah who produces gardens for us framed and unframed model shirt in oil model, if you have if you happen to enter some garden before especially in the villages, you see in the grapevines, for instance, they make like frames so that the plants would climb on it model shooting,

00:03:52--> 00:04:05

while your model shooting when Nakula was Zahra and that a palm trees and other plants and crops of diverse flavor.

00:04:06--> 00:05:00

Even it can be the same field or the same name but it gives different taste anyway, Allah subhanaw taala reminds us with His favor of producing for us, for us from the same Earth, different flavors, different plants, fruits and vegetations. Then he commanded us the conclusion of the colome in summary is athma at all out of the fruits whenever it ripens, and it is mature and also to have Yamaha Sati and pay its do rights. The rights in it of the for the Omaha Saudi on the day of its harvest on the day that you harvest the fruits for whichever fruits are the cattle or grains whenever certain gains are the cattle at the day of its harvest. So this is

00:05:00--> 00:05:27

Basically, the essence of mandating certain is a cap rate on certain groups on certain grains and certain fruits. And why did they say certain grains and fruits because Zakah is not due or compulsory in all fruits vegetations and plants No. and abuse on the line you sell him when he delegated Why didn't

00:05:29--> 00:05:37

you sell ashari in this delegation, we have learned a lot of things with regards to the hate with regards to Falcon understanding.

00:05:38--> 00:06:08

And he commanded them in this particular incident, he said, Amara, whom he ordered them not to take the Sahaja mandatories occur except from four kinds of plants or produce a hamper that is the wheat, a Shire, barley. So two gains and two types of fruit atom was the wheat, the dates and raisins

00:06:10--> 00:06:56

that's why the scholar said these are the four items that interview Selena Selena said that we must pay the care on them, whenever we harvest them, they will find another opinion. mm Oh hanifa. May Allah have mercy on him said no rather This is a care is you on everything the earth produces, as long as it is edible and is useful, unless if it is something such as grass, or foodless trees, then it is not as equitable. Why so if I could so just copy here something else but why I mean, the prophet of Islam just told us this four categories, why would Abu hanifa turn around and expand this category? You say? Why?

00:06:57--> 00:07:09

Because he reasons, he said the Hadees in which the Prophet sallallahu Sallam mandated does occur on produce, he said, female Socrates says summer LaRoche.

00:07:10--> 00:07:17

When we come pretty soon to speak about the second rate, the percentage on the produce.

00:07:18--> 00:07:34

We will discuss this Hudis the sound Harris which says if the field or the plants were irrigated via the rain water, without any effort, naturally, not officially and not with mechanical means, there is a carrot is one 10th or death

00:07:36--> 00:08:10

versus in cash in paper money in gold and silver was a was a rubber luxury, a quarter of one 10th 2.5%. Now, the field which is irrigated naturally by the rain water or spring or whatever the carrot is what is it FEMA sakata sent out last said it's general, it did not specify. And furthermore, the reason or the effect, of course of this account produced according to our hanifa is NEMA or anything that causes development and growth

00:08:11--> 00:08:41

on Earth, is the CATA unless if something insignificant was not useful for men such as as I said, fruitless trees are gas. Obviously, the more right view is the view which relies on the very specific Hadith. So if we have famous apparatus, and this is general, but an obvious Alola, Selim specified to Abu Musab Acharya magnesia, but not to take Okay, except from these four kinds.

00:08:42--> 00:09:04

The barley, the wheat, the dates, and the reasons so now how do we take this for now we've got these categories, how do we go about looking at the soccer for this show? You mean then you saw? Well, I mean two things which is which types again, some clarification and of course, yes, this nisab this point on is

00:09:06--> 00:09:31

the prophets Allah lohani slms in in the Hadith, which is narrated by our IRA, may Allah be pleased with him, lays a female Duna hum Sati I was looking for that. So now we're entering into a different area. Now we're not talking about the value of gold and silver and gam and, and their home and they're not we're talking about measurement

00:09:32--> 00:09:38

and what's up and what's up is similar of our sock, so also is floral

00:09:39--> 00:09:41

and wasa is a Camelot

00:09:43--> 00:09:59

and a camera load is equivalent to 60 saw and really every Muslim should be aware of these terms. Why? Because when we come to speak about sort of autofit which basically vast majority of Muslims even the poor, they

00:10:00--> 00:10:21

exchange they pay they give to each other. We speak about the PSA, when we speak about their cafaro their answer in case of not fasting Ramadan will say feeding how much. So the word saw will be very commonly used. A saw a saw is equivalent to it's a measure

00:10:22--> 00:10:26

and it is equivalent to in weight. 2.5 kilogram.

00:10:27--> 00:10:39

So if we have you have your iPad, your high tech man, I can use it. Yeah, if we have a camera load that is 60 of saw times 2.4.

00:10:41--> 00:10:43

a homeowner first one and you're 44.

00:10:45--> 00:10:46

Okay, again

00:10:47--> 00:10:48

60

00:10:50--> 00:10:52

times 2.4.

00:10:53--> 00:10:58

Yep, 144 great, times five. Okay.

00:11:00--> 00:11:03

times that by five 720.

00:11:04--> 00:11:27

Why did they say times five, because the Prophet sallallahu wasallam said lays the female Dona Hamza to soak in. So, the produce have to meet this new slump. If it is lesser than that there is no speaker on it, there is no speaker on it. But if it attains this nisab which is handset to our surplus, it's 720

00:11:28--> 00:11:56

kilogram of wheat of raising of days or barley than it is the cattle. And the care in this case will be determined according to the mean of irrigation, irrigating the field whether it was irrigated naturally or artificially. But before we go into the rate, I would like to say a very important thing.

00:11:58--> 00:12:07

People may ask, why? Hum set out? So that's the question in my mind, why this five? Where did this five come from?

00:12:09--> 00:12:18

Because the scholars look at it and he said an average family consists of three man, his wife, and maybe a child or a servant.

00:12:20--> 00:12:31

handset also the 720 kilogram of food will be sufficient for them for an entire year. Australia to live on.

00:12:32--> 00:12:51

Obviously, we're talking about average people. We're not talking about people who take a bite and throw the rest in the trash. Or the old the double burger and one liter of coke. Now we're talking about reasonable people who live with moderation, not wasteful people. So the amount of five outs

00:12:52--> 00:12:59

consists of 300 saw or approximately 720 kilogram of grains.

00:13:00--> 00:13:17

Dates are raising, it will be sufficient for a family of three to live on for an entire year. Great declaration that we're gonna take a short break now and return in a couple of minutes. Please do stay with us on the thick of Zika Salaam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh.

00:13:22--> 00:13:25

You agreed purify you well.

00:13:27--> 00:13:29

Our schools what is missing?

00:13:30--> 00:13:52

Join Dr. Mundo Mohamad in our schools, what is missing? He will be discussing the most common mistakes made in our educational systems, what type of teaching they teach him, what they say to him, what books they select for him to read, what things that he listens to, what games that he begins to play with how to perfect

00:13:53--> 00:14:12

the work in the school. Our goal is to improve our school and we'll see practical solutions from the book of Allah and the Sunnah of His Messenger. Most of the criteria for success for us had been designed for us by our creative

00:14:13--> 00:14:17

our schools, what is missing in Ramadan on Hoda TV.

00:14:27--> 00:14:59

There's so much that we can do for so many who need time, give, give, give us Salaam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh Welcome back to difficult zurka shake just on the break before we started going into the topic of crops and produce. And you give some explanation about the categories that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam spoke about and what some of the jurists speak about. Can we go on to the topic of the rate of Zakat fees cost because I know this is a very important part of understanding

00:15:00--> 00:15:23

how to go about collecting the comics. Sure, will basically the reference to that is a sound Hadith that is collected by Leonardo Hari and others and narrated by hamdulillah him Norma may Allah be pleased with him and his father. He narrated that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is a female Socrates says, Well luno elkana Arthurian, Allah Oceana

00:15:24--> 00:16:03

and I will explain what does it mean? Well, FEMA sukiya been not he knew stellar oshibori the meaning of the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam a seat on there, which was watered or irrigated by the heavens, there in water or springs or its own roots, you know, how sometimes on lakes or plants which grow because the roots are extended, and they think the water from the lakes or the rivers or creeks. So, basically, the farmer did not make much effort is sow the seed and it was irrigated by

00:16:04--> 00:16:13

the rain water springs or naturally naturally, so the carrot on that increases to one tense

00:16:15--> 00:16:15

and

00:16:16--> 00:16:17

death.

00:16:18--> 00:16:37

But if it was irrigated, the field was irrigated via mechanical means or artificial means or had to pay for water. In this case, the rate is reduced into half. So it will be an homes. newsflash, I'm sorry, it will be a newsflash which is

00:16:39--> 00:16:44

5% a 20th off of one 20th Exactly.

00:16:45--> 00:17:31

So, any irrigation which was done by a machine or the person the farmer had to pay for the water or wherever the decorate is reduced, you may ask what if it was mixed? in America for instance, you travel 1000s of miles. And you see wonders, there are huge fields, where in many cases, the farmers do not even worry about irrigating the fields, they sow the seed and they just collect on the harvest this is blessings from Allah subhanaw taala yet people do not recognize that and they turn to others with gratitude, other worshipping idols are human beings like them or whatever, this is an assignment that we see every day.

00:17:32--> 00:17:58

So, if this is the case, and it was irrigated by the rain water or naturally, there's a carrot as I said one 10th What if sometimes, the person has to supplement that by official irrigation then the scholar said then it will be halfway 7.5 7.5 or selesa two or three quarters of one 10th

00:18:01--> 00:18:02

the rate

00:18:04--> 00:18:11

will be determined on the new SOP based on as they say measure handset will also

00:18:12--> 00:18:14

can be converted into weight

00:18:15--> 00:19:01

through the previous calculation which we did before the break there are certain things which in a state of weighing or measuring there will be conjunction an approximation approximation why is that why such an approximation shift? Well first of all let me tell you in what in what plant in in the day palm trees in the dates and the grave winds take grievance okay. So, conjecture or approximation in estimating the new saw and the value or the amount of the dates or the grapes would not be via measure or wait Why?

00:19:02--> 00:19:15

Because when we come to take out this account, it will be after the days are dried up or mature harvest and grapes have become reason, right and soco accordion thumb and z

00:19:17--> 00:19:21

but normally with these foods people eat out of them

00:19:22--> 00:19:33

either before or after they are dried up. We eat the grapes as fruits on the table. And sometimes we save some to dry them up and make them raisins.

00:19:34--> 00:19:59

So by the time we consume the ripened fruits or the mature dates, and that will be recognized by it will turn to red color for the date for innocence by itself color or by the sweetness of the grapes who say it's already mature enough or ripen so we eat it as fruits by the time we consume and we will sell that how much is left

00:20:01--> 00:20:55

A great deal of it will be gone without estimating the proper value of Zakah. And that's why we tend to resort to an expertise. A person who would look at the field. And this process is called l hubs. And whenever you saw last lm did that, and that's why we're following this. And the Musa Lalanne is lm once when he was returning from the Battle of the book, and the Hadith is narrated by Abu homeaid in his ID, he said, once we want to the Prophet salasar into the writer of the book, and when we pass by a very cold, why the Torah there was a woman in her howdy or garden. So, in a real Salalah Selim say to his companions, Herschel let us estimate herzer care will hurt us or Sula he sallallahu

00:20:55--> 00:21:02

wasallam are shorter also. So, when you solo salams estimate was, that would be 10 out of

00:21:03--> 00:21:12

10 also, times 64 times 2.4 kilograms.

00:21:13--> 00:21:42

And this is the mission or conjunction will be not according to the ripen or the green fruit which we'll see will be about what will happen after this ripened fruits dried up, it will give us approximately 720 kilo or 1400 kilogram, etc. So, this is the mission, but approximation will be done by expertise and farmers have this

00:21:43--> 00:22:09

you know, privilege of knowing exactly they can even estimate once they saw the seed in sha Allah, hopefully, they will get that much out of this field and that much out of this field. Keep in mind that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said to those who do this house are conjunct conjunct conjuncture or approximation to deduct out of it, one third, or at least one fourth, for what

00:22:11--> 00:22:58

since the fruits are still on the trees are some natural disasters may happen in some of the plants the birds eat. And we know that the Prophet Salalah prayed for one who plans any fruits plants for visitations where a human being or a bird or an animal or even an insect would live on that or eat out of animal. So and abuse a lot of them say to the person who do this conjuncture to disrupt one third or one fourth for disasters or the clans, which would be ruined, and the two thirds will be the approximate remaining part after it dried up. And then when it is light up,

00:22:59--> 00:23:46

we will take out of that one 10th. If it was irrigated if the field was irrigated by the rain water or springs, or one fifth, if it was irrigated, officiating one if it was correct one that's right. Thank you for getting me or what 20th or what we call it useful or should have have what is great. Now you opened up a subject I think you did it, maybe on purpose or not. But I think I'm going to catch you on this one. The whole we haven't discussed this really shift when it comes to produce you said now, for example, when the dates are ripe or sorry, when the grapes are ripe, or the dates are now harvested. Okay. What about the rest of the crops Wednesday, Luna? Yeah, the very first

00:23:46--> 00:23:52

reference that we quoted, or the second was in verse number 141, of Swati Nana,

00:23:53--> 00:24:41

after a lot in mind at us with His favor upon us, of producing the plants, fruits and visitations is in Kowloon. In summary, the smaller were to have cuando yo Maha Samadhi and pay its view right zeca on the day of his harvest, will in this case, the same field can produce several crops in the same house or here. So the house does not apply to plants, fruits and visitations, nor does it apply to Eric as we'll add in the treasures and minerals which will be discussed later on in sha Allah as urgent. So the How will be replaced by the time of the harvest.

00:24:42--> 00:24:59

For instance, for the grains. After the husk throws, all of that and impurities are removed, and the grains are cleansed. It will be measured or weight and we'll take the proper

00:25:00--> 00:25:06

Carry with a LaRoche missile ocean one 10th or one 20th

00:25:08--> 00:25:11

not one 20th rather it will be

00:25:13--> 00:25:47

5% 5% 5% because a Laroche is 10% and newsflash is half of that, which is 5%. So, let me recap quickly in case of gold, silver, trade of goods, paper, money and banknotes, CDs and stock shares, that is only 2.5%. Okay. In case of plants and fruits, we say the Prophet sallallahu Sallam specified certain kinds

00:25:49--> 00:26:06

of Sharia will come was Avi, what come with barley, dates and raisins. There's a carry it will vary from one 10th which is 10%. If it is, if it was irrigated naturally

00:26:07--> 00:26:14

to 5%, if it was irrigated by any artificial means.

00:26:15--> 00:26:47

Again, you give us more information and very detailed information. And as always, I do recommend our viewers to take notes and look into this subject. This is a very important topic. It's a topic where more than 50 eyes of the Quran Allah revealed on this topic, something that affects every single one of us and something which is to ask the third pillar of Islam and the first maybe looking into economic system of Islam. Please join me next time on this amazing and important program. The fact of Zika Salam alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh.

00:26:53--> 00:27:03

You agreed, purify you Well, the glue round and where you live. Okay, all look good. You have to can give a little love your

00:27:05--> 00:27:21

hand somewhere hold on mouth to feed fee. There's so much that we can do for so many who are in need, give our time give, give, give ourselves no loss each and every hidden D