Channel: Mufti Menk
Series: Mufti Menk - Ramadan 2015
This Mufti Menk talk mentions about the verses of Surah An-Nisaa and the reasons of their revelations. Surah An-Nisaa is named after women and it is named so because from the very beginning Allah SWT clarified rulings regarding women and instructing men not to deceive women. The details of the incidents mentioned are worth taking a moment and thinking how we can correct ourselves. The rulings of inheritance of wealth, mahr, inheritance of women along with the situations in which these verses were revealed are mentioned in detail in this talk.
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Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.
smilla rahmanir rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam ala ala MV mursaleen Nabina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa
salam ala Medina whereby
we praise Allah subhanho wa Taala. We thank him for everything that he has blessed us with. We send blessings and salutations upon Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, his entire household and all his companions May Allah subhanho wa Taala bless them all and bless every single one of us. My brothers and sisters Surah Nisa is a surah that is named after the women. And one of the reasons why it is named after the women is from the very beginning of that surah Allah subhanho wa Taala clarifies rulings regarding women, and he instructs the menfolk not to deceive their women in so many different ways regarding marriage, as well as regarding inheritance and so many other rules and
regulations. So inshallah we will go through some of the reasons of revelation of some of these verses, and inshallah we'll commence with verse number four of sola to Nisa.
There is a narration made mention of by ibni, Kathy Rama to lay in his Deaf seal. And even though behind him,
he says that there was a time when the men used to marry women and give them what is known as a Maha Maha is a gift. It's a gift that is given from the groom to the bride. It is not a bride price, it is not a dowry, per se, but it is a gift that is given from the groom, to the bride. And it is encouraged that this gift is not something major, not something big. It's it is supposed to be something as a token, and at the same time that which acknowledges the right of ownership of a female. So some of the men, they give their women this wealth, and later on, they want it back or they use it or they claim it, you know how it is you say, you know, I need this, you know, I have to
do a business deal. And so because of that business deal, I need the money and she says I don't have money. What about the more I gave you, Allah forgive us Really? May Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us forgiveness. What about the mother? And so the woman is put into a corner and that money is taken away from her never to be seen again. It happens, doesn't it? See the men are actually nodding their heads? May Allah forgive us all. My brothers and sisters, sometimes men marry women who are wealthy and make use of their wealth without their permission. Yes, if they are to give you their permission and they are happy and they are ready to spend on you, then why not? May Allah subhanahu wa taala
grant us all in terms of goodness, but when it comes to the wealth of a female, that is her ownership, remember, you cannot just claim it without her being absolutely happy to give it to you. And this is why clarifying the position of these women and the fact that that money that you've given them, you are supposed to give them on the time that you have set you will give them don't say okay, I'm going to give you 25,000 US dollars as a mom
who wouldn't marry such a man Mashallah.
$25,000 as a man and then
the time comes and you haven't given the cent 10 years have passed it you say no, just write it down. It'll come. That's not how it's supposed to be. So Allah subhanho wa Taala says, verse number four of surah two Nisa
for you. Allah Kuma shame in hoonah for kulu, honey, Mary,
give the women the do their dowry, graciously give it to them it is there as in terms of ownership. Yes, if they were to give it to you themselves with full happiness, then you may consume from it. Otherwise you and I know it's not allowed. May Allah subhanho wa Taala help us respect our women folk.
Regarding verse number six of the same surah there is an interesting story Mata Hakuna la reported by Imam Bukhari and Muslim Rahmatullah.
Narrated by Ayesha of the Allahu anhu. She says that those who used to look after the orphans, they fell into two categories of people. Some of them were wealthy, some of them were poor. Sometimes you have your relatives who have passed away, and the children you have to look after them, they happen to be orphans. Now it's difficult because Allah has given a warning in the Quran, you know what Allah says, in Medina coluna moi Lolita marvelman, in coluna v makueni. Now, those who consumed
wealth of the often unduly they have consumed the fire of jahannam, they have consumed the fire of hell. Imagine what a stern warning. So you find people prefer not to use the wealth that belongs to the orphan, but rather use their own wealth. So you looking after the orphan child, perhaps a nephew of yours, a niece of yours, whoever it may be, and you do not use your own wealth, but some people were poor, and the poor, they found it difficult to look after the the orphans, sometimes the well being of these orphans, it costs money. Nowadays, people might be talking about costs of school fees, perhaps medical expenses, various other expenses and so on. So Allah subhanho wa Taala makes
it quite simple for us all. I shall the law says, this verse was revealed, in order to give the permission to the one who is slightly poorer, to take, in due measure from the wealth of the orphan. Now, where will the orphan have got the wealth from? Well, if the father died and left behind the wealth, they should be having something and you should be perhaps a guardian of that wealth, you're not allowed to just claim from that wealth, the wealth of the orphan that might have come into your hands because you happen to be a guardian, you're not allowed to just consume that wealth, No, you cannot just have it for yourself, but the expenses that you may have in terms of looking after the
child, you can claim it from that amount, remember this. So Allah says clearly,
woman can avani
failure status, woman can affect
failure could've been
the one who is wealthy, he should try and abstain. You don't need to take from that orphans. Well, you are wealthy Allah has given you money. Look after the orphan and for you is Jenna. But for a person who is poor, Allah says you may consume from that wealth in that which is common that which is known that which is the norm. So don't think to yourself, okay, I'm going to charge rental for this home of mine, but all of you are living in there anyway. May Allah subhanho wa Taala, forgive us, and May He grant us enlightenment with this beautiful verse.
Verse number 11, of Surah An Nisa Allah subhanho wa Taala makes mention of the verses of inheritance. They are two separate incidents, the one which is the common incident regarding the main part of the verse, where it is reported in sunan. Abi Dawood as well, as soon as the tyranny V and Imam Ahmed has made mention of it, in his Muslim hadith of jabil of the Allah when he says the wife of Saudi Arabia or the Allahu anhu, came to the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam with the complaint, what was the complaint, or messenger, I am the wife of Saudi Arabia rhodiola. As you know, he has been martyred in the Battle of Orford, he has left behind only two daughters,
and their uncle, meaning the brother of Saudi Arabia, he claimed all their wealth, so they have nothing, we need money for them in order for them to get married. And I need money to look after them and so on. This wealth is needed. Here comes the brother, he claimed the wealth and he's gone.
Now, my brothers and sisters, let's pause for a moment look at the sister or it's a sabya, sister of ours in faith, much higher than us in rank, obviously, the wife of Saudi Arabia, dalla Han. She's complaining. Similar complaints come to us today where people say oh, the sisters say my brother has taken the bulk of the money. They're not giving it to me. These people haven't distributed the inheritance. 30 years have passed. May Allah forgive us? If you want your books to be sealed and closed properly sought out the matters of inheritance no matter what. May Allah forgive those who have passed away and May Allah forgive us too.
We are not allowed to leave the wealth that belongs to others in our own hands. It doesn't belong to us and we say No, we'll sort it out. Don't worry, we just brothers and sisters, when do you know how do you know when you're going to die? How do you know what Allah has in store for you? May Allah subhanho wa Taala help us learn a lesson. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said wait until Allah dictates or decides and Allah subhanho wa Taala review the verses you will see como la houfy Allah de
la creme if no have been
saying the verses of inheritance starting from verse number 11 of Surah Nisa
making mentioned very clearly that Allah has instructed you to distribute the inheritance in a certain way you have no say how that inheritance will be distributed. It is Allah who has declared what will happen to it. Allah has given each person the leeway of up to one third to decide whom they would like to give for as long as the person they want to give is not an error that has been declared by Allah subhanho wa Taala. These rules are very deep and I think we need to learn them the
rules and laws of inheritance affect every single one of us. So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam calls their uncle and says, give two thirds to these girls Subhana Allah 66.6% two thirds should go to these girls, and then you can deal with the rest. Subhana Allah. This was the verse of Allah subhanho wa Taala. I want to pause for a moment. The verse says, Li rockery mythical hub will contain which means for a male is double the share of a female. A lot of people find fault with the verses of the Quran in terms of inheritance, not realizing Islam, and Sharia is a system and a way of life. If you were to follow it correctly, you would understand the correctness of this beautiful
distribution. In Islam, a female is always to be looked after financially, by her closest male relative, be it a father, or an adult son or a husband. Those are the closest in terms of relation. If they do not exist, then the brother if he does not exist, then one of the uncles It is your duty to look after the female who is closest related to you in terms of food, clothing and accommodation. Did you know that it's supposed to come from your wealth? It is your responsibility. The problem is today, the men don't do it. You know what they do? They claim from the wealth of that woman to say, you know what, let's go half half. Now Allah Subhana Allah, Allah forgive us. Now Allah subhanho wa
Taala. Bless us. So at the time prior to Islam, women were being inherited, and they were bought and sold, perhaps we will see it in the next few verses. And Islam came in and not only abolished all that, but what happened is, Allah subhanho wa Taala said, How dare you consider women commodities? In fact, they are to be owners of commodities, just like you are, they cannot be considered a piece of merchandise to be thrown from side to side, never a woman has a status, even though she does not need the money in Islam, why does she not need it? Because moments ago, we just said the closest male relative should be looking after her basic needs. That's Islam. She doesn't need it. But look
how beautiful Islam is, the more distant that male relative is, the bigger her shape becomes amazing. If you have a brother with you, then you share it in a way that he gets W and he's supposed to look after you from that wealth. As for what you got, as a female, it's only yours to keep and perhaps to save to invest in maybe to spend on something when you want to spoil yourself a little bit here and they come easy. But when it comes to the person related to you being an uncle being a distant relative, then you either get half if you are one female, or you get two thirds if you're more than one amazing two thirds, there is no share in the Sheree shares of inheritance, which goes
up to 66.6%. Except for females. Did you know that? Allah subhanho wa Taala help us? May Allah grant us a deep understanding. So Allah subhanho wa Taala revealed these verses, and he clarified the position. So clearly, for every one of us, there is justice in Islam. And I want to perhaps give you an example by figures for you to understand, saying if a person passes away, leaving behind
$75,000 50,000 would go to the son and 25 to the daughter, if he's left behind only one son and one daughter, the 25,000 that went to the daughter is hers alone, nobody can tamper with it whatsoever. She can pack it invested, do what she wants with it Alhamdulillah her basic needs, she must still go to the same brother who claimed 50,000 and must tell him listen, you need to pay for my food, clothing and accommodation. And on top of that he must look after his wife and his children. So if he's got about eight dependents or 10, divide the 50,000 by 10. You only get 5000 each, she's sitting with 25 plus the other five, do you see the justice of Islam where a woman is raised so
high, but people who don't know the entire system? They come to you and tell you look you're getting a smaller share and the women stand up and they say Islam is oppressed us May Allah subhanho wa Taala help us understand that in fact Islam has raised you higher than you can imagine. Now Allah forgive us, there is a hadith in Sahih al Bukhari narrated by Jabberwocky Allah when he says I was unconscious, very sick on my deathbed and the Prophet sallallahu wasallam visited me with Abu Bakr Siddiq, Allah Allah and the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam saw me in this condition, and he called for some water he made to do with the water. Then he took some of the water and he sprinkled it on
my face, and I gained consciousness. And when I gained consciousness I asked him or messenger, what should I do with my wealth? Imagine on his deathbed he's worried my money, my wealth that I've got, what should I do? Do you know why he was so worried? He was from amongst those who's termed callala in the Arabic language collapse.
means Malala della who wala wallet, one who does not have children, and he does not have parents, just him and perhaps his wife, he doesn't have children. He doesn't have parents what should happen to me I am kallada. So Allah subhanho wa Taala revealed versus clarifying the issue of callala. These verses are also made mention of they are separated into two different places the end of the surah as well as here where the verses of inheritance are made mention of war in Guanajuato you
notice the tomb Kala Allah, Allah is making mention of how the brothers and the Sisters of this person come into the equation and how to split the wealth between the brothers and the sisters. Like at the end of the surah Allah says yes Stef tunic they are asking you asking you about what about calella
Colin, who you have to
tell them Allah will give you the fatwa Allah will give you the ruling regarding kill Allah and then it continues to say exactly how if there is one sister She will get half, two sisters they get two thirds if they are sisters and brothers they will share it and so on. And if they are brothers and sisters only from a mother and they are not real brothers and sisters in terms of sharing both parents Then there is another way of distribution. This is amazingly made mention of in great detail in the Quran. May Allah Subhana Allah Allah grant us a deep understanding. Verse number 19 of Surah An Nisa, Allah subhanho wa Taala speaks about something very interesting something bad that used to
happen that was abolished by Islam. According to Abdullayev now but for the long run the Hadith has made mention of in Al Bukhari, in sunan, Abu Dawood as well as soon and unnecessary. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam at his time, just prior to when this ruling was actually made clear. When a man dies, his wife was literally inherited by the brother, or by a family member of the men. And he had the first option to marry her. And she didn't have a C, she had to get married to the brother because she would have had the children of the brother who's now deceased. So they had a culture whereby the brother needs to marry that woman because they wanted to protect the rest of the
children that belong to the same home and Allah subhanho wa Taala revealed versus abolishing that to say no, when a man passes away, it's the choice of the woman what she wants to do. You cannot come and say that look, this is what will happen. She has a say she is a human being. Look at how Islam has raised the status of a woman from that oppressive culture. Allah subhanho wa Taala comes up verse number 19 of Surah Nisa. Yeah, are you Hannah Vina Amano La Jolla como de Missa.
O you who believe you are not allowed to inherit the women against their will inheriting women? May Allah subhanho wa Taala forgive us. So this was also abolished in a beautiful way by Allah subhanho wa Taala. I give you verse number 22 of the same surah also connected to the oppression against women, and how Allah subhanho wa Taala abolished it.
There was another very bad culture and the culture was if a man has had children, when he passes away, if he has a wife, one of the children who does not belong to that woman would actually marry that woman. Did you hear what I just said? Let me try and explain it to you a little bit more simply. If a man has had more than one wife, the children of one wife, the male, the males, the adults from the one wife would marry the other one. When the father passes away, Islam came in and abolished it completely and totally and calls it Felicia, Felicia meaning immoral immorality, it's unacceptable. She is the wife of your father come what may she remains your Muharram Allahu Akbar,
look at this. A woman didn't have a choice. She was just, you know, thrown from pillar to post. And when Islam came to liberate her, they said, nowadays they say Islam is actually enslaved a woman. So we'll go back in history and see May Allah subhanho wa Taala help us understand. So according to some narrations, the ration that is made mentioned of in Baia, Bharani in El Kabir, and even Nabil Hatem has also spoken of the same narration in some of the narrations and name is mentioned. Some of them a name is not mentioned, but let's say the name. There was a man called Abreu case he passed away and his son pace, told his other wife that Listen, I need to marry you.
She said I consider you a child man. I consider you a son. I was married to your father. So she rushed to Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam complaining and so Allah subhanho wa Taala revealed beautiful versus straightforward, direct, clean cut to the point
While Kiko Menaka
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Sabina do not marry those whom your father has married. Lo Akbar. Those who your parents, your father, grandfather and so on going up the ladder have married, you're not allowed to marry them. They are your Muharram Allah subhanho wa Taala says, It is indeed very bad, it is immoral, it is sinful. And it is a very bad path. May Allah subhanahu wa taala help us respect the family members of ours, our parents and all the others. And may Allah subhanho wa Taala help us and protect us all from any form of immorality. May Allah subhanho wa Taala bless us and grant us Jenna I mean,
another very interesting verse, another story, verse number 32, of Surah Nisa, Allah subhanho wa Taala speaks of something amazing. And narration in Sudan, the tirmidhi reported by almost Santa Maria Lohan, her, she says, some of the women raised a complaint, saying the men are the only ones who can join the army. See the army joined by men only. In terms of the combat in the front rows, the men only the women have a different role to play.
And they complained as well about this issue of wealth, the issue of inheritance, obviously, it was explained to them and they knew it later on. But it is reported that some of them names are not mentioned. They raised the meta, but before it could go any further, Allah subhanho wa Taala reviewed versus explaining to us something interesting, before I say the verse, that's verse number 32 of the surah.
I want to say something, are you a male by choice? The answer is no. Are you a female by choice? The answer is no. Who decided that you will be male or female, it is Allah and Allah alone, he who made me chose a path for me, He who made me chose my agenda. And that's it. It's Allah subhanho wa Taala, who chose it and the believer surrenders. A believer understands that Allah has placed on the shoulders of the males a certain role to play shoulders of the female certain roles to play. And Allah subhanho wa Taala has kept us equal in terms of our link with him, but physically, we are different, emotionally we are different. And in a few other ways, we may be different, but that does
not mean we are not equal in terms of humanity. It does not mean we are not equal in terms of spirituality and closeness to Allah subhanho wa Taala there are certain acts of worship that a woman can engage in, that will earn her closeness to Allah subhanho wa Taala that a male does not have the opportunity to engage in, for example, bearing children, for example, going through the monthly cycle, and so on. If these things happen with the supper and the patience and forbearance for the sake of Allah subhanho wa Taala the woman will actually have such a high status which men can actually go through these great acts of worship, known as the suburb upon what Allah has tested them
So there are different roles to play Allah subhanho wa Taala says Walla
Walla, la hooby Baba kumala do not wish for that which Allah has favored one gender over another. don't wish for that. Don't say Oh, you know what? It's so bad to be a female it's so bad I'm actually upset and hurt. No, we might want to say Mashallah, Allah has favored males in this Masha Allah Allah has favored females in this and unhemmed Allah Allah has done this for a female and Allah has done this for a male. It's a last choice he chose he knows why let us fall under his system and plan and let us understand, do not become depressed because of your gender. May Allah subhanho wa Taala help us understand Alhamdulillah Remember, the restrictions are very limited. In
fact, some people take it beyond limits. A lot of people use religion in order to oppress the females without understanding that in actual fact, it is more culture that may be oppressing the female, then religion, religion liberates a woman may Allah subhanho wa Taala help us and grant us the true understanding of the term liberation. I mean,
verse number 51, of Surah Nisa
in Sudan and Maasai, according to a hadith narrated by bus or the Allah when he says there was a man known as capital Ashraf, he was a Jewish man and he used to swear Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he was a poet and he used to utter disgusting words against the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. One
He visited Mecca, Tomoko Rama. Now let me put you into the picture. You have Christians, you have Jews, you have Muslims, and you have Moshe x Muslims of the polytheists. Right? Those who are closest in terms of the concept of godhood, the Jews and the Muslims, did you know this, the Jewish people and the Muslims in terms of who they worship and the oneness of Allah subhanho wa Taala, they happen to be the closest, thereafter comes the Christians, we have the Christians different, they have different in terms of the Trinity, in terms of the crucifixion, that they claim in terms of Jesus, they claim being the son of God, whereas we say he's the Messenger of Allah subhanho wa
Taala. And they say he died for the sins of everyone else. Whereas we say, each person is forgiven directly by Allah, Allah does not need to kill off someone in order to forgive the rest of humanity. Rather, Allah can forgive us without killing anyone. So that's the Muslim belief. Now, if you take a look at the polytheists, they are very far very far from the concept of godhood of these three phase. So if we were to be discussing with a Jewish with a Jewish person, we would be speaking about a God that we would both be understanding, because they do believe in oneness to a great degree. And this is why if you ask the Jewish who are knowledgeable, they will tell you we are allowed to pray
in a mosque, but we are not allowed to pray in a church because in the mosque, you won't find all these statues and so on and they worship one God, whereas in the church, they have statues and so on. And they worship a trinity. That's something you can go and ask and find out and you will see it's correct.
So carpal tunnel I should have meets the machine of Mecca. And they happen to tell him Hey, you know that man in Medina whose day he claims that he's better than us yet we have the scabbia we have the Zamzam. We are the ones who hold the keys. Here we are the important ones and look at what he is saying. So Kevin Ashraf says yes, you are indeed better than him and what he is calling towards that statement was false. Because he should have been honest and said, Look, I might differ with him but he's calling out to one God and so I worship one God as well. So we are closer than we are to you to them. But because he uttered this word,
Allah subhanho wa Taala clarifies this
and he says, lm Tara lol Latina una si BAM in El kita manana Nabeel GBT
una de la de una una de Manila Nina Manu, Sabina. Ooh, La La La Nina, Houma LA. Do you see
those from amongst the people who have been granted some knowledge of the book, referring here to Calvin, Ashraf, and the likes, remember the wording is very broad. So it can include an example that may follow later on. So Allah subhanho wa Taala says, You see these people
they believe in superstition, and deities besides a law,
those who have knowledge of the book, yet they want to believe in superstition, and they want to believe in false deities.
That which is false besides Allah subhanho wa Taala they're worshiping everything else. And Allah says, Do you see how they are telling the kuffaar that those meaning those believers, those Muslims are further away, you are more rightly guided than they are. Allah says because of that false hood, they have been cursed. Allah has cursed him. May Allah not curse us. A point I have learned in terms of lesson from this beautiful verse number one. abstain from believing in superstition, superstitious matters, lay your trust in Allah subhanho wa Taala and go beyond
and worship Allah and Allah alone and understand the differences that we have with other faiths. May Allah subhanho wa Taala help us understand and May Allah subhanho wa Taala help us appreciate the goodness that we happen to be in.
Then we have a beautiful story inshallah I will leave it for tomorrow, by the will of Allah subhanho wa Taala. We will start off with the story of the key of the cabin. It is an amazing story. There are several narrations one narrated by a Wahidi in his book known as Babel, newzoo reasons of Revelation and the others made mention of By
the way, and a few others inshallah will mention both of those narrations and I want to speak about earth's magnetic metal and earth man, it may be the difference between the two. And when they accepted Islam and the confusion. May Allah subhanho wa Taala help us understand the lives of these beautiful companions. Allah chose them in order to go through all these incidents so that the Quran would be revealed so that it could come to us in a beautiful way where we have a story behind almost all of the verses of the Quran. May Allah bless you all may Allah grant you all
Goodness and myself included until we meet again are sallallahu wasallam albaraka Allah and Mohammed Subhana labmd Hispanic Allahumma behenic shadow Allah Allah Allah and anastasiou kawana Doughboy Lake