The Monumental Tafsir As Sa’di #16
Channel: Moutasem al-Hameedy
File Size: 66.97MB
I mean, salat wa salam weekly halacha tafsir Imam Abdul Rahman said you're hanging along to Allah and our short commentary on it. So as usual we will start with reading
the first part of the surah and some of the Tafseer and then brother Young will read the English media light out of a learning ministry upon arrival James Manuel Rahim either Sinha Winship caught what are the love behind the hook but what Even Obama that well parts Murthy Howard Khaled are the nuts will not be our hope but yeah, you had an insert in Africa The hyung Isla Rebecca Ken Ham from Olathe, an OT Akita but who will be a meanie for Sophia you herself or herself and you see when Kalibo Isla Hamish Rula Imam an OT Akita who are of a hurry here for Sophia to rule to war. Well yes Allah sorry Allah you in a hole in the hole canopy must draw in a hole and the hole Bella in Nevada
who cannot be here.
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Tata mozaffarian melachim Aleem la Yasi emra What are you Holly for hook now?
Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim.
Surah Al in Chicago.
Here Allah subhanaw taala explains what will happen on the Day of Resurrection of changes to mighty heavenly bodies. When the heaven is sent asunder, that is when it splits apart. It stars and other heavenly bodies are scattered, and the Sun and Moon cease to shine and hurricanes unto its Lord that is it heeds is command His command and listens out for what he will say. And in truth, it must do so for it is subjugated and under the control of a mighty sovereign, whose command is not to be disobeyed, and whose rule is not to be opposed.
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And when the earth is leveled, that is it will be shaken and its mountains will be scattered away. All structures or landmarks will be made to tumbled down and Allah subhanaw taala will spread it out like a leather mat until it becomes very wide and spacious in order to accommodate all those who will stand before him despite their huge numbers. Thus it will become a smooth level plain in which you will see no depression or elevation and cast forth all that it contains of the dead and of treasures and becomes empty. The Trumpet will be sounded and the dead will come forth from their graves to the surface of the earth. The earth will bring forth its treasures until they become like
great columns which people will see and will regret what they used to compete for.
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And hurricanes on Twitch Lord as it as in truth it must, then oh man who toils constantly until you meet your Lord. That is you are toiling doing good or bad deeds until you meet your Lord. Then on the Day of Resurrection, Allah will certainly require you on the basis of grace if you are among the blessed or on the basis of justice if you are among the doomed, hence you
He mentions the details of the acquittal as for the one who is given his records of the deeds in his right hand this refers to the blessed
for so for your handsome oh he sadly you see a lot with zero and Allah He for your career Oh hula who be the newbie he had
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He will have an easy reckoning which will be an easy discussion of his deeds before Allah. Allah will make him admit his sins until when he thinks that he is doomed. Allah subhanho wa Taala will say to him, I conceal them for you in the previous world and I will conceal them for you today. And he will go back to his family in paradise rejoicing because he has been saved from punishment and has attained reward. Well, Imam and oto kita Hua Avari ABC met him in Hawaii for Sophia Ruth Ebola in an fizzy willfully hottie one educator behaving and are madly in love to condemn her Well I'm here to Mina where your Salah sorry Allah a to hate will be history roaming the journey where you
Allah boo and when you collaborate either either way you can love or other other we have a daddy Kellyanne who feed dunya can Hema Surah ly have to roll back throughout the valley here Welcome. Welcome Yagoona Horologium era be women often been a de Bella in Nairobi who can behave as Lila fellow yes or no and your Troika who Sudha the UMA wala Yoon, ha when are you thought about what are you Thurber What are you
as for the one who has given his record of deeds from behind his back, that is in his left hand from behind, he will call out wishing for death because of disgrace and shame and what he will find in his records of the record of deeds that he has sent forth and did not repent from and he will enter the raging fire that is the raging fire will surround him on all sides and he will suffer different kinds of punishment there. This that is because of in this world he lived rejoicing among his family, and the resurrection never crossed his mind. He did evil deeds and never thought that he would be brought back to his Lord and would be made to stand before him. Namely, he will indeed
return to Him for His Lord was always watching him so it is not appropriate for Allah to leave him without purpose with no commands or prohibitions and no reward or punishment.
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him to the unwanted baby daddy whether they can actually no matter your corn works SMMA corn wax Ramana Afia Well, most of them already here probably hold a total kabuna a nurse Baba, Baba.
Here Allah swears by the signs of the night. He swears by the Twilight which is the remnant of sunlight that signals the onset of night. And by the night and what it brings together of animals and other things. And by the moon when it is full. That is when the light of the moon is at his brightest. When it is full, that is when it is at its most beautiful and is of the greatest benefit
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What is attested to by this oath is
You all humankind will surely progressed from stage to stage, that that is you will pass through several stages, from a sperm drop to a clinging clot to a lump of flesh until the soul is breathed into the developing fetus. Then he will become an infant and child, then he reaches the age of discernment, then he becomes accountable and subject to commands and prohibitions. Then after that he dies then he will be resurrected and recruited for his deeds. These various stages that the human being goes through indicate that Allah alone is divert deserving of worship is to be affirmed as one and is in control of his slaves by his wisdom and mercy, and that the human being is in need and is
helpless subject to the control of the Almighty most Merciful. Yet despite that many people do not believe and when the Quran is restricted to them, they do not prostrate to Allah. That is they do not submit to the Quran or comply with its commands and prohibitions.
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Rather, those who disbelieve insist on rejecting the Quran that is they stubbornly rejected the truth after it has become clear. So it should come as no surprise that they do not believe and do not submit to the Quran. For the one who stubbornly rejects the truth is a hopeless cause. But Allah knows best what they harbor in their hearts of ill feelings. That is what they do and intend in secret for Allah knows what they conceal in their hearts, and what they do openly, and he will requite them for their deeds. Hence, he says, so give them the tidings of a painful punishment. The word translated here as giving tight and giving tidings reflects the fact that tidings have an
effect on the skin, showing either happiness or distress. This is how most people are, they reject the Quran and do not believe in it. But among humankind are some whom Allah has guided. So they believe in Allah and accept what the messenger is brought. They believe and do righteous deeds, it is they who will have a never ending reward, that is no one that will never cease. Rather, it isn't an eternal reward, such as No eye has seen, no ear has heard, nor has it ever crossed the mind of man.
Zack along okay, so assaulted in Chicago, again, one of those sources that are named by something that happens or main feature on the day of judgment. And in Chicago, it is summer, it has the mountain shortcut, when the skies split, an open crack, and they split open. And what that means that the world as we know it will change. And that's the main feature of the of the Hereafter your motto, but there will always be was an hour when things change, the Earth changes, the sky changes. And that's just again, a clear sign that things are not going to be the same. It's the beginning of a new phase of existence, a new world where things are going to be set, right? And good is going to
be separated from falsehood, because in this world, by the way, this world is a mixture between good and evil. In the hereafter, they will have to be separated. Allah says li Amis Allahu Habiba in a way, Allahu Allah, for your Kumar who Vijay me and me and Phaedra Allahu Fijian, that Allah Subhana Allah will set apart the good from evil at all levels, deeds, intentions, people, things, objects, everything that is evil will be set apart from what is good. And then Allah will put evil on top of each other. And then Allah will throw it in the Hellfire because that's the only place where evil can be undone.
That's the only way to deal with evil is to throw it in the
Hellfire will be offset to the hellfire. So.
So Allah subhanaw taala, again is with these words capturing your attention as to horrifying things are going to happen on the day of judgment and the discreet creation of the skies. And again, we don't even know how far they reach and how big they really are, this is going to crack and it's going to open it's going to submit to its Lord and obey Him, come in obedience to Him, the same happens to the earth, it will crack open, open asunder, and things in it will be brought out. So what's in the earth, which is dead people, and everything that is in the earth, everything in terms of
metals, treasures, good things, bad things all going to be laid bare, and it shows that it seems to suggest again, some scholars of Tafseer mentioned that they said that the Earth itself, you know, all of the layers of the earth will be put at one level. So there's nothing the earth will not hide anything, it will be spread thin at one layer, so everything will be exposed. And that's also reminiscent of what's going to happen to human beings as Allah says, warehously learn after pseudo what's in the chest also, just like the earth will be brought out, laid bare where everyone can see it. Everything and this is what the solar Subhanallah closes with the same notion where Allah says
Allah Who Bhima you will own
the first number 23
Yeah, 23 Allahu Allah will be my own and Allah knows what they harbor your own comes from the roots. And that's a good good linguistic benefits. You will own from the verb well
what are what is what I mean?
Well, those who know Arabic were what this word as past mean.
Yeah, yes, that's an advanced meaning, why is to comprehend something internalize it harboring insight, especially of knowledge.
available, we are all in me. And there is a Hadith over some scholars question its authenticity, a little Kulu bow our ear to lie if you only the hearts or the vessels, we are is a vessel or a pot or a container, that can have things harbor things inside of it.
this is why we we are is a container it contains things, the heart is a container.
And earlier, earlier, someone who memorized the Quran in the early generations if they wanted to, they didn't use the word half of as much as we use it today. Sometimes it was used, but commonly they would say what
what? Meaning he memorize the Quran, he learns the Quran, why he contained the Quran in his heart. Okay, what?
So Allah Subhan Allah to Allah says Allah Who Adam will be made when only Allah knows what's in their hearts, when they hide in the hearts, and Allah is going to bring it on the Day of Judgment. Again, for everyone to see it will be exposed. Then Allah Subhana Allah says how the Day of Judgment is going to unfold for Imam and OTFT turbo via mean if it's over your head, why 70 ICLR those who receive their book the record of their deeds in the right hand.
Then their account the reckoning in Allah questions them about everything, right? I gave you this, what did you do with it? Everything. Imagine everything in your life big and small, you will be asked about it. Everything.
Every simple thing. And you can even say like every second, every minute in your life will be questioned about it. What did you do with it? Imagine how long it's going to take. How long it's going on today.
Allah is going to ask and this is why we're called Omari huddle. Kita Vilanova de Rosario Ratan Allah KB rotten IL.
And why? They say, you know, what's it with this book that it doesn't leave anything. It covers everything. It mentions everything big and small. It's mentioned everything.
Some of the, I think the Sahaba the Companions, they said the book mentions even the wink of an eye.
The wink of an eye is mentioned in the book. And again, if it's intentional, if it means something, you will be questioned about it because it's one of the actions or the deeds. So you wink in order to you know, you could insult someone right? Or you could actually
send a friendly
He sort of, you know,
message to someone with a wink, right? So, what did you mean by that? That's a deed Oh, that's an action that you will be questioned about.
And everything. And this is why this call is said, This is why there is an original from the Prophet SAW Salem. You had holo for Allah Almighty Allah and Jana Abdullah and we have seen at the end.
So the poorer people in my OMA will intergender 500 years before the rich ones. This is not an invitation to be poor or anything. No, but why some of the Sahaba I believe, they said, because the rich ones, they had more money, so the audit is going to take longer.
The audit is going to take longer. So the hisab is going to take long and that's why they will not the
the the poorer people, you know, the records they say
Shimla who have
Kana have even Hemley they didn't have much to account for to explain, right. So whatever they had, it can be dealt with quickly. And that's it, they go to the ultimate destination, whereas the the other ones, they have to have to use unmanly mean a Enactus about what FEMA and everything you had every penny you had. Where did you meet? How did you make it? What is the source halal or haram? Doubtful.
How did you spend it? Each one? So how long is that going to take? Audit? You know when CRA audits you?
It's very stressful, right? It takes a long it could take a long time. All the details it could uncover everything. So imagine with Allah subhanaw taala
and this is why I should have Allah and Hannah reads from the prophets of Salaam, howdy, Manu Vishal hisab them here who is question strongly
questions strongly interrogated in their reckoning and their hisab they are punished in some of the commentaries on this hadith they say is not punished in the in the in the hellfire, but just this questioning. Detailed questioning itself is so heavy on itself is so difficult. So that's what the idea of is
fair inshallah. So this person who receives their record in the right hand these are righteous people the good people.
for sofa, fundamental to your club will be m&a for sale for your house about a seven year CLR their account will be easy, smooth, things will go smoothly. So that's a great, a great again, a great early signs about these people were unbelievable Isla de Mistura, you know, when you receive the results of your exam or your pass your driving test or whatever. Who do you want to share the news with? Right with your family, you're gonna call them
in the past when there were no phones, there were no social media, people can't wait to go back home and show everyone this is that you know, I got this I got that. So Subhanallah believers, they would wish they would wish as soon as they receive the good news, what's this is eternal success. There's no success like this. So when they receive this, they want to share it with the believers among their family. They want to return to their family to their or their parents, to their spouse to their children. You know, I made it, I made it. I'm safe from balefire
like there's no concern after that. So obviously they want to share the news and it shows some Hala the social nature nature of humans the prophets Allah Salam in the hadith of Robin as it collected by the man within Muslim and the Sunnah, some of it in a sunnah.
The prophets I mentioned about when the believer
is in the grave and when they is questioned by the angels mandrup book, Medina metropolo for Roger de la libre FFA three questions who's your Lord? What you religion? What do you say about the man who was sent to you? And he answers his grave will open as far as the eye can see and there is a window to his place in paradise opens up
so the Hadith theologian goes for your code or
least for Aubuchon, so he says in the grave Oh Allah, make the hour come so I can go and meet my family and tell them about this. Give them the good news.
Okay, well amendment oto kita bahawa Allah hurry as those people the opposite now
Those who neglected Allah in this life, those who just went for entertainment, just went for profit, this went for pleasure. This, you know, surrendered and succumbed to the desires, lower desires of themselves ourselves without knowing Allah without loving Allah without fearing Allah without obeying Allah without living a life in devotion to Allah subhanaw taala. What happens to these people, maybe some of them were poor, miserable in this life, some of them were rich, and they were enjoying themselves. And they were just again, from one country to the other, maybe they possessed a lot of things. Maybe they possessed beautiful houses, and they traveled everywhere, and maybe
everyone loved them, appreciated them and respected them. And all of that is irrelevant. All of that is nonsense. You know, those among you who let's say in their late 30s 40s 50s 60s, you know, you studied some things in school, that you never came across again, right? And you say, what a waste of time, there are things they taught us in school that I never needed them in life, I never, I never even encountered them in life. Right? They were irrelevant. They were literally a waste of time. Everything other than Allah and what leads us to Allah on the Day of Judgment is just going to sound like that everyone event
So those people who live their life ignorant of Allah, negligent of Allah and just concerned about their desires and their personal glory in their building, their greatness, their legacy, their empire, their success, right their reputation, whatever that is.
That was their life. But they didn't give Allah his weight. They forgot about Allah. So on those on the these people are going to receive their books.
What amendment OTF turbo Bishi Maliki with the left hand
and Allah mentioned some other detail here What a moment or two yaki turbo Allah Allah hurry, whoever receives his book with his hand behind his back, so it's not only the left hand, but even the way they will receive it, they have to twist their hand in the back which is very inconvenient, very painful sometimes as well and receive the books in this very awkward weird position. And this is just the beginning of a disaster is destiny. So a moment Oto koterba who are other hurry for Sophia do with Ebola football has whoa upon myself, you know, when everything falls, falls apart, destroyed, you lose everything. In the past, people used to go to the sand and just throw sand on
their face. People now slap themselves and rip their clothes, right? People scream and well and destroy things now.
That's what football is. Football is complete loss that cannot be fixed at all. That's done, done forever. We had the Ebola virus last that era. And he will enter the Hellfire the burning blazing healthcare, in the whole canopy. Aurora, when he was in the dunya, with his family, with his people, with his friends, whatever with his group and click, he was joyful one, cracking jokes and laughing their heads off and, you know, doing this and entertaining that and, and drinking this and watching this and messing with that and so on and so forth. Don't playing beautiful life, happy life. And a lot of these people, by the way, are on social media, and they promote and market their lifestyle,
to market their lifestyle. Be like me.
Thanks. So you don't judge things by their beginnings. It's just them by how they buy that ends.
But how by how they, you know, turn out to be on the Day of Judgment.
Where it's less, I don't know kind of he added a muscle over in more than a year. He thought he would never return. He thought he will never return to Allah. And how old How old are your whole is to return.
Now the lonely hole
brother in law who cannot behave as a euro? No, indeed his lord was
watchful over him. Allah knows everything he sees everything he lets you do, he lets you mess around. But you know, Allah says we're only gonna give them let them let them mess around. Let them do whatever they want. I took a gave you the truth I first place the truth in you as a fitrah as a sound, heart and judgment.
And then I send you my revelation to remind you and awaken this
we can this within you. So the message is within you and from outside of you. And
and I sent messengers to remind you and I created the whole world as you were
reminder that reminds you of me and of your, the purpose of your creation. So all of that, you know, you ignored all of that this could not be an innocent position could never be an innocent position. And we should not fall for this trap by the way, we should not it's human nature to search, have you? For example, can you say, oh, there is an innocent person he never knew about food or drink, and he never felt the urge to it, and thus, he died
out of malnutrition. Does this make sense?
Does it make sense unless the person obviously has some serious, you know, problem with their head? Right? But how would it make sense? Or, you know, this person doesn't know about food. He doesn't know that he can only survive and live by consuming nutrients and drinking water. And thus, he neglected nutrition and he died. Does that make sense? It doesn't make sense. We are programmed inside of us to seek a lawn worship Him and love Him and 110 more than we are programmed to seek food and drink.
And when we don't get that our hearts ache, they feel the pain, the struggle and they suffer.
Am I the only one feeling hot or is everyone
are some AC
we're talking about the hellfire and lungs that
the Prophet SAW Selim said
Stick it in il Allah azza wa jal. The Hellfire complained to Allah, Allah thrombey Aquila, Alibaba, and it said, Oh Allah, you know, I've started to eat myself. It's burning. It's burning itself. Forever in Allahu xojo la ha. Be Nefertiti owner katine. Allah allowed it to vents.
Why the tune for sleep for sleeping off Ishida Netherton for sleep on effort on fish eater.
One vent and winter and One vent in summer.
For that occasion do Matthew do in a minute zoom here one minute.
He says this is when you know cold weather peaks in winter because Hellfire people think it's only fire. No Hellfire is extreme heat with extreme cold. Them Harrier is the other one.
So it vents in summer the hottest day in summer that has to do with the hellfire. Now can you catch this with physics? No way. It's a different dimension of existence. All right. So, okay.
So Allah Subhan Allah, Allah says, Allah is aware of all of them. Then Allah says,
lateral Kabul Nakaba, Callaghan Babak, you should go through stages, and life is made of stages. Life is made of stages. And sometimes humans get in a in a state or a phase, and they don't see what's beyond it. And this is when humans get blind. So a child things that always be a child, a teenager things will always be a teenager or you things they will always be young, not realizing you know that unnoticeably you know, age is going to creep on you time is going to creep on you and you will, in the blink of an eye you find yourself old and you find death is right around the corner.
So this life can easily be deceived by that nature. So let's talk about another block and unblock throughout your life. You go through stages stages, the most important thing is that you stages or these phases, lead you to Jannah That's it. That's the point. One thing I wanted to comment on at the beginning Allah says verse number six Yeah, you went in naka de Haan in Arabic a kid and family are they here? This is something we spoke about previously.
Oh man, you're going to struggle toil, your path to Allah. And here's why we said life is not easy. Life is not easy at all.
Life is challenging by its very nature, its test and test the nature of the test. It's testing. It has to test you it has to be inconvenient. It has to shake your round. It has to squeeze you. That's the nature of a test. So we shouldn't expect anything else from life. And people's tests are different. By the way, someone who experience like suffers physical pain. They think Oh, no one is like me. When they look at other people who struggle psychologically, let's say all these people don't know what pain really is. Whereas people who who struggle psychologically they say I wish I can only struggle physically it's much easier.
but you know, even people who will lead a very, very easily, you know, people get traumatized because of physical abuse, emotional abuse, psychological abuse, whatever the reason of that is okay. People get traumatized. They have no tests in life. Do you know that if life is too easy, people get traumatized.
Yes, it's called an existential crisis.
A person feels their life is empty, meaningless.
And they have this sense of viac vacuum inside that they lose themselves into it. And it's traumatizing, extremely painful.
You see, so, so you're going to struggle, you're going to experience pain any way anyway. So what is the solution? The solution is your attitude. Allah teaches us patience, why? You're the strongest weapon you have in the face of the hardships of life and the test of life is patience. Toccoa
Taqwa embolden you in the face of life, because any kind of struggle suffering finds its place and becomes more meaningful it becomes a stepping stone. It changes the meaning of everything. Everything is experienced differently with Taqwa.
So again, why do people Subhanallah we seem to be living in the most luxurious time when people have all of this entertainment all of everything all the facilities all of the tools and the gadgets and everything is easy everything you can just order it online now. Right? But people are struggling more and there is more emotional mental issues and people are experiencing why
like look at the people of the past how was their life
I was saying to some brothers if we teleport some of the most the people like the most miserable people of our time, we think they have been wronged they've been
abused. They've been traumatized in this world teleport them to
any era in human history. Although they will beg you to come back here
Come on, like look at their life the love was extremely difficult to eat you had to work hard the day you didn't go out to work there was no food to eat
and it's not like you can go to Walmart or any other store and and get and buy food and all the shelves are empty.
Right Corona days, toilet paper shelves are empty at their time there were times where if you did not grow seeds in the in spring, winter would come and you have no food and you can't grow anything now you have to wait to grow again in in spring and then things will grow in summer and an autumn or whoa
what do you do with this? You can't drive anywhere there's no driving, there's no stores. What are you going to do? So is way way more traumatizing. People would be killed like random.
So again, this life is testing so what is the point if you expect or think that life should treat you well? You're just gonna traumatize yourself further. So what is the point don't worry about life Don't worry so much about you're so consumed you should be preoccupied with your Creator with Allah
you should be created preoccupied with Allah just just you were created for that just do that Allah will take care of your affairs
let's start with sort of tomato 15
start with 15 Because
Okay, so a question for you
in the Quran we have sorites
l calf your own right or Surah to Kathleen
says say Surah to calf your own or Surah to Kathleen
What do we say what how is the standard Serato caffeine one go to the most what does it say sorta to caffeine or sell to caffeine
caffeine All right. So that will mean on all sorts of remote meaning.
Where do you have plural geomet Mothercare, Salem and Quran? So I'm gonna have your own right so we're actually gonna have your own
so we have a moto freephone?
Why this is sorta moto Fifi and
why why not more?
toffee for all of the other motifs on and this is one in
Uh huh exactly yes. This is not a Rob This is not no. Okay this is not grammar.
This is not grammar a name. Okay you can avoid or how can I say you can transcend or break the rules of grammar here is different okay it's just like between brackets where the rules of the alarm do not apply to it. Why because a lot going on in the silica floor has been known as it is here. And Alia you healthcare for your own
Serato Catherine here, Allah subhanaw taala says way you do little motor 15 It's mentioned motor 15 So it's put in the title so retool motor 15 Okay, so this is not This has nothing to do with now. Alright, this is a title so it's different.
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So a limit of 15 Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. Whoa, this is a word of punishment and warning to those who give short measure. Allah explains who they are in the following verses who when they take by measure from people demanded in full that is the take from them in fold that which is proven to be there do demanding it in full with nor short with no shortfall. But if they measure or wait for them, that is when they give people what is due from them by measure or by weight, they give them less than their do that is they detract something from it, either by giving short measure or short weight by not giving the full measure of weight and the like. This is theft of people's wealth and
as being unfair to them. If this is the warning for those who give short measure and short weight than those who take people's wealth by force, or by stealing are more deserving of this warning. This verse indicates that just as man wants to take his view from people, he must also give them their due when engaging in business, and other dealings with them. In fact, the general meaning of this verse also includes engaging in argument and exchanging views. Usually both parties in a dispute are eager to present their views. By the same token, they must also point out to their opponents any proof that will support their argument of which they are unaware, and they shouldn't
consider the opponent's argument just as they consider their own. In such a situation it will be known how fair minded or biased a person is, how humble or arrogant he is, and how wise or foolish he is. We ask Allah to guide us to all that is good.
So we'll stop here with sort of the motor 15 and comment on this part.
So again Animoto Fifi and Allah says we don't water them punishment, destruction will be upon them. And the motto 15. Allah gives them an adjective or ascribes a treat to them, describes them with a word that comes from actions and action. What is motor 15? At top fifth, at top FIFA top seas means to take a bit from something,
take a bit from something to
withdraw something from,
from an entity. So a top fifth, Allah subhanaw taala says, and what are 15 Oil document a lady in a doctor and a nurse, he is the one that when it's like they buy of you, and measure, let's say, two kilograms. They make sure that it's 2000 grams, exactly, nothing less. It's an exact mirror. They take care, but when you buy off them,
okay? two kilograms. They give you like, one kilogram 910 grams.
So they take from it 90 grams, it might not be much right. But with valuable things, it's actually much and over time with many people, it amounts to quite a lot. Even if it's what even if it's one gram, if it's done intentionally not by mistake, and the person has done all they can to be fair and just, if it's again, even if it's one gram, then they will be held accountable. They are not awful. And subhanAllah a few points of benefits. First we have a lesson and we have a kale Allah mentions a Lavina is ACTA Anu from kale. So there is two things there is kale. And there is Watson.
In the Arabic language, kale is a measure of size just like Liters.
Liters was, is a measure of weight
at the time of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam the basic foods like hindpaw wheat, a Sharia barley,
a terminal dates zoobi Raisins
after dried your go to dried milk that we would use it for cooking.
These things were bought and sold based on size.
based on size not weight.
Cane. So this is why a cane is what you have in mud and the
mud is two hands full middle. Again middle size hands. This is mud.
This is mud. Two hands together there Phil
saw is four of those. So for example so the facilitator
for all the rasool Allah is Allah Allah Williams sadaqat alphatauri sa and minbar SA and mentum sa minchie I am so unmonitored Hadith, Abdullah Allah probably Allah.
The Prophet SAW Selim prescribes the pattern filter, SOP. So that means for
full hands Han Han and false
This is sod and then there's a cup now that's called a salt and never we it is the same. It is actually called a silent erupting the people of Iraq kept the measures of Medina
later on in Medina, the original measures changed so Sol Medina is not as well as it was at the time of the Prophet SAW Selim. Now the football Ha, they say a sloth at the time of the prophets of salaam who was erahthi there is a saw a Shermie a saw a mystery. So people in different countries change that size.
But the size that was at the time of the Prophet SAW Salem was maintained in Iraq. So it was a slide Iraqi. So the Prophet SAW was described as a single verse in the region from the Prophet SAW Selim that Al baraka to kill Kaylee, there is more blessing them and this is not the wording is not the wording of the Hadith but there is a meaning narrated from the Prophet SAW Salem. There is more blessings in volume measuring by volume rather than weight.
But now, everyone measures by weights, everyone measures by weight again, so this is just the linguistic,
Alladhina Electra alienness your cell phone what was the no one modern manifestation of Elmo toffee
In a toxic
one model is very common thing that when a very clear and agreed upon unit is changed, its value is changed in the market. And it only gets to be discovered it's in fine print. But eventually, it becomes common knowledge a few years later, for many years, and I'm not sure here in Canada, but in different countries, I actually check the fine print
service providers, cell phones,
and their fine print. They tell you for that in the past, when mobile phones or cell phones were still like a new invention, you could get a plan with 15 minutes.
You're laughing at that you're getting unlimited, there was like 15 minutes and you would pay probably $40 $50 for that at the beginning.
So 15 minutes, but people were, again,
timing their calls, and it was not 50 minutes. So when they checked in the fine fine print a minute in their measure is not 60 seconds. It started as an industry norm, or standard
as 50 seconds. And then eventually was brought to 48 seconds in many countries now. A minute in terms of communication actually counts as 14 seconds. That's what a 15
that's clear matar 50
Now you're selling something people sell things right on Kijiji people sell things on marketplace, Facebook, etc. And you hide some of the flaws in the and the things you're selling. Most of the
way you don't deal most of the thing, this warning from Allah falls upon this person.
It's a serious, very, very serious thing. You selling something you have to clarify what it is.
You have to clarify what it is now we live at a time when the most of the motifs in our home.
It has become a profession, by the way, but slightly more intelligent in a more intelligent way. Marketing.
Marketing now is all about what? A lot of it. And it's so normal that people don't even question it. Why? Oh, this is marketing. These are the servers because this from Allah subhanaw taala. These are the rules of marketing. This is marketing that works. What if it's a lie? What if it's deception,
like, for example, and this is something good Muslims have used a lot. Like there is a psychological rule
that humans when they feel some something is scarce, they would go for it, they would buy it even when they don't need it, do you actually get people to buy it even when they don't need it.
So you will find people selling something or let's say only 50 units left.
And they have hundreds and they store in the storage.
Why? Because people say 50 They're gonna go fast. Let me get mine. They don't need it. They don't think it's like something takes them over and gets them to buy it. It's called the law of scarcity.
You walk into a shop.
Or again, now it's used more like free, they give you something for free. There's nothing for free, right? It's the law of reciprocity. You go into shops, especially in the Arab world. Now you probably go to I'm gonna go ahead and find
that happened. Happened to me in Turkey. So the guy receives you so nicely, they make you tea, they make you coffee, they give you sweets, and you just feel like so taken care of and you feel shy, you feel obligated to buy.
They're not doing this to be generous to you. They know how this works. Reciprocity.
Reciprocity, work. That's cheating. That's lying. That's deception. Okay, let's go back to motor 15.
So the beautiful thing cool thing remember sad to hear him Allah says, He said this doesn't only apply to measures and weights. I mean, you sell them by but it also applies when he say when you take people's money by force
or someone is not aware of their rights.
So you take advantage and you don't give them what they deserve your formula motivating.
You know, happens a lot of this person doesn't know forget, no one tells him he didn't ask about it.
He asked I would give it to him. But he didn't ask playing dumb, right. What if he
he takes it further, he says with debates, discussions.
A debate and a discussion is supposed to be to weigh up indications
hymns evidence to arrive at the truth.
It's not about you, it's not about the other person at all. Now, if you are just presenting your points and downplaying their points and their arguments, and you know that there is an argument for them, but the person is not aware of it. And it could actually weaken your position and change the course of the argument or the debate. And you keep it because you want to win the argument or win the debate. You are MacGuffin.
You are from the mafia and you're unfair or unjust? Serious, right? I have to take that seriously. We think, Oh, I never even thought that Allah will hold me accountable based on something like that. This is how, you know we have emptied our life from the connection to Allah subhanaw taala.
The one person that are really so did that very well, was even 10 year I'm allowed to add him into the media. Like honestly, and this makes people like misquote him. Some people say you're not your TV, it says this and that. And it's something everything is completely against why? Because even Tamia is laying the arguments of his opponent so faithfully, and so meticulously and in length, that someone who doesn't read very well he just cherry picking, they think, Oh, I've been Tamia five pages, he's proving this point. You see what you've been thinking is saying, and you go back to it, you read a few pages back, and you'll realize it's been 10 years making an argument for his
opponent. And when you read it, why you say like this is, there's no way you can push back against this argument.
And this is from the Justice, His justice Wallah. And his sort of, I would say, sincerity in searching for the truth. And then he would respond to these arguments.
That's justice. That's fairness. Whereas I've seen a lot of people especially in modern days, when they talk about Ibn Taymiyyah, they accused him of things that are not in him, why they just want to win.
And why even Tamia has a way of like, he has his own concepts, not that they are weird, but he is so clear about his concepts and what they mean and he doesn't agree with how certain concepts are used. So he debates them. And he says we can't use this word in this context.
Then you find people who again push against him, they take a statement that he says based on his own conceptualization, they interpret it and mostly knowingly,
according to their own rules, and they then they come up with an accusation, their work had an accusation and leveled against him insignia, for example.
The whole concept of Remington media of Allah subhanaw taala, being above his throne,
right? Seven times in the Quran of Muhammad, Allah allows us to tell our story.
He rose above the throne, even 10 years, that's it. So I am Muslim, the person who asked the young lady
Jerry, where is Allah? She said above.
There don't like this, it doesn't go with the rules.
So they say even to me.
So they say put him into me. So when you say Allah is in a direction Potamia says, I don't use this word, because it's not in the Quran.
It's not in the Quran, jihad. You don't, I don't use it. I don't approve of it. I don't deny it because the Quran doesn't deal with it.
And it could be understood differently by many people and what it means consequences implications by different people. I don't ascribe to the word.
I said, No, you ascribe jihad to Allah. And you say jihad, Allah Mata Haigis. Allah is in the space. That means when you ascribe direction to Allah, You mean does moto Hayes, he's in a space and if he is in a space, then he is Jason.
And he is a physical body.
So they accuse Potamia that he he's majestic them.
And they literally say they say even Taymiyah says Allah has disome Allah has physical body power with rubella. What could be more deceptive than that? That's exactly what these people are doing moto Fifi. Whereas go to admin Samia. He says, I don't approve of that logic that you're saying. But for them, they say no. If you say this, this is what it means. He says, I don't agree with this. He says this is faulty logic. They say oh, no, if you say this, then you are this. This is called what forced rhetoric. Forced rhetoric. If you say this, this is what it means. No, that's wrong. And he proved how this is a faulty logic and doesn't make sense. He just proved it. They said no, if you
say this, that's the conclusion. You are Majus with Avila
So morphine again. So this is a good sort of
detail added volume MSL your whole lot. It says that fair so what is what is the opposite of not of a fair person just give people the rights even when it's upon you, and Taco will help well Lnf sick. Yeah, you already in the animal corner a why Nina because the shahada, Allah, Allah, whatever Allah unphysical all you who believe.
Establish the truth, act upon the truth, and be just and fair, even if it's against yourselves, while you're dreamin, a commissioner an omen and a letter zero. And do not let the hatred the enemy enmity you have towards someone they dislike you have, or the any issue that you have with someone, don't let them lead you to treat them
unjustly. Don't do injustice to them.
So again, SubhanAllah.
Sometimes we don't think about these implications, but it's very important. Let's take it further. Husband and wife.
Wife knows that her husband is right. In this argument they haven't.
And instead of admitting she still says no this and that, usually this, you did that. And she hide something that knows that proves his point. Obviously, you know, better the argument is, don't be better, don't be bitter, and don't get really sour. And she'd be forgiving and graceful to one another. But generally speaking, I'm just giving an example. Oh, the husband knows his wife has a point there. And he made a mistake. All right. And he hides the proof. And he still argues that he has not done that. What is this?
And sometimes we do this with our kids, children.
So it's very important to you know, be careful about these things. And Allah gives a very strong warning way laundering morphine and Well, according to some of the scholars of Tafseer where then feed your hand. It's a valley in the hellfire. It's a valley in the hellfire. Okay, which stop here and take a couple of questions. And hopefully, if there's if there are questions, just keep them you know, on topic be in the lighter
To say like
Are we talking about the book, for example, okay, someone buys a book, and you say they want to return it? Or they want to sell it?
You're selling a used book. So you advertise it used? And quality or state? Like New fair, good, whatever.
So there is look at the standards of that kind of industry, you actually have a few greats like like you very good, good, fair.
I don't know whatever. If you look at it, generally speaking, it sounds like an accurate description,
an accurate description, and it's good to sort of break it down into four or five, it really sort of categorizes the different qualities into something relatable, and close. So that seems to be a good again, a good system.
We look at how generally speaking, here, it's called a lot of the general norm, how do people go around these things? So use books, generally speaking, you're selling them for half the price or even less? So let's say $10? It's not really much. So people who buy a book, if your description really like when you say the book is like new and it's really like new or let's say it's good. And it's really matches what genuinely is assumed about what good means in this industry or in this market in general. And again, this is not a mathematical thing, but just a good judgment or sound judgment will will will tell you
so you describe it and then you will look at generally speaking what is it enough just to say it's good and that's understood and this is what I have seen or is does the industry require the general practice is that if there is something wrong with it, say for example,
marks or stains or
some pages are loose etc. Is there a need to say that is that the norm if these these details are mentioned, you have to mention
so you how is this this
I did buy their oath, which is the general practice generally accepted practice among people that is deemed to be fair. Okay? Because there are things just according to the law of diminishing returns, there are things like you selling something for $1 and you're just going to make a long list of what's the issues with it, I mean writing this is actually cost more than $1. So, it's not worth it. So, that would be against the of against the norms. So, this is how we usually judge these things. First look at this system is it fair? It doesn't has deception in it Yes, looks fair, how do people apply it and use it unless I give a description as people genuinely use this and accepted in this
Okay, questions from the brothers nothing
give the sisters another chance
officer on behalf of the
ISO situation, this person
can you say it again
like the most epic
things, right and so,
many people here
are giving the opposite, right.
Because they are afraid
it gives the opposite rights are not
the same person is in position. So simple as
Okay, so the sister says if someone is so concerned with the issue of them, you know, falling into injustice by asking for more than their rights, so they don't want to be from a motor 15 So they extra overcautious. Right. So they're giving up some of the rights just to be on the safe side? Is this a virtuous position? Look at the principal, what are 15 is about what
the warning against top five? What is the point behind it? What's the principle behind it?
Justice, justice, justice, justice on both sides. By by its very definition, justice works on both sides.
So now I'm so obsessed.
I need to really check the source of this obsession.
Yeah, I need to check the source of this obsession because as they say in Arabic, May is another sale.
The loose money incites people to steal. Actually, there is a psychological experiment on this. There was a an experiment, I forgot which country but in a very,
again, rich neighborhood.
The researchers put a vehicle and they smashed with a stone, they smashed its windows, and they left some valuable things inside of it.
A couple of days, people would just look at it. But eventually one person broke into it.
So they repeated it again.
They put another car in another place in the same neighborhood with a smashed window and valuables in it. People broke into it in a couple of hours.
First, it took a few days now people broke into it. They put more than one car, all of them were broken into in the matter of two hours.
Or they lose money teaches people to steal. It provokes them provokes and this is why in Islam the punishment for theft is only applied from what if a candidate is said there are too many headers. If the money is stolen from the house, or from the shop, no money left in the street, or someone leaves their money in the open up someone puts their phone in the parking lot on a car on the top of a car.
Stolen, person is caught. Punishment doesn't apply. This is money left loose. You can't do that. It doesn't make any sense. But the punishment doesn't apply. The person has to break into and take the money from a safe place.
All right, so when you keep giving your rights you actually inciting people enticing them actually enticing them to step all over you
That's not a virtue, that's weakness. That's not a virtue and can never be defined as virtue. Okay? But now weakness, we don't say
we don't we don't say against the weak person, we would say you really need this is a very imbalanced situation, unbalanced situation, you really need to address it, you really need to address it, you need to find the right dynamics, the right procedures to deal with it. Okay, so, Moodle 15 is about justice. So when someone always giving the right and this is why in Islam, what is praised, as the Prophet said, the McCarthy era forgive people when you are able to punish them?
Not mere forgiving, because many people forgive because they can't punish out of helplessness.
So this is why in Islam and Islam we must differentiate, we must differentiate between forgiveness virtue given because someone is helpless or they're weak, or they're so obsessed, no. No, giving generously from generosity, that's different. That's a virtuous position.
Okay, so that's, that's number one. Number two, if someone doesn't know the rights and the other.
yeah, so a person who gives up the right because they expect the dynamics of the situation to turn against them or to create problems right? And maybe lose other rights and things like that. So, again, they sort of want to
of course, if the other person has taken advantage in this person's from north of 15, an oppressor
definitely an oppressor. The other one, the other one was taken advantage of a person who is cannot defend themselves, although they don't know their rights. This is something despicable. A person with a good heart, a person with a sense of morality can never do this, can never do this. And it's going to go into return and what they take is how long would they take? They said, but the other person agreed to it. No, they didn't agree willfully. This is an unfair situation, you know that there's a difference in in the power dynamics here. And that's unfair. Okay, fair inshallah.
We ask Allah, Allah, we had to close my second look at the loss of the messenger Muhammad Ali. He was happy he was selling them and a couple of minutes just make it for yourself and for your family and for the Muslims in general. So last, but while he was