The Maxims Of Fiqh 01

Moutasem al-Hameedy

Channel: Moutasem al-Hameedy

Topics: Fiqh

Episode Notes

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This Course presents Qwaed Al Fiqh, beneficial for any student of knowledge.

Presented on Feb 22, 2017 at the Abu Huraira Center

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi

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wa.

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So this is the first session in our class.

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Our difficulty here sometimes out there translated as the Maxim's of work, or the general rules of flip, and shala. As we get deeper into the, into the class, this meaning or the meaning of our clients will become a bit clear.

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We have to give an introduction first about

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what's the difference between

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a solo alpha

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and delta alpha, these are three different sciences, three different sciences. Fifth,

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is basically knowledge of the practical rulings, like a Salah prayer. Is it wajib?

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Is it obligatory? Is it recommended? So lots of for example, fasting,

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fasting Ramadan

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a certain transaction, is it halal or haram? This is what Socrates

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tells us this is headed or how long it tells us. This is one of the ruling of an issue is one of five things it's either

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wajib which is obligatory almost to have recommended or neutral which is halal, or MOBA

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or it is disliked macro

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or it is haram that is prohibited. Okay. So that's what tells us Okay, so, say for example, fasting is obligatory and the proof is the statement of Allah Subhana. Allah says you are living in Amman quotevalet Kumasi, Mo you believe fasting has been prescribed as an obligation upon him. So this is

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then we have a soul or soul effect is a very interesting science. And it basically it deals with the rules of deduction, the rules of deduction in the sense we have a verse from the Quran or Hadith from the prophets of Salaam How should we understand it? How should we deduce the rules? For example,

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one of the rules of a soldier is the command a command statements like do this do this

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indicates obligation indicates obligation that's solid.

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So every time in the Parana, the sooner you will find a command imperative that means it is for obligation unless there are rules obviously under assault, unless for example, there is another text that shows that this matter is a bit easy should be taken easier. So it's not so much at the high level of obligation. So this is what sort of factors are so it teaches us how we can deduce rulings and extract rulings from the texts that would fall into place. Now we come to our science and that's

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why this talk here deals with

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they are basic basically collective rules, collective rules, or foundations. What does that mean? They are rules. statements. These are statement generic statements that cover an endless infinite number of cases, an infinite number of cases. For example,

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One of the cowhide or one of the rules is allottee. And Ola is rubbish.

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That certainty cannot be removed by doubts. certainty cannot be removed by doubt. What does this apply? This applies in endless cases, for example, let's say you're praying for her. And in the last rock, are you not sure? Did I pray three or four? Is this the third or the fourth? Raka?

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Yeah. So you need to check

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what is most likely to you? Most likely to me, I'm in the third rocker. Okay, but I'm doubting and doubting, or sorry, I'm in the fourth chakra. But I have a doubt, small doubt it's most most likely is the fourth chakra. But I have a doubt that I'm actually in the third.

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Now, should you make more rocker? Pray more rock so that you'll be on the safe side? In this case? No.

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Why? Because most likely, you are on the fourth rocker. And there is a level of certainty there. But you only have a doubt. You only have adults. Okay. Here you should not pray for tharaka. Some somebody might say but we've heard otherwise. No, you only increase. You only, like pray more rockhard soup to be on the safe side? If you really don't know, you prayed three or four. So you have 50? You think 50 you prayed for this? The fourth? And another 50 possibility is that you're actually in the third locker. That's the only time you actually increase more. But if you seem to be mainly in the fourth locker, but you'd still have this doubt you'd leave this doubt Another common

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case, just to show you how this rule applies. That certainty cannot be removed by doubt. They say you prayed before you made what do you pray? Then the answer time came. You want to pray us? And you say the dog goes to the washroom did I lose my elbow?

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Now we have certainty which is you made will do for the horse. So you are unstable that certain you have no doubt about this. But now there is doubt that is fighting against the certainty. Did I lose my word or did I go to the washroom? I can't remember but I have this doubts. We say don't don't make again prayer, sir. Why? Because you have certainty about making Waldo and being a state of war. But you have doubt that is now has shed its light on this certainty. So what do you do you go with certainty? Again, someone else or something else about a Muslim? A Muslim says something.

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And this happens a lot today. This statement could be copper, could be blasphemy. It could lead the person outside of the fold of Islam. But we don't know exactly what his intention is.

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We don't know what his intention is. He said something okay, that's the say a word which contains some insult towards Allah, disrespect towards Allah.

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Is this person does he become a capital or not? Now here we have to be careful.

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Because we say scholars say man sebata Islam will be attain la hora de nimisha.

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Someone whose Islam is certain we know he said, right. Alhamdulillah. We know that. We know it.

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But he said a statement. But we're not sure. Really? What's his intention behind it? Because maybe he said something. He means well, but he used the wrong expression. Right? So since we don't know exactly what he means, we cannot say this person has become calf. So that's another application of the same rule. Another application of the same rule. You have, for example,

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there's a beautiful story that what America was working with someone. Yeah, I was working with someone, one of the companions. And they

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passed by this house and on top of his house, there was a leak. So there was some water falling.

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And it touched some of it dripped on the on the other person's shoulder. So the person turns to the guy who was on top and he says, is that water pure or not? Is it clean?

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Our hottub says to that guy, he says don't answer him.

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Don't answer. Why? Because the originally everything is supposed to be clean, the impurities are are the exception. This table is it is it pure or impure? is a partner or religious.

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Most of the things are the things that are natural and impure are what a minority and exception. So this is why this kind of the fact that the majority of things are actually clean on barrhead. Okay, that gives certainty.

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That gives certainty that

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Everything is originally clean except for the specified impurities that are specified in the texts. So, someone said to that, man, don't tell him why, because you should take the origin.

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Don't take a doubt and build on it and start investigating. And if this rule is followed, actually by a lot of people who sometimes question their faith and question their Deen, it would be very helpful, very helpful to them. Because there is so many things, you know, for certain, if you start doubting them,

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you know, even like, life becomes impossible. So people who give a lot of space in their lives to doubt, they face a lot of problems, a lot of issues. And in their life, let's say, for example, you go to the doctor and say, How can I guarantee that this doctor is good? Maybe he's one of those, you know, dodgy doctors? How do you understand that this medicine is the right medicine? Maybe it has some side effects? Let me look into this.

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What if this traffic light is not working? Well, what if there's something wrong with it, you know, if you keep looking for doubts, and everything, life becomes impossible. So so that's a general rule that can apply to, as I said, an endless number of, of things.

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So let me give you another example of another rule. Another rule famous one that we all know about, all right, to be humble, humble, right? necessity, turns prohibitions, or makes prohibitions allowable.

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In terms of necessity, what is heroin, if it's going to help you or relieve you out of this necessity, it becomes harder, someone is almost dying, they don't have food, they got lost in the desert, and they found this solid, dead dog, could they eat it?

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Well, if that's going to make them survive, yes, they should eat it, they should eat it so becomes held, although the meat of it is how long.

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This is why this is the same kind of necessity. Some some scholars say today that if you live

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in a country, and it's impossible, impossible to get a house, unless you go through the mortgage. And you like it, especially for people who are just on the verge of retirement, some people have been working hard all their life.

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Just going to show him the

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opposite side.

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Yeah, so basically,

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people will say, are about to retire. And for all their life, they've been working hard. And what happened is, they didn't save any money, they didn't buy any property.

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So and these people don't even have any means of sustenance. So they know that they can, for example, they know they can't afford a house and they can't even afford the rent.

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So if there is a way for them to get even if it to get mortgage or something even though it's halal, it's Haram. But in these extreme cases, it becomes a necessity, it becomes a necessity, if someone cannot afford to buy a house, and they don't find a place to rent. And the only way to find a place to stay in is basically to to buy a house through a mortgage. And that's an extreme case, isn't it? So the scholars said in that case, we apply the rule of the lot, to be home a lot, a lot to be home a lot, there's a substance, that's how long to consume. But you are in a critical condition, state state, where

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it is very likely to help you, it's very likely to get you out of that situation. You just take it anesthesia today is some sort of toxic intoxication, it takes away your consciousness takes away your mind. So without a need, it's not you're not supposed to do it. It's heroin. But why is it heroin for surgery, because it's impossible to do surgery for someone in their conscious state.

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So that makes it harder and so on and so forth. So, this is these are the rules or the Maxim's of they are general rules and you can find 1000s and 1000s of cases 50 cases that they apply to what is the point of studying them and we will come to this inshallah,

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but in brief, they give you a very good understanding of how it works, a very good understanding. So, you can see, once you understand some of the main rules, in fact, there is a huge number of rules by the way, but there are main ones that are limited in number when you understand them and you look at 14 cases you can see fit is so systematic. And there is a there is another part another beauty to the provided for clear. They show you a lot of the logic behind Sharia pious now, there's a lot of logic there. There's a lot of logical patterns within Sharia. So you can actually find this, as you see here.

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Today, today is going to be a very brief there's not many people here. So probably

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We need to do a bit more advertising, and let people know about the time of the class. But we're going to have a small introduction into the the the subject.

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Alcohol

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is made of two words, the rules, the rules, and that means a word in Arabic means foundations, foundations or rules, foundational rules, foundational rules alpha Korea they pertain to. So they actually apply to fit key issues to the philosophy. Now a definition let's take a technical definition of what he means. There are so many definitions that the scholars have given. And they all seem to be pointing to the two to one idea.

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Like one of them and and by the way, in this class I'm gonna refer on I will be heavily dependent on this very good book. It's called allergies fi by Alcoa

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the brief sort of introduction into clarifying the, the generic rules, so I will be depending on it, so I'll be using some Arabic and then explaining it. Because I want to get the students like last the previous class,

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the students were pampered, right, they will get there was spoon fed everything, everything was given easily, a lot of work was done in the background for the class. So all of the ideas were put together, the examples were prepared in advance, so everything was given to them on a silver plate. In this class, we're going to increase the level of difficulty of the class. And that's basically to get the students more into the books more into the books, I will be looking into some English sources on that, and hopefully recommending some of them next week. inshallah. So I want the students to take more responsibility here. And I want to get the students into a little bit more

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exposure into the Arabic language in terms of our difficulty what the scholars say. But even if you don't know so much Arabic, don't worry, a lot of it will be translated, will be translated, but the ones who knows some Arabic will actually find a lot of benefit in Sharla will want to give them more exposure. So one definition is our operators at Aqaba. tanco Leon mantapa cotton Allah Jamie hedges a yachtie. It is a generic rule, a generic rule that basically applies to all the details or the instances that could go underneath it. So it's a generic rule. All the cases that it applies to are actually included within it.

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I think he has a good definition that the author chooses,

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basically says hoekman x region, local Legion in public Well, actually just yet a literal literal of Mohammed who it's a generic statement. It's a generic statement. It's not necessarily inclusive. Okay. It's not completely perfectly inclusive. So it's generic. So it will have a small number of exceptions.

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Young Baba koala acknowledges that it applies to a huge number of cases. And from this generic statement, we can conclude the rulings or the rulings that pertain to these cases. Okay, an example as we said, if someone is in trouble, and the only way to get out of that dilemma is basically to use something that's the only means available. So, this person is not going to seek if at all, give me a specific ruling about this specific issue. Maybe there is no specific ruling about this issue, but we know from the general rule that in times of necessity, the heroine becomes Helen. Okay.

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So, these are generally speaking the

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this is the definition

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of the Maxim's of alcohol alpha here. I mentioned the differences between January are solely for kancolle sokkia. I will keep it for next time as well, too, just to give you specific points.

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What are the benefits of alkaline sokkia?

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The benefits of providing for clear

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is that first of all, if you look at you're going to see it as a scattered body of information. Or the ruling of this is held the ruling of this water is pure this water is impure, that stuff substance is allowed to use this substance is not allowed to use. So there is a countless number a number of details, what arises here, do they actually

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they sort of classify

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categorize these seemingly scattered rules, and very well as an in systematic groups, systematic groups or classifications. That's the point. And I'll bet the benefit of providers up here. So as we said, like

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the Akina is will be shocked that certainty cannot be removed by doubt,

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you will find a lot of rules that apply there, if you see look at each one of those rules will actually be irrelevant to anything else, it will stand on its own. But when you look at it, as a group that belongs to this rule, we can see so much logic and so much sense in that. Another benefit

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is that that's for the students of knowledge, it actually builds the fifth he ability in the student, it makes the student you know, gives the student more mastery of and more understanding of the dynamics of

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third benefit followed by the fact here is that it helps them which to hit in the scholars who try to figure out new rulings for new issues. You know, there are always new issues coming up because life changes, circumstances change. They're always new things life, he lives, his life is so dynamic. So when there are so many issues that you don't find a direct proof or text to talk about them and address them

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are a very good way to to find out rulings. And one last point that I really was ruling over last month, when it comes to these new cases.

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These will cover as well what they do is because a lot of them are agreed upon by the scholars, and because they are agreed upon by the scholars, they actually can be a source of unity among the different opinions and the different way that they show that the differences are sometimes in the details. But the general rule generic rules that that from which from which these details follow, they're actually agreed upon. So the logic is the same.

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And we mentioned another benefit, basically that the providers have to show the logic and the sense behind Sharia. So it shows us a lot of the wisdoms it shows us a lot of the wisdoms behind the rulings because sometimes fifth might be seen as this halal is haram so dry and so straightforward. But when you look at the why they actually show what is the logic behind it, and that makes sense. So you see exactly why these rules actually apply in that in that way.

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Alcoa disappear there, they have different types. I'll quickly mention a couple of types.

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Some of them are taken from the Quran. Some of them are taken from the Quran. Some of them are taken from the Sunnah. So they are actually religious texts, some of them. Some of them are actually formulations that were put or stipulated by some scholars after studying and seeing these patterns. So the scholars decided, they see there's a general rule that applies. So they started they decided to put it in wording. So they create this kind of wording. So we'll give some examples. For example, the Hadith of the prophets of Salaam enamel, Mr. Lubin yet deeds are by their intentions. Okay, that's one of the main rules. That's one of the main rules. And

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it shows that your intention has a lot to do with your actions. And I'll give you the famous story from from Abu hanifa or mo loadrunner, which actually shows it shows very well. You know, how intention has an impact on the factory ruling. We know hanifa from Allah to Allah, he had one of his main students I will use of a colleague, yes, I will use for college. So I will use for probably at some stage he saw himself really he has learned a lot from Imam Abu hanifa. So he thought what I was I'm entitled to teach now. I'm in a position to really start teaching. And he was really like he was strong he wasn't. But so one day hanifa walks into the masjid

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and he wants to start his helicopter helicopter but he noticed is there's another HELOC on the other side of the message but he can't tell who was giving this HELOC. So he asked some of his students Who's this new helper like the first time I see this HELOC.

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They say that's abuse of your student. He's initiating is like he's starting this career, right? So he said, so he thinks he's ready to teach.

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They say well, that's what he's doing. He says Okay, no problem. And he fell him on law very, it was very interesting.

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So, he wants to teach him a lesson.

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So,

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he sends one of the students and he says, He says, you go to him and when the question questions and answers, time comes,

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you asked him this question, you say someone

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bought a piece of cloth, and he took it to the tailor. And he said to the tailor, I want you to make me a soap, I want you to make me a soap or commies.

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So he leaves it there. And the tailor says to him, you come like a few days later, I will be ready. So when he comes to the, to the to the tailor back and he says, okay, have you made myself? He said, What are you talking about? He said, I came a few days ago, I brought a piece of cloth. And you took measures in order to make a throwback comics for me.

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He said, No, you didn't.

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He said, I did. So the Taylor denied him. So he took him to the judge, he complained about him.

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So the judge has to hear from both of them. So he heard from the customer, then he hears from the tailor, as well. He says, No, this man didn't come. I didn't take from him anything.

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So the judge, obviously, that's an authority of judges like the court today. So he sends police, to the shop, tailors shop, and they search in it, and they find and they take that guy, the customer, and he recognizes the piece of cloth he brought, and it was made into a film. So you recognize it? He says, that's it. So they bring it.

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So now the question was,

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the judge is going to give the armies to the man to the customer. But should the customer pay the tailor or not?

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So how do you find structured the student to ask, we also have that question. And he said to me, if he says to you, yes, he pays him tell him wrong.

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If he tells you, he doesn't pay him, also said I'm wrong. That's wrong, wrong guns.

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So the student goes, tends to halaqa.

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It's q&a time. So he puts his hand up, he presents the case. So I wish for how he says, No, he doesn't pay him. He and his answer was, he says, Well, that's not the right answer. That's wrong. He said, Okay, let me think about it.

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He says he thinks for a minute, then he says, No, no, no, he shouldn't pay him. Oh, he should actually pay him. Yes. Isn't that also wrong? He looks at him. And he says, Well,

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that's this question is not from you.

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This must be from overhead.

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Because that's his side, right? So he says, How do I know that I'm not ready to teach. So he taught him the lesson. And he goes to overhead effect. And he apologizes. And then he asked him anyway, what's the answer? Abu hanifa says, they need to check the film. If it's designed according to the measures of the customer, he pays him.

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But if the film is designed, according to a different, like figure, he doesn't pay him

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Why? He says, because if it's designed according to the measures of the customer, then the tailor made the film with the intention that he's going to do it for the customer. So he deserves to be paid.

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So his intention to take the film or maybe sell it came after he tailored the film, and he made it.

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So his intention to make the film was actually really to make it for the customer and sell it. So his act of tailoring it was done with the intention of what giving it to the customer and getting the money.

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But if the job is designed according to different measures, not the same measures as the customer would This means the tailor had the intention to make it for him self or for someone else before making it. So when he made it, he had the intention to steal it.

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So he doesn't get paid. So the intention here

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brought a different ruling, whether he pays him or not, is that clear?

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Is it clear? Okay, basically, if the tailor, okay, if the film is, is designed according to the measures to the body of the customer, that means when the tailor made it, okay? He took the piece of cloth, he took the measures, and he made the soap for the customer.

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But why did he deny it later on? Maybe he looked at it and he liked it. And he said, Well, maybe I can wear it. It's not exactly my measures, but maybe I can wear it or maybe I can sell it to someone else. It really looks good. Maybe I can make more money. Or maybe I'll gift it to someone. So he decided to take it after

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he had made it

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So when he made it, he made it with intention that it's for the customer. So the action of tailoring it, okay was done with the right intention for the customer, so he deserves the money.

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But if he made it with another intention that's designed it for himself, or for someone else, that means the action was done.

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With the with stealing it, there's a notion of stealing there, that's I'm going to take it. So he doesn't deserve to be paid for that. Okay, so he, because he wanted to steal it, he doesn't even get paid for that. Okay, so here it shows that the intention is, is actually

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consequential in terms of rulings. So this is the same color we said we're talking about the types of code so some of them are taken from, from religious texts or the from the Quran or the Sunnah. In nomogram, Albania is Howdy, Hadith from the province of Sonam. Some scholars tried to put a different wording,

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saying Omar will be mikaze, these things should be assessed should be weighed up, based on the intentions, it's the same meaning.

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Another type of ruling we said is that statements that are made by the scholars by this course, so the scholars look at Sharia.

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And when they see the same pattern of caring in the fifth of salah and the fifth of cm and the fifth of transactions and the look of the Hara, this is general pattern there. Okay, they will try to see this pattern and put it in words, put it in words, just like for example, we said

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we actually,

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yeah, actually one of the one of the general rules that are

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that some scholars have created, they say,

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because, you know, people sometimes get confused as to things that come out of their body.

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When do these things cause them to make sure that they are Jehovah? When do they only cause them to make

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only World War, only World War. So one of the some of the scholars came up, they said, and that's basically we're talking about

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things that come out from the private parts.

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So they said, If what comes out of your private parts, is impure, it's an impure substance, then all you need to do is make withdrawal. But if what comes out of your private parts is a pure substance, you need to make hosel.

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And if you look at it, it works. It does work. So if a person goes to the washroom,

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what comes out of them is either urine, or feces, right? That's impure. So all they need to do is

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but when a person for example, they have a sexual intercourse,

00:33:08--> 00:33:15

and there is ejaculation, that's a pure matter. You know, semen is pure matter, it comes out, then the person needs to make lasagna.

00:33:16--> 00:33:29

Now, we all make these kind of rules. We all make these kinds of rules. Sometimes you deal with people who come from a certain area you say, you say people who come from the city, don't deal with them. They're no good.

00:33:30--> 00:33:47

No good. This is why they say for example, so people are this right, short people are that generalizations This is the old rules. This is exactly what the rules actually do. But they are accurate, they are accurate, because some of the rules that we come up with are actually personal, unbiased.

00:33:59--> 00:34:42

Okay, some of the rules are so generic. So they actually apply to almost every aspect of like, an automobile, or deeds or buy intentions. This is very generic applies everywhere, even to life. And some rules are actually specific, like the ones we mentioned about blue ocean, but we'll do these are generic takahara. So you we have four key rules that apply everywhere, in fact, and there are there are rules that apply only in specific areas of like, there are rules specific for Salah there are rules specific for transactions, they don't apply anywhere else. So the so there are levels of generality. So there is

00:34:43--> 00:34:53

like very general very generic and there is something in the middle and there are rules that are really specific to a certain area. Okay, so these are different types of

00:34:54--> 00:35:00

reflect heroes offer key. Maxim's so I'm going to stop here. It's as I said,

00:35:00--> 00:35:10

The short introduction and until people get to know a bit more of the more in the class, I don't want I don't want them to miss a lot. So, this should be an easy

00:35:11--> 00:35:24

quick brief introduction shala into the topic. The book is as I said, this will be the main source, it will be called allergies va va has a lot of ideas for calculi the brief

00:35:26--> 00:35:38

into in the in clarifying the generic rules of thumb that is offered by Chef inductotherm Hamad Al Borno Hamas.

00:35:39--> 00:35:40

Elbow No.

00:35:44--> 00:36:07

As I said, I will look into the English sources English books in this I mean on this subject, and recommend that you allow one or two. So and again, the This class will demand a lot of the students it's not like the first one is going to be more difficult, it's going to be more demanding, we will stick more to the book will stick more to the book because we

00:36:08--> 00:36:30

I mean, it's good sometimes to simplify the class and presented in an easier fashion. But it's also important to give the students of knowledge into the mode of dealing with the books, books are not necessarily easy to deal with. So we're gonna float and we'll just you know, go through the book, and clarify issues and make comments and translate.

00:36:32--> 00:36:40

So you will get to see sometimes the rigidness of dealing with with knowledge, it's not easy. So I'm not going to buffer this.

00:36:41--> 00:37:17

I'm not going to buffer this in other classes, I said I you know, try to facilitate it, make things easy, do the hard work, and then bring everything completely processed. But in this class is going to be a bit more raw, it will be a bit more raw. In the sense we'll be taking directly from the book, I will be just clarifying things. But it will be sort of as if you are actually reading the book, as if you're dealing yourself with a book. So that actually requires a lot of effort from you. And that requires some note taking and focus. Okay, so it's not easy, and requires you to take a proactive approach in asking questions as well.

00:37:19--> 00:37:21

Okay, so any questions?

00:37:24--> 00:37:24

Yes.

00:37:29--> 00:38:03

Yeah, I don't see how you guys caught either way you did something. Either way, the guy who brought the material has been wrong. Either he's losing the value of the material, or he's losing his time and now wants to go somewhere else and make it again. So either way, that guy should pay something a fine too. If it fits him, give it to him. He doesn't pay him he pays a fine for this guy to the court for the judge. Yeah, it doesn't fit him and then for somebody else, and he has to pay him back for the material he used and pay a fine for wasting his time in warfare. It could be it could.

00:38:06--> 00:38:27

Yes, but but just looking at the answers. I would assume there was a context around the story, which is more than the guy wanted the job anymore. The customer wanted to get it anymore. So he said I wanted regardless. Okay, so I'm assuming so yes, but if you want to think of other possibilities there Yes. There could be other possibilities. Yeah. Yeah.

00:38:30--> 00:38:31

No questions, sisters.

00:38:33--> 00:38:33

Okay.

00:38:41--> 00:38:42

Also.

00:38:43--> 00:39:00

Now, if you make Also make sure by the way that you wash your mouth and nose, yeah, a lot of people forget about this. So if you actually make muslin and have the intention of look within it, it covers for both. Yes, absolutely. Yes. And that's a lot of numbers Fatboy.

00:39:04--> 00:39:19

That's a preference. You want to start with the right side before the left side, but also means you have to wash your whole body. Everything in your body has to be Yes, soaked in water, in a sense, and don't forget your mouth and your nose because a lot of people forget this.

00:39:21--> 00:39:30

You don't have to, but you want to do it as extra but you don't have to if you have the intention of doing it has the intention of Volvo within it anyway. Yes.

00:39:36--> 00:39:37

Already.

00:39:38--> 00:39:39

Do you see the reference?

00:39:40--> 00:39:41

Start in my mind.

00:39:50--> 00:39:54

Islam of generally speaking, they Yeah, they they check Hadees

00:39:55--> 00:39:59

Yeah, okay, good. But now what

00:40:00--> 00:40:00

questions

00:40:02--> 00:40:05

we can take? Yeah, one one general questions.

00:40:15--> 00:40:21

And in terms of shortening the the safest opinion that's been Tommy's opinion that if you

00:40:22--> 00:40:32

have more than one house in different areas, anywhere you are in your house in one of your houses, you should stop taking the exemptions.

00:40:33--> 00:40:36

Even though, even though with parents house most

00:40:40--> 00:40:48

It depends, it also depends because some people when they leave the house, they leave their parents house, it actually becomes completely foreign to them.

00:40:49--> 00:41:10

Like even though these are their parents, but they have no sense of belonging nothing. And that's more so in the West. But in the east, it's actually your parents houses to more like your house. So I think that plays a role. So generally speaking in the Muslim world that the general settler is no, if you go to your parents house is just like you're in your own house. It doesn't really change.

00:41:11--> 00:41:25

But it's still a matter of debate. Because the point here, is it considered to be your house or not? Is it considered to be as a place of residence, not suddenly permanent residence, but when you go there, you just hope? Okay, so that's where the question is.

00:41:35--> 00:41:51

Yeah, that's a good point. That's a good point. So hello. And um, but regardless, although this is a little bit irrelevant, that if you have a portion or not, because it's about the whole thing about shortening the prayer and combining praise when you travel is about an masaka, which is the hardship.

00:41:52--> 00:41:55

Okay. So, this

00:41:56--> 00:42:08

lesson to solve this riddle, there has nothing to do directly with that ruling. Okay. So the issue of ownership has nothing to do because, I mean, I could own a place somewhere like I could own a house in,

00:42:09--> 00:42:18

in Milton in Sharla. Yeah, and I would rent it out. So I'm gonna go and visit rented out to my friend, I go visit my friend, it's my house, right? I own it.

00:42:19--> 00:42:28

And I'm traveling the same traveling from Kingston to Milton. And I'm in Milton visiting for a day it's my friend, it's my house. He rented it from me

00:42:29--> 00:42:40

because the house is mine doesn't mean I'm gonna just you know, pre normal, I'm traveling I'm going to shorten and combine okay, but anyway, let's not get into this kind of discussions but

00:42:43--> 00:42:46

Okay, again, not the same thing. Okay, go ahead.

00:42:50--> 00:43:07

I don't recommend this don't pray in your car. Because you need to stand up unless you have a big van where you actually can stand up and make proper Salah I by the way this release I mean, thanks for bringing this up. That's a big issue I see a lot of people praying in the in the

00:43:08--> 00:43:09

in the in the car

00:43:11--> 00:43:16

one of the main pillars of Solecki yam you standing up how you pray in the car.

00:43:17--> 00:43:45

You might say Oh, it's raining something I mean come on. You're in Canada you can find the corner to pray you can find somewhere to pray. Like you're not if you are out in the open and there is no way for you like it's heavily raining and it's really bad and you can't but even that's a very rare case. So no you shouldn't pray at all in the car you should pray standing find a place even if it's uncomfortable, even if it's there's people walking here you know and passing by.

00:43:51--> 00:43:59

I don't want to get there it's about an hour not but I would say don't do it. That's where the last panel died. That's what Allah Yeah. Radical Africa, okay.

00:44:01--> 00:44:02

So lots of them have been