Channel: Moutasem al-Hameedy
This talk was given at the Abu Huraira Center on May 25, 2017.
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So we consider it to be 30 days.
So this is why sometimes
we call the last day on shadow ban, Yo, check the day of doubt the day you've dumped because somebody might say, What if they made a mistake inciting them? Or what if today is actually Ramadan? And they didn't get to see the moon? Okay, but it was actually there. What did the calculations tell us something else and people based on the sighting they said, No, that's it. So he says, I'm going to fast this day just to be on the safe side. Just to be on the safe side. I'm going to fast an extra day which is before Ramadan the last day of Shabbat. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam actually prohibited this and he advised against it so he said I selected with Salaam
in the Hadith reported by Muslim, he says that the more Ramadan Misumi amin, amin, what I mean, Iran so musalman so do not first day or two days before Ramadan, except if someone has a habit of fasting. Someone usually as we said he fasts one day or every other day, or he fasts, Mondays and Thursdays and they happened the day before Ramadan happens to be Thursday you're fasting that's fine. But if you fast just because you want to be on the safe side, then one of the companions said Salatu Mustafa
Ali said no assignment to melody you should copy for canasa I will pass him the one who fasts the day, which is that people have doubts about it, whether it's Ramadan or tomorrow's Ramadan, then he has gone against the instructions of Abu Carson which is the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
And seeing the crescent or the moon of Ramadan can be established by having two adults, sane adults, Muslims who get to see the moon. If they sign the moon and their testimony coincides, then that's enough for the Muslims to take that that's enough for the Muslims to take that. And mainly the decision should be made by the Muslim ruler, the halifa the Muslim government, the Muslim King, the Muslim president, when we live in a country and we sat down on Friday with there's no Muslim president that's basically the authority lies with the Muslim organizations and the Muslim organizations are not united yet. In this regards, they're not united the SPF in this regard, but
there are efforts to bring things a bit closer and Charlotte seems a lot of the Muslim organizations now agree on what we go globe what we call global sighting, global sighting of the moon. So there is there are some disputes here and there but it seems that almost everybody is moving towards their inshallah
now it's very, very important issue with fasting is the intention and Nia is a Nia, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said and authentic hadith.
He says, man, man, let me obey you to see and I mean a lady from LCM Allah who the one who does not have or does not develop the intention to fast during the night. that precedes the day, then there's no fast for him. Man, let me pay you to see amin la Fela suyama no Yamato. So why it's very important to have the intention to fast tomorrow, okay, from the night. I'm going to fast tomorrow. And as I said, the intention is not something you verbalize, but it's in your heart. So as long as you wake up to eat for sure, that's clear that you have already have intention and what have you the province of Southern says mental amusement assioma public and federally philosophia Mela, the one
who does not have the intention, develop the intention to fast before further, there's no cm for him. There's no fast way it doesn't count.
And this pertains to Ramadan.
This pretense dilemma, the issue of having an intention because if you do voluntary fast, you can have the intention anytime the prophet SAW Selim it's narrated authentically, but he would sometimes
come to a shadow the alarm and one of his wives, he would come to them and he would ask and it would be about Doha or just before the whole time he would say do you guys have food today? So we have nothing really. So it's okay, I'm gonna fast today. So the problem had the intention developed during the day but that's for sooner. That's for voluntary first one for Ramadan. You have to have the intention the night before.
Some people say this have the intention for the whole month.
But you see the headache is saying if we don't have the intention from the night before. So again, here, you
should be on the safe side have the intention each night for the day that comes afterwards
What if someone eats and drinks by mistake if they fast they carry on fasting and then fast counts. There's no issue with this. What if someone forgot it was Ramadan the first day of Ramadan Okay, they just happened to wake up late they didn't know it was the first day in Ramadan so they started eating they started eating well, the companion or the like the scholars generally say if this is the case a person is waiting for Ramadan but they didn't realize this was Ramadan they still haven't previously often but now with a lot of means of communication around and a lot of hype about Ramadan. It's It's a rare case but sometimes it could be the case with if Muslims live in a city
where there is no much I don't know many Muslims
Okay, so there's a heady theory with the professor sudden says Oh, it's from Solomon acquire he said Mr. Wu Salalah when you sell them La Jolla min Aslam and adds infinity and lemon Akela folia Samba to me he won over a California some for in anioma assurance was when Ashura was the obligation before Ramadan, by the way, Muslims were supposed to first ashuelot before Ramadan, it was an obligation. That's the second year of Islam. So the prophets of Salaam sent one of the companions around from Islam, he said pronounced among the people, that whoever has eaten them, hold back and let them start fasting from that moment, and who has not eaten them fast Ashura as well. So some
scholars took from this that if you if it happens, that Ramadan happens to begin and you are unaware of it and you started eating, then you were informed that was Ramadan, so hold back from eating and inshallah it would count as a day for you. Although this is not a consensus among the scholars.
So some scholars said, yes, they this person should fast the day instead of this, but they should hold back anyway. They should hold back anywhere but it should fast daily try and make up a day afterwards. Why because they didn't have the intention from the night before. So this is an issue of dispute. If you want to be on the safe side, I would say faster day instead of it.
Time for fasting, and as sometimes this course causes some issues for people. A lot of penalty Addison's in the Koran. What kulu shabu
shabu had diabetes hola como hypo abbiamo min and hypo sweaty mineral fetcher, and eat and drink until the white thread is visible to you, the white thread from the black thread is visible to you. That's the term for fragile is what we call the federal side of the true federal. This is when there's a thread of whiteness and brightness across the horror spreads across the horizon. If you're in an open area, you could actually see it is very clear. That's the time you stop eating at night, and you start your fast. So when do we wonder is this the fast start? Exactly at the time of an event in federal law? This is a lot lower, but that's the time to stop eating and drinking. Some
people say you know we should stop maybe 15 minutes 15 minutes before just to be on the safe side. We said the companions of the Prophet Salaam never did that. The prophets of Salaam himself never did that. They would eat until the amount of fudger until they saw the sign of fudger or they had them had been say Allahu Akbar. That's it. So don't you don't have to be on the safe side there. Specifically when the prophet SAW said I'm encouraged that we delay our show as much as possible. The prophet SAW Selim says in the authentic hadith matters that Illuminati behave
hola home. We're at General foodora home alma
mater Roma TV. Hi, ma Herat
Sahara. Well, I just felt Aloha. I just felt so does this mean person and says my nation will be in a good state for as long as they delay their soul to the last time and they break their foster open their fast immediately.
Immediately. So this is why you find some of the people some of the deviant sects among the Muslim ummah. They actually they don't, for example, they don't open their first novel.
They don't open their first time I heard they wait afternoon until they start seeing the stars. until they start seeing the stars they say that's how it's supposed to be. You see, no.
The prophet SAW Selim Brock is faster the time of Muhammad, the moment the sun sets, or the moment it might have been caused for you, we have calendars now. As long as the time shows, when the clock ticks at that time, that's it break your fast. She let me be on the safe side, me hold back for two, three minutes. That's not the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
sense of urgency.
And alumni best said there are, are hidden rates from the process. And there are two features two features, one is called as scheduled cab false.
And one is called federal sada, the true federal, the true version, we said when the white thread spreads across the horizon, but the
the false fudger is some kind of brightness, some kind of Twilight, that shows on the east side. But it does not spread as afraid.
It does not spread, it's not thin, you cannot tell the difference. So it like it fades into, into the darkness of the sky. But for further, you can see it's like a thread. It's so clear, there's a clear border between that's the true future, but the false fudger it fades into the darkness. So it's not such a clear kind of thread. And this way, the profits or sentences and federal for jalon for mn o wolferton. noleggio. Hadley Mataram, what are you hidden lasala methanex and now you had the Moto Han Oh, hello, solid promises and then says there are two phases. First phase, it does not prohibit or does not stop us from eating, and does not allow us to pray.
And the second measure, which is the true fudger is when we should stop eating and we can start praying. And so this is very important to tell to see the difference between these some groups among the Muslims that as I said, they try to be on the safe side. So they take fudger actually before its side.
that's problematic because you might be stopping your fast Yes.
Early, but what about people going to take your opinion and they will pray for a job before it's real time. So that's problematic. And it's actually in some of the Muslim countries that is an issue, because oftentimes the Adhan is actually before the time, oftentimes, the Adhan is before the time, in many of the Muslim countries, unfortunately, sometimes 20 to 25 minutes.
That is before the time, and a lot of the Muslim countries. So this is why sometimes the scholars say be careful, don't prefetcher straightaway, you will find the woman specifically on home after they are done the procedure and go to sleep.
But physio has not been there yet. And this issue causes a lot of problems and friction. So people say, well, they made the ad and I'm gonna pray regardless, and so on and so forth. By the way, this is not a new issue, and have a little bit hesitant as Kalani even mentioned this. In fact, Halle Berry in his commentary on soil, McQuarrie, and he lived 700 years ago. He mentioned the same problem, same issue along with Stan
Okay, now what if the time comes or if the time comes, or the one cause the other and I'm, I'm having something in my hand I'm eating either like to have a cup that I'm drinking from or I have something in my hand that I have already picked up and I'm putting it in my mouth or I have already I'm chewing on something, what should I do? And the time has just come in fragile. The profits are low and you sell them says in this authentic hadith, supported by Buddha wood, and Hackman very happy. He says they're semi common neither one enter or fee fella Yoda who had
if one of you here is the other way around for Pfizer, and the food container or the or the COP is in his hand. Let him not put it down.
Until he takes what he needs from it.
It has semia Docomo neither will enter oviya de la
Minho so you already drinking something and it says allow a kebab. Some people say oh and be righteous spit it out No, the promises that I'm saying take what you need from it take what you need from us
somehow I mean that's the that's the commentary from the the
what I mentioned from from half of the last colony is it's here. So basically I'm going to read this thing and he says mean I'll be there al mukalla Now have you had as a man in a bar in Afghanistan a public surgery Bina? We follow FISA free Ramadan worthwile masabi and let the jury that Allah metallicity sharp, elementary docm zarma nimah
t out I feel really bad when mommy daddy can harness a Java home daddy can either play with Dino in Ruby de la gente tankini waqt Zama
Whoa, whoa, all of a sudden, Philadelphia called animal clear McAfee McAfee is simply saying that there's a bit of either a period in their time where they prey where they make the advance professional before just to be out of precaution. And that's the sled them as well to push my grip even after it's time just to be again on the safe side. So he actually he condemns this. He condemns this Unfortunately,
they do it unfortunately.
Now the breaking the fast for Ramadan is when the disk of the Sun disappears when it sits. That's when my database and that's when the thought is and is Hadeeth from the among the Allahu anhu it says part of us will lie so allow him so let me that up by the lay lumen hamona
Holloman hunedoara bottisham sofapaka phosphide if the night comes from this side, means from the east well I developed nadelman hamona and the The day has gone has decided disappearing or disappeared from the west what a lot of the ships and sun has gone down pocket after sign that's the time the first thing person should bring their first
let's talk about the merits of self so how is eating before surgery is having a meal before first of all the profits will allow it was seldom mentioned that so hole is a blessing there is Baraka in it. There is a blessing there is blessings from it because there's a hadith from some man on the lower manufactory fee or a low and he said him and bochetto faith aletheia and Gemma at what very do was to hold that the process of sudden blessings he said blessings are in three things are Gemma congregation that spring Gemma with 38. Basically the wheat when it cooked like as rice and was shoehorn was to her and having to produce a pre dawn meal
from Abu hurayrah. In Allaha, Jalan Baraka, tafisa Holywell kale, a lot of the process on says that last ones Allah made or put Baraka in a short, and in LKL lk because we have two types of measures, either by weight or by size.
LKL is by size. So the profits are seldom at this time, they did not use weight, they used cane, which is a saw and
science. So they did not use like kilograms or pounds. They didn't use that. So they use and the professor said, I'm saying there's more Baraka in this. Baraka is in this more than weight by the way, and obviously in Soho, and one of the companions of the prophets of Salaam, he comes across somebody who was eating a soul. So the message for them says in the hyperbolic atone, appa como la jolla, falletta.
It's a blessing that Allah Antonescu
You so do not leave it. Do not leave it. This is not a command but this is a recommendation.
There's authentic truth as well from the prophet SAW Selim, he says a soul a collateral Baraka Assad Aquila to Baraka, he says, so who is a male of blessings fell into the room. So don't leave it on the edge or
attend minimum. Don't leave it even if one of you just takes a sip of water mixer called for in the law woman ekata who you saw Luna I didn't notice him because Allah and His angels Send blessings upon the ones who takes her home. And this Hadeeth is authentic.
And it is better we said to make the whole at the last bit of the night just before the last bit of the night before fudger and is headed from ns probably Allahu anhu he narrates from ZEW therapists are that as a head of Nam and Nabi sallallahu, alayhi wasallam are from karma de la sala Salatin
pull to come can I've been another and he was hold Carla quatro Cantina
from Siena, he said we had to hold with the profits on Sanam then after support he prayed for God. So I asked how long was the time between support and the Salah.
So you said 50 verses and when the companions or the time of the Prophet and they mentioned 50 verses that you should be talking about the short versus shorter verses they talk about the shorter verses so that's not a long time.
So as a whole is is shouldn't mo Akira and emphasized kind of soon and all the prophets of Salaam also said phoslo Marina so yummy now will see me early kita Akela to see
the difference between our fast and the fast of the People of the Scripture is eating before dawn
and the prophets are some we mentioned some of the Hadeeth
Okay, we'll stop here and your lawn will take you there any questions we'll take them any questions? Tomorrow inshallah, tomorrow's friday so we're gonna have a longer halaqa on fasting we'll try to cover everything with regards all the rulings with regards to fasting any questions.
Any questions? No questions like watercolor.
So long so the man in the vino.
He also here