Quraan – Episode 03
Channel: Muhammad Al Bizry
Series: Muhammad Al Bizry - Quraan
File Size: 42.22MB
The Quranic Script
Bismillah Alhamdulillah wa salatu salam ala rasulillah.
So we're on lesson six, the Quranic script, change the word scripture, the word must have, as I've written on the board, and you'll see why must have basically is means a book comes from so have witches, pages, anything which is written on is called sort of Amazon. So the objectives of this lesson are as follows. We're going to look at number one,
the order of the IRS
who put the IRS in their
then we're going to look at the order of the sower chapters of the Quran.
who placed the sower in the order that we have today?
Then we're going to look at the naming of the sower.
Why did these names come about?
When we're going to look at the paths of the Quran?
How is the could ad split? What's the classification? What's the breakup? And you might commonly know, it's commonly known as the, you know, the 30 Jews of the Quran. That's one way and there are other ways we can look at the parts the classification and breaking up of the Quran.
And then finally, we're going to look at
the Eros nanny must have
the most, the most half of men.
What does that mean? We're going to look at two things. Number one, we're going to look at the spelling of the words
in the most half of us men,
and then we're going to look at the script.
And you'll see why I wanted you to change the title from script to must have because script is only one part. Scripts think of a like as font. So that's only one part of a text, but rather we're going to look at the text as a whole.
Now, the majority of all of those points are in your notes. However, when there's something that's not I'm going to ensure Latella draw your attention to it so you can write it down. As for the order of the ayah in the Quran, there's no doubt that this was done by whom.
The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So if it were revealed in sort of Bukhara, he would say put these Ayah Tia some as revealed from certain Nyssa he'll say put these Aya t so it also loud aura the placement of the ayat therefore, this is what is called an Arabic topi fee. Totally fee came from torque off, what is torque of Maine to stop. So we stopped where a line is mentioned, Jeff stop. In other words, there's no room for our interpretation, it's divine Toki fee, another translation would be restricted. So it's restricted by the Quran and the Sunnah. It's called totally free.
The one watching from Allah and the messenger. And we know what the messenger says from the student is why he is well, it's on the same level of authority as the Quran.
what about the order of the sword so that point is double hamdulillah. Let's mention the university.
And of course, as is the plural for
and we took the definition of it in less than two or three, I believe we took terminologies. We said it means
good, that's one of the meanings of Santi Mashallah, another meaning is miracle good. And also comes from the word
miracle odds, which is enabled, so it's a miraculous sign that people are unable to perform. That's Danny In summary, what the word is a miraculous sign that others are unable to perform. As for the order of the sewer, we know for example, we have an Fatiha then.
Al Baqarah, then
Allium, Ron, and Lisa, Alameda, and so on, where did this order come from? There are three opinions. It says in your notes that the first opinion is the most correct. However, it's actually the third opinion, which we're going to take in a moment. So if you look at the first paragraph, it says the first opinion
is that the author of the squad was done by her, the Sahaba.
And the proof that is used for this is that the differences found between the muscle I have of the Sahaba, for example, a little Dylon, who has compiled and must have a text in which the sword the chapters were ordered, according to the time of the revelation. So for example, the first was sortal Allah then Alma dusted and then known and then in Fatiha, etc. However, just because the Sahaba had personal copies that were different in terms of the all of the soil, it doesn't mean that they are the ones who put it in order.
They may have
had personal copies for their own benefit. Ali wanted his own personal most have in the order of the yet in the order of the sword that were revealed. Now, just like when you, for example, take your own personal notes, you may not necessarily put things in order. So it says in your notes that this is the most correct opinion and the last sentence of the paragraph I cross it out. It's actually the third opinion which we're going to take in a moment. So in your notes, it says this is the most strict opinion. No, it's not.
The second opinion is that the order of the sword is done partly by the Sahaba. But it's also done divinely as well, divinely placed. So it's partly to Fifi, partly by the Sahaba. However, the third opinion is most correct well, lo alum. And there are
five evidences we can use
that the order of the squad
to prove that it's dopey Fie,
Number one, it says there in your notes.
What are these evidences? The order of the sower are divinely placed and proof to this is none of the great companions of the Prophet argued with the order confirmed by Horace Mann Raja Lata Allah when he compiled the must have, and the committee of the Sahaba that copied and distributed the copies of the Quran. So there is each map. Each map is the first proof and we know each map, which means what
santam consensus, correct, well done consensus. That is a definite proof. That is a proof.
Because Rasulullah said, my alma will not unite on falsehood. centum. He said, let's assume your Almighty Allah Allah, Allah will not you're not on. Yeah, well, botelho de la la la fasudil misguidance? In other words, if the United what's the opposite of falsehood?
Truth if they know that it means it's true. So they all agreed, if they had done their own ordering, then they would have differed. But they all knew this is the aura. First, they all agree no one argued with that fact. Number two.
This is not in your notes. So you want to add the second evidence. This is mentioned by a member CLT. So it seems where it says the first opinion was most correct. And I mentioned that a member of CLT must have been a mixup. It's actually lmct is for the third opinion, which is this opinion that the order of the sword is by Allah azza wa jal and His Messenger, he said, if you look at particular categories of sword in the Quran, there are some sort of that are grouped in families, right? Like for example, with that, they are the last three, so whatever the Quran they call them, or whether that's a family and other family would be animal sub behat, such as anything that starts with any
sort of it starts with sub Baja, and u sub beho and sub bear. That's called the mo sub behat. The sore that start with sub baja u sub B, whoa and sub Bahama gonna write these in a moment. I'm just trying to introduce this to you. And another group another family is called hi meme and harming the family of harming pas admins.
And those are super the seven of them start with harming another family is called alessian they start with tahseen orthos imim. Now what he said was interesting, he said if you look at the aloe Harmon family and if you look at porcine, or Thorazine, you notice that they altogether so Adhami the all together group seven of them, though I see no group together however, and most of behat are not you find the family of anamosa behat those who are the all over the place. He said logically if this order was done, what is habit? What would they have done for them so that together doesn't make sense? Why would you put them together and throw a seam together but you would break up most of the
heart. So since they family you put them together even more with it together. He said it is a definite proof to see. He said this is a proof to show you that the Quran is divinely the soul of the Quran are divinely placed. In other words, the Sahaba had no part and role to play in that. So this was the opinion of a CLT and he's a great scholar of canal in the past.
He specialized in the claim he said
if the sewer or if the aura of the sewer
was placed by the Sahaba while the companions
Then they would have arranged
family groups of the sower in order.
Third evidence sorry to show that the order of the source is from Allah within the miraculous nature in the connections between one source and the next you find for example, the way source are placed is an amazing link and amazing connection relationship between the source of that came before and the sort of that came after it. Like for example, so little Ella's Hola, Hola. Hola, HUD.
And the next two, so after that, which are what?
I'll follow up and a nurse
certain classes about what
that's true means that but what's it discussing?
A lot though head. And there are two factors that can impinge and effect total head, external and internal. And those are found insert and follow consultants respectively. I'll follow up deals with external factors that can affect your towhead. And sort of finance deals with internal factors that can affect you to the worst worst of shaitan. So as you can see, there's a relationship between the SWOT and all the soil. In fact, if you were to look at the soil and the content and the way they connect, it's amazing. So the miraculous nature
and the miraculous links between the seawater show that this is divinely placed by Allah.
And of course, with shorter chapters, but we're not going to going to try and keep away from that word, as we said, in our class, because we've taken the definition of pseudo and it's not restricted to chapter but of course, outside when you're speaking to a non Muslim, and if you were to say pseudo, they may not understand so you're gonna have to use the word chapter and verse and so forth so they can understand what you're talking about.
Fourth evidence that they could the author of the sower is divine is that this is the way jabril Ali Salaam recited it in the last year of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam his life from sort of the NASS sorry, from salt and fat, they have to sue the nurse in the family of the profits left. That's the order of the recitation of debris.
And finally, and this seems to be the strongest evidence used for the subject, that the author of the sower is from Allah azza wa jal and His Messenger is the hadith of owls ignore they
are right up top so you can see
number five, we had enough of our signal for the
house, even when
he asked the Sahaba
he asked us to have it Okay, fair to has the bone and Quran. How do you split the Quran up in Isaiah? And so what did the Sahaba say? They said, We split the Quran up as follows three, so on, and then five, so on, and then seven, so on nine, so or 11 or 13. So and then on Mufasa those are the breaks or the classification. That's one way you can split the Quran up and shows you that the Sahaba were doing this in the time of Rasulullah first, this is how they understood it in that order. And if you were to look at the sower, they included it's exactly in the order that we have today from and Fatiha. Then in Baccarat, then Allium rondon, and Lisa, etc, all the way up to and
Mufasa we start to sort of go off and then it goes into sort of the nest which is the last sort of the crab. So I was in Haifa
asked the companions
about the classification of the soul
and breaking up of the crime
So inshallah that's clean.
So hello, Adam, this seems to be the strongest opinion.
And it's not an issue of Eman Kufa, at the end of the day, if a person wants to take another opinion, no problem. No problem is something that the scholars themselves different.
So he asked the Sahaba How did you? How do you split up the Quran I said 37579 1113 distinctive odd numbers, then after 13 al Mufasa. And we're gonna take that in a moment what that all means. So it shows you that the Sahaba understood this is how you divide the Quran.
How would they know this if it wasn't done like this in the time of Rasulullah.
Now regardless, whatever opinion you take, the Sahaba accepted it, as we have it today. Thus we should accept it. Who are we to start now changing the book of Allah. So we accept it because the Sahaba accepted, that's very important. So in humbler, we're done with the order of the Quran.
Let's look at the naming of the sower.
We don't have an authentic narration in which it indicates the Prophet named or the sword however, we know that he named most of the sword so change the word some to most This isn't your notes that he named some it's actually most
yellow pseudo name most of the sword like Al Baqarah and Allium Ron and Lisa, and you have any ahaadeeth for that where he would say whoever, whoever recites the last two AR Trump sort of Baccarat in the evening, like affetto. So it shows us that Osceola named Al Baqarah, and also whoever memorizes the first and eight of swords, gaff will be protected from the jail. So many I had to show us that he named the sword. However, all of them allow Ireland according to Alabama's or Kashi. He named all of them. However, naming of the sower is not something which is, as we said, part of the soul of the dean, a man and so forth. It's just the title of a surah. That is it. So
it's just to identify particular solar. So it's not a big deal on the naming of the sower, but we know someone named most of them some Allahu alayhi wa sallam
on the next page, or the same page, I'm not sure.
PAGE 34 the naming of the swap.
Now what about
now most of the names did come from Alan and Russell. Yes. And like we said, it doesn't really matter, because the naming is just helping you identify which surah a lot of the times of Sahaba would identify a surah by mentioning the first ayah like, they'll say, Have you learned al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen, which Surah
Fatiha things like this? Are 811 you can see within, that's how they would identify them. And sometimes also give it a name. Like Al Baqarah, like alkaff. So it doesn't really matter. It's just identifying the surah. It just helps you identify the surah.
It can be yes. But sometimes it could be a thing that it's mentioned only once in the whole surah. So sometimes, or it could be a word.
It could be a word that is mentioned often, like adobo the word Toba inserta. Toba is the only surah that has this word Toba mentioned the most. So sometimes it's various reasons why it'll be named a particular way. But it doesn't really matter because it's just helping you identify which sort of you're discussing. Now, what about the types of names? How do we get to these names? In terms of naming the sower, we're still continuing here.
There are three types.
Three types of names. The first
are those who are which only have one name.
Okay, there are some sword that only have one name. We don't know any other name, but this name, like
only has that name. It's not known by another name. Also sorta to Miriam
and Surah Taha. So total MBR these two are only have one name.
Now this part is not in your notes. So you have to write this down.
What's the second time?
So, now there are other songs that have more than one name.
Two, three or more.
Yes Good sorbitol caffeine. Good. So caffeine is also called salted Asante.
Good soda from acid
it's also called soret that bad and it's also called satola good
surah number nine
so at the top is also called Bara.
This association this event from the kuffar from *can its people
and it's also called alpha they have what's called the hamming yeah the exposure that exposes gopher shark and its people so it was also called alpha.
However the suitor which has the most names is you knows
good Al Fatiha
it has 25 names. Yeah, and many names indicate
loftiness Mashallah 70
another suitor which has a lot of names is sorted Alec loss we're going to take them in detail
has 20 names
it's about two hates about a loss of a job so it's great
and the third category
groups of sore or sore have been categorized under one name server which have been categorized and grouped under one name
so groups like Alma with a
yeah gribbs families and it
doesn't really matter
sometimes they called al sometimes they just given a name like el mar with that without the with Al in front of it.
So um while we that came from the word that although I whether you are with more or with an arrow when you say I will be leaving you seeking a loss protection, so those three Sue are the last resort of the Quran, I call them what we that.
Now you can also refer to them as Elmo with a tan, the two or an MA with attain the two which is a Filipina, so they have two names. So the last resort.
Three calls are called Mr. with it. Another group is called.
Yes, there are seven of them that start with ham him those two letters.
And they are from Surah to hoffa to Allah off the seven of them
off a horse
sort of warfare to sort of lock off a coat. So having the family room and all together actually, another group is called Alamosa. behat
And there are many Alamosa behat. They start with this we have a lot like sub baja u sub behold and sub sub as well because Allah for example, and sub Bihari la Hema SMRT will out so to Haddad. So as you can see they're not together. And as we said that was one of the evidences used to show what
the order of the Quran and so what is divine is divine because logically, if the Sahaba did it, they would have put them all together. But when somebody had broken up and another category I'm not going to mention all the categories will be here all day. But this is an important one because it works well with the next part of today's talk
as several which means seven from Sabah.
Tallinn long, the seven long ones. In other words, the heavies the big sore whatever you find after Al Fatiha seven silver onwards, yes,
several to one.
So I'm just introducing you to the name now and this next part the parts of the Quran we're going to take a several toil in a bit more detail, but as many groups as others like as the Halloween Rasulullah he encouraged the memorization of as a heroine,
Al Baqarah Nellie Milan. So there's other groups, other groups, so we're not going to mention all of them, but I wanted to introduce you to ones that you probably haven't heard before.
Yeah, they will. They will. They will cover you with shade on the Day of Judgment if you memorize them.
If you memorize a buckler, a blonde, yes it's very very virtuous, very virtuous. So the Sahaba said whoever memorize these two did that and then he was raised in rank. We saw that person is like to Bala cola. In our time, he's hectic for the child. I saw someone who memorize us too. So sorry, can you write your question down that way we can take it in the end sorry sisters.
So those are the three types.
Quick revision. What are the three types of naming of the sword? The first type are those sword which have one name only, such as
alkaff, Maryam, Taha, etc. Next category.
More than one name those sorts which have more than one name such as Al Fatiha a leafless alkaff, Iran
method a Toba good and thirdly groups so one name will be used to categorize many sources such as
Alma with that good Allah Jaime.
All the sower between Surah Taha fer to Allah cough, the seven surah two Horford and then from memory it's facilites and then assura
and then Azhar off at the horn
Al Jazeera and then Allah cough
someones to check that you can. Yeah, so some sort of offer to Allah off the seven
another family name is
a sobre todo el good.
The seven long ones the seven heavies, that's truly the big ones. So that'll that's important because that'll take us into this next part, which is the part of the Quran how do we split the Quran up? One way is the agenda which we have today the 30 Jews, right and each user is 20 pages. That's one way
another way is as we've taken
our sample for the for us too.
So how about what do they ask him? What do you ask them?
Good How do you pot and split the Quran? Okay for the Buddha Quran. He said
3579 1113 and then animal for son. So we're going to take that now in sha Allah tala what those what those mean.
Not necessarily. No, not necessarily.
No afecta isn't included. Some opinions included Fatiha. But it seems no because when we get to Allah Mufasa it starts from sort of cough and if you count three then 579 1113 the end of that starts and Mufasa starts with off and we're going to see that seems a made must correct opinion. Three, so what correct three so on. So three Surat Al Baqarah, lm Ron and Lisa, then five sore
and madder than an arm and then a lot of etc. So three, so other than five, so other than seven, so on and so on. So, let's look at this in a bit more detail. I'm going to introduce to you another way in which the Quran can be split.
The Quran can be split into parts, or classified. And this is something that not many people know why. Because this Hadeeth although it's authentic, it doesn't seem that it's been narrated often. In fact, I can only find one narration on this, and it's found in Muslim dilemma Mohammed, very important Hadith. And
please lend me your is the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, well Tito McKenna Tara, a sabato? Well, I was given in replacement of the Torah. In other words, something similar to the Torah in subject and content in similar style. I was given a sabato Well, what is that? The seven lung? He said, and then I was given another category of soul. He said, What are the two mechanisms for alchemy in I was given something called alchemy in and the word alchemy in comes from the Arabic word mere. What's Mere 100? Good and in Arabic saying it's me. Yeah. So I was given sewer classified as El amin in replacement of as a board.
And this board was given to her
that would that try Zaboo was given to them would it translated as the songs or the Psalms of David Wright, and then he said I was given another group. He said, while Tito McConnell in jail, I was given in replacement of the engine and the engine was given to her.
Salam al Madani another group of so called al muthoni. We're going to take what that means in a moment. And then also I mentioned something additional he said well full deal to be Mufasa and I was given preference and favored with Alma fossil, no prophet was given the likes of Alamo Fasano, Allahu Akbar. This Hadith is amazing, you know, that shows us that also the best of what was given to Moosa, there would Isa and will also give you something additional on top to Panama. In other words, why go to the books of the kofod Why go to the Torah and the Indian, we don't need that hamdulillah the Quran has everything in anything we need in regards to the previous revelation. And
that which we need for this. This is an amazing Hadith will lie. And as I said, it's not known, unfortunately, too many people, but it shows you another way you can divide the Quran and classify the Quran in its groups. So let's take that in further detail. Now I'll write it on the board for you, because this is not in your notes. So he said I was given a replacement of the Torah. A separator Well, that's the first group
A several to one
translated as the seven long, seven long ones.
They're really long sore. And what are they? They start from? Of course, Al Baqarah. So if you were to count seven, so out from abakada onwards,
where would you arrive? Let's do it now. alibaug Allah then
Nisa, good, Matt ADA
and I'm good
sewer to NFL however, the scholars would also include a Dober. They said that the Sahaba in the Sahaba would combine an unfair and a Toba into one and the proof is that they will do so because there was no Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim to divide the two. So they would consider a Toba and lfl as one surah. So from it's the seven long are from Al Baqarah to
as the first category
that in replacement of which book, The Torah the Torah was given to which Prophet Musa
so we have everything we need in terms of the previous revelations in the Quran.
Yeah, McCann, he said in place of emplacement of so sound when I come home, every single time
And then he sets a lot of set them I was given a replacement of a board. I'll mean,
now enemy in comes from the word Alma. And Mia
means 100. So the hundreds, those sore, those chapters of the Quran, which have 100 is or near 100. So it could have 105 110 125 eight, those are referred to as l mean. And that was given to to sort of loss a lot of Selim, and examples of us. So what would be sort of kunos
sora to hood.
So not to use of
an Italian they pronounce, by the way, you will notice not Eunice and Yusuf not use.
Sometimes they will just say quickly, but if you're going to recite the ayah yourself with the Dhamma.
So that was given in replacement of as abor given to the EU data center.
So if you want to get an idea of what was given to Moosa read the seven long ones to sobrato if you want to get an idea of what was given to
that would read al amin and those are just three examples. Can you write your questions
have the engine
loyalty to mechanics aboral mean
is that the translation of the Arabic
If that's in English they must have is translated. I took this hadith straight from Allah Muslim,
away a cup of tea. And then the third category was
And you'll see why it has to be like this sister because the meanings in El muthoni are very similar to what you find in the engine y and muthoni. Firstly comes from the word thunder. Thunder in Arabic means to repeat, to repeat has many meanings it means to praise as well. Praise Allah.
So Allah Thani are the oft repeated sewer.
Those who are which are oft repeated, very similar in style. You find the ayat they almost repeat themselves, talking about the same theme over and over like paradise like Hellfire, Sona soiled heart softeners hearts often as well as a salicylic given
hearts often is to purify the soul. And that's why you find even in the Bible today. It's all about love peace, turn the other cheek, right when you get slept, literally peace. And he came with that why to soften the hardened hearts of Ben hood? Because what are they focusing on?
rulings that are all found in the seven lung if you were to read Al Baqarah to adobo, primarily, it's all about
rulings legislation. And if you're only focusing on that, and you neglect the heart, it's gonna get hard. So as you can see,
that has to be what was given to a solid, solid, solid solid.
I'll fill you in on all this. So
what is it
oft repeated? Yeah, so you find the Iet are very similar they it's like they're repeating themselves off repeated. And that's why an Fatiha is also called a several muthoni because it's always repeated seven, eight that are constantly repeated every single day 17 times daily. So alphabet has also called a several muthoni. So we said 39 Arabic means to repeat something. And also our
inclusive of they include sort of the office like Allah Jaime, and thomasine. So assorted Hafiz.
And then surah, fausti, Latin soret assura and sorta zakharov. And you can basically go up into a cough
there are others, but I'm just giving you seven there. There are seven examples. And even if you were to read and try to memorize a sword, if you have, you'll find very difficult to memorize because they're very similar. And I sort of offered for example, and others that will start very similar how I mean 10 zero kitabi mineral oil as easy Lani, Jaime Makita Ave Burnham, him 10 zero Minerva mannerheim look at how they begin. And even the content it's very similar. So they stimuli and style and the oft repeated
because they deal about they deal with Hellfire paradise, the hereafter. And it's always repeated, you find all those other themes that are repeated. And they soften the heart because the mania, and that was simply that was similar to a Sally slams engine.
So the hood had hardened hearts, because there were only focusing and were concerned with rulings and legislation. You know, sometimes, for example, brothers, they're so concerned about how to place the feet and the fingers and the head and they go to extremes and they forget the purpose of the solid, which is for sure. So yes, that's important. You need to stand right? That's very important and his wisdom behind that. You find there's a hadith for the placement of every single body part in the solar where to place the fingers, hands, arms, elbows, feet, knees, everything. Why? Because Allah wants you to be conscious in the prayer, that you're focusing on every single body part and
his wisdom behind that, as opposed to a person who's just slouching, right? They're not even concerned. So there's wisdom behind that. But sometimes brothers, they get so carried away that they're so concerned about the person next to them, he's not standing rather than forget themselves. So that's, that's an attribute of the hood. Because if you look at our so our Alba, Khurana Toba, a lot of the not all of it. Of course, a lot of it is to do with rulings legislation.
So no doubt you need both and that's the beauty of the Quran and gives you both that which is to worship Allah correctly, the outcome and the legislation how to live your life but also how to soften your heart and get you closer to Allah. And finally it'll sola was given a special preference with the Quran.
With a group of sower called what
Now these two are, what they call them. The first one. It comes from the word fossil.
For solar and fuel fossil and fossil. This is the first there's a fossil every day and other first what's the first class groups literally broken up. So it's called more fossil due to the mini sewer, the mini breaks. You find those sort of short sort of off to sorta NAS a very short so on every page or so. Bismillah R Rahman Rahim. anusara. Next Page Bismillah R Rahman Rahim anusara. Sometimes you find many, so one on one page, like the last resort of the Quran. So the Cosmo first soil, due to the many breaks, they split up the constant many breaks.
Because Farsi and Arabic literally means class. This is a fast when you have classes at school, like a festival service e6, a festival pharmacy five, that's called the fosse. So the different groups, they're broken up. So they start from soda to cough,
all the way to sort of the nasty end of the Quran.
So as you can see, it basically summarizes those four categories. summarize the sort of the Quran for you in, in parts in parts of Subhan Allah. So there's one category or several of the well, then alameen, then and muthoni, animal facade. Now this difference of opinion, where do the Mufasa start? Do they start from off some say they start from sort of man, some say from and where they are, it doesn't really matter, as any these are just general categories for us to get an ID. But it seems this is the most correct opinion. Why? Because the other hand is out in her life as we took earlier, when he asked us How the hell do you split the Quran? If you were to count from three, so rather
than 579 11 and 13? So or at the end of 13? So what do you get the beginning of, and Mufasa, which is sort of counter count three. So we're starting from a Baccarat and then count another five sword, and then count seven, so of the nine. So what then 11, so other than 13, so on, at the end of that, you get 49 soon.
My math is correct, ma'am, we'll check three plus five plus seven, plus nine plus 11 plus 13, you get 49. And then at the end, so sort of 50 is sort of took off. And that's where a Mufasa begins.
So someone check my math.
She's on her phone, maybe she can do
call us in your own time. I'm going to quickly do a quick revision of this with you try not to look if you can remember, remember, if you need to look no problem. So Sula said I was given a separator well What are those?
Seven long in replacement of which book? The Torah, the Torah? Good. The Torah was given to each Prophet
Musa and what are the seven long inclusive of
what do they include? Which sword Baccarat to
October? That's a sword. How do you answer
Bismillah Ar Rahman Rahim at the beginning of October so unfairly matoba considered one. That's one good. He was also given another category The second category called in Arabic.
I'll mean good. The word mean el amin comes from Mia which means 100 in Arabic. So what are those sore?
They have? How many at 100 or near 100. Like for example, some have 120 111 I saw its use of I believe is 111 is so that's inclusive. What's the third category of so on?
Al masani good. What does that mean in Arabic to repeat good, why are they super cold and muthoni?
Similar is similar versus the theme is repeated. Good. Give me an example of them.
as we said, so toughs foster start from sort of coughs anything before that would be an attorney.
So sort of offered to sort of off and there are others and then finally I'll move on and what does Mufasa mean?
Many breaks from which one Arabic
fast good fast, which means a class a brick a group good
Mashallah well done.
You want to take it further? Because you need to get to the next part.
Did you include?
Sorry, did you include that in Fatiha sorry.
Okay, and what's what's sort of 49?
In the Quran soulfulness cough.
Can someone check you?
I've got this I can send this via email.
So if what sort of 49
Yeah, what sort of 50
He was given special virtue with that no one was given the likes of Al Mufasa. So shows you the Quran is unique.
So the Quran basically gives you the best of the Torah. The best of those are both the best of the engine and they do something extra like for the money. What can what book is this Jani, ma Jabba Haddad Kalam, Allah Hi, Annie, how amazing. Yes,
That's right, even further.
Let me know Sharla. And finally, the author, many must have
have to finish these next few pages in five minutes. Sure, look. Okay, so why did I want you to write most half instead of script because most half includes the spelling and the script. It's more comprehensive. Now you're not going to mention all of those things put together and it can be quite confusing. So if you want to just look at what I'm going to do on the board for you, I'm going to summarize those next two pages. inshallah. It talks about the manuscript and it talks about after that, the decoration of the text, and so forth. So when we're talking about the author, Manny must have we're referring to two things, the spelling and the script, the spelling and the script. As for
the spelling, can the scholars discussed? Can the spelling of the Quran be changed to accommodate for other generations later on who are unfamiliar with Arabic or to make Arabic the Arabic of the Quran easier? The most correct opinion is no, the spelling of the most half cannot be changed.
goes on to mention those in your notes. And this is the opinion of any member Hamad and Mr. Malik
evidences are almost all of the sedef agree to this.
You cannot change the spelling, the spelling. For example, Imam Ahmed was asked, Can you change the letter well, to an Elif in the word Salah, in the Quran, the word Salah at times written like this. So Allah, he was asked, Can you change the world to just an Elif?
So people can read it as it is. That's how it's actually said. He said, No, leave it as it is like that. Don't change it, because that's the way that's also harbor agreed on the writing. And we said in the time of men that combine the other half into the other half into one into one, citation, one spelling therefore, the way the most half is written today, it includes the other sort of all in one, so we should leave it as it is. And another opinion, another evidence, sorry, for this opinion
there was a map.
We stick to this spelling, because there was a map from the companions, consensus, we don't come and change and break the edge map. And in fact, you can't break each map. The only way to break each map is before is this map, not after?
The Sahaba Yeah, yeah, that's right. The Sahaba will actually have they, they they agreed to the writing of the must have. But those who came after it said you can change the letters to make it easier to read. However, it seems no most correct, no.
thirdly, why don't we do that? This will open the door
to playing with the book of Allah.
And let's get serious stuff. That's scary. It'll open the door for playing and toying with the most half hours a biller may think how can a Muslim do that? Well, unfortunately, many Muslims don't fear Allah, I'm afraid. And I'm sure you probably realized that why now.
Open the door to playing with our last book.
Now what about the script? There's a bit more flexibility there. No problem.
Why? Because by changing the script,
think of it as though you're changing the font. Are you changing the letters? No. For example, in old school, right when MS Word came out, everyone was using Times New Roman. But now that's old school. People don't like it, they'll use what Arial or Calibri, or something else. So they're changing the font, the look of it, by changing the letters, no. So if you were to read, for example, the English of Shakespeare, and he were to write English, right? It'll be E and G, Li sh, but it'll be written in a way that may be difficult for people who aren't familiar with English to read. So later on, the font will change but the letters stay. Therefore, there's flexibility. In changing the
script, it's just the style of writing.
Think of it like changing the font, no problem. Although there were some, as it says, in your notes, some of the salaf in the beginning, were a bit hesitant and reluctant to do so. But later on, and Hamdulillah, they realize this isn't changing the letters. Like for example, you can write Mohammed like that, right?
That's Raka very quick. And then you can write Mohammed like that. So all the letters are there.
In the beginning, in the beginning,
the Quran was written in a particular font, particular scripts, anyone know what that was called?
So we're looking at script now. It was called a goofy, old goofy script.
Not Sufi, Goofy.
That was a very old way of writing. And I'm going to show you how that looked.
They see that that was how the Arabs used to write no dots notice skin, nothing very different. Yeah, it's beautiful. But it's also very difficult thing. It's now the letters didn't change after that, what happened over time, because it became difficult to read for other generations, they started the dots.
And then the style changed. So, it was written in the as you can see, the style started to change after that.
So that was in the time of Earth men, the earth manimals. Half was written like this.
Up until when? The third century.
In the third century,
there was a very smart individual by the name of Eben McCullough.
Eben McCullough is the founder of calligraphy.
And this is our final point. And we're going to indie.
This is important because this individual amatola Lee, he founded calligraphy and what he did, he invented the newest style of writing a new script, a new font, in other words, called ness.
And this is exactly what we have today, whether it's using an iPhone, or you were to look at your iPad in the way that Arabic is written that's not in the Quran. Today, the most half is really nice. So he found it nice. And he began to use this and Alhamdulillah. And it was and then it was widely accepted by many people. And first they changed the writing of the Messiah from Kofi to NUS. From the third century onwards.
It's just a fun. So as we said, there's a difference between spelling and phonics, spelling, changing the letter. Like for example, realize, can be written with a Zed if you're using American, right and realize written with an S if it's Australian. So that didn't change. That can change in other language, but the Arabic didn't change in terms of the letters, all that changed was the dots. And what what happened, all that change was the fun.
And among the includes only the changing of the font was the dots and it says that you know, it's that early, Rodolfo was the first to suggest this for people to start putting dots into scale. Because people were starting to make errors because they weren't familiar with Arabic. And it says then, you know, it's that he told us what to do and what to do. So to start adding this to scale, which is the Fatah bomb kasra so the must have and he was really
And they don't want to add something to the book of Allah. But later on, he heard someone recite the area and sort of the Toba and Allah habari Amina, Mashallah. kena rasuluh, as it says, then you note, he read not rasuluh he said Rasulullah and that changes the whole meaning. It means as the way Allah intended is Allah and His Messenger break off ties from the machine again. But the way he read it was Allah breaks off from the machine and His Messenger. In other words, the way he read it, he changed the meaning that Allah is free from his messenger or the villa. So he said, I did not think that the level of Arabic would be so poor that I reach this state. So he went back to IE Ron, who
and he said, I will take on this task. You're not say he went back to Ziad, the governor of a busser No, it's actually Ali. But the yard was under Ali.
Ali Roadrunner was a halifa Ziad was the governor. So it doesn't really matter, he went back, I swear to God, and that's all in your notes. And he agreed to start adding the the scale. So he was the first to place the dots. And later on the dots were removed. And now we'll use for similar letters because the Quran the way it was written initially,
like Arabic, the dal and then the same,
the saw then the DOD good, and the Z and the law. So later on those dots with the skeeled, were put here instead. And then the Tuskegee was added with the Fatah, dama, and Castro and that's all in your notes.
dots, the dots were first for the Tuskegee. But then they remove the dots, they didn't use them for the scale anymore. They use the for the letters to distinguish between similar and then those were added later. So the fat had omega came late later.
No always asked for the dually, who was commissioned by Li Rolando, the great halifa. So he was he told him to do it. But he was hesitant, until he heard this big mistake, he realized that he has to do something about it. And that's all in the notes. And like I said, See, that's how it was originally. And then I was asked what they do and they added the dots.
For example, if it's on top of the letter, I mean the DOM if it's below to the customer, and then later on the dots were removed, and they'll use for similar letters and then that the skill was added. So as you can see, it becomes overtime very similar to what we have today. Or is it
now he did want the dots only later on later on. But both were added the skill and the dots.
No, it wasn't him later on. Later on, that the skill was added.
It just says later on in units.
read this book, read this book. Pretty much third third century onwards, the NES was taken basically replaced CoffeeScript and pretty much third century onwards. As you can see there is what Alhamdulillah basically took over this CoffeeScript and what you have today, if you open the most half there, you can see that's what you see in front of you is is the newest and the beautiful part of what Evan rocla did was that he he started to he he basically invented rules of calligraphy. And this is going to be a course we're going to hold at the Mia on hot Yeah, if you want to write like the Arabic of the Quran, I'm going to hold a course on that that's going to be part of the Montezuma
monument Arabic college. And it will be on a different day of course to what you do here because I'm the teacher so I can do two classes at once. And for example, I'm going to show you I'm going to teach you how to write letters. You may think how hard is it How hard can it be to write the law for example, right Oh, by the way, there's actually a there's actually rules for that the law is made up of how many paths have a guess
right you can come down to the line first and then underline and then you flick it that's a lot what about the iron region like that?
One brother said 17 right because after I said that, you guys okay, there must be more firstly with dying you start with the eyebrow it's called you come down to the line you go up and then you like that
Yeah, pretty much for Yeah, so I'm going to teach you then in which letters are on the line or below the line or both. And a lot of people get confused between the bat and the known as I think okay, but no one right No, there's a whole family for that there's a family for those that will be for example the bat that
good whereas the the cough and the known have a different family it's called the Gasser like a cup, right the non and then the cough
Yeah, things like that. And also the sod.
See similar see that pop the same and seen.
Also, so you can learn how to write that inshallah Tada. It's not just shapes. Yeah, the shape so he actually
actually even rocla he actually was the founder of calligraphy and the rules. So we're going to take that as a whole module. In Arabic college, there'll be various modules. There'll be Quranic Arabic. There'll be rules of sort of, and there'll be you know, hot and different modules like you have here you have Quran, Hadith, Sierra, we're going to have that inshallah. So May Allah reward you for your patience. I know that was a deep lesson but don't worry the next two sessions are very easy and we actually going to finish early Believe it or Not today. So I have half an hour break.
Come back at 115 Sharla. Camilla head on to panic, aloha mobile shadow and Mr. Furukawa
if you wish to ask