Channel: Moutasem al-Hameedy
This Course presents fiqh from a wide view, beneficial for any student of knowledge. The course starts from the Fiqh at the time of the prothet Mohamed (SAW) up to our time. The main book of the Course is The Evolution of Fiqh by Dr. Bilal Philips.
© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.
I'm the girl behind me know salatu salam ala nabina Muhammad in
the story of
this is how we live our seven session, seventh class on the story of Falcon Hamdulillah, we've covered quite a bit of time, the most important probably time for the history. And that's basically
the time of the messenger sallallahu wasallam, after having some kind of a background of religion before that, and then talking about the meccan period, period, the Medina.
And lastly, we talked about the era of the companions, which is basically during an era for Rashida during the time or rain, or before rightly guided caliphs.
And something to close with about the this era, which is of the whole affair of Russia
one thing, one very important thing, because we will find from the companions, and even from later generations, a condemnation of our right
away is the use of intellect, the use of intellect, when it comes to matters of Sharia.
So, we will find the condemnation of why and we will also the same time we will we find that they themselves have resorted to Etihad, which is an intellectual endeavor.
So, how can we reconcile? So, the companions, they had a right among them, but they also condemned, avoiding the use of intellect.
How can we reconcile this I would, we touched on this briefly, but it's good to just talk about it at the beginning here, and make it a very clear point or station. In this journey, as we are talking about the history of
of worry, or the use of intellect, in finding out matters of faith or arriving at a conclusion and Phil is condemned when a robbery or the use of intellect goes against enough against the religious text.
So when you have an opinion that goes clearly against the text, the Quranic text, or the Hadith, prophetic text, then this right here is condemned, is not acceptable and is rejected, and has no place in Islam.
avoid is also condemned when it is baseless.
Meaning when a person is coming up with their own opinions, when they don't have any foundational knowledge, proper foundational knowledge to do.
So a person might come up with an opinion or this is how the ruling should be, and the ruling might be correct, the conclusion might be correct. But if this person has no grounds, has no hasn't mastered the tools of alpha and solid Fuck, then even if the opinion if his opinion or his conclusion is right, still condemned,
because this is the use of opinion without reference. And without proper foundation from the Quran and the Sunnah, from someone who's not qualified.
That's, generally speaking, when a VA is condemned, but array is accepted. And sometimes it's actually wajib. And obligatory is when there is a situation
that there is no apparent
and clear cut straightforward text about it.
We have a new newly arising situation,
it's never been there before.
And it requires the people who are qualified, the people who have mastered and mastered the soul. And they've mastered the tools of HDR. So they know an edge map, for example, they know the consensus of the scholars. They're very well versed on the opinion the opinions of the scholars that are based on the text.
It becomes obligatory that these people use HDR in order to handle such affairs. And that's the kind of opinion that we found among the companions, probably alone, and we will see in Sharla later on, this was the case with the Tabby and scholars who came afterwards. So that's generally speaking, when of why is condemned and when it is praiseworthy. So it's not completely condemned and not completely praiseworthy. So the use of intellect has a place in Islam has a place for someone who understands the texts and their meanings, basically to use that understanding
And the mastery of the tools in order to provide answers for situations we're faced with today. And this is why the scholars that make English Jihad until today.
Second thing is it's worth knowing the companions that actually stood out when it came to knowledge because not all the companions were scholars.
Not all the companions were scholars. Actually a minority among the companions were scholars, as Imam Liam says at the beginning of his book LML mockery, and he's probably the best one was given.
That's the best kind of description or summary of the history of the scholars of Islam at the beginning of his book lm and warplane mm hmm talks about the each era of the Muslim history and the scholars there. So he mentions them by name. From all generations, he mentions, hundreds probably reaches 1000s of names
at each level, at each stage, so about the companions, although
not all of them. Not all of them were super hot, not all of them were in were engaged and sick and making fatawa not all of them left a huge or a big legacy on in terms of folk or heritage in terms of fifth
there were seven among the companions that are called Alamo Kia own alimak theorem. They had abundance in terms of fatawa in terms of opinions in terms of understanding in terms of the left behind a huge amount of they call them an oxymoron. They've left abundance of behind them
whether it's immigration from the prophet SAW salon, but not only the nourishment and aeration with an understanding of it, and how to implement it.
These are also mentioned by
Mr. Crane, the ones that are called on your own there are seven
on multiple hop
on model hop, and you will recognize their names because the names always come up when we talk about Philippines. Ali
Abdullah no Mr.
I'm delighted if you know how best
to lie it'd be normal in a hotel brotherly love.
These are seven. Again, I'm Bob.
And you have to live abroad. Wow, Asia was a domino sabots live bass. I'm delighted.
And I spend money. He wasn't from democracy alone. But he's from
the ones in the roughly probably the
he was one of the writers of Hadeeth. More More. These are the that basically people used to come to them for that one. So they had a lot of fatalities. We had a lot of fatalities. And they faced a lot of situations and they used ht hat.
They use this. So these are not only generators of Hadeeth. Because otherwise it would be it would be if it's just narrator's of headache. Our IRA would come first Memorial conference because Amalia narrated more than 5000 semester estimations are some estimates say that he actually generated about 5400, almost
So he would come first. But this is not about narrations of Hadith, because I've already I just used to relate it. But these are the hot or cold alcohol. Alcohol among these are the most learning among the companions. And I mean, this classification is based on the amount of fatawa they produced is what you've been hasn't. For example, He said about these seven, the first seven, he says a logimat fatawa kulula hidden min home, they can see from Bahama, the three fatawa each one of those were to be compiled in a book, it would create a huge file, each one of those seven
there's another another group of them which is intermediate. What are subtle and Animoto sedans with fat one. And what are students in fact, these are in the middle.
So they had a good body of fatawa but there was still less than the almak theorem seven and matava sit on for a month. amongst the most notable among them was Abu Bakar so they have a lot going
or a loved one
will say I need a hoodie.
A bull moose and ashari
what jabiru dilla
we'll add a new java
web de la ebenen rebelmouse
web to live resuming.
I'll repeat them and we'll backless the deck or muslimah. A Smart Fan. Jose, Jose, Abu Musab Shadi jabiru, Abdullah
Abdullah Mohammed of Benin house, Abdullah Ibn azubi.
And there are ones some of the companions who are actually far but they left very little legacy in terms of they were among the among the poorer
they were among the poorer among the most learned and most educated and most knowledgeable among the companions yet
not so much was narrated from them in terms of
in terms of
like the volume of the hotel. Abu Dhabi
will obey the American agenda.
And Namaste nanomachine
obey you know, grab
one more Habiba.
These are females last ones.
To see the wives of the Prophet SAW Selim are among the most learning and the ones who left a good number of our I shall de la is from the unlucky own. The ones who had a lot of fat our a lot of
50, or legal heritage left behind
the last group called Alma de Lune, Allah Alamo cattle on the left little although they were very learned companions, they were among the companions.
Generally speaking, guess what? That sort of closes what we wanted to say about that stage of a qualifier unless you don't have developed and what the state of was at the time, roughly speaking from the year 11, after his till the year 14 to the year 40, after his ra at the time, and he will not be available. The law was amended.
No one knows who assassinated
Abdul Rahman abnormally Jim Yes. No more Jim. He was from Hawaii. It was from the
Okay, now we move on to the next phase in the development of and that's basically from this point on from the death of aluminum, we follow the law and which is the 40 after his law. So
the last stages of lcls and oma we're the Umayyad Caliphate, which lived for about 100 years. So if you left the Umayyad Caliphate remained for about 100 years, as as it started to, like deteriorate and lose power.
Then the ultra left like bassia, the other side, Caliphate started taking power. So this period was about 100 years. It was about 100 years.
the last stages of affilorama We're the last stages of the homemade Caliphate, they say the last 2030 years. There was some new trend specifically with Abu hanifa Rahim Allah. So if we were to be more accurate, this say this stage, actually is from the year 40 after he dropped till around like
110 or 120, let's say 110
To 120 this would be more accurate for this stage. It would be more accurate.
Dr. Phillips, I'm not sure which, how long he makes this one to be
150 till the end of that made Caliphate, okay, so, anyway, and it's that's a classification. And it's, it's basically a matter of opinion, as a matter of opinion. So that's also it's a good kind of, say, way to look at it. But still, because the last 30 years of my Caliphate, because Lima, Lago hanifa, gained a lot of attention, a lot of attention. And the fact that there were learned people in certain areas like Abu hanifa, and then in Iraq, then Imam Malik in Medina, and layth have been said, in Egypt.
what's his name in, in a sham?
in Beirut, so Panama?
I was I was I was, I was in a sham. These were individuals were the foot of the companions and the Tabby in, sort of gathered in these people.
So because the knowledge was spread, was spread. But these people like mo hanifa, he got the knowledge of the people of Iraq, it all like,
was gathered and collected with Abu hanifa. So he must adopt the knowledge of the people of Iraq, the companions who settled in Iraq, and then they taught their,
their students who are in and then their knowledge all of it gathered with with Abu hanifa. And so as well, in Medina, the heart of Medina, their knowledge was gathered by Imam Malik. So it was some kind of pattern was taking shape. It started with a body. So this is why it's good to mark the difference. And in that sense when it comes to the last 30 years in the Philippines,
a lot of the references talk about when they talk about this period, specifically, they focus on the political states.
They focus a lot on the political state, because there was a huge shift in the political state. We know that Mariah we have an obesity under the law and
he was announced to be halifa
in many of the Muslim lands at the time,
whereas in other parts, and hasn't even already was given the way I
was also given the way but that ended ultimately with an hesson immunolabeling Allahu anhu.
Making a treaty or an agreement with Mao via a piece of yarn, and giving him the Sri Lanka
and actually the prophet SAW Selim prophesized this their messenger saddam said in the in Lebanon had had in Lebanon he had as a youth in he had as a youth was a usually Hello be he been at amiably, maintaining meaning and the last panel to add, this might sound of mine is it is is a nobleman and the last panel to Allah will bring two great parties from among the believers who were in a state of fight Allah will bring them together through him. That actually happened in the year 41. After digital.
So he gave the filler for tomorrow and he gave him the bear. He gave him the bag somehow he was a fan he became the elephant. He became the halifa
we can introduce something new which was handing down the hill ever to his son is he handing down the hill to his son Yes. And this was
a big shock to a lot of the even for us was a big shock.
But this was an issue we had from Mariah we Sophie handling a lot was initially heard from him.
And this is why when we
wanted to take the baby for his son after him even for his death, you want to take that via
a little scene. Even a little bit of love and who refused that.
even tried to avoid that. I have to love news Dubai. They all left even Mecca,
left Mecca and they moved to Medina.
But when they when while we were obviously feeling passed away and is it is sunny is it
became the halifa. Now there was a big turmoil.
There was big turmoil. And the trauma basically was a lot of the Muslims or some areas among the Muslims they refused to give you as a debater refused to give him the man
from them was of the Londoners debate and maca from them was as well as saying that it will be unlawful And he marched to El Kufa because he was promised by the people of Iraq that they would support him.
And Sophia sandaled, Ilan was murdered. Abdullah and Isabella as well was killed and was measured.
And Mecca was violated by a judge. Also Medina as well was violated all of this in order to establish you know, the philosophy of using it.
And this is why the scholars say this wasn't the proper sense of the word This was more of a kingship, this was molk, this was kingship, this was a kingship and the prophets Allah seldom mentioned that in the Hadith, he said, the corner he loves to feel comfortable enough and he left the corner, if you complete a certain element,
there will be a level upon the guidance of prophethood of the professor. So now 40 years.
So my hoonah model can then it will become more multi kinship. So it will come kings
so you will be a king handing
down the position to his son, or his crown prince, whatever you want to call it, and so on and so forth. And this was this started with
the whole affair of Benny omiya.
They established their
very lefur often and they they faced a lot of resistance and the way they dealt with it oftentimes was with force. The main exception was Omar Abdul Aziz
Omar Abdulaziz Rahim Allah and there was a lot of spread of the Muslim lands expanded at the time, there was a lot of food to had a lot of conquest taking place.
Generally speaking, that's the state of Yes, this kind of
while we are taking the khilafah
and hesson, handing over Sri Lanka to Mahalia, this created a lot of problems still, although at hamdulillah. It saved the Muslims, a lot of warfare, but also created a lot of problems specifically with the how, specifically with the house. So the coverage started, they tried to fight against the movie against malware, but now it was was very good at handling them was very good at handling them. Also the sheer, the Shia, who believed that the khilafah was, should not be given to Abu Bakar. And Omar it was meant to be given to olive oil, and then it should remain in the progeny of alumina with the descendants of aluminium all day long.
So they were resistant, but they were more quiet at the time, the coverage caused the biggest kind of turmoil and trouble.
So these kind of groups they appeared. So we have the coverage. And we have the sheer. The sheer I started to develop in terms of our data is starting to create new kind of ideas around the rapada around the Imams. And how
they went to more extremes, they went to more extremes, each one of them developed some kind of fit that is special for them.
Each one of them develops and specifically this year that she had developed a film that is particular to them. That's peculiar to them. They are the only ones who have this kind of they developed it. And the coverage, there were very strict something about the coverage. And you might find this a little bit funny, especially the extreme ones among the rich.
For them, if you
engaged in any kind of evil envy, let's say you had an instant of envy towards someone has it for them, this was an impurity. So if you engaged in envy, that would nullify your world.
So you will have to make a law.
So they mix what they say what they call the actions of the heart with the actions of the limbs with the body.
So they got to that state and
the average would consider a person who involved depending on their, the level of their extremity
but some of them considered any person who falls in a sin has
Committed disbelief they have to become Muslim again all over again. That's the extreme coverage. Some of them said No, only the sense where Allah subhanaw taala where there is a curse from a loss penalty or where there is punishment, a prescribed punishment, prescribed punishment for it. So like, for example, murder,
This is why some some some of them said no, it's the major sense. If you commit one of the major sins, you become a disbeliever.
Anyway, so they develop their own. But this had an influence had a big influence, but it wasn't really a direct influence on because we felt that the show developed. We're not concerned with it. The fifth the peculiar factor that the Hawaiians developed. We're not even concerned with this. We're talking about the mainstream for coaches with Robert Henderson.
The Coronavirus son was mainly affected by the factor that during the collapse of a mobile hotspot, I'm not sure I will be allowed to try to try to keep the most knowledgeable among the companions in Medina. He tried to keep them in Medina. Why? Because he wanted them to be there to be his advisors
to be his main advisors, so he would consult with them, he would take their opinion he would listen to what narrations they had, and so on and so forth. But still in order to run the affairs of the expanding Muslim state at the time, he needed to send some of them out. So he sent for example of almost an ad. He sent other than Java, he sent me live no Masood. He sent other companions here and there in order to teach people.
He said I for example, go to El Kufa or to Iraq. So I'm the loving Massoud settled in El Kufa
in will Kufa
the majority of the companions were in Medina.
After loving Massoud settled in Kufa with him Abu Salah shot he was in a bustle.
There is something about the companions that we need to understand
how to love them. So it was one of the most learned among the companions. And we saw that he was one of the ones who had a huge number of fatalities. Yet he was a big fan of Amara when
he was a big fan of Mr. Levin Massoud was a big admirer of the of Mr. Club, and he said, Mara, I too, have
haven't seen anyone was more effective than Hamas.
And he said, or his book, and halifa hapa. I don't like to take an opinion other than the one that Mr. hottub has. And it wasn't a biased kind of admiration. No, but it was he saw a lot of wisdom and he saw a lot of understanding of texts and Armando hapa and we saw the Allahu anhu was more
I would say, although that's a bit okay. Sometimes we need to be careful with the words because sometimes they might be misinterpreted. hadden was more liberal with Etihad than Abu Bakar will be.
Among the top was more liberal in which he had with a an opinion than Abu Bakr radi Allahu abubaker would stay with the text to the letter. And
he would come up with a new idea like for example, let's get the crown in one collection.
When he became the halifa, we know that an AMA romanza, he did not implement the punishments especially for theft.
He got like from Fatima bento Paice he was the she has a case with the province of Southern she explained to him he did not accept her own narration based on his own assessment. He had a certain assessment based on certain clues at the time, and
you know, initiated a lot of opinions, because during his time, newly arising situations where more abundance and more common than the times of the law and so I'm going to talk was more liberal when it came to he had he exercised much more he had than abubaker. Around the law
of the loveliness road, travel to a reset to Iraq. He settled in Kufa as soon as it was built.
And Abdullah Massoud,
the people in Iraq, this tab in Iraq, they studied with Abdullah Massoud, so he was the teacher. So the fifth of the people of Iraq is the fifth of Abdullah and it was influenced greatly by a mother who hopped up on him, Jimmy
This is a very important thing. Initially jazz in Medina,
who was always there was Abdullah Omar Abdullah and these are the ones who remained afterwards like the ones who lived long from among the companions after the death of valuable people. There is Abdullah Abdullah Omar Abdullah law best there is more either one whichever
these companions were more in
were less in favor of
each they had, but they were more leaning to holding on to the text. Regardless. This is why I'm the law even though I'm not only alone. He used to do everything that he even any place he heard, or he knew that the professor and prayed in he would go and pray in that spot.
Anything that promises on him did the way the process of them died his beard or his hair, he would die with the same comes. He even had the messenger seldom urinated in the shade of one tree 111 day. So he made it a point to go to that tree and urinate.
That was under the law of normal. Probably a long run home he was a very keen follower of everything the prophets of Salaam did. So he was trying to follow to the letter.
So, this is why in Medina, the, in Medina, after during the time of a Tabby in and the later ones of the companions
to two schools of thought emerged.
The one in Iraq being influenced greatly by Abdullah Masood
and the one in Medina that was greatly influenced by Abdullah Abdullah at best mainly.
they later on developed to be called in Iraq madrasa to write
a school of thought of using intellect. That was the main thing about it
using intellect and I will get inshallah some of the names as well. So
in Medina, it was called madrasa to Al Hadi madrasa, the focus was on the generations from the Prophet sallallahu sallam. And if they face the situation, that we don't have a clear text about they would not even give it that's what most of the time
they would even not give a fatwa even not give offense.
But in Iraq,
the whatever narrations they had, they would refer to them, but when they had certain things certain fatawa that they need to meet and they need to make and they had no texts no Hadith from the Prophet sallallahu Sallam they would use he had they would use HTML This is why one of them
I think it's below him and he said in the last mile howdy
for obese women who are by ada masalah he said I hear the Hadith and I use by using analogy
I managed to infer and to detract the you know take from this heady 4050 issues by means of analogy by means of using analogy, okay, yes.
So, they were obsessed with this even like one of the most famous catchphrases they had
they would for example, mentioned Alhambra.
Alhambra was one
say alpha is Heron kolomoisky. So they would What if karma, okay, some type of karma, they will say what if our ATM means what if? Okay, our ADA, what if?
What if there is a Hummer that's made, but you need to drink a whole barrel to become intoxicated?
And if you like for example, drink two liters five liters you won't be intoxicated. So they would start coming up with hypotheses. What if this happens? What if this happens so they would say are eight What if this happens? This is why in Medina they used to call the people of Iraq are at noon.
And are at noon. Okay? the what ifs? no these are the what ifs?
efforts the FDA?
So anything that happens? What about this? What about this case? What about that case? What about that case they like to use an allergy and find out so they would come up with scenarios that were non existent or they just thought of them? They could
possibly happen and they would try to understand the ruling by means of that, by means of that. This is why For example,
one of the one of the students of Salomon will say yep wasabia
Robbie Urbina was in Medina. He's one of the teachers of Imam Malik Baba was named
arrabiata. Why? or Why? Why? European? opinion or fear of intellect? Why? Because he used to ask us to ask the,
a lot of the
Yeah, a lot of these you know, what is this? What is this? Why is this? Why is that so you so they call them in Medina or be a tomboy? So he even won like he was asking one of his teachers a lot of questions. His teacher said to him,
Are you from Iraq? Obviously, by means of joke, you from Iraq, because that's this. That's why the people in Iraq do well, here. We say, what's the narration? What did the province of Selim say? What did the companions of the Alo See?
This happened by means of
the fact that the companions spread all over the different parts of the newly Muslim lands. So they spread all over these countries. And any companion who are right, like I'm loving Mr. COVID, had a number of Hadith, but he did not memorize all the Hadith. He did not all the other person. So whatever he knew, he taught it to the people of Iraq and the people of Iraq. Obviously, there were no airplanes, no buses, no telephones, no internet. So knowledge was local as well, was localized. Knowledge was local. So the measure of distance was a big factor in terms of the fragmentation of knowledge. So the people of Iraq, that's the knowledge of Islam they had that came from Abdullah and
in a sham. They had other companions, like ninjavan,
and others. So they had the knowledge that these companions carried.
So there was now the knowledge of Iraq the knowledge of Sham in Egypt, there was another type of knowledge, although Egypt had less of Hadeeth. Specifically at those early stages, there was less of a hadith in Egypt, Yemen, as well had another number of
companions who had a different probably not completely different, but slightly different set of ahaadeeth as well. So that was the knowledge of the people of Yemen. So this is why you what you'll find here you might not find that
but the most had he remained in Medina, the most Hades remains in Medina.
Let's see who the companions were the companions some of the main most notable companions remained, we have
If no adverse,
eminent ambass hoadley alone
was in Mecca, he settled finally in Mecca.
And he taught there in Mecca, and
from the most notable of his students was Mujahid Mojahedin Jebel
and I'd like to hear about the famous professor in
what Babu spin case and post case
all of these had been previously slaves
had been previously slaves.
in Medina, Medina as we said, a huge number of companions will remain there.
zetonna Sabbath remained there and Abdullah abnormal at this stage after the
after year 40 they didn't have it will have the law of normal they remained in Medina
and they had a huge number of students
say who say you
are Ottawa is debatable, one
and others as well that we will name them I call them fuqaha Saba is a very famous term for the seven fuqaha of Medina seven from a heart of Medina
afterwards, I mean, after that,
there was image who had been she had Azadi. The famous is over the image you have is Jodi
Aluminum Vitaly, obviously citizen cofund was married but after that there was an 11 year old
I belong to Mr. Wood.
His knowledge was taken fervently by the people of Iraq
and from His most notable students as
well as what
what shall I
What shall be
when necessary Ibrahim in the fight? Was the ew do by a sizable debate is the most notable among the taboo he said he was killed by a judge.
These were in a coup for the students of Abdullah unmissable and Albus Salah
Abu Musab Al ashari, obviously, and even and it's been Malik settled in Basra.
Who are the students most notable students have specifically about mostashari. We have Abolhassan Alba three.
also said has an anniversary? Yes, and has a number three, we have an hesson Vasily
Mohammed Abu serien.
Those are the most notable in elbasan. It has an elbow surgery
in a sham
and a sham
was my other Blue Devil from the companions who settled there
about an assignment to Abu Dhabi.
Specifically my other Benjamin, either bingeable was the main teacher and a sham.
From their most notable students on GitHub is Abu Idris and kolani.
abou Idris kolani
Omar bin Abdul Aziz
Raja me know how you are
slightly after them was an Imam and ozai a man
we know that Abdullah bin Hamad have been asked to tell them because his father
was the Emir of Egypt. So he settled in Egypt
but I'm gonna ask was busy with governance was busy in the political affairs. This is why some of the tabs in they said I'm asked had a lot of knowledge, but a lot of it was was wasted in the sense that was not taken by students. Students did not take advantage of, of the law of non billable hours. Some of the seven actually estimate that he had seven 700 Hadeeth 700
that most of the students that did not take he had one notable student and was easy to ignore her by his he didn't have he didn't have babies, the teacher Overleaf even sad, the fact they have Egypt
and Yemen some of the companions settled and they left.
They settled and left like almost a shoddy job.
Among the most notable among us have been the ones who learnt from the companions word motorists been Maslin.
Well, I've done Lhasa, me know how ma'am.
will come back to these two schools. So the main two schools of schools of thought
that he managed, first in Medina, but also to the school of thought.
And madrasa toward White Rock. And the ones who are more intellectually oriented. And those are intellectually oriented this in Iraq,
something about this time due to these political situations.
The Companions at an early stage before that, started feeling the need to write down the Hadith documented and even thought about this and
thought about this and he made the council with the companions, he asked them, What do you think about this? Then he then advised that he actually does document
initiated in an effort to document the Hadith in books,
so Allah who and whom it is to holler for a month.
And he decided not to do it.
He decided not to do it. And the reason why is he saw, he says, I don't want what happened to previous nations to happen to this nation. And basically, these people got busy with, you know, the stories that happened with their profits, to the point that they left much of the of the revelation,
much of the revolution. So he said, I don't want people to turn away from the Koran and start chasing the narrations, and they leave off the Quran completely. So he decided not to do it.
The one who thought afterwards more seriously, and he falls within the era of the time that we're talking about was our modern Abdelaziz. And he's the one who truly initiated the effort. So he actually sent to the Amir's of the different Muslim lands, to start collecting and documenting the attic.
And that was at the time of a moment of the ice. So some collections started emerging. And he's done. It was such a tremendous thing, because you would take these narrations from individuals, these individuals memorized it, and they had it documented and their own private notebooks.
So how would you get this in such a vast country now, and at times when there is no means of communication, apart from traveling.
So it took a lot of us took about 50 4050 years until the first collections started to appear. And the first collections that appeared, there were not, by the way, very well ordered, they were just collections of Hadeeth. To find one on Zika. We'll find one on for example, head next to each other. So just collections of headings are put together. This was these were the early stages of the collection of Hadith, during the times
that started in the later part of the filiformis madness and and then she left and even then it got even worse after worse after the death of alumina. Have you thought that everyone became very careful who they take the Hadith from.
Everyone became careful who they take the Hadith from. Because people due to their political affiliations, some people started to make up narrations.
So at that specific time of the Muslims became very careful who they would take somebody. And this is why the Muslims were very careful not to engage so much in Hadith, because they wanted to limit the concept of Hadith and the abundance of Hadith to the people who will know it. Because if, if it gets out of hand, a lot of people into that field. And then it would be very difficult to know who is who, and who's saying what. So when it was
a hot tub decided not to do that, by the way. So when it was limited,
there was no room for people to initiate some fabricated ahaadeeth because the people who had the Hadith were known, these were the learned ones among the companions, and their students are among at 17. So anyone who came up with a hadith that would be found out quickly and will not be accepted, it would be such a like a very dangerous thing for someone to do. But then when the Hadith started to be, you know, circulated more,
obviously with that great number of people, so it was easier for anyone to blend into them and start making up. So this was the point. So now there was a lot of attention. So they started to study. the narrator's of Hadith is not a hadith. This is this has to do with the fact because we know the Hadith is the text along with the plan from which we take this stuff. So we said the main factor in this time was the fact that
the two schools of thought emerged in terms of
first one was in Iraq, mainly influenced by Abu Dhabi. Mr. odo was greatly influenced by Barbara Lee law.
the Hadeeth school of thought in Medina was more
dependent on Hadith. Specifically, Abdullah Abdullah Omar Abdullah bin bass will be a long run home the main
that's the main distinguishing factor at that specific time.
Some of the reasons why
the madrasa right or the school intellectual school of thought
Image more in Iraq was as we said, First,
the influence of the love nama showed
and influence value via thought. Because even though we thought, we Allahu anhu faced extreme situations in Kufa, so they had to deal with a lot of new situations, so he had to use a lot of he had a lot of reason. So the people of Kufa witnessed this, and they saw how to deal with new offers. So they were influenced greatly by this. Second,
number of Hadith was less in Iraq, due to the fact that in Medina, most of the companions remained there. And they taught their students, but in Iraq,
was a lesser number of companions in Iraq. So the number of ahaadeeth that was accessible to the people of Iraq was much less. So when they needed a solution about something they needed, a ruling about a situation that took what they had in their hands. So a lot of the headaches were not there. So they had to resort to electricity.
The fact that Medina lived a very pure kind of life. And he just met Kadena, they remained upon pretty much how the lifestyle of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, they maintain that lifestyle. But in Iraq, a lot of the issues that were in Persia, originally in Persia emerged, a lot of transactions, a lot of political situations, a lot of personal habits, and customs and traditions. So there was a lot of new things to find rulings for and he had, so there was a great need to use HD handouts. And that was another reason.
Also, Iraq witnessed. It was the bedrock of, you know, both the Shia and Howard, and most of them settled there. So there were extreme situations that people had to deal with. And there was a lot of arguments and discussions. So there was a need for more intellectual approach to things as well.
Somebody might think that the scholars of Hadith who followed the madrasa tell her why, sorry, this, this course will follow the madrasa or the school of thought in Iraq, which was mainly based on intellectual reasoning and an allergy that they were indifferent when it came to heavy, heavy, but that wasn't the case. As we said the number of ahaadeeth they had was less by virtue of the fact that lesson number of the companions were in Iraq.
scholars of Iraq had very stringent conditions to accept the heady they have very strict
conditions on the narrator's and chains of narration. Why? Because mainly in Iraq, there was a lot of the people of Buddha, a lot of the coverage and a lot of the Shia, a lot of Rafa and these people were making up Heidi, how are, you know, well, she is
making up Hadith to support their own. In our stance, political stance, or religions, religious stance, there was a lot of making up of Hadith. So the people of Iraq were very strict in accepting and headed they would study it, you know, thoroughly and they would scrutinize scrutinize the chain of narrations and generators. And they were very so it was wasn't easy for them to accept the hedgies.
As to the madrasa to Al Hadith, in Medina, specifically and hijas in general, the reason why, why it was so mainly the remained upon the same style of the companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
Second thing, there was a huge number of companions living there, whose number of companions and their children and their students, so there was no need for anything more than that.
Life was very simple and Elijah's lifestyle was very simple. And we said they maintain the originality that was there the time of the prophets of Salaam for the most part. So life was quite simple. There was not political turmoil you couldn't find
A lot of new issues and you know, multicultural diversity. That wasn't the case. So things were pretty straightforward.
Also, there was no
fitna there, there was no raphaela there was no coverage, there was no new groups that was only people upon the son of the professor sudden, um, so, there was no need for arguments, there was no need for clarifications, there was no need for reasoning, there was no need for dealing with hypothetical questions.
Also, there was a general tendency that was a first to
asking questions, hypothetical questions. As we said, Mandela said, the war in Iraq, the main catchphrase was ita Lo, ita, you know, what if what if that happened until they were called it was
people would make fun of them. These are these are the F's for the what ifs.
And they also emphasize Hadeeth and the importance of Hadith and to stop by the Hadees. That's it. Without going any further.
There was a lot of debate.
There was a lot of debate
between two of the two schools of thought, and sometimes it became aggressive, and the one who to deal with this important debate, an important difference will come to us in the next phase was the amount of Shafi that was one of the points of excellence about Imam Shafi.
He saw people in an ages who have the Hadith, they have the Quran, they have the Sunnah, they have knowledge of the Hadith, but
they do not
utilize the Hadith fully in terms of taking extracting rulings from it. So they limit themselves to the apparent meaning the literal meaning of the Hadith.
And sometimes he would see from among them, people who would hold on to the literal meaning of the Hadith, which might be contradictory to what was intended behind it, which is a very, okay, those who stick with the literal meaning of the Hadith, even if it goes against the real intent of the Hadith, will come to those in shall have to deal with that. And then when he went to Iraq, he saw people who had profound understanding, very mature understanding ability to, you know, to analyze things, classify them, and, you know, the juice rulings and understandings and make connections and analogies, powerful tools, but these, they don't have enough content when it came to the Hadith. So
he said these, you know, in Medina need those, and those need these. So he wanted to combine both.
And this was the renewal authors did the kind that chef and he came with inshallah, we'll come to that in detail.
And that actually, that kind of dichotomy remained even afterwards, even later on Habiba daddy writes something about,
about this kind of dichotomy between Holloway and Al Hadith. And then he writes even a mess it although he was one of the scholars of Hadith, Al Baghdadi, he's the one who wrote the first book on masala Hadith
he's the first one who wrote a book on Muslim Alhaji the first one to write a book on masala Hadith. His book is is the is the main references the main source.
His famous book on Sati holmatro.
He himself wrote a book to the people of Hadith says mostly Hi, Heidi. I see her
we might mention that inshallah later on.
Okay, that's the incident that I mentioned, America narrated in his, from his teacher his share phobia. But we SSL to say he who says, he asked side and I'll say one of the greatest stab in the Medina
about an issue about, you know, if
accidentally cuts off the finger of a, of another person.
That was specifically about a woman anyway, the ruling is a bit complicated to explain here. But then he asked the question, he says, we know that and this they don't match. So sorry to say I told him that's how the narration came. That's how the Russian came in. He.
He said, he
said, Are you from Iraq? He knows me. He's not. He's basically saying
You following their way? Are you are you from Iraq? He said, are the labia Bella lemon mustard bits? No, I'm just someone who really wants to make sure that what I'm learning is makes sense.
out yeah hello metallian Oh, I am considered me to be an ignorant who is trying to learn
for false ideas soon. This is the narration
he's talking about Heidi that was reported by NSA.
So that was the incident we mentioned it's in more quality mathematics. Now in Medina and the dust Alhaji as we said there are seven scholars who became known as and this is a very important factor as well or
feature of of this time or this stage of so we said the main feature first main feature was that there were two schools of thought that emerged. madrasa right in Iraq and the losses of Hadith in Pages specifically Medina. second feature is the Saba these are the main four, well established a non Medina and everyone was seeking knowledge from they are from Abilene. First one sorry, diplomacy.
Well, I actually mentioned them before when I mentioned the scholars But anyway, second one is Dubai.
Abu Bakr bin Abdullah man
obey the law in the lab not to obey the law, nor to
reject to be nosy and even with habits, the son of his eight month habits hydrogen Orisha habits.
Well, awesome. When Mohamed Abu Dhabi back
causton and Mohammed Abu Bakr, the grandson of Abu Bakr
wants to lay man ABS out.
So the man even yourself these are seven.
Not all this causes are agreed about these seven there is a dispute there are two of them that some scholars say no these are not. They will take out two of those and put our tool instead of them.
They would put a ban every North man I mean I found the son of a fan a ban
and they will put Salim Abdullah Abdullah Ebner Omar, the son of Agra loving Omar Sanam.
But there's also
other great scholars at the time in Medina,
the brother of Salim Abdullah Abdullah Abdullah bin Rama These are two sons of Abdullah,
Abdullah and Santa
and there is Abu Salma
the son of the companion
and though there was a Li ebenen Hussein immunolabeled, the son of Al Hussein Ali was in Medina became one of the notable scholars and there is now a third molar Omar, famous student of Abdullah bin Omar Nath had not made any
so these words and specifically in Medina
the scholars will Kufa specifically the students of Abdullah Massoud.
In Kufa, the number of companions who settled Kufa was 300 companions 300 companions obviously that's almost insignificant compared to Medina, there was 1000s of Medina, the scholars over Kufa since we're talking about these two scores schools, the Medina we mentioned them in our study for the SATs and a Roy among the great scholars of them I'ma Enoch Weiss,
and nihari alchemy no question Hi.
Well, guess what even we as each and every
one abou Mesa.
I'm sure he'll hamadani By the way, you don't have to memorize these names. I'm just mentioning them so you get to know them. You want to write them down fine.
Boom a Sarah I'm not sure Hayden hamadani wama Sook. Adnan
warszawie immunol Harris al Kindi
The knowledge of all those later on ended up with Abu hanifa
the knowledge of the ones in Medina slowly slowly obviously went to their students then their students then Mr Malik
because that paves the way for us to shallow the next stage to see how they have started to emerge and develop.
So, generally speaking, this is the stage, as we said between 40 year 40 of the hedgerow until around 120 120 around data 120
not much happened in Medina, the same style that we find among the whole effort of Russia doing was maintained, which is an exhaustive study. But we find the style of a model how Pablo de la know, his approach and the approach of our beloved Mr. ODE which was more open or it's a more open to he had, and reasoning and seeing the wisdoms behind the rulings behind the text. Okay.
this also developed and became more apparent in Iraq.
And it shows now we have two main streams, two main streams among the Muslim Ummah, when it comes to film,
we have my daughter, Heidi holding on to the text strictly. And if anything requires something else, they would be very hesitant most of the time, they would not give her one.
And we have the other school of thought that is more as we sell is more open, more liberal when it comes to HD had. So they would see what is the wisdom behind the text, they would make connections between rulings.
This is very important because this will shape how football develops later on how football develop later on. And until today, we have people who emphasize the Hadeeth the literal meaning of the Hadith, and they hold on to it. And anything that departs from it, they would be very cautious
and resistance resistant to it, the Chola register resistance. But we have what is more today you will find it mainly with your soul, you and those who
are more linked to your soul
more linked to a soul search.
And they would basically see what's behind the rulings. What is the system
that's holding together? That's behind this what are the wisdoms the acid the objectives of Sharia.
And they would use this kind of reasoning and any of you who is going to study on their research to do their paper on any ruling like for example, so, some of you will be talking about the beard, some will be talking about resembling the non Muslims, the Chabot
some will be talking about I think someone was going to talk about this bad talking about issues of Riba and mortgage.
What did you say we'll be talking about?
automated slaughter slaughter,
you'll actually get to see features of these, those will say it has to be literal, those who would see, you know, what's the MacArthur there was the objectives, what's the meanings behind these and Okay, so they would see the, the patterns in the Sharia and the system that's running and holding the Sharia together. So you will find these, these two schools of thought. So you can look at them as one continuum.
So you don't have to be either here or there are some people are somewhere in the middle, somewhere in the middle. So we have another Rasul Hadith here, holding on literally, sometimes it gets extreme to the point of Avaya, Avaya, we mentioned previously, the hold on to the literal sense, even though like it doesn't make sense. These called Avaya. And as we said, Remember those who are pro seldom prohibited urinating in still water. So for them, they said you can't urinate directly, but if you urinate in a container, then pour that in the pond, that's fine. That's extreme, but we have on the other side, or then we have more to the middle we have to hold on to the text. And then we have some
of them are leaning more towards the soul and more more towards the right
So they would look at the text, and they would combine it with others, and they would see what's behind that.
And then you would have people more on the side of a right. So, they would take more Liberty from the texts or trying to hold on to the meanings.
And then you will find on the far extreme people who give no regard to the text at all, no regard to the text at all. And for them is just opinion, whatever is beneficial, whatever seems to be beneficial, whatever pragmatic approach completely pragmatic approach. So this is a continuum. It helps you see all of these spectrums together. All these bricks are, in line, very interestingly, a member of am lm octane. Actually, there's a very clear pattern when he talks about the economic development in the middle.
talks about something and I hope we'll be able to translate it to English meaningfully, he says,
boggle fuqaha, Johan lebu and Alfa
Romeo hollyburn. Maharani some of the folk Haha, emphasize more the wordings and the literal sense. And some of the emphasize more than meanings. So those would sacrifice the meat of the Lich, the word sometimes for the sake of holding the meanings, and those would sacrifice the meanings for the sake of the words.
So when he even talks about the mega hub, he says madhhab
Abu hanifa woman have Maliki Taliban in any other form. So another way Abu hanifa matava Malik, they give emphasis to the meanings more than the literal words, more than two words. And that makes sense because Mother hanifa originated in Iraq from Allah right.
Then he says Madhava Shafi
libanon alma mater, Shafi maybe when I met him, buddy, they emphasize the words and the literal sense over the meanings.
one that will follow him. And he says, The truth is found when we combine the meanings, and the Lich, and the words and the literal sense. So he says, if we can find always, in every case, in every scenario, the middle ground between the meanings and the words, that's where the truth is.
And that's a very profound statement, by the way, and you can see it through his book through lm octarine, is quite clear. If you see it as a pattern, now you can see it, but it takes time to really figure that out when you're going through the book. But that's a very important thing.
That's a very important thing. So there's always some kind of contention, between meanings and words, meanings and words, balance is where the truth lies, is that kind of balance. So this should help us and our times to deal with this. So generally speaking, that's, that's the stage is quite easy, straightforward, not much about it.
The next stage, which inshallah will be around 120 130, after digital,
and we'll cover the time of the form of that cover the time of the form, and not, by the way, they may have were many, but these are the ones who survived. But there was a lot of other modalities, and they were common, and they were practiced, but these are the ones who remained until
this day. So we'll see how they developed in Sharla. But now we're seeing the the way they are in the making now now they are in the making at this stage, but soon inshallah we'll see how they took that turn with Abu hanifa and Malik, Muhammad Allah. And then later on, we'll see how Shafi dealt with the this dichotomy of Al Hadith. And Allah Roy, and how he tried to reconcile and find this middle ground.
And then we'll see how we might have it came and built upon what a chef he had, along with what he learned from his teachers of at Hardee's. And how him and I met was a bridging point between the science of Hadith and the science of
science and science of fracture. Because remember, Hammad is one of the greatest mohabbatein and one of the greatest.
And that's a unique thing. That's the unique thing. So one of the main books of Hadith that we have in Islam is Muslim Imam.
And one of the main sources of fun we have is Madhavi Mohammed. So remember, Ahmed stands in the middle point between these two giant sciences. So that was a point of excellence for him and then he was from the McLean and Heidi
Like he narrates more than 28,000 unique hadiths in his Muslim. That's such a huge collection. Such a huge collection, even among the scholars have had it as a huge powerful collection. And we've felt like he has a detailed manner. He has detailed MATLAB, and with a lot of the issues in the MATLAB he has two opinions. That means he's gone through a lot of stages in his MATLAB.
So we will shall try to get as much as possible I kept this short the stage short because not much really happened there apart from what we mentioned, but we will need to see how the mother happy falls because that's going to give us a lot of insight and we need to understand it. It's very important for our times and Charlotte is that common law helps biological muscle allows them to intervene and do it