A Thematic Commentary On The Quran #28

Moutasem al-Hameedy


Channel: Moutasem al-Hameedy

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AI: Summary © The Surah is a source of comfort for those who believe in Jesus. It is important to understand the rules of Islam and the importance of faith in life. The speakers emphasize the importance of protecting women from sexual misconduct and being loyal to contracts. Islam is designed to elevate oneself to increase their Eman to become a "mammmer" and the history of the Bible is a source of comfort for those with faith. The upcoming conflict between Islam and politics and the need for better deeds for Muslims is discussed.
Transcript ©
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hamdulillahi rabbil Alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala Sayidina Muhammad Ali Ali, he was heavy he had main or bad was Salam alaykum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh. Welcome to our Friday halacha. And today, we are having the second segment on solids, and Magadha, which is sort of number five, in the Quran. And we mentioned that so let's imagine that the central theme in the Surah is about commitment to contracts and agreements. And this is how it starts. So the first verse in the Surah really gives a very strong statement about what the whole surah is about. Yeah, your lady in ermine, oh, forbidden, awkward are you who believe stay true to your commitment for fuel your contracts. And this shows the

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connection between a man faith that what faith does it actually makes humans the best they can possibly be? It just improves our humanity. It takes all humanity to the next level. That's really what Eman does in essence, it's a way of looking at what Iman really does to humans. And this is a way to sort of mention it.

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So organically, naturally, without, you know, making it technical, in that sense. So the whole surah is about this, and it's going to go to show us so many shades of what commitment and fulfillment of contracts mean, and we mentioned that contracts here refers to different levels of contracts and agreements. It could be as simple as our relationship with Allah subhanaw taala, which is essentially an agreement, a covenant, which is already built in us, and that's all football. And we said there's another level of this. And that's basically when

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when, when a person commits to the message of Islam through the shahada show don't let your light shadow number one that was a lot, it is a commitment to actually live in love of Allah and devotion of Allah and live according to the guidance of Allah subhanho wa taala. Other contracts actually in in, in a sense, all of our life is made of contracts, every time there is some interaction with any entity, there is a contract either an obvious written contract, or sometimes there are more subtle, unspoken contracts like the social contract, like

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social norms, government agreements, citizenship, even your driving license is a form of agreement, any kind of business there is agreement, because any interaction requires a proper definition of obligations and rights, and

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everyone's territory and so on and so forth. That needs to be defined, there needs to be a mutual agreement, in order for things to go as smoothly as possible. And in order for rights to be preserved and for life to be functional. Otherwise, in chaos will ensue and life won't be

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lifelong, won't won't run smooth. In a sense, it won't even you know, we won't be able to move on in life and function properly.

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We got to verse number four, I believe today, when we said Allah subhanaw taala started explaining to the believers what is haram for them what is prohibited for them to eat, and we mentioned in the different types, like swine, whatever was slaughtered for other than Allah in other than the Name of Allah, animals that die in certain ways, and other things and then we mentioned that Allah how Allah made a reference to the completion of Islamic way of life, that it's complete, and that the favor of Allah spent Allah on us

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have been perfected in the sense of his guidance that was given to Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Then here Allah subhanaw taala in verse number number four says is Ilona Canada or Hindi alone hola como Eva to Mr. Lim two minute Java him okay living in a limo nama nama como la for Kurumi madam secretary come with Cosmo Allah Allah Allah He would cupola in Allah said he will he said they asked you so what is halal? What is permissible for us if you just mentioned what is impermissible, what is prohibited? What is what is halal for us. So Allah responds here he says, say to them, Allah made halal for you, everything that is good. So imagine when you look at halal and

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haram exam because these are, these are elements of the contract we have with Allah subhanaw taala. So how long is specific categories, only specific kinds that are harmed limited kinds, whereas everything that is good is inherently halal for you. So things so the general ruling or the offset ruling of things that's the default judgment on anything is that it is valid unless there is a proof that it is not a Yep, meaning it's not good by it means good, it's over. I'm good nature it's over. Good luck.

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Nature. And that shows that anything that is haram is actually not good. That's why it's not good. And this is something this is an issue that is discussed among the scholars of our soul. The principles of faith, they say le Cherie, or Tamala. Amla, are the rulings in Islam? Do they have reasoning behind them? Do they have some logic behind them? And the strongest opinion is yes. Sometimes this logic is made explicit and sometimes it's not made so explicit explicit. So in certain things, there are certain rulings why solidaridad is for rocker. This is the ruling as to as to the number four is that's not made explicit to us. So some of this knowledge Allah kept to

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himself, but something like why is alcohol and intoxicants haram impermissible? Allah Subhana Allah told us the reasoning behind it because it takes away your intellect it brings about enmity among people

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bring brings about hatred among people creates problems, right it takes away the sense of responsibility. So because it takes away our consciousness, so. So the shows that the reason certain things are are haram is that because they are not by you bet they are not good. So probably about the opposite of that is hubba hubba. Hubba means filth, nasty,

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evil. So Allah, what Allah made halal for us is actually good. And the things that He prohibited He prohibited for a reason, a very basic reason is that they are harmful to you either physically in terms of dietary value,

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or they are harmful to you spiritually, or they are harmful to you in the way they manifest themselves in society. And, again, this is something like we could expand on just to talk about the nature of what you eat actually rubs off on you. And this is something I remember you mentioned in his book October No, never we prophetic medicine, is that one of the reasons why Allah made eating wild animals like prey animals, how long is that? Whatever you eat, its nature sort of transfers to you. It leaks into the consumer.

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And he mentioned or you mentioned that a Seba. These are prey animals, wild animals, that eating them because of their aggressive nature. And their beastly nature.

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If humans eat them, it's actually reflects on the demeanor of the humans over over some period of time. And the reason Allah made pork Haram is that pork displays some of the lowest type of attitudes, the most in dignified attitudes towards like,

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protection for its own, like females, its tendency to eat eat its own feces, and like sort of dwell and live in filth. Right? So

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So he says, this is this is one reason why it's prohibited because

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he says that people keep consuming it, it actually is going to reflect on their attitude towards virtue that they wish they would stop, they would have less resistance, they'll start to develop less resistance to a point where resistance to lewd things will be removed from the human being. Okay, so there's some kind of an expansion, and that shows that everything that is made halal in Islam is up by a bat is because it's good. And this is the vast majority of things that are available for consumption. As long as there is no harm in it

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then automatically falls under health. That's the default state of it. In order to say something is one you have to establish a case for that.

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And Allah gives a detailer expands because he expands with mentioning

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an example where people could have some doubt he says, one that I limped to middle January, Himachal Libya to alimony Honami Malama Kamala, and the sort of prey animals, which are the hunt animals or birds that you train in order for them to help you in hunting and hunt. So these animals like some sort of falcons, and some dogs

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that are trained to help you hunt, but they would not kill with the sense or with the intention of eating or praying on that animal themselves. They are trained just to do that for their master.

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So if you train them, although these things might die before you sort of get to catch them and slaughter them properly. Still, it's Helen for you these are hilarious because they this kind of animal that works for you or that you have trained, becomes like the knife with which you start

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This thing and it's Some scholars say before you set off your, or let loose your prey animal to catch whatever like game you want. Then you sort of mentioned the name of Allah subhanaw taala. But even though if you catch it and you just mentioned the name of Allah, it becomes halal for you as long as this animal court, or this strange animal court, the you're the hunt or the game for that specific sick. So Allah says * woman man second alikom with Carlos Mala Haley. So eat from what you're trained animals have caught or captured for you and mentioned the name of Allah on it. What to Allah, obviously, again, this is

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a reminder to be mindful of Allah subhanaw taala be thankful to Allah be dutiful to Allah subhanaw taala because even this, there will be instances when this rule could be violated slightly, and you will be tempted just to ignore this violation. So sometimes, if your hunt, hunt dog is hungry, sometimes it might misbehave. And it captures, let's say deer captures it for itself. And

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a trainer, someone who's trained this dog who's very familiar with these dogs or or falcons, that that hunt, they could tell if the Fabcon actually attacked the animal for it to feed to feed on it, or for it's almost like they can tell the signs. So sometimes you'd see the signs and you'd be tempted. Now, you know, it hunted it for me, but you can see the signs that it actually hunted it for itself. So here, look at the intention of the animal if you could tell.

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You could actually it counts in the ruling. So this is what Allah says, there will be and this is this applies to every situation in life. You will find

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situations that are that Allah made permissible who will find concessions, people go overboard with them. People cross the limit with them. Why? Because it's easy when you are given a concession to carry it too far. So Allah says what to Allah. You need to be mindful because the moment you start crossing the borders is the moment you're going to go too far. So

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in the last video who said Allah is Swift and in account or audit, and then Allah says Yo Ma, Hola, como Paiva to Obama Latina Otto Kitab 100 la Mata amo compendial lamb well masala to mean element Meenakshi Wilma masks anatomy and Latina or Dookie tell them in public either at a tomorrow night.

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That they don't want to hold your hand I'm asking you know, your honesty, it Hina with Mr. Duffy.

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And today, the good things, all of the good things, the good foods, and even the good of clothes, whenever good luck, good types of clothing have have been made halal for you permissible for you. And that shows that the base rule

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is that things are halal. Unless the there is a case established, that shows that this specific thing is impermissible and it's no longer good. So that's the approach is many people approach Islam that everything is haram unless you prove it's halal. And that's completely against the message of the Quran. And that shows a tendency towards extremism, which is not pleasing to Allah subhanaw taala, by the way, because sometimes people think, you know, being extreme. And being overly strict is actually something good, but it's just as bad as being lenient and some scholars indicate that it's actually even worse than being lenient.

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And then Allah says, and the food of the People of the Book of people a description, these are the Christians and the Jews. It's halal for you, it's made halal for you. And so this is an exception, the general rule is that you cannot eat from things that are slaughtered by other than Muslims. This talk specifically about meat about chicken and beef, etc.

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So an exception is made here for the people of the Scripture.

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And some scholars say because this was because Surratt and Mary there was revealed towards the later part of the life of the prophet saw Salem.

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Strongest opinions indicate that it was the first parts of solitary met you there were revealed after social media

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when the person wanted to make online

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your six after hijra, and Quraysh sort of made a big fuss out of that.

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Then they had the agreement, the treaty that the province of some goes back to Medina, then he comes next year to make their own law. After that treaty, that agreement, it seems the first parts of Salton many that were revealed and then different parts of it will will reveal were revealed in later years. So this shows that as the Muslims now are growing, it seems that the Muslims would start to have a lot of dealings with the people of the Scripture. So they're going to travel they're going to expand north towards me that the sham there is many Christians there. And still the medina there was many there were many Jews.

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Along the way even to towards a Shem towards the north, in the Arabian Peninsula there were still many Jews in Hyderabad for example. And there was also a Christians in a drawn to the south of you know, the Arabian Peninsula north of Yemen these areas

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so Allah subhanaw taala This is a very practical rule that Allah and it shows that Muslims will always be throughout history will be in touch with the people of the Scripture, there will be a lot of

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sort of contact

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and when you are in contact with one nation when there's a Muslim minority and and Christian country or a Jewish country

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and not having sometimes rules regulations, maybe there's no facilities to have the the proper halal meat. So Allah subhanaw taala made it easy for the believers. So this exception is made for the people of the Scripture again, I'm not going to take this because there's a big discussion as to is it harder for us to eat in our from these nowadays, like in Europe, in North America, South America, in Australia, other parts of the world where can we eat from the meat that's in the market? Right because these are originally Christian countries

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that's a big debate and a big discussion I am of the opinion

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that is not as simple as the saying these are this is meat of the people of the book is just not as simple as that.

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For many reasons, I don't want to get into it now. So yeah, then Allah says, well, masala told me that mommy naughty will masala to Amina Latina, or to Kitab an incredibly calm

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and the chaste women, decent chaste at meaning. This is a woman who really looks after herself in terms of her character in terms of her reputation in terms of her conduct.

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That she's a woman who does not offer herself to other men. This is a woman who preserves her chastity

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and femininity, and her honor and dignity. And she's of good character, she is of good character. So she has this character of respect, justice, devotion,

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and so on and so forth. So Allah says, From among the believers, meaning the Muslims, and the people of the Book Jews and Christians, so a Muslim man can marry a man, a Christian, or a Jewish woman, as long as the conditions apply, and the conditions are more SONET masala means a woman who does not engage in promiscuity. A woman who does not who preserve who preserves her, again dresses up properly and decently and her whole behavior resembles Masana Santa is a chaste, respectable, respectful, decent, decent woman of very good conduct. And this is an exception from the rule the general rule the general rule is

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what I think you heard emotionally Katie had you mean also wala tomb keyhole emotionally Kena had to mean

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a last one that says do not marry as men Muslim men do not marry the non Muslims here mostly again, some people say oh, we take the literal like they have to be polytheist No, mostly kin. kofod sometimes refers to just non Muslims, it's just a word. So it refers actually to non Muslims. So they are used interchangeably. cafard Mushrik is used in the sense mostly in the Quran, in the sense of non Muslim. So the general rule is that Muslims are not supposed males or females to marry spouse that is a non Muslim. That's the general rule. That is sort of the default state, Allah here makes an exception

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that only a Muslim men can marry Christian or Jewish women who are of such description that decent, honorable, they preserve themselves, they don't, then they have very high standard of character, and so on, and so forth. So some people find a loophole in this and they just want to sort of

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if they fall in love with it with a lady, and she's like, let's say she's a Christian or a Jew, and but not that great behavior that's not that great character, especially these days, it's very hard to search to find people of such a high caliber in terms of characters very high. So this is sometimes as a reason or a loophole for people to

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sort of, you know, do what they desire use the region for their desire. So this exception is made only for Muslim men to marry Christian and Jewish women. But there is no exception that is made for Muslim women to marry Jewish or a Christian man, this is clear cut. And there is any GMAT there is a consensus among the Muslims among the Muslim scholars that this is impermissible because the again the basic rule is that it's impermissible, but just when an exception is made here, and any other sort of interpretation is actually is is, is a multi it's based on motivated reasoning. It's based on fishing for the, you know, for excuses here and there and trying to create some kind of murkiness

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around the issue. And then, you know, cherry picking one's preference when it comes to this.

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And Allah says, My son, you know, after Hina will be done that a person has they marry, marry, they are supposed to be as chaste as well. So you expect to marry a chaste woman, you're also expected to be a taste, man. So it's not just and this happens, is very common in cultures, a lot of like Muslim background cultures is that there is so much emphasis on the woman being chaste and honourable. But it seems like a man can get away doing what they want. But it's not the case. This chastity is actually required of everyone. It's an equal obligation. So if you're going to marry you have to honor that woman you have to marry that contract and again here, it fits the cont the context of

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solids and Magadha is that you have the denominator our formula or your beliefs stay loyal truthful to your contract. So marriage is a very strong contract actually, Allah refers to it in the Quran. Me as me Falcon I believe on Surah Nisa, it's a very emphasized

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Hi highly held contract. It's a thick contract is not like an it's not a it's not something to be taken lightly. So you're supposed to be as chaste and as honorable and as loyal as you expect that woman to be. Where you're almost happy hanging out with Dan not someone who's engaging in promiscuity, or taking girlfriends or boyfriends etc. Right.

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And Allah says, when we look for the manufactured habit, Muhammad who often axiology and aloha spirit, whoever violates their Eman, the true faith, then they will ruin their own good deeds and they will be fun among the losers. Then here Allah talks about the although you will let me know either quantum disappears number six Camila seletti, Vassiliou, hakama, idea come Ill malefic, et cetera. So Allah describes that before you stand up for prayer, you will basically do these acts wash certain parts of your of your body as well as the minor ablution in preparation, and this is

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this is physical purification. And it parallels the spiritual preparation or spiritual cleansing, that prepares you to, to be able to stand in the presence of Allah subhanaw taala, who's, who's by ye who is the most pure.

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And then Allah gives exemptions and that's if you are in a state of impurity after having some, for example, St. intercourse, then you have to take a shower purify yourself. And again, you're right, this is a contract between you and Allah. But again, contract between you and Allah, there is always this spirit of the law. Allah says, when

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you are sick and you're unable to use water, or you are traveling you don't have water, you don't have enough water.

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So what you do Allah in you can't use water, you don't have enough water, then you have an alternative. Allah gave you an exemption and that's basically you can reach to any pure surface, earth surface dust surface, right? And you can just sort of touch it. There's a way described in the 70s sort of tap on it with your palms and then

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wipe your face with it.

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And that's it. Allah says, May you read Hola Hola, ah Alikum in halacha Allah can you read Rhodiola hirako module within my name at Haleakala Allah competition, Quran, Allah does not want to place hardship upon you.

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At all, Allah doesn't want to place hardship at all upon you. But what Allah wants is to purify you to take you on this journey of purification, and in order for him to complete so Allah wants you to qualify for the completion of his favor upon you leave with him for the fulfillment and the perfection of his

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of his favor upon you, so that you may be thankful. And let's compare this connect this to verse number three. So because Allah said in verse number three of your MathML Tula Colombina Commonwealth's ma'am to Alikum net imati so Allah says, I have completed my religion or if I have completed your

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Religion your way of life,

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which is Islam. For you I've completed Islam is complete. And then says Allah, Allah says what's meme to Alikum Nitin Mati, and I have perfected my blessing upon you. In one interpretation, that means

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Allah completed the religion as a system as instructions as guidance. And the perfection of the blessing of Allah's grace upon the believers is that he made you live according to that qualified, which refers specifically to the Prophet SAW Salem, and the best of his companions who have really lived up to that level of the completeness of Islam. So you have the complete guidance, but you have the complete following and obedience to this. And Allah who praises the prophets, I saw them and the companions that you that I not only completed your religion for you, but even your practice or your adherence to it, I have perfected that for you and helped you reach that level. So and, and this

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verse number six actually sort of refers to this because Allah says, The reason Allah subhanaw taala makes these regulations for you how to purify yourself before salah, you make the law, there's no law, you still have to do something which is TMO you do the TMO.

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Don't think that Allah is stipulated stipulating these things, to put hardship on you know, the reason Allah is doing this is that these are unnecessary things for you these things work a quote, These things interact with your nature, they upgrade you as a human being. So Allah wants to purify your lawns, wants to help you purify yourself, so that he perfects his grace or His blessings upon you.

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So Islam is complete, Allah wants to help you sort of make your adherence to Islam, make your human nature rise or match that level.

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And this shows the importance of Salah and the importance of getting ready for Salah through a boat. And if there's if you can't use use water, you you do to him, this shows the high station of Salon how important and how powerful it is. And there's a way when Allah Subhana Allah describes the believers, oftentimes you find a common salata will occur, they establish the prayer and the give this occur. This is the play. So the best thing you can do to purify yourself to elevate yourself to increase your Eman to become a better person is Salah, but this is Salah that is done properly. Salah that is prayed not only physically but mentally and spiritually, it's full presence. It's a

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complete engagement with with the connection in the connection with Allah subhanaw taala. Yeah, so Allah says, don't think all of these regulations, sometimes people might get sort of fed up with some regulations. But again, this is the impatience of the self of the neffs. And what you need to do when you feel that is to remind you to remember that all of these things are not stipulated as a burden. But they are actually there to help you qualify to help build you something similar to that is when you for example, get involved in a competition, some kind of physical activity, some kind of a sports, and let's say you're doing basketball, you need to go through some rigid,

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very hard, very challenging

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routine of training, maybe daily for many hours, you need to challenge yourself, you need to push yourself beyond your limits, you need to

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when you feel you have given everything you have you push yourself even further and somebody might say, Why do you do that? That's way too much, right? But the thing is, when you see what's beyond that, when you see what's the outcome of this is that when when you feel that you have given everything and then you push yourself one step further is that you actually gain so much skill, because of that small step that you have taken because of the extra mile that you have gone, you would qualify you would sort of upgrade yourself so greatly it would pay dividends beyond

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I mean in a scale that is far greater than previous steps because you are reaching an area of exponential growth now even very little multiplies and gives benefits far greater than maybe 100 similar steps at an earlier stage in the on the journey. So that's what a lot of Allah spent Allah is saying when you feel that when this seems to you that it's too much don't think that Allah just wants to overburden you Oh, Allah wants to make things difficult for you? No, but for upgrading yourself for reaching the highest levels for reaching starlike performance in terms of faith Eman growth, and experience life experience you need to qualify just like

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Tech Stars in any field, just like heroes in any field, gain that through grit and hard work and a lot of grinding. The same thing applies to a man is that Allah subhanaw taala is giving you a way to upgrade yourself to reach new heights, which will just transform the quality of your life.

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So Allah once

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once you to match up to the perfection of Islam, in your performance, so Allah is guiding you gently through that. So it's all for you. It is all for you. So don't think Allah is going to gain anything from that or that's trying to make things difficult. And the era verse comes to mind, which is the end of solitude for Karna last month and it says, May Allah Allah will be at Abbey come in Chicago tomorrow morning. Don't think that Allah wants to make things hard for you, Allah wants to punish you. Like

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Allah draw either have you all believe and do the right things and just just stay away completely from evil.

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And that should just do the right things. You know, if things are just if Allah, if it were completely to Allah,

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then he would make everyone believe. But Allah Subhana Allah created us for a test he said, and that's what's unique about humans aren't going to let you choose. Allah says I chose for everything in existence I chose, I chose for it how to behave and what way of life it follows and that it worships Me. But for you, humans aren't going to give you this small circle of choice where you choose what you actually do with your life.

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And, and here Allah is guiding us through that Allah is helping us through it. So an Allah wants us to Allah loves that we actually succeed and that we do our best in this exam. But Allah is not gonna do it for us. He is He wants us to choose it. That's the difference.

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Yeah, so Allah Subhan Allah says, and so that he perfect his blessing upon you so that you may be thankful you may be thankful for Islam, may be thankful for the perfection for the completeness of this great gift of Islam, this beautiful asset that you have. So that's what Allah wants to do. Then Allah says with verse number seven with Corona Metalla Heerlijk umami Felco hula dy taka Combi. If Colton salmon in our Atlanta with the Allah in Allah I remember that just adored this verse number seven, and remember the blessing of Allah and upon you, which is the deen of Islam, and your agreement with him your contract with him and you said, we hear and we obey you have actually made a

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conscious, a conscious commitment to obey Allah subhanaw taala. Allah says, Be mindful of Allah. Be careful, because Allah knows what's in your hearts. Allah knows what's in your chest. Allah knows what you conceal. So Allah is with you all the time.

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Then Allah says, Yeah, you are living at Amazon corner or Wamena Allah He Shuhada Bill Crispo What are your dream and a commission an omen an ideal are you who believe, stand for Allah be constantly in a state of standing for Allah, meaning standing and Allah here is basically you stand for Allah because Allah is the truth. You stand for Allah stand for the rights of Allah, you stand for the truth, you stand with justice. And that's what's going to follow shahada because you are witnesses for justice. And hear witnesses that means you witness in your behavior, you sort of champion justice, you will help justice you stand with justice, you do what you can in order to establish

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justice because this, this world functions on justice. It's one of the very basic principles of existence and of Islam itself. And then Allah says, Do not let the hatred or the animosity you have towards the people push you towards injustice, because again, humans have this tendency, this impulse towards injustice, they have this bias. A lot acknowledges that this exists. But what you have choice with is not whether it exists or not, because you're a human being you have emotions, you have impulses, you have feelings, sometimes you can't control them properly, you don't have control, but what you have control to is how you respond to them.

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So Allah says add to accountability that would be just be fair. So this is closest to Taqwa. And the shows that tug of war comes from, from doing the right thing.

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And again, for Allah, indeed, Allah is aware of what you do. Then Allah says that He promised the believers and those who those who believe in the righteous deeds, to give them forgiveness and a great reward and those who disbelieve and lie or reject the signs of Allah. These are the people of the Hellfire. And again, because the believers have stayed true to their commitment with Allah and natural commitment for human nature, whereas those who have betrayed their nature, as we said last week, those who betrayed their football, they're actually they're just going to end up and punishment because they've betrayed who they are.

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Then Allah reminds the believers of some of his blessings where he protected them on the day of the Battle of the Trench, how he protected them from the harm of the disbelievers and how Allah saved the believers. And like I said, you should put your trust in Allah knowing Yes, there are there is cause and effect in this world. But you know, there is much more to this world than what you see, then the cause and effect that you're aware of. So this is why you have to do what you have access to, in terms of cause and effect, which is you have to do what's necessary. But again, you put your trust in Allah because Allah is in charge of everything.

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Then hear Allah starts making a reference to the People of the Scripture, Allah makes a reference to the children of Israel, and how, basically, he took 12 representatives from them according to the tribes. And then Allah said, that I'll be with you, as long as you establish the prayer gives the care and you believe in my messengers, including Prophet Mohammed, Salah Salem, when he comes when he arrives, and you support them, and you support the cause of Allah, I shall forgive your sins and allow you into paradise and which rivers flow, but whoever. So that's a covenant that's a contract with Allah, whoever denies who acts in denial to this, then these people have gone astray. Then

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Allah says, because they have violated the contract.

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We cursed them. And we made the hearts hardened. So the hearts became hardened. And thus they lost the last life of the heart, they lost themselves, they lost the essence of themselves. And so they became shadows, they became mere shadows, they are absent in their life, they are absent, they live their lives, absent, truly absent. They're not there in their life, and that, and that's something chala hopefully in the future will come to explain. Because there's two levels of life there is the very basic animalistic level, which is physical life, but there is a higher experience of life, that that is way beyond comparison with the animalistic life. And that's life of the heart. So when the

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heart hardens, you know that higher order life is blocked, and the person misses out on it. And that's paradise on earth.

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So Allah says, We made the hearts Harden, and then what that led them to that manifested itself in the form of them, changing the word of Allah changing the Scripture, distorting it, messing messing with it. And thus, they started forgetting and losing some of the divine guidance. And the law says you're going to see a lot of vitriol from them, except for a small minority who remain truthful to minority and these people eventually, when they came to Islam, they actually embraced Islam, like, for example, we'll be using a cap

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of the Lagna salaam, and others.

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For and homeless for Allah says,

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you know, forgive their mistakes, overlook their, their betrayals for now, indeed, Allah loves those who actually do good, do extra good, right? That Allah makes a reference to the Christians that we have this verse number 14, that we had a covenant with them, so they forgot some of it, they left. So because NESEA in the Arabic language could mean forget and could mean neglect both of watered down. So they neglected some of what they were reminded with some of the scriptures. So thus we brought about enmity amongst them. And you will find this among the Christian denominations. There's always been an enmity struggle among them, you find for a long time, it's been the, between the

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Eastern and the Western Roman Empires, you'll find Rome and Constantinople, the Orthodox and the Catholic, and then later on the Protestants, then the Angelica, so you'll find these denominations, there will be times of peace, there will be some terms of cooperation, but there will be a lot of enmity amongst them. And that's what the column basically says. And, and it's something that came because they split over the Scripture, they did not stay truthful to their scripture in that sense.

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And, and we know from from history that when the when the when the Muslims when the Ottomans were took over Constantinople, many of the residents of those lands of the Christians, Orthodox Christians actually preferred the Muslims to take over rather than the Rome itself, the Catholics sort of taking over because Constantinople, but by that time, or the Eastern Roman Empire, but that time, vison, Byzantium grew very, very weak. So it was only Constantinople for the rest of it, it really lost a lot.

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It was so weak that it was left with no option except to seek the help of its long standing enemy in Rome, the Catholics in order to be able to protect themselves against the Ottomans against the Muslims at the time.

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But many of them actually many of the population actually prefer to live under the Muslims than live under the, the Catholics there was there was there were many bloody wars, you know between them anyways. Okay, so then Allah subhanaw taala verse number 15 says, all people have the book, our messenger has come to you clarifying many issues to you many things in your scriptures that were unsettled. He brought the final word to them, and he would leave a lot of the things that you have changed about your scripture that he would leave them because it's not you don't want to get lost in the details here right? So he's just correct says as much as necessary, he brings things to

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conclusion as much as necessary.

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Then he says pajetta Coleman, Allah in all markets have only been what has come to you is

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light from Allah.

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And a clear book or a clarifying book, a book that is clear in itself. And that clarifies and explains the truth very plainly. Yeah, the beholder how many divided one who will salami will create one minute volume at the new Ruby anyway, I did him in a lot of illustrata Muslim beautiful description of the book of Allah and of the guidance of the Prophet Mohammed sai cylinder, Allah guides, through this book through the Scripture through this revelation that was given given to Prophet Muhammad Salim whoever follows the what Allah is pleased with whatever follows the guidance of this, of this scripture of this book, the Quran, here, Allah would guide them to the ways of

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peace to the to the roads to peace, and Allah would save them from the darkness into the light with his own permission, and would guide them to the straight path. And it shows that anyone who holds on to the Quran remains truthful to the Quran and open to the message of the Quran. Without having to read into it, they would actually be guided that's a promise by Allah Subhan Allah to Allah. Then Allah goes on to clarify more how the People of the Scripture did not remain truthful to their contracts with Allah, where Allah says look at Kabbalah Liliana Kalu in Aloha will miss you hug memoriam? Indeed the people who set Oh claimed that

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that a lot is the Messiah,

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Son of Mary, so that anyone who claims that Jesus is the Son is Allah, he's himself alone, He's God, then these people have committed a blasphemy disbelief and act that violates faith and annihilate and Nozick completely. So.

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Yeah, so it's the biggest violation because your violation the very cornerstone of what Revelation is basically and what the relationship between us and Allah is your, your, you're making false claim on the very nature of Allah subhanaw taala. That is that is opposite to what he really is. Okay, so then Allah subhana clarifies this and Allah clarifies or response to some of their problems, some of their claims where they said that oddity the older one, don't hang up no lie. And the Jews and the Christians they said we are the children of Allah and we are the ones that he loves.

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Allah responds to how how you deal with that and how you logically sort of, you know, expose this this kind of untrue claim

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that Allah subhanaw taala. What he wants from humans is that for them to remain truthful, and to follow the truth. That's the affiliation we have with Allah. There is no blood relationship. There is no favoritism. It's as the Prophet SAW Selim says, leveled law they will be in charge me and Wally I mean Allah Allah be elaborate Taqwa there is no fever, no merit. For anyone, no excellence, no, like, standing for anyone over another person with an Arab to non Arab, white to black, black, to white, etc. Any color except with Taqwa. That's the only criterion with Allah subhanaw taala. So, titles, names, affiliations, that's, these are just, they just categories you create, these are just

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names and words you create. It's about the reality of your relationship with Allah, your relationship with the truth and your adherence to it.

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There then Allah Subhan Allah mentioned is a story and we're going to close with this, which is, Allah shows the violation of the followers, some of the followers of Prophet Musa Moses and es Salaam, when he said to them,

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remember the blessing of Allah because blessings of Allah shows that there is a commitment when someone is kind to you, you have a commitment, unspoken commitment to you. This is a social contract. This is a natural contract we have someone has been honest with you, someone has been kind to you. You're expected to be kind to them. In return. It's just it's normal. It doesn't need to be spoken. It's understood. And if someone is not, does not respond to this reciprocity, if someone does not respond and there is something wrong with them. So he says remember

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The blessings of Allah upon you that he sent you guidance through prophets messengers and Allah made you kings Allah made you dominant over the earth. Kings most Ali Salam was given so much power Dawood Islam was given so much sorry mannerism these were kings

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are eloquent como Atacama Muti demeanor Hello, I mean a lucky few what he didn't give other humans he gave you so many merits. He said, enter the sacred land which is the Palestine, enter the sacred land

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that Allah wrote for you prescribed for you, and do not run away, do not turn back on your heels. So otherwise, lest you be you lose. They said, Oh, there are very powerful mighty people in this in this land, and we're not going to go there. If they leave, we will go right.

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Although they are promised victory, so then two from the believers among them. And some durations indicate that this was actually mostly a seminar on they said

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that if you just enter through the gate, Allah will give you a victory over them. It's very simple, like you sort of guaranteed victory, you just have to cross where you have to march through your fear. You have to go through your fear, you might experience a little bit of loss at the beginning. But that's just inevitable, but you are guaranteed victory as long as you break into the gate and put your trust in Allah. They eventually look at the response they said and that shows you that like favours and blessings don't even do not pay off with these people like then they're not truthful. They're not responsive, positively to these blessings. How do we I'm also in Ireland Hola, Abba,

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madame, if you have a mentor or a book of aquatera, and

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they said,

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or Musa, we will not

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enter it as long as these people are in it. Forget about that. If you want you go with your Lord and fight, we are here. We're going to sit here and we're going to watch you go and fight with your Lord. So here, Musa symptons Allah says Allah in Nila Emily NFC Wi Fi, Allah the only ones I have control over, the only ones that can bring to obey your command to enter this city is myself and my brother Harun.

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So make a judgment between us and these rebellious people. Allah says in the home help limit on an email by unison and we're going to prohibit them from entering it. They're going to stay in a diaspora. They're going to be lost in the land for 40 years.

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And do not feel bad do not have any pity towards those rebellious people. Compare this to the

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response of the companions of the allowing home before the Battle of better because the prophets of salaam said of Medina to capture the caravan which again was making business trade using the assets that were confiscated of the people who had migrated from Mecca to Medina. So the profit incentive set off to capture it yet I will Sofia managed to escape Quraysh put together an army the Muslims were had only their basic weapons saw each one had their own sword that's it, maybe a little bit of archery.

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And Croatian brought a fully equipped army we put about 1000 people, the Muslims were greatly outnumbered. Then the news reached the prophets I send them that the caravan escaped or he brought an army. Where are you going to do? So the Muslims had to make a very difficult choice tough choice now they are camping they're ready. They were ready to fight or capture the caravan but they were not ready for full fledged battle. But now they have to face if they withdraw to Medina, it's already a loss. It's a very bad reputation for Muslims and that army might actually march to Medina army of college so very, very risky decision. Or let's actually find this army completely

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outnumbered no proper equipment. We don't have our arms properly. So what are we going to do? Her prophesize her limb wanted to march forward and face that army put his trust in Allah

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obviously the margerine were committed but the Prophet SAW Selim says what do you think all Muslims they said we're gonna do with it yeah, we are with you do whatever you want. Then the Prophet said them again said what do you think Shiro Allah you our own your what's your consultation? Then? I think it was set up on my island settlement Obando subdivision what I believe is a jealous like a nicotinell Messenger of Allah, it seems like you're want us to talk with the unsalted people of Medina. Because the agreement between the prophets of Solomon and salt is that to protect the most the prophets I send them in Medina, there was no mention of outside of Medina because it did not

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even occur to them.

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So the prophets have said, Yes, Saddam had said on Sunday of Allah we have promised to protect you just as we protect our own families, our own selves. And then he said, O Messenger of Allah, even if you cross the ocean, we're going to cross it with you. And the ocean for the Arabs was such a tough thing, by the way, like you go into the unknown. We're just going to jump behind you. Regardless, we don't know what's going to happen.

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But we're just going to we are committed again that's a sense of commitment right? Then he says, We will not say to you like the Benny slightly like the children of Israel said to Musa Musa. It has interrupt Boca Katya in, I don't, we're not going to say like those people said to Musa that you go and fight with your Lord, we're going to sit here and watch. But what we say to you, you fight with your Lord, obviously with the help of your Lord, we are with you. We're going to fight. We're going to fight with you. We're going to defend the truth with you. And the Prophet saw us and felt very, very happy. He was very happy with that response from someone rather than the shows. Maybe the story

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was actually revealed earlier at the time, we're talking about some of the Battle of better which is

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the second year of the hippo. Okay, so I think it's a good place to stop here by verse number 26. Zack Malacanang for joining us and sha Allah, hope to see you next Friday being that to Allah. And next Friday is going to be Adel oppa. We in the later Allah and again, just a reminder to

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do as many good deeds as possible in the best quality that you can. And fast some of the days specifically the day of alpha which is going to be next Thursday with Nila Tana this upcoming Thursday. And

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and don't forget to vicar, vicar Allah Allah walkabout Allah Allah, Allah Allah Allah Allah Allah Akbar, Allahu Akbar, lower commodity lion hunt. Do it loud at home, in the street if it's if you feel it's appropriate in your car as you're driving when you're having your morning walk.

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Just it's a great thing to do something Allah Spanish Allah loves to be done. Zakon la halen or sallallahu alayhi wa sahbihi wa Salam o Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah.