A Thematic Commentary On The Quran #27 Surat Al-Ma’ida
Channel: Moutasem al-Hameedy
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hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen wa salatu salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad wa ala and he was happy Germaine, what do I do? Salam Alaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh Welcome to our Friday halacha
and today as we
go through our journey, which is a thematic commentary on the Quran, we have Alhamdulillah completed completed our commentary on Salatin Fatiha solitary Bacala. So what are Imran and Salatin Nyssa and today we move on to Siewert al Magadha, which is surah. Number five in the Quran in surah Madonia, meaning it was revealed after the Hijra after the migration of the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa salam.
And this means it's packed with rulings and the details of Islamic legislation. And let's take some sort of
a short overview or a glimpse on the solar.
The central or the main theme
in the solar appears clearly in the first verse, so it's very obvious straightforward and clear. And let me recite it, make a short commentary and then see how it reflects on the rest of the Surah
I will do bIllahi min ash shaytani R rajim Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim Mia you hallelujah amen O for Villa or wood or Halal Atilla comb Rahim behemoth will anatomy Elana UTRA Alikum ye are more heinous lady were to home in hola hola como Mal, you read all you who believe fulfill your agreements, fulfilled the contracts
or an oval and
they have been made halal for you to eat meaning cows, beef, camels, sheep, and goats.
They have been made halal for you.
Except what we legislated for you with regards to a specific state and that is the State of Iran when you are in the State of Iran which you are supposed to get into. When you are performing Hajj or Umrah either major, major pilgrimage or minor pilgrimage, you're supposed to be in this sacred state one. And when you are in this state, you are not allowed to hunt. You're not allowed to hunt.
Then Allah says concludes the verse with saying in Alohomora, you read indeed Allah
makes the rulings according to His will. And obviously, the will of Allah subhanaw taala
is connected to his wisdom and his encompassing knowledge. So we can see first the surah are calls on the believers. And that means the concept of Eman is of paramount importance here in what follows are with regards to what follows. So all you who believe our formula could fulfill your contracts and agreements stay true to them. And that shows the connection between a man and external behavior. So this the concept of commitment, truthfulness.
trustworthiness are strongly connected, all of these traits are actually can be traced back to Iman. So a sign of someone having a good faith it might be a very likely sign of someone having a good level of faith or a good heart at least is that they are faithful, loyal, truthful and committed to the word so they stay true to their word and to their agreements. Then Allah gives some kind of example which he is going to highlight here in salted Magadha with regards to behemoth Al Anam, Allah says, Allah has made these animals halal for you to eat their meat, you can, you can consume their meat as food, it's permissible for you. But there is a state where you cannot actually hunt
these animals. I mean, you can eat them, but you cannot hunt them. And
this is going to be mentioned later on in the Surah. But
this is an agreement between us and Allah, and we're going to come to what contracts and agreements here means. And then Allah Subhanallah concludes the verse as we said, with making a very clear decree Declaration, which could actually be the very core of the central theme of the surah Allah says in Hola Hola, como Marguerite, Allah is the one who judges according to His will. So judgment belongs to Allah rulings belong to Allah, law legal system
belongs to Allah and many people, again, through us throughout our commentary on the Surah, we're going to probably
visit this concept that many people don't understand what the legal system means in terms of Islam what legislation means. What does it mean that the rule belongs to Allah, many people think it's a specific or fixed set of rulings
that are specified, we have to abide by them at all times. And they are rigid, and we have to abide by them at all times, in all places, regardless of details and so on and so forth. But this is something again, that has been that the media has painted. And in some, some people who it was pushed this this agenda that was pushed by certain parties, certain groups, certain countries in certain powers, to give the general masses this impression that the legal system in Islam is just a fixed set of rigid rules that applies inhumanely and
irrespective of the conditions, the details the circumstances, and this is a completely childish, simplistic understanding, and it's completely inaccurate.
Alright, so let's look at the surah. Allah subhanaw taala starts and this is just an overview Allah subhanaw taala talks about
the rulings with regards to observing the sanctity of the rituals that Allah legislated, and the sacred months, then a lot talks about the sacrifice animals for Hajj, and even people who are seeking to make Hajj even though at that time there were non Muslims making Hajj or pilgrimage to the Sacred House. And then Allah highlights the issue of hunting again. But here there is a beautiful principle that has to do with the concept of agreements, covenants, rules that we have to abide by our contracts with Allah. And there are different levels of the contracts that we have with Allah. So one of them is the details that Allah specifies in the Revelation, but there is also a
more abstract level. And this is the level of
moral divine moral principles like justice, fairness. So Allah subhanaw taala, here talks about tells the believers do not wrong people, even though they
in the past, they prevented you from visiting off from performing your own run, visiting the Sacred House, do not do injustice to them. Allah says,
Do not let your hatred make you transgress, or do not let the grudge that you have do not let that lead you to, to transgression. And then Allah says and establishes another moral rule that is more abstract, but it has infinite implications and and manifestations. Allah says what I want a little bit of what Taqwa help one another, cooperate, support one another when it's just when it's about justice. And when it's about
when it's something good, something moral, something of a good nature, and something of a virtuous nature. So help and support and cooperate, but do not help and support when it's all about a transgression and evil and sin.
So there's something Allah highlights and Allah talks specifically about what is permissible and not permissible with regards to animals to eat and certain conditions. Then Allah highlights a very famous verse in the Quran, which is number three, when Allah says, Today I have completed your religion for you.
And I have
perfected my my blessings upon you. And I'm pleased with Islam as your way of life as your religion.
So this is highlighted within the context of the rules, the rulings, and so on and so forth. Then Allah talks about some rulings that pertain to hunting and animals that are trained for hunt like dogs, etc. And then Allah talks about what types of food that are permissible for the Muslims. And also, Allah highlights the issue that Muslims can marry Muslim males, Muslim men can marry women, decent,
risk, respect, respectable women,
chaste women, from the People of the Scripture. Allah makes it as an exception from the general rule. The general rule is that a Muslim should marry a muslim, but one small exception is made and that's basically that a Muslim man can marry if there is a woman from among the People of the Scripture, a Jew or a Christian, that is decent, chaste.
She protects her honor her dignity, and she's of
decent character and good manners, then it's permissible to marry such a woman. But no exception was made, for example for a Muslim woman to marry a non Muslim man, or to marry a man from the People of the Scripture.
Then Allah talks about some rulings that pertain to this. Verse number six, Allah talks about the verse of Willow how to perform or do Allah describes will do. Then Allah emphasizes the concept of remembering Allah is fever upon us, and His covenant, the covenant that we have we have with him and that we are supposed to be true to it. And Allah emphasizes against the concept of than justice. And he warns against against transgression, and he emphasizes that he's a watcher over us.
Then Allah shows the outcomes of people who stay truthful to Allah versus those who actually break their covenant, their very innate covenant with Allah, which is the football, human nature, actually, is about worshiping Allah, human nature itself, calls us, pushes us, guides us to worship to recognize our Creator and stay true to him and stay true to his guidance, which is again, what we generally experience as moral principles, as Justice as truth and so on and so forth. So, Allah says those who deny those who act in denial today, those who reject that, then they're going to end up in the hellfire.
Again, Allah reminds the believers of some of His bounties upon them. And then Allah makes a reference to Benny slaw eel and the context is agreement contract. Allah says in verse number 12, what well, Allah homie Falcone is right on Allah took the an agreement, Allah struck a contract with Benny Salatin, then Allah shows how they fail to remain true to that covenant. Then Allah makes a reference to the to the Christians and how they actually grew heedless of their agreement and their contract with Allah eventually.
And then Allah subhanaw taala renews his contract and agreement with the people of the Scripture through the Quran here by reminding them that I sent Muhammad sallallahu alayhi salam, to revive this agreement. So that to give you another chance, that you come back to this agreement and honor it again. And then Allah explains the consequences of all of this and he, Allah makes some points or set some arguments here against some of the claims of the People of the Scripture with regards to the nature of Allah, the nature of the Divine, and some of their claims.
And Allah makes it our historical reference here to something that happened with Prophet Musa alayhis, Salam Moses, peace be upon him, when it also highlights the concept of contract agreement following the rule of Allah subhanho wa taala, where Allah told them, you know, march to the sacred land, which is Palestine, beating them up this
march to that land, when there were very strong people living there, March there in order to fight against them, and Allah will give you victory but they said, no, these people are, you know, we're outnumbered these people are stronger than us. And thus they let down Mussolini, Saddam, and they refused. Although Allah promised them victory. They refused to actually march to the secret land and thus they were sent into the diaspora or a state of loss for 40 years and that's the time by the way when Mossad he said I'm died. What is that's what's known as a tea. Allah refers to it in the Quran. Albertina Sen, Yeti Horner, Phil audibly here in verse number 26, Yeti Hoonah they would squander
they would be lost, they would roam aimlessly for 40 years.
Then Allah makes another reference historical reference but that dates back to the very beginning of humanity which is the story of heavy land or Bill Abel and Cain.
And the the jealousy from Cain or corbeil against his brother that led him to violate the contract and the agreement the natural agreement with Allah subhanaw taala ending up murdering his own brother than Allah connects this to the violation that happened by Bani Israel Israel later on.
So Allah like, like, draws parallels between Bill Kane and Bani Israel the way they handled the covenant and the agreement with ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada. And Allah also highlights the concept of highway robbers and people who bring spread mischief and and corruption on the land, how their punishment is very severe in this world and in the hereafter.
Given the law Allah highlights other principles than Allah addresses Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
with regards to how to handle the rejection
And the disbelief of the People of the Scripture, although they have all the clues and all the evidence that they need to accept the mission of Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam and follow him. But obviously they were distorting their own scripture, they were changing it, they were playing with it, they were hiding some of it.
There was spreading rumors and they were creating lies. A lot talks about all of this. And it is here that in verse number 44, when a famous verse arrives or ending of a virtual Allah says, Woman, let me come be Manzella life will let you go home will carve your own, that those who do not rule by what Allah revealed, these are the disbelievers or these are the people who commit disbelief.
And again, so it shows that this takes us to verse number one where Allah says, Yeah, you have the old formula called are you who believe, stay true to your covenants, especially the one with Allah. And as someone who's first being a human being is a covenant with Allah, by the way, we, it's an innate there's an innate covenant, inborn covenant with Allah that we have, as sometimes we refer to it or to certain aspects of it as human nature, human tendency, as intuitive, innate, and built in capacity for or
are this kind of tendency to seek meaning, and to seek the creator and the origin of the universe and the creator of the universe and to devote your life for a mission for a noble mission that is bigger than yourself. So this is part of our, of our covenant, natural covenant with Allah, but there isn't. Another level of covenant is when someone accepts the true religion, they commit to obeying the instructions, the divine guidance, and divine law. So Allah says, Those who do not rule by that law which they agreed to, to live by, then these people are committing this belief.
And Allah is mentioning this with regards to the People of the Scripture, actually, prior to that Allah mentions
that they should rule by the true scripture that was sent to them, but they actually turn away from it. And that's why Allah says, Those who do not rule by what Allah revealed, then these have disbelieved. Again, back to the first verse in the Surah, Allah says, Oh, you who believe stay true to these covenants. Now, if you do not stay true to these covenants, there is an issue with belief with your, with your faith, are you true believer or not? And then Allah mentioned some details about the previous scriptures and the Quran itself, because they come from the same source. So there is a lot in common
in terms of law, although it's many of that as changed when it when it comes to the Scripture, many passages have been taken out, many of them have been interpreted or loosely translated, to dilute really the intensity and the straightforward nature of some of the text.
But Allah subhanaw taala also says whoever does not rule by what Allah revealed, these are the oppressors. These are the wrongdoers, volley moon. And then Allah makes a reference to the Christians and now they were supposed to remain true to the book that was sent revelation that was sent to Prophet Jesus essentially center and that those who do not rule by what Allah revealed, these are the these are the people who are diverted from the true path these other people have committed in our
grave in decency in terms of their behavior.
Then Allah says that he said, The Quran is the final revelation and the dominant revelation that puts everything else all of the previous revelations in context. And it also reveals the distortions and the interrupt the corruption that creeped into them.
And there's a famous verse here
what Allah says
of a hug a manager at a table, one woman so Amina Lai Hulkamania call me you do they seek the judgment of or the rulings or the legal system of ignorance? Because I mean, humans, when they come up with rules, they come up with rules based on their understanding and their judgment and human understanding of judgment is limited.
Whereas the divine law comes from the infinite wisdom of Allah subhanho wa taala. And if you find human beings critiquing divine rulings, it's either this person does not understand these rulings, which is a lot of the cases that you hear around here and there on social media, on YouTube and on media outlets. And there's also another common reason or which is basically some people have ulterior motives people just want to attack you know, whether they know or not, they just want to shed some negative light on the
The revelation and most likely they would either they don't know it but if they know it, they hide what they know they hide the good things that they know, because divine legislation is actually reflects the wisdom of the Creator. And if a person does not see the wisdom or sees the opposite of wisdom in that divine revelation as you as I said, either don't know it or they cannot appreciate the the complexity and the intensity of of such rulings.
Then Allah subhanaw taala saw sort of advice advices to the believers as to how to handle
people of the Scripture who reject to believe in Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
Allah warns against taking them as your closest allies
and that you love them based on their religion.
So Allah Subhan Allah warns against this.
Yet in the Quran, Allah instructs us as well to deal to handle them and treat them with justice, fairness and good treatment.
Then Allah reveals a lot of the mistakes and a lot of the violations of the People of the Scripture to towards their covenant and agreement with Allah subhanaw taala this takes a good chunk of, of the surah Allah actually revealed some of their false practices and some of their
sum of the beliefs that fabricated beliefs about the nature of Allah and the nature of Prophet Isa Jesus peace be upon him about trinity Allah speaks clearly about trinity
and about the nature of Prophet Essene Salaam.
Yeah, so many things about the people of this scripture here.
And then Allah comes back to some of the rulings within Islam, things about oath how when you make an offer and you break it, how to handle this, again, there are rulings here, then here there is the ruling of pro prohibiting drinking the drinking of alcohol, making it haram gambling.
Yeah, and Maza Liams is to you know, and festivals that have to do with idol worship, and so on and so forth.
So allows for that it makes them head on. And again, this is a solo about divine rulings, and it's about our covenant and agreement to abide by these divine rulings. So many of them are actually explained here in detail and a lot talks about some of them in detail. Then Allah comes to talk about the issue of hunting when you are in a state of one the sacred state of performing hajj, Allah makes a reference to the Kaaba, the Sacred House, in Mecca. And there are so many other detailed rulings here that Allah explains to the believers.
Some things about, you know, even the will of a dying person how to handle that and how to have witnesses for it. And then finally, Allah Subhanallah makes a reference to Prophet to the day of judgment. And here he brings up the concept of, or the notion of profit, as Ali has said, and his history and the true believers in Italia, his salaam, his true disciples.
And an incident that happened with them when, when when the true followers vsla said I'm asked for a feast to be given to them from Allah subhanaw taala and it came down from the heavens down to them. And then Allah Subhana Allah tells us about something that's going to happen, which is a conversation that is going to happen between Allah and Jesus and mercy. Hey Salam on the Day of Judgment, where Allah is going to question Prophet Essenes. And when did you tell as these people claim, did you tell them to worship you and your mother and HLA Islam would deny that I would say it was not for me to call them to worship other than you. And this is actually what the solar closes
with what Allah from Ghana says, basically, those who remain truthful, those will remain upon the truth and that's covenant that's agreement that's abiding by Divine Law, these people that Allah will be pleased with them, they will, they will be pleased with him, and they will get the they will be in paradise. And this is the ultimate in our act of winning, and everything belongs to Allah and he's capable of everything. So this is an overview of
of the soul.
And now let's just take the first five pages as usual, and try to, you know, just highlight them and talk about them briefly and show how, again, all of that connects to one central theme in the soil which is again
about fate about rule belongs to Allah, legislation, defining things good or bad, permissible impermissible, belongs to Allah because he is the one who knows everything. And he's the most wise and he's the most Merciful.
humans are supposed to remain truthful and loyal to their agreements. And these agreements come at different levels, let me speak about the levels. So there's the natural level, which is our fitrah innate nature of embracing good, recognizing good, recognizing, and seeking our Creator, meaning of our life, the purpose of our life, and trying to live a purposeful life a life of meaning, trying to dedicate our lives for a meaningful cause that is bigger than ourselves. And obviously, this is a connection to the divine. So we are supposed to make our journey, make our way back to Allah subhanaw taala, to our Creator. That's a covenant that we are born with. It's an inborn, innate
quality, we're supposed to be truthful to it. And Islam ultimately is about being truthful to your human nature in this sense, but there is a higher level or a heightened level and emphasize level of that connection, which is when you actually accept the revelation, and you decide to follow it. So in Islam, when you pronounce the shahada show don't lie in the Halacha, don't implement Allah so Allah, I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship known worshipped in truth, but Allah, and that Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam his his final prophet and messenger,
that you you live by that. So you say, I'm going to live by even the details of the revelation that was given to Prophet Muhammad SAW, so I'm gonna, I'm going to be
sincere, and all I'm going to seek the face of my Lord, I'm going to seek my lord in everything I do, I'm not going to do anything for any other purpose, I'm not going to do good things and acts of worship, in order to get some kind of recognition or admiration or any kind of payoff, or what I want is Allah. So you live with sincerity and obedience of the Prophet of the instructions that were given to Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu ad
wa sallam. So this is a heightened or a second level of covenant and agreement. And the more a person grows in Eman, that is the Learn More, they do more, then there is more obligation upon them, there is more,
there's more to that contract between them and Allah subhana wa, what's so imagine grows, sort of more expectations grow, because you have
sort of evolved into a higher level. So that's your, your behavior, the way you have life as well should reflect the state of your heart. And this is why, for example, you find scholars, they have more obligations in terms of teaching and educating and fixing mistakes than non scholars, people who have been given power and might within an Islamic system, there's more obligations or obligation upon them to set things right and fix mistakes and help the needy and the oppressed and so on and so forth.
Yeah, so we're just going to go over the first five pages and show a lot or the first two, a little bit hesitant, okay, two sections of, of the solar insha Allah to Allah and see how it connects to the central theme.
So Allah says, Yeah, you have Latina terminal, oh forbidden and all your who believed.
Stay loyal fulfill your agreements, your contracts, your covenants. So first,
Allah draws on faith on belief, or you who believe your faith and belief necessitates remaining truthful because faith itself is an act of, even by virtue of the English word faith, you remain faithful. It means you remain faithful to your human nature, you don't depart, you don't depart that human nature, you don't split from it, you remain truthful to it. And that means you remain truthful to your Creator.
You remain loyal to him. And Islam comes to actually consolidate this and give it the final shape because our intellect is unable to figure out all the details of how this manifests itself in the world. So Allah combined default route with divine guidance with Revelation, so that we have a complete recipe or detailed recipe as to how we should carry ourselves in this life.
So this faith necessitates that you're actually even your dealings outside dealings, external dealings with Allah with others with yourself with everything. You remain truthful, loyal to your contracts and agreements. So you can be trusted.
You do not run away you do not back off with regards to your commitments.
Then Allah subhanaw taala says, for example, if you have a truce, you have an agreement, you have a contract, you're supposed to be truthful to it, even if circumstances allow you to get away with violation. You cannot. Why? Because
circumstances are not
boundaries for you. Your moral boundaries come from another dimension. And that's the inner dimension of who we are. And that's our faith. That's our worldview. And that's our place in the world and our commitment to Allah, which is a commitment to the truth itself. So this is why if,
you know, a system of government collapses, a true believer is supposed to be someone who would stay truthful, loyal, and not make any violation, not go and steal, or or vandalize, or destroy or create problems or take advantage of the situation. Because it's not the law that
our fear of punishment that makes them abide by the truth. It's actually there
is their belief, it's their nature, their human nature, it's the faith they have in Allah, that they honor. And they observe and they follow.
It's their love of Allah that makes them and their affiliation with the truth that makes them stay true to it, because that's who they are.
Yeah, so Allah mentions details here, as we said about
that certain types of animals are made halal for you to eat. And we mentioned it's cows,
camels, sheep, and goats. So these are halal for you. But if you're in a state of sacred state of haram, you're making pilgrimage, you cannot hunt, although
someone else can hunt for you, you can still eat them in that sense, but hunting, the very act of hunting is itself is itself haram. In the Allahumma. You did indeed, Allah rules as He wills and we have always to see this in context. Some people, they sort of bring human qualities to Allah, or to attributes of Allah and that makes it very problematic. Some people think, oh, Allah wills as He wills. So that means he's gonna rule randomly. That's not how things happen. Because Allah's Will is not separated from his wisdom, justice, mercy, knowledge, etc. Right? So, and this applies as well to the common phrase that whomever Allah guides noncom, his guide and whoever Allah misguides Nan
can guide. People think, oh, Allah does that randomly, just cherry picking. But that's not the case, Allah, Allah is choices and Allah's actions
are all done according to His infinite knowledge, wisdom, mercy.
And justice. So, again, everything should be seen in context, there's no need to mention all of these names and attributes. Every time something like this is mentioned. It's understood, it's just become part of the context. Otherwise, communication becomes very impractical in that sense. Okay, so this shows the central theme and the overall theme of the surah that it's about,
remaining about honoring contracts, at all levels. We said the natural human level, and then at the level of religion, accepting the revelation and following the rules of Allah, and then following detailed legislation, and also your agreements with people I have a contract with you I'm supposed to stay truthful to the prophets of salaam says a lot meaner, and thus wrote to him, believers would abide by the conditions they agree to I have a contract between you and me. I'm supposed by, by virtue of my faith, I'm supposed to be truthful to it and loyal, even if even if I can violate it and get away with it. I can't Islamically I morally I can't. So
even and this is a say this is a written agreement. There are sometimes verbal agreements, these also have to be observed. Oftentimes, you find people today, you know, when it comes to verbal agreement, they, you know, they don't take it seriously. Why? Because they can get away with it, probably without legal consequences. But when it comes to faith, it's not about documenting something. It's like really a violation. It becomes a slight to your faith, and it brings your faith down it starts affecting your heart. So you live in this ecosystem of faith, morality, truth, and every change or every violation there sort of affects everything.
And there is unspoken, the unspoken agreements like
there are social codes of
How to behave and how to carry yourself in public, for example, and how to people interact, they're not specified, they're not written in a book, or in a in a record, or they're not really openly discussed is just people happen to conquer upon them, people happen to agree and see eye to eye with regards to these, these are covenants and agreements by the way.
And they make they they are the sort of grease of life. So, generally speaking, as long as these unspoken rules, they do not go they do not go against Islam, they do not go against a bigger truth,
then, to some level they become binding. Again, this is a very loose statement, they become binding to a certain extent. And generally speaking, I mean,
these are very dynamic, and it's very impractical to write each one of them down it just because life becomes unbearable. So, why because life is very versatile and situations are diverse and, and rules, these rules are very malleable, still, but there is some consistency in them. So, and this is what we call common sense, right? So Islam encourages us to observe these and
because without this, people won't feel safe. By the way, like, if you walk into let's say, a supermarket, or a store, and behave different than the norms accepted drunk norms in your locality, people would feel threatened automatically. The survival mode kicks in.
If you're having a conversation with someone, you start acting weirdly against the norms, maybe this way of acting is okay in another country or according to another culture, but in this specific culture, you You are behaving in a way that is not
normal and natural and is not is not the norm here in this. In this the same this society. Automatically, people will be will feel threatened, and people won't be comfortable dealing with you, people will start avoiding you. People will start being suspicious about you. Some people might actually call the police on you on you. Why? Again, because these are contracts, these are subtle, unspoken contracts and a wise person pays close attention to these things. And I'm not saying follow all of them. But I'm just saying, being aware of them. And being very responsive to them and considerate of them is a sign of wisdom and a sign of a higher level of faith as well. All right.
So then Allah subhanaw taala
there is some reference made to hedge here in solid, Elma Ada, there is a towards the end as well a reference to the Canada
and there are some rulings. So here first reference here appears that Allah says the believers do not violate the legislations of Allah, the rituals that Allah established, when a shout on Hello, no sacred months,
with all the rulings that come with them, and know the sacrifice animals or the animals that have been brought for sacrifice for pilgrimage, or people who are seeking the Sacred House to make Hajj.
And then Allah says when you when you break from the state of Islam, you can go back normal to the normal state of hunting, that's fine. And Allah says, Do not let you hatred other people, due to the fact that they pushed you away from the house that they
prevented you from,
you know, approaching the house of Allah, the caliber to worship, do not make this grant that you have against them due to that. Do not let this lead you to transgression, to act inappropriately or inappropriately, you have a code of ethics that you're supposed to stay true to.
Even if you have the power, you can't abuse it. I mean, legal you might and you might get away with it. But with Allah you don't. And with your heart, with your fitrah, you actually can't it's a violation and it's going to leave a mark and it's going to create damage.
And then Allah establishes another beautiful principle we said, and cooperate, help one another,
upon goodness, anything that is good. And this shows that everything that is inherently good is actually part of Islam. It's called Build. Anything that is inherently good
is automatically part of Islam with Taqwa. And it's a higher level of you know, virtue. So help one another when it comes to these things and that shows Allah this is an open statement. So, if there is a good cause, and you find it wise to help out in this good cause, go ahead.
But you have to make a good judgment of the situation and the sort of the consequences may be some
distant consequences you have to be aware of a situation and do not cooperate or help one another when it comes to evil in general, and the shows any type of evil automatically against Islam and
transgression and fear Allah be mindful, be loving and fearful of Allah. He is indeed Severe in punishment. Then Allah mentions the things that are haram for us to eat. dead animals, animals just happen to die,
blood flowing blood,
swine, and whatever was slaughtered for other than Allah so something that was the name of Allah was not mentioned upon Oman honey Aqua any animal that suffocated to death, you can't eat it again.
Animal odor, an animal that is there became ill very ill somehow or develop some kind of skin skin. Some scholars say it's a skin like ailment that hits some animals and causes them eventually to die, do not eat them, and do not eat an animal that sort of fell off like a high place a cliff for example, and died don't eat it. And an animal that died because another
animal sort of pushed it or killed it.
Like those Allah gives examples of those that were killed by by the beast by lions, tigers sheet or whatever, except what you manage to kill. Like if you managed, if you caught them still there is breath and then there is life in them and then you slotted them, then this, this could be an exception, and whatever was slaughtered upon idols, false gods and so on and so forth.
One to stocksy mobile as nampak succeed, mobile Islam is basically costing lots, like you want to go on a trip, you say, Okay, I'm going to cost the lots and see if it says go, I'll go if it says don't go, I won't go or they used to, for example, have a pigeon or some kind of bird, and then have this bird in their hands and let go of it. If it went to the right side of flew to the right side. They would say, Okay, I would do it. If the bird flew to the left side that I'd say I would not do it again. This is something bad omen God, this bad omen about bad omen. Allah Samantha says, No, this is how I made one for you. Then Allah says at your may he said within a couple of mendini comfort
letter show homage only today, Allah says today
I think this was revealed around for for after headrace something like this.
this actually was revealed towards the end, this actually was revealed towards the end just before the maybe the last year before the the passing of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, I mixed that with another verse about alcohol which is going to come in sha Allah. So this was revealed towards the end of the life of the prophet. Some actually Some scholars argue that this was probably maybe the last but it's actually not this is not the strongest opinion. But it was among the last verses that were were revealed to the Prophet Muhammad Al Salam. Allah says, today the disbelievers have the spirit of putting an end,
to your religion to Islam growing that's it from now on Islam is going to be undeniable force and
a main player
in in the in the global scene, it's always going to be that you cannot be annihilated. That's it. So do not fear them and fear me. And Allah says, To doubt today I have completed your religion for you and I have perfected my favor upon you. And I am pleased with Islam as as your religion as your way of life the way which is the covenant, the agreement between you and me, then Allah says, and whoever is in a state of necessity.
And they're not just being lenient, and they're not like seeking to violate the law, then, and this is a reference to the beginning of the soul, which is basically what is how long for you. So dead animals characters is how long for you to eat? But let's say someone gets lost in the desert and all they find is a dead animal. Are they just gonna starve to death? Or can they eat from it they can eat from it, only what's enough to keep them alive?
Only what's necessary to keep them alive. This is an exemption that is made because now preserving a life is becomes a higher priority than just you know, eating once or twice from something that is prohibited. So this shows there's a hierarchy when it comes to haram. There's a hierarchy when it comes to Halal there's a hierarchy when it comes to why the obligation and we have to observe this applying things blindly, is very unwise, and many times situations will force a trade off. So
You have to choose. So being unaware of the hierarchy
and the order of of rulings is going to be very, very problematic.
Okay, I was I was hoping that we could finish the five pages but it seems that we have spent some,
I believe a good amount of time
talking about the surah in general. So, let's let's stop here and the end of verse number three, and inshallah to Allah next week. Hopefully we will make up for this and we'll go over the following five pages the evening lie
to Allah Jagmohan for joining us and hope to see you next Friday was salam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.