Channel: Mohammed Mana
Tafsir Of The Last Two Verses Of Surat Al Baqarah Part 2 By Sh. Mohammed Mana
Lecture was given at IIOC on December 23, 2016.
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smilla rahmanir rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam ala Phil MBI almost serene Allahumma salli ala Sayyidina Muhammad in Abdi cola so he can live below me while early he also should be he was seldom at the Sleeman kathira along the aluminum a Inferno and furner be Maryland Turner was in our in a long maintenance Luca
elmen fear and what is 102 even worse yeah and where I'm at and motocorp Belen where she found me included in what's up Tom long manana Rudy becoming element I am fat woman Calvin lakeisha woman I Neela tomorrow mean FC Leticia allama sola Illa majority also Hello entity God has no other sheet so Hello, I'm about We begin by thanking and praising Allah subhana wa tada
and we beg a lot to shower his last and final messenger Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam with his peace, mercy and blessings and his family and his companions and all those who follow the tradition the cinema the way of the Prophet Mohammed until the end of time.
As to what follows We began several weeks ago, I think it was last month.
On this Friday night as well on a Friday night similar to this we begin the discussion of the last two verses of sort of
the last two verses from chapter number two
Bullets obatala actually restarted from the third to last. So we went from 242 84 to 85 and 286. And how many people here were? How many people here were present for that session? Show of hands?
Okay, only one only.
So basically, you're gonna be tasked with giving us the recap. And I'll put you on the spot. No, no. So I think it would be good then that we do a quick review, because we didn't get to finish everything.
But we could do a quick review a recap
of what was covered. First and foremost, why did we
Why did we spend or time on these two verses specifically, what was special about them even more, if you go back, we had a session where we talked about ayatul kursi, which is known as the the greatest verse in the Quran. And that's also in salted abakada in chapter number two. And so then the next session after that we begin with with these verses, and something special about both of them. And then on Sunday morning, we're doing Soltan factor, and the intention, inshallah, in the next coming sessions, is to go over a certain class and put a little bit further up and put over the last the last three chapters of the Quran,
112 113 and 114. And the common denominator between these chapters in these verses is that they are verses that we are expected to repeat and recite often and regularly throughout our days and our nights. And so, we would be expected to memorize it, you know, or that would just be the natural thing that happens when you repeat something over and over again, you memorize it. And so it behooves us to understand the meanings of what we are reciting. And these are also verses and chapters, that the Prophet Muhammad peace and blessings be upon him has informed us of special virtues for these verses, in terms of seeking protection from Allah, reciting them in the morning
with the morning of code and the evening of Gulp, etc, before going to sleep and whatnot. So, we are seeking protection on lot with a lot by reading these verses. So it would be good for us to understand what exactly it is that we are reciting and memorizing.
In terms of these last two verses, specifically,
the virtues that were mentioned, the Prophet sallallahu wasallam said, Monaco Murphy, Laila Tikka Fatah, the process, lm said, Whoever recites these two verses, these last few verses of sorts about Bella,
you know, in one setting, or in one evening, one night, that will be sufficient for this person,
in terms of meaning, seeking protection and blessings from Allah, you know, this is because of the value that these verses carry.
The Prophet I sell them also mentioned to us that when they are recited in a household three times, you know, for three consecutive nights, then Siobhan will not enter that household, you will find difficulty and discomfort in entering that household. By the way, that is something virtuous, about sort of tillbaka overall, chapter number two, which is the longest chapter in the Quran, the profits a little longer there, Selim taught us that when it is recited in a household, that children will not enter that household.
So we begin these verses actually with the third to last because the third to last verse is actually a really good introduction to what we want to get into, allows the panel to assess the law here, Matthew sumati. Well, Matthew up to Allah belongs everything that was that is within the heavens and the earth.
we're interviewing Matthew and Fukumoto who has to become the healer. And if you can seal that which is within yourselves in terms of your thoughts, or you reveal them, Allah will hold you to account
for where you are the boom in your shop, so Allah will forgive him, he wills and punish him, he wills, well, longhaired aqualisa encoded and Allah is fully capable,
and able to do whatever he wills.
So we spent some time quite a bit of time explaining this verse and understanding what does it mean? So we mentioned that when this verse was first revealed, and the companions heard this verse, what was their reaction?
their reaction was they fell down crying, they were so overcome, you know, and taken aback by the strength of this verse and by the power and the intensity and the seriousness of what is said that they broke down crying, and they came back
complain to the Prophet peace and blessings be upon them so long it was a lamp. And they said, you know, we're never going to survive. Did you guys hear the verse?
When stupid do mafiosi come out? To who has evil can be Hitler, that which you have within yourself have your own personal thoughts, whether you choose to conceal it or reveal it, a lot will hold you to account. That's pretty intense. And so naturally the companions would have this reaction. So they came to the office I said, I'm so what do we do? And he said to them, or lose them in our apply now. Let your response be. We listen and we obey.
And when we come to the next verse, we'll see why that's a beautiful response.
Then after that, immediately after that event, Djibouti de la set up, the angel Djiboutian came down and revealed the following the next following verses.
And so we'll get into that in a moment. But what exactly do we mean by concealing or revealing our inner thoughts? And what do we mean by being held to account we mentioned and again, we don't want to go over everything, because the video is available. But just a quick recap.
We said that
in terms of a person's thoughts. First of all, we said this is of the nature of a human being, and the nature of the human brain, that it raises and moves very fast. And we said that if a person dwells upon thoughts that are evil, or inappropriate or incorrect, dwells upon these thoughts, willfully, and then begins to desire, taking action upon those thoughts. This is when a lot will hold us to account for those thoughts. Because someone might come and say, Well, you know what, something popped in my head. And I had no control over that, what do you want me to do? And we say, Well, what we want you to do? Well, we want you to do, and what Allah is commanding and expecting of
you to do is that you divert your attention to something good, and something healthy and something positive. But if someone, you know, an evil thought, or a inappropriate thought pops into their head, and they're like, hmm,
that would be nice. And they begin to dwell upon that and fantasize upon that and start thinking about what actions they would take. That's a problem. And those are thoughts that alone will hold us to account for. So someone will come and say what I got even control my thoughts, we say, Yeah, you got to control your thoughts. Absolutely. You know, there was a wise thing, I don't remember it verbatim, but it was something along the lines of, you know, be careful, be careful, be mindful of your thoughts, because they will turn to desires or intentions. And be very careful about your desires, your intentions, because they will eventually turn to actions, you know, so, especially in
the, you know, the time that we live in, when there are
dozens of different
How can I say, streams or ways that information enters our brain? Sometimes even without noticing, you know, the the I mean, it used to be that you only have you only see TV if you have a TV at home. But now you know, you're driving on the freeway, and they're these giant TV screens playing, you know, or on the road, or, you know, I'd be out somewhere the other day, I was filling up guess was it like a show, I don't know where I was filling up gas and this, you know, somehow there's a TV screen in the pump. You guys saw that?
76 bit, so I'm filling up gas, I turn the gas pump, and then it starts playing. I didn't notice it before. I thought it was just where you like pay and stuff, then it starts playing TV. You guys, you guys are gonna think, you know, where did you come up from? Well, the desert. Okay, sorry. We've been there for a few years. I don't remember that five years ago. But um, so you fill up gas, and they're bringing TV, you know. So there are all these different methods and ways that information, and pictures and sounds and thoughts and ideas. And all kinds of things are popping into our brain. So we have to be extra careful about what we choose to dwell upon what we choose to dwell upon,
something pops into your head out of your control. That is not what a lot holds you accountable. But what you choose to enjoy thinking about more and more.
That's something that will you'll be held to account for. And then we talked about how simple can be Hilah. What does it mean? Allah will hold you to account. You have a sub accountability, does that necessitate punishment? Does being held to account necessitate that there will be punishment? We said No, not necessarily. Accountability does not necessarily mean punishment. We say Where did you get that from? We say we'll keep reading the verse.
has become De La Salle fury, Masha, Masha, Allah will forgive him, he wills and punish him He wills. So post accountability, there can be forgiveness from Allah, or there can be
accountability in terms of actual retribution punishment. So being held to account does not necessitate that there will be punishment. Well, ah, that cliche in particular, we are reminded in the closing of this verse of a loss of power and his might and his dominion. And, and this is a beautiful conclusion to the verse, because in this verse, Allah is telling us and calling us to protect our thoughts, and to be mindful about what we are thinking about. And the verse closes with a lot telling us about his limitless abilities. So even the most private thing that we have, you know,
even the NSA hasn't figured out how to tap into our thoughts yet, you know, let's hope it stays that way. Cuz they're pretty much you know, good old john from the third floor is with us right now, you know, maybe he will enjoy this lesson. But, you know, so but our thoughts are the most private thing that you have, no one's gonna get into that unless we volunteer them. Unless you choose to say or share or type or post or tweet or something. You know, all of that is, you're, you're sharing it, but if you keep it to yourself, that's it. Nobody knows. But Allah knows. Even my inner thoughts, I didn't even say anything, I didn't do anything, even our inner thoughts, he is our Creator, he has
no limits. There is the knowledge of a law as well as it it's not like our knowledge. So you and I, we have to go through a process of learning to have knowledge. Right? You didn't know something, you attended a class you read a book, you you know, you had some kind of experience and you learn something, but Allah Subhana Allah His knowledge does not move in that path. Allah has this knowledge and he had it and he will have it and there is no beginning and there is no ending and his knowledge is not like our knowledge and we cannot compare the two and our brains and our comprehension is limited.
Okay, and then the next verse is an animal so it will be not only that you need him I'd love to hear well meaning again, we're going to just this is just a quick recap for for further details. The video is on the masjid IOC tv youtube account, so you can check that out. And it was sudo vi mountain z to LA he met me noon colon am and I Billa Humana equity you are good to be here, obviously. Learn with Elio kobina, hajimeru sorry, Wakarusa. Marina Aparna Veronica bene la que la musli. This verse begins with the messenger has believed the messenger has believed me in the past tense.
What do you mean when and the believers have believed in what has been revealed to them from a lot, I'm a little slow. To be honest, he may have loved the messenger has believed in what has been revealed to him from his Lord. And the believers also have believed. And we mentioned what the added value or benefit is, of the usage of the past tense. Does anyone remember?
So we said, for example,
if I'm not mistaken, the example that we gave is, like, even when we're speaking in English, we say
if someone tells you to do something, you know, if I'm an admin, right, if Ahmed says, you know, can you please get me a glass of water?
And I tell him, you know, what is one way that I can convey to him that to give him ultimate confidence that I will take care of this task? What do you say?
Yeah, you say it's done. I got you done. Right. Did I do it yet? Did I get your glass of water? No, but I'm telling you, it's done. Am I lying?
No, I am Oh, man.
Can I get you the water after the lesson? Is that okay?
So you tell someone it's done because you want to give them a confidence, meaning it's as if it's done meaning I'm so sure that I will fulfill this. It's done. And so Allah uses the past tense to show that they have believed it's done their belief is firm, just like how Allah said, a fella helmet minion. The believers have succeeded.
But I mean, we don't we haven't reached gender or know yet, what do you mean? But meaning that if they follow these characteristics, and they stick on their belief, it's done. It's in the bag. It's a sealed deal is sealed. They have succeeded. I'm a little sooner than that was it he might have been when moon we talked about. We talked about believing in Allah subhanahu wa Tada. Believing in what Allah subhana wa tada has revealed
From a club, we talked about rubia the Lordship of Allah, Allah as the Lord and Master and creator.
And this verse goes over the pillars of a man of belief, couldn't learn em and habila humility they have all believed in Allah and His angels and his books could to be the scriptures the revelation from Allah. Well, it also Lee and his messengers, learn who Federico Bina hajimeru sorry, we do not differentiate in our belief in our acceptance of any of the messengers. So we talked about them and who are the Metallica? Who were the angels?
jabril so I feel that's it. Only those two
all of them? How many are there?
Many countless. Well, I mean, they do have a number of law knows how many there are of them.
What are they? What are angels? What like, Can you tell me more about them as a creation? What do they do? What's their
purpose is to worship a lot. Okay. That's good.
What is their purpose? A lot told us in the Quran, in salt, felted jar, a little mela, Katie Rosalynn.
They are messengers, they are messengers, they carry out different tasks that Allah has commanded them to carry out.
And they are on different levels just like how people are on different levels. The angels are in different levels. They are a creation, they are, they are a creation of a lot. They are not a law. They are not God's children, they are not his sons or his daughters or anything like that. They are a creation, just like the human being is a creation. The jinn are creation animals are creation, fish, insects, birds, mountains, all the different creations and that is a creation of a lot. They are special, they have some things that are special about them in terms of what you know, what Allah what abilities Allah has given them. And they have different tasks Allah has given different angels,
different tasks. There are some angels that like I said, All they do is worship and glorify a lot. All of all that they do is they worship and they glorify Allah subhanho wa Taala there are some angels that Allah gives specific tasks to like, whether Sharif mentioned gibreel, what is gibreel do he is given many tasks of them the most important is he delivers revelation way to the prophets to the messengers. We talked about
the greatness of jabril being you know, the greatest of the angels and his status. We talked about meek at 18 also known as Mikaela and how he is tasked with distributing that his sustenance to people is Salafi, one of the greatest angels in science and the one who you know blow. We talked about the angel or the one the one who was given the keys to agenda.
We talked about Malik it's in some narrations This is his name when I Oh, yeah madikwe Dr. De nada book, The angel who holds the keys, the gates of Gehenna. May Allah protect us all. We talked about Mancha and Nikita the angels that come to every person when they are placed in their grave, it cetera. And we talked about the greatness of this creation and how wonderful they are, and how this reflects the greatness of their Creator, our Creator, Allah subhana wa Tada. We talked about the books, the scriptures, that allows the parent to Allah has sat down and revealed, we believe in them, we accept them, or they present and remaining with us. No, they are not. Because all previous
revelations are sent for a specific nation at a specific time. And the last and final revelation, which was sent to the last and final of messengers were hammered. So the longer this alum will remain until the end of time till the Day of Judgment because he is the last messenger before the day of judgment. After Mohammed Salah there comes human piano, the day of judgment. And that is a reminder for us to keep that in mind.
We said you know the difference between a lawsuit and nebby you know how there were many of the NBA the profits, but the lawsuit, you know, it's hard to translate but you can say messengers were a smaller number. And we said how many were there? Does anybody remember?
We said 314 314 but also, how many of them do we know?
We know of 25 Allah has given us 25 of their names, we believe in all of them. But Allah has not told us about all of them. Allah has told us of 25 of them by name. So we believe in those by their names specifically, of those little souls Allah has chosen and preferred
five known as Buddhism, known by him was that he said Mohammed Salim, and of those Allah has chosen and preferred to especially Ibrahim and Mohammed, he is referred to as Nina's close
companions of those Allah has told us that he is preferred and selected Mohammed Salah Salem to be the best of all creation.
And so we are very thankful and grateful to Allah that we are from the oma of Muhammad Sallallahu, alayhi wasallam
out of these
profits out of these 25 profits that are named, what were their ethnicities?
Where were they from? Were they all allowed? Some people have this notion that this is a religion for Arabs to Arab religion. Right? Some people, you know, have that misconception or that preconceived notion. How many of these 25 also messengers were out up or of the Arab ethnicity? Two, he says two he says for you guys want to arm wrestle and see who's who's right.
So what will it be?
Who are the two?
Muhammad and father?
So he said Mohammed and father, these are the only two that spoke Arabic, they were out up. But they're here says, No, you're wrong. It's four. You're missing. Do you agree with his two? So who are the other two? He's missing?
Who does one? One more. But does that leave me alone? I told you is for doing both.
He says mumkin Yeah, maybe?
Someone said Idris.
No, a slide. And Mohammed, you are right, and who you are, right. So you're missing one. And that is sure ape? sure if these were the four of the rowsell that were of our ethnicity.
And the other 21 that Allah has given us names of they were not Adam. They were not Arab ethnicity. The nation that received the most number of prophets and messengers was Benny is lucky.
They received the most number of prophets and messengers that were sent to them.
What does it mean learn ofera jacobina. Howdy Musa. This question. We get this question a lot. Because people say well, this verse says, We don't
differentiate between any of his messengers. But now you're coming and you telling me some of them are better than this one, and we like these five and what we like all of them, you know, but so what does it mean? We don't differentiate between any of them? What does it mean?
Love? We love all of them. We respect all of them. Okay, that's nice. Yes.
We believe in all of them. Yes. Did one or do we have to say doctor did one, Doctor Sup? Now? Yeah, okay.
Okay, good. So, all of what you mentioned is good, we love all of them. We respect all of them. We consider all of them to be prophets and messengers from Allah, receiving revelation from Allah, we don't deny that status from any of them.
And we believe in all of them. And as the one said, they all came with the common denominator in their message of tawheed.
So we've mentioned this before, we said the religion if you really want to be very, very simple, you want to simplify this whole religion, you will say that it consists of theology, and rulings, there will be a app data and there is a theology is a foundation of belief. And there is a system of rulings of how to live day in, day out. And so we'll say that the data, the theology, the foundational beliefs, is something that was consistent from the first prophet until the last from Adam until Mohammed, every single one of them came with the same message in terms of the theology, when it came to the rulings, the do's and don'ts, the laws, this varied from nation to nation, and
this would be updated, it would be abrogated, it would be changed, when a new messenger would come, when a new messenger would come. So there will be differences in in laws from one messenger to another, but the foundational beliefs, the theology that creed, that is something that did not change from the first prophet until the very last. So when we say land warfare jacobina hajimeru sorry, we are saying that we do not pick and choose who to believe in and who not to. So let's say for example, we mentioned now that out
These 25, four of them were lm. And did the clock There used to be a clock up there, right? I keep looking at they're like, I'm trying to see the time and it's not there.
Okay, we're good. So let's say somebody comes and you know, they're really happy with, you know,
being a club, and so like, you know, these four, yeah, I like these guys. But the other ones I'm not interested. So that's not acceptable. That's not appropriate. Or vice versa. Somebody says, I don't like Arabs. they bother me. You know, their food is okay. But other than that, you know, I don't want to have any to do with him. Yes. In the back.
Hello, Adam. I wasn't there. I don't know what language this book. Perhaps they all communicated? You know, you know,
first of all, first of all, hold on, let's backtrack. Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was carried by the angel from Mecca to Jerusalem overnight. How did that happen?
Yeah, that's even more unbelievable, than how did they communicate? You know? So basically, the point that I'm trying to get to is the K fee, or the honus? How exactly did this happen? That's something that we can really get lost in
alohar them if they had a common language, or if perhaps they all were inspired with the knowledge of speaking Arabic with hermosa Sonam, Allah knows.
But the idea is that Allahu Allah calusa encoded, and these are messengers, they're already experiencing a gathering, that is already something that transcends our, you know, common, everyday experiences. And so just like it was very easy for a lot to gather them all in one place, it would be very easy for a lot to create a medium of communication that all of them would would agree upon. But in terms of their ethnicity, and in terms of the language that there are people spoke no, they did not all communicate in Arabic, did Allah give them the knowledge of the Arabic language perhaps I don't know. Allahu Adam, it would not be something difficult for Allah.
Ah, their names are not all Arabic.
So this is something that has been adopted into the Arabic language, but the name Moosa is not an Arabic name. Nor is not an Arabic name. You know, these are not Arabic names.
Isa, it's not an Arabic name.
Risa is the name that Allah gave us in the Quran. Now, keep in mind that language is you know, this is not a linguistics class. But languages evolve, and they change over time. And so a language will have a, it will have a
play of a language, we'll have a foundation of vocabulary words that are original to that language. And then there will be words that are added. You speak Arabic, you speak Arabic. So if you want to tell someone at home, turn on the TV in Arabic, tell me how you say it. Just tell me how do you talk at home just say turn on the TV.
This is killing me just telling you.
Just telling me how do you say it?
If there are still furs?
This is an Arabic word. If you look in a modern Arabic dictionary, you'll find it there. Right?
Yes, so just like that these names are not Arabic names. They are adopted into the Arabic language there is not Arabic. Also, they are not Arabic. So they're not originally. So the name Mohammed for example. It has a root in Arabic from hemd. From praise. It's an Arabic word. Moosa, there is a new, Ibrahim, these are not originally Arabic words. Yeah, there are a smaller gymea. And so this is they're actually huge research papers that are written about and can you imagine gymea? In the foreign words in the world, and that have that originate from another language? There's a lot of research that is done on these names and on these words.
But no, they did not all communicate with their people in the Arabic language. And so that is something but otherwise, why would Allah say,
Well, my son, I'm a law student in law, belief, and he only he, you obey in Allah whom Allah told us that every prophet will come with the mother tongue of his phone of his people, because people speak different, different languages.
But yeah, how did we get into that? So we don't want to differentiate between the profits in terms of picking and choosing who we believe in while they like
Federico Pena has the most meaning we don't believe in someone disbelieve in others. Yeah, nobody can come say I'm a Muslim, I believe in Muhammad. But I don't believe in Isa and most analysts know I believe in what I say I don't know Mohammed, Allah sola. But those other prophets, no, I don't believe we will say, I'm sorry. That's a big problem. Because believing in the messengers is from autocannon. Eman from the pillars of faith of belief. Yes,
we do. We do follow Jesus. Because in the Quran, Allah told us Jesus said yet team embedded is Mohammed, they will come a prophet after me his name is Ahmed. So follow him. And Moses said they will come a prophet after me. So the true followers of Messiah would believe in Isa and the true followers of Risa will believe in Mohammed. So we'll say if a true follower of Isa did not follow that belief that led them to follow Mohammed will say, well, there was an interruption there. You got to go back and review.
Learn for kobina hajimeru sorry, Wakarusa. myrina.
And they said, What did they the messenger in the believers they said what? They said, We listen and we obey.
This is interesting, because earlier remember when we said the previous verse was first revealed that companions are like, what do we do the SLM said, Let your response be semir no Atlanta. And then in the next verse, it came we'll call you Sameer now Aparna. They said, We listened and we obey. What does it mean samina Aparna,
semana Alpina, they said, a seminar, Arabic word, which often is used to refer to listening or hearing.
They said it can refer to three different things. It can refer to the physical hearing, like for example, somebody is hearing, you know, a sound, you know,
you heard that noise, you heard seminar it, you heard that noise. Or they said it could refer we can use this word to refer to understanding,
understanding. And for example, in a classroom, a teacher might be teaching, and they'll make the lesson they'll say, submit it to him. So he's saying, submit it to him, did you hear but what he means is, did you understand?
Also it can refer and it can be used as obedience. Like what if anybody is a parent here, if you're a parent, and you tell your child to do something, it's a sinner?
And he says, Yeah, I heard you, you say,
it's not meaning obey, do what you're being told to do.
What Aparna? So, now that so we listen physically, listen, we understand we obey, and then outlaw now what does bar mean?
bar refers to obedience as well. So, why is there repetition? Since semi Ana already can refer in one of its usages can refer to obedience, why is repeated So, I mean, not what Aparna you know, is that some kind of repetition, this is to show emphasis on the definition of obedience. So, you listen, you physically listened, you understood, you followed and you followed, there is repetition to give emphasis to show that after the listening and the learning and the understanding process, there came action there came behavior that is in accordance to what you have heard and what you have listened to. No, this is very interesting. Oh, no. Sameer? No, Aparna Oh, they said, We listen, we
obey. And what else did they say? Who fraud?
What illegal mostly? They said who fraud aka. They said wolf ronica. What is wolf Ronna came in.
Yeah, it comes from the root word of love Allah, you know, and it's used to refer to forgiveness or concealing the the faults
to conceal and place a barrier between us and your punishment for any mistake that we have done.
But the point that I'm trying to get to here is they just
proclaimed that they listened and obeyed. And now they are saying ronica When do you say homophonic? Or when do you say lahoma affiliate or bill Finley? When do you say that?
When you made a mistake,
when a person makes a mistake, usually or they commit a sin or they have a poor choice. They say aloha mo feduni Oh Allah, forgive me. conceal
But they just said some you know Aparna they're proclaiming their obedience to Allah. And after making such a proclamation they then asked for forgiveness.
So what was the sin? What was the mistake that was committed?
What is that? What do you guys take away from that?
Ah, very good
to obey does not mean that you will be perfect. So, Did you guys hear the hope? Hold on, you heard the Koran Who here has prayed?
We recite the whole God I didn't tell.
You pray that you heard the whole God. Did you act upon every single thing you heard in the Quran? Everything you're in the Quran, you acted upon it.
Know what's wrong with you?
So the idea is that yes, a lot we heard and we obey. But there will be some deficiency, there will always be some deficiency, because we weren't meant to be perfect. That's not what we are meant to be. That's why the prophets that along it was seldom. He said,
my mother to come be fair to men who must apply to women I hate to come and who fenter who very interesting Hadith, the prophet SAW Selim said, think about this very carefully. The prophets I send him said, whatever I have commanded you to do, then do as much of it as you possibly can, as you have the ability to fulfill and what I have forbade you from doing, don't do it.
What did you guys notice about this?
Should we repeat it one more time?
Should I repeat it one more time? Because, Okay, one more time, listen carefully, they're probably going to send them said, a model to come behave to mean who must apply to them. What manner he took them and movento come up at La salatu salam, whatever I have commanded you to do, then do have it as much as you can. As per your ability. And whatever I have forbade you from doing, don't do it.
What did you guys notice about this lady?
Very strict. It's not strict. It is strict. What else did you guys notice?
Do as per your combat? Yes, but I want you guys to think very carefully. Yes.
Oh, man, try it again. You are really on a good track.
Thank you just say like it is rather just say it like it is weak. What something he noticed this is very interesting observation. When it came, when mentioned came of obligations of doing something. There came mentioned ability.
It was mentioned of ability. There was a condition, a condition of ability, when there came mention of prohibition, what not to do, that the Prophet Cyrus and say what I have forbade you from doing, then don't do it as much as you can.
Did he say that? No, he didn't say that. What does that tell us? So when it comes to doing an action, people will vary in terms of their abilities and their circumstances. You know, simple example. We are standing up in Florida, we are standing alone about somebody comes and they just had knee surgery. They say I can't stand we tell them I'm sorry. No option. You got to stand. Tell them No, you can't stand Sit down.
That's an obligation. But when it comes to prohibition, the prophets I said them didn't say that. Because with prohibition it's as simple as not doing meaning you're not spending any energy you just
don't do it.
There is something that is held on something is forbidden don't do it.
There's no you just have to hold yourself back.
Just have to hold yourself back. So there is mentioned of ability with obligations. That's why here they say semir now Alpina we heard we listened we understand we obey we're gonna do what you're telling us to do? fulfill on a can opener. Oh Allah forgive us and conceal our of our faults and protect us from anything that will earn your displeasure.
This is to show that even though we are doing what we are commanded to do, and we are putting in the effort, we constantly ask Allah for forgiveness. And let us not let us not associate asking forgiveness.
With only committing a sin or doing something wrong,
but a believer is always in the habit of asking for forgiveness, whether they knowingly did something incorrect, or maybe they did not notice. That's one thing. Another thing that we can take away even thinking about him a lot he mentions that sometimes
sometimes it is possible that a person reaches a status
after committing a sin
much better than before that sin.
How can that be?
Let me see if there's anyone else before. Yes.
You're gonna add to that?
Okay, good. That's a good one. That as Allah said, you bet the Allahu citm has an ad that a person repents. And so Allah replaces that
sin with a good deed yes to the one.
So, a person realizes I like that a person recognizes their vulnerability.
I like that. Yes.
purification How so?
A person commits a mistake, they get purified.
How do you get purified from those mistakes?
No, you do not.
You do Toba repentance. So the idea here is that the reaction a person did something wrong. But because of coming out from that wrong, they do a tilba that improves their situation. So they were even better than before that
this is like the story of the woman
who committed a grave sin at the time of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. And the Hadith is lengthy without getting into the details, the profits or send them speaks about this woman praising her and he says that she has done a Toba. She has performed a repentance that if her Toba was distributed over the dwellers of the earth, it would have they would have all been forgiven. Meaning she was so sincere in her repentance. And her transformation, post sin post mistake post poor choice that she was even better. So all of this is something that we should keep in mind when we hear and we read both ronica Allah bene
wolf ronica urbanna interesting thing here about a banner is it Ferghana cat yellow banner, usually when we make we call out to Allah, we say Oh, our Lord and Master, you call out but here there is no yeah, it's just a little better. The scholars they said the yo was deleted for closeness to show closeness to Allah. Just like how For example, when you're making dry you can say Allahu Allah, what does Allah whom I mean, it is it means the same as yeah Allah calling out to Allah, but it is a more intimate form of the word. The Yeah, the health need that the the the tool in language that is calling out oh so and so has been deleted to show closeness to show closeness
or full Anika obenour. What he can mostly there is a reminder that the return is back to Allah, that the return is back to Allah subhanho wa Taala. Then the next verse, the last one, now you can be for long when Epson illa usaha. Now you can live long enough sin Illa wasa This is often translated as a law does not obligate any soul,
except with what it is able to do in terms of the obligation. This actually is
closely related to the Hadeeth that we mentioned earlier, where the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said whatever I've commanded you to do, then do it as much as you are able to do so. But let us dig a little bit deeper into the word choice here. Let you can leave alone. The word that allow us is you Kelly foo from the word tech leaf, tech leaf. And this Arabic word refers to an obligation but it refers to an option
litigation that involves or necessitates or requires some amount of effort, some effort, now you can leave Allahu nevsun ELO's or her ally does not mandate you to come forward with anything except that which you have been given the ability to do. So part of this we understand that we that we should not mandate upon ourselves more than what we are able to accomplish more than what Allah has commanded us to do. There was a woman at the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
somebody mentioned her and her story to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he did not approve of her behavior. What did she use to do? She was a very pious woman, and she wanted to stand up in the whole night. In the in prayer, the night prayer, the night slot. So what she would do is, she would tie a rope, she would tie a rope to herself, and then she would tie it to the wall or door pillar or whatnot. And she would stand in slot night after night, the whole night. No sleep. So naturally, what's going to happen?
She's gonna doze off and she's gonna get tired. And so she put that rope so when she dozes off, that rope will pull her and she will wake up and continue in her slot.
What do you guys think, Masha? Allah, so pious, right?
The prophets of alaris, and them did not approve of this behavior. And he said that you pray. And if you feel tired, this is voluntary, sola voluntary act of worship. So you do the amount that you can, while you're still awake, you start feeling sleepy or tired, you go to sleep. So what you're expected to do go to sleep, even the messenger has sold out to us that he would spend a portion of the night insula, and he would sleep a portion of the night.
And so he did not approve of this behavior. don't pray when you're falling asleep and dozing off, like that.
Also, a person shouldn't like for example, there is something that you might have heard of, it's called nasm. where a person basically takes an oath to Allah, they make a promise to Allah, that they will fulfill such and such voluntary act of worship. This is also that we should something that we should be careful of. And some of the scholars said that this is disliked. Because we shouldn't mandate ourselves to do more than what Allah has commanded us to do. Allah subhanaw taala has told us by way of the Prophet Solomon, Hadith bootsie, that the most beloved actions that my servant comes close to me with is McDonald already from the obligatory acts of worship. So every
commandment, every commandment that Allah and His Messenger has given is based on a person's ability is based on a person's ability. Now, that does not mean that we take that and run with it, and we become complacent. Ability does not mean what I want, or what I feel like ability means what I'm able to do literally my capability.
So a person should not misunderstand that and, and equate ability with desires and whims and you know it today, I don't feel like it. So it's okay this year, you know, Ramadan fasting Yeah, I'm not really feeling it this year. So I'm not able to, no, that's not what ability means ability means someone is ill, they physically cannot fast meaning it will bring them some harm or someone is traveling they will be greatly inconvenienced, you know, etc. So, let us not misunderstand what is meant by ability here. Unless that in the salon manager there is a config demon haylage Allah did not give us this Deen to put us in an awkward situation or caused us, you know, to,
to be harmed or to have you no intense discomfort. That's not the objective of this deal. The objective of this deal is that we are purified and we worship a lot we have closeness to our Creator. Then Allah said,
you can leave Allahu nevsun Allah was not a single knifes Not a single soul
has been has been mandated
with more than it can do. And this refers to any and all souls before Islam and after Islam.
And that's why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he told the companions and he told us all he taught us that we shouldn't make the religion difficult. Don't make the religion difficult. Some people they want to add difficulty
hamdulillah for the past few years, I've been going with different groups for hedge. And sometimes not always, but sometimes we have a very smooth experience in the hedge. And so whenever our hedge is very smooth and easy, there's always that one person. There's always that one guy or that one sister. Usually it's a sister, by the way, something interesting. It's usually that one person that comes in says, it wasn't hard enough, like there was no difficulty like, this is too easy. Something's not right. You know, I don't feel it. And so he'd be like, hold on, you know, for those of us that that did do a hedge before that. Usually that person is on their first time, usually. And
so tell them Listen, don't ask for difficulty. Okay. Trust me, you don't want that.
So, so that we shouldn't make things more difficult. The post I sent him said in Edina. usahawan. This Deen is simple. It is easy. Why don't you shine Deena hadden in lava, lava. But a person doesn't make the religion difficult except that it will destroy him.
This Deen is very vast, if a person wants to take it all at once and just, you know, make it difficult upon themselves, they will be the first ones to be destroyed, they will destroy themselves.
And we have seen this
firsthand with some people that mandated themselves to always, you know, do the most difficult and the most taxing,
you know, of Acts, and they could not sustain that. They could not sustain that. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he forbade the companions from doing continuous fasting. One day after another sermon we
told them don't do that. When the sunsets break your fast, you got to know he la salatu salam would fast continuous days. So the companion saw that they wanted to follow he told them no, in numbeo mo neurobiol sp aka risotto Sallam said, Don't worry about me. I'm in a special situation. Allah is giving me provisions, Allah is giving him energy. He is a prophet, he's receiving revelation, you and I are not receiving revelation, we're not prophets are messengers. If anybody was a little bit confused about that, you know, sorry to break it to you, or no one here is a prophet or messenger. So break your fast, no mandate yourself with more than what you have been commanded to. And when it
came to him, the companions, they came and said, O Messenger of Allah, there are some people with us, they're not breaking their fast. The pulse I said that said, what I thought, those are the disobedient ones. They are being disobedient, that's not praiseworthy. This is not like someone who's like, Oh, I want to do more, you do more of what is voluntary. But when it comes to the obligatory acts of worship, you follow exactly as we were taught, you know, nobody can come and say, you know, a shot or a shot prayer for us, it's too easy. I'm gonna do double I'm gonna do we say No, thank you. You have energy, get up in the night and pray voluntary, but this Russia is for, don't
make the religion more difficult, don't change it.
So that's something we have to keep in mind as well.
There's a lot that can be said on this note, by the way, that sometimes,
and allow me to take this tangent, sometimes
certain elements of cultural practices will find their way into populations or groups of people that are Muslim, and that follow the religion of Islam. And the lines between cultural practice and what is required in the religion become blurred.
And what happens is, after generation, it can even be within the same generation after some time, people consider those practices to be part of religion. So if you don't follow those practices, you are now sinful, you are now less of a Muslim. And that's a problem. Because these practices are not, you know, something that is required in the religion. This is something that people have done and they have adopted as a cultural practice. There's nothing wrong with culture, so long as it does not go against some of the teachings of Islam, but cultures naturally will vary. People will vary. The idea is we should not blur those lines between cultural practices, and what is part and parcel of
Let her Makassar but where I lay her Makita summit
let her Makassar but for each soul,
each soul will have what the reward of what it has achieved what it has done in terms of actions. Well, a mech test EBIT and upon that soul will be the responsibility of
The poor choices or the mistakes that are made.
What do you guys notice between these two phrases? La ha, ma Casa but where la her MK, Tessa, but
there is something different between these phrases.
First of all, Lucha
Li is the Arabic preposition that we use to refer to, when something is given to someone you know, something is being given. What Allah Allah, Allah means when something is on top of something else. So for example hmm
right so it's, it's something that you're carrying. So for example, this phone is Allah, the table, you will not say this phone is Li the table, you wouldn't say that.
But it's either and so, the scholars commenting on this they said this gives the connotation and you extrapolate from this that the good and positive deeds or like
something for you, adding to your account, something that is an addition to you, something that is increasing in your value, and the poor choices, hammock, Tessa but are like a burden, that we are carrying a weight a fifth and Hemen something that we are carrying,
lemma caster but for each soul, they will have the reward of whatever good they do, and more. Because a lot told us that the good deeds are multiplied. They're multiplied.
Allah multiplies the good deeds.
MC Tessa but referring to the poor choices alone Subhana Allah will not hold us accountable to that if there is Toba.
So here we see that there is vast mercy from Allah subhanaw taala that the mistakes and the poor choices. Yes, they are upon us we are carrying it's a weight and a burden. But when a person makes Toba
they are releasing that weight, they're getting rid of it. It's not something that you carry forever, Allah is a fool. But to him, when a person sincerely repents, they are removed of that burden.
Also in Arabic, a grammatical thing to notice is they say, when you have the same root word, okay? cancer, but it doesn't the same root word Kesava.
When you have more letters added to a root word that increases in the meaning or it increases in the connotation that that new word now carries. So they said when Allah was speaking about the good deeds, so CAS about literally means you earned something, guess what you earned something. In the first clause, it refers to earning good deeds. And in the second clause, it refers to the bad deeds this ends when the law is speaking about the good deeds we have how many letters? Let's count them guess that about how many letters
four letters, four letters. And when speaking about the poor choices or the sins Allah said we're only her mek tester, but how many letters
six. So in Arabic we say is the other tool Madani to fiddle Mariani, when there are more letters are getting more added. So they said it's as if to show that when speaking about the bad deeds, there is more weight. It's like it's heavier, it's more to carry.
In Arabic, for example, if they want to talk about like money, like a loan, you will say for example,
you know, let's say someone by the name of Ahmed, if ashmit owes me money, I will say, Li meluna in the ultimate, for me, is money with Ahmed. But if I want to say that he owes me money, I will say what, for example, I made money I'll say i layyah deignan. And government for example. So you'll use Eilat to refer to the debt. But when something is owed to you as a lead, again, more grammatical nuance, to show the lightness and the mercy
The positivity associated with the good deeds and to show the connotation of weight
when referring to and heaviness and a burden when referring to the poor choices.
Now, how am I gonna submit Wiley mechta Submit. Again, we said I'd like to submit. It's conditional upon Toba. If a person meant tab tell below are they the person that repents Hello forgive him.
Then comes the drop. These verses conclude and I think we also are approaching our time to conclude our benalla to Athena in nesina
are bent out what attracted me to Elena is low income families who are either Latino men Polina Robin Milner mela Papa Lana B word for Anna wellfield Lennar, waddle Hannah antimo, Lana, from southern Idaho milk, caffeine, eight clauses here.
Really, this last portion deserves a lecture of its own. But let's try to just get the gist of it. First thing is that their outcomes again, this is all part of what the believers are saying. This all goes back to what Paul knew in the previous verse, the believers they said, We hear and we obeyed. And now they are continuing. What are they saying? The first thing that they asked for is they say a lot better Oh our Lord and Master and creator Oh will lead to a hidden in the center. Oh, but no, Oh our Lord, do not
hold us accountable. If we forget. Or we make a mistake, forgetfulness, forgetfulness or a mistaken unintentional mistake, the prophesizing said raffia Amati alhaja when this young woman Stokely who are adding will come up is auto serum processing them says it has been uplifted from my oma the responsibility of forgetfulness, and An Innocent Mistake, and what they have been forced to do. In in compulsion in you know, somebody is faced with either you do this wrong thing or will kill you. So, they do it to save their life. Are they going to be held accountable to that? No 11 Oh, can Yokohama in number a man. Allah says as long as their heart is content with him and they will not be
held accountable for that mistake that they were forced to do. So there is asking of Allah to forgive us for our forgetfulness, and for our mistakes, forgetfulness here, the scholars, they said, there are two types of forgetfulness. There's forgetfulness that you are a cause for
and there's forgetfulness that you are not a cause for forgetfulness that you are a cause for, like, for example,
you know, something important, like, for example, for getting pulled on a person memorizes some amount of blood, and then they don't review.
They don't review it. So they forget it. Can they come now and say, Oh, I forgot it. forgetfulness, no problem I forgot.
forgiven for forgetfulness, will say no, you are a cause for this forgetfulness because you didn't review. So start reviewing.
But there's forgetfulness that a person is not a cause of, and that is something that happens to us regularly. We forget unintentionally, without any evil or bad intention. But the nature of our minds is they are limited. Limited. So we forget sometimes. Oh, are we making a mistake? Again? unintentional mistake, you know, unintentional meaning a person did not know that this was wrong.
They didn't know it was wrong. Right? A person cannot do something. And they say, Oh, it was a mistake. It was eight. Well, did you know that you're not supposed to do that? Let's say Yeah, I know. But it was a mistake. I say, Yeah, I know. It's a mistake, but you're held accountable for this. This is something you have to repent for. But a person does not know. They don't know.
This is a mistake. That is they will not be held accountable for what's the next door opener. Well, that's me to Elena Aslan, come on America, who are the Latina mean commelina Ola do not burden us with obligations.
As you have commanded previous nations, you know, the nations before the oma Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam. Like I said, you know, the laws, the rulings, they changed from profit to profit, these rulings were different. So for example, I'll give you an example. In some of the, with some of the profits of many Islam al when a person would commit a sin, right, there would be a marking on their forehead.
They would wake up the next morning, they would be on marking meaning wherever they go.
Or, it was also mentioned that there would be a marking over their doorstep, over their doorstep. For example.
For example, in in the city of one of the previous prophets, if a person had some impurity on their clothes.
Like some ninja says some impurity came on their clothes, they would be commanded to cut off that piece of clothing. can't wear it anymore, cut it off and get rid of it.
Is that something in our shady I know in our shoe, do you get some the Jessa go wash it off, and you're done. No problem. But so there were certain laws in the nations before us that were more difficult than what we have more difficult than what we have. And so we asked a lot don't burden us with
what the previous nations had and a lot has not in this video of ours.
robina whether to have Mila mela barpeta Elena Bay, Ola do not burden us with that which we cannot handle, or law did not command us or expect from us to fulfill something that is not in our ability. And again, we have already gone over this in their previous verses, what we are held accountable to and what we aren't. But this is the believers calling out to Allah from their heart, making dua to Allah. And then after all of these requests that Darius concluded with, Wherefore, unknown, where foo and now Anna, well, Phil Lehner
what, three things, or four is different than ill fit. Both of them revolve around the notion of forgiveness. But helpful refers to when something is erased completely, as if it never existed. And elfin refers to concealing so it is hidden.
So it is hidden.
These are the connotations of the words. Well, they're not well, him there are a lot and have mercy.
upon us, ohana mercy.
intimo Lana from sadhana, el amin caffeine, if you look just through these last few verses, you know more than once there has come the repetition of asking for forgiveness. Right? This is not the first time just in these last few verses. And if you go through the whole plot, there's always this notion of asking for forgiveness, asking for forgiveness, asking for forgiveness over and over again. Right. This is something that is a habit of the believers. And for a person to think
that they never make a mistake
is in and of itself a mistake. And also to think that a person is void of any good is also a mistake. But we are human beings, there is goodness within us and we make mistakes. And so what do we do? We ask a lot to increase us in our goodness, we ask Allah to forgive us for our mistakes.
Enter mowlana from sadhana amin caffiene redirect concludes with a request for Nussle a request for victory over the disbelievers the disbelievers that want to oppress or harm the believers or prevent them from pursuing and acting upon their belief. There is Nussle. We are they're asking a lot for Nussle for victory. And that phrase begins with enter mowlana. molar is refers to the ally and the protector. So Allah you are our Moana granting victory over those that want oppression upon the believers. What's interesting here is
the scholars they said that a means to victory. You know, whenever a group of people or an army or any individual wants victory, they have to prepare for it. There has to be preparation for victory. And so they said before you can have any victory over any external force or entity or group of people, there must be an internal victory, there must be a process of purification. And that's why they begin first with seeking forgiveness and with repentance. And it concluded with victory over an external entity. So this shows us the order of operations and the priorities that we are expected to have individual victories. And then we ask a lot for communal and societal victory. So May Allah
subhanahu Allah forgive us. May Allah subhana wa tada bless us. May Allah subhanaw taala increase us in goodness, May Allah forgive us for any of our shortcomings or our mistakes. May Allah Subhana Allah grant us victory over our own desires over our own mistakes and evils. And may Allah grant us victory over oppressors and those that want for us evil or harm male officer panel to add me because of those who listen and follow the best of what they hear. May Allah make us of those who recite the Quran as he
loves and understand it and implement it in their lives. Otherwise, I feel that Juana and hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa sallahu wa Sallim wa barik ala nabina Muhammad Ali he also should be he was an alum, one la alum Salaam already come to LA. He was about to go to Zakouma la halen, for your participation and you're attentive listening, and inshallah we will continue in a future gathering that I'm already comfortable