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A Thematic Commentary on the Quran 1

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Moutasem al-Hameedy

Channel: Moutasem al-Hameedy

Episode Notes

In this series we offer an analysis of the central theme in every Surah along with other supporting themes. We talk about the beautiful interconnectedness found in the Quran. Every Surah is in the right order. Every verse and every word is part of a profound harmony and seamless flow of divine wisdom.
There is no randomness in the Quran. There is only organic cohesion and perfect order.
In this series we seek to uncover these dimensions and try to uncover the wisdom we can learn to help us better understand divine guidance and relate it to the time we live in.

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa in order to do so, I would say officially, officially, this is the first

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segment in the series, which we named thematic commentary on the call on. It's a thematic commentary on the Quran. And this will try to basically detect something or seek something which is the seamless flow of the Divine Wisdom. In the words of the Quran.

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We said the Quran is internally consistent, very interconnected.

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And at a shallow kind of approach or reading the Quran might be challenging, because it might seem to be random in its presentation of certain ideas, and treatment of certain issues. But there is a beautiful flow, but it does not yield itself easily. And we said it requires a lot of investment in order to arrive at that. So since we spoke last week, I've been putting a lot of thought in this and

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actually thought to do something that I believe will be very useful. We said we will start taking or dealing with the soldiers of Iran right from the beginning from salty, fatty had Boko Haram Ron and so on and so forth, to saltiness. And I thought just two,

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which is the classical way. And I thought, let's do it slightly different this time. And what are we going to do, we're going to actually take two rounds. With the

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first round, we're going to take a very short, quick overview over the main themes of the central themes of every soil.

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So probably into three segments, we'll be able to cover the whole plot. So we'll go from solar to Fatiha to solar to NASS. just mentioning the solar, the central theme, what we believe to be the foundational verse in it that all the other verses basically

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stem from it and feed back into it at the same time. So this should give us quite a good overview

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into the sutras and what there's main themes are

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just a reference, the scholars of the of the past did not

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write exclusively or specifically on this topic, the themes of the Quran the themes of the source, but you will find a lot of segments in the books of Tafseer. Specifically, you will find in

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intimacy robbery, you find a lot of hints and a lot of side notes about issues like this. You will find them finding the Tafseer of the pharaohs about of Pharaohs Abadi as well one of the scholars of language and he also has a lot of beautiful hints. You will find

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someone who's slight opens considering to be contemporary. He's from the 20th century, the famous Tunisian professor and scholar of the MacArthur apart hadn't been ashore. Barbara nashotah has a beautiful powerful zero babalons, which is called the Harrier, what can we say very profound tafsir. And every student of knowledge should have access to this book should read through this book. It's quite enlightening. It's actually it's a game changer for those who study tafsir.

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So there are hints but

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as I said, the majority of the oldest call of the classical scholars, as well as a vote, did not write about this, they went into each verse broke it down spoke linguistically, from a physical perspective,

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from a soul perspective,

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and historical, sometimes treating thing historically or chronologically, and so on and so forth. But

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to have something completely on what the scholars the scholars call us to call maqasid. So what we call the central theme of a surah, which is an Arabic and mobile era AC or del Mobile a year, which is the unity of the theme in a song is called by the classical scholars maxilla surah oma Casa de su, the main intent behind the surah which is the theme, the main theme behind the sola. And if you remember those who were with us last last week, we said one of the scholars who really attempted to do a great job with this is an amendment of a pie, right and when we called

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The name of his book.

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gem Adora, right Gemma, adore of fitness, Allah madora Fitness when it was sold, basically piecing together, these

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precious stones are the gems, which are

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basically how the verses and the surahs connect together. He has another book, which is a smaller book. So this book is about eight, I think eight or nine volumes, the one we have, which is another mcdata, he has another book, which is more of a shorter version of this. And it's called to say don't never feel ashrafi alhama Casa de sua, he says, looking from above, like getting a vantage point, good vantage point over the intense of the source. And he actually makes a segment or a section for each solar chapter of each solar, the number of verses, the main theme of the verse, and then he moves to talk about the merits of the verse and then he explains a little bit for about,

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say, 1520 pages of the longer solar light source like a bucket on helium, Ron, with the shorter side is obviously shorter, and then he moves on. So it's quite systematic. It's not like his bigger version, the bigger book, which is very detailed, so we're going to use it and I I have to, you know, I have to be clear from now. This is a learning process even for me. So I'm going through a process of learning and I'm sharing with you, I've been fulfil, I've been there quiet for quite some time. And I've been struggling with a family but it is not easy to deal with. Like sometimes I can't see his point how he picks this to be made the main theme of the soul I really doesn't make sense to

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me. But this is one of the great scholars of Tafseer and language.

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And again, you have scholars were contemporary scholars.

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Like

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shape doctor massage.

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Anyone heard of thrombocytopenia? So anyone today who studied studies, the science of the Quran alone will call on the classical book, The Standard Book standard textbook on this is written by Dr. Massage.

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Every student of knowledge who studies the Aloma Quran, the sciences, they have to study his book. It is like it is the default textbook for any student of knowledge, he has to study this. So he says that trying to find the main theme of a surah. And for every surah he says

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at lie Valley Community, he says sometimes this is going too far. Because sometimes it's not easy to find something like this. And he says we're fee he has a literal holy lie behind him. And there it's a slippery road. Cuz it might a person might say something about Allah or about the book of Allah, which is not necessarily accurate.

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Okay, so as we are talking about these things, we have to clarify right from the outset. These are attempts of scholars, these are ways to see how the ideas connect together. So this is a human effort. It is a human effort. But is it helpful, extremely helpful. When it brings the surah together for you in one unity, it makes it easier for you to read through it to enjoy it to see the connections because our minds or brains work on connections. If things are not connected, they're not relevant. So these kinds of connections, they help you with understanding and comprehension. And they help you most importantly, with memorization of father football, and by the way, some of them

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they create mind maps of how the themes Connect.

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And when transitions happen from one theme to the other, it helps them when they when they rehearse that often. It makes their memorization more stable because they have a map as to where they're moving.

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And

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you also find for example, Dr. Masada speaks about he says the verses of the Quran.

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With the shorter ones casado saw the shorter like inches or under certain nasaw little Falak sort of summit, sort of calculon he says most of the shorter sutras they have one theme.

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One single theme, the whole surah is about one theme.

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Like for example on hula hula had

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sort of a summit and the theme of super summit is a floss a towhead which is sincerity to Allah singling out along with our intentions and our actions.

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And he says then, with the longest surahs which are longer than that, and the longest Saurus

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some of the, I would say slightly long Soros they have also one

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theme, some of them an example is Sora. To never animator alone, sort of the number has one theme, treats one theme, and this is a death, resurrection. The next life.

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It's all about this. There are supporting themes, but it's completely about one theme. But then he says the longest sorrows have more than one thing, have more than one thing, but it's not difficult, even for those longer sewers, to actually bring the police strings together and bring them connect the dots in a way where you can find all of these themes that are Suraj seem seems to be dealing with fragments easily, they actually connect to one thing. And that's what we will try to do here in this class and show a lot.

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Again, I'm happy to see some some of you have the notebooks some of you have the translation of the Quran, some of you have the notepads or whatever. And I'm assuming if you have your tablet or your notepad that you're actually has have a text to look at, or you're taking notes.

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As I said, it will be extremely helpful, this class will be helpful for those who want an opportunity to go over the Tafseer of the Quran.

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This class will help to serve as a pacer for them.

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So they can pace their reading. As they follow with us, they can follow with us and they can do their reading and I recommended that you either follow tafsir ibn katheer It's available in English, which is the abridged version is available in English. The siliceous in English is not the full version by the way. It's an abridgment

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of series Sadie, which I believe came out last year or two years ago, which is extremely valuable and beautiful.

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And

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if anyone wants an English source

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there's a book by Sheikh Mohammed Al ghazali malata era, it's called an Arabic. Now what I've seen in modo a enville on towards a thematic understanding of the Quran. It's it's a one volume book, and it's been translated into English. And the translation sometimes is better than the original text. This is one of the rare occasions where you find a translator actually does more than justice to the original text. I'll get you the name of the

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of the translation and get you the name of the translation I believe it's available online of the book. But if you put Mohammed razali thematic Tafseer or thematic, thematic Tafseer you're gonna find it the English translation is almost 200 letters and is extremely eloquent. He writes so beautifully one of the best styles of all time. And my personal assessment is not only it wasn't only for pay, but he was also an excellent writer and he wrote so many books more than 100 books.

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So but the translator has written the book in English in a way that I would say even like supersedes the original book in Arabic so so that's helpful. So again, anyone who wants to do their own Tafseer I definitely recommend that they use this class as a piece of it will help them because when you read on your own, it's easy to sometimes you know put off and postpone and sometimes get distracted but if there is some kind of a HELOC or some kind of

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a structure that helps you keep up with I think that will that will be a good a good as good as good assistance inshallah.

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So again another another thing so as we will be doing this with with the Quran which is a thematic commentary on the Quran, I will be going over a small book

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written by chef Abdullah man Sadie she is the teacher of Abner Athenian Bahama home Allah. Okay, he wrote a beautiful, simple book, easy book on some of the principles and

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the principles that will help us

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you know, interpret the Quran. These are the foundational principles of the exegesis of the quantitative zero of the Quran. And they're extremely important and helpful.

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And I'm going to actually use the commentary on that text, which is a very short commentary from his own students who have nothing. So if you if you have access to the Arabic language, probably it's probably translated into English is it translated into English no one has come across this. I think it's been translated into English even said these principles of Tafseer I think they have been translated into English chef I'm not I mean, made us a very short commentary on it. And he calls it Italian Olive. kawaii

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Hassan and Metallica Tafseer Quran Italia Allah commentary on our advice and the beautiful principles or the beautiful Maxim's

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relating to the Tafseer of the Quran

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so the class will be made of two segments, I'm not going to probably get spent 10 minutes on this I will read and translate into English make very short commentary, and our main class or main Help will be on our discussion on the thematic commentary on the Quran. So I will start with the principles of Tafseer inshallah hota.

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Mental himcolin model ferlito to sheaffer Allah Abdullah man, Vanessa said yo la Giada de Matic eatery, our Hassan and Medallia COVID f0 Koran

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hamdulillah Hina don't wanna stir in

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LA LA Himanshu de emphasize unforeseen we see it I'm Elina Miyagi Hilah who for them will be later when we live in a hair dealer. What should I learn you know how long they will actually color wash? I don't know Mohammed Abdul Rasul Allah sallallahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa seldom at the Sleeman kathira I'm about to do So this says that Schiff under amendments so it says in the introduction to his book, which is titled The beautiful Maxim's relating to the Tafseer of the Quran. He praises Allah subhanaw taala and he mentioned

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and he says that he was sold on wakawaka feet of serial karate and Kareem gelida to Mecca De Lima Tenafly, Torino Korea Amida Michaela Mila he will at the EB he wanna bottle her agenda lumen was fee her in the huddle abdomen Pawtucket FCT woman hygiene for me and la mejor in radical theory minute Professor Holly Yeah, we had him both enough. Yeah, he says, These are principles and Maxim's about the Tafseer on the novel on they are great and their value. And their benefit is huge.

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They help the one who reads them and contemplates them these rules, to understand the words of a law and to be guided by them.

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And the reality of these principles is far more profound than their weddings.

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Because these principles, they open for the person, the paths to Tafseer and provide and provide him with a methodology and a structure to understand from the words of Allah, what will be very beneficial in understanding the books of tafsir.

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Our joola house Allah who and yet in the Napa sadhana min Isla de semana pasada Harada who is the Helen I mean has any god he will kill me he may a corner suburban will also the Illuminati will hotel Can I mean? He says when we ask Allah that Allah completes for us and fulfills for us our intent, our intention behind this and the reason behind this book. And we asked last month Allah to show up on us or to show us with His blessings and his generosity and to give us whatever will be a reason for us or a means for us to attain beneficial knowledge and complete guidance. While I'm in the midst of Siri Angelou Meredith law football Oh Ha

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ha ha ha ha a law and the law. Allah be to the booty kitabi with difficulty FEMA honey, when at the EBIT were ethna lol, Amina be daddy Khawaja Allah home fi ln Marathi are at the home s&m our hip. He's saying and know that the science of Tafseer is the highest of all sciences.

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And it is the best and the most obligatory

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and the one that Allah loves the most. Because Allah subhanaw taala commanded us to contemplate his book, and to try to understand its meanings and to take guidance from its verses and a lot of praise the ones who engage in that effort and ally made them in the highest ranks and a lot of promise them the highest rewards. Fellow unfaithful Abdu Jawahar ohmori he had funny Lumia kundalika Catherine thegem Bhima who ma polyp la casa de su de kuliah mocha to SSID Dean masala hamari Dean with dunia will ask you what kind of title Ibiza Hilton bill who they will say the What what? What will you be higher it will hear just slowly what he's saying he's saying so if a person spends his own life his

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whole life and the most precious, you know periods of his life studying this science

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This would not be too much

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because of the due to the the the virtue and the merit of the science, which is the greatest of all endeavors and it's the principle of all principles and it is the foundation of the pillars of the deen

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and it is a means to rectifying the matters of the deen and the dunya and the aphylla. And if a person follows it, then a person's life would be full with guidance goodness and mercy and a godly life and righteous deeds

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for the National LGBTQ our ID ology ages and the V. Max. So even Fattah Khalid Abdullah babauta mahad attended Ada with a double album inhabited the TMT locked into a boo hoo ha, ha ha woman Haha, let me ask that Elijah that will basically walk you through it for sale. When I said when you made the Navy when he when he when he had enough water in the menu he will call me. He's saying let's get into the principles

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in a way that that is characterized by brevity, its brief, is brief. So he's saying isn't we're not going to expand, we're not going to go into great lengths.

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He's saying, we're just going to mention what is beneficial be to the point. Because if Allah opens the door of knowledge for someone, and Allah facilitates the way for a person to learn, and a person takes a few examples, there are applications of the rule.

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And the person figures out the methodology, then there is no need for more explanation and for wasting time with more elaboration.

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And he says We ask Allah subhanaw taala to help us with his support and assistance and his blessings and we ask Allah to make us from those who are guided and those who are guiding others. Now, I won't necessarily read everything from nothing mean says because these words don't need a lot of clarification. But they mean says kind of Noma sowden lovely Allahu anhu Jaco lo Allah more an antenna who eBill Alam ob keytab in LA him in a la la

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la la la la one who used to say, if I know someone knows more about the book of Allah more than me,

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and like camels reach him, basically I have access to that person, I would travel and go to that person. And that shows that the love and I sort of had the keen desire to learn more about the Quran, although he was the most knowledgeable of the Quran among like, generally speaking among the companions, because he asked the prophet SAW Selim about everything in the Koran.

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So he says if I find someone who knows more, I would travel to them.

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Al Qaeda to Allah,

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the first rule

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or the first principle, he says coolamon Salah chapati upon Amira melon water home in Abu Dhabi, what a rupee masala tea leaf Allah Buddha and new fle Hawaiian jack McCollough Tara, what will be with me a Baba, he's saying whoever follows or takes away or a path

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or does something does a certain deed and approaches it

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in the right way, approaches this thing in the right way through the right gates.

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Then this person is bound to arrive and get what they seek as a last panel to Allah says and enter the houses through their doors through the doors wakulla my alma mater loop acha has a model with a general term and m 30 s and a Tolkien masala at masala tea he will arrive and Amanda hanafy who

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is saying and whenever

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what you're seeking is, is greater than this advice to follow the right path to take the right means to everything it becomes more incumbent and becomes more necessary.

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Because such ways will help you complete your research in the best ways and will make you arrive at your destination make you get what you want. And he's saying there's no doubt that will we are engaged with now which is to see it and the principles of Tafseer is one of the loftiest and most important things

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for element Anil Allium and zillah How long would he diet in healthy watershed him What if he could do octan was a man in Yoshida ohmori work wanting her in

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the village he up one. He says know that this glorious for on was revealed by Allah subhanaw taala for guiding the creation and showing

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The way and that in every place and every time it leads to the most guided of ways and the most straight of paths in

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the reality of one has an solidly solid score on indeed leads to the most straight for either Nassim Taleb Pomona, Camila, he cannot Aleppo Sahaba probably Allahu on him, for in the home can either follow or Ashleigh yet in a colo lomita Joe was had it format him in an email and he will email me for zero and I will work there

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saying people have to

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learn the meanings of the words of Allah, just like the companions did have a loved one, they used to recite or read or learn 10 verses at a time.

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And they would not go beyond that they will not move on to another set of 10 verses, until they have

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learned

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whatever these verses indicate in terms of faith, amen on terms of knowledge and information and in terms of action, and they would use these verses to understand their present reality and their conditions

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for people no matter what early human and well. We do our media whenever he when he heard me am I doing Emil Hawa de la mujer de TV him what the V him.

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So they would believe in every thing the Koran says the words of the oronsay like the news about previous nations, about matters of the unseen about a law about the Day of Judgment, they would believe in everything they told

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and they would follow all the commandments and avoid all the prohibitions.

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And they would frame their reality.

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And whatever incident incidents happen in their life, they would frame that with the words of the Quran. So they would say the Koran the words of the Quran become become the lens through which they understand reality. Can someone deal with

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this?

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Where you have Simona and foster home halamka, emona, Bihar Omaha alone, and they would hold themselves accountable. Are they upholding these words of the Quran and staying true to them? Or are they falling short? Or are they not giving them the rights? Well k factorial either 30 or more in Africa or Asia, the manna Casa minha okay for the hollow so minute O'Meara Baba

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and they would also seek the ways to remain steadfast and consistent on the things that are beneficial.

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And see whatever they wherever they have a deficiency that would make it up and fix it. And they would find ways to get rid of the harmful things for you to do and I'd be Rumi haywire lacuna V, V. V, so they would be guided by the knowledge and the information in the Quran. And they would seek to embody the character that is preached in the Quran and the etiquettes that are taught in the Quran, where Allah Muna Hippo boomin alameen wa Shahada with john la him motala buena be mad at Manny when Emily Bhima Jacobi. So they, they know that this is these are words addressed to them from the one who knows the seen and the unseen, and that they are required to understand its meanings and to act

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upon its guidance for men silica particolare selaku What did they wish they had defeated the booty Cara Mila in fatter and fatter and fatter? Hola. Hola, babble. eravamo v element tafsir waka we refer to who was there that Busey urato who is saying so whoever follows this way, which was taken by the companions and

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worked hard and exerted themselves in reflecting on the words of Allah.

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Then the the biggest door or the greatest door to tafsir will open to that person.

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And their knowledge will strengthen and their insights meaning in the Koran into the Quran, the meanings of the Koran, will will grow. We're still gonna be happy Hippo Etienne kathrada Taka lowfat

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rigea waha. Susana Ada Kanaka. Domine. Hulu Mila Robbie, Yeti, Johnny, Ben.

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We will Canada who am on YT mamoun bc Latina beistle Allahu alayhi wa sallam, what how early Hema Alia he died in another article acabado onin, Allah had a mobile app, he's saying, so a person who does that follows the wave of the companion, the wave of the companions of all the low and Han, it would suffice and it would be enough for him and it would save him from getting into issues of great technicality that have little benefits and issues that serve as distractions, some discussions that serve as distractions, and sometimes you read in a book, and sometimes, you know, the writer or the author flies off at a tangent, right, they start talking, they take a digression, they start

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expounding on something, and then you lose the, you know, the the consistency of thoughts and the continuity of your of the ideas. So he's saying, if you take the waves of the wave of the companions and understand what I've seen, reflecting on the words of Allah subhanaw taala, you don't need a lot of the technicality that will just serve to distract you and is more of a digression.

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And he says,

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especially if this person has taken a good share or a fair share of the knowledge of the Arabic language,

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and that person had a good fair understanding, a comprehensive a comprehensive understanding of the Sierra or the life of the prophet SAW Selim, and how he dealt on his like his affairs and how he dealt with his companions and friends and how he dealt with his enemies. He's saying all of these elements help you understand the Quran.

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He says one method

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he hated on a film with Jamie Masada a movie you know la has finale has methodically her

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editor Lucinda when he when he walked in, we had it in Surbiton, Allahu wa, Ala Moana.

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Our ad hoc with Amalia is saying and whenever the person knows that the polygon contains guidance about everything,

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and gives you answers about everything. And that the Koran is enough to cover all of

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all of the sources of benefits, all of the massage,

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and it clarifies them and the means to them. And it actually encourages the Quran encourages to get the beneficial things. And it advises against the bad things. And whoever keeps this principle in front of them, like their guide, keep it as their guide. And which is basically the Quran is enough for everything. That's the principle he's talking about the follow on is sufficient, it has the guidance,

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then whoever has this principle

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as their guide, and they try to apply it on every situation, whether present or even future or expected, then

00:33:08--> 00:33:31

the enormity and the potential of this principle was thought to reveal itself and the benefits of it will reveal themselves. Why? Because once you are under the impression that the Quran does not present answers, you're not going to invest in it. If you are under the impression that Iran does not answer contemporary issues, you're not going to invest in it, you're going to go to YouTube, right? Or you will go to

00:33:33--> 00:33:40

any any kind of website, you know, Wikipedia or you'll go to anything to find answers will go to experts. But

00:33:41--> 00:33:48

if you are if you have the belief, if you have the certainty that the plan has guidance for everything,

00:33:50--> 00:34:06

then you will invest in the Quran, you start to search for the answers in the Quran. And oftentimes some you know, there's a, I would say a naive question or an obnoxious question comes about, okay, what does the Quran say about you know,

00:34:07--> 00:34:15

iPhone x 10, right or whatever? Or galaxy? s 10. Right, whatever.

00:34:16--> 00:34:20

Okay, this is a naive question. Because the en

00:34:21--> 00:35:00

gives guidance about the most important issues about life because five years from now, you probably won't have your Galaxy extend right? Be history. The Quran deals with the bigger issues. And even though we're on tells you how to deal with your phone by the way, and even tells you what phone to buy, but you need to invest. It does tell you but because we said if you remember last week we said the Quran does not only give direct guidance, immediate guidance about things do this do that. The arm builds a reservoir of wisdom within you if you invest in it, which builds a background a very powerful framework or background for you

00:35:01--> 00:35:06

And a worldview that will help you navigate almost every aspect in your life.

00:35:07--> 00:35:11

Almost every aspect in law, I'll give you an example for a simple example.

00:35:12--> 00:35:31

Last month that says, Allah decree in controllato Allah mode as the people of knowledge, if you do not know, let's say you wanna you got interested into in photography, you want to learn how to start shooting and taking photographs, and imagery, and the cameras and all these, you know,

00:35:32--> 00:35:40

all the ins and outs of photography, as a profession, you will know about that.

00:35:41--> 00:35:45

There's no plan to do anything about this. It does, it gives you the guidance, it says,

00:35:46--> 00:35:56

a degree in quantum law to the moon as the people of knowledge, if you do not know. And the people of knowledge is not like your your classmate, because they have a couple of cameras.

00:35:58--> 00:36:37

It's not someone who knows a little bit more than you do about about photography, you go to the people have knowledge you go, who's the highest authority who are like free, you can go online here, right? Who has the best online course on photography, who's offering who's in town offering the best kind of training on photography, you go and take that. So the Quran does give you guidance about all of this. So again, sometimes the person is shallow in their understanding, and they want to sort of ask questions and thinking like, okay, the Quran doesn't give you guidance about every everything. Well, I mean, sorry, if that's how you understand things, then see you maybe in 20 years, hopefully,

00:36:37--> 00:36:39

you'll be a little bit more mature, hopefully.

00:36:40--> 00:36:41

Okay, so.

00:36:43--> 00:37:05

So this is the first principle, which is ratio, and what I find here is to be too, so first, following the way of the companions and understanding of the Quran, which is to call on 10 verses or another narration, five verses at a time, and reflect upon them, learn whatever is in them, and try to implement them and try to see the world through them.

00:37:06--> 00:37:45

Dig out the wisdoms to get the knowledge. And that you can't get that by I mean, a book of Tafseer. And a commentary or classroom Tafseer can give you the basics about this. But for you to see your life through the verses of the Koran. What does that mean? It means you have to take time out of your schedule, you have to hold the book of Allah in your hands, you have to take these five verses, and you have to read them repeatedly, and reflect upon them and ask yourself questions. Not at a superficial level, but at the the deep, profound level that basically has to do with the meaning of your life. What does that tell me?

00:37:48--> 00:37:54

How can I benefit from this? How does this relate to my life? How does this relate to my situation?

00:37:55--> 00:38:14

You take it personally, you take a look, hold on at a personal level. If you start doing that, then that's the way you that's the way of the companions, right? And the second thing, he said, keep in mind that the Quran, it has guidance about everything you truly need for honors guidance. So you believe in this is a principle

00:38:15--> 00:38:41

once in a while is no kita, but a piano lick Alicia as a loss analysis. And we have revealed the Book, it clarifies everything, and everything doesn't have to state everything. It could state the principle behind something. And it could be teaching you the wisdom that is necessary for you to handle a specific such situation or a technical situation. So the Quran does help you deal with life in that sense.

00:38:43--> 00:39:15

Okay, so that's the first principle. So we're gonna stop here and next week, inshallah, we'll move on to Alka eternia, or the second principle Bismillah, to Allah. And we will give some examples on it as well. So now we move on to the thematic commentary on the origin. And again, I would say, as I said, I definitely recommend you guys get your own copy for this class on a translation of the meanings of the Quran, get your own copy, if you can bring it here. It will be very helpful.

00:39:16--> 00:39:17

And

00:39:19--> 00:39:38

I would prefer that you actually do read. I'm going to tell you what we will talk about what the verses are. Now we're just going to go over the sources. So it's hard for you to go like, cover 10 pages in a week understand. But once we take the second round over the pollen, we start going over. And probably I was also thinking, by the way, I was questioning this speech will we cover

00:39:40--> 00:39:59

as we said, initially, each just in two months, and then brother hasn't made an announcement and he just said just a month. And actually I felt tempted that we could actually do a juice every month. It's It's It's quite, it's quite actually doable. It might be and I think it's actually more

00:40:00--> 00:40:07

more conducive to the style of the class rather than us going into more details. So with focus, so let's say

00:40:10--> 00:40:21

yeah, most likely we'll be able to show lots of cover one juice every month. I think that's, that will. It will not take us to a great length where some people will feel a little bit bored or overwhelmed.

00:40:23--> 00:40:53

Okay, the translation that I personally recommend, it can take any translation of the meanings, but the one I really recommend and I find it to be quite helpful and accessible to most people, is the clear Koran, which is by Dr. Mustafa hubub. a mom of mustard Anatolia here in Mississauga, Mashallah, he did quite a good job. May Allah reward him? There is different prints of this book, I prefer this one which has the Arabic and English some of them have the English ones on the English text.

00:40:58--> 00:41:03

With the class, as I've said, I would definitely recommend even Sadie

00:41:04--> 00:41:18

Yeah, they Cyril Kereama, Rama, the Tafseer of chef inside, etc, I will carry my ramen. Again, it's one of the books that you can find everywhere, almost everywhere in Arabic. And as I said it was translated in English.

00:41:21--> 00:41:45

And it I've seen that you can find as well you have access to you don't have to go and buy one. If you have one at home, you have access to one like a soft copy. still use it to follow use it to follow again, what are we doing, we're doing a commentary, we're not doing it as see it when I'm actually doing it. Okay. So a few points inshallah as we start, so what I will do today, we will start talking about the main central

00:41:46--> 00:42:01

verse in each surah. And as I said, this is an effort I've been trying to, you know, work on for a while. And what I noticed from reading the some of the commentary by some scholars about what the main theme in a sutra is, sometimes they differ.

00:42:02--> 00:42:12

Sometimes they differ, why? Because you will find solace and Baqarah quite a lot of themes. And a lot of them are strongly present in the solar, they say there's about five to six,

00:42:13--> 00:42:43

I would say major themes and sort of Baccarat, you will find them. So one scholar will pick one of them as the most dominant, and then we'll link the other themes to it, as branching out from it. So make it take it as the reference point. Another scholar would take actually, another one of those five main themes. And they in their in their estimate, this is actually the most central and sort of the Baccarat and it's sort of weaves everything together threads everything together.

00:42:44--> 00:43:05

So they take it as the central theme and the other ones as branching out of it, and so on, and so forth. So it's quite flexible, as I said, is a human effort, but it's extremely helpful. It's extremely helpful because it gives you a way, a framework to approach the surah and see how it flows and how it's unified. Okay,

00:43:06--> 00:43:13

so our class is a thematic commentary on the Quran, it's about the seamless flow of the Divine Wisdom.

00:43:16--> 00:44:05

So these are guidelines about the Quran, Quranic texts that we have to keep in mind as we are going through this class. And these serve as foundational principles and as the guidelines that will help us organize our thoughts as we are going through, you know, the themes, the main themes in the Quran. So the Quran is the text of the Quran is purposeful, there's a reason behind it. There's a reason why everything is being said, why every word is put there. Why this verse comes after that verse, and why there's a specific sequence of verses why the surahs are ordered in this specific way. Why samsara begins with a story then ends up in our breaking down the story why sometimes the

00:44:05--> 00:44:23

principles are mentioned first and then the surah follows there are reasons of the Quran is perfectly so there's nothing random about the Quran. And this is extremely important why because it helps us know that there is intent behind this odor and this organization

00:44:24--> 00:45:00

so we search for it automatically when you know there is intent behind something you start trying to start searching for it. But if you just think it's random Hey, Salton Baccarat just starts with okay Delhi, Calcutta, bulalo, Buffy the mentions three types of people. Then it mentions about you know, people in general and people in the Hellfire then it talks about the story of the creation of Adam. They just happen to be like this. They just happens to be like this. No, this sequence is intentional. There is purpose behind is purposeful. There is purpose. So what we

00:45:00--> 00:45:07

Try to do in this is actually try to get some of those purposes try to arrive at some of those purposes. Number two is systematic.

00:45:08--> 00:45:12

Systematic, it means it's very well connected, it's very well structured.

00:45:13--> 00:45:14

So there's nothing random.

00:45:15--> 00:45:50

There's no like gap in the Quran in the universe, or some kind of an abrupt jump, even what seems to us at a surface or at first glance, as as a, as a sudden change, that might, some of us seem inappropriate, this is our own fault, we're not seeing the point. That kind of swift change, again, is purposeful and is part of a system. So when we know that we try to see that system, we try to detect the patterns that will help us three, the Quran is internally consistent,

00:45:51--> 00:46:32

meaning there's no contradictions, there is no contradictions. So that means when there is a seeming contradiction on the surface, okay, that means we have to do a little bit more hard work, we have not understood the point. That's what it means. And the Quran is internally consistent, not only in what it suggests in information, the Quran is consistent, even in its themes, themes are consistent. So a theme would support another theme, and the theme would pave the ground for another theme. So it's consistent, and all these themes, you know, form one unity, that's the internal consistency.

00:46:33--> 00:46:37

The Quran is cohesive, cohesive, in a sense,

00:46:38--> 00:46:59

that's the flow of ideas, the flow of ideas, so the transitions of the Quran, from one idea to the other from one story to the other, and then coming back to a principle then going back to a story then coming back to the same principle, then speaking about some details that have to do with this principle.

00:47:00--> 00:47:05

Okay, all of these actually show a beautiful state of cohesion. And we are,

00:47:06--> 00:47:29

you know, we after this, we're going to chase that and we try to find it, we try to find the cohesion. All of these, by the way, are taken from one verse, a last one that says, Well, okay, and I mean, do you really know what to do 50 Ross and Kathy, if it were from other than Allah, which is the Quran, they would have found within it.

00:47:30--> 00:47:37

11 is one of the very comprehensive words in Arabic, if the love means disorganization,

00:47:38--> 00:47:47

it means lack of fluency. It means contradiction. It means lack of cohesion, cohesion, and also

00:47:48--> 00:47:52

stylistic inconsistencies.

00:47:53--> 00:47:56

So all of these come from this verse.

00:47:57--> 00:48:03

The, the the, the next principle is the call onic text is profound in its nature

00:48:05--> 00:48:12

is profound in its nature. So oftentimes, people who have

00:48:13--> 00:48:18

something negative to say about the Quran or about a verse in the Quran or a meaning of the Quran,

00:48:19--> 00:48:30

most of the time, the problem if you like, if you inspect that carefully, you will find that it comes from lack of a profound understanding of what these verses are talking about.

00:48:32--> 00:48:42

So there it has a profound nature and we have to take it seriously. We have to take it seriously. So when I last Montana, for example, says again,

00:48:43--> 00:49:03

when Allah says facility, Allah de creme controllato mode, ask the people of knowledge, if you don't know, well, the surface meaning is basically okay. When I don't know something about the religion asked people who have the knowledge and that's it. But if you take it more profound, at a more profound level, Ally's saying, ask the right people who have the knowledge and they can give you the guidance.

00:49:04--> 00:49:48

And the vicar or not people have knowledge on the added Vicar are people of reminder or people of the Koran What does that mean? That means these are these are people who spent who devoted their life to the Quran. So it's not only knowledge they have, but they have embodied the Quran. They have embodied Islam. These are the people you ask because you're not only for after information, what you want is full guidance. And if the person does not embody that guidance, they cannot give you advice by the way. It's just like when you go to a bad lawyer, and they know all the loopholes in the law, right. Okay. And they basically they're gonna go against the law. They're gonna go against the law.

00:49:49--> 00:49:50

That's not people of the victim.

00:49:51--> 00:49:59

These are not people of addicted people. They are people who like their their passion into something, their knowledge about something and they are so faithful to it.

00:50:00--> 00:50:01

That kind of field.

00:50:03--> 00:50:17

So again, so you take it take a deeper Wow, that's profound. So that means in every area of my life, I go to the people who have mastered that kind of discipline or that area. These are the people that I go to. These are the people that I refer to.

00:50:18--> 00:50:21

So the Koran is deep in its nature.

00:50:22--> 00:50:49

The next principle is that it's natural. The Quran is natural. What does that mean that has to do with our Fatah. The Quran addresses our nature, our human nature, so it resonates with us, and we need to seek that resonance. We need to seek it, we need to find it Allah subhanaw taala explains the mechanism of guidance. Allah says in the Quran, femen usually the lawyer who any idea who he or she,

00:50:52--> 00:50:59

whoever Allah wants to guide him, or her if allowance to guide a person, a lie expands, they're just for

00:51:01--> 00:51:19

this cause when they talk about this, and some of them are referred to all the verse insalata, nor what Allah says about light upon light. And as far as to say, this is the light of the footprint, which is already in the heart, this almost shining by itself without being lit without a fire.

00:51:20--> 00:51:45

It's almost shiny by itself. It's like the oil of the olive tree. And that's the federal law. It's about to shine even without any fire in the fire here in this verse is resembles the revelation, because it's the source of light. So the fifth law is almost shining and showing us the truth, almost even without the need of Revelation, but Allah still gave us the revelation.

00:51:46--> 00:52:24

So many scholars, when they spoke about expanding the chess, they said, That's it when the human nature is that human nature is addressed by this revelation. So the Koran resonates with us resonates with our human nature. And it awakens human nature. So that in this in this, in this sense, the Quran is natural, so when we recognize the flow of the divine wisdom in the Quran, that will help us connect to the Quran at an organic level at a natural level, rather than an intellectual level only. And that's the problem with many people when they study the Quran. For them, it's intellectual thing, okay, it's like they're studying mathematics, or physics.

00:52:25--> 00:52:54

The problem is that this this, this does not engage their hearts for them as accurate as academic work. But we want to take them on at an academic level, but also at a deeper level. So it connects to our hearts becomes more of a complete experience, more of a complete experience. And the last principle that we are going to have is that the Quran is complete. The Quran is a complete revelation, there's nothing missing, and there's nothing to be

00:52:56--> 00:53:16

complimented, like, you know, there's nothing missing that you can complete and say, Okay, we have to add this, we have to add that on. And this is the final version of the Quran, and it's compatible, and it's consistent, it's coherent, and it flows beautifully. And there is no element missing, the whole recipe is there.

00:53:17--> 00:53:29

So we're going to keep these as guidelines inshallah as we move on. And here I want to start with so lots of Fatiha so we're going to go over. So my approach here in this halaqa will be to detect

00:53:31--> 00:53:36

the I would say, central verse, I'm leaning towards calling it the foundational verse.

00:53:37--> 00:53:42

And this verse harbors the central theme.

00:53:43--> 00:54:05

I'm not going to say the themes now, we're going to see and we're going to say the themes, I will allude to the themes, I will allude to the to the themes, or state them. I'll allude to the themes here, but I will stay we will stay the themes in the second round after we're done with the first go over the Quran. With the second one Sharla we're going to state the themes, because we're going to work on them. So so let's refer to her

00:54:07--> 00:54:20

the central versus Iraq and Abu where he can stay alive. It is you that we worship and that you help that we seek everything and so little bacala feeds into this, everything.

00:54:21--> 00:54:34

This verse whole sort of together, connects it together as it connects it together. This Yeah, can I do what I can to stay? So what's the theme?

00:54:36--> 00:54:37

Yeah, can I would,

00:54:38--> 00:54:46

uh, yeah, can sustain. That's the central theme of solar to be fair to everything in it has to do with that at hand. A lot of it has to do with this

00:54:48--> 00:54:51

has to do with this. You can trace it back to this.

00:54:55--> 00:54:59

Maliki omit then feeds into this and comes out of that

00:55:00--> 00:55:06

Same thing in a salon and everything. So if you understand that central theme, you've got sort of

00:55:10--> 00:55:15

what's the, I would say the Yeah, you you've got this syrup of sort of

00:55:17--> 00:55:17

the word.

00:55:18--> 00:55:23

Yes, you have the key definitely, but you have the concentrated solar cell fat.

00:55:25--> 00:55:28

so to speak, you have the concentration of solar cell factor here it is.

00:55:31--> 00:55:41

The yoke. Oh, yeah. Okay. Oh, you Yeah, you have you have the concentrate and you can dilute it later on, as you study it. Okay, so that's Surat Al Fatiha.

00:55:44--> 00:55:46

Surah Al Baqarah

00:55:47--> 00:55:51

Surat Al Baqarah. She's the longest surah in the Quran.

00:55:53--> 00:56:12

The central verse or the foundational version, so little bacala there is a mistake as I'm writing it, as I wrote it with Barrett's Yeah, okay. Yeah, Johan, Su Budo como la de la como La Nina macabre comme la la comme takuan. I'm going to be using this this translation.

00:56:15--> 00:56:19

And this is verse number 21 in salted Baqarah verse number one is salted Baccarat.

00:56:21--> 00:56:52

Everything gets sorted who Bukhara is an explanation on this. Everything, whether it's themes, or whether a singular verses, or stories or explanation of this, of this verse. So verse number 21, the translation of the meanings, or humanity, allies addressing all of humans, so solidly buckler In this sense, is what is an address from a lot of humanity

00:56:53--> 00:56:56

alive, speaking to him as a message to humanity

00:56:59--> 00:57:00

worship your Lord

00:57:01--> 00:57:05

worship and your Lord

00:57:06--> 00:57:20

who created you and those before you those who came before you so that you may become you might have mindful of him is translated you're mindful but taka taka is more

00:57:22--> 00:57:26

everything is also Bukhara has to do with this. Everything

00:57:30--> 00:57:49

so it's an address to humanity is to everyone. So if you want someone someone wants to know about Islam and about what allowance from people in Islam to better risotto Bala Yeah, they better read source the book life a Muslim wants to know how to worship Allah or Buddha or back home, worship your Lord.

00:57:50--> 00:57:56

They better go over certain Bukhara understand it carefully and they will know how to worship Allah.

00:57:57--> 00:58:01

Allah back home if you want to know why you should worship

00:58:02--> 00:58:11

Allah, you better go to source because Allah gives you enough reasons and sources of Bukhara why you should worship and worship Him. And that's quoted in the word back home your Lord.

00:58:13--> 00:58:21

Right? If you want to know the meaning of worship, it's in solitary Baqarah, or a Buddha, the meaning of a bad it's in Surah Al Baqarah

00:58:22--> 00:59:11

Hola, poco critted you says I'm dressed to you. And those who came before you, humanity are under the same obligation. They share the same lineage, same ancestry, the same fate, the same experience. Those who came before you is the same experience. So you have a connection to the people who came before. And you have so much to learn from that human history. Keep that in mind. human history, though you and those who came before you shared human history. Law Come on, so that you may arrive at taqwa what is the kwahu and know what taqwa means Sultan. Allah tells you in detail what taqwa means we're going to break it down from solten bacala. And also, there's a hidden

00:59:12--> 00:59:18

theme here, which is basically states of being like taqwa

00:59:20--> 00:59:31

earned their cause and effect in terms of behavior. So in a sense, you control your destiny. I was saying you want to have to or you do this.

00:59:33--> 00:59:42

So it's not about fate. It's not we have freedom of choice. And our actions, and our decisions are consequential.

00:59:43--> 00:59:51

All of that is sort of the law by the way, clearly, we're going to come to see Okay, so that's sort of bacala move on to sort of alien Milan,

00:59:52--> 00:59:59

shall I give you a test to guess? We'd like to get sort of alien Milan, so that anyone who found it to be very difficult to arrive at something

01:00:00--> 01:00:11

Scholars who've tried to talk about the intent of sort of Allium Milan, actually gave different answers. But if you again, this is the principle of profound try to dig deeper, always dig deeper you can actually connect them.

01:00:14--> 01:00:16

So let's have a Manzano would like to give a try.

01:00:28--> 01:00:43

See, this is one of the main themes, which is last person sort of idea and runs one of the, one of the main themes, but I personally could not see how everything else and sort of branches out of this, that was my issue with sovereign patience.

01:00:44--> 01:01:07

And when we'd like to give it a try, so inshallah as we go over the surahs, like in the second round when we go a little bit more details, that's why it's important to do your homework. If you read what we are going to cover, we will have some questions we'll have a discussion. And that's extremely helpful for us to understand by the way and learn it enhances our learning experience. So if you do that, it will be very helpful what I

01:01:12--> 01:01:25

call incontrovertible Nola, safe love a lot and follow me in this is a bit too general to be a theme I could connect this to everything in the Quran not only sorts it on one you see so sometimes you could we could go through global which is too general

01:01:28--> 01:02:04

and that would not help so I could get could give something to general and it could connect to everything but we would lose the what is what is special about this soul so we have to narrow it down go a little bit higher resolution but not too much. Because if you go high resolution if you go 4k man it's going to be too specific. It's going to be too specific which is like a middle wasabia reverse is just too specific. Some of the other things in the surah will be have to be excluded. So we want to find the sweet spot in the middle where there is something that is general enough

01:02:05--> 01:02:11

and is not too specific. Okay, so it does not become too general

01:02:12--> 01:02:19

so we lose what is special about the soul and it does not become too specific word we lose the main theme of the soul

01:02:22--> 01:02:25

the okay let's find out

01:02:29--> 01:02:33

well I tell seems to be heavily laggy Jamie and well

01:02:36--> 01:02:36

okay

01:02:48--> 01:02:48

yeah, which is

01:02:50--> 01:03:12

verse number one or three where it tells me more be heavily la Hey, Jamie Anwar tarraco with Corona Mata La La Comic Con la de la Vina pulu baconfest baton bdms he won a quantum lF shuffle 40 million naira van cada comb minha Cabeza de Cuba you know, la hola como area de la la come

01:03:14--> 01:03:14

to do.

01:03:15--> 01:03:17

This includes patients, by the way.

01:03:18--> 01:03:29

And it's definitely part of loving Allah right. But let's, let's just go over this verse again, since it's the so I'm not going to stay the central theme, but I'm gonna give a lot of hints about it.

01:03:30--> 01:03:39

So I'm going to read the meat a translation of the meanings and hold firmly to the rope of Allah. Everything in this water, by the way, is about this.

01:03:40--> 01:03:46

Okay, and do not be divided. There's so much about division over there. And so it's Alabama.

01:03:47--> 01:04:13

And remember, Allah's favor upon you when you were enemies, a favor of Allah in Islam, which is which is Islam itself, right? You were enemies. So Allah gave you two things by means of Islam. Allah brought your hearts together. Right and brought unity among you. So you were enemies then he united your hearts. So you by His grace became brothers.

01:04:15--> 01:04:22

So Talia, Milan talks a lot about this and the importance of this. And we couldn't have come to Malaysia.

01:04:24--> 01:04:44

And you were at the at the brink of a fiery pit and he saved you from it. So there is issue about Muslim relationships together Muslim to Muslim Brotherhood. And there's an issue of the your got your state of guidance, religious state and the social state

01:04:45--> 01:04:46

and

01:04:48--> 01:04:49

the religious state

01:04:50--> 01:04:51

and the state of the Muslims.

01:04:53--> 01:05:00

These are the these are the two sub themes of sort of Talia Milan so that everyone talks about this and talks about that they

01:05:00--> 01:05:04

actually take 90% of the soul on these two themes. Okay?

01:05:06--> 01:05:11

For uncle the common haukadalur you will be in Allah Hola, como de la la come down and does

01:05:14--> 01:05:29

a lot makes his revelation clear to you so that you may be rightly guided clarification of the guidance. Okay. And all the verses and signs of Allah and guidance. So guidance and what

01:05:32--> 01:05:52

they actually they contain within themselves what all of us are, that's it, I'm on his arm and he died at his arm and he died. I just saw many die. Okay. By far this is the central, like, foundational versus sort of, by far like there's no rival to it. Okay, so let's and Lisa.

01:05:54--> 01:05:59

What do you think the central verse or the foundational verse and so often they say is,

01:06:00--> 01:06:07

sometimes you will find it in the middle? Sometimes you'll find it at the beginning, sometimes towards the end.

01:06:09--> 01:06:14

Sometimes you have a few verses rivaling over which one and it's difficult to choose.

01:06:16--> 01:06:24

Yes. Yes. So one of the Nisa the first, first, and then the whole sort of branches out of it.

01:06:26--> 01:06:38

Yeah, you have NASA toccoa de la de la kocoum. So it's about humanity, humans, okay. It's always about tafawa, which we had in solitary bacala. And Rob bakmi, oh, Lord,

01:06:40--> 01:06:47

who created you from one single soul? One single, so you all came from the same person?

01:06:49--> 01:07:02

social connections, you all belong to the same family. Okay? But then, okay, there's other issues with the family that's in common has or even the spouse of that soul came from it?

01:07:03--> 01:07:28

Right. So that shows the connection between humans and the closeness and then husband and wife and everything that has to do with them. What birth I mean, who Mary john and Catherine when he said, humanity, men and women came from that, right? So nations, other nations, and tribes and so on and so forth, how they connect, what's the relationship, how to deal with them,

01:07:29--> 01:07:33

reminder of humans, you know, all being the same race, right?

01:07:35--> 01:08:14

Men and women a lot didn't say just people, men and women, issues of men and women, how they relate to each other all of them are there. And all of that is done within the context of telco are fearing the last panel of data and being mindful of him and dutiful to him. What would happen law again, tech wise again so that shows led to Sir aluna V, your devotion to Allah that you ask through Alon you ask of Allah. What are her music newness to Alon you seek your needs to be fulfilled through your being dutiful to your kids to your relations being beautiful. Again, relations

01:08:15--> 01:08:18

in the lock and it cannot be allowed to mature over you.

01:08:20--> 01:08:29

Okay, I give so many hints so many things okay, let's move on to next solar so let's

01:08:30--> 01:08:31

see.

01:08:32--> 01:08:34

So let's Alma Ada

01:08:36--> 01:08:42

swords remainder has a name by the way, like a companion saw the alarm? It's called solid metadata or solid. Who knows.

01:08:45--> 01:08:47

agreements sort of agreements.

01:08:50--> 01:08:57

The first bit or the first verse? Yeah, you're Latina. Man, oh, Bill Roku.

01:08:58--> 01:09:04

All you believers or you who believe. Honor your obligations and abode is not obligations.

01:09:06--> 01:09:09

So code are your agreements, your confidence.

01:09:10--> 01:09:11

And that means

01:09:14--> 01:09:26

your transactional covenants and agreements, business transactions, rent, sales, whatever. Services, employment, honor them.

01:09:27--> 01:10:00

Social agreement which is not necessarily not necessarily explicit through a social contract. social contract is extremely important. And that's why Allah commands this within Marouf what is known what is accepted in society as long as it does not go against system because going against the norm of a society disrupts it creates a lot of trouble and a lot of issues, create troubles for you and for others and will lead to grave consequences going against the norms of society, as

01:10:00--> 01:10:24

As long as they are not against Islam, by the way, is playing with fire. Many people don't realize this, even with smaller issues, by the way, because people have a social contract, I expect you to behave in a certain way, even though I don't know you, I've never met you, I expect you to behave in a certain way. You're, I can figure you out to a great extent that I'm safe, I can deal with you. We have some common grounds, I will save

01:10:27--> 01:10:38

that that makes socialization and transactions and dealings and everything that makes life go smoothly. But when someone is not bound by the social contract, by the way,

01:10:39--> 01:10:41

we go to survival mode.

01:10:42--> 01:11:02

We don't know what we're dealing with. So you see, so people freak out. That's why, by the way, sometimes, and I understand sometimes there is racism in every society, but sometimes we overuse that sometimes just people generally speaking, reject what's what's what's different, and they're scared of it. It's a natural human reaction.

01:11:04--> 01:11:05

And then we labeled as racism.

01:11:08--> 01:11:23

So sometimes you just have to understand human nature. That's why the prophets of Salaam, for example, in the house wasallam, alabasta, Shahada, the prophets, Allah prevented and prohibited a person to wear or to dress up in a way that is different from the people different from the masses.

01:11:26--> 01:11:42

So how do you how do you know that someone is not gonna grab your tablet and smash it against the wall? How do you know that? Do you have any guarantee? No, but there's a social contract is inappropriate behavior. It's your property, right? That's the social contract.

01:11:43--> 01:11:48

Again, there's a natural contract, we have a natural intuitive contract, they simply contract with Allah

01:11:50--> 01:11:52

Sugata Mitra talks about all of this

01:11:53--> 01:12:04

talks about human business transactional contracts, talks about the social contract, talks about our natural filter our contract with Allah and talks about our conscious

01:12:06--> 01:12:27

commitment to Islam as another type of contract. That's what sort of the meta talks about. And then it talks about other nations and their contract. So the verse or the story of al Qaeda is actually about this is about the contract thing, and so on and so forth. We'll come to see even had just mentioned that there's a contract there. So we're going to talk about this

01:12:28--> 01:12:30

can take one more solar solids,

01:12:31--> 01:12:32

and

01:12:35--> 01:12:56

I'm not saying themes I said, I'll just mention the verse and I'll give hints. These themes, we're going to go over the full on like this In this quick fashion, probably maybe, I'd say three inshallah, three weeks should be enough. Then once we're done with softness, we'll go back to solid fatty head and start dealing more at a depth when sha Allah and I'm leaning more towards this, every month we'll finish a juicer being the latter.

01:13:02--> 01:13:03

So a lot of Anam

01:13:07--> 01:13:18

certainly gave me a lot of hard time, really like I couldn't figure out the central theme and I read here and read that and like they didn't come together from different scholars, they didn't come together.

01:13:20--> 01:13:21

But the first verse

01:13:23--> 01:13:42

Alhamdulillah Allah the halaqa sumati will Allah Jalla buruma to know from malaria, Nikiforov Europe Bohemia, don't me see how it's translated here. The meanings, all praises for Allah who created the heavens and the earth and may darkness and light yet the disbelievers set up equals to their Lord in worship.

01:13:45--> 01:13:49

The Arabic is very profound, honestly. And hamdulillah.

01:13:50--> 01:13:56

That means allies complete is perfect, and he deserves all the best and he does everything that is just right.

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It's the one who created the heavens and the earth. That's his little Bobby His Lordship, He is the Lord. And he made the darkness and the night and all of these have literal meanings. And they have symbolic meanings. All right, they have symbolic meanings,

01:14:13--> 01:14:14

then the disbelievers

01:14:15--> 01:14:17

make equals to the Lord.

01:14:19--> 01:14:58

What does it talk about? talks about Allah who Allah is. Allah talks about himself in a beautiful way and salted and ham like no other solar. So most of the solar is just about a lot of description of Allah even Allah says Valley como la hora, bukom La Ilaha Illa Hua Budo. It's a profound verse and sort of Allah Nam. This is your offer a description of Allah. Allah says, this is your Lord, no one is worthy of worship but him so worship him. That's a beautiful, profound Allah speaks about himself and then she introduces himself to us in detail. And he shows that he's the only one who deserves to be worshipped know equals, and he talks about how equals and

01:14:59--> 01:14:59

equals Allah.

01:15:00--> 01:15:08

to him and so on and so forth. Then he goes into details about prayer and about slaughtering animals and about how to deal with animals and about legislation.

01:15:10--> 01:15:14

And how this has to do with ally himself and the rights of Allah.

01:15:18--> 01:15:23

Okay, should we take one more a lot of a lot of gave me a hard time anyone can figure out a lot of

01:15:24--> 01:15:31

really gave me some tough time, because it's quite diverse. It is quite diverse.

01:15:35--> 01:15:36

And our

01:15:38--> 01:15:39

no one wants to give it a try.

01:15:44--> 01:15:45

It's verse number two.

01:15:47--> 01:15:56

And if lamium saw keytab on z, la la, familia confusa darica. How long do you mean home between the lavi when the

01:15:57--> 01:15:58

meaning

01:16:02--> 01:16:03

this is a book or a book

01:16:05--> 01:16:12

that was sent down to your Prophet, do not let anxiety into your heart regarding it. So that

01:16:15--> 01:16:20

so that you may warn the disbelievers And as a reminder to the believers.

01:16:22--> 01:16:25

So to start off is about the book

01:16:26--> 01:16:44

is about the book of Allah and how to deal with it. Okay, and how to warn with it and how it serves as a reminder, then it talks about how people, different people deal with the book and what's going to happen to them based on that.

01:16:46--> 01:16:48

Okay, let's stop here.

01:16:50--> 01:17:06

Yeah, my hope is in about five minutes, six minutes. Okay. So we will stop here inshallah. And next week, hopefully, we'll cover quite a good number of sutras with the central verses or I would say, the foundational verse in every solar

01:17:07--> 01:17:30

system this is give a good journey, quick trip or journey through the Quran. Before we take a more in depth one over the central themes and the main themes in through the Quran. And throughout this inshallah, I'll be sharing some quotes from some scholars about this about the methodology that we are following. So we're going to stop here, I can take one or two questions before we close.

01:17:35--> 01:17:36

Any questions?

01:17:38--> 01:17:48

So okay, just I just remind you, it's, it's good. Again, you can follow at fcls we are moving along inshallah, this will help you pace your research and

01:17:50--> 01:18:06

preferably have, I would say, have the translation at least have the translation of the meanings of the Quran and follow with us and when I give you a homework to read, it will help us a lot during the helicon. sha Allah help us keep going according to a reasonable pace that is suitable hopefully to everyone.

01:18:08--> 01:18:21

And again, if you want to follow another level, if you want to follow with Al Khawaja Hassan by chef have been been steady on the principles of the Tafseer of the Quran, then we'll be going over this slowly. So halka has two segments.

01:18:23--> 01:18:37

And then at some point in Sharla, we will merge both of them and you will see how they're the principles help us understand the themes of the of the Quran. Yeah, and that's it Charla Why? So, questions again? Yeah.

01:18:43--> 01:18:44

Is this a puzzle?

01:18:53--> 01:18:53

Yeah.

01:19:29--> 01:19:31

Okay, I see why the puzzle was them.

01:19:33--> 01:19:34

So this is okay.

01:19:36--> 01:19:38

Yeah, the reverse says Why tasleem?

01:19:40--> 01:19:59

Hold on to the rope of Allah and be united. Without this. There's no unity. And if there's any unity without holding on to the rope of Allah, it's not the Unity Allah talks about this. Put the verse a little bit on the side here and go to your question. Your question is a key question. second line when it starts in the gym, or where does it start from behind the Imam

01:20:01--> 01:20:10

Yeah, some people are at the understanding that they should start on the far right. But that's not you know, you don't want to be with the far right or the far left.

01:20:11--> 01:20:12

Yeah, be in the middle.

01:20:13--> 01:20:19

Be in the middle. It's politically safe. Be in the middle start where the man starts. That's really where the lines dots. Yeah.

01:20:29--> 01:20:29

The central word

01:20:31--> 01:20:31

come from?

01:20:36--> 01:20:41

Oh, yeah. Okay. That's a good question, a central theme in a soul or is it only in one verse?

01:20:42--> 01:20:55

Well, that's why it's Central. It's everywhere. You can trace it back everywhere. That's why it's Central. Because if you can't trace it any, like even the same 30% of the verses, you can't trace it, then it's probably not Central.

01:20:57--> 01:21:08

Right? But yes, there is a verse that sort of harbors the most intense expression of this central theme, and that's what we call the foundational verse in the soil.

01:21:10--> 01:21:22

Okay, so we search for that verse. But sometimes, it might be difficult to find one verse that is quiet, like expressive of the theme or gives a very good idea of the theme.

01:21:24--> 01:21:29

So then we might use two verses in that case, but haven't got to that point yet. Okay.

01:21:30--> 01:21:55

Okay, just come along later on. And see you next week. 730. Again, Zakouma here. I saw a lot of the brothers martial arts, I'm gonna make the effort to come early. May Allah reward you, that's a great improvement, and inshallah will help help us with the class. I said, I'm taking this endeavor seriously. So inshallah let's put our hearts and hard work and it was a last lesson on how to do it was it was every Friday at 730 in the latter aisle.

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And we will let you know if there is an interruption of there's a special event. We'll let you know the week before we hit nilla