Introduction to The 40 Hadith of Imam An-Nawawi
Channel: Umm Jamaal ud-Din
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Selena what happens in Isla salatu wa salam O Allah Rasool Allah wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa ala along Malema and founder when foreigner Bhima Alam Tina was ignited MA in nikka Simeon de buen Majeed
Okay, so inshallah we're going to be starting our topic on the 40 Heidi's of amendment only Rockman law. And so obviously the subject is going to focus on hadiths we haven't really focused on this until now.
And as most of you know, with as with every subject and *tier, you have to work upon it in stages. Okay. So before we, you know, begin to speak about this topic, we need to give a bit of an introduction into it so we can understand it properly.
So, when we're talking about the riff when the referring to Hadith and Sunnah, in, you know, in regards to how and what had the scene, categorize Hadith and Sunnah. Then when the Mojave theme or those who like the people of Hadith when they speak about the Hadith, or the Sunnah, they're talking about whatever is attributed to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, from his statements, like things that he said, or his actions, or what's called a temporary or temporary remains his implicit approval, which we'll talk about, and also his sufa haldia, which is like, um, his characteristics of appearance. And also, he's called obeah. Like, he's his character. Okay, so whatever is
attributed to the Prophet sort of love it was stolen
from this is what's considered to be from the hadiths or from the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So excludes what is attributed to other than the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So, whatever is attributed to one of the Sahaba or the tambourine, this is what we call harbor.
Because a harbor of equal report your Hubbard Yeah. So according to, and that's according to the gem pour of them had the thin majority of the hottie thing. So let's look at these divisions. Okay, when we're talking about the sooner we're talking about the Hadeeth, we're talking about, meaning only he got from his saints from the sayings of the Prophet so a lot of it was sent out to explain. So to explain this, whatever is attributed to the Prophet sort of lorrison from statements from his old now most of the Hadees of the most of the Hadith of the Sunnah
are words that are attributed to the Prophet sallallahu sallam. Okay, majority of the Sunnah are from the words of the prophets that allows them statements that he made, like for example, we say in the man amen v net.
This is from the statements of the profits that Obama has sent him.
Okay, this is what the, what had been called a Hadith, only a hadith and folia, like the, the hadiths which, you know, from statements, so it's whatever was expressed by the prophet sort of love by the Senate in words. And then you have the second category, which is min Finn infinity, he locked from his actions. So this is any action that was done by the puppets that a lot of it was sent him, like, what was transmitted from the Sahaba, regarding the widow of the prophets that a lot of it was stolen, or his actions in prison, or, you know, fasting or Hajj, or his dealing with others. Okay. That's all like, so, the raw UI the the writer, or the Sahabi will say can be subtle lewat it was
send them yet fine Kedah, like the profits that allowed us to do such and such, right. So this is what we call a Hadith, and fairly are what they call that a hadith of his actions. And then the third is what we said before, the top three, like the approval of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. So that is the prophets that a law isn't approved in action. What is his approval, it's when he didn't say anything about it, like he might have heard about it, or he might have seen something happened in front of him. And he didn't say anything about it. So he's silence is, is, is an approval. Because because anybody for anybody else, it's not an approval, like if you see us fall
off, not say something about something doesn't mean necessarily, it's still Hello, right? Only for the prophets that allowed his son, if he remained silent about something, it becomes a fulcrum, like it becomes a it becomes a you know, a ruling for something that I'm thinking of is you know, when I'll go
Amsterdam said we should cover your anything but the face in the hands. He didn't mention the feet. So that is Does that kind of come into what you're saying? Because he didn't mention the feet, that silence meant that it's not really know what we're talking about here is when he saw something happened in front of him. He didn't he didn't. He didn't denounce it. Okay, like, for example, you've got holiday even while he he ate a lizard in front of the profits that a lot of what is going on in the profit person did not say this is how long you can't eat it. You know, you don't you know, don't say he didn't denounce it. Okay, so that means that it's allowed. So it's allowed it was
allowed. Yes, exactly. So if you saw him, if he if he knew about something, if he if he was informed, we know that he was informed about something and he didn't, we didn't say anything about it. It means what that person did from action was okay. Okay, that's, that's how we take it.
Okay, and then
the next one is the C fats. And holo Thea, which is like, he's, he's characteristics like that he was somehow lost or lost. And he was Kadeem, he was very generous. He was very humble, you know, he had the shyness, right, all those, all those things. And then the third, the last one is the haltia, that he was of medium heights. Okay, he was a medium height.
And that he, you know, used to, like, have a have a fast pace when he would walk. And so you might ask, how can we implement this? Like, how can we implement these things? Because these are the natural sort of carrot, you know, natural, what do they call it? appearances of the profits that alone? What incentive or natural habits? Yeah, you know. So what the scholars said is, for example, when you're going to prepare to walk directly to your destination with purpose, you to walk with purpose, you know, walk with determination, not turning left and right. That's how you can implement that that's to not have the profits that are low understand them. So when we're talking about the
definition of the sooner with the more happy thing, basically, the sooner with the more happy thing is a synonym of Hadeeth. So it means they're both interchangeable. You know, we can use sauna for headaches, or headed for sauna. But when we're speaking about so not in soccer, or in a pseudo FIFA or al Qaeda, the meaning can change. So depends on what science you're talking from. But different depending on what science you're talking in. The sooner has slightly different meanings. Don't try to say because of the way they classify things. So for example, if you're looking at, if you're talking about the filter, like you're talking about football hat, then the sooner
that I look at
they don't look at it from the aspect of it being attributed, or what is attributed to the Prophet sort of law, what is certain what they look at it in regards of it being a hokum, tech leafy? Right. What I mean by that is, like, we just feel they look at it, is it wedgie? Or is it still not? Or is it my crew? Like they look at it as regards? What's the ruling on it? You know, I mean, like, what's the ruling on on on? Or is it more by? Do you understand what I'm trying to say? is recommended? No, no, where do you be obligatory? Okay. Yeah. And recommended was to have, you know, means a bit that's when when you're talking about, you're talking about is this action? Is it wedgie? Or is it
just as soon which is nice to have, you know, like something like something that's rewardable, it's a tsunami, which is, you know, something liked.
So this is how the tsunami in eternity, technology of Boko Haram is a ruling of accountability.
And we don't don't talk about it in relation to how it's attributed to the prophets, that a lot isn't right. Then for the map of soul,
but Sunil Hadees that they they sorry, they definition as soon as very close to them, I had defin. Right. So they take it as from
as, you know,
one of the muster especially like, what I mean by that is, we have sources of legislation. Right? There are sources of legislation for us to make rulings. So because when we do that, we'll sort of feel you talking about the base of the religion, like as soon as conditions right, so what what fully is interested in is the, you know, where do we derive our religion from? We were like we derived from the Quran, we derive it from the Sunnah. we derive it from the email. Okay. So, for the suli, the sooner is talking about where we derive our
you know, what I mean? What do we derive the religion from?
So they don't include, they don't include, for example, the the appearance of the profits and stuff like that they don't include like the characteristics of the profits that are in that
They'd say whatever is reported about the profits that allow them from words or actions or implicit approval from what is fit to be a proof of Shetty, are they, you know, that's what the Assouline are interested in. They're interested in what other proofs of surety are. So they look at the sooner as the source from the sources of legislation right now the oil and metadata, if they say sooner or this action is sooner,
then they mean that there is a proof for this action from either the Quran or the sooner
Yeah. So therefore, they take the sooner to mean that which is the opposite of bizarre that which is the opposite of innovation.
So we then the sooner isn't just what's attributed to the Prophet sort of lawyers and and rather it's also that which there is a proof for it with the in the Quran or the Sunnah. Or Oh, from the provide Sharia. So that's why they hold the, the suit not to be opposite of Buddha and if you look at the prophets, if you look at the Hadith of the Prophet sallahu wa what he said and when he says la combi suniti upon you is my Sunnah was suniti cooler for a while she Dean and Maddie Maddie mean body and upon you is a sunako coloca she didn't know the rightly guided cola fat who came after me to mesocycle be her while la had been the wedges no hold on to it and bite onto it even with your
molars. As to he says what? Yeah, that that more and be aware of the innovated matters for in Nakula data to be da that every new unique bit you know, every new
matter is an innovation right? So we Here we see the opposite. In this hadith we see the opposite spectrums we see at the beginning of the Hadith was mentioning about Sunnah. And at the end of the Hadith, it's mentioned the opposite, which is bizarre.
All right, so he was speaking
about that which is attributed to the prophets that alarmism through what he said or did. And, and for what we derive.
And you're sorry, and from that we derive what was meant by that word or that action.
Okay, so that's, that's the differences. That's the differences in the classification of the Summa between the different sciences are *tier. Right. Now, today, we will but we want to speak about as another part of introduction is the importance of the sooner the importance of the sooner
All right, so first of all,
the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam plays a huge part in the life of the believer, and it's important to emphasize on this because we live in a time where a lot of people are trying to, you know, disregard the Sunnah or they're trying to cast aspersions against it to not follow it and things like that, right. So number one,
we have to realize that the the sooner is the practical implementation of the Quran. And it is the test it is basically the Tafseer or the real life implementation of the Quran. Now, if you look in the Quran,
it doesn't mention about the number of the press.
He doesn't mention about the number of the rocker arms. He doesn't mention about the nisab of the car. You know, how much do I have to pay for the car? It doesn't mention that. It also doesn't tell us how do I fast Okay, nor does it tell me how do I go for Hajj and Umrah? How am I supposed to perform that? Right? And this is the same for the rest of the legislations and rulings like the Quran only mentions basically
the general idea of those legislations but how to perform them we have to go to the Sunnah of the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam. So we consider the sooner came as an explanation as a clarification, and to give details of what came in the Quran. This is showing you the importance of the sooner
and a second point here is that you cannot understand the Quran except through the Sunnah of the Prophet suratgarh. What is done so we can't understand a lot of the Act can if we were to go to a lot of the rulings in the Quran
and the legislations given by the Quran, we can't even understand them properly without going to the Sunnah, and having, you know, going to the Hadith, which explain what is meant by those rulings.
And those people that only look at the Quran.
Yeah. And how can I even like how can they even practice their religion without all these things? You know what I mean? It's the biggest argument against them. Yeah.
Okay, then the third point
Studying the sooner an abaya is from a better it's from worship and obedience to Allah. And in many of the is a lot more data joined between a bang
a bet you know, in many as allowed Allah has joined between the obedience of the profit sort of lawyers that actually be in civil law like
well do law to law school that obey Allah and obey the profits that are at the center. So there's no way that we can make use of the Quran only as some of the misguided six did, who they put the sooner to the side and they say that the sooner was only for a certain period in time. But you know, now we only need the Quran like you mentioned, like the Quran and so on. So this is this is not correct, because there is no way that you can act upon the Quran if you're not taking the Sunnah. And similarly, you can't understand the sinner properly without the Quran.
Okay, their hand in hand you have to take them hand in hand, just as you can't understand the Quran without the sooner so that's why learning the sooner acting upon it teaching it is an act of obedience to a loss of pantalla right because Allah Allah joined between obeying the Prophet and his own obedience to Panama Donna in many a yet Allah tada says may you disrobe was Sula, Takada, Otto LA. cabeza prophet has therefore about a lot. Right.
And the fourth point is pretty much similar to I think the third point I meant that the Was it the second point mentioned many artcam in the Quran would make clear and the one who clarified them was the Prophet salallahu the center.
The fifth one is
someone might say, What's mentioned in the Quran, or what was mentioned by the prophets that are Larson is all theoretical.
Okay, however we look at the we look at the life of the Prophet sallallahu, etc. And we see practical implementation of that in life, like how do we practice this sooner? How do we practice the Quran, we look at the life of the prophets of Allah, what is them, this shows us how to act upon you know the words of the prophets, or how to act upon the Quran itself. So, that's why when we speak about the theoretical, you know, a person may not know how to act upon it, like if we only had the Quran without the life of the Prophet solarz, then we might not really understand how to act upon the Quran still, you know, even if we were told, you know, to do certain things, but to see it
in action makes it understandable.
All right. But when we come to study the woods, the actions, the implicit approval of the profit sort of lower center, then it becomes a practical lesson of how to apply it in our life. Because we have to realize too, that ultimately, the profits that are like the profit sort of law, when it was set up was a human being. And he used to live with people you know, used to eat with them. He used to live a normal life, just as other people live, you know, he got married all those things. So it's through his practice that we see how to how to you know how to leave Islam basically.
So that's why the sooner is a real life application of the Quran and Sunnah. And this is why you find that there's urging in both the Quran and Sunnah to learn the Sunnah. But for example, you have the Hadith which says,
another Allahu Upton send me an apology.
So I have for the lover hat men Lamia smart haha. So May Allah, Allah brighten the face of the one who heard what I
you know, what was said by me. And he understood it as as it was heard, and then he went and informed others about it. So this is from the draw of the profit sort of long line isn't that forever learns he's still not that may Allahu taala, you know, made his face be brightened by a loss of fantana and you know, inshallah, that person is given like bilasa pantalla in both this world and the next on your piano inshallah. And the Sahaba used to pay a great deal of attention to the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, you know, we seen the time of the Prophet so long and it sounds like that always be you know, trying to raise to hear you know, anything from the prophet SAW a lot
of them some of them even had partners that were one would go and trade they'd have their their friend who would go and listen to the Prophet Solaris and all that while I had to go do their trading, then they would ask their friend, what did you hear from the prophets that allows them to do that's how much you know, keen, and that's how keen they were to hear from the profit sort of law minor center. And then after that, we see the keenness of the LMS as well, the scholars and this is where when we
We study the history of the sooner we see how the sooner was written down it was preserved in the books
and we know that there's a huge heritage of books available that have preserved the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam and from the most authentic collections of these books after the Quran is the size of a Buhari and similar to it is the psyche of Eman Muslim, right? No, no no they're two separate books. So the oma has accepted these two books as the most authentic after the Quran So hear me No no, no, no, we aren't no new follow them but they are because it's the most authentic collections of Hades after the Quran. So the others are authentic but the other one I'll expand in a minute like the other collections and they have sahid in them they have weak they have Hassan you
know, acceptable Heidi's gonna sneeze.
But you could find some fabricated had this in there. Right. Okay. De colo, you sabbatical.
Okay, but for the but for Saki and Bukhari and Sahih Muslim we say in general, everything in them is to hear so it would be more with well, wouldn't it be more worthwhile to just like analyze these the most of the stick with those if you're especially if you're a beginner, you stick with those in particular, because with the other ones, you need to check if it's if it's authentic or not, but you can get books that mentioned whether these, you know, had this authentic or not, you know, you have to go to those comic books, but from the different types of collections of Hadith.
Also are those that are classified into 14
Okay, so there was some collections that were done by scholars headed scholars that would have classified that into 14, like, the collected 40 haddix. Right. So you had some that were classified by rulings, some are classified by Taliban tell him like, you know, um, you know, encouraging, you know, encouraging for righteous actions and discouraging. And, and these collections were done.
The reason that some scholars put these collections together, or 40 Hadith was due to a weak narration of the prophets that the Lord has said and that it says that whoever preserved from my alma 40 from a religion, Allah will raise him amongst the poor and knowledgeable right? So the scholars agreed that this hadith is weak, but some scholars used it as a base to collect 40 Hadith so we've we found there was like a, you know, there was a lot of scholars who would would just collect 40 Heidi's right, so mm Naui Rahim Allah He says, He never know where who's the author of this book, which we're gonna be like the collector of this year. He said, I didn't collect these 40
Hadith based upon this hadith. Rather, I only collected them based upon the previous Hadith that mentioned that may Allah brighten the face of that that person who heard you know from me, yeah. So this is how the collections of Hadith, you can find that they are these volumes that are called out of Bane. They're called like the 14th, which is what we this is what they're called out of it. And now we are called is named after men of know your mother. Yeah. So as for these 14 collections,
some of them will be about certain subjects. So some of them might be about the Koran, or they might be about loot, you know, like browsing the world, things like that. Mmm. And now your hemella He said, I looked at all of these collections, and I found the greatest of them was concerning, or regarding the principles of the dean. Right. So because the Dean of Islam is based upon some basic comprehensive principles, like if we saw everything in Islam, there are some basic principles that underlie all of the rulings that you can find in Islam. Okay, and and so this is a foundational knowledge for the whole religion. So email night Mmm. And now we Ramallah was successful in
collecting these 40 cadets that make up the basis of the foundational principles of the whole religion. And that that actually drives this is probably one of the best books I've ever taught. And I'll tell you why. Because this book, through each of these cadets, you're going to see, each of these headings is basically giving you
is basically giving you a comprehensive principle to be found in the religion. Okay, so if you study this book, you'll find that you're going to actually cover the whole region.
I mean, it's like a summary of the whole religion. So for example, you'll find that there's when you kind of say these Hadees you're going to say that one day want to find a headache, it's about the NEA. About the intention, yeah. Then you'll find there's a headache about a bad day being taught to fear that actually bad that's a toughy fear means that
You know all the data has to be based upon proof from the Quran or the authentic Suna, right. Then you find how this about halal and haram then you find how this about other you know about you know, yes. And then you'll find Hadith also about the levels of the dean. Okay, so you're gonna, it's gonna cover the whole religion panel like it like in a in a comprehensive way
All right. Um now Originally
there was a scholar by the name of Abu armour, a solid radi Allahu anhu and he had collected on 21 hadiths but he didn't collect complete his collection. So he can he can put together 21 of these had deeds that represent each one represents a comprehensive principle in our religion, right.
And then, in memenuhi, Rama law he went through these Hadith and when he found how each one represents a comprehensive principle, he then added on to those and then became 42 so even though we call the 40 Hadith and even though we ran the light actually there's actually 42 and you read it Yeah.
So they will called an out of body and now we are so in an MMO now we write them a lot that were attributed to him because he's the one who basically did that collection now a little bit about mmm no mmm and no he Rahim Allah. So he's His name is Eman. Maja Dean.
Yeah, yeah, been shut off. And now we are a Chevy. Yeah, you don't do all the damage, just give the full name. He's born 631. He drove
off of the he drove his father used to work in buying and selling. And he used to take him with him to that shop like so the father was just a trader, basically. And he used to take his son to the shop with him. And then in my imaginary ragamala, I used to get very annoyed, I used to get very bored going to that shop. And subpanel I can always sit and revise what he's memorized. And he was less than seven years old. But he would always be revising, all he been doing is just revising what he's memorized, right? So and when he would go out of his house and see boys playing, which is what's usual for boys that age, he didn't want to go play with them. So he was very unusual from a
very young age. And, you know, if he was made to play with the boys, he'd get annoyed. All he wants to do is revise knowledge and go to the, to the Hello part of the scholars, right.
So he was attracted to the gods, that gatherings of knowledge and he would study with the great scholars of his time. So after you finish memorizing the Quran, he studied major books of the Sunnah, until he had absorbed that knowledge, despite his a very young age, and he was very well known for his thought, Okay, so what you know, and now denounce, you know, renouncing the pronouncing the world, like, he just needs a simple life like he was because he was so dedicated to his knowledge, he didn't have time for, you know, making food and or, you know, wasting time on that, like, so he just basically said, leave on like bread and water, and he would just, like, dip
his bread in the water. And that was that, you know, that was basically how he would sustain himself most of the time, right?
So he just basically dedicated his life towards seeking knowledge. And he went on to do a shutter, which has like an explanation of Sahih Muslim. And he became prominent in the Hadith, and also in film, and also the science of a job with daddy.
Um, and in many other books in subjects in the dean, from his greatest books you might have heard about we are our eldest Salim. Yeah. And also, he was known for his a Bader and he was known for his, you know, protective jealousy over the dean and doing an A B model for now honeymoon car. Right, you know, it's upon a lot, you wouldn't believe that he died when he was only 43 years of age. Right. And yet, he was from the greatest scholars of Islam, you know, and he to the level that he's known as any man and the leaders of scholars, and he spent his whole youth researching, memorizing, you know, and you know, our teaching and passing on the knowledge. So, we see a lot of
scholars, they died very young and you look at the volumes of work that they completed, they did not waste their time. They had so much Baraka in their time and they really, you know, his power made use of their time. So, these 40 Hudis which we will come to study, many scholars went on to do explanations of these
Hadith that they wouldn't get shot, you know, like a shot of the Hadith of the cadets from them was a bad Roger and Hanbury Rahim Allah, he's one of the most comprehensive explanations
Jana aireloom what hycon
Mmm, no Iranian Allah, he also did a brief explanation of these Hadith and other scholars until today have given, you know, gone gone through and done lots like explanations of these Hadith due to what's contained within these headings. Okay, so what we're gonna do, we're gonna go through the beginning of the first study, we're just going to talk, we're going to go through the wording of the body, and then show an extra boost up looking at the benefits of the body.
So basically, the first study
what, okay, what what our system we'll be in going through these headaches is we'll look, we're only going to give a very general overview of the age of the Hadees, which means who recorded the Hadith
and then we're going to go through what's called the L five of the Hadith, which is like the wording of the body. And then the third thing we're gonna do is we're going to go through the mindset in which was like the benefits
or the rulings we can take out of this body.
I've just mentioned so I'll just go through the first set. So I'm Omar, bin Al Khattab radi Allahu anhu.
On submit to Rasul Allah, his little Dongwon a was Salaam yeppoon enamal Ahmed Roubini yet we're in America, Lee Manoa, Vernon, Canada to draw to who you know law he was a Sunni he for he draw to who eat a law he was sued he won in Canada teach what to hold he dunya you see Buddha in Marathi and Keith who have for his water who Ilana Hadji La la la la vous Eman
in Rome? Buhari yo Muslim alright so it's related by mmm and Buhari
okay so this hadith a quote, you know, according to the tougher age we said that suffrage is by amendment the party and Eman Muslim. And like we said whatever has been related by Imam Bukhari and Muslim Mima Buhari and Muslim is considered to be here so the oma is unanimous upon the acceptance of the book of an Imam Al Bukhari and the book of Imam Muslim. And the difference between them isn't regarding authenticity.
Rather it's about who is preferred one over the other so Mmm, well Heidi, how he proceeds. mm Muslim is in respect of the strength of his hobbies and they and he's and their authenticity. Okay, like it's gonna he was considered even more scrupulous than a Muslim, but they both considered to be safe like they both consider to be studied volumes of Hadith. But it's just that you mentioned Buhari is considered even extra scrupulous as we speak about, whereas Imam Muslim precedes a man by Buhari in his layouts and he's organized organization of the Hadith and his category categorization of the Hadith. So Eman and Buhari did not include any Hadith in his Sahih until he prayed to record this
the level he went to, he would pray to Raka he would make his do far to Allah. And then GG is extreme caution in what he would include he even had some extreme conditions for what he would exempt from being acceptable in relate in relation to how the narration the narrator's should have met each other and all these things. Okay. So
okay, so, um, but what I said before is
and that and so and so, and that's why the site up I believe, it is considered to be even more authentic from the two, but what you have to understand is, both of them made the condition on themselves to to not include except for what is the here So, they only they only included what is in their books.
So, both these books are here in their region, even though But the other thing too is the other thing you have to understand as well is they never claim that these are the only Sahih book only bodies. So just because we say that that that that this is the collection of Eman Eduardo Eman Muslim, and just because it is not in one of those books does not mean it can't be Sahih as well. They didn't claim to have collected every Hadith and that there's nothing else left. Okay, but they just made their criteria they are going to collect a collection of Sahih Hadith. Yes.
So you can find the other thing is true, though, that you
can find some a few very, very few hard deeds that some of the major scholars have spoken about. There's some differences of opinion about them, but they are very few in number. Now, the most important thing to understand from this is basically that they are the most authentic books after the book of Allah subhanaw taala in their region. All right, anyway, so this heavy was reported only by Ahmad, radi Allahu anhu. And that's why the classification for it, it's called a hadith leave. Like it's called an unusual Hadith for a very because
it's only reported by one person, but that does not remove it from being amongst the most authentic of Hudis. Okay, so this is the first idea that was recorded this first today it was recorded by both Bukhari and Muslim. And so that by that we know that it's been recorded in the most, the two most authentic books are for the Quran, like these holidays was recorded in both sides, the size of a gohari and the psyche of Muslim, Muslim. So therefore, we know that it is a Sahih Hadith, the fact that both of these are connectors that, you know, really aimed at collecting sorry, haddix, they both
recorded in the
books. So we now come to what we call the L five of the Hadith, which is like the expressions of the Hadith, the prophet said, along with some sick, enamel, armello bieniasz.
All right, that very action that by their intentions.
Now the word innama in Arabic, it's considered to be like a restricting tool. So here, and our men are being restricted by their nia.
Now the meaning of our men here, are we speaking about all actions? Or are we speaking only about those actions that draw person closer to a lot depends on like, from acts of worship? So people have knowledge have two opinions. And the more correct is that it's General, because the profit sort of lower is some sick. Um, that'll be next. So the plan includes all of the actions, so it's considered to be comprehensive.
Right, and our man will be net. What is the meaning of this, some scholars say that the actions won't be correct without their intention.
But the more correct meaning is that what the more correct meaning of this is that the reward for actions is only by their intentions, so whether it's a good intention or bad intention, you get what you intended for what
this statement can include. When we say in the manner that are meant to be in the app it can include,
it can include actions that are both allowed and what's not allowed.
Right, so And yet, what is the meaning of that Nia is our past. It's what your intent is, and the purpose or the purpose, you know, why you're doing something your purpose, right?
So, it means what did you mean by the action? When you did that action? What did you mean by it?
What was the reason that you did that action?
Exactly. So that's the meaning of it linguistically, as for the religious meaning, that it means one of two things. So this is interesting, this part. So number one, number one, what you're doing by that intention into distinguishing one act from another. For example, when you have a salon, when you have prayer,
it's showing, are you praying? Or are you praying?
Like your intention is what's distinguishing because you both they both for rock arts, and they, they both for rakaats. So what's going to distinguish between both and asked is the intention.
Also, when you pay the son of budget, and then you pay for budget, like the student affection looks exactly the same as the budget pray the fog prick, but what distinguishes it is the Nia like you having the need to pace to not have a gentleman having the need to pray to the Father of budget, right.
A second thing is is distinguishing what is meant by the action so for example, two people they praise subtly
one of them does that I've been to a lot you because a lot commanded you to praise you go pray, while the other one that don't usually pray, but because they were friends were around them. They said I'm going to pray just because they're embarrassed. Yeah, like what because Yeah, because they're embarrassed and they just feel embarrassed not to pray. They don't even know that our prices are low. So what distinguishes between their prayer and what's meant by it is the Nia isn't it? Yeah. So is it for a lot or is it for other than a lot
Like what is the reason you're doing that? Is it for a lot? Or is it for other than Allah subhanaw taala that's what we have to always purify our intentions inshallah, we need to always ask ourselves, what are we doing this for? Are we doing it for less putana are we doing it for other than Allah subhanaw taala Okay, so this is what this is what this, this hadith helps us to internalize, that inshallah, like in the middle are meant to be next, we're in an equilibrium manner.
So, virtually all actions are by their intentions, and virtually every person will have that which they intended. So it means that every act, reward for it depends on the intention, like what reward you get, will depend on what you intended in the first place. So every person will get will be recompensed for what they intended. So they're just that the just that the recompense of the actions is according to the intention, you know, will that person be rewarded for that prayer or not? It all depends on the nia.
So in the Hadith of the prophets that are what is said, and
he gives an example of a person who traveled you know, what was that reason for that person to travel? Was it for trade? Was it for Umrah was it for being ill when he died? You know, like keeping the blood ties, you know, was it for seeking knowledge? So the reward that a person gets for their travel, it depends on their intention why without doing it in the first place?
Okay, that's why the prophets little dog was upset. We're in an early pulley marine man, our
people using an excuse to say it's all my intention without realizing we're actually doing something wrong. Yeah. Well, Allah knows you can't hide from a loss of control, isn't it?
Okay, so um,
so from the, from the way that the Prophet said, a lot of it is that I'm used to explain things, you know, because if you if you just have this the other day, and said, a person will get what he intended, you might not fully grasp the meaning of what he's meant, right? So that's why the prophets that alone isn't often when he would give these type of Hadith, he would go on and give some clarification and give some examples of what he meant by that. And that's what we see happening in this hadith here. So this Hadith, it gives you those distinct, a real life example of things that you know, people knew about at that time. So he says, for example, the men cannot teach what to who,
you know, law, he wore a suit he who is he draw was for Allah and His Messenger, for he did what to who, you know, law he wanted us to leave he then he dropped his for Allah and His messenger. So first of all, is talking about a Hydra, what is a Hydra
like, linguistically, it means an inter pod which means to
how can I say, to to to move to make a movement right? Or means a talk, which means to leave.
religiously, it means to move from the place of shirk, to the place of Islam.
However, this is only in this is this is only one of the meanings of a Hydra. So a Hydra in relation to its religious meaning. It went through three different stages. So the Hydra has gone through different meanings of different religious meanings. It went through stages, right? So the first one is, the first meeting of a Hydra in the beginning, was to migrate from Mecca to Medina.
And the second one, I'll explain each of these in a minute. And the second one was to migrate from the land of shirk,
uncouth to the land of Islam.
Also a place of fear to a place of safety. So different meanings. Yeah, this is this is this is the second second meanings of same one right? To leave a place of featural place of safety. And a third one is to move from sins and disobedience to the obedience of a loss of power. Okay, so the professor of law Some said, mahadji, Roman had your arm and now Allahu anhu that elbow hedger, the one who makes he draw is the one who migrates from what Allah has made forbidden love when you move away from when you move away from from something a lot has made hot on, we leave home environments, like you might have been in bad environments and you leave those bad environments. That's totally
dropped. If you move away from a place like you're living in a place where there's lots of sad, and you move to another place, because this is the time he dropped. And we see that that man who killed you know, he killed 99, you know, then killed 100 people and he was what was he doing? He was leaving that place. He wanted to repent and he was leaving that place.
And then then a lot of Allah commanded the Malaysia to take his soul as he was already leaving that place, right. But the point is that he was making a huge drop, he knew that he had to leave from that place of sin that was making him more
prone to falling into those things. Because certain environments can make you more prone to falling into scenes. And if you find that happening to yourself, you need to leave that place and go somewhere better for yourself, right? Yeah.
as for the first meaning, this meaning has now come to an end, because there was fat Mecca, right? And that's what the prophet sallallahu Sallam said, there's no hedra after the fact. Because now philosophy any Mecca, is not not occupied by disbelievers anymore, right. So
yeah, because remember, it was compulsory, you know, to migrate from Mecca to Medina to be with the believers. All right, but then Maccabi came from the lands of Islam, so that kind of feeds right into it.
As for the second meeting, making he drove from the land of Sherpa to the land of Islam.
It's not word you completely now.
Alright, so how we act upon it, we act upon it, if it sebab exists, like if it's, if it's the reason, if it's reason exists, then we have to act upon it. So we don't say it's complete, like, it's where'd you get its completion depends on the situation of a person, I can explain it to you, like a person may not be able to migrate, or a person may be able to uphold the rights of his their his country. Right? So for example, you might be living in a land of disbelief, like what we're living in.
But you're able to practice your religion openly. Yeah, yeah. But you but depends. Not everybody can because some people, they, they, they are weak, when they leave, you do understand. But if you are a person, who you're able to practice your religion openly, you're able to pray, you're able to wear hijab, you're able to do all the things you need to do as a Muslim, and you're not scared to practice your religion. And you know, you're not scared of your children's religion as well. Right? Okay. You don't have fear that your parent your kids are gonna go misguided things like that. So therefore, in this case, he Dre is not considered wedging for you, as long as you know that you're
practicing. Okay? You're not you're not fear of your day. Okay? So if you are you need to go to a better environment. So fee of dating doesn't it can mean two things. It can mean people attacking you like physically Yeah, yeah, like, like attacking you. But it can also be psychological where you, you yourself, you're getting so affected by your environment, it's not good for you and you're able to practice you know, agro practice, because it's psychological. That's also something you have to take into consideration as well. It is it is a lot a lot and see, unfortunately, most people who
who need to do it, then don't worry about it, because I don't have that level of a mentor, but in the first place, and the ones who do worry about it don't actually need to because they're actually already practicing. They're, they're probably more worried about it, but they're actually practicing quite okay. You know what I mean? Yeah. Okay. So when it becomes wedging is by two conditions, number one, if he feels for himself or his Dane,
right. And number two, if he's able to make he drunk in the first place, because not everybody can make history like we see male and make it easy for them, those brothers and sisters in China right now. And they've been persecuted for their religion. Like in their case that would have to make he dropped if I can't practice like another fast from a bomb in order, you know, where he dragged things like that. But sometimes they can't due to weakness, maybe they don't have the money, they don't have the means they'll be excused due to that.
So the main things we're talking about here is you can't openly practice your deen like, you can't play you can't fast, you can't do your soccer. You can't wear hijab, things like that. So talking about the basics of religion.
We don't say for example, that our because we can't call the event opening in Australia, that we're not able to open, we practice our religion. That's not really it's not fun. It's not from the back. Of course, it is definitely
preferred that we can do it, but it's not from our main core of our religion.
But as long as we're able to practice our core, our core tenants, that's what we should be concerned about. The number two, you need to be able to migrate. And like I said, if you're not able to migrate, then Sam does not hold you to account for what you can't do. Like I lost his leg Kelly for Lovell, Neff. Sen. illa usaha. Exactly. Yeah, a lot only only causes to account for what we're able to do.
Okay, so for the second meaning of hedron we say remains, if the causes are there, or if the reasons are there, then it becomes hard to implement that. Then the third like I mentioned,
Is the Hydra from sins, you know to make and this is where do for everyone, it's word you but all of us to make you draw from sins, and to migrate from places of sin and places of disobedience and from everything that Allah has made forbidden, like we wish to live in a better place and be with better people, better environments, choose better environments and always be away from the, you know, always migrate away from sins. Okay? So the prophets that Allah has some said, Men can teach what to eat Allah He was sued he for he dropped to who you know la he was soo Lee. So he said, he said basically, you know, basically whoever's he dropped was for a lot and he's missing jack. Then the
reward he gets is a Hydra of to Allah and His messenger.
Okay, women candidates, here's what to hooli dunya UC Baja, Athenian Keifa village Watteau Illa hedgerow LA and whoever is he dropped was for dunya dunya UC Baja, meaning to gain money or to get married or you know, some other doing your thing. Then their reward is according to why they made that hedra
Okay, for his right to who Isla de la la he draw is according to what why he made that he draw. Yeah. So, some of the scholars mentioned that there was a reason for these hardigg
it was recorded that in some, some books that there was amongst the better ones, that he made hedger with the prophets that a lot of them in order to marry a woman and she was male face, and that that that is why the Messenger of Allah mentioned this hadith.
But in reality, like they said that the reason that he made Hydra was to marry all faiths and not to make enjoy the profits that is known for the sake of Allah and His messenger. However, this hadith is not authentic, and it's not like it's not considered to be authentic as how and how often even larger.
Oh, sorry, I haven't even Roger handily mentioned he says I did not find any basis for his narration. Okay, so we just take this hadith as it is,
like, don't don't consider it like if you if you I mean, most likely never come across it. But if you did come across that there's a there's a story behind this hadith. There's no authenticity to that story of why this hadith was mentioned. I'm trying to say so just we take the Hadith, according to what was mentioned in the Hadith, how to act upon it, and next week, we're going to go through the the benefits of this hug it's because so far, we've only gone through the wording I've only gone through the wording, but we're going to show the next week to talk about the benefits and the lessons that we need to derive from this hadith inshallah. Okay, so panicle lon will be handicare
show alert ilaha illa nastasi. Luca wanted to be like, what sort of La who send them for that is Elena Vienna, Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi edgerank