Intellectual Seerah #10 Hijrah

Mohammed Hijab

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Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah Hara what a cattle How're you guys doing and welcome to the 10th episode of The CRRT intellectual center, the critical Syrah where we employ the interdisciplinary approach in order to decipher and unpack the life of the prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the greatest man who has ever lived. And today Inshallah, we're going to be going through some of the events leading up to and including the Hijra of the Prophet Muhammad wa salam, when he immigrated or emigrated to, from from Mecca to Medina. And it's a very important time in the history of Islam. And not least because in fact, the Islamic calendar, the Hijiri, calendars as a schooled,

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is based on where it starts from this event. So in fact,

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the Hijiri one Hijiri is one year after the hijra, and so on.

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And so we'll start with something important, something the prophet has asked us to go and do dower to the people. So when obviously we mentioned some of the boycotts and some of the persecutions that the Muslims were facing, that people were still doing Dower, the prophet hasn't said I'm being one of them, in fact, is obviously the main person giving Dawa for the Muslim people. And

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he was, you know, putting Islam forward.

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But also, he was looking for support,

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because he understood that the critical point had been reached, that the critical mass had now been reached, for the persecutions, boycotts, etc. This couldn't continue any more. And so what was required is there to be a beginning of a new polity and Islamic polity, that there had to be a safe haven for the Muslim people. So effectively put my hands on salaam started to go scouting for that, and to see who would accept his data, not just that, but who would protect him and his followers in this new policy that would be formed the Muslim policy. So this is why it's an important and critical moment in the history of Islam, and also in the state of the Prophet.

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There are two events which stands out as the most important events before they hit, which are referred to as bad luck. So there was two by Atala covers, there's bad luck with all that. And bad luck about a third year or the br the pledge of allegiance of October, the first one and the Pledge of Allegiance balaclava, the second one, and the bad luck of alula. It took place, when the Prophet Muhammad wa salam came across two particular tribes, allows an L has Raj and the Prophet would typically give dower to people, when they're doing pilgrimage and stuff like that, he would scout the areas, different areas. And he saw these two tribes, who had been warring tribes and fights with

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each other for a very long time, they will call the house and I'll hazard to Arab tribes. And they lived in in a city called Yathrib, which will be renamed by Assam as El Medina. And we'll come to the significance of that, in what follows.

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So the process would go to different tribes and ask them to believe in Islam and to take the Muslims as protect the Muslims and to and to give them safe haven

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in exchange for an agenda for Paradise for afterlife rewards.

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The majority of tribes or many of the tribes that the process that I went to didn't accept this proposition. We don't believe in this or that's not what we're gonna go for.

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I also have lunch with different

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and before we explain why they were different, it's important to realize that in neotrope, historically, Jewish communities existed for a very long time.

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And in the Jewish tradition, as you know, they're waiting for Messiah, they're waiting for a new prophet. And so I'll also have already exposed to Abrahamic religion, if you want to call it that, yeah, they weren't exposed to biblical discourse, they already exposed the concepts of Prophet who was already there, they understood what it is. There was interactions between Elsa Huzzah, Raj and the Jewish tribes. In fact, the Jewish tribes would proclaim a kind of theological superiority over them, because they have a book and it was sent to them and these kinds of things. As you know, Judaism is not a proselytizing religion. It's not an evangelizing religion. It's not attempting to

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get new converts. Not to say that there is no way of being a convert to Judaism. There is a way of being coming up convert to Judaism, but they don't make an active effort, like Christianity and Muslims to be a missionary faith.

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And so from the

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reports that we get into Sierra, it seemed to be clear, then also Hazzard felt a little bit undermined by the Jewish communities in the area.

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So now that they've been told, actually, there's a new prophet, and he's an Arab Prophet, so Muslim prophet, okay, and believe it is inclusive faiths, anyone can become this religion, from wherever tribe you're from, whatever country you're from, it doesn't matter. So inclusive faith, you don't have to be do you don't have to be ethnically

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attached to this particular tribe or any site. So, this was something which is good news for them. They like this, they already understand what profit means they understand this. But there had been a warring tribe. I mean, they had been in war with each other for a very long time.

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So, they accepted, they had accepted

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the dower and the Prophet Muhammad wa salam sent some of the companions, for example, Muhammad Ahmed, he went to

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the people of Medina

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and started giving dower so now you have the first contingent or cohort Muslims from an outlaw coverage? Who would then be cool. By the way, what will they be called? A Lancer. They'll be called the Lancer. So also has Raj will then be called Ellen south. Obviously, at this point, this answer means the ones who give victory to someone else. They weren't referred to as that.

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The Prime Minister Salam sent some of them to give Dawa in Medina.

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And people like Musab Hamas

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would do that effectively, to the point where there's reports which say that every house had somebody inside of it, who either wasn't Muslim who was talking about Islam. In the mud in Medina, every house had this majority of houses have people that now become Muslim for the dour efforts of Musab, even our mayor and other individuals, so it's not spread Islam sides were very naturally in this way.

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But now it was time. You see, now it was time for action to be taken. So needed to be a pledge of allegiance.

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And so those two there was the first one by two Lok Sabha l hula, which is the first br to LA Harbor

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and is also referred to as Baotou laka Baotou mdsap Not because which means the pledge of allegiance of women, not because it was exclusive to women. What number one because there was a US that came down the Quran to Montana in chapter 16 of the Quran

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that gave us what these precepts were, that they had to give allegiance to and number two because it didn't involve fighting

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so what is what are the things that

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is mentioned? The first one

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that you don't allow Schlichting there Billahi Shia while a a silicone overlay is needed while actual Now later on in the Quran, right? So all of these things you're not allowed to do which is number one that don't do share with Allah. Number two, do not commit Zina. Number three, do not kill your children.

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And so on Slack theological stuff. Yeah.

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This mentioned sort of um, Danna. So in this Baia, there was

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in this particular VR,

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there were 12 men who gave pledge or only 12 men told me to give Pledge of Allegiance of this particular bear.

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And as you can see, it's all theological. So there was nothing about fighting or giving protection, the second battle.

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So they went against that also more, etc. And then they done another pledge of allegiance. There was 70 people who gave back. And now the precepts of fighting and all this stuff, protection, were there, so that you have to protect

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the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam

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if they tried to attack him, and the Muslim people. So now it's becoming Okay, a military situation.

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So the first one was theology only.

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And the second one was military and village combined. So the same things apply with bad luck, but Allah

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and now you have this

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what you see is a formation, which had never happened before, which is a formation that also has these two warring tribes that had been at war for a very long time, are now being branded in a new way

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to the province Professor Salem was, you refer to them as Sr, which are the people who give victory to Islam,

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which shows you the importance of using words and

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and language and discourses and this has become very much like emphasizing the current day they use this and especially in postmodern theory, in fact, let me give you some examples, but just the background

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is that there was a book written by a guy called Jacquees, Derrida called gemology.

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And that book is talking about how important it is that how loaded words are now, obviously, these post modernists have taken it to an extreme. And they'll, you know, they use it for gender theory and stuff like that and say, Well, you know, a man is not really a man and a woman is are you using these terms for for these purposes, and each word has a power dynamic and blah, blah, blah, blah, blah. And that's taking it too far. Because now what they're doing is they're using language

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to negate the objective reality, not to explain it. That's the problem here with if you use language in this way. However, it's important for us to realize as well, that language has been misappropriated by our enemies and this is why the work of Edward side of Orientalism is extremely important because it shows you okay, this is what the

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this is what for example, how the West is using terms of languages.

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This is the words we they being used in the Palestine conflict, you guys have seen persons being killed, this person has died, that kind of thing. But more so, you'll see how peoples are being described, terrorist gunmen all this language to create images and narratives. Now, why do I bring this to your attention because language is one of the most important things we can use as human beings. The Prophet Muhammad SAW salaam used language in a way to create new narratives. And this is done expertly in a way in a level that no one else has been able to do human history. So you have two tribes and also hazards right? These two tribes have been at each other's throats. So much so

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the Quran says law of pocket MFL out the German man left away in equilibrium, Maliki and Allah Allah we know that if you had put everything in the world together, you would not have been able to bring their hearts together. But Allah brought their hearts together. You have two tribes that also has Raj, but now they have been given one label one team

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which is what which is unsolved, which is a subcategory of a subcategory of OMA Islamia.

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This is part of the genius of the leadership of the Prophet Muhammad Salah Salah that he was able to did to create

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to eliminate division based on lineage and tribalism.

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Using terms which puts everyone together

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it creates a completely new narrative because human being is tribal by nature, the in group out group dynamics is very easy to see the other person's enemy

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but the way in which language is being used by you'll see this yummy that some Kapha for example, you know, this this term this believer and becomes a terminus lamb. You so what does that indicates? It indicates Islam, or faith is the most important thing so much so we're gonna divide people based on his classification.

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For example,

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even something as simple as Salah, the word Salah and abaca, means.it doesn't actually mean doing tech beer and going through the motions and then doing Tasleem at the end of it. The word has a meaning which is da Salah before the Arabs understood it as meaning da. But after Islam, it has a completely different meaning. If you say Salah in Arabic Now, you mean what begins with haram and finishes with the sleep, the emotions that we imagined. So it creates an entire narrative.

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So this is what has happened. Now you have the two bars that have taken place. And now the events that will unfold are some of the most important events to unfold in Islamic history.

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Which is the Hijra from Mecca to Medina, one of those things which are very important,

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which has taken place

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is and there are some variations about this.

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But before that I'll mention one point with the bear

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with the battle acaba. Before it there was a guy called Sid Ben zilara. Yeah, it was rara. This particular individual was like one of the chieftains of the tribe. I don't know if this has double check, but could have been hazard right. And before they gave back, he was like, make sure you know what you're getting yourself into. Because this, this pledge of allegiance entails that everyone's going to fight you guys. You're going to be at the front lines. So are you sure you want to get into this? And then they still accepted terms of conditions.

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So yes, now we go to the Hijra situation. Now you all know almost cinema who's almost cinema

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it's one of the prototypes Iceland's wife but before she was

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the perfect house or salons wife, she was the wife of Abu salah.

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All right. As you can imagine, right now, when the agent was happening and stuff now people are now thinking about, Okay, we've got a safe haven in this other place. We've got these people that have done Pledge of Allegiance. Yeah, we've got everything ready, the protection is ready to play state is ready, we need to go to that place now.

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Now, certain things are happening, where the Quraysh were feeling like this is a very dangerous situation, that if this happens, is going to create problem they're going to say about us that we couldn't have that the people hate us, it's going to destroy our reputation, why our own people live in our land. So they saw this disrespect that people are leaving to go to another city.

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So I'm gonna give you one of the incidents that took place almost Salama, basically, who had then become the one of the professor's housewives.

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She her husband's have mo salah, and she had a son,

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Abu selama had actually attributed himself to the tribe of his wife, Alma selama. So he wasn't initially attribute to that tribe was Quraysh. By sometimes it happens he attributed himself to her tribe. But because he wasn't by blood, that tribe, they started giving them a hard time.

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So he wanted to go to his Euro, because he's a Muslim.

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And they had a son to give us a young boy, maybe two year old, my one year old boy.

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And they said, No, you can, you can go you can go into his chair, if you like, you can leave, but you have to leave the boy with us. You have to leave the woman with us as well.

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So

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basically, what happened was at some reports say this, the boy was in this kind of tug of war situation. So the holidays were holding them back. These guys were holding on to it they were separating, so it was I was scared that he's gonna get his anger dislocated. So she was scared that the boys gonna soften because she said Just today, I will send them I'll take him and go, because I don't want anything bad to happen to him. So almost sentiment was by herself in Mecca.

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Effectively crying every day. She's crying every day. Because her husband is not there. Her son's not there. So she was in a state of depression. She was crying every day for over a year. Everyday crying, crying, crying, crying. And two people had enough of seeing that and they said okay, fine, you can go

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so she made her way as well. To a Medina. These are all what was then called Yathrib. These people were now going to Yathrib and Medina.

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It was actually a summer mental her she had this experience of a guy called Osama bin Taha who this person because obviously you can't just go there you have to go with a with a camera with a with a horse, from Mecca to Medina.

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And so what happened was

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that she was trying to walk and find her way there. She couldn't get there. There was this man his name was somebody tell her who said I'll take you

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you know, and she she praised them a lot this match. He said that he was like one of the most honorable men have ever met, because he took care of her took care of the child. You know, he didn't make any advances to her at all. He said whenever I wanted to do something I'd look he looked the other way. You know, she, she probably raised him because he went

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and took all the way there and went back.

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So this was one of the incidents.

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And this is we're talking here in terms of timeline. This is about two months after about Lacava the second one that's what the Sierra right as saved about two months after the bed, but now that he's just trying to take place

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now the house Salam was gonna go and do the Hijra himself. And now he's speaking to abacus to do a Bakr Siddiq

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wanted to accompany the Prophet Muhammad Salah

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so he was saying to him look a soft by Yasser Allah would you allow me to be your companion like in the travel? And he said yes, it's going to be me knew that go together because they obviously went as groups and different people and scattered you can't go just as one go, because the college has wanted them dead, although we're going to harm them. So they have to go scattered and stuff like that.

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And in fact, we're going to come to the point that they wanted to pull out some dead at this point that they came together and decided they want to kill him so Isola

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so um, what was the deal set aside by also Allah? Do you would you allow it to be a companion to travel?

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And

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he said, Yes, he suggested you can you can be. So walk us Dick started to cry of happiness. I actually have no rights in Hadith, that when he was started to cry of happiness, he was crying so much

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that she had never seen anyone cry of happiness until that time, was the first time she ever saw anyone cry out of happiness in her life.

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So that was

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What happened?

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But what they did the tribes, the different tribes, they came together. And they said, how we're going to get rid of this man.

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And the narration says, how are they going to give you the pronouns?

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So there were all kinds of back and forth and discussion. I said, if if one tribe kills him, and he's from kurush, then that's going to be seen as tribally unacceptable, we will be dishonored for life, how can we kill it for what?

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So, somebody say shaitan was majestic, and he was then in the flesh somehow, in this meeting.

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It was suggested that actually what we should do is we should get one chieftain of like one chief of each tribe, and those 11 men in the in the in the gathering, and we should all come together so that the responsibility does not fall on that one tribe shoulder. So responsibly does not fall on the shoulders of one individual, one tribe.

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And they said, Fine, so they have they came to that conclusion that yes, we're gonna kill him so Lasala

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and the Quran actually brings us to the end fell their plan to light with the uncle rubrica Latina CAFO Leah Leah Leo. Idiom Karoubi Kela Xena Cafaro the acro Dukkha aka Toluca.

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Let us be Touka Are we a Raja Dasari, with young Kubica Latina Cafaro loose be Touka o Yakko Toluca O. Raju welcome Karuna RAM Kula Allah Hello mercury.

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So, the way the uncle rubrica Alladhina Cafaro that when the disbelievers made a plan against you lose be Touka they will arrest you they will seize you.

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Oh Yakko Toluca or they're going to kill you. Oh, yeah. Raju? Are they going to kick you out of your home? So they were discussing these three alternatives? Why am Karuna Why am Corolla they're planning and Allah is also planning will la Hiral mercury, so Allah exposed the exposed the the plan of the disbelievers in this instance.

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So you might have come across this and once again, the hadith of this. I haven't seen this have though the authenticity of it. I'm not saying it's not authentic, but I have not done the research on it.

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But you but there's a lot of discussion among scholars like cathedra and all this they all talk about as if it is authentic. And it's a story of Okay, so what did they do? They said, When I leave the house, I'm going to put olive Nebuta in the bed. So if they come try and kill me

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they're gonna find me they're not gonna find me there. Some people Orientalist and others they've criticized this is, why would the Prophet put Ali in that position where he can be killed? That's that's the criticism, the responses, there's actually a hadith connected to this, which says that the Prophet said to ally, he said to him, don't worry, you're going to be fully safe.

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You're not going to find that a problem. So it's as if we know enough from our perspective, from our confessional theological perspective, we know that there was weigh on the meta, like, because the way the process of them delivered that message to him was that there's not gonna have any issue, you're not going to be hurt at all.

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Secondly, like, even from a tribal perspective, why would the rally, you get no money from it because with the profit, they offered 100 camels, which is a lot of reward. So by killing ally, you'd have all the you'd have all the blame of killing a policy without any of the road. So even from a monarchy perspective, it doesn't make any sense. It will also not stop the message. So why would they kill it? Like it wouldn't? There's no impact on Islam. Yeah, so getting the message out there. Exactly. If it wasn't, it wouldn't have any impact at all.

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The second thing is

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there was a lot of stories that took place from when the Prophet he moved him and Avoca Cydia moved from Mecca to Medina.

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One of such stories is probably the most famous one as well so who knows?

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What's going on with that one?

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The story of Hearthstone What Does god mean? Okay cave okay. The horror of okay so

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Skipwith

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lattice and in Allah Hamana is Elisa heavy, is Omar Filati Cara Lisa who let us tell us a story. What is it about what's going on? The professor cinnamon Abu Bakr Radi Allahu Anhu. They both were hiding in that car

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while the machine was searching for them, and they could skip on they were in the way so they

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They seek refuge to that. God to save themselves. And when the people left the mushrik in the follow the journal worker was scared he looked down there was so close there. So they even had the sound of the feets walking around and he was scared somehow that they will find the professor's Angela Pasadena la hermana don't be scared allies with us Yeah, yeah anything sorry is a story of spider making webs and all those

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It's not often

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I mean there's there's a few of them like I was looking at the Hadith relating to that because there's there's a pigeon there's a spiderweb there's like different ones and each of those ones have a different classification. Like despite I think it's the weakest one a spider like the spider the pigeon. I think it's still weak or weak place last week

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talking about just the two of you in the cave. Yeah, so that's what he was mentioning so so let's What is the age gender? What is

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gender know what Surah it's in or do you know what it's about? So is the Toba okay I'll give you

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is when my fetal heartbeat is equal to Sahibi he letters and in Allah mana fans are Allah fans and Allah Hoosac iannetta Hawaii

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where is this and what is this talking about? What is it was verse anyone have the translation

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when you guys to get involved at this point

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I think you have the translation. Me Yes. We're getting up

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because the next exercise is we're gonna do the translation and then we're going to do like a five minute 10 minute break and in that time,

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yes force.

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If you help him Muhammad salallahu Salam it means

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if you help him not, it does not matter. For Allah did indeed help him when the disbeliever drove him out. The second of two, when they Muhammad salallahu Alaihe Salam and Abu Bakr, Radi Allahu Anhu or in the cave and he saw SallAllahu Sallam say to his companion Abubaker be not sad or afraid. Surely Allah is with us. Then Allah sent down His Sakina calmness, tranquility and peace, etc. upon him and strengthen him with false angels, which you saw not and made the word of those who disbelieved the lowermost while it was the word of Allah that that became the uppermost and allies Almighty always on and mighty always. Yeah, it's a bit Okay, so there's a good transition. I mean,

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it's a tough scene. Well the translation is that loss and fun

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is that Mr. Han

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good translation nice final goods what he said is fine what he said is there's a few things the one bucket doesn't doesn't actually appear in the in the brackets parenthesis whatever. The second thing is, it says a sent down angels we don't know for faxing because what the Quran says what nzlr Jerusalem saraha Yeah, he sent down yeah, he didn't he sent down soldiers which you couldn't see. So in fact, you know, you talking about the

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spider all that stuff, a lot of them are festoon they link it to that web as baboon azul and stuff. However, apart from that, it's not it's not bad translation. It's just these two points. What I was gonna say was that it's a very profound a in the Quran.

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Especially relating to one of the key precepts which Allah always reminds me of, mashallah, which is a tobacco. So I want to do is I want to give you guys 510 minutes to look at the A again, okay, and let's do it to the bottom of the Quran session. We I want you to paint the seed, that probably helps us Allah. He is now going with a box dig from Mecca to Medina. They want Him that yeah, they want him to La Salam did you want to kill him and they have a great reward for it. So they him and a Walker says, Dear have found this cave, there at the mouth of the cave. They're coming in.

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And the problem has a solemn is saying, don't be sad. Allah is with us. Let's take a look at this idea. Again without personal experts and ask the question, what are the lessons to be learned from this before we move on?

00:29:57--> 00:29:59

So he wants to start us off in sha Allah. So what did you

00:30:00--> 00:30:42

Hey, guys, what kind of lessons did you get from the A? So personally, I've got this lesson that if your help is needed at the same time, it's not needed, if you had the cause if you don't have the cause Allah is already there for the cause. So if you have the cause Su, who is helping himself to be successful, otherwise, it's not like Without you the call is gonna go in the way note, or doubt or something like that. So it's a loss one thing if believe, where you help him, you will help him like just like you're helping yourself, if not, Allah is there for him. So that's a personal lesson that I've got from this show is in essence, an asset to the unforeseen in assets and that if you're

00:30:42--> 00:31:09

good, you're good for yourself. And if you're not, if you're evil, then you're evil to yourself. So this is a general, I would say, theological precepts in Islam. Yeah. What else would you say? Yes, I would say similar stuff. Bice is interested in like, you know, in speaking about verse 40, can we go to verse before? If it's relevant, it kind of says, If you do not match forth in the way of Allah, He will chastise you with a payment, punishment, and replace you. So to be honest, it's like, you know, when ALLAH SubhanA, Allah says in surah, brother, like, if there is like,

00:31:11--> 00:31:12

in a hug, I always do this.

00:31:14--> 00:31:24

In the battle butter. I think it's sort of a con. Yeah. So when it talks about, for example, if there are this many of you who are solid, you can you can defeat this many tend to?

00:31:26--> 00:32:03

Yes, in fact, it's very interesting, because here, I was born with aids him obviously with Abu Bakr, and you can see how happy he was, when he was in his rejoicing to help him and obviously the last month are saying that he will give punishment to those who do not eat the prophet and he doesn't actually need them, like you said, and he's aided him with someone who is capable, if you took, I don't know, 100 of us to Abu Bakr, you get the comparison. The fact that he wants to aid the Prophet peace be upon him. It's like he was not not just sufficient in himself. But the fact that you know, he wanted to help you wanted to aid the Prophet peace be upon him. Yeah, like, and I'm not sure what

00:32:03--> 00:32:14

he said. But yeah, that's what I really took to be honest. Okay, anything else here? We spoke about a few things. First of all, it was the order of it. So it said,

00:32:15--> 00:32:48

because I know that be patient last month. So that's when that occurred. Then the Sakina came down. There was an order of believing was Metalla. Being patient, then then you know, the law came. So it's a level of things maybe as Muslims we shouldn't look for. And the second thing is, I was put on the Prophet Muhammad sai Salam, they always are the weakest points. They say the most grandiose statements, like I hear, the Prime Minister is very low, and we can see victory has been confirmed. And there's a level of it is very poor. You think I'm gonna win. And the thing we said was, do you remember the end of the i kalima Tula he Alodia

00:32:50--> 00:32:52

Allah's words is the highest DocPoint price was

00:32:53--> 00:33:07

lower than the word like oh, yeah, the only position the only physician that's when the highness of Allah's was were being confirmed. That's these are very, very nice. points here, anything else? I was

00:33:09--> 00:33:25

linking it to Masada, he said, um, when he was told, you know, you and your brother go speak to Pharaoh. And then he was kind of scared. And it was the same sort of message, part A lotta HAFA in any markoma as well.

00:33:26--> 00:33:48

So, you know, it's like a similar situation where it's two people, and they are sort of facing like, something like a near death experience in a way. And this also reassures them. The other thing you said, you know, what was it like? So the Prophet, you know, was born in Makkah lived in Makkah, loved Mecca, and he was, you know, really connected to it. And he was, you know, forced to flee.

00:33:51--> 00:33:56

But at the same time, like he was going through that, he was reassuring. Abubaker. So, you know, like,

00:33:57--> 00:34:27

there's just an element of leadership that he sort of, you know, as this was going on inside of him, he's also helping his companion at the same time. Also, you know, one thing you notice that the Prophet peace be upon him said, like the brother said, when he was at the most lowest are in the battle, hunt, duck, and even there's another iOS as you know, when the believers saw what happened. So this is what Allah promised. It's very interesting, because anytime they're in a situation where they can absolutely despair, is that the Imam just increases.

00:34:28--> 00:34:34

That's interesting, from my personal stuff that like, five, six years ago, I went through a really great difficulty.

00:34:35--> 00:34:55

And then the way things occurred, like not going into too much detail was a bit personal, but there was like five, six things that I was scared that I didn't want to happen in my life. And every single one of them happened. Now when they happen in such a way. I looked at it and I was like, this can be from November Allah we know it's from Allah anyways, but you have this.

00:34:56--> 00:34:59

We don't know how it works. But you get this increase on your mind where your instruction

00:35:00--> 00:35:28

despair, and everything you didn't want to happen happen, and you increase in demand. I've had this happen to anyone personally, but you know, it just hits you in a different way. So it's just, I'm just relating to it when I'm like, you know it the battle hunt duck, where you've got the machine come in, and you've got so much stuff going on. And then the Prophet said, Okay, Allah has given me this kingdom and that kingdom. And it's like, and you see a reoccurring pattern, you know, even with the believers in in Battlefront that where it's like, okay, this is what Allah promised us. And it's like, the increase in belief. So it was it's interesting, you know, that when they're in the cave,

00:35:29--> 00:36:04

and they hear these footsteps and and the Prophet giving them reassurance, like, kind of similar thoughts when we read this is all because, you know, the center brothers that what Ross Ross is on my bucket went through this in a very extreme, if they're caught, they're going to they're going to die, this is near death situation, and inshallah May Allah protect us from that. But you know, when the Dawa, we're in this day and age and amongst non Muslims, we may not be in that situation, extreme situation, life and death, but we're gonna go for a lot of issues in anxiety, stress, family issues, physic problems, money problems. So when you read this IR, it'll give you a Sakina look,

00:36:04--> 00:36:16

this is this is Rasulillah. This is a worker we've been through. And this is very powerful to give you that significant assurance, you like confidence, Inshallah, so very similar to your scene as I was also going to the guy to

00:36:18--> 00:36:33

Azazel hacking him, right, the two attributes, so Azeez is almighty so you know, he is capable of defending you're taking care of you and hacking him and he's aware of what's happening. And so those two being used here, it kind of makes sense with that situation.

00:36:34--> 00:36:59

Just two points. I liked what you were saying about sometimes trauma so to speak, can actually make you more strong and that is for some group of people. So there's the Quran indicates, as you kind of alluded to it, there's some people when the trauma happens to them they become even have higher Eman than before. For example, like you mentioned, it says

00:37:00--> 00:37:33

well, Amara and what we know now, a Lhasa Carlu has done Allahu Allahu Allah wa salam ala Rasulillah who are my Azad Illa Amen. And what a sliema that when they saw this is an Honda is coming to that battle. When the when the believers saw the Confederates, the different people coming to attack them. They said Heather, Mr. Walden, Allahu Allah Sula, who they said, This is what Allah and the messenger has promised us. Well, what is ALLAH the messenger promised us tribulation.

00:37:35--> 00:38:13

Okay, so in fact, Islam has never told you that if you become Muslim, everything is going to be perfect for you. In fact, if anything, Islam tells you the opposite, well, and they will when there can be shaken middle hope he will do, I will across the middle and while you will unfussy with a moderate or Bashir Sabreen that we will certainly try you with, you know, fear and death and so on. So they said, Well, this is what Allah has already promised us, or mezzetta Hum, Illa. Imminent what asleep man that this didn't increase him except for an event and to sleep. So you have a group of people who are the locals. We know the true believers. But then you have another group of people I

00:38:13--> 00:38:55

mentioned this little hedge. I mean, unless you may Abdullah have in Asaba. Who, maybe you have some people who literally worship Allah on the edge on the edge, and if good things happen, he's very happy with it. When Asaba to fitness when in Calabar, Allah G, and if bad things happen. He falls on his face. Hasina dunya la hora, he loses the dunya and the hereafter. So you have two kinds of people's. It's the same event. A traumatic experience happens. Yes, one of them increases Iman. The other one falls off the bandwagon. But why? What is Isa, you just mentioned that when something good happens to them, they do what they're happy with it. So basically, it's very interesting because

00:38:55--> 00:39:29

they haven't understand understood the son of Allah. So when something good happens, they like Allah says, You might love something which is bad for you. So they are in happiness to a temporary thing when something good touches them, and good, what in what terms good would you define this good. So when we say about the disbelievers when they're facing, I mean, the believers facing this believers, their mind is growing and they say this is what Allah promised us. They've understood and absorbed what Allah means when he's going through and saying that's why when they saw that they increasingly want here's the other ones when some good touches them they do but anything bad touches them. So

00:39:29--> 00:39:43

it's very interesting to panela you know, we just that's one thing another thing to bring to your attention is that it said that last call us you mentioned this Yeah, it's very interesting. I was waiting to see if it was going to pick this up. But I call it picked up Yeah. Which is

00:39:45--> 00:39:59

Allah says letters and he doesn't say letter half. He said he'd like you know, you mentioned Moses, he says lead half that in the markoma. In this He doesn't say, latter half it says letter hasn't. It doesn't say you don't fear says don't be

00:40:00--> 00:40:03

grieved Don't Don't be sad effectively.

00:40:04--> 00:40:20

No not not don't panic. Panic is different. Panic is different letter is more than than I have anxiety and stuff. Why is it letter has an unlocked letter half? Why do you think it may be one of the reasons it could be? What did you say to Musa let the half? I mean,

00:40:21--> 00:40:27

don't don't be scared. Don't be scared. And once you say the process, hey the assassin Oh, don't be sad.

00:40:29--> 00:40:35

And otherwise why is it? This is my question? What could be one of the wisdoms? Why is it saying Latin? Why is it not saying that the half?

00:40:36--> 00:40:51

The figure, I think of the scene, the scene is there in a cave? Yeah, these guys are about to kill them. So the product, Allah sending him to say to his friend, don't be sad. He's not saying don't be scared. What's going on here? Why why is he doing that? So I was

00:40:54--> 00:40:59

scared that they were going to harm the profit. And that's why he was was not scared because

00:41:00--> 00:41:03

there's an opportunity going so expand on that point. So

00:41:05--> 00:41:20

yes, I don't have that if they do catch him the profit might die. And that that that we'll see. See that the mission might end? Yes, the problem is the problem behind the thing is, because think about psychological frame of mind, yeah, this is very telling of the character of Bakr Siddiq.

00:41:21--> 00:41:26

He was more concerned with the process Salem that he wasn't himself. Because really, if you if you're scared,

00:41:27--> 00:41:31

if you were scared for himself, it would make sense to say less than half

00:41:32--> 00:42:10

because it will be panic. But like the example right? If a mother and her baby are in the same situation, like her mother had her baby with her, what emotion will fill her more? It may actually be depression and grief because like so because she might be thinking over and over again, they're gonna kill my child, they're gonna raise my child go kill it out. So the point is, is that if, because Allah speaks in approximation, so it could be that you have ambivalent emotion, you might have a bit of fear, a bit of anxiety, whatever, but the predominant emotion is going to be mentioned here. So the predominant emotion here, folks, this deal was actually grief. It wasn't. It wasn't

00:42:10--> 00:42:11

actually fair.

00:42:12--> 00:42:19

Which shows you how connected he was to the Prophet Muhammad Salah Salem, how attached he was, do you remember we said in the beginning, when he was told

00:42:20--> 00:42:56

a Sahaba? And he said, Yeah, you can come and you can accompany me. He's like, he's like crying from happiness. It shows you this is the level that he's at. Another thing do you think we can take from this since we're talking about taco as well? Is that if you think about it, they have done because they've been chased. And now they're hiding in a cave. So if you can think about the tide that come to the best of their ability by going into a cave, and hiding in a sport that they will not be, shouldn't shouldn't be found. Yes, they've done that. So can it not be that the Prophet peace be upon them? It's a matter of takuna because we have done we are in a place now we hear footsteps and

00:42:56--> 00:43:01

now this is a matter where we have to put our trust in Allah because there is nothing else left

00:43:02--> 00:43:38

look at the kind of preparations they've done. It wasn't like they were lazy with this. But you stayed in the bed you do this I go here I go there you guys go as a group you go home they're like there was a proper plan with this process because they said it was not concerned or worried. So which shows that was a lesson for us. When you tie your camel stop being stop overthinking? Could have I've done my bit, reluctantly, because it's only I mean, you just think to yourself, if you've done your bit, that's what the problem was kind of Tama bit now. It's afflicted Allah, and Allah will not let stop. There's just one more lesson we can take us well, even though potentially, and

00:43:38--> 00:43:57

possibly Professor solemn knew that nothing would have happened to him, potentially right. But yet he took all those precautions and planning so there are some some world conservative Allah wanted, then I shouldn't do anything about it. So there's, there's aspects of laziness to it as well, as you might have seen some people have that.

00:44:00--> 00:44:41

Even though he potentially knew they were not behind, but yet you took all the precautions and move forward with it. And that's a really powerful thing. In Gaza, let's quickly do this, you know, we're seeing a lot of people show incredible states of psychological states of mind like the you know, the bombs are coming in, you know, this and that, but a lot of them are actually quite relaxed about it. Because what happens is, they reach what you refer to as social psychological acceptance. So, okay, accept that I'm going to die. When you accept, sometimes the most liberating thing you can do is just accept the worst case scenario. It can actually be therapeutic to just sit there and think

00:44:41--> 00:44:52

about okay, well, let's see, what is the worst case scenario that's such and such happens, okay. I accept it. Because that liberates you. And from the inhibition of ACC I wouldn't do this thing if it wasn't for this worst case scenario.

00:44:53--> 00:44:57

A lot of professional fighters do this, by the way. John Jones

00:44:58--> 00:45:00

I don't know if you if you've come across this but

00:45:00--> 00:45:00

Have you

00:45:01--> 00:45:27

gone? Who was it was rampage Jackson? He said before I fought rampage Jackson, he said, because he was worried, he's anxious. He said, I just sat down therapy, while I thought about what's the worst that can be knocked me out and humiliate me. And then I accepted the worst case scenario, because it allows him to perform in a better way. Because sometimes when you when you inhibit yourself, I can't do this. And if I do this, I'm gonna get embarrassed, it actually makes you perform much worse.

00:45:29--> 00:45:34

So when you strip yourself of the baggage of the worst case scenario, that's actually how bravery is formed.

00:45:36--> 00:45:41

Because, okay, the worst case, because if everyone starts thinking, Okay, well, worst case scenario, worst case scenario was not gonna do anything.

00:45:43--> 00:45:50

My son's gonna continue. So I only do that when when I want to go somewhere to do something and say, what's the worst case? I'm gonna die? I'm gonna die anyway.

00:45:51--> 00:45:52

Exactly.

00:45:54--> 00:46:00

John Maynard Keynes. So that famous economist, yeah, that's what I do usually. Yeah.

00:46:03--> 00:46:39

Because he, you know, he was had this his own economic model. And he said, in the long term, everyone's dead, you know. But when you have the mentality that okay, we're all dead, you know, we might as well go for Go for it. You know, it's a risk taking attitude, you develop certain, because the thing is, the Sahaba had this if they didn't have this, consider the following, bro. If the Sahaba didn't have this mentality, how could they have spread so quickly? Outside into different consider the following? Why did and obviously we kind of fast forwarding here, this hobby, this harbor when they when they overtook, for example, part of the Roman Empire, they didn't come to you

00:46:39--> 00:46:40

and say, Look, we want to be greedy now.

00:46:42--> 00:47:02

Why are we taking unnecessary risks? Honestly, they didn't do that. They just kept taking more and more risks. Where do you get that from? Jihad? Yeah, but it's all my mindset. But it's not that it's only in Jihad that that mind frame where it's like, die. And there was many verses in when talks about Jihad and there was gonna be like,

00:47:04--> 00:47:46

one or two good things. Exactly. That's what I'm saying. So lamb produces a mindset of it's not risk taking behavior, but it's great behaviors even I mean, Viking they were successful and their rates because they accepted date as something rewarding, like well, Hala, you know, that's why England call Ivor the dog of hell. So yeah, you can take that from them. This shows you the difference and we said this before between Islam and the other other ideologies. We said when Hitler when Hitler died, Nazism died with it effectively. But it's killing masala Hill Alia and it's very interesting. How this is phrased in the air. We're Kelly Missoula, hail Alia. It's not it will be. So the code

00:47:46--> 00:47:55

kills the hell Allah, Allah, Allah has words will become the higher most you know is it says tenemos la hell Alia, which means it's already there.

00:47:56--> 00:48:12

Yanni, you don't need a charismatic figure to bring it up to that level, it's already at the higher level. Do you see the construction? It's not saying it's going to be coming from A to B, it's already be set. Yeah. In other words, whether these people like it or not, the word of God has the highest.

00:48:13--> 00:48:47

Doesn't matter what you think about the situation. Allah's word is the highest. So in other words, it's futile to think that your human interactions and your behaviors and your whatever it's really going to affect much in the great cosmic scale of things. Our behaviors mean nothing like if you look at the universe, how big is me doing this or doing that means nothing to the universe. So Allah is reminding us what Kelvin was late August. So this is a very powerful A, and I thought that was important for us to, to actually look at this idea because it's one of it's one of the key he mentioned, talk was probably one of the key days for talking the whole Quran.

00:48:48--> 00:48:49

In the LA mana.

00:48:51--> 00:49:26

Islam, it makes the worst case scenario, a much better case scenario, for example, the Potamia in the prison, like death exile, it was not that bad because he saw it in a different way. Yeah, it's interesting. You mentioned with me and because John Hoover, who's one of the that he's probably the top academic credit for, even take me in the Western world. He wrote a book called perpetual optimism. And in it, he's talking about him taking his positions to do with higher and sharp and I liked the way you were saying evil because that's, to me his position, right? Effectively, he was like, what you think is evil, because obviously, we believe we have a sick man, the cause of hatred,

00:49:26--> 00:49:59

he was sorry. But the shadow is not actually shove, it shove in one way according to this view. But it's actually everything is good from another perspective. From another perspective, everything is good, because everything is from the wisdom of God. So this is what we mean by perpetual optimism. Like even when he when he killed that boy, and that's very profound that Allah subhanaw taala gives that example, because here, it's if you look at it, it's like giving an insight to the hikma you know, because it's like, why did you kill that boy? Because he's gonna grow up to be I'll be honest with you, like, sometimes you just think about like, what if I lost a loved one like a child will

00:49:59--> 00:49:59

not protect us?

00:50:00--> 00:50:37

For me, but again, it gives you a bit of like, Allah knows, because of a fun example of Heather where he killed that boy and why did he because he's gonna grow up to cause mischief. And even in that instance where like you said, for example, grief when it comes to losing a loved one, especially a child is traumatic. But then again, it gives you that understanding, you know, which which which is amazing bro like in any instance and it's it's these things that if you think about it bro all these I've never seen anyone come closer to Allah or Islam or religion or for that matter acceptable calamity. Now if it's a calamity then imagine your mock Yama it was a calamity that

00:50:37--> 00:51:09

caused you to pray Salah how was that calamity on Yamaki I'm you're gonna say Oh Allah, thank you for sending me that. Because it's this thing that I'm standing in front of you with the Salah with this occur. If I didn't, if I didn't hit was hit with that I would have never been here. So it's not a calamity, how's economically? You know, it's really powerful because you can you can really decipher what we've been talking about today, in a spiritual way and a psychological way. In a spiritual in the following way. We said that there's two groups of people that we know when that calamity strikes them, they increase in faith. And the ones who are not, yes, means the true

00:51:09--> 00:51:15

believers. And when the calamity strikes them, they in fact become transgressors, they lose their dunya and akhira, whatever, they lose everything.

00:51:17--> 00:51:24

And the process of gives a parable is one of the for me, it was my favorite hobbies. In fact, I must have ever come across it very powerful it he said that the similitude

00:51:25--> 00:51:35

of the way that I've been sent is a similar to that what water coming from the sky, and it hits the barren Earth, and some parts of the earth stay dry.

00:51:36--> 00:51:45

And other parts of the earth produce shrubbery and plantation. So why is it so powerful? Because it's showing that you can have one thing

00:51:46--> 00:51:50

interact with something else and have two separate results.

00:51:52--> 00:52:05

So for example, you have a calamity, it's interacting with the human soul. And this person is increasing any man it's like the plant that's growing. You have the calamity that's interacting with it human soul and it's creating

00:52:06--> 00:52:25

weeds and poison plants. So it's the calamities are effectively the way to show what nature is your soul. Is it an evil nature a good way? Because nature that's why the fitna sorry to call you fitna is actually from fatahna which means effectively, like putting the gold under,

00:52:27--> 00:52:37

under the fire to clean up. And that's why Allah says Allah FinFET neti saccade are three words very powerful. That certainly in the fitna, they have fallen.

00:52:38--> 00:52:39

And this isn't the same sort

00:52:40--> 00:52:54

of fitna come from the Fontana which means yes, put the golden to the firefight to purify it, get rid of his dirt. Yeah, to clean it up. So the ice calamity can't say technical to a fitna or disaster or something like that. Not necessarily could be you.

00:52:55--> 00:52:56

Just Yes.

00:52:58--> 00:53:10

But it can also it can also be a good thing. Like you can also be You're welcome. Well as you can fit, your money is on your wealth as far as fitness as well. So you know that I said it's suck rain coming down. So if this is

00:53:11--> 00:53:45

so free, that's very interesting. Because the rain, the surface of the rain, it's a rain example. But the soil. So you've got two different types of soil one, which takes the rain and makes use of it. Yeah, the other one rejects it. Yeah. But if you think about it, it's like the rain is like hedaya Exact, that's what the hazards say. Okay, and so the soil is the problem here. Exactly. Because the water is the water. It's not saying we sent to different water, that's exactly the same. But the soy one absorb absorb the exact benefits from it and flourish. Lastly, the other one rejects it. Yeah, that's one Quran. Two different reactions.

00:53:46--> 00:53:57

1/5 never two different reactions to it. And that shows you where you stand. Really? Okay, this is good that we spent time on this because I think we don't want to just keep like a newspaper kind of thing.

00:53:58--> 00:54:03

Obviously, Allah subhanaw taala rescued both of them. And it was

00:54:04--> 00:54:27

I wouldn't call it a miracle in the technical world word because it's still not hard to collaborate in a sense, but it was unprovable that would happen and it did happen. But there was another event which happened which was I'm not sure if any of you know it. I think many of you do. With a person called Soraka ibn Malik. Yeah, I was gonna mention that when he was chasing them because no one wants to try it is that the one the prophecy of the I

00:54:29--> 00:54:59

think I've got two points from this verse. One is the the quality of the leadership of the prophets Allah Salaam. Each time he has a calamity with his Sahabas companions, he gives hope. For example, the positivity and optimism. For example, The same happened with the hubbub era while he was tortured. He was given the hope that this mission will be succeeded and wait for that. And that happened actually

00:55:00--> 00:55:10

The second issue with this, the love of the Abu Bakr Siddiq with the prophets are some everywhere he is with him.

00:55:11--> 00:55:56

Another incident induced this level of love with the Prophet sauce and while his father was converted to Islam at the last stage of his life, so Abu Bakr say that, I hope I wish I saw the hand of Abu Talib in your hand Oh prophet. Even he was sacrificing His Father with Abu Talib because he knew the love of Prophet sirs and with Abu Talib, and the friendship that everywhere the prophets of salaam need the support that is their thing, that level of the love and friendship there. It's very powerful contribution. Thank you. So who knows about Solomon Malik father. So I mean, my sources, the model a TV show.

00:55:59--> 00:56:07

By the way, this is authentically the Soraka Malik thing is authentic nursing Buhari, so, okay, that's good. That's fine, by me helped me.

00:56:11--> 00:56:12

Literally

00:56:14--> 00:56:15

two people, it's kind of nice.

00:56:16--> 00:56:43

So tell me the story. So he is one of the bass best Huntsman and in Makkah, and as they were chasing, obviously, he was just doing it for the bounty. He didn't I don't think he really cared too much about the politics. And as he was he kept chasing them. And I think he kept dismounting. So as he would call me or sort of foot off the horse, and you know, he's like the bat. He's one of the best. So this was extremely unusual for him. Well, the horse itself would move out of the way. Yeah.

00:56:44--> 00:57:15

Yeah, exactly. And then I think to him, he realized, okay, there is something happening here, you know, beyond my control, so he kept falling out. And so when he approached them, he said, Look, I'm not going to do anything. I'm not going to say anything, for I know, I cannot do anything to you. I think that was part of it. And then he was promised by the Prophet peace be upon him that he would wear the outfits of the repurposed bracelet, the bracelet, I think it was like it

00:57:17--> 00:57:44

wasn't a promise, but actually, he was asked about it. It would also give a hope for being positive about the future. Yeah. Mamanuca Yasaka, Marbella, Luca is Isla Vista, seawater. You're right, technically, but when you say my Well, Luca, what do you think it's more like it's, it's gonna happen? Yeah. So it's like, what do you think this happier? His response? was actually like you sure, in a way?

00:57:45--> 00:57:56

Because I don't want anyone to spin it like, oh, the only reason he let them go with so he can have the SWAT of Castle Rock, but it was after the fact. Alright, of course, no one would say that anyway.

00:57:58--> 00:57:59

Yes,

00:58:00--> 00:58:05

shorts is profitable. Can you imagine this is a this is a very powerful miracle of the, of the

00:58:06--> 00:58:40

prophecy, as well as I use it a lot in the debates as well. It's very powerful because he's been traced, and then he cannot afford and just imagine just makes you think, like, it can be not everything as a true prophet. Out of nowhere. He just says, okay, he just tells him like, Okay, this is gonna happen. It's just so random. But it's just so it's just like, out of nowhere. And why would the Prophet Altona would you say that to him? He could say, Okay, why chasing me? Or don't chase me, or the prophet of God. He just hated the fact that he mentioned something that I find this so profound out of everything. He said this was going to happen, and he's like, What do you say? I

00:58:40--> 00:59:04

don't know. He says, what he how he reacts to it. But it's, I just find it. It's so profound, but a few rewires so I came across some of the way that says that he saw something in front of him one of them says that the the horse went back some of them says that his legs sunk into the thing about what's his reaction to when the Prophet system when the day comes when you were the basis of kisser What did he say? I don't know if I've come across his

00:59:09--> 00:59:11

Yeah, he's actually really really,

00:59:12--> 00:59:19

really? No. Okay, we have to remember like, it was like over 1000 year old empire that was very strong.

00:59:21--> 00:59:25

It's like saying are you gonna wear like, I don't know watch of Biden or

00:59:28--> 00:59:34

like telling someone in Somalia they're gonna wear the what is it crown jewel, crown jewels of

00:59:35--> 00:59:36

Somalia.

00:59:38--> 00:59:41

Where are you from? Again? It's like selling someone in Iraq.

00:59:43--> 00:59:45

When the war is going on, as well, as

00:59:47--> 00:59:47

more

00:59:49--> 00:59:50

could be any of our country's

00:59:51--> 00:59:54

repeats. That was a very tough time and a big proclamation happened again.

00:59:56--> 00:59:59

They'll just hit one of the next people tougher like Huntsman and they

01:00:00--> 01:00:37

So you're gonna get pushed up, we're gonna get pushed and give it to you. It's shocking. And it's amazing. And it's the most bold thing that could be said, at that time. Okay, there's two more things we'll do today. We'll go to two exercises once again, and then we're going to call it a day. I like the fact that we will keeping it somewhat interactive, because everyone's juices has to be flowing. Otherwise, this becomes a lecture. I don't want it to be like that. So there's two things. Now, the point what happens is, there's a few things that happened, okay? When he's on his way, lots of interesting things from my 50 perspective. Like, for example, they asked him, Where are you

01:00:37--> 01:01:13

going? Are they ask him? Where are you from? And he says, animal met from water. You know, because of the crisis of a gentleman by a coalition, you know, we've created almost every living thing. This is called tell Ria, how have you come across this term? Toria. Curry is when you say something, but you miss like, you say something, which can mean something else. So the person so for example, if I, if I say to somebody, like, I don't want them to know what I'm doing, but I don't want to lie, it's not lying. Because what is lying, lying is saying something opposite to opposite to reality. That's what definition of

01:01:14--> 01:01:26

deception, this deception, you could call it deception, if you like. But there's a difference between deception and like, could I not know, and Khatib a completely different thing. creda is

01:01:27--> 01:02:01

tricking somebody into thinking something a over b, it's not necessarily telling them that A is B and B is a or so a lie is to find that something which is more or less a little happy for Walker, something which is different to reality. So if you say to me, what color is this case, and I say it's green, that's a lie. Because it's opposite to the reality. Now you could input things like if I was colorblind, and I said as green, it wouldn't be a lie from my perspective. But it would be a lie overall as an objective truth. But you can say I'm lying, because I'm colorblind. So I'm Marvel.

01:02:03--> 01:02:33

So there is Alkhateeb. There is a Toria. There's different levels of it now. Actually, we went through a text which goes through all of the levels. We're not going to go into that today. The process I've never liked in his life. He doesn't maximum he then was totally, even when he was joking. It totally is. You wouldn't say something which is against the reality, even if he was joking, he would never do that. So for example, the famous joke when he said to the old woman, he said to her like

01:02:36--> 01:02:54

old old women don't go to Jana because everyone is a truce a true statement, isn't it? She started crying this and let's go. Because why? Because there's not gonna be a woman agenda that will be three years old is truth. But it's also funny. So can you some people say, you know, the Hadith that says you cannot lie to make people laugh? So in this instance, you can say something, which is obviously

01:02:55--> 01:03:06

not true. Now. It's true. Okay. Yes, it's totally Yeah, you can say something which would make them think a make them think a over b, rather than be a over b.

01:03:08--> 01:03:20

Clickbait falls into that category? Yes. There's no asking for a friend clickbait. Clickbait it's totally Yeah. Unless it's a like, the Haram form of clickbait would be the Khatib ones. If it's alive. Yeah, totally. It's not.

01:03:22--> 01:03:24

It's not the same. There's no problem with clickbait. And that doesn't want to do

01:03:26--> 01:03:53

that would have to produce evidence Yanni that if your clickbait is totally, because, you know, it is it is, if it is, obviously you don't do totally out of the reason that I'm done in a very extreme situation. And there's lots of Hadith Gani so many about the problems of lying, and so on. So that's very clear. And in fact, one of the things that, you know, the early Muslims were told not to do is never lie. That was one of the first things they were ever taught.

01:03:55--> 01:04:40

So, yes, this is what happens. Now, what we're going to look at now, I've sent you some things in the group. When the process established himself, he got into Medina, I want you to paint the scene. To me what happened? A, B and C, and then an important question for our times. Now, there were people that were already in Medina. And they were Jewish. There was a Jewish community. What kind of thing was proposed by the Moussa Salam put all the resources there? What was the relationship? What are the laws that were put in place? visa vie the rights of the Jewish people? How would how well, this is not I'll let you answer that question when we do time. So take a look at the resources. I'll

01:04:40--> 01:04:48

give you five to 10 minutes, and then we'll have that will be the final contribution and we'll call it the inshallah. Alright guys, so the ball is in your court

01:04:50--> 01:04:56

of the hedgerow to Medina, the first thing the professor Islam did was building a masjid.

01:04:58--> 01:05:00

The second thing he did was a

01:05:00--> 01:05:04

are creating a brotherhood between unseren How did he do that?

01:05:06--> 01:05:07

He might have

01:05:09--> 01:05:09

had a lot.

01:05:10--> 01:05:11

What?

01:05:12--> 01:05:32

Yeah, the sat together and they tried to create who? between them. The third thing was creating an Islamic market city, Islamic Business Center City. And the fourth one was writing agreement. Also making Assan vilja. And some for

01:05:33--> 01:05:50

the first time make because on public public Hassan. Okay, beautiful. Thank you very much. That's a good summary. I want to hone in on a particular thing. relating to what is referred to, okay as a constitution. Okay. It's not effectively a constitution in the in the common

01:05:51--> 01:06:02

kind of understanding of it. But it is kind of pledge or kind of thing that everything goes back to X, somewhat like constitution. Yeah.

01:06:03--> 01:06:09

So what are some of the things that are mentioned in this text? Now, before I can ask this question, it's important for me to tell you that

01:06:11--> 01:06:23

I tried to look at the the narrations of this because what we're about to present now, hopefully, is actually very important information. This is actually one of the most important things you'll probably study in the whole Sierra. Because

01:06:25--> 01:06:43

it's, a lot of the discourse is go back to that, like, how do Muslims treat minorities? That's a very, very, very common question. And this is one of the best ways to answer this question. Because this is, okay, we're going to give you evidence of what What did the Prophet has a Salam do when he first came in,

01:06:44--> 01:06:52

to establish a polity, what kind of rights existed? So some of the narrations I came across

01:06:53--> 01:07:22

are in a book called An Maha z by a woman, she had a zaharie, who had this even she had zody was one of the first had this to be commissioned, actually, in the second century, with the task of writing Edwina suna actually writing the sonnet into books. And it was on a state level that he was commissioned with that task. So the state commissioned him to do that task. And so his books are very authoritative.

01:07:23--> 01:07:41

What we were about to read, relating to the kind of warfare and the rules and regulations go back to a narration by a miniature Saudi, and which is mentioned in that particular book of Maha z. So that's the source. What are some of the things that I mentioned in this source?

01:07:45--> 01:07:54

The first one is everyone who, including this treaty, or let's see, call it agreement, sure, they are safe,

01:07:55--> 01:08:05

unless, and they have their freedom, unless anybody transgress the zulum. On any other part, the second,

01:08:06--> 01:08:12

the Jews stand behind Muslim for defending the Medina, the whole community.

01:08:13--> 01:08:13

And

01:08:15--> 01:08:25

the third one Ciana to happen, Matthew, come in man can see 1 million Muslim Mineola who are defending the Muslim world,

01:08:26--> 01:08:33

oppressed, oppressed one, whoever he is, for example, if Jews are oppressed by someone, so the whole community would stand with them.

01:08:34--> 01:09:15

Now this is let's just, I mean, this is this is extremely important. Because one of the greatest misconceptions of our time, is that Islam as a religion inherently, which discriminates and oppresses minorities, especially Jewish people. Now, I want to know, using this information, how you would respond ally, for example, to people that would say that say that Islam is inherently anti semitic religion, which discriminates specifically towards Jewish people, how would you use this information in a diversity? Yeah, we use a lot of times we have many treaties that were done. The first piece performed in Medina, or might have been Qatar in Jerusalem. Well, this is with this

01:09:15--> 01:09:21

treaty here. Because this is the treat we're talking about. Yeah, like, for example, the rights when they say like their lives, their place of worship.

01:09:23--> 01:09:27

As well, so I'm talking about what he just read out. Oh, I just read out. I've got it.

01:09:29--> 01:09:36

Jonathan, like read it. Yeah. So this bit here. Can you just repeat what you said so that it can which pages on because I'm on the set?

01:09:38--> 01:09:39

From from other

01:09:40--> 01:09:59

read it out and retranslate again? Yeah, should I read? I think fully man Muslimeen. If you have that it'll help when in fact, the human Messiah must almost saw him at the hem ma home bit about saying that Jewish people must stand with Muslims in a case of war with

01:10:00--> 01:10:03

so it doesn't meet. So this doesn't mean what doesn't mean that

01:10:04--> 01:10:21

the Jewish tribes have no right to go and join another tribe, which is very important that's warring against the Muslim people in this polity, because in Lhasa was gonna become very, very apparent. One of the big controversies that take place has been Aqua Raisa. Yeah, and the execution of the combatants

01:10:22--> 01:10:31

inherently taught to that you should attack them, there will be no this treaty, because inherently we should just expel them or get rid of them or kill them. It's just showing cohesion from the get go. Exactly.

01:10:32--> 01:10:34

Yes, you can Muslim.

01:10:35--> 01:11:13

So is saying anyone is going to be what is going to be defending the rights of oppressed one? Or maybe Yeah, even Jews, Muslims, everyone. Yeah. Because in Islam when there is a treaty, for example, if a Jew, an unbeliever, come to an Islamic society, and he is Amen, he's given the 50 safety. If he's killed, he has the same level of a Muslim being killed. Even he will be punished, he will be the Muslim will be punished. So this is if whoever is oppressed, oppressed,

01:11:14--> 01:11:19

doesn't matter. Oppression is not just limited to Austin people, it's also to Jews as well. So this is where

01:11:21--> 01:11:35

volume and Ahmad Loma wishes, you know, help your brother in faith if he is oppressed or the oppressor. And then they said, Wait, why would we help him if he is an oppressor? And he hailed on me, which is, yeah, stop him from oppressing people,

01:11:36--> 01:11:37

during the same time,

01:11:39--> 01:11:43

was on the Eastern Roman Empire kicking Jews out of Jerusalem?

01:11:44--> 01:11:48

Because they stood against them in a recent war with the Persians.

01:11:50--> 01:12:00

This particular time, no, the same period. I'm not saying the exact same year, but around the same time, or maybe you're confusing it with BCE

01:12:02--> 01:12:02

because that's what

01:12:04--> 01:12:10

I'm gonna I'm gonna photogra Don went to Jerusalem, he invited a lot of Jewish tribes back into Jerusalem,

01:12:12--> 01:12:14

because they were forcibly displaced out of there,

01:12:15--> 01:12:21

because of the Christians, so this is like a stark, sparkling difference between what Muslims

01:12:23--> 01:12:33

and some people will say, it's a multipolar society. And the sense that you don't need to accept Islam to be part of the society.

01:12:34--> 01:12:48

But yeah, that's okay. So this rattle some of these other rules of Tata hat, or what other things are on the on the list of this treaty between Muslims and Jews? Do you have a new list?

01:12:49--> 01:13:17

So what do we read one, two and three already? It says, Whosoever is rebellious or who whosoever seeks to spread anonymity and sedition, the hand of every God fearing Muslims should be against him even if he is son. Okay. Another one sorry, the fifth one is, a believer shall not kill another believer, nor shall support a disbeliever against a believer.

01:13:19--> 01:13:27

60s, the protection of Allah is One, and is equally extended to the humblest of the believers.

01:13:28--> 01:13:31

Seven, the believers are supported by each other.

01:13:33--> 01:13:44

Whosoever whosoever of the juice follows us shall have aid and soccer. They shall not be injured, nor any any enemy be aided against them.

01:13:47--> 01:13:50

Should I go? Yeah, I think I like what you're reading out, okay.

01:13:51--> 01:14:21

Nine, the peace of the believers is indivisible. No separate peace shall be made when the believers are fighting in the way of Allah. conditions must be fair and equitable to all 10 I shall, it shall not be lawful. For a believer who holds by what is in this document and believes in Allah on the Day of Judgment, to help a criminal, no, give him refuge. Those who give him refuge and render him shall

01:14:22--> 01:14:39

render him help, shall have the curse and anger of Allah on the Day of Resurrection, their indemnity is not accepted 11 Whenever you defer about a matter, it shall be it must be referred to Allah and to Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

01:14:41--> 01:14:41

s 11

01:14:42--> 01:14:43

Is that one

01:14:45--> 01:14:48

page in some not so Okay, I think is it

01:14:51--> 01:14:57

is one next did you use? Anyone cannot exit from Medina unless they have the permission of

01:14:59--> 01:14:59

just to show up

01:15:00--> 01:15:00

Are

01:15:04--> 01:15:05

you ready to learn? Yeah.

01:15:06--> 01:15:16

It's one more Yeah. Which is this killing a believer deliberately with no good reason and tells killing the killing the killer unless the sponsor deems it otherwise.

01:15:17--> 01:15:40

That's all tough. So as you can see these are enshrined. And they're very strong evidence against the fact that Islam discriminates against Jewish people, against this believers against non Muslims. And also it shows you that now, there was these rules that were being implemented. And frankly, it does show you that there is an inner circle

01:15:41--> 01:15:53

of special regulations for believers amongst themselves as well. And this is the OMA showing, okay, there's the Brotherhood of the OMA and there's the Brotherhood of the greater circle if you like there's the inner self and the gray zone.

01:15:54--> 01:16:12

And with that, I think we'll conclude today. We've done a lot of good group work hamdulillah and fantastic contributions. I've really enjoyed some of the contributions anything else before one thing more in Medina was the permission for jihad. Yes, after the prophets Allah, Allah subhanaw taala allowed him to

01:16:14--> 01:16:20

definitely be speaking about that in later episodes. In fact, we're gonna be focusing on that quite a lot.

01:16:22--> 01:16:47

So, in the next episode, we're going to be talking about Jihad openly. And we're going to be looking at different sources, different sources from the Islamic tradition outside of the Islamic fishing, but with that, we will conclude this is exactly halfway point of the Sierra we've done 10 inshallah lessons, and we'll do about 20 or 25 altogether. And with that, I conclude this I want to come over and get