Tafsir Juz 28 #23 – Al-Taghabun 3
Channel: Mohammad Qutub
Series: Mohammad Qutub - Tafsir Juz 28
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Brothers and sisters, we continue with the SU CL surah Taha one.
We stopped at verse 11. We were in the middle of verse 11. We'll continue with that inshallah. I will be showing you PA and you're watching
for free, but in
one I mean,
whole big coalition in any game,
no disaster strikes except by permission of Allah and whoever believes in Allah, He will guide his heart. And Allah is Knowing of all things
we discussed last time, that everything that happens in this world, be it good or evil, it can only happen by the decree and will of Allah subhanaw taala. Nothing in this universe, my brothers and sisters, no atom,
except by the will and decree of Allah azza wa jal
and including, this may be simple to understand in the case of good and including evil, or what we regard as relative evil. Nothing happens except by the decree of Allah subhana wa Tada. So even disasters that strike are by the will of Allah azza wa jal, but aren't disasters, complete evil?
Are they 100% evil? No.
It is not 100% evil, there is good in it. But maybe you and I don't see it, because our standards are the standards of dunya and not the standards of ocular and we discussed this in length, last time, so good and evil, everything is from Allah subhanaw taala. And when his wisdom This is concerning natural disasters, wherein we play no part and even in the case of human beings, when they do things, when an evil person does his evil, is that out of the control of philosophy? No, everything is by the decree of Allah subhanaw taala. But in the case of people,
what is involved there is your action also. In the case of natural disasters, we have nothing to do with it. But in the case of the actions of human beings, you are doing things out of your own free will, and also by the decree of Allah subhanaw taala nothing happens except by the will of Allah azza wa jal, and under his supervision isn't enough. What do you mean Billa.
No human being on this earth
has not experienced some disaster or some calamity.
Maybe it is not a universal calamity, or something common,
but it is specific to you.
This world my brothers and sisters, is a world of
fatigue, running around for provision and list.
It is full of disasters, and calamities and problems and troubles. Does anyone live a life without troubles? Has anyone lived a life without troubles? If anyone deserves to live a life without troubles? It is the normal messengers peace be upon them all. It is the opposite as Allah azza wa jal loves the most, they were the ones who were tried the most.
They were the ones who have the most tribulation.
And this is out of the love of Allah subhanaw taala as Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him said in the famous Hadith, if you are looking
for rest, for relaxation, for a life without problems,
then don't stay with assume the dunya find that somewhere else because you won't find it here.
Then try to escape this dunya if you can.
The only trouble free world is
in Jannah Allah azza wa jal makers in Villars, apparently, this is why when Al Imam Ahmed was asked, When is relaxation?
Who was asked such a question?
Someone who's tired, right? Has anyone come to you and said,
When do we relax?
Probably not. We are relaxing. We're enjoying ourselves. We're living our paradise here in the dunya.
But people were asking him because people were trying. They're striving in the dance.
They were striving their whole life. Maybe they had problems. They had major problems. They're coming they're asking the man why
Is relaxation. He said when you put your first foot in paradise, this is when you relax.
Even though the set out of the motor skill set number will be 100. He said, Even if I get my first foot in paradise, I won't be comfortable until I get the second one. This is how much Subhanallah they deprecated themselves, they look down upon themselves even though they were Yanni, the great scholars and worshipers and Mujahideen and so on. But relaxation, if you're looking for in Jannah only work for that relaxation. This is why this is the month of piano. This is the month of fatiguing for Allah azza wa jal for standing up for Allah subhanaw taala in the middle of the night, when they used to ask some of the worshipers in the middle of the night, have mercy on yourself.
Have mercy on your body.
This is not someone who was paid to for half an hour. These are people who are presently on for hours. They said Have mercy on your buddy. He said I am taking it now so that it can relax in an agile. This is the way they used to see it that relaxation is in an era not here in the billions. It's like anybody
building their house. So many people Subhan Allah are fatiguing now and saving money now. And literally
striving so hard, and maybe even depriving themselves, even though they have the money, because they're building the bigger house, the house of retirement, the house where they will eventually die, right? This is what people are working for. Maybe people are working for 3040 years, for hours been living for 10 years.
What have we done for the house of eternity? Are we fatiguing for that house? Sitting yourself in this million? deprive yourself?
For the sake of Allah, for the sake of the palace upon palaces is not the house
What's the problem of one tires themselves in this dunya for 3040 50 years because they seek Eternal pleasure. In fact, this is wisdom.
gives you comfort and relaxation. Whatever trouble you are in my dear brother, whatever predicament you are facing my dear sister. Don't worry. It is by the will of Allah. Aren't you happy with the decree of Allah subhanaw taala? Aren't you pleased with what Allah azza wa jal has decreed for you?
The companions and the setup they used to be pleased with the decree of Allah, even if it was a calamity.
He was happy. When he got the plague
he was happy with it. For what reason? Because it is the decree of Allah. And as this is what Allah has decreed for me, I am happy Oh Allah. They used to worship Allah azza wa jal by accepting his decree. This is the level that they have gotten to, as you and I are facing maybe problems or predicaments in our life, remember that it is by the will of Allah and the decree of Allah subhanaw taala. And be patient, as Prophet Muhammad peace be upon himself.
Amazing is the affair of the believer.
The famous Hadith, amazing is the affair of the believer.
they are faced, if they are in a time of prosperity, they think Allah and that is good for them.
And as they face adversity, they are patient, and therefore Allah reward them and that is good for them.
This in this way, all of our affairs are good for us, right? You're either in prosperity or in adversity, correct. It's one or the other. There's no third, prosperity or adversity. You have the solutions in prosperity and adversity, be patient. And this way, both are good for you. And this is only for the believer, Prophet Muhammad peace be upon himself.
Except for the believer, the non believers that cannot practice this. But the believers practice this in this way. Your counter is always running
or always running, when they're in a time of prosperity or whether in times of adversity, what helps us to be patient, believing in this, that not
thing happens and no disaster happens except by the will of Allah subhanaw taala. And he gives you the solution woman you mean.
And whoever does the translation says, and whoever believes in Allah, He will die in his heart.
The popular opinion, and this is the opinion of isn't basketball, the Allahumma is that this phrase is referring to being patient in disasters, woman
and whoever believes in Allah, meaning whoever believes that this is truly by the will and decree of Allah subhanaw taala that this disaster happened that this calamity has touched me.
I believe that this is from Allah, when I believe that it is from Allah subhanaw taala and by the decree of Allah, Allah will assist me and make it easy for me and will facilitate being patient in that color. This is the popular opinion about the meaning of the first woman movement, Beloved.
Allah azza wa jal will guide his heart to believe that this is truly from Allah subhanaw taala and that whatever Allah decreed for him,
could not have been driven away. And that whatever Allah had driven away from you, there's no way that this will touch you. Again.
This is the opening.
Whoever believes in Allah, Allah will guide his heart. In other words, Allah will guide his heart to patients, to being patient, in that calamity or in that disaster.
There could also be a general meaning
and that is that whoever believes in Allah subhanaw taala, Allah will guide his heart.
And this means put forth effort in believing in Allah, in worshipping Allah subhanaw taala in obeying Allah, and Allah will guide your heart to more
and Allah will guide your heart
to more worship, he will make it more beloved to you. He will make Imam beloved to you as in the eye of the moon. And all the work in the law
of the universe people who become Allah is the One who decorates Eman in your heart This means it makes it beloved to you in your heart.
This is also
another piece of evidence along with the many other verses that show us that even though guidance is from Allah subhanaw taala we are the ones who take the first steps to work that
woman human biller
whoever believes in Allah, Allah who guides them, we find many verses where Allah azza wa jal speaks about guidance he Daya right, and he speaks about mullahs.
Without him Allah yo, yo, Linda Linnea show Andy, Manisha and many verses of that nature where Allah guides whoever He wills, and leads the straight, whoever He will.
But here you find evidence that this guidance ultimately depends on the steps you took. Woman You rely on your free will, what did you do with your free will? Does you go towards the obedience? Did you go towards worship? Or did you walk towards this obedience?
Whoever believes in the last part of the Allah Who puts that, that effort, Allah will guide them, women you'll be left
in the other words, in the Medina, amen.
You see, whoever believes in Allah and does righteous with this, Allah will.
So it means you am I must put that effort first.
And Allah subhana wa Kahana guide, whomever he wills, and Allah leaves a stray people with their disbelief and with the disobedience which they put forth with their own hands, without anyone forcing them into it. Also notice in this phrase Subhanallah
you noticed the diet is not for the person.
The diet is directed towards what
The guidance is here. The guidance is coming towards the heart, my brothers and sisters, this is where guidance is and this is why this is what Allah azza wa jal will hold us accountable for on the Day of Judgment. Not
Just the muscle
that the doctor define as the heart, but the spirit, this is what will be held accountable on the day of judgment and this is why Allah subhanaw taala says
men at Allah, the bin Salim
only the ones who come to Allah subhanaw taala with a pure heart and Prophet Muhammad. Allah azza wa jal does not look
at your shapes and your bodies, Allah azza wa jal looks at your heart and your soul. This is what will be held accountable on the Day of Judgment. Remember, the Hadith of Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him when he was pointing at the heart? What was he saying?
What was he saying that time when he was pointing to the heart
this is where Taqwa is.
This is where Taqwa is. Of course, this doesn't mean that there are certain signs of obedience even on the outside, such as the beard, such as the hijab freedom, of course, is much more complicated also. But ultimately, taqwa is here.
And we see this nowadays, we see people Subhanallah, who care about their appearance, but they don't care about what is inside. And this is a problem. We want both. They're not mutually exclusive. Don't talk about them as if, oh, if he's wearing a beard, then his heart is corrupt, or vice versa? No, of course not. We want both.
But we definitely don't want an appearance of religiosity, without any religiosity inside the heart, without any fear of Allah subhanaw taala without standing to Allah subhanaw taala in prayer with humility, taqwa is here. This is where Taqwa is.
And this is why you find Yeah, the guidance is for the heart that Allah purify our hearts.
What Allah will be conditioned in early and Allah is Knower of all things. Allah subhanaw taala knows all things my brothers and sisters, and as he just referred to the guidance of the heart, woman movement, they
know very well that Allah azza wa jal knows precisely your heart. And what is in your heart, no one knows.
Even the angels, even the Alia of Allah, Tala, they do not know what is in your heart. A Love is the one who knows what is in your heart, and is the one who knows precisely what you are thinking at this very instant.
Allah is Knower of all things. And remember, when disaster hits you, when calamity hits you, when you are patient. Do you think my Allah that Allah does not see your patients? Do you think that Allah does not know the extent of your patients? Do I know the extent of your patients? You come in and tell me you had a problem? There was a disaster. Something happened in your family? Maybe you have been patient with a family problem for the last 10 years. Could I ever know the extent to which you have been patient? No. Allah knows.
Allah Xhosa knows and sees that and will reward you for every ounce of patience that you showed in that calamity. So fear Allah subhanaw taala and know that Allah is testing you to see what you will do. Be patient for that Allah azza wa jal, we may reward you and seek ALLAH, so that Allah will
solve that problem of yours. So that he will live that calamity. One of the main reasons that Allah azza wa jal, Festus with calamity
So that he can bring you back to him.
So that you can
be in total despair, of the help of the creatures. And so that you can go to the one and only create
because the pain was a solvable problem, then my brother or my sister me helped me. Right. And at that point, I don't necessarily attribute the solution to Allah solution. But when it comes to, to a point where I say, Oh, no one can get me out of this except you.
And then he gets you out of it.
This should raise your ima. Allah azza wa jal is the one who helped me in this predicament.
No other creature helped me Allah Allah is the one who saved me from a certain problem or punishment or predicament, and so on. So Allah azza wa jal will test you in that case, in order so that you can come back and seek Him and only him in your problem.
Well, we all know how to appeal
to what Laterooms
and obey Allah and obey the messenger. But if you turn away, then upon our messenger is only the duty of clear notification, brothers and sisters,
our way as Muslims, is the way of Allah and the Messenger of Allah, Allah Allahu alayhi wa sallam.
And there is no contradiction in these two. In fact, they are one in the same, but in reality,
those ways, we follow in different ways.
Obey Allah subhanaw taala, in what Allah subhanaw taala has given you and obey the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa salam, physically, as he is teaching us the way of Allah subhanaw taala. This is our way, and this is our curriculum, and this is our manhood.
In an age, where there are so many,
so many different ways. And us as people tell us, we say our career is Allah and the Messenger of Allah, Allah, Allah He was
you saying, but if there is no contradiction, why does Allah azza wa jal repeat it
so that he can clarify, without any doubt, that obedience to Allah subhanaw taala
can only be through obedience to Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam don't say I'm following Allah without following the messenger of Allah, then Allah is innocent of you and absorbed of you. If you absolve yourself of the Messenger of Allah, Allah Allah Allah you.
You say when you say this, I say because there are people who have exonerated themselves from the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
and they have done that.
Mike canceling the Sunnah.
And don't tell me this is rare. And don't tell me this is country specific. I read it in the newspaper just a week ago.
A person in Egypt will call themselves the leader of the Quran is
the leader of the Quran. What is your man hedge? His man has is the book of Allah as he clips.
But he doesn't follow the sunnah of Prophet Muhammad from Allah.
And the obvious answer to him
is how to pray.
So he found his loophole. He said, we follow Prophet Muhammad, but only by that
envy, worship Allah. This was his, this is his loophole, because when you came to him and told him how to pray, he had no answer. So even though we follow him, but
everything else we cancel,
he has no respect for him.
Can you believe that? He claims that the Imam was trying to harm the religion, Allah,
the man who gave his life
to this religion to Allah subhanaw taala and the sunnah of Prophet Muhammad, the bulk of which we Imams across centuries, are in consensus is the most truthful book and the most correct look after the book of Allah, myths in his claim,
try to have the religion
absorbed is Allah and absorbed is the messenger of Allah Azza wa sallam of such a deviant, manage
to cancel out the sunnah
to speak about the Imams of Hadith.
These people are truly ignorant.
Brothers and sisters our way the book of Allah and the sunnah of Prophet Muhammad philosophy. And what does he said to the verses in the Quran?
Did he say well?
Why did you bring this Buddha?
Did he say this or did he not say and another one?
What are the How come and who Fanta who? What Allah what Prophet Muhammad says your opponent has given you follow it and what he forbade you from
How do I know what Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him gave me and what he
without the sunnah of Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam. Indeed, this man and the deviant twins
are the ones that Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him told us about
1400 years ago when he said that time will come when one of you will be sitting back on their couch relaxing, and saying, just give me the book of Allah and leave this for now Prophet Muhammad from Allah, Allah. This was for Paul 14 centuries ago.
He told us about them, so that we can avoid them so that we can be aware and be careful of them. Our way is the way of the Quran. He says, Why do you follow Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him? Strange question.
Why do we follow Prophet Muhammad? You are after the book of Allah as you claim, don't you? You are after the book of Allah. Where do you get your understanding of the book of Allah?
Of course, from his own brain?
This is what they're trained to do brothers and sisters, not only are they canceling the Sunnah, they're canceling the understanding of the best of generations to the Quran.
Why? Because they want to explain the Quran their own way, so that they can have their own modern Islam. You see, this is the idea.
When they cancel and this way very dangerous. They explain the Quran in their own way.
we want the best of humanity who understood and implemented and exhibited the Quran, we want his understanding. This is why we are after the sunnah
of Prophet Muhammad.
Allah will appear
in the air that mentioned obedience to Allah and the messenger
obeying the authorities right?
There you find he didn't say well, Allah will
remain calm. No. He said, Allah
will only remain calm without repeating obedience. Why?
is very this is no I'm just repeating it for you. As a reminder not to increase your knowledge.
Exactly. You cannot follow the leaders and the authorities blindly. Obedience to them is part and parcel of obedience to Allah and the Messenger of Allah. If they are not obeying Allah, Allah we do not obey them. Now
as possible 100 SallAllahu wasallam said, obedience is only in that which is good. So obedience to them is only when their obedience is to Allah and the Messenger of Allah, Allah is Allah. This is why he did not repeat a BA to show that it is only part of obedience to Allah and Allah and only in that case, are they obeyed
or will later on in Nevada Rasul, Allah will movie, it's a simple message. It's a clear message. And
we are presenting it to people, if they follow it.
And if they turn away, then
the duty of the muscles of Allah Salam was only
just to inform them, just to give them the message in the most beautiful way. Here is the message of Islam, the greatest gift I can give you.
You choose to take the gift, then you are fortunate, you choose to refuse it, then you will only blame yourself, I cannot force you into anything. Law ikura has indeed there is no compulsion in religion. And therefore, Prophet Muhammad peace be upon us to bring the religion to people and offer it to people. And then they do what they want. If they turn away, his duty is only below.
And this is why
I advise myself and you brothers and sisters, when you are doing that.
And I know your heart is burning. You want this person to become a Muslim? Be careful. Don't overdo it. present it in the best possible way. If they accepted great if they don't accept it, I'm not telling you to leave them alone. But sip on their heads.
Very possibly you will only
make Islam more important to them.
He is not in your hand. Believe me, I know you are giving them all of the most logical arguments. I know that.
But they still haven't accepted you can't force it into them. Why this isn't the hands of philosophy. Was there anyone more logical or persuasive than Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him? They refuse these.
They are their own interests, they are thinking about other things they're not thinking about.
Even at the time,
many of the even previous prophets say
950 years 1950 years.
Maybe you totally believe he didn't try all of the different types of Dawa every single type of Dawa. And it is in the Quran.
in secret, overtly, everything says, I'm tried and there was
some gives the message
and guidance is in the hands of Allah, not in the hands of you, or your logical arguments or your persuasion. No, you're part of us ask Allah subhanaw taala sincerely that Allah guide them because Allah will guide them through your efforts in sha Allah.
Allah, there is no deity except Him. In other words, there is no deity worthy of worship, but him and upon Allah, the believers rely on
one of the scholars
said that this phrase
is an introductory phrase.
Hola with that.
diverse before it will appear with Allah.
And in addition
to obey Allah, obey the Messenger of Allah and upon Allah the believers rely.
He says, Allah Allah
is an introductory statement.
If it was,
what do we benefit from that?
We discussed this concept many times.
Allah subhanaw taala is speaking about nature, speaking about the universe, speaking about the miracles in the universe, and then all of a sudden he tells you to obey.
And then maybe he goes back,
detailing the miracles of the universe more.
What is the relation?
Everything goes back to the main goal. And that main goal is following Allah worshiping Allah obeying Allah subhanaw taala.
This is the serve the same purpose, obey Allah and obey the Messenger of Allah. What is an incentive for me to do so? Allah Allah, Allah, Allah Illa.
Allah there is no God worthy of worship but him.
That is an incentive for me to obey Allah and to obey the Messenger of Allah and to rely only on Allah Subhana Allah.
As there is no God worthy of worship, but in why do we rely on others besides him?
Don't we do this? Don't we place our trust in others besides Him? If it wasn't for our brain, reminding us to say as some brothers and sisters say, after Allah, I depend on you. If it wasn't for our brain that reminds us to say that we might say I'm relying on you
know, our reliance should be on a license. Our trust should be in Allah subhana wa Tada. There is no problem that you seek the worldly means to depend on others, but only after you have placed complete reliance on Allah subhanaw taala because guess what, he is the only one who can provide solutions to your problems, from where you least expected. Human beings might give you a solution sometimes the from where you expected, but from where you least expected. This is the work of Allah azza wa jal only woman yet stuck in your
home in high school. And whoever fears Allah.
Allah wasn't with me make a way out for them and will provide for them from where they least expected. You told me this and this happened
I had no idea that it could come from here. That's precisely the idea. That's precisely the idea. You have no idea that the solution might come from here. The solution is from Allah, and from where the least expected no proration
you lost your job, didn't you? You left it. Why? Because you were obeying the law because there was harm in it. And you left it for the sake of Allah. And then Allah granted you this, from where you least expected it. Don't be surprised. This is the Promise of Allah subhanaw taala.
Time I tell you a story of someone I know, who told me this recently a relative who just happened to rely on a wasp Panatela and put your reliance upon Allah azza wa jal alone.
This phrase is the phrase of faith Allah
says it means
that it is not only a habit, it is not only a statement, it is a command.
Allah there is no God worthy of worship seems simply like a statement, but it's a statement that encourages you to apply it. So it is like a command. It is like Allah azza wa jal is telling you, Allah, there is no God worthy of worship, but therefore worship Him and worship Him. And though he is the one who is the only one worthy of worship, He is the One who created and he is the one who provides and he is the one who gives life and gives death. And he is the one who guides people and solve the problems.
Yet others besides Him are being worshipped. Allahu Akbar,
you want to pace?
of worshiping others besides Allah
pasted the following way, you help somebody, you practically save their life.
And that person wants
it's over with, they turn their face, and they turn away from you. They don't say thank you. They don't come to you. They don't even it's like they didn't know you.
When you were when they were at their problem, you are their most beloved. And once you solve the problem, they turned away as if they didn't know you. I know people
who have helped some people who haven't traveled, traveling is difficult for someone who's never done it in their whole life. Right? And they were traveling for the first time, and they had luggage and they had children and their problems. And they come please leave I need this help them just do and I'll do whatever you want. Just help me to get from this place to this place and so on, and they help them and once they got to their destination, they just turned away and left.
No thank you. No, no, I couldn't have done it without you nothing.
The fire that was burning in the hearts of someone who helped them, they have come to taste a fraction
of what happens in the case of Allah's patata and of course to Allah belongs to the best example. He is the one who creates, provides says gives refuge and then others are worship Allah. Allah Allah Allah,
then let us put our lives and trust in Allah subhanaw taala gives me another verse in the Quran. This clear that juxtaposing
worshipping Allah and relying on Allah
if we don't haven't done its homework
and I think
I'll give you some sort of truth.
directly, directly in Arabic, he tells you to worship Allah and to rely on him. He is connecting between them. Because Reliance why I'm saying this, because reliance on data is one of the most important elements of faith.
And this is what what you find in this verse, Allah there is no God with your question but him and upon Allah let the believers rely
when we sincerely believe
with full certainty that there is no God worthy of worship but Allah believes me you will not place your trust in anyone except Allah subhanaw taala.
And it is this trust in Allah subhanho wa Taala know that Allah azza wa jal raised the status of many of the prophets on the messengers,
Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him. We see so many of those examples, how he realized Allah Allah
Hola Hola Allah, he put his full reliance on Allah, Allah Allah and his optimism and he gave that optimism to the believers at a time where Muslims were in utter darkness is in terms of the state of miracles.
And he is telling them, No, you will eventually conquer the palaces of Persia, and the palaces of Rome and so on. And they're saying,
Palace is a fraud. I cannot even escape my, the one who is torturing me and persecuting me, says reliance on Allah, Allah, Allah Allah, and he was the only building this faith in the companions to rely on Allah and how dire the we need that Reliance from Allah azza wa jal
when the state of the Ummah is as it is to rely on the Muslim God we found the verse or not yet we didn't find it so that's
Next time inshallah next
direct juxtaposition of Allah and worshiping Allah and relying on Allah subhanahu whatnot.
five minutes for a stop
We'll give some time exactly in that case, I will stop here.
In that case, I will stop and we will take questions and answers inshallah and we will finish next time but
Allah subhanaw taala reward you and me and accept from you.
Are there any questions or comments?
there are no questions or comments then maybe we'll
sit down we'll recycle and we'll make dua for the timer for spot
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