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Tafsir al-Baqarah #10 – Parting the Sea – 40 Nights – Calf Worship

Mohammad Qutub

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Channel: Mohammad Qutub

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Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim hamdulillah Robben Island of de la sala to attend Motus Lima and so you didn't know what you let me know have you been able to pass in Mohammed dibny Abdi lo either early He will be with tabular environment Tabea on BSN in Edo Medina Subhana cadaverine Milena LM LM tena in the cantilever Hakim rubbish friday saturday whereas silly Emery will handle Let me listen if possible probably.

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I praise Allah Almighty and I send prayers and blessings upon Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is noble family righteous companions and all those that follow them with the right guidance until the day of judgment I mean Glory be to your law no knowledge have we accept that which you have taught us indeed you on? Yo are the All Knowing the all wise

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their brothers and sisters as Salaam Alaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh we continue with the Sierra Surah de la hora.

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We got to the following a bow we'll be learning a shipowners regime Smilla Rahmanir Rahim

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what is gonna be qumola Rafa Jaina como

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una

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Oh, whoa. What is we're doing

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to move

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the world to Bali moon

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the

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dash skoon. What?

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Shall kita one forum corner

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third goon

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after the verse that we spoke about last time,

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where Allah subhanaw taala mentioned

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the severe persecution of many Surah II by fairground and his followers,

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the slaughtering of the children.

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Sure, infanticide

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and

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leaving the girls alive to witness and live with that disgrace for the rest of their lives. before Allah subhanaw taala saved them through Prophet Musa alayhis salam when

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he took them out.

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And Allah subhanaw taala

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had

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inspired to Musa alayhis salam

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to take them out at night.

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This itself was a blessing. The fact that Allah subhanho wa Taala

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got them out

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and away from for Alan and his followers.

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But of course the ordeal is not finished yet. Because

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surround is not going to sit back and watch. Okay.

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He's gonna go after them.

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And this is why and this is where we come to the saying of Allah subhanaw taala if Roxanna because

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ultimately these verses are mentioning

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what happened here in general, okay, we said this is another nice surah

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and it was revealed in the beginning of the Madani era.

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And a lot of these details were already mentioned, okay, as we saw in other sources in the key sources, in detail about what happened exactly when Allah subhanaw taala saved them.

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But here, it's just this one liner. What you follow can be como Bahasa and Jaina Americana airlifted around our untung terminal.

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But it's a reminder, it's a constant reminder, and that's what the Quran is. So it's reminding them about this blessing. Allah subhanaw taala saved you from the claws of that tyrant

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and from all the crimes that they were perpetrating against you, and now

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there is this awesome miracle, one of the greatest miracles the world has ever seen. When you run away with Musa alayhis salam, but all of a sudden, there seemed to be no way out. Because all there was in front of you was

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above the sea.

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You

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and for how nice people are behind you.

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It wouldn't be surprising

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if Phil town had a lot of soldiers with him.

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And different narrations mentioned different things.

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The authenticity of which we cannot be absolutely sure. But some narrations mentioned that Musa alayhis salam had hundreds of 1000s

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and that frown had more

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imagine

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because Farah around when he was talking about bendy straw as he called them Shin limited Alioune. Share with him a small band of vagabonds, pariahs call them what you will, right shouldn't be McAloon nothing compared to Pharaoh, his soldiers and

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his entourage and all his followers couldn't be that they were very, very many. And now Musa Ali salaam says nothing but the seat in front of him.

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We won't go into all the details as mentioned in some of the other ideas, but let us talk a little bit about it just to grasp

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and picture put everything into perspective here what is going on? The people of the followers of Musa alayhis salaam Subhan Allah

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have little faith.

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Tell Musa alayhis salam in Allah mudra cool. That's it, we're goners.

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What, what can we do now? And to be frank and fair,

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in the field, if you look at it in terms of the worldly means, okay.

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And in terms of a worldly view, or perspective,

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it seems like there's no way out. Okay, we're done for but here we're talking about a different domain. This is the domain of the miracles the domain of the help of Allah subhanaw taala. So you're talking about the domain of the supernatural here, okay. And it is with that faith and token that Musa alayhis salam tells them Kandla know in an IRA BC did

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my Lord is with me. He will give me a way he will guide me

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even though you look at it and you say how

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but when it comes to Allah subhanaw taala brothers and sisters you don't say how

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he does what he pleases he says confer Kuhn

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what is ferok gonna be como el Baja

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Allah subhanaw taala as we know part of the sea for them notice here they said we're in Farah canal be como Baja.

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And translations may possibly say we have parted the sea for you.

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But here this has become a nickel means.

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Nickel, Arabs, Arabs, Arab speakers who are not Yeah, where do you become?

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Almost like it's through you? Right? So for you would be Nakum

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Thora Canalla calm but it's not calm it's become Farah can become a hub. It's almost as if we use you

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to separate the sea.

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You were the means?

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You were the means to part the sea, lava.

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Parting the sea.

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This is no simple matter.

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And this is a great blessing that they were given.

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Allah subhanaw taala could have saved them in any other way.

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But no, it was through this great idea where he parted the sea with them or for them. What if Farrakhan Alico Hara for andina calm and we saved you. So Allah subhanaw taala upon that,

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told Musa alayhis salam to strike

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the, that body of water

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with his stick with his staff. So, Allah subhanaw taala part of it for him

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So now I asked you brothers and sisters,

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what kind of a staff was this?

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Was it a magical staff? Was it a wand?

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Like a magician's wand?

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Was it

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it was just a regular stick.

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It was the stick and it's Musa Ali Salam held.

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Allah subhanho wa Taala does what He wills. Allah made it such Allah said, commanded the ocean to part and it did.

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But again, notice he tells him, strike it.

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For what did you try striking the ocean? Take a stick and strike it, strike it a million times, you know what's going to happen? Nothing is gonna get some water splashing.

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Right.

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He doesn't have to

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Maria Malay Salam didn't have to shake the palm tree.

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None of this is required.

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But Allah subhanaw taala teachers, human beings, you do your part, you take the means?

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This in no way.

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contradicts the word could.

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Am I somehow canceling the effect of Allah subhanaw taala. When I take those means, by the way, it's the exact opposite.

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If you do not take the proper means thinking you are doing Tawakkol you're doing the exact opposite. You know why? Because it seems that you have the idea

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that the means that you are putting forth will necessarily bring about that conclusion.

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And without Allah commanding

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that conclusion will not be brought about.

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So you take the means, but ultimately it is Allah subhanaw taala who decrees so there is no contradiction, but we take the means as Allah taught us

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and he tells me somebody Salam strike it

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and Allah subhanaw taala parted it for him

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what see is this what body of water is it?

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Is it a small body of water?

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Yes,

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we know for a fact that it can't be

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because Allah subhanaw taala tells us in the Quran, that when it parted each side was like a huge mountain

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cathodal Aleem.

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So, this is not a small body of water before we even claim to know what it is we know that this is a big body of water a sea or an ocean

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popularly

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it is the Red Sea is usually thought of as the Red Sea right. And this seems to be

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based on the biblical narration

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by the way, in these verses that we are discussing, there is remarkable similarity between the Quran and the

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present Bible which tells us that

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the Bible in this aspect is correct

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and has not been corrupted beyond rectification okay, as long as it agrees with the Quran then in this it is correct.

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But it mentions

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the Yom

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okay as the word is in Hebrew and it is interpreted as the Red Sea.

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Later on, scholars

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started reinterpreting

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and looking at the translation and said actually it is more accurately translated and interpreted as the Sea of Reeds

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not the Red Sea

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reads being some kind of vegetation inside the sea. And then Subhanallah you have different opinions about where exactly

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This crossing happened and where this great parting of the sea happened. And you had you have archeological studies and research going on. And on this as well, it seems Subhanallah that the jury is still out.

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But it might not be the Red Sea.

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It actually might be somewhere more north of that. Possibly even north of the because you have a few imagine the geography. I know we have some Egyptians here, and maybe non Egyptians as well who know their geography. So you have Egypt, right. And then you have the Sinai and then you have a body of water in between. When you go a little bit downwards, that's where you have the Red Sea. But then what you have north of that is the Suez Canal. And north of that you have the Nile Delta, okay, and you have a bunch of different estuaries and

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bodies of water there. Okay. So there are opinions and there's research that it may be somewhere there where the crossing happen and where the partying happened. But again, it has to agree with what Allah subhanaw taala told us in the Quran.

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If this is a small body of water, that cannot be parted such that each side is like a mountain, then this cannot be the place where it happened. Okay. And it's interesting, because we are interested and we are also required to look into study and to research. But the Quran did not tell us what this body of water was.

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Interestingly,

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it comes up all the time in the Quran, sometimes he calls it L

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and sometimes he calls it

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an E M, right.

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So, research

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look into it. Where could it be? What is it? Does it agree with and conform with all of the verses that talk about what happened there? In this if it is general? But it Farah can be Kumal Baba Andrina

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what a Huracan if you don't know what to tell Varun. So now, Allah subhanaw taala parted this body of water the sea for Musa La Silla, and they start walking, some narrations mentioned indeed, that the partying was not just one way. It was not just

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one track, but rather 12 tracks for each of the tribes of many Israel. Ah, okay. And

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some narrations even mentioned that, you know, many Israel gave Musa alayhis salam a hard time. This is just the fact. Okay. So even then,

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it wasn't enough that there were 12 tracks, we can see our relatives, our friends. So Allah subhanaw taala even allowed them to peer through the waves to the other track to see them. Okay, there's a narration that mentioned this as well. Allahu Allah, Allah.

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It could be that it was the 12 tracks or that it was just one track through which Musa alayhis salam, and then surat al got through.

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Of course, what we do know as the Quran tells us is that it was dry land, they did not swim across it, they walked across it, Allah Subhana Allah parted it for them such that they can just walk across okay, but Ethan Phil early, he had a son dry

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Subhanallah loca How do you just

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they got through.

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And after they walked through, Musa alayhis salam wanted to quickly

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close it again. So that firaga and his people will not catch up with them. And we know Allah subhanaw taala tells us in the Quran that Allah commanded him to wait and leave it until for an hour and

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his followers are in the middle of the sea, and then he would close it upon them, and they would drown. And there are also There's also speculation about how

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those mountains of water came back and eventually

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drowned, drowned, and how exactly they were drowned. Because if you look in the Quran,

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most of the time when he mentions Iraq, drowning for our own and his followers, he mentioned LDM.

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So this is something interesting to look into as well. Okay and why that is and what we may conclude from it.

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Allah subhanaw taala save them through this

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incredible miracle

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and drowned their enemies.

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So there is no way that anyone can say fell out and his people survived or any one of them survived of Rachna and fit around, which includes fifth round fifth round and all of his followers drowned.

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It's finished. And every single Israa Ely was saved. Last pantalla tells us that he saved them all.

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Well

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untung Tom maroon

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another blessing. Allah subhanho wa Taala destroyed your enemy and you saw it until Tom rune, you were able to witness it in order to to put out that fire in your heart that you have, because of the your your child that was killed, or your brother or your relative.

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You saw it in front of you Subhan Allah.

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Again, Allah subhanaw taala could have saved them in another way. And that would have been enough but no in this way and drowning them in front of you.

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Look at the blessing of Allah subhanaw taala upon them, and remember this when we get to the next area.

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Okay.

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The Prophet sallallahu sallam said that the authentic hadith, that of Allah azza wa jal wants to

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if Allah subhanaw taala

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is going to punish people

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for what they did to their Prophet, Allah subhanaw taala will punish them while that Prophet watches and this happened, as we know, to prophets, like who then Salah rather than some wound, when they were destroyed, okay. But this destruction usually happened before, right

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after this destruction and Musa alayhis salam receiving the Torah

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this type of general comprehensive destruction did not happen anymore. It was up to and the responsibility of the people

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to take care of their enemies

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one to tango.

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Then he says, What if you are Musa Barbarina Leila

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so now this is in one Farah, another authentic Clara what is what Adena?

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What's the difference between what Aetna and what I'd know what I know if we say what if what I know?

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Okay, which is not the era of helps. What is Wagner? Allah subhanaw taala promise Musa this?

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It was Allah subhanaw taala promising him what?

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This appointment with him

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where Allah subhanaw taala would talk to Musa alayhis salam.

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Allah azza wa jal gave him this appointment, which was

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altogether 40 days.

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In surah, Ter off he tells us it was 30 plus 10. Okay 40 In total, it was 40. Here he mentioned the 40 Allah subhanaw taala promised him this through no

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action or interaction from the side of Musa alayhis salam. But when we say what if we're at dinner, Musa as if the disappointment is from both sides, from Allah subhanaw taala to Musa and Musa Ali Salam, promising to come

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to speak with Allah subhanaw taala and to receive his bless

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Same

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which was as we will see the Torah. What is why dinar Musa Arbaeen? Allah 40 days 40 Nights sorry?

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Why does he mentioned the nights rather than the days?

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Any ideas

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or Marina Leila?

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Well, for one thing, interestingly,

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as we know, this is a very blessed and secret time. This is a long time between Musa alayhis salam and his Lord, right

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and usually the best time for that alone time between a slave servant and his lord is at night. This is Munna Jaya, right. This is this shouldn't be at night. This is the best time

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to do either now Musa Urbina Lila for the nights, by the way,

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just going back quickly to the the story of the parting of the sea. When did that happen? What day did that happen? Do you know?

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Yes, yes, brother recolor. Ashura,

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sometimes we don't connect it, it was I showed up, I showed up is what?

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What is the definition of Ashura.

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10 Sahara.

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So on the 10th of Muharram, this was the day when Allah subhanaw taala saved Musa and when he saw it, and we know that from the authentic hadith when the Prophet SAW Selim saw that the Jews were fasting this day, that's how important it was to them. They were fasting on this day when Allah subhanaw taala saved them.

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So the prophets of salaam said, we are more worthy of Musa alayhis salam love them.

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So that's why he commanded us to fasted as well the 10th of Muharram was that they when that miracle happened, the parting of the sea. What have you I didn't know Musa in Allah you let him through metahuman Nigel, I mean the idea he went to Bali, Moon

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Subhanak Europe, we just finished telling the story really quickly,

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very briefly, how Allah azza wa jal

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gave them this remarkable miracle and save them from this tyrant through this miracle that is mentioned and researched until today.

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And now Allah subhanaw taala is blessing them again, because their prophet Musa Ali Salam who just saved them

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is going to meet Allah subhanaw taala to receive further blessing from Allah subhanho wa taala.

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Because he is going for 40 days and nights, and he is going to receive the Torah, the guidance of Allah subhanho wa taala.

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At the Jews couldn't wait long enough.

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And

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they felt that he took too long.

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So Allah subhanaw taala tells us again, rather briefly

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tells us and it is more detailed in other areas in sha Allah, may Allah give us life, to get to the Tafseer of those eyes, insha Allah, but in brief,

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Musa Ali Salam went

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to receive the Torah from Allah subhanho wa taala.

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And he left home to look after Benny sorry, his brother Harold,

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gave them the responsibility of looking after them.

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What happened? The Jews could not wait. And they felt that Musa Ali salaam went for too long, 40 days and nights a month and 10 days Hala after you were just saved from this tyrant who has been persecuting you for so long.

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So what did they do?

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They

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started worshiping a golden calf of their own making.

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Can you believe it?

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Not any live animal. It's not even a live animal. Okay? It's a golden calf of their own making.

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They figured Musa alayhis salam when for too long

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longer.

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In the other ayah Allah subhanaw taala tells us that they accused Musa alayhis salaam of forgetting his Nord.

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Whom

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the golden calf

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they claimed Musa alayhis salam forgot that this is his Lord. Why are they now worshiping a golden calf? Is the golden calf, the one who saved them from Iran, or part of the sea for them.

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This is mentioned in the Bible as well. The story is mentioned in the Bible and it is considered a great sin.

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But this is where the biblical narration

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departs from the Quranic narration, because the Bible puts the blame on whom, on how rune Subhana Curam

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Haroon made the calf Alayhis Salam, and forced many Sahil to, to worship with tal Allah.

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Now, this is where it went awry. And you can see why.

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Because this type of sin, this unspeakable sin

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cannot be exonerated in any way, right? You cannot defend many Islam in worshipping the golden calf immediately afterwards just because Musa alayhis salam went for 14 days and nights to receive the Torah from Allah subhanho wa Taala there is no way to defend it. And a few say Haroon himself.

00:31:50--> 00:31:56

Right, another prophet, he was the one who was looking after them, he had authority over them.

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He made the calf and he told them to worship it,

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then we can kind of see that it's a little bit more acceptable, right? You can see how sometimes the corruption in the Bible or the

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Old Testament, you can see how the corruption was done

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for

00:32:23--> 00:33:01

and for what purpose? Okay, so you can see the types of verses that were changed and you can understand possibly the motivation behind it. Right. So here, this is what's going on. So the blame was put on on Haroon Alayhis Salam, the Quran exonerates him completely. It has nothing to do with Harun. This is their sin in their sin alone along with a salary. Right? The Jewish man who actually made this golden calf for them

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and they started worshipping it, right.

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Rune Ali Salam was doing everything he could to stop them but he couldn't.

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And Musa alayhis salam told him do not divide when he saw eel.

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Be careful look after them. Be careful of the wrongdoers and the corrupters. Amongst them there are wolf CDN. There are corrupters beware of them.

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Many Israa in

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almost killed, how Rouen alayhi salam

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almost killed him.

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After they were just saved.

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And after

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Musa is going to receive the Tamra

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this is the way the Quran defends her room and exonerates him of anything having to do with the calf worship.

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So they started worshiping a calf.

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What happened to

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pure monotheism, put the blessing aside, put your feeling of gratitude to what Allah to how Allah just saved you aside, whereas pure monotheism

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that they claim that they practice also

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you're worshiping a golden calf.

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And of course the story continues.

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And Mousavi Sarang comes back and he cannot believe it and he drops the tablets obviously and he takes how ruined by his beard and his his head and he said what did you do and it's it's it's really something else but here the Quran is just giving us the

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story in brief, what are addenda Musa Arbaeen Allah you written through metalpromo Angel me

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that the heat were untung volley Moon

00:35:04--> 00:35:06

no question about it were unknown Valley moon

00:35:08--> 00:35:15

you cannot defend it. Nothing can be said what? untung golly moon and you were wrongdoers.

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This was something that you did that you brought about your cells

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from my phone Allah

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so Allah forgive them.

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And as you will see one eye after another ALLAH forgive. they reneged again, ALLAH forgive reneged, ALLAH forgive

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the the liquid Allah Kamdesh guru and then Allah subhanaw taala, for gave them

00:35:49--> 00:35:51

a Salah uncle.

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After what, after all that you did, so therefore

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ALLAH forgive, but there is going to be a price.

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For this repentance, this is not any normal repentance, as we will see in sha Allah next time. But now, we put it into perspective.

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After the parting of the sea, first saving them from frown,

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leaving the place where frown was parting the sea for them, drowning, he didn't have to drop them,

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save them and leave her alive, no one to turn the room you saw them drown.

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Allah drown them in front of you. Then Musa alayhis salam now is going to receive a Torah.

00:36:49--> 00:36:49

Okay.

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And then you go and you worship a golden calf ultimate ingratitude.

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And yet, Allah subhanaw taala forgave them. He didn't have to, it could have destroyed them.

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Just like he destroyed the town and his people.

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And

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if he had done that, he would not have done it unjustly. But he forgave them,

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law and accomplished Kuru. So that maybe you will be grateful.

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And then he details it, after the idea that we will discuss now. Then he said, Tina moves hulky turba. Well for Kannada, Allah contat

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Allah subhanaw taala had given Musa alayhis salam al Kitab al Kitab is a Torah

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Okay.

00:37:49--> 00:37:51

Al Kitab well for Khan

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we read in the Quran quite a bit Al Furqan. The Quran is known as a foregone

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elke Kitab Al Furqan. Is it different? Many scholars have said it is the same thing. Where if Taner Musa al Kitab well for Allah the data to Al Kitab Al Furqan, meaning that these are two

00:38:18--> 00:38:24

characteristics adjectives for the same thing which is a Tamron a turabi in

00:38:26--> 00:38:29

the book that Allah subhanaw taala revealed to move Sally Sarah

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and Kitab Al Furqan. This is Al Kitab is a Torah and then you have L four and he describes it as Al Furqan Al Furqan, being at four convent and Rockwell Martin.

00:38:44--> 00:39:39

And Furqan means the criterion between truth and falsehood. And the book of Allah subhanho wa Taala is always a criteria, because it separates between truth and falsehood. Some of us Syrian said it might be that Al Kitab is a Torah itself. And then Al Furqan is whatever legislation is mentioned in the Torah and you know that the Torah is full of legislation, right? The Jews were making it difficult for themselves, and therefore the commandments in the Torah. Were also harsh. Okay. That's why the we know that Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was described as lifting some of those difficulties when he came. But those difficulties were there of course, it was with what their

00:39:39--> 00:39:41

own hands have reaped.

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So

00:39:44--> 00:39:55

alpha con could be the legislation in the Quran, in the Torah, but ultimately, it is a book that guides a Torah

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al Kitab a will for Allah Allah to do that. Maybe

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You will be guided. And this is the way Allah subhanaw taala guided

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all of the peoples he would send a prophet or a messenger, and he would send along with that prophet or messenger, a book through which that they can they can be guided. Yes, it might be sufficient to have a prophet or a messenger and to follow and emulate that Prophet and Messenger. But you can see the importance of a book that connects you with Allah subhanho wa taala, a book that you can read a book, a book that you can ponder over and understand and see the beauty of the speech of Allah subhanaw taala, bonafide, genuine, from Allah subhanaw taala before they started corrupting it with their own hands, as happened later on with the Bible. So this is another blessing. Another blessing

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upon you, that Allah Subhana Allah gave you this in order that you may be guided.

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So

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Musa Ali Salah was coming back to them with a gift,

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the words of ALLAH, the book of Allah

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and he finds them worshiping a golden calf.

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Can you imagine the heart ache that Musa feels I like his Salah at that point.

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They gave him such a hard time.

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And Harun as well.

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They couldn't even defend himself when his brother came back.

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And we will continue in sha Allah next time, Allahu Allah, or SallAllahu Sallam or baraka and Amina Mohammed, what is from Allah? Hi, you