Tafsir Surah Dukhan #04
Channel: Haitham al-Haddad
File Size: 45.62MB
we continue the Tafseer of sola at the heart
of this MOOC chapter number 44. And we said that this surah is directly sola and it deals with the main topics of the Maquis period. The topics that are related to the articles of faith, believing in Allah, Allah, Allah, believing in the Hereafter, what happens to those who deny
the Lordship of Allah, Allah, Allah and the one ship of Allah, Allah Allah. So the those who deny the worship of Allah, Allah, those who do not submit to Allah, Allah, Allah, what happens to them. And this will also gave examples of
good example of one of the previous nations who denied the oneness of Allah, Allah, Allah, and what happened to them in the dunya, and in the alpha as a result of their proof of the disbelief. And it is a warning for the people whom the precise and the most sent to either directly the people of NACA or to all of us, as the people whom the prophesies send them was sent to us.
indirectly, I mean, that he did, he didn't live among us. So it is a warning, a warning of all people who are considered to be the unknown.
So this is the surah.
This is the main topics of the earth. We sent it out to the surah gave me an example of those who deny
the oneness of those who rejected to submit to a word. What is this example is an example of surah of Prophet Musa alayhis salam. And, as we said that Moosa was mentioned frequently so frequently in the Quran. In fact,
he historically was the most frequent study mentioned in the Quran, from different angles.
who was the main person moves out his arm was sent to his name was mentioned so frequently in the Koran. And his his story was mentioned so frequently in the Quran. Why? Because, as we said, that Allah Allah Allah wants to warn us against following the method of Islam. Now see brothers.
When we study the four iron, there is a detailed study of the verses of the Koran, where we study the verses analyze them, maybe word by word, take lessons from them, word by word. And for over we need also to study the Quran as a book, the entire book. Yes, yeah. And what are the aims of the book? What is the narrative? What are the main subjects of
As it is or addresses certain subjects, how the Orion deals with certain problems in general, and this is a surveillance study this is
Yeah. For example.
It is good to study why. The Moosa the story of Musa Hassan was mentioned frequently in the Koran, not to the story of the Amazon.
It is good to study why Pharaoh was mentioned so frequently in the Quran, Abraham, a Salah was mentioned so frequently in the Quran, why? masculine in the Quran, the main topics are related to the oneness of Allah. Yeah, related to the afterlife related to the movie.
There is no discussion in the call about the details of some few key issues except certain topics. For example, there is no discussion about the daily prayer in the polygon. Yes, but there is a focus on the prayer.
There is a focus on the zurka
Yes, why is it is it because the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was doing it on a daily basis and the companions watch? The prophet SAW Selim and so it doesn't need further explanation. Why read the inheritance
Hello was mentioned in the Delta in
some aspects of which were mentioned in the Delta.
For example, yeah, so, this kind of analytical study for the for an AAS book
I mentioned and I in fact, now, I am adamant to write about this, that there is no real atheism, the founders and to talk about atheists.
Yeah, the Quran doesn't talk about atheists. There was a study that was published recently, a few weeks ago, that scientists, they say that science confirms that there is no one who denies the existence of a supreme big.
Some studies suggest this, and this is it. And as one said, that there are signs that those who die Yes, all those who those who die the way they died, yes, they are looking to the heavens or they are looking for a solution, the heavens or they are looking for something like this, which means that when they are about to die, they are going back to their bloat.
Yeah. And also, there were some reports that those who were about to die either drowning in the sea, or falling, or
have they they were in planes, and the planes were about to have crashes, and then they were saved. And they were asked, what was the first thing you were thinking about? When the plane was about to crash? He said, who can save me there must be someone who can save me.
Which means that in eternity, they believe in what? In the existence of God and the existence of Supreme Being. So does that serve as an explanation for why the Quran did not speak about atheism?
Is it because the Quran does not approve that there is something called atheism? Truly? Yes. Or there are people who deny the existence of God? Yes. And this kind of history?
on the other side, how can you speak about men?
speaks about women. Yeah. How are these people in terms of marriage? Like how what is people in terms of relationship between nations? Yeah, between countries between the man and Kosovo, between the Islamic State and other states and so on. Okay. So, it is good to have both types of studies. Similarly, when we study sewers, as well, there is a study of the, the words of the soul or the verses of the soul and there is a study of the surah. The entire saga, the main subjects of the surah, the aims of this rule, and how the atmosphere or the climb into this aura. Yeah, if you understand what I'm okay, there are those who read it in Arabic, they feel that there is a climate
There is a special atmosphere, you are going into a room that has its own flavor. When you move to solar, I'll have another flavor still it is within the Quran, but it is another flavor, you are in another mood it is in another atmosphere.
This is very interesting. This is the nature of Panama.
This is the Caribbean for lunch. So again, this kind of these kinds of studies are really quite important. Okay. We, as we said that, after warning, Benny, after warning, the co founder of naka de la hora told them about the story of Venezuela, and the story of Musa alayhis salaam. So our jello is one of them. No problem. Oklahoma fionna ojama Sharon Kenny. Indeed, we have tried before them, that people have their own while their own and we have sent to them a noble profit with our own will soon carry this profit. What did he say to them? And do he lie about them Elijah.
Masada was sent to Tehran
and to the people of Iran and as they say it is gonna say that more
salaries are more centered around the people around and who else
and Benny is running as well
right to two nations around and his people and to Bernie is about him which is his people the more service people so the above
counted out the people who are around and that is about it. So I want to get a sense
to them and he said to them and do la vida de la deliver to me the slaves of Allah. Yes.
The children Officer invalidly I am to you, our fee our messenger worthy of all trust. Okay. And in a by the law it has basically two meanings either musala is around is telling them send with me. Yes. Send with me Benny is rockin adieu, la vida de la. So a bad de la here is what is like my food be send with me, the slaves of your slaves, the children of slavery and send them with me. Yes. And as you know that Moosa when he went to fill out, he gave him the off and then he said to him, and I'll say many, many, many Salafi
give it to them, get give it Give them to me. If you are refusing to accept Islam call us leave when it is about you. And let them follow me. Okay, so this is one mean. The other meaning is an adu ni vida means submit to me. Yeah. Submit to me, or listen to me. Yeah. So about here is monada why to submit to me in a Nikon rasuna I mean,
I am a trustworthy profit to you. Yeah. Okay. Here someone might say, but he did not present any proof that he is what
he preferred. This is a possibility. But the answer comes after that. Yes. Why Allah Allah Allah Allah in Ne t conditional upon Him will be and
exalt not yourself against a law.
humble yourself before Allah. Don't exalt yourself before over. Don't be arrogant. We spoke about it. We spoke about arrogance in general last time. Yes, La da da da da ne t can be super funny movie in here is a proof that I am bringing to you an authority, a method on a man manifests authority.
And that manifests authority What is it? Is whatever the law is the medical data where the law has given him?
Yeah, so these miracles will serve as a proof that he is what is coming from our dealer. Yeah, okay.
it can be so funny movie. This is my dear brothers. This is one way to understand this verse and to understand many other verses related to commanding the disbelievers to worship Allah.
Yes, if someone comes to you and says to you follow me. I am following the truth. You have to ask him what is the proof that you are following the truth? agree or not?
Yes, you're not going to just
follow him like this.
agree or not?
So no money in the ad, you'll find that there is after every command. There is what I justification for that command. Yeah.
We do a backhoe
Well, let me
worship You Lord, who is the one who created you?
Because He created you. And you know that he created you? Because no one claims that he created himself. So we worship Him. So this is justification. Yeah, you want to talk on Bakula? The Hall of
Fame you wrote who is you know, the one who created you from one soul? and so on. Okay. Even fasting Yeah, you're Latina woman. Yes.
Putting on a museum cannot
come because you believe in Allah. So, the justification is already there. The proof is already there, you should. Now listen to what we tell you and fasting was prescribed upon you. So here it is similar. Yeah.
Moosa is turning around and his people follow me. I am a trustworthy Prophet, what is the proof that you are a trustworthy prophet? And bringing you miracles? Yes, well Allah, Allah Allah, it can be so funny movie. Don't exalt yourself before Allah I am bringing to you a manifest. What? authority? What is it the miracles? This is one way to look at such verses. Are you following your bliss? Now there is another way to look at it, which is
when the prophets Yeah, when the prophets called people to do something.
Now, are they calling them to worship?
are they calling to worship the Prophet himself?
No. Yeah. Are they calling them to give the Prophet any worldly affair?
Yes, Allah, Allah Kumara Yaga.
Yeah, most of all the most of the prophets mentioned in the Quran, they told that people are
not asking you any worldly effect, any reward for it? By? Yes. So are they asking them for any worldly benefit? No.
By what are they asking them? They are asking them something, that the profits themselves are not benefiting from it at all.
Which means that by common sense, most likely that what they are calling them for is what?
I'm telling people worship Allah.
None of the Prophet said, worship me. So he's not getting anything, worship Allah, and he is your Lord is my Lord and you know, he is not asking them for any worldly affair. So, there must be at least an element of what of truth
and his kind of is it clear. So, even without justification, this is by common sense is enough as a proof, that he is calling them to something
that is true, let alone Let our own that they knew that he is what an oval person he was known as a trustworthy person, he was known as what a credible person, he has no, not known for being Elia center, evil person and so on. So, by common sense, this person is calling us to something that is really the truth. Which means that when they reject the door of the Prophet, they are rejecting it not because of what they don't believe in him and his integrity, but because of our because of our organs and cable and rejection, they want to reject and they don't want to submit to a lot of everything.
Are you following?
Yeah. Otherwise, all symptoms or all factors are there to prove that he is calling them for the truth. So this would be enough but out of the mercy of Allah? Yes, I did Allah add the prophets with what
with miracles and the prophets are seldom say, Man Libyan Illa Oto
Ma Ma, Amina al Basha alma mater, Mitsubishi, I'm an ambition and the Prophet was given miracles that the entire humanity would believe because of those miracles. See,
and then he said, Well, I can enter the OT to what and what I have given a better relation. Yeah. Which is more than enough as a proof, okay. that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, Allah. Okay. So
Musashi Salam is addressing
Mainly their own and his people.
Yeah. And it can be as an address to his people below him as well. Then
musala Hassan said, we're in the roof to be on top.
Yes, I seek refuge
Yeah, I seek refuge with my Lord and you wrote,
lest you should stone me.
Now masala is Allah is taking pre emptive measures that may be now they are going to disbelieve in me. Yeah. And so he said to them, I seek refuge and protection of a law that you will in Allah my lord andyou law.
And as we said last time, okay, that moves or the Salah, and all the prophets. In fact, normally they say to you, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, which means that even Subhana Allah and he's an air tank, worship Mitel.
Yeah, in order not to antagonize them. Why do we need to worship? You know,
he's not my Lord. Yeah, you know, and he's not denying that is his law, but he's using the language. Yeah, you know, worship, you know? And sometimes he would say, My Lord.
Okay. So this is even in the language, it is more convincing that, listen, I have nothing to do. Okay, I have no worldly benefit at all. And this is your Lord. Okay, worship Him. Not only that, it means that you know about him.
You want to do back home, wins, you know that he lost.
And this is only created in our football, as we said, okay, so they said it confused with my load on the load that you stole me. This caller says either you stone him physically or stone him by your words. lanie insult him. Okay, here until
to insult me or to store me physically. And then he said what 11 took me Normally, if you don't believe in what I'm saying. And you don't submit to my message that I'm delivering to you.
Leave me alone.
Yeah, leave me alone.
to preempt any kind of aggression from their side. But so however, the amount of disbelief and the disbelievers
when they hear, see, when they hear the message of fairness now, generally speaking, except certain exceptions, generally speaking, they will be divided into two parties. One party that will accept the truth, the other party, yes. will not say no, we don't believe in it and they will leave the truth by itself. Okay. Are we don't believe in what you saying? Do whatever you want to do? No, they tend to be what?
again is the truth
they came to be they tend to be what the enemies of the truth and this is the sooner This is the divine though. Very few people will remain in what?
in the middle?
Yes, and again, your brother's if you challenge this reader for him, you will see that normally when a prophet comes to his people, they will but will be what divided by the people who the hell and the people of the falsehood and in between? Yeah, very, very few people that have no Yani insignificant role.
Yeah, the people of the Bible, they will not keep quiet.
When they see that there are people who follow them, they will turn to be their enemies. And that's why even the people of Makkah said Oh, look at Mohammed he came, you find your football Tajima antenna. He divided us
divided us and if someone were to say that there are dividing people, yeah. We say yes, they are dividing them based on what
based on the most significant thing that divides people, which is what
Eman and COVID
Why this is true? Because obviously when we call people to submit to Allah, there will be some people who will submit and there will be people who will say no and we will find you. Okay.
This is the no buy, and that's why let us not see if we want to do that
in any place, let us not overestimate the value of people who will sympathize with us.
Yeah, and not accepted.
Yeah. How many word like a boat pilot?
Yeah, who sympathized with the Prophet sallallahu sallam,
but did not accept Islam. Mm hmm. Very few. We now think that all the non Muslims will become likewhat
This will never happen.
Because this is what you are changing the appeal of people. People will not just accept it and submit to it and say, Yeah, do whatever you want to do. By Allah created this life as a salon, they know
about the conflict between health and body. This is the summary of it. Right? There might be some people who might sympathize with Muslims, but they are insignificant in terms of number. And in terms of what,
how and terms of power and authority or influence. That's why the key thing is that what
the key the key thing is, though, okay, even from another angle, which is the most important angle, people who will sympathize with us, if they don't accept this at all. I will tell you, Where is he going? He's in the finals come
by his sympathy towards the prophesies, Allah helped him to reduce the other which means that he is what is punished.
But he is punished.
Why didn't you accept this? Yeah, after you sympathize with the Prophet sallallahu Sallam
which means that you have you have a level of arrogance that stops you from accepting what you sympathize with.
Normally, when they use empathize with a person, and you see that this person is a noble person, integrity, etc, etc. You tend
to accept him accepted. Yeah, accept what he is calling.
Okay. So most or is
it saying? No, don't you know, leave that as you leave me alone?
Are they going to leave him alone? They will never do that. Yeah, but he has to try.
Yeah, he has to try. And we have to try. Yeah, we have to try your knee. Okay. We say if you don't accept Islam, just leave us alone.
We have to say I'm not saying that although it is unlikely that they will do it. Yes. By that people who do not accept Islam will turn against us it is unlikely that they will just leave us alone. But you still we have to talk. Yeah, because this is part of the
part of detailing the battery with the help. Okay. Thank them too many factors.
And it was clear that they did not submit to Him. So then when it was clear that they did not follow Him and they did not accept His Messenger. His message further out.
Yes, he called his law he made
he made up here, unlike what it was mentioned about, uh huh. New Allah is Allah. Yes.
Allah no one be that either of them in a cafe de una de yada,
yada. It was mentioned that he might make you may be clear, explicit. Again this thing right here. It is not explicit. But it was clear that from that context that Mozart is made against him, because there is a feather out of them. He called his Lord
to do what
it is not explicitly mentioned. Yes, but
implicitly it means that he made against them, especially further out of the Who? Yes. What do
we do that oh my lord, they are criminals. Okay? There are sinners polytheist disbelievers
Allah Allah Allah will take care of them. Once we discussed is it allowed to make your our against disbelievers in general?
By Yeah, as we said, there is a lot of discussion about it to make your own again it's methylene yeah and he disbelievers in general. Yeah. or destroy them or Allah don't allow them to to to live in peace. Okay, some something like this.
So some scholars said law you cannot make law against disbelievers in general
but you can make the law against the enemies of Islam because it was not mentioned at all that the prophets I send them made a dua against this video.
Yeah, it is not mentioned like this or like, just destroy them. Okay, because they are disbelievers.
Right this was not mentioned neither in the Quran nor in December of the process and and why
why is this
guy did Yeah, because he was sent to them so if they were destroyed before he gives them data then what's the point of his message?
is it clear not over it is in our favor that we see. Listen to this brothers. But it is in our favor to see more people what
what do you think a lot
it is in our favor. But it is in our favor to that we do more Salah so why because Allah would see more Salah being happening on earth either way us all others
Yes, yeah. So that is not that is against the sooner but these colors they approved there are against specific enemies who are known for the enmity and hatred of Islam.
And this is a good conclude Okay, that you can make such draw against those who you have this enmity and hatred towards Islam. So that's why further out of la comida moon after he gave them Gala.
Okay, and they rejected it. And he was afraid of them because he said find them to refactor the room Leave me alone. So he was afraid. So he said Oh, a lot. They are now turning against us. They are turning against
the data. Okay, they became the enemies of the devil. So Allah okay. They are criminals deal with
Allah commanded him. Yes. For us. sileby Reba, the nylon in Komodo cake my people who accepted your who are accepted your doubt? Take them out at night.
Yeah, because you will be followed. So I tonight secretly, quietly Yeah, take the believers and just leave them.
Because we will destroy it. Yeah. Or because you need to establish your own place
to to live your own Islamic life. And here, it is impossible to do this. I agree. Which means that when it is within when it becomes impossible for a community to practice their Islam because of the enmity and hatred of the enemies of Islam, then they have to leave that land to a place where they can worship.
This is Yeah, as communities to a certain degree as individuals, okay. If there is a place that they can
flee to so how
Allah commanded Musashi Sarah. Yeah, leave the place for us city I tonight quietly so they will not follow you. And then they will not kill you. Yes and kill the human follows ferocity Viva de la them in a comfortable here, Allah Allah Allah in this surah is giving us a glimpse of the story of moose. Allah is not giving in details.
Yeah, and the Koran is so amazing to Hannah Allah when the narrator stories. Every time you read the story, you see something different in the story.
Yeah, sometimes it is in length, sometimes it is in an In brief, sometimes the focus is one side, sometimes the focus is another side, and so on.
When there was one, I received one question from
from a non Muslim, he said that he read the Koran. Yeah. And he said that
there is no code in the Koran in the chapters in the beginning believers, Jana, and then the story of like, hear the story of Musa then the author, he said there is no single theme. Yeah, and there are different topics discussed in, in one place. By
myself time so.
So, so what's the question? He said?
He said, How is this
He said, Yeah, but this is not normally the book, there is a single theme. And
I said, See,
just to cut it short. I said, You took your books as a standard.
Yeah. Be careful this instead of answering him, I spoke to him like this. I said, Why do you consider this peripheral? As about peripheral
and your charisma as the correct theory?
Are you following?
Why do you consider your method as the standard method? And every single book should follow that? why don't why don't you consider use method by as maybe a backward method
or a boring method?
Yeah, or not fruitful.
And then because of
any internal hidden outcomes in the subconscious, you judge everything according to what you consider as the best practice and
Are you following and this is our one of our problems, brothers, that whenever we are confronted with any question about Islam, we try to justify, we never say But no, this is this is the this is better than us.
And anything we need to justify by rationality, etc, etc. Sometimes, of course, there is a there is a legal issue. Yeah. And there is there is a political issue to be any politically correct. But sometimes you need to say to be what you call blatant and you say no. Why don't you consider this as a fight? You should consider your way is wrong.
I might just janny legally follow it legally, but internally, I believe that it is it is the worst practice. And my periphery is the best practice.
Yeah, I remember when we discussed Hadoop, I said, Well, I believe that well, imprisonment for 10 years is the worst and the most inhumane practice.
Yeah, why do you consider my attitude as in human?
Are you following this?
uses in the human mind, feel that it is very human. Okay, what is the standard?
Why? Why do you take us as the standard anyway?
Allah Allah, Allah commanded, Musa alayhis salam to flee.
And Musa alayhis salam In brief, your cape was not made.
The details were not mentioned as we said Masada Hassan left
Egypt yes with bamboo is is those who followed him from Israel and they wanted to cross the river
Yeah, here what to kill the hell outta one yeah, I want to learn and leave the sea as it is quiet and divided verily there are a host to be drummed. Now, most of the those who speak about those who spoke about the story of Moosa, they said that he crossed down nine that night. This is most of them, some of them they said maybe it refers to the other side of this he allama Yeah, I have not investigated the matter.
But the bottom here was totally backed up in Arabic, but how is different from what now? But sometimes, yeah, but have seen now river but sometimes in our league there were about how we can cover what
see now as well. Yeah, can refer to an even in some countries, they refer to the sea when it is shorter than the river when it is big.
Okay, anyway, what what what does it mean? Okay, as we said, The story was mentioned briefly here. musala he said, I'm left with the people around he crossed the sea. He crossed the sea, as it is mentioned. Yeah, public downside.
Natasha, Dinah in Surat Al Baqarah
and so on. So he left to the sea Allah Jalla Allah so Allah Allah Allah commanded him to hit the stone next to the river and that will give him
a solid ground in the middle of the river. So he passed with his people and they cross the river. Yeah, this was not mentioned here. It was mentioned in other verses and other chapters as we said, then when musala hytera passed to the second side of the river, he wanted to add
to hit the sea in order or to hit the stone or to hit to the side of the river in order to what to return it as a sea or as a river again.
Yeah, so they don't follow them. Allah told him here what little callback hell no leave it as it is. Because we want them to come and follow you and in the middle, we will let them drown in the middle of the sea. So this is the plot of Allah Allah wants to kill bachata in Morocco,
leave the sea as it is quiet and divided very there are a horse to be drowned. Yep, okay.
Okay, anyway, let us stop him coming from the anathema union shallow in explaining and Sharma in the next day desert Hello, hello. Hello people if you have any question.
How should we treat each?
Yeah, the question is how do we treat the different
groups of people those who think sympathize with us and those who show the enmity obviously, okay.
There are different ways of treating them by the one who treats you well treat him well. Yeah, the one who treat you badly, then it depends on the situation by depends on the situation, if it is in a
in Macau as they say and the position of power, then you need to measure your reaction. And maybe even if he treats you badly, you need to treat him okay in a good way. But if Muhammad Allah has been exhausted, they know there are no avenues of doubt and the treatment of the his bad the treatment to you is leading to more harm to the data or to you, then maybe you need to change your stance. Okay. So in general in general, five, as the law says,
double line hakoah annalena?
commence ericom, antiviral matsudo A
La Nina Nina
from India Rico and our logo
that does not you to deal justly? And maybe maybe you can say kindly with those who did not get the revenue away from your homes and who did not fight you in your religion?
Give any treatment to or describe as a group of non Muslims who don't accept Islam but at the same time are sympathetic to Islam or
neutral to Islam? And speak about people like that.
And if it doesn't, does that mean they really? I don't know. I don't know. I don't think so. And even if there is, it is very, very minimum.
If they because normally the parent is saying learning in our lives in any way in the future or the future there is no middle.
Yeah, problem so not only it I mean, it open our ears even for for Madonna, Amina, Yanni. Just
a man and copper no in between?
No, not the only those who
remain on call for but they are sympathizers?
I don't think so. I don't think do you think it's possible that, for example, in this society where you have, like multicultural beliefs, it is possible that a lot of people might have that kind of idea
that they don't they know anti Islam? Because not because of a love of Islam or anything but because their own beliefs dictated that they should just respectful people?
Yeah, this is a good question. Well, to be honest with you, I
I questioned this.
Yeah, I started to question this quite long time ago. I remember the first country I visited.
The first western country I visited was the Netherlands in 1996.
or four, maybe? Yeah. 1994 or 1996. And the people were very, very hospitable.
The Dutch people, very hospitable. Very nice people. I have to say this. Yeah. I was to be honest with you. I had the cultural shock. Coming from out of dry countries. Yes. Then visiting people who are smiley, hospitable, nice, respectful. And then this turned upside down after 911.
Yeah. So what does that mean?
It means a lot.
It means that Well, those who are just
any neutron by
if they were to be tested, they will turn against Islam and Muslims could.
Yeah. So it needs to be analyzed carefully. As I told you, I'm questioning this, whether that is
truly happening. Right. You might find individuals. Yeah. But then they're there. Their weight is insignificant,
either because of numbers or because of power.
Yeah, think about it.
We don't receive questions from sisters.
So, we are giving them the chance to do that.