Instilling Yaqeen – Lesson #7 – Evidence in Islam – Islamic Epistemology

Kamil Ahmad

Channel: Kamil Ahmad

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Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam ala at Emmanuel aquilani Allah, Allah He,

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early he was so happy woman today he had he was standing at he Eli ami, Dean, and bad Salaam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh

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we continue our

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classes class, entitled instilling your theme.

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And

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we have covered

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many of the fundamental aspects of Islam. belief in Allah subhanho wa Taala belief in the prophethood of our Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam belief in the authenticity of the Quran.

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And so far, we've covered all of these foundational aspects of Islam. And we've supported these beliefs with evidences with proofs. But here, we need to pause for a moment.

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Because

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a lot of people look at evidence,

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and what constitutes evidence based on what they've been taught in school, for example.

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And so they say that evidence is what we can observe. It's what you can see, it's what you can hear, it's what you can smell, and so on. It's hard material evidence.

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And the reason why many of us think this way is because

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of how advanced and materialistic The world has become today,

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to such a degree that we're no longer interested in entertaining any evidence that is not scientifically supported.

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And so this is the way most people now they think, on top of that,

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the atheists of today, they are forcing this kind of thinking upon the people.

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And so they're telling us that

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science, where we have reached in science today, it has disproven

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the myths of the existence of a god

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until they say that based on what science tells us today, God does not exist.

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And so now, when you come to such people,

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with evidence of the existence of a lot as we did,

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in the first few lessons we looked at, the evidence is proving the existence of a lot.

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Or if you come to the people with evidence of the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam, being a true prophet and messenger from Allah, or you come to them with evidence showing that the Quran is the truth from Allah subhanho wa Taala. They don't even bother to explore, to even investigate this evidence. Why? Because

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they ask, what is the scientific evidence?

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Because that is all that they believe in. Their minds have become shaped to only accept

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what science has proven in our day and age.

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But this is nothing new.

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Or this idea of rejecting somebodies proof and evidence.

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Because, you know, you can't see it in front of you. This is something that is not new, but rather, Allah subhanho wa Taala gives us examples of this in the Quran

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of how the kuffar who disbelieved in the prophets and messengers, how they dealt with the signs that are yet and the proofs that the prophets came with.

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And so,

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instead of looking into

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these signs, these ayat and these evidences and contemplating over them, and seeing how convincing they are, what would they do? Instead, they would ask for something else.

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They would, they would ask for other proofs that are material

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In nature,

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observable, something that they can touch, because according to them, that's the only way to prove

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for certain that what the prophets are claiming is true.

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And they added that if those evidences are brought forward,

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then they would believe on the spot.

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If these evidences are brought forward,

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that we are asking you to bring, oh Prophet and Messenger, then we will believe in you right away.

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And so Allah subhanho wa Taala tells us, for example, the people of Musa What did they say?

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What is cool to me? Yeah, Musa Len Mina laka had Nora la Jara.

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When it's really said, almost.

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We won't believe in you until we see a loss of Hannah who attalla with our own eyes.

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And so how are they different to the atheists of today?

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That atheists have today they say the exact same thing.

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Why doesn't God show us himself if he truly exists?

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Also, Allah subhana wa tada tells us

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concerning courage,

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and the co founder of Mecca,

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what did they say to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam were called hulan mina laka. Had Judah Lana, Amina erbium Booyah.

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We will not believe in you until you cause a spring to gush forth from beneath the earth.

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Oh takuna like agenda two minute hearing where he had been fed to federal and hierarchy law of JIRA or until you bring us a garden of palm trees of vine yards and cause rivers to flow abundantly in it.

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Oh, to speak persona. accom as Alina t Safa.

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Out Aditya Birla he went mela Kabila or that you cause the sky to fall upon us as you have claimed, or that you bring a law and the angels before us face to face. And so again, that same argument, bring a law before us. Show us the angels.

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Oh, you're cool nanika the roof in outer coffee center, while en Minnelli Rokita tuna Zilla, Alina, keytab and nakara. Or until you have a house of gold, or that you ascend into heaven. And even then, we will not believe in your ascending up to the heaven until you bring down to us a book that we can read.

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And then what does Allah say to the prophet SAW Selim? Cool so the hand or be held can to elaborate or Rasulullah say, glory be to my Lord? Am I nothing but a human messenger?

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And so what do we learn from all of this?

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What we learn is that such people who are denying the truth that the prophets and messengers came with, they're not really looking for proof and evidence that will convince them

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they're not really looking for material, observable evidence that will convince them that yes, this is the truth from a lie and we should believe in it. But rather, these are mere excuses.

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These are only justifications to reject the truth.

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And the atheists of today, and those who deny the truth of Islam, they are no different.

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And that's why Allah subhanho wa Taala tells us that even if he was to send down a book

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from him subhanho wa Taala, send it down to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, something that they can touch and read. Even then they won't believe that's what law says, Well, I wanna zelner olika kita then feel free to toss in felon. So add him Lacalle alladhina cafaro in her that Illa

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Allah says had we sent down to you a revelation in a book in writing, and they were able to touch it with their own hands. The kuffaar will still have said this is nothing but pure magic. So right now they're saying that this is pure magic and that

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You're insane, even if they see it with their own eyes, they will say the same.

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And also, Allah subhanahu wa tada tells us that these kuffaar no matter what evidence you bring them, they will still disbelieve what Officer mobila he just had a man him, let in a tomb area to let you know nebbia

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these go far, they swear by Allah, their most severe oaths they take, that if an area a sign and evidence was brought to them, then they will surely believe. And then Allah says, will in the mid to end the law say that the if the evidence is the signs are only with Allah, meaning Allah subhanho wa Taala sends us whatever evidence he wants, they are with the law, no one forces him to send any evidence. Well, now you share it will come and Elijah at law you mean? And what will make you to believe what will make you to realize that even if a sign and evidence were to come to them, that they would still not believe?

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And so this is the reality of the fact

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that there are demand for

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hard material observable evidence

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is not a real genuine demand.

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It's not because they're looking for the truth, sincerely. It's not because they want to know for sure that this has to be the truth. So they want to see it with their eyes. And only then they're, they'll believe, no,

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it's because they don't want to submit to the truth. The truth is plain before their eyes, and we have the evidences. And we have their evidences. And today, that's what we're going to talk about, we're going to talk about

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what constitutes evidence and what does not. So we have the evidence, and the evidence is before their eyes. But

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they're only making an excuse that we want scientific evidence.

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And so there's an important question here to ask. And that is, why is it

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that Allah subhanho wa Taala did not send

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us any

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observable material, physical evidence that either proves his own existence, meaning that why doesn't last show us? That's, you know, that's the question that they asked us. They're atheists.

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Why hasn't Allah shown us himself?

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Or, for example, with regards to the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam? Why hasn't Allah made the ye the revelation?

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Something that we can touch? And that we can prove scientifically?

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And so the answer to this question is very simple.

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The answer is very simple. And that is that we human beings have been made distinct

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and unique from other creatures.

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In that Allah has given us

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an intellect.

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And he has given us also the ability to choose,

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he's given us the faculty, to reason with our minds. And he's also given us the ability and the power

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to freely choose,

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choose what is right from what is wrong, based on what our minds direct us to. This is something Allah has given to us and he has not given to anyone else.

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And so

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if Ally's existence was based on observable evidence, such that we can see a lot directly for example, then there would no longer be

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any function for our intellect.

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If Allah gave us hard scientific material evidence, and that's it,

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there will be no point of our minds that Allah has given us in order to arrive at the truth.

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And there would be no point of giving us freewill.

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There will be no point of giving us the ability to choose freely between either believing or disbelieving.

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Allah has given us this

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choice in this dunya. But if he sent us hard evidence, or if he showed himself to us, and that's it, everyone would be forced to believe. No one would have any excuse anymore, to say I don't believe in the existence of Allah.

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That's it.

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The whole point of giving us freewill.

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That's it, everyone would be forced to believe, and no one would have any excuse.

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But we are in this dunya. And we have that free will. Allah has given us that choice for this purpose, to see who would who would believe and who would disbelieve. And this is exactly why this is exactly and precisely why it's too late to believe, or to repent to Allah, at the time of death.

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when death comes

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to a person,

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and they see the angel of death before their eyes, and their boots, and their breathing their last breath.

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If they were to say Shahada at that time, it wouldn't benefit them.

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And if they were to ask Allah for repentance, it wouldn't benefit them, as Allah has told us in the Koran.

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And that's simply because

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now it's too late, because now you could see it before your eyes.

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Now it's observable, the world of the unseen, that you were asked to believe in

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without being able to see it. Now you're seeing it with your own eyes.

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So that's why the law does not accept

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any Shahada at that time, nor any tober. At that time, it's too late. When the soul is leaving the body.

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It's too late as he tried to say, when he saw death in front of his eyes, and he was drowning. He said, Now I believe, I believe in the Lord of Houghton Moosa. So Allah rebukes him. And

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of course,

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Allah subhana wa tada says, Now,

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now it's too late.

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And that's because now you could see it with your own eyes. That's why after death, in the grave, in the asker, on the day of judgment,

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it's too late to believe because now you see it with your own eyes.

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You can see it, there's no such thing as you know, give me the evidence.

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So, this is why Allah subhanahu wa, tada did not send this diet, this kind of direct, observable evidence to prove the world of the unseen.

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So, this now brings us to the point of

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what is meant by evidence?

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Or how do you arrive at the conclusion?

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That something is true?

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What is knowledge?

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What is

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a fact?

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What is a reality?

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And so all of these questions,

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they come under the study of what is known as epistemology.

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epistemology is basically the theory of knowledge,

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what constitutes knowledge? Or what

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is knowledge that leads to

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a reality?

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How do we arrive at realities

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and those who believe that the only way to arrive at the truth of anything is through the scientific method.

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They are basically the atheists of today.

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And so, when it comes to epistemology,

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how to arrive at the truth

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atheists have today they heavily rely on science more than the atheists more more than the atheists of the past, no matter who they were.

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And this is one of the distinct features of this new atheist movement.

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That they are what are known as sign they are believers in what is known as scientism

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scientism is

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Different than science. Science is something that we Muslims accept and something that pretty much everyone believes in that science is real. It's a field of knowledge. But then there's something else called scientism. And this is something that a minority of people today, believe it, or have faith in.

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In fact, the majority of scientists

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out there, whether they be believers in religions or atheists, majority of them,

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refute scientism and say that, you know,

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scientism is pseudoscience.

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And it's not science is not the only way to find the truth about something.

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And so those who believe in scientism are basically those who believe that nothing can be real,

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unless it is proven through science, nothing can be real, nothing

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can exist, unless we can prove today that it exists.

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And so naturally, this means that they don't believe in anything called the metaphysical world, or the unseen world, what we call animal hype.

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We believe in the unseen world.

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And so those who put their faith in scientism, they reject anything that is considered metaphysical, meaning anything that is beyond this material, this physical world,

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to the point where some of them, and these are some of the new atheists, some of their leading figures, some of them are even attempting to prove things like consciousness,

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or the soul, the rule,

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they're trying to

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give a scientific explanation for it. Even though we know that this is from the world of the unseen, the rule is not something that you can observe.

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It's not something that you can see or hear or touch. It's part of the world of the unseen, but they're trying to because they know that, you know, the consciousness, and

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we human beings have a soul, they know deep down inside, they know that this is something real. So now they're trying to explore ways to prove it through science, because for them, science is the only way that we can prove that something exists. So until we scientifically prove the existence of the soul, we're not going to believe in it. That's what they're saying. So now they're trying to find ways to prove

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the existence of our soul.

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And so these are those who believe in scientism. And basically,

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if an atheist tells you

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that I only believe in something being true if science proves it, like most atheists today,

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then the reality is, if they tell you they don't believe in any God, then the reality is that their God is there. However, as a law tells us in the Quran, for our item, and it turns out that ILA, how

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do you see the one who has taken

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his How are his desires, his whims as his God as His deity?

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And so let them say that they don't believe in any god.

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The reality is that scientism is their God, and scientism is their religion that they follow.

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Now,

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this is concerning

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the kuffaar and eight years and this new atheist movement in particular,

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their epistemology, is scientism. And they believe that the only way to arrive at the truth of any of anything is through science. So how can we prove to them

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or to others that

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realities and truths can be proven through other than the scientific method?

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How can we prove to them that science is not the only way but there are other ways that we can prove

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that

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other things are true, basically the world of the unseen

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basically,

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As we said, even Western scientists and philosophers,

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they agree that science is limited to the observable world. And so this is what we start with, we say

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that the realm of science

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is this material world that we live in, no matter how far our observation can go into the deep galaxies, into the faraway, distant stars, and planets. As far as long as our, you know, scientific discovery leads us that far.

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Fine.

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That is the realm of science. That is the scope of science. That is the limit of science no matter how far it is. And no matter how close it is, as well.

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Look at how we're able to see small, tiny particles, through our scientific discoveries that Allah has allowed us to see.

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That is a realm of science, no problem, the observable world.

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But there are other realities, and other facts and other truths that are outside of the realm of science,

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that are outside of the scope of science. And so every field of knowledge, science is one field of knowledge, one branch of knowledge, other fields of knowledge. They have other ways of arriving at truths.

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And so one example is history.

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History

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relies on narrations

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on reports. History does not rely on material evidence. And so for example, historians, they don't ask

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that give me for example,

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the body of let's say, Alexander the Great

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in order for us to believe that he existed,

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that this man, Alexander the Great is somebody who actually existed in history. In order for us to believe that we have to see his body.

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Historians, they don't work this way.

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This is not how history works.

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History does not rely on scientific, hard material evidence.

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But rather history relies on reports on narrations, large numbers of narrations, what we call mutawatir, in the science of Hades,

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as long as a large number of people are reporting the same thing, then has to be true. It has to be a historic fact.

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Or, for example, certain events that took place in history. How do we know that those events actually took place? And they were real? Through narration? No one says okay, give me a give me a picture. I won't believe in it, that, for example, this, this war took place in history, unless I see a picture of it, or a video of it. No, that's not how history is recorded. And so every branch of knowledge, every field of knowledge has its own way of arriving at facts and realities and truths.

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So yes, certain things are proven through science, while other things are proven through logic.

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And your other things are proven through narration, through testimony through reports, and that's why

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cheerful Islam, even taymiyah he says in this regard, he says, the ways of arriving at knowledge are three, he says total killer almita

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that the ways of arriving at the truth are three

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and his

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well a clue.

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He says, observation

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and

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the intellect, our human intellect

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and a combination of these two things and he says it is an Hubbard

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testimony or a report.

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He goes on to say.

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So there are certain things that cannot be known except through a hubback through reporting it through narrating it

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And then he gives an example he says like everything that a person knows through testimonies of trustworthy people like a report that is narrated by multiple narrators and multilateral and also what is known through the hubback, the reports of the prophets.

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And so whatever the prophets and the messengers have brought to us,

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this is considered a hubback a report a narration that they are bringing from Allah subhanahu wa Tada.

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So, whatever we know about Allah subhanahu, WA Tada, or about the world of the unseen.

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It is based on evidence, but not scientific evidence, because scientific evidence is restricted to only the observable world.

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And so we have two realms, or two worlds, the observable world, and that is this dunya that we're in. Even if you go into space, you go into the heavens, and see the stars and the planets. This is the observable world.

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And then you have the non observable world and that is a world of the unseen. And the world of the unseen includes two things. It includes, on the one hand, Allah subhanahu, WA, tada, uncreated, and includes the creation of a law that is unseen to us, the angels, the jinn,

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the life of the grave, the concept of Baraka, this is something we cannot see.

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reward. So,

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Jenna, the Hellfire, all of this is the world of the unseen that Allah has created.

00:32:02--> 00:32:18

So this is how we respond to those atheists who demand scientific evidence, we say, just because we cannot prove something on observable,

00:32:19--> 00:32:23

just because we cannot prove something on observable.

00:32:24--> 00:32:34

Just because we can't prove that it exists through the scientific method, that doesn't automatically mean that it doesn't exist.

00:32:37--> 00:32:42

And so we can't reject the existence of something just because

00:32:43--> 00:32:45

it cannot be proven scientifically.

00:32:47--> 00:32:56

The only thing that this proves is that we cannot arrive at the conclusion that it is true, it is true through the scientific method.

00:32:57--> 00:32:58

That's all we can say.

00:32:59--> 00:33:08

That the unobservable world cannot be proven through the scientific method. Therefore there must be another source.

00:33:10--> 00:33:19

That leads us to know about what exists beyond this material, observable world. And this is where

00:33:20--> 00:33:23

the role of revelation comes in.

00:33:24--> 00:33:34

This is where the role of the wind comes in. And so now, if we were to think of everything that exists,

00:33:35--> 00:33:39

if we were to think about everything that exists, we can say that

00:33:41--> 00:33:44

all of existence comes under two categories.

00:33:46--> 00:33:47

What is observable

00:33:48--> 00:34:03

through our human senses, which is this physical material world. And the second is what is not observable by our human senses, meaning, the metaphysical world or the unseen world.

00:34:05--> 00:34:11

The Unseen World, the unseen world, we can divide it further into,

00:34:12--> 00:34:15

into two categories.

00:34:16--> 00:34:22

So you have the unseen world that can be proven through the intellect,

00:34:24--> 00:34:25

through our human intellect,

00:34:27--> 00:34:37

such as the existence of a law, as we mentioned, when we talk about evidences for the existence of Allah, we mentioned certain logical proofs.

00:34:38--> 00:34:41

Also, miracles comes under this category,

00:34:42--> 00:34:43

the miracles of the prophets.

00:34:45--> 00:34:46

It's something

00:34:47--> 00:34:59

that can be proven, that is from a lot logically. The second is what cannot be proven through the human intellect, but rather, it can only be proven true

00:35:00--> 00:35:02

washy through the revelation.

00:35:03--> 00:35:36

And that is the rest of the world of the unseen, the angels, the jinn Hellfire, Jenna, even the throne of Allah subhana wa Tada. We cannot believe in these things unless we have the worry of a lot telling us that these things exist. Now here is how we prove the validity of our non scientific evidence. So now we have an atheist, who we need to convince

00:35:37--> 00:35:40

that our beliefs are based on evidence,

00:35:41--> 00:35:44

but not on scientific evidence.

00:35:45--> 00:35:46

So when we say

00:35:48--> 00:35:52

that the human intellect can prove the existence of something

00:35:54--> 00:35:56

in the unseen,

00:35:57--> 00:36:03

we don't mean that it is proven directly, without an intermediary.

00:36:04--> 00:36:08

So we don't say that our human intellect on its own,

00:36:09--> 00:36:14

proves that this exists when we can't even see it. But rather,

00:36:15--> 00:36:24

it is proven through the traces that are observable, connecting us connecting our human intellect, to,

00:36:25--> 00:36:40

to what is unseen. And here we're talking about the existence of a lot, how do we know that a lot exists to our human intellect, basically, this is something we spoke about when we discussed the the proofs for God's existence, that

00:36:41--> 00:36:44

nothing can exists except

00:36:46--> 00:37:07

except through an initial cause. So what is observable before our eyes, this created world, it must have had a cause, it must have had a cause. So here you see that something is connecting, what is observable to what is not observable, and that is, that is,

00:37:09--> 00:37:25

or our human, our human intellect is connecting us, to the world of the unseen, through what we can observe, our human intellect, is connecting us to the world of the unseen, through, through what we can observe, also, miracles comes under this

00:37:26--> 00:37:35

when the prophets performed miracles, and the people could see it before their eyes, there was no scientific explanation for it.

00:37:36--> 00:37:43

But there must be an explanation for it. What is that explanation, something beyond this observable world,

00:37:44--> 00:37:47

there must have been an intervention

00:37:48--> 00:37:55

from something outside of this world because this world has certain laws.

00:37:57--> 00:38:02

This world that we live in has certain laws, the laws of physics that it abides by.

00:38:04--> 00:38:05

And so if

00:38:06--> 00:38:07

the C parts

00:38:09--> 00:38:11

and musar Islam is able to part the C,

00:38:12--> 00:38:14

there's no scientific explanation for that.

00:38:17--> 00:38:20

This is going against the laws of this observable world.

00:38:21--> 00:38:44

And so, here our human intellect, is connecting us to Allah who is unseen, through what we can see through what is observable. Therefore, every observable thing or phenomenon can be traced to a cause. And that cause can sometimes be something material

00:38:45--> 00:38:53

as in you know, scientific evidence. So, you know, scientific experiments that you can observe,

00:38:54--> 00:38:55

they are based on

00:38:56--> 00:38:57

they are based on

00:38:59--> 00:39:00

something observable,

00:39:01--> 00:39:11

a cause that is observable, but other phenomena and other observable things cannot be explained

00:39:12--> 00:39:25

by something observable cannot be explained by science, but rather by by something non material. And so, this brings us back as I said to the logical proof for

00:39:27--> 00:39:36

the fact that nothing exists without an initial cause. And that was one of the evidences that we use for the existence of Allah subhana wa Tada.

00:39:37--> 00:39:44

Now, why do we have to say that, there exists a non material cause

00:39:46--> 00:39:54

a non observable cause, even though we cannot prove it through our observation

00:39:56--> 00:40:00

Why do we have to say that this miracle occurred

00:40:02--> 00:40:26

Because of a God that exists, because this is the next question that the atheist is going to ask you, why do you have to bring God into the picture? And this is what they refer to as the God of the gaps, that where we don't have an explanation for something, this is what they claim. They say that if we don't have an explanation for something, then we bring God into the picture.

00:40:27--> 00:40:31

So how do we answer this question, basically, we say that

00:40:33--> 00:40:39

nothing observable, like this entire creation,

00:40:40--> 00:40:50

and also the effects of miracles, not none of these can come into existence on their own, or from nothing.

00:40:52--> 00:40:54

None of these things can come into existence on their own.

00:40:56--> 00:41:00

Or, by chance, or from nothing.

00:41:02--> 00:41:05

This universe could not just have come into existence from nothing.

00:41:07--> 00:41:07

We're not,

00:41:08--> 00:41:15

we don't have a gap here. And we're trying to fill the gap with the creator or Allah. But rather,

00:41:16--> 00:41:17

we're looking at

00:41:19--> 00:41:22

this, this concept of how

00:41:24--> 00:41:29

nothing can come into existence on its own, or by chance, likewise, miracles.

00:41:30--> 00:41:32

Miracles don't have

00:41:34--> 00:41:37

any explanation for them. Other than

00:41:38--> 00:41:46

other than the fact that Allah subhanho wa Taala, brought it into existence, because nothing can happen on its own.

00:41:48--> 00:41:50

And we'll just see partying for Moosa.

00:41:51--> 00:41:52

It didn't happen on its own.

00:41:54--> 00:41:59

The Birth of very sadly, his Salaam, without a man,

00:42:00--> 00:42:00

without a father.

00:42:02--> 00:42:12

It's not possible on its own to happen without, without the creator of the universe, making it to happen.

00:42:14--> 00:42:17

And so this is how we, this is how we deal with

00:42:20--> 00:42:30

this question of how to prove the validity of this evidence that we have that according to the atheists, it's, it's non scientific.

00:42:35--> 00:42:37

We said that the first category.

00:42:39--> 00:42:41

The first category is basically

00:42:43--> 00:42:46

what is observable by our human senses concerning

00:42:49--> 00:43:02

the world of the unseen. So we can prove the existence of a lot even though he's, even though Allah subhanho wa Taala, is from the unseen, we can prove his existence through our human intellect,

00:43:04--> 00:43:06

through observing, through observing things.

00:43:08--> 00:43:14

And then we have those things that are not observable by our human senses.

00:43:16--> 00:43:16

We cannot,

00:43:17--> 00:43:20

we cannot, we cannot affirm

00:43:22--> 00:43:27

that something exists in the world of the unseen

00:43:28--> 00:43:37

only independently through our human reasoning, such as we mentioned examples of that. The angels, the Jim,

00:43:39--> 00:43:54

Jenna, the Hellfire, even the throne of Allah subhanho, wa Taala. There's no way to know these things through our human intellect, because there's no trace, there's no trace of these things. So for this,

00:43:55--> 00:44:00

this is where we say we have to have, we have to have revelation, you have to have the way

00:44:02--> 00:44:15

to, to prove to us that that exists. Because here we don't have an intermediary. We don't have anything observable that proves that that exists. And so this

00:44:16--> 00:44:27

once we understand this, we see the importance of a Ye, you see the importance of revelation as a valid source of evidence

00:44:28--> 00:44:42

as a valid source of evidence. And once again, just because we cannot physically and scientifically prove the existence of way of Revelation, it doesn't mean that it doesn't happen

00:44:44--> 00:44:47

or that it cannot possibly happen.

00:44:48--> 00:44:59

And the way to prove the truth of any way, any revelation is not through the scientific method, but rather by looking at

00:45:01--> 00:45:04

How true the claim of the Prophet is.

00:45:05--> 00:45:09

So when a prophet claims that he's getting ye

00:45:10--> 00:45:22

that he's receiving revelation from Allah, we look at how true his claim is based on logical reasons. And this is something we already did.

00:45:23--> 00:45:35

When we looked at the proofs for the prophethood, of our Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu, alayhi wasallam. So all those proofs that we mentioned, there are logical proofs.

00:45:36--> 00:45:52

For example, look at the life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and how he was known to be truthful, honest, reliable. This was his character for 40, for an entire 40 years before he claimed to be a prophet.

00:45:53--> 00:46:05

And so someone who has this track record, it's impossible that now he's going to come and lie about Allah subhanho wa Taala. And the other proofs that we mentioned, all the other proofs that we mentioned. So

00:46:07--> 00:46:11

the, the truth of Revelation

00:46:12--> 00:46:14

is known by looking at how true

00:46:15--> 00:46:28

a prophet is. And so whenever we can prove the truthfulness of a prophet, it necessitates that he is truthful that he receives revelation from Allah. And that's it.

00:46:30--> 00:46:42

That's how we prove the, the truth of, of this revelation, whatever he says is from a lot, it is, indeed from Allah subhanho wa Taala.

00:46:43--> 00:47:12

And so from all of this, we see how the why the revelation is a valid and true source of evidence, to prove anything related to the world of the unseen, higher level hype, and that believing in the world of the unseen, when based on authentic revelation, and this is the key here. This is the key here, that when we believe in the world of the unseen, it has to be based on

00:47:13--> 00:47:15

what he revelation

00:47:16--> 00:47:23

from Allah subhanho wa Taala, that is authentic, that can be proven through its transmission.

00:47:24--> 00:47:25

So

00:47:26--> 00:47:29

believing in the world of the unseen, we come to the conclusion

00:47:31--> 00:47:47

that it is based on why and therefore it is not based on emotions, or blind faith without being convinced logically about the truth of it. So basically,

00:47:48--> 00:47:54

based on all of this, we see that what we see is how evidence

00:47:56--> 00:48:22

the concept of evidence and proof is more than just some physical, observable data, and lab results, that proves the existence of things beyond this material world. It cannot rely on science because it is outside the realm of the scientific method and observation.

00:48:24--> 00:48:25

But a question

00:48:27--> 00:48:28

that

00:48:29--> 00:48:33

we should ask here, and we'll conclude with this in sha Allah.

00:48:35--> 00:48:42

The question is, how did we arrive at this situation where we are today?

00:48:44--> 00:48:51

Where we are being demanded to prove what is not observable through science.

00:48:52--> 00:48:53

Because

00:48:54--> 00:48:57

as we spoke about previously,

00:48:58--> 00:49:09

the denial of the existence of the Creator is not a wide or was not a widespread phenomenon in human history.

00:49:11--> 00:49:30

And so no one used to ask what is the evidence for the existence of the creator of this universe? Whether he was a Muslim or a Catholic, it was something that was accepted by everyone. And there were only rare cases, individual cases of people who denied it.

00:49:31--> 00:49:41

So the question is, how did we arrive at this situation where we are now being demanded to prove what is not observable through the scientific method.

00:49:44--> 00:49:46

This basically goes back

00:49:47--> 00:49:54

hundreds of years to the age of reformation in Europe,

00:49:56--> 00:49:59

where Western society basically

00:50:00--> 00:50:15

Wanted to free itself from the suppression of the Catholic Church, and the religious elite, who basically would enforce their views on the people.

00:50:16--> 00:50:20

And everyone had to accept and no one could oppose,

00:50:21--> 00:50:42

even if it went against scientific evidence. And so, once they freed themselves of the clutches of the, of the church, and they had their reformation, and their revolutions, the French Revolution, and, and so on, and so forth.

00:50:44--> 00:51:08

Once they freed themselves from the control of the church, they decided to completely disregard anything that religion teaches, until we can prove it, scientifically. And this is where a transformation took place where society started looking at everything

00:51:09--> 00:51:10

that is claimed to be true,

00:51:12--> 00:51:14

that it must be proven scientifically.

00:51:15--> 00:51:29

And so this was, especially when their religious texts, their distorted Bible, contradicted many scientific discoveries. And so they started to realize that you know, what,

00:51:31--> 00:51:47

we have to dump religion completely. We cannot rely on these scriptures, if we want to move forward, if we want to advance, because what science is telling us is completely different, contradictory.

00:51:48--> 00:51:51

And so this is where

00:51:52--> 00:52:01

they threw religion and scripture out of being considered a source of knowledge, and evidence for anything.

00:52:02--> 00:52:13

And so this is why when it comes to epistemology, religion is not a source. Scripture is not a source for anything anymore.

00:52:15--> 00:52:22

They don't or or we could say that they don't consider religious scriptures to be divine anymore.

00:52:24--> 00:52:29

But rather the treat it as historical documents, and nothing more.

00:52:31--> 00:52:38

But this is Western, this is a Western experience with

00:52:40--> 00:53:09

a religion that was already distorted. And so on the other hand, if we come now to the Islamic concept of proving what exists beyond this material, observable world, then we find something, something that is completely different. What we find is that Islam emphasizes on the importance of

00:53:11--> 00:53:13

scriptural integrity,

00:53:14--> 00:53:17

of the authenticity

00:53:18--> 00:53:19

of the revelation.

00:53:20--> 00:53:21

And so

00:53:23--> 00:53:32

whatever we base our beliefs concerning the world of the unseen, whatever we base it on, of the worship of the revelation of the Quran of the Sunnah,

00:53:33--> 00:53:41

it has to be something authentic, it cannot have any distortions in it. It cannot have any inconsistencies in it.

00:53:42--> 00:53:46

And that's what we find. We find that we only believe

00:53:48--> 00:54:16

in what Allah has told us and what the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam has told us through authentic transmission, and we don't accept anything, anything other than that, whereas the Christians, they're okay with their distorted and inaccurate scriptures. And so from this, we can see the huge difference between Islam and all other religions in how we prove what we believe,

00:54:17--> 00:54:19

how we prove what we believe.

00:54:20--> 00:54:31

we base it on a transmission that is authentic and the highest level of authenticity, concerning what we believe about the world of UNC.

00:54:32--> 00:54:39

And that is because an integral part of our athlete and our belief is

00:54:40--> 00:54:45

that the only one who has knowledge of the unseen is Allah subhanahu wa Tada.

00:54:47--> 00:54:59

And so even our Prophet Mohammed sal Allahu Allah will seldom be in who he was. Even he did not have knowledge of a lie of the unseen

00:55:00--> 00:55:06

It was only whatever Allah told him concerning the world of the unseen and what he passed on to us.

00:55:08--> 00:55:09

And so this is

00:55:11--> 00:55:13

this is today's lesson

00:55:14--> 00:55:19

concerning concerning evidence, what is evidence and why?

00:55:21--> 00:55:25

How we can prove to others that science is not the only way

00:55:26--> 00:55:48

to prove the existence of things, but rather we have, we have different kinds of evidences, and they are consistent with human logic. They're consistent with human logic and they're also consistent with our fitrah. So this is where we conclude with

00:55:49--> 00:55:51

tonight and shout Allahu taala Next week,

00:55:52--> 00:55:56

we'll continue looking at other

00:55:58--> 00:56:00

other issues, concerning

00:56:02--> 00:56:13

building and instilling. You'll clean in us in a day and age when people are losing faith because of how

00:56:14--> 00:56:28

Islam is being attacked. So in sha Allah tada until then, somehow Nicola will be Hambrick. shredwell Allah Hitler and still fuuka to La Crosse, Salaam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh