Allahs Most Beautiful Names #31 – Al-Rauf, Al-Latif, Al-Halim & Al-Rafiq
Channel: Kamil Ahmad
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Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim
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Today we move on to
several names of Allah subhanho wa Taala
indicate his kind
and gentle and merciful nature.
And so there are many names of Allah that come under this
come under this meaning.
So in sha Allah hotel today will take some and next week, we'll take the remaining.
And so the names we have for today are four.
They are Ruth,
Al Halim, and a Rafiq
a lot we've
al Halim, and a Rafiq.
As for a roof, this name has been mentioned about 10 times in the Quran.
And what we noticed is that eight out of the 10 times it's mentioned along with another name of Allah and that is
which name is
Rahim, are often rushing. And so for example,
in Surah Baqarah.
And this ayah comes twice in the Quran in surah Al Baqarah, verse 143, and in surah, two hedge for 65 the exact same idea or the part of the ayah in nawada Be nurse Nancy. Laura woofer Rahim in the law had been Nancy, Laura OOF Rahim that Allah is
full of kindness and Most Merciful towards mankind
area has been mentioned twice in the Quran
and that is walawe who wrote Woofle billary that wala who are often believer that comes twice
in Surah Baqarah Verse 207 And Ali Imran
verse number 31 Allahu Allah often believe that the Allah is full of kindness to His servants. Allah is full of kindness to His servants.
As for a lot believe
it has been mentioned seven times in the Quran.
And many of those times it has been mentioned with a hobby a lottery fund.
And so Allah subhanho wa Taala says Allah Allah movement Haluk Surah Mulk la Ayala movement HELOC will who will love to eat and hubby does He who created not know
should not he know
who he has created or what he has created? Well who will not do evil Kabir he is the most kind. And our hobby is a name we took previously which means the one who is all aware.
Another example of Latif Allah says in Surah Surah verse 19, Allah who loves to even be a bad addition. Allah who loves to even be a baddie, Allah is Allah cleave
most kind to his servants, Yoda Zuko mania Shah, who will who will call realizes he provides abundantly to whomever he wills and he is a realizes
The All Powerful the Almighty.
So this is a lock with us for Al Haleem. This name has been mentioned 11 times in the Quran
and it has been mentioned along with her for a couple of times on the phone. And so for example,
Allah subhanho wa Taala says
Surah two earlier Imran
the Battle of OIT
in the Latina toa low income young melta culture money in ministers Allahumma shape on the bow the Marchesa Gu,
that those who fled on the day when the two armies met, they were made to slip by shaitan for what they had earned of sins. One aka the Alpha Allahu Anhu and Allah has pardoned them in Allaha foreign Haleem in the world of a foreign Haleem Allah is Most forgiving and Haleem which means Most Forbearing.
And elsewhere last week, we took Allah's Name a show called
and we have in surah Taha Boone
shackled with Helene.
So Allah says in Tokyo, Bula Cordoba and Hassan And you will live Hoolock home while felucca if you give to Allah a good loan,
then he will multiply it for you and forgive you will Allah Who shall who don't have you and Allah is Shaku
the most appreciative and Haleem the most forbearance
as well Ryfylke This is a name
that has not been mentioned.
It has not been mentioned in the Quran,
nor has it even been mentioned.
In other forms, in the Quran, like in the verb form or in the noun form.
It has not been mentioned or attributed to Allah in the Quran.
But we find it in the Sunnah. And so
in the Hadith found in Sufi Bukhari and Sahih Muslim
I shot all the Allahu anha narrates that a group of Jews came and asked permission to visit the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam
so when they were admitted,
and they're standing before the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam
they said to him,
as Sam who ally
They said, May death be upon you
so it sounds like they're saying a Salam Ehrlich but they're not
and the Jews are known to
distort words and change words as Allah mentions you know that's what they do.
So they said Assam will Alec
so I showed her the Allahu Allah she says, so I said to them, may death and the curse of Allah be upon you
may depth and the curse of Allah be upon you.
So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said to her yeah Isha
in Allah or fee you can. You hipbone Rifka Phil Emery Cooley
Allah is Rafi. So here is the evidence for this name of Allah, in the locker of ALLAH is revealed. And that means Allah is gentle, and kind
and he loves gentleness,
in all matters.
Allah is Rafiq and he loves the riff, gentleness in all matters. So then she said, I shall read the Allahu Anhu says, so I said, But didn't you hear what they said?
So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he says, so I said to them, what I like,
what Aliko I said to them, what Aliko
and to you the same.
That's the meaning of what alikoum and to you the same.
And so, whenever a character gives us Salam, and we're talking about the proper Salam,
we reply, not by giving them Salam.
but rather by seeing
wildly, wildly cool.
So these are the four names that we have today are Ruth
Ruth Latif and Helene. And Rafiq, what do these names mean? All of these names revolve around meanings of
compassion, kindness, and gentleness
as a roof, it means the one who is most kind,
Now, there's another name or another two names that we covered previously, that have the same meanings of mercy and compassion. Which means are those
are Rahman and Rahim.
Rahman and Rahim
what is the difference? Rahman Al Rahim we covered this already. And we talked about the Rama, the Mercy of Allah.
is basically the utmost level of mercy and compassion.
And this is what
the scholar Ibn Jerry Tabari, the famous
manifester of the Quran,
this is how he defined it.
He defined rules as being the most level of mercy and compassion, as in
an outpouring of mercy and compassion,
an outpouring of mercy and compassion.
And so, this is why the Scholars they mentioned that the difference between
rasa which comes from
Ruth and Russia, which is Rahmanir Rahim, the difference is that
rasa. So, when we translate into English, it means the same thing
rasa and Rama
but in the Arabic language
that happens to you
a blessing that is pleasing, delightful, from all perspectives
the Rama of Allah is
you may not look at it as being a blessing
because there's pain in it.
So, we can say it is painful at first sight,
but pleasurable later on.
It's painful at first sight, but pleasurable later on, as in
a blessing in disguise.
A blessing in disguise.
And so this is why Allah subhanho wa Taala said in Surah to know
when Allah subhanho wa Taala talks about the punishment for
Zania towards Zanni for Julie do Kula I didn't mean whom me agenda that the female and male fornicators
give each one of them 100 lashes
and then what does Allah say?
When at Hood Combi Hema rock fell when at hood can be Hina or refer to V de la he in quantum took me know when Abdullah he only
and do not let
Rafa which in this context means pity.
Don't let pity
and compassion for them make you lenient in enforcing the deen of Allah and the laws of Allah upon them.
If you truly believe in Allah and the Last Day,
don't look at them
and be like this is too harsh.
This punishment is too harsh. Let's lower the number of lashes. Let's give them a prison sentence instead. This is more compassionate. This is more
So notice here Allah did not use the term Rama
Allah did not say Don't let RAMAC to,
to let you be lenient on them, because
give giving them this punishment for their sin
is actually rational for them
it is irrational for them
in that if you give them this punishment
then they'll change their ways.
They'll have gotten their punishment in this dunya and not in the Acura. So this is Allah showing his Aruna to sinners.
So Allah did not say Don't Let Rama to overtake you.
Why? Because Russia is used.
Rama is used even for that which is painful. But no.
Rasa is mercy from all angles. It is something it is a blessing from all perspectives, it's something good that happens to you.
And so when someone is going through tough times,
we say Allah is having mercy upon them, meaning Rama,
Allah is showing his Rama to them.
But we don't say razza we only use for
a blessing that is a pure blessing, a complete, you know, blessing that you see upon somewhere.
So that is the difference between our oath and Rahim and Earthman. And that is why that is why we say that our oath is the utmost level of mercy and compassion.
As for a lot with a lot with it has two meanings.
One meaning is the one who is most kind and gracious. So along the same meanings as all of these names,
a lot brief is the one who is most kind, and compassionate and gracious.
The other meaning for a lot leaf is the one who is most subtle.
And so look me in something that is subtle.
And this is the same meaning as a hobby.
Now, previously, we spoke about a hobby. What does a hobby mean?
The one who is all aware.
So talking about the knowledge of Allah, but what we said regarding a hobby, the difference between El hubiera and El Halim is what well Aleem is the one who has knowledge of everything.
But Al Habib, is specific to
the minut and tiny and subtle things, that Allah is well aware of the tiniest of things, the smallest of things that no one else is aware of.
So a lot to Eve is similar to this. It means the one who is the most subtle,
the one who, whose knowledge is my new and subtle, to the point where he knows that tiniest of details that are unknown to others.
So how can we combine these two meanings? On the one hand, we're saying that a lot with is the one who is the most kind of the most generous? And on the other hand, we're saying he is the one who is the most subtle?
How can we combine these two meanings?
We say that a Latif is the one whose mercy, the one whose mercy and kindness reaches us,
without us realizing where it's coming from.
In the most subtle list of ways.
You see the traces of kindness in your life, but you don't know where it came from. You don't know it's cause
so this is a lot with
us where Al Halim
and Hamid Al Halim is the one who is the Most Forbearing
the most kind, the most gentle in all situations and are all times
and so he is the one who is called
On and deliberately,
even with those who are rebellious, and disobedient.
And so the opposite of that is being hasty.
And that's a trait of quality that many of us have.
you know, we become angry, and then we, we take out their anger without thinking of the consequences.
Whereas al Halim is the one who takes into consideration
long term, the consequences.
And so Allah is actually the one who is calm and deliberate. He is never hasty even with his enemies.
And so he continues to provide for them, he continues to shower His blessings upon them, even while they rebelled, and they disobey restraining himself from revenge and punishment, giving them and the whole point is to give them the opportunity to change their ways and repent
to reform themselves
to reform themselves.
So one example of this,
with respect to Allah subhanahu Attallah is
let's have a look dude, the story of us have a look dude.
That Allah mentions in Surah Troubridge. Where,
you know, these people had gathered the believers and told them and dug a huge pit of fire for them, and said, Whoever does not disbelieve that will throw them into this pit of fire.
And they did what they did, they threw them into that pit of fire.
And Allah subhanho wa Taala mentions it in Surah borouge. Then what does Allah say?
In Nila Rena fatten me Nina when me naughty.
Sama mela Mia Tubu fellow who? Either Abuja Hannah mahalo whom as I will hurry there indeed those who persecuted the believing men and women.
And then and then do not repent. For them is the punishment of the hellfire and a burning punishment.
Look at how Allah subhanho wa Taala after they did what they did, and they deserve
to be punished for their actions. Allah still left
Allah still left the door of repentance open for them and has an old bursary. Rahim Allah to Allah he says, Look at this generosity and this kindness, they killed the earlier of Allah and he calls them to repentance, forgiveness. So this is an example of the helm of Allah subhanahu Attallah his forbearance.
As for Rafiq
as for our field, it means the one who is most gentle and most kind.
The one who takes things easy.
He is calm, he is deliberate, he is not hasty.
And so this includes everything related to Allah subhanho wa taala.
It includes his decisions, his decrees, His mother, who he has decreed.
It includes his account his legislations, whatever he has legislated
of his laws, his legislations
and it includes his actions,
whatever he does, and so for example, Allah subhanho wa Taala created the entire creation, right? Allah subhanho wa Taala created this universe.
And he tells us, He created it in how many days
in 60 days.
But he didn't have to do that.
He could have created it in the blink of an eye or even quicker.
Another example is our existence.
Look at how we gradually come into existence knowing
months in the wombs of our mothers, if Allah wanted to, he could have done it in a quicker way than that
Allah subhanahu Attallah created everything in this gradual way. Due to his name Rafiq, his gentleness and his wisdom
and to also teach us
to do things in a gentle, calm way, not in a hasty way.
Another example is how Allah subhanahu wa Tada has legislated. Well, he has legislated
it's all within
our human capacity and capability.
He hasn't legislated that which is
outside of our ability.
Now you can leave Allahu nefs and Allah Azza, Allah does not
burden us with a burden that we cannot bear. So this also comes under allah being a Rafi, the one who is most generous, or the one who is most gentle,
And so these are the four names of Allah, all related to his
compassion, his graciousness, his kindness, his gentleness.
And so we move on to the lessons that we learned from these names.
The first is that there is no one more kind or gracious than Allah subhanho wa taala. And so he shows his kindness
to even those who don't deserve it.
He shows His kindness to even those who are not thankful
for his kindness, they are ungrateful.
Whereas we human beings, when we want to be kind,
We do it with only certain people, we don't do it with our enemies.
And so the kindness and the compassion of Allah has no limit.
The second lesson is that these names
when we understand their meanings, they should bring contentment
and peace to our hearts.
When life takes
a nasty turn, and things go bad.
And so in all of that,
there is the kindness of Allah,
and the gentleness of Allah, even though we may not see it,
even though we may not see it.
And so Allah subhanahu wa taala his kindness, and his compassion has no limit.
And so when Allah subhanahu aterna, you know, tests us with calamities and misfortunes,
we'd have to look at it as being the kindness of Allah.
And there are so many different ways of looking at that.
For example, it could have been worse.
For example, what the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam has mentioned, that in every calamity that befalls the believer,
there is good in it.
It is a purification of his sins.
It is a reminder for him to turn back to Allah subhanho wa Taala and so on and so forth. If Allah had not done that to us, if he does not make us go through such calamities and misfortunes,
then it is like what Allah is doing to the disbelievers and the enemies, where they are living.
The comfortable lives that they're living,
and they're not being tested with hardship and calamities.
Because that is basically Allah subhanho wa Taala
you know, leading them to
And so when Allah subhanahu wa taala
tests us with such hardships, we should look at it as being
the kindness of Allah subhanahu ATOD and his Rama
and this is something we spoke about previously.
walkabout Allah subhanho wa taala, the Most Merciful.
The third lesson is that Allah has
forbearance and his gentleness
with his enemies
out of a lack of knowledge
or in ability to punish.
Allah subhanho wa Taala allowing them to go,
being kind to them in that
in that way
is not because he doesn't know what to do.
Nor is it based on inability to take them, to seize them to punish them,
but rather, it is give them respite as Allah subhanahu Adalja says, while you are at the law NASA be Marchesa boo,
Mata Raka, Allah Allah Hailey Hammond dab,
that if Allah were to punish people immediately, for what they have committed of sins, then he would not have left a single living being on Earth. Meaning that each and every single one of us, we have sins we have, we have done volume
to either ourselves or to others, that deserves the punishment of Allah.
If Allah was to take us and to seize us and to punish us right away immediately, that he wouldn't leave a single living being on Earth. That even includes animals, not a single living being would Allah leave on Earth.
While rocky you are a hero, Isla jellema Santa, however, he delays them for an appointed term.
He delays them for an appointed term. And the purpose of that delay is
is in itself kindness, that he is giving them the opportunity, the chance to change their ways to repent and so on and so forth.
The fourth lesson is that we should strive to acquire these attributes and these qualities and these etiquette
of kindness, of gentleness, or forbearance.
And so Allah subhanho wa Taala praises
his profits for having some of these qualities by giving them that name Haleem
or Oof. So for example, Allah says regarding Ibrahim alayhis salam, Ibrahima la halimun. A WA Hammadi, we need
there indeed, Ibrahim was Haleem forbearing
tenderhearted, and we need ever turning back to Allah.
And Allah describes the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam as being growth.
La caja a camera zoom in and fusi come, indeed, a messenger has come to you from among your own selves.
Heisey is on Ali Hema and
he is concerned for your suffering.
Here Allah as described in the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,
he is concerned for your suffering head eel, sunnah Alikum and he is anxious for your well being. This is the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa salam and Bill Meena are all for him. And he is our oath
gracious kind, and Rahim merciful to the believers.
And we have examples from the life of the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. One example we mentioned, the story of Irish Chateau the Allahu anha.
And so how the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told him to take it easy.
Not to be hasty.
Yes, they said what they said.
But don't let your anger
you know cause you to say something like that. Take it easy. And you know what the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said in the Lucha Rafi, that ALLAH is revealed. You hipbone Rifka will Enrico later he loves rift gentleness in all matters.
is the famous story of
that Bedouin who came and urinated in a corner of the masjid
And what happened was that the Companions who saw that they came and they wanted to jump on him, they, you know, they started to curse him. And so the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam came and,
you know, he told them to calm down. And, you know, he told them to, you know,
throw water there.
And so the point is that we see so many examples in the life of the prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam that show us his gentle nature and his compassion, and not being hasty and not being hasty, controlling our anger in times of anger,
and being forbearing
these are all qualities that Allah subhanahu Attallah loves, and Allah describes himself with these qualities.
Finally, the last point that we can mention
is that we have to bear in mind
we should strike a balance and so our Dean teaches us to be balanced in everything.
while we be gentle and kind and forbearing it does not mean
it does not mean that we turn the other cheek
as is the case in Christianity?
And so that is why in our deen
there is both
as we see in the life of the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, but at the same time, we see harshness where harshness is required. As Allah subhanho wa Taala commands the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
Yeah, are you Hanabi you Jahai dill kufr? Well Munna for your cleaner world Hello, the Alejandra or prophet fight in jihad against the kuffaar and the mafia goon and Allah does not say just fight them in jihad, and that's it was the Lord Lila you Him, be harsh against them. Use harshness when you fight them.
And so this is what are the teachers to strike a balance between the two? That on the one hand, yes, be gentle
and kind to those who deserve it in times of gentleness, but then other times harshness is required.
As Allah subhanho wa Taala says, regarding the believers, that they are what
they are, with regards to
with regards to the believers, they are soft and gentle. But with regards to the kuffar and their enemies of Allah, they are harsh and stern.
being gentle, and forbearing and all of these qualities that we learned today
we have to understand it in light of two displays qualities. And how this is in the middle between these two displays qualities, what are these two dispraise qualities, the first is being neglectful,
for example, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
said regarding our children,
to commend them to pray Salah
when they reach the age of seven
and then to beat them at the age of 10.
There are some parents who are neglectful.
They don't command their kids to pray.
Not at the age of seven nor the age of 10. So this is being neglectful.
On the other hand, the other quality
is the other dis dispraise quality is to do things.
To do things, to be hasty basically, to do things before they do try
to do things before their due time, and that's why we take the same example of this hadith the Prophet SAW Selim said, commend them at the age of seven and then hit them at the age of 10.
You've given them that period of time
have to become trained. You don't start beating them at the age of seven.
And so this is how our Dean teaches us to balance to balance in everything that we do. And so the point is,
the point is that our dean is a dean that came to balance things. And so there is a time for gentleness.
And there's a time for harshness and each
when one uses each is based on the wisdom that Allah has given to you.
When do you use gentleness? When do you use harshness? It's based on the wisdom that Allah has given to you.
And so we ask Allah subhanho wa Taala to grant us that wisdom
to use gentleness
when we should and to use harshness when we should we ask Allah subhanahu wa Tada to grant us understanding of His Names, his attributes, and to help us to gain these qualities that we learn from his names and his attributes. Well sal Allahu wa salam ala Nabina Muhammad, while early he will be here Jemaine was salam. Alaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh