The Battle Of Badr End Part 2
Channel: Kamal El-Mekki
File Size: 23.67MB
So now on to lower cut, smaller, narrow him in hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam ala rasulillah in me. So we we stopped yesterday where we mentioned that the battle, the battle began yesterday, when, with the duels at the beginning, we said that was the system that people were the champions would come out, and they would insult each other or mentioned their achievements. And then they would start to a one on one sword fighter duels. And then the general mix up would start. We said some of the the leaders of the Qureshi army the courage to step out, and they asked the Muslims to bring out some people to fight them. And some of the answers stepped out and then they refuse to
fight and they wanted to fight people from Mecca.
So the process lm then ordered,
Abu hanifa, iPhone obey, obey didn't inherit, and 100 Naga muttalib. And I didn't have the authority. And
we see the choice here we find that obey them inherit,
inherit ibni of the mythology. So he was one of the roses of the process, Silla, and Hamza is the uncle of the Parliament, settler, and IE, the son of his uncle, which is a nephew, right cousin. So the process lm is setting Another example is bringing out his own relatives, not bringing people he doesn't know you, you go out to bring his own relatives to go out. And there's a lesson in that as well. And then it is narrated that there were more duels. And in each one of these duels, the kuffaar suffered some precious lives. So this made them extremely enraged, and they were extremely mad at this. So they charged the third step, the old charged the entire army running at the Muslims.
If you remember the process of them, we said had given commands. And this was the new strategy that he had introduced to the warfare in Arabia,
that they would hold their positions and shoot them with arrows sparingly. Throw them with arrows, until they get very close, then they will unsheath their swords, and start to battle out, then the process and I'm also introduced something new. And that was a spoof, that he lined up the companions in straight rows. And the general mix up was just a mess. But silom organized them in straight rows, were archers in the first row with throw their arrows, and then the next row would throw and so on. And this was different because the the warfare of the arrows before was known as the system, the strategy of elkaar will follow. So they would charge and it would retreat and give another strong
charge, and then they would regroup again. And they would give another strong charge. And that's why you hear a lot of times about the battle being in waves. And it was is like a wave,
hundreds and sometimes 1000s upon 1000s of people charging together, then they would return. So it'd be a wave and sometimes this wave would take you or you would try to reach someone in the wave would push him or you away from him.
So this was the change of the process lm had made in this battle.
So they they remain steadfast throwing their arrows at the fall until they got very close, then the process lm and then the companions unsheath, their swords, and the general mix up started. Here, there are a lot of things that occur, one of them is that to withstand that first charge. If you can hold that first attack, then then you can start to counter but you have to send that first attack if the first attack breaks you then you have a problem. So here, the process, send them off set another example in the battlefield. And we have a description from Addy rhodiola. One and and look at who is giving this description. I live in Utah Liberty Allahu anhu was a young man. And he was a very, very
powerful warrior and his heroics will discuss later on inshallah when we speak about the alojado. But he was a very powerful warrior. And these to say that for Tyler, there is no youth it is no young man except Ali. It's like the equivalent of you know, he's the man.
I never before Love is the one who is giving this testimony. He said on the day of whether we would seek protection with the area in which the process of selling was.
It's like if like there's like a big rumble or a big fight. And there's one big guy, he's your friend who's trying to stay near his area, he'll protect you from the rest. This is one of the fiercest warriors and he's saying that we used to seek protection with the area where the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam was, and he was the closest one of us to the enemy, and he was the fiercest of the people. So like I said, ya know,
this statement was that
the statement was that this isn't one of them.
The very this book of Syrah is actually the textbook of in Medina, it's very accurate and especially in how the order of how things took place. So you see that the President Selim was in the back in the Irish that suggested that they build, and he was there. And even until the time when the battle, in some books started, he was still making the art and then our work rhodiola han would put his cloak on. And then then he came and charged after Allah subhanaw taala told him that the angels will support them and so on which we will get into the details of that tomorrow. And this one in particular, he says, On the day of birth, we sought the protection with the Messenger of Allah Azza
wa sallam, and he was the closest one of us to the enemy, and he was the fiercest of the people.
So and this also shows that a good leader sets the example in courage, and an unlikely we have, you know, you hear these famous statements of the leaders of the kuffaar. You hear Churchill we shall fight in the sea, we shall fight in the land, we should never surrender, or we will smoke them out of their holes.
All this stuff guy talk, but they're in a nice desk. But the process along giving the example is bravery in the battlefield.
And so the Muslims then they would start the the the first waves of the attack by the kuffar, then they start to fight them back with a lot of power and a lot of enthusiasm. Because we mentioned that the kuffar the night before they started to lose their their morale, and some of them wanted to go back. And some of them if they lost their enthusiasm for the battle, yet the Muslims, they had more enthusiasm, which we saw in the examples of the young men or male, non human. And we'll see in other examples.
So when they were able to withstand the first attack, when they started, they attack them with power and enthusiasm. And we're pausing a little bit to discuss the realities of these early battles and of early warfare.
You look at these early battles, and you find that
in 100, for example, the fight or 3000, in the Muslims were in 1000, and then only 70 people died, you look at the number of casualties, you'll find that they're pretty small in budget, 70 of them should have been the idle 40 of the Muslims died. And sometimes a battle will take an entire day. And sometimes 1000 or less will die. And that is because it's a different type of warfare. And today, maybe one bomb can kill more than that number of people. But back then these these battles were with arrows and spears and swords. So he would spend and it's very tiring. So you would strike with your sword, and the person would block with his shield. And you would go on for a long time
fighting like this. And sometimes you find that some people are having a conversation in the middle of the battle. So you wonder how it has that happened. That's because it's not like the warfare of today. They would charge and retreat and then people would go away in the back and they could speak and then they would go again, the battle could go for an entire day. Because sometimes you wonder, well, how can they be talking like this in the middle of the battle. So it wasn't that it was just continuous. And it's also very tiring.
And like we said, they would attack and regroup and attack again.
And another thing is that not every strike resulted in death. That's also the number the number of casualties, you know, with a sword, not every single strike will result from death unless it's in particular places. And that's why if you look at the battles in Arabic there are known as a Mullah him. And that comes from the word lamb, which is meat, why they call him Allah him, because there's so much pieces get chopped off arms ears, noses, you've heard that a competitor, who had his nose was chopped off in a battle and he made a nose of brass and the father told him to make one of gold. And from that aroma deduced, you can put a gold tooth and so on. So you call them Allah him because
a piece of meat fall on the floor. P don't. Everyone dies from every strike of the sword. So that's the reason behind the number of casualties. And it's very, like I said, very tiring swinging these swords, which are very heavy, and they would swing and strike with swords. And sometimes swords would break. And we're having the battle and the Battle of better an example of a clash of the masculine, who saw it broke. He fought with his sword until it broke. And then the problem that sent him gave him a long piece of wood. And when he shook it, it became a long white sword and Okasha mustard really low on who use that in every battle he took part in until he died in the apostasy
wars. This is one of the miracles of likewise sometimes there was one battle with a positive Selim was
he had the sword and he kept saying who will give this sword That's right. And then one man would stand up in the process and and wouldn't give it to him who will get this sword. It's right and then one men stood up frozen and gave it to him. And then he asked him what is the right of this sword? He said and thought that he had Taya which that you strike with it until it bends and just imagine now you take a sword and you just go to a
steel pole and you strike until it's bent. It's very tiring. So this is the nature of his battles, and I just wanted to give us a picture of realistically of how they work.
So then the Kufa started to start to get defeated. And because he was very, he's bent on destroying the Muslims, he tried to gather them up and motivate them again. And he would say, by a net and an Ursa, we shall not return until we scatter them to the mountains, charged them with forcing we try to encourage people. So then the remnants of the army of the Quran they gathered around
Abuja and they said, no one will get to I will hug him I will hug him is the the patronymic of the cornea of Abuja. And they said, they made a gathering a thick gathering, he was in the middle of it, all these people around him defending him. But then, in some iteration, the Muslims were chanting, how do how does like one meaning is the speaker, but a lot. And if you remember the letter of the law, and who is the one when he was tortured, he would say I had an ad, the Muslims asked him, Why did you say I hadn't. He said, I used to say a lot of things besides, but I noticed that I had made them upset the most. So I kept saying it the most. Even though they were torturing him, he still
wanted to upset them the most. So they, in some narration, and Muslims kept saying, I had chopping down the trees around a regional meaning the people one by one. Then we have an interesting story narrated by Abdullah
who said that suddenly in in the battle, he found himself on his right and on his left two young youth. Now, there are many narrations of this story in particular, but we'll take the most authentic of it. And there's some very long versions of it. And they all have weaknesses in them. So we'll take the short one, and it's the most authentic, that I've ever heard of now says, he's describing himself that he found himself between two young men in the middle of the battle, that in one nation, they were on 14 years old, the oldest one of them.
So he said he that made him insecure.
And if you look at the other narrations, you'll see that made him feel unsecure. Imagine you were an army. You're in an army and you're outnumbered three to one. And you look to your right, there's a 14 year old with a sword and you look to your left, there's one younger than him with a sword. Makes you feel like you were in trouble.
So he said that made him feel insecure. He didn't. One of them was pertemps his uncle, yeah, show me Abuja. He says, My son, what do you want with him? He said, I have sworn to Allah that if I see him, I will kill him or die try as a young man. And then the other said the same show me Abuja. So then, he said, but but he was whispering it to him, he didn't want the other one to hear you want to be the first one, to kill him with Jeff.
So then he says, I wouldn't, I wouldn't have been more pleased if I was standing between two other men besides them that was proud to be standing between these two elements, and would have been proud if there were any other two, who felt very proud. He says, Then I pointed to him, showed them where he was. And he says they darted like two hawks at him,
hitting him until he died. And some narration described the difficulty they had they made an agreement, one would strike the horse, felt he was huge, huge and fat. The young boy told me, he thought that if he struck his stomach, he wouldn't kill him. So he struck him at the neck.
In any case, they they went to him and jumped in and hit him until he was dead. And then they went to the political asylum. And they announced that they had killed a Buddha. And he looked at their swords, and he saw the blood on both sides. So he believed that both of them killed the Buddha. And this is one of the examples we were talking about how in the middle of battle, they go to shoe to announce something like this, and sure their swords of the profits of the last Hitler.
So then, the names of those boys were abnormal. And if number one was jumbo, the famous comparing the process Hitler and Mao with an afro and he was killed later on the Battle of butter. So then, when I fell, and he was the one that was rallying up the army of the Federation, the mushrikeen, they just scattered any that that kind of broke the army. So then it's narrated that later, I've delayed them. So it goes and he's looking for a vagina and he finds him and there's a little bit of breath in him. And we look at this stubborn catheter. I love him. So he puts his foot on his chest. I'm running with a very thin, very skinny man. But it's like Allah decreed that three of the
smallest people would attack and kill the big one of the biggest enemies of Islam Abuja. So I'm running so it was very thin. He put his foot on the chest of Abuja, and we generated this stubborn cover is still saying, who is victorious in this battle he's asking. So then I'm the one who tells him Allah and His messenger. Then he asked him, Have you tasted the human humiliation from Allah
You enemy of Allah? And he says to them, and how did he humiliate me? Is there any man stronger than the one who was killed by his own people? My own people killed me. So I used that as a thing to show his strength. Then he looked at him, he appeared that I believed him. So he says, aren't you the little shepherd boy in Mecca, and I will London was delivered him some blows, and he killed him. There are other narrations of the killing of Abu Jamal. But this is the most authentic of them. One is long, where he keeps where he
tries to take his head off, and he's not able to do that just fills him, why don't you take my my dagger and then start from the right side of my neck, and that will kill me. But this is the most authentic. So we'll stay with that. But I just want to mention it so that as we're reading books of Syrah, and so on, we'll find different iterations of stories. But always look in the footnotes, you'll see. They'll mention the say from the bife. Likewise, one of the other leaders
that were killed, was omega lF, and he was one of the leaders. And he was a good friend of another hunting outfit go to Mecca, he would, like meet him there and let him stay with him and so on. So he, when he saw him captured, after him, have dropped what was with him and he started walking with or may have no Holla Holla was the man who tortured Beloved, for the love of you remember the famous story. So when villain saw this,
omiya the head of
a V safe today, they may or may not be safe, he must be hurt today. So he starts together the unsalted omega omega and then they start to gather around him, even though he was captured. They attacked him and even though in duration and authentic narration that Rama have told him to kneel down and he covered him to try to protect him, and yet they still killed him. And this also shows that it's permissible that certain some of the, the equivalent of today's war criminals can be killed even though they have been taken as prisoners, they can still be killed. So in the end of the battle, when 70 of the machine are dead, and 70 are captured, so that's 140 losses for the whole
age. And 14 of the Muslims are martyred.
We have the story of how the famous rapper who was standing guard for the prophet SAW said, and a stray arrow comes out of the army of the Quraysh going all the way straight to harika igneous rock and kills him. So then he is his mother comes to the process, lm and she says, O Messenger of Allah, tell me about haritha. If he's in general, I will be patient. If he's smarter, there'll be patient. Now when she asked me to send him this because he didn't take part in the battle, he's just standing guard and a straight arrow comes to him. And then she says, but if not, meaning, if he's not in general, then Allah will see what I'll do meaning how I'm going to wail and cry. So the process of
selling tells her well onto you, are you bereft of your son, those are wonderful gardens and your son has attained the highest garden in paradise. This is just one of the guards, the highest garden in Paradise, not to mention those who dive into the thick of battle.
And in this battle, we saw relatives against relatives, tribesmen against tribesmen, father against son, an example of father against son is our Bukhara, the Allahu anhu when he his son, Abdullah, during the Battle of Buddha was not a Muslim, he became Muslim after but when he became Muslim, he told his father, he said, Oh Father, I would see you during the Battle of weather and avoid meeting with you and hide from you. And then his father said to him, by Allah, if I had seen you, I would have killed you
know, allegiance to anyone but Allah and His messenger. And on that day, there was no father there was no son, it was just believer, and unbeliever.
Then we have the example of Omar of Nakata, who made sure that he killed Alas, Ivanova Shan, even in Madeira, who is his uncle. He made sure he killed his uncle, they asked him why he said so that Allah knows that there is no love in my heart except to the people of obedience, meaning obedience to Allah and the people of Emacs.
This is the example given by Ahmed.
Likewise, there was a man by the name of Abu al Bukhari. And the father seldom had, if you remember, given specific orders that he should not be killed. Because he was from New Hashem and they were compelled, they were forced to come to the battle, but the story of will walk that he was killed eventually. And the President had given instructions not that he shouldn't be killed. So one of the Sahaba came. And when he saw him, he didn't come from the side where he was he went around to the other side to attack someone near him. So I will look that he asked him
what made you do that and he told the problem, Selim gave us instructions. Not to
To kill you.
So then we'll walk through it took advantage of this. And he kept running after this Sahabi swinging at him trying to kill him. So he had no choice but to defend himself and to kill him. And then when he said that to the process, sell him the policy, sell him forgive him, because he's defending himself and he couldn't just let him kill him because he was not supposed to be killed.
Then Likewise, we said one of the Mr. Kean Earth webinar via went out in the first duels, and he was killed at the beginning of the battle, but his son, I will ignore that webinar via he was there in the battle. And he witnessed this and then at the end there narrations that when he saw his father in the pitch, that's where they threw all the dead of Mr. Kane process at him saw a different look in his face, but he asked him and he did not deny that his father got what he deserved.
There was also another instrument, one of them who had been the immigrants, Mousavi Meyer. And he saw his brother, one of the unsought had captured his brother, who was one of the machine. And when he saw him, he told him to tighten that knot on his brother, tighten the knot. Because the prisoners, his mother is wealthy, and she will give him a handsome ransom. So sure, make sure that he ties him while he doesn't escape from him. So then his brother, his name is Aziz he started to plead with him that you know, through family ties, and we're brothers and then massage told him clearly that the Ansari has more rights of brotherhood than you do.
The shows also the unity that the Muslims had individually within their army, as opposed to that of the kuffaar. So then all the bodies of the kuffaar were thrown into a pit. And then it's narrated as prophecy them at night went to the pit and he spoke to them he said, Oh, people have the pit over to webinar via Oh shaybah ignore a big brother. Oh, may have no Calif. Abuja hypno. sham.
Have you found what your Lord promised you to be true? Surely I have found what my Lord promised me to be true. And then the problem was asked that he's speaking to two bodies that are rotting and the process lamb responded that, that you do not hear me any more than they can hear. And the Sahaba they themselves had a disagreement in the understanding of this, I should have said that he did not understand it in this sense, while others have explained it that Allah subhanaw taala made the dead here, the sayings of His Prophet sallallahu sallam.
So when the Muslims were victorious at better the prophet SAW, Selim sent Abdullah Abdullah and native niharika to Medina to give them the good news because it will take them a time. And it's also narrative that the Prophet Selim never left the battlefield unless after he stayed there three days, with burials and everything, and then they headed back. So he sent I would love nah Ha. And they had to give the good news to the people in Medina also, so that they don't stay in a state of panic and worry and wondering who won and who lost. So when they arrived in Medina in advance to give the good news of the victory, and the Muslims all made, the Kabir and some even went out to the road leading
to better and stayed to wait for the prophet SAW Selim to arrive. And for the Muslims, and some organization comments. Some of them is a didn't highlight that who came to give the news has a comment about this saying that the news came to us meaning the news of the victory of brother just as we finished leveling the earth over rupiah, the daughter of the Prophet sallallahu sallam.
the reaction of the loss of the operation Mecca was that for one, I taught them a very valuable lesson. And they're also incredibly shocked that this army was defeated by such a small army of poorly equipped men.
And there were tears in every household because either every household had someone that was either dead, or someone that was captured.
And they were very humiliated. And that made them thirsty for revenge. So much so that that crying and wailing were forbidden in Mecca. No one was allowed to cry and or wail and so on. Because they said, this will cause the Muslims to rejoice. And the effects of this anger and wanting to get even can be seen later on in the Battle of HUD. And this made it more difficult for the Meccans because typically when you cry, it eases the pain, and it helps ease the suffering. So they were prohibited and forbidden from crying and wailing and so on.
And, on top of that, to add to their humiliation, the news of the Muslim victory at beggar spread to all parts of Arabia, and also reached an agenda in Abyssinia in habersham. And when the news reached him, or the Allahu anhu, he gathered the Muslims that were there that people who had migrated from Mecca are still there.
Still an ever senior, he gathered them and he told them the good news.
So, to look at some of the reasons why a small group defeated such a large group,
we mentioned a lot of things amongst them was that the Muslims had good leadership. And the leadership was also unified. And the kuffaar had two leaders who are sometimes one of them wanted to go back and one of them persisted and wanted to continue with the war. And likewise, because of the new strategy that the SLM had introduced into the warfare, and because the Muslims were fighting for their belief, they were fighting for something they truly believed in, and they were ready to die for that. And the Mexicans were fighting for their wealth. Some were fighting for their wealth, some just wanted to get even some wanted to make sure to exterminate their religion. So there are
different beliefs and different factors that motivated them. And then we said that the Muslims had very high morale.
And part of that is due to things that last part Allah made possible to increase the morale of the Muslims. And part of that is what the prophets of Salem reminding the companions promising them paradise. And examples of high morale during the battle, where if you remember the story of the two youth, rather than with wanting to kill a Buddha, and one of them in some narrations around 14 and the other a little younger than him. So this is just an example the two of the youngest people and they they shoot high. They want to go after the head, the head of the army of the kuffar. Likewise, another proof of the high morale that they had, and this part also had some help from the lust Ponta
Allah, where it's narrated, that evening was rude or the Allahu anhu. While there were standing in line for battle, and the army was within seeing distance. And he asked the man next to him, he said, How many are they to estimate their numbers, and the man even though there were 1000, estimated that they were about 70 or more, or about 100. So this is from the mercy of Allah subhanaw taala, that when the Muslims looked at the kuffaar, they looked few, even though there were three times more and when the Messiah became looked at the Muslims, they saw them much more more than their army. And this is by Allah Subhana Allah to raise the morale of the Muslims. Likewise, there is a story when
the army returned back to Medina, Abu Salah, remember him the husband of Mr. de la vida,
with the Muslims came out rejoicing, happy, cheering. And he was telling them, why are you cheering? It was nothing except that we went and saw a few old men who were bold, and we slaughtered them like camels and came back.
This shows you how high the morale was. And likewise, the prophet SAW Selim himself was raising morale. You remember the story of Romeo.
There's a lot of 16 years, when the process Elon was telling him, telling them about the paradise whose width is out of the heavens and the earth, He threw his date. This was the kind of morale that existed amongst the soldiers of the army of the Muslims. And I surprising thing about Berger. And we said that battles in these times, you should take a long time, they will take a whole day, and sometimes continuing to the darkness of the night, as the army is between the battle with the Muslims and the Persians and other battles. But the Battle of better, you said that is around only around two hours, the entire battle around two hours. And this added to the bewilderment of the
aurash, that they were defeated. So quickly, expecting battles will take a long time, and they had their their cameras and their food and their dancers and supposed to be a picnic and a quick victory. And it took only two hours, the Muslims defeated them so quickly. So these were some of the things that were physical and also had something to do with human reasons for the victory.
And we want to look at some of the Divine reasons for the victory. First of all, is in Ramadan, is the month, the month of victory. And now it's become, you know, the month of soup and meat and sleeping. But it's actually the month of victory. And we look throughout the history from butter on because this was the first
year in the second year after the hedgerow, the year of butter. It was the first year that fasting was prescribed for the Muslims. And the Battle of blood was on the 17th of Ramadan. And we see from after this battle until today, even in our times, you hear the Mujahideen they say that they're most victorious in Ramadan, because of the DA and other things, but it's the month of victory.
Likewise, it was the first time that angels ever descended into battle. First time ever, that angels descend into battle. And we want to look at this because Allah Subhana Allah says,
5000 angels to assist the Muslims
now, and they were headed by jabril Elisa. Even though only one is enough, just one angel is more than enough. But then I lost my dad and sent 5000. And why so many. And some scholars explained that it was to give like death beat, or to make the hearts firm for the believers. And they know they have so many angels backing them up.
If you're told by law, that there are 5000 angels behind you, you will jump into anything, you will not have any fear. So this really made the hearts of the believers stand firm. And likewise, some scholars say it's also to show the position of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam that lost power to Allah will send down 5000 angels to support him and his companions in this battle. Even though one is enough, even though jabril in Salem alone is enough. Because we know from the Hadith where jabril la Salam has 600 wings, two of them can cover the horizon. And that jabril is Salam with the tip of one wing, just the tip of one wing, lifted, the people have looked at a set up all
the way to the first Heaven, until the angels in the first heaven could hear the barking of their dogs, and the crawling of their roosters, and then brought them down.
It was just the tip of a wing. So then 5000 angels, as we said, last month I've made from the hearts of the believers, because if we look at the number of dead from the machine, there's only 7070 people dead. And if you had 5000 angels, you would expect Not a single one of them would leave the battlefield. But like again, as we said, it's less hard to either brought it down to show the position of his prophet SAW Selim and to make from the hearts of the believers.
And in some narrations that the angels had swords of fire, one of the companions of the Prophet Selim describing that both of them said the angels had swords of fire, and that whoever was struck by an angel, that you would see that they would leave Mark burnings on their face or around their fingertips and so on. So that companion says that they went and looked at monster dead, and they found several of them that were, you could identify them as being struck by angels. So he said several of them, so not even all the 70 were killed by angels. And for that reason, the Battle of better had a lot to do with the actions of the human beings. And their examples also have an adverse
the uncle of the prophet SAW, Selim was a large man.
And he was captured by the loading and unloading some durations of the loading. And so it was a very small map. So and then some narration is that a man brought him and he said that he captured him. And then he's his best comments by Allah. This is not the man who captured me I was captured by a man who was bald, and had a very handsome face. And he had a Piebald horse Piebald, meaning a mortal blotch, black and white, or black and brown, and so on. And then he says Ibis comments that I don't see him here, and then of course, SLM, said that the man has been assisted by American Angel.
And there was also the narration of a man that was chasing one of the kuffar. And then he heard a voice from above him, and then he looked at the men had had been struck in the face. There's also with the assistance of one of the angels.
And likewise, there were miracles during the battle, and we discussed the sword of worship, listen, that his sword broke during the battle. And the Prophet said him give him a long piece of wood, and he shook it, and it became a long, strong white sword, and Okasha Lalanne, who used it for all the battles in the rest of his life until he was killed. So this is one of the miracles like what, and also there was the they were in the process of going through the dust into the eyes of the photo, and some, some of the kufr later on, they became Muslims. And when they became Muslim, they narrated that when the prophet SAW them through just this handful of dust, they said that everyone in the
army got some of it in their face, and in their eyes, every single one of the army will crash.
And there's also the narration of the Companion of the prophet SAW Selim casada, where he was struck and arrow struck him in the eye, and his eye came out. But it was hanging out like this. So then he retreated from battle. And some of the answer I told him, let's cut it off. So we went to the province I send them towards the center made him sit down, and he took his eye and he put it back into the socket.
And it said that that I never gave him problems. Again, he commented that he couldn't remember which I popped out. There was not a scar, there was nothing. And this is also one of the miracles that occurred during the Battle of butter. And we mentioned again, from the divine assistance we mentioned, the rain and the sleep
In the sleep that overcame the army of the Muslims, and it was for them a kind of rest, it was refreshing and arrest from the Long March. And we said that ns Malik ibni, Atal, who was mentioning he was actually one of the, the guards of the process in them. And that's why he was mentioning that when he tried to stay awake and then he stored withdrawal from his hand and he would pick it up, and then it would drop again for seven times. And this is the sleep that overcame them. And likewise, we mentioned the rain and an alum inches that the rain to purify them from the stains of the shaytaan. And we had another physical advantage in that is where the Muslims were camped, it solidified the
ground. And it made it easier to run on and for the horses to gallop on while we said just less than a mile away, for the prophetic made everything muddy and slippery and so on.
So, and we all know that in the end, everything victory and everything in the end ultimately is from Allah subhanaw taala. But it is also not fair to say that and then some people say this that the Battle of burger had absolutely nothing to do with human beings. Everything was from the sky, but we see the efforts of this hub of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. Then came the issue, the that comes the issue of the spoils of war and and fun.
And about an assignment of the law. 100 he said that we went out with the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and I witness bed with him. The armies clashed and Allah defeated the enemy. A group of men went after them pursuing and killing them, while another group pounced upon the spoils of war, claiming it and gathering it up. So one group is running after the the retreating army, and the other group is busy collecting the spoils of war. Another group remained with the messenger of a loss of allies lm protecting him so that the enemy might not attack while they were unaware. So the third group stayed with the process lm making sure they protect him.
When night fell, and all the men gathered together, those who had collected the spoils of war said we collected it, and there is no share in it for anyone else. Those who pursued the enemy said you do not have a stronger claim to it than we do. We kept the enemy away from it and defeated them. And those who guarded the prophet SAW seldom said we were afraid that the enemy may attack him, while we were unaware. So we were busy protecting and upon that Allah revealed in the beginning of his.
So the last part that I revealed that they asked you about the spoils of war, say the spoils of war for Allah and His Messenger, so that you can make amends between each other to that, to that meaning, not reconciled, make amends between each other. So then on the way to a Medina, they reach a large sand hill, and the process Elam divided the spoils of war equally among the fighters, after giving a fifth to the to Allah Subhana Allah and His Messenger, what that means is not for the prophets and set limits This is actually and this is would be known later on as what would go into beta man, and this is the money of the government. So the GNP, gross national product of the Muslims
is from the spoils of war. And similar to the spoils of war was the ransom money that they got from the captives.
And the prisoners of war, they cause the problem, because this was the first time in Islamic history that captives were brought in after a war. So the problem is that him sought the advice of his companions. And then he asked abubaker now, what are the level on who? And and veneration reflects their personalities? Were there lo han, who said that these are relatives, and that this money can be used to strengthen Islam? And that's what we should do, and we should ransom them and whoever can pay, and then we use the money to strengthen Islam, then Amaro, the Allahu anhu, disagreed. He said, Well, I disagree. I think that you should give, he's done the process of them give me so and so one
of his relatives, and I will slaughter him, and should give at least one so one of his relatives, and that he will slaughter him. And he kept saying everyone who will hold one of his relatives and kill them. We don't want any capitals. So the President said lamb was more comfortable with the opinion of Abu Bakr radi Allahu anhu. And I'm on notice that the following day he entered upon the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and him and abubaker the level on who were were weeping.
So then Omar and this kind of goes to shows, because people always think that Omar just the whole time had his sword out. But he also had a very gentle side, inshallah, we'll see if we discuss armor.
And he said to them a very nice word. He said to them that, that he wanted to know what is making them weep. So that if it's something that is worth anywhere, it's something that would make him that he would cry with them. And that if it's something that would make him cry that he would just cry with them because they're crying. This is shows how close he was to his friends. Women are very good at this, for their friend is crying, they can cry quickly. Yeah, but for men, this is difficult. And yet, this man who is so rough and so harsh, he's he's offering this, you know, so then, the prophet SAW Selim tells him that Allah subhanaw taala has revealed now God It would have been
cleaner for you hoping to read
long, long lines, he isn't Hankey
says that it is not for a profit, that he should have prisoners of war meaning so that he could free them for a ransom until he has made a great slaughter in the land of his enemies. You desire the good of this world meaning the ransom money, but Allah desires the hereafter for you. Allah is almighty and wise, were it not a pre ordained month from Allah, a severe torment would have touched you for what you took. So this is why they were crying, that severe trauma would have touched you. And this is Allah speaking to the Muslims. So the opinion of Amara, the Allahu anhu, was the more correct one. But since they had already done that, then call us It became permissible that the
prisoners could go and be set free and so on. But the point is that falling into captivity is not it doesn't mean that all your past sins and crimes against the Muslims and so on were forgiven. And a prisoner of war is different from for lack of a better term, just say, a war criminal. And some of the the leaders of the kuffar that were captured. Some of them were war criminals, you know, and pure POW is prisoners of war also different from detainees, right? In the case, those mannequins, they had a past of offending Allah subhanaw taala, and offending His Messenger sallallahu Sallam and incited people to war. So is it right that they just be left alone, without the Muslims after giving
them an opportunity to exterminate them that they just let them go again. So Allah Subhana, Allah was teaching the believers that it's not right, that just look towards the the gains the money and the ransom, and forget what they've done in the past.
So the ransom was placed between 1000 to 4000 dirhams, according to the financial situation of the person that was captured, and those that had no money at all, but they had the ability to read and write with teach 10 of the children because the people of Mexico were, generally they were literate. And people of Medina, a lot of them were illiterate. So those who didn't have money, if they could teach 10 of 10 children to read and write that they would set them free. And some also were didn't have any money, and we're very poor in the process. And I'm just set them free, and others on the condition that they would never fight the Muslims again. And one of them the process and him let him
go on the condition he would never fight the Muslims again. And they caught him again after another battle. And he had fighting and this one, and is the process of him said the famous saying that the only the Muslim does not fall into the same mistake twice, see.
And amongst those that was captured, was a man by the name of I will ask who is the husband of Xena, the daughter of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and to set him free she gave a necklace that belonged to Khadija rhodiola Juana and in some iteration of the process, Helen when he saw that necklace, that he began to cry slowloris emblem and
and he also asked them if they would, he asked them if they would like to let him go so he can return to his wife. In some narration the stipulation was that he would allow her to migrate. But in any case, this was before the it was made haram a prohibited for the Muslim woman to marry non Muslim men so that no one takes us as well. They don't need this as a proof some people are making it harder these days anyways.
But there were only two captives killed if we exclude the monolith as we remember he said we may have not heard of that of the hub. Now it was his friend. And he was collecting some shields that he found. And then he saw made no harder for him and his son Amaya. They were just they were walking, just surrendering or basically they were captured. They were just not struggling or resisting. So omega called agronomic now.
I told him, I have something better for you than these shields and take me as your captive. So he dropped his shields. He was gathering them and they were worth something. He dropped them and he goes to he starts walking with whomever. And he's just walking with Him. He doesn't have to hold him call us the man and he knows there's no escape. So then beloved saw him and he said, his statement that Lana Jota in Niger that and if he's safe today may not be safe. So then, after I've told him, he's my capital, and he told him, so he went to the unsired. I told him Do you want to kill the man who used to torture me, the torture of Bella was very popular.
So he said, you want to kill the man who used to torture me. And they came, a group came with it. So they came to me and he had been captured, and behind the oath, tried to calm down the situation, told me he's my captive, and so on. And they just drew their swords, and told me, he told him to go down on the ground, and he covered him with his body, his narrative that they just kept poking him with their swords, and killing and they killed him. They even wounded Andromeda, alpha and in the process that he got a cut or something. So when Khalid was killed, but besides him, too, they were captured and were killed were the promiseland distributed the the spoils of war, a man by the name
of a novel, ignorant Harith, and he was the man that used to say a saltiel, a welline, seven times no Quran, Allah Subhana, Allah says that they refer to the Quran as a salty ruler, wherein every time it was revealed, it was in response to this man, he used to tell stories, generally and so on. And he used to say that the stories of Mohammed are not better than my stories. And he, he, he brought them down to a level of just stories. And, and so when he was captured the process hilum or that it was all him to strike his head. And likewise another man
by the name of Aqua, it'd be more Ethan who is popular one of the leaders of the kuffaar and he was the man, the anahola, who, who came and put the the entrails the intestines of the camel and some sheep on the back of the house and sell him while he was prostrating.
And he was in another generation, the men also who also likewise, he was the one who strangled the Prophet set him with his cloak some one time, choking him until over the law 100 camera, let him go. And then another narration besides the the entrails of the camel or the sheep, he was the one. The process Helen was prostrating and he came and he put his foot on the neck of the process. The problem, some comments on this saying that he almost saw death. So this man was ordered. These people were criminals, they offend a lion, His Messenger sauce, I'm in the worst way and are living without him stuck his neck also, there was also amongst the captives a man by the name of suhaib
number. And he was known as a powerful orator, he would speak well and so on. And he used to speak strongly against the Muslims when he was a non Muslim, and wanted to teach him a lesson. So that's the process and let me let me break his front teeth. So you know, so that you won't be able to speak against Islam again, or you, you know, once you break your front teeth, then the sub becomes a third and everything is messed up. You're not a powerful orator anymore. So what happened? Then we see the wisdom, the process seldom he never and it gets even in that sense the process that I'm told him that leave him perhaps one day he will stand in a position that you will appreciate from him. And it
came true when the process alum died. And the Arabian Peninsula A lot of it as you know, upon stated, except for Mecca, Medina, right. And Mecca and a Thai Mecca. You know, remember in Medina, even people like Armando lo han, who they were maybe not making too much sense after the death of the process alum but a worker stood and he spoke and he made a lot of sense. And he heard you say firmed the hearts of the believers. At this in Mecca. At the same time, it was narrated that suhaila made almost the same speech, and by the grace of Allah and then through the help number, the people of Mecca remained upon Islam. And that was because of the wisdom of the process that they did not
break is from teeth.
So in the story of whether there are a lot of lessons, and there are a lot of disabilities that came about as a result of this battle, such as the ransoming of the captives, that you could take a ransom for the captives, and that you can send spies, the tons of warfare This is permissible. And then that the Shura the process, has been consulted. consultation, consulted his companions about going into the battlefield about a lot of things. So this is also one of the lessons that we learned from the battle better and that the spoils of war and how they're split and how they that they're permitted. And the excellence we learned the excellence of the companions of the Prophet Selim, they
took part in the Battle of butter and
That they, the martyrs, they're buried in their place more or less, and that there's no prayer prayed over them and it's not narrated that the prayers and the process Elam prayed over any of the martyrs. And besides the heroics that we saw during the Battle of butter, we also learned that numbers are not the only thing with which a person wins a war or a battle, and it is also the man and with that we ask Allah Subhana Allah to strengthen our man, and to help us put our trust in him more. What is upcoming Lucha, Lucha Mubarak era Muhammad Ali Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.
For more tapes produced by the Center for Islamic information and education, visit [email protected].
It is also the man and without will ask Allah Subhana Allah to strengthen our Eman and to help us put our trust in him more. What is Aquila hair sorella Mubarak era Muhammad wa salam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.
For more tapes produced by the Center for Islamic information and education, visit [email protected]