Principles Of Tafseer Part 4
Channel: Jamal Zarabozo
File Size: 16.53MB
This is the fourth lecture in the series
where we've been, we've been progressing in a logical manner. We started with some introductory points about the importance of theatre and the importance of proper theatre. But then we discussed
we just started discussing the sources of tissue. We discussed some length before on
the committee, we discussed this in the program as
well. Now, this is the third lecture related to sources of attitude. What do you think this topic will be? Then?
the topic then for today will be
any the conventions or the Sahaba. And
as we stated
in the previous lectures,
the problem has settled him. And he did not explain every verse of the Quran, to the Sahaba, in the sense that he did not discuss every verse and he applied a reverse in front of him. But he did not necessarily discuss every verse, while we discussed some of the reasons why the provinces did not explain every verse, and one of the reasons is that the Sahaba
were people very knowledgeable of the Arabic language. So therefore most verses of the Quran was clear to them. Also, they were people who are witnessing the revelation and they understood what the any what the what the Quran was talking about, and what the what the Quran was referring to. Also, they're familiar,
not only with the exact events that the Quran was referring to, but they're also familiar with the practices of Arabs during the time of jihad here, where there are a number of verses in the Quran that if you don't know, any of the practices of the Arabs, during the time of journeying, you cannot really tell exactly what the verse is talking about or why the verses revealed in that manner. inshallah, in the future, we will give some examples of that nature.
Also, they were familiar with the customs of the people who love Jews and Christians in their peninsula during the time. So, therefore, in other words, they had the correct background or they had a strong background
and both in language and in the Quran itself.
Practices during that time, that any loss of knowledge was known, and they understood lots of the Quran
and implemented the Quran like in but at the same time, and he this knowledge wasn't necessarily stated
the field from the harbour themselves, it might be good to discuss some of the distinguishing characteristics of the hub
and which makes them and he puts them in a special role. Well, the reason I'm going to discuss this although it is and you might be able to, you might say that it's kind of a tangent discussion. And in the reason I'm going to discuss this in some detail is number one for us to understand basically why the sahaabah with respect to to theatre given the position given by underscores
what's happening also, there's lots of misunderstanding about this the hub and how we should treat the look
towards this for hava. Thirdly, also some of the groups have tried to attack this the other and lessen their position in Islam.
Fourthly, also, the most efficient opinion or the orientalist who writes about Islam also tried to lessen the importance of the Sahaba and 50 also many of the similar ones Yeah, many writers nowadays when they write about the Sahaba.
And it seems clear that out of ignorance, they say things about the Sahaba and during the time of the harbor, which are incorrect and in fact go even against
some statements of the problem Hamas in particular.
So, let us inshallah discuss some of the
some of the things sheep characteristics of the companions that make them so important. With respect to
the first point they already mentioned, actually, that they witnessed the revelation of the Quran. They were familiar with the specific contemporaneous events, referring to
what they were familiar with the practices of the people of the jelly is an attempt to put
that first aspect I already mentioned secondly,
and this is probably a point that should be stressed even more than it is stressed over many scores from the stresses
the the Sahaba witness to the problem,
any of the witnesses implementation of the Quran, and they actually start in front of them how the Quran is to be applied
and it's not
Just a matter of reading the Quran and having a good Arabic language and so forth. And he, for example, if you nowadays in the computer, days of the computer,
and if you give someone for example, some software and you give them the book and how to use it,
there's a big difference between giving him the software and giving him the book and telling them, okay, just read that book and you know how to use it,
then it is a big difference between that and you sitting down with him and explaining and going through the software, showing them how to implement. And there's a big difference between the two. And this is an aspect that we have to stress with respect to the
with respect to the Sahaba Not only did the they understand the Quran best for those reasons I mentioned in the first point, but they also saw how the problem has been implemented.
And it was they actually saw an implementation of the Quran.
Secondly, also during the time, that during the province times, if there was any verse in the Quran that wasn't clear to them, or that they did not understand they had the ability to go to the problem.
And as we talked about last time, the problem mssm was in the was the only one
and utilize that rule and their responsibility to be able to explain the Quran in the proper way that Allah subhanho wa Taala wants the Quran to be understood. So therefore, they were shown how to play and understand the Quran by the only authority and who could actually show them how to play him and understand the Quran. Were
any commenting on this on this point.
Modern author, he wrote,
in a PhD dissertation.
And in in his PhD dissertation, he's stressing the fact that any of the special aspect of the Sahaba was not just their understanding of Arabic and so forth, but it was their actual getting of the Quran and learning of the Quran from the province of necessity. So he writes this the most distinctive advantage of Muhammad's contemporaries, and it
was not their unparalleled excellence in Arabic, or their unmistakable intuitive capability, or they're being the first addresses of the revelation, but the existence in their midst of an exemplary embodiment of the Quranic message,
and an unauthorized, any computer source as Mohammed was.
And in other words,
this aspect is is a given the example of the of the computer and it's much more than just someone teaching them what the Quran is. But any, they actually were able to see how the Quran is to be applied. And so, therefore, and if you studied the foot, the Sahaba, and how they understood the Quran, and compare it with people of later days, you see that the Sahaba in many cases, they avoided the extremes and the mistakes of the people.
And the reason they avoided the these extremes, for example, they avoided the extremes of the forage, they which is on one side, they avoided the extremes of the merger, which is on the other side. And the reason they were able to do a world of exchanges This is because they were not just given the Quran, but they were showing how to apply and understand the Quran. And if they ever went beyond the limits of the Quran, the prophet Mohammed said Selim was there to explain to them that they had gone beyond the limits of the Quran.
and if he had any this great advantage over any other people, and he since the time of the problem,
while also less than we discussed some of the ways that the progress of cinema has been put onto them.
Certainly also they were experts of the of the Arabic language and they lived during a time in which the Arabs used to brag about the great Arabic language like today, and the excellence in the in the Arabic language. well beyond that, also the Quran was revealed in their language.
Lesson what to add on one verse talks about the fact that every messenger is sent with the language of his people, and so they're able to understand
the message completely. So not only are they experts of Arabic language, and the Quran was revealed in Arabic, but also the crown was revealed in their Arabic language, which is slightly different. For example, in vocabulary and other aspects, then the Arabic language of today.
one aspect, one very important aspects about the Sahaba the companions and promises to them, and this aspect is proven through the Quran, that they were people love, amen and any true faith of correct faith and correct understanding of Islam,
where they grew up, especially those who converted early in Israel, and it was up during the size of Mecca during the time in Mexico, and they grew up with the Quran. And the Quran was being revealed they were growing up such that not only
Did they understand the Arabic language but they had what we could call a Quranic mentality. And he they understood things in the in the life
they looked at life began in the life of the Quran, which enables us to separate them from the, from the later generations. were basically and if you want to,
if you want to
try to boil down the religion of Islam into some basic principles, we can say that they are three basic principles number one is the real understanding about Allah subhanho wa Taala. Number two, the truthfulness of the Quran when number three is the
fact that the Prophet system was a messenger and what does that imply, and if these three aspects are well ingrained in the person, it makes it very easy for him to when you read the Quran to understand the Quran and not to not to get involved in
any in some quibbling with respect to the pronoun for example.
No, it is, for example, and some people talk about the theater when or when they when they write about the Quran. And even Muslim writers I'm talking about well, we refer to them in other lectures in the past.
For example, when they talk about some of the miracles of the Quran,
that the Red Sea was split for Moosa lays down for the Essenes to them
without a father and so forth. And he for the for the people, the Sahaba, who understood, really Allah subhanho wa Taala. And the fact that what the Quran is saying is true, and the role of the promises and if they had no problems understanding these, because they knew that these things were very easy and very simple for Allah subhana wa tada to do that, if it was in the, according to the wisdom more or less data to do it, they will do it. And he these things are easy for them because they understood Islam. But nowadays, people come who don't, and you don't have the strength in the religion of Islam don't understand, and in the nature of sending messengers and the truth of the
Quran, and they have some doubts and the question these things about, is it really true, how did you happen? Can we somehow explain away and so forth. This is because they don't understand really the essence or the understanding of Allah of Allah subhanho wa Taala that he is able to do these things. And if it is within his wisdom to do it, he will, he will easily do it.
the Quran itself, and he points to the fact that the Sahaba are people who should be looked towards respected and emulated or followed, and that they are also the people who follow their example are also people that will listen to what God has please.
Allah subhanho wa Taala says, What's the other opponent Oh, Luna minimal Have you need a one on one readiness of our own destiny? Or the low on whom What are?
The English of this verse could be
the early forerunners of the Menagerie and those immigrants from Mecca and the unsolved residents of Medina. And those those people who followed them in good deeds, I was pleased with them.
And they are pleased with all the
way mimetic use this verse. And we didn't get that far. And
there's a big discussion about whether the statements of the Sahaba for the Sahaba or hoodia, or proofs in Islamic law or not,
in America, considered them in general to be proof? Well, this is one of his one of his proofs that their statements are to be accepted Ghanian authorities in Islamic law because Allah subhana wa tada and he praises not only the Mahajan one on top but praises those people who follow them.
And he says in a lesson with Alice's which is pleased with him. Well this is this idiomatic use that as a proof of the position of the hub.
Similarly, according to the
early scholars of Islam, Allah subhana wa dalla citizen sort of the tuba, yeah even the vena homina. A proper law will Kunal mouth for the free world according to the setup for the cleaners who would disperse.
So the claim refers to the Sahaba
and the O you who believe have Taqwa of Allah and be with the saw the cleaner the sincere
according to the setup, this verse this other thing is referring to this
quote all this data talks about the the Sahaba First of all, another verse, same with Connecticut, with Connecticut, john Lew Martin was with a guru Shahada, Shahada Allen and Allah subhana wa Tada. And this verse is saying that he has created many rows made and he's the oma and spoken first through Sahaba as the people who are working with them, what's the meaning of work?
Not the literal meaning but what does it mean?
When you look to the theater of this verse and how to set up another university and explained it, and what is meant by water or moderate balance
is that they are the chosen and the most just
within all of them. subhana wa tada says that he has made them show me the list of what Allah has chosen them, to be sure there are witnesses against
what this is.
Any statement or testimony from Allah subhanho wa Taala This is the hava are acceptable to Allah subhanho wa Taala his witnesses
was in order to be witnessed again and it means that you are have to be the people of integrity and so
similarly also the problem has arisen beyond those verses of Quran.
The Prophet Muhammad SAW Selim also stated that the way of the Sahaba is to be followed or to be emulated. We find that in different areas if you go to any books of Hadith, you'll you'll be able to read sections on the Sahaba or the merits of the Sahaba you will find
different Hadith pointing out to this meeting, for example,
the one one had eaten which the policy system
stated that this oma will break up into 73 groups, and all of them will be in the Hellfire except one.
When he went when he was asked who that one was.
He said the ones who are following what I am following today and my sub. And in other words, this is a statement or testimony from the problem homicide tell them that the way of the Sahaba what the Sahaba were following is the correct way of Islam. The proper way of Islam was another heavy dose of the purposes in the in the in the length, he added he ordered us to follow his tuna and to follow the similar of the rightly guided caliphs philipa after him what to stick to stick to that way
as much as we can and to be aware of any innovation, as every innovation
also in different editors progresses in and we also see that we as Muslims are supposed to look to the Sahaba and look to their way and try to follow their way of their example. And this is a testimony from Allah subhanho wa Taala and the problem is asylum today in fact the following the right way, if they're following the right way It means they're actually following the way of the Quran. And in other words, it means that they are understanding and implementing their understanding and implementing the Quran in the proper manner.
Well, seven points with respect to this other
is that they were chosen by Allah subhanho wa Taala to be the first recipient of the message
while they're also chosen by Allah subhana wa tada to be the people responsible for applying them and for preserving the message and for passing it on to other people. And Allah subhanho wa Taala chosen
in different verses of the Quran and the different simplicity have have discussed how the other panelists had talked about how he has chosen the Sahaba one verses which he lay because he had he was
and his drive actually even the first part drive in the way of according to his right
was he is the one who Chosen One other versus
for the humbler was determined on a very hidden levina
Well, according to the fit any of the setup livingness proposals people who were chosen, Alison Hannah with that, and this reverses referring to the hub, both of the provinces in a minute it said Verily, Allah chose my companions over all the creatures except for the prophets in the messenger. And you know, we're second to the prophets and the messengers. And in the Allah subhanho wa Taala chose the hub of the problem
was the the message. So it has a statement similar to that. His statement is sometimes related as a headache and progresses syndrome that does not add to the promises in them. But in fact, it is a statement of sorts. When he says that Allah subhanaw taala looked at the hearts of the slaves, and he found the heart from hunger to be the best heart. So we sent him with the message. And then he looked at the hearts of displays after the heart of Muhammad. And he found the hearts of his companions to have the best heart so we chose them to companion His prophets and to support his his religion.
So in fact, and he did the the Sahaba were, in essence, a chosen people chosen by hand with Allah, chosen because of this citizen clarity, their ability to apply the methods, their ability, ability to understand the message and their ability to pass that message on and preserve it.
For later generations.
there's of the scholars, there's consensus of the scholars of this
problem of mysticism. There's the problem of amateur Islam. In fact, what I mean that the Sahaba, the companions of the Prophet, Silla, more, in fact, the most knowledgeable of this oma
and he This is the conclusion of, for example, in Lima, Mississippi, in America.
And in fact, any logically it would be very hard to disagree with this conclusion, because as we mentioned many times earlier, they received their knowledge of Islam directly from the problem, and still was opposed to them. And besides being a prophet, also he was
more of the or he was someone any bringing up his people, he wasn't just giving them a message. But he was also teaching them the message and bringing them up on this message, so that they understand
them completely, and so forth.
But these are some of the some of the characteristics.
concerning that these are eight characteristics concerning the hubbub, they put them. And in the
end, if we consider these characteristics of the Saba, we will see that in fact, from the point of view of this them from the point of view of knowing Islam, from the point of view of knowing the client, and from the point of view of me being the one that we should follow and listen to and interpret in the plans of work, we see that in fact, they have a special position much above people who came, who came after them.
After the after the death of the province,
as new people into intense Islam, as new people begin to embrace Islam,
and it is new people, some of them, first of all, were non Arabs,
many of them or all of them, and who were not alive during the time of the problems that they did not see a witness the revelation of the Quran and so forth. So therefore, and during the time of the Sahaba, there became a need
to discuss many aspects of the Quran,
which during the seven provinces of them, there, in fact, was no need to discuss.
And in other words, there begin the beginning of time in which people needed other people, meaning the Sahaba, to explain to them the meaning of the Quran. And to explain to them the meaning of different verses. Well, this could be called perhaps the beginning of what was later known as the same.
Also, during this time, and, for example, in the first the last quarter, or last or last quarter century have hinted at it because of the strength of Islam, the political strength of Islam, many people entered into Islam or not, in fact, and in their hearts, truthful to why they entered Islam in order to try to destroy them from within, maybe these people are
usually referred to by different names such as the another another, another term, what became it began, it became the obligation of the Sahaba to refute these erroneous explanations and erroneous claims that these people were making. Plus also, as I mentioned, since there are people who were not alive during the sentence, I mean, during the process in the knowledge of the Arabic language was in a storm.
And then people began to talk about the Quran and patois sort of speak above without really having the in depth knowledge that they needed. So, also it was the responsibility again to the Sahaba.
To me to respond to what was going on. So therefore, it especially during the later years, but the other much more discussion of this year, much more common semicolon and can be found.
And he this phenomenon, or all of these aspects, led to the question, then
an important question for us is, how much weight or how much authority then should be given to an explanation of a Quranic verse, which doesn't, doesn't come from the Quran and or the Prophet as we just said,
but comes from the Sahaba themselves. And it is not the metaphor doesn't come from the problem.
But it comes from the Sahaba Morocco, and how much weight how much authority should that be given? And he should that be given
status like it is Morocco like it is coming from the problem I'm assessing them or should it be given a lesser status or what
among the among the scholars have to say there's not really a great deal of difference of opinion in answering this question, and in general, they agree but there is a little bit
difference of opinion
and in some, some scholars, consider
Or have stated that the sphere of the Sahaba takes the same ruling as metaphor. It is considered as having the source with the problem.
And he is if he heard it as if they may have heard it from him or get the idea from the problem.
Some of them in particular have come in Frederick.
And his book The
mustard regatta he happens says that the spirit of the Salah is to be considered at the same level or at six the same ruling as metaphor. And he claims he claims This was also the opinion of Al Bukhari woman
was playing and he is booked for that the way he claims that his Indian party Muslim, for example, inside Buhari will find some procedure coming from the Sahaba not coming from the front.
He is there is an argument that since the book of the party's mostly had these are the promises or things that have the ruling America is taking that as an argument that this must mean must be also included
in an opera, and now we two headed scholars to come after.
The objective is
and they said this is not true. Any grocery store is not true in general.
It is only true
for those reports and for those Tafseer coming from the Sahaba that are related to us bourbon the zoo.
In other words, if the hobby said that that verse was revealed, and that situation or for that reason for that purpose, and so forth, and so on are the occasions behind the revelation. If as the hobbit says that that, that a specific verse was revealed on a specific location, then that explanation of this is how we take the same ruling as the Morpheus token, the token as if it's coming from the public system,
those things that they stated, which are not areas in which someone can make use the head or have personal opinion.
In other words, if the hobby says something about what will happen on the Day of Judgment.
And he This is not an area where the hobby can make it to where he can say I think this or that, and he must have been the case that he heard this from the problem.
So if you make the statement that is
any related to these areas in which in fact it is impossible that he could have made it she had then the statement of this hobby is considered medical or having its source with the problem.
And also in another book that happened the same and happened in modified rooms.
And have you made the same statement pretty much as evidence a lot and knowing and he that not all of the rulings are to be considered metaphor. In other words, what happened later seems he changes he changed his opinion. However, he made his opinion more concise than his other book might have.
What this means is that there is no scholar who explicitly stated this will happen now has been removed. There's no scholar that explicitly stated that any theater from any hobby is to be considered medical. Well, he also the author of
the Quran, he stated that
even in matters of Arabic
and even in matters related to Arabic, that is the only thing that the Sahaba did not hear from the public but things related to the Arabic language. And even in these areas, the statement of the Sahaba takes precedence to the statements of anyone after this because they were
the most important book in Aloma foreign second, let them
do it later on. But most important
and the reason for that, again, is because the hub of excellence in the Arabic language and the fact that the Quran was revealed in their
Arabic language, what even me and his famous work on Putnam have
faded out of the Quran and Sunnah. The statements of the Sahaba is the third source of put on a commentary, since they witnessed the revelation and consistency intelligence and sound knowledge is confirmed in the Quran. So fervently Mia and after the Quran. So now the next thing you have to look to is the statement of this hub
more precise, and E with respect to the statements of the Sahaba with respect to the put on any entity to really talk about what position they hold, whether it's multiple, or multiple, or whatever. And we should divide the statements or the specs of the Quran into seven categories.
The first category is is the way that the implemented, understood and explain the Quran during the lifetime of the Prophet
Have a system and continue to do so after the after the thing after.
And in other words, if someone, one of the hubby said that this is how we applied to put on during the famine problem,
or this is how we understood the verse during the famine, the problem homelessness in them. And it this type of statement is to be considered a job and authority and succeed. And it has the same rank as metaphor as coming from the public health system. Because in fact, for those who took this class,
and this is actually part of the some of the problems.
This is actually part of what's known as the what.
And he was actually in this is considered part of the some of the problems that
is part of his work. Some of them are his statements, objections in Christianity, this is actually falls under concrete. This is what they're doing. This is how they're applying and understanding Ron during the time of the problems. And if he approved of it, and even without even suddenly he approved with this is actually to be considered part of as soon as so it's not even considered Danny from the Sahaba at all, it is considered a miracle and part of the center of the program.
is what the companions narrated concerning us bourbon, the zoo.
And the occasions behind
the occasions behind
now with respect to the southern Missouri locations, behind this revelation of a specific verse. And he will talk about this later on when we talk about southern Israel, and what's the benefits of it, and what are the conditions for it. But it has to be a specific statement from the hobby that this verse was revealed during this occasion or because of this.
And sometimes the Sahaba used to say that this verse was revealed, and if he can look at it, and
when they say that when the Sahaba says that can he does this reverse was revealed with respect to something, this doesn't mean that it was revealed on that occasion or because of that, okay? What they mean by that is that this verse applies to that occasion. So we have to be very careful about the terminology. When we talk about a seven rule and what exactly comes under the ruling of Morocco, as we said before, this feminine zone is ruling as metaphor as if it comes from the Prophet, and this is your authority in
the third category is kind of a broad, broad category. And this is the companions understanding and application of the general or broad concepts of the Quran.
And this is considered a hook just for overriding authority without
any, for example,
their understanding of some of the basic aspects of Islam that they could not do without and that the provinces send them will not leave them, without explaining to them such as
their understanding of the relationship between faith and actions. And between a man what
was the place and importance of jihad, the importance of making Tao and spreading Islam, the importance and obligation of ordering goods and eradicating evil
the understanding of the of the foundations of Islam and the Pillars of Islam, the place of the Quran and Sunnah in Islam, the relationship between the believers and disbelievers. And then we learned and brought any these kinds of general concepts
and their understanding of understanding of these general concepts in there. And it's a beautiful product in the life that these general concepts is to be considered a budget, because they definitely got their understandings and their application of these basic and general concepts from the problem homicides in them. And so what these are, and the kind of concepts and the kinds of things that the province has in them was referring to when he said that the Muslim oma will break into 73 sects, and all of them will be in the Hellfire except for the one who was following what he and his haba were following.
type of proceeds of skins related to the Koran has come from other
metals of Tafseer, in which there is agreement among
the words they are all agreed upon, that this verse means certain sets or this word means such and such in this verse has to be plugged in this way. And in that case,
if they are in agreement, then this is also a job or authority and
not only because they are companions, but also because this is what
this is consensus which is
an authority in Islamic law.
Those matters concerning substitute in which the Sahaba held different opinions.
And we can break this down into two categories.
The first category
as Tamia points out, most of the differences of opinion actually not difference opinion but different statements with respect to different
different versions of put on limited me have pointed out most of their different statements are in fact, not contradicted.
So they're different statements are this nature that they are not contradicted? And there's no problem at all. For example,
what is the meaning of Serato?
If you go to the hover and how different Sahabi
explained this verse, some of them said put off and put on, some of them said Islam, the Muslim says as soon as the problem and there is no contradiction between any of these verses, so we take all of them as correct as authoritative,
authoritative interpretations of the Quran. Well, this is in fact, as Jamia points out that most of the differences of opinion are different statements. Among this the hava among the today, in particular word differences of this nature, and the not contradictory statements, but each one was giving a different light or a different aspect of reverse.
Well, if you take them all together, you get the complete meaning of the verse. And in fact, there's no contradiction between between what they're saying.
The section, which is actually a subcategory of the previous one is in which they have contradictory or contradictory personal judgments. And in other words, they make statements that contradict one another.
What do we do in this
in this case, any like any other, or similar cases of differences of opinion needs to be heard. And in this case, we have to study each opinion, in the light of other evidences in the light of the Quran, in light of the sun, in light of other statements of different Sahaba, and so forth. We accept whatever is the strongest opinion, and we reject whatever is the weakest.
But we know that Jelani is one of them will be correct, because, as I mentioned,
they will not. If this is, for example, the only two opinions of this other than the truth, the only will not be something beyond what we're defending.
The final category, the seventh category,
is the sixth was broken into two one is the different statements, but there's no contradiction.
the fifth one was different statements without any contradiction, which one was different statements with contradictions? So the seven is, it's the head of individuals.
And he, for example, once the hubby said something severe, we don't find any contradiction among the Sahaba. But at the same time, we don't find any agreement from the other Sahaba. What do we do in this case,
some scholars even say, in this case, Danny, the head of the Sahabi is supposed to be accepted, because Yanis is on the presumption that they may have heard it directly from the problems. And even if they didn't hear directly from the problems I send them, then it should be followed, because of those reasons that we stated earlier about this particular aspects.
They put them in a special category. So in other words, even if we have individuals, if we had individuals to have our individual companions,
even in that case, any their their statements, their individual statements may not be as strong as the other categories that we mentioned. But in succeed, they should be looked to first before we look to other other sources.
Now, there is one exception to this.
And this one exception, although and it's an important exception, although it doesn't occur. And it didn't, it didn't occur. Often. The one exception is the some of the Sahaba, some of the sahaabah and we'll talk about them later who they are some of the Sahaba used to go to an empty tub and ask Nikita
questions about the previous prophets.
And sometimes they would narrate any
statements of the previous prophets, while explaining
if it is known, that particular Sahaba and they are known who they are used to take from.
Then their statements with respect to the stories of the prophets of old are not considered as they are not considered. And he liked the other statements of
why they should inshallah, in the future, we will, we will discuss and who some of them were, and how to deal with them.
And in general, as we'll discuss later, those people that they went to
And ask them many those people from Africa, we're talking about Jews and Christians who became Muslim. In general, except for the case of Abdullah living
in Ross, who, who, during one of the battle in Iraq, he came across a large number of books, edited and used to something.
Shall we talk about them later, more detail in probably the 21st lecture series,
and this earlier.
Now, with respect to the
with respect to the Sahaba.
And although the generation as a whole needs the description that we described earlier, this doesn't mean that all of the different Sahaba were at the same level of em. Were at the same level of expertise, for example, in the theater, Hadith, and so forth, that some of them specialize in specific areas, and we're not that strong in other areas.
This has been proven by the provinces. And when she described some Sahaba has been the best at making judgments and other sahabas having the best knowledge in in inheritance laws and so forth.
Also with respect to the theory and not all of the other world, the same level, when it came to the theory.
Basically, what this meant is that some Sahaba rarely spoke about the theory rarely give any one of the Sahaba used to give some more
one electron by a cod, we mentioned earlier. He says that the Sahaba, who are best known for this year for making this year, were the first for Caleb's.
Beloved Massoud was to live in our birth will be
even cab was that well, but mostly Shari, and Abdullah even as a baby.
And some other companions who spoke about the city but not to the extent of firsthand that we mentioned. Or at least they were not known to be as professional.
As the person who mentioned include also enlisted in the manner of hoorah. Well, I believe in whichever reason Abdullah loves 11, I'm going to enter as
the wife of the Prophet
but what has been narrated from these people I just mentioned now, regarding to theater actually is very small when compared to what is narrated from the first 10 minutes.
But even among those first 10, for example, Oliver Oliver rashidun.
From abubaker, for example, there's very little related with respect to subsea from the first cutting. And there's some obvious reasons for this,
which would include what are some of the obvious reasons why very little theatres is narrated from
basically the three obvious reasons why
there's not much narrated from abubaker regarding
number one, he died at a very early time,
he did not live long for people to become students.
Secondly, while he was the Khalifa during that short time, after the time, the problem,
he was very much busy with other things coming up.
was certainly also he lived at a time as we mentioned many times earlier, he lived at a time and he just two years up to the time,
in which there was very little need to talk about this.
During this time, there was no need for him really to explain it because most of the people around them understood much most of what
the Quran had to say, but similar arguments could be made also for them. And also from Qatar, we do not have a great deal
of material related to the sphere.
On the other hand, the situation for example, is quite different with respect to the imminent problem.
And the reason for that also is that even before he became the halifa he lived for some time, he was free from the obligations of Khalifa in which he could teach others in others good any refer to him question not related, for example, to the state.
And also he lived up to the time
that many new people begin to enter Islam and many questions about the fear has to be answered in many discussions about the future
will be made. And similar in fact can be can be similar statements can be made are true for the living at birth.
And with respect to secede from the Sahaba. These in fact are the four will have the most narrated from them.
And in order of narration
and also by the way, these ability Masuda, Nova even God these are two of the people that the brother said
Send them folders to take the Quran from.
Well, I even thought it
was known for his great knowledge and also even addresses we'll talk about.
And then I even have a follow up. And then it'll be been kept
up because of
any we don't have that much time we will not discuss each one in detail, but we'll discuss somewhat about.
First of all, when, when even our best day held, and when sorry, when the public has died, how old was it?
Two narrations once is 13. The other one says 15.
So when the when the Prophet says 11 died, actually, even our best was still quite young.
But although he was young in the course, system, apart from the see, like
a real human,
although he did die, although the processing and had died when I first was still quite young.
He had the opportunity in the fortune of basically growing up in the house of the problem.
And he was related to the power of
And his aunt was who
was an abacus, and well, maybe one was one of the wives of the problem.
And if an Ibis basically grew up in a mother's house and grew up basically, in the profits company.
Well, not only that,
and he not only did he have the fortune of growing up in the profits company, but after the time of the problem.
After the time of
don't have to worry about the both ends.
After the death of the
bus took any study and learning from the Sahaba very serious,
and has as well as Assam referred to earlier in our bus narrated mini Heidi from the provinces. But most of the numbers narrated from the province of Salem, he didn't get directly from the problem. He got it from the other Sahaba. And this is as we mentioned, this is known as Murcia Madrid.
And he one time he was asked about how did he get so much knowledge. And he said, it was from me standing in the cold wind and waiting for the Sahaba, in order to talk with me came to one of his house to ask him about some Hadees and such. And the Sahabi was sleeping. While he said if I wanted to I could have had him awakened. But instead I waited for him to wake up. When he woke up,
he waited outside the house waiting for
the hobby to wake up. So he could ask them some questions about hidey hole in the sidewalk offices and you should have
and you should have wicked me up you didn't need to
stand with this was the way that our best if he used to do his best, to go through the oldest and to learn from them, and to get as much knowledge as he could get from them. Also on top, he was very
and he was very aware of the deep insights and knowledge
that even our best had. So whenever they have there was any gatherings of the Sahaba of the oldest Sahaba he would always bring in our best with one time he was one of the other person said Why do you bring me this man with you. We have children the same age.
I'm gonna state again because he said that no one knows the plan. Like,
of course, part of this knowledge and part of this great insight where the results of the profits go out for revenue purposes in the mid droppers and above, and is narrated in different ways in different areas. But basically, the provinces in a major prison are best for all of our data, to give him an understanding of the religion and also to teach him the way in or the understanding of the Quran. So therefore, we see that with respect to even at birth, and his knowledge, and understanding basically are based on five things. Number one was the application of the Prophet Mohammed says And then number two was growing up in the household of the Prophet Muhammad Sicilian.
Number three was his desire and his mixing with the older companions to learn from them. Number four, also I haven't mentioned, this was his great ability to memorize.
And he used to memorize long
houses of Arabic poetry, used to
used to memorize any long portions of Arabic poetry after just hearing it one on one time. And he used this knowledge and this ability also in his and when it came to improving upon. Well, finally, he had a great insight and willingness to speak the truth and all sorts of
tend to make HD hard whenever whenever necessary.
Well finally he died in the year of
the year 68.
And what did he did he die or the mustard number 35
any with respect to him into fear and in many people whether it's the Hubble or any older than him or whether his students come in into on on his subset for example, mu j, one of his most important students said this whenever he whenever an Ibis explained anything, would you have to see a light over, Nautilus descending upon? Well, it also said about analysis to see even taller said that when he was explaining the Quran, it was as if he was looking at the MC wave through a very thin veil
will also have an armor plate about him and I busted in the numbers is the most knowledgeable of the oma Mohammed concerning what was revealed to him. For many of the Sahaba many of the debate needs to go to
two even numbers to get them to stand in the Quran. For example, in recovery,
as I mentioned, he was very much aware of his knowledge of the Quran was he used to many times and agree even at birth to show
me his great knowledge in the Quran. When one incident is
recorded in computer property,
up at the Sahaba to explain the following verse.
One, none of them actually was able
to explain the following this webinar, possibly the only one among them was able to give an explanation of the verse.
any convincing or pleasing to Him. And actually, this happened on more than one occasion. But this is one example from
the verses, rather read
from the book or verse 266, and talks about and if, if you would wish to have
and describes the gardens. And then you become old and your descendants are very young. And then the fire comes and destroys the garden. What What does this mean? What is it talking about really isn't our birth, as I said, was the only one who was able to explain it, whether or not best said that it's referring to someone. And he's talking to us if we would like to live a life in which we do any good deeds during our whole life. And then as we're close to dying, when we need the good deeds,
then we start doing evil deeds and it destroys everything that we do.
This is an example of the deep understanding that
had interfered and the respective honorable facade had for him, and also respect the other,
other head for his.
Now as I mentioned earlier, some of the Sahaba used to go to the Muslims, and he was converted from Islam and Judaism and Muslims have advocated
what is known also that even our birth was one of the Sahaba who did go to some of the
Muslims who had converted to Islam from Christianity and Judaism.
This, this pack has been used by the orientalist both here
and in which he makes a large claim about even our birth that most of his disappear. And so therefore, all the tissue that is based on
our birth, actually took it from the People of the Book.
In fact, he says the most of it, he took it from Leyland even further as the
way he said, and this isn't true. He says that even our brothers daughters maimunah says it in and our bus used to read the Quran in seven days. And he used to read the Torah and 16. Well, he also used to rely upon travel abroad. And Abdullah says he will talk about these people in the future in Sharla. And he said that although I needed to go pee himself, although when I first warned people about taking from taking energy from the people of the book, and he used to take from these people as he did not doubt them and used to take a look from them. And he also continued school to continued that had been a bus used to go through these to not just on matters related to the photo,
but also matters essential to the fraud and to reflect even if the province has silom has
Come in and find one unfortunately. And, of course, we will see it. If you know good theater, well, you will know that he is one of the best and making complete distorting reports and using them the way that he wants to. But unfortunately, in the
end in the Muslim world,
many writers take from the orientalist and just repeat what this is, without really distinguishing between what's great and what isn't great. And so unfortunately, you'll find almost exactly the same arguments and means book prejudice.
And he, they're claiming that, given our birth, and the other Sahaba, ignored the prophets warning concerning going through the People of the Book and hearing from them. And if you study the narration, from even our best authentic narration of even our best, you'll see that any what they're saying is
exaggerated and is not exactly the truth. It is true that even our best used to go to some of the photos of the Jews, who had embraced Islam like the living for them and covered COVID lava. But as we see in the narrations from him, he never used to narrate anything from them related to our PETA, or related to the foundations of the religion, or even a spreadsheet. And also he used to judge and what they narrated from what they used to say to him, if it was consistent with the Quran, then he would narrate it, if it was inconsistent with the Quran, then, and he would not marry this was the fact that
and this is how they combined the two headings of the problem of mysticism.
And we're headed to publicist and and said that you may relate in your company. And there's no harm in that. And as I said, we'll discuss this topic later inshallah. And another heading in which the father says it and said, Do not affirm or do not deny what the people of the book.
And as I said, if you go to an Ibis in the authentic narrations from living habits, you'll find that he was actually very careful about taking from them, and he would really take from it, except for the few stories related to the profitable Well, if you go to his body, you will find that even at birth said, himself, he said,
All Muslims, you ask the people of the book was your was your book that was revealed to your prophet has the most report most recent report from Allah and it is the book that has not been distorted. And Allah tells you that the People of the Book distorted the books of Allah, and change them with their own hands. And they said, this is from Allah in order to gain and he immediately leads the game hasn't what you receive, the numbers continue, hasn't what you received, the knowledge prevented you from asking them otherwise, any once you have a notion sufficient, you have no need to ask them. And then he ends his statement by saying By Allah, I never see any one of them asking you
about what was revealed to you. And in other words, you have the book.
And Allah subhana wa Taala says clearly that their books have been distorted, there is no reason for you to ask them, and you have the knowledge. And you should take a lesson from them that they believe they have the knowledge, they don't ask you.
Nowadays, maybe they don't ask you about what does what is in your book and so forth,
was this statement to try and save quality from the numbers and so,
any clearly warning us and telling us You should not take from from
as is the case with all of the narrations will come even from the province
or they come from any of the Sahaba any we have to make certain this the chain of authority any of this nervous we are receiving this we are getting it through is authentic, that the narration is in fact through narration from
from even our birth in this case or any of the others
with respect to living at birth and also with respect to I even have a problem we will not discuss it with with perspective and our best there was many reasons for why people might try to fabricate narrations from him and say that this is his tissue
or this is it from him or this is the same for him. Number one is he was from the the posits family
and in general it was common practices, and the people from the father's family were considered
and if you could get a narration from someone related to the Prophet This was considered greater by many unfortunately, you can say ignorant people then I'm erasing from a Sahaba who is not married to the Prophet.
Secondly, also his position in society was well known. And he the Prophet says in them draw for him and so forth and the things that we mentioned. So therefore, if you wanted to, if you wanted to fabricate a sphere
and you wanted to make sure that people would accept it, he would be the best person to fabricate it.
Also during the time of
dynasty, I guess you could call librescu and we're descendants of
lovers versus family. So therefore any during the time of about the own if someone wanted to, and he tried to get closer to divert you and try to get some benefit from their bus, you know, he might try to fabricate something coming from a bus and claiming that
these are some of the reasons why
in particular narrations from an address have been been fabricated. So therefore, it's very important to, to know any what are the authentic narrations from moving above? And what are the unauthentic narrations from
some of the changes that come from our birth some of the well known better noting that the majority of the system is in our best comfortable? Well, this, this kind of information
is most important. If you read it the feared like poverty, or even cut the
subsidy we never had them enables computers in which this net or the chain of authorities are always included. Unfortunately, many procedures as you know, like the majority of systems, they drop the net or the chain of authorities and they just mentioned usually some reference where the chain may be gone. But in those procedures in which the chain can be found.
This information is quite important. And you can know the different chains from from
the first chain and this is most important.
I don't expect the others of you to memorize. Had this been like the sort of tip class I will put in the end I'm giving it to you as a different story. The first game is more Maria Maria even solid,
on the authority of it.
From even after
me, this is the best chain from
Allah He didn't
even have the
well, this is this is the best chain from our best. And he said if there's a book of proceeds related by either you've been in Egypt and someone travels all the way to Egypt just to get that book, and he will not have been wasting your time.
Well, because he recorded his narration also scared of poverty in the cities and other companies and brands chain and also as a Muslim. And he this chain, by the way has been criticized although this chain from
an Airbus has been criticized by Goethe here and those people who follow books here.
And the criticism, of course, is an old criticism among the idiots themselves.
And this criticism is that I don't even know how to not take a seat directly from an apple
used to take it from either Mujahid
So in other words, he did not actually take it. So they're claiming that the chain is broke.
What's the response to that?
For those of you who took the ultimate headache class, there's only two of you left three
three graduates left from that class.
But the response to
the point is that if you have a broken chain, but if you know who's missing,
and the person who's missing is tougher, there's no harm. So any the chain is broken between early
and even adverse, but we know that he used to take it from Russia and from sage and Juba.
Both of them are tougher, so therefore there's no harm done.
So that's the strongest team, the second chain in the world of spices and Muslim and cookie.
And although you may not even have an
unsaved in Japan, and even after a
while this chain is also authentic, meets the standards of shipping for a Muslim. Why an animal still dropped by hacking you'll find many reports with
the third chain.
often the one who wrote the theater of the Prophet
even it's half an Hamad bin Abu Mohammed
which is he was the molar of zaven
and grammar course item jubair and even after
it is changed
Instead of threatened by many people, but my opinion again, does not happen because even as he was known to make these in this case, he says I'm committed.
But in any case, this this chain is found in a public sphere and also live in other countries. And you'll find many headaches with this chain in Oberon is modular.
By the way, there's a reason why
the fourth chain
is mainly the number of man so D. So D,
a deal can be
from either illmatic
or avasarala. And even
while there's a difference of opinion above this chain, because the boat because
he was, he was from the submarine and he was also known to be a shear. But in any case, he was he was Harriet Orin a Muslim and also Sofia natori in a short period it is headed
a poverty and he has lost through this chain. We never had them also, I shouldn't even have ever had them did not record anything through this chain.
Another famous chain that this chain is of the medic Givens range
and even have the
injuries from if an object but
of injuries was not a direct student or birth, but he was known to relate anything whether it was authentic or not. So therefore this chain has to be very careful with it in general. And it is not just religion.
The sixth chain
had been Muslim,
and this chain isn't acceptable, although of
the scene is not acceptable because it is broken between him and Mr. Burns and the narratives between them are not often
Unfortunately, our property webinar has been recorded a lot through the stream
while this gene is from jover from what the heck it becomes even weaker, because it was very sobering my husband did not record anything and he from
the next chain is
appear an op
and if it
appears we can also this chain
the chain is from McCartan, insulin, and as the
author himself as a very controversial character.
He himself is not acceptable narrative was the main chain
is Mohammed Eben
and Abu Salah.
And even after this is the worst change
was killed, he is well known. And he fought to see it. And he's well known for no one being willing to accept
some people even accused him of forgery fabricating
why this chain is made even worse when it's Mohammed even marijuana to be a story
that we talked about, from how many minutes
and it was the worst chain but unfortunately
salovey disappeared and also work at an institute and he recorded a lot through this you
will finally and our last comment and we'll stop here because
the next time
is that there's a fear ascribed to it and I But
why was surprised and we don't have it in our library, because it's very famous. The theater is distributed
and it is well known facilities and very big. It's pretty much the theater on
an every verse of the Quran supposedly from even at birth and you will find it not very big many times you'll find it on the margin of other books
was this procedure at the beginning of sort of
the beginning of Soros of Baccarat
It begins with this narrative.
And it is the two it is in the sewist method one is sort of in
the beginning sort of synthetic and the other one at the beginning of sort of Baccarat they are a little bit different. But they all have this portion the same and that's Mohammed bin Marwan and it can be an episode an episode and even
the comments about
the worst one, the worst one is Kelby Anna risala. And even our birth and we said it's made even worse when it's Mohammed him in that one. Put this away. So Danny disappeared which is being destroyed.
This is a copy of the first page of the defect the hell which is on the margin of another book. And in this society as a whole
you can take the if you take it by itself it takes
maybe about 200 pages
and all of this is based on this
unbelievably unacceptable to
me we might even call fabricated if you're from those people who agree that both Mohammed bin Moran and then can be fabricated.
This is a procedure
called procedure that are best but also has another name and you will find it in many places. As I said, unfortunately, all of it is
is a fabrication it was actually collected by
Mohammed bin Jacobi Pharaohs says it is a snap back to our best federal devalues EMS
is famous for the fumbles and why
he collected this and he will end on that note that this
in existence very authentic.