Principles Of Fiqh Part 6

Jamal Zarabozo


Channel: Jamal Zarabozo


File Size: 17.71MB

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Last time wasn't history but to see less chance to ask.

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So now we'll start with the we're finally getting

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your order we're going to go into, we're going to go through.

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We said last time, these are the four agreed upon.

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are going to start today, obviously with

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the first one to put on.

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Well, yesterday I was in Denver, and

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Dr. Gaines, from CU Boulder gave a lecture.

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The Islamic view of oppression and freedom was something that protest.

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Talk actually he spoke, he gave the ideas to people when I've loved his surgeon, who's

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a Shia scholar and the other one man.

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And one of the things that he quoted from him yesterday and one of the books that Rockman wrote

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and wrote, he says that the Quran

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and it should not be looked at as a love book. But the Quran is a source of faith.

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And in that book, he argues, if you look at the fraud, if you look at the laws of the Quran as not laws, and don't think of them as laws, but as guidance.

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What do you think, and this is a typical argument of the of the modern school,

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or Rania

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feeling better tomorrow.

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But feeling better tomorrow shall have the lecture in the mosque tomorrow evening, we'll be on certainly a movement or modernist movement.

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And what they're trying to do really is divorce the laws of Islam from from from Israel.

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And he seems that don't look at the laws in the Quran as laws to be applied.

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But they are like guidance, things that we can get lessons from.

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And we don't take them too literally so that we can apply the lessons from them. And in particular, he was talking about

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some of the issues concerning women in Islam, and how they should be changed nowadays, by not taking the Quran. Literally.

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One problem with their argument is that what he is saying is that the Prophet Mohammed Salim himself did not understand how to fly the Quran

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was the Quran itself take this approach to stain the Quran, we're talking about this when we talk about the hood, he

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does his duty to explain the Quran. And the public has showed us that the laws in the Quran are in fact laws that are to be applied literally as they are stated

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in the Quran.

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So as I said, when we studied, one of the benefits of spending

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is that the arguments

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of the people who we can say, are trying to bring new things who are deviating from the to Islam, we can recognize the arguments, he thinks that the laws and the Quran or the laws must be treated as long as actually while in the situation is the opposite. And also as a Muslim, Hannah with God is the only log of

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all the laws or the authority for any law goes back to almost a penalty.

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And we'll talk about that more when we talk about a heck of more who is who is the login

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and even the policy I sent him his word for example. And we do not follow them because they are his words. The problem hamsters are gonna have no right to lay down any laws.

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And the prophets are seldom is not gonna happen. He's not the one who has the right to lay down but but he has been given the authority by Quran and therefore we follow Him and the same is true with all the other

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sources of law. So today as I finish Allah, we're going to discuss the Quran

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more respect to the many topics

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that need to be discussed with respect to how to understand particular verses of the Quran.

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And those have to do with the rules of language

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and other principles of we'll study those things after we study this.

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Because those things, how to understand the wording of the Quran and the structure of the Quran.

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These those things apply both to the wording of the Quran and also to the wording of the Hadith of the prophets. Excellent. So we'll take those up after as you see on your reading list. We take those up after we discuss the decision.

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as always, we should have a definition of the course.

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On. So we know what we're what we're talking about. What is the definition of a quota?

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Okay, remember, the key to a definition, or a good definition? Or a good idea or an acceptable definition is that it should include everything that should be included and exclude everything that should be excluded, excluded. And it would be nice if it doesn't have any extraneous material.

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Useless strip repetitive material. So that's one could you say it again? Maybe louder?

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In English or in English?

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How's it done?

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But we want the basic definition.

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Sounds good?

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Something that's not okay. Here's one is one definition.

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So Nope, I should write it in Arabic. Because every time I read something epic, someone always accused me of being wrong.

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What I wrote, but this is a from one take that already in Arabic

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or should I write it?

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here first? Okay, no, no dispute about

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You'll see that this definition contains some things that are left out in his

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I'm sure this is people who are going to be listening to me really appreciate this moment

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when I read in English

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Yeah, that's a good idea. Okay. So it is the the Arabic

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from the smallest

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segment how to pronounce it or how to write

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what was it the Arabic wording revealed?

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to Mohammed?

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This has reached this

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something happening.

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Who's the who's the source of the trouble?

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We have a correlation coefficient of one every time you come in the noise level.

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Continuous transmission, which is the challenge.

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Challenge America

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by the smallest

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or shortest.

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By the way, everyone remember what it means

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more than once

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numerous numerous

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Now the reason we included these

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these conditions

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The Arabic wording

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when we say Arabic, this now negates all the other revolutions, that Allah subhana wa tada has given to any other prophets, there is nothing in the Arabic language.

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When we specifically say wording

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What do I What are we trying to exclude from?

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Good, we could be excluding translation. What else?

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Okay, not not happy. But we're by this condition, we are excluding all the statements of the public session that are not

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counted because the public should know his statements are considered a revelation from Allah, but unless for what God revealed to him the meaning

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and not necessarily the wording of his statements.

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We don't want any extraneous material.

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This is

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not going to be our final definition.

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This is one definition taken from one book.

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And we'll see what is what is missing from

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gate. This was revealed to the public. This excludes any Arabic revelation that was revealed to any province other than the problem

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which has come down through US government worker transmission, or continuous transmission.

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And the challenge

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for the rest of mankind to produce even the smallest of it's sort of Okay, what do we what are we excluding now by this last?

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This last statement we are excluding?

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Because have you put the word

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revealed to the public a bit of warning, the warning was revealed to him. But it is not part of this miracle that is a challenge to mankind. What do we what are we excluding by this part here through continuous transmission or by what what?

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Yeah, that's pretty obvious when you say

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like what?

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We're excluding and we'll get into more detail on this later we are excluding narrations of the Quran

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which are not and again, as I said, we will get into a little bit more. Okay. What's the problem with this?

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It has to be more or less

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We're going to go into that again.

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Develop which is

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which is which here refers nowhere in English

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which refers to the Arabic Gani of the Quran refers to the Quran.

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Okay, Danny, just forget about the rest of it this thing that this thing that we're defining, which is the Quran is a challenge

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by the smallest of disorders. In other words, the Quran challenges mankind to produce something similar to it. Even just one sort of even the smallest almost without a challenge of mankind to Bruce, to make sure that similar to a small surah

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this one, so this is

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a challenge. I'm sorry. I'm sorry.

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I'm sorry.

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That was easy.

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Question. Danny bombs is definitely definition.

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Thanks for pointing that out.

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It's always the rest of you

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wrote it down.

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You wrote it out correctly.

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Any problem with

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anything missing in the definition?

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I'll give you a second definition

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to the same

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extremes, this improvement

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needs to include

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repetitive Okay, here's, here's another definition

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for how many definitions Would you like to go through today before we, before we come up with the one we like

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of course isn't finished yet.

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This one

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in the English

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teaching assistant

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throughput was the transmission.

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Now the same

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same analysis here as the other one

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of them a lot, I think this is what they mean by this here, but it's not the best way of expressing.

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So, it is the word of Allah revealed to Mohammed the same kind of things that we talked about there.

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That is the type of

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worship by society What are we excluding here now?

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We are excluding

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the other hobbies we already excluded here

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are not considered cunnamulla.

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So far everything is pretty much the same as over there.

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Except for this now.

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That is

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written in

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this extra

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Take a look. Who would have been

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easy for you to address not here.

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Now, what's the problem here with this condition, just the way it's written here.

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I said, What's the problem with this with this condition? Just saying that as opposed to saying what you wrote over here, must open.

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here refers to what

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By the way, you

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must have What does

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he have the same word

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Indonesian you have the same word with you

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is one meaning of it is the copy of between one cover between one cover together. That is okay. But here's the first is something else.

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Okay, here it is referring to the massage of man.

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When was the man

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in the second compilation of the Quran during the time of man, he distributed

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and kept going with him in Medina

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he distributed we're not all the same.

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Now it's possible to get

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watch or continuous transmitted narration from the Quran which is not consistent with Messiah

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this is possible. So therefore that is not considered a part of the Quran. So that's why we need this extra

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condition that is stated there.

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we will get to them. Okay, we've talked about them

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any questions about about the definition? And why we put these

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why all these conditions? Are there any conditions may be missing from it

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pertains is

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anything missing from here? So the good definition includes everything that should be included.

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Okay, that's a good point.

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What about this

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All right. If the point of this was to exclude you could see that it is taken by this condition here that it is a form of worship and we say but this is better than that.

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Good, good point.

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I think

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we're talking about manner

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the problem with this is that this one is better because the Quran if you take an eye out to the front

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is not necessarily considered a miracle by itself

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by itself taken out is still part of the Quran.

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And still when you recited it's considered from worship but by itself outside of the surah is not considered necessarily challenge.

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Nothing wrong with this definition, but this one is better.

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What I'm saying is this is better because this one if we just take one verse out all the supplies

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but this one doesn't give that idea.

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Other words, it's better to exclude exclude you could see by the statement, but it's just a matter of detail. Yeah.

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Not important point.

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Now the next question

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with respect to the

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because you didn't say anything.

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Okay, the next question is

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here's the Quran.

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Both of these are just one of these.

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So tell me I haven't done it yet. Because we have to get to the meaning

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of what we mean by this

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How would you How would you translate episode

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Okay structure in the sense of this is the way that it is given the way that it is written to give it a specific meaning.

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Now words This includes also the words

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This includes the words

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they are not my translation

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they are translating it.

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So it is the way that the words and the form give it a specific meaning.

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Yeah, but if he wants to say one word

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and what's this one down here?

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This is not the engineering definition.

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But this one is

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Now, the question is, is the both of these

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just one of them? And if so, which one? Of course, that definition is the first one.

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Okay, you're saying that the,

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this definition

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would just include the first one?

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is it?

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Why not both? MFT which is?

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Okay. in general.

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In general, in general, everyone says that it is both. Okay. Number one,

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the meaning and structure. Now, some

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hate to always take examples from Abu hanifa. But it

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is related from Abu hanifa

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omit the word meaning.

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What do you mean?

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Is the Quran and just the meaning? Or is it also meaning in the structure? Now remember, this is

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this is also the class class. Okay, we should not cover anything in this class that doesn't have something to do with the practical application

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of the word.

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No, no, forget about that.

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But he's saying that the point that what is the crime the Quran is actually the mean of the revelation? Not the words

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are not the numbers.

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What's the point related to this

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point related to this could be something could have something to do with something. What's the point is this

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can we translate it and

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for example, in the salons, this means that you may recycle in any language you want.

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if the bond is just

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the meaning, then you may translate the meaning and you may precise

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in Persian, for example.

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First of all, we said that Abu hanifa never said the first point.

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Secondly, his students will use it with Mohammed they disagreed with him, they said no.

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Thirdly, I think he recorded his changes

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change his opinion. He said later that it is both and therefore you cannot read for example, sort of Professor in person sort of

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because the Quran is both

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the font is just the meaning of the revelation. Then if I translate that meaning into English for example, I kept the meaning. I can say that.

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For example, if I wanted to translate sources

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and it's in the Quran, we know that Allah subhana wa tada orders us to recite and it wasn't easy from the Quran. This is the person

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Across from the subject okay.

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So, if the just the meaning and not the structure and the actual words

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then I can translate the meaning into any language and restate it in the prayer and it would be considered

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yes but you can take from the structure the meaning

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if you take from the structures the meaning and translate them meaning have you know enough to put on or not

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okay, but it seems that one time you said yes, but then he changed his mind. So, therefore, the Quran is both

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the structure and the mean

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meaning also from my point of view is that for example, the translation of the Quran cannot be used and you cannot use the translation of the Quran to get some points from the Quran

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because as we'll talk about later, and in the Quran in Arabic language, the Arabic rules applied with what has a general meaning what doesn't have a general meaning and so forth. And in order to get the rules from the Quran, you actually have to go back to the Quran which is both the meaning and destruction

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and as I said this this opinion

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he's never he's never said it according to the way or he he changed his mind

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so the translation of the Quran the Quran is both structure and meaning is not the Quran

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and that is caught very clearly in that in that

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definition when we say the Arabic word and actually this is also cut here because tullahoma this was revealed to Mohammed was the Arabic word

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no signal

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why was the change his mind and his leading students Mohammed Abu Musa, they never had the

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money but didn't have the opinion or he changed his mind and no one else ever has.

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That's why everyone says that the translation of the Quran is not the Quran.

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Okay, any question about that?

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Now, let's get into the topic. Brothers kind of mentioned about a little bit

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I guess

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I'm still going to be talking while he passes these out. So try to keep the noise down.

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During the last time

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the plan was revealed.

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And it was one foot on obviously, but

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it was revealed in different ways, right.

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Okay, it was revealed seven different ways. What's the proof for that?

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What was the heavy?

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What is the what are the Have you?

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Okay, has been revealed. The seven

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is a good word.

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Try to keep the noise down while he's setting these up.

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Because in both English and Arabic, right, make sure he's spelling out the right.

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was revealed in seven of these things.

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The life of the party.

00:34:16--> 00:34:18

Someone was was praying.

00:34:20--> 00:34:29

I believe it was a photographer, I'm speaking correctly. And when he was spraying the land was reciting the Quran differently from what he had heard it from the public conversation.

00:34:30--> 00:34:33

So as he said he wanted to jump on him during the prayer.

00:34:34--> 00:34:40

But he was patient enough to wait to the end of the prayer after the end of the prayer, took this man through the problem, hundreds of them

00:34:42--> 00:34:43

and he said that the

00:34:45--> 00:34:45


00:34:50--> 00:34:54

Yeah, he asked me where did you get this, this wording and he said he heard it from the public

00:34:59--> 00:34:59


00:35:00--> 00:35:04

Bob Dylan, he asked me to recite what he what he recited

00:35:06--> 00:35:06


00:35:07--> 00:35:10

said, that's the way it has been revealed.

00:35:11--> 00:35:14

And then he has also to recite the way that you knew it.

00:35:15--> 00:35:18

And he restated it differently and he says it's also the way it has been revealed.

00:35:20--> 00:35:29

Actually, this is one of the miraculous aspects of the Quran. Usually when you study, Quran is a miracle, or agenda. They rarely discussed this.

00:35:30--> 00:35:34

And usually they don't discuss this as one of the miraculous tests. But in fact, it was

00:35:35--> 00:35:39

one of the record assessments, but now what does it mean though?

00:35:40--> 00:35:50

That's the question. What does it mean to say it was revealed in 777?

00:35:54--> 00:35:56

There was a difference between the

00:35:57--> 00:35:58

two the way sometimes

00:36:02--> 00:36:02


00:36:04--> 00:36:05

this is translated most

00:36:08--> 00:36:09

of the time.

00:36:10--> 00:36:12

What were the differences?

00:36:16--> 00:36:21

Okay, some say some say it means revealed seven diamonds

00:36:27--> 00:36:29

Some say means seven dialects of the phrase

00:36:38--> 00:36:42

No, these are the scores latest scores. Yeah, what does this mean?

00:36:44--> 00:36:46

It means seven dialects of the Arabic language.

00:36:53--> 00:36:56

But between the two problems the first one is stronger because the problem

00:36:57--> 00:37:00

was revealed in Qureshi language.

00:37:03--> 00:37:07

By the way, there's something like 41 different opinions about what the

00:37:09--> 00:37:09


00:37:11--> 00:37:13

so I'm not going to go over

00:37:16--> 00:37:19

Yeah, but we need just to understand so we can discuss

00:37:22--> 00:37:23


00:37:26--> 00:37:26


00:37:28--> 00:37:30

seven aspects

00:37:32--> 00:37:33

of differences

00:37:40--> 00:37:45

Okay, I'm not going to go over all all seven but for example, sometimes a word

00:37:47--> 00:37:50

is substituted with another word with the same meaning or a synonym

00:37:53--> 00:37:56

sometimes there are grammatical changes and the reason

00:37:58--> 00:38:02

sometimes is morphological changes in the mean, and the resetting and

00:38:05--> 00:38:06

sometimes there's grammatical changes

00:38:12--> 00:38:14

sometimes there's morphological changes

00:38:18--> 00:38:19

sometimes the both

00:38:21--> 00:38:27

sometimes the word is replaced with a word a different word with a different mean medicine

00:38:31--> 00:38:36

sometimes the the the order of the of the verses

00:38:37--> 00:38:39

one word will proceed another word so far,

00:38:41--> 00:38:42

because this was the possibility

00:38:44--> 00:38:45

if I remember correctly, okay.

00:38:50--> 00:38:52

morphological How do you translate morphological to every

00:38:53--> 00:38:54


00:38:55--> 00:38:56

In not

00:38:57--> 00:39:01

grammatically grammatical, this changes the shape or the look of the word

00:39:03--> 00:39:04

not because we

00:39:06--> 00:39:08

change any words and this will be changed in between.

00:39:15--> 00:39:16

shape of the word.

00:39:20--> 00:39:22

shape of the word Leave it, leave it to that, okay.

00:39:25--> 00:39:32

We'll get to some examples. But the point the point is that during the lifetime of the problem

00:39:36--> 00:39:41

the problem was revealed and seven, Moser after any question

00:39:44--> 00:39:46

changes the shape of the word.

00:39:47--> 00:39:51

shape. Look, changes the look no no.

00:39:57--> 00:39:59

Changes. Okay, how would How was the poem written at that time?

00:40:02--> 00:40:02


00:40:03--> 00:40:04

without the skill

00:40:06--> 00:40:07

This changes the look of the word.

00:40:09--> 00:40:09


00:40:12--> 00:40:13


00:40:17--> 00:40:20

Yeah, but changes even the word, the letter based on

00:40:25--> 00:40:35

Okay, okay, fine. The point is that all of these, all of these seven ways of reading the Quran, okay? They're all considered the Quran.

00:40:36--> 00:40:45

Okay, so if any of these seven come down to us, even though sometimes they have different meanings all of them are approved in Islamic law.

00:40:46--> 00:40:50

Any of the seven that we get nowadays are approved in Islamic law.

00:40:51--> 00:40:52


00:40:53--> 00:40:55

now what's happened during the time of month?

00:40:59--> 00:41:00

What did man do?

00:41:05--> 00:41:08

Okay, that's that's another question. We'll get to that in a second.

00:41:11--> 00:41:14

Okay, during this time, during this time with the problem

00:41:16--> 00:41:18

How is the Koran preserved?

00:41:21--> 00:41:30

Okay, it was preserved through both memory and writing. Right? But the important thing to remember especially about the Quran is that you do not hit the Quran through writing

00:41:32--> 00:41:37

you cannot get the Quran for writing you have to get it verbally from someone who knows

00:41:38--> 00:41:40

because the way it was written at that time,

00:41:44--> 00:41:46

what's a good word to give an

00:41:48--> 00:41:49


00:41:51--> 00:41:52

over here for example,

00:41:53--> 00:41:55

it was written without the shield above points

00:41:56--> 00:42:00

right? Everyone knows about points that is written without development.

00:42:02--> 00:42:04

But it was also written without these

00:42:05--> 00:42:05


00:42:08--> 00:42:09

was also written without this

00:42:11--> 00:42:13

was this could be swords for example.

00:42:14--> 00:42:18

Now that there's no doubt many different ways to be able to read them.

00:42:24--> 00:42:26

And this was original way right?

00:42:28--> 00:42:37

Yes, they put different pointers as I said, this can be read in different ways. So the only way to get to chronic not providing okay, but it was through

00:42:39--> 00:42:42

all learning from the ones who learned back to the problem.

00:42:43--> 00:42:44

That's the first point.

00:42:46--> 00:42:46

Second point

00:42:48--> 00:42:55

as to what was recorded for example, in this way during the lifetime of the Bahamas. During this time what happened

00:43:03--> 00:43:08

boo collected from the data from a number of people who had memorized the Quran

00:43:10--> 00:43:15

and specifically one battle so I'm going to add the idea to collect the Quran

00:43:17--> 00:43:20

since this was not this was this was something I've done during the time of the problem I

00:43:21--> 00:43:23

had first of all kind of help some hesitation

00:43:24--> 00:43:31

and then all of a dialogue guided him to let go for on end when it was collected and written it was written in this manner

00:43:34--> 00:43:35

and it was kept work.

00:43:38--> 00:43:45

Now one of the most important parts in person for the people who collected the currency but it was kept in the house

00:43:49--> 00:43:52

Okay, now during the time of mine now what's happened

00:44:02--> 00:44:04

learn a lot about

00:44:05--> 00:44:06

the differences.

00:44:10--> 00:44:12

Okay, the problem was during the time is

00:44:13--> 00:44:14

the time of man

00:44:16--> 00:44:25

and Islam spread many people many of them who do not know the Arabic language that well and also many people who do not take the Quran from those people who know it those

00:44:27--> 00:44:30

people who are reciting the Quran are not reciting it correct.

00:44:42--> 00:44:42


00:44:48--> 00:44:50

I remember to do was cut in half and

00:44:51--> 00:44:55

have no problem with the product before he interrupted.

00:44:58--> 00:45:00

Okay, so there was no

00:45:00--> 00:45:03

The people who are or who are reciting it incorrectly.

00:45:05--> 00:45:07

Question or something to do with the camera?

00:45:08--> 00:45:11

We never know what when it's from your whether it's the question or something to do with the camera?

00:45:24--> 00:45:30

No, apparently not. I mean, I cannot say no, for sure. But apparently, if you read what was said at that time, that argument wasn't brought up.

00:45:32--> 00:45:34

Okay. So, so what?

00:45:37--> 00:45:39

He brought it again, and he brought

00:45:41--> 00:45:42

up wherever it happens to be.

00:45:43--> 00:45:44

And he made

00:45:45--> 00:45:46


00:45:47--> 00:45:48

He rewrote it.

00:45:49--> 00:45:52

Basically, he rewrote it. Now, there's some evidence to show.

00:46:00--> 00:46:04

Thank you. Now, there's some evidence to show that these dots that I raised,

00:46:05--> 00:46:06

did exist

00:46:07--> 00:46:07

at the time of

00:46:10--> 00:46:13

the harvest did not or did not

00:46:15--> 00:46:15

include it in His

00:46:17--> 00:46:21

Word on purpose or not, we cannot say but he did not include it in Islam.

00:46:22--> 00:46:22


00:46:24--> 00:46:24

Now, this means

00:46:26--> 00:46:29

the question that some people ask is, do these still exist after the

00:46:31--> 00:46:33

episode apparently agrees with

00:46:35--> 00:46:35


00:46:36--> 00:46:41

that what happened was that of my two toes, one of these seven,

00:46:42--> 00:46:44

shows one of these seven, and that became the law.

00:46:45--> 00:46:48

And he distributed these seven corrupt Muslim men.

00:46:49--> 00:46:51

That's one view. The

00:46:53--> 00:46:58

second mode was to make the reading easier, as the mercy for the woman is not something where you put

00:47:01--> 00:47:04

and then after the time of life, they are no longer there.

00:47:05--> 00:47:06

And it comments on it.

00:47:16--> 00:47:17

Because he

00:47:25--> 00:47:30

was executive, okay. And when he when he wrote these, the seven were different.

00:47:32--> 00:47:35

Seven were different. And in fact, when the revolution against perfmon was,

00:47:36--> 00:47:37

was increasing,

00:47:38--> 00:47:40

people came from Egypt.

00:47:41--> 00:48:02

And they said to me, why did you make the drawn to one when it was revealed more than one? And his answer to that was, and you may read them in any way that you wish, in other words, you may read them in any of the seven. And there was what he wrote what he compiled was compatible with. So it seems that the 70 it did not die

00:48:04--> 00:48:07

or they are included in the different

00:48:10--> 00:48:11


00:48:13--> 00:48:15

So now, because of this now,

00:48:16--> 00:48:24

because of these differences, not that not differences that have been created, but because of this original from the dam of the province of Salem.

00:48:26--> 00:48:33

Because of this, now we have different ways of reading the Quran. And we call these ways what we call them.

00:48:43--> 00:48:48

The differences and the fact that Othman preserved them led to what we now call the difference.

00:49:04--> 00:49:06

Some of these readings are good.

00:49:08--> 00:49:08

Some of them are not.

00:49:11--> 00:49:13

Now the question arises,

00:49:14--> 00:49:21

for sure, all seven of these, any seven of these are from the Quran is a part of the Quran. No question about the seven during the time.

00:49:23--> 00:49:27

But the cause that came afterwards now, were many.

00:49:29--> 00:49:31

The question is now which one of these

00:49:32--> 00:49:38

which one of these crops are to be considered the Quran or to be considered part of the Quran?

00:49:40--> 00:49:42

Basically, there's three conditions.

00:49:43--> 00:49:47

There's three conditions for any reading to be considered part of the process.

00:49:48--> 00:49:49

What are those three?

00:49:54--> 00:49:55

What do you mean?

00:49:57--> 00:49:57

The most specific

00:49:59--> 00:49:59


00:50:01--> 00:50:03

Okay, first of all it has to come down to us

00:50:09--> 00:50:14

if it is not if it does not come down to Prometheus the transmission is not considered for us

00:50:20--> 00:50:21

more general

00:50:23--> 00:50:24

more general

00:50:27--> 00:50:27


00:50:33--> 00:50:34

consistent with

00:50:36--> 00:50:37

the difference

00:50:40--> 00:50:42

of man distributed

00:50:48--> 00:50:49

is not consistent with those

00:50:51--> 00:50:52

then it is not considered

00:50:54--> 00:50:54

what else

00:50:57--> 00:51:03

now remember consistent with with Mr. Hoffman, they didn't have the dots and they didn't have the points.

00:51:04--> 00:51:05

So what's the third condition?

00:51:11--> 00:51:11


00:51:12--> 00:51:15

has to be correct. grammatically with Arabic language

00:51:17--> 00:51:18

has to be grammatically correct.

00:51:26--> 00:51:27

Now in my opinion,

00:51:29--> 00:51:31

that was waste want to give to my opinion?

00:51:32--> 00:51:36

My opinion this third condition is superlative or less

00:51:39--> 00:51:41

extreme. Why do I say that?

00:51:42--> 00:51:43

Why would I make this claim?

00:51:45--> 00:51:51

No, you can make it consistent with with the with the most often just put valid points wherever you want.

00:51:54--> 00:51:56

The valid points may be wrong. Eric light.

00:51:58--> 00:52:02

Come on in here. If it's incorrect, grammatically, most likely, it's not going to be.

00:52:09--> 00:52:10


00:52:11--> 00:52:18

Now the next question is what are these different products? And if you look at your handout, how did he How did he pay for them?

00:52:22--> 00:52:24

Are you missing the handle?

00:52:38--> 00:52:42

Okay, how many calls? Or how many readings Do we have nowadays that are more or

00:52:43--> 00:52:43


00:52:51--> 00:52:52

How many readings do we have? collected?

00:52:55--> 00:53:01

Seven How many? 677? Yes.

00:53:02--> 00:53:03

You say seven?

00:53:04--> 00:53:06

Okay, what's another?

00:53:08--> 00:53:10

Less? less than seven?

00:53:12--> 00:53:13

less than seven?

00:53:16--> 00:53:21

Okay, any other? Must have? 10? How many big 10?

00:53:26--> 00:53:28

Do you have anything more than 10?

00:53:33--> 00:53:34

Yeah, we're just talking about

00:53:37--> 00:53:49

what's it for sure. For sure. No question about them is going to be 1010 those are the 10 that I have written for you. And just

00:53:54--> 00:54:00

give the name of the of the query who does know for fans many

00:54:01--> 00:54:01


00:54:02--> 00:54:05

expectation and traces it back to the problem.

00:54:08--> 00:54:10

The first one by the way, is an ominous

00:54:13--> 00:54:13


00:54:17--> 00:54:18

Have you often

00:54:25--> 00:54:26


00:54:27--> 00:54:28

I have a question for you.

00:54:30--> 00:54:32

How come it's known that seven are much worse?

00:54:33--> 00:54:38

How come? They're actually 10 better, really much worse. But if you ask most people

00:54:39--> 00:54:40

like you, for example.

00:54:43--> 00:54:48

Okay, these seven recitals have nothing to do with this game

00:54:49--> 00:54:50

because of this back.

00:54:52--> 00:54:53

I don't know.

00:54:56--> 00:54:59

Okay. Any new seven readings are not the same as

00:55:01--> 00:55:05

They are due to the fact that the seven have but they are not the same

00:55:09--> 00:55:12

person who cannot and will not

00:55:15--> 00:55:16

be different.

00:55:17--> 00:55:24

Okay, the differences? That's a good question, but remind me to get back to that. Sometimes it's just a matter of reading.

00:55:26--> 00:55:26

Like, for example, I

00:55:28--> 00:55:34

went to a went to assimilate one stone with another town, they just disagree quite often on both.

00:55:35--> 00:55:35


00:55:36--> 00:55:44

So that's just a matter of reading has nothing to do with the with the meaning much of the difference between the difference

00:55:45--> 00:55:49

is simply related to research, not related to me

00:55:52--> 00:55:53


00:55:54--> 00:56:03

some of the differences between them has to do with the PowerPoint. As you know, if you change about points, you're changing the grammatical structure of the sentence.

00:56:06--> 00:56:12

So you might find the same, the same word. It has different vowel points in different readings.

00:56:13--> 00:56:16

But they have different points in different readings, that means the meaning is going to be different.

00:56:17--> 00:56:22

And from the point of view, though, of what we're talking about earlier, both of them are equally proves.

00:56:24--> 00:56:34

To us it's not the case that they're contradictory. In fact, they're not contradictory, but they give different meanings. not contradictory, but definitely, and both meanings are correct to be applied.

00:56:39--> 00:56:39


00:56:47--> 00:56:47

are supplementary to

00:56:49--> 00:56:50

say they are not positive.

00:56:51--> 00:56:55

But sometimes also the difference in reading is that sometimes there's a difference in the word use.

00:57:00--> 00:57:06

Rarely, sometimes a different word has the same meaning as the other one, sometimes a different word has a different meaning.

00:57:11--> 00:57:11


00:57:14--> 00:57:16

topic for tomorrow's lecture I will talk about.

00:57:18--> 00:57:18


00:57:19--> 00:57:25

now let's get back to the point is that if at least these three conditions, all of them are considered one of them.

00:57:26--> 00:57:29

Okay. Now the reason that they're seven?

00:57:30--> 00:57:32

Is the same reason for example, in,

00:57:33--> 00:57:34

in heavy,

00:57:35--> 00:57:37

why do we always refer to the six books?

00:57:39--> 00:57:40

How did this come up?

00:57:44--> 00:57:46

You've all heard the reference to six books, right?

00:57:48--> 00:57:56

A Muslim? And the sooner that goes credibility and the say and given measure, or what have you?

00:57:59--> 00:58:05

How did this develop? Do you have any idea? Because it's not because those six books are all authentic.

00:58:06--> 00:58:16

But it's because of a scholar in the eighth century by the name of McCarthy. He collected together the narrator's of all these books, and he puts all the narratives into one book

00:58:17--> 00:58:18

and discuss all those areas.

00:58:20--> 00:58:25

This book became so respected, so unknown, that everyone referred to those six books

00:58:31--> 00:58:32

should never be said.

00:58:33--> 00:58:35

Because these are not all authentic.

00:58:37--> 00:58:43

Especially not even measures. That's why some people take out even measure and they put the most of America for example, in

00:58:45--> 00:58:45


00:58:47--> 00:58:54

It takes the six books. six books are the five I mentioned, are the fifth dimension excluding every measure, and he put most of the moment

00:58:55--> 00:58:58

the six books in fact has no real significance.

00:58:59--> 00:59:00

Similar thing happened here.

00:59:02--> 00:59:05

An author wrote a book about the different readings

00:59:06--> 00:59:07

and included seven of them

00:59:09--> 00:59:09

even Magellan

00:59:12--> 00:59:14

heaven which I had collected together.

00:59:15--> 00:59:16

Why did he collect seven?

00:59:23--> 00:59:25

I myself have no idea why he chose seven

00:59:26--> 00:59:27

that he chose seven.

00:59:38--> 00:59:38

Yeah, but different.

00:59:41--> 00:59:41

They're close enough.

00:59:43--> 00:59:52

So after this time, many people then begin to write commentaries on his book in a bridges book. They became known as the seven

00:59:57--> 00:59:58

after because of his books,

00:59:59--> 00:59:59

if you want to

01:00:00--> 01:00:06

Find the seven causes vary, because of his books and the books that came after he wants to find the 10. For us, it takes more effort.

01:00:07--> 01:00:13

Okay, so laziness is one of the reasons that people now just rely on the seven. But in fact, all 10

01:00:20--> 01:00:30

Yeah, because now if you want to if you want to teach, for example, because there's many books now that have the seven, and how they differ, yeah, but if you want to find out then you have to do some research.

01:00:39--> 01:00:40

One of the things that

01:00:44--> 01:00:44


01:00:48--> 01:00:51

one, one verse, one word might precede the other word

01:00:59--> 01:01:01

possible to have two versions

01:01:03--> 01:01:05

of the same first order of

01:01:07--> 01:01:09

words in the same first one might be before the other.

01:01:11--> 01:01:12


01:01:14--> 01:01:14


01:01:16--> 01:01:27

Yang, in other words, not the theory, who received the revelation. And he called the person that this is the revelation that came seven different ways. But one time he received in one way or another time received in another way, and he thought

01:01:28--> 01:01:29

he thought those seven.

01:01:31--> 01:01:43

Yes, because one time he received it this way, he told us read through it that way, write it that way. Give it time, he received it this way, different way. And he told the scribe to read it that way. So during the time, all of those

01:01:44--> 01:01:49

days as opposed to a month, they pretty much chose one way he didn't include everyone.

01:01:53--> 01:02:01

Okay, any questions? No. The point is that any pen, any of these pens is considered considered fraud, and it's considered

01:02:05--> 01:02:05

a point.

01:02:12--> 01:02:14

Three are not well known.

01:02:18--> 01:02:20

From the time of the compiler,

01:02:21--> 01:02:23

you can still find reference to them in some variables.

01:02:25--> 01:02:28

Now remember, of course, we're not talking about completely different Quran.

01:02:29--> 01:02:37

Okay, we're not talking about you know, we're talking about different ways of reading. We're talking about slight differences. We're not talking about major differences.

01:02:38--> 01:02:45

If you ever read, if you ever, if you ever prayed to me, ma'am, from North Africa, for example,

01:02:46--> 01:02:51

you'll notice some slight differences in the way they read. For those of you who from prison facilities.

01:02:53--> 01:03:03

So any but those differences, you'll notice that they're not much because they are following a different crowd. And then the people concern not all of them, especially those who have been here a long time.

01:03:07--> 01:03:09

But now the question right.

01:03:10--> 01:03:12

Suppose we have a crop,

01:03:13--> 01:03:14

which has,

01:03:21--> 01:03:30

suppose we have a way of reading, which has an authentic chain, the authentic chain back to the problem comes back to us.

01:03:33--> 01:03:34

Which is not.

01:03:42--> 01:03:44

But it is consistent with Eric.

01:03:51--> 01:03:54

And it may or may not be consistent with the mustache.

01:03:58--> 01:04:00

We have a way of reading the front.

01:04:01--> 01:04:02


01:04:03--> 01:04:04


01:04:07--> 01:04:09

I don't believe in hypothetical questions.

01:04:10--> 01:04:13

As I said, everything else should be related to certain practices

01:04:15--> 01:04:16

has affected change.

01:04:17--> 01:04:21

That's one of the topics. But the change is not the

01:04:24--> 01:04:26

other words, maybe just one or two people notice.

01:04:27--> 01:04:31

It is consistent with Arabic And it might be consistent with Kaufmann.

01:04:37--> 01:04:38

The question

01:04:39--> 01:04:40

is how should we deal with

01:04:42--> 01:04:43

it First of all, these are called

01:04:49--> 01:04:49


01:04:51--> 01:04:51

A regular

01:04:53--> 01:04:53

it's not a good

01:04:56--> 01:04:58

it's not a good transition.

01:05:04--> 01:05:04

To say

01:05:10--> 01:05:11

what we mean

01:05:12--> 01:05:15

what we mean by that is that it doesn't meet the condition.

01:05:17--> 01:05:24

Now there are some other ways of reading which do not have authentic men. Those are rejected we're not talking about those

01:05:25--> 01:05:27

we're not talking about those we're talking about those

01:05:28--> 01:05:34

because those are not confirmed with this diploma this is a problem because it has in

01:05:35--> 01:05:36

fact one of the Sahaba

01:05:37--> 01:05:41

Now, obviously, is this wrong should we consider this Quran

01:05:47--> 01:05:48

could we

01:05:52--> 01:06:01

be engineering school also considered aggressiveness and in all of the definitions and all of the definitions we gave for all of them we get to

01:06:02--> 01:06:03

we said with writing okay.

01:06:05--> 01:06:09

So, this is not this is not we do not consider Koran.

01:06:15--> 01:06:16


01:06:20--> 01:06:22

now, the next question is not put on

01:06:26--> 01:06:28

displays don't remember that the glossary

01:06:30--> 01:06:36

the glossary at the beginning of the reading pack that if I happen to mention any word you might be able to find it.

01:06:38--> 01:06:42

Now, the question is, is it are these reading books and Islamic law

01:06:46--> 01:06:47

and Islamic law

01:06:53--> 01:06:57

Okay, the different are

01:06:58--> 01:06:59

the different but this point

01:07:00--> 01:07:03

now, we can see how many people are really from there or not.

01:07:05--> 01:07:09

Some people say they should be considered for proofs and some they say

01:07:11--> 01:07:14

what is the argument of those who say they should not be considered

01:07:20--> 01:07:21

Okay, their argument is

01:07:22--> 01:07:23

not part of the plan

01:07:24--> 01:07:25

what else

01:07:28--> 01:07:29


01:07:30--> 01:07:31

What might it be

01:07:36--> 01:07:38

okay, those of you

01:07:39--> 01:07:40

okay, how many

01:07:41--> 01:07:42

should not be approved?

01:07:44--> 01:07:47

these readings these readings that are not meant to us in

01:07:49--> 01:07:49


01:07:51--> 01:07:55

case should they be considered or not, who said they should not be and what's your argument

01:08:03--> 01:08:04


01:08:10--> 01:08:11

as too much detail

01:08:19--> 01:08:20


01:08:31--> 01:08:36

happy how the point is is the those people who say it does not

01:08:38--> 01:08:48

a thing it is part of the Quran, it is the duty of the alum to tell it to to convey it to as many people as possible. In other words, there should be more to it.

01:08:50--> 01:08:59

And there are things that perhaps the hava does not have you heard from the system, what the process was simply explaining the meaning of the verse

01:09:00--> 01:09:14

Okay, by reading a different way or by putting in a word that doesn't exist. So, in that case, though, it should be considered a type of report okay. Should

01:09:15--> 01:09:18

should be considered any report covered

01:09:20--> 01:09:21

or solid 34.

01:09:27--> 01:09:29

Now, the arguments of those who,

01:09:30--> 01:09:37

who considered to hookah, they say that the hobby would not have read it as part of the Quran unless you heard it from the problem.

01:09:38--> 01:09:42

It's another take some examples. The other cheek that was passed out

01:09:44--> 01:09:45

are four verses of the Quran

01:09:47--> 01:09:47

that have

01:09:49--> 01:09:49


01:09:54--> 01:09:54


01:10:00--> 01:10:00


01:10:01--> 01:10:06

were talking about whether these should be considered hooked or not what the differences, what's the opinion of the differences.

01:10:08--> 01:10:10

Again, these were typed up quickly.

01:10:11--> 01:10:13

So then in the States, please point them up.

01:10:15--> 01:10:26

So for example, in the first verse here, sort of maida, verse 89, those of you who are watching on TV can push the pause button now and go get your own copies across

01:10:28--> 01:10:32

America, verse 18, and basically, it's talking about the one who breaks his oath.

01:10:34--> 01:10:41

Okay, in the bronzes, certain roles for the Kratos education of the one who breaks his own,

01:10:42--> 01:10:52

which says that he must be the needy people with average of what your needs are clothed them or liberate a slave. And if he doesn't find the ability to do so, then he must pass

01:10:53--> 01:10:54

three days.

01:10:56--> 01:10:58

Now, according to the the reading,

01:10:59--> 01:11:10

is in the third, it is three consecutive days, that is the way the muscles read the Quran. And he puts this word consecutive into his reading of the Quran.

01:11:12--> 01:11:14

And it is part of the Treaty of Iran.

01:11:16--> 01:11:17

And it's not consistent with

01:11:19--> 01:11:22

us. So, therefore, we considered settling.

01:11:23--> 01:11:26

The question is should it be considered approved or not?

01:11:27--> 01:11:30

Those who say that it is not approved,

01:11:31--> 01:11:33

which is basically the

01:11:34--> 01:11:38

Sharpie madhhab and one one narration from him

01:11:40--> 01:11:41

and some people criticize me

01:11:42--> 01:11:44

including my methods opinion. So, I would have included

01:11:46--> 01:11:50

from now on one narration from your administrators should not is not.

01:11:51--> 01:12:01

So according to them, if you break your oath, you do not have to pass three consecutive days. In other words, the first three days, if you can do the other things, but they do not have to beat

01:12:04--> 01:12:05

the hell out of you.

01:12:09--> 01:12:09


01:12:11--> 01:12:12

another narration from

01:12:14--> 01:12:19

follow this little wire or follow this, or this reading, and they say that it has to be consistent.

01:12:20--> 01:12:33

And their argument is again, even though it is not part of the front is the report and the promo kochava. And especially if you consider for example, the payments of the Sahaba is one of the

01:12:34--> 01:12:35

major sources of

01:12:38--> 01:12:39

this means either the public has

01:12:40--> 01:12:45

heard it from the Prophet, or it says the Sahaba is on the head. And in both cases, the head of

01:12:46--> 01:12:49

the chef is if it is the harvest is the head.

01:12:51--> 01:12:53

They don't say. So therefore they reject

01:12:54--> 01:12:56

her saying you cannot prove it from the bottom.

01:12:58--> 01:13:04

Okay, so this is a reading of Elon Musk. And there's a difference of opinion whether the

01:13:05--> 01:13:11

fasting has to be consecutive days or not. And that difference of opinion is because of this crowd reading

01:13:14--> 01:13:14

in the second,

01:13:15--> 01:13:16

the second verse here,

01:13:18--> 01:13:20

set up in verse 233.

01:13:23--> 01:13:24

We have a similar situation.

01:13:27--> 01:13:28

This is also the ability

01:13:31--> 01:13:33

and for whatever reason

01:13:36--> 01:13:43

the chorus is probably the the most different crop that we have.

01:13:44--> 01:13:48

And he differed with the other Sahaba and a number of number of points.

01:13:57--> 01:13:57


01:13:58--> 01:13:59


01:14:11--> 01:14:14

I don't think that might be one of the reasons but I don't think

01:14:17--> 01:14:18

it could be but I don't think

01:14:20--> 01:14:23

so remember that when we talk about the Quran again.

01:14:24--> 01:14:26

And why it was chosen to

01:14:29--> 01:14:36

Why did was chosen to to compile the Quran during the temple of buckler is because the Quran went through some changes.

01:14:39--> 01:14:51

And it was Jade who listened to the poem mssm recite the Quran back to the Braille during the month of Ramadan in the last year of the prophets life. So in other words, it was vague who was who was proficient in the final version of the Quran.

01:14:53--> 01:14:59

Okay, now in the second example, the same the same kind of thing occurs the reading from a building wizard

01:15:00--> 01:15:05

And basically it's talking about who who has the obligation to spend

01:15:06--> 01:15:07

upon the children

01:15:08--> 01:15:15

according to urban urban massage, because any basically any close relatives has the obligation to spend

01:15:18--> 01:15:18


01:15:22--> 01:15:30

even even if that close relative for example as a female or male or young or old, that person's wealth is to be spent on the children

01:15:32--> 01:15:37

while the others do not accepted additional words there, by the way, in English, the additional words are the ones in brackets.

01:15:40--> 01:15:43

Also, whenever additional words are the ones in brackets

01:15:47--> 01:15:51

Now, the third the third case is a little bit more interesting.

01:15:55--> 01:15:56


01:15:59--> 01:16:06

which one, the second one, the third one, the third one now is talking about if you miss days of fasting during the month of Ramadan.

01:16:07--> 01:16:11

Suppose you miss seven days for traveling or for illness or whatever.

01:16:14--> 01:16:16

After when you want to make up those gigs.

01:16:17--> 01:16:23

Do you have to make it up consecutively or they don't have to be consecutive.

01:16:25--> 01:16:31

Okay, I think most most everyone that I know. They say that it doesn't have to be consecutive.