Tafseer Of Surah Fatiha Part 2
Channel: Ismail Kamdar
File Size: 21.81MB
alameen wa Salatu was Salam O Allah wa rahmatullah al Ameen. Oman tibia Dena Whoville sn Isla Yomi Dean Alhamdulillah. One week ago we began our Tafseer of Surah Al Fatiha, where we looked at some of the virtues of the surah and inshallah today what we are going to do very quickly we are going to revise what we had covered last week for those who had missed last week's program and then inshallah we are going to move on into the Tafseer of the first few verses of the surah.
Now very briefly last week, the first thing we spoke about is why are we doing Tafseer of Surah Fatiha and I mentioned that this is the surah that we have that has been chosen for us by Allah subhanho wa Taala to recite in our solar a minimum of 17 times a day. If you just add the photo shot up to four fudger for for Zohar 4434 Maghreb and for for Asia the next 17 times a day. inshallah most of us are doing more we are praying on Twitter, we are praying out sooner Salah Maybe someone's paying 200 as well. The however many amounts of Salah you are praying if you add all those Raka up, that is how many times a day you are reciting Surah Fatiha. This is not a coincidence. This is not
something random Allah subhanaw taala has revealed the Sharia with wisdom. And so, there is very deep wisdom into why Surah Fatiha is the only surah that we have to recite so many times every single day. So we looked last week at some of the major virtues of the surah mentioned in the Hadees. We said Firstly, that this is one of the only sutras which is praised in the Quran itself that Allah subhanaw taala in Surah Al hedger refers to it as ceramidin mahtani the seven often repeated verses. So you're alleged to have hunted Allah in the Quran is praising Surah Fatiha and we can't find this priest any other surah as far as I am aware of
and then we know that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam has put very good virtue on this ruler
Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam has told us that this is the greatest surah in the Quran. These are his own words as mentioned in relation in the Muslim of Imam Ahmed, where he told
Abu Musab was a regular one who that shall I teach you the greatest surah of the Quran? And he said it is the first he had to look it up the opening of the book. Likewise, Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi salam has also told us about Surah Fatiha that night nothing like it nothing like it was ever revealed, not only to this oma, but in the history of humanity. Allah subhanho wa Taala has not revealed anything as powerful as Surah Fatiha. Now for those of us who read the surah every day, and we don't think about it, we don't look at the translation we don't ponder over its meanings. We are doing a great injustice Allah subhanaw taala has given us a gift. Surah Fatiha is a gift from Allah.
The fact that he did not give a sutra like this to any scholar
or to any prophet or to any nation before Islam before any before Islam, not even any of the previous Nations has something like this. This is a gift to us and we need to treat it as such. So Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told obey niqab that should I teach you a surah the likes of which nothing has been revealed in the Quran, or in the Torah, or in the Psalms or in the Gospel, meaning that nothing in the history of humanity has been revealed like it. We know that Allah, God Almighty has seen revelations, too many prophets throughout history, he sent the Torah to Moses, the Psalms to David, the gospel to Jesus and the Quran to Muhammad peace be upon all of them. But if you
had to combine all of this together, there is nothing in intellectual property. It is the single most powerful set of verses in the Quran in the world. And that is why it is so important for us to understand it deeply and properly.
Now, on the virtues of Surah Fatiha there is one Hadith that really stands out to me. And this hadith is directly related to our scholar. And it is a hadith which I have mentioned before, but I'm going to go into details about it again, because it is so important if we understand this Hadith, and we put it into practice, our entire philosophy is transformed from a ritual into a communication between us and Allah subhanho wa Taala. And this Hadees is found in Sahih al Bukhari and it is narrated by Abu huraira rajala. Now who is Abu huraira it's very important for us to know who this hobby was Abu huraira whose full name was Abdul Rahman in soccer. Was this a hobby generated the
largest amount of Hadees he has narrated over
3000 Hadees and he only converted to Islam about five or seven years before the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi Salaam passed away. So many of the scholars discussed why is it that if that is the case, he has narrated more Hadees than those the haba who are with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi Salaam from the beginning? And the answer is that most of the Sahaba were involved in a variety of different fields. Some were involved in the jihad, some were involved in the politics, some were involved in the dour. Some were businessmen, some were farmers. But if you studied his life story, once he converted to Islam, he spent all this time in the masjid, studying under Rasulullah
sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Just all he did, he didn't work. He didn't get married, he just studied and studied until Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam passed away. So Abu huraira ended up learning more Hadees then all of the other Sahaba or other in the region, Mojave East in all of this Harbor, because many Sahaba would not narrate Hades in a hurry out of fear that they might must remember it. And this is something which O'Meara Delano has reported to us. So this is a very, very highly praised individual in our history. One of the greatest scholars of Islam, the greatest innovator, and he's named amorita is a very interesting name because as I said, his name was Abdul Rahman in a
soccer, Abu huraira was his nickname or his title. And where does it come from? The word harira means a kitten, or a cat. And Abu huraira or other Abdul Rahman, he always he was very fond of cats, so he always had pet cats and kittens with him. So Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam gave him the title, Abu huraira, the father of cats. So that's what his name actually means. It's not his real name. It's a title that he was the father of cats because he had so many pet cats with him. So it's a very interesting point about this hobby, who narrated this hadith along with the majority of Hadees that we know of.
So I will read up orajel on the rates that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam said that Allah said, that makes this a Heidi's could see because we are seeing a loss it Allah said, I have divided the solar between myself and my servants into two halves, and my servant will have whatever he asked for. Now the scholars all agree that the word further in this hadith is referring to Surah Fatiha. So this is actually one of the names of Surah Fatiha last week we went through many of the names of Surah Fatiha one of those names is a Sala. Why, because Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam has told us last year that he had to look it up. There is no sola, without for sure Fatiha. There is no
sell out without a party. It is one of the pillars of Salah if somebody prays this or that. And so if it is not recited, then the Salah becomes invalid. So it's called the Salah, and Allah himself has called it the Salah. That another point to note is that in this Hadees Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam is telling us what Allah said, A lasted I have divided the Salah between me and my service into two halves. So this is a very special type of Hadees It is called Hadees
Hadees makutsi is a narration in which Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam reached was the directly from Allah subhanho wa Taala which makes it very, very powerful because we are reading a lot of words.
So we know the revelation which has been sent to the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi. Salam is of two types. The Quran is part of the revelation, the Hadees bootsy is a separate type of Revelation and the Hadees nabawi. The general
Hadith of the prophets of Allah Islam is also a revelation in his own words. So all three counters revelation. So looking at the Hadees alkazi, we Allah subhana wa Taala says that I have divided further between myself and my servant into two halves. And then he goes on to explain Surah Fatiha housewife it is divided between us and Allah. And I want you to think about this when you're putting yourself up. I repeat this Hadees very often because it needs to become a part of our Salah. It's not just a hadith a year and you see amazings to handle that not to Hades that must become part of our solar. We need to think about this. When reciting Surah Fatiha with Allah subhanho wa Taala
says, Allah, Allah Allah says when a servant says when I say or you see or any of us in our Salah, hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen All praise is due to Allah The Lord of the universe. Allah replies, a lot of replies. hamadani Abdi, my sleep has praised me. So this Hadees is telling us when we resize to a party ha with understanding with sincerity in our solar Allah replies to every line, either color or Rahmani Raheem. When the servant says, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
Allah replies Majid ne Abdi my server has declared my praises and the Hadees goes on for every single line.
There is a
response from every single line Allah replied to us. So Subhana Allah, this is really an amazing Hadees and inshallah we are going to take a break now when we return we are going to discuss this hadith and implications in our Salah in a bit more details.
Assalamu alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh. Before we went for a break, we're discussing to me what is one of the most powerful Hadith on Surah Fatiha, I did mention it last week but it it deserves to be repeated because of the power this Hadees can have on our soldier. And this is the Hadith Pudsey in which Allah subhana wa Taala informs us that when we recite Surah Fatiha in our Salah Allah replies to every line. So our Salah is not meant to be a ritual, it's not meant to be something we just recite quickly and get out of the way. It's not meant to be just something we do for the sake of doing it. Salah is meant to be a communication between us and Allah, it is meant to be a
communication where we are talking to Allah and Allah is responding to us. This is tala, it is when we are talking to Allah and Allah is responding to us in the same solar. And if we look at the Sahaba This is how the Sahaba understood. So that to me, I want to give one very good example a basic example of this. And this is the example of Abu Bakar radi Allahu Abu Bakr radi Allahu anhu, who we know was the closest friend of the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam the first Khalif of Islam and one of the first 10 people to convert to Islam. And during the early days in Makkah, the courage to try to force him to leave Makkah. They had made his life very difficult and
he was going to leave Makkah, but many people wanted him to stay. So the disbelievers of Makkah, had made a condition for Abu Bakr rustiness into the condition. So very interesting condition that will work to Abubakar radiallahu anhu. That you can stay in Makkah on one condition that you do not pray Sala in public is a very interesting condition. They did not tell him don't do Tao. Don't call the people to Islam. Don't talk about Islam. No, they only wanted him to stop doing one thing. The disbelievers did not want him to praise Allah in public. Why? Because Abu Bakar understood what Salah really is. He knew how to preach Allah properly. And when he played his sada people were moved
to Islam. People wanted to become Muslim, not by hearing the Tao just by seeing him pray. He's taller, he's taller, in of itself was dour. And what happened was the Abu Bakar he was told not to please Allah in public. So he began to pre solar in his yard in his garden. And he was such a when he used to play his solar he used to cry. When reciting the Quran, he used to cry. And so his neighbors and the other non Muslims in the society together around and watching in his garden praying the solar and it used to move the hearts and software the hearts towards Islam until the disbelievers has to tell him you can't praise Allah in your garden anymore. You need to put it
inside your house. But the point of this story is how powerful was tala to the Sahaba that he could move them to tears and he could move those watching them who are not even Muslim to tears. What has happened to us what happened to our solar that many of us don't even pray. We don't even pray Our solar at all. And you even realize how severe it is not to pray Our Salah at all. These Hadith in Sahih Muslim were Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam said on farkle been an hour been a homeschooler the difference between us and them is taller. The difference between us believers and disbelievers is taller. For man taraka who forgot Guevara, who ever abandoned the Sala got Guevara, he has
disbelieved. Now there is difference of opinion on the interpretation of this Hadees but the wording is severe enough to shake anybody who has faith in their heart into understanding the importance of praying five times a day. And I'm going to bit of a tangent here about praying five times a day because really, what is the use of doing the Tafseer of Surah Fatiha if we are not reciting it 17 times a day. Surah Fatiha as you saw in this Hadith, Allah subhana wa Taala called it Allah. Allah subhanaw taala called it so Allah he call it our Salah because it is the essence of the Salah. There is no salad without soda. And many of us we don't even produce our soda. We go day in and day out.
And we don't think twice. We don't feel guilty in our heart that we are missing out on Allah.
We were created to worship Allah and the minimum amount of worship is our $5 the obligate obligatory Salah, if you're not even doing that much, how are we to face alarm to judgment and we need to understand that Salah is not for anyone else's benefit except our own, who is going to benefit for us praying sola. Nobody else except you and I, if you pray this Allah is going to benefit you. If I play the slot, it's going to benefit me. One of the problems we face nowadays is many of us don't even know the benefits of Salah it has just become a ritual. So when Shall we go through very quickly some of the major benefits of solar, one of the first benefits of solar as mentioned in this
Hadees is that it is a communication with Allah. You are talking to Allah. You don't need anyone in between inshallah you are talking to Allah directly. Allah says in Surah Fatiha that what ever you asked me for our gratitude. When we say he aka a Buddha, he can ask you alone we worship and You alone we ask for help. Very, very powerful statement. Allah replies, I will give you what ever you want. So Allah is talking to us in salah and telling us to talk to him directly and to ask him alone and to ask him directly he will give us whatever we want. And in our Salah, there are opportunities for these opportunities for acceptance. You see the Salah is not just a bunch of movements, every
single part of the Salah has an importance. When we raise our hands at the beginning of salah and see Allahu Akbar, Allah is the Greatest, we are seeing with our lips, that there is nothing more important in the world towards Allah. So in our solar after saying that we are thinking about everything except Allah, then we have betrayed ourselves. We are saying Allah is the Greatest, but everything else seems to be more important to us than him. Do we really believe Allah is the Greatest hippie his Salah will not just be a priority in our lives, but it will be the most beautiful part of our lives. Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam had said about Salah that it is the
coolness of his eyes, the coolness of his eyes. Now, the coolness of your eyes. Usually this term is used to refer to one's wife or one's children. But for Rasulullah Islam it was tala why because Allah is when you are talking to Allah. You start by saying Allah is the Greatest. And then you recite the Surah Fatiha, and we went through it in this hadith that every line of Surah Fatiha Allah replies, and Allah answers your dua. So when you reciting Surah Fatiha, think about it after each line think about Alice's response. Feel that response in your heart, let it shake you let it take your mind to a higher level. And then after Surah Fatiha we recite another surah what is that surah
It is Allah words. Whatever surah whatever verse of the Quran, you are reciting, you are reciting a large words. So Allah is talking to you now. So you need to understand what you are reciting, so that you know what Allah is saying to you. So it impacts your heart impacts your life. Then we go into Roku, and we submit ourselves to Allah subhana wa Tada. And we will continue this description after the next break. Assalamualaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh before the break, we were discussing the solar and how solar is meant to be a part of our lives and not just a ritual. I had mentioned that when you start salah and you say Allah is the Greatest, Allahu Akbar, that is
supposed to remove the thoughts of everything else on our head and make us concentrate on Allah subhanho wa Taala. And then when we recite Surah Fatiha in this Allah,
Allah responds to every line of the Surah Fatiha. And we need to understand and learn this response and memorize it and feel it when we are deciding sola and then after that when we recite another surah then that is unless talking to us. So we need to understand what the surah is or what Allah is saying to us and let it affect our lives. And the most important part of the Salah, and sadly for many of us, we don't even keep this part of the second thought is the such that this subject is so important. And for many of us we just go up and down, up and down. So
So, you know we think about the subject.
What is Allah subhanaw taala What does Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe salam say about it? Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said
that whenever there is no time, it is no time in this world when a servant is closer to Allah than when he or she is in such awe. There is no time when a servant is closer to Allah than when he or she is in such awe. So what does this mean? This means that when you are in such the
You are at your closest to Allah. And any dua that you make in such that can be accepted. This is why Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam used to spend so much time in such The, the Samson he used to grab his food to see if he's still alive, because he was interested stuff for a long period of time making do upon to our how many of us even know we can make the wine such that many of us take advantage of this opportunity, or not even reach the Allahu Akbar and we go down into such that our eyes filled with tears, our hearts filled with the love of Allah, we should feel that we are closest to Allah as any human can get. Because we are in our natural state of submission and
worship, and all our prayers would pour forth from our hearts. Now we are praying our solar like this every day, starting off with saying Allahu Akbar with meaning, and then reciting the Surah Fatiha properly. And with understanding the Quran that we are reciting, and making dua in our such, then we will truly feel the benefits of Salah in our life, it will change form our lives completely, because this is not a ritual. This is communication with the Lord, with our Lord with the Creator. And this is something which we do minimum five times a day. How can somebody who does this five times every day, go straight, because five times a day we are making the dua to Allah
Guide us to the straight path. And if we are making that do with understanding and with sincerity, then definitely everyday Allah will guide us to the straight path. And so my plea to everybody who is listening, and to those who are not listening as well for the rest of us to convey the message to them is to make smaller part of our lives in a complete sense, makes Allah real, make it real prayer, not a ritual, not something we we raised our hands and we recite to a party or at superspeed and we fly up and down from Roku and such and we don't think twice about it. No If you do not feel closer to Allah after praying to record of Salah we have not reduced to records properly, that Salah
is supposed to increase our demand. The recitation of the Quran during the Salah is supposed to increase our demand. Allah subhanaw taala tells us about the qualities of the believer that the believer or those that we love is mentioned the heart tremble.
And when his Verses are recited to them, the man increases. Do we feel this in our Salah? Do our hearts tremble a dimension of Allah's name in Salah? Do we think about our sins and our good deeds in our Salah? Or is it just a fleeting ritual. So we need to do this and some of the steps of what we can do to make Salah less ritualistic and more a stronger part of our lives. Number one is to make sure that you have no distractions around us. So rock solid aim three years law in a place with this minimum distractions. Number two is to make the video properly with all the while in your mind preparing yourself psychologically to meet Allah and to praise Allah. Number three is to learn the
Tafseer and the translation of whatever sutras you are reciting your Salah. So if you are deciding to go sir, you need to learn the Tafseer of Surah alcocer because, you know many of us decides to alcocer because they are the shorter students of the Quran. But we don't realize how powerful the sutras are, that even if you learn that obscene of those three verses, it could change our lives. So we need to learn this. And when we are reciting in our Salah in our heads we should be going through the translation and let it affect our hearts. When we are in such the prolong You're such that this is the advice of Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam himself, prolong the such that when you are on your
own, you should prolong your sajida even if it means shortening your carrot, if it means reciting a three verse surah. So you can make a 10 minute such that that would be more beneficial than reciting a longer carrot and making a short sagitta because the sajida is the most powerful part of the Salah. So powerful, that that that the part of your forehead that touches the ground when you are in such that cannot be burned by the fire of hell. It cannot be burned by the fire of hell. And you know the the people the Muslims who end up going to the Hellfire will be recognized by the angels who are taking Muslims out of the help by MTM to Paradise by the marks of such down the head.
There'll be a sign of those who prayed on their heads that these are Muslims and the angels will recognize them and take them out of the Hellfire if you don't pray at all will be have the signs will be able to recognize us and separate us from the disbelievers in the afterlife. There's something we should consider and think about. So I spent a lot of time today focusing on the Salah itself, because when law he if we are not putting our Salah in the Tafseer of Surah Fatiha cannot be
For that very much because Surah Fatiha is part of the Salah, in this Hadith, Allah calls it the Salah, Allah says I have divided the solar between me and my slave into two parts, and all of them of Assyria and all of the scholars of Hadees, who explained this Hadees say in this Hadees sada means to refer to the book go hand in hand, we cannot do tafsir have to refer to her without talking about the importance of Salah, and we cannot talk about the importance of Salah without talking about the importance of Surabaya because they go together. One is a part of the other. So Surah Fatiha is such an important part of our Salah. And if we notice if we understand the surah and if we
recite it properly, every day, we will see a difference in our lives, we will see the difference in our life, it will make a huge difference. I know of so many people who when you ask them, why did you start practicing Islam? The answer was, I learned that the fear of savatya there was enough for many people, for many people just learning that zero to a party was enough to change their lives completely. So, this is the issue of Surah Fatiha installa and inshallah what we're going to look at now in the second half of our program is the Tafseer of the first one or two verses of the surah. Particularly we are going to be looking at the concept of who is Allah subhana wa Taala because
tulipa begins with the first three or four verses describing Allah. night we have three verses describing Allah, followed by one verse describing our relationship with Allah. So this is this is the most powerful part of the Quran because this is what Islam is all about. Who is Allah? And what is our relationship to him? And this entire thing is summarized in the first four verses of Surah Fatiha, we are lost 100 Allah says al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen or priests due to Allah, the Lord of the universe are Rahmani Raheem. Most Gracious, Most Merciful, Maliki Yomi Deen the Master of the Day of Judgment, he can abou canister. You alone we worship and You will only ask for help
these four words verses of the Quran summarize what our what the Quran main message is about, that the Quran message. The main message of the Quran is to inform us the human race, who is Allah and what should be our relationship to him. This has to come from Revelation, because there is no way for the human mind to know who is Allah unless Allah tells us because Allah is the Creator of the universe, he is in this world unseen.
And he is beyond human comprehension. Lisa Camus Lee shade is nothing like him, William yaku and there is nothing like him at all.
So unless 100 is beyond the human mind to understand, so the only way for us to know who is Allah is when he tells us and this is why the Quran is full of the descriptions of Allah subhanho wa Taala if you read the Quran, you will find every page mentions Names of Allah, the names are not there just to give the verses a poetic ending know, each name teaches us something about Allah, we should increase our demand, increase our love and fear of Allah and bring us closer to him. So the Quran was revealed, and all revelation. You know, this is a point of for Dawa. When people ask why did God need to sin prophets? Why did God need to send revelation? And the main answer is for us to know
him, and what he wants of us. Because Science cannot give us that science cannot give us that true science. We can learn about the things of this world, about the things we can see and interact with. But the things of the afterworld, the things of what Allah subhanaw taala This is beyond the realm of scientific discovery. This is something which requires revelation to Allah subhanaw taala out of his mercy and love for humanity, he has sent us messengers He has sent us prophecy revelation, he said, Noah, he said, Abraham, he said Moses, he said Jesus, he said, Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon all of them with the same message. He they all came to teach people who is our Creator, and what is
our relationship to him. So if we understand this, if we understand who Allah is, and if we understand what Allah requires of us, and what should be our relationship with him, and if we put this into practice, then we will be practicing Muslims in the fullest sense. So this is why it is the creature of the Quran, because this entire message, which every prophet came with, and which the entire Quran discusses is summarized in the first four verses of Surah Fatiha. So let's look now inshallah at the first verse of scripture,
we learned to be Hana data begins by telling us a hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen. Now before that, in some of the Quran, you will notice
that Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem is mentioned as the first person to refer to right you notice it in some of the copies of the Quran. Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem is listed as the first verse of Surah Fatiha, there is a difference of opinion amongst the scholars as to whether Bismillah is part of Surah Fatiha or not. For the sake of this stuff said we are going to go with the Hanafi opinion which is that it is not part of Surah Fatiha and one of the Hadees to support that opinion is the Hadees are generated with Allah Subhana Allah says he divided the property between him and his slaves into hubs. And Allah then begins by mentioning al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen Bismillah is
not mentioned in that Heidi's at all so from day we can take it as evidence that this is perhaps a stronger opinion that Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem is a part of the Quran. But it is not the first verse of Surah Fatiha. The first verse of Surah Fatiha is Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen or praise is due to Allah, the Lord of the universe. Now, this verse starts with the word Alhamdulillah. Now what does hummed mean? hummed? be translated as praise. And this same word hummed is found in the name of the final prophet, Muhammad or Muhammad. Both of these names come from the word humped. Ahmed, the one who is praised the most, and Muhammad, the one who is praised most often, right,
meaning the one who has the highest type of praise. And Muhammad the one who is praised most often. So this is the final prophets name was taken from the word ham. Because no human being in history has been praised on the level that the Prophet Muhammad Allah Holy Son has been praised. His name is mentioned in the other hand, every day five times a day in every part of the world. Now try to add that up, then try to add how many times it is mentioned in the Sala and then how many times we quote him on a daily basis in the Quran, in the Hadith, and how many times he's praising the Quran itself.
So he is the most praised
and ultra hunter begins to fit we're talking about Allah subhanaw taala himself, that Allah subhanaw taala is the one who is worthy and deserving of all praise. Allah subhanaw taala says at the beginning of Surah Fatiha al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of the Universe, what is meant by all praise? It means that anything good that happens, we should praise Allah, not anybody else. Allah deserves praise primarily. This is why when something good happens, what do we see? We see the first two words of Surah Fatiha. Alhamdulillah that's the first two words of Slovakia Al hamdu, lillahi, Rabbil aalameen. When something good happens, what do we
say? Alhamdulillah. Why? Because we know that all praises for Allah. If we pass an exam, it's because Allah helped us pass the exam. We can make all the effort we want. But the exam questions could be something we did not study, or something we forgot. It's Allah who helps us if we did well in business, it's because Allah helped us do well in business. We could have the best products, we could have the best business skills. But if Allah does not want us to do well, something will go wrong and abundance will go down. So when we do well in business, it's Allah who made us do well not ourselves. This is a major test that leads many people astray. When people stop praising Allah, and
stop praising themselves instead, know the first condition for being a slave of Allah is that we take all praise and say it is for Allah alone. anything good that has happened to us, we praise Allah, all praises for Allah, the Lord of the Universe, inshallah will continue to succeed after the next break. Assalamu alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh. This week, we are looking Alhamdulillah at the Tafseer of Surah Fatiha and as we enter the last leg of this program, we are going to complete our Tafseer of the first verse of the surah. We are still on the first verse, we mentioned that the first four verses begin by telling us who Allah subhana wa Taala is. And the first thing he tells us
is that All praise is for Allah. So what this should have the impact this should have in our lives, is that we should realize that everything is from Allah. Everything we have is from Allah. We need to humble ourselves. So somebody who knows and believes that they are pleasing to Allah will not become arrogant, will not become self obsessed. Such a person understands that Allah is in control of everything. And that takes us to the second attribute of Allah mentioned in this verse Arambula Allah mean hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen Rob what is a Rob rumble alameen is translated as the Lord of the universe. And it's made up of two words Rob and me.
Now the word Rob is very, very important because an entire category of our aqeedah comes from it. And I have spoken about this word in details in autopsy of surah Falak. But for those who missed it, I'm going to go through it very quickly. Rob means the Creator, the maintainer, and the Sustainer, of Ireland, mean of the entire universe. That means everything that exists, whether it is in this universe, and that includes all the millions of galaxies out there, and the billions of stars out there, and every single moon and sun that is out there, in the in the universe, and every planet, out there in the Universe, and Everything that happens on every planet, Allah controls all of it.
Allah knows all of it. And nothing happened without the power and the will of Allah subhanho wa Taala. When you think about that for a while, and you go and do some research, how big this university is, and you do some research of how many stars exist, and how many planets exist, and then think about the fact that nothing happens without the knowledge and the will of Allah subhanho wa Taala. This is mind blowing information. It really should humble ourselves, and to really put the order of Allah subhanho wa Taala in our hearts, how powerful is the creator who created all of this.
So Allah is the Lord of the Universe, not just this universe, but even paradise and hell, which are so big, that this universe will seem insignificant compared to it. If you want to know how big Paradise is, know that the last person to enter Paradise, the last person to enter agenda, meaning the worst of the worst of all Muslims, right, we talk about the worst of the worst of all Muslims. His home, his land in Paradise, will be 10 times the size of the Earth. Again, the worst of the worst of Muslims, the most sinful of all Muslims, the last Muslim to come out of to crawl out of the Hellfire and to be given paradise. His paradise would be 10 times the size of the Earth. What do you
think is the size of the home of the righteous and the Olia in paradise? Imagine that. He tried to imagine that it's beyond our comprehension. This is Allah subhanho wa Taala, who I mentioned, is beyond human understanding. And we think about this, this is mind blowing information. Allah not only controlled and knows everything that happens in this universe, but in Paradise and hell as well. So when Allah is the rub of the universe, what implication should this have in our lives, number one, it should put into into us, humanity, as I mentioned, and number two tawakkol the concept of tawakkol, putting our trust in Allah subhana wa Taala alone, not anything else, not in
any form of good luck or bad luck. Not any good luck charms, knocking horoscopes. All of this is against our belief that lies the Lord of the universe. We don't believe in good luck and bad luck. Rather, we believe in God the higher he was shall Rahim Allah, but their destiny, He will surely the good and bad of our destiny. mean Allah is all from Allah. We don't believe in good luck or bad luck. We believe everything is from Allah. This is part of our Eman. Right we see when we talk about a man, a man to be law he will even allow America to be virtually what you mean here, and the angels and the books and the prophets and the day of judgment and what the last part that we believe what
God we heard he was shadow him in a law, that destiny, the good and bad of our destiny is all from Allah subhana wa Taala. So when we believe this, there is no room in the heart of a believer to believe in superstition, to believe in good luck and bad luck. No, everything is from our, the good that happens to us is because Allah has allowed it to happen to us. The bad that happens to us is because Allah wants to test us with it or because there is some good in it that we do not know of, but it is also from Allah subhanho wa Taala. This entire universe is which Allah subhanaw taala has control. So again, if we believe that Allah subhanho wa Taala is the Lord of the Universe, or bill
Ameen, then we will put our tawakkol in Allah alone. When we have a problem, we will turn to Allah alone. When we need to make dua, we will make dua to Allah alone and directly when we have anything going wrong in our lives we turn to Allah because we know he controls everything in this universe, and nobody else has a say in that matter. Allah controls everything. If something bad wants to happen to you, and Allah 100 does not want it to happen to you it cannot happen to you. Right. And Rasulullah Lawson taught us this he taught us to Abdullah evening pass when he briefly Let me remind you for Abdullah Ibn Abbas was Abdullah
abass was the cousin of the Prophet sallahu wa salam. And he was only 13 years old when the prophet Elijah passed away, but he became the greatest scholar of Tafseer of this oma.
So if he was only 13 years old when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi Salaam passed away, that means in the Hadith I'm about to narrate, he was definitely younger than 13 he was a child. So when he was a child Rasulullah saw logs and took him on the camel for a ride, and LD were riding together on the camel Rasulullah Aslan told him a lot of advice about Allah subhanaw taala, pata wakita, which is found in a potent Hadees in the anovas, 40 Hadees. But one of the major points you mentioned in that Hadees is that no, or even the above or below that if everyone in this universe wants to harm you, and Allah wants to protect you, they will never be able to harm you.
And everything in this universe wants to protect you, but Allah wants some harm to befall you, they will not be able to protect you. So this is the essence of believing Allah is the Lord of the Universe, then nothing at all has any power, above and beyond the power of Allah subhanaw taala nothing can interfere with the power of Allah. Allah has power over everything. And Allah subhanaw taala is the one who we should turn for whenever we have a problem.
And there is a very important story about this in Surah cough. And I hope you all are familiar with Soraka, because we are supposed to recite the surah every single Friday. And it's meant to be a light for us. If you decide to every Friday it will be new for us. And surecav. In it is a very beautiful story about
two men who own gardens one was much richer than the other. And he was praising himself a lot. So the other man told him that you should praise Allah. Because if Allah wills, you can lose everything, I can gain everything. And that's exactly what happened. So you can read the details of the story in the Tafseer saga. But the point is, that when we don't see Alhamdulillah when we don't take out whatever God has called us back to Allah subhanaw taala. And when we think we have control over our own lives, separate from Allah subhanaw taala. When we think we become the ROB of our own lives, then what happens then, then we will fall, if nothing in this world in the afterlife, but we
will fall we will be held responsible to Allah for thinking like this and for making such decisions because this goes against tawheed it goes against believing in the oneness of Allah, that Allah is the only rub of this Allah mean. And this word Rob has such a deep meaning, besides the meaning that Allah subhanaw taala is the only Lord of the universe. But it also means that Allah is the only one who we should obey, unquestionably, meaning that we obey everybody else, when the obedience is in accordance to the obedience of Allah subhanaw taala but once or being somebody else is, this will being Allah, then it becomes Haram. And this is clearly mentioned in the books of Hadith. When
Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told us that or at mahalo, FEMA, Xia De La Jolla, there is no obedience to the creation, if it amounts to disobeying the Creator, is no obedience to the creation, if it leads to disobeying the Creator. So we believe Ally's Rabbul aalameen the creator and maintain and sustain of the universe, then the natural consequence of death is to obey Allah in everything. And therefore the excuse many people make today for doing Haram, that my mother wants me to do it, or my father wants me to do it, or upset my parents, if I don't do it, or my wife wants me to do it, or my husband wants to me to do it. That is not acceptable in Islam, because there is no obedience
to the creation, if it leads to disobedience to the Creator. Many people must use other concepts in Islam. So for example, sometimes a parent will try to force the child to do haram by telling their child that in Islam, you have to obey me. In Islam, the child has to obey their parents in good things nothing Haram. So you can force your child to do harm rather you're going to be held accountable for that on the Day of Judgment. We allow will ask you not only why you did Haram, but why you stopped your child from doing good and you told him to do haram as well. We should think about this. It's very, very important. So obedience is only for Allah. When we accept that Allah is
Rob will Allah mean automatically This means we are going to obey Allah above everybody else. So again, a recap of what is meant that Allah is Rob would Allah mean we believe that Allah is the one who we should praise for everything. And this means we will humble ourselves anything good happens we see Alhamdulillah number two, we believe that nothing happens in this universe without the will of Allah was a reverse shell Rahim Allah
Destiny, the good and bad secret is all from Allah. Allah is the Creator, the controller and the maintainer of the universe. We put our tawakkol in Allah because of this, because of this, we put our trust in Allah and tawakkol does not mean that we don't make an effort. No, it means we make the best possible human halaal effort that we can, but we leave the end result to Allah. If we made our best possible halaal effort to do something and things still didn't work out. Then we see Al Hamdulillah, Allah knew what is best for me. And he wasn't best for me to get that. This is our code. This is our code, that even when things don't go our way after our effort, we still see
Alhamdulillah because we know that Allah knows what is best what we don't know what is best for us. So with that, inshallah I'm going to conclude and stop over there for this week, we have only concluded the Tafseer of the first verse of Surah Fatiha, we focused a lot today on the importance of Salah because as I mentioned last night in la vida del Kitab the is no Salah would also fit her and Allah Subhana Allah Himself in Hades Guzzi refer to refer to as the Sala. So if there is anything that you take from today's lesson, it is the importance of Salah please also had to ask also to please help us all to pay all five of our Salah on time every day, not just ritualistically
but real to play your real Salah assala that moves us a lot that increases our Mr. Salah we are communicating with Allah subhanho wa Taala a Salah which moves us to tears, this is Allah. This is what we are supposed to be doing on a daily basis, not just reading the verses of the Quran without understanding and going quickly up and down. Let's make our such as real communication. This may go to a party ha and others who doesn't have a real communication. ask Allah to help all of us to do this. And inshallah next week I will see y'all again, is Neela hit Allah to continue what I've seen of verses two and three extra Fatiha until we meet again to the Hagia hi Rhonda, aka Juana and
hamdulillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salaam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh