Channel: Yusuf Estes
Series: Yusuf Estes - Beauties Of Islam
Sheikh Yusuf Estes, American Muslim Preacher & Teacher giving public lecture on the topic ‘Beauties of Islam: (Part 31~33) Preservation of Islamic Resources’
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Bismillah Alhamdulillah and welcome to this episode of the beauties of Islam. I'm your host, Yusuf s this. And for the next few minutes, I want to talk about one of the beauties of Islam known as preservation, meaning that the evidences and the proofs of Islam are preserved for us even today, just as they were revealed 1400 years ago, 14 centuries ago, the urn was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him in the Arabian desert. Now, no matter how you look at it, this would be
a strange thing to consider a man who could neither read nor write, who is coming up with something so amazing that even today, those who are students of knowledge, and those who are appreciating the RMB, the Lego daughter via language of the language of Arabic, they will say that this is something amazing, amazing is this Quran, there is not a book like it, nowhere in the Arabic language and in fact, nowhere in any language on the earth today.
The style, the structure, the beauty of the Quran is unmatched by any literature, by any poetry. And the beautiful part here is that it is all 100% preserved, not so much in the paper and ink as many people consider when they talk about books, but rather even more emphatic, it's preserved in the minds and in the hearts of all of the Muslims around the world. I'd like to call your attention to something that when you think about this, of all of the people in the world that are claiming Islam, something to do with Muslim, each and every one of them, regardless of their culture, their traditions, and their various opinions on social and political issues. Still, in all, the Quran is
exactly the same verbatim, word for word, letter for letter, and dot four dot, and some of our programs, we've discussed this in more detail. But what I wanted to talk today is about the methodology of preservation.
First of all, when the Quran came to the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him, what we find is that he himself not being literate in hidden, unable really to read and write, had to hear, understand, memorize, and then convey this to his companions. And in such a way that they would also be able to understand, memorize and pass it on then to generation after generation.
And one of our programs, we discussed the game called telephone, I'd like to repeat that for you just let you think about this. I don't know if you ever played this when you were a child or not. But it's where you take a group, maybe eight or 10 individuals, you take one aside, and then you read something to him, maybe two or three paragraphs, you asked him to listen closely. And then that person will take another person aside, and then they will begin to rehearse. And he will tell him those paragraphs as much as he can remember, then that person will tell the next person who will then tell the next person and so on. Now, imagine that this is going to happen in the same day in
the same time in the same place with the same people who speak the same language and even have the same traditional background and understandings, idioms of words and so on. Now, imagine what will happen after those eight or 10 people though here and pass to the next person. And it's funny that's why we call it a game we enjoy doing it. Because what started out talking about maybe space travel going to the moon ends up somebody talking about pizza and Pepsi's.
But here now we're talking about something amazing because more than 600 pages, there's the Quran right here, when you write it down on paper.
Kind of big, don't you think that somebody could memorize all of this in its entirety, all 600 pages.
And notice that the majority of the people memorizing the Quran today,
they're not Arabs. In fact, since the time of revelation until now, it was only in the very beginning that the people who recited it were Arabic speakers, many Muslims like myself, when they come into Islam, it's necessary for them to begin to learn what is Arabic, starting with the Alif, ba, ta and so on and going through, then seeing how these letters come together, then forming the words and pronouncing some of these strange sounds like
in a vein and
And for many of the sounds that we find in the Arabic language are not necessarily in the English, and we have to kind of work at it. So considering that the sounds, the letters and even the structure of the words themselves, I'm going to show you something Have you look at this, and probably you're not gonna see it as close as I can. But the letters instead of going from the left side of the page to the right side of the page, as we do in English, and many other European languages, this start on the right side of the page and go toward the left. By the way, when you're writing, it's a lot easier to do it that way. But that's another story. I'm just telling you that so
is different. Here, you're going from the opposite side of the page, you've got brand new characters, letters, they're not even letters that you're familiar with the shapes the sounds, and yet
memorized today by all of these people,
10% of the people memorizing the Quran are Arab speakers, all the rest of us are not abs. So how is that this book is being preserved, so exact. And it's not just by writing it down. As a matter of fact, as we discussed in other programs, gruhn is not really meaning a book in the sense that this this book here, but rather the book, that's without law, and when it's recited, it's considered core on that which is being recited.
Now, here's the beautiful thing. Each and every Muslim on the planet is using Arabic throughout the day, every day, what we're doing, how we're acting, we're actually using words from the Quran. Just now when I picked this up, I said something in my heart, I said Bismillah
pretty good. And why is because Muslims say that before they begin anything. And that's the beginning words of the Quran in the name of Almighty Allah. And what we'll do, we'll take a break. And then when we come back, we're going to show you more of the things that Muslims are using everyday from the Quran, in their daily lives and how easy the Quran is really to be preserved.
Sit right there, right best Mila, we're back and you're watching the beauties of Islam. I was talking in the first part of this episode, about how many things that the Muslims do every day using words from the Quran, and how easy it is to preserve the Quran in our memory. One of the things that the Muslims are always doing when they greet each other is to say salaam, salaam alaikum aleikum. We find these words also in the Quran, it means peace be unto you. Another thing that we say is Mashallah. And we're actually taught in the Quran to say this, meaning because Allah wills. Another thing that we're taught to say is inshallah, meaning that if Allah wills if God's willing, and this
is an expression, I remember using many times, even in English as a Christian living in Texas, we used to say if the Lord's willing, and exactly the meaning here is insha Allah. In fact, a lot tells us in the Quran that you should say this, anytime you say, I'm going to do this, I'm going to do that, so and so on. So you say in sha Allah, and we find again, these are things in the Quran, helping us as non Arabic speakers even to be able to retain and preserve the message of the Quran. We say many times a day of hamdulillah and these are the first words we find in the Quran. After Bismillah R Rahman Rahim In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. hamdulillah
Rabbil aalameen all the praise is due to Allah, the Lord of the worlds now, if you think about it, Muslims, if you ask them any question, look what they're gonna say. They're gonna say homme de la principi say, How are you humbler? Praise to Allah? You say How are things going? hamdulillah how's your children? hamdulillah and how's the work? I'm doing law, how's the life 100 law, everything hamdulillah Praise to Allah. And these are the first words of the Quran Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen.
And then our rock Manor Rahim again, repeating how merciful and how gracious is the last panel.
Maliki oma Dino, this part is the first thing we got. It's a little different here. This is that Allah is the King. On the day of judgment. He's the owner or the sovereign on the Day of Judgment. Wow. And already we're halfway almost through the first chapter of the Quran. Because we're using this word so often it becomes
Simple and easy for small children even to begin to memorize the Quran. And before you know it, they know all of Surah Fatiha, then it's easy to learn another one called in our technical Kota. Kota is only three little short verses, but it helps and we begin and we're going from step to step to the next one. And we'll learn while us in, in Central Africa, sir. And then after that, they'll learn go who Allahu Ahad. Oh, Who's the man after that globe will be rebelled for luck. And then the next chapter will be Robin.
Many times we find children 567 years old, and memorize 1020 3040, even 50 chapters of the Quran. And they haven't even really attended any of the formal schools for learning Quran? And how about those that do? You might be amazed to find out that a child could spend one and a half years only studying the Quran, and they would have it all memorized entirely, and be able to quote it to you all the way through front to back cover to cover without even looking at it once.
Is this a miracle? I want you to think about it. In the beginning of the program, I gave you the example of the game called telephone. And how funny it is that we can't even communicate something from one person to another in the same room for only eight people all living at the same time speaking the same language. But how about when we're talking about passing something down for 1400 years, from ear to mouth, mouth to ear. The majority of these people not speaking the Arabic language, the majority of them speaking so many different languages, and learning the Arabic just for this purpose, so they will know that we're on.
And then to top it all off. Today, we have more than 10 million living human beings walking on the earth today who have the whole Quran in their hearts. And a lot of tells us in the Quran, that he will preserve this, this recitation, and he's done. So I have so much to tell you about more of the beauties of Islam, use our website beauties of islam.com to get more information about this. Till next time, Salaam Alaikum. Peace be upon this villa Alhamdulillah. Welcome to this episode of the beauties of Islam. I'm your host use the best this. And for the next few minutes, I want to talk to you about a subject I was speaking about in another episode talking about preservation, or
continuing and authenticating the information or sources that we have in Islam.
I want to share with you something funny that happened to me so you can see my perspective and where I'm coming from when I talk about this topic. When I was first learning something about Islam, actually, I was trying to convert a Muslim to become a Christian. This was in Texas many years ago.
And one of the things that we did is what I just did right there. I said Bismillah Yeah, pick up something I start a neat say, Well, why don't you say in the name of God, before you begin? I say what does that mean? He says before we do anything as Muslims, we invoke the name of the law. So if you say Bismillah, then this is good for you. I said, Okay, Bismillah
then I came to find out something amazing. He told me that in Islam, the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him tells us that we get blessings for all the things that we do, if we do them for a law. So instead of just getting in your car and going to the store, you do it for a law, you say Bismillah you get in your car, and then you go to the store. So now you're getting reward while you're driving. You enter into a building and you say Bismillah
Hmm, even before you go to the bathroom, Bismillah In the name of Allah, and all of this will do what it will give you rewards with the law and protect you as you're going along through your life. And I said, this sounds good. Why not? It won't hurt anything.
Along the way, when I was talking with my friend, I was really trying to convert him. And he told me, you know, if your religion is better than mine, I'll go to your religion, but you need proof. And when I had a discussion with him about what kind of proof was he talking about? He was explaining that the things of Islam are still preserved today. The Koran as we've mentioned in many of our programs is totally and completely preserved in the heart.
In minds of over 10 million human beings living today around the world, and that all the Muslims in the world are memorizing at least portions of the Quran.
All Muslims, even little children, because the first words of the Quran are what Bismillah
The thing that I just said, when I started doing this, the thing that I said when we opened up the program, all of our programs and you listen, when we start up beauties of Islam, what we always say Bismillah Alhamdulillah. And this is the same as the Quran starts Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim, Allah from the ladder below the mean. So from the very beginning, as a Muslim, even the small children are learning to recite the things that we have in the Quran. But also along the way, is the preservation of the teachings of Mohammed, to explain how to implement the teachings of the Koran, they work together. They're called Hadeeth, or stories, and they're preserved in the sooner or the way of
Mohammed, peace and blessings be upon him.
Some of the early scholars, earliest lamb, just within a few decades after the time of Muhammad realized the importance of preserving each and every one of his sayings and teachings, therefore, they were careful to preserve it by checking their own memories, and then teaching the next generation of Muslims. Exactly what was said how it was said, and describing the events that went along with it. So that these narrations would be passed on in oration form, as well as being written down.
We have a series of books today that you can read when you hold it in your hand. That's a book of course. But there are also narrations, which are done orally. And they are exactly the same as what we find in these books. And these also are passed down in the same way. And the same methodology or men hedge that it was done with the Quran itself.
So when you get into the bigger schools of knowledge in Islam, you'll have the chance then to begin to really use your memory, because instead of just reading something and writing it down and passing a test, one of the test is how much of the Quran Do you know from memory, until you memorize all of it, you're not even considered a scholar. And then after that, to memorize these Hadeeth in the Arabic language, and when we say to memorize these stories of Muhammad peace be upon him, we're not just talking about the matin or text. We're talking about knowing the rewire or chain of narrators, all of this in memory to be sure that you know, who said it, where you got it from? And how
authentic it is. And then what is the exact text in the Arabic language? The Prophet Muhammad, for instance, is reported to have said,
A dunion signal movement watchin ato cafr the meaning here in English more or less is that the life of this world, the dunya, the life of this world is a prison to a true believer, but is the only paradise for a disbeliever. Now, do you know for sure if he really said it? Well, we do because we can take it to the book and show you exactly where it is. And we can also take you to the scholars of memory, and they can tell you exactly how it was said even and on what occasion and what it referred to. Many of the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him are preserved so authentically, that it leaves no doubt in the mind of the one who is studying this, that for sure.
This must be something amazing, just as the Quran itself. There's a lot about this, I want to tell you, but let's take a break, give you time to think about what I just said, Don't go anywhere. We're gonna be right back with more beauties of Islam. Bismillah Al Hamdulillah, we're back and you're watching the beauties of Islam. We've been talking about the preservation of the sooner or the way of Mohammed, by way of Hadeeth are the stories that have been passed on generation upon generation upon generation. These were done in two forms one in the oral text as I've been explaining to you from mouth to ear, and the other they were preserved also in the writings of the teachers and
scholars of Islam so many centuries ago. What is interesting to note is that even today, there's something called ijazah where there's like a diploma, handed to one who has gone to the trouble to sit and listen and memorize from his teacher. The Koran and the relative had deeds or teachings of Muhammad to go along with this. In this the person not only admitted
memorize the Quran. But they've also memorized the Hadeeth that go along with this. And they've memorized the names of the teachers who have passed this on, they've memorized also, the teachers, teachers, and the teachers, teachers, teachers, the names and things about them all the way back to the very lips of Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him. Now,
if you think that that's something you think that's amazing, I will remind you that human beings are not able to do something like this on their own. But rather, this is something that is only particular to the teachings of Islam. These two things that were on in the Sunnah are preserved like this. If you consider, for instance, in literature, the famous works called the Iliad and the Odyssey, which are very much attributed to one called Homer. In fact, if you study literature, you'll find that he's not really the author of these great works, but rather, it's something produced by his students who said that, basically, he would have said it this way, he would have
written it this way, because they know him and they knew his style.
It was also something very acceptable, even at the time of Jesus peace be upon him, for someone to take it upon themselves to write something down, and then say that it came from the Prophet Moses or the Prophet Abraham, or the Prophet, Enoch, and so on. What they did, was to write in the spirit of that person, and then attributed to them. Now, this would not be anything different than what we find today. If, if I were, for instance, to go to a place where Abraham Lincoln grew up and walk around and see what it is like, imagine his place of birth of places still preserved there, and read some of the documents that he had written. And then, on my own, begin, describe something out and
say, you know, this is something he probably would have said, and this is the style he would have set it in, and then sign it Abraham Lincoln. And then say, you know, I was writing in the spirit of Abraham Lincoln.
If you study the Apocrypha from the Bible, you find out that what I said, is exactly true of many of the old books that are not acceptable, really, as canon for the Bible itself. It whether you're a Catholic or an orthodox or Protestant Christian, you know, that there are books that are still not part of the Bible, even today, they're called apocrypha. And if you check it out, you'll find that that's how these books were written, I'm sure people met Well, there's no doubt about that. And they said, they wrote it in the spirit of a particular Prophet, or they wrote it in the Spirit of God, or they wrote it in the spirit of something. But after checking it out, a lot of those who
authenticated the various different Bibles, decided to leave those out. Even at the time of the Protestant Reformation.
There were books being tossed out of the Bible, by some of the scholars saying they weren't authentic enough, and they weren't really testable, and they didn't fit with a cannon at that time. And they also didn't go along with some of the teachings they had. So the Orthodox Bible having 78 books is totally different than the Catholic Bible having only 73 books, which is again, even different from the Protestant Bible, the very famous King James version, which has only 66 books in it.
All of them are very similar. And this is not the point here. But what we're trying to say is that none of them are exact.
What we do know though, is that the teachings of Muhammad, peace be upon him. And the teachings from the Quran. Not only work together are homogenous that flowed well together, but they're exactly preserved today and understood in the exact style of Arabic language, called push ha, this classical Arabic is still available to learn today, and you can hear the sound exactly as it came. This is not true of other ancient texts. For instance, the cone a Greek we're talking about Homer's Iliad and the Odyssey. You can't find that today in the exact pronunciation because the language is no longer spoken. The same would be true about the ancient Hebrew, the ancient Aramaic, and also the Khan, a
Greek of the time of Jesus peace be upon him. So what's nice really here is that Allah has preserved both the Quran and the Sunnah Mohammed without question, we can easily say that this is right and attest to the fact that the Quran and the Sunnah have been totally and completely preserved by our Lord, Allah subhana wa tada
Yeah, it's amazing. That's why it's called mortgages. Why does it means miracle. And this is one of the miracles of Islam, and certainly one of the beauties of Islam. For more, visit our website, beauties of islam.com. Until next time, peace saramonic Bismillah Alhamdulillah and welcome to this episode of the mysteries of Islam. I'm your host, Yusuf s this, and I'd like to continue talking about one of the beauties of Islam called preservation.
A lot tells us in the Quran that it is he who preserves this Koran, and he uses the word Hafiz, Hafez it means to preserve. And we say Hafiz Quran is someone who memorizes the grammar, but actually, they're preserving the Quran, we've been talking about preservation of the Koran, we talked about the preservation of the sooner or the hadith of Muhammad peace be upon him. Now, we'd like to discuss another type of preservation. And that is the teachings of the scholars of Islam, who came after Muhammad who understood his teachings and passed it on to their generations, and subsequent generations after them.
But as always, we begin by saying Bismillah
In the name of Allah,
one of the early in groups, what are called the companions, or Sahabi, these are people who knew Mohammed, personally, they'd met him. They accepted Islam during his lifetime.
And they lived and died as Muslims. And they had heard from him something that could be verified that for sure, they heard it. And then they could pass that on to next generations. And this is the beginning of the transmission of both the Koran and discipline, Muhammad peace be upon him because we mentioned many times in other programs, the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him never wrote a single thing. He did not write it down. How we know it to be authentic is because it all matches, there's not even a word difference in the Koran. And there are many rewires or sources to show us the different teachings that he gave. And again, they're exactly the same thing.
Now, I want us to reflect for a minute on those companions, those people who were teaching this information to the next generation now these would be people who never actually met Muhammad peace be upon him, but they had definitely met these scholars and these teachers who had met him. They're called Tabby the Tabby are the people who are the companions of the companions of the Prophet Mohammed Silva lives and I'm pleased to be pining.
After these people are their generation, the next generation from them. There are people who now are meeting people who had met the companions, therefore, they're called Tabby, Tabby are companions of the companions of the companions, if you will,
about these people, the Prophet Muhammad prophesied, peace be upon him, he prophesied that the best of the people would be those who are of his companions of the day, the next, the best reliable, would be those who came after them Now, again, is the Tabby, then after them would be the Tabby, Tabby. Now we understand that these are the best, and after them the best and after them the best. But then after that would be regular people, normal people who could make mistakes, and so on, up until the last days, and then there would be another group of people in the very end, who would really understand this message and convey it to each other.
And it's even mentioned the in the big speech, the famous speech called the hooded over there of the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him, when all of the companions had gathered together on arafat, and he delivered this famous sermon called the farewell sermon. What he did was to explain basically the principles of what Islam is teaching us. And be sure that the people understood, it's about how we worship God without partners, our treatment of our mothers and fathers, our treatment of our wives and how we have to be so careful to give everybody their rights. He talked also, though, about something that is kind of amazing when you think about he talked about races of people and mentioned
that no race of people would have any advantage over another race, and not according to Islam, regardless of your skin color or your ethnicity, or the country that you come from, in the sight of Allah.
You're all the same. This was 1400 years before we start talking about segregation, separation between
black people, white people, looking down upon somebody, maybe they're from the Orient, as opposed to somebody who's Arab and so on.
So this teaching is,
I think, amazing. And then look what he says at the end of this teaching, though, he said, It is hoped that those that hear it today will convey it to those who are not here today. And those who hear it at the end will understand it better than those who are here today.
That's an amazing statement when you consider what he's talking about.
Because he's saying that the people in front of him right there, need to get out and share this message with the people who are not there. But the people who hear it at the end, are going to understand it even better than the people there will today. It is amazing when you think about it, we today have of course, we have the whole Quran that was preserved even at his time many people memorized it. But we have it in written form, which they didn't have, at the time of Mohammed wasn't completely written down, as it was at the time of his death. There's a lot about this. So what I want to do is take a break here, give you a chance to think about what I'm talking about. Maybe
you'd like to get a pencil paper, make some notes, make note of our website, all that's coming up. So stay right there, don't leave, we'll be right back with more theories of Islam. Bismillah Alhamdulillah, we're back and you're watching the beauties of Islam. And just when we went to break I was talking about how the Quran is preserved, how the Hadees are preserved, and how the teachings of the scholars are preserved. Now what I was saying is that even at the time of Mohammed, they didn't run around with books in their hands like we have today. The Quran was not compiled in book form, like you see this, he was all written down, by the way on such things as scrolls, and animal
hides, palm leaves, things like this. But the Quran itself gathered together as a book didn't happen during the lifetime of Muhammad peace be upon him. This came about at a later date.
And yet, even then, it was not considered to be right until they would check it against the memories of so many of these companions, who had totally memorize the Koran.
And of course, they all agreed exactly point four point dot four dot how it is because they had all memorized, it wasn't something they had to worry about making up later. In fact, it's been said many times, if out of all of the books on Earth, that we had lost all of the books on Earth, that the Earth is the only book on earth that we could bring back exactly as it was word for word, letter for letter, and dot four dot, because of the preservation in the memories of so many different people around the planet.
Now, I want to mention too, is that when these teachers and scholars went out to teach, they didn't consider themselves to be scholars of Islam, that wasn't even their aim. That was not their goal, to set up shop somewhere and say I am a teacher, I'm setting up a university over here. And you know, you can come and get your Islam for me. As a matter of fact, what did happen is that so many new people, there was a big influx of new people entering into Islam, in large numbers. This is mentioned in the Koran, then entered into Islam as larger in big numbers, huge numbers 1000s of people came. So there would be certain ones who had done a lot of extensive work, along with
memorizing the Quran and so on in learning and teaching what had been brought by the prophet Muhammad peace be upon him.
These people all had jobs, all of them had work that they did, and then they would do this on the side. In other words, the teaching of the Arabic to those who are not Arabs, the teachings of the Quran and the memory work and the preservation of the Hadith, or the sayings of Muhammad. All of this was done on the side, because these people were having different businesses and different jobs that they did, and didn't consider that this is something that people need to be paid for. After all, they were really believers in Islam. And they understood that this is more than just a ritual. It's an obligation. It's a right that a Muslim has to get knowledge and it's the responsibility of
the other Muslims to teach them and that's what they did.
We've talked also in our programs about the four schools of fic, which is often a bin Hanbal mama Shafi Malik, and Imam Abu hanifa. I want you to be sure to understand that these people never set up shop across the street from each other and had competition of university, our academies, or schools trying to get people to join them. That was not the case. First of all, they were very much remote from each other. For the most part. The first in the succession was Mmm, Abu hanifa. And in fact, he knew companions of Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him. Therefore, he was considered a Tabby because he had met some of the companions of Prophet Muhammad. That means he was in the generation
considered the best after the companions and he was a great and wonderful teacher. He lived in Basra, which is quite a ways from the Arab peninsula. Then the next one in succession is the imaam Malik now he lived in Medina and he was the great scholar of Medina. That's the place where Prophet Muhammad peace be bomb is buried.
In America, Merrick met and shared information with enam Abu hanifa. Therefore, for sure, we know that Imam Malik is a Tabby Tabby, because he met a companion of the companions.
What's interesting now is the we find that a mama Shafi happens to be a student of who of Imam, Abu hanifa. How, because he was a student of Imam Malik and Mr. Malik sent him to learn from Abu hanifa students. And so he went journeyed to Basra and learn from Yaqoob, Abu Youssef and Mohammed Eben has. In fact, he even lived with Mohammed bin Hassan and studied with him it was the great judge and kadhi at that time of the, what was known as the School of fichte of the handfeel. From Imam Abu hanifa. Now, if that's not enough, the last and final one we talked about is the hanbali thick or Amelie been humble, and he was a student of Imam Shafi. So therefore, we can see immediately that
none of them we're having these great differences of opinions that you might see today, from some less educated Muslims will say, but in fact, they all agreed on the most important principles, which is that there's only one God that ilaha illAllah. Muhammad is His last and final messenger, Muhammad Rasulullah. Is the Huck the Absolute Truth and is preserved as we know it to be without any doubt in it, and that all of the Hadees and all of these studies, all of these studies, if they're authentic, then that is my way. That's my madhhab that's what I understand. So please, if you know any Muslims have a problem with this, talk to them about this, let them see this program by going to our
website, it's called beauties of islam.com. And you'll find replays of these programs and others right there and get more information about the beauties of Islam. Oh, we ran out of time. We must go now but go check out our website and come back here for more beauties of Islam. Till next time, Salaam Alaikum.