Channel: Ismail Kamdar
Biography of Amr Ibn Al-Aas
hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam wa rahmatullah al Ameen woman who de nobilia Sangeeta Yomi Deen. We begin by praising Allah subhana wa Taala and asking him to send these Peace and blessings upon the final prophet, Mohammed bin Abdullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and all those who follow his way with righteousness until the last day
like to welcome you all to the 10th lecture in our series, inspirations from the righteous.
And today inshallah we are going to look at the life of amor even us already Allahu anhu. Now, I'm Roger Lohan, who is a very important figure in Islamic history, particularly during the reign of Omar
and he was from amongst the late converts to Islam amongst the Sahaba.
But the story of our begins before he became a Muslim Ummah, was from the second generation of the leadership of the Quraysh. When you study the life of Rasulullah, sallAllahu wasallam, the enemies of Islam, the Quran, essentially, were two generations of leadership amongst them. The first generation were those who tortured the Muslims in Makkah. Right. So this is Abu lahab, Abu Jamal, Abu sufian familia,
this generation of this group, they are called the old generation of the disbelievers. And essentially all of them are most of them were defeated at the Battle the battle the very first battle of Islam, except for Abu sufian. So after that, in the second half of the life of Rasulullah, sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Mousavian becomes the main head of the enemies of Islam, and under him, the rest of the enemies of Islam are all youngsters now, because the father, they've all been killed in the Battle of butter, to this new generation of this younger generation, who are now leading the war against Islam. They are actually the likes of Khalid Ibn Walid and amor, even us and crema and
sub one. And while we are, and these are all youngsters, Now, what's interesting is the younger generation will not defeated in battle, the younger generation will not kill the younger generation all eventually converted to Islam and became Sahaba.
And this is a point of history. When we do our Dawa, when we focus on calling people back to Allah subhanho wa Taala. When you focus on assisting people to come into the correct understanding of Islam, in general, you will find throughout history, it is the youngsters who accept the message more readily and more openly than those who are senior to them. And this has become part of the methodology of Allah subhanho wa Taala. So the younger generation, they went through the stage where they were the leading enemies of Islam, and they came to a stage where they were the leaders of the Muslims. And how did they get there? Well, today we're going to look at the life of one of them to
see how did he go from being a leader of the enemies of Islam, to becoming one of the commanders of the Muslim army. And this was a man by the name of Allah even Alas, radi Allahu anhu, I'm not even in the US was from the highest rankings of the Quraysh. Right, his father was one of the leaders. And he was known from a very young age for his intelligence, for his wisdom, for his diplomacy, for his eloquence in his speech, he was known all around to be a very smart person. And he traveled a lot. He was educated at a young age, he was writing poetry just for fun, which in Arabia, at that time was something strange because most of the people couldn't even read or write. But he is a young
man who writes poetry for fun. So he was known from a young age to be highly intelligent. And so when he grew older, he became the spokesperson for the college. Now, you notice when we study the lives of the early Muslims, intelligence is always a quality that is praised. We spoke about it in the life of Asia, we see it again in the life of Salama, and now we see it again among us. The history books always praised them for being intelligent. And intelligence, we need to ask ourselves, is intelligence just something you inherit? Is it something you're born with? Or is it something you can develop? Because many of us are brought up with this idea that if you're not born a genius, you
idiot for life, right? And he won't teach in school told you you're an idiot. Many of us go through our entire life thinking videos, because it was the statement of one teacher. And this is very dangerous, because essentially, there are two types of intelligence. There's the natural gift that Allah give some people. But there's also the nurtured intelligence, which comes from studying from questioning from analyzing from reading for memorizing, from just keeping your mind active, the brain is like
it's, it's like a muscle it needs to be exercised. The more you exercise the brain, the more intelligent you become. There's no limit to
potentially the human brain has except what Allah has limited void. So intelligence is essentially of two types. And we need to understand this, because many of us are stuck with this idea that I'm too stupid, or I'm too dumb, or I can't do it, or I can never understand it. Right. And in Islam, it's not you're not allowed in Islam to put yourself down, it's actually Haram, to call yourself stupid, even calling somebody else stupid, is something that's prohibited in Islam. Right? You supposed to say Alhamdulillah. Allah has given me the qualities and the capabilities to do well, whatever field I have chosen to do. So this is something to think about. And now with us, he seemed
to have both types of intelligence. He was born with these natural gifts, but he spent his youth studying Islam. He spent his life studying Islam. So this was before the days of Islam. He spent his youth studying how to read and write, traveling, writing poetry. And all of this expands the brain. So he's a very intelligent young man with a very well traveled young man. And as a result, when the time comes for the disbelievers to send somebody outside of Makkah to negotiate on their behalf. They choose ama, and this is the story of the first migration to Abyssinia. In this first migration to Abyssinia, you can see what a very important part of our history is the third week in a row it
pops up. So in the first magnet we spoke last week about him Solomon how she and her husband went to Abyssinia and the week before, before that, but most of even Amir, now our he was a non Muslim at this time. And the non Muslims of Makkah could not stand the idea that the Muslims in Abyssinia were living in peace. So they sent Emeryville, us to the king of Abyssinia
with the single purpose of getting the Muslims back so they can continue torturing them. Why did you send him number one armor was very intelligent. Number two, he was very eloquent. Number three, he was friends with the king.
And of course when you are intelligent, eloquent friend, this means you have the abilities to push a person in your direction. So even as he goes to a senior full of confidence, he knows he's this king is his friend, the king's gonna do whatever he wants. And as soon as he arrived, he basically goes through sucking up 101 The first thing he does is he goes into sajida he boughs to the king, he brings his gifts, all of the king's favorite stuff, and he gives it to the king. And then he starts showering preys upon trees upon the king. You can see the man's intelligence, he knows how to battle someone. And now the king is very impressed. And he's very happy. So the king asked me, What do you
want? And I'm going to tell him that they are the the group of rebels from my country for my city, who caused problems in our community disrespected our religion, they fall to their own fathers, they cause people to fight with each other. And I'm afraid they're going to do the same in your land. Notice, notice what he's doing. what he's doing is the same thing the media does today. Make the Muslims look like the bad guys. Right? So what he's doing is essentially telling the king that the Muslims are fighting with their fathers and they disrespecting our religion. Why did the Muslims do the Muslim stop worshipping idols and try to tell the fathers of worshipping idols right, so he's
painting this very negative picture of the Muslims to make them sound like this rebellious lot. One violence one trouble? And the ministers of the king? They tell the king that yes, you know, venison, these guys back to the country let the own people talk them out. But the king of Abyssinia he they just met
and this is why Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam chose Amazonia. Right? He told the Sahaba specifically go to Abyssinia because it is ruled by adjustment. Right? And indeed, we learn that Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam was aware of the political events of his time, he knew who is the kings of the other countries, and he knew which of them were just in which of them are not, which means as Muslims, we should be politically conscious, we should be aware of the politics, right? We shouldn't be cut off from the world only focusing on on acts of worship, we should know what's going on in the world. Where is the justice? Where is the injustice? What's a good place for Muslims to live? What's
the bad thing? So Muslim? Philip, we need to be aware of this, because this is the duty of Muslims that we that we get together, and that we assist each other wherever we are in the world. So the king have ever seen. Yeah, he says I will have to hear the other side of the story before I make a decision. Right? This is justice. And this is from the justice of Islam. Actually, Islam teaches us that whenever a case is brought before you, whenever somebody complains to you about somebody else, always listen to the other side of the story before passing judgment. And this is a major mistake in our communities, that whenever we have this happening, what happens is instead of listening to the
other side of the story, we start to spread gossip, we start to spread slander. And before we know it, the slander and the gossip that we are spreading, we end up learning it was wrong and we end up with
ruining somebody's reputation over slander and gossip. So we learned from Kinga Joshi, the king of Abyssinia, that when it comes to dealing between two groups, Justice lies in first listening to both sides of the story. Right is his side is the other guy side, and is the truth, which is somewhere in between most of the time. So the king calls the Muslims to coach via their site. And now the Muslims are worried because they're going up against America last. He's one of the best speakers in the world. So they decide amongst themselves to send Jaffer Ibn Abu Talib to do the speaking. And he says nobody else speak. I'll just do the speaking. Why Java, because Javelin is the first cousin of
Rasulullah sallallahu sallam. He's also from the cheap tribe of Croatia. He is the son of Abu Tolly, where the leader of Croatia at that time, he is a very eloquent speaker also, although not as eloquent as amor, and he's the best they have. So, Javelin comes in. And the first thing he does is he greets the king of Assalamualaikum. And Allah immediately points out he says, okay, notice enough about you. Look how arrogant he is, he's not bowing to you. Right? So immediately, he starts to put these ideas in the king's wine. So the king asked, Why didn't you bow? and Java says, Our Prophet taught us to bow only before God? The king was actually impressed because this is a religious
Christian King is not a realistic and he's a religious guy. So he's interested, okay, that's, that's a good good reason not to bow. So he says, This is emergency what he said, and I want to hear your side. So, javelina Batali, he gives a lecture basically, which goes down in history as one of the most beautiful descriptions of Islam, ever. If you want to know the message of Islam, you know, just this description that Jaffa gives. It sums up everything. He says, okay, we will idol worshipers, and harshness and oppression and cruelty. That was our way of life. You know, every evil you can think of you found it in our community. And
Allah subhanho wa Taala, having mercy on us, in his infinite mercy, he sent a messenger to us. In a short time, the true prophet brought about radical change in our community.
He taught us about the oneness of Allah. And our thoughts became about worship. And prayer means you should think about worship and prayer before he changed our directions in the goals of our heart. And he taught us about the importance of charity and taking care of the poor, he told us to speak the truth, and to take care of our family members and our relatives and to maintain family ties, and to avoid anything which is vulgar and wrong.
He told us that we should not take the money of the orphans, and we must not backbite and we must not defame the character of righteous woman. He taught us to be good to our neighbors, when we obeyed Him, and we put out his teachings into practice, our lives changed forever. Those of us who used to rob people, became guides of people,
and began to show people the right way. When the Quran showed this, they could not tolerate it. D began to hurt us and they began to persecute us. And they began to torture us until we had no choice but to leave our hometown. And the Prophet told us to come here because you are a just ruler. Now is what he actually said. He's much longer than that. That's like a summary of what he said. But you can see from what he's saying that, again, Java was also an eloquent speaker. And he's speaking the truth. And this is the key difference. America may have been a better speaker than Java. But Java had one advantage in this situation, the truth was on his side.
And if the truth is on your side, no matter how eloquent the other guy is, Allah always gives victory to the truth. Right, you will see people who may have a stuttering problem. But when they are put in a position to debate with enemies of Islam, Allah gives them the ability to speak eloquently and to win the debate. Why? Because truth will always triumph over cultural. And so the thing is very moved. And he tells him to stay in. He tells him that what's wrong with these people, and he can't understand why armor is against them.
So I'm going to change the topic, right? He realizes he can put down the Muslims in terms of their morals and character. Clearly, they have good morals and character. So he changes it to topic of religion. And he tells the king, O King, they don't accept Jesus as the Son of God. Now he himself doesn't accept Jesus as the Son of God, he's a, he's a big idol worshiper. But this is again, trying to cause some hatred between the Muslims and Christians. So the king asked Jaffa, what do you believe about Jesus? and john paul said, He is the messenger of God and the slave.
Make sense? Right? So the king tells the Muslim stay as long as you want, I will never let you go. And he gives me back all these gifts and sends him back to Makkah empty handed. This is like the first time in his life that he was rejected in this way, is like the first time in his life that he failed. And he was blown away. He could not understand how in the world that he failed. He did everything that you're supposed to do to win someone over it.
gave the guy gifts he bowed down to him in such that he batted the map in every way possible, he painted the worst possible picture of the Muslims, and he could not in any way make the Muslims look bad, he lost. And this shook him quite a bit. So the years go by, and the war between the Muslims and the non Muslims begins. And in the state of war, one of the problems with the state of war is you don't think clearly about the opposite side, right, both sides see each other as the enemy, both sides are fighting each other. And you don't get the time to engage with the other talk to them yet, so their side of the story, you just see them as the enemy. So in this state, we have the battles
going on. And so I'm going to fight against the Muslims in the Battle of Ohio, and in the Battle of the trench. But again, he's a very intelligent man, and he's noticing that they are losing. And an intelligent man, he's noticing a pattern. And
he told his family members that feel that the Muslims are growing, and they're going to reach the peak soon. And this Islam is like a magnet, it's attracting people. And it's growing very fast. Anyone who opposes them, who is going to be defeated. So essentially, what he did first is he took his family, he went, they lived in a small village, so we staying away. If the coalition defeated Muslims, we go back to Makkah with the Muslim living declaration, we'll get out of here, but let's just stay away. Let's hide and go live in a small village and observe things from afar. Again, very intelligent man. But then, the Treaty of who they vehement happens. Now the Treaty of odbl
initially, it seemed like a defeat for the Muslims, because they had to sign a peace treaty, which was very oppressive to the Muslims. However, the good that came from this peace treaty far outweighed the the initial problems. The main good that came from this peace treaty was that now the disbelievers are Makkah, and the Muslims of Medina were now at peace. They could now travel, they could interact, they could talk to each other. And this is when the DAO flourish. This is when many of the leaders of the non Muslims began to convert to Islam, because they were no longer in a state of war with the Muslims. They were able to interact with them as their family members again. And he
began to see the beauty of Islam. So I'm going to be on us after the Treaty of odbl. He says, hold on these Muslims, they A few years ago, they were like 80 people in our village. Now the entire city were defeating us in war, and we have to sign peace treaties with them. Something's not right. You're right. So he tells his family, let's go to ambazonia.
It's ironic how he see changes. About ages before this, the Muslims are running away from him to Abyssinia. Now he's running away from the Muslims to Amazonia. Right. So he says, Let's go there, Kinga Jhansi. The soft hearted guy is a friend of mine, we can go live there is better than living under the Muslims. He gets to Amazonia and he sees one of the Sahaba in the court of the DRC. And this Arby's name is also an albumin omega and this is a hobby was there because Naja she was conducting a nigga a marriage between only Habiba who is the daughter of Abu sufian, the leader of the enemies of Islam, to Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam, the daughter of the enemy of Islam is
marrying Rasulullah sallallahu sallam, and the person conducting the niqab, the marriage is killing the joshy himself. So I'm Welcome to know what's happening. Of course, he comes with all these gifts, the same sucking upsides to the king giving the king everything and the king welcomes you mean gives you a big hug, happy to see him. So he pushes his he pushes a bit too far. And he tells the king, you know, this guy is the ambassador of our enemy. So when you hand him over to me, and I'll kill him, the king got so angry according to some organizations, he slept armor in the face. And that actually came up amongst those. So armor was completely embarrassed. Imagine being slapped
by the king in his court, and you're supposed to be one of his closest friends. And he tells the king if I knew this was something that's going to displease you, I wouldn't have said it. Now, again, the king is a very wise man. So King, the jacket has armor armor, you are very old friend of mine. And I care about you. So listen to what I'm going to say. Obey Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah, this will benefit you. He's the true prophet of Allah and I have no doubts about this whatsoever. He will overtake his enemies just like Musa defeated the Pharaoh.
Now this is amazing. The King of Abyssinia who has never met the Prophet of Allah ever in his life. He has never met the Prophet of Allah. He's the king of Abyssinia. The Prophet never went to Emerson. Yeah, he never went to Medina. They never met in person. Um, or even us grew up in the same city as Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam he met him every day he knew him personally. The one who never met the Prophet is doing Dawa to the one who grew up with him and telling him that that man from your city is a true prophet.
And this was when he man entered the heart of abolition when he realized hold on this is this is something else entirely. There is no way that
Mohammed says I'm gonna be a fake Prophet, with this level of impact so quickly on the world, because this means his influence wasn't just in Arabia is now beginning to influence Africa as well. Right? Ever since I was in North Africa. So America is the King. Do you truly believe what you're saying? And the king says, I believe in 100%. I believe it wholeheartedly
and immediately among us accepts Islam at the hands of the king. Right. And he then immediately leaves to go back to Arabia, and to go to Medina.
As he arrived in Arabia, and he's on his way to Medina, he runs into two of the leading non Muslims of Makkah, Khalid even Waleed and Osman even call her
now, Holly been validly most of us are familiar with him. to any of you know who it was man even called her. We spoke about it last week.
Think about it.
He was the one who helped him Salama, right? This was before Islam before Islam. He helped him and Salma to go all the way to Medina and back to Makkah, even though he was not a Muslim, right. So he and Holly bin Walid who was like the main commander, the main military General of the creation, they are on the way to Medina. And they run into hammer and amarachi vale going and you see, we go into Medina to accept Islam, you tried to stop us will kill you. We're going to do the same thing. And so they go together. Now, can you imagine we have three of the main leading enemies of Islam at that time, Khalid bin Walid, the commander of the army of the Kurdish ama even asked the most eloquent
speaker of the Quran, and Osman even tell her the keeper of the keys to the Kaaba. These three men are on the way to Medina together to accept Islam. You know, the level of joy in Medina that day. It was like a celebration. People were so happy that these three men accepted Islam on Makkah, in the other hand, they see on that day, it was as if all of Makkah accepted Islam. Why? Because Makkah just lost the keeper to the keys of the Kaaba, their main military commander, and the main spokesperson, and all of those people who are now representing Islam in one day, this change, and that's when the defeat of the Qureshi truly came. Because Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam did not
defeat them through war primarily, he defeated them through winning them over with his power and his and his character. And so we see that all of the leaders of the disbelievers at that time eventually became sahaabah Abu sufian.
His older brother yazeed, saquon economia crema, the son of Abu Jamal Wali, Khalid, the son of Walid even even Walid and amor, even, alas, these are the leaders of the Quran. All of them becomes a habit for the next few years. And they all become amongst the leading Sahaba Rasulullah. Assam won them over. So when these men took the Shahada, and they became Muslims, that was a that was like, the final blow to the operation. It was over for them. Right? And it was a huge celebration.
They come to Medina and they take the Shahada and hon us tell the Rasulullah laughs last summer has been really devoted. Rasulullah rasulillah. We fought you we killed Muslims, we did the worst possible things, ask Allah to forgive us. And Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam says that, don't you know that when someone accepts Islam, all of the previous sins are forgiven. And when someone makes hijra migration, all of the previous sins are forgiven. And when someone makes Hajj, or the the previous sins are forgiven, right, he mentioned three things. Right? So yeah, I'm going to just the two of them. He accepted Islam, and he migrated from Makkah to Manila. So two things to erase all your
sense, promises. No for us, you have to make a special dua because we didn't just do normal since we kill Muslims. We fought Muslims. You know, we fought the Sahaba I'm gonna be honest with him the racist story. He says that I fought the Muslim they hurt and Allah saved me. And I fought the Muslims. And Allah save me. What do you think he means by Allah saved me.
It means if he died in a battle either went to jahannam wherever
Allah saved him from going to the help I forever by not allowing the Muslims to kill him because he was going to accept Islam they don't. Right, Allah knows the future. So Allah knew that armor will eventually accept Islam. And so the Muslims could not kill him in old battles because Allah saved him. And so they've converted to Islam. And this becomes a huge victory for the Muslims. And what I find really interesting, so many different lessons we can take from this one is that even though these people were enemies of Islam, even people who killed Muslims, still the Muslims are not judgmental towards them.
In fact, Rasulullah saw some you should say ways Khalid, an intelligent man like him.
Be aware that Islam is the truth. I mean, this is the man who's killing the Muslim but Muslim is still praising his intelligence and still doing our job and he'd rather with a Muslim still sending letters to him when you becoming a Muslim and I'm also married Nakata told him that Obama would your intelligence and your wisdom. I told you to accept Islam years ago, don't you so they could see the good characteristics in enemies. Today, we don't want to see the good in our own brothers and sisters. We have one fight with a fellow Muslim. And for the rest of our life, we only see the bad.
Now what happened to forgiveness? What happened to moving on Rasulullah sallallahu sallam, he could have held a grudge against these people he could have said hold on. Y'all kill the Muslim Philippine my Sahaba because of your at over my uncle Hamza was killed. I because it was because of how he been Walid street strategy. But no, no graduates, no graduate at all. Once they accepted Islam, they didn't just hinges accept them as Muslims. No sooner than they accepted Islam, Khalid and Ahmed both became commanded of the Muslim armies. No sooner accepting some is like within a few months ago commanded of the Muslim army, right? So no grudges, he just saw these men. They accepted Islam, the
past, the past is forgotten, they have repented, let's not hold it against him rich, look at your skills. Both of these guys are intelligent. Both of these guys are good commanders. Both of these guys have skills we can use let them be commanded of the Muslim army. Right? So he looked at the good in people. And notice he gave people positions according to their skills. And so I'm an even asked become the commander of a Muslim army and Indian army is Abu Bakr and Omar and Abu Dhabi in general. And these are the senior Sahaba except these are more than 10 years before him.
And Omar actually was a bit upset about our and his strategies, because he couldn't understand this except this time a few months ago. And he's telling us to do these strategies, which he didn't understand. Albacore was a controlling Rasulullah some chose him must have his reasons, there must be some wisdom behind what he's doing. So I'm gonna even ask converts to Islam in another lesson we can learn from that is never give up on anybody. Don't think that anyone is beyond hope that this guy will never change. These guys are generally the ones that harami this one's going to hell forever. Don't think that about anybody, because you have no clue. You have no right to judge
anyone. There are people who live their entire lives as enemies of Islam, and they accepted Islam and died the next year as a marker. We know since in the books, we have no right to judge. You know, in Islam, we have this concept that in general, all this believe will go to the Hellfire and all believers go to Paradise. But on the individual level, we are not allowed to see that or anybody. If someone dies today, we can't say he died, the coverage is going to help by a waiver, we can see that we can't see that the Muslim is going to paradise forever. We can't say we're not allowed to say that. Only Allah knows. Because even someone who we think that the non Muslim could have taken his
sexuality, some secretly liking the joshy himself. Right? He accepted Islam secretly. Or maybe nobody gave him the message we have in our tradition, Allah tells us in the Quran, that Allah will never punish any people until essentially have a messenger. And so the scholars of Tafseer have explained that verse and said that even non Muslim dies without hearing the message of Islam, they still have a chance to go to Paradise. Imam Al ghazali clearly stated that in his time, he said those people living in the Roman Empire, those people living in the in the West who have never heard about Islam, he said a sliver agenda, because they've never heard about Islam. They've never met a
Muslim. They never experienced Islam. And he said, even those people who heard about Islam, but he heard the wrong thing. What did they? Yeah, they were Fox News. They heard BBC, right. The only thing they know is the Muslims are terrorists, right? They have never met real Muslim. They heard the real message of Islam, they still have a chance. So we are not allowed to judge people. This is this is this is prohibited in our religion. We can't see so and so we're going to help we constituency is going to paradise. I remember this became a huge dispute. Few months ago, when Mandela passed away, right? We had one group were praising him and saying he will rest in peace. We
had other groups saying is a copier, realities, we don't do either. We say between him and Allah, we can praise the good things he did in this world. We can take lessons from that for our own lives, but we don't say he's going to paradise or hell that's between him and Allah. We can't make those judgments of people who have died, right, regardless of where they died, how it seemed that they died. Right. So don't give up on people. Some people take longer to accept Islam than others. But they go on to become better Muslims than those who accepted Islam before then someone you may do Dawa to them for about one year and they convert to Islam. Someone else it takes 20 years of power
before they convert to Islam. Right. We don't give up we don't say oh, I did the Dawa. Leave me Oh, they never going to accept Islam. They never going to change their lives. Right. And these people were good examples of that. Even Waleed Armani been asked, he grew up amongst the Muslims. They grew up amongst the likes of Abu Bakr and Omar and oshman and Rasulullah saw them before Islam and Islam didn't
They personally deal with them in Makkah, right. But it took them a long, long time before they accepted their message at the trip, before you might enter the hearts to never give up on people. Now, when asked accepts Islam, he immediately is put in the position of the commander of the Muslim armies. And he sent his army to subdue area of Arabia, because basically what happens now now that the Muslims are at peace with the condition of Makkah, and they have all these military commanders, they hardly even worried us, they now start spreading out to the rest of Arabia, they go to the different villages of Arabia, they call the people to Islam is the people fight against the fight
back. And so the towers are spreading all over Arabia, and more and more people are coming to Islam. And we'll even ask played a very important role in this time. And during one of his expeditions, he's the commander of the army. He just accepted Islam a few months ago, I will work at an Omega part of his army. And after the defeat the enemies This is in winter, it's a cold, cold winter night, and amortizes the entire army. Nobody likes any fires, and they all are freezing cold and Oberyn, Luka, Tom starts getting angry because anyone who knows over he was a man who always spoke his mind. So he got really angry and calmed him down and told him some truth. He must have his
reasons why nothing is like fires, what's that got to do with war? You should only stay warm, right? Furthermore, among all these people that don't chase the enemies, we defeated them, let them go, don't chase them.
So they go back to Medina. And when they get back to Medina Rasulullah asked,
Why didn't you chase the enemies? I'm gonna say, oh, Rasulullah, we had Senior Companions with us. I mean, he had like the obaku murders, I was afraid to de chase the enemies, they might go too deep into enemy territory, and they might get killed. So we didn't chase the enemies in order to protect them. Number two, he asked him, Why didn't you light fires, it was a cold night, people were getting sick. Amber says I wanted to fire just as much as everybody else I was freezing cold. But if we look, if we lit the fires, the enemies would have seen how few our numbers were. And that might have encouraged them to come and attack us in the middle of the night. So without fires, the enemies
could not see how many people were in the army. And as a result, no one dared to attack the army at night. Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam was very impressed by the intelligence and the military strategies of American us rhodiola one.
So, again, you know the lesson in leadership, that when you are in the position of, of leading, whether it's an organization, or a business, or anything, when you are in a position of leadership, you don't, when you choosing someone to work for you choose the person who has the best skills in that job. Many of us think that if two applicants come and one is more pious than the other, we have to choose the more pious guy. So what what do you do the pious guy, right? How can you How can you not give him the promotion? The reality is, when you're choosing someone for a job, you look at the person who is most qualified for that job. Right? So Abu Bakr and Omar, were senior Sahaba, a more
righteous and more pious in America last. But why was he chosen to be the commander of the army and not them? In fact, the way hundreds of Sahaba within your dream in Islam, and when you He didn't even know Quran yet at this point in time, and he was really a new Muslim? Why was he given the commanding position? Because he was good in that field. Right, because he was good in that field. And we need to be objective in this when you're hiring someone for a job. Yes, you have to make sure they are practicing Muslim, the good people. At the same time, if someone is more skilled in another in that area, then you're supposed to give that person that position and give the other person
something more in line with their skills. Rasulullah saw him he was very good at delegating. He chose the best of people to be commanders, people who are best for that position. And he chose the best of people, to be preachers, those who are best for that position. And for scholarship, and for poetry. And for running organizations or running the
administration or Medina. And for business, he gave each person a position according to what they were good at. He didn't just take someone and throw them into a position and say you do this because I told you to do it. Right. And that is good leadership skills, that when you choose the right people for the right job.
Now I'm gonna even as he became one of the leaders of the Muslims, and he remained so
and I won't even ask the remaining remains with the Muslims for many years. Soon. Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam conquered Makkah. And Makkah came under the Muslim rules. And Ahmed was one of the commanders in the conquest of Makkah as well. We're calling him in Walid. So you can imagine the people that maka seeing their own youngsters, their own leaders are murdering Khalid, marching into Makkah as the leaders of the Muslims. Right and that's when many of the other leaders accepted Islam as well.
After the time of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he became the leader of the armies again at the time of Abu Bakar.
Now, the time of Abu Bakar was a very difficult time for the Muslims, because after Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi Salaam passed away, many of the tribal of Arabia left Islam
and they were some tribes are following false prophets. And the way some tribes will refuse to pay this occur. They basically says I cannot oppose of Islam. And they were some tribes anyway also Romans with a Muslim was supposed to be fighting against we're also like preparing to attack the Muslims. And so Islam was being attacked from all sides. And Abu Bakr at this point in time showed his true strength. He was able to stop all of these attacks in all of these rebellions. At the same time, he sent out different armies, he sent Osama bin Zayed his army up to the Romans in Holland, even while he did his army after the false prophets, he's in Amman even asking his army after
another group. And so in this point in time, Abu Bakr radiallahu, and we always think of our banker, the soft guy, this guy, you know, this guy who's always sensitive and crying. Yeah, many of the others have a deal like, you know what, why don't we just come down and let's not let's not fight this privileges at pogoda group, our our workers know, we fighting everyone, we bring in peace in order back. And he proved that this time to be like the strongest of all the Sahaba. And this is how a Muslim is supposed to be. Abubakar was soft, he was killing, he was loving, he was compassionate. He was wise. But when the time came to be strong and brave, he was the strongest and the bravest of
them. All right, meaning as Muslims, we are supposed to be the softest, most nicest, most caring people, but no, not so soft that people push us over. Not so soft that people take advantage of us. When the time comes to be tough, you have to be tough. And that's what Abu Bakar and so he sent many of these armies out. And of course, this included the army of us who was able to quell many of the rebellions. And then that takes us into the time of Omar Abdullah top. The time
was the time of the greatest expansion of Islam until about about 80 years later. And for the for the first eight years of Islamic history. Islam expanded the most in terms of territory, in the reign of Homer, and Ammar even as played a very, very major role in this. The first thing he did was the armor is generally considered the conqueror of Palestine and Jerusalem. He was the one who was sent into the into Palestine with his army, and they they fought the Romans, and therefore the Romans who outnumber them 100 to one, but among themselves, brilliant strategies of war, he was able to defeat them, and he conquered Jerusalem. Some say he conquered Jerusalem, some system Addis
Ababa, conquered Jerusalem, but he was part of the team who did this right.
Basically, they conquered Jerusalem peacefully. So Jerusalem, which is today under the Israelites, it came under Islamic rule initially, in the time of America top and one of the people responsible for this was among us, it was conquered peacefully, and Omar even hotdog himself came to Jerusalem to receive the key. And he set down the standard of, of religious tolerance and peace. He said, all Christians and Jews are allowed to live in Jerusalem and worship at the temple and the church and live in peace as long as they pay the jizya. Right. And so Jerusalem at that point in time was a multi religious area where everyone lived in peace together under Muslim rule, and amarin. us was
the governor of the area for a while. But ama was not content with just the conquest in that part of the world. He had his eye on Egypt. Now why Egypt actually only learned this recently is integration, which indicates that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told us, Oh Allah, when you rule Egypt, do social justice.
Meaning what does this mean? It means eventually, one day, Amber was going to rule Egypt, and America as well as a hobby and whatever Rasulullah said, the Sahaba believed it was 100%. So Allah was 100% sure, that if he goes off to Egypt, and if he tries to conquer Egypt, he will be able to do so not because of his own strength, but because Allah His messenger said so. And in this we see the Sahaba when Rasulullah saw some said something, they believed it. And they accepted it wholeheartedly. No doubt, right. Many of us may have doubts, especially when we are Hades, but he's just the Hadees but but he's just tryna over the prophets of Allah didn't say it, you know, we
don't, we don't give it that status that Rasulullah saw me seeing it. When my young dequan in Hawaii in Hawaii, La Jolla, new ha, he doesn't speak out of his own desires. It's only revelation revealed to him. And Allah says in Surah najem, that when we hear a Hadees talking about the religion, talking about the future, this is what he is.
This is revelation, just like the Quran is revelation. Right? We have to have the understanding the audience is just as much revelation when he's talking about the religion as the Quran is. So when we hear something in Hadees, when we read something in the Hadees, we have to accept it as revelation. Right? There's no room for doubts. And this is how this Avi rasulillah sam told me that he was going to ruin Egypt. He was 100% sure he's going to ruin Egypt. No sooner does Palestine come under Muslim rule that I'm not even asked us to be locked up. Can I go to Egypt? Can I go and conquer Egypt? Omar says no, there's still work to do in Syria, when Sham Sham is the name of Syria back then. But it's
not what we got here today is actually what what we today what we call Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine. This whole area throughout history was one country called Russia.
Only 100 years ago, when the British conquered the Muslim world, that they carved the Muslim Arab world into tiny little countries, give each one their own ruler and fight IT fight each other. Until then this was one place, right. So there were still other parts of Assam to conquer. And he was a he was in charge of conquering those areas. Eventually, many years later, because Omar ruled for a long time. Many years later, Omar allowed us to take his army to Egypt, and to and to try and conquer Egypt
as he goes to Egypt, and slowly but surely he starts to take over the smaller cities. And what's interesting to note, when you read the, in the life of a man even as compared to Hollywood, in hollywood, hollywood, only a lot of his conquests were done through jihad, right up to physical warfare, and not even us. Many of his conquests were done through diplomacy, speaking to the people, convincing them that accepting Islamic rulership is good for them, convincing them that if you accept the Muslim rulers, you're going to have justice, you're going to have freedom, you're going to have peace, right? what's what's the use of fighting, he remember we talking about the man who
had the gift of speech. So he used to go throughout Syria and throughout Egypt, whenever he came to a place with his army, he's his primary method was not to fight them. His primary method was to do what to call them to Islam. Right? It's amazing. That two decades before this, ama, even our house is in Abyssinia. Trying to get the Muslims to come back to Marcos weekend watch him. He didn't believe that all. Suddenly among us is now you know, many years later, who is he? He's now a man who set his sights on conquering Egypt, because Mohammed Salah Islam said, so from where to where did he go? We also can do that we also can reach that level. Don't think that you know what, I can never be
like that. Right? I'm sure. You could never be like that. But it is the level to which you can reach a level where we have this conviction in Islam, that we have this conviction that whatever Islam teaches us is the truth. So he goes and he's doing this tower, and he's bringing more and more cities under Islam, until he comes to Alexandria. Alexandria was the basically the capital of Egypt at the time.
And it was built by the sea. And it was a beautiful city was amazing, like, one of the best cities at the time. And it was built in such a way that you couldn't attack it properly. Right. And it had 50,000 warriors guarding it all the time.
Among Us, besiegers the city and he attacks it for three months, right?
Three months he's there. He's He's there with his army trying to basically keeping the city under siege until they sign a peace treaty. And they accept the Muslim rulership. When they do that, the entire Egypt the entire Egyptian area, comes under the rule of the Muslims. And our even our US is put as the ruler of Egypt, and he builds a new city in Egypt. And he builds the famous Masjid there and that becomes the capital of Egypt and he who he becomes the ruler of Egypt and this isn't the year 20 Ah, right 20 years after he This is about 14 or 15 years after he accepts Islam within 15 years of accepting Islam. Ammar is now the ruler of Egypt, which means within 20 years of Rasulullah
saw moving to Medina remember 20 h means that 20 years before that Rasulullah saw and a handful of Sahaba about 100 Sahaba. They moved from Mecca to Medina within 20 years. They went from being that small group to the rulers of sylia. Iraq. He just which is central Arabia, what we call Saudi today and Egypt within 20 years. Within 100 years they were ruling from Spain all the way to India.
This level of growth is unheard of in human history.
You know, this is something which which Amaze The people that attend me amazes the people who study history. And this is really initially, what convinced me that Rasulullah was at the church there, hold on this guy's message is spreading too fast. If he was a false prophet, you know, basically before, except he would, if he was a false prophet, he would have been exposed by now, the fact that Allah is giving him victory of the victory, and his numbers are growing. And you know, people are pointing this is all signs of the truth. And so we must never forget our history and our legacy of the fact that at one point in time, the Muslims who became the dominant superpower of the world,
right, this is a fact if we, if we go back to Islam around 108, to about 248. At that point in time, the Muslims ruled from Spain, all the way to India. They were the largest empire at the time. They were the most technologically advanced Empire at the time, they were the only Empire who really were focusing on science and research and education. You know, for example, King Khalid Rashid established a research center in Baghdad, where Christians, Jews, Hindus, serratia, Muslims, all will get together and do scientific research. And from there, it spread to the rest of the world. So if you study the early part of Muslim history, the Muslims were the leaders of the world.
How they went from that to what we are today is a very, very long story
very long. And it makes me sad to think that Egypt, the land of Masonic Salah, the man the land of use of the land, they would want to rule by us today, it's the land which we escaped to go to, because of how much political violence takes place in that land, rather restore peace and justice to the entire Muslim world. So this is us. And he lived a long life you only passed away in I think it was 62 or 63. Ah, right. No, not 40.
He passed away. I think it was in 42, or 4300 6042, or 43. Ah, right in the range of where we are at yellow arrow. I'm an even as with a very close friend to Mao era de la who they both were from the younger the second generation of Makkah. They both do the second generation of leadership of Makkah. They are both part of the commanders of the Muslim world who are sent into Syria. And so many years later, when the the first Civil War took place between the Sahaba when it was Sahaba. Fighting Sahaba Ahmad was actually on the side of our we're not on the side of Ali. And he took me aside. And that is why when the first deviant group in Islamic history, the coverage came about the kawanishi,
the first deviant group in Islamic history, basically, they believed that early America, us and anybody who followed the Sahaba were cafe.
They be the dollar savoia capital, and they were the only true Muslims. Right? And this mentality exists today, right? Today, we have groups that feed everybody else's coffee, and we the only real Muslims. This extremism started in that time. And you have armies they made a plot to kill the leaders of the Muslim world at that time, and they plotted only to kill three people. Ali. While we are an Ummah even, alas, you can understand the high level of leadership that armor reached in the Muslim world. They were they had to choose three political targets for assassination. He was on the top of the list. He was right up there as one of the three men who they wanted to kill, but they
were not successful in killing him. And when Mao rhodiola who became the Khalifa
in the I think it was in the 41 Ah, about a year later, his close friend Ahmed given us the ruler of Egypt, the conqueror of Egypt and Palestine, the diplomat and the spokesperson of the spokesperson of the police. He passed away from the Allahu Marina as is also remembered for being the father of a scholar of Islam. Because amongst the Sahaba the four Sahaba were called the four Abdullah's and these four Abdullah's, they became known as the scholars of the Sahaba. The owner of the Saba right, Abdullah even Abbas which many of you know about, Abdullah even Masood, Abdullah, even Omar rebel hottub, aka Dobson, Abdullah, Abdullah even among us, right, so I'm gonna ask not only did he become
a great conqueror, and a great rule of the Muslim world and a very just ruler, a very intelligent and wise ruler, but his son became a scholar of Islam. Right and one of the leading scholars amongst the Sahaba we continue to take knowledge from right until today. So that is the story of us in a nutshell. And I really hope that we can focus on this when we study the stories on the lessons on the lessons of
the fact that our our job as Muslims is not to fight. It's not to judge it's not to hate. It's to call our means invitation, our means to call. invite people to the way of Allah Oh, Allah sabini Rebecca bill hikma was
Mohammed Hassan, our God nobility arson. Allah told us in the Quran invite people to the way of Allah would hikma with wisdom, right? Well, Maria to Hasina and gentle preaching, what God whom Villa de aza and when even when you debated him, you saw the Sandow character. Don't be vulgar. Don't be harsh. So our religion is the religion of Dawa and never give up on people when you're doing the Dawa. Never give up on anyone because you never know who will eventually accept Islam. I'm sure when you Muslim refighting in the Battle of Odin, the baklava has up and I'm already been asked is fighting them with the sword. They never imagined that one day he be conquering lands in the name
of Islam, right there probably would have never crossed their mind. And today to receive, right, just this past weekend, the son of one of the islamophobe leading islamophobes in the world, right, this guy was one of the leading islamophobes in the world, always attacking Islam. This guy himself accepted Islam about a year ago, this weekend, his son accepted Islam as well. And now they are both Muslims, they were talking about people who used to be involved in producing movies to make his Muslims angry. were involved in making Islam look bad, right, but they accepted Islam. So don't judge, don't condemn, don't tell people you're going to help. Don't see this one's going to help.
I'm going to paradise paper. That's not our job. Our job is to call people to the way of Allah not to judge them and to ask Allah to forgive us anybody else who dies with demand will that will conclude at any questions before we close off.
inshallah next week, I want to look at the life of Fatima Morocco and how the daughter of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was truly a very amazing woman. Because remember, we did the integration, that they are for women in history who attain perfection in the man. Those four women are Khadija the wife of Rasulullah sallallahu sallam. meridiam, the mother of Jesus Asya, the wife of the Pharaoh, and Fatima, the daughter of Muhammad, these four attain perfection. We already covered the life of Miriam and Asya inshallah, next week, we look at Fatima. She was called the leader of the woman of Paradise, her sons we call the leaders of the youth of paradise. her for her
husband was one of the four rightly guided caliphs Ali, her father was the greatest messenger of Allah sallallahu wasallam. So you can imagine what an amazing woman she was. And we look at the details next week, inshallah. And the week after that, hopefully, we look at the life of Abu Zubaydah evangelho, who was renamed given quite a few times today, he was the main military commander in Syria. He was one of the 10 who were given the glad tidings of gender. And he was known as the trustworthy one of the essential topics for the upcoming weeks. And before we close off, are there any questions?
Okay, just got off here. And chill. I hope to see you next week. Walker Dhawan and Johan de la hora de la la mean