Aqidah al-Tahawiyah 1 – Beliefs regarding the Sahaba

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Ismail Kamdar

Channel: Ismail Kamdar

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Salam alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh Alhamdulillah wa Salatu was Salam ala rasulillah needle places for learning, we ask Allah to send these Peace and blessings upon the final prophet Mohammed, even Abdullah, some Allahu alayhi wa sallam in all those who follow his way with righteousness until the end of time. So today, we have just one chapter that we're going to focus on. And this chapter will essentially take up our entire lecture. It's not a difficult chapter, but there is quite a bit of explanation needed today due to a variety of different deviant sects that have the wrong attitude towards this in the center of the harbor praise for the Sahaba so today's chapter is dedicated

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entirely to what do we as adults in our Jamaat believe about the Sahaba? What is our attitude towards the Sahaba? What are the beliefs of the different deviant sects towards the Sahaba? And what is our response to that? So I'm going to begin by reading through this chapter. It's quite, quite long, it's actually an entire page and then breaking it down line by line and explaining it. So to begin, when the Hebrews as harbor Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam we loved the companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam well, then finally to the Hopi I hadn't met him. We do not exaggerate in our love for any of them, that the Buddha omitted the Minho. Nor do we dis own any of

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them. Were neighborly to me You are a leader whom we hate those who hate him. For behavior ideas guru and those who mentioned them without God. Whether that's good or ill behaved. We only mentioned them what good well whom demon was a man and what Yes, loving them is our religion part of our faith and part of your son would owe him money fuck Monica tobiano hating them is copper hypocrisy and sin

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must be to harappa bother Rasulullah he's more willing to be part of the city calendula unheard of dealing with academia Allah Jami oma that the elapid after the Rasulullah like some way to Abu Bakar, a Cindy corradino on who due to his virtue and priority over the rest of this oma sumali Amina Fatah. Borodino and who Samadhi or Smirnoff, you know, and also my daddy Vittorio De La who will call upon Rashi Don't worry moto buddy.

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Get good to Omar Mahadev regular or semi regular and who ended early on who they are the hola Rashid in the rightly guided leaders and imaams

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Well I know shuttle disease among Rasulullah sallallahu samobor Sharon bill Jenna, Jenna Allah Masha Allah hombre de la he solo la sallallahu alayhi wa sallam as for the 10, who the prophet SAW is mentioned by name, and said that they were promised paradise we testify that the amongst the people of Paradise due to what the prophet sallallahu Sallam said about him and whatever he says is the truth or Kowloon Hakuna veces the truth Welcome abubaker Alma Rosa Manuel de was what all How was your day to Assad? Was it club drama even overweight? in general? What what Amina How did Omar rodino and how much money they are Walker homeless man are the dog has to be sad Sorry. I'm not even

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open I will be the imager who is the trustworthy one of this nation may Allah be pleased oidium woman SNL Golem as Harvey Ross was watching he taught here out in Cali. Denis

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was Riyadh here in Makati seen him in Coulee Region Walker the buddy Amina Nipa, whoever speaks well of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and his wife does not say anything bad about them.

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For his wives were pure and his and his progeny as well. Such a person is saved from hypocrisy. All of our setup in the sabiki won't bother him at the height. So pick up another ninja use Corona in the bin Jamil manchaca home be super savvy, the whole amount of the first generation who came after them and those who follow them for moxa been the people of righteousness, the scholars of Hades scholars of fic

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they are not mentioned except with goodness, who ever mentioned that in an evil way. He is on a part different from the correct parts. So a lot to unpack in this chapter. Right.

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Let's get started.

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The chapter begins with we love the companions of the Prophet. So a lot what he was so loved for the Sahaba is part of Mr. And heating there is a type of copper. So we begin with what is the definition of Sahaba right Sahaba which is the plural of Sahib

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is

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its means companions and that's the translation we use. But the word companion in English it's a bit of a difficult word to really put into this context because companion in English normally refers to one's wife in one spouse. That's why we don't use the word companion.

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As Javier means, like, his followers, like so what's the definition of of the US habit of the Sahaba?

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So, so hover for us have this term refers to anyone who met the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam believed in him and died upon emerge. So there's three conditions, they met the Prophet sallallahu, Alayhi, wasallam, they believed in him while he was alive, and he died upon eemaan. Anyone who meets these three conditions is considered a hobby, and we

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need to be, we need to love them. Like we need to have that love of the Sahaba for them, regardless of what their sins were, regardless of what the mistake was because of what they know, opinions in fuckwit. Right. We do not exaggerate, you know, love for any of them. No, we disown them. Now. This is an important point.

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The deviant sects in Islam go to one of two extremes. They either exaggerate about the Sahaba, or they disowned the Sahaba. Or they exaggerate about some Sahaba and they disowned other Sahaba. So for example, some sects view all of the sahaabah as these perfect angelic beings who never did anything wrong in their life. And if you had to mention a mistake of a Sahabi, they would do 3d as if you're quoting Cooper, right? Why this is exaggeration, because at the end of the day, the Sahaba were humans. And every human being has the mistakes. This is including the Sahaba, he Sahaba also have the mistakes, some have the mistakes and fix some of the mistakes and good deeds, for having

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mistakes in their personal lives. But at the end of the day, we love them, because they were the companions of the Prophet SAW me the first generation of Muslims, they were the best of Muslims doesn't make it perfect Muslims, just the very best, right? So some people go to this extreme, some go to the other extreme of this owning them. The early example of this was the first group of the highridge. So the average were the ones who this own both Ali and Maria and assassinated Ali and tried to assess the Maui and they essentially cut themselves off from the Sahaba and the early Muslims, as they consider themselves more pious than the Sahaba. So that's an example of a group

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that is only and the most commonly known deviant set regarding the Sahaba is the one that does both. That is the sheet where they exaggerate regarding Ali Rolando and his own Maja reggiano. And some of the others are harbor so they go to both extremes. They go to the extreme of exaggeration, in the praise for Ali and Hassan and Hussein and Padma Raja like a bunch of money. And the this owner the Sahaba, like Abu Bakar, and Omar and was smart and while we are already low on how much money and so this is what I want our fundamental principles of Akita 90 exaggeration, notice opening, if someone was a companion of the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam, we love them without going to extremes

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in that love. We love them in a way where we can study their lives, we can study the good deeds, you can study the mistakes, we can say, for example, Abdullah Ibn Abbas, Raja Lama was wrong on this issue of fear. And say that with love and respect, without our love or respect of him decreasing at all, we can say, for example, that we are rajala on who was wrong in fighting Ali Rogen, oh, and we can say that while still maintaining love and respect for Maria Rogers, I want to and and the problem with the deviant sets is they can't do this. for them. It's either an extreme form of love, or an extreme form of, of hatred. They can't have this moderate thing when you love someone while

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still recognizing that they're human. And they make mistakes. And you know, this has been very disastrous in in recent times, that a lot of Muslim kids are raised with this understanding of the Sahaba being perfect. And then when they grow up, and they read stories about the civil wars and some of the mistakes that the Sahaba made, they end up losing the EMR.

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To a few years ago, I was in traveling to another country. And I gave a lecture in which I mentioned the story of the civil war between Ali and Maria and some lessons from that story. And after the lecture, one, one mother came to me and she was

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upset that I mentioned that story. So I stepped away and she said that she was born into a she our family, and she converted to Sunni Islam. And she didn't want her children to know that so.

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And my response was you cannot shield your children from history. That's that's not how it works. You have to teach them history from the Sunni perspective. Because if we don't teach them, Sunni history, and then a year later on the light from Shia or kofod, or from someone else then they go

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into your distorted formatted history and is going to shake the image very bad. We have to be very open very frank with our children about these historical events from a very young age, while discussing them in a way that is respectful to all of the sahaabah and so that is the approach I've always taken with children even with my own. For example, my eldest son's name is Mario. And I'm very clear with him about the history of Mario level political and development they need to know that they don't they don't need a sugar coated fantasy fake fairytale version of Islamic history they need history as it is so they can learn for both the good and the bad that happened having said

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that there are certain principles of other that we have to keep in mind when talking about this harbor even you're talking about things that they were wrong in our like the civil wars or in the wrong in certain fake opinions. And so that's where the next point comes in. So the author says will be heard referred Yes, go home.

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Okay, so that's about the sheet or the dimensioned him without any good? Well, then that's going to build up your head we only mentioned him what goodness so

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one of the signs of deviant sex is that they do not mention anything good with the Sahaba while we only mentioned them what good What does this mean? Well, this this multiple ministers, but the most basic meaning is we only see Raji Allahu anhu after the name so we will see aboubaker on radi Allahu Omer orajel and who are smart or odilo and who, but the Shia, the many other deviant sects, they will just say Abu Bakar Omarosa, they won't add anything good to them. Right. They they will treat their names as if they are bad or as if they are

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normal people, they won't treat them as if they are people to be respected. Now, part of the other of Islam is that we only mentioned them with goodness. So, this is why each of our cultures we have a way of showing respect to the Sahaba. In some cultures, they will say, See, you do not have boubakeur right in some cultures do Abubakar Siddique or odilo. And in some cultures, they will see husband Abubakar radula, one who all of this is fine.

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And all of this is good. And all of this is from within the Sunni methodology of respecting the Sahaba you don't have to you don't have to stick to one specific way as long as you are talking about this habit in a respectful, loving manner. So whether you say husband aboubaker or see you know, boubakeur our garage Allahu Akbar Cassidy, Graciela one who or any other term of respect to any other term of love, it is fine. The point is that as as people as opposed to know what Gemma our attitudes are harbor is that whenever we mentioned him, we mentioned him in a in a respectful, loving nano, and we never ever mentioned him in a way that is disrespectful towards their status as

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the close companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and so who boom Deen and what Amman and what isn't and loving them is our religion. It is part of a man it is part of your son and hating it is Cofer and devolve into here. Having said that,

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I do not generally make the feel of Shia,

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even though

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I believe is part of Aikido. Our Jamal, that to hate the Sahaba is Cooper.

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I don't make master fear of Shia because the average Shia has been taught in wrong version of history. And the hatred of the Sahaba doesn't come from hating reality but hating fictional stories that have been told that hadn't been taught the real history, the true beautiful character of Abubakar audio, and who an honor kilo and who they would love them. But they were fed propaganda, they were fed lies. And so the hatred is based upon those lies not based upon shorts. Now, if someone learns the true history of the Sahaba, and sees who does the harbor really were, and still maintains that she our hatred for them, then the individual is definitely stepping into Cofer. But

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as long as someone is just to culturally, a Shia or just born into a Shia family, and doesn't know any better, we can make an excuse for them that yes, they are outside the fall of our house in our GMR. But they're still Muslim, because, you know, nobody taught them the correct version of history. And that's where the hatred comes from. It doesn't come from hating truth, it comes from hating fictions that they have been told. So, again, that's a bit of a

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point that many people don't think about that. Yes, to hate the Sahaba is Cofer. But if you look at the stories, these people are being told, those aren't the Sahaba those alized cultures, right that's what the the hatred is based upon, and should they learn the truth they will inshallah love them as well. And by the way, I've always had this attitude, which she are, and at multiple points in my life, I've had students attend my classes, and confessed to me that they are Shia. And in each of these cases, I've always had

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The same attitude towards them, I always told them, that's fine. attend the class with an open mind. Think for yourself and see what we have to see. And I know when these two of those students who eventually converted to Sunni Islam, graduated from SUNY Institute and are currently doing our to the show, right? I never made a few of them. I wasn't harsh to them. I never, you know, force my ideas upon them, I simply show them the correct Sunni picture of Islam. This is our history. This is our belief, this is our Khurana Hades, approach the Quran and Hadees our understanding of the Sahaba decide for yourself.

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And I believe when you have that approach, people are more willing to listen to what you have to say, can you go all out with making the fear of people and hating them and fighting them and cursing them that that's not productive, right. So there is a little bit of leeway here in that this is an act of gopher. But many of these people have an excuse like in the case of these students of mine, they didn't know any better. And so when they attended my history classes, it was the first time they actually were exposed to the Sunni version of the history of the Sahaba. And it changed and it became Sunni Muslims after that. And so that's really the approach I take. And the approach I would

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advise others to take as well. It is not our, it is not productive for us to just be going around with this hatred, and this anger towards people who honestly just don't know any better. Rather, you should approach them without, and we're showing him the truth. And if after that, they go deeper into the hatred, any deviation in that one day, but at least the bridge should be doing the beating to show them the truth so that they can see for themselves and decide for themselves.

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Okay, the next two sections deal with with two very important concepts. One is the concept of the qualified machine, which is again, a mentioned here in refutation of the sheer concept of the moment. And the second is the concept of the different levels of the Sahaba they actually go hand in hand. So

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we said we love all of the Sahaba we respect all of the Sahaba. Having said that Sahaba have different levels, right, they did not all the same, they are different statuses amongst the Sahaba. Just like amongst the prophets, right, we have the newbies that we have the raw sewage and we have all the other minerals So, and right at the top we have Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So we have all these different levels for the pursuits and in the BS is the same for the Sahaba the different levels. And so, being a Sahabi itself puts a person on the level above all other Muslims above the dobbyn and all of the generations to come after that. But amongst the Sahaba they are

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different levels. So we have the early converts, and from the early converts

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to the attend who are given a special status, and they come up knitted ashrama Bhatia, and from those 10 they are four that have the highest status, aboubaker Omar Guzman and Ali, the whole of our Rashidi, right. But if we go back a bit, so we had to pull up our machine going into the tank going into early convert, then going down the road, we have the mohajir moon and the answer from the Mahajan answered, we have the buttery slow to 14 butter. Again, we have those who migrated before the conquest of Makkah. And right at the end, the lowest level of Sahaba.

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Those who converted after the conquest of Makkah, and those who were born into Islam and the small children when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam passed away. Now this doesn't diminish their status as a habit, it simply means that not on the same level. So for example, Ali Raja, and who was one of the first for people to convert to Islam. What are the original and who was one of the last few people to convert to Islam around the time of the conquest of Makkah. There's a 20 year gap between when these two converted to Islam. They're not the same is not to say that Mahalia doesn't have a high status. He was a scribe of the Prophet sallahu wa sallam, he was a califa. He rules for

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20 years, he was he was given high positions of power by Omar and a smart drug dealer and who the prophet SAW somebody to offer him. He has all of these following all these virtues, it's still not the same as ali ali status is higher in Sunni Islam than that of Arya Raja level annual. Similarly, those who converted early have a higher status than those who were born into Islam, particularly those who have small children, when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam passed away. So for example, we can say that those obey are pretty low on who has a higher status than Abdullah Ibn subarea project. Right. The father has a higher status than the son. Why? Because again, disobeyed

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was one of the first 10 men to convert to Islam. He was

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From the beginning, he fought in all of the wars. He was there side by side with the prophesies, I'm sure the most difficult period. Abdulla was born in Medina. By the time the prophet SAW his son passionately, Abdullah was only 10 years old. His life story takes place after the death of the Prophet slowly, some decades later. So his his status is not the same as that of his father. But we still love him, we still praise Him, we still consider him amongst the Sahaba because he was a child when the Prophet slicin passed away, but he met the prophet SAW, so he believed in him, and he died upon him. And so they are these different levels amongst the Sahaba. And we can believe in different

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levels amongst the Sahaba without putting any of them down. I just like how when we say that Mousavi Salam has a highest status in Harold Ali salam, we don't putting down Harley. So now, we still love go to the recency board. As the prophets of Allah, we still respect both of them. It's the same with the Sahaba. If you say Abu Bakar has a higher status than Ali, we're not putting Ali project on who down we are simply saying Abu Bakar, who has a certain significance over him, right? It's the same when we say Ali has the highest status, then we are we are giving not putting Ramadan, he's simply seeing early stages is even greater. So again, a lot of people can't handle this level of nuance

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within it's it's always black and white. It's if you like this guy, you hate that guy. If you think this person is better, you think that person's bad. That's not how it works. That's not how reality works. Rather, the Sahaba we love them all. We respect them all, but we understand that they have different levels in their piety and their closeness to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and right at the top that list is the Ashura MOBA Shara and from the Archambault Basra, they are for who had a very special status, and that is the whole of Rashidi, Nabu, adekola Rashid and why are they given this title, the whole of our Rashidi refer to the first four rulers of this oma after the

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death of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam. Some include the fifth day as well. But that's not been. That's not the norm throughout history towards throughout the history, especially when you check off either books like this one, it's listed as four. So

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after the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam passed away. The Sahaba chose Abu Bakar to be the leader. And he ruled for two and a half years during which they fought the war against the apostates and against the false prophets. And he expanded the borders into Persia and into Syria.

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Then he passed away before passing away he nominated Omar to be his successor, and Omar rajala. One who

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he ruled for around 10 years, during which time the oma grew at the second largest rate in its history, I can tell you this is the largest Omar, Omar Abdullah who, but about 80 years later, the time for DT grew even further. So over time, time of green expansion, development of systems development of, of policies and governance, the almost has become an actual empire in a sense, and plays a very important role in our history of leadership, as well as you know history of fake because a lot of our fake principles are extracted from his leadership reign as well. Omar Raja who is killed by a disgruntled slave, and before passing away, he nominates a committee of six people.

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These are the six remaining ashrama Bashara besides so he wasn't into politics have been come together with leader and so from these remaining

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asharam overshadows was still alive.

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They all choose smart to be the next leader. And so smart didn't rules for about 12 to 13 years during that period.

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Human continues to expand during the first half. In the second half. He faces a lot of rebellions and disgruntled

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followers, who eventually rise up against him and murder him in his house during the month a Montessori teacher in Medina. After that,

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a split takes place. The people of Medina choose Ali to be the leader as to the people of Iraq. So Ali becomes a Habiba. But cilia, which has been under the control of our channel since the time of Omar. So just to backtrack a bit to for those who don't know, history, Marya arogya. One who

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was the son of a bishop, young, regular one. And when the plague hit, Medina hit Syria, the leaders of Syria died in that plague, including lobbyists, brother, etc. And so he became the next leader of Syria in the time of Omar Abdullah who and he maintained his position for about 20 years, during which he built a very strong

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And loyal support base amongst the people of Serbia. So he is the first cousin of second cousin of smart Roger. And they both layers, they both on the immediate clan. And so when someone is murdered, Malia takes it upon himself to avenge the murder, and to get justice for smart. And so this becomes a very emotional political situation where Maui wants revenge and justice for his cousin who was killed. And Ali wants to establish law and order. And they end up in a stalemate and they end up eventually leading armies against each other, and fighting each other. A lot of Sahaba died during these wars, and a lot of people, Muslims kill each other during this war. Eventually, there was a

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stalemate. While we stayed in control of Syria, early childhood, the rest of the Western world. It was during this time that the Hawaiian beach came about to the Hawaiian age, being that extremist mindset of how can is a harbor do anything wrong, they made the field of boat mrea with after both of them, they killed Ali declension or Alia. And then Elise and husband is given the feel of it

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is chosen as the halifa by the people of Iraq, why the people of Scilly up choose Malia as as a as a honeypot. And there's again attention of a civil war, but hasn't doesn't have any interest in power and leadership and politics. He wants peace for the Muslim world. So he hands over the falafel entirely tomorrow, who rules for the next 20 years and it remains in his family. Do me a family for the next 90 years. and expand another 229 years after that if you include Islamic Spain. So it's a very tense political situation in early Islam and

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it spills over into al Qaeda in that the Shia. They view it as the only legitimate early ruler of Islam. And they view aboubaker Omar or smarty Mahavira general as enemies of Islam who stole the leadership from Ali. And so this point about the viral she didn't is mentioned in the books of Arpita. To show that we do not believe this. We do not believe in this idea of Abu Bakar Omar or man and they've been illegitimate rulers rather we believe that you were the legitimate rulers not just the legitimate rules, but with the righteous rulers. And this this concept of the righteous rulers comes from the Heidi's in mentioning prophets a lot while he was reported to have said that after

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him they will be rightly guided succession of rulership for about 10 years. And then there will be kings and dynasties and monarchies. And so we see this, that after he passes away. The next 30 years is the range of our worker, Omar Osman Ali, and you can count perhaps the six months of Hassan and then after that Marga takes over and the Omega dynasty is born. So we have this split between a succession of righteous Sahaba and the family that is ruling. And by the way, in my book on the on Omar bin Abdulaziz who some people consider the foot of the rightly guided caliphs, I do discuss this issue in detail. I talk about the concept of monarchies in Islam. I talk about leadership in

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Islam, I talk about the war that took place, how to meet came to power and the correct mindset we should have towards these issues.

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At the end of the day,

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as a host when I watch him out, we love and respect all of the Sahaba. But we also understand that certain Sahaba had the highest status over others. And so based on, you know, our Hadees we believe that the greatest of all the Sahaba was Abu Bakar run YOLO and when that's what's mentioned, you're in the book that overland DMV buckler city Corolla, one hood of DeLand, la quwata demonology ami Luma. The first of the whole of our Rashid Abu Bakr Siddiq because of his virtues and his priority over the rest of the oma, we consider

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Abu Bakar Rajon who as the greatest member of this, the greatest Muslim from all of the followers of the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he was the absolute best. He was the first man to convert to Islam. He was the first hanifa he was the closest friend of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he was responsible for the compilation of the Quran. He played a very, very important role in our history for during the life of the Prophet of Islam and after his death, and we have no doubt that he is considered to be amongst the absolute best to have ever lived. And after him comes over Raja Abdullah Omar original Abu status in our religion. He's on a very high level. And this is

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why Sunni Muslims get so emotional

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When we Shia and other types of groups like that are speaking ill of Omar Abdullah who because this is a man who we greatly love, this is one of the greatest companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the one about whom the prophets Allah isms, it hadn't been a prophet after me it would have been over. The one for whom the prophets for exam said that when when the devil sees or Omar walking on the road, he runs away to the other side, he doesn't want anything to do with him. He's terrified that the devils are terrified the former project, the one about whom the Prophet slowly Some say that from, from every rumor, there are people who are inspired by a lot, and the

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person who is inspired by a lav mic is Omar fratello. And so his status is great, his status is very, very high. He is considered as the greatest of the Sahaba, after Abu Bakar, Raja wahoo. And the fact that I will buckle was the first Khalifa and he chose Omar as his successor, and nobody at that time had a problem with it. It is proof of this, right?

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After this, there is some dispute amongst the scholars as to number to be

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or ceman or Ali. Or if you want to get even more controversial, somebody say I will obey the law. Why I will be dangerous because he passed away during the plague in the time of Oman.

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And it seems that if he had lived, Omar Rogen would have chosen him to be the next 45. That seems to be the point. So is he on the same status as them and he was also one of the ashram worship. But nonetheless, the position that the Sunni scholars arrived at and he eventually became HMR and eventually became the standard position of Sunni theologies is that the third greatest hobby was or ceman, and the fourth grade as a hobby was early or smart, regular and who, who was again, one of the first converts to Islam, the one who the prophets voice and give two of his daughters in knowledge to the one

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who helped to the combination of the Quran and spreading the Usmani must have the correct copy of the Quran throughout the Muslim world.

00:32:15--> 00:32:53

or smart. Raja know about who the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam said he had the most higher the most modesty from anyone. I dream of this market if you want to learn higher you want to learn modesty study the life of Osman reggiano. He's the perfect example of living a life of higher he is the one about whom the prophets only some said that he has purchased gender that he had given so much charity, he was a millionaire, who gave so much of charity in funding the Jihad and in any buying water wells for for the community and just using his money to benefit the Ummah that the prophet SAW someone said about him that he has purchased gender.

00:32:54--> 00:33:22

And number four is the cousin of the Prophet salon, you son, the son in law of the prophets long your solemn Ali will be Pauline rajala. One who, who was also one of the first for people to convert to Islam, and who was the great Lion of Islam who fought in every battle. He was a great Judge of in Medina in the time of Omar, Raja lo and who, and he was the one who was correct between Ali and Maria, when they were at

00:33:23--> 00:33:39

war with each other. Ali Rajan was the one who was in the right and Allah knows best. But this seems to be the stronger view of ourselves in our drama that both sides made that he had, but obviously he had seems to be have been the strongest one. And he is someone whose

00:33:40--> 00:34:26

bravery and whose intellect was praised by the prophet sallallahu Sallam and he's the one who Allah chose for the progeny of the Prophet that allows him to continue through his lineage that he married the prophets or some sort of Fatima, and from them Kim has named Hussein and from Hassan Hussein comes the lineage of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So those are the four rightly guided caliphs. They are the four greatest Muslims, we believe that all four of them had the right of leadership, they were our role models and really every Muslim must study their lives and love them and respect them and take them as the role models. These for having elite status. And studying the

00:34:26--> 00:34:31

lives takes priority over anyone, you know, history besides the via.

00:34:33--> 00:34:51

After them comes the rest of the assura mubasher and who are the ashram watcher? The term assura. mubasher refers to a time when in one sitting, the prophets also mentioned 10 people by name and said that they are in general. And so they became known as the Russia, Russia the 10 who are given the glad tidings of gender.

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Now, one misconception about this Heidi's is that some people think these are the only 10

00:35:00--> 00:35:31

Who are going to gender? Well, we have guarantees of gender. Right? So some people think only these 10 have guarantees. In reality, that's not what the IPCC, the Hadees is simply talking about 10 people who are given the glad tidings of gender on a single occasion. In one occasion, the professor pointed to all of these people and said, I will work on using genomics monies, in general, in general, etc, in one occasion, but there are many other occasions where he gave other Sahaba glad tidings of gender besides these 10

00:35:32--> 00:36:15

Who are these other Sahaba so for example, or below rajala one, we know that he heard the footsteps of pillar in gender. Um, we know about the the wives of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he only values the woman agenda, his daughter, Fatima, that she's the leader of the woman agenda, his grandfather has been saying that they are the leaders of the youth of gender. So the people who are guaranteed gender, and not limited to these 10. But these 10 hold a special status in our history. And what these 10 have in common is that they were 10 of the early men to convert to Islam, and to fight for Islam, and to defend Islam during his most difficult times. That all 10 of these are from

00:36:15--> 00:37:00

the mohajir in all 10 of these converted to Islam during the early makan phase, and all 10 of them were from those who participated in the early was defending Medina, like butter and old and as up. So these are the 10 who has special status from the beginning of the day. And each of them played an important role in our history. Who were these 10 the first four we already know we already been through the lives of details aboubaker Homer smart and Ollie that these four are the greatest, they are part of the ashram questioner and they have a status above the ashram or should not be nikolova or machine. But the rest of the national Bashar also amazing, amazing people, too. We have taught

00:37:00--> 00:37:19

her and Zubin don't have been Obaidullah and to be even awhonn Raja Hello at home. These two great companions were like best friends to each other. And they were two of the early men to convert to Islam. David, from the early Qureshi, Moroccans to convert to Islam.

00:37:20--> 00:37:34

They played an important role in all of the early battles. And then during the fitna that took place at the time of Elliot Rodger and who he ended up on the opposite side of Ali. Right. And they ended up dying in the Battle of the camel.

00:37:35--> 00:37:40

And this is really a very interesting theological point. Because

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for those people who who think that anyone who fought against Ali in his lifetime must have been a bad person. How do you reconcile that to this point, that in one Hadees, the prophet SAW something Ali and told her and Zubaydah I engender in one of these all three of their names, I mentioned that people have gender, but in the Battle of the Campbell are these on one side, and don't have to be on the other side, all three are from the people of gender. So that's an important point, you know, for refuting those who are unable to reconcile betweens. And again, this is an emotional issue for many people that many people aren't able to understand this about Allah's mercy being being so vast, and

00:38:24--> 00:39:03

so why we tend to look at it from a very emotional human perspective, we forget that Allah can forgive whatever he wants, as long as people died upon La ilaha illAllah, Muhammad Rasulullah. And so now all we say is that in this world, you will get people who don't get along, and who fight with each other, and may even fight each other in wars. But both sides end up in gender. Because both sides we were in general, righteous people, both sides were people who taught what they were doing, right, both sides were people who are sincere or less of a Hana with Allah. And so, you know, we need to stop looking at our history from a perspective of judging every individual that's not our

00:39:03--> 00:39:46

place, out at least not to judge the people of history. Our Place is to take lessons from history and to apply those lessons to our lives as the people's judgement. If they are mentioned specifically by name in the Quran and Sunnah as being a people of gender. And Johanna, then yes, we see the data from the people of Jana, Jana, accordingly. Thank you every year with this, Heidi said, These people rajala are mentioned by name as being amongst the people of gender. And so we will see that and believe that as well. But if not, then we just keep quiet. Right? So, you know, the later was to take place throughout our history. We have Muslims fighting each other in many, many other

00:39:46--> 00:39:59

civil wars throughout our history. We just keep quiet. We don't say that, you know, one group is going to turn out well, who's going to handle that, that's not for us to decide the luck and forgive both sides and take them off to China. So that's an interesting point about Doha and

00:40:00--> 00:40:00

So

00:40:02--> 00:40:30

another interesting point about her is that he was known as the living martyr. So in the Battle of overed, when the prophet SAW his son was under attack doll has shielded him with his body, and many arrows pierced all his body. And really the amount of shots he took that day would have killed the average person. But he lived through it, and he lived another 20 or 30 years later. And so he was known as a living martyr, because he was honestly in vertical, that he lived through that attack that happened on the day of what,

00:40:31--> 00:41:04

then we have sad and so it just mentioned you by the first name sod and so he but he's not even available, of course. And so even the right side, even me walk us was, again, one of the early converts to Islam, and a great military general in our history. He was the leader of the armies into Persia. I'm in the time of Omar, regular Andrew, and David great military victories that were carried out through him.

00:41:06--> 00:41:34

Another one of his virtues, is that it is stated that he was on those people who do as we hope is answered. And so when people try to insult him or put him down or accuse him of things that just happens to every righteous person that people make accusations against him, he will if he may do or against that person, his dog would immediately come through. So either I find side even say to be the most interesting of the people on this list, because he's the one who we know the least about.

00:41:35--> 00:41:38

From my study of the life of psychopathy

00:41:39--> 00:41:44

is that he was a very quiet and introverted person who

00:41:45--> 00:42:23

couldn't really care about politics and who lived a very private life, just worshiping online private. And so, you know, he's inclusion in this list shows us that it's not only people who are public figures, who are going to gender, it's only people who are openly and publicly teaching Islam and teaching Islam and doing good deeds, who are going to go to general, but the other quiet types, who no one knows they exist, but they are sitting at home worshiping online private will also be amongst the people of gender. Another interesting point that was at Menzies is that he's actually the reader of daddies. And when he The reason someone asked him, who are the people who the prophet

00:42:23--> 00:43:03

SAW is going to gender. He mentioned a list of nine names. And when they asked him who's the 10th one, he just really shyly said me, he was like, too humble and embarrassed to boast about it, like how many of us would do, he had, you could see from there his luck, that he didn't want to boast about the fact that his names included into this. And it's very fascinating that someone this quiet and this simple, and this unknown in our history, I mean, this is someone who you don't read about in the battles or in the political part of our history. He's just not there, even though he lives a longer life and many of the other people we just mentioned, I mean, we have a story about him right

00:43:03--> 00:43:41

at the beginning, or, and we have stories about him 30 or 40 years later, in between almost nothing at all, because he lives such a quiet, simple lifestyle. But again, that gives hope to those of us who live quite simple lifestyle that we too can be in Sharla amongst the people of gender. And one more point about even zero or two more points about him, because really, I find him to be a very fascinating and interesting person from our history. He was the brother in law of meridian photography. So the story of when Homer went to his sister party was house and she and her husband were reading Quran, and he came, you know, angry and attacked him. That husband as referred to that

00:43:41--> 00:44:04

story, so you can say, you know, I know, right, so he's the sister he's the brother in law of Oman. The one who's died he converted to Islam before Omar Rondo and was part of the people who did our to me that incident. Now one more amazing point about cytokines a disease father, his father is one of my favorite people in history, because his story is just absolutely unique. His father

00:44:05--> 00:44:47

zayde, even I won't even know Phil, was a man who lived in Makkah before Prophethood, but refused to worship idols. And the prophets or some say that he will be resurrected on the day of judgment as a martyr himself. He's an amazing example of someone who sought the truth and refused to worship idols, even though he lived in a time where there was no prophet and where everybody was worshipping idols around him, he still was a person who followed his fitrah and choose to worship these idols. And he heard the Prophet was coming and he told the center shouldn't His Prophet country follow Him, and just why? So he did one of the first people to accept Islam, and he becomes one of the Ashura

00:44:47--> 00:44:59

mubasher. The next to the ashram, Bashar Abdul Rahman, even both, again, one of the Quraysh one of the early converts to Islam, one of the muhajir one a millionaire in really, really wealthy person who Allah just

00:45:00--> 00:45:44

Listen, you know he was blessed with with the gift of business. And then you see again with the ashram washed out every type of person with the ashram washer, we have the quieter types, like Ed benzene and Abu Bakar. We have the more stronger braver warrior types like Omar and Adi and Paul Hinesville, we have the wealthy businessman, like a smart and have the money. But also, we have the simple person who lives a simple life above either the general showing that the people have gender or 50 type. People have gender, every personality, they are the rich, and the poor, the brave, and the quiet, the loud, and the strong, and those who are simple, those who are politically involved,

00:45:44--> 00:46:23

and those who avoid politics, those who are knowledgeable and scholarly, and those who are more focused in on other aspects of the religion, every type of righteous person will enter gender. It's not just one type of person. That's the beauty of studying the lives of the ashram awana is that you get these different personality types. And you find the one that relates to you the most and you follow that one, right, because everyone is different. And so even the people of gender, or the financial money with Oh, we get the personality type, the type of personality that he prefers or some set it is permissible to be jealous off in a good way that the prophet SAW like something there

00:46:23--> 00:47:04

are two types of people, we should have a good jealousy of, you should want to be like them. One is the scholar guide, the scholar who spends his life teaching Allah's religion, and the other is the wealthy person who spends his wealth in the path of Allah. And Abdul Rahman even hope is that type of person. He was a he was gifted with business. He was so gifted with business that when the hitcher took place, and he had to leave everything behind in Makkah, and move to Medina, one of the unserved the Ansari who he was paid, offered, offered him half of his wealth. And he simply said, Show me the way to the marketplace. And he went to the marketplace where he literally had on him and

00:47:04--> 00:47:40

he started doing business and within a few weeks ago, as well, to get a lot just give some people with this, that they just could business. I know everybody has it. But some people have this gift and this gift becomes a test. Are you going to use that wealth in a way that's pleasing to Allah or not? Abdul Rahman even ofis the role model of how to use that world in a way that's pleasing to Allah subhanho wa Taala And finally, we have Abdulla Babita even jeonhwa Raji hello and who, who is listed here as Amina, has he met a trustworthy person his mother is a separate Hadees when he prophets lawyers have said that a Buddha in general is a trustworthy man of this oma, this is

00:47:40--> 00:47:42

someone who has a habit or trusted.

00:47:43--> 00:48:25

How do you explain who he is, I will beat up in general, this is one of my personal favorite Sahaba growing up as a teenager. I should just love reading the biography I will read up in general and just trying to emulate his lifestyle. He's just he just someone who just his personality just captured me from the very beginning. What can we say about him? This is a man on one hand, he has a humble, quiet, simple lifestyle. On the other hand, he's brave. He's a commander of armies. He's a governor of Syria. He's like everything in what you see. So some of the Sahaba were quiet, and some of them in military people. This is a man who was both if you say that some people have the simple

00:48:25--> 00:49:09

life and others governance system and with both, I will be even Jarrah is just an amazing individual who does have a truly trusted. They trusted him so much, that when Omar radiallahu remove Khalid even Walid as the leader of the army, he replaced him with Abu Dhabi, the adventurer. He trusted the armies of the Mk to Abu Zubaydah in general, he made him the governor of Serbia. And there's a very moving story that went on Syria, and everybody do is living a lavish lifestyle. Abu Zubaydah still lived in a simple house, just owning the bare necessities. And Omar said, Roger Yamamoto, and you said that cilia has changed everybody, except in general.

00:49:10--> 00:49:53

I will be the manjaro. He's from those who passed away during the plague with a hitman to hit Surya. And after his death, there are two statements from Amara, God shows his love for Abu Zubaydah and the high respect he had for him. One is that he told the Sahaba that if he could ask Allah for anything, like anything on the impossible to the ask for more people like I will be the Concerto for this woman. That's what he wants. People like him to lead this oma. And the other is, you know, again, it's not really a statement, but it's some people have attributed this to me that if our boveda had been alive, Omar would have chosen him as the next one before. I said, this is an amazing

00:49:53--> 00:49:55

individual. And so what we see with these

00:49:57--> 00:49:59

10 individuals is all the variety

00:50:00--> 00:50:39

personalities of the people of China. And so I would highly advise all of you to study the biographies in details learning details, the life of a leader in general the life of Abu Bakr, Siddiq, the life of Abdul Rahman even open all of these Ashima Bhatia and of course, all of the sahaabah Raja was much mine. Okay, we're running out of time, we still got two sections to go through with us and our goal of Wi Fi as hobby Rasulullah Islam was watching the thought leaders with reality mocha, mocha, DC, mentally rich, rich folk on Bernie, Buck, whoever speaks well about the companions and the wives, and the children of the purpose of is protected from the park. So one

00:50:39--> 00:50:44

of the signs of Eman and one of the qualities of our hosts in our Jamal is that we only speak good

00:50:45--> 00:51:21

of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and the Sahaba. And his family and his family are mentioned both his wife and his children. Again, the difference between the Shia and the Sunni is that the Shia don't don't have this term of respect for the wives of the Prophet salon in some way we love and respect all of the wives of the Prophet sallallahu what he will certainly only talk about as our mothers, we give them the same, a higher level of respect in our own biological mothers, that they are the Omaha to mom in India, the mothers of all the believers. And so this is a very high status given to the wives of the Prophet. So a lot for us. I mean, again, this is these are individuals

00:51:21--> 00:52:04

whose lives everybody needs to study, you need to study in details the life of Ayesha Rotolo, and ha, and hafsa and Julia and Sophia, Raja, notch mine, really, we need to study all of the life details. And I myself, when I was younger, I had intention of writing a detailed book about the life of a shark, I just never got down to doing it. Because there is just so much we can learn from her life. She's a truly truly amazing individual who accomplished so, so much. It's just mind blowing, how much she accomplished in her lifetime. Maybe inshallah, one day I will get down to writing that book. Nonetheless, you know, the mini mini lecture series available online, going into details about

00:52:04--> 00:52:46

the lives of this amazing woman, same with the progeny of the prophets logs on his daughters, he sent all passed away at a young age, we don't have much information about him, but his daughter's amazing, brave, pious woman whose lives are worth studying his grandchildren, Hassan Hussain, truly amazing individuals whose lives are worth studying, get all of the companions and family of the prophets like some we have nothing but love and respect for all of them. And This to me is amongst the greatest blessings of Sunni Islam, that when you look at other sticks, you know, the love some, but so much of the of the talk and the beliefs and and, and the lifestyle of also hating others. I

00:52:46--> 00:53:29

imagine your whole life just about hating the companions of the prophets, lawyers or hating the wives of the Prophet SAW yourself just hatred, or make you a nasty person. It'll make you someone who could could you other people can't get along when you see this when someone's online all the time, talking bad about historical figures who lived 1400 years ago and dedicated their lives to Islam. I mean, is this really how you want to live your life, just hatred, hatred, hatred, cursing venom, leave that and come to Sunni Islam with his love for everyone love for Hassanein, Hussein love from habia love, Ali, love aboubaker love all around. We can love them more as millions of

00:53:29--> 00:53:32

Sudanese do all over the world. And so,

00:53:33--> 00:54:01

you know, this is what I call people to when it comes to the differences between Sunni and Shia Islam, leave hatred for the Sahaba, for love for the Sahaba and you'll find yourself living a more happy life. When your heart is full of love, given you're consumed by hatred by of people, who the prophet SAW some himself trusted with the prophet SAW himself prays with the prophet SAW himself, married the daughters, values daughters to them angles part of their families. Think about it, this is

00:54:02--> 00:54:31

the best way to approach it, this religion. And it's not just as a hobby, right, the next line goes on all of the critical Emma, although most of the orlimar of the past woman but others and those who come up to dimension. So any of the other half of, of tafsir, of Heidi's of the scale of Akita, of any of these fields, anyone from Sunni Islam, who live to our history,

00:54:32--> 00:54:59

and dedicated their life to studying and teaching this religion, we must have nothing but love for them and good thoughts about them. If we disagree with something about them has got to forgive them for it. There's no need to mention them in a vulgar way. And this is the fitna in our time so people have youngsters today online, not just attacking contemporary or the MA who are alive and being vulgar towards them, but doing that for historical figures as well. So

00:55:00--> 00:55:08

Almost every day on on on social media see people cursing Imam Al ghazali mama Dawa. We even take Nia

00:55:09--> 00:55:13

Misa, Osama, who lived hundreds of years ago who dedicated their lives to Islam.

00:55:15--> 00:55:54

See, Rahim Allah after the name didn't even leave him to Allah as most even if you disagree with it. Okay, this comes from the sectarian approach that people have today, where you either actually are outside the fold of Islam or you either sell appeal outside of Islam Put that away, put that away. Sunni Islam is fast. Sunni Islam includes all these different methods, and we need to learn to to understand that and to accept it. And to love all the Greek scholars of the Sunni tradition within a Casali or even Tamia or an hour, we are able to schedule or show a new love, just love them all, and respect them or ask Allah to have mercy on all of them and forgive all of them for the mistakes. And

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so he ends his chapter by saying that, to love these scholars, and to respect these scholars, this is part of the mind. And to talk ill of these scholars is a sign of deviation. And so I end today, with this warning for all those young people out there, who spend the time on social media, just talking ill of scholars, really it contemporary or the past, but your hobby and your lifestyle is talking about people and venom and hatred and looking for understand that that is a sign of deviation. That is a sign of goindustry. That is a sign of extremism. No good will come out of it. No good will come out of it. Instead, focus on worshipping Allah, focusing on being Rasulullah

00:56:41--> 00:57:24

sallallahu alayhi wasallam. If someone does something wrong, messaged him privately. If someone does something wrong, and you can message him, ask a lot to forgive them and guide him to go around spilling hatred. Don't go around, you know, with his anger and his pain of just looking for a fight and we see this people are looking for a fight online, that people will literally watch a video like this, and agree with 58 minutes and disagree with one minute. All they will focus on is a one month and usually as a way to to to call you a coffee or call you a deviant fight you and hate you. Why our heart so full of hatred, and venom? Where does this come from? This is not Islam. Yes, there is

00:57:24--> 00:57:34

a place of hatred. In Islam. We are supposed to hate sin, and hate evil and hate injustice. But this is not that. This is

00:57:35--> 00:57:49

a hatred for someone before anything is even possible. Where you see someone doing good. And you immediately want to find fault with them. Why do you want to find faults with people, whatever happened to his neighbor, who assuming the best of the next person.

00:57:50--> 00:58:06

And this is me approaching any Muslim who I meet, I immediately have pushed a plug for that person that this person is trying to please Allah, this person is sincere, this person is trying their best. And any mistakes I've seen him, ask Allah to forgive it as well to guide him.

00:58:07--> 00:58:18

And only when it becomes evident that certain person is mean or nasty, or hypocritical, then only me distance myself from the individual. But that's only when it becomes evident.

00:58:19--> 00:58:42

Distance starting point is was never many of us have a starting point you should learn the assuming the worst of others, we see someone giving a lecture we immediately think oh, that person must be a deviant. I see someone doing good work with Oh, this person has been doing it for for fame for show. Why do we have so much venom in our hearts. There's not a sign of anything wrong with that person, it's a sign that something's wrong with us.

00:58:44--> 00:58:55

So we conclude today by reminding everyone that not only is love and respect for this harbor part of the mind. But love and respect for the people of knowledge is also part of FEMA.

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And we should love and respect all of the people of knowledge even if we disagree with them, even if they are from other groups within Sunni Islam, even if they are from other Muslims, even if they are the standing of Tokyo a small part is different from ours, even if their understanding of color is slightly different from ours, even if they're 50 is very different from ours, even in their personality and lifestyle is different from ours, as long as they put within the broader framework of a husband or wife, Gemma. That is enough. And we ask Allah to forgive them for the mistakes and to accept from them they could we mentioned them with good and we love them and we respect them. And

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we hope for the same every time. And for anyone out there whose life revolves around hating and fighting and screaming and shouting and and fearing people.

00:59:43--> 01:00:00

you're heading down a dangerous path. That is the part of extremism. That is the part of violence that is the part of the Hawaiian Legion the Shia that the part of our host now. Watch Mr. Allah make us on those who are balanced in the middle part and protect us from going we go in a stream every day.

01:00:01--> 01:00:05

Welcome, you don't wanna get hung up, let me know Salam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh