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Foundations of the Prophetic Sunnah 5/13
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So I want to connect to Lamar Carter. Thank you for joining us in the sciences of the Hadith class. Today inshallah we'll discuss the Hadith of the Ahad.
Yesterday we talked about Hadith lahad
from one aspect
and we said that it is divided to three categories. We have
had the philosophies urabe and misure.
From one aspect, we have three categories. Today, we will take another aspect of this law.
But also from this aspect, it will be divided to three categories.
Now, it's not according to the number of narrators, it is according to the authenticity of the Hadith. According to accepting or rejecting the Hadith.
We earlier spoke about
the division of Hadith lahat from
the numbers aspect, the number of the narrator's transmitters. Today inshallah we will discuss how the fella had from the authenticity aspect. And from that aspect, we have also three types.
We have the Hadith which is accepted and we have the Hadith which is rejected.
So the Hadith which is accepted, we have Hadith Sahih and we have Hadith Hassan then we have Hadith life which is rejected. So you could say it is two categories accepted and rejected. Or you could say three categories.
So hi, husband and wife.
Whether you say it's two or three it is accepted.
This is the division of
the holidays, they have their heart from the authenticity
So we will start with the accepted Hadith.
Today inshallah we'll discuss the accepted Hadith, which is
Hadith, Sahih, Hadith and Hassan we have two types of the Hadith included in this category. The accepted Hadith,
Hadith Sahih authentic sound and we have Hadith Hasson which is good
Hadith sigh. The accepted hedis.
We haven't we haven't defined in the book in page 139. This is the division the definition of the Hadith. It's mentioned in the book, page 139.
You can check it later on.
What does it say here? It says a hadith with a continuous it's not all the way back to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam consisting of upright persons who also possess retentive memories, and whose narration is not outlandish while it is, in the meantime, free of birth defects. That's the definition of the Hanif Sahaj, according to Dr. Kamali, it's mentioned in the book do not rewrite again the definition because it is in the book page 139.
This is pretty long division, the finishing of this hadith. When I asked you What's the finishing of the Hadith Sahih it's difficult to say a hadith with the continuous net all the way back to the prophet SAW Selim, consisting of upright persons who also possess retentive memories and whose narration is not outlandish. While it's in the meantime, free of both defects. It's long the finishing.
That's how we define it in Arabic. Mata Sala Senado matassa lacinato below dolibarr between ventilador shadows in malaria, Imam su to define this in his elfia by saying had the Sahih Muslim mostly be knocklyon Lin barberton and miss lee while Aamir Khan, sha Allah Allah. It's one and a half line of poetry on
this is how I tried to define the Hadith with less words, you could write it because the other definition is mentioned in the book. Either one is fine. The Hadith with connected chain of narrators whose memorization and trustworthiness is excellent without defects or oddness,
or without being outlandish and free of defects.
This is the definition of psi. And from the definition, you could tell the conditions for the hottest psi. Now we mentioned when we talked about
The mutawatir Hadith, we said there are four conditions. Also for this a hadith there are conditions how many conditions now we will find out. So this is the definition of the Hadith Sahih Hadith with connected chain of narrators whose memorization and trustworthiness is excellent
without defects or oddness, or without being outlandish, and free of
oddness, free of defects, hidden defects.
Now, we will discuss the conditions.
We, in order for us to give the degree of psi to any Hadith, it has to have five conditions. So, remember this number five conditions, the matamata Hadith, we said it has four conditions here, we have five conditions, you need to memorize these conditions.
The first condition the chain has to be linked from the beginning to the end, which means from the Prophet sallallahu sallam, to the scholar who compiled this Hadith, there has to have there has to be connected chain of narrators.
If the link is discontinued, then the Hadith cannot be authentic.
This is the first condition. The second condition, the narrators are the transmitters have to be trustworthy. They have to be trustworthy.
This is the second condition.
Now, did we discuss this condition and the matamata?
We don't have it because it's impossible for them to lie. So we don't check on their background while here. They have to be trustworthy.
What do we mean by trustworthiness? It will come with us later on. But I will give you an idea now. trustworthiness means
being free of
me major sins, and insisting on minor sins.
That's the trustworthiness you do not commit major sins. And you do not insist on minor sins.
That's the trustworthiness.
They have to have strong memory, excellent memory.
What do we mean by that good memorization.
So if you say, then I had if they can say them back without any mistake.
That's the excellent memory. If you say 100, if they will repeat it to you.
Without any mistake, that's excellent memory.
They make mistakes, they forget,
they are they don't have excellent memory. And consequently the Hadith cannot be authentic.
Number four, now actually, let's, let's stay with these three things. With these three
conditions. Actually, the Hadith becomes so high.
not every Sahih Hadith is accepted.
it's not implemented. Maybe scholars did not work according to this hadith. For another reason, in order for the holidays to be accepted, accepted means Sahaj and worked upon. We have two extra conditions.
These two extra conditions the Hadith has to be free of defects, hidden defects. What are these defects? We will talk about them later. It seems like the snap is connected, while when you check on the chain of narrators. It's not authentic or it's not linked, there is a missing link.
So, there has
had it has to be free of defects.
And the Hadith has to be free.
It cannot be outlandish.
It cannot be odd. What do we mean by odd? The Odd Hadith is the authentic hadith, which contradicts another authentic hadith.
This is the the outlandish Hadith. Now we have authentic hadith, but it was narrated only by one or two.
And it contradicts what was narrated by many or by stronger, authentic narrators. So which one do you accept?
One One man came to you and he told you we will leave at nine o'clock.
10 people came and they told you we will leave at 10 o'clock.
Which one do you believe the one or the 10?
The 10 That does not mean the one who told you nine He is lying.
But you believe the stronger the more
because it's more likely they were able to hear better than one. So that's what we mean by outlandish or oddness and we will talk about it inshallah later. So, these are the five conditions once they are available. Once they are met in the Hadith, then it becomes authentic.
Here we have an example.
And where can you find an authentic hadith?
In Bukhari Muslim only.
You could find it in any book of Hadith,
in any book of Hadith, but any Hadith in Al Bukhari is authentic. So any example you take the book of sale Buhari, an example in it is true. It is true. Here, I will mention one example from Sal Bukhari and the book of that.
He said Hadith and Abdullah bin Yusuf
Abdullah of new stuff from Malik
from Eben Shahab
from Mohammed bin jubair, a bit more time from his father or hamakua.
Saying I hate the messenger sallallahu Sallam read in Maori prayer with a poor the prophet SAW Selim recited in Surah. Oppo, this is the Hadith. Now we want to apply the five conditions.
we have innominate Bukhari
he said, of the love and use of the destiny Abdullah bin Yusuf so he heard it from Abdullah bin Yusuf Abdullah bin use of hearing it from Mr. Malik, Mr. Malik heard it from eventually hub, which I've heard it from Mohammed bin Jubail. Allah Mohammed amin Jabbar hid it from his father, who's a companion and the companion he heard it from the messenger sighs Allah. We have
six people between amendement Buhari and the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
So the Hadith is connected.
There is no missing link. So the first condition is what
it is applied.
There is no missing link. Let's move to the second condition of the love and use of is it trustworthy? is here entative? Yes, he is. is one of the shield of amendment Buhari. And he took from many shoe
so his offense is trustworthy. What about Malik Mr. Malik? Do you know Mr. Malik? Or do you think of him? Of course is Imam and no question about him. What about eventually hap who's a bishop? Do you know who was a bishop?
All of you know him.
We mentioned him earlier in the subject.
Previously he was mentioned
a couple of weeks ago. Mohammed bin Muslim eventually had a zuri
Bye bossa nova only
who is the first man to officially document the Hadith.
Seems like you're studying very well. It was Mohammed bin Muslim eventually haphazardly he died in the 124.
We mentioned him Yes At the time of this phenomena. So this is Mohammed when Muslim when she had zuri. He heard it from Mohammed bin Jumeirah one more time, he is the successor of a companion and he was trustworthy also. So again, this condition is met. And he heard it from his father. Of course, the companions What about the companions? Do we check on their trustworthiness?
companions are all trustworthy. Why?
Exactly because Allah subhanaw taala is pleased with them. Allah subhanho wa Taala approved their character.
The allamani momineen Allah is indeed is pleased with the believers, when they give you the pledge underneath the tree. This is sort of
all the companions are trustworthy, these all of them, we don't check on the companions, they are automatically
accepted. We check on the people after the companions. So we
we have all three first conditions they are all met. So this had his side. Now, is it accepted or rejected? Let's check the text
One more time, all day long. He's telling that he heard the messenger Salaam reading with surah Otto in Alma read, Hadith is accepted, there is nothing wrong with it. It does not contradict an ayah or a Hadith of the Hadith. So this hadith is saya that's how we apply the conditions of this high Hadith. Of course, later on we will try more and more this is the job of the inshallah at the end of the semester, but this is an idea how you you try to
approve each condition and then you will say this hadith is authentic. So the five conditions are met in this hadith
all the narrator's heard it from each other. The link, the chain is connected. All the scholars, the narrator's they are all trustworthy, he's not one of them, is untrustworthy. And all of them have strong memory. And this hadith is not outlandish, nor it has any hidden defects. What do we learn from this hadith it is permissible. It is so not to pray with Sora at all.
You can pray with any surah in the Quran. Some people nowadays they only choose short sutras or short, like one line or two lines. Sometimes the prophets I seldom used to pray with entire sewers like sorta two to
Sometimes, not sometimes one time the prophet SAW Selim prayed with Sora telegraph. Also a lot of it may take one hour. He did it once. But in general, whatever you can read, is permissible. So we learn from this Hadith, it is soon to pray with Serato in America.
Now, there is an important issue that I have to mention.
Let's say you hit a Hadith, you checked on all the conditions.
And you found out the Hadith is so high.
Does that mean the prophet SAW Selim definitely said this hadith
He definitely said it. Isn't there? Isn't there any?
Isn't there any possibility of an error?
Here there is an important issue. The judgment on a hadith is on what we see
the apparent aspect of the Hadith, the outcome of the Hadith, the output of the Hadith, not the reality of it.
It gives you 90 to 99% that the prophet SAW Selim said it but you cannot say all the authentic hadith 100% I'm sure that the prophet SAW Selim said then
why scholars did their best. They laid down the rulings, they explained the conditions and they were very strict. However, if someone is
truthful, he never light. Is there a possibility that one time one time he may lie?
Because we are human beings, the one who has excellent memory.
He memorized the entire Quran and he doesn't make any mistake. Is there any possibility that maybe, maybe one time he made a mistake?
Maybe. So that's why when we say this hadith is,
to the best of our knowledge, to the best of our ability, not necessarily are not 100% that the prophet SAW Selim said it. But again, that does not mean you suspect the Hadith, because you will never find more strict rules than the scholars of Hadith. Nowadays, they try to make credit report and credit history.
And they tell you, you have excellent credit. But isn't it possible that the one who has extra credit
does not pay his bills?
It happens it could happen. So there is a possibility. Those people who have rules how you you get your credit, how you increase your points, the rules,
it doesn't come close, even close to the rules of the scholars of Hadith, how they can judge someone
how his memory is excellent. How they can approve this hadith if it's high or not. That's why I'm super Hello said we'll talk more about Buffy I love Harry Potter.
We only judge what we see. Except they said there is an exception.
They have a sub Sahara Muslim. If you say these are Hadith 100% set by the messenger Salaam, as if you heard that directly from the prophet SAW Selim that's accepted. Why because the entire oma
the entire Ummah they said, this hadith are authentic. In general, we believe that this hadith as long as it is authentic, then we believe that the prophet SAW Selim said it, but we cannot say with certainty.
We are 90% Sure, we are 95% sure, most likely the prophet SAW Selim said it may be may be there is one word wrong. Maybe there is a meaning, because again, we are human beings, we may make mistakes.
So this issue is important to remember, once we discuss the Hadith, the authentic hadith
scholars mentioned, the most reliable cite the best book of Sahaba.
According to the chain of narrators,
which chain of narrator
is the strongest chain of narrators.
They discuss this in order for them. To make things easier once you see this chain had a face automatically so high and strong.
Some scholars considered names, chains, others considered books and how they think this book is so high.
It's stronger than any Hadith in that book.
And again, why did they did that? They had extensive studies about the Hadith. They spent their lives studying the Hadith of the messenger saw Selim. Just like nowadays, when people love sports, after every game, they have like analysis, how many minutes the ball was with this team? How many four fouls were made by this team? How many all these types of analysis, the scholars of Hadith did the same thing with the Hadith, because it was very important for them. And that makes it made things easier for scholars and students of knowledge later on, to take from this.
Regarding books, they said that the most reliable, most authentic book, which book of Hadith
Sahih al Bukhari Sahih Bukhari
what comes next?
Muslim, few scholars, especially the scholars of Africa, they said Sahih Muslim is better than Sahil Buhari,
but majority of scholars said,
Sal Buhari is better even those who said Sai Muslim, they said maybe the way it was
sorted or the order of Muslim that's all but the authenticity of the Hadith. The condition for the authenticity is stronger in Sahih al Bukhari
then what do we have as books of authentic hadith What do we have
more Imam Malik is no prima Malick strong.
But does it
it has opinions does it have on the authentic hadith?
there are many weaker Hadith emoto phenomena.
There are weaker Hadith Malik now this is a problem some, some people think the authentic ahaadeeth are only inside or inside.
There are many books of sight many.
For instance, I have been hoceima
that Jose Mirage Allah he wrote a book all of the Hadith in it is
later on, some scholars came and they tried to verify these Hadith and they found few weak Hadith.
So you could say 90% of
San Jose man is authentic. Yes.
merfolk and matassa Hadith are supposed to be authentic. What do you mean by that?
And the Mata
No, no, that's not true.
Most of the Hardys that's true
because again my foot What do you mean by my foot? My foot means connected to the messenger side seldom but if there is one narrator who is weak. Hadith is not authentic anymore.
So I have been hoceima all scholars agreed it's stronger than more powerful man Malik.
Amanda, Amanda Pamela again, he wrote and authentic books are
He included only the authentic hadith. But some scholars came later on and they found out that there are fewer Hadith. They are not authentic
Masada can hack him
directly normal hacking, this book mustard rock, he meant to include the Hadith that algo Hari and Muslim missed.
They were supposed to put them in their books but they did not.
It has also lots of authentic hadith.
These are very strong books. They have many authentic hadith so do not think that saya Bukhari and Muslim are the only authentic books books
a Silsila saya. This is very recent book. The series of authentic hadith by chef Advani Rahim Allah, He meant to include only the authentic hadith.
And it's very good book you could say 95 to 98% of the Hadith are authentic. But he himself Rahim Allah sometimes he exclude excludes a hadith and he says I thought it is authentic, but it's not.
Then he adds some Hadith
to this book. So most of cyxtera saya is authentic.
These are books of authentic hadith. So if you hear someone telling you give me an authentic hadith, whether in a bar and Muslim, if it's not there, I will not accept it. You have to tell him to teach him that this is not the only authentic books.
scholars in general agree that whatever inside Bukhari Muslim is authentic.
They approved all these Hadith in Al Bukhari and Muslim and of course, inshallah, next semester, we will study almost
next semester, all what we do studying Saharan science.
So they agreed that side Ohara is more authentic.
But some of them said, saya Muslim, in its order is better than salvare how many ahaadeeth are there inside or inside a Muslim?
6256 This is the number of the ayat of the Quran.
Second, this is the number of the art of the Quran, not the number of the Hadith.
Why that will only be the Hariri and Fanny robot will attack Riri Muslim on our battle Allah Fie, Fie Mata Corrado gentlemen wafi.
In total, almost 15,000 the Hadith
sides Buhari had 7600 something with repeated Hadith
without repetition 2500 Hadith in Sahih al Bukhari
This is approximate number, it's not exactly
when we will study inshallah, the decipher will give you the exact numbers of saya.
So now when we say 15,000 Hadith
does that mean these are the only authentic hadith by the prophet sallallahu Sallam
how much more
term? What they miss sidebar and simulscan what they miss is more or less than what they wrote.
Do you think?
No, what are she?
Yes, that's true. Not all the ahaadeeth are there. So what did they write is more or what did they miss is more.
If you have signed Mahara and saya Muslim you have the majority of the authentic hadith
or minority of the authentic hadith
manassa Hi fo attacca Hera or Carla and Angela Armenia Sierra, what they missed is much more than what they are
The highest of the authentic Yes, that's true, the most authentic hadith. Most of them are inside O'Hara and Samson, but they missed from that part is very few, but the authentic in general, they missed a lot. So you could say easily, we have 40 to 50,000 authentic hadith.
And in general, we have almost 100,000 Hadith. We could say that most likely it was said by the messenger cisilion. Between Hassan and strong weak Hadith the week but it's very, it's not that weak. It could be accepted.
Look what the moment Buhari Rahim Allah said. He said, I memorize 100,000 authentic hadith and 200,000 an authentic hadith
that's the memorization of Mammon Buhari.
By the way, that's not the total Hadith that he memorized.
That's the total of the Hadith that he could tell you.
Because his story will come in details inshallah. Next Next semester,
it will be exciting.
Of course, when they say howdy with chain of narrators, they don't memorize the text. The text only is useless. Now it's helpful because we know the book is verified and
it was approved and it was compared by other books but their time, Hadith texts without is not as useless. The strongest ahaadeeth now what what are the strongest the Hadith?
Sahih al Bukhari What if the Hadith is inside al Bukhari and Sahih Muslim?
Some scholars said it starts with
mocha Kali both inside Bahar and Samson others. They said no, whatever was narrated by the six books, salvo harissa Muslim to Medina say in Niger without Do we have had this like that?
Yes, we have few but we have so this is the strongest Hadith what was narrated by the JAMA? What do you mean by Gemma six books and they give this quote i and refers to Gemma
marijuana Gema. Unfortunately, in the English books, you rarely find this code or you may not find it at all, but in the, in the Arabic books, books of Hadith, you will find the time hence means it means jamara this is automatically accepted. It's the strongest study. Then you have agreed upon what do you mean by agreed upon? This is another term they use it in the Hadith terminology, agreed upon by Al Bukhari and Muslim. It's narrated by Al Bukhari and Muslim.
This is again strongest
Then comes what was narrated by Al Bukhari
and then comes what was narrated by Imam Muslim.
Then comes what was on the condition of mama Buhari, it meets the requirement of human behavior, it meets his condition, but it was not narrated in his book.
It is one again of the high authentic hadith. Then what was on the condition of Imam Muslim? What's the condition of non Bukhari? What's the condition of non Muslim? What are the requirements that what we will find out in Sharla? Next semester,
then, what is authentic but narrated in other books? Like even Jose may have been huband? Mr. Daniel hacking, this comes next. So do not think that the authentic hadith is on one level.
There are many levels of the authentic hadith.
And with this inshallah, we will conclude our session for today. Now, though, Salalah, Solomon and Mohammed.
Is there any question about the authentic hadith, the
strongest Hadith, the conditions of the Hadith? One thing I like to add, actually, I forgot to add it, the strongest chain of narrators. They even discussed this the strongest chain of narrators
for Malecon afia, and I'm saying it was either Manny Shafi Fatima de, they save the strongest chain is what was narrated by Malik, from nothing from economics from the messenger salatu salam. Whenever you have this chain Malik
Nasser bin Omar, it is the strongest chain
was either marriage chef a family
and there is a hadith was narrated by Imam Shafi
from Imam Malik, from Nigeria from urban Omar, and the management came and the narrated the same Hadith from Imam Shafi from Imam Malik, from naffaa from abnormal there is one Hadith narrated by those great scholars three of the great imams are there in this is not it is the hadith of transactions
and masaba this hadith in transactions, it's one of the strongest Hadith it was narrated
by Muhammad from Imam Shafi from Eman Malik from naffaa from cinema from the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and they listed like 10 chains of narrators as the strongest chains of narrators. This is one of them from alicona nafion and say he was either managed chef a family were elevated Mustafa Jafar won, he won the Abbe Herrera to z Wang,
Arjun, and Abby, Xena, the Python. So they listed like 10 chains of narrators. It is all mentioned in the books of Hadith. You don't have to know them. But once you know them, it will make things easier once you see it. You know that this hadith is authentic.
Is there any question? mustard Rachael Harkin
I've been Habana and they've been hoceima because a hacking Rahim Allah when he wrote his book and mustard rock.
He wrote it as supplemental Bukhari and Muslim. He thought that these are Hadith meet their conditions. He was right to some extent, and he was wrong.
So you could say 40% of the Hadith. Actually, he was wrong about them.
He thought that it meets the requirement, but in reality it's not. That's why another Imam came later on remand vehbi Rahim Allah and he verified the judgment of Al Hakim.
Many of them were verified, the majority of the Hadith of the book was verified but 40 or 30%, it was disapproved. So that's why it comes underneath.
I've been have been and I've been hoceima.
Any other question? Of course, 100% certainty with the Mahabharata, Hadith, and with what was narrated by Al Bukhari and Muslim together
and was what was narrated by Al Bukhari or Muslim. You could say, a few, a few quotes any Hadith from an gohara Muslim you could say 100%, the prophet SAW Selim said it other than that,
it's it's difficult.
But again, that does not mean it was not said by the prophets awesome. You are sure, like to 98% that it was saved by the prophet SAW Selim. What's the difference between Masonic and Mirage? Muslim? Muslim, the order of the narrator's in the Muslim is according to what the names
why not gym, sometimes it could be according to the countries like back that. So it is broader than Masonic?
No, no, no.
Does it mean missing part of the Hadith or part of the chain or the whole chain? Allah prof means the parts of the Hadith. That does not mean the Hadith is missing, is missing, they just mentioned part of the Hadith. If they mentioned the entire Hadith, the book will become three times bigger or four times bigger. Because the purpose here is to know where you can find the Hadith, the list part of the Hadith. And the chains where you can find this hadith who narrated this hadith? That's the meaning of a prof Yes, there is difference. Difference between Matata and Mata Kali? Yes, there is difference.
That's what we just studied. You should not ask this question what awatere was multiplay narrated?
At least at least you have four
narrators four chains of narrators. While this is not a requirement, it could be in Al Bukhari, with different chain in Muslim and both of them are authentic. So it could be two.
But both of them are accepted. That does not mean they are exactly the same.