Channel: Isam Rajab
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Welcome to our class of sciences of Hadith. Today inshallah we will discuss the weak Hadith and Hadith bife. We already talked about the Hadith mutawatir. So hi, this hasn't and now we are discussing the weak Hadith. And it is mentioned in the book, page 144.
So you need to read what Dr. Kamali mentioned about this life. Now we start first with the definition of the week had it? And in order to define the week, Hadith, you need to know what's the authentic hadith.
And what's the Hadith hasn't
because we already said the Hadith is the authentic hadith
which has the trustworthy narrator's with continuous link of chain for all the way to the messenger size alone without being outlandish or without having any defects. had this happen? the narrator's are a little bit lower than the Hadith sigh. Now, in the weak Hadith, it is also lower. Dr. camellia said it's the Hadith that is not qualified to meet the Hadith Sahih or Hassan criteria?
How did that fails to qualify conditions of Hassan
because once it fails to qualify to these conditions, it is life automatically. But let's analyze it a little bit. What do we mean by it fails to qualify to the hussen level
whether the chain of narrators is not continuous, or one of the narrator's or more has weakness, whether in his trustworthiness or in his memory. That's what we mean by that.
With this, we learned that there are many reasons for the Hadith to become weak.
Whether from the snap or from
missing a narrator or from the narrator himself, even if he was mentioned. So again, if we wanted to define the ideal life, there are several definitions, but the man suited him on one of them. He said, I will let the answer was Nicola wahala marotti been called Georgina.
So again, it's almost similar to what Dr. camellia mention. So we will stick to this definition. It is the headache that fails to qualify to the hassane.
Now let's say we have Hadith which is weak. We knew that this hadith is weak.
Can we apply it or not?
Someone was praying
to Raka at one o'clock every day. And you asked him why? Because he tells you there is a hadith says it's recommended to pray at one o'clock every day. Well, is this hadith authentic? Is it in so I haven't had bad so I haven't Hosea? Is it in any of the books of Sahaba? It says no, it is a weak Hadith, but I want to do it. So what do you think Can someone do that or not know why
adding or subtracting
or adding rulings to the
box okay. So you mean so you agree in principle that it is permissible?
unless it is in
for acts of worship, everything is haram unless there is no evidence that it is allowed. So it's almost the same.
But what about if it's not an act of worship?
If you wanted to eat something, and you said I cannot eat?
I cannot eat honey. Why? Because it's forbidden why it's forbidden there is a weak Hadith. Can you do that?
But again, it's still enrolling. You just said that in Rowling's you cannot?
Yeah, yeah, this is just an example. But in general, if you have a hadith which is weak, can you work according to it or not?
Can you narrate this hadith also or not?
As long as you say it's weak if you don't say it's weak.
Did all scholars of Hadith who documented the Hadith they all mentioned this hadith is weak this hadith is Hassan dissatisfy. None of them did that.
Why? Because they listed the chain of narrators, it's your job to check on them, whether they are trustworthy or not, you had something from the students online.
No matter why no, why you say no.
Well, actually, we have
few opinions, and they are all mentioned in the book. But the majority say it is permissible to work according to the caddies as long as there are two conditions.
First, it cannot be about the aqidah. You cannot establish fundamental thing based on weak Hadith, because we already discussed that some scholars even if it's authentic, it has to be motivated. If it's a hard we don't accept it.
So they said it cannot be about our VEDA cannot be about Takeda, such as the attributes of Allah subhanaw taala, such as the belief in the Day of Judgment, anything which is related to the fundamentals of Islam.
The second condition, it cannot be about halal and haram, you cannot say this is lawful and this is unlawful based on weak Hadith.
these are the two conditions in order for you to generate the weak Hadith.
Now, we said to generate
What about working according to the Hadith,
if it's about al Qaeda or about
halal and haram?
So if it emphasizes the halaal, even if it's weak, here it says it's permissible to narrate
with these conditions, which means if it's not permissible to narrate How can you work according to something you cannot even narrate it.
So it's already implied, working according to it. It's already implied. If you cannot narrate Hadith about al Qaeda, which is weak.
Can you imply it? Of course not. If you cannot narrate it, you cannot work according to it. Okay, so that's why we say about narration. So let's say we have a narration. It's a weak Hadith. And it's not about our data. Can we work according to it? Again, there are three opinions. One opinion says no, you cannot. You work according only the authentic Howdy.
Even if it's not about Takeda even if it's not about heroin Haram. Why? Because the authentic hadith is sufficient. Mostly people will work according to some weaker Hadith, and they leave the authentic hadith.
So why you choose a weak Hadith and you don't go to the authentic hadith. Other scholars said, yes, you can work according to the weak Hadith without conditions.
the opinion in middle in between, which is you can work according to the weak Hadith with three conditions. And that's the opinion we'll choose. But it's up to you, you can choose any other opinion with evidence, and all of them are mentioned in the book.
There are three conditions, the first condition, the weakness cannot be strong. What do we mean by that, we mean by that the weakness cannot be the Hadith cannot be too weak, because if it's too weak, it means most likely the prophet SAW Selim did not say it most likely, this is not the Hadith. So it cannot work according to it. So, the Hadith cannot be too weak. This is the first thing there is a weakness, but this weakness could be strengthen. If they had it is too weak, nothing will strengthen this habit. So this is the first condition. The second condition, it cannot be a new principle by itself.
It's not about halal and haram, but it adds something which new totally
it cannot be like that. It has to be under a general ruling. What do you mean by that? Now, Victor? Is it allowed or not allowed in Islam
allowed. But do we have any evidence that when we are together, it's recommended to say Lyla in the law 100 times each one.
We don't have this, you can say Laila halala. And there is a great reward, it's the best word you can say. But if you have a weak Hadith says, If you say together, that's the reward you will get. Now, you did not add a new principle, you just added something, which is already there under fundamental thing, which is the vicar of philosophy.
So this is the second condition, it cannot be adding a new, a totally new thing, it has to be under some gentle crawling. The last thing you should remember that it's not authentic. Even when you work according to the Hadith, you know that it's not authentic? What do you mean by that?
You don't wait for the reward, or you don't enforce others to do it. Because maybe
it was not saved by the messenger center, you already know it's not authentic. So you cannot enforce people, you cannot have the feeling that I'm doing this because it is authentic, and I will get the word for it. No, you only do it, because maybe you will get the reward. So you remember that it is a weak Hadith. These are the conditions in order for you to implement the weak Hadith. And again, as I said, Some scholars said even with these conditions, you cannot work according to the weak Hadith. So all these opinions are mentioned in the book.
Now why do we give
any Hadith this degree week? We say this hadith is weak.
And how, what's the process?
We have two major reasons
whether we have a missing link,
there are eight people between the compiler of the Hadith and the messenger Salaam, one of them is missing
or there is no one is missing the eight out there, but there is a weakness in one or more of them.
So, it is one of two things, whether there is a weakness
or there is absence
weakness or absence
whether there is a missing link or there is a weakness, these are the two general reasons. Now, we will start with the weakness due to the missing narrator.
So again, we have two things, we have the weak Hadith for a missing link or for weakness, we will start with the missing link.
And in this type of weakness,
divisions. Clear missing link. What do you mean by clear missing link? You know that there are eight people supposed to be there. But you have only five? What does that mean? Definitely there are people missing. That's what we mean by clear missing link.
Definitely there are people missing or
there is a hidden missing link. You don't know, maybe all of them are mentioned. And maybe there is one of them is missing. That's what we say.
The hidden defect because it's hidden, it's a defect and you don't know maybe there is one missing if there is one missing. If you don't know him, then that's a defect and we will not discuss it. I just want you to know how it is divided. We have a weak Hadith, whether the narrator is missing or the narrator is there, but there is weakness. If the narrator is missing, whether this missing is clear, it's not or it is unknown. And now again we will take only
the missing link, which is clear. And again the Hadith for this is divided into four
morrisson, Moloch, Moncada and normal,
clear missing link.
Moloch, mon pata and mobile.
I will repeat one more time. We have the weakness in the Hadith, whether the narrator is missing or there is weakness in the narrator.
If the narrator
missing. Whether the missing is clear, we know that there is someone missing or we don't know. If we know that there is a missing link, it is divided to four types Moloch Manuel, mon kata and Merson four types. That's how we break it down. Look at the three
this is the weakness and the Hadith.
Whether because there is
missing link or there is weakness. So we will not talk about the second type. We'll talk about the missing link. This missing whether it's clear or unclear.
And again, we'll not talk about this issue. We're coming to it later. We'll talk only about if it's clear missing link.
We have Moloch, Moncada and mersal.
That's how you should have the breakdown for the weakness in the Hadith.
So we have whether there is weakness in the narrator or
we have the narrator missing. If the narrator is missing whether we know and it's clear or we don't know it's unclear
if it's clear, there are four reasons Moloch mon kata noble and Morrison.
we're moving to
the first type which is my luck
and Hadith al Moloch
What do we mean by a hadith Moloch stay with me later.
Moloch linguistically Moloch means hang.
You know the hunger in Arabic we call it Allah. Something that you hang on it.
Why we call this hadith hang?
Because there are missing people. And it is hang on the ones over it. So that's what we mean by my luck linguistically, but in Hades terminology, what's the meaning of Moloch?
Mmm sutra hem Allah and his elfia he says my wall is not the mean Whoa, whoa, whoa, era he moloko. If there is one missing at the beginning of the snap, then it is more luck.
As long as you have one or more missing at the beginning, they added that misses one or more narrator in succession. This is the condition in succession succession. From its beginning.
From its beginning, what do we mean by beginning beginning from the messenger Salaam or from the compiler of the Hadith?
What do we mean by its beginning?
After the prophet SAW Selim, no that's wrong. After the prophets, I send them if there is someone is missing, we call it Meursault. And it's coming as Moloch. We mean by beginning it's beginning from the compiler, like among ohare Rahim Allah, his shift is missing.
Or Mr. Muslim Rahim Allah His chef is missing. That's what we mean by Moloch.
From the beginning, we say from the beginning because that's how you read the Hadith. Who told you this? You do start with the messenger Salaam or you start with the one you so
no, the end of the chain, we call it the messenger assassin again
You just need to flip it
okay. So, as long as there is one or more narrators in succession, they are missing then it is more luck.
And it has two examples. We have two examples.
to omit the entire snap and keep the companion or the companion and successor only.
So the example here
when the mount Bukhari comes, or the Marvin headband or Abu Dawood, he comes and says
on Abu Musa from the prophet SAW Selim, now between Imam Bukhari and Abu Musab the companion there are like three people or four people, they are all
They are all not mentioned. This is what we call
Moloch. Why because there is one or more in succession from the beginning they are missing.
That's more luck
or we we don't have
Any type of his net we just say the prophet SAW Selim said so and so,
this is also my luck when you say the Prophet sallallahu wasallam said so and so.
So, whether you don't have this net at all, you only have the messenger Salim or you have
kind of is not the companion the successor of the companion.
Now, I will mention real examples
we will have examples from the Howdy.
So, again in the Moloch, the hand Hadith we have one or more in succession from the beginning they are missing
whether entire snad is omitted, and you have the companion and the companion and successor from the messenger seven. All you don't have is not at all you just say the prophet SAW Selim said so on so
Mohammed Bukhari Rahim Allah said, Abu Musab Asad
who's Abu Musa
I know he's companion which companion
Abu Musab is Abu Salah Sharia law one, what's his name? Yes.
Very good buzzer What's the name of Abu Musab della Han?
Very good. Abdullah bin place. Very good. Yeah, now hamdulillah you're getting the names.
Abu Musab Ilan said the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam covered his knee when Othman entered.
The prophet SAW Selim was sitting
and part of his leg was exposed. When a man came, what did the prophet SAW Selim do?
he covered his knee.
Now is there it's not here.
Do we have did that Buhari Rahim Allah meet with Abu Musa lashari the Companion of the messenger Salah?
No, there are like 200 years between al Bukhari and the Buddha there are like three men or four. He did not meet with him. But he said amasa said so and so. What does that say? There are people missing from the snap.
Now again, where we are discussing the Moloch in which section in Holly's mutawatir Hadith, or in his life, where are we discussing this? By Friday?
So shouldn't this honey midwife?
Yes, it is by because we don't know maybe there are three men
and all of them are weak narrators. How do we know? But remember we are saying who said that?
I will hurry. It is narrated in Al Bukhari. What does that mean?
It's what? It's why it's
anything nobody says it's automatically sorry.
Yes or no?
Yeah, it's called sighs Buhari There is also so I haven't had done in principle. That's the condition of man Buhari. He will not include any Hadith unless it's authentic. However, here.
This Hadith, in Hadith terminology is not so I
try to apply the rulings. We just took the conditions. What's the condition of this hadith? It has to be continuous chain of narrators. Do we have continuous chain of narrators here?
Do we have or we don't have. We don't have so it's weak. But why we say it's inside Buhari. Even if it's inside Buhari, it's still weak. But the same Hadith was narrated from other chains with continuous link. That's why it became so high.
In principle, this hadith is weak.
This Hadith is weak. And that's why we mentioned it in the chapter off and the section of weak Hadith, because it is weak.
However, there is an exception
in Al Bukhari and Muslim now. So in general, this is the ruling of the Hadith Moloch. In general Hadith mala is authentic or weak, it is weak. Why? Because there are people missing
because there are people missing and in order for the Hadith to become authentic, it has to be continuous chain of narratives which we don't have here. However, there is an exception for Al Bukhari and Muslim, alcohol and Muslim if this hadith
they still could be so high, because scholars when they discuss these Hadith, they took every single Hadith in Bukhari and Muslim, if they found Hadith like that Moloch and they said it's weak in principle, they go back and they see other chains of narrators and they say, eventually, it is silent. But to begin with it is weak. It is a weak Hadith.
So, this is the first type which is what Moloch
allemaal lack the Hank.
Is it weak? Yes, it is weak. Now, we are moving to the second type. Remember we have how many types for Moloch Moncada marble Morrison, we took my luck and now we are talking about the morsel.
So what's the meaning of the morsel?
Marcel Hadith, the Hadith that has a missing narrator at the end of it before the messenger salallahu alayhi wasallam. So, it is what is the opposite?
There is one missing at the end of it. Okay. If you tell me and Marcel is the one who has had a missing narrator, at the beginning of it, I will not accept it because we mean at the beginning of it
the narrator after the compiler,
so, if there is someone missing before the messenger, so I sell them then then it is what
morsel then it is Mercer.
What's the example of it? There are many examples. One of the examples when a successor says the prophet SAW Selim said Son so now did the successor meet with the messengers a lot of Solon
did he meet with him?
the companion but the successor he did not meet with the messenger Salah. So definitely there is someone between at least someone
so when the successor says the prophet SAW Selim said so and so what's the name of this hadith? More son, this is the Hadith are more sad, because there is a link missing between the narrator and the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
Okay, we'll take an example.
We'll take an example from the Hadith.
In Sahih Muslim
we have a strong chain, long chain of narrators, Mohammed burapha. From jehane from a leaf from our pile from a big hub from say Dublin will say it from the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
That's how this knot goes.
This is just an example. Mohammed Rafi
is the shape of a matte Muslim. It took it from your hand your hand took it from a leaf a leaf inside the contemporary to mathematical model to get from our Kyle from when she was when she had
when she had I gave you this question in the exam. Hi Madeline Muslim, she has a very,
very good who answered it does a very good from side whose side side the men will say now side is he a companion.
sided men will say Did he see the messenger seller?
Did he or didn't he? No he did not. He's not a companion so I didn't save his from the successors. But Simon will say he said the Prophet sallahu wa sallam said Sansa
so this hadith is worth more. So what's the verdict? Is it the weak Hadith or authentic hadith?
Again, there is one missing.
So if there is one missing it's not what
is it a continuous chain?
Is it a continuous chain
so they did it fulfill the conditions of the authentic hadith?
No, so it's what
why it's life. Now let me ask you this. Who's the one who's missing here?
Do we check on the companions?
No, they are all What? trustworthy.
So why don't we say it's authentic?
Exactly. That's the reason. We don't know if he hid it from
companion or not, maybe it's not a companion. Maybe he heard it from two people before the companion.
That's why we say it is more so than it is weak. Because not always there is a companion, maybe there is no companion here.
If we knew that for sure there was a companion, it doesn't matter who was this companion as long as he's a companion, how this hadith is authentic.
So in general, how do you feel more? So is it weak or authentic? It is weak.
But again, we mentioned this Hadith, this example from Sahih. Muslim, how can we have more Muslim? again because other narrations they mentioned the companion. So in general, it is weak.
But is this the opinion of all scholars that the Mercer is weak?
Or they think?
Yeah, probably not actually the majority of scholars, Imam, Abu hanifa Rahim Allah Imam Malik, Muhammad. He said, The Most of Hadith is authentic, based on the fact that the one who is missing is a companion.
So we have actually three opinions. And all of them are also mentioned in the book.
One opinion says it's weak, the Mercer Hadith, it's weak.
And this is the opinion of the majority of scholars of Hadith.
Now you have the majority of scholars,
and the majority of scholars of Hadith, the majority of scholars of Hadith, they said it is weak, because again, we just applied the rule. And the rule says if there is one missing, it is weak. That's the majority of scholars of Hadith.
The majority of scholars are now hunting for a hammer Allah, Imam Malik Muhammad, they said it is authentic. Absolutely. It doesn't matter
if there is one missing before the messenger send them because most likely it is a companion.
So they said it is authentic. And we have a third opinion
in the middle, which says it is authentic, but with conditions. And that's the opinion of Imam Shafi Rahim Allah and some scholars of Hadith.
It is authentic but with conditions. Why? Because again, it's strong, even if it's weak, it is a strong Hadith, because maybe it's only one missing and most likely it is the companion, but in some cases, maybe there is more than one.
So they say it is a condition there is an authentic with conditions. That's the opinion of Imam Shafi, Rahim Allah and some scholars. So what are these conditions?
They said there has to be four conditions. For
the there has to be four conditions. It has to be from an old Tabby,
the successor who narrates this Hadith, he has to be all Tabby, like Simon will say he has an anniversary, those the famous successors, why?
Because the fee is all successor, then he took it from him
from a companion from a companion, why he is all because he just missed the prophet SAW Selim. So if you missed the prophet SAW, Selim, definitely he took it from a companion. If he is a young successor in Hong Kong, if he's a young successor, maybe he took it from bother successor. That's why we say he has to be all, because in this case, we guarantee that he took it from a companion. And once we know that he took it from a companion, it's authentic.
Yes. So this is the first condition. It has to be from all Tabby. The second condition, if he named the person he names Africa,
let's say there is a successor zuri, for instance, and he narrated 10 ahaadeeth.
In these 10, a hadith he said, the prophet SAW Selim said so and so. He did not say, the companion told me from the prophet SAW Selim, he directly said the prophet SAW Selim said so and so.
So let's say we have 10 narrations from a successor, he is telling you, the prophet SAW Selim told me so and so.
And you asked him who told you because you did not see the prophet SAW Selim. If he called if he gave a name of Africa, of a trustworthy, whether a companion or another successor, who's a companion who's trustworthy, then we accept it. This is a second condition. It's not enough
to narrate it from an old Tabby this study, if we ask him who he took it from, he gives a name of trustworthy. Why is this condition because of this study, when we asked him about the name and he gives weak narrators, then most likely there's a hadith that is narrating our week. So we cannot accept it. He has to name if he named the missing link, he has the name, a strong narrator.
The third condition if others narrated the same Hadith, now remember, they used to have many students like in one circle of knowledge, they used to have 200 people. So if others differ with him,
they have to get the same had the
that means he is what
the narrator even if he has someone missing, he knows what he's telling you. He doesn't have weakness in himself. So the narrator himself cannot be weak. Because let's try to implement the first and the second
rule. There is a weak
narrator from the successors, but he narrates from authentic sources from the companions.
And he's old. That's not enough, he himself
he cannot make lots of mistakes. Which means if others narrated the same Hadith, they have the same meaning they don't have lots of difference. In these a Hadith, the last condition, there has to be one of the following
three conditions plus one of these the four followings to have the Hadith reported from another narration with continuous chain.
Now, again, this condition is really strict, because if we have the other Hadith with continuous chain, then it's automatically so high. So we don't want we don't need to check on it.
Or to be reported from morsel
from another chain of narrators.
So let's say here, there is a link missing, there is another chain with only one missing. So they have to be in the same strength, it cannot be too weak. It has to be in the same strength.
This is the second condition or to be supported by an opinion of a companion. Now we don't have another narration.
We fulfilled the conditions.
It's from all Tabby.
if we asked him to name someone, he will name someone who's thicker.
And we have another narration
or we don't have the other narration. But we have this hadith supported by opinion of a companion. The prophet SAW Selim said about something this is halal. So one of the narrators came and he gave a hadith that the prophet SAW Selim said this is halal.
So we have the Hadith which is more solid, we have the opinion of a companion.
Or the scholars give fatwa according to it. Now, even if they say this hadith is more subtle, it's weak, but that's the ruling, they accept it. That means it is authentic. Now, if you fulfill these conditions 99.9% it is authentic hadith.
You cannot miss authentic hadith, if you fulfill all these conditions. But again, some scholars they just said it is authentic, always other scholars said it is weak. If you apply all these rulings,
most likely 99.9% it is authentic.
So this is the second
type of the missing, clear missing link, we have the Moloch and we have the morsel. And with this
before we end our session One more.
One more issue. The morsel of a companion.
Now we said the morsel is what?
What's the morsel? There is someone missing? At the end, before the messenger saw Selim.
Can we have a morsel of a companion?
companion saying the prophet SAW Selim said so and so. But we still roll it as mortal. Can we do that?
The companion is the one who's narrating the Hadith. Yes. Can how
Is the companion
exactly if he did not hear it from the prophet SAW Selim? could this happen? Yes, it could happen. A companion may say, the prophet SAW Selim said so and so. Like I've heard of the alarm. Once he said the prophet SAW, Selim said since he was asked, Did you hear it from the messengers or Salaam? He said, No, he gave another companion. We hear it from the messenger cisilion.
Or the companion is too young.
When the prophet SAW Selim died, he was only seven years old. He's still a companion, but he did not hear it from the messengers are similar, like when the companion like Abdullah have been a best of the Allahumma de la bas ECM companion. If he narrated something in the meccan era,
before he was born,
this is muscle because he did not hear it from the messenger sallallahu sallam. So what's the ruling of the masala for companion? Yes.
Okay, as I said, we know that he hid it from another companion. And we don't check on the companions. So the rolling is what
it is what?
What do you say? bezerra?
And the others what do you say?
I don't think so.
I don't think so. Why? Because again, even if he is a companion, maybe he did not hear it from another companion. Maybe he took it from Atari.
And it happened.
Maybe he hears it from a Tabby and that Tabby, he did not hear it from a companion.
It could happen. Now again, I'm not telling you this happens a lot. It's very, very rare. But it could happen. Therefore, the scholars who said it is authentic. They are much more than the scholars who said about the more self is authentic, because it's a more sort of a companion. He's a young companion. Yes, he did not hear it from the messenger setting, but most likely, he heard it from the messengers from a companion who heard it from the messenger assassin.
So that's the issue of the morsel of a companion. And with this inshallah, we will conclude our session for today. Other Salalah Salaam and Mohammed.
Is there any question?
Is there any question
about the Moloch or the morsel or the weak Hadith in general?
What is the car a car is description, which has two things,
the trustworthiness and the excellent memory
shortcomings tentative and reliable. We will come to it inshallah.
All the authentic hadith they have to have all fikar narrators. That's how we describe the one who has excellent memory and excellent
and his trustworthy. We call him Tikka