Foundations of the Prophetic Sunnah 1/13
Channel: Isam Rajab
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Salam Alaikum Salaam barakato. Welcome to our session for Aloma Sona. This is our introduction to this subject. And this subject is unlike any other subject. It is very unique because you don't have it in any other religion. It's only in Islam.
In Islam, we have to study the narrations of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam. That's what we will talk about in this subject. It continues and completes the other subject which is the history of Islam, the biography of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. However, in that subject, we deal with the
historical incidents, what happened at the time of the messenger science. And here we talk about the narrations of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, you will not find this in any other religion. No other religions studied the sayings of their prophet or messenger. While here in this subject, we have the scholars who made strict conditions how they accept the narrations of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
What criteria should fit and what criteria should be accepted and what how they should be rejected according to the narrator's and that's why we have some scholars like the LA have named mobarak Rahim Allah He said, and it's not domina Deen level it's not the parlementaire Masha is not the chain of narrators, it is part of the religion, you have to study it, you have to know is this chain accepted or not? Otherwise, anyone would say this is the sooner or this is from the messengers I send them and they will take it. How do you verify this was said by the messenger system or not? We have this in Islam, while other religions, they say this is the saying of a salad ceremony. This is
the saying of Musa but there is no proof that he said it. How can you verify it in Islam we have this so in this subject, we will study the Hadith of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. In the book in page 56 dishonor is defined. This is the book a textbook of Hadith studies on page 56 linguistically, the Sunnah means a peripheral mob the trodden way
That's the meaning of the Sunnah. So basically, linguistically, you could use this for a good meaning or a bad meaning as well.
So it's basically the way this is my way. Sometimes your way could be wrong. So you could still use the sooner as as the linguistic meaning for it.
In the Quran, Allah subhanho wa Taala said many times pseudoknot Allah subhanaw taala Allah to Allah to mean Kabhi sunat Allah Allah to kottelat theory buddy, so it was mentioned several times in the Quran. And it means basically the way of Allah.
This is how the matters happen. So not Allah.
So you could say about the way of philosophy panel to Allah, the Center for Law and it is used in the Quran. So linguistically, sadhana does not mean automatically the Sunnah of the messenger sallallahu sallam, it rather means the trodden way, it means the way basically whether it is good or bad. Another meaning for the Sunnah is to start something to initiate something.
Like in Arabic, we say some Macedonian means he legislated
statute or a ruling. This is also called sooner cinecon because he started this.
And we have this similar meaning in the Hadith of the messenger, sallAllahu wasallam men son, son and Hassan whoever started as soon even though it's the sooner from the messenger sighs and then but he's the first one to do it. So to initiate something to start something,
this is again another meaning for the sooner
also to clarify, this is another meaning for sooner. So you notice in Arabic we have linguistically several meanings for this word for the sooner.
and how this terminology we have a different usage for this one. And again in the book, page 58.
PAGE 58 we have the definition of the summoner according to Hadith terminology, how
scholars use the Sunnah, in different meanings. We have scholars,
we have scholars of Hadith, we have scholars of arcada each one, each one used the sun for a different meaning. Let me ask you this. Now in fact,
if you're praying and someone told you this is sooner, what does
It mean this is sooner in prayer?
What does it mean? No one knows.
If you tell someone in optional exactly means you don't have to do it, while in Hadith it is different. What about al Qaeda? When you say no sooner, what does that mean the people of the optional opinions, what does it mean in our data? It is different. So we have different
usage for the sun according to the scholars.
First insert, student that means the optional did
what you will be rewarded for doing it and will not be punished for not doing that's the meaning of Sona. In fact,
we have wajib mandatory, we have allowed MOBA we have disliked mcru and we have recommended which is the sooner option. So that's the huge usage of the sooner in the field. We have the sooner and arcada
The sooner nakida means the guidance of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and the fundamentals of the religion.
What's the proof that this is the definition of Suna in Al Qaeda?
prophet SAW Selim segment La Habana una de la 70 whoever abandoned my son now he is not one of me of my nation is not the follower for me. Now you cannot say if someone left something recommended in the prayer is not a follower to the messenger sallallahu sallam. So definitely there is another meaning for what the prophet SAW Selim said. And that's the usage of the Sunnah in arcada. So we have different definition in fact, than aqidah then Hadith
scholars of Hadith, they meant by the Sunnah Paul, what was narrated from the messenger sallallahu sallam, whether it is an action,
basically a deed or a saying,
or approval, or a description.
So, the scholars of Hadith, define this winner by four things. There are four things, actions are deeds, sayings of the messenger, sallAllahu Sallam approvals, tacit approvals, and the description of the messenger sallallahu wasallam.
Example for saying, when the prophet SAW Selim says something,
and you do it, this is sadhana. It's not necessarily done by the messenger sallallahu sallam, but he recommended doing it, he said to do it. So this is a saying of the messenger Selim. So we say this is Sona, or action, the prophet size celeb used to pray to Raka before super prayer, or he used to sleep, he used to wake up this is sooner.
And it is an action, tacit approval, he saw one of the companions doing something, and he did not say anything, this is an approval for his deed. Because if it was not sooner, he would have changed that or he would have said something about it, or he would have told the companion not to do it. Once we know that there is a deed was done in front of the messenger seller, and they did not say anything about it. This is approval was the example. The example is the sooner to perform the son of the sub prayer after after the obligatory prayer. We know that it's recommended to pray the sooner before the sub prayer. But what if you woke up late and you could not pray the sooner and you prayed
the further the the obligatory prayer directly with the Gemma. Then you prayed the sooner is that permissible? Yes, it is permissible. Why? Because the prophet SAW Selim so one of the companions praying after the prayer and he asked him what are you praying? Because we know it's this like to pray after the summer prayer. You told them all messenger of Allah I did not pray the sooner before the prayer. So I'm praying now. prophets are Salaam did not tell him anything. If it was, if it was wrong, if it was not right, the prophets of Salaam would have told him Don't do it. Once the prophets I send them approved it, he said nothing about it, then it is soon we say it is son
or a description, the description of the messenger size alum, he was not tall or short, he was not very big, he had Blackbeard. All these are descriptions of the messengers are solemn. So anything related to the messenger sallallahu Sallam it is
this is according to the Hadith. So you need to know because again, the Sunnah has different meanings, according to the scholars, according to the scores of VEDA, according to the scholars of Hadith. So these are the sun, the meanings of the sun, and it is in the book page 58.
Now, we have the divisions of the Sun
Whenever the prophet SAW Selim wanted to convey something,
whether it is by saying or by deeds, so we have sayings of the messenger saya Salaam and we have the actions of the messenger sighs Allah, we have the variable y, this is the first division, the verbal y. What do we mean by verbal y? The Quran?
Is the Quran from the messenger Salaam or it is from Allah subhana wa Taala
it is from Allah right? But who conveyed the Quran? The messenger sallallahu wasallam verbally,
so it is from Allah subhanaw taala through gibreel to the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
So, it is variable. Why?
Why do we say it could be sooner also even though it is from Allah because the messengers are silent, he is the one who who conveyed this Why? So, it is a verbal why, then we have why by meaning
which means it is from Allah, but not literally not the exact same wording, it is from Allah, but not literally.
This is again why,
why it is why
now, if the Prophet size and lamb gave the ruling about something which we don't find in the Quran, why do we still say it is why?
Why do we still say it is Why?
What does the law say?
Exactly what my understanding, however, he does not speak out of his desire. It is why it is a revelation. So whatever the prophet SAW Selim say, even if it's not what and it's still why, even though the wording themselves are not these words are not from Allah literally, but the Y itself, the meaning is from Allah. Do we have an example? Yes, we have an example. A man came to the messenger, so I send them during catch while he is the cloth of Trump.
And he asked messengers, I send them about the perfume because he had perfume and he has his paper towel with perfume, what does he do? prophet SAW Selim did not tell him anything. After the Y came, the prophet SAW Selim told him to remove the trace have to basically wash himself and then he continues, performing the hajj regularly. Now was this from the messenger Salaam or it is from Allah subhanaw taala.
It is from Allah. So it is why, now sometimes the prophet SAW Selim did not wait. He directly said something again because he had the knowledge. All what he says is not from himself, but it is from Allah subhanho wa Taala. Another example, Abdullah have been the last one he wanted to write everything the prophet SAW Selim says some companions told him how come you write everything? Maybe the prophets I send them said something while he's joking maybe he did not mean it. So Abdullah nama asked the messenger sighs tell them about it. And the messengers are said I'm told him, right, everything, for I don't speak, accept the truth. Everything I say is correct.
So this is the second type, which is why, why it is why because he meant with what he's saying to convey the message of Allah subhanaw taala.
So we have two divisions of why verbal why, literally, which is the Quran, and the y by meaning,
which is from Allah, but the wording is from the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
Then we have something that the prophet SAW Selim said, without the intention of conveying the message of Allah.
Like what we say the messenger Salim is a human being, he is a human being. So sometimes he says some things that are not really why.
Like he wants to drink, water, the amount of water he drinks, he wants to relieve himself, the place where he goes, this is not necessarily why. So this is another division. Now the first thing, whatever the prophet SAW Selim, wanted to convey from Allah, like he's asked about, about a ruling, he cannot say something from himself about the ruling. In Islam, it has to be why from Allah subhanaw taala, but other things, the worldly matters, these are not why because he did not mean to, to convey the message of Allah subhanaw taala he is talking as a human being.
So we have basically two divisions. The first one, what is meant to be why, what he wanted to convey as why
Which is the book of Allah Subhana Allah and the Sunnah of the messenger assassin. Then we have the Second Division, which is not why things that he said from himself.
Now we come to a very important issue, which is the authority of the Sunnah of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam. What makes the Sunnah a source of rulings in Islam?
What makes it valid as a source of legislation in Islam?
in another term? What's the evidential weight of the Sunnah of the messenger? sallallahu wasallam?
Is it the source of Islam or not?
It is, what makes it the source of Islam.
We say that this is the second source of Islam. What's the first source? The Quran? The Quran is the first source and then comes what the Sunnah of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
So we have the Quran and we have the Sunnah of the messenger sallallahu sallam. Now we come to the evidences that makes this a second source of Islam. Now, all Muslims agree to follow the book of Allah, but some of them some Libyan people, they say we don't have to follow the Sunnah. What do you tell those people? What do you tell them if they said we have to follow only the Quran? You quote to them many a hadith from the messenger Salaam, but they tell you we don't even consider these valid evidences, so you need to give us something from the Quran. What can you tell me as an evidence for
several Could you give me one?
Exactly. Cooling quantum gonna laugh at me on Yes, we've come a long way a
long time. This is in Surah Tamron Allah subhanho wa Taala is telling those people who claim that they love the messenger Salah gleiss telling them say if you love Allah follow me means follow the messenger Salah for a few do that Allah will love you and will forgive your sins.
That means we have to follow the messenger Salah if you wanted the love to love us. Otherwise Allah subhanaw taala will tell them if you love Allah follow the book of Allah. But he told him to follow the messenger of Allah the prophet SAW Selim, we have very important ayah in the Quran,
which many people overlook, it is inserted a lot of Isaiah number 157. This is very important. Allah says in this ayah and Lavine to be owner Rasulullah Nabeel omya Livia Juna home October 9 down fatality villingili moron will narrow fear and how many Moncure Are you Hello la Mota eventually harmonic haba Ito on Islam Allah Allah Allah Allah de Cana tally for LA Vina mondovi was 010 What about Nora Levine's dilemma?
If you look at what Allah subhanaw taala says in the Quran, those who follow the messenger, the prophet, the unlettered, whom they find written with them in the Torah, the gospel, now comes the point of the evidence enjoys
good and forbids evil. Makes lawful to them, what is good and makes unlawful to them? What is evil? That's the point of the evidence. It's not enough sometimes to call the if you tell them this evidence, okay, what do you understand from the eye you have to make it clear. Now in this ayah Allah subhana wa Taala is telling the people that the prophet SAW Selim has the right to make things lawful and unlawful.
This by itself is an evidence that the Sunnah of the messenger sallallahu Sallam is a source of legislation by itself, because the prophets I sell them by believer of Allah subhanaw taala has the right to legislate to make things lawful and unlawful.
You help you learn more about why you heard him on a Sabbath. So that's the mission of the prophets. I said that's his job to make things lawful and unlawful.
So it's not only the Quran, it is also the Sunnah of the messenger sallallahu wasallam.
So this is one example one evidence
another example and sort of October in the ayah 29 cultural Latina like Nina Bella, who will I believe will occur when you have a Muna Maha Rama la hora, sola FIDE those who don't believe in Allah and the final day and do not forbid what Allah and His Messenger forbid.
So he did not say what Allah forbid. He said what Allah and His Messenger for a bit.
So whatever the messenger Selim forbids, it's as Allah subhanaw taala, forbidding
It's the same. So in this ayah Allah subhanaw taala is giving the Prophet sighs lm the authority to forbid or Allah.
Latina Latina like we know Nabila below me actually. When I had Ramana Maharshi Rama la hora, Sulu. Well, I didn't happen 1102 kita Hatha Yoga Gz Can anyone I'm sorry. So, this is I am number 29 in Surah tober.
what are the COVID Alena Baba COVID. And if he if Mohammed Salah Salem had made up about us some false things,
what will happen, now have not been happy with him, he will die, we will not give him any chance to live he will die. So, the point at the beginning if which means he did not,
because if he will make up some false things, what will happen? We will cause them to die right away. That means, they did not do that. That means all these things are from Allah subhanaw taala.
That means, the sooner has the authority as the Quran.
we have many other ayat, what am I attacking rasuluh whatever the messengers I send them, has given you then take it. So, he did not say only what Allah subhanaw taala gave you but also what the prophet SAW Selim has given you, and what Babel mentioned also say if you love Allah, then follow me for a love of love you and forgive your sins, there are many if your job is to, to know this is to have them ready. Whenever someone asked the question, because you may be asked by by a non Muslim or even by some Muslims, who tend to say that it's only the Quran, we don't need anything but the Quran.
Now, you have these ayat, right? What about the suspicious around the sooner because it's important to know what others are saying.
One higher, and again it is from the Quran.
navaratna for kitabi Misha
This is in Surah Allah Allah, Allah subhanaw taala says navaratna Africa kitabi Misha we have not neglected in the register or in the book anything
which means everything is mentioned in the Quran. So if you tell me you have to follow the Sunnah I will tell you I don't need to.
Everything is in the Quran. That's what many people say.
So what do you say about this suspicion? How can you answer because it's an ayah from the Quran and Allah subhanaw taala is telling you that nothing is left Oh nothing is neglected.
Everything is mentioned in the register
is in this ayah and evidence that we don't need the sooner we need only the Quran because everything is in the Quran.
Quran says go to the sooner
okay are the is sufficient to to answer this ayah Do you mean that Allah subhanaw taala did not really mean nothing is neglected.
How can you answer you need to have a strong answer.
Another idea we have revealed to you the book as a clarification for everything
on a Sonali Kalki, taba will happy to be on and luckily she
So, it is a clarification for everything.
So, what do you say?
It clarifies everything So, what's the need for the Sunnah of the messenger? sallallahu wasallam.
Another Ayah Indeed, We have revealed the decrease in Nanana Zilla vichara in Allah Allah has given what's the point from this ayah Allah subhanaw taala promised to protect the vicar which is the Quran.
That's why we have to take the Quran but he did not promise to protect the Sunnah of the messenger sallallahu sallam. So we don't have to take this sooner.
What do you think? Now can you answer?
Exactly. Now the Quran in its clarification, it says to follow this sooner.
Right. And the same thing about the first tire we did not neglect anything in the register, nothing is neglected, nothing is left over. So if you say there is nothing neglected in the Quran
that implies this soon as well. Otherwise, this is incorrect. Because when you say every single detail is mentioned in the Quran, then what do you say about the recording
Number of the rock of the prayer. Tell me where do you find in the Quran that the local prayer is for Raka that does occur then you saw above this occur is 85 grams of gold or 595 grams of silver, you have to pay 2.5%
tell me where do you find this in the Quran? So that means that's not the exact meaning of the ayah. Yes, the guidelines are there in the Quran and one of the guidelines is what? To follow the Sunnah. So that makes the Sunnah
valid as a source of Islam.
So it is important to understand these,
these if what do you say about them? What's the interpretation? The correct interpretation for this is
again the second Dyer, we have revealed to you the book as a clarification.
The book means the Quran and what clarifies the Quran. The sooner
because Allah is telling the Prophet size that we reveal to you. So your job is what to clarify.
To clarify how you clarify by the sooner
by the sooner, that's what the other is as
well We have revealed to you the decal in order for you to to explain to the people what was revealed to them.
So the sooner the job of the sooner is to clarify the foreign. Now the last year we revealed the decal and we will protect it. The car actually means the Quran and the Sunnah. You cannot say victory means only the Quran. Even the Sunnah is protected because the Sunnah itself is decreed because it is from Allah subhanho wa Taala it is why
and other suspicion.
What do you say about the saying of the prophet SAW Selim himself when he commanded the companions not to write down is a hadith means it's not
a source of Islam, otherwise he would have commanded them to write it down. He asked them to write the Quran. This means that the Quran is the source of Islam not this one. But they say about this.
during the early days, what do you mean the light day is what happened?
They weren't sure about the Quran. Exactly. At the beginning of Islam, the prophet SAW Selim did not want the companions to mix between the Quran and the Sunnah. That's why he asked them not to write it. This Hadith is not general about all the time, because we find later on that many companions. They are all the Hadith of the messenger sallallahu sallam. Just like the example I gave about Abdullah number. He used to write the Hadith of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
And he was asked why you write this maybe the prophets of Salaam is saying something which is not an evidence. profits are seven told him right everything. I do not speak except the truth. I don't say anything but the truth.
So this is not at all the times it was only at the beginning.
Because the prophet SAW Selim did not want the companions to mix between the Quran and the Sunnah.
It is important for you to read these what what scholars said about the the Sunnah of the messenger Selim. Now, one simple answer for everybody who says that the Quran is the only source of Islam who brought the Quran
who brought the Quran.
The prophet SAW Selim, you accept the Quran, but you don't accept from the one who brought it. That does not make sense.
The prophet SAW Selim brought the Quran he conveyed the Quran and he conveyed the sun as well. One of the best books actually written about this subject is the within the authority and importance of the pseudonym. This is very good book in English. It's one of the recommended resources for this subject, I encourage you to to purchase this book and to read it, it's very good. It is very good book. There are many other books in in Arabic, I have it like Gita sooner. This is another book but it's in Arabic. And there is another book also in Arabic and Sunnah defense against the offenders of the sinner. But in English, this is this book is available from Dr. Bashir, you should get it. It's
important because again, as I told you, there are some people who are Muslims.
You may give a talk and you got the Hadith. And they asked you where do you find this in the Quran? You don't have to find it in the Quran. Actually, Mama shafia Rahim Allah He said the Sunnah
does not need the Quran.
Quran needs the sooner because the sooner clarifies the Quran while the Sunnah by itself is clarified. So we do not need the Quran. But we need the sooner more so in according to the mammoth safira han Allah, they are all in the same level, if not, the sooner if not higher than the Quran. But the majority of scholars said grant comes first and then the sooner so we accept them both. Both of them are sources of legislation in Islam. Both of them have the authority. Yes.
The authority and importance of dishonor
the authority and importance of the sooner
this is printed by Daniel Bashir.
This is one of the books it's in English and it's very good. The other books they are written in Arabic.
With this inshallah, we will have only assignment left for you.
You have to read the introduction of the book, from page one, to 10. The book we have a textbook on Hadith studies
and answer the following. You have a question you need to answer this the book.
Also the sun and the solar effect overlap to some extent. What's the explanation for this statement?
soul and the soul is to not overlap to some extent. What's the similarity? Basically, this is the meaning of the question. What's the similarity between our soul and the soul sooner?
according to the author, again, from page one to 10, you will find the answer What's the meaning of rewire and dariah? This will be the introduction and inshallah from tomorrow on. You bring the
the book with you the book of Hadith. With this we will conclude this session now there will still allow soleimani Mohammed Allah savage man Solomonic Monica