Fiqh – Understanding the Religion 13/14
Channel: Isam Rajab
File Size: 33.00MB
Santa Clara cattle. Welcome to the second class. Today inshallah we'll continue talking about the chapter of the Zika. We already spoke about this account on gold, silver and cash. And we talked about this account on the livestock. And today we will finish the remaining three types that are subject to the cap. So we'll start with this account on crops.
We have six conditions in order for this account to become obligatory on the crops.
Again, remember the conditions for this occur on livestock for gold, silver and cash. And now, there are six conditions here.
The owner must be Muslim, it's the same condition, he must be a free person again the same thing, he must be the sole possessor of the crops
He must be the sole possessor of the crops
they are cultivated by human beings, this is different condition, they are cultivated by human beings.
Number five, they can be saved for later use.
And the last one, the quantity must meet the new required new SOP
which is 60 saw some set out some thumbs up also or
it was a 60 song.
So, in total they are three 300 300 song
again, the owner must be Muslim, he must be a free person, he must be the sole possessor of the crops. They are cultivated by human beings. They can be saved for later use.
If you plant
and you can save it for one year, but human beings don't eat that thing.
It is for buildings or it is for any other thing. Do you pay the Zakat on it?
Is it considered crops?
Is it or is it not? It is not.
You have a son
who is five years old. is not adult it
you gave him a big ranch in this ranch.
there are spikes. We eat
Is there as a cardio or not?
Did you get the question?
Five years old
boy. He owns a big ranch.
In this ranch.
There is rice there is all types of crops.
And it is over the new SOP
is there is a cat on it.
So we have yes or no. While you say yes.
How old so if he's two years old, he pays the soccer.
According to the howdy if they don't have to play
so they don't have to pay the soccer.
Any other opinion?
His relation should pay. Yes, exactly. It's true the pen is lifted. But what if he damage property of another person? Do we say the pen is lifted?
There is responsibility otherwise no one would want anything. They will just keep it with in the names of their children. I don't own it. It's in my child's name. I'm not the sole possessor
No, it has to be paid.
There is no requirement for age here. Again, remember the conditions that's why we are mentioning the conditions it's very important.
No, he is the sole possessor now the boy is five years old but it's in his name you cannot do anything with it
his consent and you cannot get his consent until he is old. So he is the possessor of it.
So again, these are the conditions number five, they can be saved for later use
these crops has to be saved. Like what? Like the rice, can you save the rice? The seeds of the rice for later use? Yes, you can lentils.
Can you or can't you?
You cannot? Can you serve it for one year?
You can freeze it. While you can freeze everything. You can freeze the human being for one year.
So at their time they had to freeze it.
Can you freeze the lettuce for one year?
For one year?
It seems you're not involved that much in the
Okay, you cannot. So that's the criteria. It has to be saved for one year.
lentils? Can you save it for one year?
Yeah, you can save it.
The quantity must meet the required nisab. We have nisab. What's the new sub for gold and silver?
grams of gold and how many grams of silver?
595 of silver? What about the crops the same thing?
come set out. So what's up?
is a container like a container? A way of measurement? What's the word suck?
The worst SOC is 65.
Each was up is equal to 65. Okay, what's the sun?
is for mood.
What is the mood? The mood is the handful
of the average man, the two hands full of the average man. That's the mode.
one mode, this is mode. Another mode. This is to mode, third mode. Fourth mode four, four times. This is what
four modes equals what one saw
60 saw, which means 60 times four modes. 660 PSA is equal what
one was. But then you saw how many was
500 out of five. So we have four of the mode times
times five. You got it. So how many handfuls?
No, not 300 300,300 times four
which is equal to 1200 handfuls now How much could you get in your hands?
Almost one pound. That's the average man. Right? That's why in our terms now, kilograms, how much it is almost 1400 30 pounds
of shelled seeds, shelled seeds. What's the meaning of shelled seeds
the shell of it without the cover of it.
So someone has rice.
He has one acre of rice
and the harvest time came
and he weighed the rice
without the cover.
It was 1500 pounds. But when it was
it became 1200 pounds. Does he have to pay the Zika? No, you don't pay the Zika
the shelf seats has to be more than
they have to reach approximately 1400 30 pounds.
You see from her this measurement came that's the nisab so if you have less than that the PE is a car or not.
The PE pay as a car owner.
Okay, let's say you have 2000 pounds of lentils. Do you pay the car?
You pay the car not
how much do you pay this?
but they pay. Okay, we knew the nice up what do you say from listening? Somebody pay?
What do you pay from the same crop? Some some amount? What's that? Some? That's what we need to know.
Okay, we'll postpone the answer until we have the fruits. So again, what types of crops Do we have to pay this occur for?
Beans, can you pay this account on beans?
Could it be saved for later use? Yes. So he plays account on beans.
the fourth type which is fruits.
What types of fruits do we pay the sucker for?
Depends on Apple.
We have only two types of fruits. According to the method from Shapiro hemella only two types dates and grapes,
dates and grapes only the dates of course, they consider the type of fruits
why according to the conditions only those types of fruits
they can be they can meet these conditions. Because the dates Can you save it for later use?
Yes. What about the grapes?
It becomes raisins, right? But other types of fruits the apple
or the orange
cannot. So there are four necessary conditions for the soccer to be obligatory on the fruits. The owner must be Muslim He must be a free person.
He must be the sole possessor of the fruit and the quantity of the fruits must meet the required nisab these are the conditions
as long as it is dates and grapes.
Again, what's the required nisab for fruits?
What's the required result for fruits?
What's the required nisab for fruits?
One last time or I will give you two homeworks?
What's the required nisab for fruits?
Same as crops. Yes.
What's wrong with you?
Yes, I did not say it what you could say something. It's the same as crops
proximately 1400 2014 130 pounds. It is comes at our sock. Ah what's up is 65. Each PSA is for two handfuls.
2000 pounds of dates.
He got them in May.
In May. He got 2000 pounds of dates.
in July, after two months that he did not pay the soccer for them.
Does he have to pay the soccer
other conditions are met.
Did it stay for a year?
So he waits for a year.
come on yes or no.
He has to wait for you. No, no, he doesn't have to wait for you.
They do mention from the conditions in the crops and in the fruits that it has to be saved for a year.
We said it could be saved for later use, but it doesn't have to be saved for one year until you pay then the soccer. The soccer is due right away in the time of harvest. What's the evidence? Allah says in the Quran, Allah Allah to help out yo Maha Samadhi
This is in Surah Al anon will add to haka who Yamaha Saudi give its do
and the time of harvest. When you grasp when you take the harvest you baby
this is a car.
So is there a condition that it has to wait for a year? You collect the rice and you wait for one year and then you pay the soccer?
We did not mention it as a condition. Okay. This is clear. How much do we pay now? This is the question.
You have 2000 pounds of rice. How much do you pay for this occur?
Hurry up We don't have much time.
1430 pounds martial law so you live for yourself? 570 pounds. You pay more than 50% for the soccer actually pay more than 70% for the soccer?
Is that what you pay?
What do you pay for this account?
You have 2000 pounds.
Fatima says 2.1% Why?
Why 2.5% that's the nisab of what? Gold Silver and cash that's the payment you pay. It is different fruit and crops is different. You pay 10% 10% so if you have 2000 pounds, how much do you pay?
However, hold on. You don't always pay 200 pounds
if and only if it was watered by the rain.
If you did not pay money to water this fruit or this crops.
The prophet SAW Selim says FEMA sakata sama aka Arthurian, Allah OSHA, whatever the sky watered, or it doesn't need watering because there are some types of food they just grow like that.
You pay 10% one I certainly have been no, but not necessarily. But if you provide the water, you are paying for the water how much you pay
5% 5% so if you have 2000 pounds, how much do you pay?
So what's the payment? What's the car on the fruits?
It depends. If you say 10% it may be wrong if you say 5% it may be wrong.
What if it was watered? for six months? Six months you did not use the water and six other months. You use the water How much do you pay?
Yes, you divide it 7.5% yes Shahada.
After you know, you pay 7.5%
Why? Because the prophet SAW Selim said, if the rain watered it from the sky, then 10% if you alter it 5% here, it's not you know, it's the rain it's worth of you. So
now, we knew these four types
of these occur and there is a fifth type which is this accountant
and we will come to it. But
you have this aka,
you calculated your money, you have $10,000.
And it will save for one year. And we know you pay out of $10,000. How much you pay?
How much you have $10,000? How much you pay money?
Okay, that's what I'm asking for $250. Okay?
To whom you give it
to your mother, to your brother?
who deserves this account?
How many types how many recipients of this account we have? How many people? Six? What are they?
Six, seven or eight worth? How many? Eight? That's correct. We have eight recipients of the Zika. Eight
and the ayah in Surah. October in nama sadakazu Lin for Karachi. One Misaki mala Molina Allah.
Allah Allah tipo de Polo boom, or sorry, kabhi? Well, or I mean, a few sebelah who have noosaville? So how many? Eight?
alpha? Who's the familiar? What constitutes fatigue?
What's the definition of fatigue?
Bigger? Bigger is bigger is not poor.
We have millionaires and they are beggars.
Who is the?
And who's the miskeen as well, by the way, who's the Miskin? in English? There is no difference actually. Or there is no definition
what's the difference between poor and miskeen? Yes.
So what's the miskeen? If that's the poor
The miskeen is the homeless
who's the needy the poor of them scheme?
We have accurate definition. Yes.
The people who have some money but not enough to meet their needs, this is for Kate or miskeen
for clear, okay, who needs more difficulty or the skin? Whose case is worse? He needs that help more than the other? Yes.
miskeen wrong. The footer is worse. The footer is in a bad need. The *er is the one who has no money at all. He has no source of income.
The miskeen he has but it's not enough. It's not sufficient. Allah subhanaw taala said in the Quran in surah calf Amma Safina two for Canna crema Sakina, Yamuna filbur although they own a sheep, yet they are still Misaki. Why? Because it was not enough. They are getting something out of it. But it's not enough. That's the miskeen Why is the poor he has nothing.
That's why Allah started with the poor.
So the poor needs more help. So what's the difference? Again, the poor who has no source of income or who has nothing? To no provision? The miskeen
he has something but still it's not enough. Like someone needs $10 every day to survive for his food. The Miskin is making $6 Is it enough? No, but he's making something while the factory is not making anything or he's making like $1 on
that's the difference between the factory and the miskeen.
Those are the first two recipients of physica number three, the employee of this aka
Alhamdulillah Allah, the people who now you need to collect this occur, how will you you will collect it.
Automatic automatically online. You need people to collect this sucker for you. Those people who will pay for them
from this occur from
The money that they are collecting they take that's their job to collect the money so they take payment.
The employees have this occur
if you say we need the soccer but we will not pay the workers no one will collect the soccer for you.
Number four Elmo aliphatic Oulu, boom.
What do you mean by the Mala Mala for the people that you want to gain
them, you want to win their hearts. That's the meaning of the mandala for kulu.
In particular, when newly Muslims
there Islam is not strong yet.
The newly Muslims that you feel they may not accept Islam fully, unless you pay them something.
Those people they deserve this occur. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam he gave up clubbing habits or a number Hussam.
He gave them money from the Zakah Why? When they became Muslims, they were leaders. But at the beginning, they were suspicious and they were not accepting Islam. Once they were paid. They accepted Islam fully.
Those people like nowadays, if someone accepted Islam,
You don't tell him you have to find a job. We should help him he's a new Muslim.
So those are Allah Allah, Allah boom.
Number five feasability law in the cause of Allah, what's the cause of Allah?
jihad, fighting the enemies of Islam.
You pay money to protect your
Nowadays, what's the biggest budget
in the country, military. Why?
All countries not only here in our states, in all countries, the military budget is the highest.
In Islam, it's one of
the recipients of the second not the sole one or not the bigger one, it is one of them. jihad. Some scholars, they said, it's not only jihad, anything in the cause of Allah. But actually, in the ayah, most of the scholars they said, although it was mentioned to be severely law, but it means jihad in particular.
Number six, releasing the captives or the prisoners of war. If there is a war between Muslims and kuffaar, some Muslims were captured as prisoners, you want to release them, and they said, We want to release them until you pay ransom. You pay this money from this account to free the Muslim people.
This is another
type where you pay this occur.
Number seven LRE mean? What's the meaning of the mean? alarm is the one who's in debt that he cannot pay
Alizarin The one who has a debt that he cannot pay.
alarm is not the one who is in debt only. If you say the one who's in debt, maybe every one of us arm. So every one of us deserved as a car. alarm is the one who's in debt that he cannot pay. So let's say
you are making $200 every week, and you have rent $400 every week.
you are trying and they told you the more you work, the less you'll get money. And every month
the payment is increasing instead of $400 the rent is becoming $500 and so on. So you are in this case what you are sorry, my your debt is getting bigger and bigger. You cannot pay it. Now like someone who goes and he says, lend me some money. And he plays with it or he wasted. He wasted it and then he comes and says I am hiring. I need money for the soccer. The one who is in debt that he cannot pay. That's the harm.
He deserves the cup
because the more you leave him he cannot pay.
He needs money and he's unable. So he deserved this account. And the last one is Sabir who's Mr. Bill Seville is the traveler who wants to go home and he doesn't have means any means to go home.
He was traveling, he was robbed, he lost his money. He wants to go back. He doesn't have money he deserved as a car. Even if he is by himself. If he wasn't there, he reached to his place. He's rich.
He still deserves this account.
Yes, when he goes back, he will become rich. But here, he doesn't have money. He wants to go there and he cannot.
We don't tell him Okay, this is alone. No, he deserves this occur.
This is admissible.
So how many recipients of this occurred? We have eight,
eight recipients of the Zika.
The count on that
someone has that?
Does they have to pay this occur?
I gave you
And you took this 15 $100 for two years.
Who pays this aka
Me or you?
Or no one? Or both?
of you, do you think?
You are not the sole possessor?
Is that right?
Are you or Aren't you the sole possessor?
If we say you are the possessor what is the money?
It's with him? And if we say he is the sole possessor, what is the money?
It's not yours?
So no one would pay there's a cabin?
What do you think?
You have to pay to pay? Is it me or him?
So I pay visa? Although I don't have the money.
It's my money to begin with, but what is it?
What is it
with the other person? What if you said
you did not give me nothing?
What if he denied it?
What do you do?
Okay, we have more than one case. And you have to know
what type you are dealing with? What is this case? Exactly? We have three cases. The first case the creditor has an evidence like I gave you the money you said you want 515 100 Okay, write me a check for 1500 with the date. So whenever I deposit this check, I will get my money back.
In this case, who pays this a car?
I paid is a car. Why? Because it's just like I have the money, I have an evidence that this is my money. Whenever I asked for it, I will get it. So I have to pay this occur. It's as if I have it with my own money. Okay, this is the first case, if the creditor has an evidence, he has a document and he is able to take the money.
So you are not denying it. I have an evidence and you say yes, this is your money. Whenever you ask me, I will give it to you, then I have to pay there's a car there is no excuse for me not to pay. There's a car.
Number two, I don't have any evidence. But you don't deny it as well.
In this case, also I pay the soccer.
I paid the soccer. Why? Because it's the same thing, although I don't have any evidence but you don't deny it. But here they say scholars say in this case, there is a risk that you may not get your money. Maybe today you said yes, yes, I owe you this money. Tomorrow I came I told the words, the money and you said I don't. I don't owe you anything. And there is no evidence. So my money is lost. And I already paid the Zika. In this case, they say you don't pay the soccer until you take the money. But in the first case, you have to pay the soccer right away when it's due. Because it's just like you have the money. Whenever you deposit the check, you get your money. The second case,
you don't pay the soccer until
you get the money. But it is obligatory on you. That's what they say. So in this case, you have to get it you get the money to pay the second. The third case, I don't have evidence and you are denying the money.
In this case, the car is not obligatory on me.
Because I don't have the money. Yes, I gave it to you but there was no evidence and you are denying this money. So in this case, the car is not obligatory.
one day, you gave me the money back. Someone came to you and convinced you that there is haram or one day you felt that you should give the money back. When you give it I pay desica but to begin with, it's not obligatory because I don't have evidence and you are not giving it to me.
Is this clear? We have three cases.
Yes, I hope this is true. It's not only a word.
In third case, nobody pays because I am I am the owner of the money but I don't have it and they don't have evidence and he is not giving it to me.
If he's lying now, he doesn't own the money also it is my money
czaka on merchandise
there are two conditions plus the owner must be a Muslim Plus he has to be a free person, the sole possessor and one year
and a nice up. So we have five conditions, five conditions to avoid confusion, it is five conditions the solar the owner must be the sole possessor He must be a free person and he must be a Muslim. These three conditions are in all types of this occur then we have
there has to be one year, one lunar year and it has to meet the requirements of what do we mean by merchandise?
What do we mean by merchandise?
is this merchandise?
Yes. So I calculate my pens. I have 200 pens.
I paid this aka
what's mentioned nice.
Something that is kept for selling. That's the meaning of merchandise. Something that is kept for selling something you expect to generate money for you. That's the meaning of merchandise.
You have two cars. You are using them.
Do you pay the car?
You have one car but you don't use it and you are keeping it you expect the market will go high and you will sell it.
Do you pay physica?
You don't use it this is not for you use.
You are using the
metro you're using the
bus and you are keeping this car
to sell it to get money. Do you pay zakat on it?
Yes, of course he pays account. On the other case even if you have two houses or two cars, you don't pay this. One man has a house. Big House $1 million worth
that's where he lives does he have to pay the sticker
on that house that he's using? No, he doesn't pay the car this is his house is using another man he purchased three houses $100 $100,000 each is using one and he saved two to sell them when the price goes higher.
He has to pay for this occur.
So what do we mean by merchandise?
Things that are for sale, things that you expect to generate money for you.
So is there a cap on assets
fixed assets or mobile assets? Cars homes.
Factory we built we built a factory to manufacture pens.
The land is one acre and we paid half million dollars. The machines that manufacture pens to $2 million. This is $3 million and we are manufacturing pens.
There is a cap on what
the whole thing 2 million plus the price of the land one acre plus depends that we are doing
with our fits ours Mashallah.
Exactly. You pay Zakah only on what you are selling. This is fixed assets it's used now, machines you are using it. Do you know if you pay zakat on everything what will happen every year you may lose one machine or one piece of the land
you pay this account only on
The things that you are manufacturing.
two storey building.
He lives in a house. This is another thing.
It was $1 million.
This two storey building, it has eight apartments
he's renting these apartments he's getting per year
does he pay zakat on $20,000? Does he pay this account on $1 million?
The price of the land or does he pay zakat on both?
Exactly he pays this account on the $20,000 only not the price of the land itself. Because what he is preparing what is generating what he is getting money from not from the land itself is getting from the rent. So he pays this account on that thing.
Is this clear?
Is it clear?
Paying Zakat in advance Can you pay this account in advance?
Like you know every year that's what you make?
And you want to pay it in advance?
Yes, you can.
A lot does throw the alarm on the uncle of the messenger Sallam he paid this kind of advance
what if you paid the Zika and then you lost the money you did not get the money what happens?
If you gave it to the poor person, you cannot get it back. Because he took it he deserved it. It is you who gave it in advance. But if you made a condition to the one who collected the car from you like a government and you said this is in advance, then you could get it back.
But in general these these details we will discuss them inshallah later on next year, it's advanced level. In general, you could pay this okay in advance. And it happened the last or the last one he did that
does occur on because what's the cause?
The cause is the things that are extracted from the earth that were buried long time before Islam. you purchased the land.
You are searching and you found 10 kilograms of gold. There was a treasure in your land in your farm. What do you do with these 10 kilograms of gold?
For the pigs account 2.5 every year
you have the value of that. Actually, Eric as you pay commerce
150 which is
20% 20% for one time only. That's it.
So if you have 10 kilograms,
you pay 20%.
And that's it.
Even if you kept it for several years, you didn't pay zakat on it
and this is the end the conclusion of the book of Zika. And now we will start inshallah with the book of fasting. But we will keep this for next class. Other Salalah Solomon Andromeda savage man, is there any question about Zika?
If I have two cars, and I rent out the second car, yeah. Twice a year.
Yeah, if you getting the rent, you pay the Zakat on the rent? Yes.
Like you're getting $200 every month. That's like 2400 per year you pay this account that rent you don't pay the car on the car because the car
there is depreciation the value is going down.
You are getting money from this account from the rent itself. So based on the rent
you had a question?
Yeah, yeah. Someone has sharp he sells cloth.
He has 10,000 skirt.
Each skirt is $100. Now he purchased
them for $20 each. And he's selling each one for $100. He has 200 skirts, times 100.
This is $20,000. That's the value. So he pays there's a cap on the value on the time this is due.
What he is selling, you may you may purchase 200 skirts, but 20 of them are away You gave it as a gift or whatever but you have 160 or 180 to sell that's what you pay the car for.
Can you pay the car for those who are in debt?
Do you pay the car on the years?
there is difference of opinions. The correct opinion is that you pay for one year only once you are able to retrieve your money you get it. You pay this account for one year and now you start a new lunar year.
Rick as I said, Rick has definitely Jamelia.
The things that you extract from the time of jelenia the things that were dumped in the earth for a long time.
The same thing shares you have stock, you have 100 shares, each share is $200. you purchased it for $100 you made profit 100%. Now 200 shares, each one is $200.
This is $40,000 you paid the Zakat on it
because if you sold it that's what you will get.
So it's the same thing. Yes.
No on the value on the value
of the value on the time you pay does occur.