Channel: Isam Rajab
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Santa Monica flower cattle. Thank you for joining us in the fifth class. Today inshallah we'll discuss few issues about congregational prayers and we will start with the eight prayer.
Now, after we discuss the Juma prayer,
we are moving to the eighth prayer.
But first we will discuss the tech we're
here it says the invocation. What's the invocation? It is specific Vicar. Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, the Illa Illa Allah, wa Akbar, Allah, Allah and hunt la Aqua Lockwood. This is the invocation it is repeated for a defeater from the sunset. You need to know when does it start? From the sunset of the night of the eighth until the man begins the eight prayer.
That's when it starts.
What's the evidence?
Now we're talking about the eight that comes after Ramadan.
It says it starts from the night of the DFA that means if tomorrow is eight,
and how do we know tomorrow is eight.
When we see the moon, what if we did not see the moon?
No, it is. If we finish 30 days of Ramadan, we cannot have 51 days of Ramadan. So if we did not see the moon,
and the next day is Ramadan, that means automatically at the end of the day, it is the night of eight. That's when you start the second year. Or if you saw the moon and then you start there with the creator of the what's the evidence?
Allah said in the Quran, when he talks about the CM
to Melissa Camilla like that. Then to continue the read that the fasting will need to Kabira Allah Allah Maha Dhaka and to mention the technosphere, so it is in the Quran.
So you do the technical many people they think that that we are only starts before the prayer.
And many people they do the tech, we're only Nigella while actually it is in the middle.
It starts at the end of the day of the last day of Ramadan. It starts at the night of the aid of a defeater.
When does it stop when the man begins the prayer
and farinata is the second day. It starts after.
After each of the obligatory prayers from the dawn of the day of alpha, that's when it starts.
The day of alpha, what's the number of that day?
ninth of the ledger, very good. From the dawn from such prayer,
and after every obligatory prayer until
the afternoon of the fourth day of what's the fourth day of aid? We have the day of Ramadan, we have three days with the Shrek
11th 12th and 13th.
So how many days in total do we have?
Five days. If you calculate the prayers, how many prayers you do that?
How many of you to get to the prayers.
Five prayers is one day only
2525 if it's full five days, it's not for fun, this one does it end? Answer, answer is the last one. So it is 2323 prayers. This is according to the chef a school of thought.
Some scholars they differ but again we're discussing now only the Imam Shafi is metta Brahma. So for idol fetter. It starts from
the night of the eighth until the mom starts the prayer. I love how
it starts from the dawn of alpha and after every every obligatory prayer until the answer prayer of the last day of the Shrek
now if I asked you, when does the computer start and the end in the
first you have to ask which eight exactly because it's different.
The other type of prayer, which is Eclipse prayer,
Eclipse prayer. We have two prayers, the Solar Eclipse and the
The solar eclipse prayer is an established tradition. It is established tradition. What do we mean by established tradition?
sooner? Is it mandatory? No. Let's go back. The eight prayer. Is there any prayer mandatory?
Yes. Very good. I the prayer is mandatory.
But that's not what we said yesterday.
It seems you're studying very well.
Exactly. We just stay. We just said that the congregational prayer, the prayer are established soon.
So it is soon. The same thing for the eclipse prayer. It is established tradition of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
If it's designated time passes, it shall not be made up.
What's the designated time for the solar or the lunar eclipse spray?
Yeah, when the time there is Eclipse, that's the time of it. It could be four o'clock it could be five o'clock. Once there is no Eclipse anymore. That means the time has elapsed so you don't pray.
But if let's say
people prayed in congregation and you came late, they already prayed and still the eclipse is there. Can you pray?
Yes, you can.
After each of the solar eclipse prayer and the lunar eclipse prayer, two sermons are given.
Two sermons are given.
This is like which prayer?
Juma prayer, we pray and then we give two sermons in Java. Right.
But we already prayed.
It seems When was the last time we prayed Java.
So it is the opposite of the Juma prayer, the eclipse prayer. It is like salata. Exactly. You pray first, and you give two sermons.
One should recite in his heart during the solar eclipse.
So in the Solar Eclipse you recite in your heart Why? Because it's a prayer and loudly during the lunar eclipse prayer.
Why do you give to sermons on the eclipse prayer?
why they will give hot water anyway.
The prophets Arsalan do it.
hated it, when his son died, Ibrahim. So the prophet SAW Selim taught the people that the sun does not Eclipse for the death of human being. Sun and Moon, they are signs of philosophy panel data. So they said this is an evidence that you give a sermon, when do you give it before or after? The chef is school of thought you give it after you pray first, and then you give the sermon? Rain prayer
slotless to stop
the rain prayer invoking Allah for rain is performed similarly to eight prayer. What do we mean by prayer?
Which means you pray first, and then you give the hotma that's what we mean.
What makes the Kabira seven times in the first tracker, and five times in the second round.
So you say Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, how many times
seven times? Why they said it is like a prayer. Other scholars.
They did not say that. They said it's only to Raka regular Raka.
Now we have another type of prayer, which is the fear prayer.
So lots of health. So now we have a prayer, Eclipse, prayer, rain, prayer, and
fear prayer. Doesn't that tell you something?
All these types of prayers.
It is another reminder of the importance and the significance of prayer.
Always in any situation, pray to Allah subhanaw taala the prophet SAW Selim whenever there is something stressed him there is something difficult, and there is a matter he rushed to pray, can interview Salam ala me there has ever fuzzier Illa Sala
It's the only, almost only I better that you have all these different types that you perform.
Chapter on field prayer this prayer is of three types we have three types of field prayer. Basically field prayer is when you have an enemy field prayer is not when when you're scared, but when there is an enemy in the in the battlefield. That's what we mean by field prayer.
The first time the enemy is not in the direction of the table.
Now let's say here is Dr. Blah, and the enemy is in our back.
That's the enemy there and praying this way.
In this case, the man divides the congregation into two groups.
You have 100 people fighting, you divide them to two groups 50 and 50. The members of the first group stand facing the enemy.
And the second group stand behind the Imam, the Imam is here.
The people behind him and the other group are facing the enemy. Now remember, the Imam is written in bold font because I think there is a mistake in the paper.
It says the second group stands behind the enemy.
What does it say in the paper?
Yeah, that's not correct.
That's not correct. The second group they stand behind the Imam
if the first group facing the enemy, second group behind the enemy, how can they pray? What is the Imam? So this is a typo? Correct.
This is the first case. The second case the enemy is in the direction of the tribler. Now, that's how you're praying and the enemy is there. I will not really discuss it a lot because
unfortunately, nowadays, jihad is almost absent.
This tells you how important is the prayer even when you are fighting the enemies you pray in congregation. That's one of the evidences that scholars who said
Juma is obligatory, they said this is another evidence even in the most difficult situations when you are fighting, you are fearing death. You still pray in congregation.
So the second case you have the enemy there and the Qibla also is there.
In this case, the Imam arranges the congregation into two lines. We have two lines.
The initial initiates the tech beer.
And when he frustrates the people in the first line, they frustrated with him. So that's the enemy. Here is the man and behind him there are two lines. first line only follows the Imam. So if they prostrate the second line is what is still standing. Because if everybody was prostrating themselves, the enemy could kill all of them. But the second line, protecting the first line and the man that's how you pray if you're facing the enemy.
The first line prostrate with him while the people in the second line remain guarding the rest. Okay, so you have the Imam that's the enemy, the Imam first line, second line, amendment first line, they prostrate themselves second line guards them.
When the man stands up, the people in the second line they prostrate.
Okay, so now, the first line with the man they stood up the second line, what happens to them? They go down,
and then they catch up with them.
The third time the enemy has been engaged.
If the enemy
was in combat with the Muslims, you are fighting and there is someone there. What happens here? You pray at
in this case, each fighter prays as he can.
Mounted or on foot facing the tablet or not. In this case, you don't even face the table.
What do you do you just fight and pray.
Again prayer is very important in the serata kanatal mo mini Nikita makuta. You pray at as much as you can. If you can prostrate yourself you prostrate yourself if you can bow you bow if you cannot, you're standing. Even if you're running.
You have to pray.
This is the
fear prayer. And again fear prayer does not mean when you're scared but fear prayer means in the time of jihad while you are fighting the enemy
Because if you're scared at home,
can you pray like fear prayer,
it's the same prayer you pray.
So fear is not does not mean any fear, it means the prayer in the time of jihad. Now we're moving to another type of prayer, which is the Salatu. Genesis, the funeral prayer,
chapter on the disease and funerals.
Before we discuss the prayer, we'll discuss the things that we do for the one who's deceased. four things are obligatory. Regarding the deceased, we have four things you should do anyone who dies, you have to do for him for things, bathing him ritually.
You have to bathe him,
performing prayer, which is the funeral prayer,
burying him how many things four things bathing, shrouding, performing prayer and burial.
This is for every Muslim, male or female
however, we have two types of disease are not based or preyed upon.
martyr killed fighting the infidels fighting the enemies.
You don't believe him?
And you don't pray upon him.
The martyr you don't pray for him. Why? Because basically, prayer is what? It's that you're asking Allah subhanaw taala to forgive this. This deceased person, but the martyr is already forgiven is promised from Allah subhanaw taala to be forgiven, so you don't pray the janaza prayer. That's the Sunnah of the messenger sallallahu
you don't pay him also.
Because again, bathing is to clean yourself. You're cleanse now you're facing Allah subhanaw taala and the martyr is already cleansed.
So what do you do for the martyr?
You just shout him and you bury him?
Yes, again, a martyr killed fighting the infidels.
That's the condition killed fighting the infidels. What if someone died? He was killed.
Fighting rebellious Muslims.
He was commanded by the Muslim leader to fight the rebellious Muslims, other Muslims who rebelled
like in the time of family or their loved one Maria. Both parties. They were correct. They were Mr. Hidden. Some of them were the group of ally were correct.
That does not mean any one of them was killed his martyr in the sight of Allah. It will be rewarded, but not like a martyr who was killed fighting the incidence. You have to be fighting the kuffaar
Yeah, because we have other types of martyrs like
the drowned people.
The people who were burned, the one who has who died because of his tummy because of abdominal disease is Shaheed and not Tony Shea the prophets have said himself, but he's in the reward not in the same exact rulings.
The second type that you don't bet you don't
play the janaza a stillborn fetus,
which means it was born that
but if a baby was born alive, even for one second, one minute, and then he died or she died, you pray the janazah.
we're moving to the book of a den. And actually this book was supposed to be discussed before earlier, but because it's not mentioned in your papers, that's why I delayed
the book of event. We mentioned that then and the comma they are recommended acts before the prayer. Two things are recommended then and the comma What's the meaning of them.
What's the meaning?
call to prayer.
So Allah subhanaw taala asked Ibrahim to call people to prayer. Well, I've been financing, to pray or to come to Hajj
fell into falou. Then on behalf of women ally for Avenue in another nation. What's the meaning of a van?
A van means informing linguistically
alarm. That's the meaning of a van informing.
But in the religious term, informing of the arrival of the time of prayer.
That's religious in the religious term, linguistically, that means
you tell someone at that time here, tell him that I came at it. That's why isn't his permission.
You're telling him that he has permission, but in the religious term, along with the whole Dr. Salah informing of the arrival of the time of prayer,
publishing is no different to tell telling.
How do we perform the other according to the Shafi school of thought?
How do you perform the other?
You never heard the other.
Let's count them how many statements how many words
go ahead. Allahu Akbar. Allahu Akbar.
Allahu Akbar Allah how many times for then? shadow Allah, Allah, Allah Allah.
Allah, Allah Allah.
hi Allah, Allah Hayato Salah. Now we have 10 already. High alpha, high alpha Allah.
Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar. Allah and Allah how many 15 Well, in the Shafi school of thought, we have 19.
No, salata Herman um this is in sub prayer. Do you say it in prayer
salado Herman and now How many?
It was 15 so it became 17. We still have two more.
Or they think
Yeah, 15 but most of the people know.
And the surface school of thought it is 19
intention. What do you mean? intention? Allahu Akbar intention shadow.
No, that's how they say. Allahu Akbar. Allahu Akbar. Allahu Akbar. Allahu Akbar. Shadow.
Shadow Allah Allah Illallah shadow Allah Allah Illallah shadow, Mohammed Rasul Allah, a shadow ana Muhammadan rasul Allah. So it is 15. But to add for more, this is called the Jia. Jia means you say back first you say Lhasa, very very in very light voice. Shadow Allah Allah Allah Allah when shadow
shadow Mohammed rasulillah and when you say it aloud, Shadow Allah Allah Illallah shadow Allah Allah Illallah shadow ana Muhammadan rasul Allah, Shadow Anna Mohammed Muhammadan rasul Allah. So it is the same event you know, but you add these four things, you save them. Why?
How about asking you to do this as a homework?
This is the homework for bezerra Andrew he only
is the homework for vasila and joy and the same due date.
Okay, why the show
The school of thought only, they said it is 19
instead of 15. What's the evidence?
Fine. What is it?
Okay, words of a comma how many words have a comma how many statements of your karma
Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar. Shadow Allah Allah Illallah
Muhammad Rasul Allah, Allah, Allah. Allah, Allah, comet Salah comments Salah, la Aqua laqua.
Okay, so this is in regards to the ban and the comma.
Now, we're done with the book of purification and Salah. However, there are a few things that I like to remind you with, when we studied the types of water.
We did not discuss the chapter about the utensils
it is forbidden to have Golden and Silver utensils or use them.
So only possession is forbidden. Plus using them.
Someone has a vessel of gold
it is forbidden to use it or to possess it.
Why profits are cell emission that these are for the kuffaar and it is for the Muslims in the prophet SAW Selim said whoever drinks in the utensils of gold and silver, is drinking actually boiling water. He's drinking his drinking fire.
So it is forbidden because of the Hadith. What's the wisdom some scholars said because other people there there may be poor people and that will break their hearts. They will not feel good about it. So you should not make them.
Yes, this is the question. Now there are some glasses are made from some metals, some minerals that are more expensive than gold and silver.
From glass, why? What makes them so expensive?
Because those are available in places. Really, this is the first time I hear that there is a glass more expensive than gold. It's
more than silver.
Yeah. What's the ruling? That's good question. What do you think? What if a glass made of Platinum?
Yes, but the purpose is how much does it cost?
So what do you think? Is it forbidden?
According to HUD, if it's not why is specified? It's gold and silver. What if it's made of diamond?
It's maybe 20 times or 100 times more expensive than gold, right?
So can you drink or not? the sharpest school of thought you can. Because if the prophet SAW Selim forbade more than golden silver, he would have mentioned that or he would have said and the lack of it. He mentioned only gold and silver. In particular, again, what's the wisdom? Maybe this is true, maybe it's not. But since he mentioned only silver and gold,
these are the only two things that are forbidden.
Now another question about the water. We said we have four
categories of water.
Pour, pour her
pour macro and nudges. And we have seven different types.
The water of the rain, the sea,
and so on.
What makes the water
Do you remember what we said or you forgot? Yes.
Color taste or
if it's changed Okay, this is a question if an ant was dropped in the water
can you use it for although if yes
actually there is separation there is
it has to be an animal
you can and fly mouse
yes the ants they feed on that most of the food is what? That bodies right
Be it be it small body or large body. But does that make it make it nudges?
Does the ants have blood in it?
This is a rule this is a rule
any animal insect bird does not have blood
it is not impure
which means it does not affect the water
So, if it was dropped in the water it's still permissible.
But what about the mouse?
If a living mouse
if a living mouse drank from the water and left Can you make from that water or not?
You know it's not
what is special about the mouse people like it
about the mouse
What do you think?
Slifer the animal
again, we don't want to waste more time we were
we were behind schedule.
If a mouse drank from the water and left
can you use this water for odo?
The answer is yes you can.
What are the animals that are not pure?
In general, all living animals are pure. Except to
Except dog and pig.
What if a dead mouse was in the water?
Can you use the water all animals are
are when they are dead they are impure.
All animals when they are dead they are impure.
So you cannot put a dead animal in the water. However, not all water like if you have a see
running water even if it's stagnant water and it is over to attain remember the quantity we mentioned. If it did not change the smell the taste the color then you could use it. If it changed then you cannot use it.
Yeah 50 gallon songs. Are you Is this clear? Okay.
If someone found four ounces of water,
they know how much four ounces.
No, this is 12 so it is like this.
One third of that copy. Can you it will never be enough for
You're old what do you do?
demo? What do you do with this water?
What do you do?
Do it one time each if you if you take this water maybe it will not be enough to wash your your face.
Too little what do you do?
You have very little amount of water. What do you do?
No, you have drinking water. But this is for Waldo?
No, if you use the drinking water, you may lose
your home and you ignore this water. What?
Exactly that's what you do you use as much as you can you do this water until it's over.
And then you do time. Why? Because you're not allowed to do time until you lose water. You don't you did not lose water, you still have water. Once you have water, you have to use photopolymer data. That's the idea. That's the rule. Always. You feel alive as much as you can. There is alternative once you don't have water use them.
Now the Prophet sallallaahu salam,
do you know what's the amount he used to use for his widow?
two handfuls like this.
two pumps actually that's all.
One, two hands full of water. That's what he used for his roll on which is like less than full cup.
And for his whistle for his shower.
PSA PSA for handfulls.
Candidate auto bill mode well, PSA.
PSA is like maybe
So it's like, you could say half gallon or less, less than half gallon, maybe
two liters or less.
Would he use soap?
Some they did not have soap or their time they used to have like the leaves siddur some nice.
So that's what the prophet SAW Selim used to use. Nowadays, people they spend lots of water on the water they think to not be perfect until they use that much water
using siac now we're moving to using sewak. The truth stick is recommended especially in the following cases. So let's see why komak lock unlocking now.
This I'm in bothers Avaya chrome workato holy salado. Nobody knows Omen Ali as many arido. These are the following cases where it is recommended after will do and before prayer.
prophets are seldom intended
to ask the companions to do it, but he feared it will become mandatory. So he did not ask them. It's strongly recommended after the
ad the prayer
after sleeping when you wake up.
When you wake up after sleeping, it's also recommended.
Why? Because I don't think you have a good smell when you wake up. So you change that
by using this walk.
If the person have halitosis or what they call Bahar in Arabic, he has bad breath.
So we have three cases when it's strongly recommended. Usually it's always recommended. But in these three cases, it is strongly recommended more than other cases.
And one case where this whack is not recommended.
After a while, after the midday if someone is fasting.
This is in the chef a school of thought other scholars they disagree but in the surface school of thought if you're fasting after a while, it's not recommended to use this Ewok Why
Again, when you use the swac they say it may remove the smell and a lot loves that breath. Actually, even if you use this work, it will not remove that breath because it's coming not from your mouth. It's coming from your stomach from your, from the
so it's it will not remove it.
One more issue about the book of pyrrhic purification
when you when we use the restroom
someone urinated does he have to clean himself?
Yes, he has a listing job watch. The prophet SAW Selim he passed by two grapes and they were punished their grapes, prophets Assalam said one of them he was not protecting himself against the urine.
So it is what
what do you use? Do you use water or do you use
Whatever is available, what if both are available?
You have paper towels and you have
water, you have soap you have
it is recommended to use both.
It is recommended to use both. And you start first with water or with the solid with stones or the similar like the paper towels. Why? Because it removes the substance.
And then you use the water. Yes. stones at the time of the messenger send them they use stones. They did not have water as we have nowadays. What do you think they use? They did not have clinics and tissues like we have nowadays?
Yeah, if you are in the middle of the desert, what do you use?
Yeah, so you use both?
Well, gentle Allah, will you cut them in Hydra? Well, now
if you wanted to use one of them, it's better to use the water. Because water removes the substance and the trace.
Can you use one of them only? Let's say someone does not have water? Or what he has is
paper towel Kleenex. tissues? Yes, you can.
So it is sufficient to use stones on
three different stones? Yes. The minimum it should be three.
Does it have to be three different stones? No, it doesn't. If the stone itself has different ages, like it's big, they said it is permissible each edge will be considered as one stone. But if it's one stone small and it doesn't have ages, it is wants to now people they don't even discuss this because hamdulillah we are Nemo we have lots of water and we have paper towels, but what if one day and it could happen? It could happen easily. So, what would you do in that case? You need to know how to do it
there are three conditions it has to be pure. Now you cannot use a paper towel made of alcohol
made of wine or made of big skin.
So it has to be pure
it should remove the impurity.
So you cannot use something that is not beneficial. It has to remove the impurity.
What do they mean by it has to remove the impurity like the glass is not allowed.
The glass it actually spreads the impurity instead of removing so you don't use the class. The third thing it cannot be honored, honored means respect. respectful, like the books of knowledge. Can you use a paper from the books of knowledge? Can you use the $1 bill?
If there is no useful
if it's all and it's not used anymore?
and it happens if you have
if you have paper money and you have no use for it.
Yeah, yeah, you can. But in general cases you cannot. Why? Because it has value. You cannot use something as value something respected.
It is forbidden to face or turn your back to the Qibla in the desert, when you relieve yourself
in the desert,
if you are in the desert, the open area, not only the desert was attending open area, even its Park anywhere you needed to answer the call of nature. And this is the Qibla direction. You don't do it that direction, nor you turn your back. You have to go east or west.
What if it's in the building
fits inside the building that is permissible? That's the opinion of Manisha Farah Hammond we have seven opinions in this issue. Scholars have seven opinions. Some of them, some of them it said they said it's forbidden everywhere, whether it's in the desert or in the building. Some of them said it is forbidden to face the Qibla but you can turn your back. So we have seven opinions, but the the opinion I want you to know at least for now, that in the building it is permissible outside the open area you cannot face or turn your back to the table.
If you're answering the call of nature.
Prophet SAW Selim said let us talk about KB letter. Well, I can show you what I
do not face or turn your back to be this hadith in both Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim.
Now what if someone has a disease?
He always have some drops of urine, or he's always bleeding
from the genital? Always, what should he do? The one who has nurses performs for every prayer. That's what you should do. You perform a vote for every prayer
or someone who passes gas continuously.
Every 10 minutes. This is a disease. So what do you do? Someone came to you and asked you what should I do? What do you tell him?
He needs to perform alone every play figure from doodle.
And this happened
it doesn't have to repeat again. Because if I tell him he has to repeat though, he may repeat the photo 10 times before the prayer
and this is too difficult.
Yes, even during the prayer, he might pass gas because he's sick.
So what do you tell him?
This is what you need to know.
With this inshallah we will conclude our session had on solid love Solomon and madrasa