Principles Of Fiqh Part 11
Channel: Jamal Zarabozo
File Size: 17.21MB
I assume most of you enjoyed the last week's lectures
as being the clearest
that we've had so far, I apologize for that. Well, last time we left off, we finished the
wouldn't believe it a long time.
We finished a Gibson
any proving that this is a project
and we discussed some not necessarily minor points, but some points about the relationship between the Quran and the Sunnah, which one of them takes precedence.
Now we have a 60. We had to pick it up again. That's right. You were not here to represent your mother. Yeah.
So today, we want to we have to brought broaden our
concept of the summit. And how did we define some before
there's no chocolate
primer, you and I had a big argument about
definition of some
silly for a long time.
People are after spring break, you come back after one week.
Long time ago.
Okay. We defined some Yeah.
And I said Actually, this one is unnecessary.
Because it is part of the actions of the provinces.
And with respect to statements, we're not interested in the fact that he spoke we're interested in the effects or what the words that he
said what do they mean?
a test that is not explicit and if you approve of something by not saying anything.
Sorry, tell us today we want to widen our perspective a little bit. and discuss today we're going to start discussing one of the most
difficult topics or is the topic and which is most differences of opinion among dilemma.
If we think of the prophets I send them
and some of the goals some of the duties some of them we talked about before
and it was his obligation to convey the message to invite people to the message
to make clear and the message in other words make clear the meanings of the Quran
to those who have duty to make
50 or to bring up the Muslims in the correct way.
Well in order to do that use different methods and Allah subhana wa tada when Allah subhanho wa Taala Quran
and it has many reasons for a while the data reveals a quote on wisdom messenger. And he did not just for example, reveal the book to a mountain, someone goes and finds but Allah subhana wa tada revealed it any tool or messenger to a human being. And there are many there are many reasons behind that. And in order to fulfill his mission, the problem how Mr. Selim use different methods.
And he used the different methods to convey the message and all of those different methods have some effect. And also and all of them are should be dealt with in a specific way.
Well, if we think for example of how someone has to teach someone else,
how they educationalists
education is basically there's three ways of teaching or passing on knowledge to someone else. Right? Correct me if I'm wrong.
One is by the stated words.
And e bike payments, you tell people certain searches, and you give them sentences, conveying the truth. And this is one way to teach them. This is for example, the way of the Quran. And the Quran is actually words that you listen to and you ponder over. And he This is one way of conveying information and much of the Sooners of this type.
That Jan is a public system spoke to people here. He gave lectures. For example, Friday
He asked the question who sofa
statements is one of the easiest ways to convey information which is conceptual,
and is something that you cannot actually show. So for example, with respect to the day of judgment and things like that, the process has
had to rely on things in order to give conceptual meanings of what will occur during the event.
The second way of passing on knowledge to another is by your action.
And by setting an example,
for other people, or by demonstrating the thing that you're trying to teach,
well, this plays almost with respect to the sun. Now, if you read the Hadith of the Prophet SLM, and he lists, like almost as an important role, as the as the
and if someone sees the the, the teaching being implemented is much easier for him to understand what you're talking about. And it's much easier for him to to grasp exactly what you're referring to, for example, in some of the poor schools, and if they don't have lab,
maybe somebody who grew up like this, when you were in it, when I was in junior high, we had chemistry lab, we could go do all our experiments there. Some people, they just have the book, and they read the book and says that, if you do such and such with this chemical and that chemical, you get a reaction.
But the one who just reads it, compared to the one who's actually doing it any they're understanding,
the understanding, and also they're they're keeping up that knowledge. And he is completely different between the two. So the problem.
And in one of the ways that he taught, one of the ways that he conveyed the message was to videx.
And by demonstrating things to people, this was one of the ways that he conveyed this
an example of this type, how, sometimes there's difficult topics that if you don't actually see them being performed, you will not understand them properly, is with respect to the head.
If you do not know what the different actions of the heights are, and what they look like, you've never seen them before, it will be difficult to understand from exactly what they're referring to. But this might be one of the reasons why that hasn't we never made had when it came to any his book,
when it came to the topic of head, Muller has many strengths to tell us because he's never seen the highs and he doesn't know exactly what he's referring to. So any demonstrating what is going on is a very important way of conveying information. Well, this is one of the ways of the problem.
And when it comes to a solution, we have to we have to consider and his actions as a source of.
And third, which is
basically the third one up there.
The third way of conveying knowledge is for the teacher to supervise. And either to approve or disapprove of what the what the people are doing. Well, this is the province that seldom used to do. And he used to keep an eye on what his followers were doing. And if they did something incorrect, you would correct them. And if it is something if they did something incorrectly, you would either be quiet, or he would praise that actually be quiet would be that when
tacit approval. And it came to be the case that the Sahaba themselves would do act in front of the system. And in order for the process to them to see see them doing it in order for them for the system to either approve of the action, or disapprove. So now if we try to
find it from all sorts of point of view, if we tried to capture all of the different accidents, and now we see that in fact, they're much more than then these three, these are the three basic ways of passing on knowledge. But the policy has been in use other methods.
One is the proper second statement
finally figured out a good way to do this with English hair. But the number in the middle and put the Erica was
of those things that he approved of.
But there are other things that form part of the sooner
that we also
should do our best to
to realize that they're not exactly the same thing as this. One is to travel.
Okay, all right. The information
Writing information for example, some of the Sahaba
Elisha here means
Yanni any kind of motion that you do that has a meaning to it.
For example, during the
call the sign language,
we put in parentheses, I mean in
quotation marks, put them in quotation marks. And for example, during the height of the province, I was asked by some people that they did one acts as a hedge before another act.
And instead of answering them he made a motion. And this motion that he made implied that there's nothing wrong with what they did.
So these motions have different meanings to them. Sometimes they mean approval, sometimes they mean.
Yeah, okay, I'm doing this for for specific reasons.
Okay, for example, this one,
though things it's considered doing.
Okay. He considered doing
did not actually do them.
But he considered doing it.
What else might there be?
I forget anything.
You can read that. And it is these are the acts that the public systems specifically did not do, or he avoided these acts.
It is activity
specifically avoided doing this also, again, it's going to have a role and also is
actually, we could take the whole rest of the semester just discussing these topics, but I don't think people would like to
like that too much.
And the last one
is getting to the bottom of the
the reason for something
day divided into eight
I think the first one who did it, I think was up to shoot but I'm not sure he was the first.
Now with respect to the statements of the province and
the same rules apply to these statements as applied.
In other words, we deal with the policy statements, whether it's a general statement or specific statements,
whether it is unconstrained and constrained, we deal with them in the same way as we deal with
the verses of the Quran.
So we'd like to leave that
for later. Because right now we want to deal with topics, specifically concerned with segments.
This last one here.
could be either a statement or an action
the way we're going to we're going to discuss this. And I went up actually going to discuss all of them because
I would take too much that we might discuss this one.
But what we're going to do is we're going to call these
here, from three to seven.
actions which are not explicit.
NGOs are non explicit action. And some of them What do you call it an action or not? Obviously, for example, number six, number seven. Number three.
And it is questionable whether you call them an action or not. So we'll just deal with that by calling them non explicit action.
And this one was called explicit action.
what's wrong with it?
There's always has to be something wrong in the
Yeah, apparently I'm not very happy with
you. Very happy with this, I'm very happy with it.
Now with respect to actions to the promises, no explicit actions as many different types. And we're going to go into like, get into getting to those. That's basically what we're going to be.
So if we have some time, we might
create one of these,
one of these
to be added and
it could be either a statement or
if it's an action that depends on how it's done, it might be by shadow might be bank seven, and it could actually
I don't think I would think
Now, before we move on to discuss these axes of process
specific action, we have to prove
that they are in fact
the actions of the process
are they actually the source of law and authority?
Any ideas about
what's your profit is?
Yeah, the the best of the best thing would be
okay, these kinds of proof might be just referring to his statements.
Because when I attack him, he gives you
Why don't we stick with
Okay, what about this verse says that if you
truly love a love and follow me,
and Allah will forgive your sins?
What's the meaning of
Does it mean following his commands
His commands and prohibitions? Or does it also mean following his actions?
Give me some Javea.
Okay, yeah, let's just stick with this one first. For the time being.
Okay. It does, in fact, include both.
And in fact, in the Quran, sometimes it's referred, it is used exclusively for the actions of a specific
thing, but sometimes it's used specifically for that. It means both.
Okay, okay. We'll get to that. Of course.
That's what we're here for.
Okay, the other, the other versus the most other machine
that can in the computer also live with what will happen. What's the meaning of
the verse by the way says that you have in the messenger
the best model or the best example to follow for so many, what's the word in the verse?
So has more than one, by the way,
what does it mean in this verse
and you're saying
some people object to this using this verse as a proof
for saying that the Father, the father's actions to be followed because
they said this, this verse is referring to a particular event
about having suffered or having patients during the time of battle.
So, they think that the worst thing that you have in the province I send them a perfect example of having patience during time of battle. So you should also have patience during the tempo, but actually the Arabic language and you will not use law for someone if you mean just follow him in one thing,
okay, in other words, just following him and patience, you cannot use the word which was a more general term meaning now he is an example
for you to follow.
So we have from the crowd, we have some proof
that the action is the process. And
by the way, there is no advance point.
It is not it matters the essence of the POS system or
some of the olema, even some of the well known allamah, like coffee.
And many of the sharrah, they do not consider it
unless there's an explicit evidence that it is different.
From the Aggies also, there's some examples
that we could use, Danny has proof that the policies
that his actions, for example, when he said that, when those three people asked about
the way he worship,
and each one says that he would do something other than what the publicist did.
He said, Whoever turns from my son, that he is not from me.
But here, the polycephalum use the word his son now or when he said, My son now is actually referring to is that.
And he was clearly clearly showing that from the President's point of view, and his son includes his action.
So now we come to the question.
brother Othman mentioned,
this, obviously, by the way, there's another with respect to the second versus another problem with adverse look, again, in the comment what, in general,
doesn't mean the same thing as Alec.
And Allison, I know what that is not the American would imply that following the profit center lemons.
But diversity is a common set of values.
what's the what's the response to that?
What's the rest of the verse?
the ending of the verse, so that anyone who truly believes or is looking forward or looking towards the Day of Judgment, then he should take the problem
as any AS Roma. So by the end of the first part of the verse, in fact, doesn't imply that it is obligatory to follow the proper analysis. But that condition at the end, kind of changes the niche.
So as I said, as Othman mentioned,
let's ignore these for a while, we're not going to discuss these today for sure.
Obviously, not all of the actions of the provinces.
And as far as I know, no, there's no item who says that all of the actions of
Jani are or let's put it this way, not all the actions of the politician or
not all the actions of the politician are meant to be followed by the woman.
Okay, so now we have to figure out
we have to determine then, what are the actions of the process? And again, we're just talking now about the specifics. We're going to divide these into different categories.
And then we'll determine which one of these categories are in fact, good, what are meant to be followed and which ones are not? Which ones are not.
Any questions so far before I erases a category
and the reason by the way off manner
the reason they are split into these ages, because each one
has a different effect.
And each one has different strengths.
And that's why it is divided into these categories.
have you not assuming any career, what we mean by this is that you don't do anything that means you prove
it. That's what this is saying. You don't do anything it means you prove.
yeah, that's why we call it non explicit action. The point is, if we get to this later, and it appointed that if the promise I sent him see something wrong, it has his office, his obligation upon him to correct.
So if something happens in front of them, there's some conditions, obviously any, the thing has to occur by someone who is a believer. And, for example, if one of them any one of the proposes something, and he doesn't say anything, that doesn't matter.
But if one of the believers, and even even we can exclude the Menaka pain, if one of the believe is that something in front of him,
and he does not correct it.
Then from the point of view, this means he is approving
it, so you cannot get a case where he's neither approving or disapproving.
Now he's gonna do a flowchart.
He can tell you that a lot of time with nothing to do during the past 10 days. So we're gonna do a flowchart to determine what are the different acts of the policy?
And what is there? In general, we're going to state whether or not they're good or not. And then we'll discuss them more explicitly.
So the first thing is that the policy acts, what you did
may be related to someone else.
something he did by himself.
Okay, that's the first question.
What I mean by that may be related
to someone else.
So for example, if the politician have ordered someone to do something, that order is a kind of action.
And we want to we want to get rid of that kind
of actions by now or something that he did by himself, in other words did not involve anyone else.
If it involves someone else,
then it's called
something we'll discuss
these are actions that have to do with someone else that is going to come up to you now there's different categories of the actions.
So this is the first.
Yeah, yeah, those are actions that are related to someone else.
Okay, so we want to talk about types
of explicit actions. Remember, we're just doing that first category, explicit action.
Okay, we have the first time because,
by the way, before, before I get into this, let me just say something about the actions of the province of cinema in general.
Number one, most of the most of the differences of opinion and
most of the differences is related to the actions of the province. And the different way that it is to be preferred
in most of the differences,
and you can trace it back,
which describes the process of doing something and one person interpreted one way and somebody else interpret another way.
So that means the better we understand or the better actually the other man understands
the better the scores understand this topic of action.
into the conversation.
And this will remove many of the differences of opinion that you find amongst the
Secondly, it is the topic, the actions of the Prophet SLM is a topic that is not dealt with very well in the books.
And in the books, if not dealt with very well. And in general, they are discussing one type of action, which we will mention, and at the bottom over here, and they never really explained that they are discussing that type of action and
other types of action,
even, for example,
one of the best of the handling scholars in his book,
and he didn't make connection to the public system at all.
And he didn't even mention,
what's the author's name of this book?
How much How long did How much did he discuss?
Maybe one page, I think.
So it is a topic that, as I said, most of the differences are related to this topic yet. And in many of the scholars themselves have not
discussed this topic property. And finally, there's only actually forward
there's only four words that are explicitly about the actions, the promises.
And again, when it comes to the statements of the prophets, and it has many words, discussing the
general and specific statements, and so forth, you'll find many works. But when it comes to the action,
there's only four words that explicitly describe the actions of the process and them in detail. Two of them are not published.
Have a look.
So and if you don't have those two books that are available, if the two of them are
in manuscript form, then you will not be able to actually to really read about the actions of the public.
And the end the detail that this is
necessary to have a draft
report, by the way, I have the same name,
you will be surprised by what the name is.
One is by
about 750 pages that says this PhD dissertation
and the other one is by Mohammed.
This one I don't really recommend very much, because
you can read about 100 pages without getting the point that what he's
trying to say. And he This one is very clear, very easy to read.
Now he is a professor at University.
This was not a PhD dissertation.
This is just a series of books. And also one of the books that he wrote was about topics that do not belong to.
Yeah, I think yeah, that's the first one.
And of course, he discusses them in detail.
Then he could just list them on a piece of page 10 a piece of paper, that's old book.
So just by the way, is in the, in the library in Denver mosque in Denver.
The two thoughts one is by someone in
Iraq in the 600.
And the other one is by
is very famous and heavy.
But these two by the way are not complete as also as Mohammed, they do not discuss all of the topic.
For me my means as if it was never written.
For one thing, I would love to have an opportunity to find them most likely. And even if I find them, I won't be able to read them.
So the first one is
actually dealing with others.
So if it is something that he did, by himself has nothing to do with anyone else
that he could have been
Or could have been, that's the act
that could have been
I didn't lose your editor
we're making Okay, we have now one action one category. And when we're done with this one, we're going to have a list of different types of action
because this flowchart as I call it gonna move over here
the rest of here, how did we get this list by going through this
this is by the way, it's supposed to be easy to make things clear making
could have been
due to his
This was national edition or
maybe because of the customs of his people
of his people at that time remember the policies human being just like any other human being
and he has a nature that he wasn't he was not different than any other human being.
So therefore, he had certain actions which were part of the natural disposition that he liked some things
and it's just like something
just because he's a human being he likes some type of food and he did like a test
and he smiled is based upon a certain form when he got mad is based upon a certain form all these are parts of his natural disposition.
Similarly, some of the DC performed was because
because of the
in other words, they used to dress a certain way
they used to build the houses out of certain materials so forth or some of the activity performed
could have been for some
for some worldly benefit
shall we say worldly harm
okay. So could have any of these three or
that he could have been
could have been part of this implement could have been part of this implementing
We can put all that in the box and make it look pretty.
These free air
acts out of the natural because of his natural disposition or because of the customs of his people or for some worldly benefits or to move some worldly harm and it is a tree now
From here in Arabic And over there
are three separate categories again, because each one
point of view each one will have its own importance.
The first one is
these are the acts that he did out of his natural disposition.
Okay, the second one
third one is
Okay, so these three are three more categories
of natural disposition
of the customer.
First of all, as I said, that refers to
cron, but even if it's not referring to the cron can it was not included.
And he said, that's what he speaks. And that's the first this cannot apply to x
And you cannot interpret that verse to also mean x.
that's okay. What these things here
categories 234 in general, these are not to be taken as goodwill
they are not to be taking an example for us
all the show all the show simply that you perform here all of them are permissible.
If you want to define something from a point of view, these are not part of
But you cannot do them and this is
We're going to discuss these in more detail now. We're just coming up with a different candidate. Well, we'll end up with I think 10 categories if I remember correctly.
The next question
okay. So now, let's go from here
to over here,
which kind of over here
to say for
example, I think I give examples here. So like, for example, pumpkin
is natural dismissal is like three episode level.
Custom that he used to wear some type of clothing, which was the clothing of his people kind of used to travel a certain way that was based on the customer.
For the purpose is to do business dealings and like he when he died, and he has, he has something mortgage with the Jewish
no one says that everyone when they die, they should have something mortgage and he was the Jewish person. Okay.
It means this is permissible. Okay. What I'm saying is that these actions do not form a goodwill or an example for us if we should call. But all of them of course, I'm about
everything in the process, and I'm good here is proof that these things
the clear support
following this video,
the act that he performed could be a typo.
we call it.
Now, what do you think?
He obviously did not perform. These are not the type of photos. And we're not expected to to take these as soon as the processing them and follow them.
No, we are not expected to do them.
When the man went to the heaven,
that must have me as we are expected to do.
But it is something that she did, following
the commands of Allah subhanaw taala.
That's not that's not specific for him.
And he's actually the first one who did that. Apparently, the first one who did that was one of the Sahaba promises.
And it holds up all these miracles were any more food appeared
for him, and so forth. We're not expected to follow those
going this way mark is going to switch. Yes, is going to
actually should be in the form of the question. Yes.
it could be
particular for the public.
Know not always go down.
I think everyone knows this.
Danny something in particular for the politicians.
What's the call
to action could be
something guess what the promises
made more than
more than full life.
This was something I particularly for the public system, the public system was not allowed to receive.
Other things actually, this by the way, this category is very small, maybe 16 items
that are authentic and true to the narrative back to this policy.
So we're talking about a very small category.
I assume the one before now, is this by the way, is this something that we should take as an example? Obviously,
by definition, obviously not. How are we going to well, we have anything which is
that we should be following
this to argue.
So what we're trying to we're trying what we're trying to do is get down to see what are the actions that are occurring
No, no we can't start with good when
we start with the directions and start throwing them off one by one. Yeah.
Those are physical.
Okay, we'll get to that don't worry
we're gonna get to that
Now again if you're implementing this area
need to actually perform
the action you perform
could have been
something which which explains a verse in the Quran explains the meaning of the Quran
or could have been something
yummy implementing the command
Okay, implementing this
deck it could have been
to a specific revelation.
So, the action that you did could have been related to a specific revelation or explaining the meaning of the Quran or implementing the command of a product
or it may not be related
to any particular reason for
any specific revelation.
The first one which is explained in the Quran, this is called them
data for example orders in Iran for something to be done and
that is the sport implementing the plan that is called
so now we have seven eight.
What do you think about the analogies?
They are definitely part of the syllabus we are to do our best to fall.
Where did I go now?
at UC Berkeley, always have those, throw them up and the next one comes down.
Did you go bring them
If it is not related to Revelation,
not related to Revelation it might be an action done while waiting for revelation.
this one implementing the city of reaction could have been related to specific revelation
This may be related to someone else or simply by himself.
Now, this is all Yeah, this is all under this point.
And others the weightless artworks.
All of these actions underneath here, which go down here is all action
involved and what else
we keep taking different types of actions out of it, we're now down to here.
the action could have been related to a specific revelation, such as explaining the plan or implementing the Quran, or it may not have been related to Revelation.
There's two things number one, for example, in a general
way, versus in general, as we did, as we talked about the court, what's the
job to explain? You can explain it by words or implemented okay. His actions explain the meaning of every otherwise other verses which are clear the problem with that is ordering the Muslims to do something and the second individuals, so
there are different than in the way we deal with them will be different. And this one, again, is your good luck.
Without any question about now, this is not related to specific revelation
could have been something of a system injured while waiting for revolution.
There'll be another supposedly another box
which is okay.
Or or not?
This, this type of action
is known as
let's put an eye up here because we're running out of room
depends on what
is the resolution that finally comes agrees with the action of the public sector limits is something we should look to as an example, if the revelation comes
that disagrees with what the politicians did while waiting for the revelation then we have to neglect this action and follow the revelation.
And then the last one
none of the above.
Something that doesn't fit into any of those categories.
This is this is the most controversial topic.
This none of the above categories.
And it is called this one down here. After you went through all these
it comes to before after. Okay, just
that he doesn't fit into any of these other categories. Yes, they are.
Yes, good example.
Yeah, this is
not this is probably this one.
So this is most likely hit either this one.
And why did he go that way? Maybe there was something in the road in his way. So he went wrong for this one.
What would you put
arbitrary obstacles is a natural disposition? Not because of the customs, people, they don't have to wait, why am I not signing up?
Doesn't seem to be for some worldly benefits
doesn't seem to be miraculous. There's no evidence that it just for the public system.
Is it implementing the plan?
it he made a lot of aid itself. But having said that the lead outside of the mosque and you have trouble
an action that he did while waiting for revelation? Well, we know that's not the case, because there was no real revelation that came down. So therefore it comes under here.
Everything that doesn't fit into this category.
not related to a specific revelation.
Yeah. Okay, maybe 90s? High. But yeah,
that's the problem. That's why it is a very important topic and has to be understood.
And what you do is you say that praying outside the mosque is legit.
So you all have already grown up in?
You don't say this praying outside the mosque is legit, why not? Many,
many of you would say yes, it is what, because of this category.
And this category,
whatever the province is waiting for us to do.
Others would say okay, you have to look for that stuff.
Before you can put it into these
symbols, I believe the Medicaid they said that the reason the provinces didn't did it, is because the mask was too small to hold everyone. And in other words, for them, it's not the same as it needs to be for.
So this none of the above categories.
Like if he's talking and he happens to for example, they said that he only used move, I think in Japan, and just think,
okay, we're gonna discuss this in more detail right now.
Okay, that's what I'm saying that some of those who need me some of those
might have been something about the crisis. Why? Because they have to follow the process.
But it would be probably mostly here.
any, okay, let's talk about this, right now for a second. This, this 10th category. There's three ways to approach this category.
has no place to lay. One group says
one group says that whatever the father says to them did, has a bearing upon us and in other words we are supposed to follow
No, that's not true. But anyway, let me finish.
Let me finish this thing. It doesn't matter whether the action
Regardless of what the action was for the policies, and we have to do
it as one group, they said, regardless of what the action was for the public sector, then we have to do it. Or actually, this group can be split into three. One group says it's obligatory for us to do. So in other words, bring aid outside of the mosque is what another word said. other one said all these are must have.
Okay. So bring them outside. And we'll have another one says, Is there something about?
The second group said that, look, we just don't take it into this category. But we try to look at it and see.
And it were some of these actions obligatory on the phone.
And were some of them was to have,
some of them simply MOBA
must have is something preferred recommended. It's not less than obligatory. Okay. So they say that we should follow the same thing as the process. So it was why did you put them, then it's working for us.
It was most
preferred for him. And it's preferred for us, because it was mobile,
then it wasn't.
That's another way of looking at
I get into that now.
And the third group to get with
the third group says that this, this category has nothing to do with us.
Because they might be some of the policies in the manuals, particularly to the policy.
This is many of the shadow, they have this, this view.
Now the problem is when you read books, and
this is the one that they're usually talking about.
Sometimes they don't say that explicitly, or they just kind of pass and he didn't mention this word. But unless you really know what they're talking about, you can get confused. Otherwise, they won't mention these other categories. And they're just talking about this one.
This is one of the most important aspects of
determining what falls into each category.
First of all, similar workflows in each category, and then if it falls into none of them, you have to determine how we treat
Okay, we went
okay, what about what about?
Okay, so what you're saying is that all of these accidents should be legit.
All of them should be.
Okay, suppose we know from the private sessions, that he did it maybe once and then he never did it again.
So you're saying about that? easy one. And the rest of the life you did the opposite thing.
That's what that's what I'm saying.
For example, the products that Dylan has reported that he wants them urinated was 10.
Okay, we are similar, according to me.
Okay. Okay, fine. What is your conclusion about saying that they all should be
okay, we will get the last word. I mean, I'm not finished about what I said.
thing would probably be under here.
Yeah, that person is here.
You hurt them.
And if you should look at him because when he fell off the horse and him
and you cannot argue that anywhere else
against the people
get to them
daddy most likely
Can you consider it Danny the same thing it's about the mean, which is actually what it is, according to my mind as it would be here.
Notice that there's some actions which have aspects of
doing it in Java might be you
know, what I'm saying is that any
no different from productively
implementing the Quran
but as I said, one action might have more than one aspect to it.
For example, the Surat praying
and implementing the Quran. But there are some aspects of this of the prayer, which agree or
Now, we started 20 minutes later, we still have some time for questions. We're not
basically talking about the writings of Alba Kalani and those who follow them.
From the followers of Ubuntu Lang, who was the amount of
time especially in
an election, he wrote something, wrote a book about it.
And it is not existing anymore, as far as we know. And a doctor that he quoted him quite a bit in his work.
His work is still locked, but some of the works from his students
have come down to us or published.
Any other questions?
is an important topic that most of the differences of opinion, and those are about the actions of the public and in particular, about this time? Well, before you go nice as the principal, the director, and all those sorts of things had no