Fiqh – Understanding the Religion 1/14
Channel: Isam Rajab
File Size: 35.73MB
welcome to our first session of the
Allah subhanaw taala.
If he wanted to do good to someone, he would make him comprehend the religion. That's what the messenger saw Selim said. In Sahih Bukhari keytab line prophet SAW Selim said Missouri the lobby hiren in fact they have been
studying is one of the best deeds that could please Allah subhanho wa Taala.
Therefore, the prophets I seldom prayed for even our best of the lahoma would have been our best rather than human was born.
The prophet SAW Selim said a llama for the deen while limited unlimited
profits Arsenal did not tell when our best or did not pray to Allah subhanaw taala for our best to have pretty wife or to have lots of money, he prayed for him to have
understanding the correct understanding for the religion. That's why he said Allahumma COVID-19 will limit that will
teach him the interpretation of the Quran and teach him to comprehend the religion.
Now, what does this word means shock
linguistically in Arabic means understanding
and understanding if you notice, it requires some kind of effort. You cannot say I understood one plus one equals two.
Because this does not require
it is obvious understanding for things more difficult than this simple formula. That's the meaning of
understanding in religion. It has two meanings has two meanings, the first meaning knowing the rulings that pertain to the actions of the people
allowing the law camp Sharia law money, and
that's what scholars
that's how scholars defined la mobila kamisha laemmli knowing the practical religious rulings,
alignment blackham Shara llama la casa della Tata, so to know the ruling that means
to know these rulings,
and the other meaning the rulings themselves
is called also.
Now some people they know the ruling
and some people don't
let's say this is halal. And this is haram. This is by itself is fair.
And to know what is the ruling is called also
if you say to someone I'm studying halal and haram, and mobile allowed and prohibited, that means you're studying or if you tell him I'm studying,
when this becomes halon. What's the ruling of this action, this is also called fear. Now these two meanings are similar. So fear is the outcome itself. The rulings Halla Hara, MOBA permissible and understanding the rules and knowing them
this is also called fit.
Now in the first
session about the clock, we spoke about the relation between
the actually the and
the o'clock now, there is also relation between hockey the answer
all the subjects of the subjects are related to each other. This is important to remember that they overlap
in a way or another.
in the APA, we do not study
the rulings about Hajj is this halal or haram? This is the topic of it. We said that we studied it that the principal or the fundamental rulings. However, even if we don't study the regular rulings in Al Qaeda, there is a still relationship between al Qaeda and
What is this relationship?
We find that the film is attached so much to that data.
One example so yeah, fasting
when you first thought will happen
you will attain piety that's what Allah subhanaw taala says goodbye la cama cama. cama kuchibhotla veniamin publikum la la quinta. Taku fasting is prescribed on you as its prescribed on those before you, you may attain piety, you may become righteous.
However, if you don't care about righteousness, if you don't care about Allah subhanaw taala you will not fast. So, in order for you to fast you need what do you need to believe?
If you don't believe in Allah subhanaw taala you will not care and you may not fast.
And that's why
when Allah subhanaw taala starts any eye about the rulings and Sharla you will find out this when we study the Tafseer every Ayah for the ruling of the
Salah prayer for the cm for the widow, the eye of the widow and sort of how does it start?
Yeah, you have in common. All you who believe Allah subhanaw taala is reminding you always you believe so you should do this and that you will learn that there are key that is attached to
you have Latina mano koulibaly como si M. O you who believe fasting is prescribed on you?
Why Allah starts with the denominator.
Not only because it's directed to them, but to remind them also that they are the ones who should respond to it. They believe so they have to do it. So there is a relationship between fear and arcada.
The same thing with
fasting we'll do prayer.
Another example, we have that Allah subhanaw taala mentioned salah and zakka.
And then he mentioned afterwards, belief in the Day of Judgment.
This is in Surah Toba
in ma amaura massage the line, man I'm gonna be les William is actually a farmer Salatu artistica. Indeed, the one who establishes the one who builds the houses of Allah is the one who believes in Allah, the day of judgment, but from salah and the Zika pay desica. So you notice that Allah mentioned belief in him, belief in the Day of Judgment, performing salah and being visakha.
This means that they are all together, they are all related
is related to the al Qaeda. Yes, in the way that we studied the fundamental fundamental rulings. Here we study the legal rulings, but they are still attached.
They have religion.
However, in fact, when we were studying,
we only we only like when we divide the subject to seven types,
or seven divisions.
The first type
is the ruling related to worship,
which we call a common a bad that,
Salah cM zakka, Hajj or you could say the five pillars of Islam. This is one section in
scholar some scholars divided the sections are fixed to seven.
This is one of them. I can live by that and that's what we will start in Sharla.
We'll start with a candlelight by that the first semester we will start with
the widow and we will end with the Hajj. We'll take the five pillars.
The second type or the Second Division in fact, is
what is called a family structure or the family law some some scholars say it is the family law.
it pertains to
marriage, divorce, child custody, and all these matters.
This is called the LA policia.
This is the second division. Then we have another division
which is the rulings
that are related to the actions of people. actions of people like financial transactions
or what we call a kameyama.
buying, selling, renting
all these are called Camelot. So this is the third type. First we have a commentary about that, then we have Alisha.
Then we have Carmen mamilla.
Then we have the Islamic political system, or what we call a CSS Sharia,
who chooses the Khalifa? Who's qualified to be the halifa? How should we obey the rulers of Muslims? This is the Fourth Division.
So now we have four so far.
The purpose of mentioning this is to remind you some people think that is only prayer siyam, Zakah and Hajj
which is not this is only part of the film is bigger than that.
We have this which is a candlelight by that prayer, purification,
zeca cm and Hajj and then we have a common law, Family Law. Then we have the financial transactions. Then we have the political system of Islam, the Islamic political system, Islamic politics, CSS, Sharia, then we have
Or you could say some people say the criminal law,
the criminal law,
if someone stole something, if someone killed another person, what's the punishment? What's the ruling? That's what we discuss in this section in this division, the criminal law or the punishment
This is the fifth division, then we have
which are related to
the relation between Muslim country and the other countries.
And scholars define it as a CR CR means
how to fight in the course of philosophy panatela what do you do
with the kuffaar are
captured the captives of war? What do you do with the
booties for this is called a CR.
Who should you fight, who should you not fight, how you treat non Muslims all these things are related to this
division, which is a sphere.
Then we have the last one
the rulings that are related to the o'clock
the Muslim character, the virtual characters of the Muslim
the the permission, if you wanted to knock on the door, if you wanted to wear these things are called a flock camela flock.
So again, we have seven divisions.
First we have
common labor that then we have a common also accompanied by that the worship rulings of the worship and basically the five pillars of Islam, prayer zakka siyam, Hajj
and before that we have the purification. Then we have the family law, marriage, divorce, children, nursing, the children, all these things. Then we have the financial transactions, rulings on the financial transactions, selling, buying, renting all these things. And then we have the political system of Islam, who who should be the halifa, who should rule the Muslims, how the Muslims obey the halifa
what are the qualifications for the halifa then we have
the punishments, the criminal law,
and then we have
the CR, which is the relationship between the Muslim country and the non Muslim countries, the jihad, camel jihad, all the rulings of jihad are discuss in the sixth division. And lastly, we have
come Allah, Allah,
the virtuous character, now
you don't have to divide them to these divisions.
Because at the time of the messenger asylum, he did not tell them
put these rulings on the first in the first category, or in the second category. He didn't
Don't do that. But scholars later on when they wrote the books about fifth, that's how they classified the film.
this is the question. And because you're a student of knowledge, it's important to know the reason behind this division.
Did anyone Have you read any book? In fact?
Did you read any book?
Do you have any book in fact,
Martha, Martha, his book of Hadith
mapa, his book of Hadith, the interpretation on the mortar, His Book of
Shadows zirconia. But not by itself is not the book of
no one has any book of
Don't you know any book of luck?
one book, please.
What is this?
according to which method?
Who's the author who wrote this book?
I mentioned yesterday, four books. Do not remember no.
Yeah, what these are books of right. Much more. Yes, we have from the online students.
Focus on kasana say it's sad.
But this is recent. Now when I talk about the books of books of fiction for the great scholars, the scholars that passed away a long time ago, like scholars of Imam Abu hanifa Imam Imam Malik Rahim, Allah Nam chef Mala.
Now if you open any book of
how does it start with which chapter
how scholars wrote their books. It's very important to understand this point. Yes.
He Daya. That's very good.
Shabana? Yeah. Very good. That's that spoken hanafy Daya.
Mira nanny, the scholar who wrote this book, How do the books affect start with which chapter
bahara they're all the same, right? Why? Why don't they start with the Jihad? Isn't the Jihad rituals act of Islam?
Don't Why don't they start with Hajj if you perform Hajj aren't your sins will be forgiven? And you will be like if you were born now. Why don't they start with hedge?
Is there a reason behind this order? Or it's just
bahara is every day? How about prayer? Isn't it every day?
Now to do prayer
Yes, that's correct. How about some scholars who started with the Salah?
The Maliki school of thought
they start with the Salah.
You just said that without bahara? Salah is not correct, right? They say if there is no Salah power is not mandatory.
you purify yourself to pray, there is no prayer you don't have to do.
So it is important to understand the reason scholars never wrote something, even one line without reason.
Now even before you choose the book, even before you start studying, you need to understand why why they wrote it according to this order. You open the index and you see that they start with the taharah. Why? As you said because it's a daily process. You need it every day, and you need the power to perform the Salah. So it is required. It's the basic
also as we had the other answer, it's the basic thing. That's why they start with autoharp then what comes next.
This Allah then this Salah, after that, the other
Pillars of Islam, then comes one
after that, what
after the Hajj?
jihad. No. Yes.
utensils actually is related to the taharah
utensils is related to the Torah. But remember, they had a reason for this sequence. They started with the things that you do, you deal with on daily basis, things that are mandatory, then then they move to the things that
related to the others, now, the hedge you do it for yourself, right? So, yeah, you fast for yourself, then you move to the things that you do with others. So, they start with transactions, first I buy that and then transactions, some scholars put in between between the bat and the mama, they will they put keytab nikka The Book of marriage,
because they say once you perfect yourself, you perform the the bar that you pray and you fast you need now to know the rulings of marriage
because marriage itself is transaction, it is a contract between you and the wife. So it is transaction and at the same time, it is a bad also. So that's why they put it in between in the middle then they move to the
the transactions like selling, buying, renting and all these then after that, after that comes the jihad.
Why? Because they say first you deal with yourself, then you deal with others who are Muslims then with the non Muslims. So the point I want to make is that scholars, whenever they write something, whenever they put this section in that order, there is a reason they start with the tahara because it's important, you need it every day, you need the thought of for the Salah, or some of them start with the Salah, because they say without the Salah, it's not mandatory to have the will do or to have you to become pure. So you need to know the timings of the prayer to know when to make the tahara. That's according to the Maliki scholar for other scholars. They started with the Torah.
Either way, there is a reason you may be asked why don't they start with the Hajj? Why don't they start with the Jihad? Why don't they start with this and there is a reason that's why they put these sections these chapters in order. So they start with the power.
Now in the first semester, inshallah we'll start with the Torah.
Then we'll move to the Salah,
and we will finish with the book of Hajj inshallah.
Now, we have an important question. I just mentioned that there are Hana fees, Maliki's chef fees and humble. Why? Why scholars different. We have one messenger the Prophet size, but why we have different opinions. Yes.
okay, barber says they are in different places.
And they have different sources.
Okay, how about if they are in the same place
and they have the same source, they are still having two different opinions.
With that, so the companion is committed with that.
Because the companions, they had the same source, yet they have two different opinions. And the prophet SAW Selim was there.
That's the purpose of studying this subject. It's important.
Do you know that we have 40 opinions?
On which night is the night of other playlists?
Now we have 30 days in Ramadan. Right? But we have 40 opinions.
We have 40 opinions. Marvin Haji Rahim Allah listed them in for Tilbury.
She says situation in their station.
different sources? Yes. Now, before we move to the reasons why scholars differ, I just wanted to remind you that they differ. And sometimes they differ extremely for like 40 opinions. You have to remember one thing, that disagreement is a human nature. We will always disagree. Even if you have a twin.
You will have two different opinions.
So this agreement is something natural.
That's what Allah subhanaw taala says in the Quran, modelica halochem well as aluna mcstuffin they will keep on they will remain in disagreement.
So it is happening. That does not mean we justify the unlawful disagreement. If someone's saying another opinion, for no reason, no evidence and he says people differ so I can have this
different opinion that does not justify it. But it's simply a fact that we differ. You may like black color more than red color. Some people like the green color, that's a human nature. So the disagreement is human nature.
Scholars different, the companions themselves different. why I'm saying this because you will find some people they want to enforce their opinion.
They cannot. You could only tell the people that this is what I believe is the correct opinion according to the ayah, according to the Hadith of the messenger Salim, but you cannot force anyone to follow you. Because even at the time of the companions, they different they had different opinions. So why you want to force the people not to disagree, you cannot do that. You'll notice that it will create lots of problems. If you want to force everybody to follow you or to follow this opinion. All what you can do is to tell them that that's what I believe is the correct opinion.
What's the example? The example is in the Battle of the trench, the handle?
After the Muslims were victorious, and the kuffaar of Croatia and other tribes they left
the messengers or send them toward the companions. None of you should pray us except in Benny coryza. Ben arriva, the Jews, who were supposed to protect the Muslims in that battle, but they betrayed the Muslims.
So after the battle is over, the prophet SAW Selim took off his gear. He thought the war is over jabril Alec Sam came down and he told him, the angels are still
in the war gear. So you have to go to those people who betrayed the Muslims to punish them. So the prophet SAW Selim told the companions to rush to Venezuela, he told them, none of us should pray us except in Venezuela. Now again, this is the same source and they are in the same place. And they are together the companions. What happened? Some of them, they understood the command literally. And they rushed to benefit either in the process. They missed the answer prayer, because the prophets I send them told them you should not pray answer except in many quarters. So they said we will not pray us even if it's if the sun sat until we arrived to benaco. And they did that they missed the
Other companions understood from this hadith that the prophet SAW Selim wanted them to hurry up.
So they had it, they rushed, but they prayed in the way they prayed on time. And they went to benaco Eva.
Whether the first group is correct or the second group is correct, the messenger Salaam did not blame any group.
He did not blame any one of them. This is to tell you that scholars differ, they have different opinions and sometimes you cannot
enforce your opinion. Sometimes you cannot tell the people to have only one opinion. So this is human nature. Allah subhanaw taala gave us another example also.
And it is mentioned in the Quran.
The story of Suleiman Ali Salam with his father, that would
in their judgment,
Allah says in the Quran
what the Buddha was Philemon if you will Harvey is never shut up here on call me or couldn't call him shahidi for farhana hassle a man or coolant Athena hockman wildner and remember that would answer a man what they gave judgment in the case of the field in which the sheep of certain people had bastards at night and Wei Wei were witness to their judgment.
We will not go to the details of this story.
We will discuss it inshallah in the Tafseer. But here the point is this, you have two messengers, they are not regular judges, first of all, they are two messengers, the Son and the father. So a man and that would
and they gave two different judgments.
They gave two different rulings.
So a man gave different judgment that his father that would
so what did the law say? For him now household a man to suit a man will inspire the right understanding of the matter.
But that's not
to each we gave judgment and knowledge.
McMullen Dana hockman Ryoma. Now Sulayman give
Judgment which was correct, and it was approved by Allah subhanaw taala. The Buddha a Salam gave another judgment, which was not correct. But Allah said to both we gave knowledge and judgment.
So even if someone was wrong in one matter, that does not disqualify him.
This is one thing, the other thing, so the man on a Salaam was was the son.
So he was correct and his father was wrong.
So it doesn't have to be always that the older one
knows more, sometimes, maybe the younger knows
the son new in this matter, but most importantly, remember that they are all
prophets, a father and a son, yet they give two different judgments, they gave two different rulings. So while you blame the scholars, if they gave a different ruling, according to their understanding, first of all, that does not disqualify them, as the messenger silent as much that is,
why the Assad fellow
emerged through scholar, he did his he had he tried to search and he tried to find the answer for this matter, if he was correct, he will get the reward twice, because he did his best to seek the answer. And they found the correct answer. If he did not find the correct answer, he has adger he has a reward because he tried
that means you will not be always correct. These are basic rulings. For fifth, they are very important. You have to understand all these fundamental rulings In fact, because you will find some people they will tell you the fifth is only one opinion, and they try to force everybody to follow that opinion. Well, people will not agree with you. You believe this is the correct but how can you convey this to others? They believe it's not correct.
Another important rule?
No one of the great imams intended
to disagree with the messenger sauce.
disagree with the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu sallam,
all great imams they did their best to find and follow the Sunnah of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
So you cannot discredit any one of them. You have to show respect to all of them. All of them are great scholars. All of them tried their best. Some of them maybe were wrong in some cases, but they were correct in other cases. So we show respect to all of them. Because again, if even they are wrong, they still get the reward from Allah subhanaw taala because they did their best they struggled to find the ruling.
Imam Shafi Rahim Allah says EDG manasu Allah Allah Minister bannerflow Sumatran at a Sunni life so Allah Allah Salim, let me akun though on the other hand, the COVID had in Canaan man can
the meaning is this, people unanimously agreed
that whoever knew the Sunnah of the messenger sallallahu sallam, he has no choice to leave it to the saying of anyone, whoever he is.
This is a consensus.
They agreed that whoever knew the Sunnah of the messenger sallallahu wasallam
then he has no choice but to follow it. He cannot leave it to the saying of anyone.
Because the true following is the following of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam
that's what you're commanded to do. You're not commanded to follow a saint a certain person 100%
because that person whose intention is to follow the Sunnah of the messenger Salah. So once you know the sooner you have to follow it, you have to follow the sooner.
Also Mr. Malik Rahim, Allah He said, a great thing as well.
He said kulanu Hanuman Oliveira Illa Sahaba del cobre.
He pointed to
the grave of the messenger sallallahu sallam.
And he said, You take and you leave from the saying of anyone except the one and this grave except the Prophet sallallahu sallam, which means no one will be 100% correct, except the messenger of Somalia.
So you take from this matter what you believe is correct. You take from other great scholar other method, what do you believe?
correct yes we have question.
English translation kulanu hamanako do
you take and you leave from any person or anyone except for the one who's in this grave, meaning the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
called Allah Illa Sahaba
This is important rule that whenever you know this is the Sunnah of the messenger Salaam
you have no choice but to follow it
because Allah commanded us to follow
the messenger. So
now we are back to our question why scholars differ.
Why then they differ if they know that they have to follow the Sunnah.
If we have the messenger Salaam and we have the Hadith, why they differed, scholars, especially shiftless Lama, haemoglobin Tamia, he mentioned three basic reasons. Once you have an authentic hadith, it you have an opinion of one of the scholars,
which contradicts this Hadith, then there is one of three reasons.
Because remember, as I said, No, one of the great scholars intended to disagree with the prophet SAW Selim. And you may wonder, why, why then we have a hadith. This is authentic hadith. And the Imam said another thing, how could this happen? Well, there is one of three reasons. First of all, maybe he didn't think the messenger saya Salaam said this hadith.
How maybe he thought this hadith is not authentic. You may say this is a Hadith, but it's not authentic. And not all the Hadith that we hear are authentic. Some of them are not some of Hadith are fabricated. That's what you will find inshallah, in the
subject of the Hadith.
he knew the Hadith. And he heard it, and he believed it's authentic. But
he doesn't think that it means what you understood from it. You tell him this is haram, because of the Hadith, he will tell you, I believe in the Hadith, but the Hadith does not mean it is haram, your understanding is different.
So this is another reason, if we have an opinion, which is against or contradicts the Hadith of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
The third reason
he will tell you this hadith is authentic. And I believe in the point you said, but the problem is, this hadith is abrogated.
It's no more valid.
So these are the reasons why scholars differed. First,
maybe the Hadith was abrogated. Maybe he did not think that the prophet SAW Selim said this Hadith, because it is weak or
it has a defect hidden defect in it or he did not understand the same point that you understood from it.
These are the reasons in general. Now we will come to the examples and the details.
maybe he did not know the Hadith. You say this is a hadith maybe he did not know the Hadith.
And we have example for that.
Now when you tell someone, this is a hadith from the messenger Salaam, and he has already established an opinion from one of the scholars, like one of the great Imams and this opinion against the Hadith that you're saying. The first thing he will tell you if you tell him there is a heavy field tell you what do you mean do you know more than this amount? I'm not saying I know more than this amount. But it is possible that this Imam did not know this hadith. And he will tell you what do you think? Do you know more than this Imam you know the Hadith and this amount did not know this
hadith you know a hadith and a great amount did not note I would say yes, it is possible. And we have example.
Now Could someone claim that he knows all the Hadith of the messenger Salah? No.
Never. Nowadays people may tell you well, we have the books. But even the books you don't have one single book that encompassed all the Sunnah of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam
Whoever they may follow will not be better than Abubakar della Juan.
And abubaker. He was the Companion of the messenger seller. He was the best friend to the prophet SAW Selim. Do you think that abubaker would miss anything from the messenger size? And
the answer is yes. Because the prophet SAW Selim was not with abubaker 24 seven, there were some times a worker of the law was what was not with the messenger center.
And here is the example. A woman came to avocado della Han. And she asked him
to give her the share from the inheritance.
her grandson died.
She's his grandmother.
So what's her share in the inheritance? of ibaka della Han told her I don't know any sooner from the messengers Arsalan. I don't remember that the prophets Allah, Allah gave the grandmother any share from the inheritance.
But Mohammed bin Muslim era de la Juan and Maria Robin Sharma della Han, they both stood up, and they told a worker, the prophet SAW Selim gave her one sixth of the inheritance. So Abubakar gave her one sixth of the inheritance, based on the testimony of Molina and Mohammed with Muslim now who's better and Madeira or abubaker.
Of course, abubaker no one is better than abubaker except the messengers and prophets of Allah abubaker is better, but
that does not mean he knows everything.
Many times lay man, he could know something in one matter, more than a great scholar.
It could happen.
Omar Abdullah Han The same thing happened to him.
Now many times scholars say the prophet SAW Selim entered with Abu Bakr and Omar, the prophet SAW Selim was with Abu Bakr and Omar Omar also was almost all the time with the messenger Salim yet the same thing happened to him. He did not know all the Hadith.
Abu Musab de la Juan knocked on the door of former once Omar did not open the second time he not and Omar did not open. The third time he knocked Under Armour did not open so I've almost another one left, then armour opened the door. And he saw a booster leaving. So he called on him he said why you left? a bonus. I said I knocked three times and that's the permission. If I am not granted the permission then I should leave.
Omar did not hear that before.
He asked him. What is the proof?
He heard it from the messenger seller. I will say the 100 of the law one testified that he heard this from the messenger salallahu alayhi wasallam.
That and then tell us it's three times now who is better Abu Musa or Omar.
Omar is better, who is better outside the hungry or Omar? Omar is better yet Omar did not know this sooner. So it is very possible that sometimes some scholars, they don't hear the Hadith, they don't know about it.
The second reason? Maybe
he knew the Hadith. This scholar he knew the Hadith, but he didn't think it is authentic. So if the Hadith is not authentic, we should not work according to it we should not implement it.
Whether there is not this week or
the text itself there is a hidden defect. So the Hadith is weak so I cannot accept it.
But we have other scholars came and they said no the Hadith is authentic.
Nam shafia homolog. Many times he gave a ruling and at the same time he said if the Hadith is authentic, I will change my rolling according to the Hadith. it as a hadith for my hubby. Once the Hadith is authentic, then this is my opinion. That's what Imam Shafi Rahim Allah said, because again, remember all of them, they intended to follow the messenger Salah, none of them. None of them intended to disagree with the messenger Salim once they have the Hadith, that's it, they will implement it they will apply.
Or he thought that the Hadith is not authentic, because that's the only narration he knew.
Now it's not
because there is a weak narrator, but because he has only one narration. Now we have some scholars, they had a condition that if this hadith is about Aki
The one narration is not enough. So although it's authentic, but we cannot accept it
or it is still authentic, but it is against a general ruling of Islam and the general ruling is well established. So, one single narration is not enough to change it
Some scholars, they had these conditions. So, this is the reason why scholars differ.
Or another example, he knew they had it, but he forgot it.
Now, this could happen also we are human beings. So, we may forget from time to time we may forget. Now, again as I told you, you may wonder how could this scholar he gives this opinion and it is against the Sunnah of the messenger, so I sell them while we have the Hadith. Maybe he knew the Hadith, but he forgot it
at the time of the messenger so Salaam
Omar, Abdullah Juan,
and amar urbanears, Cerro de la Han Hama, they were traveling
and they were in the state of Geneva.
So they wanted to pray.
And there is no water, they have to perform whistle, they have to be there is no water.
Amar, he turned about.
He covered himself with the dust.
Because he thought instead of water, the earth, the soil of the Earth is sufficient, but to the entire body. That's what he did. When they came back to the messenger size and then the prophet SAW Selim told Amar, it was sufficient to strike the earth one time to wipe over you to wipe on your face and your hand.
So they know that this is the sooner or later on. Omar della Han forgot this hadith. He forgot even the story itself.
He hear that Amar is giving the fatwah that if someone is you know he doesn't have water he has to perform Osen it is sufficient for him to do the same thing that you do for doodle. Amar called an AMA and they told him what are you doing? What are you saying? Do you have a proof of martyrdom or Did you forget? You were with me when this happened? And we came and we asked the messenger cisilion Amara de la Torre de ma Omar fear Allah because Omar forgot our totally forgot. Amar told him if you want or commander faithful, I will not tell the people about it. He said, Omar said no tell them as long as you you still remember it. I don't remember it. So I can't I cannot tell. So it could
happen. Sometimes. Scholars forget maybe he knew the Hadith, but he forgot it.
It happened to him or the law.
Sometimes he misunderstood the point of the study or
he did not even understand the point of the study. Because the word could have many possibilities. And we have the example in the Quran.
There are some words
which could give you two
opposite meanings. well lately the US us.
us us could mean started or finished when the night starts or when or when the night finishes. And in Surat Al Baqarah. For the divorce we have one more de la casa bus number for Santa salata Kuru, if the woman is divorced, she has to wait three, or Oh, what is Kuru? Or is it pure, or it is the period. So sometimes, the scholar understood something different from the Hadith. Because of the Hadith itself. This is another reason. Now you don't have to know all these reasons. You don't have to know all of them. But just remember that there are many reasons for scholars why they default, understanding the point of the Hadith, but not agreeing with it. Now,
sometimes you tell him this is the Hadith. And that's the point of it.
He will tell you
that's not the point of it. I disagree with you. The hardest. The hardest does not mean you have to fast.
It tells you that fasting is recommended. It doesn't say you have to fast. So he sees what you're saying but he doesn't agree with it. This could happen. Now many scholars hear the heartbeat and they believe it's authentic. They understand from the Hadith, what you're saying that you have to fast but they tell you no. I disagree with what you
What you're saying, and you cannot force people to agree with you.
They agree with the Hadith, but they may not agree with your understanding of the Hadees.
And lastly, as we mentioned before, maybe the Hadith is obligate abrogated. They believe the Hadith is authentic, they will believe in the point that it means you have to fast, but it's no more valid because it's abrogated with another Hadith. It's abrogated by another Hadith.
So these are seven reasons for disagreement amongst scholars.
And all of them if you notice, they are all in case where we have a hadith. Now, many times we don't have Hadith. So, you will find more disagreement, because of the language maybe the language is different. Again, some people you just said that sometimes they are living in different places. So they may have different understanding.
So these are the reasons for the difference of opinions amongst scholars. And with this we will finish in Sharla