DONATION APPEAL!

ALL our Projects are FREE and with no advertisements.

We serve millions of downloads a month... Now! Imagine earning on-going rewards of every lecture and quran audio and so on.

As well as helping us cover our running costs and future projects!

mufti menk image

"I really think this is one of the greatest causes one could support"

    Become a Patron
    Donate via PayPal

More Information and Options

Fiqh – Understanding the Religion 2/14

share this pageShare Page
Isam Rajab

Channel: Isam Rajab

Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


00:00:06--> 00:00:06

Nara

00:00:07--> 00:00:09

salatu salam, Ala

00:00:10--> 00:00:18

Moana Santa Monica barakato Welcome to our class today shala we will discuss the

00:00:20--> 00:00:43

evolution of fear will go through the history of quickly how we ended up having four famous schools of thought today in the Muslim world. And we have general question that is always asked, Is it permissible to follow one particular method or not? What should a Muslim do in regard to the

00:00:45--> 00:00:55

does he have to follow one opinion or he cannot follow any opinion but rather he has to choose from all schools of thought and then he

00:00:56--> 00:01:03

he chooses whatever he wants? In order to answer this question. We mentioned previously that

00:01:05--> 00:01:46

there are reasons why scholars different. So, if someone asked why essentially, do we have these lots of these schools of thought, you need to tell the reasons of difference even at the time of the messenger sallallahu wasallam. There were different opinions and the messenger sallallahu wasallam. He allowed for people to give better. And there are several incidents were the prophets I seldom was told about people who get federal, he did not say why they spoke while I am there. people understood from that that it is permissible even during the time of the messenger science. There is still some people who get federal.

00:01:47--> 00:01:56

And the example for this, the story of my adrenal della Han, when the prophet SAW Selim sent Maya to Yemen, and he asked him, How will you judge?

00:01:58--> 00:02:39

Mark told him according to the book of Allah, then the messenger Salim told him what if you don't find this issue in the book of Allah, he said, I will rule according to the son of the messenger sallallahu sallam, then the prophet SAW Selim told him what will happen if you did not find it in the Sunnah of the messenger cisilion. Mouth said, then I will do my best to find the right correct opinion. And the prophet SAW Selim approved him he did not tell him you cannot try to form your opinion while I am alive, you have to ask me. Even in Medina, sometimes, people used to ask other companions, whoever had the knowledge he used to answer.

00:02:41--> 00:03:24

But the only time when we find the prophet SAW Selim is condemning and opinion when it is wrong, like the story of the man who had the job while traveling. And he asked the people can I perform to him instead of also because he had injury in his head? And they said, No, you have to perform also, he performed was ill and then he died, because he had injury and he was affected by that. So the prophet SAW Selim said kata Luca de la Mola, they killed him, may Allah kill them? Did it? Why didn't they ask if they did not know. So we find in this hadith that the prophet SAW Selim did not say why they gave their opinion anyway, but because they did not know what they are saying, they

00:03:24--> 00:03:37

were supposed not to say anything. So, all these evidences tell us that it is permissible to have different opinions, even at the time of the messenger sallallahu wasallam. However,

00:03:39--> 00:04:01

we need in order to understand the difference of opinions according to schools of thought, we need to understand the types of people because people are not equal. We have three types of people, people are divided into three types. We have the first type of people, which is the scholars, we have the scholars

00:04:03--> 00:04:34

and a scholar is not a scholar until he is able to derive the rulings from the book of Allah and the Sunnah of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And who is the true scholar, this is something we will discuss in Sharla later the next year, in the chapter in the subject of solar, in our solar scholars mentioned the conditions for the match the head, the scholar who is able to derive the rulings by himself. Now for this person, for the scholar, he is not allowed to follow

00:04:35--> 00:05:00

anyone else but the messenger is analyzing them, because he is able to derive the rulings by himself. So once you are able to derive the rulings from the bucola and from the Sunnah of the messenger sighs Allah, then why you are leaving this and following the opinion of some someone of a man, whoever he is, unless it is the messenger sighs on them. So whoever reached that level, as a special

00:05:00--> 00:05:14

Then he has to struggle to do he has to do his best to find the ruling by himself. This is the first time we have the second type, which is the student of knowledge, the student of knowledge. Again, we have a wide

00:05:15--> 00:05:27

variety of people in this category because students have knowledge, he could memorize the entire Quran, he may also read lots of books, or he may already started for like,

00:05:28--> 00:06:04

a short period of time. So they are different sometimes. But in general, the students have knowledge, he can follow any opinion, as long as he knows the evidence, because he is a student of knowledge, the student of knowledge, the difference between him and the scholar, he is unable yet to derive the rulings by himself. He has some knowledge, but not the knowledge that is enough for him to derive the rulings by himself. But once he hears something, he's able, like if you told him this is authentic hadith, he knows what you're talking about, you know, what's the meaning of authentic hadith? If you tell him this is abrogated, this is meant so he knows what you're talking about. He

00:06:04--> 00:06:09

knows what's the meaning of men. So while if you tell this to a layman, he doesn't know.

00:06:10--> 00:06:56

So that's the second category, which is the student of knowledge for the students of knowledge, he can follow an opinion of any man with the evidence, because he has to know the evidence, he is not a layman anymore. Then we have the third category, which is the layman, the majority of people who don't have the, the knowledge in the religion, to derive the rulings, they did not dedicate their time to study the religion, because they are working in another thing, and Islam did not force all the Muslims to become scholars or students of knowledge. That's why Allah says in Surah, adobo Toba fellow Lana forum in Kolkata, Mumbai for only a group of people, not everybody. So because some

00:06:56--> 00:07:11

people, actually they think that everyone has to be a scholar or a student of knowledge. That's not the case. Even at the time of the messenger sauce alum, there were companions who did not know except for one or two issues at all. Not all the companions were scholars.

00:07:12--> 00:07:19

Some of them they related lots of a hadith some of them gave footage at the time of the messenger salad, and some of them did not.

00:07:20--> 00:07:27

So not everybody is a scholar or a student of knowledge, actually, the majority of people they are

00:07:28--> 00:07:39

they fall in this category laymen. What's the ruling for the layman? Is it permissible for him to follow one opinion, one school of thought? The answer is yes.

00:07:40--> 00:07:44

Whoever in this category, he can follow any opinion.

00:07:45--> 00:07:54

What's the evidence? Allah subhanaw taala says in the Quran, first Allah, Allah decree in quantum law, Solomon, so ask the people of knowledge, if you do not know.

00:07:55--> 00:08:05

Now, the lay man, he is the layman because he doesn't know. So Allah did not tell him. If you don't know you go, and you derive the ruling by yourself.

00:08:06--> 00:08:43

Some people they forget this evidence. That's what Allah subhanaw taala guided the people to do. If you don't know, you go and you ask you trust this man, you trust his knowledge. So you asked him and whatever he gave you, you think because even if he gave you something wrong, you will not be able to, to weigh the evidence to balance to compare between what he says and what the other scholar says. Unfortunately, some people even though they are in this category, they go to one Imam and they ask a question to a scholar and then they go to another and they start, they don't start evaluating the evidence, but they start to

00:08:44--> 00:09:00

judge according to their desire, which one is better for me? Because even if he hears more than one opinion, they will not be able to know exactly what's the difference. So, for the layman, it is totally permissible to follow one opinion.

00:09:01--> 00:09:17

It is permissible, and actually that's what they should do. If you ask a layman to go and start deriving the rulings what will happen just like if you ask any layman to go and practice medicine, to give the people the medicine, what will happen disaster.

00:09:19--> 00:09:26

So you need to understand first of all, where do you fit in which category and then you need to know if someone asked

00:09:27--> 00:09:30

Can I follow an opinion of one Imam or not?

00:09:33--> 00:09:34

Based on what we mentioned earlier

00:09:35--> 00:09:43

in the previous class that Amanda shaffir I'ma law said whoever knew the Sunnah of the messenger sallallahu wasallam. He cannot leave it.

00:09:44--> 00:09:45

Whatever the reason is,

00:09:46--> 00:09:47

you had a question?

00:09:48--> 00:09:49

Okay, good.

00:09:53--> 00:09:57

No, we said this question is, is the scholar allowed to follow one method?

00:09:59--> 00:09:59

We said that a scholar

00:10:00--> 00:10:39

He is a scholar means he is able to derive the rulings. Once you are able to derive the ruling, you cannot follow anyone. That's why you are a scholar, but it will come with us in sha Allah the levels of the people who fall in the this category scholars, there are some scholars who are scholars in one method. So, for them of course, it is permissible because they know their method, like scholars in the method of Imam Shafi, Ramallah scholars and meta buffer management scholars in the method of Abu hanifa for them, they followed only this, but we are talking about the the great aima that are much the hidden, which we may not have anyone nowadays in our time,

00:10:40--> 00:10:44

because in order to reach this level, you need lots of conditions.

00:10:49--> 00:10:53

Now, we will go through a glimpse of the history of

00:10:54--> 00:11:00

how, how we had this subject separate like we have the sub subject called

00:11:02--> 00:11:13

what happened. Now, during the time of the messenger sallallahu Sallam as I said, we had some companions who gave fatwa, even though the messenger sallallahu Sallam was alive.

00:11:18--> 00:11:27

And of these companions, we know that there is abubaker Omar, Allah one of man, and Ali.

00:11:29--> 00:11:32

Some of them gave fat was more than the others.

00:11:34--> 00:11:39

Like earlier of their loved one, or Omar Abdullah one, they gave lots of photos.

00:11:40--> 00:11:44

Which if you want it to collect, you could have a small book.

00:11:45--> 00:12:12

We have other companions who gave even more fat was like even our best Well, the Allahumma banaba salon. He had, like lots of fatawa because again, the prophet SAW Selim prayed for him to have the knowledge of the religion to be comprehend the knowledge of the religion. So there are some companions who gave the federal at the time of the messenger sighs lm also, we have Abdullah bin Massoud of the law, one of the loving Massoud was also 40.

00:12:17--> 00:12:25

Now at the time of the messenger sighs lm No one said that if you go and you ask abubaker The next time you have to ask him only

00:12:26--> 00:12:27

you can ask anyone.

00:12:29--> 00:12:33

Now this is important, even nowadays, if you want to a scholar

00:12:35--> 00:13:02

in my students of knowledge and you asked him about an issue, and he gave you the next time you had another issue, he wanted to know the answer. You don't have to go to the same person. They did not tell you that you have to go to the same person. You could go to anyone as long as you trust his knowledge. But the the dangerous thing is when you choose between people according to your desire or you know that he will give you easier fatwah. So you go to him. That's what is forbidden.

00:13:04--> 00:13:11

But even at the time the messenger Salaam No one said if you asked abubaker yesterday you cannot come and ask me today you have to go to ask him again.

00:13:15--> 00:13:19

Now after the death of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,

00:13:20--> 00:13:22

some companions traveled

00:13:23--> 00:13:27

and they went to different cities.

00:13:30--> 00:13:37

So we have like urban massage. their loved one he went to Iraq. We have Abdullah bin Ambassador Dylan Houma. He was in Mecca.

00:13:38--> 00:13:43

We have Mazda bingeable or the last one he was in Damascus in Syria.

00:13:45--> 00:13:53

So the students of the messenger sallallahu wasallam. the companions of the Prophet SAW Selim, they started spreading in the land

00:13:55--> 00:14:02

of Abu Salah Shari in Hara Abdullah sobre de la Juan in Iraq. We have Abdullah bin Nasser

00:14:03--> 00:14:07

and Abu Musa there we have Abdullah nobis. in Mecca, we have

00:14:08--> 00:14:10

more of the bingeable in Damascus.

00:14:11--> 00:14:15

And of course, the rest of the companions they were in Medina.

00:14:18--> 00:14:25

So now of the lava nobis, now the last one human in Mecca, he started establishing school.

00:14:26--> 00:14:42

That's the beginning of the schools of thought. What happened? Now, when in advance of the law, no man went to Mecca. There was no one with more knowledge than an ambassador on human. So what happened to the successes of the companions? If they wanted to have

00:14:43--> 00:14:50

an answer for an issue, they used to go to an Ibis, so an Abbess started answering the questions.

00:14:51--> 00:14:59

So there was no one with more knowledge than ever at best, the same thing with our beloved Masada de la one in Kufa in Iraq. That's how

00:15:00--> 00:15:34

The schools of thought started by the companions of the messengers on our side. And the same thing with the bingeable. In Damascus, the successors they used to come to him, even though there were some other companions, but again, these other companions, they did not have more knowledge than those companions. So they used to say this is the School of an ambassador oma, those are the students have been ambassadors. And we know famous students for the companions like we have l comma

00:15:36--> 00:16:01

L comma is the student of Minnesota. We have in Mecca we have Rick Rima and Mujahid. Those are the students of the Baptists Radovan Hama, Mujahid Rahim Allah. He said, I asked him in advance for the llama three times about every single ayah he recited the entire Quran to cannabis and at every area, he stopped even our best and he asked him about the Tafseer three times

00:16:03--> 00:16:15

a bit Mr. Rotella one he said that everything I know I'll come a nose. So now we have students of the companions. First we had one school.

00:16:16--> 00:16:19

The school of the messenger saw Selim in Medina, he's the teacher.

00:16:20--> 00:16:36

And all the companions are his students. Once the messenger Salaam died, once the Muslims started the Jihad and they started spreading the Tao of Islam, and they started moving. Then we had more students coming for these great scholars.

00:16:38--> 00:16:55

Now Upon the death of the companions, what happened with Masada de la, he was the teacher, and he was teaching until he died once he died. Then his students, they started becoming the scholars and they started becoming the teachers.

00:16:57--> 00:17:02

At that time, we had some famous scholars, like in Medina.

00:17:04--> 00:17:13

They always say the focus about the seven jurists. in Medina, we have seven fuqaha or seven jurists, seven scholars.

00:17:14--> 00:17:30

I will list them you don't have to know them, but if you have fewer of them, that's fine. It's for you. One of them is our Agnes zubayr Rahim Allah as the mayor of the law. He is the cousin of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Allah is the Tabby. He is the son of azubi

00:17:31--> 00:17:47

Zubair he used to go to eyeshadow della Juana. Ayesha is one of the famous scholars of the messenger sallallahu wasallam. So he learned from him and afterwards when I showed the lawn had died, he became the teacher. So students used to come to him.

00:17:49--> 00:17:54

He's one of them. We have our new Zubair. Then we have al Qasim

00:17:56--> 00:17:58

al Qasim Ibn Mohammed bin Abu Bakr.

00:18:03--> 00:18:06

Carson urban Mohammed bin Allahumma.

00:18:08--> 00:18:12

This is another footage from the seven jurists in Medina.

00:18:15--> 00:18:53

Then we have Hari jab inside the bin sabot zeta metabotropic Alexander, the famous companion who had the knowledge, the one that Abdullah bin Abdul Salam used to come to him. Now notice, each one of them is the son of of a companion. Right? Because they took the knowledge from their parents, from their companions of the messenger sallallahu wasallam. So we have highridge Abizaid, we have side the Mimosa, or Musa Seidman was Abraham Allah. He's the famous successor. He's the he's the famous stabby. He also took from the companions. He is the son in law of which companion Dino

00:18:55--> 00:18:57

Simon Hussein, Abu huraira.

00:18:58--> 00:19:03

He married the daughter of Abu huraira. That's how he got the knowledge side of the Messiah.

00:19:05--> 00:19:07

Then we have a very dilla Eben Abdullah bin

00:19:09--> 00:19:29

Abdullah bin Abdullah bin Massoud, he is the son of Abdullah bin Massoud of the law one. So again, most of them are the children of the companions. Side immunoassay He is not his father. He took it from his father in law. So whether it's from his father or from a relative from a companion,

00:19:32--> 00:19:34

then we have Suleiman vinyasa.

00:19:37--> 00:19:39

soleimani vinyasa. He was the

00:19:40--> 00:19:48

the freed slave of mamoon up until Harris or the LA Juana. The mother of the believers may Mona was the wife of the messenger sallallahu sallam.

00:19:49--> 00:19:58

soleimani Vanessa was her freed slave and he used to take the knowledge from her also until he became scholar. And we have a worker bin Abdul Rahman

00:20:00--> 00:20:25

These are seven scholars were in Medina seven jurists in Medina. It's the only city that had lots of scholars like that. Why? The reason is because it was the Center for knowledge at the time of the messenger Selim, although Upon the death of the messenger seller, many companions traveled, but it was still the center. So those were the students of the companions of the messenger sallallahu wasallam.

00:20:27--> 00:20:40

So, again, we have students in Mecca, students have been asked us for the Allahumma. We have students of msos in Iraq, we have students of Martha bingeable, in

00:20:41--> 00:20:57

in Assam, in Damascus and the surrounding areas and we have students in Medina. That's how the schools of thought started. Now, we will move to the four great imams that until now we have their opinions, their schools famous.

00:21:00--> 00:21:06

Now, if you notice, before we come to the four great Imams, we had lots of schools of thought.

00:21:08--> 00:21:47

So do not think that in Islam, we have only four famous opinions. But for reasons of Han Allah, Allah knows best why for a reason. Now, these are the only four schools of thought that their opinions are document. However, there were other opinions like Allah zarahemla he was uttered a successor of the companions. He lived in Lebanon, nowadays, the area of Lebanon. He was a great scholar. And remember shaffir hemella. He said that I was I was 14, he had lots of knowledge. But what was the problem? his students did not write down the opinions of their ship.

00:21:48--> 00:21:50

The same thing with a list of Assad in Medina.

00:21:51--> 00:22:29

La simonside was a contemporary to Mr. Malik Rahim, Allah Subhan. Allah says Allah had more than Malik, but his students again, they wasted that knowledge. So why do we have four four opinions only we have more actually, if you search if you dig in the books of fic, you will find more opinions but the problem it's not documented entirely, why those great imams we have their opinions. So it is permissible to follow another opinion as long as you have the evidence, but now, these are the only four schools of thought that we have their opinions entirely documented from A to Z.

00:22:30--> 00:22:48

The first Imam Imam Abu hanifa, Rahim Allah then we have Imam Malik and then us we have remember Shafi Hamad bin Idris and we have Imam Ahmed they've been humble Rahim Allah. So these are the four famous schools of thought in Islam.

00:22:50--> 00:22:57

And we will take them one by one. We will start with the school of thought of Imam Abu hanifa Rahim Allah

00:23:00--> 00:23:05

amount of money for him Allah He was born in the year at of Hydra

00:23:06--> 00:23:09

and he died in the year 150.

00:23:11--> 00:23:13

So he lived for seven years

00:23:15--> 00:23:22

70 years the life of mama Hanif Rahim Allah What's his name? What's the name of remember? hanifa does anyone know?

00:23:24--> 00:23:32

Yes, very good. Amanda been Sabbath. Mama honey from Allah. His name is a non urban Sabbath. He was born in El Kufa.

00:23:35--> 00:23:39

He was born in Kufa, his teacher was Hamad bin Abu Sulayman.

00:23:41--> 00:23:42

Look how

00:23:43--> 00:23:53

the knowledge came to our honey for him Allah. Now his teacher was Hamad bin Abu Sulayman Hamad bin Abu Sulayman he was the student of Ibrahim and the high

00:23:54--> 00:24:11

Ibrahim and the high was the student of alchemy and now Hi. So again we have our hanifa is taking from Hamad bin Abu Sulayman. Hamad bin Abu Sulayman is taking from Abraham and the high Ibrahim and the high is taken from Al Kama and the high. So we have four people

00:24:12--> 00:24:15

outcome and I took his knowledge from him

00:24:16--> 00:24:26

from the lab and massage. So most of the knowledge that Abu hanifa hemella had it was from Abdullah Abdullah Massoud gave all his knowledge to L comma

00:24:27--> 00:24:39

L comma was the teacher of Ibrahim Ibrahim was the teacher of Hamad bin Abu Sulayman and Amanda Minami Solomon was the teacher of Imam Abu hanifa. You see the chain How?

00:24:40--> 00:24:41

from Abu hanifa

00:24:43--> 00:24:48

Hamad bin Abu Sulayman Ibrahim Anna Hi, Amanda hi Abdullah bin Masood.

00:24:49--> 00:24:53

That's how Abu hanifa Rahim Allah took his knowledge.

00:24:56--> 00:24:59

Now again, as I said the bit nosode are the last one. He said everything

00:25:00--> 00:25:05

I know Alabama knows all the knowledge I know Alabama has this knowledge.

00:25:07--> 00:25:27

At the time of Abu hanifa Rahim Allah, there was a scholar, his name is Amira shabby, under a shabby. He saw the father of Abu hanifa savate. He saw him and he saw hanifa with his father. So he told his father, you better let your son learn

00:25:28--> 00:25:36

the religious knowledge, the Islamic knowledge, because he will become a famous person. He will serve Islam.

00:25:37--> 00:25:55

Abrahamic hanifa mala he used to be a businessman. So this, this affected him he he remembered always this advice from under shabby. And that's how he started seeking the knowledge upon the advice of a shabby

00:26:01--> 00:26:12

and he had the partner and he left his business to his partner to take care of it. And he used to study and teach as well. Now honey for him Allah He was a rich man. He was not poor.

00:26:13--> 00:26:25

But he preferred to spend his time with the knowledge and of course he did not lose. Now we don't even mention his partner in business. Although he used to take care of his business, but Abu hanifa Rahim Allah

00:26:26--> 00:26:28

He was blessed with the knowledge.

00:26:29--> 00:26:32

So much so that we mentioned him until this very day.

00:26:35--> 00:26:36

At the age of 40

00:26:38--> 00:26:41

Abu hanifa Rahim Allah took the place of history.

00:26:42--> 00:26:53

Who was his chair? Hamad bin Avi Salima, we just mentioned earlier, Hamad bin Abbey Suleiman he took the place of history

00:26:54--> 00:27:09

when he was 40 years old. Now, even at their time, they were smarter and they had more knowledge but they did not start teaching until they were very well established in the knowledge. So once he reached the age of 40, he took the place of his say

00:27:11--> 00:27:36

haemoglobin every Solomon. Now I don't really care about these details, but at least you need to know how the school of thought of honey formula was established. What you need to know his name when he died when he was born, his students now who are the famous students of Abu hanifa hamdulillah. There are two famous students for Abu hanifa Rahim Allah.

00:27:37--> 00:27:38

The first one

00:27:39--> 00:27:44

I will use of the judge. That's his title. That's how he is known. I will use of

00:27:45--> 00:27:48

Jacobi bin Ibrahim al Ansari.

00:27:50--> 00:28:06

This is one of his students. I will use of Yeah, Ibrahim al Ansari. He died in the year 182 32 years after the death of his teacher. After the death of our hunting for him, a lot

00:28:08--> 00:28:10

of us have died in the 182.

00:28:16--> 00:28:37

He accompany that we're hunting for him a lot for 17 years. He was the student of Abu hanifa rahimullah for 17 years. You see how much they used to spend time with their teachers until they make sure that they took everything from them. So he was for 17 years, with his teacher with Abu hanifa Rahim Allah.

00:28:39--> 00:29:02

At that time, I will use of was was not rich. He was not a judge yet. He was a poor man. And they were hunting for him. Allah used to spend on him, he used to take care of him. That's why we used to love double hanifa a lot and that's why later on the method, the school of thought of our honey formula became famous worldwide, we use of is the one who took care of that. And we will find out why soon.

00:29:03--> 00:29:21

He became the judge in the year 166. He was hired as a judge. And this year. remember a few years earlier, he was a poor man. And because of his shape, he used to take care of him. He spent on him. He had the knowledge and now he was qualified to be hired as a judge.

00:29:22--> 00:29:25

In the 166 he became a judge

00:29:26--> 00:29:29

when he died a few years later.

00:29:33--> 00:29:34

16 years later.

00:29:36--> 00:29:53

The halifa himself performed the janazah for him, who was the Khalifa at that time, Harun Rashid Rahim Allah, Harun Rashid Khalifa, he performed the Genesis so you could imagine if the President or the leader of the biggest country in the world, he comes

00:29:54--> 00:29:59

not to give his condolences, but to perform the janazah himself. That tells me

00:30:00--> 00:30:05

You the high rank of abuse of the importance of abusive at that time.

00:30:09--> 00:30:15

The other student of Abu hanifa Rahim Allah was Mohammed Ahmed Hassan Shivani.

00:30:17--> 00:30:46

We have abuse of, and we have Mohammed Hassan. That's why in most of the books of our hunting for him, Allah and the fifth of Abu hanifa, they always mentioned the the opinion of Abu hanifa. And if there is a disagreement among his students, they don't mention anyone but Abu Yusuf and Mohammed bin Hassan, because they used to spend lots of time with Abu hanifa Rahim Allah. So this is the second student, Mohammed bin Hassan. Now Mohammed bin Hassan, he is the one who documented the method.

00:30:47--> 00:30:59

He's the one who spent most of the time writing down the opinions of Abu hanifa Rahim Allah. We use of why didn't you do that? abuser was busy. He was the judge. So he spent more time

00:31:00--> 00:31:08

in the deposition he had. Why Mohammed Hassan Rahim Allah He is the one who, who documented the opinion of Abu hanifa

00:31:09--> 00:31:16

Ahmed Hassan died later in the 189 seven years after the death of abuse.

00:31:19--> 00:31:29

And also Mohammed Hassan Rahim Allah used to spend lots of time debating with Imam Shafi Rahim Allah they he was contemporary to the Imam Shafi Rahman.

00:31:31--> 00:32:08

There is another student, many times he's not mentioned, but he's also a student of Imam Abu hanifa Rahim Allah and actually he is the one who succeeded Abu hanifa in his position, giving fetters His name is zophar Adnan, who they now they always say Abu Abu hanifa and the two companions, the two companions that we use of and Mohammed bin Hassan, however this man zoofari Valle Rahim Allah, he's the one who succeeded Abu hanifa. But he died earlier. That's why he is not mentioned that much. He died earlier in the year 158.

00:32:11--> 00:32:15

for eight years, used to teach in the place of Abu hanifa Rahim Allah.

00:32:17--> 00:32:28

He had more knowledge but he did not document the method and he did not have a formal position. That's why he is not that famous. He spent most of the time

00:32:29--> 00:32:45

arguing or disputing with the other schools of thought to establish the opinion of Imam Abu hanifa Rahim Allah. So, this is the third student. So you need to know only these three students who they are, when they when they die, why they are mentioned

00:32:47--> 00:32:50

instead of many other students for amount of money for him Allah.

00:32:53--> 00:33:08

Now, these are the principles of the school of thought of Emanuel hanifa Rahim Allah, each school of thought they had principles, how they derive the rulings, all schools of thought they agree that the first principle the first source

00:33:09--> 00:33:22

is the book of Allah subhanaw taala. This is agreed upon by all scholars, and the second source is the Sunnah of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, they all agreed on that, then comes the edge map.

00:33:25--> 00:33:27

The Edge map the consensus of the scholars

00:33:28--> 00:33:29

to Muslim scholars,

00:33:31--> 00:33:36

these three sources of Islam are agreed upon by all scholars.

00:33:38--> 00:33:57

But then we have the difference of opinions among the scholars in the school of thought of Emanuel hanifa, they took the TS they use to apply the chaos, they asked means literally means measurement and we will spend time explaining it inshallah, next year and solid fact, this is a subject of a solid

00:33:58--> 00:34:16

bs means measurement or analogy. It means to, to apply a ruling which is mentioned in the Book of Allah or the Sunnah of the messenger Sallam in another incident, because of the similarity in these two cases. That's what we mean by pay us.

00:34:18--> 00:34:54

Nowadays, some people they complain about the school of thought of funeral honey for hemella. They, they say, there are many opinions for a nominee for the common law which are not approved, or which contradict the Sunnah of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. And that's to some extent that's true, actually. Remember, where did our hanifa live? He lived in Iraq. At his time, Iraq was the center of the fitna. The trial just like nowadays, you see how the war is there at the time of Abu hanifa, all the deviant sects, not all but most of them. They were actually from Iraq.

00:34:55--> 00:34:59

The coverage the moogerah Kataria Jamia

00:35:00--> 00:35:06

All of them came from there. So you need to be very, very careful whenever you establish an opinion.

00:35:07--> 00:35:39

And that's exactly what the Barney formula did. He rejected lots of ahaadeeth not because they did not want to implement the son of the messenger saw Selim, but he had very strict rulings on accepting the Sunnah. At his time, many people, they fabricated the Hadith, they forged lots of Hadith. So in that situation, what do you do? You have to be careful. That's why we find that in the school of thought of Abu hanifa Rahim Allah, there is less a hadith that are applied compared to other schools of thought like Imam Shafi, Pamela or Eman.

00:35:40--> 00:35:53

So once you don't have a Hadith, and you have lots of incidents where you need to apply the Islamic verdict ruling, what do you do? You start working according to the test?

00:35:54--> 00:36:14

That's why the school of thought of Abu hanifa Ramallah is called madrasa right, the school of the opinion because you apply opinions, but these opinions are not mere opinions based on the desire it is according to the book of Allah or the Sunnah of the messenger Selim. That's why in the school of thought of Abu hanifa mala, even if there is a hadith and it is authentic, if it's only

00:36:15--> 00:36:38

one narration, one chain of narrators in the arcada it's not applied. Again, the intention was not to reject the Sunnah of the messenger assassin and the intention is to be sure that this is a hadith from the messenger sallallahu sallam. Actually Imam Malik Rahim Allah and other scholars in Medina, they used to make fun of Iraq because that was through their time.

00:36:39--> 00:36:40

There is a Hadith,

00:36:41--> 00:36:59

this hadith from the messenger Salaam is narrated in Medina, it goes to Iraq, and it comes back to Medina 10 times bigger. So what happened in Iraq, they start to add to it even though the Hadith itself was authentic, but they added to it

00:37:00--> 00:37:31

until it became more and more and it's not authentic anymore. Pour from the beginning they start fabricating they had a thing and that's why some scholars like Mr. Malik and others they used to call olarak that a BB that about means the place where you you make money, the bank, the cash money, like they have the Department of Treasury, that's why where they they print the money. That's what they say about Iraq. That's where they print the Hadith. They fabricate the Hadith and it comes

00:37:33--> 00:37:37

other than how it was said, Yes, we have question.

00:37:41--> 00:37:56

Again, what's the definition of chaos? As I said linguistically, as is analogy, chaos is to derive a ruling on an issue that is not that does not have a ruling in the work of Allah or the Sunnah of the prophet SAW Selim. You you derive the ruling

00:37:57--> 00:38:08

for that issue. According to another ruling for another incident mentioned in the Book of Allah or the Sunnah of the messenger sallallahu wasallam. The example for this is drugs.

00:38:09--> 00:38:13

Is it forbidden or allowed to take drugs?

00:38:14--> 00:38:37

Of course it's forbidden, why it harms you but we say because of the chaos, Allah forbid alcohol so we say drugs are forbidden also chaos and we make chaos. We measure the drugs according to alcohol. As I said this, this is an issue that will be discussed inshallah thoroughly next year in a solid

00:38:40--> 00:38:45

so that's about the school of thought of Abu hanifa Rahim Allah.

00:38:47--> 00:38:52

Now, you notice which school of thought has more followers than other schools of thought,

00:38:54--> 00:39:00

in our time nowadays, Mama honey formula, right? Almost most of the

00:39:02--> 00:39:16

East countries like Pakistan, India, Afghanistan, many places even in Syria, in Lebanon, Jordan, they follow the school of thought of a Barney formula. Why?

00:39:18--> 00:39:18

What's the reason?

00:39:20--> 00:39:35

Exactly because of the basophil efa. Remember what I told you about Harun Rashid Rahim Allah He is the one who performed the genocide himself for abuse of abuse of was the grand judge, as you could say, or the judge the the

00:39:38--> 00:39:42

Yes, the Supreme judge at the time of the ambassador.

00:39:43--> 00:39:52

So once you follow an opinion, you want to spread it that's natural. So it was the formal opinion at the time of their basophil alpha.

00:39:53--> 00:39:58

So that's the reason why it became so famous until this very day.

00:40:00--> 00:40:03

So this is about the school of thought of Abu hanifa Rahim Allah.

00:40:07--> 00:40:20

The other reason also, because it was the first documented school of thought. Now, who was first Abu Abu Abu hanifa Allah or Imam Malik, or Imam Shafi or Mr. Mohammed,

00:40:22--> 00:40:37

Abu hanifa, he died earlier, because he was born earlier earlier than all others scholars. So it was a precedent that you have a school of thought, documented entirely. That's why also it was very famous.

00:40:40--> 00:41:05

Now, what I need you to know, some books, according to the school of thought of Abu hanifa, hemella, you cannot be a student of knowledge without at least knowing. And actually you have to have some books, according to all schools of thought, if you have an issue, and you want to see what scholars said, you cannot rely on only one opinion, you have to see what others say. So in the school of thought of Abu hanifa mala, we have

00:41:06--> 00:41:20

several books. One of these books is Al Qaeda. And actually Daya is is printed recently, and you could find it, you go to amazon.com you will find it and I ordered it it will come in Charlotte, maybe tomorrow.

00:41:21--> 00:41:28

I have it in Arabic, but I like to have it also in English. And he Dyer has many

00:41:29--> 00:41:30

commentaries on it.

00:41:31--> 00:41:33

Like Albania, Shahada.

00:41:35--> 00:42:14

It's an important text. The man who wrote this book is a marine Annie, you don't have to know his name, but at least you know the book. So I encourage you, I strongly encourage you to purchase this book, especially if you follow the school of thought of Abu hanifa hemella. It is good. Now it is released in English. The other text and the Hanafi school of thought Kansas the Kansas the COC is another text. That's how the students start. They don't start with big books. Unlike what we do nowadays, someone wants to seek the knowledge so he starts with from the top, which will never work. You want to start you have to start from the bottom until you reach the top.

00:42:16--> 00:42:19

So cancer the car again, it has many books

00:42:20--> 00:42:26

as communities on this book, we have Sana Shara Kansa Dhaka alberola

00:42:27--> 00:42:42

shotguns there are several books written on this very interesting book and the school of thought of Abu hanifa. Hamill and actually the biggest book AdMob suit AdMob suit means they expanded or stretched and absorbed the demands surrogacy

00:42:44--> 00:42:47

this a man syrup see he was imprisoned.

00:42:48--> 00:42:57

At their time, they did not have nice five stars, prisons like nowadays, he was in prison in well,

00:42:59--> 00:43:02

where he cannot see the light of the sun.

00:43:03--> 00:43:17

And from his memory, he dictated the entire book 30 volumes from his memory. That's him I'm sorry. It is the biggest book of fiction in the school of thought of avani from Allah from the memory.

00:43:18--> 00:43:28

And nowadays, you find some people criticizing these scholars and we don't say they are divine, yes, they they are still human beings, but we cannot be like them.

00:43:30--> 00:43:50

Can you dictate only 10 pages from your memory? He dictated the entire book from his memory. People used to come to his prison to the well. And he used to dictate. He used to say aloud, and they used to write now. And this book we have it nowadays it's written in Arabic And I believe also in order it's written in order.

00:43:52--> 00:43:53

This is a map so really, ma'am, sir.

00:43:55--> 00:43:56

And there are many other books also

00:43:58--> 00:44:08

in the field of Abu hanifa Rahim Allah because it was famous and many have had many followers. There are lots of books written according to the Hanafi school of thought.

00:44:10--> 00:44:17

The second demand, which is Imam Malik Rahim, Allah, Imam Malik. He was born in the year 93 of hijra

00:44:21--> 00:44:23

and he died in the 179.

00:44:32--> 00:44:39

His name is Malik Ibn and as a bit Malik he took his knowledge from ministry you like NAFTA?

00:44:41--> 00:44:44

NAFTA is the molar have been Omar

00:44:45--> 00:44:50

bin Amaro de la Noma, the son of Mr. Adnan hubub Abdullah bin Omar De La Hoya.

00:44:54--> 00:44:58

But his famous joke was rubbish bin Abdul Rahman

00:45:00--> 00:45:05

This is the shape that Mr. Malik Rama used to take from most of his knowledge.

00:45:06--> 00:45:08

robbia Abdul Rahman

00:45:10--> 00:45:28

So Mr. Malik, because remember Mr. Malik was in Medina. Medina was used to be the center of the knowledge at the time of the messenger Salaam. And shortly after the death of the messenger sighs lm one salir de la had moved to Kufa the political system was there so Medina started losing its

00:45:30--> 00:45:30

its power.

00:45:32--> 00:45:40

But still, there were some scholars So Mr. Malik Rahim, Allah took from ministry you not only one One of them was a big

00:45:41--> 00:45:42

man.

00:45:45--> 00:45:51

A man Malika hemella was a friend of Abuja for almanzora Abuja for Almanzo. He is the second

00:45:52--> 00:46:09

is the second Khalifa for the embassy dynasty. The first one was a blast thus far and the second one was about jaffery muscle and of course inshallah, we will mention these in details, the history of Islam, the subject of the Syrah second year inshallah will be about the philosopher

00:46:10--> 00:46:18

after the four great philosopher, then we have the Omega dynasty and then we have the ambassador dynasty. So, we will

00:46:20--> 00:46:25

talk about them in details inshallah, later on. So, he was a friend of Abu Jafar almancil

00:46:26--> 00:46:29

and he is the one who requested from him to write a lot.

00:46:32--> 00:46:36

He asked my Malik Rahim Allah to write something.

00:46:37--> 00:47:08

He told him that knowledge is is spread, and I'm afraid if there is nothing written, people will lose this knowledge. So write something. So in America harmala wrote and Mata once he finished. Abuja for him also wanted to enforce al Motta, as the formal opinion of the Ambassador khilafah. But Mr. Malik Rahim, Allah told him No, you cannot do that. You cannot force the people to follow one opinion. The Companions of the messenger Salaam traveled and they they spread in the land. Now, you cannot

00:47:09--> 00:47:13

ask everybody to follow one opinion, because it may not be right.

00:47:14--> 00:47:34

And you sense the piety of Malik Ramallah here in this situation, otherwise, everybody nowadays would have followed the method of Imam Malik. But he himself he refused that he told him No, do not do that. Yes, he wrote the book. He wrote the motto, but it's just to document the headaches of the messenger seller, not to enforce or to force people to follow it.

00:47:39--> 00:47:46

Imam Shafi Rahim Allah he was a student of Imam Malik Imam Shafi Ramallah. He took his knowledge from Mr. Malik.

00:47:47--> 00:47:49

He spent lots of time with Imam Malik.

00:47:51--> 00:47:51

No.

00:47:53--> 00:47:58

Imam Malik Rahim Allah He used to teach in the prophetic messages in the message of the messenger sallallahu wasallam.

00:47:59--> 00:48:03

Actually, he saw the prophet SAW Selim in his dream

00:48:06--> 00:48:30

and he saw with him a perfume. So he asked the interpreters What does that mean? I saw the messenger saw Salaam in my dream and I saw myself with perfume. So they told him you will spread the Sunnah of the messenger saw Salah. So the perfume and the dream was a symbol of the Sunnah of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam and that encouraged him to seek knowledge and to teach people.

00:48:39--> 00:48:45

Now, every Imam, almost every man, he had to go through a trial

00:48:47--> 00:48:53

he was tested, whether by his people or by the rulers. Imam Abu hanifa Rahim Allah.

00:48:55--> 00:48:58

He had to go through a trial because they asked him to

00:48:59--> 00:49:11

to become a judge and he refused. He did not want to become a judge. And they punished him. He still refused. Imam Malik Rahim Allah, he was punished for giving a fatwa.

00:49:13--> 00:49:22

Now, he only expressed his opinion according to the book of Allah and the Sunnah of the messenger, salah and Maddie, he was the ruler of Medina at that time at the time of Imam Malik Rahim Allah

00:49:24--> 00:49:26

and because of the opinion of Imam Malik

00:49:27--> 00:49:31

he was lashed. Imam Malik was lashed by the soldiers have m&e

00:49:33--> 00:49:36

and that caused him to become more famous actually.

00:49:38--> 00:49:51

Once people know that there is an Imam. And he persevered. They will love him more. And this happened almost to every Imam Abu hanifa Malik Shafi Ahmed all of the Imam

00:49:52--> 00:49:59

that's why maybe nowadays we don't have really great scholars. Yes, we still have some but because in any simple trial, you'll find that

00:50:00--> 00:50:08

change their opinions or they, they don't persevere. While for them, there were lots of tests and they persevered.

00:50:10--> 00:50:11

So Imam Malik had

00:50:13--> 00:50:52

fitna only for one opinion, because people came to and Maddie, and again, this is the envy that goes in most of the people they saw in America him a lot becoming famous and people coming and asking him in Medina, Who's the man Malik? Why they are asking him. So they wanted to degrade the magnetic they went to the ruler, the prince of Medina, and Maddie and they told him, Mr. Malik has given an opinion that if you gave pledge to a ruler, he could change it. So he is opposing the hill after they came to him and Malik and they asked him, did you give this opinion? He said, Yes, I gave it. So they told him, You have to change it. He said, No, I gave it according to Islam. That's what I

00:50:52--> 00:50:59

believe is the right opinion. So they, they they wanted to force him to change his opinion, but he refused. And he was punished for that.

00:51:01--> 00:51:05

And because of that, he became famous afterwards, everybody knew about him.

00:51:06--> 00:51:14

So trials like polishing, for your knowledge, for your personality, or sometimes it destroys you.

00:51:16--> 00:51:23

That's why it's always important to ask Allah subhanaw taala steadfastness on the religion because you don't know.

00:51:24--> 00:51:26

All of us will go through trials.

00:51:32--> 00:51:33

The books of

00:51:36--> 00:51:37

Imam

00:51:38--> 00:51:40

Imam Malik Rahim Allah we have a motto.

00:51:43--> 00:51:44

And he used to narrate

00:51:46--> 00:51:49

the Hadith. In this book, actually, now we have it

00:51:51--> 00:51:52

in English and this is one

00:51:53--> 00:51:56

one nice copy of Amato

00:51:57--> 00:52:24

and Martha is not only it is not only the the Hadith, but it has also documentaries. Otherwise, it would be only book of Hadith. Why it's considered a book of faith also because the man Malik Rahim Allah used to, to to mention his opinions. Like he says the Hadith and sometimes he mentions few countries. So that's why Allah is considered book of faith in the school of thought of Eman Malik Rahim Allah.

00:52:29--> 00:52:33

The same thing why nowadays we have this school of thought famous in

00:52:36--> 00:52:41

the North Africa, northwest of Africa like Morocco,

00:52:43--> 00:52:43

Algeria,

00:52:45--> 00:52:54

Libya, these countries why the mapa or the madaba FEMA Malik is famous there because of one of his students of Imam Malik Rahim Allah.

00:52:55--> 00:52:57

He went there

00:52:58--> 00:52:59

and he

00:53:00--> 00:53:01

took

00:53:02--> 00:53:07

the books of Imam Malik with him and he wrote and Madonna and it became famous there.

00:53:09--> 00:53:20

With this inshallah we will stop with the second school of thought and inshallah we'll continue later on with the third school of thought the school of thought of your mama Shafi Rahim Allah. salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.