Fiqh For Beginners EP 3

Isam Rajab

Channel: Isam Rajab

Topics: Fiqh

Episode Notes

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Special course by Yayasan Ta’lim & Arees University. Conducted by Dr Isam Rajab. FIQH FOR BEGINNERS (session 3)

Episode Transcript

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Welcome to LA salatu salam ala rasulillah, Allah

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slonaker law.

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We are at page five.

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The last paragraph

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we have fit. Now you know what we have right?

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It is permissible for a slave to be the Imam of a free person and for an adolescent to be the Imam of an adult.

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In Islam, one of the objectives of the prayer is to be united just like all other

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rituals, we fast at the same time we break our fast at the same time doesn't matter what is your status. The same thing here now regarding the prayer.

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Now there is no slavery but at the time of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, there were slaves. So just because you are a slave doesn't mean that you cannot lead the prayer.

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Slavery Something had to do with your physical situation, whatever it is, but in Islam, even if you are a slave, you could lead the prayers. And there was some of the companions of the Prophet SAW Selim, who memorize the Quran including Salim mala Abu hanifa, his name is Salim, he used to be a slave and he was free eventually. So this is an example

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that a slave could be the Imam who should be the Imam to begin with. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said their own alma aparato Nikita Villa, the one who knows more of the book of Allah. That's the one who should lead the prayer regardless of the color, regardless of the status, social financial status, he is the man

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and an adolescent also teenager.

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Can he be any man of all people?

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Yes.

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From what age

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people puberty.

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The phase an adult is an adult.

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But we say an adolescent, someone that knows the rulings of the prayer.

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Although he might be even eight or nine.

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Still he can lead the prayer.

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It happened at the time of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam.

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A group of companions. They were living a little bit far

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from

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Medina, from Venezuela. So their Eman was amor bien cela how old he was seven years. But he memorized the Quran more than anyone else. So they made him the Imam. So it is permissible.

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Nowadays receive some people they are discouraging the youngsters.

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They make some movements true, but we need to contain that we need to encourage them instead of

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keeping them away.

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However, it is not permissible for a woman to be the man of a man.

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What about women?

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Can they lead men?

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Why? Why is this discrimination?

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What if she was

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our she's wearing Hijab?

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Where in the Quran?

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It doesn't say you cannot.

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What if she memorized the entire Quran? And her voice is nice.

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No voice is not really our where is the position of woman

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behind? So how can she lead the prayer? Actually, some scholars said she leads from behind.

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It's not appropriate.

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Okay.

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And this is something about the order of the prayer. Also another thing the situation of the woman herself. Sometimes she cannot even pray.

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So we asked her please come she says no. Now I can pray. So it doesn't work that a woman is an email

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It doesn't work. Unfortunately, from time to time, we have some people, some calls that where is the equality in Islam, let a woman be the man, it doesn't work. This has nothing to do with her virtue. She couldn't be much better than many men with a las panatela. It's true. But in regards to the order of the prayer, she cannot be the man, usually who is the Imam in Islam, the man of the prayer originally is also the Imam of the state. There was no separation until recent time. So the man of the prayer could be

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also a leader of the state and the woman also at the same time, there are issues with her being the leader of the Muslim woman, there should be a man leading them. So that's why

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it is not permissible for a woman to be the man of a man or for someone who does not know how to recite the Quran, to be the Imam of someone who knows how to recite the Quran. If you don't know how to recite the Quran, that's fine, you could pray. That's what you can do. But to leave people who know how to recite the Quran that is not permissible. One of them should lead the prayer and you are behind. But alone, yes, you can pray and your prayer is accepted. Along with the fact that fear Allah as much as you can. That's what you can do. We cannot read the Quran very well. That's all what you can do. So it is permissible.

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Now, next page page six necessery conditions for shortening the

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prayer. How many prayers of the day do we have?

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five, three of them are for Raka. These are the ones that are shortened memory and prayer. They are not shortened. They remain the same. But we have Google, Apple and Russia.

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These are the ones that are shortened

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being a traveler for a purpose in which there is no disobedience to Allah.

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Where are you going on traveling? Where? To Las Vegas? Why to gamble? Can I shorten the prayer?

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What do you think?

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According to Sharia law, you don't use the concession of Allah because shortening the prayer is what is a concession. You don't use the concession to disobey Allah.

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It should be a traveling for something that is permissible for trade for a burger. That's the type of traveling where you are allowed to shorten the prayer. Other scholars actually said, go ahead and shorten the prayer.

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Even if you are traveling to disobey Allah, this is one thing and that's another thing. But according to am Shaka Rahim Allah,

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you don't use the concession. So you have to be traveler for a purpose that is not disobeying Allah for a legitimate purpose. The distance of the journey is at least 16 verses.

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How do you measure the distance? What do you have? versus

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how much are 16 versus

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1790?

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you're guessing

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a miles in miles

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each

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time times three.

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That's in minus

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h four times three.

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How much is that?

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roughly how much?

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in kilometers?

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81

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roughly

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roughly 81 kilometers, that is the distance.

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Now how that was measured,

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how that was measured. What do you have?

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What are you showing?

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Okay, what does it show

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roughly

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1.6 times 48

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What do you get?

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at their time, at the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, that was the distance of day and night. That's how far they could go. traveling at their time, used to take that much

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a day and night. To them at distances of traveling is a distance of a day and night.

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Because some scholars did not stipulate the distance, they only stipulated the intention. Are you traveler? If you are a traveler, even for a shorter distance, you can shorten the brain nowadays 80 or even 90 kilometers is that really big deal?

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With car you could drive that in less than maybe an hour if there is no traffic right? So,

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you go to work, are you consider a traveler, although your work is one hour? Can you shorten the prayer? You have to be what? traveler?

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traveler, the distance of the journey is at least 16 persons. The prayer to be performed is before being shortened the forager as I said, one of the three prayers not so are not married.

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Making the intention to shorten the prayer. This is also important, you don't start and your intention is to pray for Raka and then you remember on traveller so it will be to know the intention has to be before you start.

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Before you start,

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not to be the Imam of a resident of the area.

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Residents how many Raka they pray for and if you pray behind them.

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Do you continue or do you stop? You tell them you continue? I am done.

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I did my prayer. No. If you are a follower of the resident, you, you continue,

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you finish the four Raka.

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Also, if you want to lead them, now you can lead into a car because you are a traveler, but one of the residents should lead the prayer. It's better. That's the son of the Prophet salon son.

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Okay, but if it happened that you lead, you can pray in Torah.

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necessary conditions for the Juma prayer to be obligatory, seven conditions for the jamara to be obligatory. So you don't have to perform Juma unless these seven conditions are met, being a Muslim, reaching the age of puberty being seen.

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Majnoon the crazy, doesn't have to pray, doesn't have to do anything is not accountable. Being a free man, not a slave.

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Is that a condition of the obligation of prayer? slaves don't pray.

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Now we don't have to worry about that. It's not there, but they mentioned it.

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In jamara, being a slave exempts you from Juma prayer, but what about regular prayer?

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So what's the difference then?

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What follows

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the

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word pray, but why don't you have to go for drama it says here. Being a free man. If you are a slave, you don't go for drama. A slave is a slave. He works for someone. So Juma prayer, how long does it take?

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maybe an hour, less than an hour. So you have to take the permission of your master. Therefore Islam made it easy for slaves. They don't have to perform Juma. They pray for Raka.

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Why? Because they lack the permission of their master.

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Now don't

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by analogy, say okay, I am a worker. So it's the same. No, you're not a slave. Okay, a worker is different. being male females do they have to perform Juma? No they can but they don't have to.

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Being healthy. What does that mean?

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doula requires walking sometimes because it's not everywhere.

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Sometimes it requires 15 minutes of walking. Not only that also sitting.

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You need to sit you need to

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listen. Some people can sit for half an hour. But prayer they can even if they cannot stand they can sit

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So therefore the health is also a condition being a resident of the area. Future traveler again, do you have to perform Juma? No, you don't have to.

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You can. I'm not saying you cannot slave can he? Yes, woman can see yes, they all can perform demand but they don't have to

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necessary conditions for performing the Juma prayer. Now, the previous conditions are for what for the obligation? Now, let's say you are a resident, you are a male, you are healthy, you everything existed.

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So Joomla is obligatory, but you don't have to perform it. You're still

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all the conditions, the seven conditions are met, but still there is one of them. You are alone.

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You are a resident but you are the only one who's Muslim.

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You cannot Can you perform Juma by yourself? You stand and you give what yourself?

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So there are other conditions as well. These conditions for the performance of the jumar. Okay. First conditions are conditions of obligation, these conditions for the performance, the area must be urban or rural. What's the meaning of rural area or urban? What do you mean by that? There is groups of people. You're not living in a desert in a tent like you are alone or few families only. That's what it means here. The members of the congregation are at least 40. That's according to him. szafnauer 40 does it include women?

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Children, no 40 men less than 40 what do they do?

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braver, they pray for Jamal is not obligatory, they don't have to perform Juma.

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According to management, the number is what 1212 is sufficient.

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Why we have difference regarding the number because there is no authentic narration game specifying the number.

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The Gracious specified the number they were not authentic. And the authentic narrations about the demand they did not specify the number that's why we have difference. The management says 12 mm chef he says 40 now honey formula says three,

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three, minimum of three you can perform one,

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two listeners at least one speaker and two listeners at least

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the designated time has not

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yet elapsed. So there is time let's say 40 people came but there is only one minute can one minute be enough. What do you do instead you pray both.

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So these are three conditions for the performance of the Jamaat the earlier conditions are the conditions of the obligation.

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The required acts of Jamal What do you have to do in Joomla?

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Three required acts to sermons in which the Imam stands up and between which he sits down so can I stand up in Alhamdulillah nama do want to stand you know when you want to stop when we land in Sharia fusina Yeah, you Halloween I'm going to party wala tomato 911 Muslim Ramadan is a blessed month we have all too fast in Ramadan we have all to remember Allah often Salah Can I do that? No, according to the chef is full of work. Even if it is half an hour speech fits one speech standing. That's not allowed. Why? Because they said the profits are seldom used always to sit in between.

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So you stand up, you speak and you sit down and then you stand up it has to be to standings with sitting in the middle. Okay.

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It cannot be one, one standing two sermons during which the Imam stands up and between which he sits down

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after that performing touriga

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these are the Torah of the Juma

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and

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performing the prayer in congregation

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for Juma, let's say you

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We gave the talk, people are sitting. And then we said, let's pray to each one pray Torah alone. Does that count as Juma? No, it has to be done together. Now does it talk about the language of the Juma?

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No specification? Okay. Does it talk about the minimum what should be said during jamara? Like an eye or at least or a hadith some scholars stipulated that but in the Shafi school of thought, No, the the pillar is to stand up. You have to stand up twice, and sit once. That's what is required.

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Is there a specification of the time?

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minimum time for the job? How long should it go?

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An hour time roughly how long does it go for the German?

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Roughly half an hour? What do you think that is short or long?

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moderate, actually, this is long. By the standards of Joomla. This is long during the time of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. Look at most of his speeches were short,

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almost almost one page only.

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He also recommended the processor and said in Nakula salata, Roger, the prolonging of the prayer, and the shortening of the speech is a sign of the comprehension. Sign of

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in our time, we do the opposite. We talk and talk and then you ask, what's the purpose of this talk? What is he talking about? or What does he want and you cannot put your hands on main thing, the sooner is to cut to the chase, what's the main point that you want to give? What is the bottom line? We have people complaining time was not enough, really half an hour? was not enough. You know how much they pay for half a minute.

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How commercials delivered the idea and half a minute. How Why can't you deliver the idea?

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Anyways, it's really sad the situation of the speeches in our own mindset. I give talks about public speaking. Anyway, so there is no specification of time, how long or how short. Should it be or can it be? Okay, just to standings with sitting in the middle that is sufficient.

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The preferred acts of the Juma prayer, what are you recommended to do

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ritual bathing

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and cleaning the body why you are gathered.

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Not Alone you have other people imagine you came directly from work under the sun, the heat of the summer.

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Your smell will be nice. Right then another one his smell also will be nice. And we have a mixture of nice smells, so it will not be nice. That's why it's recommended that you take a bath, you clean your body before you come for Juma wearing white cloth. Also that is recommended. The prophet SAW Selim recommended wearing white

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trimming the nails and wearing perfume. These are four recommended acts. Scholars they generalize that not only for they said any recommended act, it's more recommended during Jamal, like what using seawater is it recommended generally or No. Yes, so it's more recommended during Juma

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that's another one so anything any good act it's recommended during Juma but these are the four specific ones. trimming the nails wearing perfume, wearing white clothes and taking a bath.

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congregational prayers and the prayers are established sooner. Santa Monica what's the ruling on eighth prayer?

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Santa Monica is it for

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wajib nothing the shaft a school of thought no.

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It is not what it is so NACA,

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which means a Muslim is not blameworthy if he missed the right prayer. But he should not miss it.

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He's rewarded for attending it but he's not remotely for missing it. Other scholars said no it is what if you miss it by choice you are blameworthy? How many times do we have a prayer to what about prayer in the masjid

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every day five times who can do that? You should but few people now are able to do that. Five prayers according to the Shafi school.

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Thought that is supermarket.

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There is another opinion for the fire, collective obligation. Only group of people have to do it if nobody did it like we have understood, but nobody's going there. The entire all people are blameworthy. There has to be some people as long as there are some people performing it, then the rest, they don't have to do it. Other scholars say no, it is because the Prophet sallallahu Sallam intended to burn the houses of those who don't come over. He didn't do it, but just his intention to do that means that it is logical. Anyways, I don't want to talk about all the opinions but this is the opinion of the supermarket.

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Next page, page seven.

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The invocation

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is repeated for April 5.

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From the sunset until the man begins the eighth prayer.

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What is the eighth invocation?

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Yeah, what's the vicar

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Allahu Akbar. That's it.

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It came in some forms.

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Allah, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, La ilaha illa Allah, Allahu Akbar.

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Allahu Akbar Kabira it came in several forms. So this is recommended

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in Ramadan when you know tomorrow is read.

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Well, it took me a while it took a bit of Allah Allah Maha. When you complete the term. You

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mentioned the technosphere while it took a bit Allah Allah Manda, that that's for a defeater, which is coming soon inshallah in less than 30 days

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after each of the obligatory prayers from the dawn of the day of alpha, what is the day of alpha?

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The day before eight number what? ninth of the hedger from salado soup

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of the ninth of the picture, through the afternoon of the fourth day of eighth, we have the day of read. And we have the first day of the second day of the Shrek And third, they have the Shrek. So these are four days of When do we start?

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From the dawn of era for the knife? So in total, how many days

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five? The ninth, which is out of the 10th, which is

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when the first day, second day and third day in total? How many prayers how many times

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this is done

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23

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until

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alpha is the last time we do that.

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Now that evaluation,

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we don't do it.

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So nine, five times 10. Five times the 11th. Five times

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12 five times 13 three times.

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Okay, how do you do it here?

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You don't do it on the ninth. Really? That's the opinion around Shafi.

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Well, there is another opinion

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from the day of faith but actually in like in Syria, there is

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from some from some prayer. Yeah. They have out of date of alpha

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ninth of the ledger

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nano

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up ha ha You know, when is the eighth 10 days earlier, you know that. So, the ninth when it starts from salata, so yeah, from prayer, you you start doing that?

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Yeah.

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The solar eclipse prayer is an established Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. It's designated time passes, it shall not be made up.

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Have you performed in your life? Never

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did it once we're here, where

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why not in entire Malaysia.

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Okay, usually this should be after the call of the Imam

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or the leader because it's a sign it's not regular sign. It doesn't happen so frequently. Every few years it happens. lunar or solar eclipse

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when the moon covers the sun, although it's daytime, so you perform the

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prayer.

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If you missed it, you don't make it up this is done in Japan. Yes.

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Yeah.

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How it is performed

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opposite to Juma

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performed to Raka and then

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you give a speech. That's according to Imam

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Shafi Mala.

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One should recite in his heart during the solar eclipse. Why? Because when it happens

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during the day

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and

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loudly during the lunar eclipse

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during the lunar eclipse, because during the night, you read aloud, some scholars said you always read aloud. As long as it is Eclipse, you read aloud.

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Here, it doesn't describe the way it is performed. You know how it is performed?

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touriga Yeah.

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You don't remember you did it once? And you don't remember?

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Yes, it isn't congregation but how it is performed. What is so special about the eclipse prayer, you stand up you read, it's recommended that the reading is long. Why? Because it takes the time of the eclipse itself.

00:32:18--> 00:32:35

Now, us you pray regularly, just like any prayer, you are reading. After the reading, you go for record. After record, you go back up. Now what do you do? Instead of going for sujood? You read again?

00:32:36--> 00:32:42

You read again and then you go for record? And then after that you go for a minute. So that's one record.

00:32:43--> 00:32:48

It's like to have a cat combined in one rack and then the second rack I do the same.

00:32:50--> 00:32:53

It's amazing that you didn't perform it here.

00:32:56--> 00:33:01

individually. It shouldn't be done. No. It's done in congregation.

00:33:06--> 00:33:13

Yeah, how do you do it? Because if you heard that there is an eclipse in North America, this is not related to you. It's here.

00:33:14--> 00:33:25

Usually, again, the state announces that there is Eclipse so let's pray. Because it's a sign from Allah subhanaw taala and the Muslim always reacts to the signs of Allah azza wa jal.

00:33:27--> 00:33:47

The rain prayer is performed similarly to the prayer. I don't have to ask whether you prayed for rain because it rains Mashallah every day. But in Saudi in some countries, they have droughts year round, so they perform rain prayer, how it is performed, similarly to a prayer

00:33:49--> 00:33:51

how our prayer is performed

00:33:52--> 00:33:54

seven years

00:33:56--> 00:34:00

during the first Raka and five years during the second Raka.

00:34:02--> 00:34:11

Okay, chapter on fear prayer. The Prayer is of three types. This is in jihad,

00:34:12--> 00:34:14

when you are facing the enemy.

00:34:16--> 00:34:43

I don't want you to be confused. It's not really applicable now. But I'll give you one example. If we are afraid of the enemy, we are all praying what will happen they will wait for us until we are Institute and then kill everybody. Therefore, two lines, the first line is going down. The second line is doing what standing then the second Raka

00:34:44--> 00:34:50

the first line stands and the second line goes down. That's basically how it is done.

00:34:51--> 00:34:59

Okay, if you didn't experience the clip sprayer, chances are even this you will never experience it. So

00:35:01--> 00:35:01

Yeah.

00:35:07--> 00:35:13

So that's why one lot one of the lines is standing to God the line that is praying,

00:35:17--> 00:35:20

chapter on the deceased and funerals.

00:35:21--> 00:35:28

When someone dies, four things are obligatory or necessary to be done for things.

00:35:30--> 00:35:31

What are they?

00:35:33--> 00:35:36

The bathing muscle for the deceased.

00:35:39--> 00:35:40

The shrouding,

00:35:41--> 00:35:43

covering the wrapping,

00:35:45--> 00:35:54

performing prayer, janazah prayer, funeral prayer and the burial. These are the four things that are obligatory

00:35:57--> 00:36:05

bathing, shrouding, praying the janessa and the burial. These are four things.

00:36:06--> 00:36:13

Two types of disease are not based or preyed upon the martyr

00:36:14--> 00:36:16

and the stillborn fetus.

00:36:17--> 00:36:32

A woman had miscarriage. The baby was born dead. Do we perform janazah for this baby? No. But if the baby was born alive, even for a second, yes, you can pray the Genesis.

00:36:38--> 00:36:45

Okay, that concludes the chapter of prayer. Do you have any questions about prayer before we go to the book of Zechariah?

00:36:48--> 00:36:49

Yes,

00:36:53--> 00:36:55

they could after Salah Yes. What about

00:37:00--> 00:37:13

you couldn't do it allowed some of the companions. They said we knew the termination of the prayer by hearing the vicar after Salah. So it could be allowed but it doesn't mean that it's done together.

00:37:14--> 00:37:22

Like I am saying Subhanallah do things panel at the same time and the same number because I might want to start with something else.

00:37:24--> 00:37:37

Sometimes, and a salon reported that the prophet SAW Selim would say three times at once to panela become that hamdu Lillah Allahu Akbar, that's one. Then against 100 100 100 Allah, Allah, let's do.

00:37:38--> 00:37:49

So others, they want to say Subhan Allah, Allah Subhana Allah be handy, and they are going 33 so why would you want me to follow you or to do exactly the same?

00:37:52--> 00:37:57

So that's how it's done. It could be done allowed, but it doesn't have to be. Yes.

00:38:12--> 00:38:20

Yes, it's better the moment that the person is dead, he or she is buried, wherever they are. It's better.

00:38:21--> 00:38:35

If there is a reason like dying in a non Muslim country, where there is no Islamic cemetery, yes, nowadays, they're trying to facilitate it but it costs a lot of money and a lot of effort

00:38:38--> 00:38:42

moving the body and so it's better to be done where the person died.

00:38:55--> 00:39:02

But even bringing back also has complications, you have to get permission you have to fly in and I don't know.

00:39:03--> 00:39:05

I didn't go through this until now.

00:39:09--> 00:39:10

Based on my experience,

00:39:13--> 00:39:14

according to

00:39:16--> 00:39:17

though these days

00:39:19--> 00:39:20

it has to be

00:39:21--> 00:39:30

there this is one of the things so it's haram depending to preserve the body. It has to be embalmed. So they have to

00:39:32--> 00:39:33

change the law

00:39:40--> 00:39:41

in the UK

00:39:45--> 00:39:46

Yeah, if there is

00:39:48--> 00:39:52

legitimate reason to be brought can be brought he or she can be brought.

00:39:55--> 00:39:56

Any other questions?

00:39:58--> 00:39:59

Okay, you

00:40:00--> 00:40:01

Beginning with the book of Zika.

00:40:05--> 00:40:08

The meaning of Zika What's the meaning of Zika?

00:40:10--> 00:40:13

It is literally purification from teskey.

00:40:15--> 00:40:19

So giving money is purification for the rest of your money.

00:40:21--> 00:40:36

Always look at it this way. Don't look at it as loss of your money. Okay, when you are giving Zika actually you are purifying your money. So it is obligatory on five types of things. What are they the livestock,

00:40:37--> 00:40:41

livestock, gold, silver and cash?

00:40:43--> 00:40:44

crops?

00:40:46--> 00:40:48

fruits and merchandise.

00:40:50--> 00:40:50

That's it.

00:40:52--> 00:40:58

Five types. It's important to remember those types. Someone has four cars.

00:40:59--> 00:41:02

Is there is a car on those four cars?

00:41:03--> 00:41:03

No.

00:41:05--> 00:41:14

They are expensive cars, Ferrari, Porsche, Maserati, they are worth 3 million ringgit.

00:41:19--> 00:41:25

It's not merchandise. See. That's the thing. He's not putting them in a showroom to sell he's using them?

00:41:27--> 00:41:36

Is there the car on them? No. See, that's why it's important to remember five things. Is it livestock? Is it gold, silver?

00:41:38--> 00:41:39

Is it

00:41:40--> 00:41:47

merchandise? crops? If it's not, then there is no there there is no Zakat on them.

00:41:48--> 00:41:49

We're coming to the

00:41:50--> 00:41:56

livestock includes What? Three things? camels, cattle and sheep?

00:42:00--> 00:42:01

Chicken,

00:42:03--> 00:42:03

not chicken.

00:42:07--> 00:42:09

Even if he has chicken farm.

00:42:10--> 00:42:23

See, what's the difference? Now you have 2000 chickens. Okay. And you're using them because they are having eggs, you're selling the eggs. The difference here.

00:42:24--> 00:42:52

Obviously, if you have 2000 chickens, you would be rich, the cow will be on your money. But when you are using why because here in this type in this category, camel, cattle and sheep, the growth is within them itself. While in chicken, the growth is in what? In the eggs. So that's the difference. So whatever it has the growth in itself, that's where you pay does occur.

00:42:56--> 00:43:08

So six necessary conditions are for the soccer, on the livestock. The owner must be a Muslim, you cannot tell a non Muslim paisa first he or she has to be Muslim

00:43:09--> 00:43:21

must be a free person. Why? Because if you are a slave, your ownership is to your master. You don't own anything.

00:43:22--> 00:43:26

He must be the sole possessor What if it's partnership,

00:43:27--> 00:43:45

again, depending on the partnership, but you should be the owner. You cannot say I own 20% or 30% you have to be the owner. The number of the livestock must meet the required threshold. That's the meaning of the sub threshold. What is the threshold?

00:43:46--> 00:43:47

We will talk about that

00:43:50--> 00:44:03

the owner must possess the livestock for a full year. So you don't just whenever you reach the number then there is no there has to be fully

00:44:05--> 00:44:19

after a full year just like money just like gold and silver after four fully up the second. The animals must graze freely. What does that mean? If you pay for

00:44:22--> 00:44:27

their food, but you feed them, then that's a cost that should be deducted.

00:44:29--> 00:44:33

Usually, they graze freely that's when the Zika is obligatory.

00:44:40--> 00:44:41

These are

00:44:43--> 00:44:46

the six necessary conditions for livestock.

00:44:47--> 00:44:49

for gold, silver and cash.

00:44:52--> 00:44:53

We have five conditions

00:44:58--> 00:45:00

same like first

00:45:00--> 00:45:01

One The only difference is what?

00:45:03--> 00:45:06

Gold and Silver don't have to graze freely.

00:45:08--> 00:45:11

Okay, that's the only one that is left

00:45:13--> 00:45:16

must be a Muslim free

00:45:17--> 00:45:27

honor full owner possessor sole possessor must meet the threshold and wait for a full year.

00:45:29--> 00:45:34

Okay crops. What about crops? Do you wait for a full year? No.

00:45:35--> 00:45:44

No. Why? Allah says in the Quran will add to hepco, Yamaha Sadie, the day of harvest you pay.

00:45:45--> 00:45:49

You don't wait for fully the day of harvest when you

00:45:50--> 00:45:51

cultivate.

00:45:52--> 00:45:54

That's when you pray this occur.

00:45:56--> 00:46:02

So what are the conditions three conditions? They are cultivated by human beings? What does that mean?

00:46:05--> 00:46:06

in the fields?

00:46:14--> 00:46:15

What do we have now?

00:46:16--> 00:46:23

Well, that's not really the meaning of it. They are cultivated by its it means they are used or eaten.

00:46:24--> 00:46:30

That's what it means. If you plant something that is edible by animals only.

00:46:31--> 00:46:33

You This is not subject to Zika

00:46:38--> 00:46:40

something that you consume.

00:46:44--> 00:46:45

That's what it really means.

00:46:47--> 00:46:50

But the translation or the words are not clear.

00:46:52--> 00:46:57

The second one they can be saved for later use like what?

00:46:59--> 00:47:05

Rice, lentils, weeds, all these seeds. They are

00:47:06--> 00:47:18

saved for later use. Are they eaten by humans? Yes. Are they of staple? Like you could consider them staple food? Yes. So that's what the subject is.

00:47:19--> 00:47:22

That's what is subject to the cap. corn.

00:47:23--> 00:47:24

Yes.

00:47:26--> 00:47:28

Their quantity must meet the required nisab.

00:47:30--> 00:47:35

What is the required nisab 715?

00:47:37--> 00:47:39

kilograms shelled?

00:47:40--> 00:47:42

What's the meaning of shelled seeds?

00:47:47--> 00:47:48

In the natural

00:47:52--> 00:48:02

in pounds here, what do you measure with pounds or with kilograms? kilograms? So that's the measurement in pounds. It's 1500 1500

00:48:07--> 00:48:11

fruits, what kind of fruits are subject to the aka

00:48:12--> 00:48:19

dates and grapes? Why? Because both of them they have the ability

00:48:22--> 00:48:23

to be preserved.

00:48:25--> 00:48:32

They it could last for long. And grapes, what do they become? raisins? Exactly.

00:48:33--> 00:48:49

So that's why apples is there is a guy in Apple's not in the Shafi school of thought according to hanafy school of thought anything that is planted you play soccer for Shafi school of thought No, only these types

00:48:52--> 00:48:59

that it is of staple food for humans and it could be saved for later use.

00:49:03--> 00:49:17

We have many issues, but I don't want to talk about them some of them like honey is there is account honey honey is expensive and it could be saved right. But who would use honey as staple food.

00:49:21--> 00:49:29

So we are for us according to the chef school of thought there is no Zika on other scholars said there is the count anyways.

00:49:30--> 00:49:34

So this is what you need to know crops, what kind of crops

00:49:36--> 00:49:48

something that could be saved and of the nature of staple food maybe here. You don't use it that as staple food but other people use it. So it is subject to Zika.

00:49:50--> 00:49:54

Now, what are the conditions for conditions

00:49:55--> 00:49:59

the honor must be Muslim must be free person must be soul possessed.

00:50:00--> 00:50:04

The quantity must meet the nisab. So what is the quantity?

00:50:05--> 00:50:11

750? What about the animals? We talk about the animals.

00:50:12--> 00:50:16

Here is this the nisab of the animals page nine.

00:50:18--> 00:50:19

What is the sub?

00:50:22--> 00:50:25

Five camels? What do you pay?

00:50:27--> 00:50:32

One? One What? One sheep, not one camel. One sheep.

00:50:33--> 00:50:39

Five camels. You pay one sheep 10 camels, two sheep

00:50:41--> 00:50:46

20 camels for sheep or it's confusing. What about 15? camels?

00:50:49--> 00:50:50

Three sheep.

00:50:52--> 00:50:56

Okay, so you have five you have 10 you have 20 What about 15?

00:50:58--> 00:50:59

Three camera three sheep

00:51:00--> 00:51:02

25 camels.

00:51:03--> 00:51:05

Up camel, one chicken

00:51:07--> 00:51:09

that has completed one year

00:51:11--> 00:51:13

and entered into the second year.

00:51:15--> 00:51:19

That's the criteria of the camel. The camel.

00:51:20--> 00:51:22

So if you have 24 camels.

00:51:24--> 00:51:24

What do you pay?

00:51:26--> 00:51:27

For sheep?

00:51:29--> 00:51:34

24 camels for sheep. Do you know anyone who owns more than

00:51:37--> 00:51:38

because it's expensive.

00:51:39--> 00:51:42

But that was the type of money they had at the time.

00:51:43--> 00:51:48

It was livestock mainly. So a camel would cost

00:51:49--> 00:51:52

what may be over 3000 ringgit.

00:51:53--> 00:51:55

So someone has 20 camels?

00:51:57--> 00:51:58

That's over 60,000.

00:52:00--> 00:52:10

Okay. But as you see the nature of those camels that they have the nature of growth in them. That's why there is a cap, the cattle

00:52:11--> 00:52:14

30 head of cattle

00:52:15--> 00:52:18

bull completed one year.

00:52:19--> 00:52:28

What about the cow? This permissible but not necessary. Bull usually is less value than the cow.

00:52:33--> 00:52:37

So every 30 you have one bull

00:52:39--> 00:52:40

every 40

00:52:42--> 00:52:47

you have a cow two years and entered into this third year.

00:52:48--> 00:52:49

That's the calculation.

00:52:52--> 00:52:54

Sheep Denisov of sheep.

00:52:58--> 00:53:00

The minimum threshold is what 40 sheep

00:53:02--> 00:53:03

how much you pay

00:53:05--> 00:53:07

one from 40 until

00:53:10--> 00:53:12

120.

00:53:17--> 00:53:23

Okay, it's the same until you have 121 What do you pay to ship?

00:53:26--> 00:53:28

Then until 201.

00:53:29--> 00:53:36

I will. It will be good. If you remember the first two of every category that's enough for you.

00:53:38--> 00:53:38

Okay,

00:53:40--> 00:53:43

like again, who do you know that owns more than 40 sheep?

00:53:46--> 00:53:48

It's very rare, unless you have a farm.

00:53:49--> 00:54:00

Even with a farm having more than 100 heads is a lot. Very few people do that. What I want to focus on is what we deal with most of the time which is what

00:54:03--> 00:54:03

money

00:54:05--> 00:54:11

money as banknotes did not exist at the time of the prophet SAW Salem Monday they have

00:54:12--> 00:54:13

gold and silver.

00:54:15--> 00:54:17

So what is this occur on gold?

00:54:21--> 00:54:22

2.5

00:54:23--> 00:54:26

so if you have 10 grams, how much do you pay?

00:54:28--> 00:54:29

0.25

00:54:31--> 00:54:33

What is the threshold of goal?

00:54:38--> 00:54:41

What is the threshold of goal you don't know?

00:54:42--> 00:54:45

A lot but you don't play soccer on your goal.

00:54:49--> 00:54:57

You don't like gold? Good. So we should ask people to marry from Malaysian woman they don't cost us a lot of money.

00:55:01--> 00:55:03

What is the threshold of gold?

00:55:05--> 00:55:07

85 grams

00:55:08--> 00:55:13

85 grams of 24 karat gold

00:55:15--> 00:55:16

24 karat.

00:55:17--> 00:55:32

That's the new sub that's the threshold. So if you have 15 grams 20 grams, nothing 50 grams nothing until 85 grams. How much you pay? 2.5%?

00:55:34--> 00:55:38

Yes, of the 85 grams.

00:55:39--> 00:55:47

Now if we convert that the you know the price of an ounce have calculated the price of gram now, how much is it?

00:55:52--> 00:55:52

200 watts.

00:55:54--> 00:56:03

No, the one gram of gold is roughly what 60? ringgit, you don't deal with gold? That's amazing.

00:56:08--> 00:56:09

But one gram

00:56:11--> 00:56:15

185 I think that's a lot. No.

00:56:17--> 00:56:18

58

00:56:19--> 00:56:31

Okay, let's say let's say 150. Let's say 150. Okay, so it's 150 ringgit per gram. You multiply that times 85. How much in cash 12,750.

00:56:34--> 00:56:42

Which means if you have less than 12,000 ringgit? Do you have to pay the car? No. Remember, the condition is what?

00:56:43--> 00:56:45

You wait for a full year.

00:56:46--> 00:56:54

So what happens to most people who work they get salary every month, and they are saving that money?

00:56:55--> 00:57:06

That money alone does not reach does not reach the threshold. But you collect all the money from all the 12 months? Yes. So what do you do in this case?

00:57:07--> 00:57:21

You calculate every month, that's better, but you specify a time whenever a year elapses, and that time comes, you pay whatever you have zeca 2.5%.

00:57:27--> 00:57:30

Yeah, whatever you have for this year.

00:57:32--> 00:58:08

What is their what is their what is their what is saved for a year? Remember, the car is not on what you earn. That's the difference. People nowadays they tax you. I don't know the tax system here. But in America, it's expensive about 12.5% on what you earn. Even if you didn't save in Islam, it is on the save money for one year. So even if you get million ringgit, but you spend that money is there as a car. There isn't. There is no Zika it has to be saved for one year.

00:58:10--> 00:58:13

Now this is for the goal. That's what I want you to know what is the minimum?

00:58:15--> 00:58:16

85

00:58:19--> 00:58:21

How much do you pay?

00:58:23--> 00:58:24

2.5.

00:58:25--> 00:58:45

So that's 485 grams, you pay 2.5 2.5%. So if you have 100 grams, you pay 2.5 grams, which is like what 100 grams are roughly 14,000 ringgit, how much you pay?

00:58:48--> 00:58:54

Roughly 202.5 from the 85 you pay 2.125.

00:58:56--> 00:58:59

From the 85 you pay 2.125. Why?

00:59:00--> 00:59:07

It's not difficult, it's very easy. It's very easy. 24 karat of gold 85 grams.

00:59:10--> 00:59:12

The payment

00:59:13--> 00:59:20

is 2.5% 2.5%. That's 400. So 485. It's 2.125.

00:59:21--> 00:59:23

Another thing What if I don't have 24

00:59:24--> 00:59:27

karat gram. Most people have what

00:59:29--> 00:59:33

1821 again, it's simple. You calculate that how

00:59:35--> 00:59:43

the 100 is 24. So the 18 is what it's it's very basic, simple math. So for

00:59:46--> 00:59:50

for 21 grams of gold, how much you should have

01:00:03--> 01:00:10

If 85 grams for 24 for 21, how much?

01:00:18--> 01:00:19

You're confused?

01:00:23--> 01:00:27

Yes, yes. If I have

01:00:29--> 01:00:31

I'm not eligible. Yeah, you don't

01:00:33--> 01:00:34

have to pay? Yes.

01:00:36--> 01:00:37

Yes, one gram.

01:00:39--> 01:00:42

one gram 2.5. From that one gram is nothing.

01:00:45--> 01:00:47

On the on the whole 86? Yes.

01:00:48--> 01:00:52

Yes. 84 you don't pay? What about silver? What's the minimum?

01:00:54--> 01:01:00

On silver? 595 grams, almost half a kilo.

01:01:01--> 01:01:03

595 grams.

01:01:08--> 01:01:09

pure silver, the same thing.

01:01:24--> 01:01:32

That's another thing. This is a main issue. Is it on the gold that is used, or the gold that is safe?

01:01:34--> 01:01:41

It's the opinion of the majority of scholars that the gold the gold that you use, you don't pay zakat for.

01:01:49--> 01:02:11

According to remember, honey from Allah and many scholars, it's one of the issues that there is strong disagreement. Even nowadays, many scholars say just pray that there's a carrot to be on the safe side. But the majority of scholars say no, if you are using this goal, you don't play soccer. But you bought gold and you kept it. It is in this vault in this safe for a year. You

01:02:15--> 01:02:20

know, some people were only carrying some people wear thick bracelet and necklace and

01:02:21--> 01:02:22

yes.

01:02:29--> 01:02:37

You don't have because you multiply the similarity at five grams of gold 12,000 15,000.

01:02:38--> 01:02:39

Okay.

01:02:41--> 01:02:43

On the 15 next year,

01:02:44--> 01:02:45

my savings

01:02:47--> 01:02:48

from the previous year.

01:02:49--> 01:02:50

Yes.

01:02:53--> 01:02:58

Yes, but that means you're keeping this money saved. That means you don't need that money.

01:03:01--> 01:03:01

Yeah.

01:03:03--> 01:03:07

I hate to pinch. Okay. To

01:03:10--> 01:03:14

read, it's deducted directly from my salary. I don't have to pay

01:03:15--> 01:03:26

attention. Yes, that's the easiest and clearest opinion you don't pay. It's a bigger issue. It's the issue of debt. So I have the money and I

01:03:29--> 01:03:31

don't have to pay the money.

01:03:33--> 01:03:36

If it's market based, and it

01:03:37--> 01:03:39

just happened, what happens then?

01:03:42--> 01:03:46

The stock market crashes at the end of the year, I have less than and

01:03:48--> 01:03:49

that's what just happened

01:03:52--> 01:03:56

at the end of the year, how much you saved after one year

01:03:59--> 01:04:00

Yes.

01:04:02--> 01:04:05

I make a loss through that loss is on the entire money.

01:04:07--> 01:04:10

The value of it is what because is it stock or it is money

01:04:13--> 01:04:22

which is calculating the money okay. So it is calculated on the time of the payment after one year how much the value of it you pay is accounted

01:04:23--> 01:04:29

whether based on the stock market it was 50,000 or 15,000.

01:04:32--> 01:04:35

Take in January I pay

01:04:38--> 01:04:46

until the entire year is over and I look back. What happened to my pension in the past year. Now, one year after one year.

01:04:47--> 01:04:52

What do you have after one year 15,000 16,000 that's what you paid.

01:04:57--> 01:04:59

For those of you who use gold Do you need

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To know the rulings 21 karat 2418

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For instance, if you have 90 grams of gold that is over or below 85 grams

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over but it is 18 karat do you pay the cap? Why?

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It's less than 85 grams of pure gold, the 18

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it has to be 94 and up.

01:05:32--> 01:05:35

Again you calculate it it's it's not difficult.

01:05:36--> 01:05:56

Same thing. When you have 100 grams of gold, you pay 2.5 but you have gold you don't have a piece that is 2.5 you can pay cash, how much is each gram on the day of payment? We said like let's say 150 you have 100 grams. So that is what

01:05:57--> 01:06:00

375 bring it. That's the second

01:06:04--> 01:06:28

Okay, we have the entire month inshallah next week also, I can give you some practical cases. I don't want to give you homework because I know some of you might not do it, but next week inshallah I'll give you some practical cases with their answer regarding this occur on gold. Do you have any questions for relief? Next week inshallah we have the book of fasting Yes.

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House is it a

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house that is to be sold or used?

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used nausicaa?

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Keep it for my children, it is saved. Will you sell it?

01:06:53--> 01:06:58

No, but you are saving it as money. Just like money when you pay the car because it's not used.

01:07:00--> 01:07:03

If you have four houses and you use all of them,

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you feyza you don't play soccer. You have two houses you use one and you keep one. You pay the

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rent, okay? This is a property that you own, but you are not selling the property what you're doing, you are renting it how much you get from the rent.

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average rent is what

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2000 so let's say you own an apartment or a house, let's say apartment 2000

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in a year how much you got from that

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24,000 that is over or less than 12,000 over but did you save that money or you spent it

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Okay, there is a car on the Rhine can you get the rent there is a car on it but it was not safe. So there is no Zika

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essential essentially the subject does occur because you are earning income from that right I have a question

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do you

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want to use?

01:08:23--> 01:08:40

Well is the 12,000 on the day of paying the Zika? Is it equivalent to 85 grams of gold or 595 grams of silver? If it is then yes, you pay the car. If it is not you don't pay. You pay the car on what is saved after one year. Remember one year is what?

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It's not 365 355 Islamic year. Okay, most people what they do they play soccer when

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in Ramadan. And Ramadan, that's a full year one year.

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Last month

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as I said you can either calculate each month which is difficult. So he pays the car because that money from that month after one year you pay on that month, then which means you pay every month xhaka for one year

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of that money all you collect all the money and the base account. After one year, whatever the money that you have,

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then usually is deducted usually, unless it's a deferred that like you don't have to pay now after 10 years once you get the money you paid but generally generally you deduct the debt from the money I owe you 2000 and I have 14,000 so I deduct from the 14,000 the two because I have to pay you that 2000 and I find that this account is 12,500 I don't have that

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So I don't base it on.

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Housing No.

01:10:06--> 01:10:29

No housing loans. I said these are delayed. The long is what every month? Yes, you look at the total loan times 30 years or 15 years or 12 months. It's huge. But what you have to pay is only this month, only next month. So that's only what you deduct if you don't deduct the whole thing. Because it's not due now.

01:10:30--> 01:10:32

Yes, so you had

01:10:37--> 01:10:38

he she wants to?

01:10:40--> 01:10:43

They can, but he cannot call it. soda.

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Soda, soda.

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Yes.

01:10:55--> 01:10:55

Yes.

01:11:00--> 01:11:02

Yes, you follow the one year

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what you can do, you can pay in advance.

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And Ramadan, so next year in Ramadan up because they already paid but this is just because this is another issue. There are many issues in soccer, too many issues. We can we can go through them. One of them is paying in advance. This is a time where people are needed.

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They are in need next month, you don't know if they are needed or not. So can you pay now although you don't have to pay unless until next month? The answer is yes, you can.

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So that's what some people do pay in advance just to pay a nominal.

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If

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it's better to be paid to bodies, as long as those bodies know what they are doing. In Islam. This is the thing in Islam. If I pay individually, how much is the Zika 1000 ringgit, that's the Zika 1000 block Can Can you do it can help one poor person. But if we have 10,000 people, each one paying 10,000, or 1000, we have 100,000, I could do a good project with that. It's always better to be collected

01:12:18--> 01:12:32

together and put together in one source and then that source takes care of everything. That's better. But it's not a must, unfortunately, nowadays, because with Zika, there shouldn't be any poor on Earth.

01:12:33--> 01:12:50

There should be great projects for the needy, the poor. That's what we're trying to do now with the Syrian refugees in Lebanon, we started giving them away, but then we thought of something that earns them income. But again, that cannot happen if only individuals it has to be collective effort.

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So it should be collected by authority, and then spent also by willful. But nowadays, what we see from some Muslim countries, they are paying money for covering some bills for rich people for

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it is sad.

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Now it's not obligatory, not based on the law. But in Saudi they force you actually they have

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an organization for the Zika. So you have to pay for them. That's the law.

01:13:26--> 01:13:29

Yeah, you need to adhere to the law, you don't want to be in trouble with the law.

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Yes.

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It's better to be distributed in the locality. But people aren't doing that, let's say for 10 years now there is an urgent situation like what we have in Syria, in boredom in other places, it's permissible to pay there also.

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By the way that reminds me of the recipients of this account, who are they?

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who receives this occur? who is eligible to get this account?

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orphans?

01:14:12--> 01:14:14

Who said orphans are eligible for Zika.

01:14:16--> 01:14:19

They could be very rich, very rich.

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Prince but orphan so orphan alone, that's not the category of the recipient

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at all of Surah totowa. That's your homework

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80 of surah Titova specified exactly the recipients of this occur. Okay, we'll stop here inshallah. We'll continue next week.