Fiqh For Beginners EP 2

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Isam Rajab

Channel: Isam Rajab

Topics: Fiqh

Episode Notes

Special course by Yayasan Ta’lim & Arees University. Conducted by Dr Isam Rajab. FIQH FOR BEGINNERS (session 2)

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Smell hamdulillah salatu salam ala rasulillah

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salam aleikum, wa Taala.

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Welcome to the second class of the basic shala. We will talk about prayer, the book of prayers.

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It says the necessary conditions for the prayer to be obligatory.

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The necessary conditions for the prayer to be obligatory are two. First one is being a Muslim.

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And the second one reaching the appropriate age.

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Now, what does that mean? necessary conditions for the prayer to be obligatory? That means without one of them,

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without any of them, the prayer is not obligatory.

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The Prayer is not obligatory.

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So

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for

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a five year old boy, a

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five year old boy, prayer is not obligatory. Can he pray? The answer is yes, he can. But is it obligatory? The answer is no.

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Now with regards to the non Muslims,

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with regard to the non Muslims, this is an issue of personal fear. Since they are this believers, even if they did

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they bother, like things like praying, it's not accepted from them. It is not accepted why you have to start with the first thing which is saying Laila Illallah, you have to accept Islam. After that, you start praying. But before that, if you wanted to pray,

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it wants to be accepted, even if you did it. However, will you be punished on the Day of Judgment for not praying? Many scholars say yes. Just because you are not a Muslim, that doesn't mean you get an exemption from the prayer, you are still liable. So anyways, these are two conditions for the prayer to be obligatory. So don't mix them with the conditions for the prayer to be correct.

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We have two types of conditions.

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Sharon, would you want Sharon

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Saha to be correct?

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What are these are how many they are?

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Five

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and always focus on the number

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five conditions.

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First one, the person being free of any ritual impurity

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of tahara.

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Allah says in the Quran, yeah, you are levina hamano either pantum illa, Salah famzoo Hakuna why they are Camilla Murphy, when you want to pray, what do you do? The performable.

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So, the ritual purity is one of the conditions you have to be free from any ritual impurity.

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An example of this would be blood.

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You want to pray but your clothes are soaked with blood, blood is impure. You cannot play with that. So here

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you didn't fulfill the first condition second condition, covering the genitals with a clean garment.

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genitals is not really the accurate word here to be translated our exactly our what is the our

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what is the our for a man

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from navel to knee. That is for the man

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for all women. Now we're talking about prayer.

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According to the surface school of thought women amongst themselves the same thing just like men from our from naval to me, but for prayer covering the entire body with the exception of the face and the two hands, that's all.

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So that is covering the hour.

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The third condition, standing on ground that is free of any impurities.

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Let's say your clothes are pure. Your body is pure. You have the ritual purity

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and the physical purity but you are preying on some

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That is not pure.

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When the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was asked, and suddenly femap will do we pray, and the dungeons of the camels process on him said no, that why it is impure. So it's not only your physical purity, but also the location, it has to be pure. similar to this, sometimes you might be offered.

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Rog, let's say you got a rug.

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rugs usually are from from cloth. But what if that drug from something impure

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or it is made from silk now, this is an issue that is different.

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For women, there is no problem. For men, there is a problem, but still the prayer is accepted, although you're not supposed to. So it's not about purity here it's about for for prohibition and permissibility. But around that is soaked with hammered with alcohol, the same thing you cannot pray on it, why it is impure, so your physical ritual purity and the location. Okay? Number four, having the knowledge that the time of the prayer has arrived,

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to be certain of the time

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cannot pray when you don't know whether time has come. And honestly, this is an issue. An issue with such prayer in particular, you look around in more places around the world, they call the other end a

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little bit before the real time

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or after the time.

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Now, if they call the other end, before the time,

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it is still not done. They call the other end,

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you have to stop from eating and drinking,

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which is okay.

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But someone says I can still eat and drink until the real dawn. So that's

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not happening now, because of the earlier than problem when people wait for the event. And immediately after that they start praying What if the event is really three minutes later, but it was called three minutes earlier, you are praying before time in some places, five minutes or seven minutes even. So you are actually praying before time. Now whose responsibility it is a big issue you as an individually cannot solve it. But to be on the safe side, try to delay a little bit, just a little bit. For some narrative on the other hand, and I talked to some people, not here in some Muslim countries. In Ramadan, they do it deliberately, they say we want to make sure that the sun is

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really already set. So people break their fast uncertainty, but that's not the sooner the sooner the prophet SAW Selim the moment the sun sets, you can break your fast. So, again, they are delaying the other hand for two three minutes, which is not a big deal The only issue when you pray thinking that it is time and it is not time. So, here the condition is you need to know that the time of prayer has arrived. Why we cannot just pray anytime we want there are certain times yes or no. There are certain times for prayer you have to pray within that time not according to your desire whenever you want there are certain times within those times you have to pray the last condition facing the Qibla

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facing the Qibla

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and the Qibla

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depending on where you are

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some scholars they try to be more accurate they say facing the direction of the Qibla because facing the Qibla specifically might be difficult and sometimes impossible. Unless you are inside the harem because what is the trigger for us?

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The Gada How wide is the Kaaba?

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How I maybe 30 meters. So if you have a Masjid with bigger line and you are straight, you're not actually facing the exact cabinet. But what you are facing the direction and the prayer is still correct. It is accepted.

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Allah says for one leverage a hacker shutaura Turn your face to the site Chaparral Mr. De Hara. You

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Not to the exact location, which is a mercy from Allah subhanho wa Taala. So facing the Qibla is a condition, you pray not facing the Qibla your prayer is not accepted, you will miss one of the conditions. So these are five conditions for the correction

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of the Act, which is the prayer, we have two conditions for the obligation, five conditions for the prayer to be correct. The required acts of prayer are 12.

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In the shaft a school of thought sometimes you read in the books, they tell you 18

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it's the same actually 18 or 12. You look at them, because we eliminated the repetition, repetition of for sure. tranquility.

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Okay, so, a team

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acts, they are required. Now, what does it mean? It doesn't mean that this is what you only do, but it means that if for any reason, that's what you only did your prayer is still valid.

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These are acts that are required, that's the meaning of required, without any of them, the prayer is not accepted. It's not valid. All of them they have to be fulfilled, how many they are 12, you have to memorize them.

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Okay, this is something we do on a day to day basis, not only one time several times. So what are they having the intention?

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Some scholars now this is not in the Shafi school of thought. Some scholars, they did not really worry about the intention, why? They say it's inconceivable that someone would just stand up and start moving like that, going like that without really doing something specific. Why do we have the intention? By the way? Why Why do we mention that you have to have the intention? What is the purpose of the intention?

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What is the purpose of the intention?

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two purposes, the intention has two purposes. First one, in Arabic, we say to distinguish

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ads from other, the means will add them in a way that differentiate the Rebbe from the other, the worship from the habit, you do two acts the same things.

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They are exactly the same. One of them, you are rewarded the other one, you're not rewarded, why you are rewarded for the first one, because of the intention. Second one,

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you're not rewarded, because you don't have the intention to exact people doing the same thing. And I give this example always you have three people sitting next to each other on the plane, three of them going to Las Vegas.

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Okay, one of them going to give a talk in the Islamic Center, there is Islamic Center, by the way, the Islamic center of Las Vegas,

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one of them going for a business convention and one of them is going for gambling three of them sitting exactly next to each other each one is rewarded differently. Why based on the intention? So that's one of the purposes of the intention to this English and differentiate a batter from other the second purpose to differentiate the evader themselves

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prayer you are praying to Raka

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is it for or nothing

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Okay, how you tell it is what your intention.

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Now, having the intention that is essential the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said in Albania

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all actions depend on the intention Okay. Now, when we say having the intention, what does it mean?

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Does it mean pronouncing the intention? We talked about that when we spoke about mobile because some people before they pray memory to suddenly Farber Salah to worry or Baraka Macfadyen

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and who said you have to repeat that

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it wasn't ever mentioned that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said that

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Okay, so then how can I make up my intention? Well, you came to the masjid. For what to pray. Okay. So the place of intention is in the heart, pronouncing the intention is not really asuna English after a school of thought I said that last time it's permissible for the one

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Who has some which was the shaitaan comes and whispers so to eliminate that to have the peace of mind you pronounce it to help you make up your intention other than that you shouldn't say it. It's not part of the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. So that's number one having the intention

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standing upright when the person is able to stand standing upright

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lpm Malhotra that's what we say Alka Malhotra when you are able, you have to stand if you're not able, you don't have to Allah says Allah Hi, Mr. Tata. Fear Allah as much as you can, based on your ability, saying Allahu Akbar,

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to initiate the inviolability of the prayer, to start the prayer. How do you do that?

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Allahu Akbar. The prayer starts with an act of saying

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the prayer something that you do five times a day at least, it starts with an act or a saying

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what is the act, you say an act

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is an act or saying.

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So it starts with a saying or an act.

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It's both or it is the same because saying actually it is an act, but mainly saying Allahu Akbar, why I'm saying this, especially when you are in a hurry. Okay, you want to catch up the prayer and you're coming and some people immediately you didn't even find them stand and say Allahu Akbar. Immediately they come and like that they didn't start the prayer. Or they started the wrong way with an act of report. To catch the Raka. You have to make sure that you start with what with the bill. That's how the prayer starts saying Allahu Akbar. This is important.

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reciting Al Fatiha, including Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem.

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Again, this is for who? For the one who's able to

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Well Is there someone who's unable to eat and fatty is someone who's only five minutes Muslim.

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You tell him or her you have to start prayer you have to recite Al Fatiha, you have and they say thank you very much. We'll think about it. Some people unfortunately, they don't have the right way of teaching, of giving down. One time one of the brothers came he was a teenager.

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And he said I want to say the Shahada. He wants to accept Islam.

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So usually you're happy and you're welcome. I always ask why. Why do you want to become Muslim to make sure that he is certain? Because it's not an easy decision. It's a change of life.

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So he said, I've been reading and I'm convinced this is the true religion. So hamdulillah come and say, a shadow and he said the Shahada. By the time Well, I before he reached the gate, leaving two people came and told me tell him about his hair. His hair was very long. And I thought that he doesn't even know how to pray yet. So we start with the prayer or we start with his hair. There is nothing wrong with his hair just because we're not used to long hair. It doesn't mean that it's wrong or it's Haram. So where are the priorities? Same thing with prayer. No old man came to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he told him, I'm not good at the humming. That's what he

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called it humming the humming of you or while in the lounge singer Dan Veneta will add and Ben atoma have.

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So what should I do? He told him say Subhan Allah hamdulillah Allah. So something that is easy. So for the one who's unable, this is permissible, but for the one who's able he has to recite Al Fatiha. Now in fact, it has starts with Bismillahirrahmanirrahim there is a big dispute. The majority of scholars say Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim is not an ayah of Al Fatiha, although they approve of saying it but silently, but in the Shafi school of thought you say and you pronounce it a lot. So you say Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem, and hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen, all the way until the end of this world. Okay. So that is forth.

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pillar of the prayer, fifth pillar, bowing down and settling in the act.

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Again, in some ways

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You will find them two pillars bowing, settling in bowing here they are combined. That's why I told you they are 12. It's easier. Eventually it's the same 12 or 18. It's the same. bowing down and settling in the act. Here's the thing. You find some people and this is what the prophet SAW Selim, prohibited.

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Don't just flick, that's how he called it flick. Especially Institute. Allahu Akbar, going for record. You didn't even go down and you went up straight.

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You have to bow and settle. Now how you bow that's something else. But also the prophet SAW sent him they say when he bout, if you were to place a cup, it would stay still. Why? He didn't go down too much like some people or go up like some people as well.

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Okay, so when you bow make sure just like, chair is not helping. You're standing just like you're standing you go down, straight.

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Okay. And then you go back. Some people, you notice. If such as if somebody is chasing them with a stick, you have to finish you have to finish. They barely they didn't even go down and they went up. That is not right. bowing down and settling in the act.

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standing upright after bowing and settling in the act the same thing. Okay, fine. I need to bow down. I did that. Now I go up. Again. Some people they didn't go all the way. They are from record, they take a shortcut to salute. That's not right. From record, you go up all the way. All the way up. Right? Then you go down for salute.

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Number seven, prostrating

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and settling in the act. I don't know the table cannot hold me. I don't want to break the table. I'm not worried about me about the table. Professor used to show how do you bow? How do you prostrate yourself? Seven.

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Seven parts. What are they?

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Okay, if you look at the, at what you're doing some of you did this, some of you that this?

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Both both. Okay, so when you are doing sudo some people do like that. Is my nose touching? Some people do that.

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Okay, it's like that. Some scholars, some scholars, they say either one, but the correct opinion both both.

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Nose and the forehead. Okay, the hands, both palms straight like that. Hands, not the arms. Professor lamb prohibited that. Because animals sick like that. Putting the entire arm. Now if you're sick if you have something that's different, but usually it's just

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the hands. The hands. Same thing with

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feet.

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The feet, the toes are on the floor. So you have one, two knees, one two. That is for

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two hands. That is six.

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And these are one that is seven. Okay, all of them are down.

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This is important because during Ramadan, especially Ramadan, unfortunately people most of them they read Quran on the atomic bomb. They really are and they come across such that so it's time for us to shoot. What do they do? They have the Quran and they start.

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That's not right. Why how many parts

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but now they are not seven. This is not there. Okay, so what do you do? Do you place it on the ground? No, the court should be respected more. I don't have a shelf fine. But it didn't go down. You can do that. That's a better solution. Okay. All right. So seven parts.

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The point here is what prostrating again, don't just touch the ground and then go up. No, go and settle. Actually, many scholars, not many, some of them they say the entire point of the prayer to prepare yourself for standing, bowing to go to that point, which is to shoot because you are the nearest to Allah subhanho wa Taala.

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And most people, they ignore that part. When they come to see Jude quickly and then they go up again, quickly. No, go down and settle in the act.

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Okay.

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Next, sitting between the two prostrations

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sitting between the two prostrations

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Sitting at the end of the prayer and reciting the shadow,

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the shadow you know that the shadow

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So, the sitting at the end of the prayer with the threshold

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that is number nine number 10 saying a Salawat ebrahimian

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a long masala because the Shahada is the first part second part is Allahumma salli ala Muhammad Ali Muhammad

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or Allahumma salli ala Sayyidina Muhammad

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Okay.

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Next saying as salaam alaikum

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that's number 11

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Is that what it says? Saying As salam aleikum

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once that is what is obligatory once so, I did that sometimes to teach the people and some of them waited and waited.

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I although I spoke, I usually tell the people so they they know what to expect instead of just surprising them. But they are not used to it. But the prophet SAW Selim did that from time to time. What is obligatory is one Salah to the right, the second Salaam it's only some nights not obligatory.

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Okay, so if you do only once your prayer is accepted, that's it. The second one is sooner Now I'm not saying always do that. But from time to time, it's good to do that to practice the sermon of the Prophet transcendent ohana and sometimes prophets I seldom would make this alarm only once.

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performing these acts in the order indicated that the last pillar, okay, we cannot start with sudduth backwards. I start with this dude, it's the best part of the prayer, then I go back to record then I go to standing and then No, they have to be in this order. Okay, these are the pillars, which means if someone or you yourself sometimes had a question, Is this valid is not valid, My prayer is valid. Always go back to those 12. Acts. What you missed is one of them. If it is yes, then you have to repeat. If it is not, then your prayer is valid.

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Your prayer is valid. I'll give you an example. Based on those 12 Okay, I stood up. Allahu Akbar, Allah said Allahu Akbar. That's the

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starting of the prayer. After making the intention. You said Allahu Akbar.

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Did we speak about position of the hands? No. Okay. So here I am. Praying like that. I am in the prayer now. Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim, Al hamdu, lillahi Rabbil aalameen all the way until well at Ball lean. Me. It is not a prayer. Okay. People behind me I am the Imam

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Allahu Akbar. It is the prayer.

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And I said a lot what I started and I spoke or recited silently.

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People are waiting. And I finished and I said Allahu Akbar going down to the code.

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Is that valid or not? When

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I'm talking about Madrid,

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Madrid, Natasa Madrid.

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Based on the 12 Well, that's what you're taking it is valid.

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I'm not saying go and do that. But jaha in prayer,

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or praying in secret are allowed that only sooner. Okay. Or actually, to be more accurate according to the Schaeffer school of thought the term is Higher. Higher means something that without equal hierarchy, that's what they say now, at layer two, he doesn't go back to do it. Well, occasionally Miss Lee has to do and there is no frustration to make up for what you missed. It's just something that you're supposed to do. And you will, you'll be rewarded. You didn't do it. You don't need to go back to do it, nor you need to do it yourself.

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Okay, now I am in record. We said you have to do more and you have to settle Okay, I did that. Allahu Akbar, I did that. Then what do you say after going back up?

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I didn't say that. They said Allahu Akbar.

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And recall, what did I say?

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Did you hear me saying so? I didn't say anything.

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And then I went up.

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Is that valid?

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Yes, it is valid. Now again, I'm not saying go ahead and do that.

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But if somebody asked you I forgot I didn't say semana Subhan Allah be loving, I didn't say something a long time either. According to the Shafi school of thought, it is permissible, your prayer is valid.

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That's why it is important to know those 12 acts,

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they will help you a lot this is what is essential essential means you cannot miss any one of them, you missed any one of them, you have to repeat the prayer.

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They have to be all fulfilled. Now, recommended acts before beginning of the prayer, what are they then Under Armour?

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We had conditions we talked about that the conditions for the prayer to be correct the conditions for the prayer to be obligatory now, the recommended acts before the prayer then and the karma you make when you make a comment that is recommended that is Sunnah,

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recommended that after the beginning of the prayer

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reciting the tashahhud during the middle sitting.

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That is number one. Number two, making pollute during the dawn prayer salatu salam. And this is again according to the Shafi school of thought the majority of scholars they disagree with that. In the prayer they say there is no point what is the minute you know all what's going on.

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You know what is

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it is the day after the second record after the record, Almudena Freeman had a triumph in a feminine faith or any

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to do that every single day, every single sub prayer, according to the Shafi school of thought that is sooner,

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according to the majority of scholars, no. They say it was only done during a time of trial when 70 of the companions of the Prophet SAW said lamb were killed. He prayed for one month. Regardless, now I'm sure he all the massages are most of them.

00:32:14--> 00:32:16

They do the minute in prayer,

00:32:17--> 00:32:29

most or all, but it is widespread. It is known. You go to other parts of the world, it's not done. Okay, now what if it is here? And the man did not do it?

00:32:31--> 00:32:39

You jump at him and tell him to repeat the prayer? No, the prayer is valid. It's not one of the 12 it's only recommended.

00:32:42--> 00:32:43

Recommended God does it mean?

00:32:45--> 00:32:49

Three is that it necessitates you to sell.

00:32:51--> 00:32:57

So what are they reciting that the Shahada during the middle sitting? When do we have middle sitting

00:33:00--> 00:33:02

in three or four prayers

00:33:04--> 00:33:13

after Hurricane after hurricane, not only after Hurricane and Russia after hurricane. What is the ruling on this sitting?

00:33:14--> 00:33:15

sooner?

00:33:16--> 00:33:23

sooner, which means if you deliberately Leave it, your prayer is still valid.

00:33:24--> 00:33:26

According to some scholars know it is

00:33:28--> 00:33:50

not a pillar, they differentiate between what is worship and what is pillar. They said you shouldn't leave it on purpose. But if you forgot it, by mistake, your prayer is valid, according to se school of thought, No, even if you did it on purpose. Your prayer is still valid. Again, I'm not saying go ahead and do it. But should it happen? Your prayer is still valid.

00:33:51--> 00:33:55

Which means also this is an important thing because it happens.

00:33:57--> 00:34:05

I don't know if it happened to you, but I'm sure it happened to someone you know, or if the man forgot the childhood or you forgot that the child

00:34:07--> 00:34:36

and you are already going up for the third record. Do you go back? No, you don't go back. You don't leave the pillar to go back to the sooner. Actually, if that is done. The prayer itself is invalid. You left a pillar now. You're going back. Some people are stuck. They remember while they are going up. As long as you didn't go up, that's fine. You can go back because you didn't go up yet. But if once you go up that's it. You don't go back.

00:34:37--> 00:34:51

There was a case they gave to me. They asked me the man did this. He went up before he starts the recitation. They said Subhanallah he reminded him he remember the ones back. That shouldn't have happened.

00:34:52--> 00:34:55

Once you go back That's it. Go and continue.

00:34:56--> 00:34:58

So yes,

00:35:00--> 00:35:01

Don't have to say

00:35:06--> 00:35:11

yes, that's another thing one time on all other tech beers

00:35:12--> 00:35:16

is higher it's coming. Which means it's something that is option

00:35:17--> 00:35:19

which means you don't have to.

00:35:22--> 00:35:22

Yes.

00:35:35--> 00:35:57

And this is the scenario that I mentioned. Usually usually the man is to be followed that's in principle in the majority of mammal euthanasia. Usually you follow the man The only exception when you are sure that what he's doing is wrong. You don't follow him. Like this case he went back you don't go back you wait for him until he finishes and go up.

00:35:58--> 00:36:18

You don't go back. Same thing if he did two salutes and then he did the third one thinking that this is the second one Do you follow him? You are certain you did do you don't go and add because you are deliberately adding the man by mistake did that so he's excused you're not excused. Same thing if he added the fifth tracker

00:36:19--> 00:36:22

he finished for a car and he's going to the fifth locker you don't follow him.

00:36:24--> 00:36:30

But generally you follow him in anything else? So in this specific example you asked you don't follow him. You wait

00:36:39--> 00:36:40

yes

00:36:44--> 00:36:45

yes.

00:37:01--> 00:37:02

I told you you don't go back.

00:37:03--> 00:37:13

Some people it happened to them the opposite the other way around. Because they are slow the man is already up they are still down waiting for the man to come.

00:37:14--> 00:37:21

Thinking that this is the right thing. He missed the shot they remembered so they are waiting on him. They go back and follow him.

00:37:23--> 00:37:26

Why he is already in standing he cannot go back.

00:37:30--> 00:37:31

Yes.

00:37:32--> 00:37:35

Yeah, not only in most places.

00:37:51--> 00:37:55

You cannot you don't have to know you follow the map. You follow the map.

00:37:57--> 00:37:58

Okay.

00:38:01--> 00:38:13

So we have the pollute during the sub prayer and we have the middle childhood. What else we have the pollute during the second half of Ramadan.

00:38:15--> 00:38:20

I don't know what do you do here in Dharavi. This will be my first time do you do not every day.

00:38:21--> 00:38:36

Okay. Mashallah. So that's following the method of remember shuffling because in most places, they start from day one, which is fine, it's still okay. Nobody says you don't you cannot. But if you want to follow the method, this is a school of thought it's from the second half.

00:38:37--> 00:38:40

These are the

00:38:42--> 00:38:45

sunon which means they

00:38:46--> 00:38:51

if they are forgotten, and you remembered them, you do. So do the song.

00:38:52--> 00:38:52

Now,

00:38:55--> 00:39:01

number seven should be actually number six. page five. Number seven should be number six.

00:39:02--> 00:39:07

These are the preferred acts of the prayer. They are 15

00:39:08--> 00:39:16

preferred acts of the prayer. They are 15 raising the hands during the attack via telegram.

00:39:18--> 00:39:22

Okay, and before going down to record

00:39:24--> 00:39:38

and after going back from Morocco, okay. So we said the pillar is to say Allahu Akbar, that is a pillar when you start the prayer. So if I came, okay, let's play the demo.

00:39:40--> 00:39:44

Actually shouldn't say stepping stone. That's the semester many people say stole

00:39:45--> 00:39:48

Allahu Akbar. Where are my hands?

00:39:49--> 00:39:52

Did I raise them? What's the rolling on raising the hands?

00:39:53--> 00:39:54

It's only preferred.

00:39:56--> 00:39:59

So Allahu Akbar. That is a preferred

00:40:00--> 00:40:03

fact, it's not mandatory.

00:40:04--> 00:40:24

When also you do a lot of work, but you finish the recitation, you're going to record. Do you go like that? No. So now, the preferred act, Allah hochma going to record, same thing after record. You don't go Allahu Akbar, the sooner again.

00:40:26--> 00:40:29

But these are only prefer that. So

00:40:30--> 00:40:38

if you remember them, it's good to do them. That's what the prophet SAW Selim did. You didn't do them, the prayer is still valid.

00:40:40--> 00:40:44

Putting the right hand over the left hand,

00:40:46--> 00:40:56

you put the right hand over the left hand, not the other way around. Okay? What if someone does not even put the hand to begin with? He is praying like that.

00:40:58--> 00:41:03

One time one of the brothers came, and he said, look at this man who is praying, we should kick him out of the mystery.

00:41:04--> 00:41:10

Why? Obviously he was from the Shia. And so what let him pray, is praying to Allah subhanaw taala.

00:41:11--> 00:41:13

Yes, we disagree with what he's doing. But

00:41:15--> 00:41:50

some of the followers of the sooner like the Maliki school of thought. They say you don't put your hands one over the other you leave them next to your body. Now by practice and my experience, you will notice that praying like that, you have the tendency to be busy more but when you when you put your hand Subhanallah there is something special, but still, it's it's not really something that is affecting the validity of the prayer. It's only recommended. It's only preferred. So praying like that hamdulillahi Rabbil aalameen prayers think Stillman

00:41:53--> 00:41:57

reciting the opening invocation there are a list of

00:42:02--> 00:42:07

what just what G or a llama by removing the Hawkeye

00:42:08--> 00:42:24

or many other dots okay. There are many forms of the iris data. Say Allah will be lacking ministry Panera gene. Again this is something many people don't do still the prayer is valid but it is preferred act out we live in a shaytani r rajim.

00:42:27--> 00:42:35

Yes, the correct opinion is every rocker even in the shaft a school of thought there is a difference. Do you do it only at the first rocker or every rocker? It's done every

00:42:37--> 00:42:44

reciting loudly during the designated acts again when do we decide allowed

00:42:45--> 00:42:57

first to work as of Russia first records of North and South Korea. Okay and the Juma all that is only preferred so even if you didn't do that still the prayer is valid.

00:42:59--> 00:43:07

reciting in one's heart during the designated acts again the same thing at least for our facilities. Syria will have a lot of jariya

00:43:09--> 00:43:24

saying mean, well at balling me saying I mean that's preferred act also. What if? What if you didn't say it? I mean, still you continue. You move on.

00:43:25--> 00:43:46

It's preferred reading a surah after the fact. Now when do we read a surah after the fact and the first touriga but what if someone read in all the guys only certain Fatiha prayer is valid? It is still valid. Yes, that's not the best form. That's not the perfect form but it's still valid.

00:43:49--> 00:43:58

saying Allahu Akbar before each main act, standing bowing, this is what you asked about. It's only preferred.

00:44:00--> 00:44:05

Saying semi Allah holliman hamidah robina local hand after

00:44:07--> 00:44:10

record when you are coming back up, right.

00:44:11--> 00:44:17

Semyon la halimun hamidah but if by mistake you said Allahu Akbar, still the prayer is valid.

00:44:20--> 00:44:30

glorifying Allah during bowing and frustration during bowing What do we say during our panel of bellhousing orbs panel they are they will be handy.

00:44:31--> 00:44:32

During sudo

00:44:33--> 00:44:37

Spanner bl Anna or Spanner below we have the what if you mix them?

00:44:39--> 00:44:57

Still, the prayer is valid. You shouldn't do that. But the prayer is valid because even if you didn't say anything to begin with, the prayer is valid. Some scholars said no you have to say at least once but according to Jeff his school of thought no. Why now why we are saying this the only

00:44:58--> 00:44:59

obligatory

00:45:00--> 00:45:01

The Pillars they only are 12

00:45:02--> 00:45:07

and everything else is there sooner or preferred? Why?

00:45:08--> 00:45:32

Do you know the evidence just because it is an opinion of your membership? We should follow the opinion of Imam Shafi of the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. Within the prophet SAW Selim says Hello, can I Tonio Sally pray as you saw me praying, and the prophet SAW Selim did all these acts, he raised his hands, he put his right hand over his left hand, he bowed down and said, Son, Allahu hamidah.

00:45:35--> 00:45:40

So why do we say all these are only preferred? They are not required? Why? What's the evidence?

00:45:42--> 00:45:43

Any idea?

00:45:45--> 00:45:46

What do you think?

00:45:49--> 00:45:54

It's not from the Quran nice. Where is it in the Quran that you have to pray for? For God?

00:46:01--> 00:46:02

Not mentioned.

00:46:04--> 00:46:06

Even the 4k itself is not mentioned.

00:46:08--> 00:46:11

Wow. That's shocking. Not even one

00:46:12--> 00:46:13

knows the evidence.

00:46:20--> 00:46:39

Evidence for those 12 acts that they are the only ones that are required everything else is only either preferred or sunlights not required. Although the prophet SAW Selim did them although he told us to pray as we saw him praying but still they are not required.

00:46:40--> 00:46:41

One evidence

00:46:43--> 00:47:04

big per long Hadith Hadith of the man who did not pray properly, they call it in Arabic How do you feel Musil salah and then came and prayed. Then he came to the prophet SAW Selim telling him a Salam aleikum wa sallam watched him he told him go back and pray for you he didn't pray

00:47:05--> 00:47:23

the man went back play the game came back same thing process and unfolding go back you didn't pray. Third time he said O Messenger of Allah This is the best I could do teach. See, he told him teach prophets lie Selim only taught him those 12 things

00:47:24--> 00:47:38

which meant that they are the required things this man is starting praying. So these are the things that he needed or they are required everything else is preferred. Or sooner.

00:47:40--> 00:47:40

Okay.

00:47:43--> 00:47:51

Putting the hands on the thighs while sitting down. You are in the hood you are sitting in the shop where do you put your hands

00:47:53--> 00:47:56

you put them here you don't put them on the floor.

00:47:57--> 00:48:00

Okay, you put them on your thighs.

00:48:01--> 00:48:14

If Tirosh during all sittings, except the last one, we have to work and we have to rush. Again the table cannot hold but I hope you can see from here

00:48:17--> 00:48:29

we have two ways of sitting and again that's for the one who's able to you don't have to do them any sitting is preferred. The Prayer is still valid but we have if they rush

00:48:31--> 00:48:33

this if they rush I'll do it.

00:48:34--> 00:48:41

This is if they rush. What is the foot you can see the foot between the body and the floor.

00:48:42--> 00:48:43

This is

00:48:45--> 00:48:45

if

00:48:46--> 00:48:51

you do that in all the sittings not the last one. The last one.

00:48:52--> 00:48:53

The work

00:48:54--> 00:49:00

you put your body straight on the ground this way or this way.

00:49:02--> 00:49:06

Both of them are they came from the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu sallam.

00:49:07--> 00:49:09

So this is one way that is

00:49:10--> 00:49:20

this the rash. And this is the work. When are they done? Again, that's the question that when they are done

00:49:21--> 00:49:31

the first one if the rash you do that, except for the last one. Okay, here's the question. So prayer Which one do you do?

00:49:33--> 00:49:33

know

00:49:38--> 00:49:39

it's the last one

00:49:40--> 00:49:41

because we have only one

00:49:44--> 00:49:45

but the last one.

00:49:46--> 00:49:48

Okay, it is the last one

00:49:53--> 00:49:55

was our prayer first one

00:49:57--> 00:49:59

second one tomorrow

00:50:00--> 00:50:10

So is it clear what is if the rush and what is the work? You saw them that's that's the only way how to know because you can describe you put your foot This is how it is done

00:50:12--> 00:50:19

saying as salaam alaikum. One more to the left again the only one that is required to the right. salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah.

00:50:21--> 00:50:32

And your prayer is done. Which means this is another important thing someone came and caught the prayer with the Imam when he started the second Salah.

00:50:34--> 00:51:18

Prayer is over. You didn't catch the JAMA. Why the JAMA is finished. Although the Imam is saying the second one but that second one is only recommended. Prayer is finished. You have to catch even some scholars say even if you come during the last minute you call the prayer but you didn't catch at least one vaca you have at least to catch on aka to be considered with the jamaa. But anyways, so all that you learn by these simple acts you see what that's what I like many people who have been practicing Islam they have been reading big books but they didn't master these essentials. These little things you have to master them and you will have solid knowledge then after that you move on

00:51:18--> 00:51:32

to the other class other acts how you raise your hands, does it reach the ear lobes or it is to your shoulders all that is something that comes later first? You need to master those essential oils.

00:51:33--> 00:51:36

Yes, to catch one regard

00:51:42--> 00:51:43

as long as he's still in Baku

00:51:46--> 00:51:47

was he raised?

00:51:49--> 00:51:49

Yes.

00:51:52--> 00:51:53

We just come in what?

00:51:54--> 00:52:01

Yeah, you can catch the prayer while the man is still in record. Once he finishes the record, the rock is over.

00:52:05--> 00:52:05

Yes.

00:52:07--> 00:52:10

Okay, can you listen please sisters, the sisters asked me

00:52:20--> 00:52:44

Okay, good question. If the Imam is known to prolong the record, and they come to catch the prayer, I missed the Fatiha. So I start with Fatiha and then I go for record. No. You follow the man? Follow the Imam you miss the Fatiha, you are exempt. The only scholar that said you have to say in fact hi Zimmerman Bukhari Rahim Allah

00:52:45--> 00:53:26

He was strict on the issue of Al Fatiha Other than that, no, you follow the man you go straight to record, which is again an issue for some people. They come to the prayer they know they miss the record. After record they came after the mom is where he's Institute so they wait until the man comes up. You know how much you miss out on one salute. Once you do you go down, you pray to Allah subhanaw taala you're doing this instead of just waiting until the man comes up? No, you come you catch the prayer pray immediately. Wherever is the man whether he standing is going down you follow the man but you don't get

00:53:28--> 00:53:33

still you get or you don't get that's another issue. But you follow the Imam and you get very good.

00:53:35--> 00:53:36

Yes, that's to say

00:53:43--> 00:53:51

yes, prayer is not valid except with prayer is not valid except when you're standing up. Prayer is not valid with many things for the one who's able to

00:53:52--> 00:53:56

hear you're not able you are exempt you went and you went for record.

00:54:00--> 00:54:07

Can you okay last question because later you have any questions please write it down. We will have some time we are almost done. I just want to make sure we finish this.

00:54:12--> 00:54:13

Yes.

00:54:16--> 00:54:17

Of course. Of course.

00:54:22--> 00:54:23

Yeah.

00:54:28--> 00:54:39

The man does the salon because he finished the prayer for you. You didn't finish the prayer. Yes, you get up and you make up whatever you missed. Otherwise everybody would wait and come and pray wonder can say I pray to the man.

00:54:42--> 00:54:42

Okay,

00:54:43--> 00:54:54

now going back to number six things that invalidate the prayer. How many things 11 always remember them. Talking intentionally.

00:54:56--> 00:55:00

Talking intentionally you are praying Allahu Akbar. The

00:55:00--> 00:55:00

The phone,

00:55:02--> 00:55:04

please, I can call you back because now I'm praying.

00:55:05--> 00:55:06

Can you do that?

00:55:08--> 00:55:10

Are you sure? Even if it's your wife,

00:55:12--> 00:55:26

one time, it was Ramadan. And this brother, his phone was ringing and ringing and ringing. So after the prayer, everybody jumped at him. I was unhappy, but I didn't say anything. So he said, why you're upset. She was my wife.

00:55:27--> 00:55:29

She was his wife. It's okay to drink to live performing.

00:55:31--> 00:55:35

Talking intentionally. Now, this is the issue intentionally.

00:55:37--> 00:55:38

What does it mean?

00:55:40--> 00:55:49

Because speech has several forms. Sometimes you are talking intentionally, but it doesn't invalidate the prayer.

00:55:51--> 00:56:03

When the man forgets, and you say, so panela. Okay, that doesn't invalidate the prayer. But like answering the phone, that does invalidate the prayer.

00:56:05--> 00:56:09

Okay, what is the least or what does really invalidate the prayer

00:56:13--> 00:56:14

as a speech?

00:56:16--> 00:56:36

The least of the words they say, has two letters. that forms a word so anything. What if someone was shocked with the voice of the man? And when he started reciting the ma'am started reciting and he listened to his recitation. Wow.

00:56:38--> 00:56:42

Okay, that invalidates the prayer.

00:56:43--> 00:56:46

Okay, but what if it was unintentional?

00:56:49--> 00:56:59

What if it was unintentional? By mistake, generally by mistake is forgiven, or intentional, but for the

00:57:00--> 00:57:01

benefit of the prayer.

00:57:02--> 00:57:05

You said Subhanallah the man didn't get what you're saying.

00:57:09--> 00:57:13

He started Allahu Akbar. And this happened. Allahu Akbar.

00:57:14--> 00:57:19

Allah ferrania man who believes or halali Abu Where did he start?

00:57:21--> 00:57:24

The little Fatiha. No. So you say Subhan Allah.

00:57:26--> 00:57:29

The man thinks he made a mistake. repeats work Allah

00:57:31--> 00:57:38

Subhana Allah, Allah Moosa, he tried Musa he tried. So what is it? You tell him read Al Fatiha.

00:57:39--> 00:58:25

Okay, that's an exception. Now you spoke, but it doesn't invalidate the prayer. Anyways, talking by itself is a long chapter. We don't have time to go through details. But generally remember, no answering the phone. No talking intentionally. That invalidates the prayer, excessive movement, excessive movement. Now, according to the surface school of thought it is what free, there is not really basis for the number three. But generally, one, anybody you do one thing, they might ignore it. Second time, maybe may not. But third time, what even if you give an excuse, they will not accept it. They say I forgive you once, twice. So that's the basis of establishing something three

00:58:25--> 00:58:38

times. So based on that, according to surface school of thought, three unnecessary movements, invalidate the prayer. And in our time, I just give you an example. Especially if you go to Saudi to the harem. And when you have the

00:58:40--> 00:58:41

that's one, two.

00:58:43--> 00:58:57

Okay, and then you count at least 20. Sometimes you forget about your own prayer, because the person next to you is keeping moving. This is this is very bad. When your heart is pure. You're not worried about any of this.

00:58:59--> 00:59:16

Excessive movement invalidates the prayer, make sure you don't do that for the sisters, not only the brothers, fixing hijab, the only time for fixing your hijab is during the prayer. Didn't you have time before the prayer? Imagine a sister taking the mirror and looking at the mirror during the prayer.

00:59:18--> 00:59:21

Okay, so excessive movement,

00:59:23--> 00:59:28

urinating or defecating. Anything that comes from the two outlets during the prayer.

00:59:29--> 00:59:31

Okay, that invalidates the prayer.

00:59:32--> 00:59:34

ritual impurity.

00:59:36--> 00:59:37

Like what?

00:59:38--> 00:59:51

You didn't invalidate prayer bleeding does not invalidate the will do, but it is impurity. So if it is excessive, that does invalidate the prayer you have to clean it.

00:59:53--> 00:59:59

ritual impurity exposure of the hour. Again, the genital is not really the accurate word. Our

01:00:01--> 01:00:02

And you have some people,

01:00:04--> 01:00:34

they, their clothes are exposed. Now if a link came and it is a second, that's fine, but the long exposure that's what they say. And you see that especially with the brothers with jeans, without belts and it is low. So when they are doing subdued, you can see the entire thing from the back. And the T shirt is short so Mashallah, everything is exposed. This invalidates the prayer,

01:00:35--> 01:00:37

you have to make sure that you are covered.

01:00:40--> 01:00:54

Changing the intention. That's another thing that invalidates the prayer, Allahu Akbar, you're praying. Stand for so it's time for us. So you're praying? Oh, I didn't pray to her. Okay, so this is more

01:00:56--> 01:01:01

cannot do the change of the intention invalidates the action.

01:01:03--> 01:01:06

Directing one's back toward the Qibla.

01:01:07--> 01:01:12

Okay, if the Qibla is this way, and you are praying that way?

01:01:13--> 01:01:15

The Prayer is invalid.

01:01:20--> 01:01:21

Oh,

01:01:27--> 01:01:38

no, that's different. If you don't know. And you try, then you are forgiven. But if you didn't ask, still, even if you don't know it's your responsibility. So it's invalid.

01:01:40--> 01:01:41

Eating.

01:01:44--> 01:01:44

Do we have some food?

01:01:45--> 01:01:48

Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen.

01:01:49--> 01:01:55

Is that permissible? No. Why you are standing before Allah subhanaw taala. Okay. Drinking,

01:02:01--> 01:02:02

Rahmani Raheem.

01:02:04--> 01:02:12

Maliki omit the invalidates the prayer. However, you notice if you read the books of scholars,

01:02:13--> 01:02:15

they say, Well, I hope

01:02:17--> 01:02:24

he can drink. He was thirsty. They talk about the optional prayer, not the obligatory we're talking about the obligatory prayer.

01:02:25--> 01:02:51

Many of them, they used to pray for long prayers. Some of the pious predecessors, they would pray, and their prayer would be so long, and they would be so tranquil in their prayer that birds would come and stand on them. To that extent, that's how much they achieved for sure. So in that case, imagine they don't have a C and it is hot. They are praying.

01:02:53--> 01:02:57

It's optional, yes, you can drink little bit or

01:02:58--> 01:02:59

this is permissible.

01:03:01--> 01:03:06

But in the obligatory prayer, no, it is not permissible eating, drinking, laughing loudly.

01:03:08--> 01:03:09

laughing loudly.

01:03:10--> 01:03:12

Why, again, laughing itself

01:03:13--> 01:03:16

would make you pronounce at least two letters.

01:03:19--> 01:03:40

Yes, smiling scholar says still permissible. It's the prayer is still valid, but it shouldn't happen. It's not recommended. You are standing before Allah subhana wa Taala. So you shouldn't be busy with anything else. And unfortunately, some people they do that on purpose. They wait until you are praying and they try to make you laugh or smile. This is not allowed.

01:03:42--> 01:03:58

You didn't have time to joke except when the person is praying. This is not allowed. Finally, apostasy. This also invalidates the prayer. It invalidates all these not only prayer, all these, so we will stop here in sha Allah.

01:04:00--> 01:04:01

And if you have

01:04:02--> 01:04:03

any questions,

01:04:05--> 01:04:08

please feel free to do so we have some time for questions.

01:04:11--> 01:04:22

ritual impurity, anything that is considered impure. You didn't close your window, but you had impurity like blood bleeding.

01:04:25--> 01:04:26

One of your wounds

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opened suddenly and you started bleeding. Now if it is minor, one job that's forgiven, but if it is a lot, this is impurity, ritual impurity.

01:04:42--> 01:04:47

And you want to say yes, this morning?

01:04:49--> 01:05:00

Yes, that's what some people think that if you move your self to turn off the phone, then you would move three times. So no, let let it keep reading.

01:05:00--> 01:05:02

And disturb the entire village.

01:05:04--> 01:05:11

No, do it. This is for the benefit of the prayer from the beginning. You should have remembered but you forgot. So you do it immediately.

01:05:14--> 01:05:21

No, no inside. Yeah. No, it doesn't invalidate, you're doing something for the welfare of the prayer.

01:05:23--> 01:05:23

Yes.

01:05:35--> 01:05:36

Not in prayer.

01:05:37--> 01:05:37

No.

01:05:44--> 01:05:45

Yeah.

01:05:48--> 01:05:56

Depending again, this was not intentional. So it could be forgiven, obviously spoke. As I said, I didn't want to

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digress on the issue of speech because usually speech is either unintentional and not from the kind of the prayer

01:06:07--> 01:06:24

or unintentional but from the kind of the prayer like a statue Allah Subhana Allah. Okay, so that could be forgiven, then it is not from the kind of prayer like laughing or smiling or talking, just talking whether intentional or unintentional. So some scholars divided into four types.

01:06:27--> 01:06:31

Yes, it's coming. So do the Saudis come, inshallah next session?

01:06:32--> 01:06:38

I don't know who was first. We have three, the sister here and there. Okay. visma. What's your question?

01:06:41--> 01:06:42

Yeah.

01:06:48--> 01:06:52

Most mostly, mostly, most of the times, it's not a lot.

01:06:53--> 01:07:04

Yes, you It could contain be contained. But if it was a lot, then yes, you need to go back. clean yourself and come and you can continue. You don't have to start over.

01:07:05--> 01:07:06

Yeah.

01:07:07--> 01:07:20

You don't have to start over. Why remember? bleeding? Did it invalidate the widow? Naruto is still valid. But you needed to change something from the physical impurity, which is the bleeding?

01:07:23--> 01:07:23

Your question

01:07:26--> 01:07:27

I can't hear.

01:07:32--> 01:07:33

Some people say

01:07:49--> 01:07:52

the sister is asking about prayer in plain.

01:07:53--> 01:08:03

In principle you pray on the ground. That's the general rule. And you pray standing when you can stand. That's also the general rule.

01:08:04--> 01:08:09

As a Muslim, you're supposed to choose the time. So try to look at the time

01:08:10--> 01:08:41

of the plane. You cannot control the time of the plane but sometimes there are different flights. So you wouldn't have to pray. But in many cases you will be obliged to because of the difference in time zones should that happen. There is no room for you to stand you can pray city. Prayer on time is better than prayer later. Always other better than other you are doing prayer on time.

01:08:48--> 01:08:52

is the thing now which is more important to stand up or to face the Qibla

01:08:54--> 01:09:00

facing the Qibla is a condition standing up is a pillar. So if you are exempt from the pillar

01:09:02--> 01:09:06

The second thing is obviously you are exempt from also

01:09:09--> 01:09:27

because some people they try you cannot change the chair Okay, what you can do funeral you This is the seat that's the direction of the plane and the Qibla is there some people they try to face the table and say Allahu Akbar you don't have to you can but you don't have to because essentially you are not even standing.

01:09:29--> 01:09:29

Yes.

01:09:32--> 01:09:32

Any

01:09:34--> 01:09:35

set into citation or

01:09:38--> 01:09:41

supernovae Allah Allah Allah Subhana Allah, Allah Allah

01:09:45--> 01:09:46

for this, you

01:09:50--> 01:09:59

so do the two hour, it's coming inshallah. It is coming. We are talking about the essentials. Let's not go to the other things. Let's master these essentials and then we'll pass

01:10:00--> 01:10:00

about

01:10:01--> 01:10:04

praying my son said he had to call nature.

01:10:05--> 01:10:07

Emergency enough for the kids. Yeah.

01:10:09--> 01:10:10

Stop my brilliance.

01:10:12--> 01:10:16

Okay, if you had to terminate your prayer

01:10:17--> 01:10:20

Do you just go like that? Or you say Salaam.

01:10:21--> 01:10:28

The Prophet sallahu wa sallam said, Mr. Salah. The key to the prayer is we'll do

01:10:29--> 01:10:34

the Halima the inviolability of the prayer is what that will

01:10:35--> 01:10:41

Lila, the sleep. So you don't finish the prayer, just as you wish you'd say something.

01:10:43--> 01:10:47

You say Salah, even before it's time you say Salaam, you go and you come back.

01:10:54--> 01:11:29

You can continue? Yes, with with certain conditions, the separation was not long, you didn't turn your back to the Qibla. It was just this way. Just like if somebody knocked on your door, and there was nobody, and you thought it's urgent and you needed to open you can open. These are a lot of movements. But you had to so you could still just like killing it. There are many cases I don't want to go to these things, because I'm sure you still need some time to digest all that. So do that and then all these cases will follow inshallah we'll be clear.

01:11:30--> 01:11:32

So you can continue? Yes.

01:11:38--> 01:11:39

Depending on where you are.

01:11:47--> 01:11:50

No, it doesn't happen this way. Unless you are in a rocket.

01:11:52--> 01:12:07

Ask about something realistic, because this is this doesn't happen. It could happen that you start you prayed before. And you're going to answer and you go by plane and then they are already starting work, maybe. But not all the ways to say,

01:12:08--> 01:12:08

yeah,

01:12:10--> 01:12:15

you are a traveler anyway. So you pray, you can pray ourselves, you don't have to repeat it.

01:12:16--> 01:12:23

Usually you pray over the time that you are flying over regarding to the time that you're flying on.

01:12:28--> 01:12:31

And then running and running.

01:12:32--> 01:12:33

But that's not bleeding.

01:12:36--> 01:12:38

Is that permissible and if you have to do it

01:12:41--> 01:12:42

10 times

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in the morning.

01:12:45--> 01:12:46

Well, again,

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federal as much as you can, if you can reduce it to seven to six.

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Instead of 10 just try to eliminate any unnecessary movement you are standing before Allah. Unfortunately some of us are more conscious instead of standing before our bosses. What if you are in your company in front of your employer? And you say I have to you will be careful in every single movement you're doing so now in front of Allah subhanaw taala as long as it's necessary you forgiven anything that is not necessary try to eliminate

01:13:21--> 01:13:22

the option No.

01:13:27--> 01:13:30

And now the questions if you do an extra

01:13:39--> 01:13:48

you lose yourself as long as you did it accidentally. If you did it accidentally you didn't do it on purpose you do such a good sell and that will be sufficient.

01:13:50--> 01:13:51

Any other questions?

01:13:57--> 01:14:03

You always make sure you have what you did for certainty and then you add to that

01:14:05--> 01:14:06

Yes you do.

01:14:10--> 01:14:19

Okay, jack ma Hara See you tomorrow inshallah if you're coming for the session Salallahu Salam Allah Muhammad Allah sufficient snellen